CLI Book 1: Cisco ASA Series General Operations CLI Configuration Guide, 9.1
Configuring RADIUS Servers for AAA
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Table of Contents

Configuring RADIUS Servers for AAA

Information About RADIUS Servers

Supported Authentication Methods

User Authorization of VPN Connections

Supported Sets of RADIUS Attributes

Supported RADIUS Authorization Attributes

Supported IETF RADIUS Authorization Attributes

RADIUS Accounting Disconnect Reason Codes

Licensing Requirements for RADIUS Servers

Guidelines and Limitations

Configuring RADIUS Servers

Task Flow for Configuring RADIUS Servers

Configuring RADIUS Server Groups

Adding a RADIUS Server to a Group

Monitoring RADIUS Servers

Additional References

RFCs

Feature History for RADIUS Servers

Configuring RADIUS Servers for AAA

This chapter describes how to configure RADIUS servers for AAA and includes the following sections:

Information About RADIUS Servers

The ASA supports the following RFC-compliant RADIUS servers for AAA:

  • Cisco Secure ACS 3.2, 4.0, 4.1, 4.2, and 5.x
  • Cisco Identity Services Engine (ISE)
  • RSA RADIUS in RSA Authentication Manager 5.2, 6.1, and 7.x
  • Microsoft

This section includes the following topics:

Supported Authentication Methods

The ASA supports the following authentication methods with RADIUS servers:

  • PAP—For all connection types.
  • CHAP and MS-CHAPv1—For L2TP-over-IPsec connections.
  • MS-CHAPv2—For L2TP-over-IPsec connections, and for regular IPsec remote access connections when the password management feature is enabled. You can also use MS-CHAPv2 with clientless connections.
  • Authentication Proxy modes—For RADIUS-to Active-Directory, RADIUS-to-RSA/SDI, RADIUS- to-Token server, and RSA/SDI-to-RADIUS connections,

NoteTo enable MS-CHAPv2 as the protocol used between the ASA and the RADIUS server for a VPN connection, password management must be enabled in the tunnel group general attributes. Enabling password management generates an MS-CHAPv2 authentication request from the ASA to the RADIUS server. See the description of thepassword-management command for details.

If you use double authentication and enable password management in the tunnel group, then the primary and secondary authentication requests include MS-CHAPv2 request attributes. If a RADIUS server does not support MS-CHAPv2, then you can configure that server to send a non-MS-CHAPv2 authentication request by using the no mschapv2-capable command.


User Authorization of VPN Connections

The ASA can use RADIUS servers for user authorization of VPN remote access and firewall cut-through-proxy sessions using dynamic ACLs or ACL names per user. To implement dynamic ACLs, you must configure the RADIUS server to support them. When the user authenticates, the RADIUS server sends a downloadable ACL or ACL name to the ASA. Access to a given service is either permitted or denied by the ACL. The ASA deletes the ACL when the authentication session expires.

In addition to ACLs, the ASA supports many other attributes for authorization and setting of permissions for VPN remote access and firewall cut-through proxy sessions.

Supported Sets of RADIUS Attributes

The ASA supports the following sets of RADIUS attributes:

  • Authentication attributes defined in RFC 2138.
  • Accounting attributes defined in RFC 2139.
  • RADIUS attributes for tunneled protocol support, defined in RFC 2868.
  • Cisco IOS Vendor-Specific Attributes (VSAs), identified by RADIUS vendor ID 9.
  • Cisco VPN-related VSAs, identified by RADIUS vendor ID 3076.
  • Microsoft VSAs, defined in RFC 2548.
  • Cisco VSA (Cisco-Priv-Level), which provides a standard 0-15 numeric ranking of privileges, with 1 being the lowest level and 15 being the highest level. A zero level indicates no privileges. The first level (login) allows privileged EXEC access for the commands available at this level. The second level (enable) allows CLI configuration privileges.

Supported RADIUS Authorization Attributes

Authorization refers to the process of enforcing permissions or attributes. A RADIUS server defined as an authentication server enforces permissions or attributes if they are configured. These attributes have vendor ID 3076.

Table 34-1 lists the supported RADIUS attributes that can be used for user authorization.


NoteRADIUS attribute names do not contain the cVPN3000 prefix. Cisco Secure ACS 4.x supports this new nomenclature, but attribute names in pre-4.0 ACS releases still include the cVPN3000 prefix. The ASAs enforce the RADIUS attributes based on attribute numeric ID, not attribute name.

All attributes listed in Table 34-1 are downstream attributes that are sent from the RADIUS server to the ASA except for the following attribute numbers: 146, 150, 151, and 152. These attribute numbers are upstream attributes that are sent from the ASA to the RADIUS server. RADIUS attributes 146 and 150 are sent from the ASA to the RADIUS server for authentication and authorization requests. All four previously listed attributes are sent from the ASA to the RADIUS server for accounting start, interim-update, and stop requests. Upstream RADIUS attributes 146, 150, 151, and 152 were introduced in Version 8.4(3).

Cisco ACS 5.x and Cisco ISE do not support IPv6 framed IP addresses for IP address assignment using RADIUS authentication in Version 9.0(1).


 

Table 34-1 Supported RADIUS Authorization Attributes

Attribute Name
ASA
Attr. No.
Syntax/Type
Single or Multi-
Valued
Description or Value

Access-Hours

Y

1

String

Single

Name of the time range, for example, Business-hours

Access-List-Inbound

Y

86

String

Single

ACL ID

Access-List-Outbound

Y

87

String

Single

ACL ID

Address-Pools

Y

217

String

Single

Name of IP local pool

Allow-Network-Extension-Mode

Y

64

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Authenticated-User-Idle-Timeout

Y

50

Integer

Single

1-35791394 minutes

Authorization-DN-Field

Y

67

String

Single

Possible values: UID, OU, O, CN, L, SP, C, EA, T, N, GN, SN, I, GENQ, DNQ, SER, use-entire-name

Authorization-Required

 

66

Integer

Single

0 = No
1 = Yes

Authorization-Type

Y

65

Integer

Single

0 = None
1 = RADIUS
2 = LDAP

Banner1

Y

15

String

Single

Banner string to display for Cisco VPN remote access sessions: IPsec IKEv1, AnyConnect SSL-TLS/DTLS/IKEv2, and Clientless SSL

Banner2

Y

36

String

Single

Banner string to display for Cisco VPN remote access sessions: IPsec IKEv1, AnyConnect SSL-TLS/DTLS/IKEv2, and Clientless SSL. The Banner2 string is concatenated to the Banner1 string , if configured.

Cisco-IP-Phone-Bypass

Y

51

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Cisco-LEAP-Bypass

Y

75

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Client Type

Y

150

Integer

Single

1 = Cisco VPN Client (IKEv1)
2 = AnyConnect Client SSL VPN
3 = Clientless SSL VPN
4 = Cut-Through-Proxy
5 = L2TP/IPsec SSL VPN
6 = AnyConnect Client IPsec VPN (IKEv2)

Client-Type-Version-Limiting

Y

77

String

Single

IPsec VPN version number string

DHCP-Network-Scope

Y

61

String

Single

IP Address

Extended-Authentication-On-Rekey

Y

122

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Group-Policy

Y

25

String

Single

Sets the group policy for the remote access VPN session. For Versions 8.2.x and later, use this attribute instead of IETF-Radius-Class. You can use one of the following formats:

  • group policy name
  • OU= group policy name
  • OU= group policy name ;

IE-Proxy-Bypass-Local

 

83

Integer

Single

0 = None
1 = Local

IE-Proxy-Exception-List

 

82

String

Single

New line (\n) separated list of DNS domains

IE-Proxy-PAC-URL

Y

133

String

Single

PAC address string

IE-Proxy-Server

 

80

String

Single

IP address

IE-Proxy-Server-Policy

 

81

Integer

Single

1 = No Modify
2 = No Proxy
3 = Auto detect
4 = Use Concentrator Setting

IKE-KeepAlive-Confidence-Interval

Y

68

Integer

Single

10-300 seconds

IKE-Keepalive-Retry-Interval

Y

84

Integer

Single

2-10 seconds

IKE-Keep-Alives

Y

41

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Intercept-DHCP-Configure-Msg

Y

62

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

IPsec-Allow-Passwd-Store

Y

16

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

IPsec-Authentication

 

13

Integer

Single

0 = None
1 = RADIUS
2 = LDAP (authorization only)
3 = NT Domain
4 = SDI
5 = Internal
6 = RADIUS with Expiry
7 = Kerberos/Active Directory

IPsec-Auth-On-Rekey

Y

42

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

IPsec-Backup-Server-List

Y

60

String

Single

Server Addresses (space delimited)

IPsec-Backup-Servers

Y

59

String

Single

1 = Use Client-Configured list
2 = Disable and clear client list
3 = Use Backup Server list

IPsec-Client-Firewall-Filter-Name

 

57

String

Single

Specifies the name of the filter to be pushed to the client as firewall policy

IPsec-Client-Firewall-Filter-Optional

Y

58

Integer

Single

0 = Required
1 = Optional

IPsec-Default-Domain

Y

28

String

Single

Specifies the single default domain name to send to the client (1-255 characters).

IPsec-IKE-Peer-ID-Check

Y

40

Integer

Single

1 = Required
2 = If supported by peer certificate
3 = Do not check

IPsec-IP-Compression

Y

39

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

IPsec-Mode-Config

Y

31

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

IPsec-Over-UDP

Y

34

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

IPsec-Over-UDP-Port

Y

35

Integer

Single

4001- 49151. The default is 10000.

IPsec-Required-Client-Firewall-Capability

Y

56

Integer

Single

0 = None
1 = Policy defined by remote FW Are-You-There (AYT)
2 = Policy pushed CPP
4 = Policy from server

IPsec-Sec-Association

 

12

String

Single

Name of the security association

IPsec-Split-DNS-Names

Y

29

String

Single

Specifies the list of secondary domain names to send to the client (1-255 characters).

IPsec-Split-Tunneling-Policy

Y

55

Integer

Single

0 = No split tunneling
1 = Split tunneling
2 = Local LAN permitted

IPsec-Split-Tunnel-List

Y

27

String

Single

Specifies the name of the network or ACL that describes the split tunnel inclusion list.

IPsec-Tunnel-Type

Y

30

Integer

Single

1 = LAN-to-LAN
2 = Remote access

IPsec-User-Group-Lock

 

33

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

IPv6-Address-Pools

Y

218

String

Single

Name of IP local pool-IPv6

IPv6-VPN-Filter

Y

219

String

Single

ACL value

L2TP-Encryption

 

21

Integer

Single

Bitmap:
1 = Encryption required
2 = 40 bits
4 = 128 bits
8 = Stateless-Req
15= 40/128-Encr/Stateless-Req

L2TP-MPPC-Compression

 

38

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Member-Of

Y

145

String

Single

Comma-delimited string, for example:

Engineering, Sales
 

An administrative attribute that can be used in dynamic access policies. It does not set a group policy.

MS-Client-Subnet-Mask

Y

63

Boolean

Single

An IP address

NAC-Default-ACL

 

92

String

 

ACL

NAC-Enable

 

89

Integer

Single

0 = No
1 = Yes

NAC-Revalidation-Timer

 

91

Integer

Single

300-86400 seconds

NAC-Settings

Y

141

String

Single

Name of the NAC policy

NAC-Status-Query-Timer

 

90

Integer

Single

30-1800 seconds

Perfect-Forward-Secrecy-Enable

Y

88

Boolean

Single

0 = No
1 = Yes

PPTP-Encryption

 

20

Integer

Single

Bitmap:
1 = Encryption required
2 = 40 bits
4 = 128 bits
8 = Stateless-Required
15= 40/128-Encr/Stateless-Req

PPTP-MPPC-Compression

 

37

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Primary-DNS

Y

5

String

Single

An IP address

Primary-WINS

Y

7

String

Single

An IP address

Privilege-Level

Y

220

Integer

Single

An integer between 0 and 15.

Required-Client- Firewall-Vendor-Code

Y

45

Integer

Single

1 = Cisco Systems (with Cisco Integrated Client)
2 = Zone Labs
3 = NetworkICE
4 = Sygate
5 = Cisco Systems (with Cisco Intrusion Prevention Security Agent)

Required-Client-Firewall-Description

Y

47

String

Single

String

Required-Client-Firewall-Product-Code

Y

46

Integer

Single

Cisco Systems Products:

1 = Cisco Intrusion Prevention Security Agent or Cisco Integrated Client (CIC)

Zone Labs Products:
1 = Zone Alarm
2 = Zone AlarmPro
3 = Zone Labs Integrity

NetworkICE Product:
1 = BlackIce Defender/Agent

Sygate Products:
1 = Personal Firewall
2 = Personal Firewall Pro
3 = Security Agent

Required-Individual-User-Auth

Y

49

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Require-HW-Client-Auth

Y

48

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

Secondary-DNS

Y

6

String

Single

An IP address

Secondary-WINS

Y

8

String

Single

An IP address

SEP-Card-Assignment

 

9

Integer

Single

Not used

Session Subtype

Y

152

Integer

Single

0 = None
1 = Clientless
2 = Client
3 = Client Only

Session Subtype applies only when the Session Type (151) attribute has the following values: 1, 2, 3, and 4.

Session Type

Y

151

Integer

Single

0 = None
1 = AnyConnect Client SSL VPN
2 = AnyConnect Client IPSec VPN (IKEv2)
3 = Clientless SSL VPN
4 = Clientless Email Proxy
5 = Cisco VPN Client (IKEv1)
6 = IKEv1 LAN-LAN
7 = IKEv2 LAN-LAN
8 = VPN Load Balancing

Simultaneous-Logins

Y

2

Integer

Single

0-2147483647

Smart-Tunnel

Y

136

String

Single

Name of a Smart Tunnel

Smart-Tunnel-Auto

Y

138

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
2 = AutoStart

Smart-Tunnel-Auto-Signon-Enable

Y

139

String

Single

Name of a Smart Tunnel Auto Signon list appended by the domain name

Strip-Realm

Y

135

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

SVC-Ask

Y

131

String

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
3 = Enable default service
5 = Enable default clientless
(2 and 4 not used)

SVC-Ask-Timeout

Y

132

Integer

Single

5-120 seconds

SVC-DPD-Interval-Client

Y

108

Integer

Single

0 = Off
5-3600 seconds

SVC-DPD-Interval-Gateway

Y

109

Integer

Single

0 = Off)
5-3600 seconds

SVC-DTLS

Y

123

Integer

Single

0 = False
1 = True

SVC-Keepalive

Y

107

Integer

Single

0 = Off
15-600 seconds

SVC-Modules

Y

127

String

Single

String (name of a module)

SVC-MTU

Y

125

Integer

Single

MTU value
256-1406 in bytes

SVC-Profiles

Y

128

String

Single

String (name of a profile)

SVC-Rekey-Time

Y

110

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1-10080 minutes

Tunnel Group Name

Y

146

String

Single

1-253 characters

Tunnel-Group-Lock

Y

85

String

Single

Name of the tunnel group or “none”

Tunneling-Protocols

Y

11

Integer

Single

1 = PPTP
2 = L2TP
4 = IPSec (IKEv1)
8 = L2TP/IPSec
16 = WebVPN
32 = SVC
64 = IPsec (IKEv2)
8 and 4 are mutually exclusive.
0 - 11, 16 - 27, 32 - 43, 48 - 59 are legal values.

Use-Client-Address

 

17

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

VLAN

Y

140

Integer

Single

0-4094

WebVPN-Access-List

Y

73

String

Single

Access-List name

WebVPN ACL

Y

73

String

Single

Name of a WebVPN ACL on the device

WebVPN-ActiveX-Relay

Y

137

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
Otherwise = Enabled

WebVPN-Apply-ACL

Y

102

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-Auto-HTTP-Signon

Y

124

String

Single

Reserved

WebVPN-Citrix-Metaframe-Enable

Y

101

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-Content-Filter-Parameters

Y

69

Integer

Single

1 = Java ActiveX
2 = Java Script
4 = Image
8 = Cookies in images

WebVPN-Customization

Y

113

String

Single

Name of the customization

WebVPN-Default-Homepage

Y

76

String

Single

A URL such as http://example-example.com

WebVPN-Deny-Message

Y

116

String

Single

Valid string (up to 500 characters)

WebVPN-Download_Max-Size

Y

157

Integer

Single

0x7fffffff

WebVPN-File-Access-Enable

Y

94

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-File-Server-Browsing-Enable

Y

96

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-File-Server-Entry-Enable

Y

95

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-Group-based-HTTP/HTTPS-Proxy-Exception-List

Y

78

String

Single

Comma-separated DNS/IP with an optional wildcard (*) (for example *.cisco.com, 192.168.1.*, wwwin.cisco.com)

WebVPN-Hidden-Shares

Y

126

Integer

Single

0 = None
1 = Visible

WebVPN-Home-Page-Use-Smart-Tunnel

Y

228

Boolean

Single

Enabled if clientless home page is to be rendered through Smart Tunnel.

WebVPN-HTML-Filter

Y

69

Bitmap

Single

1 = Java ActiveX
2 = Scripts
4 = Image
8 = Cookies

WebVPN-HTTP-Compression

Y

120

Integer

Single

0 = Off
1 = Deflate Compression

WebVPN-HTTP-Proxy-IP-Address

Y

74

String

Single

Comma-separated DNS/IP:port, with http= or https= prefix (for example http=10.10.10.10:80, https=11.11.11.11:443)

WebVPN-Idle-Timeout-Alert-Interval

Y

148

Integer

Single

0-30. 0 = Disabled.

WebVPN-Keepalive-Ignore

Y

121

Integer

Single

0-900

WebVPN-Macro-Substitution

Y

223

String

Single

Unbounded. For examples, see the SSL VPN Deployment Guide at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/security/asa/asa80/asdm60/ssl_vpn_deployment_guide/deploy.html

WebVPN-Macro-Substitution

Y

224

String

Single

Unbounded. For examples, see the SSL VPN Deployment Guide at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/security/asa/asa80/asdm60/ssl_vpn_deployment_guide/deploy.html

WebVPN-Port-Forwarding-Enable

Y

97

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-Port-Forwarding-Exchange-Proxy-Enable

Y

98

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-Port-Forwarding-HTTP-Proxy

Y

99

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-Port-Forwarding-List

Y

72

String

Single

Port forwarding list name

WebVPN-Port-Forwarding-Name

Y

79

String

Single

String name (example, “Corporate-Apps”).

This text replaces the default string, “Application Access,” on the clientless portal home page.

WebVPN-Post-Max-Size

Y

159

Integer

Single

0x7fffffff

WebVPN-Session-Timeout-Alert-Interval

Y

149

Integer

Single

0-30. 0 = Disabled.

WebVPN Smart-Card-Removal-Disconnect

Y

225

Boolean

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-Smart-Tunnel

Y

136

String

Single

Name of a Smart Tunnel

WebVPN-Smart-Tunnel-Auto-Sign-On

Y

139

String

Single

Name of a Smart Tunnel auto sign-on list appended by the domain name

WebVPN-Smart-Tunnel-Auto-Start

Y

138

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
2 = Auto Start

WebVPN-Smart-Tunnel-Tunnel-Policy

Y

227

String

Single

One of “e networkname,” “i networkname,” or “a,” where networkname is the name of a Smart Tunnel network list, e indicates the tunnel excluded, i indicates the tunnel specified, and a indicates all tunnels.

WebVPN-SSL-VPN-Client-Enable

Y

103

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-SSL-VPN-Client-Keep- Installation

Y

105

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-SSL-VPN-Client-Required

Y

104

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-SSO-Server-Name

Y

114

String

Single

Valid string

WebVPN-Storage-Key

Y

162

String

Single

 

WebVPN-Storage-Objects

Y

161

String

Single

 

WebVPN-SVC-Keepalive-Frequency

Y

107

Integer

Single

15-600 seconds, 0=Off

WebVPN-SVC-Client-DPD-Frequency

Y

108

Integer

Single

5-3600 seconds, 0=Off

WebVPN-SVC-DTLS-Enable

Y

123

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-SVC-DTLS-MTU

Y

125

Integer

Single

MTU value is from 256-1406 bytes.

WebVPN-SVC-Gateway-DPD-Frequency

Y

109

Integer

Single

5-3600 seconds, 0=Off

WebVPN-SVC-Rekey-Time

Y

110

Integer

Single

4-10080 minutes, 0=Off

WebVPN-SVC-Rekey-Method

Y

111

Integer

Single

0 (Off), 1 (SSL), 2 (New Tunnel)

WebVPN-SVC-Compression

Y

112

Integer

Single

0 (Off), 1 (Deflate Compression)

WebVPN-UNIX-Group-ID (GID)

Y

222

Integer

Single

Valid UNIX group IDs

WebVPN-UNIX-User-ID (UIDs)

Y

221

Integer

Single

Valid UNIX user IDs

WebVPN-Upload-Max-Size

Y

158

Integer

Single

0x7fffffff

WebVPN-URL-Entry-Enable

Y

93

Integer

Single

0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled

WebVPN-URL-List

Y

71

String

Single

URL list name

WebVPN-User-Storage

Y

160

String

Single

 

WebVPN-VDI

Y

163

String

Single

List of settings

Supported IETF RADIUS Authorization Attributes

Table 34-2 lists the supported IETF RADIUS attributes.

 

Table 34-2 Supported IETF RADIUS Attributes

Attribute Name
ASA
Attr. No.
Syntax/Type
Single or Multi-
Valued
Description or Value

IETF-Radius-Class

Y

25

 

Single

For Versions 8.2.x and later, we recommend that you use the Group-Policy attribute (VSA 3076, #25) as described in Table 34-1 :

  • group policy name
  • OU= group policy name
  • OU= group policy name

IETF-Radius-Filter-Id

Y

11

String

Single

ACL name that is defined on the ASA, which applies only to full tunnel IPsec and SSL VPN clients.

IETF-Radius-Framed-IP-Address

Y

n/a

String

Single

An IP address

IETF-Radius-Framed-IP-Netmask

Y

n/a

String

Single

An IP address mask

IETF-Radius-Idle-Timeout

Y

28

Integer

Single

Seconds

IETF-Radius-Service-Type

Y

6

Integer

Single

Seconds. Possible Service Type values:

  • .Administrative—User is allowed access to the configure prompt.
  • .NAS-Prompt—User is allowed access to the exec prompt.
  • .remote-access—User is allowed network access

IETF-Radius-Session-Timeout

Y

27

Integer

Single

Seconds

RADIUS Accounting Disconnect Reason Codes

These codes are returned if the ASA encounters a disconnect when sending packets:

 

Disconnect Reason Code

ACCT_DISC_USER_REQ = 1

ACCT_DISC_LOST_CARRIER = 2

ACCT_DISC_LOST_SERVICE = 3

ACCT_DISC_IDLE_TIMEOUT = 4

ACCT_DISC_SESS_TIMEOUT = 5

ACCT_DISC_ADMIN_RESET = 6

ACCT_DISC_ADMIN_REBOOT = 7

ACCT_DISC_PORT_ERROR = 8

ACCT_DISC_NAS_ERROR = 9

ACCT_DISC_NAS_REQUEST = 10

ACCT_DISC_NAS_REBOOT = 11

ACCT_DISC_PORT_UNNEEDED = 12

ACCT_DISC_PORT_PREEMPTED = 13

ACCT_DISC_PORT_SUSPENDED = 14

ACCT_DISC_SERV_UNAVAIL = 15

ACCT_DISC_CALLBACK = 16

ACCT_DISC_USER_ERROR = 17

ACCT_DISC_HOST_REQUEST = 18

ACCT_DISC_ADMIN_SHUTDOWN = 19

ACCT_DISC_SA_EXPIRED = 21

ACCT_DISC_MAX_REASONS = 22

Licensing Requirements for RADIUS Servers

 

Model
License Requirement

All models

Base License.

Guidelines and Limitations

This section includes the guidelines and limitations for this feature.

Context Mode Guidelines

Supported in single and multiple context mode.

Firewall Mode Guidelines

Supported in routed and transparent firewall mode.

IPv6 Guidelines

Supports IPv6.

Additional Guidelines

Configuring RADIUS Servers

This section includes the following topics:

Task Flow for Configuring RADIUS Servers


Step 1 Load the ASA attributes into the RADIUS server. The method that you use to load the attributes depends on which type of RADIUS server that you are using:

    • If you are using Cisco ACS: the server already has these attributes integrated. You can skip this step.
    • For RADIUS servers from other vendors (for example, Microsoft Internet Authentication Service): you must manually define each ASA attribute. To define an attribute, use the attribute name or number, type, value, and vendor code (3076).

Step 2 Add a RADIUS server group. See the “Configuring RADIUS Server Groups” section.

Step 3 For a server group, add a server to the group. See the “Adding a RADIUS Server to a Group” section.


 

Configuring RADIUS Server Groups

If you want to use an external RADIUS server for authentication, authorization, or accounting, you must first create at least one RADIUS server group per AAA protocol and add one or more servers to each group. You identify AAA server groups by name.

To add a RADIUS server group, perform the following steps:

Detailed Steps

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

aaa-server server_tag protocol radius
 

ciscoasa(config)# aaa-server servergroup1 protocol radius

ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)#

Identifies the server group name and the protocol.

When you enter the aaa-server protocol command, you enter aaa-server group configuration mode.

Step 2

merge-dacl { before-avpair | after-avpair }
 

ciscoasa(config)# aaa-server servergroup1 protocol radius

ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)# merge-dacl before-avpair

Merges a downloadable ACL with the ACL received in the Cisco AV pair from a RADIUS packet. The default setting is no merge dacl , which specifies that downloadable ACLs will not be merged with Cisco AV pair ACLs. If both an AV pair and a downloadable ACL are received, the AV pair has priority and is used.

The before-avpair option specifies that the downloadable ACL entries should be placed before the Cisco AV pair entries.

The after-avpair option specifies that the downloadable ACL entries should be placed after the Cisco AV pair entries. This option applies only to VPN connections. For VPN users, ACLs can be in the form of Cisco AV pair ACLs, downloadable ACLs, and an ACL that is configured on the ASA. This option determines whether or not the downloadable ACL and the AV pair ACL are merged, and does not apply to any ACLs configured on the ASA.

Step 3

max-failed-attempts number
 

ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)# max-failed-attempts 2

Specifies the maximum number of requests sent to a RADIUS server in the group before trying the next server. The number argument can range from 1 and 5. The default is 3.

If you configured a fallback method using the local database (for management access only), and all the servers in the group fail to respond, then the group is considered to be unresponsive, and the fallback method is tried. The server group remains marked as unresponsive for a period of 10 minutes (by default), so that additional AAA requests within that period do not attempt to contact the server group, and the fallback method is used immediately. To change the unresponsive period from the default, see the reactivation-mode command in the next step.

If you do not have a fallback method, the ASA continues to retry the servers in the group.

Step 4

reactivation-mode { depletion [ deadtime minutes ] | timed }
 

ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)# reactivation-mode deadtime 20

Specifies the method (reactivation policy) by which failed servers in a group are reactivated.

The depletion keyword reactivates failed servers only after all of the servers in the group are inactive.

The deadtime minutes keyword-argument pair specifies the amount of time in minutes, between 0 and 1440, that elapses between the disabling of the last server in the group and the subsequent reenabling of all servers. The default is 10 minutes.

The timed keyword reactivates failed servers after 30 seconds of down time.

Step 5

accounting-mode simultaneous
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)# accounting-mode simultaneous

Sends accounting messages to all servers in the group.

To restore the default of sending messages only to the active server, enter the accounting-mode single command.

Step 6

aaa-server server_group [ interface_name ] host server_ip
 
ciscoasa(config)# aaa-server servergroup1 outside host 10.10.1.1

Identifies the server and the AAA server group to which it belongs.

When you enter the aaa-server host command, you enter aaa-server host configuration mode.

Examples

The following example shows how to add one RADIUS group with a single server:

ciscoasa(config)# aaa-server AuthOutbound protocol radius
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)# exit.
ciscoasa(config)# aaa-server AuthOutbound (inside) host 10.1.1.3
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# key RadUauthKey
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# exit
 

Adding a RADIUS Server to a Group

To add a RADIUS server to a group, perform the following steps:

Detailed Steps

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

aaa-server server_group [ interface_name ] host server_ip
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)# aaa-server servergroup1 outside host 10.10.1.1

Identifies the RADIUS server and the AAA server group to which it belongs.

When you enter the aaa-server host command, you enter aaa-server host configuration mode.

Step 2

acl-netmask-convert { auto-detect | standard | wildcard }
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# acl-netmask-convert standard

Specifies how the ASA treats netmasks received in a downloadable ACL from a RADIUS server that is accessed by using the aaa-server host command.

The auto-detect keyword specifies that the ASA should attempt to determine the type of netmask expression used. If the ASA detects a wildcard netmask expression, it converts it to a standard netmask expression.

The standard keyword specifies that the ASA assumes downloadable ACLs received from the RADIUS server contain only standard netmask expressions. No translation from wildcard netmask expressions is performed.

The wildcard keyword specifies that the ASA assumes downloadable ACLs received from the RADIUS server contain only wildcard netmask expressions and converts them all to standard netmask expressions when the ACLs are downloaded.

Step 3

radius-common-pw string
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# radius-common-pw examplepassword123abc

Specifies a common password to be used for all users who are accessing a RADIUS authorization server through the ASA.

The string argument is a case-sensitive, alphanumeric keyword of up to 127 characters to be used as a common password for all authorization transactions with the RADIUS server.

Step 4

mschapv2-capable
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# mschapv2-capable

Enables MS-CHAPv2 authentication requests to the RADIUS server.

Step 5

timeout hh:mm:ss
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# timeout 15

Specifies the length of time, in seconds, that the ASA waits for a response from the primary server before sending the request to the backup server.

Step 6

retry-interval seconds
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# retry-interval 8

Configures the amount of time between retry attempts for a particular AAA server designated in a previous aaa-server host command.

The seconds argument specifies the retry interval (1-10 seconds) for the request. This is the time that the ASA waits before retrying a connection request.

Step 7

accounting-mode simultaneous
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)# accounting-mode simultaneous

Sends accounting messages to all servers in the group.

To restore the default of sending messages only to the active server, enter the accounting-mode single command.

Step 8

authentication-port port
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# authentication-port 1645

Specifies the authentication port as port number1645, or the server port o be used for authentication of users.

Step 9

accounting-port port
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# accounting-port 1646

Specifies the accounting port as port number 1646, or the server port to be used for accounting for this host.

Step 10

key
 
ciscoasa(config-aaa-host)# key myexamplekey1

Specifies the server secret value used to authenticate the RADIUS server to the ASA. The server secret that you configure should match the one configured on the RADIUS server. If you do not know the server secret value, ask the RADIUS server administrator. The maximum length is 64 characters.

Examples

The following example shows how to add a RADIUS server to an existing RADIUS server group:

ciscoasa(config)# aaa-server svrgrp1 protocol radius
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-group)# aaa-server svrgrp1 host 192.168.3.4
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# acl-netmask-convert wildcard
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# radius-common-pw myexaplepasswordabc123
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# mschapv2-capable
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# timeout 9
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# retry-interval 7
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# accounting-mode simultaneous
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# authentication-port 1650
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# authorization-port 1645
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# key mysecretkeyexampleiceage2
ciscoasa(config-aaa-server-host)# exit
ciscoasa(config)#

Monitoring RADIUS Servers

To monitor RADIUS servers,enter one of the following commands:

 

Command
Purpose

show aaa-server

Shows the configured RADIUS server statistics.

To clear the RADIUS server configuration, enter the clear aaa-server statistics command.

show running-config aaa-server

Shows the RADIUS server running configuration.

To clear RADIUS server statistics, enter the clear configure aaa-server command.

Additional References

For additional information related to implementing AAA through RADIUS servers, see the “RFCs” section.

RFCs

RFC
Title

2138

Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)

2139

RADIUS Accounting

2548

Microsoft Vendor-specific RADIUS Attributes

2868

RADIUS Attributes for Tunnel Protocol Support

Feature History for RADIUS Servers

Table 34-3 lists each feature change and the platform release in which it was implemented.

,

Table 34-3 Feature History for RADIUS Servers

Feature Name
Platform Releases
Feature Information

RADIUS Servers for AAA

7.0(1)

Describes how to configure RADIUS servers for AAA.

We introduced the following commands:

aaa-server protocol , max-failed-attempts , reactivation-mode , accounting-mode simultaneous , aaa-server host , show aaa-server , show running-config aaa-server , clear aaa-server statistics , authentication-port , accounting-port , retry-interval , acl-netmask-convert , clear configure aaa-server , merge-dacl , radius-common-pw, key .

Key vendor-specific attributes (VSAs) sent in RADIUS access request and accounting request packets from the ASA

8.4(3)

Four New VSAs—Tunnel Group Name (146) and Client Type (150) are sent in RADIUS access request packets from the ASA. Session Type (151) and Session Subtype (152) are sent in RADIUS accounting request packets from the ASA. All four attributes are sent for all accounting request packet types: Start, Interim-Update, and Stop. The RADIUS server (for example, ACS and ISE) can then enforce authorization and policy attributes or use them for accounting and billing purposes.