Cisco Nexus 5000 Series NX-OS System Management Configuration Guide, Release 5.0(2)N1(1)
Configuring SPAN
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Configuring SPAN

Configuring SPAN

This chapter includes the following sections:

Configuring SPAN

The Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN) feature (sometimes called port mirroring or port monitoring) selects network traffic for analysis by a network analyzer. The network analyzer can be a Cisco SwitchProbe, a Fibre Channel Analyzer, or other Remote Monitoring (RMON) probes.

SPAN Sources

SPAN sources refer to the interfaces from which traffic can be monitored. The Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch supports Ethernet, Fibre Channel, virtual Fibre Channel, port channels, SAN port channels, VLANs, and VSANs as SPAN sources. With VLANs or VSANs, all supported interfaces in the specified VLAN or VSAN are included as SPAN sources. You can choose the SPAN traffic in the ingress direction, the egress direction, or both directions for Ethernet, Fibre Channel, and virtual Fibre Channel source interfaces:


  • Ingress source (Rx)—Traffic entering the switch through this source port is copied to the SPAN destination port.

  • Egress source (Tx)—Traffic exiting the switch through this source port is copied to the SPAN destination port.


Note


On the Cisco Nexus 5548 Switch, Fibre Channel ports and VSAN ports cannot be configured as ingress source ports in a SPAN session.


Characteristics of Source Ports

A source port, also called a monitored port, is a switched interface that you monitor for network traffic analysis. The switch supports any number of ingress source ports (up to the maximum number of available ports on the switch) and any number of source VLANs or VSANs.

A source port has these characteristics:


  • Can be of any port type: Ethernet, Fibre Channel, virtual Fibre Channel, port channel, SAN port channel, VLAN, and VSAN.

  • Cannot be monitored in multiple SPAN sessions.

  • Cannot be a destination port.

  • Each source port can be configured with a direction (ingress, egress, or both) to monitor. For VLAN and VSAN sources, the monitored direction can only be ingress and applies to all physical ports in the group. The RX/TX option is not available for VLAN or VSAN SPAN sessions.

  • Beginning with Cisco NX-OS Release 5.0(2)N1(1), Port Channel and SAN Port Channel interfaces can be configured as ingress or egress source ports.

  • Source ports can be in the same or different VLANs or VSANs.

  • For VLAN or VSAN SPAN sources, all active ports in the source VLAN or VSAN are included as source ports.

  • For Cisco NX-OS Release 4.2(1)N2(1) and earlier, the Cisco Nexus 5010 Switch and the Cisco Nexus 5020 Switch supports a maximum of two egress SPAN source ports.

  • Beginning with NX-OS Release 5.0(2)N1(1), there is no limit to the number of egress SPAN source ports.

  • On the Cisco Nexus 5548 Switch, Fibre Channel ports and VSAN ports cannot be configured as ingress source ports in a SPAN session.

SPAN Destinations

SPAN destinations refer to the interfaces that monitors source ports. The Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch supports Ethernet and Fibre Channel interfaces as SPAN destinations.

Source SPAN

Dest SPAN

Ethernet

Ethernet

Fibre Channel

Fibre Channel

Fibre Channel

Ethernet (FCoE)

Virtual Fibre Channel

Fibre Channel

Virtual Fibre Channel

Ethernet (FCoE)

Characteristics of Destination Ports

Each local SPAN session must have a destination port (also called a monitoring port) that receives a copy of traffic from the source ports, VLANs, or VSANs. A destination port has these characteristics:


  • Can be any physical port, Ethernet, Ethernet (FCoE), or Fibre Channel, and virtual Fibre Channel ports cannot be destination ports.

  • Cannot be a source port.

  • Cannot be a port channel or SAN port channel group.

  • Does not participate in spanning tree while the SPAN session is active.

  • Is excluded from the source list and is not monitored if it belongs to a source VLAN of any SPAN session.

  • Receives copies of sent and received traffic for all monitored source ports. If a destination port is oversubscribed, it can become congested. This congestion can affect traffic forwarding on one or more of the source ports.

Configuring SPAN

Creating and Deleting a SPAN Session

You create a SPAN session by assigning a session number using the monitor command. If the session already exists, any additional configuration is added to that session.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configure terminal

2.    switch(config)# monitor session session-number


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configure terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# monitor session session-number
 

Enters the monitor configuration mode. New session configuration is added to the existing session configuration.

 

Configuring the Destination Port

Configuring an Ethernet Destination Port


Note


The SPAN destination port can only be a physical port on the switch.


You can configure an Ethernet interface as a SPAN destination port.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configure terminal

2.    switch(config)# interface ethernet slot/port

3.    switch(config-if)# switchport monitor

4.    switch(config-if)# exit

5.    switch(config)# monitor session session-number

6.    switch(config-monitor)# destination interface ethernet slot/port


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configure terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# interface ethernet slot/port
 

Enters interface configuration mode for the specified Ethernet interface selected by the slot and port values.

 
Step 3 switch(config-if)# switchport monitor
 

Sets the interface to monitor mode. Priority flow control is disabled when the port is configured as a SPAN destination.

 
Step 4 switch(config-if)# exit
 

Reverts to global configuration mode.

 
Step 5 switch(config)# monitor session session-number
 

Enters the monitor configuration mode.

 
Step 6 switch(config-monitor)# destination interface ethernet slot/port
 

Configures the Ethernet destination port.

 

The following example shows configuring an Ethernet SPAN destination port:

switch# configure terminal
switch(config)# interface ethernet 1/3
switch(config-if)# switchport monitor
switch(config-if)# exit
switch(config)# monitor session 2
switch(config-monitor)# destination interface ethernet 1/3 

Configuring Fibre Channel Destination Port


Note


The SPAN destination port can only be a physical port on the switch.


You can configure a Fibre Channel port as a SPAN destination port.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# configure terminal

2.    switch(config)# interface fc slot/port

3.    switch(config-if)# switchport mode SD

4.    switch(config-if)# switchport speed 1000

5.    switch(config-if)# exit

6.    switch(config)# monitor session session-number

7.    switch(config-monitor)# destination interface fc slot/port


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# configure terminal
 

Enters configuration mode.

 
Step 2 switch(config)# interface fc slot/port
 

Enters interface configuration mode for the specified Fibre Channel interface selected by the slot and port values.

 
Step 3 switch(config-if)# switchport mode SD
 

Sets the interface to SPAN destination (SD) mode.

 
Step 4 switch(config-if)# switchport speed 1000
 

Sets the interface speed to 1000. The auto speed option is not allowed.

 
Step 5 switch(config-if)# exit
 

Reverts to global configuration mode.

 
Step 6 switch(config)# monitor session session-number
 

Enters the monitor configuration mode.

 
Step 7 switch(config-monitor)# destination interface fc slot/port
 

Configures the Fibre Channel destination port.

 

The following example shows configuring an Ethernet SPAN destination port:

switch# configure terminal
switch(config)# interface fc 2/4
switch(config-if)# switchport mode SD
switch(config-if)# switchport speed 1000
switch(config-if)# exit
switch(config)# monitor session 2
switch(config-monitor)# destination interface fc 2/4 

Configuring Source Ports

You can configure the source ports for a SPAN session. The source ports can be Ethernet, Fibre Channel, or virtual Fibre Channel ports.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch(config-monitor)# source interface type slot/port [rx | tx | both]


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch(config-monitor)# source interface type slot/port [rx | tx | both]
 

Configures sources and the traffic direction in which to duplicate packets. You can enter a range of Ethernet, Fibre Channel, or virtual Fibre Channel ports. You can specify the traffic direction to duplicate as ingress (rx), egress (tx), or both. By default, the direction is both.

 

The following example shows configuring an Ethernet SPAN source port:

switch# configure terminal
switch(config)# monitor session 2
switch(config-monitor)# source interface ethernet 1/16

The following example shows configuring a Fibre Channel SPAN source port:

switch(config-monitor)# source interface fc 2/1

The following example shows configuring a virtual Fibre Channel SPAN source port:

switch(config-monitor)# source interface vfc 129

Configuring Source Port Channels, VLANs, or VSANs

You can configure the source channels for a SPAN session. These ports can be port channels, SAN port channels, VLANs, and VSANs. The monitored direction can only be ingress and applies to all physical ports in the group.


Note


The Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch supports two active SPAN sessions. The Cisco Nexus 5548 Switch supports four active SPAN sessions. When you configure more than two SPAN sessions, the first two sessions are active. During startup, the order of active sessions is reversed; the last two sessions are active. For example, if you configured ten sessions 1 to 10 where 1 and 2 are active, after a reboot, sessions 9 and 10 will be active. To enable deterministic behavior, explicitly suspend the sessions 3 to 10 with the monitor session session-number shut command. See Suspending a SPAN Session..


SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch(config-monitor)# source {interface {port-channel | san-port-channel} channel-number rx | vlan vlan-range | vsan vsan-range }


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch(config-monitor)# source {interface {port-channel | san-port-channel} channel-number rx | vlan vlan-range | vsan vsan-range }
 

Configures port channel, SAN port channel, VLAN, or VSAN sources. For VLAN or VSAN sources, the monitored direction is implicit.

 

The following example shows configuring a port channel SPAN source:

switch# configure terminal
switch(config)# monitor session 2
switch(config-monitor)# source interface port-channel 1 rx

The following example shows configuring a SAN port channel SPAN source:

switch(config-monitor)# source interface san-port-channel 3 rx

The following example shows configuring a VLAN SPAN source:

switch(config-monitor)# source vlan 1

The following example shows configuring a VSAN SPAN source:

switch(config-monitor)# source vsan 1

Configuring the Description of a SPAN Session

You can provide a descriptive name of the SPAN session for ease of reference.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch(config-monitor)# description description


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch(config-monitor)# description description
 

Applies a descriptive name to the SPAN session.

 

The following example shows configuring a description of a SPAN session:

switch# configure terminal
switch(config)# monitor session 2
switch(config-monitor)# description monitoring ports fc2/2-fc2/4

Activating a SPAN Session

The default is to keep the session state shut. You can open a session that duplicates packets from sources to destinations.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch(config)# no monitor session {all | session-number} shut


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch(config)# no monitor session {all | session-number} shut
 

Opens the specified SPAN session or all sessions.

 

The following example shows activating a SPAN session:

switch(config)# no monitor session 3 shut 

Suspending a SPAN Session

The default is to keep the session state shut. You can suspend a SPAN session.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch(config)# monitor session {all | session-number} shut


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch(config)# monitor session {all | session-number} shut
 

Suspends the specified SPAN session or all sessions.

 

The following example shows suspending a SPAN session:

switch(config)# monitor session 3 shut 

Note


The Cisco Nexus 5000 Series switch supports two active SPAN sessions. The Cisco Nexus 5548 Switch supports four active SPAN sessions. When you configure more than two SPAN sessions, the first two sessions are active. During startup, the order of active sessions is reversed; the last two sessions are active. For example, if you configured ten sessions 1 to 10 where 1 and 2 are active, after a reboot, sessions 9 and 10 will be active. To enable deterministic behavior, explicitly suspend the sessions 3 to 10 with the monitor session session-number shut command.


Displaying SPAN Information

To display SPAN information, perform this task:

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    switch# show monitor [session {all | session-number | range session-range} [brief]]


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 switch# show monitor [session {all | session-number | range session-range} [brief]]
 

Displays the SPAN configuration.

 

This example shows how to display SPAN session information:

switch# show monitor
SESSION  STATE        REASON                  DESCRIPTION
-------  -----------  ----------------------  --------------------------------
2        up           The session is up
3        down         Session suspended
4        down         No hardware resource

This example shows how to display SPAN session details:

switch# show monitor session 2
   session 2
---------------
type              : local
state             : up
source intf       :
    rx            : fc3/1
    tx            : fc3/1
    both          : fc3/1
source VLANs      :
    rx            :
source VSANs      :
    rx            : 1
destination ports : Eth3/1