Cisco IOS XR System Management Command Reference for the Cisco XR 12000 Series Router, Release 4.1
Manageability Commands on the Cisco IOS XR Software
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Manageability Commands on the Cisco IOS XR Software

Manageability Commands on the Cisco IOS XR Software

This chapter describes the Cisco IOS XR software commands used to enable the HTTP server, enable router management through Extensible Markup Language (XML) agent services, and support the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) infrastructure.

The XML Parser Infrastructure provides parsing and generation of XML documents with Document Object Model (DOM), Simple API for XML (SAX), and Document Type Definition (DTD) validation capabilities:

  • DOM allows customers to programmatically create, manipulate, and generate XML documents.
  • SAX supports user-defined functions for XML tags.
  • DTD allows for validation of defined document types.

http server

To enable the HTTP server on the router and enable access to the Craft Works Interface (CWI), use the http server command in global configuration mode. To disable the HTTP server, use the no form of this command.

http server [ssl] [ access-group name ]

no http server

Syntax Description

ssl

(Optional) Enables Secure Socket Layer (SSL).

access-group name

(Optional) Enables access to the CWI from IP addresses that meet the conditions of the access control list (ACL) specified for the name argument.

Command Default

The HTTP server is disabled.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the http server command to enable the HTTP server on your router.

To display the home page of the router, use a Web browser pointed to http://x.x.x.x, where x.x.x.x is the router IP address. If a name has been set, use http://router-name.

Use the ssl keyword to run HTTP over a secure socket. This command enables the HTTP server to run SSL when accessing web pages or files provided by the HTTP server of the router and disables access through the regular HTTP port.

Enabling the HTTP server enables authentication by default. After the HTTP server has been enabled, you then are prompted to provide a username and password to access web pages on the HTTP server.


Note


The http server command enables the HTTP server process on Management Ethernet interfaces by default. For information about how to enable HTTP server on other inband interfaces, see the Implementing Management Plane Protection on Cisco IOS XR Software module in Cisco IOS XR System Security Configuration Guide for the Cisco XR 12000 Series Router.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enable the HTTP server on the router:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# http server
         

The following example shows how to enable SSL to run HTTP over a secure socket:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# http server ssl              
         

The following example shows how to enable SSL to run HTTP over a secure socket and to enable access to the CWI from only IP addresses that meet the conditions of the access group named test:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# http server ssl access-group test
         

The following sample output from the show ipv4 access-lists commands displays the IPv4 access list named test:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show ipv4 access-lists test
  
  ipv4 access-list test
   10 deny ip host 171.71.163.96 any
   20 permit ip host 64.102.48.34 any
  

ipv4 disable

To disable IPv4 XML transport, use the ipv4 disable command in XML agent configuration mode. To enable IPv4 XML transport, use the no form of this command.

ipv4 disable

no ipv4 disable

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

IPv4 XML transport is enabled by default.

Command Modes

XML agent configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.1.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID Operation

config-services

read, write

Examples

This example illustrates how to disable IPv4 XML transport:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# config
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent) ipv4 disable
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

ipv6 enable (XML)

Enables IPv6 XML transport.  

ipv6 enable (XML)

To enable IPv6 XML transport, use the ipv6 enable command in XML agent configuration mode. To disable IPv6 XML transport, use the no form of this command.

ipv6 enable

no ipv6 enable

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

IPv6 XML transport is disabled by default.

Command Modes

XML agent configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.1.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID Operation

config-services

read, write

Examples

This example illustrates how to enable IPv6 XML transport:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# config
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent) ipv6 enable
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

ipv4 disable

Disables IPv4 XML transport.  

iteration

To configure the iteration size for large XML agent responses, use the iteration command in xml agent configuration mode. To revert to the default iteration settings, use the no form of this command.

iteration { off | on size iteration-size }

no iteration

Syntax Description

off

Disables iteration, meaning that the entire XML response is returned, regardless of its size. Use of this option is not recommended.

on

Enables iteration, meaning that large XML responses are broken into chunks according to the iteration chunk size.

size iteration-size

Specifies the size of the iteration chunk, in Kbytes. Values can range from 1 to 100,000.

Command Default

Iteration is enabled; the iteration-size is 48.

Command Modes

XML agent

TTY XML agent

SSL XML agent

Command History

Release Modification
Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

When the XML agent returns a large response, it splits the response into chunks and returns one chunk at a time. External clients then need to send a GetNext request to obtain the next chunk. Use the iteration command to control the size of iteration chunks. A larger chunk value allows larger chunks to be received in a shorter period of time, possibly making the router system busier. A smaller chunk value allows smaller chunks to be received over a longer period of time, but does not make the router busy You can also specify to disable iteration completely using the iteration off command.


Note


It is not recommended to disable iteration, since this could result in large transient memory usage.


To specify the TTY or SSL iteration size specifically, use the iteration command from the appropriate command mode.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

Example

The following example shows how to configure the iteration chunk size to 100 Kbytes.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml)# iteration on size 100
  

The following example shows how to disable iteration:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml)# iteration off
  

The following example shows how to turn on iteration with the default iteration size:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml)# no iteration off
  

The following example shows how to change the iteration size to the default iteration size.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml)# no iteration on size 100
  

The following example shows how to change the iteration size of the TTY agent to 3 Kbytes:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent tty
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-tty)# iteration on size 3
  

The following example shows how to turn off the iteration of the SSL agent:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent ssl
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-ssl)# iteration off
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

xml agent

Enables Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over a dedicated TCP connection and enters XML agent configuration mode.

xml agent tty

Enables Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over Secure Shell (SSH) and Telnet and enters TTY XML agent configuration mode.

xml agent ssl

Enables Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over Secure Socket Layer (SSL) and enters SSL XML agent configuration mode.

session timeout

To configure an idle timeout for the XML agent, use the session timeout command in xml agent configuration mode. To remove the session timeout, use the no form of this command.

session timeout timeout

Syntax Description

timeout

Amount of idle time in minutes that must pass before the XML agent closes the session. Values can range from 1 to 1440.

Command Default

There is no session timeout.

Command Modes

xml agent

xml agent ssl

xml agent tty

Command History

Release Modification
Release 4.0.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID Operation
config-services

read, write

Examples

The following example illustrates how to configure the dedicated agent to close the session after 5 minutes of idle time:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# session timeout 5
  

The following example illustrates how to configure the XML TTY agent to close the session after 60 minutes of idle time:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent tty
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent-tty)# session timeout 60
  

The following example illustrates how to configure the XML TTY agent to have no timeout (the default):

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent tty
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# no session timeout
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

xml agent

Enables Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over a dedicated TCP connection and enters XML agent configuration mode.  

show xml schema

To browse the XML schema and data, use the show xml schema command in EXEC mode.

show xml schema

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.6.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The show xml schema command runs the XML schema browser so that you can browse the XML schema and data.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read

Examples

This example shows how to enter the XML schema browser and the available commands:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show xml schema
  
Username: xxxx
Password: 
Enter 'help' or '?' for help
xml-schema[config]:> ?
  
config            oper                action
adminoper         adminaction         cd
pwd               classinfo           list
ls                datalist            walk
walkdata          get                 hierarchy
quit              exit                help
xml-schema[config]:>
    

Related Commands

Command

Description

copy xml-schema

Copies the XML schema files on the router as a tar ball file (.tar.gz).

show xml sessions

To display the status of an Extensible Markup Language (XML) session, use the show xml sessions command in EXEC mode.

show xml sessions [ default | ssl | tty ] [detail]

Syntax Description

default

Displays the status of the default XML agent.

ssl

Displays the status of the XML agents over secure socket layer (SSL).

tty

Displays the status of XML agents over telnet.

detail

Displays details regarding the XML sessions.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release Modification
Release 4.0.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID Operation
config-services

read

Examples

Example

This example illustrates sample output of the show xml sessions command with no optional keywords specified:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show xml sessions

Session  Client                  Agent    User  Date                     State
00000001 192.168.10.85 (default) tty      cisco Fri Jun 19 22:42:29 2009 idle
10000001 10.12.24.15 (VRF1)      default  lab   Fri Jun 19 22:32:12 2009 busy
  

This example illustrates sample output of the show xml sessions command with the tty keyword:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# show xml sessions tty

Session  Client                  Agent User  Date                     State
00000001 192.168.10.85 (default) tty   cisco Fri Jun 19 22:42:29 2009 idle
00000002 10.12.24.15 (VRF1)      tty   lab   Fri Jun 19 22:32:12 2009 busy
  

This example illustrates sample output of the show xml sessions command with the detail keyword:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# 
show xml sessions detail


Session: 00000001
  Client:                  192.168.10.85 (default)
  Agent type:              tty
  User:                    cisco
  State:                   idle
  Config session:          -
  Alarm notification:      Registered
  Start Date:              Tue Aug 24 18:21:29 2010
  Elapsed Time:            00:00:27     
  Last State Changed:      00:00:27     
Session: 10000001
  Client:                  10.12.24.15 (VRF1)
  Agent type:              default
  User:                    lab
  State:                   busy
  Config session:          00000010-0005b105-00000000
  Alarm notification:      Not registered
  Start date:              Tue Aug 24 18:21:29 2010
  Elapsed Time:            00:01:10     
  Last State Changed:      00:01:10 
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

xml agent

Enables Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over a dedicated TCP connection and enters XML agent configuration mode.  

shutdown (VRF)

To configure the dedicated XML agent to not receive or send messages via the default VRF, use the shutdown command in xml agent vrf configuration mode. To enable the dedicated XML agent to receive or send messages via the default VRF, use the no form of this command.

shutdown

no shutdown

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

The default VRF instance is enabled by default.

Command Modes

xml agent vrf configuration

xml agent ssl vrf configuration

Command History

Release Modification
Release 4.0.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID Operation
config-services

read, write

Examples

Example

The following example illustrates how to configure the XML dedicated agent to send and receive messages via VRF1 only:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# vrf VRF1
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# vrf default
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent-vrf)# shutdown
  

The following example illustrates how to configure the XML SSL agent to send and receive messages via VRF1 only:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent ssl
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent-ssl)# vrf VRF1
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent-ssl)# vrf default
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent-ssl-vrf)# shutdown
  

The following example illustrates how to enable the default VRF after it has been disabled:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# vrf default
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent-vrf)# no shutdown
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

vrf (XML)

Configures a dedicated agent to receive and send messages via the specified VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.  

streaming

To configure XML response streaming, use the streaming command in one of the XML agent configuration modes. To disable XML response streaming, use the no form of this command.

streaming on size size

Syntax Description

on

Turns on XML streaming.

size size

Specifies the size of the stream in Kbytes.

Command Default

XML streaming is disabled.

Command Modes

XML agent

XML agent ssl

XML agent tty

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.1.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Task ID

Task ID Operation

config-services

read, write

Examples

This example illustrates how to set the XML response streaming size to 5000 Kbytes.

RP/0/0/CPU0:router# config
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# streaming on size 5000
  

throttle

To configure the XML agent processing capabilities, use the throttle command in XML agent configuration mode.

throttle { memory size | process-rate tags }

Syntax Description

memory

Specifies the XML agent memory size.

size

Size of the XML agent memory in MB. Values can range from 100 to 600. The default is 300.

process-rate

Specifies the XML agent processing rate.

tags

Number of tags that the XML agent can process per second. Values can range from 1000 to 30000.

Command Default

The process rate is not throttled; memory size is 300 MB.

Command Modes

XML agent configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 3.8.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Use the throttle command to control CPU time used by the XML agent when it handles large data.

Task ID

Task ID Operation

config-services

read, write

Examples

Example

This example illustrates how to configure the number of tags that the XML agent can process to 1000:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# throttle process-rate 1000
  

vrf (XML)

To configure a dedicated agent to receive and send messages via the specified VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance, use the vrf command in one of the xml agent configuration mode. To disable the receiving and sending of messages via a specific VRF instance, use the no form of this command.

vrf { default | vrf-name }

Syntax Description

default

Configures the default VRF instance.

vrf-name

Configures the specified VRF instance.

Command Default

The default VRF is enabled by default.

Command Modes

XML agent configuration

XML agent SSL configuration

Command History

Release Modification
Release 4.0.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The default VRF is enabled by default. To disable the default VRF, use the shutdown command.

Task ID

Task ID Operation
config-services

read, write

Examples

Example

This example shows how to configure the dedicated XML agent to receive and send messages via VRF1, VRF2 and the default VRF:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# vrf VRF1
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# vrf VRF2
  

This example shows how to remove access to VRF2 from the dedicated agent:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config-xml-agent)# no vrf VRF2
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

shutdown (VRF)

Configures the dedicated agent to not receive or send messages via the default VRF.  

xml agent

Enables Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over a dedicated TCP connection and enters XML agent configuration mode.  

xml agent ssl

Enables XML requests over Secure Socket Layer (SSL) and enters SSL XML agent configuration mode.  

xml agent

To enable Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over a dedicated TCP connection and enter XML agent configuration mode, use the xml agent command in global configuration mode. To disable XML requests over the dedicated TCP connection, use the no form of this command.


Note


This command enables a new, enhanced-performance XML agent. The xml agent tty command enables the legacy XML agent and is supported for backward compatibility.


xml agent

no xml agent

Command Default

XML requests are disabled.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.8.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

There are two XML agents: a legacy XML agent and an enhanced-performance XML agent. We recommend that you use the enhanced-performance agent. The legacy agent is supported for backward compatibility. Use the xml agent command to enable the enhanced-performance XML agent. Use the xml agent tty command to enable the legacy XML agent.

Use the no form of the xml agent command to disable the enhanced-performance XML agent.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to enable XML requests over a dedicated TCP connection:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent
         

xml agent ssl

To enable Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over Secure Socket Layer (SSL) and enter SSL XML agent configuration mode, use the xml agent ssl command in global configuration mode. To disable XML requests over SSL, use the no form of this command.

xml agent ssl

no xml agent ssl

Command Default

SSL agent is disabled by default.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release Modification
Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The k9sec package is required to use the SSL agent. The configuration is rejected during commit when the security software package is not active on the system. When the security software package is deactivated after configuring SSL agent, the following syslog message is displayed to report that the SSL agent is no longer available.

xml_dedicated_ssl_agent[420]:
%MGBL-XML_TTY-7-SSLINIT : K9sec pie is not active, XML service over
SSL is not available.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

Example

This example shows how to enable XML requests over SSL:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent ssl
    

xml agent tty

To enable Extensible Markup Language (XML) requests over Secure Shell (SSH) and Telnet and enter TTY XML agent configuration mode, use the xml agent tty command in global configuration mode. To disable XML requests over SSH and Telnet, use the no form of this command.


Note


This command enables a legacy XML agent that has been superceded by an enhanced performance XML agent and is supported only for backward compatibility. To enable the enhanced-performance XML agent, use the xml agent command.


xml agent tty

no xml agent tty

Command Default

XML requests over SSH and Telnet are disabled.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

To use this command, you must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes appropriate task IDs. If the user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

There are two XML agents: a legacy XML agent and an enhanced-performance XML agent. We recommend that you use the enhanced-performance agent. The legacy agent is supported for backward compatibility. The xml agent tty command enables the legacy XML agent. Use the xml agent command to enable the enhanced-performance XML agent.

Use the no form of the xml agent tty command to disable the legacy XML agent.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

config-services

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to enable XML requests over Secure Shell (SSH) and Telnet:

RP/0/0/CPU0:router(config)# xml agent tty