Table of Contents
Security Manager 4.6 is now available. Registered SMARTnet users can obtain release 4.6 from the Cisco support website by going to http://www.cisco.com/go/csmanager and clicking Download Software under Support.
Note Use this document in conjunction with the documents identified in Product Documentation. The online versions of the user documentation are also occasionally updated after the initial release. As a result, the information contained in the Cisco Security Manager end-user guides on Cisco.com supersedes any information contained in the context-sensitive help included with the product. For more information about specific changes, please see Where to Go Next.
- Cisco Security Manager 4.6 —Cisco Security Manager enables you to manage security policies on Cisco security devices. Security Manager supports integrated provisioning of firewall, VPN, and IPS services across IOS routers, PIX and ASA security appliances, IPS sensors and modules, Catalyst 6500 and 7600 Series ASA Services Modules (ASA-SM), and several other services modules for Catalyst switches and some routers. (You can find complete device support information under Cisco Security Manager Compatibility Information on Cisco.com.) Security Manager also supports provisioning of many platform-specific settings, for example, interfaces, routing, identity, QoS, logging, and so on.
Security Manager efficiently manages a wide range of networks, from small networks consisting of a few devices to large networks with thousands of devices. Scalability is achieved through a rich feature set of device grouping capabilities and objects and policies that can be shared.
- Auto Update Server 4.6 —The Auto Update Server (AUS) is a tool for upgrading PIX security appliance software images, ASA software images, PIX Device Manager (PDM) images, Adaptive Security Device Manager (ASDM) images, and PIX security appliance and ASA configuration files. Security appliances with dynamic IP addresses that use the auto update feature connect to AUS periodically to upgrade device configuration files and to pass device and status information.
Note Before using Cisco Security Manager 4.6, we recommend that you read this entire document. In addition, it is critical that you read the Important Notes, the Installation Notes, and the Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6 before installing Cisco Security Manager 4.6.
This document lists the ID numbers and headlines for issues that may affect your operation of the product. This document also includes a list of resolved problems. If you accessed this document from Cisco.com, you can click any ID number, which takes you to the appropriate release note enclosure in the Cisco Bug Search Tool (BST). The release note enclosure contains symptoms, conditions, and workaround information.
The Cisco Security Management Suite of applications includes several component applications plus a group of related applications that you can use in conjunction with them. The following table lists the components and related applications, and the versions of those applications that you can use together for this release of the suite. For a description of these applications, see the Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6.
Note For information on the supported software and hardware that you can manage with Cisco Security Manager, see the Supported Devices and Software Versions for Cisco Security Manager online document under Cisco Security Manager Compatibility Information on Cisco.com.
Security Manager 4.6 Service Pack 1 provides fixes for various problems. For more information, see Resolved Caveats—Release 4.6 Service Pack 1.
- IPS 4345
- IPS 4360
- IPS 4510
- IPS 4520
- IPS 4520-XL
- ASA 5512-X IPS SSP
- ASA 5515-X IPS SSP
- ASA 5525-X IPS SSP
- ASA 5545-X IPS SSP
- ASA 5555-X IPS SSP
- ASA 5585-X IPS SSP-10
- ASA 5585-X IPS SSP-20
- ASA 5585-X IPS SSP-40
- ASA 5585-X IPS SSP-60
- Support for additional devices (for detailed compatibility information, refer to Supported Devices and Software Versions for Cisco Security Manager 4.6):
– IPS 7.2(2) and 7.3(1). However, IPS 7.3(1) is not supported on all platforms; for a list of supported platforms, refer to Supported Devices and Software Versions for Cisco Security Manager 4.6.
- Security Manager now enables you to apply a signature threat profile to one or more signature policies, starting from IPS device version 7.3(1) on IPS platforms (4345/4360/4510/4520). A signature threat profile is a predefined signature template that includes customized tunings. These tunings adjust the signature coverage and response actions to enable the sensor to make better choices in various deployment and threat scenarios.
- Security Manager now enables you to configure SNMPv3 settings on the IPS devices it manages. You must add SNMPv3 users to configure SNMPv3 settings on the managed IPS devices. Note that SNMPv3 is supported in IPS version 7.2.2 and later, but not in the IPS version 7.3.1. Therefore, you cannot directly upgrade from IPS 7.2.2 to IPS 7.3.1 if SNMP policies are configured. Unassign the SNMP policy on the device and deploy it to continue with the upgrade to 7.3.1.
- You can configure SSHv2 server host keys (outgoing SSHv2 connections from an IPS sensor to an SSH server) on IPS sensors running 7.1(8) and later versions of Cisco IPS. Also, SSHv1 fallback is available on IPS sensors running 7.1(8) and later versions of Cisco IPS.
- Security Manager now supports SNMP Version 3 on ASA devices running 8.2(1) or later and on ASA-SM devices running 8.5(1) or later. SNMP Version 3 allows you to configure authentication characteristics by using the User-based Security Model (USM).
- Clustering is now supported on ASA 5512-X, 5515-X, 5525-X, 5545-X and 5555-X devices running 9.1(4) or later.
- For ASA devices running 9.1(4) or later, Security Manager now supports configuration of a default connection profile to use for Citrix clients when no specific tunnel group is identified during tunnel negotiation.
- Split-tunneling of VPN traffic has been enhanced to support both exclude and include ACLs. Exclude ACLs were previously ignored.
- OpenSSL upgraded to 1.0.1g which contains a fix for the OpenSSL Heartbeat Extension Vulnerability (commonly known as the Heartbleed bug).
Please refer to the Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6 for specific installation instructions and for important information about client and server requirements. Before installing Cisco Security Manager 4.6, it is critical that you read the notes listed in this section and the Important Notes.
- The “Licensing” chapter in the installation guide enables you to determine which license you need. (The license you need depends upon whether you are performing a new installation or upgrading from one of several previous versions.) It also describes the various licenses available, such as standard, professional, and evaluation. It is available at http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/security/security_management/cisco_security_manager/security_manager/4-6/installation/guide/instl_wrapper/licensing.html.
- The STD-TO-PRO upgrade converts an ST25 license to a PRO50 license and will result in support for 50 devices. If additional devices need to be supported, you need to buy the necessary incremental licenses.
- Do not modify casuser (the default service account) or directory permissions that are established during the installation of the product. Doing so can lead to problems with your being able to do the following:
- The Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6 provides important information regarding server requirements, server configuration, and post-installation tasks.
- The Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6 also provides important information regarding operating system and browser support. For example, Windows XP is no longer supported for clients. As another example, VMware ESXi versions up to ESXi 5.5 are now supported.
- You can install Security Manager server software directly, or you can upgrade the software on a server where Security Manager is installed. The Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager for this release of the product explains which previous Security Manager releases are supported for upgrade and provides important information regarding server requirements, server configuration, and post-installation tasks.
- Before you can successfully upgrade to Security Manager 4.6 from a prior version of Security Manager, you must make sure that the Security Manager database does not contain any pending data, in other words, data that has not been committed to the database. If the Security Manager database contains pending data, you must commit or discard all uncommitted changes, then back up your database before you perform the upgrade. The Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager for this release of the product contains complete instructions on the steps required for preparing the database for upgrade.
- We do not support installation of Security Manager on a server that is running any other web server or database server (for example, IIS or MS-SQL). Doing so might cause unexpected problems that may prevent you from logging into or using Cisco Security Manager.
- Be aware of the following important points before you upgrade:
– Ensure that all applications that you are upgrading are currently functioning correctly, and that you can create valid backups (that is, the backup process completes without error). If an application is not functioning correctly before an upgrade, the upgrade process might not result in a correctly functioning application.
Note It has come to Cisco’s attention that some users make undocumented and unsupported modifications to the system so that the backup process does not back up all installed CiscoWorks applications. The upgrade process documented in the installation guide assumes that you have not subverted the intended functioning of the system. If you are creating backups that back up less than all of the data, you are responsible for ensuring you have all backup data that you require before performing an update. We strongly suggest that you undo these unsupported modifications. Otherwise, you should probably not attempt to do an inline upgrade, where you install the product on the same server as the older version; instead, install the updated applications on a new, clean server and restore your database backups.
- If you log in to a Security Manager server that is running a higher version than your client, a notification will be displayed and you will have the option of downloading the matching client version.
- Beginning with Security Manager 4.4, AUS and the Security Manager client are installed in parallel to improve installation time.
- CiscoWorks Common Services 4.2.2 is installed automatically when you install Security Manager or AUS.
- An error message will pop up if there is any database migration error; this will be at a point where installation can be taken forward without stopping.
- It is recommended to do disk fragmentation for every 50 GB increase in the disk size for optimal performance.
Caution Frequent defragmentation will also contribute to bad sectors, eventually leading to disk failure.
- Beginning with Version 4.4, Security Manager includes a Windows Firewall configuration script in the server installer. This script automates the process of opening and closing the ports necessary for Windows Firewall to work correctly and securely; its purpose is to harden your Security Manager server.
- Important changes have been made in Cisco licensing. Refer to the “Licensing” chapter of Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager and to the following page: https://supportforums.cisco.com/docs/DOC-39433.
Caution Before installing this service pack, please back up the following files:
If you have previously modified these files, you will need to reconfigure them after installing the service pack.
Step 1 Go to http://www.cisco.com/go/csmanager, and then click Download Software for this Product under the Support heading on the right side of the screen.
Step 10 On each client machine that is used to connect to the Security Manager server, you must perform the following steps to apply the service pack before you can connect to the server using that client:
b. If you have your own SSL certificates configured, you can reconfigure the certificates as per the steps outlined in the link below:
- Security Manager sends only the delta configuration to the Configuration Engine, where the particular device retrieves it. The full configuration is not pushed to the device. Therefore, the following behaviors are encountered for OSPF, VLAN, and failover for devices.
– OSPF for IOS routers—Security Manager supports OSPF policy for routers running the IOS Software version 12.2 and later. However, Security Manager does not support OSPF policy for Catalyst devices. Therefore when you configure the OSPF policy in a Catalyst device and perform the discovery in Security Manager, the latter removes the ‘no passive-interface <interface number>’ command from the full configuration. Therefore you will see a difference in the Security Manager-generated configuration and the configuration on the device.
– VLAN—Security Manager supports discovery of VLAN command in IOS devices but does not support dynamic behavior of the VLAN command. If there are user driven changes in VLAN policy, Security Manager generates the command in delta and full configuration. In other words, in normal preview or deployment, Security Manager does not generate VLAN command in full configuration. Therefore you will see a difference in the Security Manager-generated configuration and the configuration on the device.
– Failover policy for firewall devices, such as ASA and FWSM, and IOS devices—Security Manager does not support dynamic behavior of failover devices. That is, the primary unit in HA has ‘failover lan unit primary’ command and secondary unit has ‘failover lan unit secondary’ command. When there is a switchover, Security Manager tries to compare with the ‘failover lan unit primary’ and generates the delta configuration. This leads to a failure in deployment.
Note Security Manager does not support ‘dynamic’ CLI commands. If the syntax of a CLI command is modified, for example, the ‘primary’ keyword is changed to ‘secondary’; it will not be supported by Security Manager.
- For ASA devices in cluster mode, Security Manager treats the entire cluster as a single node and manages the cluster using the main cluster IP address. The main cluster IP address is a fixed address for the cluster that always belongs to the current master unit. If the master node changes, the SNMP engine ID for the cluster also changes. In such a case, Security Manager will regenerate the CLI for all SNMP Server Users that are configured with a Clear Text password. Security Manager will not regenerate the CLI for users that are configured using an Encrypted password.
- You cannot use Security Manager to manage an IOS or ASA 8.3+ device if you enable password encryption using the password encryption aes command. You must turn off password encryption before you can add the device to the Security Manager inventory.
- If you upgrade an ASA managed by Security Manager to release 8.3(x) or higher from 8.2(x) or lower, you must rediscover the NAT policies using the NAT Rediscovery option (right-click on the device, select Discover Policies on Device(s), and then select NAT Policies as the only policy type to discover). This option will update the Security Manager configuration so that it matches the device configuration while preserving any existing shared policies, inheritance, flex-configs, and so on.
When upgrading an ASA device from 8.4.x to 9.0.1, the device policies will be converted to the unified format. You can rediscover the unified NAT rules using the NAT Rediscovery option or you can convert the existing NAT policies to unified NAT policies with the help of the rule converter in Security Manager. For more information, see http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/security/security_management/cisco_security_manager/security_manager/4-6/user/guide/CSMUserGuide/porules.html#pgfId-161507 or the “Converting IPv4 Rules to Unified Rules” topic in the online help.
- ASA 8.3 ACLs use the real IP address of a device, rather than the translated (NAT) address. During upgrade, rules are converted to use the real IP address. All other device types, and older ASA versions, used the NAT address in ACLs.
- The device memory requirements for ASA 8.3 are higher than for older ASA releases. Ensure that the device meets the minimum memory requirement, as explained in the ASA documentation, before upgrade. Security Manager blocks deployment to devices that do not meet the minimum requirement.
- If you have a device that uses commands that were unsupported in previous versions of Security Manager, these commands are not automatically populated into Security Manager as part of the upgrade to this version of Security Manager. If you deploy back to the device, these commands are removed from the device because they are not part of the target policies configured in Security Manager. We recommend that you set the correct values for the newly added attributes in Security Manager so that the next deployment will correctly provision these commands. You can also rediscover the platform settings from the device; however, you will need to take necessary steps to save and restore any shared Security Manager policies that are assigned to the device.
- Device and Credential Repository (DCR) functionality within Common Services is not supported in Security Manager 4.6.
- LACP configuration is not supported for the IPS 4500 device series.
- A Cisco Services for IPS service license is required for the installation of signature updates on IPS 5.x+ appliances, Catalyst and ASA service modules, and router network modules.
- Do not connect to the database directly, because doing so can cause performance reductions and unexpected system behavior.
- Do not run SQL queries against the database.
- If an online help page displays blank in your browser view, refresh the browser.
- Security Manager 4.6 only supports Cisco Secure ACS 5.x for authentication. ACS 4.1(3), 4.1(4), or 4.2(0) is required for authentication and authorization.
- If you do not manage IPS devices, consider taking the following performance tuning step. In $NMSROOT \MDC\ips\etc\sensorupdate.properties, change the value of packageMonitorInterval from its initial default value of 30,000 milliseconds to a less-frequent value of 600,000 milliseconds. Taking this step will improve performance somewhat. [ $NMSROOT is the full pathname of the Common Services installation directory (the default is C:\Program Files\CSCOpx).]
- The IPS packages included with Security Manager do not include the package files that are required for updating IPS devices. You must download IPS packages from Cisco.com or your local update server before you can apply any updates. The downloaded versions include all required package files and replace the partial files that are included in the Security Manager initial installation.
- The “License Management” link on the CiscoWorks Common Services home page has been removed.
- CsmReportServer and CsmHPMServer are now supported with 64-bit JRE.
- The “rsh” service has been changed to manual start mode. You can start it manually if you need it.
- There are no changes with respect to the API in Security Manager 4.5 or Security Manager 4.6. You can use the Cisco Security Manager 4.4 API Specification (Version 1.1).
For your convenience in locating caveats using the Cisco Bug Search Tool (BST), the caveat titles listed in this section are drawn directly from the Bug Search Tool database. These caveat titles are not intended to be read as complete sentences because the title field length is limited. In the caveat titles, some truncation of wording or punctuation may be necessary to provide the most complete and concise description. The only modifications made to these titles are as follows:
Note If you are a registered cisco.com user, you can access the Cisco Bug Search Tool on cisco.com at https://tools.cisco.com/bugsearch. For more information about the Bug Search Tool, visit the help page at http://www.cisco.com/web/applicat/cbsshelp/help.html.
To become a registered cisco.com user, go to the following website:
- Open Caveats—Release 4.6
- Resolved Caveats—Release 4.6 Service Pack 1
- Resolved Caveats—Release 4.6
- Resolved Caveats—Releases Prior to 4.6
- Cisco IOS Router Devices Caveats
- Cisco IPS and IOS IPS Devices Caveats
- Client and Server Install Caveats
- Device Management, Discovery, and Deployment Caveats
- Event Viewer Caveats
- Firewall Services Caveats
- Health and Performance Monitor Caveats
- Miscellaneous Caveats
- Policy Management Caveats
- VPN Device and Configuration Support Caveats
Note In some instances, a known problem might apply to more than one area, for example, a PIX device might encounter a problem during deployment. If you are unable to locate a particular problem within a table, expand your search to include other tables. In the foregoing example, the known problem might be listed in either the Deployment table or the PIX/ASA/FWSM Configuration table.
See “Getting Started with Security Manager” in the online help, or see Chapter 1 of User Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6.
See “Completing the Initial Security Manager Configuration” in the online help, or see Chapter 1 of User Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6.
See the following topics in the online help, or see Chapter 7 of Installation Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6.
See “Preparing Devices for Management” in the online help, or see Chapter 2 of User Guide for Cisco Security Manager 4.6.
For information on obtaining documentation, using the Cisco Bug Search Tool (BST), submitting a service request, and gathering additional information, see What’s New in Cisco Product Documentation at: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/general/whatsnew/whatsnew.html.
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Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.