Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Command Reference, Release 4.3.x
OSPF Commands
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Contents

OSPF Commands

This module describes the commands used to configure and monitor the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing protocol.

For detailed information about OSPF concepts, configuration tasks, and examples, see the Implementing OSPF on Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router module in the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Configuration Guide .

address-family (OSPF)

To enter address family configuration mode for Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), use the address-family command in the appropriate mode. To disable address family configuration mode, use the no form of this command.

address-family ipv4 [unicast]

no address-family ipv4 [unicast]

Syntax Description

ipv4

Specifies IP Version 4 (IPv4) address prefixes.

unicast

(Optional) Specifies unicast address prefixes.

Command Default

An address family is not specified.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

OSPF version 2 automatically provides routing services for IPv4 unicast topologies, so this command is redundant.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the OSPF router process with IPv4 unicast address prefixes:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# address-family ipv4 unicast

adjacency stagger

To configure staggering of OSPF adjacency during reload, process restart, and process clear, use the adjacency stagger command in router configuration mode. To turn off adjacency staggering, either use the disable keyword or use the no form of this command.

adjacency stagger { disable | initial-num-nbr max-num-nbr }

no adjacency stagger

Syntax Description

disable

Disables adjacency staggering.

initial-num-nbr

The initial number of simultaneous neighbors allowed to form adjacency to FULL in any area to bring up to FULL after a router reload, OSPF process restart, or OSPF process clear. Range is 1-65535. Default is 2.

max-num-nbr

The subsequent number of simultaneous neighbors allowed to form adjacency, per OSPF instance, after the initial set of OSPF neighbors have become FULL. Range is 1-65535. Default is 64.

Command Default

OSPF adjacency staggering is enabled.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Staggering of the OSPF adjacency during reload, process restart (without NSR or graceful-restart), and process clear reduces the overall adjacency convergence time.

Initially, allow 2 (configurable) neighbors to form adjacency to FULL per area. After the first adjacency reaches FULL, up to 64 (configurable) neighbors can form adjacency simultaneously for the OSPF instance (all areas). However, areas without any FULL adjacency is restricted by the initial area limit.


Note


Adjacency stagger and OSPF nonstop forwarding (NSF) are mutually exclusive. Adjacency stagger will not be activated if nsf is configured under router ospf configuration.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure adjacency stagger for a 2 neighbors initially and for a maximum of 3 neighbors:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# adjacency stagger 2 3
  
         

area (OSPF)

To configure an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) area, use the area command in the appropriate mode. To terminate an OSPF area, use the no form of this command.

area area-id

no area area-id

Syntax Description

area-id

Identifier of an OSPF area. The area-id argument can be specified as either a decimal value or an IP address (dotted decimal) format. Range is 0 to 4294967295.

Command Default

No OSPF area is defined.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the area command to explicitly configure an area. Commands configured under the area configuration mode (such as the interface [OSPF] and authentication commands), are automatically bound to that area.

To modify or remove the area, the area-id argument format must be the same as the format used when creating the area. Otherwise, even if the actual 32-bit value matches, the area is not matched. For example, if you create an area with an area-id of 10 it would not match an area-id of 0.0.0.10.


Note


To remove the specified area from the router configuration, use the no area area-id command. The no area area-id command removes the area and all area options, such as authentication , default-cost , nssa , range , stub , virtual-link , and interface.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure area 0 and GigabitEthernet interface 0/2/0/0. GigabitEthernet interface 0/2/0/0 is bound to area 0 automatically.

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/0
  
         

authentication (OSPF)

To enable plain text, Message Digest 5 (MD5) authentication, or null authentication for an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) interface, use the authentication command in the appropriate mode. To remove such authentication, use the no form of this command.

authentication [ message-digest [ keychain keychain ] | null ]

no authentication

Syntax Description

message-digest

(Optional) Specifies that MD5 is used.

keychain keychain

(Optional) Specifies a keychain name.

null

(Optional) Specifies that no authentication is used. Useful for overriding password or MD5 authentication if configured for an area.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the authentication parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the authentication parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the interface does not use authentication.

If no keyword is specified, plain text authentication is used.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

Virtual-link configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area interface configuration

Sham-link configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the authentication command to specify an authentication type for the interface, which overrides the authentication specified for the area to which this interface belongs. If this command is not included in the configuration file, the authentication configured in the area to which the interface belongs is assumed (as specified by the area authentication command).

The authentication type and password must be the same for all OSPF interfaces that are to communicate with each other through OSPF. If you specified plain text authentication, use the authentication-key command to specify the plain text password.

If you enable MD5 authentication with the message-digest keyword, you must configure a key with the message-digest-key interface command.

To manage the rollover of keys and enhance MD5 authentication for OSPF, you can configure a container of keys called a keychain with each key comprising the following attributes: generate/accept time, key identification, and authentication algorithm. The keychain management feature is always enabled.


Note


Changes to the system clock will impact the validity of the keys in the existing configuration.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set authentication for areas 0 and 1 of OSPF routing process 201. Authentication keys are also provided.

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# router-id 10.1.1.1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# authentication
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# authentication-key mykey
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# exit
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 1 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# authentication
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# authentication-key mykey1
  
         

The following example shows how to configure use of an authentication keychain:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# router-id 10.1.1.1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# authentication message-digest keychain mykeychain
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

authentication-key (OSPF)

Assigns a password to be used by neighboring routers that are using the simple password authentication of OSPF.

message-digest-key

Specifies a key used with OSPF MD5 authentication.

authentication-key (OSPF)

To assign a password to be used by neighboring routers that are using the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) simple password authentication, use the authentication-key command in the appropriate mode. To remove a previously assigned OSPF password, use the no form of this command.

authentication-key [ clear | encrypted ] password

no authentication-key

Syntax Description

clear

(Optional) Specifies that the key be clear text.

encrypted

(Optional) Specifies that the key be encrypted using a two-way algorithm.

password

Any contiguous string up to 8 characters in length that can be entered from the keyboard. For example, mypswd2.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the OSPF password parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the OSPF password parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then no password is specified.

Clear is the default if the clear or encrypted keyword is not specified.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

Virtual-link configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Sham-link configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The password created by this command is inserted directly into the OSPF header when the Cisco IOS XR software originates routing protocol packets. A separate password can be assigned to each network on an individual interface basis. All neighboring routers on the same network must have the same password to be able to exchange OSPF information.

The authentication-key command must be used with the authentication command. If the authentication command is not configured, the password provided by the authentication-key command is ignored and no authentication is adopted by the OSPF interface.


Note


The authentication-key command cannot be used with the authentication command when the message-digest or null keyword is configured.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure an authentication password as the string yourpass:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# authentication-key yourpass
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

authentication (OSPF)

Specifies authentication type.

auto-cost (OSPF)

To control how the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol calculates default metrics for the interface, use the auto-cost command in the appropriate mode. To revert to the default reference bandwidth, use the no form of this command.

auto-cost { reference-bandwidth mbps | disable }

no auto-cost { reference-bandwidth | disable }

Syntax Description

reference-bandwidth mbps

Specifies a rate in Mbps (bandwidth). Range is 1 to 4294967.

disable

Assigns a cost based on interface type.

Command Default

mbps : 100 Mbps

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

By default OSPF calculates the OSPF metric for an interface according to the bandwidth of the interface.

The OSPF metric is calculated as the mbps value divided by bandwidth, with mbps equal to 108 by default.

If you have multiple links with high bandwidth (such as OC-192), you might want to use a larger number to differentiate the cost on those links. That is, the metric calculated using the default mbps value is the same for all high-bandwidth links.

Recommended usage of cost configuration for OSPF interfaces with high bandwidth is to be consistent: Either explicitly configure (by using the cost command) or choose the default (by using the auto-cost command).

The value set by the cost command overrides the cost resulting from the auto-cost command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the reference value for the auto cost calculation to 1000 Mbps:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# auto-cost reference-bandwidth 1000
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

cost (OSPF)

Explicitly specifies the cost of the interface (network) for OSPF path calculation.

capability opaque disable

To prevent Multiprotocol Label Switching traffic engineering (MPLS TE) topology information flooded to the network through opaque LSAs, use the capability opaque disable command in the appropriate mode. To restore MPLS TE topology information flooded through opaque LSAs to the network, use the no form of the command.

capability opaque disable

no capability opaque disable

Command Default

Opaque LSAs are allowed.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The capability opaque disable command prevents flooded MPLS TE information (Types 1 and 4) through opaque LSAs of all scope (Types 9, 10, and 11).

Control opaque LSA support capability must be enabled for OSPF to support MPLS TE.

The MPLS TE topology information is flooded to the area through opaque LSAs by default.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to prevent OSPF from supporting opaque services:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# capability opaque disable
  
         

capability vrf-lite (OSPFv2)

To ignore DN bit in LSAs received from peers in the given VRF and to disable automatic ABR status in that VRF, use the capability vrf-lite command in OSPFv2 VRF configuration mode. To disable ignoring the DN bit in LSAs and to re-enable automatic ABR status in the VRF, use the no form of this command.

capability vrf-lite

no capability vrf-lite

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

Disabled

Command Modes

OSPFv2 VRF configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.3.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the capability vrf-lite command when CE routers (sometimes called multi-vrf CE routers) are directly connected through interfaces associated with a VRF, but without being connected to other PEs through the MPLS/VPN BGP Backbone. Configure the capability vrf-lite command for CE routers.

When OSPFv2 is enabled in a VRF, the router is always an ABR. With the capability vrf-lite command is enabled, the router becomes an ABR only if it is connected to area 0 (backbone area), and there are other (non-backbone) areas enabled on this router in the given VRF.


Note


Routes may be re-introduced to the VPN backbone when this command is used.


Task ID

Task ID Operation

ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to enable vrf-lite capability for OSPF instance 100 under vrf1

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#vrf vrf1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-vrf)#capability vrf-lite

clear ospf process

To reset an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) router process without stopping and restarting it, use the clear ospf process command in EXEC configuration mode.

clear ospf [ process-name [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] ] process

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only the specified routing process is affected. Otherwise, all OSPF processes are reset.

vrf

(Optional) An OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF instance to be reset.

all

(Optional) Resets all OSPF VRF instances.

Command Default

No default behavior or value

Command Modes

EXEC configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When the OSPF router process is reset, OSPF releases all resources allocated, cleans up the internal database, and shuts down and restarts all interfaces that belong to the process.


Note


The clear ospf process command may change the router ID unless the OSPF router ID is explicitly configured through the router-id (OSPF) command.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to reset all OSPF processes:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerclear ospf process
  
  
         

The following example shows how to reset the OSPF 1 process:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerclear ospf 1 process
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

router-id (OSPF)

Configures a router ID for the OSPF process.

clear ospf redistribution

To clear all routes redistributed from other protocols out of the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing table, use the clear ospf redistribution command in EXEC configuration mode.

clear ospf [ process-name [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] ] redistribution

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only the specified routing process is affected. Otherwise, all OSPF routes are cleared.

vrf

(Optional) OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF instance to be reset.

all

(Optional) Resets all OSPF VRF instances.

Command Default

No default behavior or value

Command Modes

EXEC configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the clear ospf redistribution command to cause the routing table to be read again. OSPF regenerates and sends Type 5 and Type 7 link-state advertisements (LSAs) to its neighbors. If an unexpected route has appeared in the OSPF redistribution, using this command corrects the issue.


Note


Use of this command can cause a significant number of LSAs to flood the network. We recommend that you use this command with caution.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to clear all redistributed routes across all processes from other protocols:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerclear ospf redistribution
         

clear ospf routes

To clear all Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routes from the OSPF routing table, use the clear ospf routes command in EXEC configuration mode.

clear ospf [ process-name [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] ] routes

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only the specified routing process is affected. Otherwise, all OSPF routes are cleared.

vrf

(Optional) OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF instance to be reset.

all

(Optional) Resets all OSPF VRF instances.

Command Default

No default behavior or value

Command Modes

EXEC configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to clear all OSPF routes from the OSPF routing table and recompute valid routes. When the OSPF routing table is cleared, OSPF routes in the global routing table are also recalculated.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# clear ospf routes
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

clear ospf statistics

To clear the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) statistics of neighbor state transitions, use the clear ospf statistics command in EXEC configuration mode.

clear ospf [ process-name [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] ] statistics [ neighbor [ type interface-path-id ] [ip-address] ]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only the specified routing process is affected. Otherwise, all OSPF statistics of neighbor state transitions are cleared.

vrf

(Optional) OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF instance to be reset.

all

(Optional) Resets all OSPF VRF instances.

neighbor

(Optional) Clears the state transition counters of the specified neighbor only.

type

(Optional) Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

(Optional) Physical interface or virtual interface.

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

ip-address

(Optional) IP address of a specified neighbor for whom you want to clear the state transition counter.

Command Default

No default behavior or value

Command Modes

EXEC configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the clear ospf statistics command to reset OSPF counters. Reset is useful to detect changes in counter values.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to reset the OSPF transition state counters for all neighbors on Packet-over-SONET/SDH (POS) interface 0/2/0/0:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerclear ospf statistics neighbor POS 0/2/0/0
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

cost (OSPF)

To explicitly specify the interface (network) for Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) path calculation, use the cost command in the appropriate mode. To remove the cost, use the no form of this command.

cost cost

no cost

Syntax Description

cost

Unsigned integer value expressed as the link-state metric. Range is 1 to 65535.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the cost parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the cost parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the cost is calculated by the auto-cost command.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Sham-link configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The link-state metric is advertised as the link cost in the router link advertisement. Cisco IOS XR software does not support type of service (ToS), so you can assign only one cost for each interface.

In general, the path cost is calculated using the following formula:

108 / bandwidth (the default auto cost is set to 100 Mbps)

This calculation is the default reference bandwidth used by the auto-costing calculation which establishes the interface auto-cost The auto-cost command can set this reference bandwidth to some other value. The cost command is used to override the auto-costing calculated default value for interfaces.

Using this formula, the default path cost is 1 for any interface that has a link bandwidth of 100 Mbps or higher. If this value does not suit the network, configure the reference bandwidth for auto calculating costs based on the link bandwidth.

The value set by the cost command overrides the cost resulting from the auto-cost (OSPF) command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the cost value to 65 for GigabitEthernet interface 0/1/0/1:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# cost 65
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

auto-cost (OSPF)

Controls how the OSPF protocol calculates default metrics for the interface.

cost-fallback (OSPF)

To apply higher cost than the normal interface cost when the cumulative bandwidth of a bundle interface goes below the threshold specified and to revert to the original cost if the cumulative bandwidth goes above the configured threshold, use the cost-fallback command. To remove the cost-fallback, use the no form of this command.

cost-fallback cost threshold bandwidth

no cost-fallback

Syntax Description

cost threshold

Unsigned integer value expressed as the link-state metric. Range is 1 to 65535, but typically, cost-fallback value is supposed to be set to a value higher than the normal cost.

bandwidth

Unsigned integer value expressed in Mbits per second. Range is 1 to 4294967.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, the currently effective interface cost takes effect even when the cumulative bandwidth goes down below the maximum bandwidth. Unlike the interface cost command, this cost-fallback command is available only under interface configuration mode; it is not available in area or process level. Unlike other interface specific parameters, no inheritance will take place from area or process level if this command is not specified at interface level.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The fallback cost must be set to a higher value than the normal interface cost. The motivation of setting the fallback cost is to cost out an interface or disfavor an interface without shutting it down when its cumulative bandwidth goes below the user specified threshold, so that the traffic can take an alternative path. The normal interface cost will take over when the cumulative bandwidth reaches or exceeds user-specified threshold.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the cost-fallback value:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#router-id 2.2.2.2
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)#interface bundle-a
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)#cost-fallback 1000 threshold 300
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

auto-cost (OSPF)

Controls how the OSPF protocol calculates default metrics for the interface.

cost (OSPF)

Specifies the cost of the interface (network) for OSPF path calculation.

database-filter all out (OSPF)

To filter outgoing link-state advertisements (LSAs) to an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) interface, use the database-filter all out command in the appropriate mode. To restore the forwarding of LSAs to the interface, use the disable form of the command.

database-filter all out [ disable | enable ]

Syntax Description

disable

(Optional) Disables filtering.

enable

(Optional) Enables filtering.

Command Default

The database filter is disabled.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the database-file all out command to perform the same function that the neighbor database-filter all out command performs on a neighbor basis.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to prevent flooding of OSPF LSAs to broadcast, nonbroadcast, and point-to-point networks reachable through GigabitEthernet interface 0/1/0/1:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# database-filter all out
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

neighbor database-filter all out

Filters outgoing LSAs to an OSPF interface.

dead-interval (OSPF)

To set the interval after which a neighbor is declared dead when no hello packets are observed, use the dead-interval command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default time, use the no form of this command.

dead-interval seconds

no dead-interval

Syntax Description

seconds

Integer that specifies the interval (in seconds). Range is 1 to 65535. The value must be the same for all nodes on the network.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the dead interval parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the dead interval parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the dead interval is four times the interval set by the hello-interval (OSPF) command.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

Virtual-link configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Sham-link configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The dead interval value must be the same for all routers and access servers on a specific network.

If the hello interval is configured, the dead interval value must be larger than the hello interval value. The dead interval value is usually configured four times larger than the hello interval value.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the OSPF dead interval to 40 seconds:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# dead-interval 40
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

hello-interval (OSPF)

Specifies the interval between hello packets that the Cisco IOS XR software sends on the interface.

default-cost (OSPF)

To specify a cost for the default summary route sent into a stub area or not-so-stubby area (NSSA), use the default-cost command in area configuration mode. To remove the assigned default route cost, use the no form of this command.

default-cost cost

no default-cost cost

Syntax Description

cost

Cost for the default summary route used for a stub or NSSA area. The acceptable value is a 24-bit number.

Command Default

cost : 1

Command Modes

Area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the default-cost command only on an Area Border Router (ABR) attached to a stub or an NSSA area.

In all routers and access servers attached to the stub area, the area should be configured as a stub area using the stub command in the area submode. Use the default-cost command only on an ABR attached to the stub area. The default-cost command provides the metric for the summary default route generated by the ABR into the stub area.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to assign a default cost of 20 to a stub area. The GigabitEthernet interface 0/4/0/3 is also configured in the stub area:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 10.15.0.0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# stub
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# default-cost 20
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/4/0/3 
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

stub (OSPF)

Defines an area as a stub area.

default-information originate (OSPF)

To generate a default external route into an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing domain, use the default-information originate command in the appropriate mode. To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.

default-information originate [always] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type type-value ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no default-information originate

Syntax Description

always

(Optional) Always advertises the default route regardless of whether the routing table has a default route.

metric metric-value

(Optional) Specifies the metric used for generating the default route. The default metric value is 1. Range is 1 to 16777214.

metric-type type-value

(Optional) Specifies the external link type associated with the default route advertised into the OSPF routing domain. It can be one of the following values:

1—Type 1 external route

2—Type 2 external route

tag tag-value

(Optional) 32-bit dotted-decimal value attached to each external route. This is not used by the OSPF protocol itself. It may be used to communicate information between autonomous system boundary routers (ASBRs). If a tag is not specified, then zero (0) is used.

route-policy policy-name

(Optional) Specifies that a routing policy be used and the routing policy name.

Command Default

When you do not use this command in router configuration mode, no default external route is generated into an OSPF routing domain.

metric-value : 1

type-value : 2

tag-value: 0

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Whenever you use the redistribute or default-information originate command to redistribute routes into an OSPF routing domain, the software automatically becomes an Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR). However, an ASBR does not, by default, generate a default route into the OSPF routing domain. The software still must have a default route for itself before it generates one, except when you have specified the always keyword.

The default-information originate route-policy attach point conditionally injects the default route 0.0.0.0/0 into the OSPF link-state database, and is done by evaluating the attached policy. If any routes specified in the policy exist in the global RIB, then the default route is inserted into the link-state database. If there is no match condition specified in the policy, the policy passes and the default route is generated into the link-state database.

For information about the default-information originate attach point, see the OSPF Policy Attach Points section in the Implementing Routing Policy chapter in Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Configuration Guide.

For information about routing policies, see the Routing Policy Commands chapter in the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Command Reference.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to specify a metric of 100 for the default route redistributed into the OSPF routing domain and an external metric type of Type 1:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 109
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#redistribute igrp 108 metric 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#default-information originate metric 100 metric-type 1

Related Commands

Command

Description

redistribute (OSPF)

Redistributes routes from one routing domain into a specified OSPF process.

default-metric (OSPF)

To set default metric values for routes redistributed from another protocol into the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol, use the default-metric command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default state, use the no form of this command.

default-metric value

no default-metric value

Syntax Description

value

Default metric value appropriate for the specified routing protocol. Range is 1 to 16777214.

Command Default

Built-in, automatic metric translations, as appropriate for each routing protocol.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the default-metric command with the redistribute command to cause the current routing protocol to use the same metric value for all redistributed routes. A default metric helps solve the problem of redistributing routes with incompatible metrics. Whenever metrics do not convert, use a default metric to provide a reasonable substitute and enable the redistribution to proceed.

The default-metric value configured in OSPF configuration does not apply to connected routes that are redistributed to OSPF using the redistribute connected command. To set a non-default metric for connected routes, configure OSPF with the redistribute connected metric metric-value command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to advertise Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) protocol-derived routes into OSPF and assign a metric of 10:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# default-metric 10
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# redistribute isis IS-IS_isp

Related Commands

Command

Description

redistribute (OSPF)

Redistributes routes from one routing domain into a specified OSPF process.

demand-circuit (OSPF)

To configure the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol to treat the interface as an OSPF demand circuit, use the demand-circuit command in the appropriate mode. To remove the demand circuit designation from the interface, use the no form of this command.

demand-circuit [ disable | enable ]

no demand-circuit

Syntax Description

disable

(Optional) Disables the interface as an OSPF demand circuit.

enable

(Optional) Enables the interface as an OSPF demand circuit.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the demand circuit parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the demand circuit parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the circuit is not a demand circuit.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

On point-to-point interfaces, only one end of the demand circuit must be configured with this command. Periodic hello messages are suppressed and periodic refreshes of link-state advertisements (LSAs) do not flood the demand circuit. Use the demand-circuit command to allow the underlying data link layer to be closed when the topology is stable. In point-to-multipoint topology, only the multipoint end must be configured with this command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the configuration for an OSPF demand circuit:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# demand-circuit
  
         

disable-dn-bit-check

To specify that down bits should be ignored, use the disable-dn-bit-check command in VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) configuration mode. To specify that down bits should be considered, use the no form of this command.

disable-dn-bit-check

no disable-dn-bit-check

Command Default

Down bits are considered.

Command Modes

VRF configuration mode

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to specify that down bits be ignored:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# vrf v1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-vrf)# disable-dn-bit-check
  
  
         

distance (OSPF)

To define an administrative distance, use the distance command in an appropriate configuration mode. To remove the distance command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition in which the software removes a distance definition, use the no form of this command.

distance weight [ ip-address wildcard-mask [access-list-name] ]

no distance weight ip-address wildcard-mask [access-list-name]

Syntax Description

weight

Administrative distance. Range is 10 to 255. Used alone, the weight argument specifies a default administrative distance that the software uses when no other specification exists for a routing information source. Routes with a distance of 255 are not installed in the routing table. lists the default administrative distances. Table 1

ip-address

(Optional) IP address in four-part, dotted-decimal notation.

wildcard-mask

(Optional) Wildcard mask in four-part, dotted decimal format. A bit set to 1 in the mask argument instructs the software to ignore the corresponding bit in the address value.

access-list-name

(Optional) Name of an IP access list to be applied to incoming routing updates.

Command Default

If this command is not specified, then the administrative distance is the default, as specified in Table 1.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

An administrative distance is an integer from 10 to 255. In general, the higher the value, the lower the trust rating. An administrative distance of 255 means that the routing information source cannot be trusted at all and should be ignored. Weight values are subjective; no quantitative method exists for choosing weight values.

If an access list is used with this command, it is applied when a network is being inserted into the routing table. This behavior allows you to filter networks based on the IP prefix supplying the routing information. For example, you could filter possibly incorrect routing information from networking devices not under your administrative control.

The order in which you enter distance commands can affect the assigned administrative distances in unexpected ways (see the “Examples” section for further clarification).

This table lists default administrative distances.



Table 1 Default Administrative Distances

Route Source

Default Distance

Connected interface

0

Static route out on interface

0

State route to next-hop

1

EIGRP Summary Route

5

External BGP

20

Internal EIGRP

90

OSPF

110

IS-IS

115

RIP version 1 and 2

120

External EIGRP

170

Internal BGP

200

Unknown

255

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

In the following example, the router ospf command sets up OSPF routing instance1. The first distance command sets the default administrative distance to 255, which instructs the software to ignore all routing updates from networking devices for which an explicit distance has not been set. The second distance command sets the administrative distance for all networking devices on the Class C network 192.168.40.0 0.0.0.255 to 90.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# distance 255
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# distance 90 192.168.40.0 0.0.0.255

Related Commands

Command

Description

distance bgp

Allows the use of external, internal, and local administrative distances that could be a better route to a BGP node.

distance ospf

Allows the use of external, internal, and local administrative distances that could be a better route to an OSPF node.

router ospf

Configures the OSPF routing process.

distance ospf

To define Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) route administrative distances based on route type, use the distance ospf command in router configuration mode. To restore the default value, use the no form of this command.

distance ospf { intra-area | inter-area | external } distance

no distance ospf

Syntax Description

intra-area | inter-area | external

Sets the type of area. It can be one of the following values:

intra-area —All routes within an area.

inter-area —All routes from one area to another area.

external —All routes from other routing domains, learned by redistribution.

Any combination of the above areas is allowed.

distance

Route administrative distance.

Command Default

distance : 110

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

You must specify one of the keywords.

Use the distance ospf command to perform the same function as the distance command used with an access list. However, the distance ospf command sets a distance for an entire group of routes, rather than a specific route that passes an access list.

A common reason to use the distance ospf command is when you have multiple OSPF processes with mutual redistribution, and you want to prefer internal routes from one over external routes from the other.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to change the external distance to 200, making the route less reliable:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# redistribute ospf 2 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# distance ospf external 200
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# exit
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 2
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# redistribute ospf 1 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# distance ospf external 200
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

disable-dn-bit-check

Defines an administrative distance.

distribute-list

To filter networks received or transmitted in Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) updates, use the distribute-list command in the appropriate mode. To change or cancel the filter, use the no form of this command.

distribute-list { access-list-name { in | out [ bgp number | connected | ospf instance | static ] } | route-policy route-policy-name in }

no distribute-list { access-list-name { in | out } | route-policy route-policy-name in }

Syntax Description

access-list-name

Standard IP access list name. The list defines which networks are to be received and which are to be suppressed in routing updates.

in

Applies the access list or route-policy to incoming routing updates.

out

Applies the access list to outgoing routing updates. The out keyword is available only in router configuration mode.

bgp

(Optional) Applies the access list to BGP routes.

connected

(Optional) Applies the access list to connected routes.

ospf

(Optional) Applies the access list to OSPF routes (not the current OSPF process).

static

(Optional) Applies the access list to statically configured routes.

route-policy route-policy-name

Specifies the route-policy to filter OSPF prefixes.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the distribute list parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the distribute list parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the distribute list is disabled.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Release 4.2.1

The route-policy route-policy-name keyword and argument were added to allow use of route policies to filter OSPF prefixes.

Release 4.3.1

Support was added for "if tag..." statements in distribute-list in route-policy.

Usage Guidelines

Use the distribute-list command to limit which OSPF routes are installed on this router. The distribute-list command does not affect the OSPF protocol itself.

The distribute-list in is configurable at instance (process), area, and interface levels. Regular OSPF configuration inheritance applies. Configuration is inherited from instance > area > interface levels.

Use the route-policy route-policy-name keyword and argument to allow use of route policies to filter OSPF prefixes.


Note


Either an access-list, or a route-policy can be used in a single command, not both. Configuring the command with access-list removes the route-policy configuration, and vice versa.


The "if tag..." statements can be used in distribute-list in route-policy. The matching on route tag supports operators "eq/ge/is/le". Operator "in" is not supported.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to prevent OSPF routes from the 172.17.10.0 network from being installed if they are learned in area 0:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# ipv4 access-list 3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ipv4-acl)# deny 172.17.10.0 0.0.0.255 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ipv4-acl)# permit any any
  !
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# distribute-list 3 in 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/3

domain-id (OSPF)

To specify the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) domain ID, use the domain-id command in VRF configuration mode. To remove an OSPF VRF domain ID, use the no form of this command.

domain-id [secondary] type [ 0005 | 0105 | 0205 | 8005 ] value value

no domain-id [secondary] type [ 0005 | 0105 | 0205 | 8005 ] value value

Syntax Description

secondary

(Optional) OSPF secondary domain ID.

type

Primary OSPF domain ID in hex format.

value value

OSPF domain ID value in hex format (six octets).

Command Default

No domain ID is specified.

Command Modes

VRF configuration mode

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

An OSPF domain id must be explicitly configured. The OSPF domain ID helps OSPF determine how to translate a prefix received through Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) from the remote provider edge (PE). If the domain IDs match, OSPF generates a Type 3 link state advertisement (LSA). If the domain IDs do not match, OSPF generates a Type 5 LSA.

There is only one primary domain ID. There can be multiple secondary domain IDs.


Note


When an IOS XR router and an IOS router are configured as peers, the two Domain IDs must match. Manually configure the IOS XR Domain ID value to match the IOS default Domain ID value. This ensures that the routes have route code "OIA" because they are learned as inter-area routes. If the Domain IDs do not match, the routes have route code, "O-E2" because they are learned as external routes. Use the show ip ospf command to get the OSPF Domain ID from the IOS router. Then, set the IOS XR Domain ID to the same value using the domain-id command.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to specify a domain ID:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf o1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# vrf v1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-vrf)# domain-id type 0105 value AABBCCDDEEFF

domain-tag

To specify the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) domain tag, use the domain-tag command in VRF configuration mode. To remove an OSPF VRF domain tag, use the no form of this command.

domain-tag tag

no domain-tag

Syntax Description

tag

OSPF domain tag as a 32-bit value. The valid range is 0 to 4294967295.

Command Default

No OSPF VRF domain tag is specified.

Command Modes

VRF configuration mode

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The domain tag is added to any Type 5 link state advertisements (LSAs) generated as a result of VPN-IP routes received from Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). The domain-tag is derived from BGP autonomous system number (ASN).

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to specify the domain tag:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf o1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# domain-tag 234

fast-reroute (OSPFv2)

To enable IP fast reroute loop-free alternate (LFA) computation, use the fast-reroute command in the appropriate OSPF configuration mode. To disable the IP fast reroute loop-free alternate computation, use the no form of this command.

To disable loop-free alternate computation that is enabled on a higher level, use the fast-reroute command with disable keyword.

fast-reroute { per-link | per-prefix } [disable]

no fast-reroute

Syntax Description

per-link

Enables per-link loop-free alternate computation.

per-prefix

Enables per-prefix loop-free alternate computation.

disable

(Optional) Disables loop-free alternate computation that was enabled on a higher level.

Command Default

IP fast-reroute LFA computation is disabled.

Command Modes

Area configuration

Interface configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Only one mode of computation can be configured on an interface - per-link or per-prefix. Different modes of computations can be enabled on different interfaces; one set of interface using per-link and other set using per-prefix computation. Based on the outgoing interface of the primary path, per-link or per-prefix backup path will be computed.

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to enable per-link computation of loop-free alternates under interface POS 0/3/0/0:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface POS 0/3/0/0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# fast-reroute per-link

This example shows how to enable per-prefix computation of loop-free alternates under area 0:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#area 0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)#fast-reroute per-prefix

This example shows how to disable computation of loop-free alternates that was configured under area 0:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#area 0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)#fast-reroute per-prefix 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)#interface POS 0/3/0/0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)#fast-reroute disable 

fast-reroute per-link exclude interface

To excludes specified interface to be used as a backup during (IPFRR) loop-free alternate (LFA) computation, use the fast-reroute per-link exclude interface command, in the appropriate OSPF configuration mode. To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.

fast-reroute per-link exclude interface type interface-path-id

no fast-reroute per-link exclude interface type interface-path-id

Syntax Description

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Command Default

No interfaces are excluded.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to exclude an interface from IP fast reroute loop-free alternate (LFA) computation:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# fast-reroute per-link exclude interface POS 0/3/2/1

Related Commands

Command

Description

fast-reroute (OSPFv2)

Enables IP fast reroute loop-free alternate (LFA) computation.

fast-reroute per-prefix exclude interface (OSPFv2)

To exclude interface to be used as a backup path from fast-reroute loop-free alternate per-prefix computation, use the fast-reroute per-prefix exclude interface command in the appropriate OSPF configuration mode. To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.

fast-reroute per-prefix exclude interface type interface-path-id

no fast-reroute per-prefix exclude interface type interface-path-id

Syntax Description

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id
Physical interface or virtual interface.
Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Command Default

No interfaces are excluded.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Backup paths via the excluded interfaces will not be computed.

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to exclude interface POS0/6/0/1 from being used as a backup path:

 
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#fast-reroute per-prefix exclude interface POS0/6/0/1

fast-reroute per-prefix lfa-candidate (OSPFv2)

To add interfaces to the LFA candidate list, use the fast-reroute per-prefix lfa-candidate command in interface configuration mode. To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.

fast-reroute per-prefix lfa-candidate [interface-name]

no fast-reroute per-prefix lfa-candidate [interface-name]

Syntax Description

interface-name

Specifies name of the interface to add to the LFA candidate list.

Command Default

No interfaces are added to the candidate list.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID Operation
ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to add an interface to LFA candidates:

 
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure 
 
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100
 
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#fast-reroute per-prefix lfa-candidate interface POS0/6/0/0

fast-reroute per-prefix remote-lfa (OSPFv2)

To configure fast-reroute per-prefix remote loop-free alternate (rLFA) computation for an OSPFv2 process, use the fast-reroute per-prefix remote-lfa command in the appropriate OSPF configuration mode. To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.

fast-reroute per-prefix remote-lfa { disable | maximum-cost path-cost | tunnel mpls-ldp }

no fast-reroute per-prefix remote-lfa

Syntax Description

remote-lfa

Enables remote LFA backup computation

maximum-cost path-cost

Sets the cost option to limit the range of remote LFAs. Range for path-cost is 1 to 4294967295.

tunnel mpls-ldp

Enables remote LFA computation using tunnel interfaces.

disable

Selectively disables remote LFA calculation under one or more areas.

Command Default

Remote LFA FRR computation is disabled.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Area configuration

Interface configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.3.1

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Fast-reroute per-prefix LFA must be enabled for remote LFA to be operational. The OSPF configuration hierarchy at process level and area level are applicable for remote LFA configuration. For example, it is possible to enable remote-LFA for all OSPF areas and selectively disable (using disable keyword) the computation under one or more area.

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to enable fast-reroute per-prefix remote LFA computation for tunnel interfaces:
 
         RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#fast-reroute per-prefix remote-lfa tunnel mpls-ldp 

This example shows how to configure cost option to limit the range of remote LFAS:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#fast-reroute per-prefix remote-lfa maximum-cost 2

Related Commands

Command

Description

fast-reroute (OSPFv2)

Enables IP fast reroute loop-free alternate (LFA) computation.  

fast-reroute per-prefix use-candidate-only (OSPFv2)

To restrict the backup interfaces to those that are present on the LFA candidate list, use the fast-reroute per-prefix use-candidate-only command in router OSPF configuration mode. To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.

fast-reroute per-prefix use-candidate-only [ enable | disable ]

fast-reroute per-prefix use-candidate-only

Syntax Description

enable

Enables backup selection from candidate-list only.

disable

Disables backup selection from candidate-list only.

Command Default

Disabled.

Command Modes

Router OSPF configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.2.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to restrict the backup interfaces to those that are present on the LFA candidate list:

 
        RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#fast-reroute per-prefix use-candidate-only

flood-reduction (OSPF)

To suppress the unnecessary flooding of link-state advertisements (LSAs) in stable topologies, use the flood-reduction command in the appropriate mode. To remove this functionality from the configuration, use the no form of this command.

flood-reduction [ enable | disable ]

no flood-reduction [ enable | disable ]

Syntax Description

enable

(Optional) Turns on this functionality at a specific level.

disable

(Optional) Turns off this functionality at a specific level.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the flood reduction parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the flood reduction parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then flood reduction is disabled.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

All routers supporting the OSPF demand circuit are compatible and can interact with routers supporting flooding reduction.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to reduce the flooding of unnecessary LSAs for area 0:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# flood-reduction
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ospf interface

Displays OSPF-related interface information.

show ospf neighbor

Displays OSPF neighbor information on an individual interface basis.

hello-interval (OSPF)

To specify the interval between consecutive hello packets that are sent on the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) interface, use the hello-interval command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default time, use the no form of this command.

hello-interval seconds

no hello-interval

Syntax Description

seconds

Interval (in seconds). The value must be the same for all nodes on a specific network. Range is 1 to 65535.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the hello interval parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the hello interval parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the hello interval is 10 seconds (broadcast) or 30 seconds (nonbroadcast).

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

Virtual-link configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Sham-link configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The hello interval value is advertised in the hello packets. The shorter the hello interval, the faster topological changes are detected, but more routing traffic occurs. This value must be the same for all routers and access servers on a specific network.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the interval between hello packets to 15 seconds:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# hello-interval 15
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

dead-interval (OSPF)

Sets the time period for which hello packets are suspended before neighbors declare the router down.

ignore lsa mospf

To suppress the sending of syslog messages when the router receives link-state advertisement (LSA) Type 6 multicast Open Shortest Path First (MOSPF) packets, which are unsupported, use the ignore lsa mospf command in an appropriate configuration mode. To restore the sending of syslog messages, use the no form of this command.

ignore lsa mospf

no ignore lsa mospf

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

When you do not specify this command in router configuration mode, each MOSPF packet received by the router causes the router to send a syslog message.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Cisco routers do not support LSA Type 6 (MOSPF), and they generate syslog messages if they receive such packets. If the router is receiving many MOSPF packets, you might want to configure the router to ignore the packets and thus prevent a large number of syslog messages.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the router to suppress the sending of syslog messages when it receives MOSPF packets:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# ignore lsa mospf

interface (OSPF)

To define the interfaces on which the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol runs, use the interface command in area configuration mode. To disable OSPF routing for interfaces, use the interface form of this command.

interface type interface-path-id

no interface type interface-path-id

Syntax Description

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtualinterface.

Note   

se the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Command Default

When you do not specify this command in configuration mode, OSPF routing for interfaces is not enabled.

Command Modes

Area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the interface command to associate a specific interface with an area. The interface remains associated with the area even when the IP address of the interface changes.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how the OSPF routing process 109 defines four OSPF areas (0, 2, 3, and 10.9.50.0), and associates an interface with each area:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 4/0/0/3
  !
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 2
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/3
  !
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 3/0/0/2
  !
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 10.9.50.0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 3/0/0/1
  
         

log adjacency changes (OSPF)

To configure the router to send a syslog message when the state of an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) neighbor changes, use the log adjacency changes command in router configuration mode. To turn off this function, use the disable keyword. To log all state changes, use the detail keyword.

log adjacency changes { detail | disable }

Syntax Description

detail

Provides all (DOWN, INIT, 2WAY, EXSTART, EXCHANGE, LOADING, FULL) adjacency state changes.

disable

Disables sending adjacency change messages.

Command Default

The router sends a syslog message when the state of an OSPF neighbor changes.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the log adjacency changes command to display high-level changes to the state of the peer relationship. Configure this command if you want to know about OSPF neighbor changes.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the software to send a syslog message for any OSPF neighbor state changes:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# log adjacency changes detail
  
         

loopback stub-network

To enable advertising loopback as stub networks, use the loopback stub-network command in an appropriate configuration mode. To disable advertising loopback as stubnetworks, use the no form of this command.

loopback stub-network [ enable | disable ]

no loopback stub-network

Syntax Description

enable

(Optional) Enables advertising loopbacks as stub networks.

disable

(Optional) Disables advertising loopbacks as stub networks.

Command Default

By default, OSPF advertises loopbacks as stub hosts.

Command Modes

OSPF interface configuration  

OSPF router configuration

OSPF area configuration

Command History

Release Modification
Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

In the interface submode, the command can be enabled only on loopback interfaces.

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enable advertising loopback as a stub network, under OSPF interface configuration:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100  
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#loopback stub-network enable

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ospf interfaceDisplays Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) interface information.

 

max-lsa

To limit the number of nonself-generated link-state advertisements (LSAs) that an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing process can keep in the OSPF link-state database (LSDB), use the max-lsa command in router configuration mode. To remove the limit of non self-generated LSAs that an OSPF routing process can keep in the OSPF LSDB, use the no form of this command.

max-lsa max [threshold] [warning-only] [ ignore-time value ] [ ignore-count value ] [ reset-time value ]

no max-lsa max [threshold] [warning-only] [ ignore-time value ] [ ignore-count value ] [ reset-time value ]

Syntax Description

max

Maximum number of nonself-generated LSAs the OSPF process can keep in the OSPF LSBD.

threshold

(Optional) The percentage of the maximum LSA number, as specified by the maximum-number argument, at which a warning message is logged. The default is 75 percent.

warning-only

(Optional) Specifies that only a warning message is sent when the maximum limit for LSAs is exceeded. Disabled by default.

ignore-time value

(Optional) Specifies the time, in minutes, to ignore all neighbors after the maximum limit of LSAs has been exceeded. The default is 5 minutes.

ignore-count value

(Optional) Specifies the number of times the OSPF process can consecutively be placed into the ignore state. The default is 5 times.

reset-time value

(Optional) Specifies the time, in minutes, after which the ignore count is reset to zero. The default is 2 times ignore-time .

Command Default

Disabled

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

This command allows you to protect the OSPF routing process from the large number of received LSAs that can result from a misconfiguration on another router in the OSPF domain (for example, the redistribution of a large number of IP prefixes to OSPF).

When this feature is enabled, the router keeps count of the number of all received (nonself-generated) LSAs. When the configured threshold value is reached, an error message is logged. When the configured max number of received LSAs is exceeded, the router stops accepting new LSAs.

If the count of received LSAs is higher than the configured max number after one minute, the OSPF process disables all adjacencies in the given context and clears the OSPF database. This state is called the ignore state. In this state, all OSPF packets received on all interfaces belonging to the OSPF instance are ignored and no OSPF packets are generated on its interfaces. The OSPF process remains in the ignore state for the duration of the configured ignore-time . When the ignore-time expires, the OSPF process returns to normal operation and starts building adjacencies on all its interfaces.

To prevent the OSPF instance from endlessly oscillating between its normal state and the ignore state, as a result of the LSA count immediately exceeding the max number again after it returns from the ignore state, the OSPF instance keeps a count of how many times it has been in the ignore state. This counter is called the ignore-count . If the ignore-count exceeds its configured value, the OSPF instance remains in the ignore state permanently.

To return the OSPF instance to its normal state, you must issue the clear ip ospf command. The ignore-count is reset to zero if the LSA count does not exceed the max number again during the time configured by the reset-time keyword.

If you use the warning-only keyword, the OSPF instance never enters the ignore state. When LSA count exceeds the max number, the OSPF process logs an error message and the OSPF instance continues in its normal state operation.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the OSPF instance to accept 12000 nonself-generated LSAs in the global routing table, and 1000 nonself-generated LSAs in VRF V1.

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 0 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# max-lsa 12000
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# vrf V1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# max-lsa 1000
  
  
         

The following example shows how to display the current status of the OSPF instance:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf 0
  
    Routing Process "ospf 0" with ID 10.0.0.2
    NSR (Non-stop routing) is Disabled
    Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
    Supports opaque LSA
    It is an area border router
    Maximum number of non self-generated LSA allowed 12000
       Current number of non self-generated LSA 1
       Threshold for warning message 75%
       Ignore-time 5 minutes, reset-time 10 minutes
       Ignore-count allowed 5, current ignore-count 0
  
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ospf

Displays general information about Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing processes.

max-metric

To configure the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol to signal other networking devices not to prefer the local router as an intermediate hop in their shortest path first (SPF) calculations, use the max-metric command in router configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.

max-metric router-lsa [ external-lsa overriding metric ] [ include-stub ] [ on-proc-migration ] [ on-proc-restart ] [ on-startup ] [ on-switchover ] [ wait-for-bgp ] [ summary-lsa ]

no max-metric router-lsa

Syntax Description

router-lsa

Always originates router link-state advertisements (LSAs) with the maximum metric.

external-lsa overriding metric

(Optional) Overrides the external-lsa metric with the max-metric value.The overriding metric argument specifies the number of in-summary-LSAs. The range is 1 to 16777215>. The default is 16711680.

include-stub

(Optional) Advertises stub links in router-LSA with the max-metric value (0xFFFF).

on-proc-migration time

(Optional) Sets the maximum metric temporarily after a process migration to originate router-LSAs with the max-metric value. The time range is 5 to 86400 seconds.

on-proc-restart time

(Optional) Sets the maximum metric temporarily after a process restart to originate router-LSAs with the max-metric value. The time range is 5 to 86400 seconds.

on-startup time

(Optional) Sets the maximum metric temporarily after a reboot to originate router-LSAs with the max-metric value. The time range is 5 to 86400 seconds.

on-switchover time

(Optional) Sets the maximum metric temporarily after a switchover to originate router-LSAs with the max-metric value. The time range is 5 to 86400 seconds.
Note   

OSPF will not populate maximum metric on the router's generated LSAs, when the OSPF routing process is configured to support Nonstop Routing (NSR) or Nonstop Forwarding/Graceful restart (NSF/GR).

wait-for-bgp

(Optional) Causes OSPF to originate router LSAs with the maximum metric and allows Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to decide when to start originating router LSAs with a normal metric instead of the maximum metric.

summary-lsa

(Optional) specifies the number of in summary-LSAs. The range is 1 to 16777215. The default is 16711680.

Command Default

Router LSAs are originated with normal link metrics.

overriding-metric :16711680

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the max-metric command to cause the software to originate router LSAs with router link metrics set to LSInfinity (0XFFFF). This feature can be useful in Internet backbone routers that run both OSPF and BGP because OSPF converges more quickly than BGP and may begin attracting traffic before BGP has converged, resulting in dropped traffic.

If this command is configured, the router advertises its locally generated router LSAs with a metric of 0XFFFF. This action allows the router to converge but not attract transit traffic if there are better, alternative paths around this router. After the specified announce-time value or notification from BGP has expired, the router advertises the local router LSAs with the normal metric (interface cost).

If this command is configured with the on-startup keyword, then the maximum metric is temporarily set only after reboot is initiated. If this command is configured without the on-startup keyword, then the maximum metric is permanently used until the configuration is removed.

If the include-stub keyword is enabled, the stub-links in the router LSA will be sent with the max-metric. If the summary-lsa keyword is enabled, all self-generated summary LSAs will have a metric set to 0xFF0000, unless the metric value is specified with the max-metric value parameter. If the external-lsa keyword is enabled, all self-generated external LSAs will have a metric set to 0xFF0000, unless the metric value is specified with the max-metric value parameter.

This command might be useful when you want to connect a router to an OSPF network, but do not want real traffic flowing through it if there are better, alternative paths. If there are no alternative paths, this router still accepts transit traffic as before.

Some cases where this command might be useful are as follows:

  • During a router reload, you prefer that OSPF wait for BGP to converge before accepting transit traffic. If there are no alternative paths, the router still accepts transit traffic.
  • A router is in critical condition (for example, it has a very high CPU load or does not have enough memory to store all LSAs or build the routing table).
  • When you want to gracefully introduce or remove a router to or from the network.
  • When you have a test router in a lab, connected to a production network.

Note


For older OSPF implementations (RFC 1247), router links in received router LSAs with a metric and cost of LSInfinity are not used during SPF calculations. Hence, no transit traffic is set to the routers originating such router LSAs.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure OSPF to originate router LSAs with the maximum metric until BGP indicates that it has converged:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# max-metric router-lsa on-startup wait-for-bgp

maximum interfaces (OSPF)

To limit the number of interfaces that can be configured for an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) process, use the maximum interfaces command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default limit, use the no form of this command.

maximum interfaces number-interfaces

no maximum interfaces

Syntax Description

number-interfaces

Number of interfaces. Range is 1 to 4294967295.

Command Default

If the command is not specified, the default is 1024.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Release 4.1.1

The range for number of interfaces was changed to 1 to 4294967295 from 1 to 1024. The default number of interfaces was changed to 1024 from 255.

Usage Guidelines

Use the maximum interface command to increase or decrease the limit on the number of interfaces configured for an OSPF process.

You cannot configure a limit lower than the number of interfaces currently configured for the OSPF process. To lower the limit, remove interfaces from the OSPF configuration until the number of configured interfaces is at or below the desired limit. You may then apply the new, lower limit.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to configure a maximum interface limit of 1500 on a router:
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# maximum interfaces 1500

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ospf interface

Displays OSPF interface information.

maximum paths (OSPF)

To control the maximum number of parallel routes that the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol can support, use the maximum paths command in an appropriate configuration mode. To remove the maximum paths command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition with respect to the routing protocol, use the no form of this command.

maximum paths maximum-routes-number

no maximum paths

Syntax Description

maximum-routes-number

Maximum number of parallel routes that OSPF can install in a routing table. Range is 1 to 32.

Note   

The maximum number of paths that can be configured is 32.

Command Default

32 paths

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When the maximum number of parallel routes is reduced, all existing paths are pruned and paths reinstalled at the new maximum number. During this route-reduction period, you may experience some packet loss for a few seconds. This may impact route traffic.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to allow a maximum of two paths to a destination:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# maximum paths 2

maximum redistributed-prefixes (OSPF)

To limit the aggregate number of prefixes that can be redistributed into an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) process, use the maximum redistributed-prefix command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default limit, use the no form of this command.

maximum redistributed-prefixes maximum [threshold-value] [warning-only]

no maximum redistributed-prefixes

Syntax Description

maximum

Number of routes. Range is 1 to 4294967295.

threshold-value

(Optional) Threshold value (as a percentage) at which to generate a warning message. Range is 1 to 100.

warning-only

(Optional) Gives only a warning when the limit is exceeded.

Command Default

If the command is not specified, the default is 10000.

The threshold value defaults to 75 percent.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the maximum redistributed-prefixes command to increase or decrease the maximum number of prefixes (also referred to as routes) redistributed for an OSPF process.

If the maximum value is less than the existing number of routes, existing routes remain configured, but no new routes are redistributed.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure a maximum number of routes that can be redistributed for an OSPF routing process:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# maximum redistributed-prefixes 15000
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ospf routes

Displays the OSPF topology table.

message-digest-key

To specify a key used with Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Message Digest 5 (MD5) authentication, use the message-digest-key command in the appropriate mode. To remove an old MD5 key, use the no form of this command.

message-digest-key key-id md5 { key | clear key | encrypted key }

no message-digest-key key-id

Syntax Description

key-id

Key number. Range is 1 to 255.

md5

Enables OSPF MD5 authentication.

key

Alphanumeric string of up to 16 characters.

clear

Specifies that the key be clear text.

encrypted

Specifies that the key be encrypted using a two-way algorithm.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the message digest key parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the message digest key parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then OSPF MD5 authentication is disabled.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

Virtual-link configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Sham-link configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Usually, one key individual interface is used to generate authentication information when packets are sent and to authenticate incoming packets. The same key identifier on the neighbor router must have the same key value.

For authentication to be enabled, you must configure the message-digest-key command together with the authentication command and its message-digest keyword. Both the message-digest-key and authentication commands can be inherited from a higher configuration level.

The process of changing keys is as follows. Suppose the current configuration is:

  interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
   message-digest-key 100 md5 OLD
  
  

You change the configuration to the following:

  interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
   message-digest-key 101 md5 NEW
  
  

The system assumes its neighbors do not have the new key yet, so it begins a rollover process. It sends multiple copies of the same packet, each authenticated by different keys. In this example, the system sends out two copies of the same packet—the first one authenticated by key 100 and the second one authenticated by key 101.

Rollover allows neighboring routers to continue communication while the network administrator is updating them with the new key. Rollover stops after the local system finds that all its neighbors know the new key. The system detects that a neighbor has the new key when it receives packets from the neighbor authenticated by the new key.

After all neighbors have been updated with the new key, the old key should be removed. In this example, you would enter the following:

  interface ethernet 1
   no ospf message-digest-key 100
  

Then, only key 101 is used for authentication on interface 1.

We recommend that you not keep more than one key individual interface. Every time you add a new key, you should remove the old key to prevent the local system from continuing to communicate with a hostile system that knows the old key. Removing the old key also reduces overhead during rollover.


Note


The MD5 key is always stored in encrypted format on the router. The clear and encrypted keywords inform the router whether the value that is entered is encrypted or unencrypted.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set a new key 19 with the password 8ry4222 :

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0 
  
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# message-digest-key 19 md5 8ry4222
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

area (OSPF)

Configures an OSPF area.

authentication (OSPF)

Enables plain text, MD5 authentication, or null authentication for an OSPF interface.

default-cost (OSPF)

Enables authentication for an OSPF area.

mpls ldp auto-config (OSPF)

To enable Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)-Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) interface automatic configuration, use the mpls ldp auto-config command in the appropriate mode. To disable LDP-IGP interface automatic configuration, use the no form of this command.

mpls ldp auto-config

no mpls ldp auto-config

Command Default

LDP-IGP interface automatic configuration is disabled for OSPF.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enable LDP-IGP interface automatic configuration:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf o1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# mpls ldp auto-config
  
  
         

mpls ldp sync (OSPF)

To enable Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)-Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) synchronization, use the mpls ldp sync command in the appropriate mode. To disable LDP-IGP synchronization, use the no form of this command.

mpls ldp sync [disable]

no mpls ldp sync

Syntax Description

disable

(Optional) Disables MPLS LDP synchronization from within the OSPF interface and area configuration submodes only. For the OSPF router configuration mode, use the no form of the command.

Command Default

LDP-IGP synchronization is disabled for OSPF.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enable LDP-IGP synchronization:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf o1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# mpls ldp sync
  
         

mpls traffic-eng (OSPF)

To configure an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) area for Multiprotocol Label Switching traffic engineering (MPLS TE), use the mpls traffic-eng command in the appropriate configuration mode. To remove the MPLS TE from an area, use the no form of this command.

mpls traffic-eng

no mpls traffic-eng

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

MPLS TE is not configured for OSPF.

Command Modes

Area configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

You must configure the mpls traffic-eng command for OSPF to support MPLS traffic engineering. OSPF provides the flooding mechanism that is used to flood TE link information.


Note


This command is supported only in the default VRF mode.


We recommend that you configure the mpls traffic-eng router-id command instead of using the router-id command in global configuration mode.

OSPF support for MPLS TE is a component of the overall MPLS TE feature. Other MPLS TE software components must also be configured for this feature to be fully supported.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to associate loopback interface 0 with area 0, and area 0 is declared to be an MPLS area:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# router-id 10.10.10.10
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# mpls traffic-eng router-id loopback 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# mpls traffic-eng 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface loopback 0

Related Commands

Command

Description

capability opaque disable

Controls the OSPF opaque LSA support capability.

mpls traffic-eng multicast-intact (OSPF)

Specifies that the traffic engineering router identifier for the node is the IP address associated with a given interface.

router-id (OSPF)

Configures a router ID for the OSPF process.

mpls traffic-eng igp-intact (OSPF)

To ensure that the OSPF protocol installs at least one IPv4 next-hop when it adds the tunnel next-hops (igp-shortcuts), use the mpls traffic-eng igp-intact command in the router configuration mode. To disable IGP-intact, use the no form of this command.

mpls traffic-eng igp-intact

no mpls traffic-eng igp-intact

Command Default

IGP-intact is disabled.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The OSPF protocol adds both tunnel next-hops (igp-shortcuts) and IPv4 next-hops to the next-hop list in the Routing Information Base (RIB), until it reaches the maximum number of paths. When IGP-intact is enabled, it ensures that the Routing Information Base (RIB) always has at least one IPv4 next-hop present in the list of next-hops when the number of paths is at maximum.


Note


IGP-intact should be used only when Policy-Based Tunnel Selection (PBTS) is in use.


Configure IGP-intact only when Policy-Based Tunnel Selection (PBTS) is in use. This ensures that at least one IPv4 next-hop is available for the default Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) traffic class. It also prevents traffic loss for other DSCP traffic classes by diverting such traffic to an IPv4 next-hop when the corresponding tunnel is unavailable for forwarding.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enable IGP-intact:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# mpls traffic-eng igp-intact 
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

maximum paths (OSPF)

Configures the maximum number of parallel routes that the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol can support.

mpls traffic-eng multicast-intact (OSPF)

To enable multicast-intact for Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routes so that multicast-intact paths are published to the Routing Information Base (RIB), use the mpls traffic-eng multicast-intact command in the appropriate configuration mode. To remove the MPLS TE area, use the no form of this command.

mpls traffic-eng multicast-intact

no mpls traffic-eng multicast-intact

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

MPLS TE is not configured for OSPF.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

OSPF support for MPLS TE is a component of the overall MPLS TE feature. Other MPLS TE software components must also be configured for this feature to be fully supported.


Note


This command is supported only in the default VRF mode.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enable publishing of multicast-intact paths to RIB:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# mpls traffic-eng multicast-intact

mpls traffic-eng router-id (OSPF)

To specify that the traffic engineering router identifier for the node is the IP address associated with a given Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) interface, use the mpls traffic-eng router-id command in the appropriate configuration mode. To disable this feature, use the no form of this command.

mpls traffic-eng router-id { router-id | type interface-path-id }

no mpls traffic-eng router-id { router-id | type interface-path-id }

Syntax Description

router-id

The 32-bit router ID value specified in four-part, dotted-decimal notation (must be in the valid IP address range of 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255).

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Command Default

If this command is specified in router configuration mode, then the traffic engineering router identifier for the node is the IP address associated with a given interface.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

This identifier of the router acts as a stable IP address for the traffic engineering configuration. This IP address is flooded to all nodes. For all traffic engineering tunnels originating at other nodes and ending at this node, you must set the tunnel destination to the traffic engineering router identifier of the destination node, because that is the address that the traffic engineering topology database at the tunnel head uses for its path calculation.


Note


We recommend that loopback interfaces be used for Multiprotocol Label Switching traffic engineering (MPLS TE), because they are more stable than physical interfaces.



Note


This command is supported only in the default VRF mode.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to specify the traffic engineering router identifier as the IP address associated with loopback interface 0:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# mpls traffic-eng router-id loopback 0

Related Commands

Command

Description

mpls traffic-eng (OSPF)

Configures an OSPF area for MPLS TE.

mtu-ignore (OSPF)

To prevent Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) from checking whether neighbors are using the same maximum transmission unit (MTU) on a common interface when exchanging database descriptor (DBD) packets, use the mtu-ignore command in the appropriate mode. To reset to default, use the no form of this command.

mtu-ignore [ disable | enable ]

no mtu-ignore

Syntax Description

disable

(Optional) Enables checking for whether OSPF neighbors are using the MTU on a common interface.

enable

(Optional) Disables checking for whether OSPF neighbors are using the MTU on a common interface.

Command Default

The default is mtu-ignore with no keywords, which disables MTU checking.

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode,

then the interface adopts the MTU ignore parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode,

then the interface adopts the MTU ignore parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level,

then OSPF checks the MTU received from neighbors when exchanging DBD packets.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

OSPF checks whether OSPF neighbors are using the same MTU on a common interface. This check is performed when neighbors exchange DBD packets. If the receiving MTU in the DBD packet is higher than the MTU configured on the incoming interface, OSPF adjacency is not established.

The keywords, disable and enable , do not need to be used. If no keywords are used, the mtu-ignore command disables MTU checking. You can then use the no mtu-ignore command to activate MTU checking.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to disable MTU mismatch detection on receiving DBD packets:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# mtu-ignore
  
         

multi-area-interface

To enable multiple adjacencies for different Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) areas and enter multi-area interface configuration mode, use the multi-area-interface command in the area configuration mode. To reset to the default, use the no form of this command.

multi-area-interface type interface-path-id

no multi-area-interface type interface-path-id

Syntax Description

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Command Default

An OSPF network is enabled for one area only.

Command Modes

Area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the multi-area-interface command to enable area border routers (ABRs) to establish multiple adjacencies for different OSPF areas.

Each multiple area adjacency is announced as a point-to-point unnumbered link in the configured area. This point-to-point link provides a topological path for that area. The first or primary adjacency using the link advertises the link consistent with draft-ietf-ospf-multi-area-adj-06.txt.

You can configure multi-area adjacency on any interface where only two OSF speakers are attached. In the case of native broadcast networks, the interface must be configured as an OPSF point-to-point type using the network point-to-point command to enable the interface for a multi-area adjacency.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to enable multiple area adjacency for OSPF 109:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/3
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# area 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# multi-area-interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/3
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-mif)# ?
  
    authentication       Enable authentication
    authentication-key   Authentication password (key)
    commit               Commit the configuration changes to running
    cost                 Interface cost
    database-filter      Filter OSPF LSA during synchronization and flooding
    dead-interval        Interval after which a neighbor is declared dead
    describe             Describe a command without taking real actions
    distribute-list      Filter networks in routing updates
    do                   Run an exec command
    exit                 Exit from this submode
    hello-interval       Time between HELLO packets
    message-digest-key   Message digest authentication password (key)
    mtu-ignore           Enable/Disable ignoring of MTU in DBD packets
    no                   Negate a command or set its defaults
    packet-size          Customize size of OSPF packets upto MTU
    pwd                  Commands used to reach current submode
    retransmit-interval  Time between retransmitting lost link state advertisements
    root                 Exit to the global configuration mode
    show                 Show contents of configuration
    transmit-delay       Estimated time needed to send link-state update packet
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-mif)#

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ospf interface

Displays OSPF interface information.

neighbor (OSPF)

To configure Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routers interconnecting to nonbroadcast networks, use the neighbor command in interface configuration mode. To remove a configuration, use the no form of this command.

neighbor ip-address [ cost number ] [ priority number ] [ poll-interval seconds ]

no neighbor ip-address [ cost number ] [ priority number ] [ poll-interval seconds ]

Syntax Description

ip-address

Interface IP address of the neighbor.

cost number

(Optional) Assigns a cost to the neighbor, in the form of an integer from 1 to 65535. Neighbors with no specific cost configured assume the cost of the interface, based on the cost command. On point-to-multipoint interfaces, cost number is the only keyword and argument combination that works. The cost keyword does not apply to nonbroadcast multiaccess (NBMA) networks.

priority number

(Optional) Specifies an 8-bit number indicating the router priority value of the nonbroadcast neighbor associated with the IP address specified. The priority keyword does not apply to point-to-multipoint interfaces.

poll-interval seconds

(Optional) Specifies an unsigned integer value (in seconds) reflecting the poll interval. RFC 1247 recommends that this value be much larger than the hello interval. The poll-interval keyword does not apply to point-to-multipoint interfaces.

Command Default

No configuration is specified.

priority number : 0

poll-interval seconds : 120 seconds (2 minutes)

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

You must include one neighbor entry in the software configuration for each known nonbroadcast network neighbor. The neighbor address must be on the primary address of the interface.

If a neighboring router has become inactive (hello packets have not been received for the router dead interval period), it may still be necessary to send hello packets to the dead neighbor. These hello packets are sent at a reduced rate called the poll interval.

When the router starts up, it sends only hello packets to those routers with nonzero priority; that is, routers that are eligible to become designated routers (DRs) and backup designated routers (BDRs). After the DR and BDR are selected, the DR and BDR start sending hello packets to all neighbors to form adjacencies.

To filter all outgoing OSPF link-state advertisement (LSA) packets for the neighbor, use the neighbor database-filter all out command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to declare a router at address 172.16.3.4 on a nonbroadcast network, with a priority of 1 and a poll interval of 180 seconds:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 172.16.3.4 priority 1 poll-interval 180
  
  
         

The following example illustrates a network with nonbroadcast:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ip address 172.16.3.10 255.255.255.0
  
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# network nonbroadcast
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 172.16.3.4 priority 1 poll-interval 180
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 172.16.3.5 cost 10 priority 1 poll-interval 180
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 172.16.3.6 cost 15 priority 1 poll-interval 180
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 172.16.3.7 priority 1 poll-interval 180
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

neighbor database-filter all out

Filters all outgoing LSAs to an OSPF neighbor.

network (OSPF)

Configures the OSPF network type to a type other than the default for a given medium.

priority (OSPF)

Sets the router priority, which helps determine the designated router for this network.

neighbor database-filter all out

To filter all outgoing link-state advertisements (LSAs) to an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) neighbor, use the neighbor database-filter all out command in interface configuration mode. To restore the forwarding of LSAs to the neighbor, use the no form of this command.

neighbor ip-address database-filter all out

no neighbor ip-address database-filter all out

Syntax Description

ip-address

IP address of the neighbor to which outgoing LSAs are blocked.

Command Default

Instead of all outgoing LSAs being filtered to the neighbor, they are flooded to the neighbor.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the neighbor database-filter all out command to filter all outgoing OSPF LSA packets during synchronization and flooding for point-to-multipoint neighbors on nonbroadcast networks. More neighbor options are available with the neighbor command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to prevent flooding of OSPF LSAs from point-to-multipoint networks to the neighbor at IP address 10.2.3.4:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 10.2.3.4 database-filter all out
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

neighbor (OSPF)

Configures OSPF routers interconnecting to nonbroadcast networks.

network (OSPF)

To configure the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) network type to a type other than the default for a given medium, use the network command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default value, use the no form of this command.

network { broadcast | non-broadcast | { point-to-multipoint [non-broadcast] | point-to-point } }

no network

Syntax Description

broadcast

Sets the network type to broadcast.

non-broadcast

Sets the network type to nonbroadcast multiaccess (NBMA).

point-to-multipoint

Sets the network type to point-to-multipoint.

non-broadcast

(Optional) Sets the point-to-multipoint network to be nonbroadcast. If you use this keyword, the neighbor command is required.

point-to-point

Sets the network type to point-to-point.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the network parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the network parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the OSPF network type is the default of the given medium.

GigabitEthernt and TenGigEthernet interfaces default to broadcast.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the network command to configure broadcast networks as NBMA networks when, for example, routers in your network do not support multicast addressing.

Configuring NBMA networks as either broadcast or nonbroadcast assumes that there are virtual circuits from every router to every router or fully meshed network. However, there are other configurations where this assumption is not true; for example, a partially meshed network. In these cases, you can configure the OSPF network type as a point-to-multipoint network. Routing between two routers that are not directly connected go through the router that has virtual circuits to both routers.

If this command is issued on an interface that does not allow it, this command is ignored.

OSPF has two features related to point-to-multipoint networks. One feature applies to broadcast networks; the other feature applies to nonbroadcast networks:

  • On point-to-multipoint, broadcast networks, you can use the neighbor command, and you must specify a cost to that neighbor.
  • On point-to-multipoint, nonbroadcast networks, you must use the neighbor command to identify neighbors. Assigning a cost to a neighbor is optional.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the OSPF network as a nonbroadcast network:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# network non-broadcast
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 172.16.3.4 priority 1 poll-interval 180
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

neighbor (OSPF)

Configures OSPF routers interconnecting to nonbroadcast networks.

nsf (OSPF)

To configure nonstop forwarding (NSF) for the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol, use the nsf command in the appropriate mode. To remove this command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition, use the no form of this command.

nsf { cisco [ enforce global ] | ietf [ helper disable ] }

no nsf { cisco [ enforce global ] | ietf [ helper disable ] }

Syntax Description

cisco

Enables Cisco Nonstop Forwarding.

enforce global

(Optional) Cancels NSF restart when non-NSF network device neighbors are detected.

ietf

Enables Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) graceful restart.

helper disable

(Optional) Disables router helper support.

Command Default

NSF is disabled.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The NSF feature allows for the forwarding of data packets to continue along known routes while routing protocol information (such as OSPF) is being restored following a switchover.

Use the nsf command if the router is expected to perform NSF during restart. To experience the full benefits of this feature, configure all neighboring routers with NSF.

When this command is used without the optional cisco enforce global keywords and non-NSF neighbors are detected, the NSF restart mechanism aborts on the interfaces of those neighbors and functions properly on others.

When this command is used with the optional cisco enforce global keywords and non-NSF neighbors are detected, NSF restart is canceled for the entire OSPF process.

IETF graceful restart provides an NSF mechanism to allow data traffic to flow seamlessly with no packet drops during the transient period when OSPF attempts to recover after a process restart or RP failover, within the guidelines of RFC 3623.

By default, neighbors in helper mode listen to both the NSF Cisco- and NSF IETF-type LSAs. The nsf command enables one type of mechanism that would undergo an RP failover or, anticipating an OSPF process restart. If the cisco or ietf keyword is not entered, NSF is not enabled, irrespective of neighbors in listening mode for both NSF Cisco and NSF IETF.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to cancel NSF restart for the entire OSPF process if non-NSF neighbors are detected on any network interface during restart:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# nsf cisco enforce global
  
         

nsf flush-delay-time (OSPF)

To configure the maximum time allowed for nonstop forwarding (NSF) external route queries for the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol, use the nsf flush-delay-time command in the appropriate mode. To remove this command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition, use the no form of this command.

nsf flush-delay-time seconds

no nsf flush-delay-time seconds

Syntax Description

seconds

Length of time (in seconds) allowed for NSF external route queries. Range is 1 to 3600 seconds.

Command Default

seconds : 300

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the maximum time for NSF to learn external routes for OSPF at 60 seconds:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# nsf flush-delay-time 60
  
         

nsf interval (OSPF)

To configure the minimum time between consecutive nonstop forwarding (NSF) restart attempts for the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol, use the nsf interval command in the appropriate mode. To remove this command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition, use the no form of this command.

nsf interval seconds

no nsf interval seconds

Syntax Description

seconds

Length of time (in seconds) between consecutive restart attempts. Range is 90 to 3600 seconds.

Command Default

seconds : 90

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When you use the nsf interval command, the OSPF process must be up for at least 90 seconds before OSPF attempts to perform an NSF restart.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the minimum time between consecutive NSF restart attempts at 120 seconds:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerr(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# nsf interval 120
  
         

nsf lifetime (OSPF)

To configure the maximum time that routes are held in the Routing Information Base (RIB) following an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) process restart, use the nsf lifetime command in the appropriate mode. To remove this command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition, use the no form of this command.

nsf lifetime seconds

no nsf lifetime seconds

Syntax Description

seconds

The length of time (in seconds) that routes are held in the RIB. Range is 90 to 3600 seconds.

Command Default

seconds : 95

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When you use this command, the OSPF process must reconverge within the maximum length of time configured. If the convergence exceeds this length of time, routes are purged from RIB and nonstop forwarding (NSF) restart may fail.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the maximum lifetime for OSPF NSF at 120 seconds:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# nsf lifetime 120
  
  
         

nsr (OSPF)

To configure nonstop routing (NSR) for the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol, use the nsr command in OSPF router configuration mode. To remove this command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition, use the no form of this command.

nsr

no nsr

Command Default

NSR is not defined.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The NSR feature allows an OSPF process on the active RP to synchronize all necessary data and states with the OSPF process on the standby RP. When the switchover happens, the OSPF process on the newly active RP has all the necessary data and states to continue running and does not require any help from its neighbors.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure NSR:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# nsr
  
         

nssa (OSPF)

To configure an area as a not-so-stubby area (NSSA), use the nssa command in area configuration mode. To remove the NSSA distinction from the area, use the no form of this command.

nssa [no-redistribution] [ default-information-originate [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type type-value ] ] [no-summary]

no nssa

Syntax Description

no-redistribution

(Optional) Imports routes only into the normal areas, but not into the NSSA area, by the redistribute command when the router is an NSSA Area Border Router (ABR).

default-information- originate

(Optional) Generates a Type 7 default into the NSSA area. This keyword takes effect only on an NSSA ABR or NSSA Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR).

metric metric-value

(Optional) Specifies the metric used for generating the default route. If you omit a value and do not specify a value using the defaultmetric command, the default metric value is 10. Range is 1 to 16777214.

metric-type type-value

(Optional) Specifies the external link type associated with the default route advertised into the OSPF routing domain. It can be one of the following values:

1—Type 1 external route

2—Type 2 external route

no-summary

(Optional) Prevents an ABR from sending summary link advertisements into the NSSA.

Command Default

No NSSA area is defined.

Command Modes

Area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

An NSSA does not flood Type 5 external LSAs from the core into the area, but can import autonomous system external routes in a limited fashion within the area.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure area 1 as an NSSA area:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# nssa
  
         

ospf name-lookup

To configure the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol to look up Domain Name System (DNS) names, use the ospf name-lookup command in global configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.

ospf name-lookup

no ospf name-lookup

Command Default

Routers are displayed by router ID or neighbor ID.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the ospf name-lookup command to easily identify a router when executing all OSPF show command displays. The router is displayed by name rather than by its router ID or neighbor ID.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure OSPF to identify a router by name:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# ospf name-lookup
  
         

packet-size (OSPF)

To configure the size of Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) packets up to the size specified by the maximum transmission unit (MTU), use the packet-size command in the appropriate configuration mode. To disable this function and reestablish the default packet size, use the no form of this command.

packet-size bytes

no packet-size

Syntax Description

bytes

Size, in bytes. Range is 576 to 10000 bytes.

Command Default

If the command is not specified, the default packet size is either the interface IP MTU size (if that is lower than 9000 bytes) or 9000 bytes.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Area configuration

Interface configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.9.0

The default packet size was changed to the lower interface IP MTU size or 9000 bytes.

Usage Guidelines

Use the packet-size command to customize the size of OSPF packets. The OSPF protocol compares the packet size and the MTU size and uses the lower packet size value.

If the command is not configured, the default packet size is equal to the interface IP MTU size (if that is lower than 9000 bytes) or 9000 bytes. For example, if the interface IP MTU size is 1500 bytes, OSPF uses packet size of 1500 bytes on the interface because the byte size is lower than 9000 bytes. If the interface IP MTU size is 9500 bytes, OSPF uses packet size of 9000 bytes on the interface because the byte size exceeds 9000 bytes. The interface IP MTU size depends on the interface and the platform. In most cases, the default interface IP MTU value will be lower than 9000 bytes.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the packet size on an interface:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/0/2
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# packet-size 3500

passive (OSPF)

To suppress the sending of Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol operation on an interface, use the passive command in the appropriate mode. To remove the passive configuration, use the no form of this command.

passive [ disable | enable ]

no passive

Syntax Description

disable

(Optional) Sends OSPF updates.

enable

(Optional) Disables sending OSPF updates.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the passive parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the passive parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the passive parameter is disabled and OSPF updates are sent on the interface.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

OSPF routing information is neither sent nor received through the specified interface. The interface appears as a stub network in the OSPF router (Type 1) link-state advertisement (LSA).

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows that GigabitEthernet interface 1/0/0/2 reduces OSPF updates because passive mode is enabled; however, GigabitEthernet interface 0/1/0/3 receives normal OSPF traffic flow:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0/2
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# passive
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# exit
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# end
  
         

priority (OSPF)

To set the router priority for an interface, which helps determine the designated router for an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) link, use the priority command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default value, use the no form of this command.

priority value

no priority value

Syntax Description

value

8-bit unsigned integer indicating the router priority value. Range is 0 to 255.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the priority parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the priority parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the default priority is 1.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When two routers attached to a network both attempt to become the designated router, the one with the higher router priority takes precedence. If there is a tie, the router with the higher router ID takes precedence. A router with a router priority set to zero is ineligible to become the designated router or backup designated router. Router priority is configured only for interfaces to multiaccess networks (in other words, not point-to-point networks).

This priority value is used when you configure the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol for nonbroadcast networks using the neighbor command for OSPF.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows that priority is set through the priority and neighbor commands for Routers A and B and that the neighbor priority value must reflect that of the neighbor router:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 10.0.0.2 255.255.255.0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# exit
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# network non-broadcast
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# priority 4
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 10.0.0.1 priority 6

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet POS 0/2/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ipv4 address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# exit
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# network non-broadcast
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# priority 6
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# neighbor 10.0.0.2 priority 4

Related Commands

Command

Description

neighbor (OSPF)

Configures OSPF routers interconnecting to nonbroadcast networks.

network (OSPF)

Configures the OSPF network type to a type other than the default for a given medium.

protocol shutdown

To disable an instance of the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol so that it cannot form an adjacency on any interface, use the protocol shutdown command in the router configuration mode. To reenable the OSPF protocol, use the no form of this command.

protocol shutdown

no protocol shutdown

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the protocol shutdown command to disable the OSPF protocol for a specific routing instance without removing any existing OSPF configuration parameters.

The OSPF protocol continues to run on the router and you can use the current OSPF configuration, but OSPF does not form any adjacencies on any interface.

This command is similar to performing the no router ospf command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to disable the OSPF 1 instance:
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# protocol shutdown

queue dispatch flush-lsa

To change the number of LSAs scheduled (rate-limited) for flushing, that are processed in each iteration, use the queue dispatch flush-lsa command in router configuration mode. To return to the system default value, use the no form of this command.

queue dispatch flush-lsa count

no queue dispatch flush-lsa

Syntax Description

count

Maximum number of LSAs flushed per run. Range is 30 to 3000.

Command Default

The default LSAs flushed per run is 150 (when the count is not configured).

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to limit the number of LSAs flushed per run to 30:

 RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# queue dispatch flush-lsa 30
  
  
         

Use the show ospf message-queue command to see the queue dispatch values, peak lengths, and limits.

Related Commands

Command

Description

queue dispatch incoming

Limits the number of continuous incoming events processed.

queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa

Sets the maximum number of rate-limited link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per run.

queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit

Limits the number of summary or external Type 3 to Type 7 link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per shortest path first (SPF) run.

queue limit

Sets the high watermark for incoming priority events.

show ospf message-queue

Displays the information about the queue dispatch values, peak lengths, and limits.

queue dispatch incoming

To limit the number of incoming packets (LSAUpdates, LSAcks, DBDs, LSRequests, and Hellos that trigger a change state) processed, use the queue dispatch incoming command in router configuration mode. To return to the system default value, use the no form of this command.

queue dispatch incoming count

no queue dispatch incoming

Syntax Description

count

Maximum number of continuous events processed. Range is 30 to 3000.

Command Default

The default incoming count is 300 packets (when the count is not configured).

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how limit the number of incoming packets processed to 500:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# queue dispatch incoming 500
  
  
         

Use the show ospf message-queue command to see the queue dispatch values, peak lengths, and limits.

Related Commands

Command

Description

queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa

Sets the maximum number of rate-limited link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per run.

queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit

Limits the number of summary or external Type 3 to Type 7 link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per shortest path first (SPF) run.

queue limit

Sets the high watermark for incoming priority events.

show ospf message-queue

Displays the information about the queue dispatch values, peak lengths, and limits.

queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa

To set the maximum number of rate-limited link-state advertisement (LSA) (re-)originations processed per run, use the queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa command in router configuration mode. To return to the system default value, use the no form of this command.

queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa count

no queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa

Syntax Description

count

Maximum number of rate-limited LSAs processed per run. Range is 30 to 3000.

Command Default

The default number of rate-limited LSAs processed per run is 300 (when this count is not configured).

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the maximum number of rate-limited LSA (re-)originations processed per run to 300:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa 300
  
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

queue dispatch incoming

Limits the number of continuous incoming events processed.

queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit

Limits the number of summary or external Type 3 to Type 7 link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per shortest path first (SPF) run.

queue limit

Sets the high watermark for incoming priority events.

show ospf message-queue

Displays the information about the queue dispatch values, peak lengths, and limits.

queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit

To change the maximum number of Type 3-4 and Type 5-7 link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per shortest path first (SPF) iteration within a single SPF run, use the queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit command in router configuration mode. To return to the system default value, use the no form of this command.

queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit count

no queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit

Syntax Description

count

Maximum number of continuous Type 3-4 and Type 5-7 LSAs processed per SPF in each scheduled iteration within a single SPF run. Range is 30 to 3000.

Command Default

The default number of Type 3-4 and Type 5-7 processed per run is 150 LSAs (when this command is not configured).

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to limit the number of continuous Type 3-4 and Type 5-7 LSAs processed by SPF per scheduling run, to 100:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit 100
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

queue dispatch incoming

Limits the number of continuous incoming events processed.

queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa

Sets the maximum number of rate-limited link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per run

queue limit

Sets the high watermark for incoming priority events.

show ospf message-queue

Displays the information about the queue dispatch values, peak lengths, and limits.

queue limit

To set the high watermark for incoming events by priority, use the queue limit in router configuration mode. To return to the system default values, use the no form of this command.

queue limit { high | medium | low } count

no queue limit { high | medium | low }

Syntax Description

high

High watermark for incoming high-priority events (state-changing Hellos).

medium

High watermark for incoming medium-priority events (LSA ACK).

low

High watermark for incoming low-priority events (DBD/LSUpd/LSReq).

count

Maximum number of events per queue. Events are dropped when the priority queue size exceeds this value. Range is 1000 to 30000.

Command Default

High watermark: 9500 (when the corresponding configuration is not present).

Medium watermark: 9000 (when the corresponding configuration is not present).

Low watermark: 8000 (when the corresponding configuration is not present).

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Always keep the limits in the following order of priority:

Limit for High > Limit for Medium > Limit for Low

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following examples show how to set the maximum number of events per queue:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# queue limit high 11000
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# queue limit medium 10000
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# queue limit low 9000
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

queue dispatch incoming

Limits the number of continuous incoming events processed.

queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa

Sets the maximum number of rate-limited link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per run.

queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit

Limits the number of summary or external Type 3 to Type 7 link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per shortest path first (SPF) run.

show ospf message-queue

Displays the information about the queue dispatch values, peak lengths, and limits.

range (OSPF)

To consolidate and summarize routes at an area boundary, use the range command in area configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.

range ip-address mask [ advertise | not-advertise ]

no range ip-address mask [ advertise | not-advertise ]

Syntax Description

ip-address

IP address in four-part, dotted-decimal notation.

mask

IP address mask.

advertise

(Optional) Sets the address range status to advertise and generates a Type 3 summary link-state advertisement (LSA).

not-advertise

(Optional) Sets the address range status to DoNotAdvertise. The Type 3 summary LSA is suppressed and the component networks remain hidden from other networks.

Command Default

When this command is not specified for Area Border Routers (ABRs), routes at an area boundary are not consolidated or summarized.

Advertise is the default.

Command Modes

Area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the range command only with Area Border Router (ABRs). Use the command to consolidate or summarize routes for an area. The result is that a single summary route is advertised to other areas by the ABR. Routing information is condensed at area boundaries. External to the area, a single route is advertised for each address range. This process is called route summarization .

Multiple range configurations specifying the range command can be configured. Thus, the OSPF protocol can summarize addresses for many different sets of address ranges.

The summarized route uses the maximum cost of the routes assumed in the range.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows area 36.0.0.0 consisting of interfaces whose IP addresses have “10.31.x.x” as the first two octets. The range command summarizes interfaces. Instead of advertising eight networks individually, the single route 10.31.0.0 255.255.0.0 is advertised:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
  !
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 36.0.0.0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# range 10.31.0.0 255.255.0.0 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0/0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0/2
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0/0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0/2
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# end
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

summary-prefix (OSPF)

Creates aggregate addresses for routes being redistributed from another routing protocol into the OSPF protocol.

redistribute (OSPF)

To redistribute routes from one routing domain into Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), use the redistribute command in the appropriate mode. To remove the redistribute command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition in which the software does not redistribute routes, use the no form of this command.

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

redistribute bgp process-id [preserve-med] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no redistribute bgp process-id [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

Local Interface Routes

redistribute connected [ instance instance-name ] [ instance IPCP ] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no redistribute connected [ instance instance-name ] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

Directed-attached gateway redundancy (DAGR)

redistribute dagr [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no redistribute dagr [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)

redistribute eigrp process-id [ match { external [ 1 | 2 ] | internal } ] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no redistribute eigrp process-id [ match { external [ 1 | 2 ] | internal } ] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS)

redistribute isis process-id [ level-1 | level-2 | level-1-2 ] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no redistribute isis process-id [ level-1 | level-2 | level-1-2 ] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

redistribute ospf process-id [ match { external [ 1 | 2 ] | internal | nssa-external [ 1 | 2 ] } ] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no redistribute ospf process-id [ match { external [ 1 | 2 ] | internal | nssa-external [ 1 | 2 ] } ] [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

Routing Information Protocol (RIP)

redistribute rip [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no redistribute rip [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

IP Static Routes

redistribute static [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

no redistribute static [ metric metric-value ] [ metric-type { 1 | 2 } ] [ route-policy policy-name ] [ tag tag-value ]

Syntax Description

bgp

Distributes routes from the BGP protocol.

process-id

For the bgp keyword, an autonomous system number has the following ranges:

  • Range for 2-byte Autonomous system numbers (ASNs) is 1 to 65535.
  • Range for 4-byte Autonomous system numbers (ASNs) in asplain format is 1 to 4294967295.
  • Range for 4-byte Autonomous system numbers (ASNs) is asdot format is 1.0 to 65535.65535.

For the isis keyword, an IS-IS instance name from which routes are to be redistributed. The value takes the form of a string. A decimal number can be entered, but it is stored internally as a string.

For the ospf keyword, an OSPF instance name from which routes are to be redistributed. The value takes the form of a string. A decimal number can be entered, but it is stored internally as a string.

preserve-med

(Optional) Preserves the Multi Exit Discriminator (MED) of BGP routes.

metric metric-value

(Optional) Specifies the metric used for the redistributed route. Range is 1 to 16777214. Use a value consistent with the source protocol.

metric-type { 1 | 2 }

(Optional) Specifies the external link type associated with the route advertised into the OSPF routing domain. It can be one of two values:

  • 1 —Type 1 external route
  • 2 —Type 2 external route

tag tag-value

(Optional) Specifies the value attached to each external route. This value is not used by the OSPF protocol itself, but is carried in the external LSAs. Range is 0 to 4294967295.

route-policy policy-name

(Optional) Specifies the identifier of a configured policy. A policy is used to filter the importation of routes from this source routing protocol to OSPF.

connected

Distributes routes that are established automatically by virtue of having enabled IP on an interface.

instance

Connected instance.

instance-name

Name of the connected instance.

instance IPCP

Distributes routes from IPCP protocols.

eigrp

Distributes routes from the EIGRP protocol.

isis

Distributes routes from the IS-IS protocol.

level-1

(Optional) Redistributes Level 1 routes into other IP routing protocols independently.

l evel-1-2

(Optional) Distributes both Level 1 and Level 2 routes into other IP routing protocols.

level-2

(Optional) Distributes Level 2 routes into other IP routing protocols independently.

ospf

Distributes routes from the OSPF protocol.

match { internal | external [1 | 2 ] | nssa-external [ 1 | 2] }

(Optional) Specifies the criteria by which OSPF routes are redistributed into other routing domains. It can be one or more of the following:

  • internal —Routes that are internal to a specific autonomous system (intra- and inter-area OSPF routes).
  • external [ 1 | 2 ]—Routes that are external to the autonomous system, but are imported into OSPF as Type 1 or Type 2 external routes.
  • nssa-external [ 1 | 2 ]—Routes that are external to the autonomous system, but are imported into OSPF as Type 1 or Type 2 not-so-stubby area (NSSA) external routes.

For the external and nssa-external options, if a type is not specified, then both Type 1 and Type 2 are assumed.

If no match is specified, the default is no filtering.

rip

Distributes routes from the RIP protocol.

static

Distributes IP static routes.

dagr

Distributes routes from the directed-attached gateway redundancy (DAGR).

Command Default

Route redistribution is disabled.

metric metric-value: Default is 20 for routes from all protocols except BGP routes, for which the default is 1.

metric-type : Type 2 external route.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.9.0

Asplain format for 4-byte Autonomous system numbers notation was supported.

Support was added for redistribution from directed-attached gateway redundancy (DAGR). The keyword dagr was added.

The instance keywrod and instance-name argument were added for connected routes.

Usage Guidelines


Note


When redistributing routes (into OSPF) using both command keywords for setting or matching of attributes and a route policy, the routes are run through the route policy first, followed by the keyword matching and setting.


Redistributed routing information should always be filtered by the policy policy-name keyword and argument. This filtering ensures that only those routes intended by the administrator are redistributed into OSPF.

For information about routing policies, see the Routing Policy Commands on the Cisco ASR 9000 Series Router module of Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Command Reference.

Whenever you use the redistribute or default-information originate (OSPF) command to redistribute routes into an OSPF routing domain, the router automatically becomes an ASBR. However, an ASBR does not, by default, generate a default route into the OSPF routing domain.

When routes are redistributed between OSPF processes, no OSPF metrics are preserved.

When routes are redistributed into OSPF and no metric is specified with the metric keyword, OSPF uses 20 as the default metric for routes from all protocols except BGP routes, which get a metric of 1.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to cause BGP routes to be redistributed into an OSPF domain:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 110
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# redistribute bgp 100

The following example shows how to redistribute the specified IS-IS process routes into an OSPF domain. The IS-IS routes are redistributed with a metric of 100.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# redistribute isis 108 metric 100

In the following example, network 10.0.0.0 appears as an external link-state advertisement (LSA) in OSPF 1:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0
!
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/2
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# ip address 10.99.0.0 255.0.0.0
!
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# redistribute ospf 2
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/2
!
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 2
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1

Related Commands

Command

Description

default-information originate (OSPF)

Generates a default external route into an OSPF routing domain.

retransmit-interval (OSPF)

To specify the time between link-state advertisement (LSA) retransmissions for adjacencies belonging to the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) interface, use the retransmit-interval command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default value, use the no form of this command.

retransmit-interval seconds

no retransmit-interval

Syntax Description

seconds

Time (in seconds) between retransmissions. It must be greater than the expected round-trip delay between any two routers on the attached network. Range is 1 to 65535 seconds.

Command Default

If this command is not specified in interface configuration mode, then the interface adopts the retransmit interval parameter specified by the area.

If this command is not specified in area configuration mode, then the interface adopts the retransmit interval parameter specified for the process.

If this command is not specified at any level, then the default retransmit interval is 5 seconds.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Area configuration

Router configuration

Virtual-link configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Sham-link configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When a router sends an LSA to its neighbor, it keeps the LSA until it receives the acknowledgment message. If the router receives no acknowledgment, it resends the LSA.

The setting of this parameter should be conservative, or needless retransmission results. The value should be larger for serial lines and virtual links.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the retransmit interval value to 8 seconds in interface configuration mode:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# retransmit-interval 8
  
         

route-policy (OSPF)

To specify a routing policy to filter Type 3 link-state advertisements (LSA), use the route-policy command in area configuration mode. To disable the routing policy, use the no form of this command.

route-policy route-policy-name { in | out }

no route-policy route-policy-name { in | out }

Syntax Description

route-policy-name

Name of route policy.

in

Applies policy to inbound routes.

out

Applies policy to outbound routes.

Command Default

No policy is applied.

Command Modes

Area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the route-policy command to specify an OSPF routing policy for an inbound or outbound route. The policy can be used to filter routes or modify route attributes.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to specify an OSPF route policy for inbound routes in area 0:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-area)# route-policy area0_in in
  
         

router-id (OSPF)

To configure a router ID for the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) process, use the router-id command in the appropriate mode. To cause the software to use the default method of determining the router ID, use the no form of this command after clearing or restarting the OSPF process.

router-id router-id

no router-id router-id

Syntax Description

router-id

32-bit router ID value specified in four-part, dotted-decimal notation.

Command Default

If this command is not configured, the router ID is the highest IP version 4 (IPv4) address for an interface on the router, with any loopback interface taking precedence.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

It is good practice to use the router-id command to explicitly specify a unique 32-bit numeric value for the router ID. This action ensures that OSPF can function regardless of the interface address configuration. Clear the OSPF process using the clear ospf process command or restart the OSPF process for the no router-id command to take effect.

OSPF attempts to obtain a router ID in the following ways (in order of preference):

  1. By default, when the OSPF process initializes, it checks if there is a router-id in the checkpointing database.
  2. The 32-bit numeric value specified by the OSPF router-id command in router configuration mode. (This value can be any 32-bit value. It is not restricted to the IPv4 addresses assigned to interfaces on this router, and need not be a routable IPv4 address.)
  3. The ITAL selected router-id.
  4. The primary IPv4 address of an interface over which this OSPF process is running. The first interface address in the OSPF interface is selected.

Note


Unlike OSPF version 3, OSPF version 2 is guaranteed to have at least one interface with an IPv4 address configured.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to assign the IP address of 172.20.10.10 to the OSPF process 109:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# router-id 172.20.10.10

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear ospf process

Resets an OSPF router process without stopping and restarting it.

ipv4 address

Sets a primary IPv4 address for an interface.

router ospf

To configure an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing process, use the router ospf command in global configuration mode. To terminate an OSPF routing process, use the no form of this command.

router ospf process-name

no router ospf process-name

Syntax Description

process-name

Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is any alphanumeric string no longer than 40 characters without spaces.

Command Default

No OSPF routing process is defined.

Command Modes

global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

You can specify multiple OSPF routing processes in each router. Up to 10 processes can be configured. The recommendation is not to exceed 4 OSPF processes.

All OSPF configuration commands must be configured under an OSPF routing process. For example, two of these commands are the default-metric command and the router-id command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

rib

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to instantiate an OSPF routing process called 109:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

area (OSPF)

Configures an OSPF area.

default-metric (OSPF)

Sets default metric values for routes redistributed from another protocol into the OSPF protocol.

interface (OSPF)

Defines the interfaces on which the OSPF protocol runs.

router-id (OSPF)

Configures a router ID for the OSPF process.

security ttl (OSPF)

To set the security time-to-live (TTL) value in the IP header for Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) packets, use the security ttl command in the appropriate configuration mode. To remove this command from the configuration file and restore the system to its default condition, use the no form of this command.

security ttl [ hops hops-number ]

no security ttl

Syntax Description

hops hops-number

IP hops. Maximum number of hops allowed. Range is 1 to 254 hops.

Command Default

hops-number : 1

Command Modes

Router configuration

Area configuration

Interface configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The security ttl command is used for the Generalized TTL Security Mechanism (GTSM) feature to prevent network attacks.

During the act of receiving Link State Advertisement (LSA) from neighbors, network attacks can occur because there are no checks that unicast or multicast packets are originating from a neighbor that is one hop away or multiple hops away over virtual links.

For virtual links, OSPF packets travel multiple hops across the network; hence, the TTL value can be decremented several times. For these type of links, a minimum TTL value must be allowed and accepted for multiple-hop packets.

To filter network attacks originating from invalid sources traveling over multiple hops, the GTSM,  RFC 3682, is used to prevent the attacks. GTSM filters link-local addresses and allows for only one-hop neighbor adjacencies through the configuration of TTL value 255. The TTL value in the IP header is set to when OSPF packets are originated and checked on the received OSPF packets against the default GTSM TTL value 255 or the user configured GTSM TTL value, blocking unauthorized OSPF packets originated from TTL hops away.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the security TTL for an interface:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet0/6/0/3
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# security ttl 2
  
         

sham-link

To configure an Open Shortest Path First OSPF sham link between two provider edge routers, use the sham-link command in VRF area configuration mode. To terminate an (OSPF) sham link, use the no form of this command.

sham-link source-address destination-address

no sham-link

Syntax Description

source-address

IP address of the local (source) sham-link endpoint specified in four-part, dotted-decimal notation.

destination-address

IP address of the remote (destination) sham-link endpoint specified in four-part, dotted-decimal notation.

Command Default

No sham link is configured.

Command Modes

VRF area configuration.

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the sham-link command to configure a point-to-point connection between two provider edge (PE) routers creating an interconnect between two VPN sites (VPN backbone). Sham links are configured on PE provider edge (PE) routers in a Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) VPN backbone.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure an OSPF sham link:
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 109
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config_ospf)# vrf vrf_a 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config_ospf_vrf)# area 0 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config_ospf_vrf_ar)# sham-link 192.168.40.0 172.16.30.0 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config_ospf_vrf_ar_sl)# cost 23

Related Commands

Command

Description

area (OSPF)

Configures an OSPF area.

cost (OSPF)

Explicitly specifies the cost of the interface (network) for OSPF path calculation.

vrf (OSPF)

Configures an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

show ospf

To display general information about Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing processes, use the show ospf command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [summary]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is displayed.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved values of the vrf-name argument.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

summary

(Optional) Displays OSPF summary information.

Command Default

IPv4 and unicast address prefixes

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.9.0

Asplain format for 4-byte Autonomous system numbers notation was supported. The input parameters and output were modified to display 4-byte autonomous system numbers and extended communities in either asplain or asdot notations.

Release 4.3.0

The show ospf vrf vrf_name command output was modified to display the VRF lite configuration status.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show ospf command to provide basic information about the OSPF processes running on the router. Additional options provide in-depth information.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show ospf 
  
  Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 1.1.1.1
   Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
   Supports opaque LSA
   It is an area border router
   Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs
   Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
   Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
   Initial LSA throttle delay 500 msecs
   Minimum hold time for LSA throttle 5000 msecs
   Maximum wait time for LSA throttle 5000 msecs
   Minimum LSA interval 5000 msecs. Minimum LSA arrival 1 secs
   Maximum number of configured interfaces 255
   Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
   Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
   Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
   Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
   Number of areas in this router is 2. 2 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
   External flood list length 0
   Non-Stop Forwarding enabled
      Area BACKBONE(0) (Inactive)
          Number of interfaces in this area is 2
          SPF algorithm executed 8 times
          Number of LSA 2. Checksum Sum 0x01ba83
          Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
          Number of DCbitless LSA 0
          Number of indication LSA 0
          Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
          Flood list length 0
      Area 1
          Number of interfaces in this area is 1
          SPF algorithm executed 9 times
          Number of LSA 2. Checksum Sum 0x0153ea
          Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
          Number of DCbitless LSA 0
          Number of indication LSA 0
          Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
          Flood list length 0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 2 show ospf Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Routing Process “ospf 201” with ID 172.22.110.200

OSPF process name.

Supports only

Number of types of service supported (Type 0 only).

It is

Types are internal, area border, or autonomous system boundary.

Redistributing External Routes from

Lists of redistributed routes, by protocol.

SPF schedule delay

Delay time of SPF calculations.

Minimum LSA interval

Minimum interval between LSAs.

Minimum LSA arrival

Minimum elapsed time between accepting an update for the same link-state advertisement (LSA).

external LSA

Total number of Type 5 LSAs in the LSDB.

opaque LSA

Total number of Type 10 LSAs in the LSDB.

DCbitless...AS LSA

Total number of Demand Circuit Type 5 and Type 11 LSAs.

DoNotAge...AS LSA

Total number of Type 5 and Type 11 LSAs with the DoNotAge bit set.

Number of areas

Number of areas in router, area addresses, and so on.

Area BACKBONE

Backbone is area 0.

This sample output from the show ospf vrf vrf_name command displays the VRF Lite status:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show ospf vrf vrf1

 VRF vrf1 in Routing Process "ospf 100" with ID 1.1.1.1
 NSR (Non-stop routing) is Disabled
 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
 Supports opaque LSA
 It is an area border router
 VRF Lite is enabled
 Router is not originating router-LSAs with maximum metric
 Initial SPF schedule delay 50 msecs
 Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 200 msecs
 Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 5000 msecs
 Initial LSA throttle delay 50 msecs
 Minimum hold time for LSA throttle 200 msecs
 Maximum wait time for LSA throttle 5000 msecs
 Minimum LSA interval 200 msecs. Minimum LSA arrival 100 msecs
 LSA refresh interval 1800 seconds
 Flood pacing interval 33 msecs. Retransmission pacing interval 66 msecs
 Adjacency stagger enabled; initial (per area): 2, maximum: 64
    Number of neighbors forming: 0, 2 full
 Maximum number of configured interfaces 1024
 Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
 Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
 Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of areas in this router is 2. 2 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
 External flood list length 0
 SNMP trap is disabled
    Area BACKBONE(0)
        Number of interfaces in this area is 1
        SPF algorithm executed 4 times
        Number of LSA 16.  Checksum Sum 0x071c6a
        Number of opaque link LSA 0.  Checksum Sum 00000000
        Number of DCbitless LSA 0
        Number of indication LSA 0
        Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
        Flood list length 0
        Number of LFA enabled interfaces 0, LFA revision 0
        Number of Per Prefix LFA enabled interfaces 0
        Number of neighbors forming in staggered mode 0, 1 full
    Area 1
        Number of interfaces in this area is 4
        SPF algorithm executed 5 times
        Number of LSA 14.  Checksum Sum 0x066d93
        Number of opaque link LSA 0.  Checksum Sum 00000000
        Number of DCbitless LSA 0
        Number of indication LSA 0
        Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
        Flood list length 0
        Number of LFA enabled interfaces 0, LFA revision 0
        Number of Per Prefix LFA enabled interfaces 0
        Number of neighbors forming in staggered mode 0, 1 full

show ospf border-routers

To display the internal Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing table entries to an Area Border Router (ABR) and Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR), use the show ospf border-routers command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] border-routers [router-id]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) OSPF process name. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is included.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved vrf-names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

router-id

(Optional) Router ID associated with the border router. The value of the router-id argument can be any 32-bit router ID value specified in four-part, dotted-decimal notation. No default exists.

Command Default

IPv4 and unicast address prefixes

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show ospf border-routers command to list all OSPF border routers visible to the specified processes and to ascertain the OSPF topology of the router.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf border-routers command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf border-routers
  
  OSPF 1 Internal Routing Table
  
  Codes: i - Intra-area route, I - Inter-area route
  
  i 172.31.97.53 [1] via 172.16.1.53, GigabitEthernet POS 3/0/0/0, ABR/ASBR , Area 0, SPF 3
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 3  show ospf border-routers Field Descriptions

Field

Description

i

Type of this route; i indicates an intra-area route, I an interarea route.

172.31.97.53

Router ID of destination.

[1]

Cost of using this route.

172.16.1.53

Next-Next hop toward the destination.

GigabitEthernet 3/0/0/0

Packets destined for 172.16.1.53 are sent over GigabitEthernet interface 3/0/0/0.

ABR/ASBR

Router type of the destination; it is either an Area Border Router (ABR) or Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR) or both.

Area 0

Area ID of the area from which this route is learned.

SPF 3

Internal number of the shortest path first (SPF) calculation that installs this route.

show ospf database

To display lists of information related to the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) database for a specific router, use the show ospf database command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [ adv-router ip-address ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [asbr-summary] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [asbr-summary] [link-state-id] [internal] [ adv-router [ip-address] ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [asbr-summary] [link-state-id] [internal] [self-originate]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [database-summary]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [external] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [external] [link-state-id] [internal] [ adv-router [ip-address] ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [external] [link-state-id] [internal] [self-originate]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [network] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [network] [link-state-id] [internal] [ adv-router [ip-address] ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [network] [link-state-id] [internal] [self-originate]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [nssa-external] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [nssa-external] [link-state-id] [internal] [ adv-router [ip-address] ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [nssa-external] [link-state-id] [internal] [self-originate]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-area] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-area] [link-state-id] [internal] [adv-router] [ip-address]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-area] [link-state-id] [internal] [self-originate]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-as] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-as] [link-state-id] [internal] [ adv-router [ip-address] ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-as] [link-state-id] [internal] [self-originate]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-link] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-link] [link-state-id] [internal] [ adv-router [ip-address] ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [opaque-link] [link-state-id] [internal] [self-originate]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [router] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [router] [internal] [ adv-router [ip-address] ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [router] [internal] [self-originate] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [self-originate]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [summary] [link-state-id]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [summary] [link-state-id] [internal] [ adv-router [ip-address] ]

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] database [summary] [link-state-id] [internal] [self-originate] [link-state-id]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) OSPF process name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is any alphanumeric string no longer than 40 characters. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is included.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

area-id

(Optional) Area number used to define the particular area.

adv-router ip-address

(Optional) Displays all LSAs of the specified router.

asbr-summary

(Optional) Displays information only about the Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR) summary LSAs.

link-state-id

(Optional) Portion of the Internet environment that is being described by the advertisement. The value entered depends on the link-state type of the advertisement. It must be entered in the form of an IP address.

When the link-state advertisement (LSA) is describing a network, the link-state-id can take one of two forms:

  • The network IP address (as in Type 3 summary link advertisements and in autonomous system external link advertisements).
  • A derived address obtained from the link-state ID.
Note   

Masking the link-state ID of a network link advertisement with the subnet mask of the network yields the IP address of the network.

When the LSA is describing a router, the link-state ID is always the OSPF router ID of the described router.

When an autonomous system external advertisement (LS Type = 5) is describing a default route, its link-state ID is set to Default Destination (0.0.0.0).

internal

(Optional) Displays internal LSA information.

self-originate

(Optional) Displays only self-originated LSAs (from the local router).

database-summary

(Optional) Displays how many of each type of LSA for each area there are in the database and the total.

external

(Optional) Displays information only about the external LSAs.

network

(Optional) Displays information only about the network LSAs.

nssa-external

(Optional) Displays information only about the not-so-stubby area (NSSA) external LSAs.

opaque-area

(Optional) Displays information about the opaque Type 10 LSAs. Type 10 denotes an area-local scope. Refer to RFC 2370 for more information on the opaque LSA options.

opaque-as

(Optional) Displays information about the opaque Type 11 LSAs. Type 11 denotes that the LSA is flooded throughout the autonomous system.

opaque-link

(Optional) Displays information about the opaque Type 9 LSAs. Type 9 denotes a link-local scope.

router

(Optional) Displays information only about the router LSAs.

summary

(Optional) Displays information only about the summary LSAs.

Command Default

IPv4 and unicast address prefixes

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The various forms of the show ospf database command deliver information about different OSPF link-state advertisements. This command can be used to examine the link-state database (LSD) and its contents. Each router participating in an area having identical database entries pertaining to that area (with the exception of LSAs that are being flooded). Numerous options (such as network and router ) are used to display portions of the database.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf database command when no arguments or keywords are used:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database
  
  OSPF Router with ID (172.20.1.11) (Process ID 1)
  
                   Router Link States (Area 0)
  
   Link ID         ADV Router      Age         Seq#       Checksum Link count
   172.20.1.8       172.20.1.8       1381      0x8000010D    0xEF60   2
   172.20.1.11      172.20.1.11      1460      0x800002FE    0xEB3D   4
   172.20.1.12      172.20.1.12      2027      0x80000090    0x875D   3
   172.20.1.27      172.20.1.27      1323      0x800001D6    0x12CC   3
  
                   Net Link States (Area 0)
  
   Link ID         ADV Router      Age         Seq#       Checksum
   172.22.1.27      172.20.1.27      1323      0x8000005B    0xA8EE  
   172.22.1.11      172.20.1.11      1461      0x8000005B    0x7AC 
                  
                   Type-10 Opaque Link Area Link States (Area 0)
  
   Link ID         ADV Router      Age         Seq#       Checksum Opaque ID
   10.0.0.0         172.20.1.11      1461      0x800002C8    0x8483     0
   10.0.0.0         172.20.1.12      2027      0x80000080    0xF858     0
   10.0.0.0         172.20.1.27      1323      0x800001BC    0x919B     0
   10.0.0.1         172.20.1.11      1461      0x8000005E    0x5B43     1 
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 4  show ospf database Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Link ID

Router ID number.

ADV Router

ID of the advertising router.

Age

Link-state age.

Seq#

Link-state sequence number (detects old or duplicate LSAs).

Checksum

Fletcher checksum of the complete contents of the LSA.

Link count

Number of interfaces detected for the router.

Opaque ID

Opaque LSA ID number.

The following is sample output from the show ospf database command with the asbr-summary keyword:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database asbr-summary
  
  OSPF Router with ID (192.168.0.1) (Process ID 300)
  
  Summary ASB Link States (Area 0.0.0.0)
  
    LS age: 1463
    Options: (No TOS-capability)
    LS Type: Summary Links (AS Boundary Router)
    Link State ID: 172.17.245.1 (AS Boundary Router address)
    Advertising Router: 172.17.241.5
    LS Seq Number: 80000072
    Checksum: 0x3548
    Length: 28
    Network Mask: /0
   TOS: 0  Metric: 1
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 5  show ospf database asbr-summary Field Descriptions

Field

Description

OSPF Router with ID

Router ID number.

Process ID

OSPF process name.

LS age

Link-state age.

Options

Type of service options (Type 0 only).

LS Type

Link-state type.

Link State ID

Link-state ID (ASBR).

Advertising Router

ID of the advertising router.

LS Seq Number

Link-state sequence (detects old or duplicate LSAs).

Checksum

Link-state checksum (Fletcher checksum of the complete contents of the LSA).

Length

Length (in bytes) of the LSAs.

Network Mask

Network mask implemented.

TOS

Type of service.

Metric

Link-state metric.

The following is sample output from the show ospf database command with the external keyword:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database external
  
  OSPF Router with ID (192.168.0.1) (Process ID 300)
  
                     Type-5 AS External Link States
  
    LS age: 280
    Options: (No TOS-capability)
    LS Type: AS External Link
    Link State ID: 172.17.0.0 (External Network Number)
    Advertising Router: 172.17.70.6
    LS Seq Number: 80000AFD
    Checksum: 0xC3A
    Length: 36
    Network Mask: 255.255.0.0
          Metric Type: 2 (Larger than any link state path)
          TOS: 0
          Metric: 1
          Forward Address: 0.0.0.0
          External Route Tag: 0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 6  show ospf database external Field Descriptions

Field

Description

OSPF Router with Router ID

Router ID number.

Process ID

OSPF process name.

LS age

Link-state age.

Options

Type of service options (Type 0 only).

LS Type

Link-state type.

Link State ID

Link-state ID (external network number).

Advertising Router

ID of the advertising router.

LS Seq Number

Link-state sequence number (detects old or duplicate LSAs).

Checksum

Link-state checksum (Fletcher checksum of the complete contents of the LSA).

Length

Length (in bytes) of the LSA.

Network Mask

Network mask implemented.

Metric Type

External type.

TOS

Type of service.

Metric

Link-state metric.

Forward Address

Forwarding address. Data traffic for the advertised destination is forwarded to this address. If the forwarding address is set to 0.0.0.0, data traffic is forwarded instead to the originator of the advertisement.

External Route Tag

External route tag, a 32-bit field attached to each external route. This tag is not used by the OSPF protocol itself.

The following is sample output from the show ospf database command with the network keyword:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database network
  
   OSPF Router with ID (192.168.0.1) (Process ID 300)
  
  Net Link States (Area 0.0.0.0)
  
    LS age: 1367
    Options: (No TOS-capability)
    LS Type: Network Links
    Link State ID: 172.23.1.3 (address of Designated Router)
    Advertising Router: 192.168.0.1
    LS Seq Number: 800000E7
    Checksum: 0x1229
    Length: 52
    Network Mask: /24
          Attached Router: 192.168.0.1
          Attached Router: 172.23.241.5
          Attached Router: 172.23.1.1
          Attached Router: 172.23.54.5
          Attached Router: 172.23.1.5
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 7  show ospf database network Field Descriptions

Field

Description

OSPF Router with ID

Router ID number.

Process ID

OSPF process name.

LS age

Link-state age.

Options

Type of service options (Type 0 only).

LS Type

Link-state type.

Link State ID

Link-state ID of the designated router.

Advertising Router

ID of the advertising router.

LS Seq Number

Link-state sequence number (detects old or duplicate LSAs).

Checksum

Link-state checksum (Fletcher checksum of the complete contents of the LSA).

Length

Length (in bytes) of the LSA.

Network Mask

Network mask implemented.

Attached Router

List of routers attached to the network, by IP address.

The following is sample output, carrying Multiprotocol Label Switching traffic engineering (MPLS TE) specification information, from the show ospf database command with the opaque-area keyword and a link-state-id of adv-router:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database opaque-area adv-router 172.20.1.12
  
    OSPF Router with ID (172.20.1.11) (Process ID 1)
  
                  Type-10 Opaque Link Area Link States (Area 0)
  
     LS age: 224
     Options: (No TOS-capability, DC)
     LS Type: Opaque Area Link
     Link State ID: 1.0.0.0
     Opaque Type: 1
     Opaque ID: 0
     Advertising Router: 172.20.1.12
     LS Seq Number: 80000081
     Checksum: 0xF659
     Length: 132
     Fragment number : 0
   
       MPLS TE router ID : 172.20.1.12
   
       Link connected to Point-to-Point network
         Link ID : 172.20.1.11
         Interface Address : 172.21.1.12
         Neighbor Address : 172.21.1.11
         Admin Metric : 10
         Maximum bandwidth : 193000
         Maximum reservable bandwidth : 125000
         Number of Priority : 8
         Priority 0 : 125000      Priority 1 : 125000    
         Priority 2 : 125000      Priority 3 : 125000    
         Priority 4 : 125000      Priority 5 : 125000    
         Priority 6 : 125000      Priority 7 : 100000    
         Affinity Bit : 0x0
   
       Number of Links : 1
  
  

The following is sample output from the show ospf database command that displays a Type 10, Router Information LSA:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database opaque-area 4.0.0.0
  
              OSPF Router with ID (3.3.3.3) (Process ID orange)
  
                  Type-10 Opaque Link Area Link States (Area 0)
  
    LS age: 105
    Options: (No TOS-capability, DC)
    LS Type: Opaque Area Link
    Link State ID: 4.0.0.0
    Opaque Type: 4
    Opaque ID: 0
    Advertising Router: 3.3.3.3
    LS Seq Number: 80000052
    Checksum: 0x34e2
    Length: 52
    Fragment number: 0
  
      Router Information TLV: Length: 4
      Capabilities:
        Graceful Restart Helper Capable
        Traffic Engineering enabled area
        All capability bits: 0x50000000
  
      PCE Discovery TLV: Length: 20
        IPv4 Address: 3.3.3.3
        PCE Scope: 0x20000000
        Compute Capabilities:
        Inter-area default (Rd-bit)
        Compute Preferences:
        Intra-area: 0  Inter-area:  0
        Inter-AS:   0  Inter-layer: 0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 8  show ospf database opaque-area Field Descriptions

Field

Description

OSPF Router with ID

Router ID number.

Process ID

OSPF process name.

LS age

Link-state age.

Options

Type of service options (Type 0 only).

LS Type

Link-state type.

Link State ID

Link-state ID.

Opaque Type

Opaque link-state type.

Opaque ID

Opaque ID number.

Advertising Router

ID of the advertising router.

LS Seq Number

Link-state sequence (detects old or duplicate LSAs).

Checksum

Link-state checksum (Fletcher checksum of the complete contents of the LSA).

Length

Length (in bytes) of the LSA.

Fragment number

Arbitrary value used to maintain multiple traffic engineering LSAs.

Link ID

Link ID number.

Interface Address

ID address of the interface.

Neighbor Address

IP address of the neighbor.

Admin Metric

Administrative metric value used by MPLS TE.

Maximum bandwidth

Specifies maximum bandwidth (in kbps).

Maximum reservable bandwidth

Specifies maximum reservable bandwidth (in kbps).

Number of Priority

Priority number.

Affinity Bit

Used by MPLS TE.

Router Information TLV

Router capabilities are advertised in this TLV.

Capabilities

Some router capabilities include stub router, traffic engineering, graceful restart, and graceful restart helper.

PCE Discovery TLV

PCE address and capability information is advertised in this TLV.

IPv4 Address

Configured PCE IPv4 address.

PCE Scope

Computation capabilities of the PCE.

Compute Capabilities

Compute capabilities and preferences of the PCE.

Inter-area default (RD-bit)

PCE compute capabilities such as intra-area, inter-area, inter-area default, inter-AS, inter-AS default and inter-layer.

Compute Preferences

Order or preference of path computation that includes intra-area, inter-area, inter-AS, and inter-layer preferences.

The following is sample output from the show ospf database command with the router keyword:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database router
  
  OSPF Router with ID (192.168.0.1) (Process ID 300)
  
  Router Link States (Area 0.0.0.0)
  
    LS age: 1176
    Options: (No TOS-capability)
    LS Type: Router Links
    Link State ID: 172.23.21.6
    Advertising Router: 172.23.21.6
    LS Seq Number: 80002CF6
    Checksum: 0x73B7
    Length: 120
    AS Boundary Router
    Number of Links: 8
  
   Link connected to: another Router (point-to-point)
  (Link ID) Neighboring Router ID: 172.23.21.5
  (Link Data) Router Interface address: 172.23.21.6
   Number of TOS metrics: 0
    TOS 0 Metrics: 2
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 9  show ospf database router Field Descriptions

Field

Description

OSPF Router with ID

Router ID number.

Process ID

OSPF process name.

LS age

Link-state age.

Options

Type of service options (Type 0 only).

LS Type

Link-state type.

Link State ID

Link-state ID.

Advertising Router

ID of the advertising router.

LS Seq Number

Link-state sequence (detects old or duplicate LSAs).

Checksum

Link-state checksum (Fletcher checksum of the complete contents of the LSA).

Length

Length (in bytes) of the LSA.

AS Boundary Router

Definition of router type.

Number of Links

Number of active links.

Link ID

Link type.

Link Data

Router interface address.

TOS

Type of service metric (Type 0 only).

The following is sample output from show ospf database command with the summary keyword:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database summary
  
         OSPF Router with ID (192.168.0.1) (Process ID 300)
  
   Summary Net Link States (Area 0.0.0.0)
  
    LS age: 1401
    Options: (No TOS-capability)
    LS Type: Summary Links (Network)
    Link State ID: 172.23.240.0 (Summary Network Number)
    Advertising Router: 172.23.241.5
    LS Seq Number: 80000072
    Checksum: 0x84FF
    Length: 28
    Network Mask: /24
       TOS: 0  Metric: 1
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 10  show ospf database summary Field Descriptions

Field

Description

OSPF Router with ID

Router ID number.

Process ID

OSPF process name.

LS age

Link-state age.

Options

Type of service options (Type 0 only).

LS Type

Link-state type.

Link State ID

Link-state ID (summary network number).

Advertising Router

ID of the advertising router.

LS Seq Number

Link-state sequence (detects old or duplicate LSAs).

Checksum

Link-state checksum (Fletcher checksum of the complete contents of the LSA).

Length

Length (in bytes) of the LSA.

Network Mask

Network mask implemented.

TOS

Type of service.

Metric

Link-state metric.

The following is sample output from show ospf database command with the database-summary keyword:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf database database-summary
  
            OSPF Router with ID (172.19.65.21) (Process ID 1)
  
  Area 0 database summary
    LSA Type      Count    Delete   Maxage
    Router        2        0        0       
    Network       1        0        0       
    Summary Net   2        0        0       
    Summary ASBR  0        0        0       
    Type-7 Ext    0        0        0       
    Opaque Link   0        0        0       
    Opaque Area   0        0        0       
    Subtotal      5        0        0       
  
  Process 1 database summary
    LSA Type      Count    Delete   Maxage
    Router        2        0        0       
    Network       1        0        0       
    Summary Net   2        0        0       
    Summary ASBR  0        0        0       
    Type-7 Ext    0        0        0       
    Opaque Link   0        0        0       
    Opaque Area   0        0        0       
    Type-5 Ext    2        0        0       
    Opaque AS     0        0        0       
    Total         7        0        0       
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 11  show ospf database database-summary Field Descriptions

Field

Description

LSA Type

Link-state type.

Count

Number of advertisements in that area for each link-state type.

Delete

Number of LSAs that are marked “Deleted” in that area.

Maxage

Number of LSAs that are marked “Maxaged” in that area.

show ospf flood-list

To display a list of Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) link-state advertisements (LSAs) waiting to be flooded over an interface, use the show ospf flood-list command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] flood-list [ type interface-path-id ]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) OSPF process name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is any alphanumeric string no longer than 40 characters. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is included.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

area-id

(Optional) Area number used to define the particular area.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Command Default

All interfaces

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show ospf flood-list command to display LSAs in flood queue and queue length.

Flood list information is transient and normally the flood lists are empty.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf flood-list command for interface GigabitEthernet 3/0/0/0:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf flood-list GigabitEthernet 3/0/0/0
  
   Interface GigabitEthernet3/0/0/0, Queue length 20
   Link state retransmission due in 12 msec
   Displaying 6 entries from flood list:
   
   Type  LS ID           ADV RTR         Seq NO      Age    Checksum
      5  10.2.195.0       200.0.0.163     0x80000009  0      0xFB61  
      5  10.1.192.0       200.0.0.163     0x80000009  0      0x2938  
      5  10.2.194.0       200.0.0.163     0x80000009  0      0x757   
      5  10.1.193.0       200.0.0.163     0x80000009  0      0x1E42  
      5  10.2.193.0       200.0.0.163     0x80000009  0      0x124D  
      5  10.1.194.0       200.0.0.163     0x80000009  0      0x134C  
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 12 show ospf flood-list Field Descriptions

Field

Description

GigabitEthernet3/0/0/0

Interface for which information is displayed.

Queue length

Number of LSAs waiting to be flooded.

Link state retransmission due in

Length of time (in milliseconds) before next link-state transmission.

Type

Type of LSA.

LS ID

Link-state ID of the LSA.

ADV RTR

IP address of the advertising router.

Seq NO

Sequence number of the LSA.

Age

Age of the LSA (in seconds).

Checksum

Checksum of the LSA.

show ospf interface

To display Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) interface information, use the show ospf interface command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] interface [brief] [ type interface-path-id ]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) OSPF process name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is any alphanumeric string no longer than 40 characters. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is included.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

area-id

(Optional) Area number used to define the particular area.

brief

(Optional) Displays brief interface information.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

Command Default

All interfaces

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf interface command:

 RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf interface
  
  GigabitEthernet0/2/0/1 is up, line protocol is up
    Internet Address 121.10.10.2/24, Area 2
    Process ID 1, Router ID 200.2.2.2, Network Type POINT_TO_POINT, Cost: 1
    Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT_TO_POINT,
    Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5
      Hello due in 00:00:04
    Index 1/3, flood queue length 0
    Next 0(0)/0(0)
    Last flood scan length is 3, maximum is 10
    Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec
    Neighbor Count is 1, Adjacent neighbor count is 1
      Adjacent with neighbor 101.3.3.3
    Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s)
    Multi-area interface Count is 1 
      Multi-Area interface exist in area 1 Neighbor Count is 1
  GigabitEthernet0/3/0/0 is up, line protocol is up
    Internet Address 145.10.10.2/16, Area 3
    Process ID 1, Router ID 200.2.2.2, Network Type POINT_TO_POINT, Cost: 1
    Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT_TO_POINT,
    BFD enabled, BFD interval 15 msec, BFD multiplier 3
    Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5
    Index 1/5, flood queue length 0
    Next 0(0)/0(0)
    Last flood scan length is 3, maximum is 11
    Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 1 msec
    Neighbor Count is 1, Adjacent neighbor count is 1
      Adjacent with neighbor 101.3.3.3
    Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s)
    Message digest authentication enabled
      Youngest key id is 1
    Multi-area interface Count is 0
  
  

The following is sample output when a multiple area adjacency is configured on GigabitEthernet interface 0/2/0/1:

 RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show ospf 1 interface 
            GigabitEthernet0
            
            /2
            
            /0
            /1GigabitEthernet0/2/0/1 is up, line protocol is up
    Internet Address 121.10.10.2/24, Area 1
    Process ID 1, Router ID 200.2.2.2, Network Type POINT_TO_POINT, Cost: 1
    Interface is multi-area adjacency 
    LDP Sync Enabled, Sync Status: Achieved
    Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT_TO_POINT,
    Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5
    Non-Stop Forwarding (NSF) enabled
      Hello due in 00:00:09
    Index 2/4, flood queue length 0
    Next 0(0)/0(0)
    Last flood scan length is 3, maximum is 10
    Last flood scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 1 msec
    Neighbor Count is 1, Adjacent neighbor count is 1
      Adjacent with neighbor 101.3.3.3
    Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s)
    Multi-area interface Count is 0
  Loopback0 is up, line protocol is up
    Internet Address 200.2.2.2/32, Area 1
    Process ID 1, Router ID 200.2.2.2, Network Type LOOPBACK, Cost: 1
    Loopback interface is treated as a stub Host
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 13  show ospf interface Field Descriptions

Field

Description

GigabitEthernet

Status of the physical link.

line protocol

Operational status of the protocol.

Internet Address

Interface IP address, subnet mask, and area address.

Process ID

OSPF process ID, router ID, network type, and link-state cost.

Transmit Delay

Transmit delay, interface state, and router priority.

Timer intervals configured

Configuration of timer intervals.

Hello

Number of seconds until next hello packet is sent over this interface.

Index

Area and autonomous system flood indexes.

Next 0 (0) /0 (0)

Next area and autonomous system flood information, data pointer, and index.

Last flood scan length

Length of last flood scan.

Last flood scan time

Time (in milliseconds) of last flood scan.

Neighbor Count

Count of network neighbors and list of adjacent neighbors.

Suppress hello

Count of neighbors suppressing hello messages.

Multi-area interface

Multiple area interface information for the primary interface, such as count and area/neighbor locations.

show ospf mpls traffic-eng

To display information about the links and fragments available on the local router for traffic engineering, use the show ospf mpls traffic-eng command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] [ type interface-path-id ] mpls traffic-eng { link | fragment }

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) OSPF process name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is any alphanumeric string no longer than 40 characters. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is included.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

area-id

(Optional) Area number used to define the particular area.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

link

Provides detailed information about the links over which traffic engineering is supported on the local router.

fragment

Provides detailed information about the traffic engineering fragments on the local router.

Command Default

All links or fragments

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf mpls traffic-eng command when the link keyword is specified:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf mpls traffic-eng link
  
              OSPF Router with ID (10.10.10.10) (Process ID 1)
  
    Area 0 has 2 MPLS TE links. Area instance is 67441.
  
    Links in hash bucket 3.
      Link is associated with fragment 1. Link instance is 67441
        Link connected to Point-to-Point network
        Link ID : 10.10.10.8
        Interface Address : 10.10.10.2
        Neighbor Address : 10.10.10.3
        Admin Metric : 0
        Maximum bandwidth : 19440000
        Maximum global pool reservable bandwidth : 25000000
        Maximum sub pool reservable bandwidth    : 3125000
        Number of Priority : 8
        Global pool unreserved BW 
        Priority 0 :   25000000  Priority 1 :   25000000
        Priority 2 :   25000000  Priority 3 :   25000000
        Priority 4 :   25000000  Priority 5 :   25000000
        Priority 6 :   25000000  Priority 7 :   25000000
        Sub pool unreserved BW 
        Priority 0 :    3125000  Priority 1 :    3125000
        Priority 2 :    3125000  Priority 3 :    3125000
        Priority 4 :    3125000  Priority 5 :    3125000
        Priority 6 :    3125000  Priority 7 :    3125000
        Affinity Bit : 0 
  
  
    Links in hash bucket 8.
      Link is associated with fragment 0. Link instance is 67441
        Link connected to Point-to-Point network
        Link ID : 10.1.1.1
        Interface Address : 10.10.25.4
        Neighbor Address : 10.10.25.5
        Admin Metric : 0
        Maximum bandwidth : 19440000
        Maximum global pool reservable bandwidth : 25000000
        Maximum sub pool reservable bandwidth    : 3125000
        Number of Priority : 8
        Global pool unreserved BW 
        Priority 0 :   25000000  Priority 1 :   25000000
        Priority 2 :   25000000  Priority 3 :   25000000
        Priority 4 :   25000000  Priority 5 :   25000000
        Priority 6 :   25000000  Priority 7 :   25000000
        Sub pool unreserved BW 
        Priority 0 :    3125000  Priority 1 :    3125000
        Priority 2 :    3125000  Priority 3 :    3125000
        Priority 4 :    3125000  Priority 5 :    3125000
        Priority 6 :    3125000  Priority 7 :    3125000
        Affinity Bit : 0 
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 14  show ospf mpls traffic-eng link Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Link ID

Link type.

Interface address

IP address of the interface.

Neighbor address

IP address of the neighbor.

Admin Metric

Administrative distance metric value used by Multiprotocol Label Switching traffic engineering (MPLS TE).

Maximum bandwidth

Bandwidth capacity of the link (in kbps).

Maximum global pool reservable bandwidth

Maximum amount of bandwidth that is available for reservation in the global pool.

Maximum sub pool reservable bandwidth

Maximum amount of bandwidth that is available for reservation in the subpool.

Number of Priority

Priority number.

Global pool unreserved BW

Amount of unreserved bandwidth that is available in the global pool.

Sub pool unreserved BW

Amount of unreserved bandwidth that is available in the subpool.

Affinity Bit

Used by MPLS TE. Attribute values required for links carrying this tunnel. A 32-bit dotted-decimal number. Valid values are from 0x0 to 0xFFFFFFFF, representing 32 attributes (bits), where the value of an attribute is 0 or 1.

The following is sample output from the show ospf mpls traffic-eng command when the fragment keyword is specified:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf mpls traffic-eng fragment
  
              OSPF Router with ID (10.10.10.10) (Process ID 1)
  
    Area 0 has 2 MPLS TE fragment. Area instance is 67441.
    MPLS router address is 10.10.10.10
    Next fragment ID is 2
  
    Fragment 0 has 1 link. Fragment instance is 67441.
    Fragment has 1 link the same as last update.
    Fragment advertise MPLS router address
      Link is associated with fragment 0. Link instance is 67441
        Link connected to Point-to-Point network
        Link ID : 10.1.1.1
        Interface Address : 10.10.25.4
        Neighbor Address : 10.10.25.5
        Admin Metric : 0
        Maximum bandwidth : 19440000
        Maximum global pool reservable bandwidth : 25000000
        Maximum sub pool reservable bandwidth    : 3125000
        Number of Priority : 8
        Global pool unreserved BW 
        Priority 0 :   25000000  Priority 1 :   25000000
        Priority 2 :   25000000  Priority 3 :   25000000
        Priority 4 :   25000000  Priority 5 :   25000000
        Priority 6 :   25000000  Priority 7 :   25000000
        Sub pool unreserved BW 
        Priority 0 :    3125000  Priority 1 :    3125000
        Priority 2 :    3125000  Priority 3 :    3125000
        Priority 4 :    3125000  Priority 5 :    3125000
        Priority 6 :    3125000  Priority 7 :    3125000
        Affinity Bit : 0 
  
  
    Fragment 1 has 1 link. Fragment instance is 67441.
    Fragment has 0 link the same as last update.
      Link is associated with fragment 1. Link instance is 67441
        Link connected to Point-to-Point network
        Link ID : 10.10.10.8
        Interface Address : 10.10.10.2
        Neighbor Address : 10.10.10.3
        Admin Metric : 0
        Maximum bandwidth : 19440000
        Maximum global pool reservable bandwidth : 25000000
        Maximum sub pool reservable bandwidth    : 3125000
        Number of Priority : 8
        Global pool unreserved BW 
        Priority 0 :   25000000  Priority 1 :   25000000
        Priority 2 :   25000000  Priority 3 :   25000000
        Priority 4 :   25000000  Priority 5 :   25000000
        Priority 6 :   25000000  Priority 7 :   25000000
        Sub pool unreserved BW 
        Priority 0 :    3125000  Priority 1 :    3125000
        Priority 2 :    3125000  Priority 3 :    3125000
        Priority 4 :    3125000  Priority 5 :    3125000
        Priority 6 :    3125000  Priority 7 :    3125000
        Affinity Bit : 0 
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 15  show ospf mpls traffic-eng fragment Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Area instance

Number of times traffic engineering information or any link changed.

Link instance

Number of times any link changed.

Link ID

Link type.

Interface address

IP address of the interface.

Neighbor address

IP address of the neighbor.

Admin Metric

Administrative distance metric value used by MPLS TE.

Maximum bandwidth

Bandwidth capacity of the link (in kbps).

Maximum global pool reservable bandwidth

Maximum amount of bandwidth that is available for reservation in the global pool.

Maximum sub pool reservable bandwidth

Maximum amount of bandwidth that is available for reservation in the subpool.

Number of Priority

Priority number.

Global pool unreserved BW

Amount of unreserved bandwidth that is available in the global pool.

Sub pool unreserved BW

Amount of unreserved bandwidth that is available in the subpool.

Affinity Bit

Used by MPLS TE. Attribute values required for links carrying this tunnel. A 32-bit dotted-decimal number. Valid values are from 0x0 to 0xFFFFFFFF, representing 32 attributes (bits), where the value of an attribute is 0 or 1.

show ospf message-queue

To display the information about the queue dispatch values, peak lengths, and limits, use the show ospf message-queue command in EXEC mode.

show ospf message-queue

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf message-queue command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# show ospf 1 message-queue
  
  OSPF 1
    Hello Input Queue:
      Current queue length: 0
      Event scheduled: 0
      Total queuing failures: 0
      Maximum length : 102
      Pkts pending processing: 0
      Limit: 5000
  
    Router Message Queue
      Current instance queue length: 0
      Current redistribution queue length: 0
      Current ex spf queue length: 0
      Current sum spf queue length: 0
      Current intra spf queue length: 0
      Event scheduled: 0
      Maximum length : 101
      Total low queuing failures: 0
      Total medium queuing failures: 0
      Total high queuing failures: 0
      Total instance events: 919
      Processing quantum : 300
      Low queuing limit: 8000
      Medium queuing limit: 9000
      High queuing limit: 9500
      Rate-limited LSA processing quantum: 150
      Current rate-limited LSA queue length: 0
      Rate-limited LSA queue peak len: 517
  
      Rate-limited LSAs processed: 4464
      Flush LSA processing quantum: 150
      Current flush LSA queue length: 0
      Flush LSA queue peak len: 274
      Rate-limited flush LSAs processed: 420
  
      SPF-LSA-limit processing quantum: 150
      Managed timers processing quantum: 50
      Instance message count: 0
      Instance pulse send count: 919
      Instance pulse received count: 919
      Global pulse count: 0
      Instance Pulse errors: 0
  
    TE Message Queue
      Current queue length: 0
      Total queuing failures: 0
      Maximum length : 0
  
   Number of Dlink errors: 0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 16 show ospf message-queue Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Hello Input Queue

This section provides statistics on the number of events and incoming packets processed in the Hello (incoming packet) thread of the OSPF process.

Router Message Queue

This section provides statistics on the events and messages processed in the Router (primary) thread of the OSPF process.

TE Message Queue

This section provides statistics on traffic-engineering events and messages received by OSPF from TE (the te_control process). These events are processed in the Router thread of the OSPF process.

Number of Dlink errors

The number of enqueuing or dequeuing errors seen across all the linked-lists in the OSPF process.

Related Commands

Command

Description

queue dispatch incoming

Limits the number of continuous incoming events processed.

queue dispatch rate-limited-lsa

Sets the maximum number of rate-limited link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per run.

queue dispatch spf-lsa-limit

Limits the number of summary or external Type 3 to Type 7 link-state advertisements (LSAs) processed per shortest path first (SPF) run.

queue limit

Sets the high watermark for incoming priority events.

show ospf neighbor

To display Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) neighbor information on an individual interface basis, use the show ospf neighbor command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] neighbor [ [ type interface-path-id ] [neighbor-id] [detail] | area-sorted ]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is displayed.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

area-id

(Optional) Area ID. If you do not specify an area, all areas are displayed.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

neighbor-id

(Optional) Neighbor ID.

detail

(Optional) Displays all neighbors given in detail (lists all neighbors).

area-sorted

(Optional) Specifies that all neighbors are grouped by area.

Command Default

All neighbors

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf neighbor command showing two lines of summary information for each neighbor:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf neighbor
  
  Neighbors for OSPF
  
  Neighbor ID     Pri  State         Dead Time  Address           Interface
  192.168.199.137 1    FULL/DR       0:00:31    172.31.80.37      GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
      Neighbor is up for 18:45:22
  192.168.48.1     1    FULL/DROTHER  0:00:33    192.168.48.1       GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3
      Neighbor is up for 18:45:30
  192.168.48.200   1    FULL/DROTHER  0:00:33    192.168.48.200     GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3
      Neighbor is up for 18:45:25
  192.168.199.137 5    FULL/DR       0:00:33    192.168.48.189     GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3
      Neighbor is up for 18:45:27
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 17  show ospf neighbor Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Neighbor ID

Neighbor router ID.

Pri

Designated router priority.

State

OSPF state.

Dead time

Time (in hh:mm:ss) that must elapse before OSPF declares the neighbor dead.

Address

Address of next hop.

Interface

Interface name of next hop.

Neighbor is up

Amount of time (in hh:mm:ss) that the OSPF neighbor has been up.

The following is sample output showing summary information about the neighbor that matches the neighbor ID:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf neighbor 192.168.199.137
  
   Neighbor 192.168.199.137, interface address 172.31.80.37
      In the area 0.0.0.0 via interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
      Neighbor priority is 1, State is FULL, 6 state changes
      DR is 0.0.0.0 BDR is 0.0.0.0
      Options is 0x2
      Dead timer due in 0:00:32
      Neighbor is up for 18:45:30
      Number of DBD retrans during last exhange 0
      Index 1/1, retransmission queue length 0, number of retransmission 0
      First 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0)
      Last retransmission scan length is 0, maximum is 0
      Last retransmission scan time is 0 msec, maximum 0 msec
   Neighbor 192.168.199.137, interface address 192.168.48.189
      In the area 0.0.0.0 via interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3
      Neighbor priority is 5, State is FULL, 6 state changes
      Options is 0x2
      Dead timer due in 0:00:32
      Neighbor is up for 18:45:30
      Number of DBD retrans during last exhange 0
      Index 1/1, retransmission queue length 0, number of retransmission 0
      First 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0)
      Last retransmission scan length is 0, maximum is 0
      Last retransmission scan time is 0 msec, maximum 0 msec
  
  Total neighbor count: 2
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 18  show ospf neighbor 192.168.199.137 Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Neighbor

Neighbor router ID.

interface address

IP address of the interface.

In the area

Area and interface through which the OSPF neighbor is known.

Neighbor priority

Router priority of neighbor and neighbor state.

State

OSPF state.

state changes

Number of state changes for this neighbor.

DR is

Neighbor ID of the designated router.

BDR is

Neighbor ID of the backup designated router.

Options

Hello packet options field contents(E-bit only; possible values are 0 and 2; 2 indicates area is not a stub; 0 indicates area is a stub.)

Dead timer

Time (in hh:mm:ss) to elapse before OSPF declares the neighbor dead.

Neighbor is up

Amount of time (in hh:mm:ss) that the OSPF neighbor has been up.

Number of DBD retrans

Number of re-sent database description packets.

Index

Index and the remaining lines of this command give detailed information about flooding information received from the neighbor.

If you specify the interface along with the neighbor ID, the software displays the neighbors that match the neighbor ID on the interface, as in the following sample display:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf neighbor GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2 192.168.199.137
  
   Neighbor 192.168.199.137, interface address 172.31.80.37
      In the area 0.0.0.0 via interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
      Neighbor priority is 1, State is FULL, 6 state changes
      DR is 0.0.0.0 BDR is 0.0.0.0
      Options is 0x2
      Dead timer due in 0:00:32
      Neighbor is up for 18:45:30
      Number of DBD retrans during last exhange 0
      Index 1/1, retransmission queue length 0, number of retransmission 0
      First 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0)
      Last retransmission scan length is 0, maximum is 0
      Last retransmission scan time is 0 msec, maximum 0 msec
  
  Total neighbor count: 1
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 19  show ospf neighbor GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2 192.168.199.137 Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Neighbor

Neighbor router ID.

interface address

IP address of the interface.

In the area

Area and interface through which the OSPF neighbor is known.

Neighbor priority

Router priority of the neighbor.

State

OSPF state.

state changes

Number of state changes for this neighbor.

DR is

Neighbor ID of the designated router.

BDR is

Neighbor ID of the backup designated router.

Options

Hello packet options field contents (E-bit only; possible values are 0 and 2; 2 indicates area is not a stub; 0 indicates area is a stub)

Dead timer

Time (in hh:mm:ss) to elapse before OSPF declares the neighbor dead.

Neighbor is up

Amount of time (in hh:mm:ss) that the OSPF neighbor has been up.

Number of DBD retrans

Number of re-sent database description packets.

Index

Index and the remaining lines of this command give detailed information about flooding information received from the neighbor.

You can also specify the interface without the neighbor ID to show all neighbors on the specified interface, as in the following sample display:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf neighbor GigabitEthernet POS 0/3/0/3
  
  Neighbors for OSPF ospf1
  
     ID          Pri   State        Dead Time     Address         Interface
  192.168.48.1     1    FULL/DROTHER  0:00:33    192.168.48.1       GigabitEthernet POS 0/3/0/3
      Neighbor is up for 18:50:52
  192.168.48.200   1    FULL/DROTHER  0:00:32    192.168.48.200     GigabitEthernet POS 0/3/0/3
      Neighbor is up for 18:50:52
  192.168.199.137 5    FULL/DR       0:00:32    192.168.48.189     GigabitEthernet POS 0/3/0/3
      Neighbor is up for 18:50:52
  
  Total neighbor count: 3
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 20  show ospf neighbor GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3 Field Descriptions

Field

Description

ID

Neighbor router ID.

Pri

Route priority of the neighbor.

State

OSPF state.

Dead Time

Time (in hh:mm:ss) to elapse before OSPF declares the neighbor dead.

Address

Address of next hop.

Interface

Interface name of next hop.

Neighbor is up

Time (in hh:mm:ss) that the OSPF neighbor has been up.

Options

Hello packet options field contents (E-bit only; possible values are 0 and 2; 2 indicates area is not a stub; 0 indicates area is a stub)

Dead timer

Time (in hh:mm:ss) to elapse before OSPF declares the neighbor dead.

Neighbor is up

Amount of time (in hh:mm:ss) that the OSPF neighbor has been up.

Number of DBD retrans

Number of re-sent database description packets.

Index

Index and the remaining lines of this command give detailed information about flooding information received from the neighbor.

The following samples are from output from the show ospf neighbor detail command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf neighbor detail
  
   Neighbor 192.168.199.137, interface address 172.31.80.37
      In the area 0.0.0.0 via interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
      Neighbor priority is 1, State is FULL, 6 state changes
      DR is 0.0.0.0 BDR is 0.0.0.0
      Options is 0x2
      Dead timer due in 0:00:32
      Neighbor is up for 18:45:30
      Number of DBD retrans during last exhange 0
      Index 1/1, retransmission queue length 0, number of retransmission 0
      First 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0)
      Last retransmission scan length is 0, maximum is 0
      Last retransmission scan time is 0 msec, maximum 0 msec
  
  Total neighbor count: 1
  
  
   Neighbor 10.1.1.1, interface address 192.168.13.1
      In the area 0 via interface GigabitEthernet0/3/0/1 
      Neighbor priority is 1, State is FULL, 10 state changes
      DR is 0.0.0.0 BDR is 0.0.0.0
      Options is 0x52  
      LLS Options is 0x1 (LR)
      Dead timer due in 00:00:36
      Neighbor is up for 1w2d
      Number of DBD retrans during last exchange 0
      Index 3/3, retransmission queue length 0, number of retransmission 5
      First 0(0)/0(0) Next 0(0)/0(0)
      Last retransmission scan length is 1, maximum is 1
      Last retransmission scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec
  
   Neighbor 10.4.4.4, interface address 192.168.34.4
      In the area 0 via interface GigabitEthernet0/3/0/2 
      Neighbor priority is 1, State is FULL, 48 state changes
      DR is 0.0.0.0 BDR is 0.0.0.0
      Options is 0x12  
      LLS Options is 0x1 (LR)
      Dead timer due in 00:00:30
      Neighbor is up for 00:40:03
      Number of DBD retrans during last exchange 0
      Index 2/2, retransmission queue length 0, number of retransmission 6
      First 0(0)/0(0) Next 0(0)/0(0)
      Last retransmission scan length is 0, maximum is 1
      Last retransmission scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 21  show ospf neighbor detail Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Neighbor

Neighbor router ID.

interface address

IP address of the interface.

In the area

Area and interface through which the OSPF neighbor is known.

Neighbor priority

Router priority of neighbor and neighbor state.

State

OSPF state.

state changes

Number of state changes for this neighbor.

DR is

Neighbor ID of the designated router.

BDR is

Neighbor ID of the backup designated router.

Options

Hello packet options field contents. (E-bit only; possible values are 0 and 2; 2 indicates that the area is not a stub; 0 indicates that the area is a stub).)

LLS Options is 0x1 (LR)

Neighbor is NFS Cisco capable.

Dead timer

Time (in hh:mm:ss) to elapse before OSPF declares the neighbor dead.

Neighbor is up

Amount of time (in hh:mm:ss) that the OSPF neighbor has been up.

Number of DBD retrans

Number of re-sent database description packets.

Index

Index and the remaining lines of this command give detailed information about flooding information received from the neighbor.

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

show ospf request-list

To display the first ten link-state requests pending that the local router is making to the specified Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) neighbor and interface, use the show ospf request-list command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] request-list [ type interface-path-id ] [neighbor-id]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is displayed.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

area-id

(Optional) Area ID. If you do not specify an area, all areas are displayed.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

i nterface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

neighbor-id

(Optional) IP address of the OSPF neighbor.

Command Default

All neighbors

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

You might use this command when the databases of two neighboring routers are out of synchronization or if the adjacency does not form between them. Adjacency means that the routers synchronize their databases when they discover each other.

You can look at the list to determine if one router is trying to request a particular database update. Entries that are suspended in the list usually indicate that updates are not being delivered. One possible reason for this behavior is a maximum transmission unit (MTU) mismatch between the routers.

You might also look at this list to make sure it is not corrupted. The list should refer to database entries that actually exist.

Request list information is transient and normally the lists are empty.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf request-list command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf request-list 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet3/0/0/0
  
  Request Lists for OSPF pagent
  
   Neighbor 10.0.124.4, interface GigabitEthernet3/0/0/0 address 10.3.1.2
  
   Type   LS ID            ADV RTR        Seq NO        Age   Checksum
      1   192.168.58.17     192.168.58.17   0x80000012     12   0x0036f3
      2   192.168.58.68     192.168.58.17   0x80000012     12   0x00083f
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 22  show ospf request-list 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet3/0/0/0 Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Neighbor

Specific neighbor receiving the request list from the local router.

Interface

Specific interface over which the request list is being sent.

Address

Address of the interface over which the request list is being sent.

Type

Type of link-state advertisement (LSA).

LS ID

Link-state ID of the LSA.

ADV RTR

IP address of the advertising router.

Seq NO

Sequence number of the LSA.

Age

Age of the LSA (in seconds).

Checksum

Checksum of the LSA.

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

show ospf retransmission-list

Displays the first ten link-state entries in the retransmission list that the local router sends to the specified neighbor over the specified interface.

show ospf retransmission-list

To display the first ten link-state entries in the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) retransmission list that the local router sends to the specified neighbor over the specified interface, use the show ospf retransmission-list command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] [area-id] retransmission-list [ type interface-path-id ] [neighbor-id]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is displayed.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

area-id

(Optional) Area ID. If you do not specify an area, all areas are displayed.

type

Interface type. For more information, use the question mark (?) online help function.

interface-path-id

Physical interface or virtual interface.

Note   

Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router.

For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark (?) online help function.

neighbor-id

(Optional) IP address of the OSPF neighbor.

Command Default

All neighbors

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

You might use this command when the databases of two neighboring routers are out of synchronization or if the adjacency is not forming between them. Adjacency means that the routers synchronize their databases when they discover each other.

You can look at the list to determine if one router is trying to request a particular database update. Entries that appear to be suspended in the list usually indicate that updates are not being delivered. One possible reason for this behavior is a maximum transmission unit (MTU) mismatch between the routers.

You might also look at this list to make sure it is not corrupted. The list should refer to database entries that actually exist.

Retransmission list information is transient, and normally the lists are empty.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf retransmission-list command:

 RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf retransmission-list 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet3/0/0/0
  
  Neighbor 10.0.124.4, interface GigabitEthernet3/0/0/0 address 10.3.1.2
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 23  show ospf retransmission-list 10.0.124.4 GigabitEthernet3/0/0/0 Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Neighbor

Specified neighbor receiving the retransmission list from the local router.

Interface

Specified interface over which the retransmission list is being sent.

Address

Address of the interface.

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

show ospf request-list

Displays the first ten link-state requests pending that the local router is making to the specified neighbor and interface.

show ospf routes

To display the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) topology table, use the show ospf routes command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] routes [ connected | external | local ] [ prefix mask ] [ prefix/length ] [multicast-intact]

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is displayed.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

connected

(Optional) Displays connected routes.

external

(Optional) Displays routes redistributed from other protocols.

local

(Optional) Displays the local routes redistributed from the Routing Information Base (RIB).

prefix

(Optional) IP prefix, which limits output to a specific route.

If the prefix argument is specified, either the length or mask argument is required.

mask

(Optional) IP address mask.

/ length

(Optional) Prefix length, which can be indicated as a slash (/) and number. For example, /8 indicates that the first eight bits in the IP prefix are network bits. If length is used, the slash is required.

multicast-intact

(Optional) Displays multicast intact paths.

Command Default

All route types

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.9.0

Asplain format for 4-byte Autonomous system numbers notation was supported. The input parameters and output were modified to display 4-byte autonomous system numbers and extended communities in either asplain or asdot notations.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show ospf routes command to display the OSPF private routing table (which contains only routes calculated by OSPF). If there is something wrong with a route in the RIB, then it is useful to check the OSPF copy of the route to determine if it matches the RIB contents. If it does not match, there is a synchronization problem between OSPF and the RIB. If the routes match and the route is incorrect, OSPF has made an error in its routing calculation.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf routes command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf routes
  
  Topology Table for ospf 1 with ID 10.3.4.2
  
  Codes:O - Intra area, O IA - Inter area
         O E1 - External type 1, O E2 - External type 2
         O N1 - NSSA external type 1, O N2 - NSSA external type 2
  
  O E2 10.3.1.0/24, metric 1
         10.3.4.1, from 172.16.10.1, via GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  O    10.3.4.0/24, metric 1562
         10.3.4.2, directly connected, via GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  O E2 10.1.0.0/16, metric 1
         10.3.4.1, from 172.16.10.1, via GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  O IA 10.10.10.0/24, metric 1572
         10.3.4.1, from 172.16.10.1, via GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  O E2 130.10.10.0/24, metric 20
         10.3.4.1, from 172.16.10.1, via GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 24  show ospf route Field Descriptions

Field

Description

O

OSPF route.

E

External Type 1 or 2 route.

N

NSSA Type 1 or 2

10.3.1.0/24

Network and subnet mask to which the local router has a route.

metric

Cost to reach network 10.3.1.0.

10.3.4.1

Next-hop router on the path to network 10.3.1.0.

from 172.16.10.1

Router ID 172.16.10.1 is the router that advertised this route.

via GigabitEthernet 0/1/0/1

Packets destined for the given prefix (10.3.1.0/24) are sent over GigabitEthernet interface 0/1/0/1.

The following is sample output from the show ospf routes command with a process name of 100:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf 100 routes
  
  Topology Table for ospf 100 with ID 172.23.54.14
  
  Codes:O - Intra area, O IA - Inter area
         O E1 - External type 1, O E2 - External type 2
         O N1 - NSSA external type 1, O N2 - NSSA external type 2
  
  O    10.1.5.0/24, metric 1562 
         10.1.5.14, directly connected, via GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3 
  O IA 21.0.0.0/24, metric 1572 
         10.1.5.12, from 172.23.54.12, via GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3 
  O    10.0.0.0/24, metric 10 
         10.0.0.12, directly connected, via GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/3
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 25  show ospf 100 route Field Descriptions

Field

Description

O

OSPF route.

IA

Interarea route.

10.1.5.0/24

Network and subnet mask to which the local router has a route.

metric 1562

Cost to reach network 10.1.5.0.

10.1.5.14

Next-hop router on the path to network 10.1.5.0.

from 172.23.54.12

Router ID 172.23.54.12 is the router that advertised this route.

via GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3

Packets destined for the given prefix (10.3.1.0/24) are sent over GigabitEthernet interface 0/3/0/3.

The following is sample output from the show ospf routes command with a prefix of 10.0.0.0 and a length of 24:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf routes 10.0.0.0/24
  
  Topology Table for ospf 100 with ID 172.23.54.14
  
  Codes:O - Intra area, O IA - Inter area
         O E1 - External type 1, O E2 - External type 2
         O N1 - NSSA external type 1, O N2 - NSSA external type 2
  
  O IA 10.0.0.0/24, metric 1572 
         10.1.5.12, from 172.23.54.12, via GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 26  show ospf route 10.0.0.0/24 Field Descriptions

Field

Description

O

Route is an OSPF route.

IA

Route to network 10.0.0.0 is an interarea route.

10.0.0.0/24

Network and subnet mask to which the local router has a route.

metric 1572

Cost to reach network 10.0.0.0.

10.1.5.12

IP address of next-hop router on the path to network 10.0.0.0.

from 172.23.54.12

Router ID 172.23.54.12 is the router that advertised this route.

via GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3

Packets destined for the given prefix (10.0.0.0/24) are sent over GigabitEthernet interface 0/3/0/3.

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

show route

Displays current routes information in the Routing Information Base (RIB).

show rib opaques

Displays opaque data installed in the Routing Information Base (RIB).

show ospf sham-links

To display Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) sham-link information, use the show ospf sham-links command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] sham-links

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is displayed.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show ospf sham-links command to display OSPF sham-link information.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf sham-links command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf 1 vrf vrf_1 sham-links
  
  Sham Links for OSPF 1, VRF vrf_1
  
  Sham Link OSPF_SL0 to address 10.0.0.3 is up
  Area 0, source address 10.0.0.1
  IfIndex = 185
  Run as demand circuit
  DoNotAge LSA allowed., Cost of using 1
  Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT_TO_POINT,
  Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5
  Hello due in 00:00:04
  Adjacency State FULL (Hello suppressed)
  Number of DBD retrans during last exchange 0
  Index 2/2, retransmission queue length 0, number of retransmission 0
  First 0(0)/0(0) Next 0(0)/0(0)
  Last retransmission scan length is 0, maximum is 0
  Last retransmission scan time is 0 msec, maximum is 0 msec
  Keychain-based authentication enabled
  Key id used is 2
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 27 show ospf sham-links Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Sham Link OSPF_SL0 to address

Address of the destination endpoint of the sham link.

IfIndex

ifindex associated with the sham link.

Run as demand circuit

Sham link is treated as a demand circuit.

DoNotAge LSA allowed

DoNotAge LSAs are allowed to be flooded over the sham link.

Cost of using

Sham-link cost.

Transmit Delay

Sham-link transmit delay.

State

Sham-link interface state.

Timer intervals configured

Various sham-link interface-related timers.

Hello due in

Time before the next Hello is sent over the sham link.

Adjacency State

State of the adjacency with the neighbor over the sham link.

Number of DBD retrans during last exchange

Number of DBD retransmissions during the last exchange over the sham link.

Index

Area flood index.

retransmission queue length

Retransmission queue length on the sham link.

number of retransmission

Number of retransmissions over the sham-link interface.

First

First flood information.

Next

Next flood information.

Last retransmission scan length is

Last retransmission scan length on the sham-link interface.

maximum is

Maximum retransmission scan length on the sham-link interface.

Last retransmission scan time is

Last retransmission scan time on the sham-link interface.

maximum is 0 msec

Maximum retransmission scan time on the sham-link interface.

Keychain-based authentication enabled

Keychain-based authentication is enabled.

Key id used is

Key ID used.

show ospf summary-prefix

To display Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) aggregated summary address information, use the show ospf summary-prefix command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] summary-prefix

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is displayed.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

Command Default

All summary prefixes

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show ospf summary-prefix command if you configured summarization of external routes with the summary-prefix command and you want to display configured summary addresses.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf summary-prefix command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf summary-prefix
  
  OSPF Process 1, summary-prefix
  
  10.1.0.0/255.255.0.0 Metric 20, Type 2, Tag 0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 28 show ospf summary-prefix Field Descriptions

Field

Description

10.1.0.0/255.255.0.0

Summary address designated for a range of addresses. The IP subnet mask used for the summary route.

Metric

Metric used to advertise the summary routes.

Type

External link-state advertisements (LSA) metric type.

Tag

Tag value that can be used as a “match” value for controlling redistribution through route maps.

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

summary-prefix (OSPF)

Creates aggregate addresses for routes being redistributed from another routing protocol into the OSPF protocol.

show ospf virtual-links

To display parameters and the current state of Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) virtual links, use the show ospf virtual-links command in EXEC mode.

show ospf [process-name] [ vrf { vrf-name | all } ] virtual-links

Syntax Description

process-name

(Optional) Name that uniquely identifies an OSPF routing process. The process name is defined by the router ospf command. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is displayed.

vrf

(Optional) Specifies an OSPF VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance.

vrf-name

(Optional) Name of the OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

all

(Optional) Specifies all OSPF VRF instances.

Command Default

All virtual links

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the show ospf virtual-links command to display useful information for debugging OSPF routing operations.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ospf virtual-links command:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf virtual-links
  
  Virtual Link to router 172.31.101.2 is up
  Transit area 0.0.0.1, via interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/0, Cost of using 10
  Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State POINT_TO_POINT
  Timer intervals configured, Hello 10, Dead 40, Wait 40, Retransmit 5
  Hello due in 0:00:08
  Adjacency State FULL
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 29  show ospf virtual-links Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Virtual Link to router 172.31.101.2 is up

OSPF neighbor and whether the link to that neighbor is up or down.

Transit area 0.0.0.1

Transit area through which the virtual link is formed.

via interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/0

Interface through which the virtual link is formed.

Cost of usingusing 10

Cost of reaching the OSPF neighbor through the virtual link.

Transmit Delay is 1 sec

Transmit delay (in seconds) on the virtual link.

State POINT_TO_POINT

State of the OSPF neighbor.

Timer intervals

Various timer intervals (in seconds) configured for the link.

Hello due in 0:00:08

When the next hello message is expected from the neighbor (in hh:mm:ss).

Adjacency State FULL

Adjacency state between the neighbors.

Related Commands

Command

Description

router ospf

Configures an OSPF routing process.

show protocols (OSPF)

To display information about the OSPFv2 processes running on the router, use the show protocols command in EXEC mode.

show protocols [ afi-all | ipv4 | ipv6 ] [ all | protocol ]

Syntax Description

afi-all

(Optional) Specifies all address families.

ipv4

(Optional) Specifies an IPv4 address family.

ipv6

(Optional) Specifies an IPv6 address family.

all

(Optional) Specifies all protocols for a given address family.

protocol

(Optional) Specifies a routing protocol. For the IPv4 address family, the options are:

  • bgp
  • eigrp
  • isis
  • ospf
  • rip

For the IPv6 address family, the options are:

  • bgp
  • eigrp
  • isis
  • ospfv3

Command Default

No default behavior or value

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Release 3.9.0

Asplain format for 4-byte Autonomous system numbers notation was supported. The input parameters and output were modified to display 4-byte autonomous system numbers and extended communities in either asplain or asdot notations.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read

rib

read

Examples

The following is an OSPF configuration and the resulting show protocols ospf display:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#show running router ospf 1
            
  
  router ospf 1
   router-id Loopback0
   nsf
   redistribute connected
   redistribute isis 3
   area 0
    mpls traffic-eng
    interface Loopback0
    !
    interface Loopback1
    !
    interface Loopback2
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/0
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/1
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
    !
    interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3
    !
   !
   mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
  
  !
  
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow protocols ospf
  Routing Protocol OSPF 1
    Router Id: 55.55.55.55
    Distance: 110
    Non-Stop Forwarding: Enabled
    Redistribution:
      connected
      isis 3
    Area 0
      MPLS/TE enabled
      GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3
      GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/2
      GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/1
      GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/0
      Loopback2
      Loopback0
  
  

This table describes the significant fields shown in the display.



Table 30  show protocols ospf Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Router Id

ID of the router for this configuration.

Distance

Administrative distance of OSPF routes relative to routes from other protocols.

Non-Stop Forwarding

Status of nonstop forwarding.

Redistribution

Lists the protocols that are being redistributed.

Area

Information about the current area including list of interfaces and the status of Multiprotocol Label Switching traffic engineering (MPLS TE).

snmp context (OSPF)

To specify an SNMP context for an OSPF instance, use the snmp context command in router configuration mode or in VRF configuration mode. To remove the SNMP context, use the no form of this command.

snmp context context_name

no snmp context context_name

Syntax Description

context_name

Specifies name of the SNMP context for OSPF instance.

Command Default

SNMP context is not specified.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.1.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The snmp-server commands need to be configured to perform SNMP request for the OSPF instance. Refer SNMP Server Commands module in Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router System Management Command Reference for information on using the snmp-server commands.


Note


To map an SNMP context with a protocol instance, topology or VRF entity, use the snmp-server context mapping command. However, the feature option of this command does not work with OSPF protocol.


Task ID

Task ID Operation

ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to configure an SNMP context foo for OSPF instance 100:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#snmp context foo

This example shows how to configure snmp-server commands to be used with the snmp context command:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#snmp-server host 10.0.0.2 traps version 2c public udp-port 1620
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#snmp-server community public RW
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#snmp-server contact foo
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#snmp-server community-map public context foo

This is a sample SNMP context configuration for OSPF instance 100:

snmp-server host 10.0.0.2 traps version 2c public udp-port 1620
snmp-server community public RW
snmp-server contact foo

snmp-server community-map public context foo


router ospf 100
 router-id 2.2.2.2
 bfd fast-detect
 nsf cisco
snmp context foo
 area 0
  interface Loopback1
  !
 !
 area 1
  interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0/1
   demand-circuit enable
  !
  interface POS0/3/0/0
  !
  interface POS0/3/0/1
  !
 !
!

Related Commands

Command Description

snmp trap (OSPF)

Enables SNMP trap for an OSPF instance

snmp-server host

Specifies the recipient of an SNMP notification operation.

snmp-server community

Configures the community access string to permit access to the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).

snmp-server contact

Sets the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) system contact.

snmp-server community-map

Associates a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) community with an SNMP context.

snmp trap (OSPF)

To enable SNMP trap for an OSPF instance, use the snmp trap command in VRF configuration mode. To disable SNMP trap for the OSPF instance, use the no form of this command.

snmp trap

no snmp trap

Syntax Description

This command has no keywords or arguments.

Command Default

Disabled.

Command Modes

VRF configuration

Command History

Release Modification

Release 4.1.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID Operation

ospf

read, write

Examples

This example shows how to enable SNMP trap for OSPF instance 100 under VRF vrf-1:

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router#configure 
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#vrf vrf-1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-vrf)#snmp trap

Related Commands

Command

Description

snmp context (OSPF)

Specifies SNMP context for an OSPF instance.  

snmp trap rate-limit (OSPF)

To control the number of traps that OSPF sends by configuring window size and the maximum number of traps during that window, use the snmp trap rate-limit command in router configuration mode. To disable configuring the window size and maximum number of traps during the window, use the no form of this command.

snmp trap rate-limit window-size max-num-traps

no snmp trap rate-limit window-size max-num-traps

Syntax Description

window-size

Specifies the trap rate limit sliding window size.

max-num-traps

Specifies the maximum number of traps sent in window time.

Command Default

None

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release Modification
Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced. This command replaces the snmp-server trap ospf rate-limit command.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID Operation
ospf

read,write

Examples

The following example shows how to set the trap rate limit sliding window size to 30 and the maximum number of traps sent to 100:
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)#router ospf 100
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)#snmp trap rate-limit 30 100

spf prefix-priority (OSPFv2)

To prioritize OSPFv2 prefix installation into the global Routing Information Base (RIB) during Shortest Path First (SPF) run, use the spf prefix-priority command in router configuration mode. To return to the system default value, use the no form of this command.

spf prefix-priority route-policy policy-name

no spf prefix-priority route-policy policy-name

Syntax Description

route-policy policy-name

Specifies the route policy to apply to OSPFv2 prefix prioritization.

Note   

If SPF prefix prioritization is configured, /32 prefixes are no longer preferred by default. To retain the /32 prefixes in higher-priority queues, define the route-policy accordingly.

Command Default

SPF prefix prioritization is disabled.

Command Modes

OSPF router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.9.0

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

SPF prefix prioritization is disabled, by default. In disabled mode, the /32 prefixes are installed into the global RIB before other prefixes.

If SPF prefix prioritization is enabled, routes are matched against the route-policy criteria and are assigned to the appropriate priority queue based on the spf-priority set. Unmatched prefixes, including the /32 prefixes, are placed in the low-priority queue.

If all /32 prefixes are desired in the high-priority queue or medium-priority queue, configure the following single route map:

  prefix-set ospf-medium-prefixes 
     0.0.0.0/0 ge 32 
  end-set
  

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure OSPFv2 SPF prefix prioritization:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# prefix-set ospf-critical-prefixes
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-pfx)# 66.0.0.0/16
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-pfx)# end-set
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# route-policy ospf-spf-priority
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-rpl)# if destination in ospf-critical-prefixes then set spf-priority critical
  endif
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-rpl)# end-policy
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# router-id 66.0.0.1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# spf prefix-priority route-policy ospf-spf-priority
  
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

prefix-set

Enters prefix set configuration mode and defines a prefix set.

route-policy (RPL)

Defines a route policy and enters route-policy configuration mode.

stub (OSPF)

To define an area as a stub area, use the stub command in area configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.

stub [no-summary]

no stub

Syntax Description

no-summary

(Optional) Prevents an Area Border Router (ABR) from sending summary link advertisements into the stub area.

Command Default

No stub area is defined.

Command Modes

Area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

You must configure the stub command on all routers in the stub area.

Use the default-cost command on the ABR of a stub area to specify the cost of the default route advertised into the stub area by the ABR.

To further reduce the number of link-state advertisements (LSAs) sent into a stub area, you can configure the no-summary keyword on the ABR to prevent it from sending summary LSAs (LSA Type 3) into the stub area.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to assign a default cost of 20 to stub network 10.0.0.0:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 10.0.0.0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# stub
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# default-cost 20
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/3
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

authentication (OSPF)

Enables authentication for an OSPF area.

default-cost (OSPF)

Specifies a cost for the default summary route sent into a stub area.

summary-prefix (OSPF)

To create aggregate addresses for routes being redistributed from another routing protocol into the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol, use the summary-prefix command in the appropriate mode. To stop summarizing redistributed routes, use the no form of the command.

summary-prefix address mask [ not-advertise | tag tag ]

no summary-prefix address mask

Syntax Description

address

Summary address designated for a range of addresses.

mask

IP subnet mask used for the summary route.

not-advertise

(Optional) Suppresses summary routes that match the address and mask pair from being advertised.

tag tag

(Optional) Tag value that can be used as a “match” value for controlling redistribution through route policies.

Command Default

When this command is not used, specific addresses are created for each route from another route source being distributed into the OSPF protocol.

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the summary-prefix command to cause an OSPF Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR) to advertise one external route as an aggregate for all redistributed routes that are covered by the address. This command summarizes only routes from other routing protocols that are being redistributed into OSPF.

You can use this command multiple times to summarize multiple groups of addresses. The metric used to advertise the summary is the lowest metric of all the more specific routes. This command helps reduce the size of the routing table.

If you want to summarize routes between OSPF areas, use the range command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

In the following example, summary address 10.1.0.0 includes address 10.1.1.0, 10.1.2.0, 10.1.3.0, and so on. Only the address 10.1.0.0 is advertised in an external link-state advertisement.

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# summary-prefix 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

range (OSPF)

Consolidates and summarizes routes at an area boundary.

timers lsa group-pacing

To change the interval at which Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) link-state advertisements (LSAs) are collected into a group and refreshed, checksummed, or aged, use the timers lsa group-pacing command in the appropriate mode. To restore the default value, use the no form of this command.

timers lsa group-pacing seconds

no timers lsa group-pacing

Syntax Description

seconds

Interval (in seconds) at which LSAs are grouped and refreshed, checksummed, or aged. Range is 10 seconds to 1800 seconds.

Command Default

seconds : 240 seconds

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

OSPF LSA group pacing is enabled by default. For typical customers, the default group pacing interval for refreshing, checksumming, and aging is appropriate and you need not configure this feature.

The duration of the LSA group pacing is inversely proportional to the number of LSAs the router is handling. For example, if you have approximately 10,000 LSAs, decreasing the pacing interval would benefit you. If you have a very small database (40 to 100 LSAs), increasing the pacing interval to 10 to 20 minutes might benefit you slightly.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to change the OSPF pacing between LSA groups to 60 seconds:

 RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# timers lsa group-pacing 60
  
         

timers lsa min-arrival

To limit the frequency that new instances of any particular Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) link-state advertisements (LSAs) can be accepted during flooding, use the timers lsa min-arrival command in the appropriate mode. To restore the default value, use the no form of this command.

timers lsa min-arrival milliseconds

no timers lsa min-arrival

Syntax Description

milliseconds

Minimum interval (in milliseconds) between accepting same LSA.

Range is 0 to 600000 milliseconds.

Command Default

milliseconds : 100 milliseconds

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to change the minimum interval between accepting the same LSA to 2 seconds:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# timers lsa min-arrival 2
  
         

timers throttle lsa all (OSPF)

To modify the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) link-state advertisement (LSA) throttling, use the timers throttle lsa all command in the appropriate mode. To revert LSA throttling to default settings, use the no form of this command

timers throttle lsa all start-interval hold-interval max-interval

no timers throttle lsa all

Syntax Description

start-interval

Delay to generate first occurance of LSA in milliseconds. Range is 0 to 600000 milliseconds.

hold-interval

Minimum delay between originating the same LSA in milliseconds. Range is 1 to 600000 milliseconds.

max-interval

Maximum delay between originating the same LSA in milliseconds. Range is 1 to 600000 milliseconds.

Command Default

start-interval : 50 milliseconds

hold-interval : 200 milliseconds

max-interval : 5000 milliseconds

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The lsa-start time is the delay before flooding the first instance of an LSA. The lsa-hold interval is the minimum time to elapse before flooding an updated instance of an LSA. The lsa-max-wait time is the maximum time that can elapse before flooding an updated instance of an LSA.

For quick convergence, use smaller times for the lsa-start time and lsa-hold interval. However, in relatively large networks, this may result in a large number of LSAs being flooded in a relatively short time. A balance with the lsa-start time and lsa-hold interval can be iteratively arrived at for the size of your network. The lsa-max-wait time can be used to ensure that OSPF reconverges within a reasonable amount of time.


Note


LSA throttling is always enabled. You can change the timer values with the timers throttle lsa all command or specify the no keyword to revert back to the default settings.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to change the start, hold, and maximum wait interval values to 500, 1000, and 90,000 milliseconds, respectively:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# timers throttle lsa all 500 1000 90000
  
  
         

The following example is output from the show ospf command that displays the modified LSA throttle settings:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routershow ospf
  
  Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 1.1.1.1
   Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
   Supports opaque LSA
   It is an area border router
   Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs
   Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
   Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
   Initial LSA throttle delay 500 msecs
   Minimum hold time for LSA throttle 1000 msecs
   Maximum wait time for LSA throttle 90000 msecs
   Minimum LSA interval 1000 msecs. Minimum LSA arrival 1 secs
   Maximum number of configured interfaces 255
   Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
   Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
   Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
   Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
   Number of areas in this router is 2. 2 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
   External flood list length 0
   Non-Stop Forwarding enabled
      Area BACKBONE(0) (Inactive)
          Number of interfaces in this area is 2
          SPF algorithm executed 8 times
          Number of LSA 2. Checksum Sum 0x01ba83
          Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
          Number of DCbitless LSA 0
          Number of indication LSA 0
          Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
          Flood list length 0
      Area 1
          Number of interfaces in this area is 1
          SPF algorithm executed 9 times
          Number of LSA 2. Checksum Sum 0x0153ea
          Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 00000000
          Number of DCbitless LSA 0
          Number of indication LSA 0
          Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
          Flood list length 0
  

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ospf

Displays generic information about OSPF routing processes.

timers throttle spf (OSPF)

To modify the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) shortest path first (SPF) throttling, use the timers throttle spf command in the appropriate mode. To revert SPF throttling to default settings, use the no form of this command.

timers throttle spf spf-start spf-hold spf-max-wait

no timers throttle spf

Syntax Description

spf-start

Initial SPF schedule delay (in milliseconds). Range is 1 to 600000 milliseconds.

spf-hold

Minimum hold time (in milliseconds) between two consecutive SPF calculations. Range is 1 to 600000 milliseconds.

spf-max-wait

Maximum wait time (in milliseconds) between two consecutive SPF calculations. Range is 1 to 600000 milliseconds.

Command Default

spf-start:50 milliseconds

spf-hold: 200 milliseconds

spf-max-wait: 5000 milliseconds

Command Modes

Router configuration

VRF configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The spf-start time is the delay before running SPF for the first time. The spf-hold interval is the minimum time to elapse between subsequent SPF runs. The spf-max-wait time is the maximum time that can elapse before running SPF again.


Tip


Setting a low spf-start time and spf-hold time causes routing to switch to the alternate path more quickly if there is a failure; however, it consumes more CPU processing time.


Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to change the start, hold, and maximum wait interval values to 5, 1000, and 90000 milliseconds, respectively:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# timers throttle spf 5 1000 90000
  
         

transmit-delay (OSPF)

To set the estimated time required to send a link-state update packet on the interface, use the transmit-delay command in the appropriate mode. To return to the default value, use the no form of this command.

transmit-delay seconds

no transmit-delay seconds

Syntax Description

seconds

Time (in seconds) required to send a link-state update. Range is 1 to 65535 seconds.

Command Default

seconds: 1 second

Command Modes

Router configuration

Area configuration

Interface configuration

Virtual-link configuration

VRF configuration

Multi-area configuration

Sham-link configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Link-state advertisements (LSAs) in the update packet must have their ages incremented by the amount specified in the seconds argument before transmission. The value assigned should take into account the transmission and propagation delays for the interface.

If the delay is not added before transmission over a link,the time in which the LSA propagates over the link is not considered. This setting has significance only on very low-speed networks not supported in Cisco IOS XR software or on networks such as satellite circuits that incur a very long (greater than one second) delay time.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure a transmit delay for interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/0:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/3/0/0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-if)# transmit-delay 3
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

show ospf

Displays general information about OSPF routing processes.

virtual-link (OSPF)

To define an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) virtual link, use the virtual-link command in area configuration mode. To remove a virtual link, use the no form of this command.

virtual-link router-id

no virtual-link router-id

Syntax Description

router-id

Router ID associated with the virtual link neighbor. The router ID appears in the show ospf command display. The router ID can be any 32-bit router ID value specified in four-part, dotted-decimal notation.

Command Default

No virtual links are defined.

Command Modes

Area configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

All areas in an OSPF autonomous system must be physically connected to the backbone area (area 0). In some cases in which this physical connection is not possible, you can use a virtual link to connect to the backbone through a nonbackbone area. You can also use virtual links to connect two parts of a partitioned backbone through a nonbackbone area. The area through which you configure the virtual link, known as a transit area, must have full routing information. The transit area cannot be a stub or not-so-stubby area.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to establish a virtual link with default values for all optional parameters:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 10.0.0.0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# virtual-link 10.3.4.5
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-vl)#
  
  

The following example shows how to establish a virtual link with clear text authentication called mykey:

  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router# configure
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 201
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# area 10.0.0.0
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar)# virtual-link 10.3.4.5 
  RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-ar-vl)# authentication-key 0 mykey
  
         

Related Commands

Command

Description

authentication (OSPF)

Enables authentication for an OSPF area.

show ospf virtual-links

Displays parameters and the current state of OSPF virtual links

vrf (OSPF)

To configure an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) VPN routing and forwarding (VRF) instance, use the vrf command in router configuration mode. To terminate an OSPF VRF, use the no form of this command.

vrf vrf-name

no vrf vrf-name

Syntax Description

vrf-name

Identifier of an OSPF VRF. The vrf-name argument can be specified as an arbitrary string. The strings “default” and “all” are reserved VRF names.

Command Default

No OSPF VRF is defined.

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

Release 3.7.2

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

Use the vrf command to explicitly configure a VRF. Commands configured under the VRF configuration mode (such as the interface [OSPF] and authentication commands) are automatically bound to that VRF.

To modify or remove the VRF, the vrf-id argument format must be the same as the format used when creating the area.


Note


To remove the specified VRF from the router configuration, use the no vrf vrf-id command. The no vrf vrf-id command removes the VRF and all VRF options, such as authentication , default-cost , nssa , range , stub , virtual-link , and interface.


To avoid possibly having the router ID change under a VRF, explicitly configure the router ID using the router-id command.

Task ID

Task ID

Operations

ospf

read, write

Examples

The following example shows how to configure VRF vrf1 and GigabitEthernet interface 0/2/0/0. GigabitEthernet interface 0/2/0/0 is bound to VRF vrf1 automatically.

RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:routerconfigure
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config)# router ospf 1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf)# vrf vrf1
RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:router(config-ospf-vrf)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/2/0/0

Related Commands

Command

Description

router-id (OSPF)

Configures a router ID for an OSPF process.