Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Multicast Routing Configuration Guide
Configuring IGMP Snooping
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Table Of Contents

Configuring IGMP Snooping

Information About IGMP Snooping

IGMPv1 and IGMPv2

IGMPv3

IGMP Snooping Querier

Static Multicast MAC Address

IGMP Snooping with VDCs and VRFs

Licensing Requirements for IGMP Snooping

Prerequisites for IGMP Snooping

Guidelines and Limitations for IGMP Snooping

Default Settings

Configuring IGMP Snooping Parameters

Configuring Global IGMP Snooping Parameters

Configuring IGMP Snooping Parameters per VLAN

Changing the Lookup Mode

Configuring a Static Multicast MAC Address

Verifying IGMP Snooping Configuration

Displaying IGMP Snooping Statistics

Configuration Example for IGMP Snooping

Where to Go Next

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

Feature History for IGMP Snooping in CLI


Configuring IGMP Snooping


This chapter describes how to configure Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping on a Cisco NX-OS device.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Information About IGMP Snooping

Licensing Requirements for IGMP Snooping

Prerequisites for IGMP Snooping

Guidelines and Limitations for IGMP Snooping

Default Settings

Configuring IGMP Snooping Parameters

Verifying IGMP Snooping Configuration

Displaying IGMP Snooping Statistics

Configuration Example for IGMP Snooping

Where to Go Next

Additional References

Feature History for IGMP Snooping in CLI

Information About IGMP Snooping


Note We recommend that you do not disable IGPM snooping on the device. If you disable IGMP snooping, you might see reduced multicast performance because of excessive false flooding within the device.


IGMP snooping software examines Layer 2 IP multicast traffic within a VLAN to discover the ports where interested receivers reside. Using the port information, IGMP snooping can reduce bandwidth consumption in a multi-access LAN environment to avoid flooding the entire VLAN. IGMP snooping tracks which ports are attached to multicast-capable routers to help the routers forward IGMP membership reports. The IGMP snooping software responds to topology change notifications. By default, IGMP snooping is enabled on the device.

Figure 5-1 shows an IGMP snooping switch that sits between the host and the IGMP router. The IGMP snooping switch snoops the IGMP membership reports and Leave messages and forwards them only when necessary to the connected IGMP routers.

Figure 5-1 IGMP Snooping Switch

The IGMP snooping software operates upon IGMPv1, IGMPv2, and IGMPv3 control plane packets where Layer 3 control plane packets are intercepted and influence the Layer 2 forwarding behavior.

For more information about IGMP, see Chapter 2 "Configuring IGMP."

The Cisco NX-OS IGMP snooping software has the following proprietary features:

Source filtering that allows forwarding of multicast packets based on destination and source IP.

Multicast forwarding based on IP addresses rather than MAC address.

Beginning with Cisco Release 5.2(1) for the Nexus 7000 Series devices, multicast forwarding alternately based on the MAC address

Optimized multicast flooding (OMF) that forwards unknown traffic to routers only and performs no data-driven state creation.

For more information about IGMP snooping, see RFC 4541.

This section includes the following topics:

IGMPv1 and IGMPv2

IGMPv3

IGMP Snooping Querier

Static Multicast MAC Address

IGMP Snooping with VDCs and VRFs

IGMPv1 and IGMPv2

Both IGMPv1 and IGMPv2 support membership report suppression, which means that if two hosts on the same subnet want to receive multicast data for the same group, then the host that receives a member report from the other host suppresses sending its report. Membership report suppression occurs for hosts that share a port.

If no more than one host is attached to each VLAN switch port, you can configure the fast leave feature in IGMPv2. The fast leave feature does not send last member query messages to hosts. As soon as the software receives an IGMP leave message, the software stops forwarding multicast data to that port.

IGMPv1 does not provide an explicit IGMP leave message, so the software must rely on the membership message timeout to indicate that no hosts remain that want to receive multicast data for a particular group.


Note The software ignores the configuration of the last member query interval when you enable the fast leave feature because it does not check for remaining hosts.


IGMPv3

The IGMPv3 snooping implementation on Cisco NX-OS supports full IGMPv3 snooping, which provides constrained flooding based on the (S, G) information in the IGMPv3 reports. This source-based filtering enables the device to constrain multicast traffic to a set of ports based on the source that sends traffic to the multicast group.

By default, the software tracks hosts on each VLAN port. The explicit tracking feature provides a fast leave mechanism. Because every IGMPv3 host sends membership reports, report suppression limits the amount of traffic that the device sends to other multicast-capable routers. When report suppression is enabled, and no IGMPv1 or IGMPv2 hosts requested the same group, the software provides proxy reporting. The proxy feature builds the group state from membership reports from the downstream hosts and generates membership reports in response to queries from upstream queriers.

Even though the IGMPv3 membership reports provide a full accounting of group members on a LAN segment, when the last host leaves, the software sends a membership query. You can configure the parameter last member query interval. If no host responds before the timeout, the software removes the group state.

IGMP Snooping Querier

When PIM is not enabled on an interface because the multicast traffic does not need to be routed, you must configure an IGMP snooping querier to send membership queries. You define the querier in a VLAN that contains multicast sources and receivers but no other active querier.

When an IGMP snooping querier is enabled, it sends out periodic IGMP queries that trigger IGMP report messages from hosts that want to receive IP multicast traffic. IGMP snooping listens to these IGMP reports to establish appropriate forwarding.

Static Multicast MAC Address

Beginning with the Cisco Release 5.2(1) for the Nexus 7000 Series devices, you configure an outgoing interface statically for a multicast MAC address. Also, you can configure the IGMP snooping to use a MAC-based lookup mode.

Previously, the system performs the lookup on Layer 2 multicast table using the destination IP address rather than the destination MAC address. However, some applications share a single unicast cluster IP and multicast cluster MAC address. The system forwards traffic destined to the unicast cluster IP address by the last-hop router with the shared multicast MAC address. This action can be accomplished by assigning a static multicast MAC address for the destination IP address for the end host or cluster.

The default lookup mode remains IP, but you can configure the lookup type to MAC address-based. You can configure the lookup mode globally or per VLAN:

If the VDC contains ports from only an M Series module and the global lookup mode is set to IP, VLANs can be set to either one of the two lookup modes. But, if the global lookup mode is set to MAC address, the operational lookup mode for all the VLANs changes to MAC-address mode.

If the VDC contains ports from both an M Series module and an F Series module and if you change the lookup mode to a MAC address in any VLAN, the operation lookup mode changes for all of the VLANs to a MAC-address based. With these modules in the chassis, you have the same lookup mode globally and for the VLANs. Similarly, if the global lookup mode is MAC-address based, the operational lookup mode for all VLAN is also MAC-address based.


Note Changing the lookup mode is disruptive. Multicast forwarding is not optimal until all multicast entries are programmed with the new lookup mode. Also, when 32 IP addresses are mapped to a single MAC address, you might see suboptimal forwarding on the device.


IGMP Snooping with VDCs and VRFs

A virtual device context (VDC) is a logical representation of a set of system resources. Within each VDC, you can define multiple virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) instances. One IGMP process can run per VDC. The IGMP process supports all VRFs in that VDC and performs the function of IGMP snooping within that VDC.

You can use the show commands with a VRF argument to provide a context for the information displayed. The default VRF is used if no VRF argument is supplied.

For information about configuring VDCs, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide, Release 4.2.

For information about configuring VRFs, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Unicast Routing Configuration Guide, Release 5.x.

Licensing Requirements for IGMP Snooping

The following table shows the licensing requirements for this feature:

Product
License Requirement

Cisco NX-OS

IGMP snooping requires no license. Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco NX-OS system images and is provided at no extra charge to you. For a complete explanation of the Cisco NX-OS licensing scheme, see the Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide.


Prerequisites for IGMP Snooping

IGMP snooping has the following prerequisites:

You are logged onto the device.

You are in the correct virtual device context (VDC). A VDC is a logical representation of a set of system resources. You can use the switchto vdc command with a VDC number.

For global commands, you are in the correct virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) mode. The default configuration mode shown in the examples in this chapter applies to the default VRF.

Guidelines and Limitations for IGMP Snooping

IGMP snooping has the following guidelines and limitations:

You must disable IGMP optimized multicast forwarding (OMF) for IPv6 multicast networks that require multicast forwarding over a layer 2 network.

If you are configuring vPC peers, the differences in the IGMP snooping configuration options between the two devices have the following results:

If IGMP snooping is enabled on one device but not on the other, the device on which snooping is disabled floods all multicast traffic.

A difference in multicast router or static group configuration can cause traffic loss.

The fast leave, explicit tracking, and report suppression options can differ if they are used for forwarding traffic.

If a query parameter is different between the devices, one device expires the multicast state faster while the other device continues to forward. This difference results in either traffic loss or forwarding for an extended period.

If an IGMP snooping querier is configured on both devices, only one of them will be active because an IGMP snooping querier shuts down if a query is seen in the traffic.

Network applications that use unicast destination IP addresses with multicast destination MAC addresses

Network applications which use unicast destination IP addresses with multicast destination MAC addresses might require the configuration of IGMP snooping to use MAC-based forwarding lookups on the switch.

If the destination MAC address used for this kind of applications is a non-IP multicast MAC address, use the mac address-table multicast command to statically configure the port membership.

In addition, if the destination MAC address is in the IP multicast range, 0100.5E00.0000 to 0100.5E7F.FFFF, use static IGMP snooping membership entries for the corresponding Layer 3 IP multicast address to configure the port membership. For example, if the application uses destination MAC address 0100.5E01.0101, configure a static IGMP snooping membership entry for an IP multicast address that maps to that MAC address. An example of this is ip igmp snooping static-group 239.1.1.1.

Default Settings

Table 5-1 lists the default settings for IGMP snooping parameters.

Table 5-1 Default IGMP Snooping Parameters 

Parameters
Default

IGMP snooping

Enabled

Explicit tracking

Enabled

Fast leave

Disabled

Last member query interval

1 second

Snooping querier

Disabled

Report suppression

Enabled

Link-local groups suppression

Enabled

IGMPv3 report suppression for the entire device

Disabled

IGMPv3 report suppression per VLAN

Enabled


Configuring IGMP Snooping Parameters


Note If you are familiar with the Cisco IOS CLI, be aware that the Cisco NX-OS commands for this feature might differ from the Cisco IOS commands that you would use.


You can configure IGMP snooping both globally and per VLAN. This section includes the following topics:

Configuring Global IGMP Snooping Parameters

Configuring IGMP Snooping Parameters per VLAN

Changing the Lookup Mode

Configuring a Static Multicast MAC Address


Note You must enable IGMP snooping globally before any of the other commands take effect.


Configuring Global IGMP Snooping Parameters

To affect the operation of the IGMP snooping process globally, you can configure the optional IGMP snooping parameters described in Table 5-1.

Table 5-2 Global IGMP Snooping Parameters 

Parameter
Description

IGMP snooping

Enables IGMP snooping on the active VDC. The default is enabled.

Note If the global setting is disabled, all VLANs are treated as disabled, whether they are enabled or not.

Event history

Configures the size of the IGMP snooping history buffers. The default is small.

Group timeout

Configures the group membership timeout for all VLANs on the device.

Link-local groups suppression

Configures link-local groups suppression on the device. The default is enabled.

Optimise-multicast-flood

Configures Optimized Multicast Flood (OMF) on all VLANs on the device. The default is enabled.

Proxy

Configures IGMP snooping proxy for the device. The default is 5 seconds.

Report suppression

Limits the membership report traffic sent to multicast-capable routers on the device. When you disable report suppression, all IGMP reports are sent as is to multicast-capable routers. The default is enabled.

IGMPv3 report suppression

Configures IGMPv3 report suppression and proxy reporting on the device. The default is disabled.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. ip igmp snooping

ip igmp snooping event-history

ip igmp snooping group-timeout {minutes | never}

ip igmp snooping link-local-groups-suppression

ip igmp optimise-multicast-flood

ip igmp snooping proxy general-inquiries [mrt seconds]

ip igmp snooping report-suppression

ip igmp snooping v3-report-suppression

3. (Optional) copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

ip igmp snooping

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping

Enables IGMP snooping for the device. The default is enabled.

Note If the global setting is disabled with the no form of this command, IGMP snooping on all VLANs is disabled, whether IGMP snooping is enabled on a VLAN or not. If you disable IGMP snooping, Layer 2 multicast frames flood to all modules.

 

ip igmp snooping event-history

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping event-history

Configures the size of the event history buffer. The default is small.

 

ip igmp snooping group-timeout {minutes | never}

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping group-timeout never

Configures the group membership timeout value for all VLANs on the device.

 

ip igmp snooping link-local-groups-suppression

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping link-local-groups-suppression

Configures link-local groups suppression for the entire device. The default is enabled.

 

ip igmp snooping optimise-multicast-flood

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping optimise-multicast-flood

Optimizes OMF on all VLANs on the device. The default is enabled.

 

ip igmp snooping proxy general-inquiries [mrt seconds]

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping proxy general-inquiries

Configures IGMP snooping proxy for the device. The default is 5 seconds.

 

ip igmp snooping report-suppression

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping report-suppression

Limits the membership report traffic sent to multicast-capable routers. When you disable report suppression, all IGMP reports are sent as is to multicast-capable routers. The default is enabled.

 

ip igmp snooping v3-report-suppression

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping v3-report-suppression

Configures IGMPv3 report suppression and proxy reporting. The default is disabled.

Step 3 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves configuration changes.

Configuring IGMP Snooping Parameters per VLAN

To affect the operation of the IGMP snooping process per VLAN, you can configure the optional IGMP snooping parameters described in Table 5-3.

Table 5-3 IGMP Snooping Parameters per VLAN 

Parameter
Description

IGMP snooping

Enables IGMP snooping on a per-VLAN basis. The default is enabled.

Note If the global setting is disabled, all VLANs are treated as disabled, whether they are enabled or not.

Explicit tracking

Tracks IGMPv3 membership reports from individual hosts for each port on a per-VLAN basis. The default is enabled.

Fast leave

Enables the software to remove the group state when it receives an IGMP Leave report without sending an IGMP query message. This parameter is used for IGMPv2 hosts when no more than one host is present on each VLAN port. The default is disabled.

Group timeout

Configures the group membership timeout for the specified VLANs.

Last member query interval

Sets the interval that the software waits after sending an IGMP query to verify that no hosts that want to receive a particular multicast group remain on a network segment. If no hosts respond before the last member query interval expires, the software removes the group from the associated VLAN port. Values range from 1 to 25 seconds. The default is 1 second.

Optimise-multicast-flood

Configures Optimized Multicast Flood (OMF) on specified VLANs. The default is enabled.

Proxy

Configures IGMP snooping proxy for the specified VLANs. The default is 5 seconds.

Snooping querier

Configures a snooping querier on an interface when you do not enable PIM because multicast traffic does not need to be routed. You can also configure the following values for the snooping querier:

timeout—Timeout value for IGMPv2

interval—Time between query transmissions

maximum response time—MRT for query messages

startup count—Number of queries sent at startup

startup interval—Interval between queries at startup

Robustness variable

Configures the robustness value for the specified VLANs.

Report suppression

Limits the membership report traffic sent to multicast-capable routers on a per-VLAN basis. When you disable report suppression, all IGMP reports are sent as is to multicast-capable routers. The default is enabled.

Multicast router

Configures a static connection to a multicast router. The interface to the router must be in the selected VLAN.

Static group

Configures a Layer 2 port of a VLAN as a static member of a multicast group.

Link-local groups suppression

Configures link-local groups suppression on a per-VLAN basis. The default is enabled.

IGMPv3 report suppression

Configures IGMPv3 report suppression and proxy reporting on a per-VLAN basis. The default is enabled per VLAN.

Version

Configures the IGMP version number for the specified VLANs.



Note Beginning with Cisco Release 5.1(1), step 3 in the following configuration changed from vlan vlan-id to vlan configuration vlan-id.
You configure the IP IGMP snooping parameters that you want by using this configuration mode; however, the configurations apply only after you specifically create the specified VLAN. See the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Layer 2 Switching Configuration Guide, Release 5.x, for information on creating VLANs.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. ip igmp snooping

3. vlan vlan-id

vlan configuration vlan-id—Beginning with Cisco Release 5.1(1), use this command

4. ip igmp snooping

ip igmp snooping explicit-tracking

ip igmp snooping fast-leave

ip igmp snooping group-timeout {minutes | never}

ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval seconds

ip igmp optimised-multicast-flood

ip igmp snooping proxy general-queries [mrt seconds]

ip igmp snooping querier ip-address

ip igmp snooping querier-timeout seconds

ip igmp snooping query-interval seconds

ip igmp snooping query-max-response-time seconds

ip igmp snooping startup-query-count value

ip igmp snooping startup-query-interval seconds

ip igmp snooping robustness-variable value

ip igmp snooping report-suppression

ip igmp snooping mrouter interface interface

ip igmp snooping static-group group-ip-addr [source source-ip-addr] interface interface

ip igmp snooping link-local-groups-suppression

ip igmp snooping v3-report-suppression

ip igmp snooping version value

5. (Optional) copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

ip igmp snooping

Example:

switch(config)# ip igmp snooping

Enables IGMP snooping for the current VDC. The default is enabled.

Note If the global setting is disabled with the no form of this command, IGMP snooping on all VLANs is disabled, whether IGMP snooping is enabled on a VLAN or not. If you disable IGMP snooping, Layer 2 multicast frames flood to all modules.

Step 3 

vlan vlan-id

Example:

switch(config)# vlan 2

switch(config-vlan)#

Enters VLAN configuration mode.

 

vlan configuration vlan-id

Example:

switch(config)# vlan configuration 2

switch(config-vlan-config)#

Beginning with Cisco Release 5.1(1), use this command to configure the IGMP snooping parameters you want for the VLAN. These configurations do not apply until you specifically create the specified VLAN.

Step 4 

ip igmp snooping

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping

Enables IGMP snooping for the current VLAN. The default is enabled.

 

ip igmp snooping explicit-tracking

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping explicit-tracking

Tracks IGMPv3 membership reports from individual hosts for each port on a per-VLAN basis. The default is enabled on all VLANs.

 

ip igmp snooping fast-leave

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping fast-leave

Supports IGMPv2 hosts that cannot be explicitly tracked because of the host report suppression mechanism of the IGMPv2 protocol. When you enable fast leave, the IGMP software assumes that no more than one host is present on each VLAN port. The default is disabled for all VLANs.

 

ip igmp snooping group-timeout {minutes | never}

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping group-timeout never

Configures the group membership timeout for the specified VLANs.

 

ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval seconds

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval 3

Removes the group from the associated VLAN port if no hosts respond to an IGMP query message before the last member query interval expires. Values range from 1 to 25 seconds. The default is 1 second.

 

ip igmp snooping optimised-multicast-flood

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping optimised-multicast-flood

Optimizes OMF on selected VLANs. The default is enabled.

 

ip igmp snooping proxy general-queries [mrt | seconds]

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping proxy general-queries

Configures an IGMP snooping proxy for specified VLANs. The default is 5 seconds.

 

ip igmp snooping querier ip-address

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping querier 172.20.52.106

Configures a snooping querier when you do not enable PIM because multicast traffic does not need to be routed. The IP address is used as the source in messages.

 

ip igmp snooping querier-timeout seconds

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping querier-timeout 300

Configures a snooping querier timeout value for IGMPv2 when you do not enable PIM because multicast traffic does not need to be routed. The default is 255 seconds.

 

ip igmp snooping query-interval seconds

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping query-interval 120

Configures a snooping query interval when you do not enable PIM because multicast traffic does not need to be routed. The default value is 125 seconds.

 

ip igmp snooping query-max-response-time seconds

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping query-max-response-time 12

Configures a snooping MRT for query messages when you do not enable PIM because multicast traffic does not need to be routed. The default value is 10 seconds.

 

ip igmp snooping startup-query-count value

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping startup-query-count 5

Configures snooping for a number of queries sent at startup when you do not enable PIM because multicast traffic does not need to be routed.

 

ip igmp snooping startup-query-interval seconds

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping startup-query-interval 15000

Configures a snooping query interval at startup when you do not enable PIM because multicast traffic does not need to be routed.

 

ip igmp snooping robustness-variable value

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping robustness-variable 5

Configures the robustness value for the specified VLANs. The default value is 2.

 

ip igmp snooping report-suppression

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping report-suppression

Limits the membership report traffic sent to multicast-capable routers. When you disable report suppression, all IGMP reports are sent as is to multicast-capable routers. The default is enabled.

 

ip igmp snooping mrouter interface interface

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping mrouter interface ethernet 2/1

Configures a static connection to a multicast router. The interface to the router must be in the selected VLAN. You can specify the interface by the type and the number, such as ethernet slot/port.

 

ip igmp snooping static-group group-ip-addr [source source-ip-addr] interface interface

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping static-group 230.0.0.1 interface ethernet 2/1

Configures a Layer 2 port of a VLAN as a static member of a multicast group. You can specify the interface by the type and the number, such as ethernet slot/port.

 

ip igmp snooping link-local-groups-suppression

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping link-local-groups-suppression

Configures link-local groups suppression for the specified VLANs. The default is enabled.

 

ip igmp snooping v3-report-suppression

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping v3-report-suppression

Configures IGMPv3 report suppression and proxy reporting for the specified VLANs. The default is enabled per VLAN.

 

ip igmp snooping version value

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip igmp snooping version 2

Configures the IGMP version number for the specified VLANs.

Step 5 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves configuration changes.

Changing the Lookup Mode

Beginning with Cisco Release 5.2(1) for the Nexus 7000 Series chassis, you can configure the lookup mode to be based on the MAC address either globally or per VLAN.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. layer-2 multicast lookup mode

Use this command to change the lookup mode globally

3. vlan vlan-id
layer-2 multicast lookup mac

Use these 2 commands to change the lookup mode per VLAN. See the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Layer 2 Switching Configuration Guide, Release 5.x for information on the VLAN configuration mode.

4. exit

5. (Optional) show ip igmp snooping lookup-mode [vlan vlan-id]

6. (Optional) copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2 

layer-2 multicast lookup mode

Example:

switch(config)# layer-2 multicast lookup mode

Globally changes the lookup mode to be based on MAC address. To return to the default IP lookup mode, use the no form of this command.

Step 3 

vlan vlan-id

Example:

switch(config)# vlan 5

switch(config-vlan)#

layer-2 multicast lookup mode

Example:

switch(config-vlan)# layer-2 multicast lookup mode

switch(config-vlan)

Changes the lookup mode to be based on the MAC address for the specified VLANs. To return to the default IP lookup mode for these VLANs, use the no form of this command.

Step 4 

exit

Example:

switch(config)# exit

switch#

Exits configuration and/or VLAN configuration mode.

Step 5 

show ip igmp snooping lookup-mode [vlan vlan-id]

Example:

switch# show ip igmp snooping lookup-mode

(Optional) Displays the IGMP snooping lookup mode.

Step 6 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

Configuring a Static Multicast MAC Address

Beginning with Cisco Release 5.2(1) for the Nexus 7000 Series chassis, you can configure an outgoing interface statically for a multicast MAC address.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. mac address-table multicast multicast-mac-addr vlan vlan-id interface slot/port

3. exit

4. (Optional) show ip igmp snooping mac-oif [detail | vlan vlan-id [detail]]

5. (Optional) copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2 

mac address-table multicast multicast-mac-addr vlan vlan-id interface slot/port

Example:

switch(config)# mac address-table multicast 01:00:5f:00:00:00 vlan 5 interface ethernet 2/5

Configures the specified outgoing interface statically for a multicast MAC address.

Step 3 

exit

Example:

switch(config)# exit

switch#

Exits configuration and/or VLAN configuration mode.

Step 4 

show ip igmp snooping mac-oif [detail | vlan vlan-id [detail]]

Example:

switch# show feature-set

(Optional) Displays the IGMP snooping static MAC addresses.

Step 5 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

Verifying IGMP Snooping Configuration

To display the IGMP snooping configuration information, perform one of the following tasks:

Command
Purpose

show ip igmp snooping [vlan vlan-id]

Displays the IGMP snooping configuration by VLAN.

show ip igmp snooping groups [source [group] | group [source]] [vlan vlan-id] [detail]

Displays IGMP snooping information about groups by VLAN.

show ip igmp snooping querier [vlan vlan-id]

Displays IGMP snooping queriers by VLAN.

show ip igmp snooping mroute [vlan vlan-id]

Displays multicast router ports by VLAN.

show ip igmp snooping explicit-tracking [vlan vlan-id]

Displays IGMP snooping explicit tracking information by VLAN.

show ip igmp snooping lookup-mode [vlan vlan-id]

Displays the IGMP snooping lookup mode.

show ip igmp snooping mac-oif [detail | vlan vlan-id [detail]]

Displays IGMP snooping static MAC addresses.


For detailed information about the fields in the output from these commands, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Multicast Routing Command Reference, Release 5.x.

Displaying IGMP Snooping Statistics

Use the show ip igmp snooping statistics vlan command to display IGMP snooping statistics. You can see the virtual port channel (vPC) statistics in this output.

Use the clear ip igmp snooping statistics vlan command to clear IGMP snooping statistics.

For detailed information about using these commands, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Multicast Routing Command Reference, Release 5.x.

Configuration Example for IGMP Snooping

The following example shows how to configure the IGMP snooping parameters:

config t
  ip igmp snooping
  vlan 2
    ip igmp snooping
    ip igmp snooping explicit-tracking
    ip igmp snooping fast-leave
    ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval 3
    ip igmp snooping querier 172.20.52.106
    ip igmp snooping report-suppression
    ip igmp snooping mrouter interface ethernet 2/1
    ip igmp snooping static-group 230.0.0.1 interface ethernet 2/1
    ip igmp snooping link-local-groups-suppression
    ip igmp snooping v3-report-suppression

The following example shows how to configure the IGMP snooping parameters beginning with Cisco Release 5.1(1):

config t
  ip igmp snooping
  vlan configuration 2
    ip igmp snooping
    ip igmp snooping explicit-tracking
    ip igmp snooping fast-leave
    ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval 3
    ip igmp snooping querier 172.20.52.106
    ip igmp snooping report-suppression
    ip igmp snooping mrouter interface ethernet 2/1
    ip igmp snooping static-group 230.0.0.1 interface ethernet 2/1
    ip igmp snooping link-local-groups-suppression
    ip igmp snooping v3-report-suppression

These configurations do not apply until you specifically create the specified VLAN. See Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Layer 2 Switching Configuration Guide, Release 5.x for information on creating VLANs.

Where to Go Next

You can enable the following features that work with PIM:

Chapter 2 "Configuring IGMP"

Chapter 3 "Configuring MLD"

Chapter 6 "Configuring MSDP"

Additional References

For additional information related to implementing IGMP snooping, see the following sections:

Related Documents

Standards

Feature History for IGMP Snooping in CLI

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

VDCs

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide, Release 4.2

CLI commands

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Multicast Routing Command Reference, Release 5.x


Standards

Standards
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


Feature History for IGMP Snooping in CLI

Table 5-4 lists the release history for this feature.

Table 5-4 Feature History for IGMP Snooping

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

Configuring lookup mode to MAC and assigning a static MAC address

5.2(1)

You can configure IGMP snooping to use the forwarding lookup mode as MAC-based, as well as assign a static MAC address.

vlan configuration vlan-id

5.1(1)

Command added to allow you to configure a VLAN before you actually create the VLAN.

vPC

4.1(3)

List of guidelines and limitations that apply to a vPC.

Display vPC statistics with the show ip igmp snooping statistics vlan command.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

"Guidelines and Limitations for IGMP Snooping" section

"Displaying IGMP Snooping Statistics" section