Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) Configuration Guide: Unified Model
Billing Support
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Billing Support

Table Of Contents

Billing Support

Integrated Billing Systems

Event Message Transmission

Multiple Server Support

Event Message Batching

Event Messages Set Overview

Supported Event Message Detail

Signaling_Start

QoS_Reserve

Call_Answer

QoS_Commit

Call_Disconnect

QoS_Release

Signaling_Stop

Media_Statistics

Media_Alive

Time_Change

Administration and Configuration

Integrated Mode Configuration

Administering Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) Billing

Logging and Alarms

Fault Tolerance

Warm Failover

Cold Failover

Example for Event Messages from Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) to RADIUS Billing Server

Example 1

Example 2

Example 3

Security


Billing Support


The following sections describe billing and its many aspects. It is critical to understand all Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) billing features and capabilities before performing billing configurations.

Integrated Billing Systems

Event Message Transmission

Supported Event Message Detail

Administration and Configuration

Logging and Alarms

Fault Tolerance

Example for Event Messages from Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) to RADIUS Billing Server

Security

Integrated Billing Systems

Integrated billing is achieved through the PacketCable Event Messages architecture (see the PacketCable 1.5 Event Messages Specification; PKT-SP-EM1.5-I01-050128) as exemplified in Figure 36 where Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) is integrated into this architecture. As shown, the billing server supports PacketCable Event Messages.

Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers supports remote billing in the unified mode. Remote billing is call billing that is integrated with a third-party accounting server.

Figure 36 shows Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) operating in a unified model where the billing system is being deployed with three billing servers. Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) can be configured to send to these servers in a range of ways, such as to all three simultaneously, or to use one primary and two backups.

Figure 36 Integrated Billing Deployment

The system operates as follows:

Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) produces event messages (EMs). These event messages are for billable or other interesting events, such as call start, call end, and media-type changes.

Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) and other elements of the system, which produces EMs, sends them in real time (or batched up for network efficiency) using the RADIUS protocol to the billing server.


Note The PacketCable 1.5 Event Messages Specification discusses sending the identifying information (the BCID and FEID) on the outgoing INVITE and responding SDP so that correlation can be done between the two sets of billing data. Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not support this mechanism for intra-domain or inter-domain transmission. The billing server must perform the correlation using an alternative method (for example, using the telephone numbers dialed and the time of the call).


Event Message Transmission

The generated event messages, as described in the "Event Messages Set Overview" section are sent using the RADIUS protocol to a preconfigured set of billing servers. Before getting into the actual detail of the event messages, review the event message transmission considerations described in the following sections:

Multiple Server Support

Event Message Batching

Event Messages Set Overview

Multiple Server Support

Billing servers are configured at start-up, in SETs:

Each SET contains a list of one or more billing servers, consisting of a single primary server and an ordered list of zero or more backup servers.

The SBE can be configured with one or more sets of billing servers.

Each event message is sent to the entire collection of sets, but to only one machine within each set.

For each set, the SBE sends the event message to the primary server within the set.

If the primary server is unavailable, the message is sent to the first backup server (if present). If the first backup server is also unavailable, the message is sent to the second backup and so on until either a machine accepts the message or all the servers in the set have been tried.

If there are no machines in a set accepting messages, the entire set is marked as unavailable.

Figure 37 shows the multiple server support.

Figure 37 Multiple Server Support

Event Message Batching

Because of the inefficiency of the RADIUS protocol, the SBE collates event messages into batches and sends them using a single RADIUS message to alleviate the burden on the transport mechanism.

Batching is possible only on a per-set basis. The batch size is not configurable, but is determined by the load on the billing component.

It is not possible to disable batching.

Event Messages Set Overview

This section specifies the set of event messages supported by Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition):

Call-Specific Messages

Out-of-Band Messages

Unsupported Messages

Call-Specific Messages

The following table lists supported call event messages.

Event Message
Notes

Signaling_Start

Sent when signaling has begun (inbound) and when it is about to begin (outbound); for example, received INVITE on inbound and about to send INVITE on outbound for a SIP endpoint

QoS_Reserve

Sent when there is reserved QoS in the DBE. Sent for the inbound leg when the inbound QoS is reserved, and for the outbound leg when we reserve the outbound QoS is reserved.

Call_Answer

Indicates that the terminating party has answered and that media has started. This message is sent for both legs at the same time.

QoS_Commit

Sent when QoS is committed by the DBE. This message is sent for both legs at the same time.

Call_Disconnect

Sent when the call has been terminated and the media has ceased flowing. Sent for both legs at the same time.

QoS_Release

Sent when the QoS has been released by the DBE. Sent for both legs at the same time.

Signaling_Stop

Sent after all signaling is complete for each party in the call. (The event is generated once for each party, when the last signaling message has been sent.)

Media_Statistics

Media statistics for the call as reported by the DBE. This is sent for each leg when the media is released.

Media_Alive

Indicates that a long-duration call is still active. This is sent for each leg of the call, at a preconfigured time of day, every 24 hours.


Out-of-Band Messages

The following table lists event messages that are non-call-related, out-of-band event messages.

Event Message
Notes

Time_Change

Sent when changes of more than 200 ms occur in the time; also sent for daylight savings changes, and so on.


Unsupported Messages

The following table lists the event messages that are not supported.

Event Message
Notes
Why Not Supported?

Database_Query

Sent when querying external databases about toll-free carriers, LNP routing, and so on.

Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not support database queries.

Service_Instance

Indicates an instance of a service.

Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not support services. (Services are more applicable to softswitches and application servers.)

Service_Activation

Indicates service activation.

Service_Deactivation

Indicates service deactivation.

Interconnect_Start

Sent when interconnecting to PSTN.

Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not interface directly to the PSTN.

Interconnect_Stop

Sent when terminating a connection to PSTN.

Conference_Party_Change

Indicates a party state change in a multi-party call.

Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not support multi-party calls.


Supported Event Message Detail

This section specifies the supported event messages and the attributes sent for each one.

Signaling_Start

This message is sent when signaling starts for a call; that is, when Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) has ascertained that the destination is routable and the originating endpoint is allowed to make the call (that is, after the SLA has been checked).

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute.

Direction_Indicator

Specifies if the device represents an originating or terminating part of the call.

1= originating

2 = terminating

MTA_Endpoint_Name

The string MTA Endpoint or the source endpoint information (adjacency name or addressing information).

The value of this field is either set to MTA Endpoint or to the endpoint information.

The source adjacency name is used if the SBC is configured to include the adjacency name in the billing records and if the message is from the originating device.

The source addressing information—in the format IP address,port,transport type, adjacency name—is used if the SBC is configured to include the addressing information in the billing records and if the message is from the originating device.

Calling_Party_Number

The number of the calling party (if available).

Called_Party_Number

The number of the called party (always present).

Routing_Number

Indicates a routable number (always present).

Billing_Type

Included when the originating endpoint is a measured rate subscriber.


The following table lists the attributes not sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

Location_Routing_Number

LNP not supported.

Carrier_Identification_Code

PSTN interfacing not supported (softswitch function).

Trunk_Group_ID

As above.

Intl_Code

Indicates the origin of an international call.

Dial_Around_Code

Carrier specification via dial-around codes not supported.

Jurisdiction_Information_Parameter

Ported-In billing not supported [transparent to Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition)].

Ported_In_Calling_Number

As above.

Ported_In_Called_Number

As above.

Called_Party_NP_source

LNP not supported.

Calling_Party_NP_source

As above.


QoS_Reserve

This message is generated when the SBE has reserved bandwidth (QoS) on the network through the DBE.

If this reserved bandwidth changes, this message (along with the partner QoS_Commit message) is generated anew.


Note If the SBE is managing multiple gates, this message is generated only for the gates to and from each MTA endpoint (and not the internal gates). There are no optional attributes not sent on this message.


The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute.

QoS_Descriptor

Description of the QoS reserved (see below).

MTA_UDP_Portnum

The UDP port number on the network element endpoint.

Flow_Direction

1 = upstream

2 = downstream

SF_ID

This is a required, DOCSIS-specific attribute, generated by the CMTS in a PacketCable architecture. Because Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not support DOCSIS, this attribute is always 0.


Call_Answer

This message indicates the earliest point at which non-early two-way media is established.

The SBE sends the message to the billing servers when it is notified that the called party has gone off-hook; that is, that they have answered the call.

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute

Charge_Number

The charge number in the appropriate cases such as collect call, calling-card call, call billed to a third party, or others.

For Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition), this number is always the calling number.

MTA_Endpoint_Name

The destination endpoint information—adjacency name or addressing information—is added to the message if the SBC is configured to include the endpoint information in the billing records and if the SBC is the terminating device.

If the SBC is not configured to include the endpoint information in the message, this attribute is not included.


The following table lists the attributes not sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

Related_Call_Billing_Correlation_ID

The BCID assigned to the leg from the terminating network element. Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not share BCID and FEID information with other network elements.

FEID

Contains the FEID assigned to the network element at the other end of the leg. Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not share BCID and FEID information with other network elements.


QoS_Commit

This message is sent by the SBE when the gate bandwidth is committed. This message is only sent if a QoS_Reserve has been previously sent.

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute.

MTA_UDP_Portnum

The UDP port number on the network element endpoint.

Flow_Direction

1 = upstream

2 = downstream

SF_ID

Always 0 (Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not support DOCSIS).

Total_Bandwidth (attribute ID 253)

The total bandwidth in use by the streams described in this QoS_Commit message. See Table B-11 for the structure of this attribute.

Media_Session_Desc (attribute ID 254)

Zero or more attributes describing the media committed in this Flow_Direction. If more than one flow is committed, multiple Media_Session_Desc attributes are differentiated by the Stream_IDs. See Table B-12 for the structure of this attribute.


The following table lists the attributes not sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

QoS_Descriptor

Information is sent on the QoS_Reserve message and not duplicated on this message


The following table lists the structure of the Total_Bandwidth attribute (attribute ID 253).

Attribute Name
Length
Type
Comment

Total_Bandwidth
(attribute ID 253)

8

unsigned
integer

The total bandwidth in use by the streams described in this QoS_Commit message.


The following table lists the structure of the Media_Session_Desc attribute (attribute ID 254).

Attribute Name
Length
Type
Comment

Stream_ID

4

unsigned integer

Unique stream identifier within the scope of the call. A Stream_ID identifies two flows, one upstream and one downstream - this Media_Info attribute is for the flow identified by the Flow_Direction attribute on this message.

Local_address_type

1

Byte

1 = IPv4 address—of length 4.

2 = IPv6 address—of length 16.

Local_address

variable

byte array

The local address - length defined by the Local_address_type.

Local_port

2

unsigned integer

The local port.

Remote_address_type

1

Byte

1 = IPv4 address—of length 4.

2 = IPv6 address—of length 16.

Remote_address

variable

byte array

The remote address—length defined by the Remote_address_type.

Remote_port

2

unsigned integer

The remote port.

Transrated

1

Byte

0—Transrating is not in use on this stream.

1—Transrating is in use on this stream.

Truncated

1

Byte

0—The following SDP is not truncated.

1—The following SDP was truncated after the last complete a= line to prevent the RADIUS attribute from exceeding 247 bytes.

SDP_fragment_len

1

Byte

Length of the following SDP—can be equal to 0.

SDP_fragment

variable

ASCII character string

Optionally an SDP fragment describing this flow. The port numbers present in this fragment should be ignored, and the values above used instead.


Call_Disconnect

This message is generated by the SBE when 2-way media flow terminates—when sending a 200 OK response to a BYE from either party.

Usually, this message immediately precedes QoS_Release and Signaling_Stop.

This message is only sent if a Call_Answer has previously been sent.

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute.

Call_Termination_Cause

Reason for termination of the call.


There are no optional attributes not sent for this message.

QoS_Release

This message is generated by the SBE when the reserved bandwidth has been released; that is, the gate on the DBE has been closed.

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute.

Flow_Direction

1 = upstream.

2 = downstream.

SF_ID

A DOCSIS specific attribute, service flow ID, generated by the CMTS in a PacketCable architecture. Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not support DOCSIS. Therefore this attribute is always set to 0.

Media_Session_Desc (attribute ID 254)

Zero or more attributes describing the media committed in this Flow_Direction. If more than one flow is committed, multiple Media_Session_Desc attributes are differentiated by the Stream_IDs. See Table B-12 for the structure of this attribute.


There are no optional attributes not sent for this message.

Signaling_Stop

This message is sent when:

The terminating signaling request (for example, a SIP BYE) from the party terminating the call is acknowledged by the SBE

The terminating signaling request for the party not terminating the call is sent by the SBE and acknowledged by that party.

This message is not sent if we have not sent a Signaling_Start for this call.

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

The header attribute (must be first).

Related_Call_Billing_Correlation_ID

The BCID of the other leg (that is, if this is the caller, then the callee, and vice-versa).

Call_Termination_Cause

The reason the call was terminated.

MTA_Endpoint_Name

If the SBC is configured to include the endpoint information—adjacency name or addressing information—in the message, this attribute is added. The destination endpoint information is added to the terminating device message and the source endpoint information is added to the originating device message.

If the SBC is not configured to include the endpoint information in the message, this attribute is not included.


The following table lists the attributes not sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

FEID

The FEID of the terminating network element. Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) does not transmit this between network elements.


Media_Statistics

When a call is terminated on the DBE (that is, the gate is closed), statistics are returned to the SBE. On receipt of these statistics, this message is generated.

When media QoS is renegotiated, the gate is closed and re-opened. In this case, statistics are logged for the first gate when it closes, and for the second gate when it closes (at the end of the call).

There may be multiple gates for each Media. The statistics are aggregated and result in only one Media_Statistics message per billing leg.

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute.

RTCP_Data

The report data from the DBE on the gate statistics.


There are no optional attributes not sent for this message.

Media_Alive

This message is generated once a day, at a pre-configured time.

At the preconfigured time, the SBE audits the active calls, and determines which calls (if any) have been active for more than 24 hours. For each call satisfying this condition, a Media_Alive message is generated.

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute.


There are no optional attributes not sent for this message.

Time_Change

This message is generated by the SBE either on its own behalf, or on the behalf of the DBE, when either the DBE or SBE experiences a time change of more than 200 ms (discounting slew adjustments via Network Time Protocol (NTP)). This includes step adjustments, manual time settings changes and daylight savings time adjustments.

The following table lists the attributes sent with this message.

Attribute Name
Comment

EM_Header

Common header attribute.

Time_Adjustment

Adjustment in milliseconds.


There are no optional attributes not sent for this message.

Administration and Configuration

Billing requires the following generic configuration:

Integrated Mode Configuration

If integrated mode is specified, then the following configuration information is required:

The assigned element ID. This is an ID assigned by the Internet service provider (ISP). The ID must be unique across the set of SBEs, sending event messages to a particular set of billing servers.

The minor, major, and critical threshold sizes for the event message cache file.

The location of the event message cache file on disk.

The time at which to generate the Media_Alive message.

RADIUS client configuration information.

Integrated mode requires the RADIUS client component of Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition). This has configuration requirements (such as the sets of billing servers). Each of these sets also has a state, which depends on the existence or absence of the event message cache file for that set. The administrator may change this state. The state may be disabled, active, failed, or resending.

Administering Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) Billing

The billing component is administered using the Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) command-line interface. See the applicable billing commands in Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) Command Reference: Unified Model at: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/sbc/command/reference/sbcu_book.html.

Logging and Alarms

Alarms are tripped differently, based on how billing has been integrated, as described in the following table .

Billing System Type
Logging Conditions

Integrated Billing Alarms

Alarms are tripped under the following conditions:

Minor, major, and critical alarms are sent if the cache file size exceeds a preconfigured threshold.

Alarms are tripped when billing servers become unavailable, as follows.

A minor alarm is tripped if just one of the configured sets of billing servers is unavailable.

A major alarm is tripped if more than one of the billing server sets is unavailable.

A critical alarm is tripped if none of the billing servers is available.

Note In this situation, it may be that the condition for more than one alarm is satisfied (for example, there is just one server set configured, which fails). The most severe alarm dominates.


Fault Tolerance

The Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) billing system is fault tolerant on the following two levels:

Warm Failover—Failover to a live backup (for example, a second card on the same machine).

Cold Failover—Failover to a new machine with no software connection between the defunct machine and the new machine.

Warm Failover

During a failover to a backup system, warm failover mechanisms are supported. In the case of warm failover:

No data is lost on the SBE.

The value for media statistics for the call on the DBE is reset (this information is lost).

Cold Failover

During the failover to a cold, non-dedicated backup, some billing data is lost in the transition from the old, failed system to the new server. The number of billing records completely lost during this transition is less than 10,000 per failover. However, in such a situation, consider the following possibilities:

The remaining billing records may be corrupted, and only partial billing records recovered. This is especially true with local CDR generation, because no logs are produced in a hard format until the call ends.

If an event message cache exists on the failed machine, more billing events may be lost, because the disk record may be unrecoverable because of fire, hardware malfunction, or whatever the original cause of the total failure was. This, however, is an unlikely scenario, because it would require the billing server to be unavailable and unrecovered for a period preceding the cold failover.

If the media to which the CDRs are written is lost, the entire store of CDRs not backed up (by extracting the records using FTP) is lost.

It is not possible to detect long-duration calls following a cold failover. Data is only recoverable from the system only when an event occurs in the network, such as the media being terminated).

Example for Event Messages from Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) to RADIUS Billing Server

This section contains the following examples:

Example 1 shows two requests from the SBC to the RADIUS server for a single placed call.

Example 2 shows requests from the SBC to RADIUS server where the SBC is configured to include the endpoint adjacency name in billing records.

Example 3 shows requests from the SBC to RADIUS server where the SBC is configured to include the endpoint addressing information in billing records.

Example 1

This example shows two requests from the SBC to the RADIUS server for a single placed call.

The first RADIUS event message has messages related to call setup:

Event Message Type: Signaling_Start

Event Message Type: QoS_Reserve

Event Message Type: Call_Answer

Event Message Type: QoS_Commit

The second RADIUS event message has messages related to call teardown:

Event Message Type: QoS_Release

Event Message Type: Call_Disconnect

Event Message Type: Signaling_Stop

 
   
Radius Protocol
    Code: Accounting-Request (4)
    Packet identifier: 0x0 (0)
    Length: 1298
    Authenticator: 25CE1B487AE4AE70033D61E0EF540A4A
    [The response to this request is in frame 4]
    Attribute Value Pairs
        AVP: l=6  t=NAS-IP-Address(4): 77.111.1.51
            NAS-IP-Address: 77.111.1.51 (77.111.1.51)
        AVP: l=6  t=Acct-Status-Type(40): Interim-Update(3)
            Acct-Status-Type: Interim-Update (3)
        AVP: l=26  t=Acct-Session-Id(44): HDq]       01+000000\000\000\000\001
            Acct-Session-Id: HDq]       01+000000
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 1
                Event Message Type: Signaling_Start (1)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 0
                Event Time: 20080602221700.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 6
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Direction-indicator(37): Originating(1)
                CableLabs-Direction-indicator: Originating (1)
        AVP: l=20  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=14 t=CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name(3): MTA Endpoint
                CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name: MTA Endpoint
        AVP: l=28  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=22 t=CableLabs-Calling-Party-Number(4):                  123
                CableLabs-Calling-Party-Number:                  123
        AVP: l=28  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=22 t=CableLabs-Called-Party-Number(5):              service
                CableLabs-Called-Party-Number:              service
        AVP: l=28  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=22 t=CableLabs-Routing-Number(25):              service
                CableLabs-Routing-Number:              service
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Billing-Type(87): 3
                CableLabs-Billing-Type: 3
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 2
                Event Message Type: Signaling_Start (1)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 1
                Event Time: 20080602221700.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 6
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Direction-indicator(37): Terminating(2)
                CableLabs-Direction-indicator: Terminating (2)
        AVP: l=20  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=14 t=CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name(3): MTA Endpoint
                CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name: MTA Endpoint
        AVP: l=28  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=22 t=CableLabs-Calling-Party-Number(4):                  123
                CableLabs-Calling-Party-Number:                  123
        AVP: l=28  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=22 t=CableLabs-Called-Party-Number(5):              service
                CableLabs-Called-Party-Number:              service
        AVP: l=28  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=22 t=CableLabs-Routing-Number(25):              service
                CableLabs-Routing-Number:              service
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Billing-Type(87): 3
                CableLabs-Billing-Type: 3
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 1
                Event Message Type: QoS_Reserve (7)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 2
                Event Time: 20080602221700.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 4
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=32  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=26 t=CableLabs-QoS-Descriptor(32): 
                QoS Status: 0x00000005
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..01 = Status Indication: Resource 
Reserved but not Activated (1)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .1.. = Service Flow Scheduling 
Type: 1
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 0... = Grant Interval: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... ...0 .... = Tolerated Grant Jitter: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... ..0. .... = Grants Per Interval: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. .... = Unsolicited Grant Size: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... 0... .... = Traffic Priority: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... ...0 .... .... = Maximum Sustained Rate: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... ..0. .... .... = Maximum Traffic Burst: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .0.. .... .... = Minimum Reserved Traffic 
Rate: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... 0... .... .... = Minium Packet Size: 0
                    .... .... .... .... ...0 .... .... .... = Maximum Concatenated Burst: 
0
                    .... .... .... .... ..0. .... .... .... = Status Request/Transmission 
Policy: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .0.. .... .... .... = Nominal Polling Interval: 0
                    .... .... .... .... 0... .... .... .... = Tolerated Poll Jitter: 0
                    .... .... .... ...0 .... .... .... .... = Type of Service Override: 0
                    .... .... .... ..0. .... .... .... .... = Maximum Downstream Latency: 
0
                Service Class Name:                 
                Service Flow Scheduling Type: 1
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum(26): 0
                CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum: 0
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-SF-ID(30): 0
                CableLabs-SF-ID: 0
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Flow-Direction(50): Upstream(1)
                CableLabs-Flow-Direction: Upstream (1)
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 2
                Event Message Type: QoS_Reserve (7)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 3
                Event Time: 20080602221700.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 4
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=32  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=26 t=CableLabs-QoS-Descriptor(32): 
                QoS Status: 0x00000005
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..01 = Status Indication: Resource 
Reserved but not Activated (1)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .1.. = Service Flow Scheduling 
Type: 1
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 0... = Grant Interval: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... ...0 .... = Tolerated Grant Jitter: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... ..0. .... = Grants Per Interval: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. .... = Unsolicited Grant Size: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... 0... .... = Traffic Priority: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... ...0 .... .... = Maximum Sustained Rate: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... ..0. .... .... = Maximum Traffic Burst: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... .0.. .... .... = Minimum Reserved Traffic 
Rate: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .... 0... .... .... = Minium Packet Size: 0
                    .... .... .... .... ...0 .... .... .... = Maximum Concatenated Burst: 
0
                    .... .... .... .... ..0. .... .... .... = Status Request/Transmission 
Policy: 0
                    .... .... .... .... .0.. .... .... .... = Nominal Polling Interval: 0
                    .... .... .... .... 0... .... .... .... = Tolerated Poll Jitter: 0
                    .... .... .... ...0 .... .... .... .... = Type of Service Override: 0
                    .... .... .... ..0. .... .... .... .... = Maximum Downstream Latency: 
0
                Service Class Name:                 
                Service Flow Scheduling Type: 1
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum(26): 0
                CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum: 0
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-SF-ID(30): 0
                CableLabs-SF-ID: 0
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Flow-Direction(50): Downstream(2)
                CableLabs-Flow-Direction: Downstream (2)
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 1
                Event Message Type: Call_Answer (15)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 4
                Event Time: 20080602221701.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 2
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=28  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=22 t=CableLabs-Charge-Number(16):                  123
                CableLabs-Charge-Number:                  123
        AVP: l=32  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=26 t=CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Correlation-ID(13): 
                Timestamp: 1212445021
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Event Counter: 2
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 2
                Event Message Type: Call_Answer (15)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 5
                Event Time: 20080602221701.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 2
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=28  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=22 t=CableLabs-Charge-Number(16):              service
                CableLabs-Charge-Number:              service
        AVP: l=32  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=26 t=CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Correlation-ID(13): 
                Timestamp: 1212445021
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Event Counter: 1
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 1
                Event Message Type: QoS_Commit (19)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 6
                Event Time: 20080602221701.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 3
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum(26): 0
                CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum: 0
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-SF-ID(30): 0
                CableLabs-SF-ID: 0
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Flow-Direction(50): Upstream(1)
                CableLabs-Flow-Direction: Upstream (1)
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 2
                Event Message Type: QoS_Commit (19)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 7
                Event Time: 20080602221701.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 3
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum(26): 0
                CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum: 0
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-SF-ID(30): 0
                CableLabs-SF-ID: 0
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Flow-Direction(50): Downstream(2)
                CableLabs-Flow-Direction: Downstream (2)
 
   
 
   
 
   
==========================================================================================
===================
 
   
 
   
 
   
Radius Protocol
    Code: Accounting-Response (5)
    Packet identifier: 0x0 (0)
    Length: 20
    Authenticator: EB0BD7E187D3301CB7D73349761F9DE0
    [This is a response to a request in frame 1]
    [Time from request: 0.041131000 seconds]
 
   
No.     Time        Source                Destination           Protocol Info
      5 29.324537   77.111.1.51           200.200.1.2           RADIUS   
Accounting-Request(4) (id=0, l=1162)
 
   
==========================================================================================
===================
 
   
Radius Protocol
    Code: Accounting-Request (4)
    Packet identifier: 0x0 (0)
    Length: 1162
    Authenticator: 78D7DE7EA0162046A7936593F80048D5
    [The response to this request is in frame 6]
    Attribute Value Pairs
        AVP: l=6  t=NAS-IP-Address(4): 77.111.1.51
            NAS-IP-Address: 77.111.1.51 (77.111.1.51)
        AVP: l=6  t=Acct-Status-Type(40): Interim-Update(3)
            Acct-Status-Type: Interim-Update (3)
        AVP: l=26  t=Acct-Session-Id(44): HDq]       01+000000\000\000\000\001
            Acct-Session-Id: HDq]       01+000000
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 1
                Event Message Type: Unknown (22)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 8
                Event Time: 20080602221731.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 1
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=134  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=128 t=CableLabs-RTCP-Data(93): PS=0, OS=0, PR=0, OR=0, PD=0, OD=0, 
PL=0, JI=0, LA=0, PC/RPS=0, PC/ROS=0, PC/RPR=0, PC/RPL=0, 
PC/RJI=0\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\0
00\000\000\000
                CableLabs-RTCP-Data: PS=0, OS=0, PR=0, OR=0, PD=0, OD=0, PL=0, JI=0, LA=0, 
PC/RPS=0, PC/ROS=0, PC/RPR=0, PC/RPL=0, PC/RJI=0
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 2
                Event Message Type: Unknown (22)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 9
                Event Time: 20080602221731.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 1
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=134  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=128 t=CableLabs-RTCP-Data(93): PS=0, OS=0, PR=0, OR=0, PD=0, OD=0, 
PL=0, JI=0, LA=0, PC/RPS=0, PC/ROS=0, PC/RPR=0, PC/RPL=0, 
PC/RJI=0\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\0
00\000\000\000
                CableLabs-RTCP-Data: PS=0, OS=0, PR=0, OR=0, PD=0, OD=0, PL=0, JI=0, LA=0, 
PC/RPS=0, PC/ROS=0, PC/RPR=0, PC/RPL=0, PC/RJI=0
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 1
                Event Message Type: QoS_Release (8)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 10
                Event Time: 20080602221731.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 2
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-SF-ID(30): 0
                CableLabs-SF-ID: 0
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Flow-Direction(50): Upstream(1)
                CableLabs-Flow-Direction: Upstream (1)
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 2
                Event Message Type: QoS_Release (8)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 11
                Event Time: 20080602221731.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 2
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=12  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=6 t=CableLabs-SF-ID(30): 0
                CableLabs-SF-ID: 0
        AVP: l=10  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=4 t=CableLabs-Flow-Direction(50): Downstream(2)
                CableLabs-Flow-Direction: Downstream (2)
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 1
                Event Message Type: Call_Disconnect (16)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 12
                Event Time: 20080602221731.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 1
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=14  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=8 t=CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause(11): 
                Source Document: BAF (0x0001)
                Event Object: 16
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 1
                Event Message Type: Signaling_Stop (2)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 13
                Event Time: 20080602221731.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 2
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=32  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=26 t=CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Correlation-ID(13): 
                Timestamp: 1212445021
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Event Counter: 2
        AVP: l=14  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=8 t=CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause(11): 
                Source Document: BAF (0x0001)
                Event Object: 16
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 2
                Event Message Type: Call_Disconnect (16)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 14
                Event Time: 20080602221731.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 1
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=14  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=8 t=CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause(11): 
                Source Document: BAF (0x0001)
                Event Object: 16
        AVP: l=84  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=78 t=CableLabs-Event-Message(1): 
                Event Message Version ID: 4
                BCID
                    Timestamp: 1212445021
                    Element ID:        0
                    Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                    Event Counter: 2
                Event Message Type: Signaling_Stop (2)
                Element Type: CMS (1)
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Sequence Number: 15
                Event Time: 20080602221731.000
                Status: 0x00000008
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..00 = Status: No Error 
(0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .0.. = Event Origin: Trusted 
Element (0x00000000)
                    .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1... = Event Message Proxied: 
Proxied (0x00000001)
                Priority: 128
                Attribute Count: 2
                Event Object: 0
        AVP: l=32  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=26 t=CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Correlation-ID(13): 
                Timestamp: 1212445021
                Element ID:        0
                Time Zone: DST: 1, Offset: +000000
                Event Counter: 1
        AVP: l=14  t=Vendor-Specific(26) v=CableLabs(4491)
            VSA: l=8 t=CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause(11): 
                Source Document: BAF (0x0001)
                Event Object: 16
 
   
==========================================================================================
===================
 
   
Radius Protocol
    Code: Accounting-Response (5)
    Packet identifier: 0x0 (0)
    Length: 20
    Authenticator: 663449DAB02BF4CC5480672195DFFFE0
    [This is a response to a request in frame 5]
    [Time from request: 0.063580000 seconds]
 
   

Example 2

The following example shows the requests from the SBC to RADIUS server where SBC is configured to include the endpoint adjacency name in billing records:

Mon May 24 10:43:02 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\372Ds   326311+030000\000\000\000\t"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009000100012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004032303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000600
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
		Event_Message_Type = Signaling-Start
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 64
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 6
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Direction-indicator = 0x0001
		Originating
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "SIPPB"
	CableLabs-Calling-Party-Number = "                sipp"
	CableLabs-Called-Party-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Routing-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Attr-87 = 0x0003
		Billing type - 
		 flat rate
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a000100012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004132303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000600
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
		Event_Message_Type = Signaling-Start
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 65
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 6
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Direction-indicator = 0x0002
		Terminating
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "MTA Endpoint"
	CableLabs-Calling-Party-Number = "                sipp"
	CableLabs-Called-Party-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Routing-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Attr-87 = 0x0003
		Billing type - 
		 flat rate
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "3479bc93d50898b5"
	Timestamp = 1274712182
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Mon May 24 10:43:02 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\372Ds   326311+030000\000\000\000\t"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009000700012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004232303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000400
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Reserve
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 66
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 4
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-QoS-Descriptor = 0x000000052020202020202020202020202020202000000001
		Status_Bitmask = 5
		Service_Class_Name =                 
		QoS_Parameter_Array = 1
		    resource reserved but not committed
	CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0001
		Upstream
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a000700012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004332303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000400
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Reserve
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 67
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 4
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-QoS-Descriptor = 0x000000052020202020202020202020202020202000000001
		Status_Bitmask = 5
		Service_Class_Name =                 
		QoS_Parameter_Array = 1
		    resource reserved but not committed
	CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0002
		Downstream
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "3479bc93d50898b5"
	Timestamp = 1274712182
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Mon May 24 10:43:02 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\372Ds   326311+030000\000\000\000\t"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009000f00012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004432303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000200
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
		Event_Message_Type = Call-Answer
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 68
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 2
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Charge-Number = "                sipp"
	CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Crl-ID = 
0x4bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a000f00012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004532303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
		Event_Message_Type = Call-Answer
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 69
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Charge-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Crl-ID = 
0x4bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "SIPPA"
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "3479bc93d50898b5"
	Timestamp = 1274712182
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Mon May 24 10:43:02 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\372Ds   326311+030000\000\000\000\t"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009001300012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004632303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Commit
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 70
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0001
		Upstream
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a001300012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004732303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Commit
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 71
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0002
		Downstream
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "3479bc93d50898b5"
	Timestamp = 1274712182
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Mon May 24 10:43:02 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\372Ds   326311+030000\000\000\000\t"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009001600012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004832303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000100
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
		Event_Message_Type = Media-Statistics
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 72
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 1
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Attr-93 = 
0x50533d302c204f533d302c2050523d302c204f523d302c2050443d302c204f443d302c20504c3d302c204a49
3d302c204c413d302c2050432f5250533d302c2050432f524f533d302c2050432f5250523d302c2050432f5250
4c3d302c2050432f524a493d30
		RTCP Data:
		PS=0, OS=0, PR=0, OR=0, PD=0, OD=0, PL=0, JI=0, LA=0, PC/RPS=0, PC/ROS=0, 
PC/RPR=0, PC/RPL=0, PC/RJI=0
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a001600012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004932303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000100
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
		Event_Message_Type = Media-Statistics
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 73
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 1
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Attr-93 = 
0x50533d302c204f533d302c2050523d302c204f523d302c2050443d302c204f443d302c20504c3d302c204a49
3d302c204c413d302c2050432f5250533d302c2050432f524f533d302c2050432f5250523d302c2050432f5250
4c3d302c2050432f524a493d30
		RTCP Data:
		PS=0, OS=0, PR=0, OR=0, PD=0, OD=0, PL=0, JI=0, LA=0, PC/RPS=0, PC/ROS=0, 
PC/RPR=0, PC/RPL=0, PC/RJI=0
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "3479bc93d50898b5"
	Timestamp = 1274712182
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Mon May 24 10:43:02 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\372Ds   326311+030000\000\000\000\t"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009000800012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004a32303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000200
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Release
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 74
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 2
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0001
		Upstream
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a000800012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004b32303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000200
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Release
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 75
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 2
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0002
		Downstream
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "3479bc93d50898b5"
	Timestamp = 1274712182
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Mon May 24 10:43:02 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\372Ds   326311+030000\000\000\000\t"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009001000012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004c32303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000100
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
		Event_Message_Type = Call-Disconnect
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 76
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 1
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause = 0x000100000010
		Cause: Normal call clearing
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009000200012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004d32303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
		Event_Message_Type = Signaling-Stop
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 77
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Crl-ID = 
0x4bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
	CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause = 0x000100000010
		Cause: Normal call clearing
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "SIPPB"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a001000012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004e32303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000100
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
		Event_Message_Type = Call-Disconnect
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 78
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 1
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause = 0x000100000010
		Cause: Normal call clearing
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044bfa44732020203332363331312b3033303030300000000a000200012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000004f32303130303532343132313834332e3430370000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 10
		Event_Message_Type = Signaling-Stop
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 79
		Event_Time = 20100524121843.407
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Crl-ID = 
0x4bfa44732020203332363331312b30333030303000000009
		Timestamp = 1274692723
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 9
	CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause = 0x000100000010
		Cause: Normal call clearing
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "SIPPA"
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "3479bc93d50898b5"
	Timestamp = 1274712182
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   

Example 3

The following example shows requests from the SBC to RADIUS server where SBC is configured to include endpoint addressing information in billing records:

Tue May 11 13:26:00 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\351GA   326311+030000\000\000\000\001"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001000100012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000032303130303531313135303230382e3936340000000880000600
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
		Event_Message_Type = Signaling-Start
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 0
		Event_Time = 20100511150208.964
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 6
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Direction-indicator = 0x0001
		Originating
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "2.0.0.36,5078,UDP,SIPPB"
	CableLabs-Calling-Party-Number = "                sipp"
	CableLabs-Called-Party-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Routing-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Attr-87 = 0x0003
		Billing type - 
		 flat rate
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002000100012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000132303130303531313135303230382e3936340000000880000600
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
		Event_Message_Type = Signaling-Start
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 1
		Event_Time = 20100511150208.964
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 6
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Direction-indicator = 0x0002
		Terminating
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "MTA Endpoint" 
	CableLabs-Calling-Party-Number = "                sipp"
	CableLabs-Called-Party-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Routing-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Attr-87 = 0x0003
		Billing type - 
		 flat rate
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "95a26a97e3e08c3c"
	Timestamp = 1273598760
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
 
   
Tue May 11 13:25:59 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\351GA   326311+030000\000\000\000\001"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001000700012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000232303130303531313135303230392e3037330000000880000400
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Reserve
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 2
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.073
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 4
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-QoS-Descriptor = 0x000000052020202020202020202020202020202000000001
		Status_Bitmask = 5
		Service_Class_Name =                 
		QoS_Parameter_Array = 1
		    resource reserved but not committed
	CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0001
		Upstream
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002000700012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000332303130303531313135303230392e3037330000000880000400
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Reserve
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 3
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.073
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 4
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-QoS-Descriptor = 0x000000052020202020202020202020202020202000000001
		Status_Bitmask = 5
		Service_Class_Name =                 
		QoS_Parameter_Array = 1
		    resource reserved but not committed
	CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0002
		Downstream
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "95a26a97e3e08c3c"
	Timestamp = 1273598759
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Tue May 11 13:26:00 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\351GA   326311+030000\000\000\000\001"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001000f00012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000432303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000200
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
		Event_Message_Type = Call-Answer
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 4
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 2
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Charge-Number = "                sipp"
	CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Crl-ID = 
0x4be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002000f00012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000532303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
		Event_Message_Type = Call-Answer
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 5
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Charge-Number = "             service"
	CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Crl-ID = 
0x4be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "1.0.0.36,5068,UDP,SIPPA" 
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "95a26a97e3e08c3c"
	Timestamp = 1273598760
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Tue May 11 13:26:00 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\351GA   326311+030000\000\000\000\001"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001001300012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000632303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Commit
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 6
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0001
		Upstream
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002001300012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000732303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Commit
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 7
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-MTA-UDP-Portnum = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0002
		Downstream
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "95a26a97e3e08c3c"
	Timestamp = 1273598760
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Tue May 11 13:26:00 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\351GA   326311+030000\000\000\000\001"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001001600012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000832303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000100
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
		Event_Message_Type = Media-Statistics
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 8
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 1
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Attr-93 = 
0x50533d302c204f533d302c2050523d302c204f523d302c2050443d302c204f443d302c20504c3d302c204a49
3d302c204c413d302c2050432f5250533d302c2050432f524f533d302c2050432f5250523d302c2050432f5250
4c3d302c2050432f524a493d30
		RTCP Data:
		PS=0, OS=0, PR=0, OR=0, PD=0, OD=0, PL=0, JI=0, LA=0, PC/RPS=0, PC/ROS=0, 
PC/RPR=0, PC/RPL=0, PC/RJI=0
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002001600012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000932303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000100
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
		Event_Message_Type = Media-Statistics
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 9
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 1
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Attr-93 = 
0x50533d302c204f533d302c2050523d302c204f523d302c2050443d302c204f443d302c20504c3d302c204a49
3d302c204c413d302c2050432f5250533d302c2050432f524f533d302c2050432f5250523d302c2050432f5250
4c3d302c2050432f524a493d30
		RTCP Data:
		PS=0, OS=0, PR=0, OR=0, PD=0, OD=0, PL=0, JI=0, LA=0, PC/RPS=0, PC/ROS=0, 
PC/RPR=0, PC/RPL=0, PC/RJI=0
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "95a26a97e3e08c3c"
	Timestamp = 1273598760
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Tue May 11 13:26:00 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\351GA   326311+030000\000\000\000\001"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001000800012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000a32303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000200
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Release
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 10
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 2
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0001
		Upstream
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002000800012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000b32303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000200
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
		Event_Message_Type = QoS-Release
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 11
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 2
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-SF-ID = 0
	CableLabs-Flow-Direction = 0x0002
		Downstream
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "95a26a97e3e08c3c"
	Timestamp = 1273598760
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   
Tue May 11 13:26:00 2010
	NAS-IP-Address = 172.18.53.179
	Acct-Status-Type = Interim-Update
	Acct-Session-Id = "K\351GA   326311+030000\000\000\000\001"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001001000012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000c32303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000100
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
		Event_Message_Type = Call-Disconnect
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 12
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 1
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause = 0x000100000010
		Cause: Normal call clearing
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001000200012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000d32303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
		Event_Message_Type = Signaling-Stop
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 13
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Crl-ID = 
0x4be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
	CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause = 0x000100000010
		Cause: Normal call clearing
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "2.0.0.36,5078,UDP,SIPPB"
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002001000012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000e32303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000100
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
		Event_Message_Type = Call-Disconnect
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 14
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 1
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause = 0x000100000010
		Cause: Normal call clearing
	CableLabs-Event-Message = 
0x00044be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000002000200012020203332363331312b30333030
30300000000f32303130303531313135303230392e3537330000000880000300
		Version_ID = 4
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 2
		Event_Message_Type = Signaling-Stop
		Element_Type = 1
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Sequence_Number = 15
		Event_Time = 20100511150209.573
		Status = 8
		Priority = 128
		Attribute_Count = 3
		Event_Object = 0
	CableLabs-Related-Call-Billing-Crl-ID = 
0x4be947412020203332363331312b30333030303000000001
		Timestamp = 1273579329
		Element_ID =    32631
		Time_Zone = 1+030000
		Event_Counter = 1
	CableLabs-Call-Termination-Cause = 0x000100000010
		Cause: Normal call clearing
	CableLabs-MTA-Endpoint-Name = "1.0.0.36,5068,UDP,SIPPA"
	Acct-Unique-Session-Id = "95a26a97e3e08c3c"
	Timestamp = 1273598760
	Request-Authenticator = Verified
 
   

Security

The PacketCable 1.5 Event Messages Specification mandates that the billing messages are sent using the RADIUS protocol and IPSec for security.


Note In ACE SBC Release 3.0.00, only the RADIUS security mechanism, based on its own Request Authenticator, is supported.