Table Of Contents
Release Notes for Cisco MICA Portware Version 18.104.22.168 on Cisco AS5300, Cisco AS5800, Cisco 3600, and Cisco 3700 Series
November 25, 2002
These release notes describe Cisco MICA Portware Version 22.214.171.124 on Cisco AS5300, Cisco AS5800, Cisco 3600, and Cisco 3700 series with Cisco IOS Software Release 12.2(2)XA, 12.2(2)XB, 12.2(11)T, and higher. This is a V.92 maintenance release.
This document includes the following sections:
New Features for Version 126.96.36.199
Cisco MICA Portware Version 188.8.131.52 contains caveat resolution from the following portware versions:
•Cisco MICA 184.108.40.206
•Cisco MICA 220.127.116.11
•Cisco MICA 2.7.2.x versions.
Refer to the Cisco MICA portware release notes for Cisco AS5300 for caveat and feature information in these versions.
Cisco MICA Portware Version 18.104.22.168 is supported with Cisco IOS Release 12.2(2)XA, 12.2(2)XB, 12.2(11)T, and higher. On all Cisco IOS software platforms that support Cisco MICA portware but that do not support V.92 and V.44 (all Cisco IOS software releases prior to 12.2(2)XA, 12.2(2)XB, and 12.2(11)T and all Cisco IOS software that supports the Cisco 3600), Cisco MICA portware 22.214.171.124 and follow on releases are supported as long as V.92 and V.44 are disabled in the configuration.
The Cisco 3600 and Cisco 3700 series are supported in Cisco MICA Portware Version 126.96.36.199 through Version 188.8.131.52, but only Version 184.108.40.206 contains the bundled firmware for the Cisco 3600 and Cisco 3700 series.
Refer to the Compatibility Matrixes for Cisco AS5x00, Cisco 3600, and Cisco 3700 Platforms with Cisco MICA 6-Port and 12-Port Modem Module Portware.
For platform-specific information, refer to the Cisco AS5300 Universal Access Servers Release Notes.
Note Many client modems used in Europe are known to have problems with the V.92 Modem on Hold feature. The vendors are aware of the issue and are working to correct it. If you are having trouble with the Modem on Hold feature in Europe, it is suggested that the customer contact the client modem vendor to verify that the modem complies with the telephony signaling for call waiting, caller ID, and 3-way calling in their particular country. For more information, refer to the
Configuring and Troubleshooting V.92 Modems document on Cisco.com.
Note For V.92 and V.44, the capabilities exchange feature is only supported in 12.2(2)XB6 and higher releases. If you are using Cisco IOS Release 12.2(2)XA, 12.2(2)XB5, or earlier releases, you must modify S54 in a modem cap to enable V.92 and V.44 operation as described in the "CSCdu43488---Capabilities exchange needs to be fully implemented." section.
Note For a list of modems tested with Cisco MICA portware, refer to the
Modem Interoperability List for V.34 and V.90 Modems document on Cisco.com.
Cisco MICA Portware Version 220.127.116.11 is supported on the following platforms:
•Cisco 3600 series
•Cisco 3700 series
Cisco MICA Portware Features
Table 1 Feature Content by Modem Version
Portware Version Feature Content
V.92 maintenance release. Capabilities exchange enhancements added to address CSCdu43488---Capabilities exchange needs to be fully implemented.
Feature release. New features added to existing 18.104.22.168 features. Support for Cisco IOS Software Release 12.2(2)XA, 12.2(2)XB, 12.2(11)T, and higher1 .
•V.92 Quick Connect
•V.92 Modem on Hold
•V.44 LZJH Data Compression
Non-V.92 maintenance release. New features added to existing 22.214.171.124 features:
•S74—Minimum duration of TRN1d signal in milliseconds (CSCdv46797).
Maintenance release. New features added to existing 126.96.36.199 features. Cisco IOS Software Release 12.1(5) support.
•V.110 blind connect feature for compatibility with nonstandard clients (CSCdr39887), which is enabled by bit 9 in S-register S54.
–S71 and S72 (Decouple maximum symbol rates for V.90 and V.34)
–S64, finer granularity in modulation selection (CSCdm94337)
Maintenance release. New features added to existing 188.8.131.52 features. Cisco IOS Software Release 12.1(5) support.
•W, X, and (,) dial modifiers
•Support for IPDC protocol for call control signaling
•Additional V.110 speeds (CSCdm43898): 38,400, 28,800, 24,000, 12,000 bps
•Additional dial modifiers (CSCdk10292)
•Decoupled V.90 power levels for S-registers S39 and S59 (CSCdm52396)
•New values for S54 general capabilities register
•Signal quality threshold changes
•Parity for error controlled connections (CSCdj92333)
•Added client modems for V.90 Digital Impariment Learning (DIL) sequence detection
Feature release. New features added to existing Version 184.108.40.206 features.
•V.110 ISDN rate specification
•spe download command
•Cisco AS5800 supported on Cisco IOS Release 12.0(5)T onlyModulation
•ITU-T Recommendation Q.931 V.110 Bearer Rates:
1200 bps, 2400 bps, 4800 bps, 7200 bps, 9600 bps, 14,400 bps, 19,200 bps, 38,400 bps.
•ITU-T Recommendation Q.931 Intermediate Rates:
8k, 16k, 32k, and 64k bps.
Maintenance release. New features added to existing Version 220.127.116.11 features.Signaling
•Resource Pool Management (RPM):
–Ring-back tone generation.Port Management
•Improved port management interfacing for acquiring modem/port data for AAA records.
SS7 support added to Version 18.104.22.168 features.Signaling
•Continuity Testing (COT) of DSO channels in SS7 networks.
V.90 and RFC-2217 dialout support for fax/data.
Note The Cisco DialOut Utility (CDU) is no longer supported. Refer to the
Cisco DialOut Utility End of Sale/Shipping bulletin and the
Sample NAS Configurations for Cisco DialOut Utility document for information.Modulation
•V.90 standard supporting rates of 56,000 to 28,000 in 1333.3-bps increments.
•Fax out (transmission) Group 3, standards EIA 2388 Class 2 and EIA 592 Class 2.0, at modulations V.33, V.29, V.27ter, V.21, and V.17.
R1 support plus K56flex maintenance.Signaling
•R1 noncompelled and semicompelled.
•Rockwell K56flex at 56,000 to 32,000 in 2000 bps increments.
Initial V.34+ release.Modulation
•ITU-T V.34 Annex 12 at 33600 and 31200 bps.
•ITU-T V.34 at 26,400, 24,000, 21,600, 19,200, 16,800, 14,400, 12,000, 9600, 7200, 4800, or 2400 bps.
•V.32bis = 14400, 12000, 9600, 7200, 4800; V.32 = 9600, 4800; V.22bis = 2400, 1200; V.21 = 300; Bell212A = 1200, Bell103 = 300; V.22 = 1200; V.23 = 1200/75.Signaling
•R2 compelled, noncompelled, and semicompelled.Protocols
•ITU-T V.42 (including MNP 2-4 and LAPM) Error Correction.
•ITU-T V.42bis (1K nodes) and MNP 5 Data Compression.Modem Standard
•ITU-T V. 25—Automatic calling or answering equipment on dialup lines. This standard includes the procedures for disabling echo control devices for calls that are established manually and automatically.
1 Support for V.92 and V.44 on the Cisco 36x0 and Cisco 37x0 has been added with Cisco IOS Release 12.2(11)YT. Cisco MICA Version 22.214.171.124 is the bundled portware with the Cisco IOS software.
Caveats for Cisco MICA Version 126.96.36.199
This section describes known problems with portware Version 188.8.131.52. If a workaround is not provided, a solution is being developed.
•CSCdw86811—Bad modems after reload and check modems sequence
•CSCds50294—On rare occasions, a Cisco MICA modem may go into sudden Connect TimeOut Failure Mode (CTOFM)
•CSCdu43488—Capabilities exchange needs to be fully implemented (see the "Caveat Notes" section)
•CSCdw11372—Calls fail to connect when forcing a V42 protocol connection
•CSCdu32617—Need to replace common customer DEBUGTHISMODEM commands
•CSCdu70377—V.32 terbo on ATi3
•CSCdu41382—3429Hz V.90 uplink should be disabled by default
•CSCdt82990—%R help on S64=0 should be corrected
•CSCdu08430—Miscellaneous %R output corrections
•CSCdu38846—Protocols Attempted Not Updated for V.44
•CSCdu70716—S registers incorrect responses
•CSCdt95223—Cisco MICA too quick to go into Link state before detecting BUSY
•CSCdu25569—V.110 flow control may corrupt user data
•CSCdu84874—Incorrect L1 transmitting level during V90 phase 2 train-up
•CSCdu10329—Add code reference points in SP code
•CSCdu74834—Cisco MICA terminates a call with the disconnect reason: 0x0000
•CSCdu84071—Modem on hold (MOH) counters wrap around at 255
•CSCdv13917—Lower symbol rates should be supported in V.90 phase 2 train-up
•CSCdu29842—Cisco MICA needs to set timer for detecting dialtone and report status
•CSCdu66553—Improve Cisco MICA bad frame averaging
•CSCdv70704—Bit 40 of V.90 INFO0d should be cleared if 3429 uplink rate disabled
•CSCdv02248—Fail to train on client #YJSDPN (see the "Caveat Notes" section)
•CSCdt15719—EOABT connect failures
•CSCdt39317—Specific PCMCIA client modem falls back to V.34 from V.90
•CSCdu67467—Digital pad values are not reported properly
•CSCdu72737—Client modem disconnect due to 0x8204 on MNP/MNP5 mode
•CSCdv31470—Cisco MICA needs to negotiate modem on hold (MOH) solidly during a retrain
If you have an account on Cisco.com, you can also use the Bug Toolkit to find select caveats of any severity. To reach the Bug Toolkit, log in to Cisco.com and click Service & Support: Software Center: Cisco IOS Software: BUG TOOLKIT. Another option is to go to
This section provides specific caveat details from the "Resolved Caveats" section.
CSCdu43488---Capabilities exchange needs to be fully implemented.
Cisco MICA portware patch 184.108.40.206 and above contains a feature that disables V.92 and V.44 if the Cisco IOS software being used does not support V.92 and V.44. Feature capabilities in Cisco IOS software are determined by the Capabilities Exchange operation, which occurs immediately after portware download.
If the Cisco IOS software does not support a certain portware feature (or if the software does not support Capabilities Exchange), you can use portware patch 220.127.116.11, which disables V.92, V.44, and the splitting of the speedshift and retrain counters. This functionality allows for backwards compatibility with older Cisco IOS software versions.
If needed, V.92 can be manually enabled using S54=16384. However, you should only do so if the Cisco IOS software version being used supports V.92 (for example, 12.2(2)XA and above or 12.2(2)XB and above). For more information, refer to the
Cisco AS5x00 and Cisco 3600 Cisco MICA 6-Port and 12-Port Modem Module Portware/Cisco IOS Software Compatibility Matrixes on Cisco.com.
Portware that supports V.92 (for example, 18.104.22.168) and V.92-capable Cisco IOS releases such as 12.2(2)XA and 12.2(2)XB did not support Capabilities Exchange (for further details, refer to the Cisco IOS DDTS, CSCdu81035—Support needed for MICA V.92 and split counters capabilities exchange. (This issue is being resolved in future V.92-capable Cisco IOS releases.)
Portware patch 22.214.171.124 and above now supports Capabilities Exchange, but if the Cisco IOS release you are using does not, V.92 and V.44 are disabled unless you create the following modemcap:
&F&D2S54=16384S29=12S21=15 (plus any additional S54, Quick Connect, Modem On Hold, or other additional settings.)
Note S54=16384 needs to be set as the first S-register, and once it is set, the only way to disable V.92 is to download the portware again. As with past Cisco IOS software and portware features, it is not recommended that V.92 be re-enabled with S54 if you are not using a V.92-capable Cisco IOS software version such as 12.2(2)XA and above or 12.2(2)XB and above.
You can use portware 126.96.36.199 and above with a non-V.92 capable Cisco IOS version if you only desire the added fixes listed in the Caveat Notes section and you do not re-enable V.92 (unless you upgrade your Cisco IOS software to 12.2(2)XA or 12.2(2)XB). However, these features might send link information and statistics that the Cisco IOS software might not understand. This might result in invalid messages being printed out by Cisco IOS software (a cosmetic issue), but the portware will work fine.
S54 (200) General Capability Register (bit-mapped)
The S54 register defaults to S54=200 in Cisco MICA Portware Version 188.8.131.52 and above. This enables Power Control (CSCdk11008), 0.5 increment for SQ value (CSCdp40871), and the UART functionality/EC parity bit (CSCds35369).
The following values are supported in this portware release:
S54 Value Description
All general options disabled.
Reserved for engineering use.
Enable aggressive client capping.
Force 4-point training (see the 4-Point Training (S54=4) Debug Tool section).
Enable power control. Enabled by default.
Enable EC quality checking.
CAP Rx rate to 26400 when detecting PC-Tel modem (see CSCdm45403).
Enable UART functionality (see CSCdj92333). Enabled by default.
Enable 0.5 increment for SQ value using S32 (see CSCdp40871). Enabled by default.
DSP reset enable (see CSCdp94025).
Enable V.110 S&X option to be the same as Cisco AS5200 (see CSCdr39887).
Enable enhanced S detector (see CSCdr65889).
Enable V.92 and V.44 (see Cisco MICA DDTS, CSCdu43488, and Cisco IOS DDTS, CSCdu81035).
CSCdv02248—Fail to train on client #YJSDPN
This issue was caused by a Telco echo suppressor being re-enabled, which would normally be disabled throughout a given call. However, this particular PCMCIA client modem gave a nearly 4-second delay before trying to re-train. If Cisco MICA also kept silence during that delay, the Telco echo suppressor would be re-enabled, and the modems would not properly fall back to V.34.
The problem was resolved by having Cisco MICA continually transmit V.90 bits instead of silence while waiting for the re-train request from this particular client modem.
So that other client modems are not impacted by this issue, a DSP debug configuration bit has been added to enable the fix. Create a modemcap that includes the following to set this configuration bit and turn on the fix:
4-Point Training (S54=4) Debug Tool
There are two types of training, 4-point and 16-point. This information is provided by signal J in phase 3 of a modem connection. These size denotations tell the modems which constellation size is used when the modems are training up (in phase 4). 6-point is used the most, but if you do not have a very clean line, and you are having problems syncing up, you can set the constellation size to 4-point to see if you are having problems during training. With 4-point, there are less detection errors (the points are spread further away, so the detection is more lenient) than 16-point which has to be more precise.
Additionally, 4-point training is a more robust way of completing the full duplex train in V.34, V.90, and K56Flex. The regular train uses an 8-point constellation. When the line is noisy, the standard allows you to switch down to a 4-point constellation, which allows you to operate reliably in a lower SNR environment and complete training. We have broken this out into an S-register (S54=4) as a debug tool for customer use.
Downloading Portware Modem Code
Download new portware by going to the following link:
SPE Download Tasks
Cisco supports portware configuration using service processing element (SPE) configuration commands and modem-pool commands. The spe command allows portware to be downloaded to the SPE.
To download modem portware using the spe command, enter the spe command, one configuration command per line.
Step 1 Enter the spe command and subcommands, one configuration command per line:Router# configure terminalRouter(config)# spe <slot>/<spe_begin> <slot>/<spe_end>Router(config-spe)# firmware location system:/ucode/mica_port_firmwareRouter(config-spe)# ^Z
For example, the following display shows a Cisco AS5300 SPE download to all modems in Slot 1 (that is, all modems on a feature card containing ten 6-port modem modules). The modem code resides in the Flash memory, and the modem code filename is mica-modem-portware.184.108.40.206.bin.Router(config)# spe 1/0 1/9Router(config-spe)# firmware location flash:mica-modem-portware.220.127.116.11.bin
Step 2 Copy the configuration from NVRAM into running RAM:Router# copy running-config startup-config
Download occurs when the modems become available and shows the SPE firmware upgrade option defined (default: busyout). The spe command generates NVRAM modem download and configuration file entries.
Note If the configuration is not saved as described above, download of the portware specified with the spe command will not occur after the next reboot.
For detailed information on the spe command, go to the following link:
Modem-Pool Download Tasks
If you have an account on Cisco.com, you can download modem portware/firmware using FTP if you are using Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0(5)T or earlier at the following link:
For further information about Cisco MICA portware and Cisco IOS software, see the following related sources:
•Release Notes for Cisco AS5300 Universal Access Servers for Cisco IOS Release 12.2 XA
•Release Notes for Cisco AS5300 Universal Access Servers for Cisco IOS Release 12.2 XB
•Cisco AS5x00 Cisco MICA 6-Port and 12-Port Modem Module Portware/Cisco IOS Software Compatibility Matrixes
•Cisco MICA Modem Dial Modifiers for Cisco AS5300, Cisco AS5400, and AS5800 Universal Access Servers
•Cisco IOS Release 12.2 Configuration Guides and Command References
•Cisco IOS Release 12.2 Master Indexes
•Cisco IOS Dial Services Command Reference for Cisco IOS Software Release 12.2
•AT Command Set and Register Summary for Cisco MICA 6-Port Modules
•Modem Management Operations
•SPE and Firmware Download Enhancements
•Cisco AS5300 access servers, Appendix A, "Managing Modems," and Appendix B, "Rom Monitor," in the Cisco AS5300 Universal Access Server Software Configuration Guide
•Modem Management Commands
Note The Cisco DialOut Utility (CDU) is no longer supported. Refer to the Cisco DialOut Utility End of Sale/Shipping bulletin and the Sample NAS Configurations for Cisco DialOut Utility document for information.
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