Cisco 4000 Series ISRs Software Configuration Guide
Overview
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Overview

Overview

This document is a summary of software functionality that is specific to the Cisco 4000 Series Integrated Services Routers (ISRs).

The following table lists the router models that belong to the Cisco 4000 Series ISRs.

Table 1 Cisco 4000 Series Router Models

Cisco ISR 4400 Series

Cisco ISR 4300 Series

  • Cisco ISR 4431

  • Cisco ISR 4451

  • Cisco ISR 4321

  • Cisco ISR 4331

  • Cisco ISR 4351


Note


Unless otherwise specified, the information in this document is applicable to both Cisco 4400 series and Cisco 4300 series routers.


The following sections are included in this chapter:

Introduction

The Cisco 4000 series ISRs are modular routers with LAN and WAN connections that can be configured by means of interface modules, including Cisco Enhanced Service Modules (SM-Xs), and Network Interface Modules (NIMs). NIM slots also support removable storage for hosted applications.

The following features are provided for enterprise and service provider applications:

  • Enterprise Applications

    • High-end branch gateway

    • Regional site aggregation

    • Key server or PfR master controller

    • Device consolidation or "Rack in a Box"

  • Service Provider Applications

    • High-end managed services in Customer-Premises Equipment (CPE)

    • Services consolidation platform

    • Route reflector or shadow router

    • Flexible customer edge router

The router runs Cisco IOS XE software, and uses software components in many separate processes. This modular architecture increases network resiliency, compared to standard Cisco IOS software.

Sections in this Document

Table 2 Sections in this Document

Section

Description

Overview

Provides a high-level description of the router and describes the main internal processes of the router.

Using Cisco IOS XE Software

Describes the basics of using Cisco IOS XE software with the router.

Using the Management Interfaces

Describes the uses of a Gigabit Ethernet management interface and a web user interface.

Console Port, Telnet, and SSH Handling

Describes software features that are common across Cisco IOS XE platforms.

Installing the Software

Contains important information about filesystems, packages, licensing, and installing software.

Basic Router Configuration

Describes the basic tasks required to configure a router.

Slot and Subslot Configuration

Provides information about the chassis slot numbers and subslots where the service modules are installed.

Process Health Monitoring

Provides information about managing and monitoring the health of various components of the router.

System Messages

Provides information about syslog messages.

Trace Management

Describes the tracing function where logs of internal events on a router are recorded.

Environmental Monitoring and PoE Management

Describes the environmental monitoring features on a router.

Configuring High Availability

Provides information about high availability features on a router to ensure network-wide protection.

Configuration Examples

Lists examples that include software installation and packaging.

Managing Cisco Enhanced Services and Network Interface Modules

Includes information about modules that can be attached to the router and provides related links to further documentation. For further details on configuring the modules (NIMs and SMs), also see the Documentation Roadmap.

Processes

The list of background processes in the following table may be useful for checking router state and troubleshooting. However, you do not need to understand these processes to understand most router operations.

Table 3 Individual Processes

Process

Purpose

Affected FRUs

Sub Package Mapping

Chassis Manager

Controls chassis management functions, including management of the High Availability (HA) state, environmental monitoring, and FRU state control.

RP

SIP

ESP

RPControl

SIPBase

ESPBase

Host Manager

Provides an interface between the IOS process and many of the information gathering functions of the underlying platform kernel and operating system.

RP

SIP

ESP

RPControl

SIPBase

ESPBase

Logger

Provides IOS logging services to processes running on each FRU.

RP

SIP

ESP

RPControl

SIPBase

ESPBase

IOS

Implements all forwarding and routing features for the router.

RP

RPIOS

Forwarding Manager

Manages downloading of configuration details to the ESP and the communication of forwarding plane information, such as statistics, to the IOS process.

RP

ESP

RPControl

ESPBase

Pluggable Services

Provide integration between platform policy applications, such as authentication and the IOS process.

RP

RPControl

Shell Manager

Provides user interface (UI) features relating to non-IOS components of the consolidated package. These features are also available for use in diagnostic mode when the IOS process fails.

RP

RPControl

IO Module process

Exchanges configuration and other control messages with a NIM, or Enhanced Service Module (SM-X).

IO Module

SIPSPA

CPP driver process

Manages CPP hardware forwarding engine on the ESP.

ESP

ESPBase

CPP HA process

Manages HA state for the CPP hardware forwarding engine.

ESP

ESPBase

CPP SP process

Performs high-latency tasks for the CPP-facing functionality in the ESP instance of the Forwarding Manager process.

ESP

ESPBase

For further details of router capabilities and models, see the Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4000 Series Integrated Services Routers.