Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Configuration Guide, Release 5.1.x
Implementing BFD
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Implementing BFD

Contents

Implementing BFD

This module describes the configuration of bidirectional forwarding detection (BFD) on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router.

Bidirectional forwarding detection (BFD) provides low-overhead, short-duration detection of failures in the path between adjacent forwarding engines. BFD allows a single mechanism to be used for failure detection over any media and at any protocol layer, with a wide range of detection times and overhead. The fast detection of failures provides immediate reaction to failure in the event of a failed link or neighbor.

Feature History for Implementing Bidirectional Forwarding Detection

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

BFD was introduced.

Release 3.9.0

  • Support for these applications with BFD was added:
    • Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP)
    • Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
  • The dampening command was added to minimize BFD session flapping and delay session startup.
  • The echo ipv4 source command was added to specify a source IP address and override the default.
  • The ipv6 checksum command was added to enable and disable the IPv6 UDP checksum computation and BFD interface configuration modes.

Release 4.0.0

Support for these BFD features was added:

  • BFD for OSPFv3
  • BFD for IPv6

Support for BFD was added on the following SPAs:

  • 1-Port OC-192c/STM-64 POS/RPR XFP SPA
  • 2-Port OC-48c/STM-16 POS/RPR SPA
  • 8-Port OC-12c/STM-4 POS SPA

Release 4.0.1

Support for these BFD features was added:

  • Support for BFD Per Member Links on Link Bundles was added.
  • The echo latency detect command was added to enable latency detection for BFD echo packets on non-bundle interfaces.
  • The echo startup validate command was added to verify the echo path before starting a BFD session on non-bundle interfaces.

Release 4.2.0

Support for these BFD features was added:

  • BFD Multihop Global TTL check.
  • BFD Multihop support for BGP and
  • BFD Multihop support for IPv4 traffic.
  • The multihop ttl-drop-threshold command was added to specify the TTL value to start dropping packets for multihop sessions.

Release 4.2.1

Support for BFD Multihop feature was added on the ASR9K-SIP-700 line card.

Release 4.2.3

Support for BFD over Logical Bundle feature was added.

Release 4.3.0

Support for these features was added:
  • BFD over GRE
  • BFD IPv6 Multihop
  • BFD over Logical Bundle

Release 4.3.1

Support for these features was added:
  • BFD over MPLS Traffic Engineering LSPs
  • BFD over Pseudowire Head-end
  • BFD over Satellite Interfaces

Release 5.1.2

Support for BFD Hardware Offload was added.

Prerequisites for Implementing BFD

You must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes the proper task IDs. The command reference guides include the task IDs required for each command. If you suspect user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

The following prerequisites are required to implement BFD:

  • If enabling BFD on Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), an installed composite PIE file including the MPLS package, or a composite-package image is required. For Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS), Static, and Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), an installed Cisco IOS XR IP Unicast Routing Core Bundle image is required.
  • Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) is activated on the router if you are using IS-IS or OSPF.
  • On the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router, each line card supporting BFD must be able to perform the following tasks:
    • Send echo packets every 50ms * 3 (as a minimum under normal conditions)
    • Send control packets every 150ms * 3 (as a minimum under stress conditions)
    • Send and receive up to 9600 User Datagram Protocol (UDP) pps. This sustains 144 sessions at a 15-ms echo interval (or 1440 sessions at a 150-ms echo interval).
  • To enable BFD for a neighbor, the neighbor router must support BFD.
  • In Cisco IOS XR releases before Release 3.9.0, we recommended that you configure the local router ID with the router-id command in global configuration mode prior to setting up a BFD session. If you did not configure the local router ID, then by default the source address of the IP packet for BFD echo mode is the IP address of the output interface. Beginning in Cisco IOS XR release 3.9.0 and later, you can use the echo ipv4 source command to specify the IP address that you want to use as the source address.
  • To support BFD on bundle member links, be sure that the following requirements are met:
    • The routers on either end of the bundle are connected back-to-back without a Layer 2 switch in between.
    • For a BFD session to start, any one of the following configurations or states are present on the bundle member: Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) Distributing state is reached, –Or– EtherChannel or POS Channel is configured, –Or– Hot Standby and LACP Collecting state is reached.

Restrictions for Implementing BFD

These restrictions apply to BFD:

  • Demand mode is not supported in Cisco IOS XR software.
  • BFD echo mode is not supported for these features:
    • BFD for IPv4 on bundled VLANs
    • BFD for IPv6 (global and link-local addressing)
    • BFD with uRPF (IPv4 or IPv6)
    • Rack reload and online insertion and removal (OIR) when a BFD bundle interface has member links that span multiple racks
    • BFD for Multihop Paths
  • BFD for IPv6 has these restrictions:
    • BFD for IPv6 is not supported on bundled VLAN interfaces
    • BFD for IPv6 static routes, OSPFv3, and BGP are supported by the client
    • BFD for IPv6 static routes that have link-local address as the next-hop is not supported
  • For BFD on bundle member links, only a single BFD session for each bundle member link is created, monitored, and maintained for the IPv4 addressing type only. IPv6 and VLAN links in a bundle have the following restrictions:
    • IPv6 states are not explicitly monitored on a bundle member and they inherit the state of the IPv4 BFD session for that member interface.
    • VLAN subinterfaces on a bundle member also inherit the BFD state from the IPv4 BFD session for that member interface. VLAN subinterfaces are not explicitly monitored on a bundle member.
  • Echo latency detection and echo validation are not supported on bundle interfaces.
  • BFD Multihop can be run on any non-default VRF but selective VRF download must be disabled. For more information on the configuration and commands for selective VRF download, see Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Configuration Guide and Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Command Reference
  • BFD over GRE feature is not supported on Cisco ASR 9000 Series SPA Interface Processor-700.
  • BFD IPv6 Multihop feature is not supported on Cisco ASR 9000 Series SPA Interface Processor-700.
  • BFD over Logical Bundle feature is not supported on Cisco ASR 9000 Series SPA Interface Processor-700.
  • The bfd multipath include location node-id command is not supported on ASR 9000 Ethernet Line Card. BFD features that require the bfd multipath include location node-id command do not work on ASR 9000 Ethernet Line Card.

Information About BFD

Differences in BFD in Cisco IOS XR Software and Cisco IOS Software

If you are already familiar with BFD configuration in Cisco IOS software, be sure to consider the following differences in BFD configuration in the Cisco IOS XR software implementation:

  • In Cisco IOS XR software, BFD is an application that is configured under a dynamic routing protocol, such as an OSPF or BGP instance. This is not the case for BFD in Cisco IOS software, where BFD is only configured on an interface.
  • In Cisco IOS XR software, a BFD neighbor is established through routing. The Cisco IOS bfd neighbor interface configuration command is not supported in Cisco IOS XR software.
  • Instead of using a dynamic routing protocol to establish a BFD neighbor, you can establish a specific BFD peer or neighbor for BFD responses in Cisco IOS XR software using a method of static routing to define that path. In fact, you must configure a static route for BFD if you do not configure BFD under a dynamic routing protocol in Cisco IOS XR software. For more information, see the “Enabling BFD on a Static Route” section on page 673.
  • A router running BFD in Cisco IOS software can designate a router running BFD in Cisco IOS XR software as its peer using the bfd neighbor command; the Cisco IOS XR router must use dynamic routing or a static route back to the Cisco IOS router to establish the peer relationship. See the “BFD Peers on Routers Running Cisco IOS and Cisco IOS XR Software: Example” section on page 705.

BFD Modes of Operation

Cisco IOS XR software supports the asynchronous mode of operation only, with or without using echo packets. Asynchronous mode without echo will engage various pieces of packet switching paths on local and remote systems. However, asynchronous mode with echo is usually known to provide slightly wider test coverage as echo packets are self-destined packets which traverse same packet switching paths as normal traffic on the remote system.

BFD echo mode is enabled by default for the following interfaces:

  • For IPv4 on member links of BFD bundle interfaces.
  • For IPv4 on other physical interfaces whose minimum interval is less than two seconds.

When BFD is running asynchronously without echo packets (Figure 35), the following occurs:

  • Each system periodically sends BFD control packets to one another. Packets sent by BFD router “Peer A” to BFD router “Peer B” have a source address from Peer A and a destination address for Peer B.
  • Control packet streams are independent of each other and do not work in a request/response model.
  • If a number of packets in a row are not received by the other system, the session is declared down.
    Figure 1. BFD Asynchronous Mode Without Echo Packets

When BFD is running asynchronously with echo packets (Figure 36), the following occurs:

  • BFD echo packets are looped back through the forwarding path only of the BFD peer and are not processed by any protocol stack. So, packets sent by BFD router “Peer A” can be sent with both the source and destination address of Peer A.
  • BFD echo packets are sent in addition to BFD control packets.
    Figure 2. BFD Asynchronous Mode With Echo Packets

For more information about control and echo packet intervals in asynchronous mode, see the “BFD Packet Intervals and Failure Detection” section on page 655.

BFD Packet Information

BFD Source and Destination Ports

BFD payload control packets are encapsulated in UDP packets, using destination port 3784 and source port 49152. Even on shared media, like Ethernet, BFD control packets are always sent as unicast packets to the BFD peer.

Echo packets are encapsulated in UDP packets, as well, using destination port 3785 and source port 3785.

The BFD over bundle member feature increments each byte of the UDP source port on echo packets with each transmission. UDP source port ranges from 0xC0C0 to 0xFFFF. For example:

1st echo packet: 0xC0C0

2nd echo packet: 0xC1C1

3rd echo packet: 0xC2C2

The UDP source port is incremented so that sequential echo packets are hashed to deviating bundle member.

BFD Packet Intervals and Failure Detection

BFD uses configurable intervals and multipliers to specify the periods at which control and echo packets are sent in asynchronous mode and their corresponding failure detection.

There are differences in how these intervals and failure detection times are implemented for BFD sessions running over physical interfaces, and BFD sessions on bundle member links.

BFD Packet Intervals on Physical Interfaces

When BFD is running over physical interfaces, echo mode is used only if the configured interval is less than two seconds.

BFD sessions running over physical interfaces when echo mode is enabled send BFD control packets at a slow rate of every two seconds. There is no need to duplicate control packet failure detection at a fast rate because BFD echo packets are already being sent at fast rates and link failures will be detected when echo packets are not received within the echo failure detection time.

BFD Packet Intervals on Bundle Member Links

On each bundle member interface, BFD asynchronous mode control packets run at user-configurable interval and multiplier values, even when echo mode is running.

However, on a bundle member interface when echo mode is enabled, BFD asynchronous mode must continue to run at a fast rate because one of the requirements of enabling BFD echo mode is that the bundle member interface is available in BFD asynchronous mode.

The maximum echo packet interval for BFD on bundle member links is the minimum of either 30 seconds or the asynchronous control packet failure detection time.

When echo mode is disabled, the behavior is the same as BFD over physical interfaces, where sessions exchange BFD control packets at the configured rate.

Control Packet Failure Detection In Asynchronous Mode

Control packet failure in asynchronous mode without echo is detected using the values of the minimum interval (bfd minimum-interval for non-bundle interfaces, and bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval for bundle interfaces) and multiplier (bfd multiplier for non-bundle interfaces, and bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier for bundle interfaces) commands.

For control packet failure detection, the local multiplier value is sent to the neighbor. A failure detection timer is started based on (I x M), where I is the negotiated interval, and M is the multiplier provided by the remote end.

Whenever a valid control packet is received from the neighbor, the failure detection timer is reset. If a valid control packet is not received from the neighbor within the time period (I x M), then the failure detection timer is triggered, and the neighbor is declared down.

Echo Packet Failure Detection In Asynchronous Mode

The standard echo failure detection scheme is done through a counter that is based on the value of the bfd multiplier command on non-bundle interfaces, and the value of the bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier command for bundle interfaces.

This counter is incremented each time the system sends an echo packet, and is reset to zero whenever any echo packet is received, regardless of the order that the packet was sent in the echo packet stream.

Under ideal conditions, this means that BFD generally detects echo failures that exceed the period of time (IM) or (I x M x M) for bundle interfaces, where:
  • I—Value of the minimum interval (bfd minimum-interval for non-bundle interfaces, and bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval for bundle interfaces).
  • M—Value of the multiplier (bfd multiplier for non-bundle interfaces, and bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier for bundle interfaces) commands.

So, if the system transmits one additional echo packet beyond the multiplier count without receipt of any echo packets, echo failure is detected and the neighbor is declared down (See Example 2, page 657).

However, this standard echo failure detection does not address latency between transmission and receipt of any specific echo packet, which can build beyond (IM) over the course of the BFD session. In this case, BFD will not declare a neighbor down as long as any echo packet continues to be received within the multiplier window and resets the counter to zero. Beginning in Cisco IOS XR 4.0.1, you can configure BFD to measure this latency for non-bundle interfaces. For more information, see Example 3, page 657 and the “Echo Packet Latency” section on page 659.

Echo Failure Detection Examples

This section provides examples of several scenarios of standard echo packet processing and failure detection without configuration of latency detection for non-bundle interfaces. In these examples, consider an interval of 50 ms and a multiplier of 3.


Note


The same interval and multiplier counter scheme for echo failure detection is used for bundle interfaces, but the values are determined by the bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier and bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval commands, and use a window of (I x M x M) to detect absence of receipt of echo packets.


Example 1

The following example shows an ideal case where each echo packet is returned before the next echo is transmitted. In this case, the counter increments to 1 and is returned to 0 before the next echo is sent and no echo failure occurs. As long as the roundtip delay for echo packets in the session is less than the minimum interval, this scenario occurs:


Time (T): Echo#1 TX (count = 1)
T + 1 ms: Echo#1 RX (count = 0)
T + 50 ms: Echo#2 TX (count = 1)
T + 51 ms: Echo#2 RX (count = 0)
T + 100 ms: Echo#3 TX (count = 1)
T + 101 ms: Echo#3 RX (count = 0)
T + 150 ms: Echo#4 TX (count = 1)
T + 151 ms: Echo#4 RX (count = 0)

Example 2

The following example shows the absence in return of any echo packets. After the transmission of the fourth echo packet, the counter exceeds the multiplier value of 3 and echo failure is detected. In this case, echo failure detection occurs at the 150 ms (I x M) window:


Time (T): Echo#1 TX (count = 1)
T + 50 ms: Echo#2 TX (count = 2)
T + 100 ms: Echo#3 TX (count = 3)
T + 150 ms: Echo#4 TX (count = 4 -> echo failure
Example 3

The following example shows an example of how roundtrip latency can build beyond (I x M) for any particular echo packet over the course of a BFD session using the standard echo failure detection, but latency between return of echo packets overall in the session never exceeds the (I x M) window and the counter never exceeds the multiplier, so the neighbor is not declared down.


Note


You can configure BFD to detect roundtrip latency on non-bundle interfaces using the echo latency detect command beginning in Cisco IOS XR 4.0.1.


Time (T): Echo#1 TX (count = 1)
T + 1 ms: Echo#1 RX (count = 0)
T + 50 ms: Echo#2 TX (count = 1)
T + 51 ms: Echo#2 RX (count = 0)
T + 100 ms: Echo#3 TX (count = 1)
T + 150 ms: Echo#4 TX (count = 2)
T + 151 ms: Echo#3 RX (count = 0; ~50 ms roundtrip latency)
T + 200 ms: Echo#5 TX (count = 1)
T + 250 ms: Echo#6 TX (count = 2)
T + 251 ms: Echo#4 RX (count = 0; ~100 ms roundtrip latency)
T + 300 ms: Echo#7 TX (count = 1)
T + 350 ms: Echo#8 TX (count = 2)
T + 351 ms: Echo#5 RX (count = 0; ~150 ms roundtrip latency)
T + 451 ms: Echo#6 RX (count = 0; ~200 ms roundtrip latency; no failure detection)
T + 501 ms: Echo#7 RX (count = 0; ~200 ms roundtrip latency; no failure detection)
T + 551 ms: Echo#8 RX (count = 0; ~200 ms roundtrip latency; no failure detection)


Looking at the delay between receipt of echo packets for the BFD session, observe that no latency is beyond the (I x M) window:


Echo#1 RX – Echo#2 RX: 50 ms
Echo#2 RX – Echo#3 RX: 100ms
Echo#3 RX - Echo#4 RX: 100ms
Echo#4 RX - Echo#5 RX: 100ms
Echo#5 RX - Echo#6 RX: 100ms
Echo#6 RX - Echo#7 RX: 50ms
Echo#7 RX - Echo#8 RX: 50ms

Summary of Packet Intervals and Failure Detection Times for BFD on Bundle Interfaces

For BFD on bundle interfaces, with a session interval I and a multiplier M, these packet intervals and failure detection times apply for BFD asynchronous mode (Table 26):

  • Value of I—Minimum period between sending of BFD control packets.
  • Value of I x M
    • BFD control packet failure detection time.
    • Minimum period between sending of BFD echo packets.

The BFD control packet failure detection time is the maximum amount of time that can elapse without receipt of a BFD control packet before the BFD session is declared down.

  • Value of (I x M) x M—BFD echo packet failure detection time. This is the maximum amount of time that can elapse without receipt of a BFD echo packet (using the standard multiplier counter scheme as described in Echo Packet Failure Detection In Asynchronous Mode, page 656) before the BFD session is declared down.
Table 1 BFD Packet Intervals and Failure Detection Time Examples on Bundle Interfaces

Configured Async Control Packet Interval (ms)

(bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval)

Configured Multiplier

(bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier)

Async Control Packet Failure Detection Time

(ms)

(Interval x Multiplier)

Echo Packet Interval

(Async Control Packet Failure Detection Time)

Echo Packet Failure Detection Time

(Echo Interval x Multiplier)

50

3

150

150

450

75

4

300

300

1200

200

2

400

400

800

2000

3

6000

6000

18000

15000

3

45000

300001

90000

1 The maximum echo packet interval for BFD on bundle member links is the minimum of either 30 seconds or the asynchronous control packet failure detection time.

Echo Packet Latency

In Cisco IOS XR software releases prior to Cisco IOS XR 4.0.1, BFD only detects an absence of receipt of echo packets, not a specific delay for TX/RX of a particular echo packet. In some cases, receipt of BFD echo packets in general can be within their overall tolerances for failure detection and packet transmission, but a longer delay might develop over a period of time for any particular roundtrip of an echo packet (See Example 3, page 657).

Beginning in Cisco IOS XR Release 4.0.1, you can configure the router to detect the actual latency between transmitted and received echo packets on non-bundle interfaces and also take down the session when the latency exceeds configured thresholds for that roundtrip latency. For more information, see the “Configuring BFD Session Teardown Based on Echo Latency Detection” section on page 685.

In addition, you can verify that the echo packet path is within specified latency tolerances before starting a BFD session. With echo startup validation, an echo packet is periodically transmitted on the link while it is down to verify successful transmission within the configured latency before allowing the BFD session to change state. For more information, see the “Delaying BFD Session Startup Until Verification of Echo Path and Latency” section on page 687.

Priority Settings for BFD Packets

For all interfaces under over-subscription, the internal priority needs to be assigned to remote BFD Echo packets, so that these BFD packets are not overwhelmed by other data packets. In addition, CoS values need to be set appropriately, so that in the event of an intermediate switch, the reply back of remote BFD Echo packets are protected from all other packets in the switch.

As configured CoS values in ethernet headers may not be retained in Echo messages, CoS values must be explicitly configured in the appropriate egress QoS service policy. CoS values for BFD packets attached to a traffic class can be set using the set cos command. For more information on configuring class-based unconditional packet marking, see “Configuring Modular QoS Packet Classification” in the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Modular Quality of Service Configuration Guide.

BFD for IPv4

Cisco IOS XR software supports bidirectional forwarding detection (BFD) singlehop and multihop for both IPv4 and IPv6.

In BFD for IPv4 single-hop connectivity, Cisco IOS XR software supports both asynchronous mode and echo mode over physical numbered Packet-over-SONET/SDH (POS) and Gigabit Ethernet links, as follows:

  • Echo mode is initiated only after a session is established using BFD control packets. Echo mode is always enabled for BFD bundle member interfaces. For physical interfaces, the BFD minimum interval must also be less than two seconds to support echo packets.
  • BFD echo packets are transmitted over UDP/IPv4 using source and destination port 3785. The source address of the IP packet is the IP address of the output interface (default) or the address specified with the router-id command if set or the address specified in the echo ipv4 source command, and the destination address is the local interface address.
  • BFD asynchronous packets are transmitted over UDP and IPv4 using source port 49152 and destination port 3784. For asynchronous mode, the source address of the IP packet is the local interface address, and the destination address is the remote interface address.

    Note


    BFD multihop does not support echo mode.


Consider the following guidelines when configuring BFD on Cisco IOS XR software:

  • BFD is a fixed-length hello protocol, in which each end of a connection transmits packets periodically over a forwarding path. Cisco IOS XR software supports BFD adaptive detection times.
  • BFD can be used with the following applications:
    • BGP
    • IS-IS
    • OSPF and OSPFv3
    • MPLS Traffic Engineering (MPLS-TE)
    • Static routes (IPv4 and IPv6)
    • Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM)
    • Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP)
    • Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)

      Note


      When multiple applications share the same BFD session, the application with the most aggressive timer wins locally. Then, the result is negotiated with the peer router.


  • BFD is supported for connections over the following interface types:
    • Gigabit Ethernet (GigE)
    • Ten Gigabit Ethernet (TenGigE)
    • Packet-over-SONET/SDH (POS)
    • Serial
    • Virtual LAN (VLAN)
    • Logical interfaces such as bundles, GRE, PWHE

      Note


      BFD is supported on the above interface types and not on logical interfaces unless specifically stated. For example, BFD cannot be configured on BVI, interflex, satellite, and other interfaces.


  • Cisco IOS XR software supports BFD Version 0 and Version 1. BFD sessions are established using either version, depending upon the neighbor. BFD Version 1 is the default version and is tried initially for session creation.

BFD for IPv6

Cisco IOS XR software supports bidirectional forwarding detection (BFD) for both IPv4 and IPv6. Bidirectional forwarding detection (BFD) for IPv6 supports the verification of live connectivity on interfaces that use IPv6 addresses.

The live connectivity verification for both IPv4 and IPv6 interfaces is performed by the same services and processes. Both IPv4 and IPv6 BFD sessions can run simultaneously on the same line card.

The same features and configurations that are supported in BFD for IPv4 are also supported in BFD for IPv6

BFD on Bundled VLANs

BFD for IPv4 on bundled VLANS is supported using static routing, IS-IS, and OSPF. When running a BFD session on a bundled VLAN interface, the BFD session is active as long as the VLAN bundle is up.

As long as the VLAN bundle is active, the following events do not cause the BFD session to fail:

  • Failure of a component link.
  • Online insertion and removal (OIR) of a line card which hosts one or more of the component links.
  • Addition of a component link (by configuration) to the bundle.
  • Removal of a component link (by configuration) from the bundle.
  • Shutdown of a component link.
  • RP switchover.

    Note


    For more information on configuring a VLAN bundle, see the Configuring Link Bundling on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router module.


Keep the following in mind when configuring BFD over bundled VLANs:

  • In the case of an RP switchover, configured next-hops are registered in the Routing Information Base (RIB).
  • In the case of a BFD restart, static routes remain in the RIB. BFD sessions are reestablished when BFD restarts.

    Note


    Static BFD sessions are supported on peers with address prefixes whose next-hops are directly connected to the router.


BFD Over Member Links on Link Bundles

BFD supports BFD sessions on individual physical bundle member links to monitor Layer 3 connectivity on those links, rather than just at a single bundle member as in prior releases (Figure 37).

Figure 3. BFD Sessions in Original BFD Over Bundles and Enhanced BFD Over Bundle Member Links Architectures

When you run BFD on link bundles, you can run an independent BFD session on each underlying physical interface that is part of that bundle.

When BFD is running on a link bundle member, these layers of connectivity are effectively tested as part of the interface state monitoring for BFD:

  • Layer 1 physical state
  • Layer 2 Link Access Control Protocol (LACP) state
  • Layer 3 BFD state

The BFD agent on each bundle member link monitors state changes on the link. BFD agents for sessions running on bundle member links communicate with a bundle manager. The bundle manager determines the state of member links and the overall availability of the bundle. The state of the member links contributes to the overall state of the bundle based on the threshold of minimum active links or minimum active bandwidth that is configured for that bundle.

Overview of BFD State Change Behavior on Member Links and Bundle Status

This section describes when bundle member link states are characterized as active or down, and their effect on the overall bundle status:

  • You can configure BFD on a bundle member interface that is already active or one that is inactive. For the BFD session to be up using LACP on the interface, LACP must have reached the distributing state. A BFD member link is “IIR Active” if the link is in LACP distributing state and the BFD session is up.
  • A BFD member link is “IIR Attached” when the BFD session is down, unless a LACP state transition is received.
  • You can configure timers for up to 3600 seconds (1 hour) to allow for delays in receipt of BFD state change notifications (SCNs) from peers before declaring a link bundle BFD session down. The configurable timers apply to these situations:
    • BFD session startup (bfd address-family ipv4 timers start command)—Number of seconds to allow after startup of a BFD member link session for the expected notification from the BFD peer to be received to declare the session up. If the SCN is not received after that period of time, the BFD session is declared down.
    • Notification of removal of BFD configuration by a neighbor (bfd address-family ipv4 timers nbr-unconfig command)—Number of seconds to allow after receipt of notification that BFD configuration has been removed by a BFD neighbor so that any configuration inconsistency between the BFD peers can be fixed. If the BFD configuration issue is not resolved before the specified timer is reached, the BFD session is declared down.
  • A BFD session sends a DOWN notification when one of these occurs:
    • The BFD configuration is removed on the local member link. The BFD system notifies the peer on the neighbor router that the configuration is removed. The BFD session is removed from the bundle manager without affecting other bundle member interfaces or the overall bundle state.
    • A member link is removed from the bundle. Removing a member link from a bundle causes the bundle member to be removed ungracefully. The BFD session is deleted and BFD on the neighboring router marks the session DOWN rather than NBR_CONFIG_DOWN.
  • In these cases, a DOWN notification is not sent, but the internal infrastructure treats the event as if a DOWN has occurred:
    • The BFD configuration is removed on a neighboring router and the neighbor unconfiguration timer (if configured) expires. The BFD system notifies the bundle manager that the BFD configuration has been removed on the neighboring router and, if bfd timers nbr-unconfig is configured on the link, the timer is started. If the BFD configuration is removed on the local router before the timer expires, then the timer is stopped and the behavior is as expected for BFD configuration removal on the local router. If the timer expires, then the behavior is the same as for a BFD session DOWN notification.
    • The session startup timer expires before notification from the BFD peer is received.
  • The BFD session on a bundle member sends BFD state change notifications to the bundle manager. Once BFD state change notifications for bundle member interfaces are received by the bundle manager, the bundle manager determines whether or not the corresponding bundle interface is usable.
  • A threshold for the minimum number of active member links on a bundle is used by the bundle manager to determine whether the bundle remains active, or is down based on the state of its member links. When BFD is started on a bundle that is already active, the BFD state of the bundle is declared when the BFD state of all the existing active members is known. Whenever a member’s state changes, the bundle manager determines if the number of active members is less than the minimum number of active links threshold. If so, then the bundle is placed, or remains, in DOWN state. Once the number of active links reaches the minimum threshold then the bundle returns to UP state.
  • Another threshold is configurable on the bundle and is used by the bundle manager to determine the minimum amount of active bandwidth to be available before the bundle goes to DOWN state. This is configured using the bundle minimum-active bandwidth command.
  • The BFD server responds to information from the bundle manager about state changes for the bundle interface and notifies applications on that interface while also sending system messages and MIB traps.

BFD Multipath Sessions

BFD can be applied over virtual interfaces such as GRE tunnel interfaces, PWHE interfaces, or between interfaces that are multihops away as described in the BFD for MultiHop Paths section. These types of BFD sessions are referred to BFD Multipath sessions.

As long as one path to the destination is active, these events may or may not cause the BFD Multipath session to fail as it depends on the interval negotiated versus the convergence time taken to update forwarding plane:

  • Failure of a path
  • Online insertion or removal (OIR) of a line card which hosts one or more paths
  • Removal of a link (by configuration) which constitutes a path
  • Shutdown of a link which constitutes a path

You must configure bfd mutlipath include location location-id command to enable at least one line card for the underlying mechanism that can be used to send and receive packets for the multipath sessions.

If a BFD Multipath session is hosted on a line card that is being removed from the bfd multipath include configuration, online removed, or brought to maintenance mode, then BFD attempts to migrate all BFD Multipath sessions hosted on that line card to another one. In that case, static routes are removed from RIB and then the BFD session is established again and included to RIB.

For more information on PW headend and its configuration, see Implementing Virtual Private LAN Services module in the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Configuration Guide. For more information on GRE, see Implementing MPLS Layer 2 VPNs module in Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Configuration Guide

BFD for MultiHop Paths

BFD multihop (BFD-MH) is a BFD session between two addresses that are not on the same subnet. An example of BFD-MH is a BFD session between PE and CE loopback addresses or BFD sessions between routers that are several TTL hops away. The applications that support BFD multihop are external and internal BGP. BFD multihop supports BFD on arbitrary paths, which can span multiple network hops.

The BFD Multihop feature provides sub-second forwarding failure detection for a destination more than one hop, and up to 255 hops, away. The bfd multihop ttl-drop-threshold command can be used to drop BFD packets coming from neighbors exceeding a certain number of hops. BFD multihop is supported on all currently supported media-type for BFD singlehop.

Setting up BFD Multihop

A BFD multihop session is set up between a unique source-destination address pair provided by the client. A session can be set up between two endpoints that have IP connectivity. For BFD Multihop, IPv4 addresses in both global routing table and in a VRF is supported.

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection over Logical Bundle

The Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) over Logical Bundle feature implements and deploys BFD over bundle interfaces based on RFC 5880. The BFD over Logical Bundle (BLB) feature replaces the BVLAN feature and resolves certain interoperability issues with other platforms that run BFD over bundle interface in pure RFC5880 fashion. These platforms include products of other vendors, as well as other Cisco products running Cisco IOS or Cisco Nexus OS software.

BLB is a multipath (MP) single-hop session. BLB requires limited knowledge of the bundle interfaces on which the sessions run; this is because BFD treats the bundle as one big pipe. To function, BLB requires only information about IP addresses, interface types, and caps on bundle interfaces. Information such as list of bundle members, member states, and configured minimum or maximum bundle links are not required.

BLB is supported on IPv4 address, IPv6 global address, and IPv6 link-local address.

BFD over Logical Bundle feature is not supported on Cisco ASR 9000 Series SPA Interface Processor-700.

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection over Generic Routing Encapsulation

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) over Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) allows link failures to be detected more rapidly than existing GRE keepalives. BFD switching over GRE links works when the BFD packets are transmitted from one end point node to another remote end point node. BFD punting over GRE links works when BFD packets are received at any of the end points.

Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) tunneling protocol encapsulates a wide variety of protocol packet types inside IP tunnels, creating a virtual point-to-point link between two routers at remote points over an IP internetwork. The GRE enables service providers that do not run MPLS in their Core network to provide VPN services.

BFD over GRE feature is not supported on Cisco ASR 9000 Series SPA Interface Processor-700.

BFD provides IPv4 single-hop version 1 asynchronous mode over GRE numbered interfaces according to RFC5880.

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection IPv6 Multihop

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) IPv6 Multihop feature enables IPv6 Multihop BFD sessions where BFD neighbors can be multiple hops away, either physically or logically. More than one path is available to reach the BFD neighbor. BFD packets are received on a line card that may or may not host the respective BFD session. The BFD Agent in one line card may need to transmit BFD packets out of an egress interface on a different line card.

BFD support for IPv6 Multihop is on a par with the BFD IPv4 Multihop. The BFD IPv6 Multihop is supported on the ASR 9000 Ethernet Line Card and the ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Line Card.

BFD IPv6 Multihop feature is not supported on Cisco ASR 9000 Series SPA Interface Processor-700.

BFD IPV6 Multihop removes the restriction of a single path IPv6 BFD session, where the BFD neighbor is always one hop away, and the BFD Agent in the line card always receives or transmits BFD packets over a local interface on the same line card.

The BFD switching mechanism for IPv6 Multihop link is employed when the BFD packets are transmitted from one end point node to the other. The BFD punting mechanism is employed when BFD packets are received at the remote end point node.

BFD over MPLS Traffic Engineering LSPs

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection ( BFD) over MPLS Traffic Engineering Label Switched Paths (LSPs) feature in Cisco IOS XR Software detects MPLS Label Switched Path LSP data plane failures. Since the control plane processing required for BFD control packets is relatively smaller than the processing required for LSP Ping messages, BFD can be deployed for faster detection of data plane failure for a large number of LSPs.

The BFD over MPLS TE LSPs implementation in Cisco IOS XR Software is based on RFC 5884: Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) for MPLS Label Switched Paths (LSPs). LSP Ping is an existing mechanism for detecting MPLS data plane failures and for verifying the MPLS LSP data plane against the control plane. BFD can be used for for detecting MPLS data plane failures, but not for verifying the MPLS LSP data plane against the control plane. A combination of LSP Ping and BFD provides faster data plane failure detection on a large number of LSPs.

The BFD over MPLS TE LSPs is used for networks that have deployed MPLS as the multi service transport and that use BFD as fast failure detection mechanism to enhance network reliability and up time by using BFD as fast failure detection traffic black holing.

BFD over MPLS TE LSPs support:
  • BFD async mode (BFD echo mode is not supported)
  • IPv4 only, since MPLS core is IPv4
  • BFD packets will carry IP DSCP 6 (Internet Control)
  • Use of BFD for TE tunnel bring up, re-optimization, and path protection (Standby and FRR)
  • Fastest detection time (100 ms x 3 = 300 ms)
  • Optional Periodic LSP ping verification after BFD session is up
  • Dampening to hold-down BFD failed path-option
  • BFD packets from tail-end to head-end will be IP routed (IPv4 Multihop)

BFD over Pseudowire Headend

The Bidirectional Forwarding Detection over Pseudowire Headend (BFDoPWHE) feature enables BFD support over the customer edge (CE) to pseudowire headend (S-PE) links for fast failure detection along the path between the eBGP neighbors.

BFD over PWHE is supported only on ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Line Card.

BFD over PWHE supports:
  • BFD sessions per pseudo-wire for end-to-end fault detection between the CE and PWHE PE
  • BFDv4 for IPv4 and BFDv6 for IPv6 (static and BGP) 
  • BFD asynchronous mode over PWHE
  • Pseudowire VC type 4 and type 5

For PWHE to be operational, the BFD agent should be hosted on one of the line cards that is part of the PWHE generic interface list. The BFD multipath must be configured for a line card that is part of the generic interfaces list.

Use the bfd multipath include location node-id command to include specific line cards to host BFD multiple path sessions and thereby enable BFD over PWHE.

BFD over Satellite Interfaces

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) over satellite interfaces feature enables BFD support on satellite line cards. Satellite interfaces are known as virtual (bundle) interfaces. BFD uses multipath infrastructure to support BFD on satellite line cards. BFD over satellite is a multipath (MP) single-hop session and is supported on IPv4 address, IPv6 global address, and IPv6 link-local address. The BFD over Satellite is supported only on ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Line Card and is supported in asynchronous mode. BFD over satellite is not supported in echo mode.

Use the bfd multipath include location node-id command to configure Multipath BFD sessions. With this configuration, all Multipath sessions including BFD over Satellite, are downloaded and hosted on the configured line cards. Configure one or more line cards to allow hosting of Multipath BFD sessions.


Note


  • The bfd multipath include location node-id command is not supported on ASR 9000 Ethernet Line Card. Hence, BFD over Satellite Interfaces feature does not work on the ASR 9000 Ethernet Line Card.
  • BFD over Satellite Interfaces is not supported on nV Edge system in this release of Cisco IOS XR Software.

BFD over IRB

In order for a VLAN to span a router, the router must be capable of forwarding frames from one interface to another, while maintaining the VLAN header. If the router is configured for routing a Layer 3 (network layer) protocol, it will terminate the VLAN and MAC layers at the interface on which a frame arrives. The MAC layer header can be maintained if the router bridges the network layer protocol. However, even regular bridging terminates the VLAN header.

Using the Integrated Routing Bridging (IRB) feature in Cisco IOS XR Software Release 5.1.0 or greater, a router can be configured for routing and bridging the same network layer protocol, on the same interface. This allows the VLAN header to be maintained on a frame while it transits a router from one interface to another. IRB provides the ability to route between a bridged domain and a routed domain with the Bridge Group Virtual Interface (BVI). The BVI is a virtual interface within the router that acts like a normal routed interface that does not support bridging, but represents the comparable bridge group to routed interfaces within the router. The interface number of the BVI is the number of the bridge group that the virtual interface represents. This number is the link between the BVI and the bridge group.

Because the BVI represents a bridge group as a routed interface, it must be configured only with Layer 3 (L3) characteristics, such as network layer addresses. Similarly, the interfaces configured for bridging a protocol must not be configured with any L3 characteristics.

BFD over IRB is a multipath single-hop session. In a BFD multipath session, BFD can be applied over virtual interfaces or between interfaces that are multihops away. The Cisco IOS XR Software BFD multihop is based on the RFC 5883—Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) for Multihop Paths. BFD over IRB is supported on IPv4 address, IPv6 global address, and IPv6 link-local address. The BFD over IRB is supported only in asynchronous mode and does not support echo mode. The BFD over IRB feature is supported only on the ASR 9000 enhanced Ethernet line cards.

BFD Dampening

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) is a mechanism used by routing protocols to quickly realize and communicate the reachability failures to their neighbors. When BFD detects a reachability status change of a client, its neighbors are notified immediately. Sometimes it might be critical to minimize changes in routing tables so as not to impact convergence, in case of a micro failure. An unstable link that flaps excessively can cause other devices in the network to consume substantial processing resources, and that can cause routing protocols to lose synchronization with the state of the flapping link.

The BFD Dampening feature introduces a configurable exponential delay mechanism. This mechanism is designed to suppress the excessive effect of remote node reachability events flapping with BFD. The BFD Dampening feature allows the network operator to automatically dampen a given BFD session to prevent excessive notification to BFD clients, thus preventing unnecessary instability in the network. Dampening the notification to a BFD client suppresses BFD notification until the time the session under monitoring stops flapping and becomes stable.

Configuring the BFD Dampening feature, especially on a high-speed interface with routing clients, improves convergence time and stability throughout the network. BFD dampening can be applied to all types of BFD sessions, including IPv4/single-hop/multihop, Multiprotocol Label Switching-Transport Profile (MPLS-TP), and Pseudo Wire (PW) Virtual Circuit Connection Verification (VCCV).

BFD Session Dampening

You can configure the BFD Dampening feature at the BFD template level (both single-hop and multihop templates). Dampening is applied to all the sessions that use the BFD template. If you choose not to have a session to be dampened, you should use a new BFD template without dampening for a new session. By default, the dampening functionality is not enabled on a template.

BFD Hardware Offload

The Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) hardware offload feature allows the offload of asynchronous BFD transmission (Tx) and reception (Rx) to the network processing unit on the ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Line Card. BFD hardware offload improves scale and reduces the overall network convergence time by sending rapid failure detection packets (messages) to the routing protocols for recalculating the routing table.

The below asynchronous BFD sessions are offloaded to the network processor unit on the ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Line Card:

  • BFD IPv4 sessions over physical and VLAN interfaces.
  • BFD IPv6 sessions over physical and VLAN interfaces.
  • BFD over MPLS-TP LSP Single-Path (SP) sessions.

BFD hardware offload mode is enabled on the ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Line Card using the hw-module bfd-hw-offload enable command in admin mode.


Note


You must reload the ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Line Card after enabling BFD hardware offload mode.


BFD hardware offload supports seven timer intervals for BFD sessions. The minimum timer interval supported is 3.3 milliseconds and maximum is 30 seconds. The number of BFD sessions supported vary by the timer interval, as detailed below:

BFD Session

Timer Interval

Sessions supported on Line Card

Sessions supported on Network Processing Unit

IPv4, IPv6, MPLS-TP

3.3 milliseconds

600

300

IPv4, IPv6

15 milliseconds

2000

1000

IPv4, IPv6

50 milliseconds

8000

3000

IPv4, IPv6

300 milliseconds

8000

3000

IPv4, IPv6

1 second

8000

3000

IPv4, IPv6

2 seconds

8000

3000

IPv4, IPv6

30 seconds

8000

3000

Restrictions

  • Echo mode is not supported for hardware offloaded sessions.
  • Only seven timer intervals for BFD sessions are supported.

How to Configure BFD

BFD Configuration Guidelines

Before you configure BFD, consider the following guidelines:

  • FRR/TE, FRR/IP, and FRR/LDP using BFD is supported on POS interfaces and Ethernet interfaces.
  • To establish a BFD neighbor in Cisco IOS XR software, BFD must either be configured under a dynamic routing protocol, or using a static route.
  • The maximum rate in packets-per-second (pps) for BFD sessions is linecard-dependent. If you have multiple linecards supporting BFD, then the maximum rate for BFD sessions per system is the supported linecard rate multiplied by the number of linecards.
    • The maximum rate for BFD sessions per linecard is 9600 pps.
  • The maximum number of BFD sessions supported on any one card is 1440.
  • The maximum number of members in a bundle is 64.
  • The maximum number of BFD sessions on VLANs in a bundle is 128. When using BFD with OSPF, consider the following guidelines:
    • BFD establishes sessions from a neighbor to a designated router (DR) or backup DR (BDR) only when the neighbor state is full.
    • BFD does not establish sessions between DR-Other neighbors (for example, when their OSPF states are both 2-way).

      Caution


      If you are using BFD with Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF) on a particular interface, then you need to use the echo disable command to disable echo mode on that interface; otherwise, echo packets will be rejected. For more information, see the “Disabling Echo Mode” section on page 689.

To enable or disable IPv4 uRPF checking on an IPv4 interface, use the [no] ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via command in interface configuration mode.


Configuring BFD Under a Dynamic Routing Protocol or Using a Static Route

Enabling BFD on a BGP Neighbor

BFD can be enabled per neighbor, or per interface. This task describes how to enable BFD for BGP on a neighbor router. To enable BFD per interface, use the steps in the “Enabling BFD for OSPF on an Interface” section on page 669.


Note


BFD neighbor router configuration is supported for BGP only.


SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    configure

    2.    router bgp autonomous-system-number

    3.    bfd minimum-interval milliseconds

    4.    bfd multiplier multiplier

    5.    neighbor ip-address

    6.    remote-as autonomous-system-number

    7.    bfd fast-detect

    8.    Use the commit or end command.


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 configure


    Example:
    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 2router bgp autonomous-system-number


    Example:
    
    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router bgp 120
    
     

    Enters BGP configuration mode, allowing you to configure the BGP routing process.

    Use the show bgp command in EXEC mode to obtain the autonomous-system-number for the current router.

     
    Step 3bfd minimum-interval milliseconds


    Example:
    
    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)# bfd minimum-interval 6500
    
     

    Sets the BFD minimum interval. Range is 15-30000 milliseconds.

     
    Step 4bfd multiplier multiplier


    Example:
    
    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)# bfd multiplier 7
    
     

    Sets the BFD multiplier.

     
    Step 5neighbor ip-address


    Example:
    
    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)# neighbor 172.168.40.24
    
     

    Places the router in neighbor configuration mode for BGP routing and configures the neighbor IP address as a BGP peer.

    This example configures the IP address 172.168.40.24 as a BGP peer.

     
    Step 6remote-as autonomous-system-number


    Example:
    
    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp-nbr)# remote-as 2002
    
     

    Creates a neighbor and assigns it a remote autonomous system.

    This example configures the remote autonomous system to be 2002.

     
    Step 7bfd fast-detect


    Example:
    
    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp-nbr)# bfd fast-detect
    
     

    Enables BFD between the local networking devices and the neighbor whose IP address you configured to be a BGP peer in Step 5.

    In the example in Step 5, the IP address 172.168.40.24 was set up as the BGP peer. In this example, BFD is enabled between the local networking devices and the neighbor 172.168.40.24.

     
    Step 8 Use the commit or end command.  

    commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

    end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
    • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
    • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
    • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
     

    Enabling BFD for OSPF on an Interface

    The following procedures describe how to configure BFD for Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) on an interface. The steps in the procedure are common to the steps for configuring BFD on IS-IS and MPLS-TE; only the command mode differs.


    Note


    BFD per interface configuration is supported for OSPF, OSFPv3, IS-IS, and MPLS-TE only. For information about configuring BFD on an OSPFv3 interface, see Enabling BFD for OSPFv3 on an Interface, page 671.


    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    configure

      2.    router ospf process-name

      3.    bfd minimum-interval milliseconds

      4.    bfd multiplier multiplier

      5.    area area-id

      6.    interface type interface-path-id

      7.    bfd fast-detect

      8.    Use the commit or end command.

      9.    show run router ospf


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 configure


      Example:
      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 2router ospf process-name


      Example:
      
      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 0
      
       

      Enters OSPF configuration mode, allowing you to configure the OSPF routing process.

      Use the show ospf command in EXEC configuration mode to obtain the process-name for the current router.

      Note   
      • To configure BFD for IS-IS or MPLS-TE, enter the corresponding configuration mode. For example, for MPLS-TE, enter MPLS-TE configuration mode.
       
      Step 3bfd minimum-interval milliseconds


      Example:
      
      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# bfd minimum-interval 6500
      
       

      Sets the BFD minimum interval. Range is 15-30000 milliseconds.

      This example sets the BFD minimum interval to 6500 milliseconds.

       
      Step 4bfd multiplier multiplier


      Example:
      
      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# bfd multiplier 7
      
       

      Sets the BFD multiplier.

      This example sets the BFD multiplier to 7.

       
      Step 5area area-id


      Example:
      
      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
      
       

      Configures an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) area.

      Replace area-id with the OSPF area identifier.

       
      Step 6interface type interface-path-id


      Example:
      
      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface gigabitEthernet 0/3/0/1
      
       

      Enters interface configuration mode and specifies the interface name and notation rack/slot/module/port.

      • The example indicates a Gigabit Ethernet interface in modular services card slot 3.
       
      Step 7bfd fast-detect


      Example:
      
      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# bfd fast-detect
      
       

      Enables BFD to detect failures in the path between adjacent forwarding engines.

       
      Step 8 Use the commit or end command.  

      commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

      end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
      • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
      • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
      • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
       
      Step 9show run router ospf


      Example:
      
      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# show run router ospf
      
       

      Verify that BFD is enabled on the appropriate interface.

       

      Enabling BFD for OSPFv3 on an Interface

      The following procedures describe how to configure BFD for OSPFv3 on an interface. The steps in the procedure are common to the steps for configuring BFD on IS-IS, and MPLS-TE; only the command mode differs.


      Note


      BFD per-interface configuration is supported for OSPF, OSPFv3, IS-IS, and MPLS-TE only. For information about configuring BFD on an OSPF interface, see Enabling BFD for OSPF on an Interface, page 669.


      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    configure

        2.    router ospfv3 process-name

        3.    bfd minimum-interval milliseconds

        4.    bfd multiplier multiplier

        5.    area area-id

        6.    interface type interface-path-id

        7.    bfd fast-detect

        8.    Use the commit or end command.

        9.    show run router ospfv3


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 configure


        Example:
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 2router ospfv3 process-name


        Example:
        
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfig)# router ospfv3 0
        
         

        Enters OSPFv3 configuration mode, allowing you to configure the OSPFv3 routing process.

        Use the show ospfv3 command in EXEC mode to obtain the process name for the current router.

        Note   
        • To configure BFD for IS-IS or MPLS-TE, enter the corresponding configuration mode. For example, for MPLS-TE, enter MPLS-TE configuration mode.
         
        Step 3bfd minimum-interval milliseconds


        Example:
        
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3)# bfd minimum-interval 6500
        
         

        Sets the BFD minimum interval. Range is 15-30000 milliseconds.

        This example sets the BFD minimum interval to 6500 milliseconds.

         
        Step 4bfd multiplier multiplier


        Example:
        
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3)# bfd multiplier 7
        
         

        Sets the BFD multiplier.

        This example sets the BFD multiplier to 7.

         
        Step 5area area-id


        Example:
        
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3)# area 0
        
         

        Configures an OSPFv3 area.

        Replace area-id with the OSPFv3 area identifier.

         
        Step 6interface type interface-path-id


        Example:
        
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3-ar)# interface gigabitEthernet 0/1/5/0
        
         

        Enters interface configuration mode and specifies the interface name and notation rack/slot/module/port.

        • The example indicates a Gigabit Ethernet interface in modular services card slot 1.
         
        Step 7bfd fast-detect


        Example:
        
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3-ar-if)# bfd fast-detect
        
         

        Enables BFD to detect failures in the path between adjacent forwarding engines.

         
        Step 8 Use the commit or end command.  

        commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

        end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
        • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
        • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
        • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
         
        Step 9show run router ospfv3


        Example:
        
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3-ar-if)#show run router ospfv3
        
         

        Verifies that BFD is enabled on the appropriate interface.

         

        Enabling BFD on a Static Route

        The following procedure describes how to enable BFD on a static route.


        Note


        Bundle VLAN sessions are restricted to an interval of 250 milliseconds and a multiplier of 3. More aggressive parameters are not allowed.


        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    configure

          2.    router static

          3.    address-family ipv4 unicast address nexthop bfd fast-detect [minimum-interval interval] [multiplier multiplier]

          4.    vrf vrf-name

          5.    address-family ipv4 unicast address nexthop bfd fast-detect

          6.    Use the commit or end command.


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 configure


          Example:
          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 2router static


          Example:
          
          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router static
          
           

          Enters static route configuration mode, allowing you to configure static routing.

           
          Step 3address-family ipv4 unicast address nexthop bfd fast-detect [minimum-interval interval] [multiplier multiplier]


          Example:
          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)# address-family ipv4 unicast 0.0.0.0/0 2.6.0.1 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 1000 multiplier 5
          
           
          Enables BFD fast-detection on the specified IPV4 unicast destination address prefix and on the forwarding next-hop address.
          • Include the optional minimum-interval keyword and argument to ensure that the next-hop is assigned with the same hello interval. Replace the interval argument with a number that specifies the interval in milliseconds. Range is from 10 through 10000.
          • Include the optional multiplier keyword argument to ensure that the next hop is assigned with the same detect multiplier. Replace the multiplier argument with a number that specifies the detect multiplier. Range is from 1 through 10.
          Note   

          Bundle VLAN sessions are restricted to an interval of 250 milliseconds and a multiplier of 3. More aggressive parameters are not allowed.

           
          Step 4vrf vrf-name


          Example:
          
          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)# vrf vrf1
          
           

          Specifies a VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance, and enters static route configuration mode for that VRF.

           
          Step 5address-family ipv4 unicast address nexthop bfd fast-detect


          Example:
          
          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static-vrf)# address-family ipv4 unicast 0.0.0.0/0 2.6.0.2
          
           

          Enables BFD fast-detection on the specified IPV4 unicast destination address prefix and on the forwarding next-hop address.

           
          Step 6 Use the commit or end command.  

          commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

          end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
          • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
          • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
          • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
           

          Configuring BFD on Bundle Member Links

          Prerequisites for Configuring BFD on Bundle Menmber Links

          The physical interfaces that are members of a bundle must be directly connected between peer routers without any switches in between.

          Specifying the BFD Destination Address on a Bundle

          To specify the BFD destination address on a bundle, complete these steps:

          DETAILED STEPS
          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    configure

            2.    interface Bundle-Ether | Bundle-POS] bundle-id

            3.    bfd address-family ipv4 destination ip-address

            4.    Use the commit or end command.


          DETAILED STEPS
             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1 configure


            Example:
            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
             

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 2interface Bundle-Ether | Bundle-POS] bundle-id

            Example:
            
            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface Bundle-Ether 1
            
             

            Enters interface configuration mode for the specified bundle ID.

             
            Step 3bfd address-family ipv4 destination ip-address


            Example:
            
            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# bfd address-family ipv4 destination 10.20.20.1
            
             

            Specifies the primary IPv4 address assigned to the bundle interface on a connected remote system, where ip-address is the 32-bit IP address in dotted-decimal format (A.B.C.D).

             
            Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

            commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

            end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
            • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
            • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
            • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
             

            Enabling BFD Sessions on Bundle Members

            To enable BFD sessions on bundle member links, complete these steps:

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    configure

              2.    interface Bundle-Ether | Bundle-POS] bundle-id

              3.    bfd address-family ipv4 fast-detect

              4.    Use the commit or end command.


            DETAILED STEPS
               Command or ActionPurpose
              Step 1 configure


              Example:
              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
               

              Enters global configuration mode.

               
              Step 2interface Bundle-Ether | Bundle-POS] bundle-id

              Example:
              
              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface Bundle-Ether 1
              
               

              Enters interface configuration mode for the specified bundle ID.

               
              Step 3bfd address-family ipv4 fast-detect


              Example:
              
              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# bfd address-family ipv4 fast-detect
              
               

              Enables IPv4 BFD sessions on bundle member links.

               
              Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

              commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

              end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
              • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
              • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
              • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
               

              Configuring the Minimum Thresholds for Maintaining an Active Bundle

              The bundle manager uses two configurable minimum thresholds to determine whether a bundle can be brought up or remain up, or is down, based on the state of its member links.

              • Minimum active number of links
              • Minimum active bandwidth available

              Whenever the state of a member changes, the bundle manager determines whether the number of active members or available bandwidth is less than the minimum. If so, then the bundle is placed, or remains, in DOWN state. Once the number of active links or available bandwidth reaches one of the minimum thresholds, then the bundle returns to the UP state.

              To configure minimum bundle thresholds, complete these steps:

              SUMMARY STEPS

                1.    configure

                2.    interface Bundle-Ether bundle-id

                3.    bundle minimum-active bandwidth kbps

                4.    bundle minimum-active links links

                5.    Use the commit or end command.


              DETAILED STEPS
                 Command or ActionPurpose
                Step 1 configure


                Example:
                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                 

                Enters global configuration mode.

                 
                Step 2interface Bundle-Ether bundle-id


                Example:
                
                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface Bundle-Ether 1
                
                 

                Enters interface configuration mode for the specified bundle ID.

                 
                Step 3bundle minimum-active bandwidth kbps


                Example:
                
                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# bundle minimum-active bandwidth 580000
                
                 

                Sets the minimum amount of bandwidth required before a bundle can be brought up or remain up. The range is from 1 through a number that varies depending on the platform and the bundle type.

                 
                Step 4bundle minimum-active links links


                Example:
                
                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# bundle minimum-active links 2
                
                 

                Sets the number of active links required before a bundle can be brought up or remain up. The range is from 1 to 32.

                Note   
                • When BFD is started on a bundle that is already active, the BFD state of the bundle is declared when the BFD state of all the existing active members is known.
                 
                Step 5 Use the commit or end command.  

                commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                 

                Configuring BFD Packet Transmission Intervals and Failure Detection Times on a Bundle

                BFD asynchronous packet intervals and failure detection times for BFD sessions on bundle member links are configured using a combination of the bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval and bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier interface configuration commands on a bundle.

                The BFD control packet interval is configured directly using the bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval command. The BFD echo packet interval and all failure detection times are determined by a combination of the interval and multiplier values in these commands. For more information see the “BFD Packet Intervals and Failure Detection” section on page 655.

                To configure the minimum transmission interval and failure detection times for BFD asynchronous mode control and echo packets on bundle member links, complete these steps:

                DETAILED STEPS
                SUMMARY STEPS

                  1.    configure

                  2.    interface Bundle-Ether | Bundle-POS] bundle-id

                  3.    bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval milliseconds

                  4.    bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier multiplier

                  5.    Use the commit or end command.


                DETAILED STEPS
                   Command or ActionPurpose
                  Step 1 configure


                  Example:
                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                   

                  Enters global configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 2interface Bundle-Ether | Bundle-POS] bundle-id

                  Example:
                  
                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface Bundle-Ether 1
                  
                   

                  Enters interface configuration mode for the specified bundle ID.

                   
                  Step 3bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval milliseconds


                  Example:
                  
                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd address-family ipv4 minimum-interval 2000
                  
                  Note   
                  • Specifies the minimum interval, in milliseconds, for asynchronous mode control packets on IPv4 BFD sessions on bundle member links. The range is from 15 to 30000.Although the command allows you to configure a minimum of 15 ms, the supported minium on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router is 50 ms.
                   
                   
                  Step 4bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier multiplier


                  Example:
                  
                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd address-family ipv4 multiplier 30
                  
                   

                  Specifies a number that is used as a multiplier with the minimum interval to determine BFD control and echo packet failure detection times and echo packet transmission intervals for IPv4 BFD sessions on bundle member links. The range is from 2 to 50. The default is 3.

                  Note   
                  • Although the command allows you to configure a minimum of 2, the supported minimum is 3.
                   
                  Step 5 Use the commit or end command.  

                  commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                  end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                  • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                  • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                  • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                   

                  Configuring Allowable Delays for BFD State Change Notifications Using Timers on a Bundle

                  The BFD system supports two configurable timers to allow for delays in receipt of BFD SCNs from peers before declaring a BFD session on a link bundle member down:

                  • BFD session startup
                  • BFD configuration removal by a neighbor

                  For more information about how these timers work and other BFD state change behavior, see the “Overview of BFD State Change Behavior on Member Links and Bundle Status” section on page 663.

                  To configure the timers that allow for delays in receipt of BFD SCNs from peers, complete these steps:

                  SUMMARY STEPS

                    1.    configure

                    2.    interface Bundle-Ether | Bundle-POS] bundle-id

                    3.    bfd address-family ipv4 timers start seconds

                    4.    bfd address-family ipv4 timers nbr-unconfig seconds

                    5.    Use the commit or end command.


                  DETAILED STEPS
                     Command or ActionPurpose
                    Step 1 configure


                    Example:
                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                     

                    Enters global configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 2interface Bundle-Ether | Bundle-POS] bundle-id

                    Example:
                    
                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface Bundle-Ether 1
                    
                     

                    Enters interface configuration mode for the specified bundle ID.

                     
                    Step 3bfd address-family ipv4 timers start seconds


                    Example:
                    
                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#
                    
                     

                    Specifies the number of seconds after startup of a BFD member link session to wait for the expected notification from the BFD peer to be received, so that the session can be declared up. If the SCN is not received after that period of time, the BFD session is declared down. The range is 60 to 3600. (In Cisco IOS XR Releases 4.0 and 4.0.1, the available minimum is 30, but is not recommended.)

                     
                    Step 4bfd address-family ipv4 timers nbr-unconfig seconds


                    Example:
                    
                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#
                    
                     

                    Specifies the number of seconds to wait after receipt of notification that BFD configuration has been removed by a BFD neighbor, so that any configuration inconsistency between the BFD peers can be fixed. If the BFD configuration issue is not resolved before the specified timer is reached, the BFD session is declared down. The range is 30 to 3600.

                     
                    Step 5 Use the commit or end command.  

                    commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                    end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                    • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                    • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                    • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                     

                    Enabling Echo Mode to Test the Forwarding Path to a BFD Peer

                    BFD echo mode is enabled by default for the following interfaces:

                    • For IPv4 on member links of BFD bundle interfaces.
                    • For IPv4 on other physical interfaces whose minimum interval is less than two seconds.

                      Note


                      If you have configured a BFD minimum interval greater than two seconds on a physical interface using the bfd minimum-interval command, then you will need to change the interval to be less than two seconds to support and enable echo mode. This does not apply to bundle member links, which always support echo mode.


                    Overriding the Default Echo Packet Source Address

                    If you do not specify an echo packet source address, then BFD uses the IP address of the output interface as the default source address for an echo packet.

                    In Cisco IOS XR releases before 3.9.0, we recommend that you configure the local router ID using the router-id command to change the default IP address for the echo packet source address to the adrdress specified as the router ID.

                    Beginning in Cisco IOS XR release 3.9.0 and later, you can use the echo ipv4 source command in BFD or interface BFD configuration mode to specify the IP address that you want to use as the echo packet source address.

                    You can override the default IP source address for echo packets for BFD on the entire router, or for a particular interface.

                    Specifying the Echo Packet Source Address Globally for BFD

                    To specify the echo packet source IP address globally for BFD on the router, complete the following steps:

                    SUMMARY STEPS

                      1.    configure

                      2.    bfd

                      3.    echo ipv4 source ip-address

                      4.    Use the commit or end command.


                    DETAILED STEPS
                       Command or ActionPurpose
                      Step 1 configure


                      Example:
                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                       

                      Enters global configuration mode.

                       
                      Step 2bfd


                      Example:
                      
                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                      
                       

                      Enters BFD configuration mode.

                       
                      Step 3echo ipv4 source ip-address


                      Example:
                      
                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# echo ipv4 source 10.10.10.1
                      
                       

                      Specifies an IPv4 address to be used as the source address in BFD echo packets, where ip-address is the 32-bit IP address in dotted-decimal format (A.B.C.D).

                       
                      Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                      commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                      end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                      • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                      • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                      • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                       

                      Specifying the Echo Packet Source Address on an Individual Interface or Bundle

                      To specify the echo packet source IP address on an individual BFD interface or bundle, complete the following steps:

                      SUMMARY STEPS

                        1.    configure

                        2.    bfd

                        3.    interface type interface-path-id

                        4.    echo ipv4 source ip-address

                        5.    Use the commit or end command.


                      DETAILED STEPS
                         Command or ActionPurpose
                        Step 1 configure


                        Example:
                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                         

                        Enters global configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 2bfd


                        Example:
                        
                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                        
                         

                        Enters BFD configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 3interface type interface-path-id

                        Example:
                        
                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# interface gigabitEthernet 0/1/5/0
                        
                         

                        Enters BFD interface configuration mode for a specific interface or bundle. In BFD interface configuration mode, you can specify an IPv4 address on an individual interface or bundle.

                         
                        Step 4echo ipv4 source ip-address


                        Example:
                        
                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# echo ipv4 source 10.10.10.1
                        
                         

                        Specifies an IPv4 address to be used as the source address in BFD echo packets, where ip-address is the 32-bit IP address in dotted-decimal format (A.B.C.D).

                         
                        Step 5 Use the commit or end command.  

                        commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                        end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                        • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                        • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                        • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                         

                        Configuring BFD Session Teardown Based on Echo Latency Detection

                        Beginning in Cisco IOS XR 4.0.1, you can configure BFD sessions on non-bundle interfaces to bring down a BFD session when it exceeds the configured echo latency tolerance.

                        To configure BFD session teardown using echo latency detection, complete the following steps.

                        Before you enable echo latency detection, be sure that your BFD configuration supports echo mode.

                        Echo latency detection is not supported on bundle interfaces.

                        DETAILED STEPS
                        SUMMARY STEPS

                          1.    configure

                          2.    bfd

                          3.    echo latency detect [percentage percent-value [count packet-count]

                          4.    Use the commit or end command.


                        DETAILED STEPS
                           Command or ActionPurpose
                          Step 1 configure


                          Example:
                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                           

                          Enters global configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 2bfd


                          Example:
                          
                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                          
                           

                          Enters BFD configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 3echo latency detect [percentage percent-value [count packet-count]


                          Example:
                          
                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# echo latency detect
                          
                           

                          Enables echo packet latency detection over the course of a BFD session, where:

                          • percentage percent-value—Specifies the percentage of the echo failure detection time to be detected as bad latency. The range is 100 to 250. The default is 100.
                          • count packet-count—Specifies a number of consecutive packets received with bad latency that will take down a BFD session. The range is 1 to 10. The default is 1.
                           
                          Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                          commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                          end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                          • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                          • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                          • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                           

                          Delaying BFD Session Startup Until Verification of Echo Path and Latency

                          Beginning in Cisco IOS XR Release 4.0.1, you can verify that the echo packet path is working and within configured latency thresholds before starting a BFD session on non-bundle interfaces.


                          Note


                          Echo startup validation is not supported on bundle interfaces.


                          To configure BFD echo startup validation, complete the following steps.

                          Before You Begin

                          Before you enable echo startup validation, be sure that your BFD configuration supports echo mode.

                          SUMMARY STEPS

                            1.    configure

                            2.    bfd

                            3.    echo startup validate [force]

                            4.    Use the commit or end command.


                          DETAILED STEPS
                             Command or ActionPurpose
                            Step 1 configure


                            Example:
                            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                             

                            Enters global configuration mode.

                             
                            Step 2bfd


                            Example:
                            RP/0/0RP0RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                             

                            Enters BFD configuration mode.

                             
                            Step 3echo startup validate [force]


                            Example:
                            RP/0/0RP0RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# echo startup validate
                             

                            Enables verification of the echo packet path before starting a BFD session, where an echo packet is periodically transmitted on the link to verify successful transmission within the configured latency before allowing the BFD session to change state.

                            When the force keyword is not configured, the local system performs echo startup validation if the following conditions are true:
                            • The local router is capable of running echo (echo is enabled for this session).
                            • The remote router is capable of running echo (received control packet from remote system has non-zero “Required Min Echo RX Interval" value).
                            When the force keyword is configured, the local system performs echo startup validation if following conditions are true.
                            • The local router is capable of running echo (echo is enabled for this session).
                            • The remote router echo capability is not considered (received control packet from remote system has zero or non-zero "Required Min Echo RX Interval" value).
                             
                            Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                            commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                            end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                            • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                            • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                            • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                             

                            Disabling Echo Mode

                            BFD does not support asynchronous operation in echo mode in certain environments. Echo mode should be disabled when using BFD for the following applications or conditions:

                            • BFD with uRPF (IPv4)
                            • To support rack reload and online insertion and removal (OIR) when a BFD bundle interface has member links that span multiple racks.

                              Note


                              BFD echo mode is automatically disabled for BFD on physical interfaces when the minimum interval is greater than two seconds. The minimum interval does not affect echo mode on BFD bundle member links. BFD echo mode is also automatically disabled for BFD on bundled VLANs and IPv6 (global and link-local addressing).


                            You can disable echo mode for BFD on the entire router, or for a particular interface.

                            Disabling Echo Mode on a Router

                            To disable echo mode globally on the router complete the following steps:

                            DETAILED STEPS
                            SUMMARY STEPS

                              1.    configure

                              2.    bfd

                              3.    echo disable

                              4.    Use the commit or end command.


                            DETAILED STEPS
                               Command or ActionPurpose
                              Step 1 configure


                              Example:
                              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                               

                              Enters global configuration mode.

                               
                              Step 2bfd


                              Example:
                              
                              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                              
                               

                              Enters BFD configuration mode.

                               
                              Step 3echo disable


                              Example:
                              
                              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# echo disable
                              
                               

                              Disables echo mode on the router.

                               
                              Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                              commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                              end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                              • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                              • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                              • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                               

                              Disabling Echo Mode on an Individual Interface or Bundle

                              The following procedures describe how to disable echo mode on an interface or bundle .

                              SUMMARY STEPS

                                1.    configure

                                2.    bfd

                                3.    interface type interface-path-id

                                4.    echo disable

                                5.    Use the commit or end command.


                              DETAILED STEPS
                                 Command or ActionPurpose
                                Step 1 configure


                                Example:
                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                 

                                Enters global configuration mode.

                                 
                                Step 2bfd


                                Example:
                                
                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                                
                                 

                                Enters BFD configuration mode.

                                 
                                Step 3interface type interface-path-id


                                Example:
                                
                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# interface gigabitEthernet 0/1/5/0
                                
                                 

                                Enters BFD interface configuration mode for a specific interface or bundle. In BFD interface configuration mode, you can disable echo mode on an individual interface or bundle.

                                 
                                Step 4echo disable


                                Example:
                                
                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd-if)# echo disable
                                
                                 

                                Disables echo mode on the specified individual interface or bundle.

                                 
                                Step 5 Use the commit or end command.  

                                commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                 

                                Minimizing BFD Session Flapping Using BFD Dampening

                                To configure BFD dampening to control BFD session flapping, complete the following steps.

                                SUMMARY STEPS

                                  1.    configure

                                  2.    bfd

                                  3.    dampening [bundle-member] {initial-wait | maximum-wait | secondary-wait} milliseconds

                                  4.    Use the commit or end command.


                                DETAILED STEPS
                                   Command or ActionPurpose
                                  Step 1 configure


                                  Example:
                                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                   

                                  Enters global configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 2bfd


                                  Example:
                                  
                                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                                  
                                   

                                  Enters BFD configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 3dampening [bundle-member] {initial-wait | maximum-wait | secondary-wait} milliseconds


                                  Example:
                                  
                                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# dampening initial-wait 30000
                                  
                                   

                                  Specifies delays in milliseconds for BFD session startup to control flapping.

                                  The value for maximum-wait should be greater than the value for initial-wait.

                                  The dampening values can be defined for bundle member interfaces and for the non-bundle interfaces.

                                   
                                  Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                                  commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                  end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                  • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                  • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                  • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                   

                                  Enabling and Disabling IPv6 Checksum Support

                                  By default, IPv6 checksum calculations on UDP packets are enabled for BFD on the router.

                                  You can disable IPv6 checksum support for BFD on the entire router, or for a particular interface. These sections describe about:


                                  Note


                                  The command-line interface (CLI) is slightly different in BFD configuration and BFD interface configuration. For BFD configuration, the disable keyword is not optional. Therefore, to enable BFD configuration in that mode, you need to use the no form of the command.


                                  Enabling and Disabling IPv6 Checksum Calculations for BFD on a Router

                                  To enable or disable IPv6 checksum calculations globally on the router complete the following steps:

                                  SUMMARY STEPS

                                    1.    configure

                                    2.    bfd

                                    3.    ipv6 checksum [disable]

                                    4.    Use the commit or end command.


                                  DETAILED STEPS
                                     Command or ActionPurpose
                                    Step 1 configure


                                    Example:
                                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                     

                                    Enters global configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 2bfd


                                    Example:
                                    
                                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                                    
                                     

                                    Enters BFD configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 3ipv6 checksum [disable]


                                    Example:
                                    
                                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd-if)# ipv6 checksum disable
                                    
                                     

                                    Enables IPv6 checksum support on the interface. To disable, use the disable keyword.

                                     
                                    Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                                    commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                    end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                    • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                    • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                    • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                     

                                    Enabling and Disabling IPv6 Checksum Calculations for BFD on an Individual Interface or Bundle

                                    The following procedures describe how to enable or disable IPv6 checksum calculations on an interface or bundle .

                                    DETAILED STEPS
                                    SUMMARY STEPS

                                      1.    configure

                                      2.    bfd

                                      3.    interface type interface-path-id

                                      4.    ipv6 checksum [disable]

                                      5.    Use the commit or end command.


                                    DETAILED STEPS
                                       Command or ActionPurpose
                                      Step 1 configure


                                      Example:
                                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                       

                                      Enters global configuration mode.

                                       
                                      Step 2bfd


                                      Example:
                                      
                                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                                      
                                       

                                      Enters BFD configuration mode.

                                       
                                      Step 3interface type interface-path-id


                                      Example:
                                      
                                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# interface gigabitEthernet 0/1/5/0
                                      
                                       

                                      Enters BFD interface configuration mode for a specific interface or bundle.

                                       
                                      Step 4ipv6 checksum [disable]


                                      Example:
                                      
                                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd-if)# ipv6 checksum
                                      
                                       

                                      Enables IPv6 checksum support on the interface. To disable, use the disable keyword.

                                       
                                      Step 5 Use the commit or end command.  

                                      commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                      end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                      • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                      • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                      • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                       

                                      Clearing and Displaying BFD Counters

                                      The following procedure describes how to display and clear BFD packet counters. You can clear packet counters for BFD sessions that are hosted on a specific node or on a specific interface.

                                      SUMMARY STEPS

                                        1.    show bfd counters[ ipv4 | all] packet interface type interface-path-id] location node-id

                                        2.    clear bfd counters [ ipv4 | ipv6 |all] packet [interface type interface-path-id] location node-id

                                        3.    show bfd counters [ [ipv4 | ipv6 | all] packet [interface type interface-path-id] location node-id


                                      DETAILED STEPS
                                         Command or ActionPurpose
                                        Step 1show bfd counters[ ipv4 | all] packet interface type interface-path-id] location node-id


                                        Example:
                                        
                                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show bfd counters all packet location 0/3/cpu0
                                        
                                         

                                        Displays the BFD counters for IPv4 packets, IPv6 packets, or all packets.

                                         
                                        Step 2clear bfd counters [ ipv4 | ipv6 |all] packet [interface type interface-path-id] location node-id


                                        Example:
                                        
                                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# clear bfd counters all packet location 0/3/cpu0
                                        
                                         

                                        Clears the BFD counters for IPv4 packets, IPv6 packets, or all packets.

                                         
                                        Step 3show bfd counters [ [ipv4 | ipv6 | all] packet [interface type interface-path-id] location node-id


                                        Example:
                                        
                                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show bfd counters all packet location 0/3/cpu0
                                        
                                         

                                        Verifies that the BFD counters for IPv4 packets, IPv6 packets, or all packets have been cleared.

                                         

                                        Configuring Coexistence Between BFD over Bundle (BoB) and BFD over Logical Bundle (BLB)

                                        Perform this task to configure the coexistence mechanism between BoB and BLB:

                                        SUMMARY STEPS

                                          1.    configure

                                          2.    bfd

                                          3.    Use one of these commands:

                                          • bundle coexistence bob-blb inherit
                                          • bundle coexistence bob-blb logical

                                          4.    Use the commit or end command.


                                        DETAILED STEPS
                                           Command or ActionPurpose
                                          Step 1 configure


                                          Example:
                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                           

                                          Enters global configuration mode.

                                           
                                          Step 2bfd


                                          Example:
                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                           

                                          Configures Bi-directional Forwarding Detection (BFD) and enters global BFD configuration mode.

                                           
                                          Step 3Use one of these commands:
                                          • bundle coexistence bob-blb inherit
                                          • bundle coexistence bob-blb logical


                                          Example:
                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#bundle coexistence bob-blb inherit

                                          Or

                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#bundle coexistence bob-blb logical
                                           

                                          Configures the coexistence mechanism between BoB and BLB.

                                          • inherit—Use the inherit keyword to configure "inherited" coexistence mode.
                                          • logical—Use the logical keyword to configure "logical" coexistence mode.
                                           
                                          Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                                          commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                          end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                          • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                          • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                          • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                           

                                          Configuring BFD IPv6 Multihop

                                          Configuring BFD IPv6 Multihop for eBGP Neighbors

                                          Perform this task to configure BFD IPv6 multihop for eBGP neighbors.

                                          SUMMARY STEPS

                                            1.    configure

                                            2.    bfd multipath include location node-id

                                            3.    router bgp as-number

                                            4.    neighbor ip-address ebgp-multihop ttl-value

                                            5.    neighbor ip-address bfd fast-detect

                                            6.    Use the commit or end command.


                                          DETAILED STEPS
                                             Command or ActionPurpose
                                            Step 1 configure


                                            Example:
                                            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                             

                                            Enters global configuration mode.

                                             
                                            Step 2bfd multipath include location node-id


                                            Example:
                                            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd multipath include location 0/7/CPU0
                                            
                                             

                                            Includes specified line cards to host BFD multihop sessions.

                                             
                                            Step 3router bgp as-number


                                            Example:
                                            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router bgp 65001
                                             

                                            Enters BGP configuration mode.

                                             
                                            Step 4neighbor ip-address ebgp-multihop ttl-value


                                            Example:
                                            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)#neighbor 21:1:1:1:1:1:1:2 ebgp-multihop 255
                                             

                                            Enables multihop peerings with external BGP (eBGP) neighbors.

                                             
                                            Step 5neighbor ip-address bfd fast-detect


                                            Example:
                                            RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)#neighbor 21:1:1:1:1:1:1:2 bfd fast-detect
                                             

                                            Specifies IP address of the eBGP neighbor and enables BFD fast detection.

                                             
                                            Step 6 Use the commit or end command.  

                                            commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                            end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                            • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                            • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                            • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                             

                                            Configuring BFD IPv6 Multihop for iBGP Neighbors

                                            Perform this task to configure BFD IPv6 Multihop for iBGP neighbors:

                                            SUMMARY STEPS

                                              1.    configure

                                              2.    bfd multipath include location node-id

                                              3.    router bgp as-number

                                              4.    neighbor ip-address bfd fast-detect

                                              5.    Use the commit or end command.


                                            DETAILED STEPS
                                               Command or ActionPurpose
                                              Step 1 configure


                                              Example:
                                              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                               

                                              Enters global configuration mode.

                                               
                                              Step 2bfd multipath include location node-id


                                              Example:
                                              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd multipath include location 0/7/CPU0
                                               

                                              Includes specified line cards to host BFD multihop sessions.

                                               
                                              Step 3router bgp as-number


                                              Example:
                                              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router bgp 65001
                                               

                                              Enters BGP configuration mode.

                                               
                                              Step 4neighbor ip-address bfd fast-detect


                                              Example:
                                              RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)#neighbor 21:1:1:1:1:1:1:2
                                               

                                              Specifies IP address of the iBGP neighbor and enables BFD fast detection.

                                               
                                              Step 5 Use the commit or end command.  

                                              commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                              end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                              • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                              • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                              • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                               

                                              Configuring BFD over MPLS Traffic Engineering LSPs

                                              Enabling BFD Parameters for BFD over TE Tunnels

                                              BFD for TE tunnel is enabled at the head-end by configuring BFD parameters under the tunnel. When BFD is enabled on the already up tunnel, TE waits for the bringup timeout before bringing down the tunnel. BFD is disabled on TE tunnels by default. Perform these tasks to configure BFD parameters and enable BFD over TE Tunnels.

                                              Note


                                              BFD paces the creation of BFD sessions by limiting LSP ping messages to be under 50 PPS to avoid variations in CPU usage.


                                              SUMMARY STEPS

                                                1.    configure

                                                2.    interface tunnel-te interface-number

                                                3.    bfd fast-detect

                                                4.    bfd minimum-intervalmilliseconds

                                                5.    bfd multiplier number

                                                6.    Use the commit or end command.


                                              DETAILED STEPS
                                                 Command or ActionPurpose
                                                Step 1 configure


                                                Example:
                                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                                 

                                                Enters global configuration mode.

                                                 
                                                Step 2interface tunnel-te interface-number


                                                Example:
                                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface tunnel-te 65535
                                                 

                                                Configures MPLS Traffic Engineering (MPLS TE) tunnel interface and enters into MPLS TE tunnel interface configuration mode.

                                                 
                                                Step 3bfd fast-detect


                                                Example:
                                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd fast-detect
                                                 

                                                Enables BFD fast detection.

                                                 
                                                Step 4bfd minimum-intervalmilliseconds


                                                Example:
                                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd minimum-interval 2000
                                                 

                                                Configures hello interval in milliseconds.

                                                Hello interval range is 100 to 30000 milliseconds. Default hello interval is 100 milliseconds

                                                 
                                                Step 5bfd multiplier number


                                                Example:
                                                RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd multiplier 5
                                                 

                                                Configures BFD multiplier detection.

                                                BFD multiplier range is 3 to 10. Default BFD multiplier is 3.

                                                 
                                                Step 6 Use the commit or end command.  

                                                commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                                end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                                • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                                • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                                • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                                 
                                                What to Do Next

                                                Configure BFD bring up timeout interval.

                                                Once LSP is signaled and BFD session is created, TE allows given time for the BFD session to come up. If BFD session fails to come up within timeout, the LSP is torn down. Hence it is required to configure BFD bring up timeout

                                                Configuring BFD Bring up Timeout

                                                Perform these steps to configure BFD bring up timeout interval. The default bring up timeout interval is 60 seconds.

                                                Before You Begin

                                                BFD must be enabled under MPLS TE tunnel interface.

                                                SUMMARY STEPS

                                                  1.    configure

                                                  2.    interface tunnel-te interface-number

                                                  3.    bfd bringup-timeout seconds

                                                  4.    Use the commit or end command.


                                                DETAILED STEPS
                                                   Command or ActionPurpose
                                                  Step 1 configure


                                                  Example:
                                                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                                   

                                                  Enters global configuration mode.

                                                   
                                                  Step 2interface tunnel-te interface-number


                                                  Example:
                                                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface tunnel-te 65535
                                                   

                                                  Configures MPLS Traffic Engineering (MPLS TE) tunnel interface and enters into MPLS TE tunnel interface configuration mode.

                                                   
                                                  Step 3bfd bringup-timeout seconds


                                                  Example:
                                                  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd bringup-timeout 2400
                                                   

                                                  Enables the time interval (in seconds) to wait for the BFD session to come up.

                                                  Bring up timeout range is 6 to 3600 seconds. Default bring up timeout interval is 60 seconds.

                                                   
                                                  Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                                                  commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                                  end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                                  • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                                  • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                                  • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                                   
                                                  What to Do Next

                                                  Configure BFD dampening parameters to bring up the TE tunnel and to avoid signaling churn in the network.

                                                  Configuring BFD Dampening for TE Tunnels

                                                  When BFD session fails to come up, TE exponentially backs off using the failed path-option to avoid signaling churn in the network.

                                                  Perform these steps to configure dampening intervals to bring the TE tunnel up.

                                                  Before You Begin
                                                  • BFD must be enabled under MPLS TE tunnel interface.
                                                  • BFD bring up timeout interval must be configured using the bfd bringup-timeout command.
                                                  SUMMARY STEPS

                                                    1.    configure

                                                    2.    interface tunnel-te interface-number

                                                    3.    bfd dampening initial-wait milliseconds

                                                    4.    bfd dampening maximum-wait milliseconds

                                                    5.    bfd dampening secondary-wait milliseconds

                                                    6.    Use the commit or end command.


                                                  DETAILED STEPS
                                                     Command or ActionPurpose
                                                    Step 1 configure


                                                    Example:
                                                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                                     

                                                    Enters global configuration mode.

                                                     
                                                    Step 2interface tunnel-te interface-number


                                                    Example:
                                                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface tunnel-te 65535
                                                     

                                                    Configures MPLS Traffic Engineering (MPLS TE) tunnel interface and enters into MPLS TE tunnel interface configuration mode.

                                                     
                                                    Step 3bfd dampening initial-wait milliseconds


                                                    Example:
                                                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd dampening initial-wait 360000
                                                     

                                                    Configures the initial delay interval before bringing up the tunnel.

                                                    The initial-wait bring up delay time interval range is 1 to 518400000 milliseconds. Default initial-wait interval is 16000 milliseconds.

                                                    Note   

                                                    This option brings up the TE tunnel with the previous signaled bandwidth.

                                                     
                                                    Step 4bfd dampening maximum-wait milliseconds


                                                    Example:
                                                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd dampening maximum-wait 700000
                                                     

                                                    Configures the maximum delay interval before bringing up the tunnel.

                                                    The maximum-wait bring up delay time interval range is 1 to 518400000 milliseconds. Default initial-wait interval is 600000 milliseconds.

                                                    Note   

                                                    This option brings up the TE tunnel with the configured bandwidth.

                                                     
                                                    Step 5bfd dampening secondary-wait milliseconds


                                                    Example:
                                                    RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd dampening secondary-wait 30000
                                                     

                                                    Configures the secondary delay interval before bringing up the tunnel.

                                                    The secondary-wait bring up delay time interval range is 1 to 518400000 milliseconds. Default secondary-wait interval is 20000 milliseconds.

                                                     
                                                    Step 6 Use the commit or end command.  

                                                    commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                                    end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                                    • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                                    • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                                    • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                                     
                                                    What to Do Next

                                                    Configure periodic LSP ping option.

                                                    Configuring Periodic LSP Ping Requests

                                                    Perform this task to configure sending periodic LSP ping requests with BFD TLV, after BFD session comes up.

                                                    Before You Begin

                                                    BFD must be enabled under MPLS TE tunnel interface.

                                                    SUMMARY STEPS

                                                      1.    configure

                                                      2.    interface tunnel-te interface-number

                                                      3.    Use one of these commands:

                                                      • bfd lsp-ping interval 300

                                                      4.    Use the commit or end command.


                                                    DETAILED STEPS
                                                       Command or ActionPurpose
                                                      Step 1 configure


                                                      Example:
                                                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                                       

                                                      Enters global configuration mode.

                                                       
                                                      Step 2interface tunnel-te interface-number


                                                      Example:
                                                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface tunnel-te 65535
                                                       

                                                      Configures MPLS Traffic Engineering (MPLS TE) tunnel interface and enters into MPLS TE tunnel interface configuration mode.

                                                       
                                                      Step 3Use one of these commands:
                                                      • bfd lsp-ping interval 300


                                                      Example:
                                                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd lsp-ping interval 300

                                                      Or

                                                      RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd lsp-ping disable
                                                       
                                                      Sets periodic interval for LSP ping requests or disables LSP ping requests.
                                                      • interval seconds—Sets periodic LSP ping request interval in seconds. The interval range is 60 to 3600 seconds. Default interval is 120 seconds.
                                                      • disable—Disables periodic LSP ping requests.

                                                      Periodic LSP ping request is enabled by default. The default interval for ping requests is 120 seconds. BFD paces LSP ping to be under 50 ping per seconds (PPS). Thus ping interval is honored; however, this is not guaranteed unless configuring an interval between 60 and 3600 seconds.

                                                       
                                                      Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                                                      commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                                      end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                                      • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                                      • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                                      • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                                       
                                                      What to Do Next

                                                      Configure BFD at the tail-end.

                                                      Configuring BFD at the Tail End

                                                      Use the tail end global configuration commands to set the BFD minimum-interval and BFD multiplier parameters for all BFD over LSP sessions. The ranges and default values are the same as the BFD head end configuration values. BFD will take the maximum value set between head end minimum interval and tail end minimum interval.

                                                      Perform these tasks to configure BFD at the tail end.

                                                      SUMMARY STEPS

                                                        1.    configure

                                                        2.    mpls traffic-eng bfd lsp tailminimum-interval milliseconds

                                                        3.    mpls traffic-eng bfd lsp tailmultiplier number

                                                        4.    Use the commit or end command.


                                                      DETAILED STEPS
                                                         Command or ActionPurpose
                                                        Step 1 configure


                                                        Example:
                                                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                                         

                                                        Enters global configuration mode.

                                                         
                                                        Step 2mpls traffic-eng bfd lsp tailminimum-interval milliseconds


                                                        Example:
                                                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#mpls traffic-eng bfd lsp tail minimum-interval 20000
                                                         

                                                        Configures hello interval in milliseconds.

                                                        Hello interval range is 100 to 30000 milliseconds. Default hello interval is 100 milliseconds

                                                         
                                                        Step 3mpls traffic-eng bfd lsp tailmultiplier number


                                                        Example:
                                                        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#mpls traffic-eng bfd lsp tail multiplier 5
                                                         

                                                        Configures BFD multiplier detection.

                                                        BFD multiplier detect range is 3 to 10. Default BFD multiplier is 3.

                                                         
                                                        Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                                                        commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                                        end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                                        • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                                        • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                                        • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                                         
                                                        What to Do Next

                                                        Configure bfd multipath include location node-id command to include specified line cards to host BFD multiple path sessions.

                                                        Configuring BFD over LSP Sessions on Line Cards

                                                        BFD over LSP sessions, both head-end and tail-end, will be hosted on line cards with following configuration enabled.

                                                        SUMMARY STEPS

                                                          1.    configure

                                                          2.    bfd

                                                          3.    multipath include location node-id

                                                          4.    Use the commit or end command.


                                                        DETAILED STEPS
                                                           Command or ActionPurpose
                                                          Step 1 configure


                                                          Example:
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
                                                           

                                                          Enters global configuration mode.

                                                           
                                                          Step 2bfd


                                                          Example:
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# bfd
                                                           

                                                          Enters BFD configuration mode.

                                                           
                                                          Step 3multipath include location node-id


                                                          Example:
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)# multipath include location 0/1/CPU0
                                                           

                                                          Configures BFD multiple path on specific line card.

                                                          One or more line cards must be configured with bfd multipath include. For example,
                                                          bfd
                                                           multipath include location 0/1/CPU0
                                                           multipath include location 0/2/CPU0
                                                          

                                                          BFD over LSP sessions, both head-end and tail-end, will be hosted on line cards. BFD over LSP sessions, both head-end and tail-end, will be distributed to line cards 0/1/CPU0 and 0/2/CPU0 according to internal selection mechanism.

                                                           
                                                          Step 4 Use the commit or end command.  

                                                          commit—Saves the configuration changes and remains within the configuration session.

                                                          end—Prompts user to take one of these actions:
                                                          • Yes— Saves configuration changes and exits the configuration session.
                                                          • No—Exits the configuration session without committing the configuration changes.
                                                          • Cancel—Remains in the configuration mode, without committing the configuration changes.
                                                           

                                                          Configuration Examples for Configuring BFD

                                                          BFD Over BGP: Example

                                                          The following example shows how to configure BFD between autonomous system 65000 and neighbor 192.168.70.24:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router bgp 65000
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)#bfd multiplier 2
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)#bfd minimum-interval 20
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp)#neighbor 192.168.70.24
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp-nbr)#remote-as 2
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp-nbr)#bfd fast-detect
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp-nbr)#commit
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bgp-nbr)#end
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show run router bgp
                                                          

                                                          BFD Over OSPF: Examples

                                                          The following example shows how to enable BFD for OSPF on a Gigabit Ethernet interface:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#area 0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)#interface gigabitEthernet 0/3/0/1
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)#bfd fast-detect
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)#commit
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)#end
                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show run router ospf
                                                          
                                                          router ospf 0
                                                          area 0
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet0/3/0/1
                                                          bfd fast-detect
                                                          
                                                          
                                                          The following example shows how to enable BFD for OSPFv3 on a Gigabit Ethernet interface:
                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospfv3 0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3)#bfd minimum-interval 6500
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3)#bfd multiplier 7
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3-ar)#area 0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3-ar)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1/5/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3-ar-if)#bfd fast-detect
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3-ar-if)#commit
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospfv3-ar-if)#end
                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show run router ospfv3
                                                          router ospfv3
                                                          area 0
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet0/1/5/0
                                                          bfd fast-detect
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          BFD Over Static Routes: Examples

                                                          The following example shows how to enable BFD on an IPv4 static route. In this example, BFD sessions are established with the next-hop 10.3.3.3 when it becomes reachable.

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router static
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#address-family ipv4 unicast
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#10.2.2.0/24 10.3.3.3 bfd fast-detect
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#end
                                                          
                                                          
                                                          The following example shows how to enable BFD on an IPv6 static route. In this example, BFD sessions are established with the next hop 2001:0DB8:D987:398:AE3:B39:333:783 when it becomes reachable.
                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router static
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#address-family ipv6 unicast 
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#2001:0DB8:C18:2:1::F/64 2001:0DB8:D987:398:AE3:B39:333:783 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 150 multiplier 4
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#end
                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show run router static address-family ipv6 unicast
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          BFD on Bundled VLANs: Example

                                                          The following example shows how to configure BFD on bundled VLANs:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface Bundle-ether 1
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bundle maximum-active links 1
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#exit
                                                          !	
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface TenGigE 0/1/0/1
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bundle id 1 mode active
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#exit
                                                          !
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface TenGigE 0/2/0/1
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bundle id 1 mode active
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#exit
                                                          !
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router static
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#address-family ipv4 unicast
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static-afi)#10.2.1.0/24 172.16.1.2 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 250
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static-afi)#10.2.2.0/24 172.16.2.2 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 250
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static-afi)#10.2.3.0/24 172.16.3.2 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 250
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static-afi)#exit
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#exit
                                                          !
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface Bundle-Ether1.2
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#ipv4 address 172.16.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#dot1q vlan 2
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#exit
                                                          !
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface Bundle-Ether1.1
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#ipv4 address 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#dot1q vlan 1
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          BFD on Bundle Member Links: Examples

                                                          The following example shows how to configure BFD on member links of Ethernet bundle interfaces:

                                                          
                                                          bfd
                                                           interface Bundle-Ether4
                                                            echo disable
                                                           !
                                                           interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2.3
                                                            echo disable
                                                           !
                                                          !
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/3 bundle id 1 mode active
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/4 bundle id 2 mode active
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0/2 bundle id 3 mode active
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0/3 bundle id 4 mode active
                                                          interface Bundle-Ether1
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.1.1/30
                                                           bundle minimum-active links 1
                                                          !
                                                          interface Bundle-Ether1.1
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.100.1/30
                                                           dot1q vlan 1001
                                                          !
                                                          interface Bundle-Ether2
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 destination 192.168.2.2
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 fast-detect
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 min 83
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 mul 3
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.2.1/30
                                                           bundle minimum-active links 1
                                                          !
                                                          interface Bundle-Ether3
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 destination 192.168.3.2
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 fast-detect
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 min 83
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 mul 3
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.3.1/30
                                                           bundle minimum-active links 1
                                                          !
                                                          interface Bundle-Ether4
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 destination 192.168.4.2
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 fast-detect
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 min 83
                                                           bfd address-family ipv4 mul 3
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.4.1/30
                                                           bundle minimum-active links 1
                                                          !
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0/2
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.10.1/30
                                                          !
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0/2.1
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.11.1/30
                                                          ipv6 address beef:cafe::1/64
                                                           dot1q vlan 2001
                                                          !
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0/2.2
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.12.1/30
                                                           dot1q vlan 2002
                                                          !
                                                          interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0/2.3
                                                           ipv4 address 192.168.13.1/30
                                                           dot1q vlan 2003
                                                          !
                                                          router static
                                                           address-family ipv4 unicast
                                                            10.10.11.2/32 192.168.11.2 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 250 multiplier 3
                                                            10.10.12.2/32 192.168.12.2 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 250 multiplier 3
                                                            10.10.13.2/32 192.168.13.2 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 250 multiplier 3
                                                            10.10.100.2/32 192.168.100.2 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 250 multiplier 3
                                                          !
                                                           address-family ipv6 unicast
                                                            babe:cace::2/128 beef:cafe::2 bfd fast-detect minimum-interval 250 multiplier 3
                                                           !
                                                          

                                                          Echo Packet Source Address: Examples

                                                          The following example shows how to specify the IP address 10.10.10.1 as the source address for BFD echo packets for all BFD sessions on the router:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#echo ipv4 source 10.10.10.1
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to specify the IP address 10.10.10.1 as the source address for BFD echo packets on an individual Gigabit Ethernet interface:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1/0/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd-if)#echo ipv4 source 10.10.10.1
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to specify the IP address 10.10.10.1 as the source address for BFD echo packets on an individual Packet-over-SONET (POS) interface:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#interface pos 0/1/0/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd-if)#echo ipv4 source 10.10.10.1
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          Echo Latency Detection: Examples

                                                          In the following examples, consider that the BFD minimum interval is 50 ms, and the multiplier is 3 for the BFD session.

                                                          The following example shows how to enable echo latency detection using the default values of 100% of the echo failure period (I x M) for a packet count of 1. In this example, when one echo packet is detected with a roundtrip delay greater than 150 ms, the session is taken down:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#echo latency detect
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to enable echo latency detection based on 200% (two times) of the echo failure period for a packet count of 1. In this example, when one packet is detected with a roundtrip delay greater than 300 ms, the session is taken down:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#echo latency detect percentage 200
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to enable echo latency detection based on 100% of the echo failure period for a packet count of 3. In this example, when three consecutive echo packets are detected with a roundtrip delay greater than 150 ms, the session is taken down:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#echo latency detect percentage 100 count 3
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          Echo Startup Validation: Examples

                                                          The following example shows how to enable echo startup validation for BFD sessions on non-bundle interfaces if the last received control packet contains a non-zero “Required Min Echo RX Interval” value:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#echo startup validate
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to enable echo startup validation for BFD sessions on non-bundle interfaces regardless of the “Required Min Echo RX Interval” value in the last control packet:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#echo startup validate force
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          BFD Echo Mode Disable: Examples

                                                          The following example shows how to disable echo mode on a router:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerr(config-bfd)#echo disable
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to disable echo mode on an interface:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1/0/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd-if)#echo disable
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          BFD Dampening: Examples

                                                          The following example shows how to configure an initial and maximum delay for BFD session startup on BFD bundle members:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#dampening bundle-member initial-wait 8000
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#dampening bundle-member maximum-wait 15000
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to change the default initial-wait for BFD on a non-bundle interface:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#dampening initial-wait 30000
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#dampening maximum-wait 35000
                                                          

                                                          BFD IPv6 Checksum: Examples

                                                          The following example shows how to disable IPv6 checksum calculations for UDP packets for all BFD sessions on the router:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#ipv6 checksum disable
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to reenable IPv6 checksum calculations for UDP packets for all BFD sessions on the router:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#no ipv6 checksum disable
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to enable echo mode for BFD sessions on an individual interface:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1/0/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd-if)#ipv6 checksum
                                                          

                                                          The following example shows how to disable echo mode for BFD sessions on an individual interface:

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#bfd
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd)#interface gigabitethernet 0/1/0/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-bfd-if)#ipv6 checksum disable
                                                          

                                                          BFD Peers on Routers Running Cisco IOS and Cisco IOS XR Software: Example

                                                          The following example shows how to configure BFD on a router interface on Router 1 that is running Cisco IOS software, and use the bfd neighbor command to designate the IP address 192.0.2.1 of an interface as its BFD peer on Router 2. Router 2 is running Cisco IOS XR software and uses the router static command and address-family ipv4 unicast command to designate the path back to Router 1’s interface with IP address 192.0.2.2.

                                                          Router 1 (Cisco IOS software)

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface GigabitEthernet8/1/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#description to-TestBed1 G0/0/0/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#ip address 192.0.2.2 255.255.255.0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd interval 100 min_rx 100 multiplier 3
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#bfd neighbor 192.0.2.1
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          Router 2 (Cisco IOS XR Software)

                                                          
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router static
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#address-family ipv4 unicast
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static-afi)#10.10.10.10/32 192.0.2.2 bfd fast-detect
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static-afi)#exit
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-static)#exit
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0
                                                          RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)#ipv4 address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          Configuring BFD IPv6 Multihop: Examples

                                                          Configuring BFD IPv6 Multihop for eBGP Neighbors: Example

                                                          This example shows how to configure BFD IPv6 Multihop for eBGP Neighbors:
                                                          bfd
                                                           multipath include location 0//CPU0
                                                          !
                                                          router bgp 65001
                                                           neighbor 21:1:1:1:1:1:1:2
                                                            bfd fast-detect
                                                            ebgp-multiphop 255
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          Configuring BFD IPv6 Multihop for iBGP Neighbors: Example

                                                          This example shows how configure BFD IPv6 Multihop for iBGP Neighbors:
                                                          bfd
                                                           multipath include location 0/7/CPU0
                                                          !
                                                          router bgp 65001
                                                           neighbor 21:1:1:1:1:1:1:2
                                                            bfd fast-detect
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          BFD over MPLS TE LSPs: Examples

                                                          These examples explain how to configure BFD over MPLS TE LSPs.

                                                          BFD over MPLS TE Tunnel Head-end Configuration: Example

                                                          This example shows how to configure BFD over MPLS TE Tunnel at head-end.

                                                          bfd multipath include loc 0/1/CPU0
                                                          mpls oam
                                                          interface tunnel-te 1 bfd fast-detect
                                                          interface tunnel-te 1 
                                                           bfd minimum-interval
                                                          	bfd multiplier
                                                          	bfd bringup-timeout							   
                                                          	bfd lsp-ping interval 60
                                                          	bfd lsp-ping disable                              
                                                          	bfd dampening initial-wait    (default 16000 ms)
                                                          	bfd dampening maximum-wait    (default 600000 ms)
                                                          	bfd dampening secondary-wait  (default 20000 ms)
                                                           logging events bfd-status
                                                          
                                                          

                                                          BFD over MPLS TE Tunnel Tail-end Configuration: Example

                                                          This example shows how to configure BFD over MPLS TE Tunnels at tail-end.

                                                          bfd multipath include loc 0/1/CPU0
                                                          mpls oam
                                                          mpls traffic-eng bfd lsp tail multiplier 3		
                                                          mpls traffic-eng bfd lsp tail minimum-interval 100
                                                          

                                                          Where to Go Next

                                                          BFD is supported over multiple platforms. For more detailed information about these commands, see the related chapters in the corresponding Cisco IOS XR Routing Command Reference and Cisco IOS XR MPLS Command Reference for your platform at:

                                                          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​en/​US/​products/​ps5845/​prod_​command_​reference_​list.html

                                                          • BGP Commands on Cisco IOS XR Software
                                                          • IS-IS Commands on Cisco IOS XR Software
                                                          • OSPF Commands on Cisco IOS XR Software
                                                          • Static Routing Commands on Cisco IOS XR Software
                                                          • MPLS Traffic Engineering Commands on Cisco IOS XR Software

                                                          Additional References

                                                          The following sections provide references related to implementing BFD for Cisco IOS XR software.

                                                          Related Documents

                                                          Related Topic

                                                          Document Title

                                                          BFD commands: complete command syntax, command modes, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

                                                          Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Command Reference

                                                          Configuring QoS packet classification

                                                          Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Modular Quality of Service Configuration Guide

                                                          Standards

                                                          Standards

                                                          Title

                                                          No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

                                                          RFCs

                                                          RFCs

                                                          Title

                                                          rfc5880_bfd_base

                                                          Bidirectional Forwarding Detection, June 2010

                                                          rfc5881_bfd_ipv4_ipv6

                                                          BFD for IPv4 and IPv6 (Single Hop), June 2010

                                                          rfc5883_bfd_multihop

                                                          BFD for Multihop Paths, June 2010

                                                          MIBs

                                                          MIBs

                                                          MIBs Link

                                                          To locate and download MIBs using Cisco IOS XR software, use the Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL and choose a platform under the Cisco Access Products menu: http:/​/​cisco.com/​public/​sw-center/​netmgmt/​cmtk/​mibs.shtml

                                                          Technical Assistance

                                                          Description

                                                          Link

                                                          The Cisco Technical Support website contains thousands of pages of searchable technical content, including links to products, technologies, solutions, technical tips, and tools. Registered Cisco.com users can log in from this page to access even more content.

                                                          http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​techsupport