Table Of Contents
Release Notes for Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Release 2.3.1
July 19, 2002
Note You can find the most current documentation on Cisco.com. This set of electronic documents may contain updates and modifications made after the hard-copy documents were printed.
These release notes support Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router software release 2.3.1.
For a list of software caveats that apply to Release 2.3.1, see the "Caveats" section. The caveats are updated for every maintenance release and are located on Cisco.com and the Documentation CD-ROM.
These Release Notes describe the following topics:
The Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router provides universal access to storage over IP networks. The storage router software controls the operation of the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router. You can configure the software to provide one of two types of access to storage over IP networks; either SCSI routing, or Transparent SCSI routing.
SCSI routing provides IP hosts with access to Fibre Channel (FC) storage devices, using iSCSI protocol.
Note The iSCSI protocol is an IETF-defined protocol for IP storage (ips). For more information about the iSCSI protocol, refer to the IETF standards for IP storage at http://www.ietf.org.
With SCSI routing, storage device access is managed primarily in the SN 5428. (See Figure 1.)
Figure 1 iSCSI Routing
Transparent SCSI routing provides IP hosts with transparent access to intelligent storage arrays using iSCSI protocol; that is, each IP host is presented as an FC host to an intelligent storage array. With transparent SCSI routing, availability of storage devices is managed primarily in the intelligent storage array. (See Figure 2.)
Figure 2 Transparent SCSI Routing
In addition to providing services for accessing storage over IP networks, the SN 5428 Storage Router software provides the following services:
•VLAN Access Control—provides IP access control to storage based on a VLAN identifier (VID) number (in addition to access control through access lists)
•Authentication—provides iSCSI authentication using AAA authentication methods
•High Availability (HA)—provides the ability to group SN 5428 Storage Routers in a cluster for failover and other cluster-related functions (for SCSI routing only)
•E_Port with FC Fabric Zoning—provides the ability to connect FC ports to FC switches and participate in fabric zoning and support zone mergers
•SNMP/MIB support—provides network management of the SN 5428 through SNMP using selected MIBs
•A command-line interface (CLI) and a web-based GUI—provides user interfaces for configuration and maintenance of an SN 5428 Storage Router
•Secure Sockets Layer Support—provides HTTPS connection for secure access through the web-based GUI
Note The web-based GUI is not available in SN 5428s deployed for transparent SCSI routing.
This section describes the system requirements for Release 2.3.1 and includes the following information:
•The SN 5428 Storage Router's Gigabit Ethernet interfaces use a flow control mechanism for stopping and starting traffic that prevents the loss of data. Flow control should also be turned on at the router's Gigabit Ethernet interfaces where the SN 5428 Storage Router is connected.
•If the SN 5428 Storage Router is participating in a cluster, and the HA or management interfaces are plugged into a switch that has Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) enabled, the storage router should be considered as an end station and the affected ports on the switch should be configured appropriately. For example, set "portfast" on Cisco switches to cause the ports to immediately switch from blocking mode to forwarding mode. This helps prevent time-outs, which can cause unexpected behavior when storage routers join a cluster.
To ensure the best performance for the SN 5428 Storage Router and the iSCSI drivers, the extended windowing feature of TCP and the receive and transmit flow control feature of the Gigabit Ethernet driver should be enabled on all IP hosts connecting to the SN 5428. On the SN 5428 Storage Router, you can use the CLI show scsirouter all connection tcp command to display the current and maximum TCP window size for each connected host.
Graphical User Interface
The SN 5428's web-based GUI officially supports the following browsers:
Microsoft Internet Explorer version 5.5 with service pack 2, or later
Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, Microsoft Windows 2000
Netscape Navigator version 4.76
Netscape Navigator version 4.7
iSCSI Driver Version Support
A Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router running software release 2.3.1 or later is compatible with an IP host running any Cisco iSCSI Driver version 2.1.1 or later; it is not compatible with an IP host running any Cisco iSCSI Driver version 1.8.x.
Obtaining Updated Software and iSCSI Drivers
From time to time, Cisco releases updated versions of SN 5428 Storage Router software and iSCSI drivers. Updated versions of storage router software and the Cisco iSCSI drivers, accompanying readme files, release notes and example configuration files are available for download.
You must be a registered Cisco.com user to download Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router software and iSCSI drivers.
You can access software by following these instructions:
Step 1 At http://www.cisco.com, log in to Cisco.com. Under Service & Support, click Software Center.
Step 2 At the Software Center web page, under Software Products & Downloads, click Storage Networking Software.
Step 3 At the Storage Networking Software web page, click the appropriate link for your software.
Step 4 At the Software Download web page, click the link for the software that you want to download. Clicking the link will cause another web page to be displayed. Follow the instructions on that and any subsequent web pages to download the software.
Step 5 To install and configure storage router software, see the appropriate storage router software configuration guide and release notes. To install and configure an iSCSI driver, see the readme file that accompanies the iSCSI driver (in the downloaded driver archive file) and the appropriate release notes.
Determining the SN 5428 Software Version
To determine the version of SN 5428 software running on the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router, establish a Telnet or console port session with the storage router, and enter the CLI show version command. (See Example 1.)
Example 1 Determining the Software Version[SN5428-A01]$ show versionCISCO SN 5428 Storage RouterOperating System Software Ver: 2.3.1System Bootstrap Ver: 2.3.1Application Software Ver: 2.3.1CLI Version 2.1Copyright (c) 1986-2002 by Cisco Systems, Inc
The Application Software field displays the version of software currently running on the storage router. The System Bootstrap field displays the software version that will run the next time the storage router is restarted.
You can also check the version of the SN 5428 software by using the SN 5428 web-based GUI. Log in as Monitor to display the Processor and Software Information table, or click Processor and SW (under System) in the Monitor dynamic menu list in the left frame. The Software Version field contains the current software version information.
Upgrading to a New Software Release
Note If you are upgrading from SN 5428 Storage Router software release 2.2.x to 2.3.x, you must follow the additional procedures described in the "Upgrading from Release 2.2.x to 2.3.x" section after upgrading your software to assure a successful transition to the new release.
For information about upgrading to new SN 5428 software using the CLI, see the section "Installing Updated Software" in Chapter 10, "Maintaining and Managing the SN 5428 Storage Router," of the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide, Release 2.3.
To upgrade to new SN 5428 software using the web-based GUI, follow these instructions.
Step 1 Log in as "admin".
Step 2 Click Maintenance to view information about the software versions currently available to the storage router. If multiple versions of software are available, delete all versions except the currently running version.
Step 3 (Optional) Based on your storage router configuration, click the appropriate link in the Upgrade section of the Maintenance dynamic menu list in the left frame to download a list of currently available software versions. Use this list to determine the software version you want to download.
Step 4 Click the appropriate link in the Upgrade section of the Maintenance dynamic menu list to download the desired version of software.
Step 5 After you have downloaded the new version of software, click Reset in the System section of the Maintenance dynamic menu list.
Step 6 At Select next boot version, select the new software version. If you have made configuration changes to the storage router that have not been saved, click the Save unsaved changes? checkbox to save any configuration changes that have been made but not saved to the storage router's bootable configuration
Step 7 Click Reset System.
Step 8 After the storage router has rebooted, verify that it is running the new software. (See the "Determining the SN 5428 Software Version" section.)
Upgrading from Release 2.2.x to 2.3.x
If you are upgrading from SN 5428 Storage Router software release 2.2.x, additional procedures are required.
To complete the upgrade process using the CLI, follow these instructions:
Step 1 The logging algorithms have changed in software release 2.3.1. You must restore the default logging rules to the logging table or the SN 5428 will not log any event messages after the upgrade from release 2.2.x to 2.3.x. Use the CLI command clear logging table to factory defaults to restore the default logging rules.
For details on the new logging algorithms and information about customizing the SN 5428 logging table, see the section "Understanding Logging" in Chapter 10, "Maintaining and Managing the SN 5428 Storage Router," of the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide, Release 2.3.
Step 2 (Optional) If you are going to attach to a Fibre Channel fabric through an inter-switch link or by connecting to another SN 5428, you must change your port type to generic loop (GL_Port) and reset the interface. For example, to change the port type for Fibre Channel interface fc3, use the CLI command interface fc3 type gl-port. To reset the fc3 interface, disable and enable the interface using the no interface fc3 enable and interface fc3 enable CLI commands.
For details on configuring the SN 5428 for FC fabric zoning participation, see Chapter 5, "Configuring for FC Fabric Zoning," in the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide, Release 2.3
To complete the upgrade process using the web-based GUI, follow these instructions.
Step 1 The logging algorithms have changed in software release 2.3.1. You must restore the default logging rules to the logging table or the SN 5428 will not log any event messages after the upgrade from release 2.2.x to 2.3.x. Click Configuration and then click Debug in the System section of the Configuration dynamic menu. Click the Reset to Defaults link in the Logging table. If prompted to confirm your actions, click OK.
Step 2 (Optional) If you are going to attach to a Fibre Channel fabric through an inter-switch link or by connecting to another SN 5428, you must change your port type to generic loop and reset the interface. Click Configuration and then click FC Interface in the System section of the Configuration dynamic menu. Click on the Fibre Channel interface you want to configure. Select Generic Loop from the Port Type select box, and click the Enable Interface Disabled radio button. Click Apply to save your changes. After the page updates, click the Enable Interface Enabled radio button. Click Apply to reset the interface.
Uninstalling an Upgrade
To return to a previous SN 5428 software release (2.3.x or 2.2.x) and remove the updated SN 5428 software using the CLI, follow these instructions:
To return to a previous SN 5428 software release and remove the updated SN 5428 software using the SN 5428 web-based GUI, follow these instructions:
Step 1 Log in as Admin.
Step 2 Click Maintenance to display the dynamic Maintenance menu list in the left frame.
Step 3 Click Reset from the dynamic Maintenance menu list.
Step 4 Select the version of software to be run when the SN 5428 reboots from the Select next boot version: select box.
Step 5 (Optional) To save configuration changes before rebooting, click the Save unsaved changes? checkbox. If the checkbox is not checked, any unsaved configuration changes will be lost.
Step 6 Click Reset System.
Step 7 After the SN 5428 reboots, verify that it is running the selected software. (See "Determining the SN 5428 Software Version" section.)
Step 8 (Optional) Click Maintenance and then click the Delete? link to the right of the updated software in the Show Storage Router Software table to remove it from the SN 5428 Storage Router.
Limitations and Restrictions on SN 5428 Storage Router Clusters
This release includes the following restrictions on SN 5428 Storage Router clusters:
•A cluster can contain up to two SN 5428 Storage Routers.
•A cluster can contain up to 12 SCSI routing instances.
•A cluster can support up to 100 iSCSI targets.
New and Changed Information
•The logging algorithms for event messages changed in SN 5428 Storage Router software release 2.3.1. After you upgrade to software release 2.3.x from software release 2.2.x, you must reset the default logging rules or the SN 5428 Storage Router will not log any event messages.
•The default port type changed in SN 5428 Storage Router software release 2.3.1. In release 2.2.x, the default port type was auto, which was saved in the SN 5428's bootable configuration as fabric (F_Port) or fabric loop (FL_Port), depending on the connected device. If no device was connected, the port type was saved as FL_Port.
In release 2.3.1, the default port type is gl-port (generic loop, also know as GL_Port), which configures as FL_Port when connected to a loop of public devices, F_Port when connected to a single device, or E_Port when connected to a switch or another SN 5428.
After you upgrade to software release 2.3.x from software release 2.2.x, you must change the port type to generic loop for any Fibre Channel interface you connect to a switch or another SN 5428. After setting the port type, you must reset the interface.
Caveats describe unexpected behavior or defects in SN 5428 software releases. Severity 1 caveats are the most serious caveats; severity 2 caveats are less serious.
This document describes open and resolved severity 1 and 2 caveats and selected caveats of other severities.
•The "Open Caveats" section lists caveats that are open in the current release and may be open in previous releases.
•The "Resolved Caveats" section lists caveats that are resolved in this release, but open in previous releases.
Within the sections, the caveats are sorted alphanumerically by caveat number.
Note If you have an account with Cisco.com, you can use Bug Navigator II to find caveats of any severity for any release. You can reach Bug Navigator II on Cisco.com at Service & Support:
All the caveats in this section are open in SN 5428 software release 2.3.1.
A memory leak may occur when walking the CDP MIB. A bulk walk that traverses cdpVTPMgmtDomain has caused a leak of approximately 1.2KB.
Workaround: Avoid bulk walks of the CDP MIB.
If you are using TFTP for the software download process and receive a TFTP error, the SN 5428 may restart. For example, if you are attempting to download a specific version of software and the file cannot be found on the TFTP server, TFTP returns an error. During the cleanup process, a memory exception causes the SN 5428 to reboot.
Workaround: Verify that the software version to be downloaded is on the TFTP server. Use the download software command with the version keyword, rather than the filename keyword.
When upgrading from release 2.2.x to release 2.3.1, the logging routes are lost.
Workaround: Logging algorithms have changed in release 2.3.1. You must reset your desired logging routes using the CLI or the GUI.
All of the caveats listed in this section are resolved in SN 5428 software release 2.3.1.
Pressing the question make (?) key after the facility keyword in the logging route add command does not display a list of valid facility names.
Workaround: In release 2.2.x, enter a valid facility name as described in the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide. In release 2.3.1, the logging algorithm and commands have changed. See the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide Release 2.3 for details.
Selecting a logging destination of gui or smtp with the logging route add command fails to log messages to any destination.
Workaround: In release 2.2.x, the gui and smtp logging destinations are not yet implemented. Select another destination, or select all destinations to route log messages to all valid destinations. In release 2.3.1, the logging algorithm and commands have changed. See the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide Release 2.3 for details.
After the SN 5428 Storage Router is restarted, all levels of log messages are displayed on the serial console. A show logging command shows the console logging level set to notification, but all messages are logged to the serial console as if the console logging level was set to debugging. Management sessions via Telnet are correctly logging messages at the appropriate level; the problem only occurs on the serial console after the SN 5428 is restarted.
Workaround: In release 2.2.x, issue the logging console level command on the serial console to set the logging level as desired for that session. In release 2.3.1, the logging algorithm and commands have changed. See the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide Release 2.3 for details.
When using the GUI to set a host name for the NTP server, the SN 5428 may hang and require a restart.
Workaround: Restart the SN 5428 and use an IP address to identify the desired NTP server.
After all SCSI routing instances in a large configuration are failed over from one SN 5428 Storage Router to another one in the same cluster, the node that did the failover may hang. This is an extremely intermittent situation, occurring sporadically in a testbed that was performing continuous HA failovers every 90 seconds. The failure occurred after almost 11 hours of runtime (300 - 500 failovers completed successfully).
Workaround: Power-cycle the hung SN 5428. There should be no loss of connectivity, since the other node in the cluster takes over ownership of all the SCSI routing instances when heartbeats from the affected node are not received.
An iSCSI initiator does not know if it is talking to a Cisco target.
Workaround: An iSCSI initiator can send the key "X-com.Cisco.pop=value"and it will receive a finger print to validate that it is from a Cisco target.
This section describes corrections to the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Release 2.3 documentation set since initial publication.
•CLI command radius-server host
The first example shown on page 11-133 of the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide Release 2.3 is incorrect. The example should read as follows:
The following example identifies the server with IP address 10.5.0.53 as the RADIUS server and uses the default port for authentication:[SN5428A]# radius-server host 10.5.0.53
•CLI command show hosts
The documentation for the show hosts command on page 11-279 of the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide Release 2.3, should be deleted. This command was removed from the CLI in release 2.3.1 and is no longer available.
•FC interface default settings
On page 6-14 of the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide Release 2.3, the last bullet point in the section "Default Values for FC Interfaces" is incorrect. The default port type is generic loop. The bullet point should be updated to read as follows:
–Automatic selection of port type as Fabric (F_Port), Fabric Loop (FL_Port or public loop) or Expansion (E_Port or switch to switch)
•Recovering lost console passwords
The URL listed on page 10-18 of the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide Release 2.3, for password recovery procedures may not include procedures for the SN 5428. If you require assistance in recovering a lost console password and cannot locate the appropriate procedures at the documented URL, contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center. (See the "Obtaining Technical Assistance" section for details.)
The following sections describe the related documentation available for Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Release 2.3.1. These documents consist of hardware installation and software configuration guides, and platform-specific release notes, readme and example configuration files for the Cisco iSCSI drivers.
This Release Notes document is the only document specific to SN 5428 Release 2.3.1. It is only available as an electronic document on Cisco.com and the Documentation CD-ROM.
Platform-specific documents consist of the release notes, readme and example configuration files for Cisco iSCSI drivers, version 2.1.x. The files are currently available in electronic format only. See the "Obtaining Updated Software and iSCSI Drivers" section for details.
Refer to the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Hardware Installation Guide for hardware installation procedures. This document is available as a printed manual. It is also available as an electronic document on Cisco.com and the Documentation CD-ROM.
Refer to the Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router Software Configuration Guide Release 2.3, for configuration information and procedures. This document is available as a printed manual. It is also available as an electronic document on Cisco.com and the Documentation CD-ROM.
For documentation on the SN 5428 web-based GUI, refer to the SN 5428 Storage Router web-based GUI online Help system.
Service and Support
For service and support for a product purchased from a reseller, contact the reseller, who offers a wide variety of Cisco service and support programs described in "Service and Support" of Cisco Information Packet shipped with your product.
Note If you purchased your product from a reseller, you can access Cisco.com as a guest. Cisco.com is Cisco Systems' primary real-time support channel. Your reseller offers programs that include direct access to Cisco.com services.
For service and support for a product purchased directly from Cisco, use Cisco.com.
Software Configuration Tips on the Cisco TAC Home Page
A variety of Cisco SN 5428 Storage Router software installation, configuration and usage tips are available on the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) Web Site.
You can access "tech tips" by following these instructions:
Step 2 At the Cisco Routers web page, under Cisco SN 5400 Series Storage Routers, click the appropriate Product Support link.
Step 3 At the Product Support web page, click the appropriate links for additional information about installing and configuring storage router software.
These sections explain how to obtain documentation from Cisco Systems.
World Wide Web
You can access the most current Cisco documentation on the World Wide Web at this URL:
Translated documentation is available at this URL:
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available in a Cisco Documentation CD-ROM package, which is shipped with your product. The Documentation CD-ROM is updated monthly and may be more current than printed documentation. The CD-ROM package is available as a single unit or through an annual subscription.
You can order Cisco documentation in these ways:
•Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order Cisco product documentation from the Networking Products MarketPlace:
•Registered Cisco.com users can order the Documentation CD-ROM through the online Subscription Store:
•Nonregistered Cisco.com users can order documentation through a local account representative by calling Cisco Systems Corporate Headquarters (California, U.S.A.) at 408 526-7208 or, elsewhere in North America, by calling 800 553-NETS (6387).
You can submit comments electronically on Cisco.com. In the Cisco Documentation home page, click the Fax or Email option in the "Leave Feedback" section at the bottom of the page.
You can e-mail your comments to email@example.com.
You can submit your comments by mail by using the response card behind the front cover of your document or by writing to the following address:
Attn: Document Resource Connection
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-9883
We appreciate your comments.
Obtaining Technical Assistance
Cisco provides Cisco.com as a starting point for all technical assistance. Customers and partners can obtain online documentation, troubleshooting tips, and sample configurations from online tools by using the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) Web Site. Cisco.com registered users have complete access to the technical support resources on the Cisco TAC Web Site.
Cisco.com is the foundation of a suite of interactive, networked services that provides immediate, open access to Cisco information, networking solutions, services, programs, and resources at any time, from anywhere in the world.
Cisco.com is a highly integrated Internet application and a powerful, easy-to-use tool that provides a broad range of features and services to help you with these tasks:
•Streamline business processes and improve productivity
•Resolve technical issues with online support
•Download and test software packages
•Order Cisco learning materials and merchandise
•Register for online skill assessment, training, and certification programs
If you want to obtain customized information and service, you can self-register on Cisco.com. To access Cisco.com, go to this URL:
Technical Assistance Center
The Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) is available to all customers who need technical assistance with a Cisco product, technology, or solution. Two levels of support are available: the Cisco TAC Web Site and the Cisco TAC Escalation Center.
Cisco TAC inquiries are categorized according to the urgency of the issue:
•Priority level 4 (P4)—You need information or assistance concerning Cisco product capabilities, product installation, or basic product configuration.
•Priority level 3 (P3)—Your network performance is degraded. Network functionality is noticeably impaired, but most business operations continue.
•Priority level 2 (P2)—Your production network is severely degraded, affecting significant aspects of business operations. No workaround is available.
•Priority level 1 (P1)—Your production network is down, and a critical impact to business operations will occur if service is not restored quickly. No workaround is available.
The Cisco TAC resource that you choose is based on the priority of the problem and the conditions of service contracts, when applicable.
Cisco TAC Web Site
You can use the Cisco TAC Web Site to resolve P3 and P4 issues yourself, saving both cost and time. The site provides around-the-clock access to online tools, knowledge bases, and software. To access the Cisco TAC Web Site, go to this URL:
All customers, partners, and resellers who have a valid Cisco service contract have complete access to the technical support resources on the Cisco TAC Web Site. The Cisco TAC Web Site requires a Cisco.com login ID and password. If you have a valid service contract but do not have a login ID or password, go to this URL to register:
If you are a Cisco.com registered user, and you cannot resolve your technical issues by using the Cisco TAC Web Site, you can open a case online by using the TAC Case Open tool at this URL:
If you have Internet access, we recommend that you open P3 and P4 cases through the Cisco TAC Web Site.
Cisco TAC Escalation Center
The Cisco TAC Escalation Center addresses priority level 1 or priority level 2 issues. These classifications are assigned when severe network degradation significantly impacts business operations. When you contact the TAC Escalation Center with a P1 or P2 problem, a Cisco TAC engineer automatically opens a case.
To obtain a directory of toll-free Cisco TAC telephone numbers for your country, go to this URL:
Before calling, please check with your network operations center to determine the level of Cisco support services to which your company is entitled: for example, SMARTnet, SMARTnet Onsite, or Network Supported Accounts (NSA). When you call the center, please have available your service agreement number and your product serial number.
This document is to be used in conjunction with the documents listed in the "Related Documentation" section.
Copyright © 2002, Cisco Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved.