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Release Notes for Intrusion Prevention System 7.3(1)E4

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Table Of Contents

Release Notes for Cisco Intrusion Prevention System 7.3(1)E4

Contents

IPS File List

Supported Platforms

Supported Servers

ROMMON and TFTP

IPS Management and Event Viewers

New and Changed Information

AC Power Supply in the IPS 4300 Series V01 and V02 Chassis

Obtaining Software

Upgrading to IPS 7.3(1)E4

Upgrade Notes and Caveats

Upgrading the Sensor

Applying IPS 7.3(1)E4 to sensors using CSM 4.6 SP1 or Later

Reimaging the Sensor

Installing the IPS 4345 and IPS 4360 System Image

Installing the IPS 4510 and IPS 4520 System Image

Licensing the Sensor

Using the IDM or IME

Using the CLI

Initializing the Sensor

Understanding Initialization

Simplified Setup Mode

System Configuration Dialog

Basic Sensor Setup

Advanced Setup for the IPS Appliance

Verifying Initialization

Logging In to the IDM

Installing or Upgrading the IME

Cisco Security Intelligence Operations

Restrictions and Limitations

Caveats

Resolved Caveats

Unresolved Caveats

Related Documentation

Obtaining Documentation, Using the Cisco Bug Search Tool, and Submitting a Service Request


Release Notes for Cisco Intrusion Prevention System 7.3(1)E4


Published: January 15, 2014, OL-30785-01

Contents

IPS File List

Supported Platforms

Supported Servers

ROMMON and TFTP

IPS Management and Event Viewers

New and Changed Information

AC Power Supply in the IPS 4300 Series V01 and V02 Chassis

Obtaining Software

Upgrading to IPS 7.3(1)E4

Applying IPS 7.3(1)E4 to sensors using CSM 4.6 SP1 or Later

Reimaging the Sensor

Licensing the Sensor

Initializing the Sensor

Logging In to the IDM

Installing or Upgrading the IME

Cisco Security Intelligence Operations

Restrictions and Limitations

Caveats

Related Documentation

Obtaining Documentation, Using the Cisco Bug Search Tool, and Submitting a Service Request

IPS File List

The following files are part of Cisco IPS 7.3(1)E4:

Readme

IPS-7-3-1-E4_ReadMe.txt

SHA512 checksums for 7.3(1)E4

Minor Version Upgrade Files

IPS-4345-K9-7.3-1-E4.pkg

IPS-4360-K9-7.3-1-E4.pkg

IPS-4510-K9-7.3-1-E4.pkg

IPS-4520-K9-7.3-1-E4.pkg

System Image Files

IPS-4345-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.img

IPS-4360-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.img

IPS-4510-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.img

IPS-4520-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.img

Recovery Image Files

IPS-4345-K9-r-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.pkg

IPS-4360-K9-r-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.pkg

IPS-4510-K9-r-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.pkg

IPS-4520-K9-r-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.pkg

CSM Service Pack File

IPS-CSM-K9-7.3-1-E4.zip

Supported Platforms

Cisco IPS 7.3(1)E4 is supported on the following platforms:

IPS 4345

IPS 4345-DC

IPS 4360

IPS 4510

IPS 4520

Supported Servers

The following FTP servers are supported for IPS software updates:

WU-FTPD 2.6.2 (Linux)

Solaris 2.8

Sambar 6.0 (Windows 2000)

Serv-U 5.0 (Windows 2000)

MS IIS 5.0 (Windows 2000)

ROMMON and TFTP

ROMMON uses TFTP to download an image and launch it. TFTP does not address network issues such as latency or error recovery. It does implement a limited packet integrity check so that packets arriving in sequence with the correct integrity value have an extremely low probability of error. But TFTP does not offer pipelining so the total transfer time is equal to the number of packets to be transferred times the network average RTT. Because of this limitation, we recommend that the TFTP server be located on the same LAN segment as the sensor. Any network with an RTT less than a 100 milliseconds should provide reliable delivery of the image. Be aware that some TFTP servers limit the maximum file size that can be transferred to ~32 MB.

IPS Management and Event Viewers

Use the following tools for configuring Cisco IPS 7.3(1)E4 sensors:

Cisco IDM 7.3.1

IDM 7.3.1 is included within the IPS 7.3(1)E4 files.

IDM 7.3.1 is included within IME 7.2.5.

IDM 7.3.1 requires JRE 1.6 or later.

You can use IDM 7.3.1 to configure IPS 7.3 sensors.

Cisco IME 7.2.5

You can use IME 7.2.5 to configure IPS 6.1, 6.2, 7.0, 7.1, 7.2 and 7.3 sensors.

IPS CLI included in IPS 7.3(1)E4.

Use the following tools for monitoring Cisco IPS 7.3(1)E4 sensors:

IDM 7.3.1

IME 7.2.5

CSM 4.4 SP1or later

You can use CSM 4.4 SP1 to manage the following IPS sensors:

IPS 4345

IPS 4345-DC

IPS 4360

IPS 4510

IPS 4520


Note You may need to configure viewers that are already configured to monitor the earlier version sensors to accept a new SSL certificate for the Cisco IPS 7.3 sensors.


For More Information

For the procedure to apply IPS 7.3(1)E4 to sensors using CSM 4.4 SP1 or later, see Applying IPS 7.3(1)E4 to sensors using CSM 4.6 SP1 or Later.

New and Changed Information

Cisco IPS 7.3(1)E4 contains the following new and changed information:

IDM 7.3.1

Signature update S741

Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) support for the IPS 4500 series sensors:

Provides scalability with an aggregate throughput of 80 Gbps with 16 sensors connected in a port channel

Helps the switch to detect the IPS failures faster and redistribute the traffic among other members of the port channel

TCP failover/fallback session continuity

Link state mirroring

Improved and stable SMB Advanced signature engine:

Enhanced inspection for MSRPC request handling code execution vulnerability

Support for Big-endian MSPRC traffic

Multiple DCE-RPC requests in single WriteAndX command

SMB AndX command with wordcount 0

SMB Predator Decoy trees evasion

Buffer overflow attempt to exploit the call_trans2open function of Samba

Evasion with small RPC segments in conjunction with window resizing

Base64 decoding support for HTTP traffic:

Inspection capability improvement with cross site scripting (XSS)

Prevents client-side exploits by inspecting Base64 encoded data

Decodes the HTML, CSS, and XML Base64 encoded data carried in the HTTP response payload

Improved software capacity to enable additional signatures

Enhanced license expiry notifications

SNMP community string configuration enhancement (SNMP RO community string support)

Show inventory enhancements for the 4520-XL

Threat profile enhancement:

No longer have to manually tune signature sets for deployment

Threat profiles provide Cisco-recommended set of signatures for different deployment profiles: Edge, Data Center, Web Applications, and SCADA

Threat profiles delivered along with signature sets as a part of signature updates; your tunings are retained

An intuitive GUI interface to manage threat profiles

For More Information

For more information about LACP and how to configure it, for the IDM refer to Configuring LACP and for the CLI, refer to Configuring LACP for the 4500 Series Sensor.

For more information about threat profiles and how to configure them, for the IDM refer to Applying Signature Threat Profiles and for the CLI refer Configuring Threat Profiles.

AC Power Supply in the IPS 4300 Series V01 and V02 Chassis

The Cisco IPS 4300 series sensors with the AC power supply can restore the previous power state of the system if AC power is lost. Earlier IPS 4300s (V01) require you to turn on the power with the power switch. Newer IPS 4300s (V02) automatically turn on when you plug in the power cable.

To determine your version, do one of the following:

At the CLI, enter the show inventory command and look for V01 or V02 in the output.

On the back of the chassis, look at the VID PID label for V01 or V02.

The V01 chassis has the following limitations (these limitations do not apply to the V02 chassis):

The sensor requires 50 seconds from the time that AC power is applied before the power state can be updated and stored. This means that any changes to the power state within the first 50 seconds of applying AC power will not be observed if AC power is removed within that time.

The sensor requires 10 seconds from the time it is placed into standby mode before the power state can be updated and stored. This means any changes to the power state within the first 10 seconds of entering standby mode (including the standby mode itself) will not be observed if AC power is removed within that time.

For More Information

For information on the AC power supplies in the IPS 4300 series sensors, refer to Installing the IPS 4345 and IPS 4360.

Obtaining Software

You can find major and minor updates, service packs, signature and signature engine updates, system and recovery files, firmware upgrades, and Readmes on the Download Software site on Cisco.com. Signature updates are posted to Cisco.com approximately every week, more often if needed. Service packs are posted to Cisco.com in a release train format, a new release every three months. Major and minor updates are also posted periodically. Check Cisco.com regularly for the latest IPS software.

You must have an account with cryptographic access before you can download software. You set this account up the first time you download IPS software from the Download Software site.


Note You must be logged in to Cisco.com to download software. You must have an active IPS maintenance contract and a Cisco.com password to download software. You must have a sensor license to apply signature updates.


Downloading Cisco IPS Software

To download software on Cisco.com, follow these steps:


Step 1 Log in to Cisco.com.

Step 2 From the Support drop-down menu, choose Download Software.

Step 3 Under Select a Software Product Category, choose Security Software.

Step 4 Choose Intrusion Prevention System (IPS).

Step 5 Enter your username and password.

Step 6 In the Download Software window, choose IPS Appliances > Cisco Intrusion Prevention System and then click the version you want to download.


Note You must have an IPS subscription service license to download software.


Step 7 Click the type of software file you need. The available files appear in a list in the right side of the window. You can sort by file name, file size, memory, and release date. And you can access the Release Notes and other product documentation.

Step 8 Click the file you want to download. The file details appear.

Step 9 Verify that it is the correct file, and click Download.

Step 10 Click Agree to accept the software download rules. The File Download dialog box appears. The first time you download a file from Cisco.com, you must fill in the Encryption Software Export Distribution Authorization form before you can download the software.

a. Fill out the form and click Submit. The Cisco Systems Inc. Encryption Software Usage Handling and Distribution Policy appears.

b. Read the policy and click I Accept. The Encryption Software Export/Distribution Form appears.

If you previously filled out the Encryption Software Export Distribution Authorization form, and read and accepted the Cisco Systems Inc. Encryption Software Usage Handling and Distribution Policy, these forms are not displayed again.

Step 11 Open the file or save it to your computer.

Step 12 Follow the instructions in the Readme or the Release Notes to install the update.


Upgrading to IPS 7.3(1)E4

This section describes how to upgrade the IPS 4345, IPS 4360, IPS 4510, and IPS 4520, and contains the following topics:

Upgrade Notes and Caveats

Upgrading the Sensor

Upgrade Notes and Caveats

Pay attention to the following upgrade notes and caveats when upgrading to IPS 7.3(1)E4:

You cannot upgrade to 7.3(1)E4 if the sensor license was generated for 6.0.x versions and earlier. The upgrade fails and the following message is displayed:

Error: execUpgradeSoftware : This license is a IPS version 6.0 or earlier license 
which is not compatible with platforms running 7.1.X IPS Versions. Please install a 
IPS version 6.1 or later license type. Refer to 7.3.X IPS version README or IPS 
documents for the details of generating a new license. 
 
 

Anomaly detection has been disabled by default. If you did not configure the operation mode manually before the upgrade, it defaults to inactive after you upgrade to IPS 7.3(1)E4. If you configured the operation mode to detect, learn, or inactive, the tuned value is preserved after the upgrade.

You must have a valid maintenance contract per sensor to download software upgrades from Cisco.com.

You must be running the following versions to upgrade the following platforms to IPS 7.3(1)E4:

For the IPS 4300 series sensors, you must be running IPS 7.1(3)E4 or later

For the IPS 4500 series sensors, you must be running IPS 7.1(4)E4 or later

This service pack automatically reboots the sensor to apply the changes. During reboot, inline network traffic is disrupted.

You cannot uninstall 7.3(1)E4. To revert to a previous version, you must reimage the sensor using the appropriate system image file. All configuration settings are lost.

For More Information

For the procedure to download software from Cisco.com, see Obtaining Software.

For the procedure for using the upgrade command to upgrade the sensor, see Upgrading the Sensor.

For the procedure for installing the IPS 4345 and IPS 4560 system images, see Installing the IPS 4345 and IPS 4360 System Image.

For the procedure installing the IPS 4510 and IPS 4520 system images, see Installing the IPS 4510 and IPS 4520 System Image.

Upgrading the Sensor

Use the upgrade source-url command to apply service pack, signature update, engine update, minor version, major version, or recovery partition file upgrades.

The following options apply:

source-url—Specifies the location of the source file to be copied:

ftp:—Source URL for an FTP network server. The syntax for this prefix is:

ftp://[[username@]location][/relativeDirectory]/filename

ftp://[[username@]location][//absoluteDirectory]/filename


Note You are prompted for a password.


scp:—Source URL for the SCP network server. The syntax for this prefix is:

scp://[[username@]location][/relativeDirectory]/filename

scp://[[username@]location][//absoluteDirectory]/filename


Note You are prompted for a password. You must add the remote host to the SSH known hosts list.


http:—Source URL for the web server. The syntax for this prefix is:

http://[[username@]location][/directory]/filename


Note The directory specification should be an absolute path to the desired file.


https:—Source URL for the web server. The syntax for this prefix is:

https://[[username@]location][/directory]/filename


Note The directory specification should be an absolute path to the desired file. The remote host must be a TLS trusted host.


Upgrading the Sensor

To upgrade the sensor, follow these steps:


Step 1 Download the appropriate file to an FTP, SCP, HTTP, or HTTPS server that is accessible from your sensor.

Step 2 Log in to the CLI using an account with administrator privileges.

Step 3 Enter configuration mode.

sensor# configure terminal
 
 

Step 4 Upgrade the sensor.

sensor(config)# upgrade url/IPS-4360-K9-7.3-1-E4.pkg
 
 

The URL points to where the update file is located, for example, to retrieve the update using FTP, enter the following:

sensor(config)# upgrade ftp://username@ip_address//directory/IPS-4360-K9-7.3-1-E4.pkg
 
 

Step 5 Enter the password when prompted.

Enter password: ********
 
 

Step 6 Enter yes to complete the upgrade.


Note Major updates, minor updates, and service packs may force a restart of the IPS processes or even force a reboot of the sensor to complete installation.



Note The operating system is reimaged and all files that have been placed on the sensor through the service account are removed.


Step 7 Verify your new sensor version.

sensor# show version
Application Partition:
 
 
Cisco Intrusion Prevention System, Version 7.3(1)E4
 
 
Host:
    Realm Keys               key1.0
Signature Definition:
    Signature Update         S741.0        2013-09-10
    Threat Profile Version   2
OS Version:                  2.6.29.1
Platform:                    IPS-4360
Serial Number:               FGL1702401M
Licensed, expires:           21-Nov-2014 UTC
Sensor up-time is 22:09.
Using 14372M out of 15943M bytes of available memory (90% usage)
system is using 32.4M out of 160.0M bytes of available disk space (20% usage)
application-data is using 85.6M out of 376.4M bytes of available disk space (24% usage)
boot is using 63.1M out of 70.2M bytes of available disk space (95% usage)
application-log is using 494.0M out of 513.0M bytes of available disk space (96% usage)
 
 
 
 
MainApp            C-2013_12_16_14_00_7_3_0_143   (Release)   2013-12-16T14:06:20-0600   
Running
AnalysisEngine     C-2013_12_16_14_00_7_3_0_143   (Release)   2013-12-16T14:06:20-0600   
Running
CollaborationApp   C-2013_12_16_14_00_7_3_0_143   (Release)   2013-12-16T14:06:20-0600   
Running
CLI                C-2013_12_16_14_00_7_3_0_143   (Release)   2013-12-16T14:06:20-0600
 
 
Upgrade History:
 
 
  IPS-K9-7.3-1-E4   11:22:07 UTC Sat Jan 19 2013
 
 
Recovery Partition Version 1.1 - 7.3(1)E4
 
 
Host Certificate Valid from: 09-Oct-2014 to 09-Oct-2016
 
 
sensor#
 
 

For More Information

For a list of the specific IPS upgrade filenames, see IPS File List.

Applying IPS 7.3(1)E4 to sensors using CSM 4.6 SP1 or Later


Note We recommend that you upgrade to CSM 4.6 SP1 (Service Pack 1) to manage sensors running IPS 7.3(1)E4.


To apply the 7.3(1)E4 service pack to sensors using CSM 4.6 SP1 or later, follow these steps:


Step 1 Download the service pack ZIP file, IPS-CSM-K9-7.3-1-E4.zip, to the <CSM-install-dir>/MDC/ips/updates directory.

Step 2 Launch the IPS Update Wizard from ToolsApply IPS Update.

Step 3 Select Sensor Updates from the drop down menu, and then select the IPS-CSM-K9-7.3-1-E4.zip file.

Step 4 Click Next.

Step 5 Select the device(s) to which you want to apply the service pack, then click Finish.

Step 6 Create a deployment job and deploy to sensor(s) using Deployment Manager. You can launch Deployment Manager from ToolsDeployment Manager.

Step 7 Click Deploy in the popup and follow the instructions.


Reimaging the Sensor

This section describes how to reimage the sensor using the system image, and contains the following topics:

Installing the IPS 4345 and IPS 4360 System Image

Installing the IPS 4510 and IPS 4520 System Image

Installing the IPS 4345 and IPS 4360 System Image

You can install the IPS 4345 and IPS 4360 system image by using the ROMMON on the appliance to TFTP the system image on to the compact flash device.


Note This procedure is for IPS 4345, but is also applicable to IPS 4360. The system image for IPS 4360 has "4360" in the filename.


To install the IPS 4345 and IPS 4360 system image, follow these steps:


Step 1 Download the IPS 4345 system image file to the tftp root directory of a TFTP server that is accessible from your IPS 4345.


Note Make sure you can access the TFTP server location from the network connected to the Ethernet port of your IPS 4345.


Step 2 Boot the IPS 4345.

Booting system, please wait... 
 
 
CISCO SYSTEMS 
Embedded BIOS Version 1.0(5)0 09/14/04 12:23:35.90
 
 
Low Memory: 631 KB
High Memory: 2048 MB
PCI Device Table.
Bus Dev Func VendID DevID Class              Irq
00  00  00   8086   2578  Host Bridge        
00  01  00   8086   2579  PCI-to-PCI Bridge  
00  03  00   8086   257B  PCI-to-PCI Bridge  
00  1C  00   8086   25AE  PCI-to-PCI Bridge  
00  1D  00   8086   25A9  Serial Bus         11
00  1D  01   8086   25AA  Serial Bus         10
00  1D  04   8086   25AB  System             
00  1D  05   8086   25AC  IRQ Controller     
00  1D  07   8086   25AD  Serial Bus         9
00  1E  00   8086   244E  PCI-to-PCI Bridge  
00  1F  00   8086   25A1  ISA Bridge         
00  1F  02   8086   25A3  IDE Controller     11
00  1F  03   8086   25A4  Serial Bus         5
00  1F  05   8086   25A6  Audio              5
02  01  00   8086   1075  Ethernet           11
03  01  00   177D   0003  Encrypt/Decrypt    9
03  02  00   8086   1079  Ethernet           9
03  02  01   8086   1079  Ethernet           9
03  03  00   8086   1079  Ethernet           9
03  03  01   8086   1079  Ethernet           9
04  02  00   8086   1209  Ethernet           11
04  03  00   8086   1209  Ethernet           5
 
 
Evaluating BIOS Options ...
Launch BIOS Extension to setup ROMMON
 
 
Cisco Systems ROMMON Version (1.0(5)0) #1: Tue Sep 14 12:20:30 PDT 2004
 
 
Platform IPS-4345-K9
Management0/0
 
 
MAC Address: 0000.c0ff.ee01
 
 

Step 3 Press Break or Esc at the following prompt while the system is booting to interrupt boot. Press the spacebar to begin boot immediately.


Note You have ten seconds to press Break or Esc.


Use BREAK or ESC to interrupt boot.
Use SPACE to begin boot immediately.
 
 

The system enters ROMMON mode. The rommon> prompt appears.

Step 4 Check the current network settings.

rommon> set
 
 
ROMMON Variable Settings:
      ADDRESS=0.0.0.0
      SERVER=0.0.0.0
      GATEWAY=0.0.0.0
      PORT=Management0/0
      VLAN=untagged
      IMAGE=
      CONFIG=
 
 

The variables have the following definitions:

Address—Local IP address of the IPS 4345.

Server—TFTP server IP address where the application image is stored.

Gateway—Gateway IP address used by the IPS 4345.

Port—Ethernet interface used for the IPS 4345 management.

VLAN—VLAN ID number (leave as untagged).

Image—System image file/path name.

Config—Unused by these platforms.


Note Not all values are required to establish network connectivity. The address, server, gateway, and image values are required. If you are not sure of the settings needed for your local environment, contact your system administrator.


Step 5 If necessary, change the interface used for the TFTP download.


Note The default interface used for TFTP downloads is Management 0/0, which corresponds to the MGMT interface of the IPS 4345.


rommon> PORT=interface_name
 
 

Step 6 If necessary, assign an IP address for the local port on the IPS 4345.

rommon> ADDRESS=ip_address
 
 

Note Use the same IP address that is assigned to the IPS 4345.


Step 7 Assign the TFTP server IP address.

rommon> SERVER=ip_address
 
 

Step 8 If necessary, assign the gateway IP address.

rommon> GATEWAY=ip_address
 
 

Step 9 Verify that you have access to the TFTP server by pinging it from your local Ethernet port with one of the following commands:

rommon> ping server_ip_address
rommon> ping server
 
 

Step 10 If necessary define the path and filename on the TFTP file server from which you are downloading the image.

rommon> IMAGE=path file_name
 
 

Caution Make sure that you enter the IMAGE command in all uppercase. You can enter the other ROMMON commands in either lower case or upper case, but the IMAGE command specifically must be all uppercase.

UNIX Example

rommon> IMAGE=system_images IPS-4345-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.img
 
 

Note The path is relative to the default tftpboot directory of the UNIX TFTP server. Images located in the default tftpboot directory do not have any directory names or slashes in the IMAGE specification.


Windows Example

rommon> IMAGE=system_images IPS-4345-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.img
 
 

Step 11 Enter set and press Enter to verify the network settings.


Note You can use the sync command to store these settings in NVRAM so they are maintained across boots. Otherwise, you must enter this information each time you want to boot an image from ROMMON.


Step 12 Download and install the system image.

rommon> tftp
 
 

Caution To avoid corrupting the system image, do not remove power from the IPS 4345 while the system image is being installed.


Note If the network settings are correct, the system downloads and boots the specified image on the IPS 4345. Be sure to use the IPS 4345 image.



For More Information

For the procedure for locating software, see Obtaining Software.

For a list of supported TFTP servers, see Supported Servers.

For a list of the specific IPS software files, see IPS File List.

For the procedure for initializing the sensor with the setup command, see Initializing the Sensor.

Installing the IPS 4510 and IPS 4520 System Image

You can install the IPS 4510 and IPS 4520 system image by using the ROMMON on the appliance to TFTP the system image onto the compact flash device.


Note The following procedure references the IPS 4510 but it also refers to the IPS 4520.


To install the IPS 4510 system image, follow these steps:


Step 1 Download the IPS 4510 system image file to the tftp root directory of a TFTP server that is accessible from your IPS 4510.


Note Make sure you can access the TFTP server location from the network connected to the Management port of your IPS 4510.


Step 2 Boot the IPS 4510.

Step 3 Press Break or Esc at the following prompt while the system is booting to interrupt boot. Press the spacebar to begin boot immediately.


Note You have ten seconds to press Break or Esc.


Use BREAK or ESC to interrupt boot.
Use SPACE to begin boot immediately.
 
 

The system enters ROMMON mode. The rommon> prompt appears.

Step 4 Check the current network settings.

rommon> set
 
 
ROMMON Variable Settings:
  ADDRESS=0.0.0.0
  SERVER=0.0.0.0
  GATEWAY=0.0.0.0
  PORT=Management0/0
  VLAN=untagged
  IMAGE=
  CONFIG=
  LINKTIMEOUT=20
  PKTTIMEOUT=2
  RETRY=20
 
 

The variables have the following definitions:

Address—Specifies the local IP address of the IPS 4510.

Server—Specifies the TFTP server IP address where the application image is stored.

Gateway—Specifies the gateway IP address used by the IPS 4510.

Port—Specifies the Ethernet interface used for IPS 4510 management.

VLAN—Specifies the VLAN ID number (leave as untagged).

Image—Specifies the system image file/path name.

Config—Unused by these platforms.


Note Not all values are required to establish network connectivity. The address, server, gateway, and image values are required. If you are not sure of the settings needed for your local environment, contact your system administrator.


Step 5 If necessary, assign an IP address for the local port on the IPS 4510.

rommon> ADDRESS=ip_address
 
 

Note Use the same IP address that is assigned to the IPS 4510.


Step 6 If necessary, assign the TFTP server IP address.

rommon> SERVER=ip_address
 
 

Step 7 If necessary, assign the gateway IP address.

rommon> GATEWAY=ip_address
 
 

Step 8 Verify that you have access to the TFTP server by pinging it from your local Ethernet port with one of the following commands:

rommon> ping server_ip_address
rommon> ping server
 
 

Step 9 If necessary define the path and filename on the TFTP file server from which you are downloading the image.

rommon> IMAGE=path/file_name
 
 

UNIX Example

rommon> IMAGE=/system_images/IPS-4510-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.img
 
 

Note The path is relative to the UNIX TFTP server default tftpboot directory. Images located in the default tftpboot directory do not have any directory names or slashes in the IMAGE specification.


Windows Example

rommon> IMAGE=\system_images\IPS-4510-K9-sys-1.1-a-7.3-1-E4.img
 
 

Step 10 Enter set and press Enter to verify the network settings.


Note You can use the sync command to store these settings in NVRAM so they are maintained across boots. Otherwise, you must enter this information each time you want to boot an image from ROMMON.


Step 11 Download and install the system image.

rommon> tftp
 
 

Caution To avoid corrupting the system image, do not remove power from the IPS 4510 while the system image is being installed.


Note If the network settings are correct, the system downloads and boots the specified image on the IPS 4510. Be sure to use the IPS 4510 image.



For More Information

For the procedure for locating software, see Obtaining Software.

For a list of supported TFTP servers, see Supported Servers.

For a list of the specific IPS software files, see IPS File List.

For the procedure for initializing the sensor with the setup command, see Initializing the Sensor.

Licensing the Sensor

You can install the license key through the CLI, IDM, or IME. This section describes how to obtain and install the license key, and contains the following topics:

Using the IDM or IME

Using the CLI

Using the IDM or IME


Note In addition to a valid Cisco.com username and password, you must also have a Cisco Services for IPS service contract before you can apply for a license key.


To obtain and install the license key, follow these steps:


Step 1 Log in to the IDM or the IME using an account with administrator privileges.

Step 2 For the IDM choose Configuration > Sensor Management > Licensing. For the IME choose Configuration > sensor_name > Sensor Management > Licensing.

Step 3 The Licensing pane displays the status of the current license. If you have already installed your license, you can click Download to save it if needed.

Step 4 Obtain a license key by doing one of the following:

Click the Cisco.com radio button to obtain the license from Cisco.com. The IDM or the IME contacts the license server on Cisco.com and sends the server the serial number to obtain the license key. This is the default method. Go to Step 5.

Click the License File radio button to use a license file. To use this option, you must apply for a license key at this URL: www.cisco.com/go/license. The license key is sent to you in e-mail and you save it to a drive that the IDM or the IME can access. This option is useful if your computer cannot access Cisco.com. Go to Step 7.

Step 5 Click Update License, and in the Licensing dialog box, click Yes to continue. The Status dialog box informs you that the sensor is trying to connect to Cisco.com. An Information dialog box confirms that the license key has been updated.

Step 6 Click OK.

Step 7 Log in to Cisco.com.

Step 8 Go to www.cisco.com/go/license.

Step 9 Fill in the required fields. Your license key will be sent to the e-mail address you specified.


Caution You must have the correct IPS device serial number and product identifier (PID) because the license key only functions on the device with that number.

Step 10 Save the license key to a hard-disk drive or a network drive that the client running the IDM or the IME can access.

Step 11 Log in to the IDM or the IME.

Step 12 For the IDM choose Configuration > Sensor Management > Licensing. For the IME choose Configuration > sensor_name > Sensor Management > Licensing.

Step 13 Under Update License, click the License File radio button.

Step 14 In the Local File Path field, specify the path to the license file or click Browse Local to browse to the file.

Step 15 Browse to the license file and click Open.

Step 16 Click Update License.


Using the CLI


Note You cannot install an older license key over a newer license key.


Use the copy source-url license_file_name license-key command to copy the license key to your sensor.

The following options apply:

source-url—The location of the source file to be copied. It can be a URL or keyword.

destination-url—The location of the destination file to be copied. It can be a URL or a keyword.

license-key—The subscription license file.

license_file_name—The name of the license file you receive.

The exact format of the source and destination URLs varies according to the file. Here are the valid types:

ftp:—Source URL for an FTP network server. The syntax for this prefix is:

ftp://[[username@]location][/relativeDirectory]/filename

ftp://[[username@]location][//absoluteDirectory]/filename


Note You are prompted for a password.


scp:—Source URL for the SCP network server. The syntax for this prefix is:

scp://[[username@]location][/relativeDirectory]/filename

scp://[[username@]location][//absoluteDirectory]/filename


Note You are prompted for a password. You must add the remote host to the SSH known hosts list.


http:—Source URL for the web server. The syntax for this prefix is:

http://[[username@]location][/directory]/filename


Note The directory specification should be an absolute path to the desired file.


https:—Source URL for the web server. The syntax for this prefix is:

https://[[username@]location][/directory]/filename


Note The directory specification should be an absolute path to the desired file. The remote host must be a TLS trusted host.


Installing the License Key

To install the license key, follow these steps:


Step 1 Log in to Cisco.com.

Step 2 Apply for the license key at this URL: www.cisco.com/go/license.


Note In addition to a valid Cisco.com username and password, you must also have a Cisco Services for IPS service contract before you can apply for a license key.


Step 3 Fill in the required fields. Your Cisco IPS Signature Subscription Service license key will be sent by email to the e-mail address you specified.


Note You must have the correct IPS device serial number and product identifier (PID) because the license key only functions on the device with that number.


Step 4 Save the license key to a system that has a Web server, FTP server, or SCP server.

Step 5 Log in to the CLI using an account with administrator privileges.

Step 6 Copy the license key to the sensor.

sensor# copy scp://user@192.168.1.2/24://tftpboot/dev.lic license-key
Password: *******
 
 

Step 7 Verify the sensor is licensed.

sensor# show version
Application Partition:
 
 
Cisco Intrusion Prevention System, Version 7.3(1)E4
 
 
Host:
    Realm Keys               key1.0
Signature Definition:
    Signature Update         S741.0        2013-09-10
    Threat Profile Version   2
OS Version:                  2.6.29.1
Platform:                    IPS-4360
Serial Number:               FGL1702401M
Licensed, expires:           21-Nov-2014 UTC
Sensor up-time is 22:09.
Using 14372M out of 15943M bytes of available memory (90% usage)
system is using 32.4M out of 160.0M bytes of available disk space (20% usage)
application-data is using 85.6M out of 376.4M bytes of available disk space (24% usage)
boot is using 63.1M out of 70.2M bytes of available disk space (95% usage)
application-log is using 494.0M out of 513.0M bytes of available disk space (96% usage)
 
 
 
 
MainApp            C-2013_12_16_14_00_7_3_0_143   (Release)   2013-12-16T14:06:20-0600   
Running
AnalysisEngine     C-2013_12_16_14_00_7_3_0_143   (Release)   2013-12-16T14:06:20-0600   
Running
CollaborationApp   C-2013_12_16_14_00_7_3_0_143   (Release)   2013-12-16T14:06:20-0600   
Running
CLI                C-2013_12_16_14_00_7_3_0_143   (Release)   2013-12-16T14:06:20-0600
 
 
Upgrade History:
 
 
  IPS-K9-7.3-1-E4   11:22:07 UTC Sat Jan 19 2013
 
 
Recovery Partition Version 1.1 - 7.3(1)E4
 
 
Host Certificate Valid from: 09-Oct-2014 to 09-Oct-2016
 
 
sensor#
 
 

Initializing the Sensor

This section describes how to initialize the sensor using the setup command, and contains the following sections:

Understanding Initialization

Simplified Setup Mode

System Configuration Dialog

Basic Sensor Setup

Advanced Setup for the IPS Appliance

Verifying Initialization

Understanding Initialization


Note You must be administrator to use the setup command.


After you install the sensor on your network, you must use the setup command to initialize it so that you can communicate with it over the network. You cannot use the IDM or the IME to configure the sensor until you initialize the sensor using the setup command.

With the setup command, you configure basic sensor settings, including the hostname, IP interfaces, access control lists, global correlation servers, and time settings. You can continue using advanced setup in the CLI to enable Telnet, configure the web server, and assign and enable virtual sensors and interfaces, or you can use the Startup Wizard in the IDM or the IME. After you configure the sensor with the setup command, you can change the network settings in the IDM or the IME.


Caution You must have a valid sensor license for global correlation features to function. You can still configure and display statistics for the global correlation features, but the global correlation databases are cleared and no updates are attempted. Once you install a valid license, the global correlation features are reactivated.

Simplified Setup Mode

The sensor automatically calls the setup command when you connect to the sensor using a console cable and the sensor basic network settings have not yet been configured. The sensor does not call automatic setup under the following conditions:

When initialization has already been successfully completed.

If you have recovered or downgraded the sensor.

If you have set the host configuration to default after successfully configuring the sensor using automatic setup.

When you enter the setup command, an interactive dialog called the System Configuration Dialog appears on the system console screen. The System Configuration Dialog guides you through the configuration process. The values shown in brackets next to each prompt are the default values last set.

System Configuration Dialog

When you enter the setup command, an interactive dialog called the System Configuration Dialog appears on the system console screen. The System Configuration Dialog guides you through the configuration process. The values shown in brackets next to each prompt are the current values.

You must go through the entire System Configuration Dialog until you come to the option that you want to change. To accept default settings for items that you do not want to change, press Enter.

To return to the EXEC prompt without making changes and without going through the entire System Configuration Dialog, press Ctrl-C. The System Configuration Dialog also provides help text for each prompt. To access the help text, enter ? at a prompt.

When you complete your changes, the System Configuration Dialog shows you the configuration that you created during the setup session. It also asks you if you want to use this configuration. If you enter yes, the configuration is saved. If you enter no, the configuration is not saved and the process begins again. There is no default for this prompt; you must enter either yes or no.

You can configure daylight savings time either in recurring mode or date mode. If you choose recurring mode, the start and end days are based on week, day, month, and time. If you choose date mode, the start and end days are based on month, day, year, and time. Choosing disable turns off daylight savings time.


Note You only need to set the date and time in the System Configuration Dialog if the system is an appliance and is NOT using NTP.



Note The System Configuration Dialog is an interactive dialog. The default settings are displayed.


Example 1 shows a sample System Configuration Dialog.

Example 1 Sample System Configuration Dialog

    --- Basic Setup ---
 
 
    --- System Configuration Dialog ---
 
 
At any point you may enter a question mark '?' for help.
User ctrl-c to abort configuration dialog at any prompt.
Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current time: Wed Nov 11 21:19:51 2009
 
 
Setup Configuration last modified:
 
 
Enter host name[sensor]:
Enter IP interface[192.168.1.2/24,192.168.1.1]:
Modify current access list?[no]:
Current access list entries:
  [1] 0.0.0.0/0
Delete:
Permit:
Use DNS server for Global Correlation?[no]:
  DNS server IP address[171.68.226.120]:
Use HTTP proxy server for Global Correlation?[no]:
  HTTP proxy server IP address[128.107.341.169]:
  HTTP proxy server Port number[8080]:
Modify system clock settings?[no]: 
  Modify summer time settings?[no]:
    Use USA SummerTime Defaults?[yes]:
    Recurring, Date or Disable?[Recurring]:
    Start Month[march]:
    Start Week[second]:
    Start Day[sunday]:
    Start Time[02:00:00]:
    End Month[november]:
    End Week[first]:
    End Day[sunday]:
    End Time[02:00:00]:
    DST Zone[]: 
    Offset[60]:
  Modify system timezone?[no]:
    Timezone[UTC]:
    UTC Offset[0]:
  Use NTP?[no]: yes
    NTP Server IP Address[]: 
    Use NTP Authentication?[no]: yes
      NTP Key ID[]: 1
      NTP Key Value[]: 8675309
Participation in the SensorBase Network allows Cisco to collect aggregated statistics 
about traffic sent to your IPS.
SensorBase Network Participation level?[off]: full
 
 
If you agree to participate in the SensorBase Network, Cisco will collect aggregated 
statistics about traffic sent to your IPS.
This includes summary data on the Cisco IPS network traffic properties and how this 
traffic was handled by the Cisco appliances. We do not collect the data content of traffic 
or other sensitive business or personal information. All data is aggregated and sent via 
secure HTTP to the Cisco SensorBase Network servers in periodic intervals. All data shared 
with Cisco will be anonymous and treated as strictly confidential.
The table below describes how the data will be used by Cisco.
Participation Level = "Partial":
  * Type of Data: Protocol Attributes (e.g. TCP max segment size and
    options string)
    Purpose: Track potential threats and understand threat exposure
  * Type of Data: Attack Type (e.g. Signature Fired and Risk Rating)
    Purpose: Used to understand current attacks and attack severity
  * Type of Data: Connecting IP Address and port
    Purpose: Identifies attack source
  * Type of Data: Summary IPS performance (CPU utilization memory usage,
    inline vs. promiscuous, etc)
    Purpose: Tracks product efficacy
Participation Level = "Full" additionally includes:
  * Type of Data: Victim IP Address and port
    Purpose: Detect threat behavioral patterns
 
 
Do you agree to participate in the SensorBase Network?[no]:

Basic Sensor Setup

To perform basic sensor setup using the setup command, follow these steps:


Step 1 Log in to the sensor using an account with administrator privileges.


Note Both the default username and password are cisco.


Step 2 The first time you log in to the sensor you are prompted to change the default password. Passwords must be at least eight characters long and be strong, that is, not be a dictionary word. After you change the password, basic setup begins.

Step 3 Enter the setup command. The System Configuration Dialog is displayed.

Step 4 Specify the hostname. The hostname is a case-sensitive character string up to 64 characters. Numbers, "_" and "-" are valid, but spaces are not acceptable. The default is sensor.

Step 5 Specify the IP interface. The IP interface is in the form of IP Address/Netmask,Gateway: X.X.X.X/nn,Y.Y.Y.Y, where X.X.X.X specifies the sensor IP address as a 32-bit address written as 4 octets separated by periods, nn specifies the number of bits in the netmask, and Y.Y.Y.Y specifies the default gateway as a 32-bit address written as 4 octets separated by periods.

Step 6 Enter yes to modify the network access list:

a. If you want to delete an entry, enter the number of the entry and press Enter, or press Enter to get to the Permit line.

b. Enter the IP address and netmask of the network you want to add to the access list.


Note For example, 10.0.0.0/8 permits all IP addresses on the 10.0.0.0 network (10.0.0.0-10.255.255.255) and 10.1.1.0/24 permits only the IP addresses on the 10.1.1.0 subnet (10.1.1.0-10.1.1.255). If you want to permit access to a single IP address than the entire network, use a 32-bit netmask. For example, 10.1.1.1/32 permits just the 10.1.1.1 address.


c. Repeat Step b until you have added all networks that you want to add to the access list, and then press Enter at a blank permit line to go to the next step.

Step 7 You must configure a DNS server or an HTTP proxy server for global correlation to operate:

a. Enter yes to add a DNS server, and then enter the DNS server IP address.

b. Enter yes to add an HTTP proxy server, and then enter the HTTP proxy server IP address and port number.


Caution You must have a valid sensor license for global correlation features to function. You can still configure and display statistics for the global correlation features, but the global correlation databases are cleared and no updates are attempted. Once you install a valid license, the global correlation features are reactivated.

Step 8 Enter yes to modify the system clock settings:

a. Enter yes to modify summertime settings.


Note Summertime is also known as DST. If your location does not use Summertime, go to Step m.


b. Enter yes to choose the USA summertime defaults, or enter no and choose recurring, date, or disable to specify how you want to configure summertime settings. The default is recurring.

c. If you chose recurring, specify the month you want to start summertime settings. Valid entries are january, february, march, april, may, june, july, august, september, october, november, and december. The default is march.

d. Specify the week you want to start summertime settings. Valid entries are first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and last. The default is second.

e. Specify the day you want to start summertime settings. Valid entries are sunday, monday, tuesday, wednesday, thursday, friday, and saturday. The default is sunday.

f. Specify the time you want to start summertime settings. The default is 02:00:00.


Note The default recurring summertime parameters are correct for time zones in the United States. The default values specify a start time of 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday in March, and a stop time of 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday in November. The default summertime offset is 60 minutes.


g. Specify the month you want summertime settings to end. Valid entries are january, february, march, april, may, june, july, august, september, october, november, and december. The default is november.

h. Specify the week you want the summertime settings to end. Valid entries are first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and last. The default is first.

i. Specify the day you want the summertime settings to end. Valid entries are sunday, monday, tuesday, wednesday, thursday, friday, and saturday. The default is sunday.

j. Specify the time you want summertime settings to end. The default is 02:00:00.

k. Specify the DST zone. The zone name is a character string up to 24 characters long in the pattern [A-Za-z0-9()+:,_/-]+$.

l. Specify the summertime offset. Specify the summertime offset from UTC in minutes (negative numbers represent time zones west of the Prime Meridian). The default is 60.

m. Enter yes to modify the system time zone.

n. Specify the standard time zone name. The zone name is a character string up to 24 characters long.

o. Specify the standard time zone offset. Specify the standard time zone offset from UTC in minutes (negative numbers represent time zones west of the Prime Meridian). The default is 0.

p. Enter yes if you want to use NTP. To use authenticated NTP, you need the NTP server IP address, the NTP key ID, and the NTP key value. If you do not have those at this time, you can configure NTP later. Otherwise, you can choose unauthenticated NTP.

Step 9 Enter off, partial, or full to participate in the SensorBase Network Participation:

Off—No data is contributed to the SensorBase Network.

Partial—Data is contributed to the SensorBase Network, but data considered potentially sensitive is filtered out and never sent.

Full—All data is contributed to the SensorBase Network except the attacker/victim IP addresses that you exclude.

The SensorBase Network Participation disclaimer appears. It explains what is involved in participating in the SensorBase Network.

Step 10 Enter yes to participate in the SensorBase Network.

The following configuration was entered.
service host
network-settings
host-ip 192.168.1.2/24, 192.168.1.1
host-name sensor
telnet-option disabled
sshv1-fallback disabled
access-list 10.0.0.0/8
ftp-timeout 300
no login-banner-text
dns-primary-server enabled
address 171.68.226.120
exit
dns-secondary-server disabled
dns-tertiary-server disabled
http-proxy proxy-server
address 128.107.341.170
port 8080
exit
time-zone-settings
offset -360
standard-time-zone-name CST
exit
summertime-option recurring
offset 60
summertime-zone-name CDT
start-summertime
month march
week-of-month second
day-of-week sunday
time-of-day 02:00:00
exit
end-summertime
month november
week-of-month first
day-of-week sunday
time-of-day 02:00:00
exit
exit
ntp-option enabled
ntp-keys 1 md5-key 8675309
ntp-servers 10.10.1.2 key-id 1
exit
service global-correlation
network-participation full
exit
 
 
 
 
[0] Go to the command prompt without saving this config.
[1] Return to setup without saving this config.
[2] Save this configuration and exit setup.
[3] Continue to Advanced setup.
 
 

Step 11 Enter 2 to save the configuration (or 3 to continue with advanced setup using the CLI).

Enter your selection[2]: 2 
Configuration Saved.
 
 

Step 12 If you changed the time setting, enter yes to reboot the sensor.


Advanced Setup for the IPS Appliance


Note The currently supported Cisco IPS appliances are the IPS 4345, IPS 4360, IPS 4510, and IPS 4520.



Note Adding new subinterfaces is a two-step process. You first organize the interfaces when you edit the virtual sensor configuration. You then choose which interfaces and subinterfaces are assigned to which virtual sensors.


To continue with advanced setup for the appliance, follow these steps:


Step 1 Log in to the appliance using an account with administrator privileges.

Step 2 Enter the setup command. The System Configuration Dialog is displayed. Press Enter or the spacebar to skip to the menu to access advanced setup.

Step 3 Enter 3 to access advanced setup.

Step 4 Specify the Telnet server status. The default is disabled.

Step 5 Specify the SSHv1 fallback setting. The default is disabled.

Step 6 Specify the web server port. The web server port is the TCP port used by the web server (1 to 65535). The default is 443.


Note If you change the web server port, you must specify the port in the URL address of your browser when you connect to the IDM in the following format: https://appliance_ip_address:port (for example, https://10.1.9.201:1040).



Note The web server is configured to use TLS/SSL encryption by default. Setting the port to 80 does not disable the encryption.


Step 7 Enter yes to modify the interface and virtual sensor configuration and to see the current interface configuration.

Current interface configuration
 Command control: Management0/0
 Unassigned:
  Promiscuous:
   GigabitEthernet0/0
   GigabitEthernet0/1
   GigabitEthernet0/2
   GigabitEthernet0/3
 
 
 Virtual Sensor: vs0
  Anomaly Detection: ad0
  Event Action Rules: rules0
  Signature Definitions: sig0
 
 
 Virtual Sensor: vs1
  Anomaly Detection: ad0
  Event Action Rules: rules0
  Signature Definitions: sig0
 
 
 Virtual Sensor: vs2
  Anomaly Detection: ad0
  Event Action Rules: rules0
  Signature Definitions: sig0
 
 
  [1] Edit Interface Configuration
  [2] Edit Virtual Sensor Configuration
  [3] Display configuration
Option: 
 
 

Step 8 Enter 1 to edit the interface configuration.


Note The following options let you create and delete interfaces. You assign the interfaces to virtual sensors in the virtual sensor configuration. If you are using promiscuous mode for your interfaces and are not subdividing them by VLAN, no additional configuration is necessary.


[1] Remove interface configurations.
  [2] Add/Modify Inline Vlan Pairs.
  [3] Add/Modify Promiscuous Vlan Groups.
  [4] Add/Modify Inline Interface Pairs.
  [5] Add/Modify Inline Interface Pair Vlan Groups.
  [6] Modify interface default-vlan.
Option:
 
 

Step 9 Enter 2 to add inline VLAN pairs and display the list of available interfaces.


Caution The new VLAN pair is not automatically added to a virtual sensor.

Available Interfaces
  [1] GigabitEthernet0/0
  [2] GigabitEthernet0/1
  [3] GigabitEthernet0/2
  [4] GigabitEthernet0/3
Option:
 
 

Step 10 Enter 1 to add an inline VLAN pair to GigabitEthernet 0/0, for example.

Inline Vlan Pairs for GigabitEthernet0/0
   None
 
 

Step 11 Enter a subinterface number and description.

Subinterface Number: 
Description[Created via setup by user asmith]: 
 
 

Step 12 Enter numbers for VLAN 1 and 2.

Vlan1[]: 200
Vlan2[]: 300
 
 

Step 13 Press Enter to return to the available interfaces menu.


Note Entering a carriage return at a prompt without a value returns you to the previous menu.


  [1] GigabitEthernet0/0
  [2] GigabitEthernet0/1
  [3] GigabitEthernet0/2
  [4] GigabitEthernet0/3
Option:
 
 

Note At this point, you can configure another interface, for example, GigabitEthernet 0/1, for inline VLAN pair.


Step 14 Press Enter to return to the top-level interface editing menu.

[1] Remove interface configurations.
  [2] Add/Modify Inline Vlan Pairs.
  [3] Add/Modify Promiscuous Vlan Groups.
  [4] Add/Modify Inline Interface Pairs.
  [5] Add/Modify Inline Interface Pair Vlan Groups.
  [6] Modify interface default-vlan.
Option:
 
 

Step 15 Enter 4 to add an inline interface pair and see these options.

Available Interfaces
   GigabitEthernet0/1
   GigabitEthernet0/2
   GigabitEthernet0/3
 
 

Step 16 Enter the pair name, description, and which interfaces you want to pair.

Pair name: newPair
Description[Created via setup by user asmith: 
Interface1[]: GigabitEthernet0/1
Interface2[]: GigabitEthernet0/2
Pair name:
 
 

Step 17 Press Enter to return to the top-level interface editing menu.

  [1] Remove interface configurations.
  [2] Add/Modify Inline Vlan Pairs.
  [3] Add/Modify Promiscuous Vlan Groups.
  [4] Add/Modify Inline Interface Pairs.
  [5] Add/Modify Inline Interface Pair Vlan Groups.
  [6] Modify interface default-vlan.
Option:
 
 

Step 18 Press Enter to return to the top-level editing menu.

  [1] Edit Interface Configuration
  [2] Edit Virtual Sensor Configuration
  [3] Display configuration
Option:
 
 

Step 19 Enter 2 to edit the virtual sensor configuration.

  [1] Remove virtual sensor.
  [2] Modify "vs0" virtual sensor configuration.
  [3] Create new virtual sensor.
Option:
 
 

Step 20 Enter 2 to modify the virtual sensor configuration, vs0.

Virtual Sensor: vs0
  Anomaly Detection: ad0
  Event Action Rules: rules0
  Signature Definitions: sig0
 
No Interfaces to remove.
 
 Unassigned:
  Promiscuous:
   [1] GigabitEthernet0/3
   [2] GigabitEthernet0/0
  Inline Vlan Pair:
   [3] GigabitEthernet0/0:1 (Vlans: 200, 300)
  Inline Interface Pair:
   [4] newPair (GigabitEthernet0/1, GigabitEthernet0/2)
Add Interface: 
 
 

Step 21 Enter 3 to add inline VLAN pair GigabitEthernet0/0:1.

Step 22 Enter 4 to add inline interface pair NewPair.

Step 23 Press Enter to return to the top-level virtual sensor menu.

Virtual Sensor: vs0
  Anomaly Detection: ad0
  Event Action Rules: rules0
  Signature Definitions: sig0
  Inline Vlan Pair:
   GigabitEthernet0/0:1 (Vlans: 200, 300)
  Inline Interface Pair:
   newPair (GigabitEthernet0/1, GigabitEthernet0/2)
 
  [1] Remove virtual sensor.
  [2] Modify "vs0" virtual sensor configuration.
  [3] Create new virtual sensor.
Option: GigabitEthernet0/1, GigabitEthernet0/2)
Add Interface: 
 
 

Step 24 Press Enter to return to the top-level interface and virtual sensor configuration menu.

  [1] Edit Interface Configuration
  [2] Edit Virtual Sensor Configuration
  [3] Display configuration
Option:
 
 

Step 25 Enter yes if you want to modify the default threat prevention settings.


Note The sensor comes with a built-in override to add the deny packet event action to high risk rating alerts. If you do not want this protection, disable automatic threat prevention.


Virtual sensor newVs is configured to prevent high risk threats in inline mode. (Risk 
Rating 90-100)
Virtual sensor vs0 is configured to prevent high risk threats in inline mode.(Risk Rating 
90-100)
Do you want to disable automatic threat prevention on all virtual sensors?[no]:
 
 

Step 26 Enter yes to disable automatic threat prevention on all virtual sensors.

Step 27 Press Enter to exit the interface and virtual sensor configuration.

The following configuration was entered.
service host
network-settings
host-ip 192.168.1.2/24,192.168.1.1
host-name sensor
telnet-option disabled
sshv1-fallback disabled
ftp-timeout 300
no login-banner-text
exit
time-zone-settings
offset 0
standard-time-zone-name UTC
exit
summertime-option disabled
ntp-option disabled
exit
service web-server
port 342
exit
service interface
physical-interfaces GigabitEthernet0/0 
admin-state enabled
subinterface-type inline-vlan-pair
subinterface 1 
description Created via setup by user asmith
vlan1 200
vlan2 300
exit
exit
exit
physical-interfaces GigabitEthernet0/1 
admin-state enabled
exit
physical-interfaces GigabitEthernet0/2 
admin-state enabled
exit
physical-interfaces GigabitEthernet0/0 
admin-state enabled
exit
inline-interfaces newPair 
description Created via setup by user asmith
interface1 GigabitEthernet0/1
interface2 GigabitEthernet0/2
exit
exit
service analysis-engine
virtual-sensor newVs 
description Created via setup by user cisco
signature-definition newSig
event-action-rules rules0
anomaly-detection
anomaly-detection-name ad0
operational-mode inactive
exit
physical-interface GigabitEthernet0/0 
exit
virtual-sensor vs0 
physical-interface GigabitEthernet0/0 subinterface-number 1 
logical-interface newPair 
service event-action-rules rules0
overrides deny-packet-inline
override-item-status Disabled
risk-rating-range 90-100
exit
exit
 
 
[0] Go to the command prompt without saving this config.
[1] Return back to the setup without saving this config.
[2] Save this configuration and exit setup.
 
 

Step 28 Enter 2 to save the configuration.

Enter your selection[2]: 2 
Configuration Saved.
 
 

Step 29 Reboot the appliance.

sensor# reset
Warning: Executing this command will stop all applications and reboot the node.
Continue with reset? []:
 
 

Step 30 Enter yes to continue the reboot.

Step 31 Apply the most recent service pack and signature update. You are now ready to configure your appliance for intrusion prevention.


Verifying Initialization


Note The following show configuration output is an example of what your configuration may look like. It will not match exactly because of the optional setup choices.


To verify that you initialized your sensor, follow these steps:


Step 1 Log in to the sensor.

Step 2 View your configuration.

sensor# show configuration
! ------------------------------
! Current configuration last modified Fri Oct 10 09:41:17 2014
! ------------------------------
! Version 7.3(1)
! Host:
!     Realm Keys               key1.0
! Signature Definition:
!     Signature Update         S741.0   2013-09-10
!     Threat Profile Version   2
! ------------------------------
service interface
exit
! ------------------------------
service authentication
exit
! ------------------------------
service event-action-rules rules0
exit
! ------------------------------
service host
network-settings
host-ip 10.106.1.4/24,10.106.1.1
host-name sensor
telnet-option enabled
access-list 0.0.0.0/0
dns-primary-server disabled
exit
time-zone-settings
offset 0
standard-time-zone-name UTC
exit
exit
! ------------------------------
service logger
exit
! ------------------------------
service network-access
exit
! ------------------------------
service notification
exit
! ------------------------------
service signature-definition sig0
exit
! ------------------------------
service ssh-known-hosts
exit
! ------------------------------
service trusted-certificates
exit
! ------------------------------
service web-server
exit
! ------------------------------
service anomaly-detection ad0
exit
! ------------------------------
service external-product-interface
exit
! ------------------------------
service health-monitor
exit
! ------------------------------
service global-correlation
exit
! ------------------------------
service aaa
exit
! ------------------------------
service analysis-engine
exit
 
 
sensor#                                    
 
 

Note You can also use the more current-config command to view your configuration.


Step 3 Display the self-signed X.509 certificate (needed by TLS).

sensor# show tls fingerprint
SHA1: 64:9B:AC:DE:21:62:0C:D3:57:2E:9B:E5:3D:04:8F:A7:FD:CD:6F:27
 
 

Step 4 Write down the certificate fingerprints. You need the fingerprints to check the authenticity of the certificate when connecting to this sensor with a web browser.


Logging In to the IDM

The IDM is a web-based, Java Web Start application that enables you to configure and manage your sensor. The web server for the IDM resides on the sensor. You can access it through Internet Explorer or Firefox web browsers.


Note The IDM is already installed on the sensor.


To log in to the IDM, follow these steps:


Step 1 Open a web browser and enter the sensor IP address. A Security Alert dialog box appears.

https://sensor_ip_address
 
 

Note The default IP address is 192.168.1.2/24,192.168.1.1, which you change to reflect your network environment when you initialize the sensor. When you change the web server port, you must specify the port in the URL address of your browser when you connect to the IDM in the format https://sensor_ip_address:port (for example, https://192.0.2.1:1040).


Step 2 Click Yes to accept the security certificate. The Cisco IPS Device Manager Version window appears.

Step 3 To launch the IDM, click Run IDM. The JAVA loading message box appears, and then the Warning - Security dialog box appears.

Step 4 To verify the security certificate, check the Always trust content from this publisher check box, and click Yes. The JAVA Web Start progress dialog box appears, and then the IDM on ip_address dialog box appears.

Step 5 To create a shortcut for the IDM, click Yes. The Cisco IDM Launcher dialog box appears.


Note You must have JRE 1.5 (JAVA 5) installed to create shortcuts for the IDM. If you have JRE 1.6 (JAVA 6) installed, the shortcut is created automatically.


Step 6 To authenticate the IDM, enter your username and password, and click OK. Both the default username and password are cisco. You were prompted to change the password during sensor initialization. The IDM begins to load. If you change panes from Home to Configuration or Monitoring before the IDM has completed initialization, a Status dialog box appears with the following message:

Please wait while IDM is loading the current configuration from the sensor.
 
 

The main window of the IDM appears.


Note If you created a shortcut, you can launch the IDM by double-clicking the IDM shortcut icon. You can also close the The Cisco IPS Device Manager Version window. After you launch the IDM, it is not necessary for this window to remain open.



Installing or Upgrading the IME

This section describes how to install and upgrade the IME, and how to migrate data from IEV or a previous version of IME.

Cisco IEV, Cisco IOS IPS, and CSM

If you have a version of Cisco IPS Event Viewer installed, the Install wizard prompts you to remove it before installing the IME.

The IME event monitoring is also supported in IOS-IPS versions that support the Cisco IPS 5.x/6.x signature format. We recommend IOS-IPS 12.4(15)T4 if you intend to use the IME to monitor an IOS IPS device. Some of the new IME functionality including health monitoring is not supported.


Caution Do not install the IME on top of existing installations of CSM. You must uninstall CSM before installing the IME.

Installation Notes and Caveats


Note If you are using Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008, and an IME version earlier than 7.1.1, uninstall IME before upgrading it. Otherwise, just upgrade from your current IME version.


Observe the following when installing or upgrading the IME:

You can install the IME over all versions of the IME but not over IEV. All alert database and user settings are preserved.

The IME detects previous versions of IEV and prompts you to manually remove the older version before installing the IME or to install the IME on another system. The installation program then stops.

Make sure you close any open instances of the IME before upgrading to a new version of the IME.

Disable any anti-virus or host-based intrusion detection software before beginning the installation, and close any open applications. The installer spawns a command shell application that may trigger your host-based detection software, which causes the installation to fail.

You must be administrator to install the IME.

The IME coexists with other instances of the MySQL database. If you have a MySQL database installed on your system, you do NOT have to uninstall it before installing the IME.

Installing or Upgrading the IME

To install the IME, follow these steps:


Step 1 From the Download Software site on Cisco.com, download the IME executable file to your computer, or start the IDM in a browser window, and under Cisco IPS Manager Express, click download to install the IME executable file. IME-7.2.5.exe is an example of what the IME executable file might look like.

Step 2 Double-click the executable file. The Cisco IPS Manager Express - InstallShield Wizard appears. You receive a warning if you have a previous version of Cisco IPS Event Viewer installed. Acknowledge the warning, and exit installation. Remove the older version of IEV, and then continue the IME installation

Step 3 Click Next to start the IME installation.

Step 4 Accept the license agreement and click Next.

Step 5 Click Next to choose the destination folder, click Install to install the IME, and then click Finish to exit the wizard. The Cisco IME and Cisco IME Demo icons are now on your desktop.


Note The first time you start the IME, you are prompted to set up a password.



Migrating IEV Data

To migrate IEV 5.x events to the IME, you must exit the installation and manually export the old events by using the IEV 5.x export function to move the data to local files. After installing the IME, you can import these files to the new IME system.


Note The IME does not support import and migration functions for IEV 4.x.


To export event data from IEV 5.x to a local file:


Step 1 From IEV 5.x, choose File > Database Administration > Export Database Tables.

Step 2 Enter the file name and select the table(s).

Step 3 Click OK. The events in the selected table(s) are exported to the specified local file.


Importing IEV Event Data In to IME

To import event data in to the IME, follow these steps:


Step 1 From the IME, choose File > Import.

Step 2 Select the file exported from IEV 5.x and click Open. The contents of the selected file are imported in to the IME.


For More Information

For more information about the IME, refer to Cisco Intrusion Prevention System Manager Express Installation Guide for IPS 7.3.

Cisco Security Intelligence Operations

The Cisco Security Intelligence Operations site on Cisco.com provides intelligence reports about current vulnerabilities and security threats. It also has reports on other security topics that help you protect your network and deploy your security systems to reduce organizational risk.

You should be aware of the most recent security threats so that you can most effectively secure and manage your network. Cisco Security Intelligence Operations contains the top ten intelligence reports listed by date, severity, urgency, and whether there is a new signature available to deal with the threat.

Cisco Security Intelligence Operations contains a Security News section that lists security articles of interest. There are related security tools and links.

You can access Cisco Security Intelligence Operations at this URL:

http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/home.x

Cisco Security Intelligence Operations is also a repository of information for individual signatures, including signature ID, type, structure, and description.

You can search for security alerts and signatures at this URL:

http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/search.x

Restrictions and Limitations

The following restrictions and limitations apply to the Cisco IPS 7.3(1)E4 software and the products that run it:

IME 7.2.5 is the only supported IME release for IPS 7.3(1)E4.

The IDM has been built and tested with JAVA 7 Update 45 and earlier. The IDM is not compatible with JAVA 7 Update 51. For IDM to function, you must use the older version of Java. Refer to CSCum55433 if you must use Java 7u51 and there is no option to use earlier versions.

While executing the autoupgradenow command, you cannot use the IDM, IME or the CLI or start any new sessions until the upgrade is complete.

IPS 7.3(1)E4 supports TLS 1.0 and later. If the peer uses an older SSL version, the connection cannot be established. All management applications using the IPS Web server, such as the IDM or CSM, are affected by this change. If the management application does not support TLS1.0 or later, the management connectivity is lost after upgrading to IPS 7.3(1) because it does not support TLS versions earlier than TLS1.0.

If the client does not support SSHv2 or if SSHv2 is disabled, the management connectivity is lost after upgrading from IPS 7.1(x)E4 to IPS 7.3(1)E4 because SSHv1 is disabled by default in IPS 7.3(1) and later.

LACP has been tested only on the IPS sensor and the Nexus 7000 switch and the Catalyst 6000 switch. Other combinations of IPS sensors and switches have not been tested. It is unknown if the solution will work as expected with other switches. Also, VPC/VSS configurations are NOT supported.

Link state mirroring applies to the inline interface pair configuration only. Detecting that the peer interface is up or down and setting the state of the link may take up to 3.5 seconds.

To support the immediate automatic update feature, a default update schedule with a start time of 00:00:00 and interval of 24 hours has been set. You must enable the automatic update settings before issuing an immediate automatic update. Disable the automatic update schedule if you do not want to use the default scheduled update.

Applying any signature template erases any existing tunings associated with the targeted signature definition file.

Enabling HTTP advanced decoding can have a significantly negative performance and memory impact on the sensor.

Use the show statistics virtual-sensor | include load command (CLI) or look at the statistics for the virtual sensor at Configuration > Sensor Monitoring > Support Information > Statistics (IDM/IME) to determine the load value over a longer period of time. The show statistics analysis-engine command (CLI) and the statistics for the Analysis Engine show values over a shorter period of time. If you compare the output, the values will appear to be inconsistent due to the different time periods. To get an accurate comparison between them, compare the processing load percentage from the statistics for the virtual sensor and the one-minute averaged value from the statistics for the Analysis Engine.

TACACS+ authentication is not supported in IPS 7.3(1)E4.

The CLI timeout feature is applicable only for sessions established through SSH, Telnet, and the console. Service account logins are not affected.

Anomaly detection does not support IPv6 traffic; only IPv4 traffic is directed to the anomaly detection processor.

IPv6 does not support the following event actions: Request Block Host, Request Block Connection, or Request Rate Limit.

Global correlation does not support IPv6.

There is no support for IPv6 on the management (command and control) interface.

ICMP signature engines do not support ICMPv6, they are IPv4-specific, for example, the Traffic ICMP signature engine. ICMPv6 is covered by the Atomic IP Advanced signature engine.

CSM and MARS do not support IPv6.

When deploying an IPS sensor monitoring two sides of a network device that does TCP sequence number randomization, we recommend using a virtual senor for each side of the device.

For IPS 5.0 and later, you can no longer remove the cisco account. You can disable it using the no password cisco command, but you cannot remove it. To use the no password cisco command, there must be another administrator account on the sensor. Removing the cisco account through the service account is not supported. If you remove the cisco account through the service account, the sensor most likely will not boot up, so to recover the sensor you must reinstall the sensor system image.

After you upgrade any IPS software on your sensor, you must restart the IDM to see the latest software features.

The IDM does not support any non-English characters, such as the German umlaut or any other special language characters. If you enter such characters as a part of an object name through IDM, they are turned into something unrecognizable and you will not be able to delete or edit the resulting object through IDM or the CLI. This is true for any string that is used by the CLI as an identifier, for example, names of time periods, inspect maps, server and URL lists, and interfaces.

When the SensorApp is reconfigured, there is a short period when the SensorApp is unable to respond to any queries. Wait a few minutes after reconfiguration is complete before querying the SensorApp for additional information.

The IDM and IME launch MySDN from the last browser window you opened, which is the default setting for Windows. To change this default behavior, in Internet Explorer, choose Tools > Internet Options, and then click the Advanced tab. Scroll down and uncheck the Reuse windows for launching shortcuts check box.

Caveats

This section lists the resolved and unresolved caveats, and contains the following topics:

Resolved Caveats

Unresolved Caveats

Resolved Caveats

The following known issues are resolved in the 7.3(1)E4 release:

CSCum55433 IDM is being blocked by Java after an upgrade to Java 7u51

CSCty94671 Error message during bypass: enqueDropCheck: Error TX Queue full

CSCuf20148 Cisco IPS MainApp Denial of Service Vulnerability

CSCtq32936 IPS crashes if signature auto-update is enabled without the license

CSCug41013 IPS: RegexDepth Token Does Not Limit Hardware-accelerated Inspection

CSCug54770 some sessions in Closing state have not set closing timeout

CSCuh49784 4510 cannot be re-imaged if 'erase' command is run from rommon

CSCuc63392 IDS: Spelling Mistakes and Inconsistencies in CLI Outputs

CSCue54325 cli-inactivity-timeout does not proactively end the cli session

CSCty68417 Orphaned User Sessions When Adding Authorized Key With RADIUS Enabled

CSCug32267 Configuration Import Fails if Some Auto-Upgrade Information is Missing

CSCuh66943 if attemptLimit is reached, there is no way to reset the account

CSCub77629 nac fails to handle the pager correctly for long login banners

CSCud32612 IPS drops IPv6 packets with flowlabel set due to sig 1250/0

CSCuf82384 Data corruption in pipe during authentication request CT hangs mainApp

CSCui25688 IPS crashes while generating TLS certificate with many HTTPS connections

CSCuj02243 local scp update timeout will cause mainApp failure

CSCuj31717 IPS : Vulnerability to CVE-2010-5107 - OpenSSH

CSCug87980 HTTP-advanced-decoding causes sensorApp to fail for gzip encoding

CSCuh42051 IPS: "http error response: 400" - Default Auto/Cisco.com cisco-url Value

CSCub75688 sig update sensorApp abort in libhoard dlmalloc

Unresolved Caveats

The following relevant issues are unresolved in the IPS 7.3(1)E4 release:

CSCug40004 Sensor App crashes while tuning string signatures - udp,icmp

CSCuh89283 DMABuf(getBufferIndex) failure" when the load percentage is 61% in 4510

CSCui76855 Flow gets dropped when the interface is detached and then attached to VS

CSCuj80446 Creating new sig instance sometime trigger failover/fallback or bypass

CSCul10316 4510 crashed during boot up

CSCtz38411 IPS: Single Flow can Max a CPU and Affect it Processing Other Traffic

CSCui54193 summary-key Axxb in sweep engine does not work

CSCul95220 IPS: Normalizer Engine Misfiring on Valid TCP Traffic, SIG 1330.14 Fires

CSCui40980 high memory usage can cause sensorApp hang during signature update

CSCul19423 Sensor does not generate summary log of sig3050/0 if traffic rate is low

CSCum12974 Invalid host-name characters including slash are allowed

Related Documentation

For a complete list of the Cisco IPS 7.3 documentation and where to find it, refer to the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/security/ips/7.3/roadmap/roadmap7_3.html

Obtaining Documentation, Using the Cisco Bug Search Tool, and Submitting a Service Request

For information on obtaining documentation, using the Cisco Bug Search Tool (BST), submitting a service request, and gathering additional information, see What's New in Cisco Product Documentation at: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/whatsnew/whatsnew.html.

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