Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Interface and Hardware Component Configuration Guide, Release 5.1.x
Configuring Ethernet Interfaces
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Table of Contents

Configuring Ethernet Interfaces on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router

Contents

Prerequisites for Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

Information About Configuring Ethernet

16-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ Line Card

Features

Restrictions

Cisco ASR 9000 Modular Line Cards

Restrictions on Module Port Adaptors

Default Configuration Values for Gigabit Ethernet and 10-Gigabit Ethernet

Layer 2 VPN on Ether ne t Interfaces

Gigabit Ethernet Protocol Standards Overview

IEEE 802.3 Physical Eth ernet Infrastructure

IEEE 802.3ab 1000BA SE-T Gigabit Ethernet

IEEE 802.3z 1000 Mbps Gigabit Ethe rnet

IEEE 802.3ae 10 Gbps Ethernet

IEEE 802.3ba 100 Gbps Ethernet

MAC Address

MAC Accounting

Ethernet MTU

Flow Control on Ethernet Interfaces

802.1Q VLAN

VRRP

HSRP

Link Autonegotiation on Ethernet Interfaces

Subinterfaces on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router

Layer 2, Layer 3, and EFP\qs

Enhanced Performance Monitoring for Layer 2 Subinterfaces (EFPs)

Frequency Synchronization and SyncE

LLDP

LLDP Frame Format

LLDP Operation

Supported LLDP Functions

Unsupported LLDP Functions

How to Configure Ethernet

Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces

What to Do Next

Configuring MAC Accounting on an Ethernet Interface

Configuring a L2VPN Ethernet Port

What to Do Next

Configuring LLDP

LLDP Default Configuration

Enabling LLDP Globally

Configuring Global LLDP Operational Characteristics

Disabling Transmission of Optional LLDP TLVs

Disabling LLDP Receive and Transmit Operation for an Interface

Verifying the LLDP Configuration

Configuration Examples for Ethernet

Configuring an Ethernet Interface: Example

Configuring MAC-Accounting: Example

Configuring a Layer 2 VPN AC: Example

Configuring LLDP: Examples

Where to Go Next

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Configuring Ethernet Interfaces on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router

This module describes the configuration of Ethernet interfaces on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The distributed Gigabit Ethernet and 10-Gigabit, 40-Gigabit, 100-Gigabit Ethernet architecture and features deliver network scalability and performance, while enabling service providers to offer high-density, high-bandwidth networking solutions designed to interconnect the router with other systems in POPs, including core and edge routers and Layer 2 and Layer 3 switches.

Feature History for Configuring Ethernet Interfaces on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router

 

Release
Modification

Release 3.7.2

Support was added on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router for the following line cards:

  • 40-Port Gigabit Ethernet Medium Queue and High Queue Line Cards (A9K-40GE-B and A9K-40GE-E)
  • 4-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Medium Queue and High Queue Line Cards (A9K-4T-B and A9K-4T-E)
  • 8-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Medium Queue and High Queue DX Line Cards (A9K-8T/4-B and A9K-8T/4-E) (2:1 oversubscribed)

Release 3.9.0

Support was added on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router for the following line cards:

  • 40-Port Gigabit Ethernet Low Queue Line Card (A9K-40GE-L)
  • 4-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Low Queue Line Card (A9K-4T-L)
  • 8-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Low Queue DX Line Card (A9K-8T/4-L) (2:1 oversubscribed)
  • 8-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Low and High Queue Line Card (A9K-8T-L and A9K-8T-E)
  • 2-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet, 20-Port Gigabit Ethernet Medium Queue and High Queue Combination Line Cards (A9K-2T20GE-B and A9K-2T20GE-L)

Support for these features was added:

  • Frequency Synchronization
  • SyncE

Release 3.9.1

Support was added on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router for the following line cards:

  • 8-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Medium Queue Line Card (A9K-8T-B)
  • 16-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ Line Card (A9K-16T/8-B and A9K-16T/8-B+AIP)

Release 4.0.1

Support for Layer 2 statistics collection for performance monitoring on Layer 2 subinterfaces (EFPs) is added.

Release 4.1.0

Support for Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) was added.

Release 4.1.1

Support was added for MAC address accounting feature.

Release 4.2.2

Support for Unidirectional Link Routing (UDLR) was introduced.

Release 4.3.1

Support was added on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router for these line cards:

  • A9K-MOD80-SE
  • A9K-MOD80-TR
  • A9K-MOD160-SE
  • A9K-MOD160-TR

Support was added on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router for these Modular Port Adaptors (MPAs):

  • A9K-MPA-20X1GE
  • A9K-MPA-4X10GE
  • A9K-MPA-2X10GE
  • A9K-MPA-8X10GE (supported only with MOD160 Line cards)
  • A9K-MPA-2X40GE (supported only with MOD160 Line cards)
  • A9K-MPA-1X40GE

Prerequisites for Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

You must be in a user group associated with a task group that includes the proper task IDs. The command reference guides include the task IDs required for each command. If you suspect user group assignment is preventing you from using a command, contact your AAA administrator for assistance.

Before configuring Ethernet interfaces, be sure that these tasks and conditions are met:

  • Confirm that at least one of these line cards supported on the router is installed:

2-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet, 20-Port Gigabit Ethernet Combination line card (A9K-2T20GE-B and A9K-2T20GE-L)

4-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet line card (A9K-4T-L, -B, or -E)

8-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet DX line card (A9K-8T/4-L, -B, or -E)

8-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet line card (A9K-8T-L, -B, or -E)

16-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ line card (A9K-16T/8-B and A9K-16T/8-B+AIP)

40-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card (A9K-40GE-L, -B, or -E)

24-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

36-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

2-Port 100-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

ASR 9000 Mod80 Modular Line Card, Service Edge Optimized with modular port adapters

ASR 9000 Mod80 Modular Line Card, Packet Transport Optimized with modular port adapters

ASR 9000 Mod160 Modular Line Card, Service Edge Optimized with modular port adapters

ASR 9000 Mod160 Modular Line Card, Packet Transport Optimized with modular port adapters

  • Know the interface IP address.
  • You know how to apply the specify the generalized interface name with the generalized notation rack/slot/module/port .

Information About Configuring Ethernet

Ethernet is defined by the IEEE 802.3 international standard. It enables the connection of up to 1024 nodes over coaxial, twisted-pair, or fiber-optic cable.

The Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router supports Gigabit Ethernet (1000 Mbps),10-Gigabit Ethernet (10 Gbps), 40-Gigabit Ethernet (40 Gbps), and 100-Gigabit Ethernet (100 Gbps) interfaces.

This section provides the following information sections:

16-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ Line Card

The 16-Port10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ line card is a Small Form Factor (SFP transceiver) optical line card introduced in Cisco IOS XR Release 3.9.1 on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router. The 16-Port10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ line card supports all of the Gigabit Ethernet commands and configurations currently supported on the router.

The 16-Port10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ line card is compatible with all existing Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router line cards, route/switch processors (RSPs), and chassis.

Features

The 16-Port10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ line card supports these features:

  • 16 10-Gigabit Ethernet ports
  • 128 10-Gigabit Ethernet ports per system
  • 1.28 Tbps per system
  • 160 Gbps forwarding
  • 120 Gbps bidirectional performance
  • SR/LR/ER SFP+ optics
  • Feature parity with existing line cards
  • Unicast and multicast forwarding at 160 Gbps, with zero packet loss during RSP switchover

Restrictions

The following features are not supported on the 16-Port10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ line card:

  • DWDM (G.709)

Cisco ASR 9000 Modular Line Cards

The Cisco ASR 9000 Series modular line cards provides a flexible solution to support multiple combinations of Ethernet ports, all in a single slot of the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Routers. Modular line cards support a wide range of interfaces and densities offering the benefits of network scalability with lower initial costs and ease of upgrades.

The Cisco ASR 9000 Series modular line cards are designed for the Cisco ASR9000 Series Router which accepts pluggable modules. It allows you to cost effectively address lower density Gigabit Ethernet,10-Gigabit Ethernet, and 40-Gigabit Ethernet traffic. This line card is developed based on the ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Network Processor (NP) and allows you to configure different interface types and also conserve chassis slots.

The Cisco ASR 9000 Series modular line cards accept two Ethernet Plugs (EP). Each Ethernet Plug provides optics, and support circuitry in order to provide GE, 10GE or 40GE ports.

The two versions of Modular Line Cards are:

  • Cisco ASR 9000 Mod80 Modular Line Card – 2 ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Network Processors (NP) which supports 2 pluggable Ethernet Plugs(EP), and 1 NP for each EP.
  • Cisco ASR 9000 Mod160 Modular Line Card – 4 ASR 9000 Enhanced Ethernet Network Processors which supports 2 pluggable Ethernet Plugs, and 2 NPs for each EP.

Restrictions on Module Port Adaptors

The two MPAs, A9K-MPA-8X10GE and A9K-MPA-2X40GE are supported only in A9K-MOD160-SE and A9K-MOD160-TR Line cards.

These are the specifications of the MPAs:

  • A9K-MPA-8X10GE is supported only on the 160 Gigabyte Modular Line Card.
  • A9K-MPA-8X10GE is not supported on 80 Gigabyte Modular Line Card.
  • A9K-MPA-8X10GE is not supported on the Cisco ASR 9001 Chassis.
  • A9K-MPA-8X10GE uses SFP+ Optics. The supported optics are SFP+ LR, SFP+ SR and SFP+ DWDM optics.

All other MPAs are supported in both the flavors of A9K-MOD80-SE/TR and A9K-MOD160-SE/TR Line Cards. For more information on these line cards, see Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Ethernet Line Card Installation Guide and Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Overview and Reference Guide .

Default Configuration Values for Gigabit Ethernet and 10-Gigabit Ethernet

Table 4 describes the default interface configuration parameters that are present when an interface is enabled on a Gigabit Ethernet or 10-Gigabit Ethernet modular services card and its associated PLIM.


Note You must use the shutdown command to bring an interface administratively down. The interface default is no shutdown. When a modular services card is first inserted into the router, if there is no established preconfiguration for it, the configuration manager adds a shutdown item to its configuration. This shutdown can be removed only be entering the no shutdown command.


 

Table 4 Gigabit Ethernet and 10-Gigabit Ethernet Modular Services Card Default Configuration Values

Parameter
Configuration File Entry
Default Value

MAC accounting

mac-accounting

off

Flow control

flow-control

egress on
ingress off

MTU

mtu

  • 1514 bytes for normal frames
  • 1518 bytes for 802.1Q tagged frames.
  • 1522 bytes for Q-in-Q frames.

MAC address

mac address

Hardware burned-in address (BIA)

 

Table 5 Fast Ethernet Default Configuration Values

Parameter
Configuration File Entry
Default Value

MAC accounting

mac-accounting

off

Duplex operation

duplex full

duplex half

Auto-negotiates duplex operation

MTU

mtu

1500 bytes

Interface speed

speed

100 Mbps

Auto-negotiation

negotiation auto

disable

Layer 2 VPN on Ethernet Interfaces

Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN) connections emulate the behavior of a LAN across an L2 switched, IP or MPLS-enabled IP network, allowing Ethernet devices to communicate with each other as if they were connected to a common LAN segment.

The L2VPN feature enables service providers (SPs) to provide Layer 2 services to geographically disparate customer sites. Typically, an SP uses an access network to connect the customer to the core network. On the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router, this access network is typically Ethernet.

Traffic from the customer travels over this link to the edge of the SP core network. The traffic then tunnels through an L2VPN over the SP core network to another edge router. The edge router sends the traffic down another attachment circuit (AC) to the customer's remote site.

On the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router, an AC is an interface that is attached to an L2VPN component, such as a bridge domain, pseudowire, or local connect.

The L2VPN feature enables users to implement different types of end-to-end services.

Cisco IOS XR software supports a point-to-point end-to-end service, where two Ethernet circuits are connected together. An L2VPN Ethernet port can operate in one of two modes:

  • Port Mode—In this mode, all packets reaching the port are sent over the PW (pseudowire), regardless of any VLAN tags that are present on the packets. In VLAN mode, the configuration is performed under the l2transport configuration mode.
  • VLAN Mode—Each VLAN on a CE (customer edge) or access network to PE (provider edge) link can be configured as a separate L2VPN connection (using either VC type 4 or VC type 5). In VLAN mode, the configuration is performed under the individual subinterface.

Switching can take place in three ways:

  • AC-to-PW—Traffic reaching the PE is tunneled over a PW (and conversely, traffic arriving over the PW is sent out over the AC). This is the most common scenario.
  • Local switching—Traffic arriving on one AC is immediately sent out of another AC without passing through a pseudowire.
  • PW stitching—Traffic arriving on a PW is not sent to an AC, but is sent back into the core over another PW.

Keep the following in mind when configuring L2VPN on an Ethernet interface:

  • L2VPN links support QoS (Quality of Service) and MTU (maximum transmission unit) configuration.
  • If your network requires that packets are transported transparently, you may need to modify the packet’s destination MAC (Media Access Control) address at the edge of the Service Provider (SP) network. This prevents the packet from being consumed by the devices in the SP network.

Use the show interfaces command to display AC and PW information.

To configure a point-to-point pseudowire xconnect on an AC, refer to these documents:

  • Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Configuration Guide
  • Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Command Reference

To attach Layer 2 service policies, such as QoS, to the Ethernet interface, refer to the appropriate Cisco IOS XR software configuration guide.

Gigabit Ethernet Protocol Standards Overview

The Gigabit Ethernet interfaces support the following protocol standards:

These standards are further described in the sections that follow.

IEEE 802.3 Physical Ethernet Infrastructure

The IEEE 802.3 protocol standards define the physical layer and MAC sublayer of the data link layer of wired Ethernet. IEEE 802.3 uses Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) access at a variety of speeds over a variety of physical media. The IEEE 802.3 standard covers 10 Mbps Ethernet. Extensions to the IEEE 802.3 standard specify implementations for Gigabit Ethernet, 10-Gigabit Ethernet, and Fast Ethernet.

IEEE 802.3ab 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet

The IEEE 802.3ab protocol standards, or Gigabit Ethernet over copper (also known as 1000BaseT) is an extension of the existing Fast Ethernet standard. It specifies Gigabit Ethernet operation over the Category 5e/6 cabling systems already installed, making it a highly cost-effective solution. As a result, most copper-based environments that run Fast Ethernet can also run Gigabit Ethernet over the existing network infrastructure to dramatically boost network performance for demanding applications.

IEEE 802.3z 1000 Mbps Gigabit Ethernet

Gigabit Ethernet builds on top of the Ethernet protocol, but increases speed tenfold over Fast Ethernet to 1000 Mbps, or 1 Gbps. Gigabit Ethernet allows Ethernet to scale from 10 or 100 Mbps at the desktop to 100 Mbps up to 1000 Mbps in the data center. Gigabit Ethernet conforms to the IEEE 802.3z protocol standard.

By leveraging the current Ethernet standard and the installed base of Ethernet and Fast Ethernet switches and routers, network managers do not need to retrain and relearn a new technology in order to provide support for Gigabit Ethernet.

IEEE 802.3ae 10 Gbps Ethernet

Under the International Standards Organization’s Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model, Ethernet is fundamentally a Layer 2 protocol. 10-Gigabit Ethernet uses the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet MAC protocol, the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet frame format, and the minimum and maximum IEEE 802.3 frame size. 10 Gbps Ethernet conforms to the IEEE 802.3ae protocol standards.

Just as 1000BASE-X and 1000BASE-T (Gigabit Ethernet) remained true to the Ethernet model, 10-Gigabit Ethernet continues the natural evolution of Ethernet in speed and distance. Because it is a full-duplex only and fiber-only technology, it does not need the carrier-sensing multiple-access with the CSMA/CD protocol that defines slower, half-duplex Ethernet technologies. In every other respect, 10-Gigabit Ethernet remains true to the original Ethernet model.

IEEE 802.3ba 100 Gbps Ethernet

IEEE 802.3ba is supported on the Cisco 1-Port 100-Gigabit Ethernet PLIM beginning in Cisco IOS XR 4.0.1.

MAC Address

A MAC address is a unique 6-byte address that identifies the interface at Layer 2.

MAC Accounting

The MAC address accounting feature provides accounting information for IP traffic based on the source and destination MAC addresses on LAN interfaces. This feature calculates the total packet and byte counts for a LAN interface that receives or sends IP packets to or from a unique MAC address. It also records a time stamp for the last packet received or sent.

These statistics are used for traffic monitoring, debugging and billing. For example, with this feature you can determine the volume of traffic that is being sent to and/or received from various peers at NAPS/peering points. This feature is currently supported on Ethernet, FastEthernet, and bundle interfaces and supports Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF), distributed CEF (dCEF), flow, and optimum switching.


Note A maximum of 512 MAC addresses per trunk interface are supported for MAC address accounting.


Ethernet MTU

The Ethernet maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the size of the largest frame, minus the 4-byte frame check sequence (FCS), that can be transmitted on the Ethernet network. Every physical network along the destination of a packet can have a different MTU.

Cisco IOS XR software supports two types of frame forwarding processes:

  • Fragmentation for IPV4 packets–In this process, IPv4 packets are fragmented as necessary to fit within the MTU of the next-hop physical network.

Note IPv6 does not support fragmentation.


  • MTU discovery process determines largest packet size–This process is available for all IPV6 devices, and for originating IPv4 devices. In this process, the originating IP device determines the size of the largest IPv6 or IPV4 packet that can be sent without being fragmented. The largest packet is equal to the smallest MTU of any network between the IP source and the IP destination devices. If a packet is larger than the smallest MTU of all the networks in its path, that packet will be fragmented as necessary. This process ensures that the originating device does not send an IP packet that is too large.

Jumbo frame support is automatically enable for frames that exceed the standard frame size. The default value is 1514 for standard frames and 1518 for 802.1Q tagged frames. These numbers exclude the 4-byte frame check sequence (FCS).

Flow Control on Ethernet Interfaces

The flow control used on 10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces consists of periodically sending flow control pause frames. It is fundamentally different from the usual full- and half-duplex flow control used on standard management interfaces. Flow control can be activated or deactivated for ingress traffic only. It is automatically implemented for egress traffic.

802.1Q VLAN

A VLAN is a group of devices on one or more LANs that are configured so that they can communicate as if they were attached to the same wire, when in fact they are located on a number of different LAN segments. Because VLANs are based on logical instead of physical connections, it is very flexible for user and host management, bandwidth allocation, and resource optimization.

The IEEE's 802.1Q protocol standard addresses the problem of breaking large networks into smaller parts so broadcast and multicast traffic does not consume more bandwidth than necessary. The standard also helps provide a higher level of security between segments of internal networks.

The 802.1Q specification establishes a standard method for inserting VLAN membership information into Ethernet frames.

VRRP

The Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) eliminates the single point of failure inherent in the static default routed environment. VRRP specifies an election protocol that dynamically assigns responsibility for a virtual router to one of the VPN concentrators on a LAN. The VRRP VPN concentrator controlling the IP addresses associated with a virtual router is called the master, and forwards packets sent to those IP addresses. When the master becomes unavailable, a backup VPN concentrator takes the place of the master.

For more information on VRRP, see the Implementing VRRP module of Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router IP Addresses and Services Configuration Guide .

HSRP

Hot Standby Routing Protocol (HSRP) is a proprietary protocol from Cisco. HSRP is a routing protocol that provides backup to a router in the event of failure. Several routers are connected to the same segment of an Ethernet, FDDI, or token-ring network and work together to present the appearance of a single virtual router on the LAN. The routers share the same IP and MAC addresses and therefore, in the event of failure of one router, the hosts on the LAN are able to continue forwarding packets to a consistent IP and MAC address. The transfer of routing responsibilities from one device to another is transparent to the user.

HSRP is designed to support non disruptive switchover of IP traffic in certain circumstances and to allow hosts to appear to use a single router and to maintain connectivity even if the actual first hop router they are using fails. In other words, HSRP protects against the failure of the first hop router when the source host cannot learn the IP address of the first hop router dynamically. Multiple routers participate in HSRP and in concert create the illusion of a single virtual router. HSRP ensures that one and only one of the routers is forwarding packets on behalf of the virtual router. End hosts forward their packets to the virtual router.

The router forwarding packets is known as the active router . A standby router is selected to replace the active router should it fail. HSRP provides a mechanism for determining active and standby routers, using the IP addresses on the participating routers. If an active router fails a standby router can take over without a major interruption in the host's connectivity.

HSRP runs on top of User Datagram Protocol (UDP), and uses port number 1985. Routers use their actual IP address as the source address for protocol packets, not the virtual IP address, so that the HSRP routers can identify each other.

For more information on HSRP, see the Implementing HSRP module of Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router IP Addresses and Services Configuration Guide.

Link Autonegotiation on Ethernet Interfaces

Link autonegotiation ensures that devices that share a link segment are automatically configured with the highest performance mode of interoperation. Use the negotiation auto command in interface configuration mode to enable link autonegotiation on an Ethernet interface. On line card Ethernet interfaces, link autonegotiation is disabled by default.


Note The negotiation auto command is available on Gigabit Ethernet interfaces only.


Table 6 describes the performance of the system for different combinations of the speed modes. The specified speed command produces the resulting system action, provided that you have configured autonegotiation on the interface.

.

Table 6 Relationship Between duplex and speed Commands

duplex Command
speed Command
Resulting System Action

full-duplex

no speed

Forces full duplex and auto-negotiates for speed.

full-duplex

speed 1000

Forces full duplex and 1000 Mbps.

full-duplex

speed 100

Forces full duplex and 100 Mbps.

full-duplex

speed 10

Forces full duplex and 10 Mbps.

half-duplex

no speed

Forces half duplex and auto-negotiates for speed.

half-duplex

speed 1000

Forces half duplex and 1000 Mbps.

half-duplex

speed 100

Forces half duplex and 100 Mbps.

half-duplex

speed 10

Forces half duplex and 10 Mbps.

Subinterfaces on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router

In Cisco IOS XR, interfaces are, by default, main interfaces. A main interface is also called a trunk interface, which is not to be confused with the usage of the word trunk in the context of VLAN trunking.

There are three types of trunk interfaces:

  • Physical
  • Bundle

On the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router, physical interfaces are automatically created when the router recognizes a card and its physical interfaces. However, bundle interfaces are not automatically created. They are created when they are configured by the user.

The following configuration samples are examples of trunk interfaces being created:

  • interface gigabitethernet 0/5/0/0
  • interface bundle-ether 1

A subinterface is a logical interface that is created under a trunk interface.

To create a subinterface, the user must first identify a trunk interface under which to place it. In the case of bundle interfaces, if one does not already exist, a bundle interface must be created before any subinterfaces can be created under it.

The user then assigns a subinterface number to the subinterface to be created. The subinterface number must be a positive integer from zero to some high value. For a given trunk interface, each subinterface under it must have a unique value.

Subinterface numbers do not need to be contiguous or in numeric order. For example, the following subinterfaces numbers would be valid under one trunk interface:

1001, 0, 97, 96, 100000

Subinterfaces can never have the same subinterface number under one trunk.

In the following example, the card in slot 5 has trunk interface, GigabitEthernet 0/5/0/0. A subinterface, GigabitEthernet 0/5/0/0.0, is created under it.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# conf
Mon Sep 21 11:12:11.722 EDT
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# commit
 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 11:12:34.819 : config[65794]: %MGBL-CONFIG-6-DB_COMMIT : Configuration committed by user 'root'. Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000152' to view the changes.
 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# end
 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 11:12:35.633 : config[65794]: %MGBL-SYS-5-CONFIG_I : Configured from console by root
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#
 

The show run command displays the trunk interface first, then the subinterfaces in ascending numerical order.

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show run | begin GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
Mon Sep 21 11:15:42.654 EDT
Building configuration...
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
shutdown
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
encapsulation dot1q 100
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/1
shutdown
!
 
 

When a subinterface is first created, the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router recognizes it as an interface that, with few exceptions, is interchangeable with a trunk interface. After the new subinterface is configured further, the show interface command can display it along with its unique counters:

The following example shows the display output for the trunk interface, GigabitEthernet 0/5/0/0, followed by the display output for the subinterface GigabitEthernet 0/5/0/0.0.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show interface gigabitEthernet 0/5/0/0
Mon Sep 21 11:12:51.068 EDT
GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is administratively down
Interface state transitions: 0
Hardware is GigabitEthernet, address is 0024.f71b.0ca8 (bia 0024.f71b.0ca8)
Internet address is Unknown
MTU 1514 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit
reliability 255/255, txload 0/255, rxload 0/255
Encapsulation 802.1Q Virtual LAN,
Full-duplex, 1000Mb/s, SXFD, link type is force-up
output flow control is off, input flow control is off
loopback not set,
ARP type ARPA, ARP timeout 04:00:00
Last input never, output never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
0 packets input, 0 bytes, 0 total input drops
0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
Received 0 broadcast packets, 0 multicast packets
0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles, 0 parity
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
0 packets output, 0 bytes, 0 total output drops
Output 0 broadcast packets, 0 multicast packets
0 output errors, 0 underruns, 0 applique, 0 resets
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
0 carrier transitions
 
 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show interface gigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
Mon Sep 21 11:12:55.657 EDT
GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0 is administratively down, line protocol is administratively down
Interface state transitions: 0
Hardware is VLAN sub-interface(s), address is 0024.f71b.0ca8
Internet address is Unknown
MTU 1518 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit
reliability 255/255, txload 0/255, rxload 0/255
Encapsulation 802.1Q Virtual LAN, VLAN Id 100, loopback not set,
ARP type ARPA, ARP timeout 04:00:00
Last input never, output never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
0 packets input, 0 bytes, 0 total input drops
0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
Received 0 broadcast packets, 0 multicast packets
0 packets output, 0 bytes, 0 total output drops
Output 0 broadcast packets, 0 multicast packets
 

This example shows two interfaces being created at the same time: first, the bundle trunk interface, then a subinterface attached to the trunk:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# conf
Mon Sep 21 10:57:31.736 EDT
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface Bundle-Ether1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# no shut
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# interface bundle-Ether1.0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# commit
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 10:58:15.305 : config[65794]: %MGBL-CONFIG-6-DB_COMMIT : C
onfiguration committed by user 'root'. Use 'show configuration commit changes 10
00000149' to view the changes.
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show run | begin Bundle-Ether1
Mon Sep 21 10:59:31.317 EDT
Building configuration...
interface Bundle-Ether1
!
interface Bundle-Ether1.0
encapsulation dot1q 100
!
 

You delete a subinterface using the no interface command.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show run | begin GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
Mon Sep 21 11:42:27.100 EDT
Building configuration...
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
negotiation auto
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
encapsulation dot1q 100
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/1
shutdown
!
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# conf
Mon Sep 21 11:42:32.374 EDT
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# no interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# commit
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 11:42:47.237 : config[65794]: %MGBL-CONFIG-6-DB_COMMIT : Configuration committed by user 'root'. Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000159' to view the changes.
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# end
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 11:42:50.278 : config[65794]: %MGBL-SYS-5-CONFIG_I : Configured from console by root
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show run | begin GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
Mon Sep 21 11:42:57.262 EDT
Building configuration...
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
negotiation auto
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/1
shutdown
!

Layer 2, Layer 3, and EFP's

On the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router, a trunk interface can be either a Layer 2 or Layer 3 interface. A Layer 2 interface is configured using the interface command with the l2transport keyword. When the l2transport keyword is not used, the interface is a Layer 3 interface. Subinterfaces are configured as Layer 2 or Layer 3 subinterface in the same way.

A Layer 3 trunk interface or subinterface is a routed interface and can be assigned an IP address. Traffic sent on that interface is routed.

A Layer 2 trunk interface or subinterface is a switched interface and cannot be assigned an IP address. A Layer 2 interface must be connected to an L2VPN component. Once it is connected, it is called an access connection.

Subinterfaces can only be created under a Layer 3 trunk interface. Subinterfaces cannot be created under a Layer 2 trunk interface.

A Layer 3 trunk interface can have any combination of Layer 2 and Layer 3 interfaces.

The following example shows an attempt to configure a subinterface under an Layer 2 trunk and the commit errors that occur. It also shows an attempt to change the Layer 2 trunk interface to an Layer 3 interface and the errors that occur because the interface already had an IP address assigned to it.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# config
Mon Sep 21 12:05:33.142 EDT
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 10.0.0.1/24
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# commit
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 12:05:57.824 : config[65794]: %MGBL-CONFIG-6-DB_COMMIT : Configuration committed by user 'root'. Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000160' to view the changes.
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# end
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 12:06:01.890 : config[65794]: %MGBL-SYS-5-CONFIG_I : Configured from console by root
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show run | begin GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
Mon Sep 21 12:06:19.535 EDT
Building configuration...
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
ipv4 address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
negotiation auto
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/1
shutdown
!
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# conf
Mon Sep 21 12:08:07.426 EDT
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0 l2transport
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if-l2)# commit
 
% Failed to commit one or more configuration items during a pseudo-atomic operation. All changes made have been reverted. Please issue 'show configuration failed' from this session to view the errors
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if-l2)# no ipv4 address
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# commit
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 12:08:33.686 : config[65794]: %MGBL-CONFIG-6-DB_COMMIT : Configuration committed by user 'root'. Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000161' to view the changes.
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# end
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 12:08:38.726 : config[65794]: %MGBL-SYS-5-CONFIG_I : Configured from console by root
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show run interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
Mon Sep 21 12:09:02.471 EDT
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
negotiation auto
l2transport
!
!
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# conf
Mon Sep 21 12:09:08.658 EDT
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
^
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# commit
 
% Failed to commit one or more configuration items during a pseudo-atomic operation. All changes made have been reverted. Please issue 'show configuration failed' from this session to view the errors
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)#
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# no l2transport
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 99
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# ipv4 address 11.0.0.1/24
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.1 l2transport
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 700
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# commit
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 12:11:45.896 : config[65794]: %MGBL-CONFIG-6-DB_COMMIT : Configuration committed by user 'root'. Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000162' to view the changes.
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-subif)# end
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Sep 21 12:11:50.133 : config[65794]: %MGBL-SYS-5-CONFIG_I : Configured from console by root
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show run | b GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
Mon Sep 21 12:12:00.248 EDT
Building configuration...
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0
negotiation auto
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.0
ipv4 address 11.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
encapsulation dot1q 99
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/0.1 l2transport
encapsulation dot1q 700
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/5/0/1
shutdown
!
 

All subinterfaces must have unique encapsulation statements, so that the router can send incoming packets and frames to the correct subinterface. If a subinterface does not have an encapsulation statement, the router will not send any traffic to it.

In Cisco IOS XR, an Ethernet Flow Point (EFP) is implemented as a Layer 2 subinterface, and consequently, a Layer 2 subinterface is often called an EFP. For more information about EFPs, see the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Configuration Guide .

A Layer 2 trunk interface can be used as an access connection. However, a Layer 2 trunk interface is not an EFP because an EFP, by definition, is a substream of an overall stream of traffic.

Cisco IOS XR also has other restrictions on what can be configured as a Layer 2 or Layer 3 interface. Certain configuration blocks only accept Layer 3 and not Layer 2. For example, OSPF only accepts Layer 3 trunks and subinterface. Refer to the appropriate Cisco IOS XR configuration guide for other restrictions.

Enhanced Performance Monitoring for Layer 2 Subinterfaces (EFPs)

Beginning in Cisco IOS XR Release 4.0.1, the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router adds support for basic counters for performance monitoring on Layer 2 subinterfaces.

This section provides a summary of the new support for Layer 2 interface counters. For information about how to configure Performance Monitoring, see the “Implementing Performance Management” chapter of the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router System Monitoring Configuration Guide .

The interface basic-counters keyword has been added to support a new entity for performance statistics collection and display on Layer 2 interfaces in the following commands:

  • performance-mgmt statistics interface basic-counters
  • performance-mgmt threshold interface basic-counters
  • performance-mgmt apply statistics interface basic-counters
  • performance-mgmt apply threshold interface basic-counters
  • performance-mgmt apply monitor interface basic-counters
  • show performance-mgmt monitor interface basic-counters
  • show performance-mgmt statistics interface basic-counters

The performance-mgmt threshold interface basic-counters command supports the following attribute values for Layer 2 statistics, which also appear in the show performance-mgmt statistics interface basic-counters and show performance-mgmt monitor interface basic-counters command:

 

Attribute
Description

InOctets

Bytes received (64-bit)

InPackets

Packets received (64-bit)

InputQueueDrops

Input queue drops (64-bit)

InputTotalDrops

Inbound correct packets discarded (64-bit)

InputTotalErrors

Inbound incorrect packets discarded (64-bit)

OutOctets

Bytes sent (64-bit)

OutPackets

Packets sent (64-bit)

OutputQueueDrops

Output queue drops (64-bit)

OutputTotalDrops

Outband correct packets discarded (64-bit)

OutputTotalErrors

Outband incorrect packets discarded (64-bit)

Other Performance Management Enhancements

The following additional performance management enhancements are included in Cisco IOS XR Release 4.0.1:

  • You can retain performance management history statistics across a process restart or route processor (RP) failover using the new history-persistent keyword option for the performance-mgmt statistics interface command.
  • You can save performance management statistics to a local file using the performance-mgmt resources dump local command.
  • You can filter performance management instances by defining a regular expression group ( performance-mgmt regular-expression command), which includes multiple regular expression indices that specify strings to match. You apply a defined regular expression group to one or more statistics or threshold templates in the performance-mgmt statistics interface or performance-mgmt thresholds interface commands.

Frequency Synchronization and SyncE

Cisco IOS XR Software provides support for SyncE-capable Ethernet on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router. Frequency Synchronization provides the ability to distribute precision clock signals around the network. Highly accurate timing signals are initially injected into the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router in the network from an external timing technology (such as Cesium atomic clocks, or GPS), and used to clock the physical interfaces of the router. Peer routers can then recover this precision frequency from the line, and also transfer it around the network. This feature is traditionally applicable to SONET/SDH networks, but is now provided over Ethernet for Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Routers with Synchronous Ethernet capability. For more information, see Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router System Management Configuration Guide .

LLDP

The Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) is a device discovery protocol that runs over Layer 2 (the Data Link layer) on all Cisco-manufactured devices (routers, bridges, access servers, and switches). CDP allows network management applications to automatically discover and learn about other Cisco devices connected to the network.

To support non-Cisco devices and to allow for interoperability between other devices, the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router also supports the IEEE 802.1AB LLDP. LLDP is also a neighbor discovery protocol that is used for network devices to advertise information about themselves to other devices on the network. This protocol runs over the Data Link Layer, which allows two systems running different network layer protocols to learn about each other.

LLDP supports a set of attributes that it uses to learn information about neighbor devices. These attributes have a defined format known as a Type-Length-Value (TLV). LLDP supported devices can use TLVs to receive and send information to their neighbors. Details such as configuration information, device capabilities, and device identity can be advertised using this protocol.

In addition to the mandatory TLVs (Chassis ID, Port ID, and Time-to-Live), the router also supports the following basic management TLVs, which are optional:

  • Port Description
  • System Name
  • System Description
  • System Capabilities
  • Management Address

These optional TLVs are automatically sent when LLDP is active, but you can disable them as needed using the lldp tlv-select disable command.

LLDP Frame Format

LLDP frames use the IEEE 802.3 format, which consists of the following fields:

  • Destination address (6 bytes)—Uses a multicast address of 01-80-C2-00-00-0E.
  • Source address (6 bytes)—MAC address of the sending device or port.
  • LLDP Ethertype (2 bytes)—Uses 88-CC.
  • LLDP PDU (1500 bytes)—LLDP payload consisting of TLVs.
  • FCS (4 bytes)—Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) for error checking.

LLDP TLV Format

LLDP TLVs carry the information about neighboring devices within the LLDP PDU using the following basic format:

  • TLV Header (16 bits), which includes the following fields:

TLV Type (7 bits)

TLV Information String Length (9 bits)

  • TLV Information String (0 to 511 bytes)

LLDP Operation

LLDP is a one-way protocol. The basic operation of LLDP consists of a device enabled for transmit of LLDP information sending periodic advertisements of information in LLDP frames to a receiving device.

Devices are identified using a combination of the Chassis ID and Port ID TLVs to create an MSAP (MAC Service Access Point). The receiving device saves the information about a neighbor for a certain amount time specified in the TTL TLV, before aging and removing the information.

LLDP supports the following additional operational characteristics:

  • LLDP can operate independently in transmit or receive modes.
  • LLDP operates as a slow protocol using only untagged frames, with transmission speeds of less than 5 frames per second.
  • LLDP packets are sent when the following occurs:

The packet update frequency specified by the lldp timer command is reached. The default is 30 seconds.

When a change in the values of the managed objects occurs from the local system’s LLDP MIB.

When LLDP is activated on an interface (3 frames are sent upon activation similar to CDP).

  • When an LLDP frame is received, the LLDP remote services and PTOPO MIBs are updated with the information in the TLVs.
  • LLDP supports the following actions on these TLV characteristics:

Interprets a TTL value of 0 as a request to automatically purge the information of the transmitting device. These shutdown LLDPDUs are typically sent prior to a port becoming inoperable.

An LLDP frame with a malformed mandatory TLV is dropped.

A TLV with an invalid value is ignored.

A copy of an unknown organizationally-specific TLV is maintained if the TTL is non-zero, for later access through network management.

Supported LLDP Functions

The Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router supports the following LLDP functions:

  • IPv4 and IPv6 management addresses—In general, both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses will be advertised if they are available, and preference is given to the address that is configured on the transmitting interface.

If the transmitting interface does not have a configured address, then the TLV will be populated with an address from another interface. The advertised LLDP IP address is implemented according to the following priority order of IP addresses for interfaces on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router:

Locally configured address

MgmtEth0/RSP0/CPU0/0

MgmtEth0/RSP0/CPU0/1

MgmtEth0/RSP1/CPU0/0

MgmtEth0/RSP1/CPU0/1

Loopback interfaces


Note There are some differences between IPv4 and IPv6 address management in LLDP:

  • For IPv4, as long as the IPv4 address is configured on an interface, it can be used as an LLDP management address.
  • For IPv6, after the IPv6 address is configured on an interface, the interface status must be Up and pass the DAD (Duplicate Address Detection) process before it is can be used as an LLDP management address.


 

  • LLDP is supported for the nearest physically attached, non-tunneled neighbors.
  • Port ID TLVs are supported for Ethernet interfaces, subinterfaces, bundle interfaces, and bundle subinterfaces.

Unsupported LLDP Functions

The following LLDP functions are not supported on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router:

  • LLDP-MED organizationally unique extension—However, interoperability still exists between other devices that do support this extension.
  • Tunneled neighbors, or neighbors more than one hop away.
  • LLDP TLVs cannot be disabled on a per-interface basis; However, certain optional TLVs can be disabled globally.
  • LLDP SNMP trap lldpRemTablesChange.

How to Configure Ethernet

This section provides the following configuration procedures:

Configuring Ethernet Interfaces

This section provides the following configuration procedures:

Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces

Use the following procedure to create a basic Gigabit Ethernet or 10-Gigabit Ethernet interface configuration.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. show version

2. show interfaces [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

3. configure

4. interface [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

5. ipv4 address ip-address mask

6. flow-control { bidirectional | egress | ingress }

7. mtu bytes

8. mac-address value1.value2.value3

9. negotiation auto (on Gigabit Ethernet interfaces only)

10. no shutdown

11. end
or
commit

12. show interfaces [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1

show version

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show version

(Optional) Displays the current software version, and can also be used to confirm that the router recognizes the modular services card.

Step 2

show interfaces [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show interface TenGigE 0/1/0/0

(Optional) Displays the configured interface and checks the status of each interface port.

Possible interface types for this procedure are:

  • GigabitEthernet
  • TenGigE

Step 3

configure

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 4

interface [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface
TenGigE 0/1/0/0

Enters interface configuration mode and specifies the Ethernet interface name and notation rack/slot/module/port . Possible interface types for this procedure are:

  • GigabitEthernet
  • TenGigE
Note The example indicates an 8-port 10-Gigabit Ethernet interface in modular services card slot 1.

Step 5

ipv4 address ip-address mask

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 172.18.189.38 255.255.255.224

Assigns an IP address and subnet mask to the interface.

  • Replace ip-address with the primary IPv4 address for the interface.
  • Replace mask with the mask for the associated IP subnet. The network mask can be specified in either of two ways:

The network mask can be a four-part dotted decimal address. For example, 255.0.0.0 indicates that each bit equal to 1 means that the corresponding address bit belongs to the network address.

The network mask can be indicated as a slash (/) and number. For example, /8 indicates that the first 8 bits of the mask are ones, and the corresponding bits of the address are network address.

Step 6

flow-control { bidirectional | egress | ingress }

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# flow control ingress

(Optional) Enables the sending and processing of flow control pause frames.

  • egress —Enables the sending of flow control pause frames in egress.
  • ingress —Enables the processing of received pause frames on ingress.
  • bidirectional —Enables the sending of flow control pause frames in egress and the processing of received pause frames on ingress.

Step 7

mtu bytes

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# mtu 1448

(Optional) Sets the MTU value for the interface.

  • The default is 1514 bytes for normal frames and 1518 bytes for 802.1Q tagged frames.
  • The range for Gigabit Ethernet and 10-Gigabit Ethernet mtu values is 64 bytes to 65535 bytes.

Step 8

mac-address value1.value2.value3

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# mac address 0001.2468.ABCD

(Optional) Sets the MAC layer address of the Management Ethernet interface.

  • The values are the high, middle, and low 2 bytes, respectively, of the MAC address in hexadecimal. The range of each 2-byte value is 0 to ffff.

Step 9

negotiation auto

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# negotiation auto

(Optional) Enables autonegotiation on a Gigabit Ethernet interface.

  • Autonegotiation must be explicitly enabled on both ends of the connection, or speed and duplex settings must be configured manually on both ends of the connection.
  • If autonegotiation is enabled, any speed or duplex settings that you configure manually take precedence.
command is available on Gigabit Ethernet interfaces only.

Step 10

no shutdown

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# no shutdown

Removes the shutdown configuration, which forces an interface administratively down.

Step 11

end

or

commit

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# end

or

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# commit

Saves configuration changes.

  • When you issue the end command, the system prompts you to commit changes:
Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?
[cancel]:
 

Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC mode.

Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.

Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

  • Use the commit command to save the configuration changes to the running configuration file and remain within the configuration session.

Step 12

show interfaces [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show interfaces TenGigE 0/3/0/0

(Optional) Displays statistics for interfaces on the router.

What to Do Next

  • To attach Layer 3 service policies, such as Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) or Quality of Service (QoS), to the Ethernet interface, refer to the appropriate Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router configuration guide.

Configuring MAC Accounting on an Ethernet Interface

This task explains how to configure MAC accounting on an Ethernet interface. MAC accounting has special show commands, which are illustrated in this procedure. Otherwise, the configuration is the same as configuring a basic Ethernet interface, and the steps can be combined in one configuration session. See “Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces” in this module for information about configuring the other common parameters for Ethernet interfaces.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. configure

2. interface [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE | fastethernet ] interface-path-id

3. ipv4 address ip-address mask

4. mac-accounting { egress | ingress }

5. end
or
commit

6. show mac-accounting type location instance

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1

configure

 

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router# configure

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

interface [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE | fastethernet ] interface-path-id

 

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface TenGigE 0/1/0/0

Physical interface or virtual interface.

command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark ( ? ) online help function.

Step 3

ipv4 address ip-address mask

 

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 172.18.189.38 255.255.255.224

Assigns an IP address and subnet mask to the interface.

  • Replace ip-address with the primary IPv4 address for the interface.
  • Replace mask with the mask for the associated IP subnet. The network mask can be specified in either of two ways:

The network mask can be a four-part dotted decimal address. For example, 255.0.0.0 indicates that each bit equal to 1 means that the corresponding address bit belongs to the network address.

The network mask can be indicated as a slash (/) and number. For example, /8 indicates that the first 8 bits of the mask are ones, and the corresponding bits of the address are network address.

Step 4

mac-accounting { egress | ingress }

 
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# mac-accounting egress

Generates accounting information for IP traffic based on the source and destination MAC addresses on LAN interfaces.

  • To disable MAC accounting, use the no form of this command.

Step 5

end

or

commit

 

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# end

or

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# commit

Saves configuration changes.

  • When you issue the end command, the system prompts you to commit changes:
Uncommitted changes found, commit them before
exiting(yes/no/cancel)?
[cancel]:
 

Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC mode.

Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.

Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

  • Use the commit command to save the configuration changes to the running configuration file and remain within the configuration session.

Step 6

show mac-accounting type location instance

 

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:router# show mac-accounting TenGigE location 0/2/0/4

Displays MAC accounting statistics for an interface.

Configuring a L2VPN Ethernet Port

Use the following procedure to configure an L2VPN Ethernet port.


Note The steps in this procedure configure the L2VPN Ethernet port to operate in port mode.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. configure

2. interface [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

3. l2transport

4. l2protocol cpsv { tunnel | reverse-tunnel }

5. end
or
commit

6. show interfaces [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1

configure

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

interface [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface
TenGigE 0/1/0/0

Enters interface configuration mode and specifies the Ethernet interface name and notation rack/slot/module/port . Possible interface types for this procedure are:

  • GigabitEthernet
  • TenGigE

Step 3

l2transport
 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# l2transport

Enables Layer 2 transport mode on a port and enter Layer 2 transport configuration mode.

Step 4

l2protocol cpsv { tunnel | reverse-tunnel }
 
 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if-l2)# l2protocol cpsv tunnel

 

Configures Layer 2 protocol tunneling and protocol data unit (PDU) filtering on an Ethernet interface for the following protocols: CDP, PVST+, STP, VTP, where:

  • tunnel —Specifies L2PT encapsulation on frames as they enter the interface, and de-encapsulation on frames as they exit they interface.
  • reverse-tunnel —Specifies L2PT encapsulation on frames as they exit the interface, and de-encapsulation on frames as they enter the interface.

Step 5

end

or

commit

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if-l2)# end

or

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if-l2)# commit

Saves configuration changes.

  • When you issue the end command, the system prompts you to commit changes:
Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?
[cancel]:
 

Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC mode.

Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.

Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

  • Use the commit command to save the configuration changes to the running configuration file and remain within the configuration session.

Step 6

show interfaces [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show interfaces TenGigE 0/3/0/0

(Optional) Displays statistics for interfaces on the router.

What to Do Next

To configure a point-to-point pseudowire xconnect on an AC, refer to these documents:

  • Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Configuration Guide
  • Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Command Reference

To attach Layer 2 service policies, such as quality of service (QoS), to the Ethernet interface, refer to the appropriate Cisco IOS XR software configuration guide.

LLDP Default Configuration

Table 7 shows the values of the LLDP default configuration on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router. To change the default settings, use the LLDP global configuration and LLDP interface configuration commands.

 

Table 7 LLDP Default Configuration

LLDP Function
Default

LLDP global state

Disabled

LLDP holdtime (before discarding)

120 seconds

LLDP timer (packet update frequency)

30 seconds

LLDP reinitialization delay

2 seconds

LLDP TLV selection

All TLVs are enabled for sending and receiving.

LLDP interface state

Enabled for both transmit and receive operation when LLDP is globally enabled.

Enabling LLDP Globally

To run LLDP on the router, you must enable it globally. When you enable LLDP globally, all interfaces that support LLDP are automatically enabled for both transmit and receive operations.

You can override this default operation at the interface to disable receive or transmit operations. For more information about how to selectively disable LLDP receive or transmit operations for an interface, see the “Disabling LLDP Receive and Transmit Operation for an Interface” section.

To enable LLDP globally, complete the following steps:

SUMMARY STEPS

1. configure

2. lldp

3. end
or
commit

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

configure

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

lldp

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp

Enables LLDP globally for both transmit and receive operation on the system.

Step 3

end

or

commit

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# end

or

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# commit

Saves configuration changes.

  • When you issue the end command, the system prompts you to commit changes:
Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?
[cancel]:
 

Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC mode.

Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.

Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

  • Use the commit command to save the configuration changes to the running configuration file and remain within the configuration session.

Configuring Global LLDP Operational Characteristics

The “LLDP Default Configuration” section describes the default operational characteristics for LLDP. When you enable LLDP globally on the router using the lldp command, these defaults are used for the protocol.

To modify the global LLDP operational characteristics such as the LLDP neighbor information holdtime, initialization delay, or packet rate, complete the following steps:

SUMMARY STEPS

1. configure

2. lldp holdtime seconds

3. lldp reinit seconds

4. lldp timer seconds

5. end
or
commit

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

configure

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

lldp holdtime seconds

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp holdtime 60

(Optional) Specifies the length of time that information from an LLDP packet should be held by the receiving device before aging and removing it.

Step 3

lldp reinit seconds

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp reinit 4

(Optional) Specifies the length of time to delay initialization of LLDP on an interface.

Step 4

lldp timer seconds

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp reinit 60

(Optional) Specifies the LLDP packet rate.

Step 5

end

or

commit

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# end

or

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# commit

Saves configuration changes.

  • When you issue the end command, the system prompts you to commit changes:
Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?
[cancel]:
 

Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC mode.

Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.

Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

  • Use the commit command to save the configuration changes to the running configuration file and remain within the configuration session.

Disabling Transmission of Optional LLDP TLVs

Certain TLVs are classified as mandatory in LLDP packets, such as the Chassis ID, Port ID, and Time to Live (TTL) TLVs. These TLVs must be present in every LLDP packet. You can suppress transmission of certain other optional TLVs in LLDP packets.

To disable transmission of optional LLDP TLVs, complete the following steps:

SUMMARY STEPS

1. configure

2. lldp tlv-select tlv-name disable

3. end
or
commit

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

configure

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

lldp tlv-select tlv-name disable

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp tlv-select system-capabilities disable

(Optional) Specifies that transmission of the selected TLV in LLDP packets is disabled. The tlv-name can be one of the following LLDP TLV types:

  • management-address
  • port-description
  • system-capabilities
  • system-description
  • system-name

Step 3

end

or

commit

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# end

or

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# commit

Saves configuration changes.

  • When you issue the end command, the system prompts you to commit changes:
Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?
[cancel]:
 

Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC mode.

Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.

Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

  • Use the commit command to save the configuration changes to the running configuration file and remain within the configuration session.

Disabling LLDP Receive and Transmit Operation for an Interface

When you enable LLDP globally on the router, all supported interfaces are automatically enabled for LLDP receive and transmit operation. You can override this default by disabling these operations for a particular interface.

To disable LLDP receive and transmit operations for an interface, complete the following steps:

SUMMARY STEPS

1. configure

2. interface [ GigabitEthernet | TenGigE ] interface-path-id

3. lldp

4. receive disable

5. transmit disable

6. end
or
commit

 

Step 1

configure

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/0

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/0

Enters interface configuration mode and specifies the Ethernet interface name and notation rack/slot/module/port . Possible interface types for this procedure are:

  • GigabitEthernet
  • TenGigE

Step 3

lldp

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# lldp

(Optional) Enters LLDP configuration mode for the specified interface.

Step 4

receive disable

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-lldp)# receive disable

(Optional) Disables LLDP receive operations on the interface.

Step 5

transmit disable

 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-lldp)# transmit disable

(Optional) Disables LLDP transmit operations on the interface.

Step 6

end

or

commit

 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# end

or

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# commit

Saves configuration changes.

  • When you issue the end command, the system prompts you to commit changes:
Uncommitted changes found, commit them before exiting(yes/no/cancel)?
[cancel]:
 

Entering yes saves configuration changes to the running configuration file, exits the configuration session, and returns the router to EXEC mode.

Entering no exits the configuration session and returns the router to EXEC mode without committing the configuration changes.

Entering cancel leaves the router in the current configuration session without exiting or committing the configuration changes.

  • Use the commit command to save the configuration changes to the running configuration file and remain within the configuration session.

Verifying the LLDP Configuration

This section describes how you can verify the LLDP configuration both globally and for a particular interface.

Verifying the LLDP Global Configuration

To verify the LLDP global configuration status and operational characteristics, use the show lldp command as shown in the following example:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show lldp
Wed Apr 13 06:16:45.510 DST
Global LLDP information:
Status: ACTIVE
LLDP advertisements are sent every 30 seconds
LLDP hold time advertised is 120 seconds
LLDP interface reinitialisation delay is 2 seconds
 

If LLDP is not enabled globally, the following output appears when you run the show lldp command:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show lldp
Wed Apr 13 06:42:48.221 DST
% LLDP is not enabled

Verifying the LLDP Interface Configuration

To verify the LLDP interface status and configuration, use the show lldp interface command as shown in the following example:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show lldp interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/7
Wed Apr 13 13:22:30.501 DST
 
 
GigabitEthernet0/1/0/7:
Tx: enabled
Rx: enabled
Tx state: IDLE
Rx state: WAIT FOR FRAME

What To Do Next

To monitor and maintain LLDP on the system or get information about LLDP neighbors, use one of the following commands:

 

Command
Description

clear lldp

Resets LLDP traffic counters or LLDP neighbor information.

show lldp entry

Displays detailed information about LLDP neighbors.

show lldp errors

Displays LLDP error and overflow statistics.

show lldp neighbors

Displays information about LLDP neighbors.

show lldp traffic

Displays statistics for LLDP traffic.

Configuration Examples for Ethernet

This section provides the following configuration examples:

Configuring an Ethernet Interface: Example

The following example shows how to configure an interface for a 10-Gigabit Ethernet modular services card:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface TenGigE 0/0/0/1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 172.18.189.38 255.255.255.224
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# flow-control ingress
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# mtu 1448
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# mac-address 0001.2468.ABCD
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# no shutdown
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# end
Uncommitted changes found, commit them? [yes]: yes
 

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show interfaces TenGigE 0/0/0/1

 

TenGigE0/0/0/1 is down, line protocol is down
Hardware is TenGigE, address is 0001.2468.abcd (bia 0001.81a1.6b23)
Internet address is 172.18.189.38/27
MTU 1448 bytes, BW 10000000 Kbit
reliability 0/255, txload Unknown, rxload Unknown
Encapsulation ARPA,
Full-duplex, 10000Mb/s, LR
output flow control is on, input flow control is on
loopback not set
ARP type ARPA, ARP timeout 01:00:00
Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
0 packets input, 0 bytes, 0 total input drops
0 drops for unrecognized upper-level protocol
Received 0 broadcast packets, 0 multicast packets
0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles, 0 parity
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
0 packets output, 0 bytes, 0 total output drops
Output 0 broadcast packets, 0 multicast packets
0 output errors, 0 underruns, 0 applique, 0 resets
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
0 carrier transitions

Configuring MAC-Accounting: Example

The following example indicates how to configure MAC-accounting on an Ethernet interface:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface TenGigE 0/0/0/2
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 172.18.189.38 255.255.255.224
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# mac-accounting egress
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# commit
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# exit
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# exit

Configuring a Layer 2 VPN AC: Example

The following example indicates how to configure a Layer 2 VPN AC on an Ethernet interface:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface TenGigE 0/0/0/2
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# l2transport
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if-l2)# l2protocol cpsv tunnel
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if-l2)# commit

Configuring LLDP: Examples

The following example shows how to enable LLDP globally on the router and modify the default LLDP operational characteristics:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp holdtime 60
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp reinit 4
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# lldp timer 60
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# commit
 

The following example shows how to disable a specific Gigabit Ethernet interface for LLDP transmission:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# lldp
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-lldp)# transmit disable

 

Where to Go Next

When you have configured an Ethernet interface, you can configure individual VLAN subinterfaces on that Ethernet interface.

For information about modifying Ethernet management interfaces for the shelf controller (SC), route processor (RP), and distributed RP, see the Advanced Configuration and Modification of the Management Ethernet Interface on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router module later in this document.

For information about IPv6 see the Implementing Access Lists and Prefix Lists on
Cisco IOS XR Softwar
e module in the Cisco IOS XR IP Addresses and Services Configuration Guide .

Additional References

The following sections provide references related to implementing Gigabit and 10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Ethernet L2VPN

Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Configuration Guide

Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router L2VPN and Ethernet Services Command Reference

Standards

Standards
Title

IEEE 802.1ag

ITU-T Y.1731

MIBs

MIBs
MIBs Link

IEEE CFM MIB

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms using
Cisco IOS XR Software, use the Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://cisco.com/public/sw-center/netmgmt/cmtk/mibs.shtml

RFCs

RFCs
Title

No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.

Technical Assistance

Description
Link

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http://www.cisco.com/techsupport