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Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers

Upgrading to the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND

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Upgrading to the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND

Table Of Contents

Upgrading to the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND

ROMmon Overview

Compatibility Requirements

Upgrading ROMmon

Upgrading ROMmon Overview

Checking the Current ROMmon Version

Upgrading ROMmon for All RPs, ESPs, and SIPS on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router

Upgrading ROMmon for a Single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router

Resolved Caveats—ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND

Feature/Enhancement Caveats—ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND


Upgrading to the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND


This document contains procedures for downloading independent ROM monitor (ROMmon) software onto the Route Processors (RPs), Embedded Service Processors (ESPs), and Shared Port Adapter Interface Processors (SIPs) on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router. This document contains the following sections:

ROMmon Overview

Compatibility Requirements

Upgrading ROMmon

Resolved Caveats—ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND

Feature/Enhancement Caveats—ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND

ROMmon Overview

The ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND image is provided to customers in cases where a ROMmon upgrade is required. A ROMmon upgrade using the ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND image is only necessary in cases where a system message indicates one of the ROMmon on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers needs an upgrade, or a Cisco technical support representative suggests upgrading ROMmon.

A ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND upgrade can be applied to any of the following hardware components on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router:

Integrated RP1, field-replaceable ESP, and integrated SIP10 on Cisco ASR 1002 Router (Cisco ASR1002)

Integrated RP1, ESP, and SIP10 on Cisco ASR 1002-Fixed Router (Cisco ASR 1002-F)

Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor 1 (Cisco ASR1000-RP1)

Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor 2 (Cisco ASR1000-RP2)

5-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP5)

10-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP10)

Cisco ASR 1000 Embedded Services Processor 10G Non Crypto Capable (Cisco ASR1000-ESP10-N)

20-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP20)

Cisco ASR 1000 Series SPA Interface Processor (SIP) (Cisco ASR1000-SIP10)

The ROMmon software for RPs, ESPs, and SIPs can be upgraded collectively or individually using the asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg file.

Compatibility Requirements

The asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg file can be used to upgrade RP, ESP, and SIP ROMmon as long as the privileged EXEC or diagnostic mode prompt on the router can be accessed.

All system components must be running Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or a later release before the ROMmon upgrade to ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND is performed.

After any system component has been upgraded to ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND, the user cannot run any Cisco IOS XE release earlier than Cisco IOS XE 2.3.0. If the user needs to run a Cisco IOS XE release earlier than Cisco IOS XE 2.3.0, the ROMmon version must first be downgraded to ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XNB before attempting to boot the earlier Cisco IOS XE release.

Downgrades to supported ROMmon versions will convert the ROMVAR table to the proper smaller size. ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XN1, ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XN2, ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XNB, and ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XNC are all supported in the downgrade procedure.


Note When the ROMVAR table is converted to a smaller size for a downgrade to ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XN1, ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XN2, and ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XNB, the downgrade will stop and report an error condition if the ROMVAR table usage exceeds the supported size for the target release. The error will instruct the user to drop the system to the ROMmon prompt and clear some variable settings. Follow these instructions to continue the downgrade.


For customers requiring a FIPS 140-2 compliant environment, ROMmon Version 12.2(33r)XND is a required update.

Upgrading ROMmon

This section covers the following topics:

Upgrading ROMmon Overview

Checking the Current ROMmon Version

Upgrading ROMmon for All RPs, ESPs, and SIPS on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router

Upgrading ROMmon for a Single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router

Upgrading ROMmon Overview

If you are unsure if a ROMmon upgrade is required or if you have installed a new RP, ESP, or SIP in your Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router or a new Cisco ASR 1002 Router that requires an upgrade, see the "Checking the Current ROMmon Version" section.

Checking the Current ROMmon Version

Enter the show rom-monitor slot or show platform command to check the version of ROMmon running on any RP, ESP, or SIP in your Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router.

If the following output appears after the show rom-monitor slot or show platform command is entered, the RP, ESP, or SIP processor in the specified slot is already running ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND:

Router# show rom-monitor slot
System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(33r)XND, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2009 by cisco Systems, Inc.

If output indicating an earlier ROMmon version or a system message indicates one of the ROMmon on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers needs an upgrade, a ROMmon upgrade may benefit the RP, ESP, or SIP:

Router# show platform
Chassis type: ASR1006             
 
Slot      Type                State                 Insert time (ago) 
--------- ------------------- --------------------- ----------------- 
1         ASR1000-SIP10       ok                    2d16h         
 1/1      SPA-1XTENGE-XFP     ok                    2d16h         
 1/2      SPA-2XOC3-POS       ok                    2d16h         
 1/3      SPA-2X1GE           ok                    2d16h         
2         ASR1000-SIP10       ok                    2d16h         
R0        ASR1000-RP2         ok, active            2d16h         
F0        ASR1000-ESP20       ok, active            2d16h         
F1        ASR1000-ESP20       ok, standby           2d16h         
P0        ASR1006-PWR-AC      ps, fail              2d16h         
P1        ASR1006-PWR-AC      ok                    2d16h         
 
Slot      CPLD Version        Firmware Version                        
--------- ------------------- --------------------------------------- 
1         07091401            12.2(33r)XN1                        
2         07091401            12.2(33r)XN1                        
R0        08103002            12.2(33r)XNC0                       
F0        07091401            12.2(33r)XN2                        
F1        07091401            12.2(33r)XN2 

Upgrading ROMmon for All RPs, ESPs, and SIPS on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router

Use this procedure to upgrade ROMmon for all RPs, ESPs, and SIPS on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router to ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND:


Note All system components must be running Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or a later release before the ROMmon upgrade to ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND is performed.



Step 1 (Optional) Enter the show platform command or the show rom-monitor slot command for each RP, ESP, and SIP in the router to see the current versions of ROMmon on the hardware. See the "Checking the Current ROMmon Version" section for information about interpreting this output.

Step 2 If the ROMmon image has not been copied onto the router, copy the asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg file that was made available as part of this release onto the bootflash: or usb[0-1]: file system using the copy source-URL destination-URL command.

Step 3 Enter the dir file-system command to confirm the file was copied into the desired directory.

Step 4 Enter the upgrade rom-monitor filename URL all command to begin the ROMmon image upgrade, where URL is the path to the ROMmon file.


Caution Do not remove hardware, turn off power, or interrupt the router in any way during the ROMmon upgrade. Although the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router should be able to recover from most interruptions during the ROMmon upgrade, certain scenarios may cause unpredictable problems.

Step 5 Messages regarding the upgrade will appear on the console. After these messages have stopped and the router prompt is available, enter the reload command to reload the router.

Step 6 Enter the boot filesystem:/file-url command after the rommon prompt to boot the Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or later image, where filesystem:/file-url is the path to the consolidated package file. The ROMmon upgrade is not permanent for any piece of hardware until the Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or later image is booted

Step 7 Enter the enable command at the user prompt to enter privileged EXEC mode after the boot is complete.

Step 8 Enter the show platform command or the show rom-monitor slot command for each RP, ESP, and SIP in the router to confirm the ROMmon has been upgraded.



Note The versions of ROMmon in this example are provided for illustrative purposes only.


Example

Router# show platform
Chassis type: ASR1004

Slot      Type                State                 Insert time (ago) 
--------- ------------------- --------------------- ----------------- 
1         ASR1000-SIP10       ok                    00:56:24      
 1/1      SPA-2XOC3-POS       ok                    00:55:08      
 1/3      SPA-8X1GE-V2        ok                    00:55:08      
R0        ASR1000-RP1*        ok, active            00:56:24      
F0        ASR1000-ESP10*      ok, active            00:56:24      
P0        TBD000000000000000  ok                    00:55:42      
P1        TBD000000000000000  ok                    00:55:42      

Slot      CPLD Version        Firmware Version                        
--------- ------------------- --------------------------------------- 
1         07091401            12.2(33r)XNB                        
R0        07062111            12.2(33r)XNB                        
F0        07051680            12.2(33r)XNB                        

Router# copy tftp bootflash:                                        
Address or name of remote host [172.23.16.81]? 
Source filename []? auto/tftp-boot/rommon/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg 
Destination filename [asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg]? 
Accessing tftp://172.23.16.81/auto/tftp-boot/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg...
Loading /auto/tftp-boot/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg from 172.23.16.81 (via GigabitEt
hernet0): !!!
[OK - 559308 bytes]

559308 bytes copied in 1.142 secs (489762 bytes/sec)

Router# dir bootflash:
Directory of bootflash:/

   11  drwx       16384   Dec 4 2007 12:32:46 +00:00  lost+found
86401  drwx        4096   Dec 4 2007 14:06:24 +00:00  .ssh
14401  drwx        4096  Jul 22 2008 01:10:38 +01:00  .rollback_timer
28801  drwx        4096  Aug 20 2008 21:53:54 +01:00  .prst_sync
43201  drwx        4096  Jul 22 2008 01:10:54 +01:00  .installer
43204  drwx        4096  Aug 20 2008 21:21:44 +01:00  210subs
72001  drwx        4096  Aug 20 2008 22:08:12 +01:00  211ioscontrolsubs
   12  -rw-      559308  Sep 10 2008 00:39:44 +01:00  asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg
57601  drwx        4096  Aug 20 2008 21:12:02 +01:00  211subs
   13  -rw-       45977  Apr 10 2008 00:48:46 +01:00  target_support_output.tgz.tgz

928862208 bytes total (494886912 bytes free)

Router# upgrade rom-monitor filename bootflash:asr1000-rommon.XND.pkg all

Upgrade rom-monitor on Route-Processor 0

Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 3d237999248811ea9a08705e29d2a6bf
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 3d237999248811ea9a08705e29d2a6bf
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the RP.

Upgrade rom-monitor on Embedded-Service-Processor 0

Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 3d237999248811ea9a08705e29d2a6bf
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 3d237999248811ea9a08705e29d2a6bf
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.

Upgrade rom-monitor on SPA-Inter-Processor 1

Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 3d237999248811ea9a08705e29d2a6bf
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 3d237999248811ea9a08705e29d2a6bf
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.

Router# reload
Proceed with reload? [confirm]

<reload bootup output removed for brevity>

Rommon 1# boot bootflash:asr1000rp1-advipservicesk9.02.04.00.122-33.XND.bin 

          IP_ADDRESS: 172.27.55.179
      IP_SUBNET_MASK: 255.255.255.128
     DEFAULT_GATEWAY: 172.27.55.129
         TFTP_SERVER: 172.27.53.102
           TFTP_FILE: asr1000rp1-advipservicesk9.02.04.00.122-33.XND.bin
Using midplane macaddr
        TFTP_MACADDR: 00:1a:30:44:7f:ff
        TFTP_VERBOSE: Progress
    TFTP_RETRY_COUNT: 18
        TFTP_TIMEOUT: 7200
       TFTP_CHECKSUM: Yes
          ETHER_PORT: 3
    ETHER_SPEED_MODE: Auto Detect
link up 1000Mbps/FD

<boot output removed for brevity>

Press RETURN to get started!


Router> enable
Router# show platform
Chassis type: ASR1004

Slot      Type                State                 Insert time (ago) 

--------- ------------------- --------------------- -----------------

1         ASR1000-SIP10       ok                    00:02:35      
 1/1      SPA-2XOC3-POS       ok                    00:01:04      
 1/3      SPA-8X1GE-V2        ok                    00:01:04      
R0        ASR1000-RP1*        ok, active            00:02:35      
F0        ASR1000-ESP10*      ok, active            00:02:35      
P0        TBD000000000000000  ok                    00:01:37      
P1        TBD000000000000000  ok                    00:01:37      

Slot      CPLD Version        Firmware Version                        
--------- ------------------- --------------------------------------- 
1         07091401            12.2(33r)XND                        
R0        07062111            12.2(33r)XND                        
F0        07051680            12.2(33r)XND                        

Upgrading ROMmon for a Single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router

Use this procedure to upgrade ROMmon for a single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router to ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND:


Note All system components must be running Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or a later release before the ROMmon upgrade to ROMmon Release 12.2(33r)XND is performed.



Step 1 (Optional) Enter the show platform command or the show rom-monitor slot command for each RP, ESP, and SIP in the router to see the current versions of ROMmon on the hardware. See the "Checking the Current ROMmon Version" section for information about interpreting this output.

Step 2 If the ROMmon image has not been copied onto the router, copy the asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg file that was made available as part of this release onto the bootflash: or usb[0-1]: file system using the copy source-URL destination-URL command.

Step 3 Enter the dir file-system command to confirm the file was copied into the desired directory.

Step 4 Enter the upgrade rom-monitor filename URL slot command to begin the ROMmon image upgrade, where URL is the path to the ROMmon file and slot specifies the hardware that will receive the ROMmon upgrade.


Caution Do not remove hardware, turn off power, or interrupt the router in any way during the ROMmon upgrade. Although the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router should be able to recover from most interruptions during the ROMmon upgrade, certain scenarios may cause unpredictable problems.

Step 5 Messages regarding the upgrade will appear on the console. After these messages have stopped and the router prompt is available, enter the hw-module slot slot reload command to reload the hardware that was upgraded.


Note The hw-module slot slot reload command cannot be used to reload an active RP.
If you must reload an active RP to complete a ROMmon upgrade, reload the RP using one of the following methods:
- Enter reload to reload the entire router.
- Force a switchover using the redundancy force-switchover command, and then enter the hw-module slot slot reload command on the RP after it has become the standby RP.



Note The ROMmon upgrade is not permanent for any piece of hardware until the Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or later image is booted. If ROMmon is configured to manually boot on your system, you must manually execute the boot command to boot the Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or later image to make the upgrade permanent.


Step 6 Enter the show platform command or the show rom-monitor slot command for each RP, ESP, and SIP in the router to confirm the ROMmon has been upgraded.


Note The versions of ROMmon in this example are provided for illustrative purposes only.


Example

Router# show platform    
Chassis type: ASR1006             

Slot      Type                State                 Insert time (ago) 
--------- ------------------- --------------------- ----------------- 
0         ASR1000-SIP10       ok                    2w6d          
 0/0      SPA-5X1GE-V2        ok                    2w6d          
 0/1      SPA-8X1FE-TX-V2     ok                    2w6d          
 0/2      SPA-2XCT3/DS0       ok                    2w6d          
1         ASR1000-SIP10       ok                    2w6d          
 1/0      SPA-2XOC3-POS       ok                    2w6d          
 1/1      SPA-8XCHT1/E1       ok                    2w6d          
 1/2      SPA-2XT3/E3         ok                    2w6d          
R0        ASR1000-RP1         ok, active            2w6d          
F0        ASR1000-ESP10       ok, active            2w6d          
P0        ASR1006-PWR-AC      ok                    2w6d          
P1        ASR1006-FAN         ok                    2w6d          

Slot      CPLD Version        Firmware Version                        
--------- ------------------- --------------------------------------- 
0         06120701            12.2(33r)XN2                        
1         06120701            12.2(33r)XN2                        
R0        07082312            12.2(33r)XN2                        
F0        07051680            12.2(33r)XN2                        

Router# copy tftp bootflash:                                        
Address or name of remote host [172.23.16.81]? 
Source filename []? auto/tftp-boot/rommon/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg 
Destination filename [asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg]? 
Accessing tftp://172.23.16.81/auto/tftp-boot/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg...
Loading /auto/tftp-boot/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg from 172.23.16.81 (via 
GigabitEthernet0): !!!
[OK - 559308 bytes]

559308 bytes copied in 1.142 secs (489762 bytes/sec)

Router# dir bootflash:
Directory of bootflash:/

   11  drwx       16384   Dec 4 2007 12:32:46 +00:00  lost+found
86401  drwx        4096   Dec 4 2007 14:06:24 +00:00  .ssh
14401  drwx        4096  Jul 22 2008 01:10:38 +01:00  .rollback_timer
28801  drwx        4096  Aug 20 2008 21:53:54 +01:00  .prst_sync
43201  drwx        4096  Jul 22 2008 01:10:54 +01:00  .installer
43204  drwx        4096  Aug 20 2008 21:21:44 +01:00  210subs
72001  drwx        4096  Aug 20 2008 22:08:12 +01:00  211ioscontrolsubs
   12  -rw-      559308  Sep 10 2008 00:39:44 +01:00 asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg
57601  drwx        4096  Aug 20 2008 21:12:02 +01:00  211subs
   13  -rw-       45977  Apr 10 2008 00:48:46 +01:00  target_support_output.tgz.tgz

928862208 bytes total (494886912 bytes free)

Router# upgrade rom-monitor filename bootflash:asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XND.pkg 0

Upgrade rom-monitor on SPA-Inter-Processor 0
 
Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 3d237999248811ea9a08705e29d2a6bf
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 3d237999248811ea9a08705e29d2a6bf
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.

Router# hw-module slot 0 reload

<reload bootup output removed for brevity>

Router# show platform    
Chassis type: ASR1006             

Slot      Type                State                 Insert time (ago) 
--------- ------------------- --------------------- ----------------- 
0         ASR1000-SIP10       ok                    2w6d          
 0/0      SPA-5X1GE-V2        ok                    00:00:35      
 0/1      SPA-8X1FE-TX-V2     ok                    00:00:35      
 0/2      SPA-2XCT3/DS0       ok                    00:00:35      
1         ASR1000-SIP10       ok                    2w6d          
 1/0      SPA-2XOC3-POS       ok                    2w6d          
 1/1      SPA-8XCHT1/E1       ok                    2w6d          
 1/2      SPA-2XT3/E3         ok                    2w6d          
R0        ASR1000-RP1         ok, active            2w6d          
F0        ASR1000-ESP10       ok, active            2w6d          
P0        ASR1006-PWR-AC      ok                    2w6d          
P1        ASR1006-FAN         ok                    2w6d          

Slot      CPLD Version        Firmware Version                        
--------- ------------------- --------------------------------------- 
0         06120701            12.2(33r)XND                        
1         06120701            12.2(33r)XN2                        
R0        07082312            12.2(33r)XN2                        
F0        07051680            12.2(33r)XN2                        

Router# show rom-monitor 0

System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(33r)XND, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2009 by cisco Systems, Inc.

Resolved Caveats—ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND

CSCsl10906

ROMmon upgrade gets stuck in "upgrading ROMMON" loop.

CSCsq89671

System hangs at "Now booting the IOS-XE kernel" message.

CSCsu84088

RP2 ROMmon upgrade gets stuck in "upgrading ROMMON" loop.

CSCsv00093

RP2 ROMmon reports MALLOC failure when booting invalid/corrupted image.

CSCsw53115

RP2 ROMmon image boot up hangs if BOOT_PARAM variable not set.

CSCsx01992

Unable to upgrade ROMmon on RP in slot R1 if it is the Active RP.

CSCsx02870

RP2 ROMmon upgrade does not clean up files after failed upgrade attempt.

CSCsx56279

The RP2 ROMmon only prints "Initializing Hardware" message at 9600 baud.

CSCsx58858

RP2 ROMmon does not respond to Break key consistently.

CSCsx60530

RP2 ROMmon BIOS data structures corrupted by loading image from FAT-32 formatted volume.

CSCsy46949

ROMmon tsec command causes CPU exception.

CSCsy90467

ROMmon needs more robust checking of filesystem super-blocks.

CSCsy91441

ROMmon should give more information when a corrupted nvflash block is discovered.

Feature/Enhancement Caveats—ROMmon Image Release 12.2(33r)XND

CSCsr71232

Added CLI to verify SHA-1 algorithm to RP1 ROMmon for FIPS 140-2 compliance.

CSCsu09031

Added ROMmon validation using CRC-32 to RP1 ROMmon for FIPS 140-2 compliance.

CSCsu84074

Added CLI to verify SHA-1 algorithm to RP2 ROMmon for FIPS 140-2 compliance.

CSCsu87619

Added BIOS/ROMmon validation using CRC-32 to RP2 ROMmon for FIPS 140-2 compliance.