Network Processing Engine and Network Services Engine Installation and Configuration
NPE-G2 Overview
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NPE-G2 Overview

Table Of Contents

NPE-G2 Overview

Supported Platforms

Software Requirements

NPE-G2 Description and Overview

Bandwidth Requirements

Components

Interfaces

LEDs

CompactFlash Disk

USB Ports

Summary of Important NPE-G2 Information

System Management Functions

Terms and Acronyms

NPE-G2 Memory Information and Specifications

Connection Equipment and Specifications

Ethernet and Fast Ethernet RJ-45 Connection Equipment

Gigabit Ethernet SFP Connection Equipment

Mode-Conditioning Patch Cord Description

Console and Auxiliary Port Connection Equipment

RJ-45 Console Port Signals and Pinouts

RJ-45 Auxiliary Port Signals and Pinouts

Fiber Optic Cleaning Information


NPE-G2 Overview


This chapter describes the NPE-G2 and contains the following sections:

Supported Platforms

Software Requirements

NPE-G2 Description and Overview

NPE-G2 Memory Information and Specifications

Fiber Optic Cleaning Information


Caution You must copy and save your running configuration file to a CompactFlash Disk, PC Card, or TFTP server before you install the NPE-G2. For instructions on copying and saving your configuration file, see the "Copying the Configuration File" section on page 7-4 in Chapter 7, "NPE-G1 and NPE-G2 Installation and Configuration Information."

For general preparation for installation instructions, see Chapter 8, "Preparation for Installation." For installation and configuration instructions specific to the NPE-G2, see Chapter 7, "NPE-G1 and NPE-G2 Installation and Configuration Information."

Supported Platforms

The NPE-G2 is supported on the Cisco 7200 VXR routers and Cisco uBR7200 series routers. For the Cisco 7200 VXR routers, order Part Number NPE-G2 or NPE-G2=. For the Cisco uBR7200 series routers, order Part Number UBR7200-NPE-G2 or UBR7200-NPE-G2=.


Note Unless otherwise indicated, all references to NPE-G2 in this document also refer to UBR7200-NPE-G2.


Software Requirements

For minimum software release information, see the "Software Requirements" section on page 8-4.


Note The NPE-G2 has its own Cisco IOS software image with the prefix "c7200p-" in the software images filenames, including the boot image. The NPE-G2 does not boot up with a software image with the prefix "c7200-". Previous network processing engines, or the network services engine, do not boot up with the "c7200p-" boot image. They use the prefix "c7200-".


NPE-G2 Description and Overview

This section contains information about the NPE-G2 components and the system management functions. The following information is in this section:

Bandwidth Requirements

Components

Interfaces

LEDs

CompactFlash Disk

USB Ports

Summary of Important NPE-G2 Information

System Management Functions

Terms and Acronyms

Like the NPE-G1, the NPE-G2 provides the functionality of both a network processing engine and I/O controller. If used without an I/O controller, an I/O controller blank panel must be in place.

While its design provides I/O controller functionality, it can also work with any I/O controller supported in the Cisco 7200 VXR routers or Cisco uBR7200 series routers. The NPE-G2, when installed with an I/O controller, provides the bootflash and NVRAM that the Cisco IOS software uses to boot.


Note An I/O controller can be used with the NPE-G2, but an I/O controller is not necessary for system functionality. Installing an I/O controller in a chassis with the NPE-G2 activates the console and auxiliary ports on the I/O controller and automatically disables the console and auxiliary ports on the NPE-G2. However, you can still use the CompactFlash Disk slots and Ethernet ports on both the NPE-G2 and I/O controller when both cards are installed.


The NPE-G2 maintains and executes the system management functions for the Cisco 7200 VXR routers and Cisco uBR7200 series routers and also holds the system memory and environmental monitoring functions. The NPE-G2 consists of one board with multiple interfaces.

The NPE-G2 can be used with the Port Adapter Jacket Card installed in the I/O controller slot. If you are upgrading to an NPE-G2 and Port Adapter Jacket Card at the same time, see the Port Adapter Jacket Card Installation Guide for information about the order of installation of both the NPE-G2 and the Port Adapter Jacket Card.

Bandwidth Requirements

The Gigabit Ethernet ports on the NPE-G2 do not use bandwidth points, nor does the Fast Ethernet management port. When used with any I/O controller, the Ethernet ports, Fast Ethernet ports, or Gigabit Ethernet ports on the I/O controller also do not use bandwidth points.

Components

Figure 6-1 illustrates the NPE-G2 and its major components.

Figure 6-1 NPE-G2

1

Midplane connectors

6

Flash memory (U13)

2

Boot ROM (U24)

7

DIMM (socket—S1)

3

NVRAM (on bottom of board—U17)

8

Temperature sensor (inlet—U23)

4

Temperature sensor (outlet—U20)

9

Processor (U30)

5

Flash memory (U19)

10

Keying post


The NPE-G2 consists of the following components:

Motorola Freescale 7448 processor

Microprocessor operates at an internal clock speed of 1.67 GHz.

Hardware logic to interconnect the processor, double data rate synchronous dynamic random-access memory (DDR-SDRAM), lightning data transport (LDT) bus, the generic PCI bus, and three direct-interface Gigabit Ethernet interfaces.

Cache memory

The NPE-G2 has two levels of cache: primary and secondary cache that are internal to the microprocessor with secondary unified cache for data and instruction.

The NPE-G2 uses DDR SDRAM for providing code, data, and packet storage.

Two environmental sensors for monitoring the cooling air as it enters and leaves the chassis.

Full-feature I/O controller functionality

Three Gigabit Ethernet interfaces (six ports: three SFP [optical] and three RJ-45s [copper]). Any three ports are available at the same time and are linked directly to the processor; therefore the interfaces are not charged bandwidth points.

CompactFlash Disk for storing the default Cisco IOS software image. The CompactFlash Disk slot can be used whether or not an I/O controller is in the router.

Auxiliary port with full data terminal equipment (DTE) functionality. (Functional when an I/O controller is not present. If an I/O controller is present, its auxiliary port is the default port.)

Console port with full data communications equipment (DCE) functionality. (Functional when an I/O controller is not present. If an I/O controller is present, its console port is the default port.)

Dedicated 10/100 Fast Ethernet Management port—Not to be used for any other purpose.

Two USB ports for data storage using Cisco USB flash memory modules or security eToken for VPN applications.

Boot ROM for storing the ROMmon images.

Internal flash memory for storing the boot helper (boot loader) image and the Cisco IOS image. (The boot helper image comes installed on the NPE-G2.) If an I/O controller is present, its internal flash memory is no longer available.

NVRAM for storing the system configuration and environmental monitoring logs. NVRAM uses lithium batteries to maintain its contents when disconnected from power. If an I/O controller is present, its NVRAM memory is no longer available.

Upgradable memory module


Note An I/O controller can be used with the NPE-G2, but an I/O controller is not necessary for system functionality. Installing an I/O controller in a chassis with the NPE-G2 activates the console and auxiliary ports on the I/O controller and automatically disables the console and auxiliary ports on the NPE-G2. However, you can still use the Compact Flash Disk slots and Ethernet ports on both the NPE-G2 and I/O controller when both cards are installed.


Interfaces

The three interfaces on the NPE-G2 consist of three small form-factor (SFP) Gigabit Ethernet ports and three 10/100/1000 Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet ports. The rules for using these ports are:

Only one port per interface can be used at any one time. For example, for interface Gigabit Ethernet 0/1, either the RJ-45 port can be used or the SFP port, but not both.

A total of three ports on any of the three interfaces (0/1, 0/2, or 0/3) can be used at any one time; for example, 0/1 SFP, 0/2 SFP, and 0/3 RJ-45.

The port numbering for the interfaces on the NPE-G2 starts with 0/1 and not with 0/0, as is typical for other interface cards. This is to avoid conflicts with the Ethernet and Fast Ethernet ports on an I/O controller, if it is also installed.

Figure 6-2 NPE-G2 Interfaces

1

CPU Reset

8

Console port

2

Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet RJ-45 port—GE 0/1

9

Auxiliary port

3

Gigabit Ethernet port—GE 0/1

10

Fast Ethernet Management
port—FE 0/2

4

Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet RJ-45 port—GE 0/2

11

USB port 0

5

Gigabit Ethernet port—GE 0/2

12

USB port 1

6

Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet RJ-45 port—GE 0/3

13

CompactFlash Disk slot

7

Gigabit Ethernet port—GE 0/3

   


Note The Fast Ethernet Management RJ-45 port is only used for management activities—not for any other purpose.



Note The USB function is not supported on Cisco uBR7200 series routers.



Note The native Gigabit ports on the NPE-G2 do not support input flow control.


LEDs

This section provides information about the location and behavior of the NPE-G2 LEDs.

The NPE-G2 faceplate contains LEDs that indicate system and port status. The RJ-45 and SFP ports share the same LINK ACTV LED because only one of these ports per interface (0/1, 0/2, or 0/3) can be used at any one time. The EN (Enable) LED is on if the RJ-45 port is in use.

The PWR OK LED is on whether or not an I/O controller is present in the router. The CompactFlash Disk slot can be used whether or not an I/O controller is present in the router. The SYST STAT LED provides information about the status of the system.

Figure 6-3 NPE-G2 LEDs

Table 6-1

No.
LED Label
LED
Color
Description
1

LINK ACTV (Interfaces 0/1, 0/2, 0/3)

RJ-45 and SFP ports

Solid green

Link with no activity

Flashing green

Link with activity

Off

No link

2

EN (Enable) (Interfaces 0/1, 0/2, 0/3)

RJ-45 ports only

Solid green

RJ-45 port is selected.

Off

SFP port is selected.

3

FE LINK

Fast Ethernet Management port

Solid green

Link with no activity

Flashing green

Link with activity

Off

No link

4

USB

USB ports

Flashing green

Activity

Off

No activity

5

CF ACTV

CompactFlash Disk

Flashing green

Activity

Off

No activity

6

SYST STAT

System status

Blinking green

Cisco IOS is loading.

Solid green

Cisco IOS has successfully booted.

Blinking yellow

ROMmon is loading.

Solid yellow

ROMmon has successfully booted.

7

PWR OK

Power

Green

The NPE-G2 has powered on.

Off

No activity


CompactFlash Disk

The NPE-G2 has one CompactFlash Disk slot that uses CompactFlash Disks. The device in this slot is always addressed as disk2: when using Cisco IOS CLI commands.

CompactFlash Disks are smaller in size than Type 2 Flash Disks but provide the same Attachment (ATA) interface and equivalent functionality. This interface complies with the ANSI ATA Interface Document X3T13.1153 D Rev. 9 specification. The CompactFlash Disk provides 256 MB of storage space.

The CompactFlash Disk has controller circuitry that allows it to emulate a hard disk and automatically maps out bad blocks and performs automatic block erasure. The CompactFlash Disk also provides the capability to allocate noncontiguous sectors, which eliminates the need for the squeeze command (which was required with older-style linear flash memory cards to recover the space used by deleted files).

The CompactFlash Disk also supports the Cisco IOS File System feature, which provides a single interface to all of the router's file systems, including the Flash Disks and flash memory, as well as network file systems such as File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and Trivial FTP (TFTP) servers.

Table 6-4 lists the CompactFlash Disk options.

To install a CompactFlash Disk in the CompactFlash Disk slot, complete the following steps


Step 1 Attach an ESD wrist or ankle strap, connecting the equipment end of the strap to an unfinished chassis surface.

Step 2 Orient the CompactFlash Disk so that its connector end faces the appropriate slot. (See 1 in Figure 6-4.)

Figure 6-4 Installing and Removig a CompactFlash Disk

1

Inserting the compact Flash Disk

3

Removing the CompactFlash Disk

2

Pressing the ejector button to release the CompactFlash Disk

   

Step 3 Carefully insert the CompactFlash Disk into the slot until it completely seats in the connector, and the ejector button for the slot pops out toward you. (See 2 in Figure 6-4.)


Note The CompactFlash Disk is keyed and cannot be seated the wrong way. The ejector button does not pop out if the CompactFlash Disk is not completely inserted.



To remove a CompactFlash Disk from the CompactFlash Disk slot, complete the following steps:


Step 1 Press the ejector button on the slot. (See 3 in Figure 6-4.)

Step 2 Grasp the CompactFlash Disk and pull it from the slot.

Step 3 Place the CompactFlash Disk in an antistatic bag.



Note All CompactFlash Disks must be formatted before their initial use. CompactFlash Disks shipped with the NPE-G2 are formatted at the factory, but spare memory cards are not formatted.


USB Ports

The NPE-G2 provides two USB ports that can be used with USB Flash memory modules as secondary storage, similar to CompactFlash Disks. The USB Flash memory modules can be used to store Cisco IOS images, data, and configuration files. See Table 6-5 for USB Flash memory module product options and numbers.

The NPE-G2 includes USB ports that can be used with Cisco USB Flash memory modules or with the Aladdin USB eToken Pro key. These USB devices can be used with the NPE-G2 for the following functions:

The USB eToken Pro key by Aladdin Knowledge Systems provides a secure means to store and deploy information, such as a bootstrap configuration or VPN credentials, separate from the router chassis. The USB eToken uses smart card technology to protect a small area of memory and grants access using a personal identification number (PIN). When IP Security (IPSec) VPN credentials are stored on the USB eToken, they are safely external to the router. When the USB eToken is inserted in a USB port, the router can pass the PIN and unlock it, retrieving the credentials and copying them into running memory. When the USB eToken is removed, the router will erase the credentials from running memory, ensuring that they cannot be retrieved from the router itself.


Note For more information about the USB eToken Pro key by Aladdin Knowledge Systems, see the Aladdin website at www.aladdin.com/etoken/cisco.


The Cisco USB Flash memory module can be used to store an image or configuration file like a CompactFlash Disk. Unlike the USB eToken, the Cisco USB Flash memory module is nonsecure. See Table 6-5 for available USB Flash memory module configurations and product numbers.


Note The Cisco USB Flash memory module cannot be used to boot the router. The USB drivers exist only in Cisco IOS software, not ROM Monitor mode (ROMmon). As a result, a Cisco IOS image must be booted to load the drivers; only then can files be copied to and from the USB Flash memory module.



Note For detailed information about the Cisco IOS commands that support USB Flash memory modules, see the Cisco IOS USB Flash Module and USB eToken Support document.


Summary of Important NPE-G2 Information


Caution The NPE-G2 requires that you copy and save your running configuration file to a CompactFlash Disk, PC Card, or TFTP server before you install the NPE-G2. For instructions on copying and saving your configuration file, see the "Copying the Configuration File" section on page 7-4 in Chapter 7, "NPE-G1 and NPE-G2 Installation and Configuration Information."

For general preparation for installation instructions, see Chapter 8, "Preparation for Installation." For installation and configuration instructions specific to the NPE-G2, see Chapter 7, "NPE-G1 and NPE-G2 Installation and Configuration Information."

The NPE-G2 software image and kboot image name begins with "c7200p-", which is different from that of previous network processing engines.

The RJ-45 ports and SFP ports are both reported in software as GigabitEthernet 0/1, GigabitEthernet 0/2, and GigabitEthernet 0/3. Only one of the pair of interface ports can be used at a time; for example, SFP GigabitEthernet 0/2 or RJ-45 GigabitEthernet 0/2.

The I/O controller GE/E interface reports GigabitEthernet 0/0 and Ethernet 0/0, and the I/O controller 2FE/E interface reports FastEthernet 0/0 and FastEthernet 0/1.

If the RJ-45 port is in use, the EN (Enable) LED is on. If the SFP port is in use, the EN (Enable) LED is off.

With the NPE-G2 and an I/O controller both installed, the I/O controller functionality on the NPE-G2 is shared with that of the I/O controller.

When both an NPE-G2 and an I/O controller are installed, the flash memory and NVRAM of the NPE-G2 are enabled and the flash memory

and NVRAM on the I/O controller are no longer accessible.

The console and auxiliary ports on the NPE-G2 are disabled by Cisco IOS when an I/O controller is present; the console and auxiliary ports on the I/O controller are active.

Console port messages can be routed to the auxiliary port on either the NPE-G2 or on the I/O controller.

The default media is the RJ-45 port. To change the media type, use the media-type command.

Only the port selected by the media-type command is active. A cable attached to the other of the RJ-45 and SFP module pair will be ignored. For example, if SFP port GigabitEthernet 0/2 is selected using the media-type command, RJ-45 GigabitEthernet 0/2 is ignored, even if a cable is attached to RJ-45 0/2.

The NPE-G2 uses no bandwidth points, and when used with any I/O controller, the I/O controller also uses no bandwidth points. None of the Gigabit Ethernet interfaces on the NPE-G2 use bandwidth points.

The CompactFlash Disk on the NPE-G2 is available at all times, with or without an I/O controller installed. The CompactFlash Disk is always addressed as the disk2 device, to avoid conflicts with the disk0 and disk1 devices on the I/O controller, if the I/O controller is also installed.

USB Flash memory modules are available for data storage, with or without an I/O controller installed.


Note The Gigabit Ethernet interfaces on the NPE-G2 do not support the Inter-Switch Link (ISL) VLAN encapsulation protocol. We recommend that customers use the IEEE 802.1Q VLAN encapsulation protocol as an alternative. Where an application requires the use of ISL, this can be provided by the Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet port adapters or I/O controllers.


System Management Functions

The NPE-G2 performs the following system management functions:

Sending and receiving routing protocol updates

Managing tables, caches, and buffers

Monitoring interface and environmental status

Providing Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) management through the console and Telnet interface

Accounting for and switching of data traffic

Booting and reloading images

Managing port adapters (including recognition and initialization during online insertion and removal)

Terms and Acronyms

Boot ROM—Read-only memory that stores the boot image for bringing up the Cisco IOS image.

Cache—Memory with fast access and small capacity used to temporarily store recently accessed data; found either incorporated into the processor or near it.

CWDM— Coarse Wavelength-Division Multiplexing.

DIMM— Dual In-line Memory Module.

DDR SDRAM—double data rate synchronous dynamic random-access memory.

Flash memory—Location where the basic boot image is stored.

Instruction and data cache—Instructions to the processor, and data on which the instructions work.

Integrated cache—Cache that is built into the processor; sometimes referred to as internal cache. Cache memory physically located outside the processor is not integrated, and is sometimes referred to as external cache.

LDT bus—lightning data transport bus.

NVRAM—nonvolatile random-access memory.

OTP—one time programmable.

Primary and secondary cache—Hierarchical cache memory storage based on the proximity of the cache to the core of the processor. Primary cache is closest to the processor core and has the fastest access. Secondary cache has slower access than primary cache.

RAM—random-access memory.

RISC—reduced instruction set computing.

ROM—read-only memory.

SDRAM—synchronous dynamic random-access memory.

SDRAM-fixed—SDRAM of a fixed size or quantity; can be replaced, but not upgraded.

SFP module—small form-factor pluggable module.

Unified cache—Instruction cache and data cache are combined. For example, a processor may have primary cache with separate instruction and data cache memory, but unified secondary cache.

USB—universal serial bus.

NPE-G2 Memory Information and Specifications

To determine the memory configuration of your NPE-G2, use the show version command.

The following example shows an NPE-G2 installed in a Cisco 7206VXR router.

Router# show version  
Cisco IOS Software, 7200 Software (C7200-JS-M), Version 12.4(PC_D.051028)  
CISCO DEVELOPMENT TEST VERSION 
Copyright (c) 1986-2005 by Cisco Systems, Inc. 
Compiled Fri 28-Oct-05 00:30 by 
ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.3(20050910:182137) [xxxx 103], DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE 

7448-1 uptime is 2 days, 17 hours, 52 minutes 
System returned to ROM by power-on 
System image file is "disk2:c7200p-js-mz" 
Cisco 7206VXR (NPE-G2) processor (revision A) with 917504K/131072K bytes of memory. 
Processor board ID 32428149 
MPC7448 CPU at 1660Mhz, Implementation 0, Rev 2.0 
6 slot VXR midplane, Version 2.8 
Last reset from power-on 

PCI bus mb1 (Slots 1, 3 and 5) has a capacity of 600 bandwidth points. 
Current configuration on bus mb1 has a total of 780 bandwidth points.  
The set of PA-2FE, PA-POS-2OC3, and I/O-2FE qualify for "half  
bandwidth points" consideration, when full bandwidth point counting  
results in oversubscription, under the condition that only one of the  
two ports is used. With this adjustment, current configuration on bus  
mb1 has a total of 480 bandwidth points.  
This configuration is within the PCI bus capacity and is supported  
under the above condition. 

PCI bus mb2 (Slots 2, 4 and 6) has a capacity of 600 bandwidth points. 
Current configuration on bus mb2 has a total of 1000 bandwidth points. 
The set of PA-2FE, PA-POS-2OC3, and I/O-2FE qualify for "half  
bandwidth points" consideration, when full bandwidth point counting  
results in oversubscription, under the condition that only one of the  
two ports is used. With this adjustment, current configuration on bus  
mb2 has a total of 800 bandwidth points.  
This configuration has oversubscripted the PCI bus and is not a  
supported configuration. 
Please refer to the following document "Cisco 7200 Series Port Adaptor 
Hardware Configuration Guidelines" on Cisco.com <http://www.cisco.com> 
for c7200 bandwidth points oversubscription and usage guidelines. 
WARNING: PCI bus mb2 Exceeds 600 bandwidth points 

3 FastEthernet interfaces 
4 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces 
2 Packet over SONET interfaces 
2 Channelized T3 ports 
2045K bytes of NVRAM. 
250603K bytes of USB Flash usbflash0 (Read/Write) 
125163K bytes of USB Flash usbflash1 (Read/Write) 
250368K bytes of ATA PCMCIA card at slot 2 (Sector size 512 bytes). 
65536K bytes of Flash internal SIMM (Sector size 512K). 
Configuration register is 0x0

Table 6-2 provides memory specifications and Table 6-3 provides user replaceable memory configuration information for the NPE-G2. Table 6-4 provides CompactFlash Disk specifications. Table 6-5 provides USB Flash memory module information. Figure 6-5 provides I/O controller blank panel information.

Table 6-2 NPE-G2 Memory Specifications 

Memory Type
Size
Quantity
Description
Component Location on the NPE-G2 Board

SDRAM

1 GB

1

1-GB DDR SDRAM

S1

Boot ROM

512 KB

1

Reprogrammable Boot ROM for the ROM monitor program

U24

Flash memory
(also known as bootflash)

64 MB

1

Contains the default boot helper (boot loader) image

U19 and U13

NVRAM

2 MB

1

Nonvolatile EPROM for the system configuration file

U17

Primary cache

32 KB (16 KB instruction, 16 KB data)

Motorola Freescale 7448 processor, internal cache

U30

Secondary cache

1 MB

Motorola Freescale 7448 secondary cache

U30


Table 6-3 NPE-G2 SDRAM Configuration—Configurable Memory Only

Total SDRAM
SDRAM Bank
Quantity
Product Number

1 GB

S1

1 1-GB DIMM

MEM-NPE-G2-1GB=

2 GB

S1

1 2-GB DIMM

MEM-NPE-G2-2GB=


Table 6-4 NPE-G2 CompactFlash Disk Specifications

Memory Size
Product Number

256 MB

MEM-NPE-G2-FLD256=


Table 6-5 NPE-G2 USB Flash Memory Module Specifications

Token Size
Product Number

64-MB USB Flash Token1 for Cisco 1800/2800/3800/7200

MEMUSB-64FT=

12-MB USB Flash Token for Cisco 1800/2800/3800/7200

MEMUSB-128FT=

1 Also known as flash memory modules.


Table 6-6 I/O Controller Blank Panel

Description
Product Number

I/O Controller slot blank panel

IO-CONTROLR-BLANK=


Connection Equipment and Specifications

This section contains connection equipment and pinout information for the Gigabit Ethernet RJ-45 ports, Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports and SFP modules, Fast Ethernet Management port, console port, and auxiliary port that are located on the NPE-G2.

Ethernet and Fast Ethernet RJ-45 Connection Equipment

The NPE-G2 has RJ-45 ports for Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, and Gigabit Ethernet or autosensing Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, and Gigabit Ethernet connections. The RJ-45 port supports IEEE 802.3 (Ethernet) and IEEE 802.3u (Fast Ethernet) interfaces compliant with 10BASET, 100BASETX, and 1000BASET and 1000BASEX specifications.

The RJ-45 ports, including the Fast Ethernet Management port, support standard straight-through and crossover Category 5 UTP cables with RJ-45 connectors. (See Figure 6-5.) Cisco does not supply Category 5 UTP cables; these cables are available commercially.

Figure 6-5 shows an RJ-45 port and connector. Table 6-7Table 6-7 lists the pinouts and signals for the RJ-45 port.

Figure 6-5 RJ-45 Port and Connector

1

RJ-45 connector

   


Warning To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to telephone-network voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45 connectors. Use caution when connecting cables. Statement 1021


Table 6-7 RJ-45 Port Pinouts

Pin
10/100 Signal
Gigabit Ethernet Signal

1

Tx Data+1

Tx A+

2

Tx Data-

Tx A-

3

Rx Data+2

Rx B+

4

N/C

Tx C+

5

N/C

Tx C-

6

Rx Data-

Rx B-

7

N/C

Rx D+

8

NC

Rx D-

1 Tx Data = Transmit Data

2 Rx Data = Receive Data



Note With reference to the RJ-45 pinout in Table 6-7Table 6-7, proper common-mode line terminations should be used for the unused Category 5 UTP cable pairs 4/5 and 7/8. Common-mode termination reduces electromagnetic interference (EMI).


Depending on your RJ-45 interface cabling requirements, use the pinouts shown in Figure 6-6 and Figure 6-7 for Gigabit Ethernet straight-through and crossover twisted-pair cable connections. Use Figure 6-8 for Ethernet/Fast Ethernet straight-through and crossover twisted-pair cable connections.

Figure 6-6 Four Twisted-Pair Straight-Through Cable Schematics for 10/100/1000 and 1000BASET SFP Module Ports

1

Router

2

Hub


Figure 6-7 Four Twisted-Pair Crossover Cable Schematics for 10/100/1000 and 1000BASET SFP Module Ports

1

Router

2

Hub


Figure 6-8 Ethernet/Fast Ethernet Straight-Through and Crossover Cable Pinouts

1

Straight-through cable pinout, Ethernet port to a hub or repeater

4

Hub

2

Crossover cable pinout, Ethernet port to a DTE

5

DTE

3

Ethernet port

   

For information about straight-through and crossover cables, see the "Console and Auxiliary Port Connection Equipment" section.

Gigabit Ethernet SFP Connection Equipment

The small for-factor pluggable (SFP) port is a 1000-Mbps optical interface in the form of an LC-type duplex port that supports
IEEE 802.3z interfaces compliant with the 1000BASEX standard. (See Figure 6-10.)


Note The SFP module you ordered is shipped installed in the NPE-G2. Cisco sells individual SFP modules separately and you can change the type of Gigabit Ethernet interface supported by this network processing engine by simply changing its SFP module.



Warning Because invisible laser radiation may be emitted from the aperture of the port when no cable is connected, avoid exposure to laser radiation and do not stare into open apertures. Statement 70


Figure 6-9 shows the Class 1 warning label that appears on the Gigabit Ethernet optical ports.

Figure 6-9 Laser Class 1 Warning Label


Warning Class 1 Laser Product. Statement 1008


Figure 6-10 shows the duplex LC-type connectors on your multimode or single-mode optical fiber cables. For simplex connectors, two cables are required, one cable for transmit (TX) and a second cable for receive (RX). For duplex connectors, only one cable that has both TX and RX connectors is required. You can use either simplex or duplex connectors to the SFP ports on the NPE-G2.

Figure 6-10 SFP Port Connections

1

To external 1000BASEX network

4

Gigabit Ethernet port 0/1

2

1 duplex connector (TX and RX)

5

RX (SFP port 0/1)

3

SFP module

6

TX (SFP port 0/1)


Table 6-8 provides SFP module specifications.

Table 6-8 SFP Module Specifications

Specification
Description

Dimensions (H x W x D)

Height: 0.33 in. (8.5 mm)
Depth: 0.53 in. (13.4 mm)
Width: 2.22 in. (56.5 mm)

Connectors

Multimode fiber-optic: LC
Single-mode fiber-optic: LC


The NPE-G2 supports single Gigabit Ethernet interfaces based on SFP technology. The following SFP modules are supported by the NPE-G2:

100BASE-FX SFP—The SFP-GE-F=, 100BASE-FX SFP module is a hot-swappable device that plugs into a Gigabit Ethernet SFP port. It provides full-duplex 100-Mbps connectivity between switches over multimode fiber (MMF) infrastructures. The 100BASE-FX SFP operates on ordinary MMF optical link spans of up to 6562 ft (2 km) in length. Customers implementing Cisco 100BASE-FX SFP can use 1000BASE-X SFP modules in the future (including SX, LH/LX, ZX, and coarse wavelength-division multiplexing SFP modules).

1000BASE-LX/LH SFP—The SFP-GE-L=, 1000BASE-LX/LH SFP module operates on ordinary single-mode fiber-optic link spans of up to 32,808 ft (10,000 m) in length.

1000BASE-SX SFP—The SFP-GE-S=, 1000BASE-SX SFP module operates on ordinary multimode fiber-optic link spans of up to 1804 ft (550 m) in length.

1000BASE-ZX SFP—The SFP-GE-Z=, 1000BASE-ZX SFP module operates on ordinary single mode fiber-optic link spans of up to 43.5 miles (70 km) in length. Link spans of up to 62.1 miles (100 km) are possible using premium single-mode fiber or dispersion-shifted single-mode fiber. The SFP module provides an optical link budget of 23 dB—the precise link span length depends on multiple factors such as fiber quality, number of splices, and connectors.

When shorter distances of single-mode fiber are used, it may be necessary to insert an inline optical attenuator in the link to avoid overloading the receiver. A 5-decibel (dB) or 10-dB inline optical attenuator should be inserted between the fiber-optic cable plant and the receiving port on the SFP-GE-Z= at each end of the link whenever the fiber-optic cable span is less than 15.5 miles (25 km).


Note Optical fiber cables are commercially available; they are not available from Cisco.



Note We strongly recommend cleaning optical fiber connections before attaching cables to equipment. See the "Fiber Optic Cleaning Information" section for information.


Table 6-9 provides SFP port cabling specifications.

Table 6-9 SFP Port Cabling Specifications

SFP Module
Wavelength
(nm)
Fiber Type
Core Size
(microns)
Modal Bandwidth
(MHz/km)
Cable Distance

100BASE-FX
SFP-GE-F=

1270
1300
1380

MMF

62.5
2.5
50.0
50.0

500

6562 ft (2 km)

1000BASE-LX/LH
SFP-GE-L=

1300

MMF1


SMF

62.5
50.0
50.0
9/10

500
400
500

1804 ft (550 m)
1804 ft (550 m)
1804 ft (550 m)
6.2 miles (10 km)

1000BASE-SX
SFP-GE-S=

850

MMF

62.5
62.5
50.0
50.0

160
200
400
500

722 ft (220 m)
902 ft (275 m)
1640 ft (500 m)
1804 ft (550 m)

1000BASE-ZX
SFP-GE-Z=

1550

SMF

9/10

43.5 miles (70 km)

1 A mode-conditioning patch cord is required. Using an ordinary patch cord with MMF, 1000BASE-LX/LH SFP modules, and a short link distance (tens of meters) can cause transceiver saturation resulting in an elevated bit error rate (BER). In addition, when using the LX/LH SFP module with 62.5-micron diameter MMF, you must install a mode-conditioning patch cord between the SFP module and the MMF cable on both the transmit and receive ends of the link. The mode-conditioning patch cord is required for link distances greater than 984 ft (300 m).


Table 6-10 provides SFP module power budget information.

Table 6-10 SFP Module Transmit Power, Receive Power, and Power Budget

SFP Module
Transmit Power
Receive Power
Power Budget
 
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
 

SFP-GE-F=

-23.5 dBm1
-20 dBm2

-14 dBm1
-14 dBm2

-33.5 dBm1
-33.5 dBm2

-11.8 dBm1
-11.8 dBm2

10 dBm1
13.5 dBm2

SFP-GE-L=

-9.5 dBm3

-11.5dBm4

-3 dBm5

-20 dBm

-3 dBm

7.5 dBm6 and 8.0 dBm7

SFP-GE-S=

-9.5 dBm8

-4 dBm8

-17 dBm

0 dBm

7.5 dBm9

SFP-GE-Z=

0 dBm

5 dBm

-23 dBm

0 dBm

-24 dBm

1 For fiber type 50/125 mm SMF

2 For fiber type 62.5/125 mm SMF

3 For fiber types 9/125 mm SMF.

4 For fiber types 62.5/125 mm MMF and 50/125 mm MMF.

5 For fiber types 9/125 mm SMF, 62.5/125 mm MMF, and 50/125 mm MMF.

6 For fiber types 50/125 mm MMF and 62.5/125 mm MMF.

7 For fiber type 10 mm SMF.

8 For fiber types 50/125 mm, NA = 0.20 fiber and 62.5/125 mm, NA = 0.275 fiber.

9 For fiber types 50/125 mm MMF and 62.5/125 mm MMF.


Table 6-11 provides CWDM SFP module option information for the NPE-G2.

Table 6-11 CWDM SFP Module Options

Product Number
Color

CWDM-SFP-1470

Gray

CWDM-SFP-1490

Violet

CWDM-SFP-1510

Blue

CWDM-SFP-1530

Green

CWDM-SFP-1550

Yellow

CWDM-SFP-1570

Orange

CWDM-SFP-1590

Red

CWDM-SFP-1610

Brown


Mode-Conditioning Patch Cord Description

A mode-conditioning patch cord can be used with the SFP-GE-L= (SFP module) to allow reliable laser transmission between the single-mode laser source on the SFP module and a multimode optical fiber cable.

When an unconditioned laser source designed for operation on single-mode optical fiber is directly coupled to a multimode optical fiber cable, an effect known as differential mode delay (DMD) might result in a degradation of the modal bandwidth of the optical fiber cable.

This degradation results in a decrease in the link span (the distance between a transmitter and a receiver) that can be supported reliably. The effect of DMD can be overcome by conditioning the launch characteristics of a laser source. A practical means of performing this conditioning is to use a device called a mode-conditioning patch cord.

A mode-conditioning patch cord is an optical fiber cable assembly that consists of a pair of optical fibers terminated with connector hardware. Specifically, the mode-conditioning patch cord is composed of a single-mode optical fiber permanently coupled off-center (see Offset in Figure 6-11) to a graded-index multimode optical fiber. Figure 6-11 shows a diagram of the mode-conditioning patch cord assembly.

Figure 6-11 Mode-Conditioning Patch Cord for an SFP Module

1

Gray color identifier

5

Single-mode fiber

2

To Gigabit Ethernet interface

6

Offset

3

Blue color identifier

7

Beige color identifier

4

Multimode fiber

8

To cable plant


The mode-conditioning patch cord assembly is composed of duplex optical fibers, including a single-mode-to-multimode offset launch fiber connected to the transmitter, and a second conventional graded-index multimode optical fiber connected to the receiver. The use of a plug-to-plug patch cord maximizes the power budget of multimode 1000BASE LX and 1000BASE LH links.

The mode-conditioning patch cord is required to comply with IEEE standards. The IEEE found that link distances could not be met with certain types of fiber-optic cable cores. The solution is to launch light from the laser at a precise offset from the center, which is accomplished by using the mode-conditioning patch cord. At the output of the patch cord, the SFP-GE-L= is compliant with the IEEE 802.3z standard for 1000BASE LX.

Console and Auxiliary Port Connection Equipment

The NPE-G2 has a DCE-mode console port for connecting a console terminal, and a DTE-mode auxiliary port for connecting a modem or other DCE device (such as a CSU/DSU or other router) to your router. However, with an I/O controller also installed in the router, the default console and auxiliary ports are on the I/O controller, and you cannot access the console and auxiliary ports on the NPE-G2.


Note Both the console and the auxiliary ports are asynchronous serial ports; any devices connected to these ports must be capable of asynchronous transmission. (Asynchronous is the most common type of serial device; for example, most modems are asynchronous devices.)


The NPE-G2 uses RJ-45 media for console port and auxiliary port connections.

Before connecting a terminal to the console port, configure the terminal to match the router console port as follows: 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, 2 stop bits (9600 8N2). After you establish normal router operation, you can disconnect the terminal.


Note When connecting to an auxiliary port on a Cisco 7200 VXR router, the port will not function at baud rates higher than 19.2k. If the baud rate on the connecting device is set higher than 19.2k, either garbled text or nothing will be displayed on the screen.


Refer to Table 6-13 for a list of the pins used on the RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapters, used with an RJ-45 cable, to connect terminals and modems to the Cisco 7200 series routers. The cable you use may be a roll-over cable or a straight cable.

Table 6-12 Pinouts for the RJ-45-to-DB-25 Adapters

Adapter
DTE M/F Pins 1
DCE M/F Pins
MMOD Pins 2

1

4

5

5

2

20

6

8

3

2

3

3

4

7

7

7

5

7

7

7

6

3

2

2

7

6

20

20

8

5

4

4

1 The female data terminal equipment (FDTE) adapter that is available from Cisco is labeled "Terminal".

2 The MMOD adapter that is available from Cisco is labeled "Modem".


A roll-over cable can be detected by comparing the two modular ends of the cable. Holding the cables in your hand, side-by-side, with the tab at the back, the wire connected to the pin on the outside of the left plug should be the same color as the pin on the outside of the right plug. If your cable was purchased from Cisco, pin 1 will be white on one connector, and pin 8 will be white on the other (a roll-over cable reverses pins 1 and 8, 2 and 7, 3 and 6, and 4 and 5). (See Figure 6-12.)

Figure 6-12 Identifying a Roll-Over Cable

The Cisco 7200 series routers ship with a roll-over cable. Connection to a terminal or a modem requires an RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapter, and possibly a DB-25-to-DB9 adapter. Refer to Table 6-13 for the cable and adapter configurations that can be used to connect terminals and modems to the Cisco 7200 series routers.

Table 6-13 Asynchronous Device Cabling Options

Access Server Port
RJ-45 Cable Type
DB-25 Adapter
End Device

Console or auxiliary

Roll-over

FDTE1

Terminal

Console or auxiliary

Straight

FDCE

Terminal

Auxiliary or console

Roll-over

MMOD2

Modem

1 The FDTE RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapter is labeled "Terminal."

2 The MMOD RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapter is labeled "Modem."


The console and auxiliary ports are configured as asynchronous serial ports. Figure 6-13 shows the RJ-45 console and auxiliary port connections.

Figure 6-13 Console and Auxiliary Port RJ-45 Connections

1

Console port

4

Cable to console terminal or DTE

2

Auxiliary port

5

Cable to modem or DCE

3

RJ-45 connectors

   

A cable and adapter kit is available from Cisco (Cisco Product Number ACS-2500ASYN=). Table 6-12 describes the cable and adapter configurations that can be used to connect terminals and modems to the console or the auxiliary port.

RJ-45 Console Port Signals and Pinouts

The NPE-G2 console port supports Data Carrier Detect (DCD). Table 6-14 lists the RJ-45 console port signals for the NPE-G2.

Table 6-14 Console Port Signals for the NPE-G2

Pin 1
Signal
Direction
Description

1

CTS

Out

Clear To Send (tracks RTS)

2

DSR

Out

Data Set Ready (always on)

3

RXD

Out

Receive Data

4

GND

Signal Ground

6

TXD

In

Transmit Data

7

DTR

In

Data Terminal Ready

8

RTS

In

Ready To Send

1 Any pin not referenced is not connected.


RJ-45 Auxiliary Port Signals and Pinouts

Table 6-15 lists the RJ-45 auxiliary port signals for the NPE-G2.

Table 6-15 Auxiliary Port Signals for the NPE-G2 

Pin 1
Signal
Direction
Description

1

RTS

Out

Ready To Send

2

DTR

Out

Data Terminal Ready

3

TXD

Out

Transmit Data

4

RING2

In

Ring Indication

5

GND

Signal Ground

6

RXD

In

Receive Data

73

DSR/DCD(RLSD)

In

Data Set Ready/Data Carrier Detect (Receive Line Signal Detect)

8

CTS

In

Clear To Send (tracks RTS)

1 Any pin not referenced is not connected.

2 RING is not supported on Cisco-supplied adapters. To use this pin, you must create a customized cable.

3 Pin 7 can be used as a DCD input for connection to a modem. The RJ-45-to-DB-25F adapter maps DCD to this pin when used with a straight-through cable.


Fiber Optic Cleaning Information

We strongly recommend cleaning all optical fiber connections before reconnecting optical cables to equipment. For information about cleaning optical connectors, see the Inspection and Cleaning Procedures for Fiber-Optic Connections document and the Compressed Air Cleaning Issues for Fiber-Optic Connections document.