Cisco Nexus 5000 Series NX-OS Unicast Routing Configuration Guide, Release 5.0(3)N1(1)
Configuring Static Routing
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Configuring Static Routing

Table Of Contents

Configuring Static Routing

Information About Static Routing

Administrative Distance

Directly Connected Static Routes

Fully Specified Static Routes

Floating Static Routes

Remote Next Hops for Static Routes

Virtualization Support

Licensing Requirements for Static Routing

Prerequisites for Static Routing

Guidelines and Limitations

Default Settings

Configuring Static Routing

Configuring a Static Route

Configuring Virtualization

Verifying the Static Routing Configuration

Configuration Examples for Static Routing

Additional References

Related Documents

Feature History for Static Routing


Configuring Static Routing


This chapter describes how to configure static routing on the switch.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Information About Static Routing

Licensing Requirements for Static Routing

Prerequisites for Static Routing

Guidelines and Limitations

Default Settings

Configuring Static Routing

Verifying the Static Routing Configuration

Configuration Examples for Static Routing

Additional References

Feature History for Static Routing

Information About Static Routing

Routers forward packets using either route information from route table entries that you manually configure or the route information that is calculated using dynamic routing algorithms.

Static routes, which define explicit paths between two routers, cannot be automatically updated; you must manually reconfigure static routes when network changes occur. Static routes use less bandwidth than dynamic routes. No CPU cycles are used to calculate and analyze routing updates.

You can supplement dynamic routes with static routes where appropriate. You can redistribute static routes into dynamic routing algorithms but you cannot redistribute routing information calculated by dynamic routing algorithms into the static routing table.

You should use static routes in environments where network traffic is predictable and where the network design is simple. You should not use static routes in large, constantly changing networks because static routes cannot react to network changes. Most networks use dynamic routes to communicate between routers but may have one or two static routes configured for special cases. Static routes are also useful for specifying a gateway of last resort (a default router to which all unroutable packets are sent).

This section includes the following topics:

Administrative Distance

Directly Connected Static Routes

Fully Specified Static Routes

Floating Static Routes

Remote Next Hops for Static Routes

Virtualization Support

Administrative Distance

An administrative distance is the metric used by routers to choose the best path when there are two or more routes to the same destination from two different routing protocols. An administrative distance guides the selection of one routing protocol (or static route) over another, when more than one protocol adds the same route to the unicast routing table. Each routing protocol is prioritized in order of most to least reliable using an administrative distance value.

Static routes have a default administrative distance of 1. A router prefers a static route to a dynamic route because the router considers a route with a low number to be the shortest. If you want a dynamic route to override a static route, you can specify an administrative distance for the static route. For example, if you have two dynamic routes with an administrative distance of 120, you would specify an administrative distance that is greater than 120 for the static route if you want the dynamic route to override the static route.

Directly Connected Static Routes

You need to specify only the output interface (the interface on which all packets are sent to the destination network) in a directly connected static route. The router assumes the destination is directly attached to the output interface and the packet destination is used as the next hop address. The next-hop can be an interface, only for point-to-point interfaces. For broadcast interfaces, the next-hop must be an IPv4 address.

Fully Specified Static Routes

You must specify either the output interface (the interface on which all packets are sent to the destination network) or the next hop address in a fully specified static route. You can use a fully specified static route when the output interface is a multi-access interface and you need to identify the next-hop address. The next-hop address must be directly attached to the specified output interface.

Floating Static Routes

A floating static route is a static route that the router uses to back up a dynamic route. You must configure a floating static route with a higher administrative distance than the dynamic route that it backs up. In this instance, the router prefers a dynamic route to a floating static route. You can use a floating static route as a replacement if the dynamic route is lost.


Note By default, a router prefers a static route to a dynamic route because a static route has a smaller administrative distance than a dynamic route.


Remote Next Hops for Static Routes

You can specify the next-hop address of a neighboring router which is not directly connected to the router for static routes with remote (non-directly attached) next-hops. If a static route has remote next-hops during data-forwarding, the next-hops are recursively used in the unicast routing table to identify the corresponding directly attached next-hop(s) that have reachability to the remote next-hops

Virtualization Support

Static routes support Virtual Routing and Forwarding instances (VRFs). By default, Cisco NX-OS places you in the default VRF unless you specifically configure another VRF. For more information, see Chapter 9 "Configuring Layer 3 Virtualization."

Licensing Requirements for Static Routing

The following table shows the licensing requirements for this feature:

Product
License Requirement

Cisco NX-OS

Static routing requires no license. Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco NX-OS system images and is provided at no extra charge to you. For a complete explanation of the Cisco NX-OS licensing scheme, see the Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide.

Note Make sure the LAN Base Services license is installed on the switch to enable Layer 3 interfaces.


Prerequisites for Static Routing

Static routing has the following prerequisites:

If the next-hop address for a static route is unreachable, the static route will not be added to the unicast routing table.

Guidelines and Limitations

Static routing has the following configuration guidelines and limitations:

You can specify an interface as the next-hop address for a static route only for point-to-point interfaces such as GRE tunnels.

Default Settings

Table 8-1 lists the default settings for static routing parameters.

Table 8-1 Default Static Routing Parameters 

Parameters
Default

administrative distance

1

RIP feature

disabled


Configuring Static Routing

This section includes the following topics:

Configuring a Static Route

Configuring Virtualization


Note If you are familiar with the Cisco IOS CLI, be aware that the Cisco NX-OS commands for this feature might differ from the Cisco IOS commands that you would use.


Configuring a Static Route

You can configure a static route on the router.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. configure terminal

2. ip route {ip-prefix | ip-addr ip-mask} {[next-hop | nh-prefix] | [interface next-hop | nh-prefix]} [tag tag-value [pref]]

3. (Optional) show ip static-route

4. (Optional) copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

configure terminal

Example:

switch# configure terminal

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

ip route {ip-prefix | ip-addr ip-mask} {[next-hop | nh-prefix] | [interface next-hop | nh-prefix]} [tag tag-value [pref]

Example:

switch(config)# ip route 192.0.2.0/8 ethernet 1/2 192.0.2.4

Configures a static route and the interface for this static route. You can optionally configure the next-hop address. The preference value sets the administrative distance. The range is from 1 to 255. The default is 1.

Step 3 

show ip static-route

Example:

switch(config)# show ip static-route

(Optional) Displays information about static routes.

Step 4 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

This example shows how to configure a static route:

switch# configure terminal
switch(config)# ip route 192.0.2.0/8 192.0.2.10
switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
 
   

Use the no ip static-route command to remove the static route.

Configuring Virtualization

You can configure a static route in a VRF.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. configure terminal

2. vrf context vrf-name

3. ip route {ip-prefix | ip-addr ip-mask} {next-hop | nh-prefix | interface} [tag tag-value [pref]

4. (Optional) show ip static-route vrf vrf-name

5. (Optional) copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

configure terminal

Example:

switch# configure terminal

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

vrf context vrf-name

Example:

switch(config)# vrf context StaticVrf

Creates a VRF and enters VRF configuration mode.

Step 3 

ip route {ip-prefix | ip-addr ip-mask} {next-hop | nh-prefix | interface} [tag tag-value [pref]

Example:

switch(config-vrf)# ip route 192.0.2.0/8 ethernet 1/2

Configures a static route and the interface for this static route. You can optionally configure the next-hop address. The preference value sets the administrative distance. The range is from 1 to 255. The default is 1.

Step 4 

show ip static-route vrf vrf-name

Example:

switch(config-vrf)# show ip static-route

(Optional) Displays information on static routes.

Step 5 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-vrf)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

This example shows how to configure a static route:

switch# configure terminal

switch(config)# vrf context StaticVrf

switch(config-vrf)# ip route 192.0.2.0/8 192.0.2.10

switch(config-vrf)# copy running-config startup-config

 
   

Verifying the Static Routing Configuration

To display the static routing configuration information, perform one of the following tasks:

Command
Purpose

show ip static-route

Displays the configured static routes.


Configuration Examples for Static Routing

This example shows how to configure static routing:

configure terminal

 ip route 192.0.2.0/8 192.0.2.10

 copy running-config startup-config

 
   

Additional References

For additional information related to implementing static routing, see the following sections:

Related Documents

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Static Routing CLI

Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Command Reference, Cisco NX-OS Releases 4.x, 5.x


Feature History for Static Routing

Table 8-2 lists the release history for this feature.

Table 8-2 Feature History for Static Routing

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

Static Routing

5.0(3)N1(1)

This feature was introduced.