Cisco Nexus 4001I and 4005I Switch Module for IBM BladeCenter NX-OS Configuration Guide
Configuring RMON
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Configuring RMON

Table Of Contents

Configuring RMON

Information About RMON

RMON Alarms

RMON Events

Configuration Guidelines and Limitations

Configuring RMON

Configuring RMON Alarms

Configuring RMON Events

Verifying RMON Configuration

RMON Example Configuration

Default Settings


Configuring RMON


This chapter describes how to configure the RMON feature.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Information About RMON

Configuration Guidelines and Limitations

Configuring RMON

Verifying RMON Configuration

RMON Example Configuration

Default Settings

Information About RMON

RMON is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard monitoring specification that allows various network agents and console systems to exchange network monitoring data. The Cisco NX-OS supports RMON alarms, events and logs to monitor the Cisco Nexus 4001I and 4005I Switch Module for IBM BladeCenter.

An RMON alarm monitors a specific management information base (MIB) object for a specified interval, triggers an alarm at a specified threshold value (threshold), and resets the alarm at another threshold value. You can use alarms with RMON events to generate a log entry or an SNMP notification when the RMON alarm triggers.

RMON is disabled by default and no events or alarms are configured in the switch. You can configure your RMON alarms and events by using the CLI or an SNMP-compatible network management station

This section includes the following topics:

RMON Alarms

RMON Events

RMON Alarms

You can set an alarm on any MIB object that resolves into an SNMP INTEGER type. The specified object must be an existing SNMP MIB object in standard dot notation (for example, 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.17 represents ifOutOctets.17).

When you create an alarm, you specify the following parameters:

MIB object to monitor

Sampling interval—The interval that the switch uses to collect a sample value of the MIB object.

The sample type—Absolute samples take the current snapshot of the MIB object value. Delta samples take two consecutive samples and calculate the difference between them.

Rising threshold—The value at which the switch triggers a rising alarm or resets a falling alarm.

Falling threshold—The value at which the switch triggers a falling alarm or resets a rising alarm.

Events—The action that the switch takes when an alarm (rising or falling) triggers.


Note Use the hcalarms option to set an alarm on a 64-bit integer MIB object.


For example, you can set a delta type rising alarm on an error counter MIB object. If the error counter delta exceeds this value, you can trigger an event that sends an SNMP notification and logs the rising alarm event. This rising alarm will not occur again until the delta sample for the error counter drops below the falling threshold.


Note The falling threshold must be less than the rising threshold.


RMON Events

You can associate a particular event to each RMON alarm. RMON supports the following event types:

SNMP notification—Sends an SNMP risingAlarm or fallingAlarm notification when the associated alarm triggers.

Log—Adds an entry in the RMON log table when the associated alarm triggers.

Both—Sends an SNMP notification and adds an entry in the RMON log table when the associated alarm triggers.

You can specify a different even for a falling alarm and a rising alarm.

Configuration Guidelines and Limitations

RMON has the following configuration guidelines and limitations:

You must configure an SNMP user an notification receiver to use the SNMP notification event type.

You can only configure an RMON alarm on a MIB object that resolves to an integer.

Configuring RMON

This section includes the following topics:

Configuring RMON Alarms

Configuring RMON Events

Configuring RMON Alarms

You can configure RMON alarms on any integer-based SNMP MIB object.

You can optionally specify the following parameters:

The event-number to trigger if the rising or falling threshold exceeds the specified limit.

The owner of the alarm.

Ensure you have configured an SNMP user and enabled SNMP notifications (see Chapter 27 "Configuring SNMP").

To configure RMON alarms, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

switch# configure terminal

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

switch(config)# rmon alarm index mib-object sample-interval {absolute | delta} rising-threshold value [event-index] falling-threshold value [event-index] [owner name]

Creates an RMON alarm. The value range is from -2147483647 to 2147483647. The owner name can be any alphanumeric string.

switch(config)# rmon hcalarm index mib-object sample-interval {absolute | delta} rising-threshold-high value rising-threshold-low value [event-teindex] falling-threshold-high value falling-threshold-low value [event-index] [owner name] [storagetype type]

Creates an RMON high-capacity alarm. The value range is from -2147483647 to 2147483647. The owner name can be any alphanumeric string.

The storage type range is from 1 to 5.

Step 3 

switch(config)# show rmon {alarms | hcalarms}

(Optional) Displays information about RMON alarms or high-capacity alarms.

Step 4 

switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

The following example shows how to configure RMON alarms:

switch# configure terminal  
switch(config)# rmon alarm 1 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.17.83886080 5 delta rising-threshold 5 1 
falling-threshold 0 owner test  
switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config  
switch# show rmon alarms  
Alarm 1 is active, owned by test 
 Monitors 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.17.83886080 every 5 second(s) 
 Taking delta samples, last value was 0 
 Rising threshold is 5, assigned to event 1 
 Falling threshold is 0, assigned to event 0 
 On startup enable rising or falling alarm 

Configuring RMON Events

You can configure RMON events to associate with RMON alarms. You can reuse the same event with multiple RMON alarms.

Ensure you have configured an SNMP user and enabled SNMP notifications (see the "Configuring SNMP" section).

To configure RMON events, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

switch# configure terminal

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

switch(config)# rmon event index [description string] [log] [trap] [owner name]

Configures an RMON event. The description string and owner name can be any alphanumeric string.

Step 3 

switch(config)# show rmon {alarms | hcalarms}

(Optional) Displays information about RMON alarms or high-capacity alarms.

Step 4 

switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Verifying RMON Configuration

To display RMON configuration information, perform one of these tasks:

Command
Purpose

show rmon alarms

Displays information about RMON alarms.

show rmon events

Displays information about RMON events.

show rmon hcalarms

Displays information about RMON hcalarms.

show rmon logs

Displays information about RMON logs.


RMON Example Configuration

The following example creates a delta rising alarm on ifOutOctets and associates a notification event with this alarm:

configure terminal  
 rmon alarm 1 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.17.83886080 5 delta rising-threshold 5 1 falling-threshold 
0 owner test  
 rmon event 1 trap public  

Default Settings

Table 28-1 lists the default settings for RMON parameters.

Table 28-1 Default RMON Parameters 

Parameters
Default

Alarms

None configured.

Events

None configured.