Cisco IOS XR System Management Command Reference for the Cisco XR 12000 Series Router, Release 4.2.x
Configuration Management Commands on the Cisco IOS XR Software
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Configuration Management Commands on the Cisco IOS XR Software

Contents

Configuration Management Commands on the Cisco IOS XR Software

This module describes the Cisco IOS XR commands used to manage your basic configuration.

For detailed information about configuration management concepts, tasks, and examples, see Cisco IOS XR Getting Started Guide for the Cisco XR 12000 Series Router.

abort

To terminate a configuration session and discard all uncommitted changes without system confirmations, use the abort command in any configuration mode.

abort

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Any configuration mode

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the abort command to terminate a configuration session and return to EXEC mode from any configuration mode. This command discards all uncommitted configuration changes. You are prompted to commit the changes.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

Task ID for the feature or mode impacted by the command

Operation for the feature or mode impacted by the command

Examples

The following example shows how to use the abort command to discard all changes made during a configuration session:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# abort
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# 
		

Related Commands

Command

Description

end

Terminates a session and returns the router to EXEC mode from any configuration mode.  

exit

Exits from the current configuration mode to the next higher command mode or logs out of the terminal session.  

admin

To enter administration EXEC mode, use the admin command in EXEC mode.

admin

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the admin command to enter administration EXEC mode. Administration commands are used to configure secure domain routers (SDRs) and to execute various administration plane commands.


Note


Administration commands can be run only by entering administration mode and not by prefixing the admin command with the keyword in EXEC mode.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

admin

read, write, execute

Examples

The following example shows how to enter administration EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# admin
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin)# 
  
  

To use administration configuration mode, use the configure command in administration EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# admin 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin)# configure 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config)#
  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

configure

Enters global configuration mode.  

alias

To create a command alias, use the alias command in global configuration mode. To delete an alias, use the no form of this command.

alias alias-name [(param-list)] content

no alias alias-name

Syntax Description

alias-name

Name of the command alias. Alias names can be a single word or multiple words joined by a hyphen (-) or an underscore (_).

param-list

(Optional) Parameters assigned to the alias. These parameters are filled in at execution time.

content

Original command syntax. Valid abbreviations of the original command syntax can be entered for the content argument.

Command Default

No command aliases are configured.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Cisco IOS XR software supports generic alias definitions for various entities. Any physical or logical entity can have an alias as a reference. For example, an alias can refer to a command, a partial command, a group of commands, a location, or an IP address.

An alias must first be defined. The alias can then be used in command lines in place of the defined entity.

Following is a list of properties for an alias:

  • An alias can be used anywhere and in any mode.
  • An alias can have zero, one, or many parameters.
  • An alias can refer to those parameters with the $ sign.
  • If an alias refers to more than one command, the commands must be separated by a semicolon (;).
  • The size of the alias command is limited to 1024 characters.

The alias command can be used anywhere. If the content referenced by the alias is invalid or inappropriate in that context or mode, the system issues a warning message containing the substituted content.

An alias name should not be a subset of the keywords that it represents as alias. Substitution is done only when the entered input match fails completely. For instance, the attempt to define an alias with “config�? as the alias name fails, as shown in the following example:

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router# (config)# alias config set_host hostname router
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router# (config)# show configuration

alias set_host hostname router
  

Use the show aliases command to display all command aliases or the command aliases in a specified mode.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

logging

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to create an alias named ipbr for the show ipv4 interface brief command, commit the configuration, enter EXEC mode, and then enter the configured alias:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# alias ipbr show ipv4 interface brief
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# show configuration 
  
Building configuration... 
alias ipbr show ipv4 interface brief 
end
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# commit
RP/0/0/CPU0:Feb 21 04:42:57.017 : config[65689]: %MGBL-LIBTARCFG-6-COMMIT : 
Configuration committed by user 'lab'.   Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000022' to view the changes.
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# end
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:Mar 27 22:19:05 : config[65739]: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I : Configured from console by lab 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# ipbr 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show ipv4 interface brief
  
Interface                      IP-Address      Status                Protocol
Loopback0                      1.1.1.1         Up                    Up
Loopback999                    unassigned      Up                    Up
MgmtEth0/0/CPU0/0              12.29.56.21     Up                    Up
RP/0/0/CPU0:router#
    

The following example shows how to define an alias, mycompany-10ge, for POS interface 1/0/2/3 and then how to use that alias to shut down the interface:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# alias mycompany-10ge gigabitethernet1/0/2/3 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface mycompany-10ge 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# shutdown
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# exit
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)#
    

The following example shows the use of a parameter name in an alias definition:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# alias shint (intname) show interface $intname
                     

The following example shows an alias defined with one parameter and two commands:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# alias shint_both (intname) show interface $intname;show run interface $intname
                     

The following example shows the use of the alias shint_both in EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(exec)# shint_both(gigabitethernet1/2/3/4)
    

Two commands are issued, as follows:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(exec)# show interface gigabitethernet1/2/3/4; show run interface gigabitethernet1/2/3/4 
                     

Related Commands

Command

Description

show aliases

Displays a summary of all command aliases.  

apply-template

To apply a template to the target configuration, use the apply-template command in global configuration mode.

apply-template template-name [ (param-list) ]

Syntax Description

template-name

Name of the template to be applied to the running configuration. Use the template command to define a template.

param-list

(Optional) Up to five template parameters.

Command Default

No templates are applied to the target configuration.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the apply-template command to apply a template to the target configuration. Templates allow you to create a template name that represents a group of configuration commands.

Use the template command to define a template. Use the end-template command to exit template configuration mode and return to global configuration mode. Use the show-running command with the optional template template-name keyword and argument to display the contents of a template.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to define a template and then apply the template to the target configuration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# template hostname-template
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-TPL)# hostname router1
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-TPL)# end-template
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# apply-template hostname-template 
                    

Related Commands

Command

Description

end-template

Exits template configuration mode.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

template

Defines a template.  

clear comment

To discard a comment associated with a configuration, use the clear comment command in any configuration mode.

clear comment

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Any configuration mode

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.6.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The clear comment command clears any comments that were added for a specific configuration in the configuration file. After you enter the clear comment command, enter the configuration for which you want to delete the comment on a separate line.

To enter configuration comments, enter ! followed by the comment. The comment you enter is associated with the next configuration entered. For example:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router#!router1 is located in xxx
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# hostname router1
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# commit
  

The comment is displayed in the output of the show running-config command:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show running-config
...
!router1 is located in xxx
hostname router1
...
  

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

Task ID for the feature or configuration mode impacted by the command

Operation for the feature or configuration mode impacted by the command

Examples

The following example shows how to discard the comment associated with the configuration ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.0.0.0.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# clear comment
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
  

clear configuration commits

To delete old commit IDs from the commit database to free up disk space, use the clear configuration commits command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

clear configuration commits { diskspace kilobytes | oldest number-of-commits }

Syntax Description

diskspace kilobytes

Deletes as many commit IDs (beginning with the oldest available commit ID) from the commit database as required to free the number of kilobytes (KB) specified for the kilobytes argument. The range for the number of kilobytes of disk space to free is 1 to 4194304.

Note   

The amount of disk space freed may vary depending on the size and number of commits present in the commit database.

oldest number-of-commits

Deletes the number of commit IDs specified for the number-of-commits argument.

Note   

Use the online help ( ? ) function to display the range of commit IDs available for deletion.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

Support was added for administration EXEC mode.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the clear configuration commits command to delete the number of commit IDs available for rollback operations. The most recent 100 commits are retained by the system. As new commit IDs are added, the oldest commit IDs are discarded and are no longer available for rollback operations.


Note


The clear configuration commits command deletes commits from the commit database only. The running configuration, thus, is not changed.



Note


When a commit ID is deleted from the commit database, it is no longer available for rollback and can no longer be used to display commit changes (with the show configuration rollback changes command).


Use the rollback configuration command to roll back the current running configuration to a previous configuration. Use the show configuration rollback changes command to display a list of the commit IDs available for rollback operations or to display the changes that would be made by the rollback configuration command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to delete the oldest 16 commit IDs to free up disk space. After entering this command, you will be prompted to confirm the deletion.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# clear configuration commits oldest 16
  
Deleting 16 rollback points '1000000021' to '1000000036'
256 KB of disk space will be freed. Continue with deletion?[confirm] y
                     

Related Commands

Command

Description

rollback configuration

Rolls back the configuration to a previous commit.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

clear configuration inconsistency

To clear an inconsistency alarm for an SDR configuration or admin plane configuration, use the clear configuration inconsistency command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

clear configuration inconsistency

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

Administration EXEC mode: Clears the inconsistency alarms for the admin plane configuration.

EXEC mode: Clears the inconsistency alarms for an SDR configuration.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.4.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

An inconsistency alarm is set when there is a failure to restore the configuration; this can occur during router startup, or when a line card or route processor (RP) card is inserted or removed.

If an inconsistency alarm is set, a message similar to the following example is displayed:

RP/0/0/CPU0:May 26 11:58:40.662 : cfgmgr-rp[130]: %MGBL-CONFIGCLI-3 
   BATCH_CONFIG_FAIL : 28 config(s) failed during startup. To view 
   failed config(s) use the command - "show configuration failed startup"
  
RP/0/0/CPU0:May 26 11:58:41.731 : cfgmgr-rp[130]: 
   %MGBL-CONFIG-3-ADMIN_INCONSISTENCY_ALARM : Admin plane configuration
   inconsistency alarm has been raised. Configuration commits will be
   blocked until an ADMIN plane 'clear configuration inconsistency' command
   has been run to synchronize persisted admin plane configuration with 
   running admin configuration.
    

When the inconsistency alarm is set, all configuration commit operations fail until the alarm is cleared using the clear configuration inconsistency command. This command clears the alarm and removes the failed configuration.

For example, the following configuration commit fails to finish due to an existing inconsistency alarm:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure 
  
ADMIN plane running configuration is inconsistent with persistent 
  configuration.
No configuration commits will be allowed until an admin plane 
'clear configuration inconsistency' command is performed.
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# hostname router2
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)#commit
  
ADMIN plane running configuration is inconsistent with persistent 
  configuration.
No configuration commits will be allowed until an admin plane 
'clear configuration inconsistency' command is performed.
    

Enter the clear configuration inconsistency command to clear the alarm and allow commit operations to continue.


Note


To reapply the failed configuration, you must reapply and recommit the configuration. Use the load configuration failed command with the startup keyword to populate the target configuration with the contents of the previous failed configuration from the startup configuration.


Use the show configuration history command with the alarm keyword to view the inconsistency alarm set and alarm clear events in the configuration history log.

Command Modes

To clear the inconsistency alarms for the admin plane configuration, enter the clear configuration inconsistency command in administration EXEC mode.

To clear the inconsistency alarms for an SDR configuration, enter the clear configuration inconsistency command in EXEC mode for that SDR.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to clear the inconsistency alarms for the admin plane configuration by entering the clear configuration inconsistency command in administration EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# admin
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin)# clear configuration inconsistency
  
Creating any missing directories in Configuration File system...OK
Initializing Configuration Version Manager...OK
Syncing ADMIN commit database with running configuration...OK
Re-initializing cache files...OK
Updating Commit Database.  Please wait...[OK]
  
  

The following example shows how to clear the inconsistency alarms for an SDR configuration. The command is entered in EXEC mode and impacts only that SDR.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# clear configuration inconsistency
  
Creating any missing directories in Configuration File system...OK
Initializing Configuration Version Manager...OK
Syncing commit database with running configuration...OK
Re-initializing cache files...OK
Updating Commit Database.  Please wait...[OK]
  
  

In the following example, a history of the inconsistency alarms set and cleared for the SDR configuration are displayed using the show configuration history command with the alarm keyword:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration history alarm 
  
  Sno.  Event      Info                           Time Stamp
  ~~~~  ~~~~~      ~~~~                           ~~~~~~~~~~
  1     alarm      inconsistency alarm raised     Thu Jun 22 15:23:15 2009
  2     alarm      inconsistency alarm cleared    Thu Jun 22 15:42:30 2009
  3     alarm      inconsistency alarm raised     Sun Jul  9 13:39:57 2009
  4     alarm      inconsistency alarm cleared    Sun Jul  9 14:15:48 2009
  5     alarm      inconsistency alarm raised     Sat Jul 15 18:18:26 2009
  6     alarm      inconsistency alarm cleared    Sat Jul 15 19:21:03 2009
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

load configuration failed

Populates the target configuration with the contents of the previous failed configuration from the startup configuration.  

show configuration failed startup

Displays information about a configuration that failed at startup.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

clear configuration inconsistency replica

To resolve configuration inconsistencies on a replica node, use the clear configuration inconsistency replica command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

clear configuration inconsistency replica location node-id

Syntax Description

location node-id

Resolves the configuration inconsistencies on the designated node. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation.

Command Default

Administration EXEC mode: Resolves any configuration inconsistencies for the admin plane configuration.

EXEC mode: Resolves any configuration inconsistencies for the SDR configuration.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.6.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

In administration EXEC mode, the replica node for the clear configuration inconsistency replica command is the standby designated system controller (DSC). In EXEC mode, the replica nodes are the route processors (RPs) that can become the designated secure domain router shelf controller (DSDRSC) .

Use the clear configuration inconsistency replica command if there is a configuration inconsistency between the standby DSC and the current active DSC; or alternatively, if the configuration on any nodes that could become the DSC is not the same as the configuration on the current DSC. To determine if you have a configuration inconsistency, use the show configuration inconsistency replica command.

To clear configuration inconsistencies for the admin plane configuration, enter the clear configuration inconsistency replica command in administration EXEC mode.

To clear configuration inconsistencies for an SDR configuration, enter the clear configuration inconsistency replica command in EXEC mode for that SDR.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to clear any configuration inconsistencies for the DSC configuration by using the clear configuration inconsistency replica command in EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# clear configuration inconsistency replica location 0/rp1/cpu0

The replica has been repaired.
    

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration inconsistency replica

Displays any configuration inconsistencies on a standby node.  

clear configuration sessions

To clear (end) an active configuration session, use the clear configuration sessions command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

clear configuration sessions session-id

Syntax Description

session-id

Identifier for the configuration session to be terminated.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the clear configuration sessions command to clear a configuration session. This command can be used to end the configuration sessions of another user. Any uncommitted changes to a user’s target configuration are discarded.

Use the show configuration sessions command to identify active configuration sessions.

When a configuration session is cleared, a message is displayed on the terminal of the terminated user. For example:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# This configuration session was terminated by user 'user_a' from line 'aux0_0_CPU0'

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

execute

Examples

The following example shows how to clear an active configuration session. In this example, the show configuration sessions command displays the active configuration session. The clear configuration sessions command clears the active configuration session.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration sessions
  
Current Configuration Session   Line           User      Date                      Lock
00000211-002c409b-00000000      con0_RPs1_CPU0  UNKNOWN   Mon Feb  2 01:02:09 2009
  
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# clear configuration sessions 00000211-002c409b-00000000
  
session ID '00000211-002cb09b-00000000' terminated
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

commit

To commit the target configuration to the active (running) configuration, use the commit command in any configuration mode.

commit [best-effort] [ comment line ] [ confirmed [ seconds | minutes minutes ] ] [force] [ label line ] [replace] [ save-running filename file_path ]

Syntax Description

best-effort

(Optional) Merges the target configuration with the running configuration and commits only valid changes (best effort). Some configuration changes might fail due to semantic errors.

comment line

(Optional) Assigns a comment to a commit. This text comment is displayed in the commit entry displayed in the output for the show configuration commit list command with the optional detail keyword.

confirmed [seconds | minutes minutes]

(Optional) Commits the configuration on a trial basis for the time specified in seconds or minutes.

Note   

The confirmed option is not available in administration configuration mode.

force

(Optional) Forces a commit operation in low-memory conditions.

label line

(Optional) Assigns a meaningful label. This label is displayed (instead of the autogenerated commit ID) in the output for the show configuration commit list .

replace

(Optional) Replaces the entire running configuration with the contents of the target configuration.

save-running filename file_path

(Optional) Saves the running configuration to a specified file.

Command Default

The default behavior is pseudo-atomic, meaning that all changes must succeed for the entire commit operation to succeed. If any errors are found, none of the configuration changes take effect.

Command Modes

Any configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

The confirmed minutes keyword and argument were added. The confirmed option is not available in administration configuration mode.

Release 3.7.0

Support was added for the save-running filename file_path keywords and argument in global configuration mode.

Release 3.8.0

Support was added for the save-running filename file_path keywords and argument in administration configuration mode.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Changes made during a configuration session are inactive until the commit command is entered. By default, the commit operation is pseudo-atomic, meaning that all changes must succeed for the entire commit operation to succeed. If any errors are found, none of the configuration changes takes effect.

To replace the default numeric ID for the commit, use the optional label keyword. This label is displayed (instead of the autogenerated commit ID) in the output for the show configuration commit list command.

Enter an optional comment with the comment keyword to provide additional information about the commit action. This comment is displayed in the output for the show configuration commit list command with the detail keyword.

Use the optional confirmed minutes keyword and argument to commit a configuration on a trial basis for a minimum of 30 seconds and a maximum of 300 seconds (5 minutes). During the trial configuration period, enter the commit command to confirm the configuration. If the commit command is not entered, then the system reverts to the previous configuration when the trial time period expires. The confirmed option is not available in administration configuration mode.

You can use the commit command in conjunction with the load command. Load a new configuration with the load command, and use the commit command with the replace keyword to have the loaded configuration become the active (running) configuration.

Use the optional save-running filename file_path keywords and argument to save the running configuration to a specified file. To configure automatic saving of the configuration file on every commit, use the configuration commit auto-save command. If automatic saving of the configuration file is already enabled, specifying save-running filename file_path with the commit command has no additional effect.


Caution


Saving the running configuration to a file is CPU intensive.



Note


If you use the commit command without previously loading a target configuration, a blank configuration is committed.



Note


If you use the commit command with the replace keyword, it does not affect the mode of an 8-port E1/T1 SPA. If the mode is E1 before using the commit replace command, it remains E1. However, since the default mode is T1, the router does not recognize that the mode is E1. To change the mode to T1, you must first use the hw-module subslot cardtype e1 command to add the E1 mode into the configuration so that it correlates with the system. Then manually reload the router and it boots in T1 mode.

For more information regarding the hw-module subslot cardtype command, refer to Cisco IOS XR Interface and Hardware Component Command Reference for the Cisco XR 12000 Series Router.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

Task ID for the feature or configuration mode impacted by the command

Operation for the feature or configuration mode impacted by the command

Examples

Committing the Target Configuration to the Active Running Configuration

The following example shows how to commit the target configuration to the active running configuration. In this example, the commit command saves changes to the router hostname.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# hostname router1 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# commit
  
RP/0/0/CPU0:Feb 21 04:42:57.017 : config[65689]: %MGBL-LIBTARCFG-6-COMMIT : 
Configuration committed by user 'user_a'.   
Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000033' to view the changes.
  

Examples

Adding a Comment to a Configuration Commit

The following example shows how to use the commit command with the optional comment line keyword and argument to assign a text description to the commit operation. The comment is then displayed in the output of the show configuration commit list command with the detail keyword.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# hostname router2 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# commit comment new name for router
  
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:Feb 21 04:42:57.017 : config[65689]: %MGBL-LIBTARCFG-6-COMMIT : 
Configuration committed by user 'user_a'.   Use 'show configuration commit 
changes 1000000226' to view the changes.
  
RP/0/0/CPU0:router2(config)# end
RP/0/0/CPU0:router2# show configuration commit list detail
  
1) CommitId: 1000000226                 Label: NONE
   UserId:   user_a                     Line:  con0_RP1_CPU0
   Client:   CLI                        Time:  12:59:26 UTC Wed Feb 04 2004
   Comment:  new name for router
  
2) CommitId: 1000000225                 Label: NONE
   UserId:   user_a                     Line:  con0_RP1_CPU0
   Client:   CLI                        Time:  12:58:32 UTC Wed Feb 04 2004
   Comment:  NONE
  

Examples

Changing the Commit ID to a Text Label

The following example shows how to use the commit command with the optional label line keyword and argument to change the commit ID to a text label for easier identification. The label is then displayed in the output of the show configuration commit list command.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router2# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router2(config)# hostname router3 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router2(config)# commit label new_name
  
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:Feb 21 04:42:57.017 : config[65689]: %MGBL-LIBTARCFG-6-COMMIT : 
Configuration committed by user 'user_a'.   
Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000227' to view the changes.
  
RP/0/0/CPU0:router3(config)# end
RP/0/0/CPU0:router3# show configuration commit list
  
SNo. Label/ID    User      Line        Client      Time Stamp
~~~~ ~~~~~~~~    ~~~~      ~~~~        ~~~~~~      ~~~~~~~~~~
1    new_name    user_a    con0_RPs1_C  CLI         13:00:53 UTC Wed Feb 04 2004
2    1000000226  user_a    con0_RPs1_C  CLI         12:59:26 UTC Wed Feb 04 2004
3    1000000225  user_a    con0_RPs1_C  CLI         12:58:32 UTC Wed Feb 04 2004
  

Examples

Commit a Configuration for a Specified Time

The following example shows how to use the commit command with the optional confirmed keyword and number argument. The configuration changes are committed only for the specified number of seconds. You can then either confirm the commit operation or discard the changes.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# hostname router3                
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# commit confirmed 30
RP/0/0/CPU0:router3(config)# end
                         

Related Commands

Command

Description

abort

Ends a configuration session without saving changes to the target configuration.  

configuration commit auto-save

Configures automatic saving of the running configuration to a specified file on every commit.  

end

Terminates a session and returns the router to EXEC mode from any configuration mode.  

exit

Exits from the current configuration mode to the next higher command mode or logs out of the terminal session.  

load

Populates the target configuration with the contents of a previously saved configuration file.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

configuration commit auto-save

To enable automatic saving of the running configuration to a specified file on every commit, use the configuration commit auto-save command in global configuration mode. To disable automatic saving of the running configuration to a specified file on every commit, use the no form of the command.


Caution


Saving the running configuration to a file is CPU intensive.


configuration commit auto-save filename file_path

no configuration commit auto-save

Syntax Description

filename file_path

Specifies the location to which to save the running configuration.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.8.0

This command was first supported in administration configuration mode.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The configuration commit auto-save command configures the system to save the running configuration to the specified file and location every time a commit command is run. Alternatively, you can save the configuration on a one-time basis by specifying the save-running keyword when you run the commit command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the system to save the running configuration to the file disk0:/usr whenever the commit command is used:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# configuration commit auto-save filename disk0:/usr
                     

Related Commands

Command

Description

commit

Merges the target configuration to the running configuration.  

configure

To enter global configuration mode or administration configuration mode, use the configure command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

configure [ exclusive | terminal ]

Syntax Description

exclusive

(Optional) Locks the router configuration. The system configuration can be made only from the login terminal.

terminal

(Optional) Configures the system from the login terminal. This is the default.

Command Default

If the configure command is entered without a keyword, the system is configured from the login terminal.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Configuration modes are used to enter changes to a target configuration session and commit those changes to the running configuration. A router running Cisco IOS XR software contains multiple configurations:

  • The configuration for a specific secure domain router (SDR). Each SDR has its own configuration that is modified when a user logs into an SDR and enters global configuration mode . This mode is used to configure SDR-specific features such as routing protocols.
  • The administration configuration for system-wide resources and settings. Some features, such as creating SDRs, can be configured only in administration configuration mode.

Global Configuration Mode

Use the configure command in EXEC mode to enter global configuration mode and create a new target configuration for an SDR. From global configuration mode, you can enter any configuration mode. Configuration changes entered in global configuration mode impact the SDR to which the user is currently logged in.

Administration Configuration Mode

Use the configure command in administration EXEC mode to enter administration configuration mode and create a new target configuration. From administration configuration mode, you can enter any administration configuration mode. Configuration changes entered in administration configuration mode can impact resources for the entire router. See the command reference documentation for a specific command to determine the impact of commands entered in administration configuration mode.

Router Prompt

After you enter the configure command, the system appends “(config)” to the router prompt, indicating that the router is in a configuration mode. For example:

  • The following prompt indicates that you are in global configuration mode for an SDR: RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)#
  • The following prompt indicates that you are in administration configuration mode: RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config)#

Locking a Configuration Session

To lock the configuration so that no other user can commit changes to the running configuration during your configuration session, issue the configure command with the exclusive keyword.

Committing Changes and Returning to EXEC or Administration EXEC Mode

Changes to the target configuration remain inactive until the commit command is entered. To leave global configuration or administration configuration mode and return to the EXEC or administration EXEC prompt, issue the end or exit command; you are prompted to commit any uncommitted changes.

To leave configuration mode and return directly to EXEC or administration EXEC mode without being prompted to commit changes and without saving changes to the target configuration, enter the abort command in any configuration mode.

Examples

The following example shows how to enter global configuration mode from EXEC mode and then enter interface configuration mode to configure an IPv4 address for Gigabit Ethernet interface 0/1/0/0. In the example, the configure command commits the configuration, and the end command terminates the configuration session and return the router to EXEC mode.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1/0/0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# commit
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# end
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# 
      
  

The following example shows how to enter administration configuration mode and then configure an SDR. In this example, the user also enters SDR configuration mode.


RP/0/0/CPU0:router# admin 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin)# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config)# sdr rname
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config-sdr:rname)# location 0/0/* 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config-sdr:rname)# location 0/5/* 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config-sdr:rname)# end

  

Related Commands

Command

Description

abort

Ends a configuration session without saving changes to the target configuration.  

end

Terminates a session and returns the router to EXEC mode from any configuration mode.  

exit

Exits from the current configuration mode to the next higher command mode or logs out of the terminal session.  

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

description (interface)

To add a description to an interface configuration, use the description command in interface configuration mode. To remove the description, use the no form of this command.

description comment

no description

Syntax Description

comment

Comment or a description applied to the interface. The maximum number of characters is 1022.

Command Default

No description is configured.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the description command to add a description to an interface configuration. The maximum number of characters is 1022.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

interface

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to add a description to an interface configuration. In this example, the description command names a Management Ethernet interface.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface mgmteth 0/
RP
1/CPU0/0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# description Management Ethernet Interface
                       

Related Commands

Command

Description

show interfaces

Displays statistics for all interfaces configured on the router or access server.

do

To execute an EXEC mode command from a configuration mode, use the do command in any configuration mode.

do exec-command

Syntax Description

exec-command

EXEC mode command to be executed.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Any configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

To display the various EXEC mode commands that are available to execute with the do command, use the online help (?) function at the configuration mode prompt.


Note


The configure and describe commands are not supported with the do command.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

Task ID for the EXEC command that you are using

read

Examples

The following example shows how to execute an EXEC command from interface configuration mode. In this example, the do command displays output from the show protocols command within interface configuration mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1/0/1
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# do show protocols
  
Routing Protocol "BGP 1"
  
Address Family IPv4 Unicast:
  Distance: external 20 internal 200 local 200
    

end

To terminate a configuration session and return directly to EXEC or administration EXEC mode, use the end command in any configuration mode.

end

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Any configuration mode

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the end command to exit any configuration mode and return directly to EXEC or administration EXEC mode. If you enter this command without committing the changes to the target configuration, you are prompted to do so:

Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?[cancel]: 
  • Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC or administration EXEC mode. If errors are found in the running configuration, the configuration session does not end. To view the errors, enter the show configuration (config) command with the failed keyword.
  • Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC or administration EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.
  • Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

Note


Entering Ctrl-Z is functionally equivalent to entering the end command.


Use the abort command to exit the configuration session and return to EXEC or administration EXEC mode without being prompted to commit changes and without saving changes to the target configuration.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to use the end command to end a configuration session. Changes stored in the target configuration are committed by answering yes.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# end 

Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)? [cancel]: yes
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# 
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

abort

Ends a configuration session without saving changes to the target configuration.  

commit

Merges the target configuration to the running configuration.  

exit

Exits from the current configuration mode to the next higher command mode or logs out of the terminal session.  

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

end-template

To exit template configuration mode and return to global configuration mode, use the end-template command in template configuration mode.

end-template

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

No default behavior or values.

Command Modes

Template configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the end-template command to exit template configuration mode after you have completed the template definition.

To define a template, use the template command. To apply a template to the target configuration, use the apply-template command. To view the contents of a template, use the show running-config command with the optional template template-name keyword and argument.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enter template configuration mode, define a template named “hostname-template” and then exit from template configuration mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# template hostname-template
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-TPL)# hostname router-cs1
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-TPL)# end-template 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)#
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

end

Terminates a session and returns the router to EXEC mode from any configuration mode.  

exit

To close an active terminal session and log off the router, use the exit command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

To return the router to the next higher configuration mode, use the exit command in any configuration mode.

exit

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Any configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

To log off from a terminal session, enter the exit command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

When exiting from global or administration configuration mode to EXEC or administration EXEC mode, you are prompted to commit any uncommitted configuration changes.

Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?[cancel]:
  
  • Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC or administration EXEC mode. If errors are found in the running configuration, the configuration session does not end. To view the errors, enter the show configuration (config) command with the failed keyword.
  • Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC or administration EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.
  • Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

Note


Entering the exit command from global configuration is functionally equivalent to entering the end command.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to return the router to the next higher command mode. In this example, the exit command exits from interface configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode. The exit command is entered a second time to exit from global configuration mode and return to EXEC mode. Because the configuration has not been committed explicitly (with the commit command), the system prompts to commit the configuration changes made during the session.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface tengige 0/2/0/0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# exit
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# exit
Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?[cancel]: yes
  

The following example shows how to use the exit command from EXEC mode to log off from a terminal session:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# exit  
  
router con0_RP1_CPU0 is now available  
  
Press RETURN to get started.
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

abort

Ends a configuration session without saving changes to the target configuration.  

commit

Merges the target configuration to the running configuration.  

end

Terminates a session and returns the router to EXEC mode from any configuration mode.  

hostname

To specify or modify the hostname for the router, use the hostname command in global configuration mode.

hostname name

Syntax Description

name

New hostname for the router.

Command Default

The factory-assigned default hostname is “ios.”

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The hostname is used in prompts and default configuration filenames.

No blank or space characters are permitted as part of a name. Do not expect case to be preserved. Uppercase and lowercase characters look the same to many Internet software applications. It may seem appropriate to capitalize a name the same way you might do in English, but conventions dictate that computer names appear all lowercase. For more information, see RFC 1178, Choosing a Name for Your Computer.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

root-lr

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to change the router hostname:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# hostname router1
                     

load

To populate the target configuration with the contents of a previously saved configuration file, use the load command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

load device:directory-path

Syntax Description

device: directory-path

Storage device and directory path of the configuration file to be loaded into the target configuration.

Command Default

If the full path of the file is not specified, the present working directory is used.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the load command to populate the target configuration with the contents of a previously saved configuration. When loading a file, you must specify the device, directory path, and filename of the configuration file.

Use the commit command in conjunction with the load command. Load a new configuration with the load command, and use the commit command with the replace keyword to have the loaded configuration become the active (running) configuration.

Use the show configuration failed (config) command with the optional load keyword to display syntax errors that occurred during the last load operation.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to load a target configuration file into the current configuration session. The current configuration session is then populated with the contents of the file.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# load disk1:myconfig.cfg
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# show config

Building configuration... 
interface TenGigE 0/3/0/0 
 description My 10 GE Interface
 ipv4 address 10.10.11.20 255.0.0.0
!
end 
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

commit

Merges the target configuration to the running configuration.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

load commit changes

To populate the target configuration with changes from previous configuration commits, use the load commit changes command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

load commit changes { commit-id | since commit-id | last number-of-commits }

Syntax Description

commit-id

Specific configuration commit.

since commit-id

Loads all configuration changes committed into the target buffer since (and including) a specific configuration commit, commit-id.

last number-of-commits

Loads the configuration changes into the target buffer that have been made during the last number of configuration commits specified with the number-of-commits argument.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the load commit changes command to populate the target configuration with changes from previous configuration commits. The changes are not applied until you enter the commit command.

Use the show configuration (config) command to display the target configuration.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to populate the target configuration with changes from a previous configuration commit:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# load commit changes since 1000000006
  
Building configuration...
Loading.
223 bytes parsed in 1 sec (222)bytes/sec
  

load configuration failed

To populate the target configuration with the contents of the previous failed configuration commit, use the load configuration failed command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

load configuration failed { commit | startup [ previous number-of-reloads ] [noerror] }

Syntax Description

commit

Loads the failed configuration from the last commit.

startup

Loads the failed configuration from the startup configuration.

previous number-of-reloads

(Optional) Loads the failed configurations from a previous router reload. Valid number-of-reloads values are 1 to 4.

noerror

(Optional) Excludes the error reasons when the failed configurations are loaded.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

Support was added for the commit keyword.

Support was added for the startup keyword.

Support was added for the previous number-of-reloads keyword and argument.

Support was added for the noerror keyword.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the load configuration failed command to populate the target configuration with the contents of the previous failed configuration commit.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to populate the target configuration with the contents of the previous failed configuration commit:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# load configuration failed
                    

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

load configuration removed

To populate the target configuration with the contents of the previous removed configuration, use the load configuration removed command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

load configuration removed config-id

Syntax Description

config-id

Identifier of the removed configuration to load.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the load configuration removed command to populate the target configuration with the contents of the removed configuration during installation operations.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to populate the target configuration with the contents of the removed configuration during installation:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# load configuration removed 20070316021626.cfg   
                    

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration persistent

Displays the configuration removed during installation operations.  

load rollback changes

To populate the target configuration with the contents of a previous configuration, use the load rollback changes command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

load rollback changes { commit-id | last number-of-commits | to commit-id }

Syntax Description

commit-id

Rolls back the configuration changes for a specific configuration commit.

last number-of-commits

Rolls back to the configuration that existed before the last number of commits (specified with the number-of-commits argument) were made.

to commit-id

Rolls back to the running configuration that existed before the configuration specified with the commit-id argument.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

Support was added for administration configuration mode.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the load rollback changes command to load rollback configuration changes to the target configuration. This command is similar to the rollback configuration command. The difference between the commands is that the load rollback changes command copies the rollback changes to the target configuration and does not commit the changes until the changes are explicitly committed with the commit command.

Use the show configuration rollback changes command to display rollback changes.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to populate the target configuration with the contents of a previous configuration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# load rollback changes 1000000004
  
Building configuration...
Loading.
302 bytes parsed in 1 sec (301)bytes/sec
  

man

Cisco IOS XR software provides online help for standard command-line interface (CLI) commands using manual (man) pages. To display manual pages, use the man command in EXEC mode.

man { command command-name | feature [feature-name] | keyword keywords }

Syntax Description

command command-name

Displays the manual pages for a specific command. The command-name argument must include the complete command name.

feature [feature-name]

Displays all commands available in the feature. Use the man command with the feature keyword to list the available feature names.

keyword keywords

Displays a list of command names that match the keywords. Enter one or more keywords to match in a command. When entering multiple keywords, the keywords must be entered in the same sequential order as they are in the command.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

You must have the documentation PIE installed before you can use the man command. If you attempt to run this command without the documentation PIE installed, an error is displayed as shown in the following example:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# man command show install

Building index table...
Warning. Unable to get directory info for '/pkg/man' :No such file or directory.
 Discarding!
man [5521656]:Building index table failed. No entries found
  

For information about installing optional software PIEs, see the Upgrading and Managing Cisco IOS XR Software module in Cisco IOS XR System Management Configuration Guide for the Cisco XR 12000 Series Router.

Use the man command to display the manual pages for a specific command on the basis of the command name, a feature, or a keyword. Each man page contains the command name, syntax, command mode, usage, examples, and related commands.

The man command queries and displays command information about the router. A query can be based on keywords or a feature. The feature feature-name keyword and argument display all commands that match the feature. For example, entering man feature c12k - base-1 displays all commands that match the c12k-base-1 feature. The keyword keywords keyword and argument display all commands that contain the specified keyword. For example, man keyword ipv4 displays all commands that contain ipv4.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read

Examples

The following example shows how to display the manual page for the arp timeout command:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# man command arp timeout
  
COMMAND
arp timeout
  
DESCRIPTION
  
  
To specify how long dynamic entries learned on an interface remain in the
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cache, use the arp timeout command in
interface configuration mode. To remove the arp timeout command from the
configuration file and restore the system to its default condition with
respect to this command, use the no form of this command.
  
arp timeout seconds
  
no arp timeout<seconds>
  
SYNTAX DESCRIPTION
  
seconds
Time, in seconds, for which an entry remains in the ARP cache. The
range is from 0 to 4294967. A value of 0 means that entries are never
cleared from the cache. The default is 14400.
  
DEFAULTS
  
Entries remain in the ARP cache for 14400 seconds (4 hours).
  
COMMAND MODES
  
Interface configuration
  
COMMAND HISTORY
  
Release
Modification
  
Release 2.0
This command was introduced.
  
USAGE GUIDELINES
  
To use the arp timeout command, you must be a member of a user group
associated with the cef task ID.
  
For detailed information about user groups and task IDs, refer to the
Configuring AAA Services on Cisco IOS-XR Software module of the Cisco IOS-XR
System Security Configuration Guide.
  
This command is ignored when issued on interfaces that do not use ARP. Also,
ARP entries that correspond to the local interface or that are statically
configured by the user never time out.
  
The show interfaces command displays the ARP timeout value in
hours:minutes:seconds, as follows:
  
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * START OF LISTING * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
  
ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * END OF LISTING * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
  
EXAMPLES
  
The following example shows how to set the ARP timeout to 3600 seconds to
allow entries to time out more quickly than the default:
  
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * START OF LISTING * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *  
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
  
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface MgmtEth 0/RP1/CPU0/0
  
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# arp timeout 3600
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * END OF LISTING * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
  
RELATED COMMANDS
  
Command
Description
  
clear arp-cache
Deletes all dynamic entries from the ARP cache.
  
show arp (cache)
Displays the entries in the ARP table.
  
show interfaces
Displays statistics for all interfaces configured on the networking
device.  
  

more

To display the contents of a file, use the more command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

more [ /ascii | /binary | /ebcdic ] filesystem:directory-path location [ node-id | all ] { | begin regular-expression | | exclude regular-expression | | include regular-expression }

Syntax Description

/ascii

(Optional) Displays a binary file in ASCII format.

/binary

(Optional) Displays a file in hexadecimal or text format.

/ebcdic

(Optional) Displays a binary file in ebcdic format.

filesystem:directory-path

File system location of the file to be displayed. Include the file system alias for the filesystem argument, followed by a colon, and the directory path of the file to be displayed.

location [node-id | all]

(Optional) Displays the contents of a file on a designated node or all nodes.

regular-expression

(Optional) Regular expression found in the file.

|

Vertical bar (the “pipe” symbol) indicates that an output processing specification follows.

begin

(Optional) Begins unfiltered output of the more command with the first line that contains the regular expression.

exclude

(Optional) Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression.

include

(Optional) Displays output lines that contain the regular expression.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the more command to display any text file, especially an ASCII file stored on the router or accessible through the network. The file can be a configuration file or any other text file.

Filtering Output

This table shows filter options for the output displayed by the more command.

Table 1  Filtering Options

Command

Purpose

more filesystem: | begin regular-expression

Begins unfiltered output of the more command with the first line that contains the regular expression.

more filesystem: | exclude regular-expression

Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression.

more filesystem: | include regular-expression

Displays output lines that contain the regular expression.

Adding a Filter at the --More-- Prompt

You can also specify a filter at the --More-- prompt of a more command output. To filter output from the --More-- prompt, enter a forward slash ( / ) followed by a regular expression. The filter remains active until the command output finishes or is interrupted (using Ctrl-Z or Ctrl-C).

  • A second filter cannot be specified at a --More-- prompt if a filter has already been specified at the original command or at a previous --More-- prompt.
  • The minus sign (–) preceding a regular expression displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression.
  • The plus sign (+) preceding a regular expression displays output lines that contain the regular expression.

Note


After you specify a filter for a more command, you cannot specify another filter at the next --More-- prompt. The first specified filter remains until the more begin command output finishes or until you interrupt the output. The use of the keyword does not constitute a filter.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

filesystem

execute

Examples

The following example shows partial sample output from the more command. The output displays a configuration file saved on the hard disk drive.

SDR# more harddisk:/user/alternate.cfg
  
!! Last configuration change at 15:52:55 UTC Fri Feb 13 2009 by UNKNOWN
!
line console
exec-timeout 0 0
!
interface MgmtEth0/RP1/CPU0/0 
 ipv4 address 10.32.45.154 255.0.0.0 
 !
interface TenGigE0/1/0/0
 ipv4 address 10.32.45.155 255.0.0.0
 keepalive disable
 !
interface TenGigE0/1/0/1
 ipv4 address 10.32.45.156 255.0.0.0
 keepalive disable
 !
interface TenGigE0/1/0/2
/ip
 ipv4 address 10.32.45.157 255.0.0.0
 keepalive disable
 !
interface TenGigE0/1/0/3
 ipv4 address 10.32.45.158 255.0.0.0
 keepalive disable
 !
interface TenGigE0/2/0/0
 ipv4 address 10.32.45.159 255.0.0.0
 keepalive disable
 !
 --More-- 
  

The following example shows partial sample output from the more command. The output begins with unfiltered output from the first line that contains the regular expression “ipv4.” In this example, a new search is specified that begins with output lines that contain the regular expression “ipv4.”

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# more disk0:config.backup | begin ipv4
  
ipv4 address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.255
!
interface TenGigE0/3/1/0
 shutdown
!
interface TenGigE0/3/1/2
 shutdown
!
interface TenGigE0/2/1/0
 ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 keepalive disable
!
interface TenGigE0/2/1/1
  ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
  keepalive disable
!
interface TenGigE0/2/1/2
  ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
  keepalive disable
!
interface TenGigE0/2/1/3
 shutdown
!
  /ipv4

filtering...
 ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 proxy-arp disable
 shutdown
!
interface TenGigE 0/1/0/0
 ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 proxy-arp disable
!
route ipv4 0.0.0.0/0 12.25.26.5
route ipv4 223.255.254.254/32 12.25.0.1
end  
  

The following example shows partial sample output of the more command on the sample file config.backup in disk0:. The command usage is more disk0:config.backup | include log. At the --More-- prompt, a new search is specified that begins with output lines that contain the regular expression “aaa.”

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# more disk0:config.backup | include log
  
logging trap
logging trap informational
logging console debugging
logging history size 1
.
.
.
  
/aaa              
            
filtering...
aaa authentication login default none  
  

The following example shows partial sample output from the more command. The output excludes lines that contain the regular expression “alias.” In this example, at the --More-- prompt, a new search is specified, beginning with output lines that contain the regular expression “ipv4 address.”

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# more disk0:myconfig/file | exclude alias 
               
Building configuration... 
!! Last configuration change at 18:17:00 UTC Thu May 16 2009 by lab
! 
hostname router 
line console
 exec-timeout 0 0
 width 132
 length 0
 session-timeout 0
/ipv4 address

filtering... 
ipv4 address 10.10.1.1 255.255.255.255 
! 
interface Loopback200 
 ipv4 address 10.20.1.1 255.255.255.255 
! 
interface TenGigE0/0/0/0 
 ipv4 address 10.30.1.1 255.255.0.0 
 keepalive 100 
! 
interface preconfigure TenGigE0/1/0/1 
 shutdown 
end 
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show

Displays system status and configuration.  

pwd (config)

To display the current configuration submode from a configuration submode, use the pwd command in any supported configuration submode.

pwd

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Any subconfiguration mode

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Examples

The following example shows how to use the pwd command from an interface configuration submode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:routerconfigure 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface tengige 0/6/4/5
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# pwd
  
interface TenGigE0/6/4/5
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)#  
  

rollback configuration

To roll back the running configuration to a previous configuration, use the rollback configuration command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

rollback configuration { last number-of-commits | to commit-id } { best-effort | force } [ label label ] comment comment

Syntax Description

last number-of-commits

Rolls back to the configuration that existed before the last number of commits (specified with the number-of-commits argument) were made.

to commit-id

Rolls back to the running configuration that existed before the configuration specified with the commit-id argument.

best-effort

Rolls back to the configuration that existed before the last n commits, and commits only valid changes (best effort). Some configuration changes might fail due to semantic errors.

force

(Optional) Specifies to override any commit blocks.

label label

(Optional) Assigns a text label to this rollback. The label argument must begin with a letter.

comment comment

(Optional) Assigns a text comment to this rollback. The comment argument can be up to 60 characters long.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.5.0

This command was added to administration EXEC mode.

Release 4.0.0

The best-effort keyword was added.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Each time the commit command is entered, a commit ID is assigned to the new configuration. You can revert the system to the configuration of a previous commit ID with the rollback configuration command:

  • Use the to keyword to revert to the configuration that existed before the configuration specified with the commit-id argument.
  • Use the last keyword to revert to the configuration that existed before the last number of configuration commits (specified with the number-of-commits argument) were made.
  • Use show configuration commit list to display a list of the commit IDs available for rollback operations.

Note


The most recent 100 commits are retained by the system. As new commit IDs are added, the oldest commit IDs are discarded and are no longer available for rollback operations.


Use the force keyword to override commits that would fail otherwise. This is useful in the event of a low-memory condition on the router, to revert to a commit that would remove a configuration that caused the low-memory condition.


Note


The rollback operation may fail if you try to rollback two (or more) commits where the individual commits involve the configuration and removing of the configuration of the same item, and there is a dependency of one item over another in any of the individual commit operations.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

root-lr (EXEC)

read, write

root-system (administration EXEC)

read, write

Examples

Rolling Back to a Specific Commit ID

The following example shows how to roll back to a specific commit ID. In this example, the show configuration commit list command displays the available rollback points. The configuration is then rolled back to a prior commit with the rollback configuration command.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration commit list
  
SNo. Label/ID    User      Line        Client      Time Stamp
~~~~ ~~~~~~~~    ~~~~      ~~~~        ~~~~~~      ~~~~~~~~~~
1    1000000009  lab       con0_RPs0_C  Rollback    02:41:08 UTC Sun Sep 26 2009
2    1000000008  lab       con0_RPs0_C  CLI         02:40:30 UTC Sun Sep 26 2009
3    1000000007  lab       con0_RPs0_C  CLI         02:39:54 UTC Sun Sep 26 2009
4    1000000006  lab       con0_RPs0_C  Rollback    02:38:40 UTC Sun Sep 26 2009
5    1000000005  lab       con0_RPs0_C  CLI         02:37:35 UTC Sun Sep 26 2009
6    1000000004  lab       con0_RPs0_C  CLI         02:37:04 UTC Sun Sep 26 2009
    
RP/0/0/CPU0:router# rollback configuration to 1000000008
  
Loading Rollback Changes.
Loaded Rollback Changes in 1 sec
Committing.
1 items committed in 1 sec (0)items/sec
Updating.RP/0/RP0/CPU0:Sep 26 02:42:09.318 : config_rollback[65707]: %LIBTARCFG-
6-COMMIT : Configuration committed by user 'lab'.   Use 'show commit changes 100
0000010' to view the changes.
  
Updated Commit database in 1 sec
Configuration successfully rolled back to '1000000008'.
  

Examples

Rolling Back to a Span of Configuration Commits

The following example shows how to roll back to the configuration that existed prior to the last two configuration commits:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# rollback configuration last 2
  
Loading Rollback Changes.
Loaded Rollback Changes in 1 sec
Committing.
1 items committed in 1 sec (0)items/sec
Updating.
Updated Commit database in 1 sec
Configuration successfully rolled back 2 commits.  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

load rollback changes

Populates the target configuration with the contents of a previous configuration.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

root

To return to configuration mode from a configuration submode, use the root command in any supported configuration submode.

root

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Any subconfiguration mode except the following:

  • The root command is not available under the route-policy submodes, because it requires the end-policy command to exit out of the configuration.
  • The root command is not available in template submode, but is available in the submodes configurable under the template submode.

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.4.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows how to use the root command to return to configuration mode from the interface configuration submode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:routerconfigure 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface tengige 0/1/0/0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# root
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)#
    

The following example shows how to use the root command from a submode configurable under the template submode. In this example, the root command is used to return to configuration mode from the username submode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:routerconfigure 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# template test
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-TPL)# username xyz
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-un)# root
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# show conf
  
Building configuration...
template test
 username xyz
 !
 end-template
 end
  

Tip


The root command is not available from the template submode, but is available in the submodes configurable under the template submode.


save configuration

To save the contents of a configuration to a file, use the save configuration command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

save configuration [running] device:directory-path

Syntax Description

running

(Optional) Saves the contents of the running configuration.

device: directory-path

Storage device and directory path of the configuration file to be loaded into the target configuration.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

To save a configuration to a file, use the save configuration command.

To save a configuration that failed to a file, use the save configuration failed command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows the configuration saved to disk0: from EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# save configuration disk0:sample3
  
Destination file name (control-c to abort): [/sample3]?
Building configuration.
1 lines built in 1 second
[OK]  
  

The following example shows the configuration saved to disk1 from administration EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config)# save configuration disk1:sample4   
  
Destination file name (control-c to abort): [/sample4]?
Building configuration.
1 lines built in 1 second
[OK]
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

save configuration commit changes

Saves the changes for a commit, or a series of commits, to a file.  

save configuration failed

Saves the contents of the failed configuration.  

save configuration merge

Saves the changes for a merged configuration to a file.  

save configuration removed

Saves the contents of a removed configuration to a file.  

save rollback changes

Saves rollback changes for a commit ID or a group of commits.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

save configuration changes

To save the changes of a configuration to a file, use the save configuration changes command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

save configuration changes device:directory-path

Syntax Description

device: directory-path

Storage device and directory path of the configuration file to be loaded into the target configuration.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

To save the configuration changes to be made during a replace operation to a file, use the save configuration changes command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows the configuration saved to disk0: from EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# save configuration changes disk0:sample3
  
Destination file name (control-c to abort): [/sample3]?
Building configuration.
1 lines built in 1 second
[OK]  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

save configuration commit changes

Saves the changes for a commit, or a series of commits, to a file.  

save configuration failed

Saves the contents of the failed configuration.  

save configuration merge

Saves the changes for a merged configuration to a file.  

save configuration removed

Saves the contents of a removed configuration to a file.  

save rollback changes

Saves rollback changes for a commit ID or a group of commits.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

save configuration commit changes

To save the changes for a commit, or a series of commits, to a file, use the save configuration commit changes command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

save configuration commit changes { commit-id | last number-of-commits | since commit-id } device:directory-path

Syntax Description

commit-id

Specific commit ID.

last number-of-commits

Saves changes made in the most recent number-of-commits.

since commit-id

Saves changes made since (and including) a specific commit-id.

device: directory-path

Storage device and directory path of the configuration file to be loaded into the target configuration.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.4.0

No modification.

Release 3.5.0

No modification.

Release 3.6.0

No modification.

Release 3.7.0

No modification.

Release 3.8.0

No modification.

Release 3.9.0

No modification.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the save configuration commit changes command to save the changes made in a commit operation to a file. You can specify a specific commit ID, all the changes since a specified commit ID, or the changes that occurred during the last n commits.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example saves the changes from the last two commit operations to disk0:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config)# save configuration commit changes last 2 disk0:sample1
		
Destination file name (control-c to abort): [/sample1]?
Building configuration.
5 lines built in 1 second
[OK]
		

Related Commands

Command

Description

save configuration

Saves the contents of a configuration to a file.  

save configuration changes

Saves the changes of a configuration to a file.  

save configuration failed

Saves the contents of the failed configuration.  

save configuration merge

Saves the changes for a merged configuration to a file.  

save configuration removed

Saves the contents of a removed configuration to a file.  

save rollback changes

Saves rollback changes for a commit ID or a group of commits.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

save configuration failed

To save the contents of the failed configuration, use the save configuration failed command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

save configuration failed [ load | noerrors | startup [ previous number ] [noerror] ] device:directory-path

Syntax Description

load

(Optional) Saves the failed configuration (syntax errors) in the last reload.

noerrors

(Optional) Excludes the error reasons from the saved configuration.

startup

(Optional) Saves the failed configuration during startup.

previous number

(Optional) Saves a failed startup configuration from the specified previous sessions. The number argument is a value between 1 and 4 that indicates how many failed startup configurations to save.

device: directory-path

Storage device and directory path of the configuration file to be saved.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.5.0

The startup keyword was added in administration configuration mode.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

To save a configuration to a file, use the save configuration command.

To save a configuration that failed to a file, use thesave configuration failed command.

To save a configuration that failed during startup to a file, use the save configuration failed command with the startup keyword.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example saves the failed configuration to disk0:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config)# save configuration failed disk1:/configs
                     

Related Commands

Command

Description

save configuration

Saves the contents of a configuration to a file.  

save configuration commit changes

Saves the changes for a commit, or a series of commits, to a file.  

save configuration merge

Saves the changes for a merged configuration to a file.  

save configuration removed

Saves the contents of a removed configuration to a file.  

save rollback changes

Saves rollback changes for a commit ID or a group of commits.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

save configuration merge

To save the contents of a merged configuration to a file, use the save configuration merge command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

save configuration merge device:directory-path

Syntax Description

device : directory-path

Storage device and directory path of the configuration file to be loaded into the target configuration.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows the configuration saved to disk0:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config)# save configuration merge disk0:sample3
  
Destination file name (control-c to abort): [/sample3]?
Building configuration.
1 lines built in 1 second
[OK]  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

save configuration

Saves the contents of a configuration to a file.  

save configuration commit changes

Saves the changes for a commit, or a series of commits, to a file.  

save configuration failed

Saves the contents of the failed configuration.  

save configuration removed

Saves the contents of a removed configuration to a file.  

save rollback changes

Saves rollback changes for a commit ID or a group of commits.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

save configuration removed

To save the contents of a removed configuration to a file, use the save configuration removed command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

save configuration removed removed-configuration-file device:directory-path

Syntax Description

removed-configuration-file

Specifies the name of the removed configuration file.

device:directory-path

Storage device and directory path of the configuration file to be loaded into the target configuration.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

When a package is deactivated, the configuration belonging to that package is removed from the running configuration and saved to a file. To save a copy of the removed configuration file, use the save configuration removed command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

To view a list of the available removed configuration files, use the save configuration removed command followed by a question mark:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# save configuration removed ? 
  
    20051208042507.cfg  Removed configuration.
    20051208044553.cfg  Removed configuration.
    <cr>
    

In the following example, a removed configuration is saved to disk0: and assigned the filename “sample3:”

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# save configuration removed 20051208042507.cfg disk0:sample3
  
  Destination file name (control-c to abort): [/sample3]?
  Building configuration.
  1 lines built in 1 second
  [OK]
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

save configuration

Saves the contents of a configuration to a file.

save configuration commit changes

Saves the changes for a commit, or a series of commits, to a file.

save configuration failed

Saves the contents of a failed configuration.

save configuration merge

Saves the changes for a merged configuration to a file.

save rollback changes

Saves rollback changes for a commit ID or a group of commits.

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by the rollback configuration command or displays the list of commit IDs.

save rollback changes

To save the rollback changes, use the save rollback changes command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

save rollback changes { commit-id | last number-of-commits | to commit-id } device:directory-path

Syntax Description

commit-id

Specific commit ID.

last number-of-commits

Saves the rollback changes for the last n commits

to commit-id

Saves rollback changes up to a specific commit-id.

device: directory-path

Storage device and directory path of the configuration file to be loaded into the target configuration.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the save rollback changes command to save the changes that would be made in a configuration rollback to a specific commit point or for a series of commits.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows that the rollback changes for the commit point 5 are saved to the file sample4 on disk0:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin-config)# save rollback changes last 1 disk0:sample4
  
Destination file name (control-c to abort): [/sample4]?
Building configuration.
6 lines built in 1 second
[OK]
    

Related Commands

Command

Description

save configuration

Saves the contents of a configuration to a file.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

set default-afi

To set the default address family identifier (AFI) for the current session, use the set default-afi command in EXEC mode.

set default-afi { all | ipv4 | ipv6 }

Syntax Description

all

Sets the default AFI to IPv4 and IPv6 for the current session.

ipv4

Sets the default AFI to IPv4 for the current session. This is the default setting.

ipv6

Sets the default AFI to IPv6 for the current session.

Command Default

The default AFI setting is set to IPv4 for all sessions.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the set default-afi command to set the default AFI for the current session. This command acts as a keystroke shortcut for show commands. If the default AFI setting is set to IPv4, then you would not have to specify the ipv4 keyword for show commands that support the ipv4 keyword. For example, if the AFI setting is set to IPv4, you could issue the show route command without specifying the ipv4 keyword to display IPv4 routes in the Routing Information Base (RIB).

Use the show default-afi-safi-vrf command to display the default AFI setting.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the default AFI to IPv6:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# set default-afi ipv6
  
%% Default Address Family Identifier is set to 'ipv6'
    

Related Commands

Command

Description

set default-safi

Sets the default SAFI for the current session.  

set default-vrf

Sets the default VRF instance for the current session.  

show default-afi-safi-vrf

Displays the default AFI, SAFI, and VRF instance for the current session.  

set default-safi

To set the default subaddress family identifier (SAFI) for the current session, use the set default-safi command in EXEC mode.

set default-safi { all | multicast | unicast }

Syntax Description

all

Sets the default SAFI to multicast and unicast for the current session.

multicast

Sets the default SAFI to multicast for the current session.

unicast

Sets the default SAFI to unicast for the current session. This is the default setting.

Command Default

The default SAFI setting is set to unicast for all sessions.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the set default-safi command to set the default SAFI setting for the current session. This command acts as a keystroke shortcut for show commands. If the default SAFI setting is set to unicast, you would not have to specify the unicast keyword for show commands that support that keyword. For example, if the default SAFI setting is set to unicast, you could issue the show router command without specifying the unicast keyword to display information about unicast address prefixes in the Routing Information Base (RIB).

Use the show default-afi-safi-vrf command to display the default SAFI setting.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the default SAFI to multicast:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# set default-safi multicast
  
%% Default Sub-Address Family Identifier is set to 'multicast'
    

Related Commands

Command

Description

set default-afi

Sets the default AFI for the current session.  

set default-vrf

Sets the default VRF instance for the current session.  

show default-afi-safi-vrf

Displays the default AFI, SAFI, and VRF instance for the current session.  

set default-vrf

To set the default VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance for the current session, use the set default-vrf command in EXEC mode.

set default-vrf { name | none }

Syntax Description

name

Default VPN routing and forwarding name.

none

Sets the default VPN routing and forwarding name to empty.

Command Default

The default VRF setting is set to empty.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the set default-vrf command to set the default VRF setting for the current session. This command acts as a keystroke shortcut for show commands. For example, if the default VRF is configured, you can issue the show route command without specifying the VRF name.

When the default VRF for the session is set to none, then IPv4 routes for the system default VRF are displayed.


Note


To override the default VRF setting, specify the VRF name in the show command.


Use the show default-afi-safi-vrf command to display the default VRF setting.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read, write

Examples

In the following example, the default VRF is set to “dft_vrf:”

RP/0/0/CPU0:routerset default-vrf dft_vrf 
  
  %% Default Virtual Routing/Forwarding is set to 'dft_vrf'
    

In the following command, the show route command is entered without specifying a VRF name. The results for the "dft_vrf" VRF are displayed because the default VRF was set to “dft_vrf.”

RP/0/0/CPU0:routershow route ipv4
   
  % No matching vrf found
    

When the default VRF for the session is set to none, the system default VRF routes are displayed. In the following example, the default VRF is set to (empty) and the show route command displays the system default VRF information:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# set default-vrf none
  
%% Default Virtual Routing/Forwarding is set to ''
  
RP/0/0/CPU0:routershow route ipv4
  
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
       i - ISIS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, su - IS-IS summary null, * - candidate default
       U - per-user static route, o - ODR, L - local
   
Gateway of last resort is 12.29.0.1 to network 0.0.0.0
   
  S*   0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 12.29.0.1, 00:31:30
  L    10.10.10.10/32 is directly connected, 3d02h, Loopback1
  C    12.29.0.0/16 is directly connected, 00:31:30, MgmtEth0/0/CPU0/0
  L    12.29.56.21/32 is directly connected, 00:31:30, MgmtEth0/0/CPU0/0  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

set default-afi

Sets the default AFI for the current session.  

set default-safi

Sets the default SAFI for the current session.  

show default-afi-safi-vrf

Displays the default AFI, SAFI, and VRF instance for the current session.  

show

To display information about the system configuration or operational state, use the show command in EXEC mode, administration EXEC mode, or any configuration mode.

show command [ | begin regular-expression | | exclude regular-expression | | file filesystem: | | include regular-expression ]

Syntax Description

command

Supported show command.

|

Vertical bar (the “pipe” symbol) indicates that an output processing specification follows.

regular-expression

(Optional) Regular expression found in show command output.

begin

(Optional) Begins unfiltered output of the show command with the first line that contains the regular expression.

exclude

(Optional) Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression.

file filesystem:

(Optional) Writes the output lines that contain the regular expression to the specified file on the specified file system. Include the file system alias for the filesystem argument, followed by a colon, and the directory path and filename.

include

(Optional) Displays output lines that contain the regular expression.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Any configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The show commands display information about the system and its configuration. To display a list of the available show commands, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Filtering Output

Search options for the show command are shown in this table.

Table 2  Show Command Search Options

Command

Purpose

show command | begin regular-expression

Begins unfiltered output of the show command command with the first line that contains the regular expression.

show command | exclude regular-expression

Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression.

show command | include regular-expression

Displays output lines that contain the regular expression.

show command | file filesystem:

Writes the output lines that contain the regular expression to the specified file on the specified file system.

Adding a Filter at the --More-- Prompt

You can also specify a filter at the --More-- prompt of a show command output. To filter output from the --More-- prompt, enter a forward slash (/) followed by a regular expression. The filter remains active until the command output finishes or is interrupted (using Ctrl-Z or Ctrl-C).

  • If a filter is specified at the original command or a previous --More-- prompt, a second filter cannot be applied.
  • The use of the begin keyword does not constitute a filter.
  • The minus sign (–) preceding a regular expression displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression.
  • The plus sign (+) preceding a regular expression displays output lines that contain the regular expression.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

Task ID for the feature used with the show command

read

For example, the show interfaces command requires read privileges in the interface task ID.

Examples

The following example shows output from the show interface | include protocol command. In this example, the show command command includes only lines in which the regular expression “protocol” appears:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show interface | include protocol
  
  Null0 is up, line protocol is up
  0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
  TenGigE0/2/0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is administratively down
  0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
  TenGigE0/2/0/1 is administratively down, line protocol is administratively down
  0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
  TenGigE0/2/0/2 is administratively down, line protocol is administratively down
  0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
  TenGigE0/2/0/3 is administratively down, line protocol is administratively down
  0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
  FastEthernet0/RP0/CPU0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is administratively
  down
  FastEthernet0/RP0/CPU0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is administratively
  down
  0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
    

On most systems, the Ctrl-Z key combination can be entered at any time to interrupt the output and return to EXEC mode. For example, use the show running-config | begin hostname command to start the display of the running configuration file at the line containing the hostname setting, then use Ctrl-Z when you get to the end of the information you are interested in.

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration running | begin line command. The output begins with unfiltered output from the first line that contains the regular expression “line.” In this example, at the --More-- prompt, a new search is specified that begins with output lines that contain the regular expression “ipv4.”


Note


The use of the begin keyword does not constitute a filter.


RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration running | begin line
  
  Building configuration...
  line console
   exec-timeout 120 120
  !
  logging trap
  --More--
  /ipv4

  filtering...
  route ipv4 0.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 pos0/2/0/0
  interface TenGigE0/2/0/0
   ipv4 address 172.19.73.215 255.255.0.0
  end
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

more

Displays output from a text file.  

show aliases

To display all defined aliases or the aliases defined in a specified mode, use the show aliases command in EXEC mode.

show aliases

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

Displays all aliases currently configured on the system.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show aliases command to display all aliases currently configured on the system.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read

Examples

The following example illustrates sample output from the show aliases command. The output displays a summary of all the command aliases configured.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show aliases
  
exec mode aliases:
ipv4_brief              show ipv4 interface brief
  
interface mode aliases:
sample_int              tengige 0/2/0/0
   

Related Commands

Command

Description

alias

Creates a command alias.  

show configuration (config)

To display information about the current configuration session (target configuration), use the show configuration command in any configuration mode.

show configuration [merge] [running]

Syntax Description

merge

(Optional) Displays the configuration that occurs if the contents of the uncommitted changed (target configuration) are committed to the running configuration.

running

(Optional) Displays the running (committed) configuration.

Command Default

When the show configuration command is entered without an argument, the uncommitted changes to the target configuration are displayed.

Command Modes

Any configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show configuration command to display details on uncommitted configuration changes.

Use the show configuration command with the running keyword to display the running (active) configuration.

Prior to committing the target configuration, use the show configuration command with the merge keyword from any configuration mode to display the result of merging the target configuration with the running configuration.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read

Examples

In this example, the show configuration command displays uncommitted changes made during a configuration session:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface tengige0/3/0/3 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# description faq 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 10.10.11.20 255.0.0.0 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# show configuration 
  
Building configuration... 
interface TenGigE0/3/0/3 
 description faq 
 ipv4 address 10.10.11.20 255.0.0.0 
 end  
  

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration command with the optional merge keyword. The command is entered during a configuration session. The output displays the result of merging the target and running configuration, without committing the changes.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# interface tengige0/3/0/3
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# description faq 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 10.10.11.20 255.0.0.0 
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if)# show configuration merge 
  
Building configuration... 
hostname router 
interface TenGigE0/0/0/0 
 ipv4 address 1.2.3.4 255.0.0.0 
 exit
interface TenGigE0/3/0/3 
 description faq 
 ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.0.0.0 
 shutdown 
 end
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

commit

Merges the target configuration to the running configuration.  

load

Populates the target configuration with the contents of a previously saved configuration file.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration failed startup

Displays information about a configuration that failed at startup.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration changes

To display the configuration changes to be made during a replace operation, use the show configuration changes command in global configuration or administration configuration mode.

show configuration changes [diff]

Syntax Description

diff

(Optional) Displays the changes in UNIX-like format.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Global configuration

Administration configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

basic-services

read

Examples

The following example shows the changes to be made during a replace operation:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# show configuration changes diff 
  
  Building configuration...
  # hostname router
  # hostname bla
  - logging console
  - telnet vrf default ipv4 server disable
  - domain ipv4 host xhu-u5
  - domain ipv4 host coax-u10
  - domain ipv4 host coax-u10.cisco.com
  - domain name
  - interface Loopback1
  -  ipv4 address 10.0.0.2 255.255.255.224
  - !
  - interface Loopback2
  -  description
  - !
  - interface Loopback5
  -  description
  - !
  - interface Loopback6
  -  description
  - !
  - interface MgmtEth0/0/CPU0/0
  -  ipv4 address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.224
  - !
  - interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0/0
  -  shutdown
  - !
  - interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0/1
  -  shutdown
  - !
  - interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0/2
  -  shutdown
  - !
  - router static
  -  address-family ipv4 unicast
  -   0.0.0.0/0 255.255.255.224
  -  !
  - !
  end
  
  

show configuration commit changes

To display the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits, a configuration commit, or for a range of configuration commits, use the show configuration commit changes command in EXEC, administration EXEC, administration configuration, or global configuration mode.

show configuration commit changes { commit-id | since commit-id | last number-of-commits } [diff]

Syntax Description

since

Displays all changes committed to the running configuration since (and including) a specific configuration commit.

commit-id

Displays configuration changes for a specific configuration commit.

last number-of-commits

Displays the changes made to the running configuration during the last number of configuration commits specified for the number-of-commits argument.

diff

(Optional) Displays added lines, changed lines, and deleted lines.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Administration configuration

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

Support was added for administration EXEC and administration configuration modes.

Support was added for the diff keyword.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Each time a configuration is committed with the commit command, the configuration commit operation is assigned a commit ID. The show configuration commit changes command displays the configuration changes made since the specified commit.

To display a list of the available commit IDs, enter the show configuration commit list command. You can also display the commit IDs by entering the show configuration commit changes command with the online help function (?).

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration commit changes command. The output displays commit IDs.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration commit list 
  
SNo. Label/ID    User      Line        Client      Time Stamp
~~~~ ~~~~~~~~    ~~~~      ~~~~        ~~~~~~      ~~~~~~~~~~
1    1000000077  lab       con0_RPs1_C  CLI         15:42:45 UTC Fri Jan 30 2009
2    1000000076  lab       con0_RPs1_C  Rollback    15:30:39 UTC Fri Jan 30 2009
3    1000000075  lab       con0_RPs1_C  Rollback    15:25:26 UTC Fri Jan 30 2009
4    1000000074  lab       con0_RPs1_C  Rollback    15:04:29 UTC Fri Jan 30 2009
5    1000000073  lab       con0_RPs1_C  CLI         14:49:07 UTC Fri Jan 30 2009
6    1000000072  lab       con0_RPs1_C  CLI         14:48:35 UTC Fri Jan 30 2009
  

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration commit changes command with the commit-id argument. In this example, the output displays the changes made in the configuration commit assigned commit ID 1000000077.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration commit changes 1000000077 
  
Building configuration...
alias exec shrun show configuration running
alias exec shver show version
end
    

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration commit changes command with the since commit-id keyword and argument. In this example, the output displays the configuration changes made since the configuration commit assigned commit ID 1000000077 was committed.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration commit changes since 1000000077
  
Building configuration...
no hw-module node 0/RP0/CPU0 shutdown
hostname router
logging trap
no logging console
logging history size 1
alias exec shrun show configuration running
alias exec shver show version
interface MgmtEth0/RP1/CPU0/0
 ipv4 address 12.25.34.10 255.255.0.0
 no shutdown
 !
 interface preconfigure MgmtEth0/RP0/CPU0/0
 no shutdown
 !
no route ipv4 0.0.0.0/0 12.7.0.1
route ipv4 0.0.0.0/0 12.25.0.1
route ipv4 223.255.254.254/32 12.25.0.1
telnet ipv4 server enable
end
    

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration commit changes command with the diff keyword. In the display, the following symbols signify changes:

+ indicates an added line.

– indicates a deleted line.

# indicates a modified line.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration commit changes last 1 diff
  
Building configuration...
+ interface Loopback1000                       
+ ipv4 address 190.190.180.1 255.255.255.255  
!
end
  
+ interface Loopback1000                       
+ ipv4 address 190.190.180.1 255.255.255.255   
  !
  end
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

rollback configuration

Rolls back the configuration to a previous commit.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration commit list

To display information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database, use the show configuration commit list command in EXEC, administration EXEC, administration configuration, or global configuration mode.

show configuration commit list [number-of-commits] [detail]

Syntax Description

number-of-commits

(Optional) Number of commits (beginning with the most recent commit) that are available for rollback.

detail

(Optional) Displays detailed commit information, including comments.

Command Default

If this command is entered without any optional arguments or keywords, the output displays information about all the configuration commits stored in the commit database.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Administration configuration

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.3.0

This command was introduced.

This command replaced the show rollback points command, which was available in previous releases.

Release 3.4.0

Support was added for the administration EXEC and administration configuration modes.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show configuration commit list command to list the commit IDs (up to 100) that are available for rollback.


Note


The most recent 100 commits are retained by the system. As new commit IDs are added, the oldest commit IDs are discarded and are no longer available for rollback operations.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration commit list command. The output displays the commit IDs that are available for rollback.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration commit list
  
SNo. Label/ID    User      Line        Client      Time Stamp
~~~~ ~~~~~~~~    ~~~~      ~~~~        ~~~~~~      ~~~~~~~~~~
1    1000000010  UNKNOWN   con0_RP0_C  Rollback    02:25:53 UTC Fri Feb 06 2009
2    1000000009  UNKNOWN   con0_RP0_C  CLI         02:23:09 UTC Fri Feb 06 2009
3    1000000008  UNKNOWN   con0_RP0_C  CLI         02:22:54 UTC Fri Feb 06 2009
4    1000000007  UNKNOWN   con0_RP0_C  CLI         02:22:18 UTC Fri Feb 06 2009
5    1000000006  UNKNOWN   con0_RP0_C  CLI         02:07:21 UTC Fri Feb 06 2009
  

Table 1describes the significant fields shown in the display.

Table 3  show configuration commit list Field Descriptions

Field

Description

SNo.

Serial number of the commit entry.

Label/ID

If a label was assigned to a commit, the first 10 characters of the label display; otherwise, the autogenerated commit ID displays.

User

User who executed the commit.

Line

Line in which the user session was established. In some cases, this field may display "UNKNOWN" or "SYSTEM". These fields indicate that an internal commit was made by the system.

Client

The management interface used to make the commit.

Time Stamp

Time and date when the commit was executed.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration failed startup

Displays information about a configuration that failed at startup.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration failed (config)

To display information about a configuration that failed during the last commit, use the show configuration failed command in any configuration mode.

show configuration failed [ load | noerrors ]

Syntax Description

load

(Optional) Displays any syntax errors found in a configuration loaded with the load command.

noerrors

(Optional) Displays the configuration that failed in last commit without the error reasons.

Command Default

Displays the details of the failed configuration including error reasons.

Command Modes

Any configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read

Examples

The following example shows a failed commit operation:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# taskgroup bgp
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-tg)# description this is an example of an invalid task group
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-tg)# commit
% Failed to commit one or more configuration items.
Please use 'show configuration failed' to view the errors
  

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration failed command. The output displays the configuration items that failed during the last commit operation.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-tg)# show configuration failed

!! CONFIGURATION FAILED DUE TO SEMANTIC ERRORS
taskgroup bgp
!!% Usergroup/Taskgroup names cannot be taskid names
!  
  

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration failed command with the optional no errors keyword. The output displays the configuration items that failed during the last commit operation without an error description.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-tg)# show configuration failed noerrors

!! CONFIGURATION FAILED DUE TO SEMANTIC ERRORS
taskgroup bgp
!
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed startup

Displays information about a configuration that failed at startup.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration failed incompatible

To display any configurations that were removed from the running configuration because they were not understood by the software being activated, use the show configuration failed incompatible command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

show configuration failed incompatible

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.6.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Any configurations in the running configuration that are not understood by new software being installed are removed from the running configuration. To see which configurations were removed, use the show configuration failed incompatible command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Related Commands

Command

Description

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration failed remove

To display information about a configuration that failed while being removed during installation operations, use the show configuration failed remove command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

show configuration failed remove

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows a failed commit operation:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration failed remove 
  
!! SEMANTIC ERRORS: This configuration was rejected by 
!! the system due to semantic errors. The individual 
!! errors with each failed configuration command can be 
!! found below.
   
multicast-routing
 no address-family ipv4
 !!% Process did not respond to sysmgr
 address-family ipv4
  no interface all enable
!!% Process did not respond to sysmgr
!
!
  

Because the configuration failed to be removed, it is still displayed in the output from the show running-configuration command as expected:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show running-configuration
...
router pim vrf default address-family ipv4
 auto-rp candidate-rp GigabitEthernet0/2/0/3 scope 255 group-list 224/4 interval 10
!
multicast-routing
 address-family ipv4
  interface all enable
!
!  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration failed rollback

To display information about a configuration that failed in the last rollback operation, use the show configuration failed rollback command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

show configuration failed rollback

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.5.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

root-lr

read

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration failed startup

To display information about a configuration that failed at startup, use the show configuration failed command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

show configuration failed startup [ noerror | previous number ]

Syntax Description

noerror

(Optional) Displays the configuration that failed at startup without an error reason.

previous number

(Optional) Displays the previous failed startup configuration or configurations. The number argument is a value from 1 to 4, which displays the failed startup configurations in previous of sessions.

Command Default

If no keywords are specified, this command displays the details of the failed startup configuration including error reasons.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

Support was added for the previous number keyword and argument.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration history

To display a history of configuration events, use the show configuration history command in EXEC, administration EXEC, administration configuration, or global configuration mode.

show configuration history [ alarm | backup | cfs-check | commit | rebase | shutdown | startup ] [ first number | last number | reverse ] [detail]

Syntax Description

alarm

(Optional) Displays alarm events.

backup

(Optional) Displays configuration backup events.

cfs-check

(Optional) Displays CFS check events.

commit

(Optional) Displays commit events.

rebase

(Optional) Displays commit database consolidation events.

shutdown

(Optional) Displays shutdown events.

startup

(Optional) Displays startup events, including alternate configurations, failed configurations, and other events.

first number

(Optional) Displays the first x number of events, where x is the number argument.

last number

(Optional) Displays the last x number events. Replace with the number of events to display.

reverse

(Optional) Displays the most recent events first.

detail

(Optional) Displays detailed information, including comments.

Command Default

When entered without any optional arguments or keywords, this command displays all configuration events. The oldest events are displayed at the top of the list for each event type.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Administration configuration

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.4.0

This command was introduced.

Release 3.5.0

The backup and rebase keywords were added.

Release 3.8.0

Support for the oir keyword was removed.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show configuration history command to display information about the last (up to) 1500 configuration events.

Use one of the available keywords to display the configuration event only for that event type. Use the first number and last number keywords and arguments to display a specified number of events. Use the reverse keyword to display the newest events at the top of the list.

The show configuration history command in administration EXEC mode does not display records from releases earlier than Cisco IOS XR Release 3.6.0. To see information about commits prior to an upgrade from before Release 3.6.0, use the show configuration commit list command in administration EXEC mode.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

In the following example, the show configuration history command is used to display the history of all configuration events for an SDR:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration history
  
Sno.  Event      Info                           Time Stamp
~~~~  ~~~~~      ~~~~                           ~~~~~~~~~~
1     alarm      inconsistency alarm raised     Thu Jun 22 15:23:15 2009
2     startup    configuration applied          Thu Jun 22 15:23:32 2009
3     OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:25 2009
4     OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:33 2009
5     OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:33 2009
6     OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:34 2009
7     OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:34 2009
8     OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:35 2009
9     OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:36 2009
10    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:37 2009
11    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:37 2009
12    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:38 2009
13    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:38 2009
14    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:39 2009
15    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:39 2009
16    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:40 2009
17    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:40 2009
18    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:42 2009
19    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:42 2009
20    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:42 2009
21    OIR config restore                        Thu Jun 22 15:23:43 2009
 --More--   
  

In the following example, the show configuration history command is used to display only the startup configuration events:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration history startup
  
Sno.  Event      Info                           Time Stamp
~~~~  ~~~~~      ~~~~                           ~~~~~~~~~~
1     startup    configuration applied          Thu Jun 22 15:23:32 2009
2     startup    configuration applied          Sat Jul  1 15:02:24 2009
3     startup    configuration applied          Sat Jul  8 17:36:52 2009
4     startup    configuration applied          Sun Jul  9 13:40:27 2009
5     startup    configuration applied          Sat Jul 15 18:18:54 2009  
  

In the following example, the show configuration history command with the commit detail keywords is used to display additional details regarding the commit events:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration history commit detail
  
1)  Event: commit         Time: Thu Jun 22 15:44:33 2009
     Commit ID: 1000000001 Label: 
     User: lab        Line: vty0
     Client: CLI           Comment: 

2)  Event: commit         Time: Thu Jun 22 16:58:18 2009
     Commit ID: 1000000002 Label: 
     User: lab        Line: vty2
     Client: CLI           Comment: 
  
3)  Event: commit         Time: Thu Jun 22 16:58:39 2009
     Commit ID: 1000000003 Label: 
     User: lab        Line: vty2
     Client: CLI           Comment: 
  
4)  Event: commit         Time: Sat Jul  1 15:29:31 2009
     Commit ID: 1000000001 Label: 
     User: lab        Line: vty0
     Client: CLI           Comment: 
  
5)  Event: commit         Time: Sat Jul  1 15:32:25 2009
     Commit ID: 1000000002 Label: 
     User: lab        Line: vty0
  --More--
  
Table 4  show configuration history Field Descriptions

Field

Description

SNo.

Serial number of the entry.

Event

Type of configuration event.

Info

Summary of the configuration action.

Time Stamp

Time and date when the event was run.

Label/ID

If a label was assigned to a commit, the first 10 characters display; otherwise, the autogenerated commit ID displays.

User

User who issued the command.

Line

Line in which the user session was established. In some cases, this field may display “UNKNOWN” or “SYSTEM”. These fields indicate that an internal action was made by the system.

Client

The management interface used to make the event.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration failed startup

Displays information about a configuration that failed at startup.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration inconsistency replica

To display any configuration inconsistencies on a replica node, use the show configuration inconsistency replica command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

show configuration inconsistency replica location node-id [detail]

Syntax Description

location node-id

Displays any configuration inconsistencies on the designated node. The node-id argument is expressed in the rack/slot/module notation.

detail

Displays a detailed list of inconsistencies.

Command Default

Administration EXEC mode: Displays configuration inconsistencies for the admin plane configuration.

EXEC mode: Displays configuration inconsistencies for an SDR configuration.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.6.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

In administration EXEC mode, the replica node for the show configuration inconsistency replica command is the standby designated system controller (DSC). In EXEC mode, the replica nodes are the route processors (RPs) that can become the designated secure domain router system controller (DSDRSC).

Use the show configuration inconsistency replica command, before performing a manual switchover or DSC migration, to verify that the node in line to take over for the DSC or DSDRSC is in good shape. If any problems are reported, use the clear configuration inconsistency replica command to correct them.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows a configuration with inconsistencies:


RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration inconsistency replica location 0/5/cpu0

The replica at location 0/5/CPU0 is inconsistent.
Please run 'clear configuration inconsistency replica location 0/5/CPU0'.
  

The following example shows sample output after the inconsistencies have been resolved:


RP/0/0/CPU0:Router# show configuration inconsistency replica location 0/5/cpu0

Replica is consistent
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear configuration inconsistency replica

Resolves configuration inconsistencies on a standby node.  

show configuration persistent

To display the persistent configuration, use the show configuration persistent command in EXEC mode.

show configuration persistent [diff]

Syntax Description

diff

(Optional) Displays the difference between the running configuration and persistent configuration. This option is available only on the DSDRSC .

Command Default

If no argument is specified, the show configuration persistent command displays the entire contents of the persistent configuration file.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The persistent configuration is the configuration stored in nonvolatile memory, from which the running configuration is restored after the router is reloaded. The running configuration should be the same as the persistent configuration. Use the show configuration persistent command with the diff keyword to check if there is a difference between the running configuration and the persistent configuration.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows that there is no difference between the running configuration and the persistent configuration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration persistent diff
 
Building configuration...
  end
  
  

The following example shows a difference between the running configuration and the persistent configuration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration persistent diff 

Building configuration...
router vrrp
interface gigabitethernet0/1/0/1.1
vrrp 1 preempt delay 300
!
interface gigabitethernet0/1/0/1.2
vrrp 1 preempt delay 300
!
interface gigabitethernet0/1/0/1.3
vrrp 1 preempt delay 300
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration removed

To display a configuration removed during installation operations, use the show configuration removed command in EXEC or administration EXEC mode.

show configuration removed config-id

Syntax Description

config-id

Name of removed configuration. Type (?) to see a list of the names of all removed configurations.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.5.0

This command was added to the administration EXEC mode.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows a removed configuration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration removed 20060301112919.cfg
  
xml agent corba
http server
end
  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

commit

Merges the target configuration to the running configuration.  

load

Populates the target configuration with the contents of a previously saved configuration file.  

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration failed startup

Displays information about a configuration that failed at startup.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration rollback changes

To display changes that would be made by the rollback configuration command or to display the list of commit IDs, use the show configuration rollback changes command in EXEC, administration EXEC, administration configuration, or global configuration mode.

show configuration rollback changes { commit-id | to commit-id | last number-of-commits } [diff]

Syntax Description

commit-id

Name of configuration. When a specific commit-id is specified, only the changes that would occur if only the specified commit is rolled back are displayed.

to commit-id

Displays the changes that will occur to the running configuration if the system is rolled back to the configuration specified with the commit-id argument.

last number-of-commits

Displays the changes that will occur to the running configuration if the system is rolled back to the last number of commits specified with the number-of-commits argument.

diff

(Optional) Displays added lines, changed lines, and deleted lines.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Administration configuration

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

Support was added for the diff keyword.

Release 3.5.0

This command was added to administration EXEC mode.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.


Note


The most recent 100 commits are retained by the system. As new commit IDs are added, the oldest commit IDs are discarded and are no longer available for rollback operations.


Use the commit-id argument without the to keyword to display the changes for a particular commit. This can be useful for troubleshooting actions of the rollback configuration command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration rollback changes command with the to commit-id keyword and argument. The output displays the configuration changes that would occur if the configuration were to be rolled back to the configuration commit specified for the argument.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration rollback changes to 1000000007
  
Building configuration...
hostname old-name
end
    

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration rollback changes command last number-of-commits keyword and argument. The output displays the configuration changes that would occur if the configuration were to be rolled back to the number of configuration commits specified for the argument.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration rollback changes last 2
  
Building configuration...
hostname orig_name
interface POS0/1/0/1
 shutdown
!
end  
  

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration rollback changes command with the diff keyword.

In the display, the following symbols signify changes:

  • + indicates an added line.
  • – indicates a deleted line.
  • # indicates a modified line.
RP/0/0/CPU0:router
show configuration rollback changes last 1 diff 
  
Building configuration...
 interface Loopback1000
#  ipv4 address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255
!
end
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

load rollback changes

Populates the target configuration with the contents of a previous configuration.  

rollback configuration

Rolls back the configuration to a previous commit.  

show configuration running

To display the running configuration, use the show configuration running command in the appropriate mode.

show configuration running [config-keyword]

Syntax Description

config-keyword

(Optional) Specific configuration to display.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Administration EXEC

Administration configuration

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show configuration running command to display the currently active configuration.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read

Examples

The following example shows the currently running (committed) configuration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(admin)# show configuration running
  
Building configuration...
username lab
 secret 5 $1$XNWt$j8RscNdncKSRoMSnqSpbj/
 group root-system
!
end
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

commit

Merges the target configuration to the running configuration.  

load

Populates the target configuration with the contents of a previously saved configuration file.  

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration failed startup

Displays information about a configuration that failed at startup.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration running-config

To display the running configuration, use the show configuration running-config command in EXEC mode.

show configuration running-config [config-keyword]

Syntax Description

config-keyword

(Optional) Specific configuration to display.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the config-keyword argument to display the running configuration for a specific keyword only.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read

Examples

The following example shows the currently running (committed) configuration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration running-config             
  
Building configuration...                         
  
  !! Last configuration change at 15:36:31 UTC Thu Nov 17 2009 by lab                  
  sessions  Users with active configuration sess
!n
hostname router                     
line consolestartup   Sh
 exec-timeout 0 0onfiguration     
! 
logging console debugging          
  |         Ou
snmp-server community public RW          
  <cr>      
RP/0/0/
ipv4 source-routeadmin)#show confi
key chain IPSLA ?             
 key 10       
  key-string password 1        
  ipv4 address 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0
  encapsulation ppp
  keepalive disable
!
 interface POS0/7/0/0
 shutdown
!
interface POS0/7/0/1
  shutdown
!
interface POS0/7/0/2
 shutdown
!
interface POS0/7/0/3
 shutdown
!
 route ipv4 0.0.0.0/0 12.7.0.1
ipsla
  responder
 !
!
end  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

commit

Merges the target configuration to the running configuration.  

load

Populates the target configuration with the contents of a previously saved configuration file.  

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration commit changes

Displays the changes made to the running configuration by previous configuration commits.  

show configuration commit list

Displays information about the configuration commits stored in the commit database.  

show configuration failed (config)

Displays information about a configuration that failed during the last commit.  

show configuration failed startup

Displays information about a configuration that failed at startup.  

show configuration history

Displays history of configuration changes.  

show configuration rollback changes

Displays changes that would be made by rolling back the configuration or displays the list of commit IDs.  

show configuration running

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

show configuration sessions

Displays the active configuration sessions.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.  

show configuration sessions

To display the active configuration sessions, use the show configuration sessions command in administration EXEC mode or in EXEC mode.

show configuration sessions [detail]

Syntax Description

detail

(Optional) Displays detailed information.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

Support was added for the detail keyword.

Release 3.5.0

Session changed to Current Configuration Session in the display output.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show configuration sessions command to display the active configuration sessions. Use the clear configuration sessions command to clear a configuration session. The show configuration sessions command can be used with the clear configuration sessions command to verify that an active configuration session was cleared.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

The following example shows sample output from the show configuration sessions command:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show configuration sessions
  
Current Configuration Session  Line       User     Date                     Lock
00000050-001200bb-00000000     con0_5_CPU cisco    Fri Feb 16 17:23:47 2007 
  
Table 5  show configuration sessions Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Session

System-generated configuration session ID number.

Line

Line in which the user session was established. In some cases, this field may display “UNKNOWN” or “SYSTEM.” These fields indicate that an internal commit was made by the system.

User

User who initiated the configuration session.

Date

Time and date the configuration session was started.

Lock

Locked running-configuration. An asterisk (*) displayed in this field means the session has been locked. Only one session can lock the running configuration at a time.

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear configuration sessions

Clears an active configuration session.  

show default-afi-safi-vrf

To display the default address family identifier (AFI), subaddress family identifier (SAFI), and VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance for the current session, use the show default-afi-safi-vrf command in EXEC mode.

show default-afi-safi-vrf

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.3.0

Display of the default VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance was supported.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the show default-afi-safi-vrf command to display the default AFI and SAFI settings for the current session. The AFI and SAFI settings are controlled by the following commands:

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

basic-services

read

Examples

The following example shows sample output from the show default-afi-safi-vrf command:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show default-afi-safi-vrf
  
%% Default AFI/SAFI/VRF for this session is:
     Address Family Identifier:       'ipv4'
     Sub-Address Family Identifier:   'unicast'
     Virtual Routing/Forwarding:      ''
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

set default-afi

Sets the default AFI for the current session.  

set default-safi

Sets the default SAFI for the current session.  

set default-vrf

Sets the default VRF instance for the current session.  

show history

To display a history of commands executed in EXEC, administration EXEC, administration configuration, or global configuration mode use the show history command in one of the supported modes.

show history [detail]

Syntax Description

detail

(Optional) Displays detailed history information.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Administration configuration

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.4.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The show history command displays a history of the command entered for the current command mode. For example, enter the show history command to display a history of commands entered in EXEC mode. Enter the show history command in global configuration mode to display a history of the commands entered in global configuration mode.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

basic-services

read

Examples

In the following example, the show history command is run in EXEC mode to display a history of the command entered in EXEC mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:routershow history              
configure 
admin
show history   
  

In the following example, the show history command is run in global configuration mode to display a history of the command entered in global configuration mode:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# show history 
interface pos 0/1/0/0
ipv4 address 10.0.0.0
root
end
describe line default autocommand config
line default autocommand configure
end
show history   
  

show running-config

To display the contents of the currently running configuration or a subset of that configuration, use the show running-config command in the appropriate mode.

show running-config [ [exclude] command ] [sanitized]

Syntax Description

exclude

(Optional) Excludes a specific configuration from the display.

command

(Optional) Displays only a single command or a subset of commands available under a specified command mode.

sanitized

(Optional) Displays a sanitized configuration for safe distribution and analysis.

Command Default

The show running-config command without any arguments or keywords displays the entire contents of the running configuration file.

Command Modes

EXEC

Administration EXEC

Any configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

You can display either the entire running configuration or a subset of the running configuration. The subset may be all the commands within a specified command mode.


Note


In Cisco IOS XR software, the running configuration is automatically used at system startup, reset, or power cycle. The running configuration is the committed configuration.


Sanitized Output

Use the show running-config command with the sanitized keyword to display the contents of the active running configuration without installation-specific parameters. Some configuration details, such as IP addresses, are replaced with different addresses. The sanitized configuration can be used to share a configuration without exposing the configuration details.

Command Modes

When the show running-config command is entered in administration configuration mode, the configuration for the administration plane is displayed, including the configured logical routers for the system. When the show running-config command is entered in any global configuration mode, or in EXEC mode, the configuration for the specific secure domain router (SDR) is displayed.

Excluding Parts of the Display

Use the exclude keyword followed by a command argument to exclude a specific configuration from the display.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

This example shows how to enter the show running-config command with the question mark (?) online help function to display the available subsets of the running configuration that can be entered to display a subset of the running configuration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show running-config ?
  
aaa               Authentication, Authorization and Accounting
alias             Create an alias for entity
aps               Configure SONET Automatic Protection Switching (APS)
arp               Global ARP configuration subcommands
as-path           BGP autonomous system path filter
as-path-set       Define an AS-path set
banner            Define a login banner
cdp               Enable CDP, or configure global CDP subcommands
cef               CEF configuration commands
cinetd            Global Cisco inetd configuration commands
class-map         Configure QoS Class-map command
clock             Configure time-of-day clock
community-list    Add a community list entry
community-set     Define a community set
controller        Controller configuration subcommands
dhcp              Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
domain            Domain service related commands
exception         Coredump configuration commands
exclude           Exclude a feature or configuration item from display
explicit-path     Explicit-path config commands
extcommunity-set  Define an extended communitiy set
fault             Fault related commands
forward-protocol  Controls forwarding of physical and directed IP broadcasts
ftp               Global FTP configuration commands
--More--
  

In the following example, the show running-config command is used to display the running configuration for Packet-over-SONET/SDH (POS) interface 0/2/0/1:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show running-config interface pos 0/2/0/1
  
interface POS0/2/0/1
ipv4 address 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0  
  

The following example shows sample output from the show running-config command with the sanitized keyword displays a sanitized version of the running configuration. The sanitized configuration can be used to share a configuration without exposing some configuration details.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show running-config sanitized                                              

Building configuration...                         
  
!! Last configuration change at 05:26:50 UTC Thu Jan 19 2009 by <removed>
!
snmp-server traps fabric plane
snmp-server traps fabric bundle state
hostname <removed>
line console
exec-timeout 0 0
!
exception choice 1 compress off filepath <removed>
logging console debugging
telnet vrf <removed> ipv4 server max-servers no-limit
snmp-server ifindex persist
snmp-server host 10.0.0.1 traps version <removed> priv <removed> udp-port 2555
snmp-server view <removed> <removed> included
snmp-server community <removed> RO LROwner
snmp-server community <removed> RO LROwner
snmp-server group <removed> v3 priv read <removed> write <removed>
snmp-server traps snmp
snmp-server traps syslog
interface Loopback10
!
interface Loopback1000
!
 --More--  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show configuration (config)

Displays the contents of the target configuration.  

show configuration running-config

Displays the contents of the committed configuration.  

template

To create a template name and enter template configuration mode, use the template command in global configuration mode. To remove a template definition, use the no form of this command.

template name

no template name

Syntax Description

name

Unique name for the template to be created.

Command Default

No templates are defined.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the template command to enter template configuration mode. From template configuration mode, you can group a subset of configuration commands in a named template. Commonly used sets of configuration commands can be grouped into a named template. Defining a template is similar to creating a C macro function. A template provides modularity and ease of use during user configuration.

Use the end-template command to exit template configuration mode. After defining a template, use the apply-template command to apply the template. Use the show running-config command with the optional template keyword and template-name argument to display the contents of a template.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enter template configuration mode to create a template. In this example, a template named “pre-pos” is defined for the preconfigured Packet-over-SONET/SDH (POS) interface 0/1/0/1. The end-template command is used to exit from template configuration mode.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# template pre-pos
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-TPL)# interface preconfigure pos0/1/0/0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if-pre)# ipv4 address 10.3.32.154 255.0.0.0
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-if-pre)# end-template
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# 
  

Note


After configuring a template, you may want to display the contents of the configured template. To display a template configuration, use the show running-config command with the template name keyword and argument.


The following example shows sample output from the show running-config command with the template name keyword and argument. In this example, the output displays the contents of a template named “pre-pos.”

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show running-config template pre-pos
  
template pre-pos
 interface preconfigure POS0/1/0/0
  ipv4 address 10.3.32.154 255.0.0.0 
!
end-template
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

apply-template

Applies a template to the target configuration.  

end-template

Exits template configuration mode.  

show running-config

Displays the current running (active) configuration.