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Cisco Line Cards

Ethernet Line Card Installation and Configuration

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Ethernet Line Card Installation and Configuration

Table Of Contents

Ethernet Line Card Installation and Configuration

Contents

Important Information

Ethernet Line Card Product Numbers

Router Hardware Installation

Supported Platforms

Cisco IOS Software Release and Hardware Revision Requirements

Memory Options

Related Documentation

Product Overviews

Ethernet Line Card Comparison

8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card

1-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

3-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE Line Card

10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

Preparing for Installation

Safety Guidelines

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge

Required Tools and Equipment

Removing and Installing a Line Card

Guidelines for Line Card Removal and Installation

Removing a Line Card

Installing a Line Card

Removing and Installing EPAs

Removing an EPA from the Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

Inserting an EPA into a Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

Removing and Installing GBICs

General GBIC Handling and Maintenance Guidelines

Removing the GBIC from an Ethernet Line Card

Inserting a GBIC into the Gigabit Ethernet Interface

Removing and Installing SFP Modules

Bale Clasp SFP Module

Removing a Bale Clasp SFP Module

Installing a Bale Clasp SFP Module

Mylar Tab SFP Module

Removing a Mylar Tab SFP Module

Installing a Mylar Tab SFP Module

Actuator Button SFP Module

Removing an Actuator Button SFP Module

Installing an Actuator Button SFP Module

Slide Tab SFP Module

Removing a Slide Tab SFP Module

Installing a Slide Tab SFP Module

Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

Removing a Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

Installing a Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

Cabling and Specifications

Fast Ethernet Interface

Gigabit Ethernet Interface

GBIC Laser Optical Transceiver Modules

Gigabit Ethernet SFP Modules

10-Gigabit Ethernet

Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

Removing and Installing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

Removing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

Installing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

Cleaning Fiber-Optic Connectors

Type RJ-45 100BASE-T Copper Cables

Removing and Installing RJ-45 100BASE-T Copper Cable

Removing RJ-45 Cables

Installing RJ-45 Cables

Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation

Initial Boot Process

Status LEDs

Gigabit Ethernet Status LEDs

8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card LEDs

Alphanumeric LEDs

Troubleshooting the Installation

Configuring and Troubleshooting Line Card Interfaces

Using Configuration Commands

Configuring Ethernet Line Cards

Configuring 802.1Q VLAN Counters

Verifying the GBIC Version

Verifying the SFP Version

Configuration File Examples

Fast Ethernet Example

Gigabit Ethernet Example

IP and VLAN Configuration for Gigabit Ethernet Example

Advanced Line Card Troubleshooting

Output Examples

Checking the Current Status of the Line Card

Fabric Ping Failure

Error Messages

Troubleshooting GBIC Issues

Troubleshooting SFP Issues

Line Card Diagnostics Using Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0(22)S and Later

Line Card Diagnostics Using Cisco IOS Software Releases Prior to 12.0(22)S

Line Card Memory

Line Card Memory Locations

Engine 0 and Engine 1 Line Card Memory Locations

Engine 2 Line Card Memory Locations

ISE Line Card Memory Locations

Engine 4 Line Card Memory Locations

Ethernet Line Card Route Memory Options

Ethernet Line Card Packet Memory Options

Removing and Installing Line Card Memory

Removing a DIMM

Installing a DIMM

Removing a SODIMM

Installing a SODIMM

Checking the Installation of Line Card Memory

Regulatory, Compliance, and Safety Information

Translated Safety Warnings and Agency Approvals

Electromagnetic Compatibility Regulatory Statements

FCC Class A Compliance

CISPR 22

Canada

Europe (EU)

Class A Notice for Hungary

Class A Notice for Taiwan and Other Traditional Chinese Markets

VCCI Class A Notice for Japan

Class A Notice for Korea

Laser Safety

Class 1 Laser Product Warning (Single-mode)

Class 1 LED Product Warning (Multimode)

General Laser Warning

Obtaining Documentation

Cisco.com

Ordering Documentation

Documentation Feedback

Obtaining Technical Assistance

Cisco TAC Website

Opening a TAC Case

TAC Case Priority Definitions

Obtaining Additional Publications and Information


Ethernet Line Card Installation and Configuration


Document Order Number: DOC-7816361=

This guide contains instructions for installing and configuring Ethernet line cards in supported Cisco 12000 Series Routers. Also included are basic troubleshooting and diagnostic techniques and tools designed to help resolve line card installations that do not successfully come online.

Contents

This installation and configuration guide includes the following sections:

Important Information

Product Overviews

Preparing for Installation

Removing and Installing a Line Card

Removing and Installing EPAs

Removing and Installing GBICs

Removing and Installing SFP Modules

Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

Cabling and Specifications

Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation

Configuring and Troubleshooting Line Card Interfaces

Line Card Memory

Regulatory, Compliance, and Safety Information

Obtaining Documentation

Obtaining Technical Assistance

Obtaining Additional Publications and Information

Important Information

This section contains information about the following topics:

Ethernet Line Card Product Numbers

Router Hardware Installation

Cisco IOS Software Release and Hardware Revision Requirements

Memory Options

Related Documentation

Ethernet Line Card Product Numbers

Table 1 lists the Cisco product numbers to which this publication applies. This guide replaces the individual Ethernet line card installation and configuration documents for the Cisco 12000 Series Router.

Table 1 Ethernet Line Card Product Numbers 

Ethernet Line Card
Cisco Product Number

8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card

8FE-FX-SC=
8FE-FX-SC-B=
8FE-TX-RJ45=
8FE-TX-RJ45-B=

1-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

GE-SX/LH-SC=
GE-GBIC-SC-B=

3-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

3GE-GBIC-SC=

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet Internet Services Engine (ISE) Line Card

4GE-SFP-LC=

10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

10X1GE-SFP-LC=
10X1GE-SFP-LC-B=

1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

1X10GE-LR-SC=
1X10GE-ER-SC=

Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

EPA-GE/FE-BBRD=
EPA-3GE-SX/LH-LC=


Router Hardware Installation

For hardware installation and configuration information for Cisco 12000 Series Routers, refer to the installation and configuration guide for your router. The guide includes information on the router switch fabric and how it affects operation of the line card, as well as line card slot locations, slot width, and other requirements.

Also refer to the field-replaceable unit (FRU) publications that describe how to install, maintain, and replace router subsystems, such as cooling fans, power supplies, chassis backplanes, and so on.

Supported Platforms

Table 2 lists the supported router platforms for Ethernet line cards:

Table 2 Ethernet Line Card Supported Router Platforms 

Ethernet Line Card
Supported Platform

8-Port Fast Ethernet

All Cisco 12000 Series Routers

1-Port Gigabit Ethernet

All Cisco 12000 Series Routers

3-Port Gigabit Ethernet

All Cisco 12000 Series Routers

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE

All Cisco 12000 Series Routers

10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet

All Cisco 12400 and 12800 Routers

1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet

All Cisco 12400 and 12800 Routers

Modular Gigabit Ethernet

All Cisco 12400 and 12800 Routers



Note The Cisco 12000 Series Routers must have a full set of switch fabric cards installed to support the requirements of the Ethernet line cards. See the appropriate Cisco 12000 Series Router installation and configuration guide for information about the switch fabric and other related requirements.



Note Because the 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet, 1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet, and Modular Gigabit Ethernet line cards require a card cage slot that is 1.8 inches (4.5 centimeters) wide, you can use these line cards in only the Cisco 12416 Router, Cisco 12410 Router, Cisco 12406 Router, Cisco 12404 Router, Cisco 12816 Router, and Cisco 12810 Router.


Cisco IOS Software Release and Hardware Revision Requirements

The Ethernet line cards have certain Cisco IOS software requirements. Also, to ensure compatibility with the software, your Ethernet line card should have a specific hardware revision number. The number is printed on a label affixed to the component side of the card and is displayed by the show diag command.

Table 3 lists the hardware and software requirements for Ethernet line cards.

Table 3 Ethernet Line Card and Cisco IOS Release and Hardware Version Compatibility 

Ethernet Line Card
Line Card
Part Number
Minimum IOS Software Release
Required
Hardware Version

8-Port Fast Ethernet

8FE-FX-SC=
(fiber optic)

11.2(18)GS2, or later and 12.0(6)S, or later, version of 12.0S

73-3684-03

8FE-FX-SC-B=
(fiber optic)

11.2(19)GS4 or later version of release 11.2GS4; or 12.0(10)S or a later version of 12.0S

73-3684-03

8FE-TX-RJ45= (copper)

11.2(18)GS2, or later, and 12.0(6)S, or later version of 12.0S

73-3683-03

8FE-TX-RJ45-B= (copper)

11.2(19)GS4 or later version of release 11.2GS4; or 12.0(10)S or a later version of 12.0S

73-3683-03

1-Port Gigabit Ethernet

GE-SX/LH-SC=

12.0(5)S or later version of 12.0S

73-3302-03, revision A0 or later

GE-GBIC-SC-B=

12.0(10)S or later version of 12.0S

73-3302-04, revision A0 or later

3-Port Gigabit Ethernet

3GE-GBIC-SC=

The Ethernet line cards equipped with shorthaul multimode (WS-G5484=), longhaul single-mode (WS-G5486=), or extended distance (WS-G5487=) single-mode Gigabit Interface Converters (GBICs) is compatible with Cisco IOS Release 12.0(11)S3 or a later release of 12.0S.

The Ethernet line cards equipped with Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing (CWDM) GBICs in any of the eight supported wavelengths is compatible with Cisco IOS Release 12.0(23)Sn or a later release of 12.0S.

73-4775-02 revision A0 or later

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE

4GE-SFP-LC=

Cisco IOS Release 12.0(25)S or later

73-8517-03, revision A0 or later

10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet

10X1GE-LC=

12.0(19)S or later release of 12.0S; or 12.0(19)ST or later release of 12.0ST

73-5479-06 or later

10X1GE-LC-B=

12.0(21)S or later release of 12.0S; or 12.0(21)ST or later release of 12.0ST

73-7673-02 or later

1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet

1X10GE-LR-SC=
(LR laser optical transceiver)

12.0(23)S, or later, release of 12.0S1

73-7182-01 or later

1X10GE-ER-SC=
(ER laser optical transceiver)

12.0(23)S, or later release of 12.0S

73-7182-01 or later

Modular Gigabit Ethernet

EPA-GE/FE-BBRD=

12.0(23)S, or later release of 12.0S

73-6701-02

EPA-3GE-SX/LH-LC=

12.0(23)S, or later release of 12.0S

73-6701-02

1 Cisco IOS Release 12.0(22)S does not support the 1X10GE-LR-SC Ethernet line cards.


The show diag slot_number, show version, and show hardware commands display the current hardware configuration of the router, including the system software version that is currently loaded and running, and the hardware revision number. For complete descriptions of show commands, refer to the Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Configuration Guide and the Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference for the installed Cisco IOS release.

If the command displays indicate that the Cisco IOS software is a version earlier than you need, check the contents of flash memory to determine if the required images are available on your system. The dir devicename command displays a list of all files stored in flash memory. If you do not have the correct software version, contact Cisco customer service.

For software configuration information, refer to the Cisco IOS software configuration and command reference publications for the installed Cisco IOS release. Also refer to the Cisco IOS software release notes for additional information.

Memory Options

Ethernet line card memory options vary by line card. See "Line Card Memory" section for more information.

Related Documentation

This publication describes the basic installation and initial configuration of Ethernet line cards. For complete configuration information, refer to the following publications:

Cisco 12xxx Series Internet Router Installation and Configuration Guide

Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Configuration Guide

Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference

Software Configuration Guide for the Cisco 12000 Series Internet Router

Cisco IOS Release 12.0S Release Notes for Cisco 12000 Series Internet Routers

Field Diagnostics for the Cisco 12000 Series Internet Router

Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for Cisco 12000 Series Internet Routers

See the "Obtaining Documentation" section for information on how to obtain these publications.

Product Overviews

The following sections provide information about the Ethernet line card products:

Ethernet Line Card Comparison

8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card

1-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

3-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE Line Card

10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

Ethernet Line Card Comparison

Table 4 provides comparative information about Ethernet line cards. The first Ethernet line card has a Fast Ethernet interface and the others have a Gigabit Ethernet interface.

Table 4 Ethernet Line Card Hardware Comparison 

Ethernet Line Card
Line Card
Part Number
Ports
GBIC Pluggable
SFP Pluggable
Insertable EPA
Daughter Card
Cable and Connector

8-Port Fast Ethernet

8FE-FX-SC=
(fiber optic)

8

Multimode fiber with SC connectors

8FE-FX-SC-B=
(fiber optic)

8

Multimode fiber with SC connectors

8FE-TX-RJ45= (copper)

8

UTP category 5 interface cable with MDI wiring and RJ-45 connectors

8FE-TX-RJ45-B= (copper)

8

UTP category 5 interface cable with MDI wiring and RJ-45 connectors

1-Port Gigabit Ethernet

GE-SX/LH-SC=

1

X

Single-mode or multimode fiber with SC connectors (depends on GBIC)

GE-GBIC-SC-B=

1

X

Single-mode or multimode fiber with SC connectors (depends on GBIC)

3-Port Gigabit Ethernet

3GE-GBIC-SC=

3

X

Single-mode or multimode fiber with SC connectors (depends on GBIC)

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE

4GE-SFP-LC=

4

X

Single-mode or multimode fiber with LC connectors (depends on SFP)

10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet

10X1GE-SFP-LC=

10

X

Single-mode or multimode fiber with LC connectors (depends on SFP)

10X1GE-SFP-LC-B=

10

X

Single-mode or multimode fiber with LC connectors (depends on SFP)

1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet

1X10GE-LR-SC=
(LR laser optical transceiver)

1

Single-mode fiber with SC connectors

1X10GE-ER-SC=
(ER laser optical transceiver)

1

Single-mode fiber with SC connectors

Modular Gigabit Ethernet

EPA-GE/FE-BBRD= and
EPA-3GE-SX/LH-LC= (daughter card)

1 to 10

X

X

Single-mode or multimode fiber with LC connectors (depends on SFP)



Caution To prevent system problems, do not use Gigabit Interface Converters (GBICs) from third-party vendors. Use only the GBIC that shipped with your Ethernet line card. The GBIC might contain an internal EPROM that identifies it to the Cisco IOS software.


Caution Only use small form-factor pluggable modules (SFPs) supplied by Cisco in Cisco 12000 Series Routers. Each SFP module contains an internal serial number that is security programmed by the SFP module manufacturer with information that provides a way for Cisco (through the Cisco IOS software) to identify and validate the SFP module as a module type that is qualified by Cisco to operate with Gigabit Ethernet line cards. Unapproved SFP modules (those not purchased directly from Cisco) do not work.

8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card

The 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card provides eight Fast Ethernet (IEEE 802.3u) interfaces that operate at a full-duplex data rate of 100 Mbps each.

The 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card supports either copper or fiber-optic Fast Ethernet transceivers. The fiber-optic 100BASE-FX interface supports multimode SC duplex connectors operating in half- or full-duplex mode. The copper interface supports both half- and full-duplex 100BASE-TX standards that use an RJ-45 connector.

There are two models, each with updated revisions (-B), of the 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card. The two fiber-optic interface versions are functionally equivalent; the -B model contains some newer ASICs and memory chips, however, and requires a later version of Cisco IOS. The copper interface versions are also both functionally equivalent; the -B model contains some newer ASICs and memory chips and requires a later version of Cisco IOS. The front panels are shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card

1

Ejector lever

4

Alphanumeric LEDs

2

Status LED (one per port)

5

Ejector lever

3

8 RJ-45 copper ports on wire version

6

8 SC connectors on fiber version


Table 5 summarizes the optics and connectors used by the 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card.

Table 5 8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card Optics and Connector Types

Part Number
Optics/Transmission
Maximum Distance
Connector Type

8FE-FX-SC,
8FE-FX-SC-B

850 nm (send),
850 nm (receive)

200 m

SC

8FE-TX-RJ45,
8FE-TX-RJ45

100BASE-TX

100 m

RJ-45


Figure 2 Onboard Receive and Transmit Status LEDs

1

Front edge of card

2

Onboard LEDs (8)



Note The Link LED is located on the line card front-panel. The receive and transmit LEDs are located on the line card and are not visible when a line card is fully installed in the GSR.


For more information on the Fast Ethernet interface, cabling, and connectors, see the "Fast Ethernet Interface" section and the "Cabling and Specifications" section.

1-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

The 1-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card provides Cisco 12000 Series Routers with an optical Ethernet interface that operates at a rate of 1 Gbps. The card provides Cisco 12000 Series Routers with a single-port Gigabit Ethernet SC single-mode or multimode connection. The Ethernet optical interface is provided by the GBIC module on the 1-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card.

Figure 3 1-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

1

Ejector lever

4

Alphanumeric LEDs

2

Gigabit Ethernet port (provided by a GBIC in one line card model)

5

Ejector lever

3

Status LEDs

   

Table 6 summarizes the optics and connectors used by the 1-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card.

Table 6 1-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card Optics and Connector Types

Part Number
Optics/Transmission
Maximum Distance
Connector Type

GE-SX/LH-SC

See Table 14.

See Table 14.

SC

GE-GBIC-SC-B

See Table 14.

See Table 14.

SC


For more information, refer to the "GBIC Laser Optical Transceiver Modules" section and the "Cabling and Specifications" section.

The default line card route memory configuration is 128 MB; one 128-MB DIMM is installed in the route memory DRAM DIMM0 socket. For more information on memory, see the "Line Card Memory" section.

3-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

The 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card provides Cisco 12000 Series Routers with three optical Gigabit Ethernet interfaces on a single line card. These interfaces will provide high-speed connections to other network devices, such as Cisco 12000 Series Routers, other routers, or layer-2 and layer-3 switches that support Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. The 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card supports full line rate with two ports in service while the third port is shutdown. With three ports turned on, the 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card throughput is limited to the line card forwarding engine limit of 4 million packets per second (4 Mpps) at 64 bytes.

The three ports on the front panel of the line card are port number 0, 1, and 2, from the top of the card to the bottom. Each port consists of a receptacle for a field-replaceable GBIC laser optical transceiver module, which is inserted into the receptacle to provide the Gigabit Ethernet optical interface.

Next to each port on the line card are three green LEDs, aligned vertically and labeled from top to bottom as follows: Link, Active, and RX Frame.

This line card requires a narrow line card slot within the router chassis. Figure 4 shows the line card.

Figure 4 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

1

Ejector lever

4

Port 1 GBIC

7

Port 2 Status LEDs

2

Port 0 GBIC

5

Port 1 status LEDs

8

Alphanumeric LEDs

3

Port 0 status LEDs

6

Port 2 GBIC

9

Ejector lever


Table 7 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card Optics and Connector Types

Part Number
Optics/Transmission
Maximum Distance
Connector Type

3GE-GBIC-SC

See Table 14.

See Table 14.

SC


Table 7 summarizes the optics and connectors used by the 1-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card.

For more information, refer to the "GBIC Laser Optical Transceiver Modules" section and "Cabling and Specifications" section.

The default line card route memory configuration is 128 MB; one 128-MB DIMM installed in the route memory DRAM DIMM0 socket. For more information on memory, see the "Line Card Memory" section.

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE Line Card

The 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card provides Cisco 12000 Series Routers with four optical Gigabit Ethernet interfaces on a single line card, using field replaceable SFP modules. The line card provides high-speed connections to other network devices, such as another Cisco 12000 Series Router, other routers, or layer-2 and layer-3 switches that support Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. The 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card throughput is limited to 4 million packets per second (4 Mpps) at 64 bytes, so all four ports cannot run at line rate.

Figure 5 shows the front view of the 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card.

Figure 5 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE Line Card

1

Ejector lever (one at each end)

3

Alphanumeric LEDs

2

Status LEDs (one set per port)

4

Port (provided by SFP module)


Table 8 summarizes the optics and connectors used by the 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card.

Table 8 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE Line Card Optics and Connector Types

Part Number
Optics/Transmission
Maximum Distance
Connector Type

4GE-SFP-LC

See Table 18.

See Table 18.

LC


For more information, refer to the "Gigabit Ethernet SFP Modules" section and the "Cabling and Specifications" section.

The 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card ships with 256 MB of route memory and 512 MB of packet memory. Route memory is field serviceable. For more information on memory, see the "Line Card Memory" section.

10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

The 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet line card, which is designed for high-density and server-aggregation applications, provides the Cisco 12400 and 12800 Routers with 10 optical 802.3 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces on a single line card. These interfaces provide high-speed connections to other network devices, such as another Cisco 12000 Series Router, other routers, or layer-2 or layer-3 switches that support Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. Figure 6 shows a front view of the line card.

The 10 ports on the front panel of the line card are numbered 0 through 9, from the top of the card to the bottom. Each port consists of a receptacle for a field-replaceable SFP laser optical transceiver module, which is inserted into the receptacle to provide the Gigabit Ethernet optical interface.

Next to each port on the line card are three green LEDs, aligned vertically and labeled from top to bottom as follows: LINK, ACTIVE, and RX FRAME.


Note The 10X1GE-SFP-LC-B version of this card is not shown. The 10X1GE-SFP-LC-B model of the 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet line card is enhanced with minor hardware features that are not available with the original design.


Figure 6 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

1

SFP module receptacle

2

Port status LEDs

3

Alphanumeric LEDs


Table 9 summarizes the optics and connectors used by the 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet line card.

Table 9 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card Optics and Connector Types

Part Number
Optics/Transmission
Maximum Distance
Connector Type

10X1GE-SFP-LC,
10X1GE-SFP-LC-B

See Table 18.

See Table 18.

LC


For more information, refer to the "Gigabit Ethernet SFP Modules" section and "Cabling and Specifications" section.

The 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet line card ships with the following memory configurations installed:

256 MB of route processor memory (Product Number MEM-LC4-256)

512 MB of packet memory (Product Number MEM-LC4-PKT-512)—256 MB in both the receive and transmit directions

Line card memory on Engine 4 line cards (packet and route memory) is not field replaceable. For more information on memory, see the "Line Card Memory" section.

1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

The 1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet line card provides the supported Cisco 12000 Series Routers with one optical 802.3ae 10-Gigabit Ethernet interface. This interface provides a high-speed connection to other network devices, such as Cisco 12000 Series Routers, or to other routers or layer-2 or layer-3 switches that support 10-Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. Figure 7 shows the front view of the line card.

The port on the front panel of the line card is port number 0. This port uses a hardwired laser optical transceiver to provide a 10-Gigabit Ethernet optical interface. The transceiver consists of two optical interfaces—laser transmit (TX) and laser receive (RX)—that use SC connectors.

Next to the port on the line card are three green LEDs, aligned vertically and labeled from top to bottom as follows: LINK, ACTIVE, and RX FRAME.

Figure 7 1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

1

Ejector lever

3

RX port

5

Alphanumeric LEDs

2

TX port

4

Status LEDs

6

Ejector lever


Table 10 summarizes the optics and connectors used by the 1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet line card.

Table 10 1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet Line Card Optics and Connector Types

Part Number
Optics/Transmission
Maximum Distance
Connector Type

1X10GE-LR-SC

1550 nm (send),
1300 nm-1570 nm (receive)

20 km

SC

1X10GE-ER-SC

1550 nm (send),
1300 nm-1570 nm (receive)

75 km

SC


For more information, refer to the "10-Gigabit Ethernet" section and the "Cabling and Specifications" section.

The 1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet line card ships with 256 MB of route processor memory and 512 MB of packet memory. The memory in the 1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet line card is not field replaceable. For more information on memory, see the "Line Card Memory" section.

Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

The Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card, which is designed for high-density and server-aggregation applications, provides the supported Cisco 12000 Series Routers with up to 10 optical 802.3 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. These interfaces provide high-speed connections to other network devices, such as other Cisco 12000 Series Routers, other types of routers, or layer-2 or layer-3 switches that support Gigabit Ethernet interfaces.

In addition to one hardwired Gigabit Ethernet SFP receptacle, the Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card has three bays in which you can install Ethernet port adapters (EPAs). Each EPA has three receptacles that can be populated with Gigabit Ethernet SFPs, for a total of 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports (one hardwired, plus three on each of the three EPAs). The Ethernet line card ships with 0, 1, 2, or 3 EPAs installed and with at least one SFP module installed.

Next to the port on the line card are three green LEDs, aligned vertically and labeled from top to bottom as follows: LINK, ACTIVE, and RX FRAME.

Figure 8 shows a vertical front view of the line card and the backplane connector.

Figure 8 Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

1

Ejector lever (one on each end)

3


Hardwired SFP receptacle


5


Status LEDs

2

EPA (three bays)

4

Alphanumeric LEDs

   

Table 11 summarizes the optics and connectors used by the Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card.

Table 11 Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card Optics and Connector Types

Part Number
Optics/Transmission
Maximum Distance
Connector Type

EPA-GE/FE-BBRD,
EPA-3GE-SX/LH-LC

See Table 18.

See Table 18.

LC


For more information, refer to the "Gigabit Ethernet SFP Modules" section and the "Cabling and Specifications" section.

The Ethernet line cards ship with the following memory configurations installed:

256 MB of route processor memory

512 MB of packet memory—256 MB in both the receive and transmit directions

Line card memory on this line card (packet and route memory) is not field replaceable. For more information on memory, see the "Line Card Memory" section.

Preparing for Installation

The following sections provide information about preparing to install line cards:

Safety Guidelines

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge

Required Tools and Equipment

Safety Guidelines

Before you perform any procedure in this publication, review the safety guidelines in this section to avoid injuring yourself or damaging the equipment.

The following guidelines are for your safety and to protect equipment. The guidelines do not include all hazards. Be alert.


Note Review the safety warnings listed in the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for Cisco 12000 Series Internet Router publication (Document Number 78-4347-xx) that accompanied your router before installing, configuring, or maintaining a line card.


Keep the work area clear and dust free during and after installation. Do not allow dirt or debris to enter into any laser-based components.

Do not wear loose clothing, jewelry, or other items that could get caught in the router while working with line cards.

Cisco equipment operates safely when it is used in accordance with its specifications and product usage instructions.

Before working with laser optics, read the "Laser Safety" section.

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage, which can occur when electronic cards or components are improperly handled, results in complete or intermittent failures. Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding is an integral component of the line card. Cisco recommends using an ESD-preventive strap whenever you are handling network equipment or one of its components.

The following are guidelines for preventing ESD damage:

Always use an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and ensure that it makes good skin contact. Connect the equipment end of the connection cord to an ESD connection socket on the router or to bare metal on the chassis.

Handle Ethernet line cards by the captive installation screws, the provided handle, ejector levers, or the line card metal carrier only; avoid touching the board or connector pins.

Place removed Ethernet line cards board-side-up on an antistatic surface or in a static shielding bag. If you plan to return the component to the factory, immediately place it in a static shielding bag.

Avoid contact between the Ethernet line cards and clothing. The wrist strap only protects the board from ESD voltages on the body; ESD voltages on clothing can still cause damage.


Warning For safety, periodically check the resistance value of the ESD strap. The measurement should be between 1 and 10 megohms.


Required Tools and Equipment

You need the following tools and parts to remove and install Ethernet line cards:

Flat-blade or Phillips screwdriver

ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and instructions

Interface cables to connect the Ethernet line card with another router or switch

Any EPAs, GBICs, SFP modules, or memory you need to install (and are not already installed)


Note If you need additional equipment, see Cisco.com or your service representative for ordering information.


Refer to the individual line card descriptions in the "Product Overviews" section for more information. Table 4 summarized the hardware requirements for each Ethernet line card.

Removing and Installing a Line Card

The following sections provide procedures for removing or installing a line card:

Guidelines for Line Card Removal and Installation

Removing a Line Card

Installing a Line Card


Note See the "Guidelines for Line Card Removal and Installation" section before removing a line card while power to the router is on.



Note The procedures in the following sections use illustrations of a Cisco 12012 Internet Router to support the descriptions of removing and installing line cards. Although the card cages of the Cisco 12000 Series Routers differ in the number of card slots, the designated use of slots and the process of removing and installing a line card are basically the same. Therefore, separate procedures and illustrations for other Cisco routers are not included in this publication.


Guidelines for Line Card Removal and Installation

Guidelines for line card removal and installation include the following:

Online insertion and removal (OIR) is supported, enabling you to remove and install line cards while the router is operating. OIR is seamless to users on the network, maintains all routing information, and ensures session preservation.


Note With OIR, notifying the software or resetting the power is not required. However, you have the option of using the shutdown command before removing a line card.


After you reinstall a line card, the router automatically downloads the necessary software from the route processor (RP). Next, the router brings online only those interfaces that match the current configuration and were previously configured as administratively up. You must configure all others with the configure command.


Caution The router may indicate a hardware failure if you do not follow proper procedures. Remove or insert only one line card at a time. Allow at least 15 seconds for the router to complete the preceding tasks before removing or inserting another line card.

After removing and inserting a line card into the same slot, allow at least 60 seconds before removing or inserting another line card.

Line cards have two ejector levers to release the card from its backplane connector. Use the levers when you are removing the line card and to seat the line card firmly in its backplane connector when you are installing the line card. The ejector levers align and seat the card connectors in the backplane.


Caution When you remove a line card, always use the ejector levers to ensure that the connector pins disconnect from the backplane in the sequence expected by the router. Any card that is only partially connected to the backplane can halt the router.

When you install a line card, always use the ejector levers to ensure that the card is correctly aligned with the backplane connector; the connector pins should make contact with the backplane in the correct order, indicating that the card is fully seated in the backplane. If a card is only partially seated in the backplane, the router will hang and subsequently crash.

For line card configuration information, see the "Configuring and Troubleshooting Line Card Interfaces" section.

Removing a Line Card

If you are replacing a failed line card, remove the existing line card first, then install the new line card in the same slot. To remove a line card, use Figure 9 as a reference and follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Disconnect and remove all interface cables from the ports; note the current connections of the cables to the ports on the line card.

Step 3 Detach the line card cable-management bracket from the line card.

Step 4 Use a screwdriver to loosen the captive screw at each end of the line card faceplate. (See Figure 9a.)

Figure 9 Line Card Removal and Installation


Caution When you remove a line card, always use the ejector levers to ensure that the line card connector pins disconnect from the backplane in the logical sequence expected by the router. Any line card that is only partially connected to the backplane can halt the router.

Step 5 Simultaneously pivot the ejector levers away from each other to release the line card from the backplane connector. (See Figure 9b.)

Step 6 Grasp the ejector levers and pull the line card halfway out of the slot.

Step 7 Grasp the line card and gently pull it straight out of the slot, keeping your other hand under the line card to guide it. (See Figure 9c.) Avoid touching the line card printed circuit board, components, or any connector pins.

Step 8 Place the removed line card on an antistatic mat, or immediately place it in an antistatic bag if you plan to return it to the factory.

Step 9 If the line card slot is to remain empty, install a line card blank (Product Number MAS-GSR-BLANK) to keep dust out of the chassis and to maintain proper airflow through the line card compartment. Secure the line card blank to the chassis by tightening its captive screws.



Caution Be careful not to damage or disturb the EMI spring fingers located on the front edge of the card face plate.


Note Always insert a dust plug in an optical port opening for each port that is not in use.


For information on disconnecting interface cables, see the "Removing and Installing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables" section.

For information on removing the cable-management bracket, see the "Removing a Line Card Cable-Management Bracket" section.

Installing a Line Card

A line card slides into almost any available line card slot and connects directly to the backplane. If you install a new line card, you must first remove the line card blank from the available slot.


Note Refer to the installation and configuration guide for your router for information on line card slot types, slot width, and slot location.



Caution The router may indicate a hardware failure if you do not follow proper procedures. Remove or insert only one line card at a time. Allow at least 15 seconds for the router to complete the preceding tasks before removing or inserting another line card.

To install a line card, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Choose an available line card slot for the line card, and verify that the line card interface cable is long enough for you to connect the line card with any external equipment.


Caution To prevent ESD damage, handle line cards by the captive installation screws, the provided handle, ejector levers, or the card carrier edges only. Do not touch any of the electrical components or circuitry.

Step 3 Grasp the faceplate (or handle) of the line card with one hand and place your other hand under the card carrier to support the weight of the card; position the card for insertion into the card cage slot. Avoid touching the line card printed circuit board, components, or any connector pins.

Step 4 Carefully slide the line card into the slot until the ejector levers make contact with the edges of the card cage, then stop when the ejector lever hooks catch the lip of the card cage. If they do not catch, try reinserting the line card until the ejector lever hooks are fully latched. (See Figure 10.)

Figure 10 Ejector Levers


Caution When you install a line card, always use the ejector levers to ensure that the card is correctly aligned with the backplane connector, the card connector pins make contact with the backplane in the correct order, and the card is fully seated in the backplane. A card that is only partially seated in the backplane can cause the router to hang and subsequently crash.

Step 5 Simultaneously pivot both ejector levers toward each other until they are perpendicular to the line card faceplate. This action firmly seats the card in the backplane.

Step 6 Use a 3/16-inch flat-blade screwdriver to tighten the captive screw on each end of the line card faceplate to ensure proper EMI shielding and to prevent the line card from becoming partially dislodged from the backplane.


Caution To ensure adequate space for additional line cards, always tighten the captive installation screws on each newly installed line card before you insert any additional line cards. These screws also prevent accidental removal and provide proper grounding and EMI shielding for the router.

Step 7 Install the cable-management bracket.

Step 8 Install GBIC or SFP modules, and EPA daughter cards, in the line cards that use them.

Step 9 Install the interface cables.


For information on installing cable-management brackets, see the "Installing a Line Card Cable-Management Bracket" section.

For information on installing EPAs, see the "Removing and Installing EPAs" section.

For information on installing GBICs, see the "Removing and Installing GBICs" section.

For information on installing SFP modules, see the "Removing and Installing SFP Modules" section.

For information on installing interface cables, see the "Removing and Installing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables" section.

For information on verifying and troubleshooting the hardware installation, see the "Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation" section.

Removing and Installing EPAs

The Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card ships with 0, 1, 2, or 3 EPAs installed. If you need to add or change an EPA, follow the procedures in these sections:

Removing an EPA from the Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

Inserting an EPA into a Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

Figure 11 shows an exploded mechanical view of a Gigabit Ethernet EPA with three line card SFP receptacles, an SFP module, and a duplex LC-type cable.

Figure 11 Removing and Replacing EPAs

Removing an EPA from the Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

You can remove an EPA from the Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card with or without the SFP modules installed.

To remove an EPA from your Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card, use Figure 12 as a reference and follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its directions for use.

Step 2 Disconnect the LC-type fiber-optic cable connector from the SFP module.

Note which cable connector plug is TX and which is RX for reattachment.

Step 3 Insert a dust plug into the optical ports of the SFP module to keep the optical interfaces clean.

Step 4 Remove the Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card from the chassis, as described in the "Removing a Line Card" section, and place the line card on a clean, flat surface.

Step 5 Use a Phillips screwdriver to loosen and unscrew the two screws that connect the EPA to the line card, located on the faceplate of the line card, as shown in Figure 12A.

Step 6 Use a Phillips screwdriver to loosen and unscrew the one screw that connects the EPA to the inside of the line card, as shown in Figure 12B.

Step 7 Gently lift up on one corner of the EPA to disconnect the EPA from the line card, as shown in Figure 12C.


Caution To prevent ESD damage, handle EPAs by the card carrier edges only.


Caution Avoid touching the EPA printed circuit board, components, or any connector pins.


Figure 12 Removing an EPA

If the EPA bay is to remain empty, install an EPA blank (Product Number MAS-EPA-BLANK=) to keep dust out of the line card and to maintain proper airflow and EMI through the line card and chassis.

Inserting an EPA into a Modular Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

To insert an EPA into the Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card, follow these steps:


Warning You must use an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap to do this procedure. Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its directions for use, before you do this procedure.



Step 1 First, read the yellow caution label on the EPA. Figure 13 shows a sample of this caution label.

Figure 13 Locations of Labels and Reference Points on the EPA


Caution The connectors must be engaged without any angular misalignment. Engaging the connectors at an angle will cause damage to the connectors.

Step 2 Ensure that the connector guide pins are aligned, and mate the connector of the EPA to the connector on the line card, as shown in Figure 14 and Figure 15. Figure 15 shows two side views of the EPA and line card.

Figure 14 Mating the Connector of the EPA to the Line Card

Figure 15 Side Views - Mating the Connector of the EPA to the Line Card

Step 3 Ensure that the connector guide pins are aligned. Once the connector is engaged, apply gentle pressure with your thumbs to the two rear outer corners of the EPA, as shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17.

Figure 16 Press on the Rear Outer Corners of the EPA

Figure 17 Rear Outer Corners of the EPA (Close-up)

Step 4 Press gently on the white labels in middle of the outer edge of the EPA as shown in Figure 18 to ensure that the connector is fully seated.

Figure 18 Press on the White Labels on the EPA

Step 5 Use a Phillips screwdriver to insert and tighten the screw on the EPA, 3 to 5 in-lbs, as shown in Figure 19.


Caution Apply no more than 5 in-lbs of torque when tightening the screw.

Figure 19 Inserting and Tightening the Screw on the EPA

Step 6 Use a Phillips screwdriver to insert and tighten the two screws on the faceplate of the line card, 3 to 5 in-lbs, as shown in Figure 20.


Caution Apply no more than 5 in-lbs of torque when tightening the screw.

Figure 20 Inserting the 2 screws on the Faceplate of the Line Card

Removing and Installing GBICs

Your Ethernet line card may have shipped with a GBIC installed. If your line card arrived without the GBIC installed and you need to install it now, or if you need to change your GBIC for another reason, use the procedures in these sections:

General GBIC Handling and Maintenance Guidelines

Removing the GBIC from an Ethernet Line Card

Inserting a GBIC into the Gigabit Ethernet Interface

Before you remove or install a GBIC, read the installation information in this section and the "Laser Safety" section.


Note Cisco strongly recommends that you disconnect all fiber-optic cables before removing or installing a GBIC.



Caution To prevent system problems, do not use GBICs from third-party vendors. Use only the GBIC that shipped with your Gigabit Ethernet line card. These GBICs might contain an internal EPROM that identifies them to the Cisco IOS software.


Caution To prevent problems associated with data transmission, you must attach this device only to IEEE 802.3x-compliant devices.


Note The Ethernet line card supports online insertion and removal (OIR) of GBICs. This means that you can remove and replace GBICs while the system remains powered up. When you remove a GBIC, the interface becomes inactive because a GBIC is not detected in the GBIC receptacle.


General GBIC Handling and Maintenance Guidelines

Follow these GBIC handling and maintenance guidelines:

GBICs are static sensitive. To prevent ESD damage, follow the guidelines described in the "Preventing Electrostatic Discharge" section.

GBICs are dust sensitive. When the GBIC is stored or when a fiber-optic cable is not plugged into one of the optical ports on the GBIC, always insert an optical port dust plug.

Keep the optical port clean. The most common source of contamination in the optical ports is debris that collects on the ferrules of the optical cable connectors. Use an alcohol swab or Kim-Wipe to clean the ferrules of the cable connector before inserting it into the GBIC.

Removing the GBIC from an Ethernet Line Card

To remove the GBIC from an Ethernet line card, follow these steps:


Step 1 Disconnect the SC-type fiber-optic cables from the GBIC. Note which plug is TX and which plug is RX for reattachment.

Step 2 Attach an ESD wrist or ankle strap and follow its directions for use.

Step 3 Locate the tabs on either side of the exposed portion of the GBIC and squeeze them with your thumb and forefinger, as you gently pull the GBIC out of the GBIC slot. (See arrows in Figure 21.)


Figure 21 Removing and Replacing a GBIC

1

Locking tab

2

Locking tab

3

Alignment groove


Inserting a GBIC into the Gigabit Ethernet Interface

To insert a GBIC into the Gigabit Ethernet interface, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD wrist or ankle strap and follow its directions for use.

Step 2 Locate the alignment groove on the GBIC. (See the enlargement in Figure 21.) Position the GBIC so that this groove is in the position shown in the enlargement to ensure that the 20-pin plug on the GBIC is in the correct position.


Caution To prevent damage to the GBIC plug and receptacle before you insert the GBIC into the GBIC slot on the Gigabit Ethernet interface, ensure that the plug and alignment groove are matched.

Step 3 Squeeze the tabs on each side of the GBIC using your thumb and forefinger, and insert the GBIC into the GBIC slot on the Gigabit Ethernet interface. (See Figure 21.)

Step 4 Using moderate force, ensure that the GBIC is fully inserted into the 20-pin receptacle at the rear of the GBIC slot. The tabs on either side of the GBIC will snap into place when you have completely and properly inserted the GBIC.

Step 5 Reattach the SC-type fiber-optic cable to the GBIC.


Removing and Installing SFP Modules

Before you remove or install an SFP module, read the installation information in this section and the "Laser Safety" section.


Caution Protect the SFP modules by inserting clean dust covers into them after the cables are removed. Be sure to clean the optic surfaces of the fiber cables before you plug them back into the optical ports of another SFP module. Avoid getting dust and other contaminants into the optical ports of your SFP modules, because the optics will not work correctly when obstructed with dust.


Caution It is strongly recommended that you do not install or remove the SFP module with fiber-optic cables attached to it because of the potential of damaging the cable, the cable connector, or the optical interfaces in the SFP module. Disconnect all cables before removing or installing an SFP module.

Removing and inserting an SFP module can shorten its useful life, so you should not remove and insert SFP modules any more often than is absolutely necessary.

SFP modules use one of four different latching devices to install and remove the module from a port. The four types of SFP module latching devices are described in the following sections:

Bale Clasp SFP Module

Mylar Tab SFP Module

Actuator Button SFP Module

Slide Tab SFP Module

Bale Clasp SFP Module

The bale clasp SFP module has a clasp that you use to remove or install the SFP module. (See Figure 22.)

Figure 22 Bale Clasp SFP Module

Removing a Bale Clasp SFP Module

To remove this type of SFP module, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Disconnect and remove all interface cables from the ports; note the current connections of the cables to the ports on the line card.

Step 3 Open the bale clasp on the SFP module with your index finger in a downward direction, as shown in Figure 23. If the bale clasp is obstructed and you cannot use your index finger to open it, use a small flat-blade screwdriver or other long, narrow instrument to open the bale clasp.

Step 4 Grasp the SFP module between your thumb and index finger and carefully remove it from the port, as shown in Figure 23.

Figure 23 Removing a Bale Clasp SFP Module

Step 5 Place the removed SFP module on an antistatic mat, or immediately place it in a static shielding bag if you plan to return it to the factory.

Step 6 Protect your line card by inserting clean SFP module cage covers into the optical module cage when there is no SFP module installed.


Installing a Bale Clasp SFP Module

To install this type of SFP module, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Close the bale clasp before inserting the SFP module.

Step 3 Line up the SFP module with the port and slide it into the port. (See Figure 24.)

Figure 24 Installing a Bale Clasp SFP Module into a Port



Note Verify that the SFP modules are completely seated and secured in their assigned receptacles on the line card by firmly pushing on each SFP module. If the SFP module was not completely seated and secured in the receptacle, you will hear a click as the triangular pin on the bottom of the SFP module snaps into the hole in the receptacle.


Mylar Tab SFP Module

The mylar tab SFP module has a tab that you pull to remove the module from a port. (See Figure 25.)

Figure 25 Mylar Tab SFP Module

Removing a Mylar Tab SFP Module

To remove this type of SFP module, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Disconnect and remove all interface cables from the ports; note the current connections of the cables to the ports on the line card.

Step 3 Pull the tab gently in a slightly downward direction until it disengages from the port, then pull the SFP module out. (See Figure 26.)

Figure 26 Removing a Mylar Tab SFP Module

Step 4 Place the removed SFP module on an antistatic mat, or immediately place it in a static shielding bag if you plan to return it to the factory.

Step 5 Protect your line card by inserting clean SFP module cage covers into the optical module cage when there is no SFP module installed.



Caution When pulling the tab to remove the SFP module, be sure to pull in a straight outward motion so you remove the SFP module from the port in a parallel direction. Do not twist or pull the tab, because you might disconnect it from the SFP module.

Installing a Mylar Tab SFP Module

To install this type of SFP module, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Line up the SFP module with the port, and slide it into place. (See Figure 27.)

Figure 27 Installing a Mylar Tab SFP Module



Note Verify that the SFP modules are completely seated and secured in their assigned receptacles on the line card by firmly pushing on each SFP module. If the SFP module was not completely seated and secured in the receptacle, you will hear a click as the triangular pin on the bottom of the SFP module snaps into the hole in the receptacle.


Actuator Button SFP Module

The actuator button SFP module includes a button that you push in order to remove the SFP module from a port. (See Figure 28.)

Figure 28 Actuator Button SFP Module

Removing an Actuator Button SFP Module

To remove this type of SFP module, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Disconnect and remove all interface cables from the ports; note the current connections of the cables to the ports on the line card.

Step 3 Gently press the actuator button on the front of the SFP module until it clicks and the latch mechanism activates, releasing the SFP module from the port. (See Figure 29.)

Figure 29 Removing an Actuator Button SFP Module from a Port

Step 4 Grasp the actuator button between your thumb and index finger and carefully pull the SFP module from the port.

Step 5 Place the removed SFP module on an antistatic mat, or immediately place it in a static shielding bag if you plan to return it to the factory.

Step 6 Protect your line card by inserting clean SFP module cage covers into the optical module cage when there is no SFP module installed.


Installing an Actuator Button SFP Module

To install this type of SFP module, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Line up the SFP module with the port and slide it in until the actuator button clicks into place. (See Figure 30.) Be sure not to press the actuator button as you insert the SFP module because you might inadvertently disengage the SFP module from the port.

Figure 30 Installing an Actuator Button SFP Module



Note Verify that the SFP modules are completely seated and secured in their assigned receptacles on the line card by firmly pushing on each SFP module. If the SFP module was not completely seated and secured in the receptacle, you will hear a click as the triangular pin on the bottom of the SFP module snaps into the hole in the receptacle.


Slide Tab SFP Module

The slide tab SFP module has a tab underneath the front of the SFP module that you use to disengage the module from a port. (See Figure 31.)

Figure 31 Slide Tab SFP Module

Removing a Slide Tab SFP Module

To remove this type of SFP module, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Disconnect and remove all interface cables from the ports; note the current connections of the cables to the ports on the line card.

Step 3 Grasp the SFP module between your thumb and index finger.

Step 4 With your thumb, push the slide tab on the bottom front of the SFP module in the direction of the line card to disengage the module from the line card port. (See Figure 32.)

Figure 32 Disengaging the Slide Tab

Step 5 With the tab still pushed, carefully pull the SFP module from the port as shown in Figure 33.


Caution You must disengage the SFP module by pushing on the slide tab before you can pull out the SFP module. If you pull on the SFP module without disengaging the tab, you can damage the SFP module.

Figure 33 Removing a Slide Tab SFP Module

Step 6 Place the removed SFP module on an antistatic mat, or immediately place it in a static shielding bag if you plan to return it to the factory.

Step 7 Protect your line card by inserting clean SFP module cage covers into the optical module cage when there is no SFP module installed.


Installing a Slide Tab SFP Module

To install this type of SFP module into a line card, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Hold the SFP module with the hardware label facing up.


Caution The SFP module must be inserted with the hardware label facing up to avoiding damaging the module or the line card.

Step 3 Insert the SFP module into the appropriate slot and gently push on it until it snaps into the slot tightly. (See Figure 34.)

Figure 34 Installing a Slide Tab SFP Module



Note Verify that the SFP modules are completely seated and secured in their assigned receptacles on the line card by firmly pushing on each SFP module. If the SFP module was not completely seated and secured in the receptacle, you will hear a click as the triangular pin on the bottom of the SFP module snaps into the hole in the receptacle.


Line Card Cable-Management Bracket


Note The illustrations in this section show various line cards, but the line card cable-management bracket installation procedure is the same regardless of the specific line card.


Cisco 12000 Series Routers include a cable-management system that organizes the interface cables entering and exiting the router, keeping them out of the way and free of sharp bends.


Caution Excessive bending of interface cables can damage the cables.

The cable-management system consists of two separate components:

1. A cable-management tray that is mounted on the chassis. Refer to the appropriate Cisco 12000 Series Router installation and configuration guide for more information on the cable-management tray.

2. A cable-management bracket that attaches to a line card.

This section describes the line card cable-management bracket. Figure 35 shows the single-port line card cable-management bracket; Figure 36 shows the multiport line card cable-management bracket.

Figure 35 Single-Port Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

Figure 36 Multiport Line Card Cable-Management Bracket


Note When shipped with spare line card orders, the cable-management bracket is not attached to the line card. You must attach the cable-management bracket to the line card before you insert the line card into the router.



Caution Do not use the cable-management bracket as a handle to pull out or push in the line card. The cable-management bracket is designed to hold the interface cables and may break if you use the bracket to push, pull, or carry the line card after it is removed from the router.

Removing and installing the line card cable-management bracket is described in the following procedures:

Removing a Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

Installing a Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

Removing a Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

To remove a line card cable-management bracket, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Note the current interface cable connections to the ports on each line card.

Step 3 Starting with the interface cable for the bottom port on the line card, disconnect the cable from the line card interface.


Note It is not necessary to remove the interface cables from the line card cable-management bracket. The bracket (with attached cables) can be hooked to the cable-management tray or a bracket on the chassis until a new line card is installed.


Step 4 For multiport line card cable-management brackets, proceed upward and remove the interface from the Velcro strap on the end of the cable standoff. (See Figure 37.)

For single-port line card cable-management brackets, carefully remove the interface cable from the cable clip. (See Figure 38.) Avoid any kinks or sharp bends in the cable.

Step 5 Repeat Step 3 and Step 4 for all remaining interface cables, then proceed to Step 6.

Step 6 For multiport line card cable-management brackets, loosen the captive installation screw at each end of the cable-management bracket and remove the bracket from the line card.

For single-port line card cable-management brackets, loosen the captive installation screw on the cable-management bracket and remove the bracket from the line card.


Figure 37 Multiport Line Card Cable-Management Installation and Removal
(4-Port OC-48c/STM-16c DPT Line Card Shown)

1

Chassis cable-management tray

3

Line card cable-management bracket

2

Velcro straps

4

Fiber cable


Figure 38 Single-Port Line Card Cable-Management Bracket Installation and Removal (1-Port OC-192c/STM-64c DPT Line Card Shown)

1

Chassis cable-management tray

3

Interface cable

2

Cable clip

4

Line card cable-management bracket


Installing a Line Card Cable-Management Bracket

To install a line card cable-management bracket, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Attach the line card cable-management bracket to the line card as follows:

a. Position the cable-management bracket over the front of the line card faceplate.

b. Insert and tighten the captive screw(s) to secure the bracket to the line card.

c. Starting with the bottom port on the line card, connect each interface cable to the intended port.

Step 3 For multiport line card cable-management brackets, carefully wrap the cables with the supplied Velcro strap. (See Figure 37.)

For single-port line card cable-management brackets, carefully press the interface cable onto the cable clip. (See Figure 38.) Avoid any kinks or sharp bends in the cable.


For information on disconnecting and connecting interface cables, see the "Removing and Installing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables" section.

Cabling and Specifications

The following sections provide information about specifications and cabling for Ethernet line cards:

Fast Ethernet Interface

Gigabit Ethernet Interface

Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

Removing and Installing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

Cleaning Fiber-Optic Connectors

Type RJ-45 100BASE-T Copper Cables

Removing and Installing RJ-45 100BASE-T Copper Cable

Fast Ethernet Interface

The term Ethernet is commonly used for all carrier sense, multiple access/collision detection (CSMA/CD) local-area networks (LANs) that conform to Ethernet specifications, including Fast Ethernet defined by IEEE 802.3u.

IEEE 802.3u specifies the following different physical layers for 100BASE-T:

100BASE-TX—100BASE-T, half- and full-duplex over Category 5 unshielded twisted-pair (UTP), Electronics Industry Association/Telecommunications Industry Association [EIA/TIA]-568-compliant cable.


Note The 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card provides an RJ-45 connector that follows the Media-Dependent Interface (MDI) port wiring standard, as opposed to the Media-Dependent Interface-crossed (MDI-X) wiring scheme found on many hubs and repeaters.


100BASE-FX—100BASE-T, half- and full-duplex over fiber-optic cable.


Note 100BASE-TX and 100BASE-FX are commonly called 100BASE-X rather than 100BASE-T.


100BASE-T4—100BASE-T, half- and full-duplex over Category 3, 4, or 5 UTP or shielded twisted-pair (STP) cabling with four pairs, also called 4T+. Two-pair UTP over Category 3 cable is called T2.


Note The 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card supports 100BASE-TX and 100BASE-FX. 100BASE-T4 is not supported.


Table 12 lists the cabling specifications for 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet transmission over UTP, STP, and fiber-optic cables. Table 13 summarizes IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-T physical characteristics for 100BASE-TX and 100BASE-FX.

Table 12 Specification and Connection Limits for 100-Mbps Transmission 

Parameter
RJ-45
MII
SC-Type

Cable specification

Category 51 UTP2 , 22 to 24 AWG3

Category 3, 4, or 5, 150-ohm UTP or STP, or multimode fiber-optic

62.5/125 multimode fiber-optic

Maximum cable length

-

1.64 ft (0.5 m) (MII-to-MII cable4 )

-

Maximum segment length

328 ft (100 m) for 100BASE-TX

3.28 ft (1 m)5 or 1,312 ft (400 m) for 100BASE-FX

2 km

Maximum network length

656 ft (200 m)5 (with 1 repeater)

-

4 km5 (with 1 repeater)

1 EIA/TIA-568 or EIA-TIA-568 TSB-36 compliant.

2 Cisco Systems does not supply Category 5 UTP RJ-45 or 150-ohm STP MII cables. Both are available commercially.

3 AWG = American Wire Gauge. This gauge is specified by the EIA/TIA-568 standard.

4 This is the cable between the MII port on the FE interface and the appropriate transceiver.

5 This length is specifically between any two stations on a repeated segment.


Table 13 IEEE 802.3u Physical Characteristics 

Parameter
100BASE-FX
100BASE-TX

Data rate (Mbps)

100

100

Signaling method

Baseband

Baseband

Maximum segment length (meters)

2 km between repeaters

100 m between DTE1 and repeaters

Media

SC-type: dual simplex or single duplex for receive (RX) and transmit (TX)

RJ-45MII

Topology

Star or hub

Star or hub

1 DTE = data terminal equipment.


Gigabit Ethernet Interface

This section describes the Gigabit Ethernet interface:

GBIC Laser Optical Transceiver Modules

Gigabit Ethernet SFP Modules

10-Gigabit Ethernet

GBIC Laser Optical Transceiver Modules

The Gigabit Interface Converters (GBICs) are field-replaceable modules that plug into receptacles on the line card and provide the Gigabit Ethernet optical interface. The GBICs have two optical interfaces—laser transmit (TX) and laser receive (RX)—and an electrical interface (to the line card). All GBIC module types have dual SC connectors. Different GBICs can be ordered for each port on the line card. The 1-Port Gigabit Ethernet and 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet line cards use GBICs to provide the Gigabit Ethernet optical interface.

The following sections provide information on the GBIC and Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing (CWDM) GBIC in Ethernet line cards:

GBIC Modules

Using CWDM GBICs with the 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

General CWDM GBIC Installation and Usage Guidelines

Related CWDM Documentation

General Connection Rules for CWDM GBICs

GBIC Modules

Fiber-optic transmission specifications identify two types of fiber: single-mode and multimode. Signals can travel farther through single-mode fiber than through multimode fiber.

The 1-Port Gigabit Ethernet and 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet line cards support multimode fiber through the WS-G5484= GBIC laser optical transceiver module and single-mode fiber through the WS-G5486=, WS-G5487=. The 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card also supports CWDM-GBIC-xxxx= GBIC laser optical transceiver modules.

Table 14 describes the operating parameters for available GBIC laser optics.

Table 14 Ethernet GBIC Laser Optic Parameters  

GBIC Module/
Connector
Type
Wavelength
Fiber Type
Distance 1

WS-G5484=
SC connector

Shortwave (multimode shorthaul)

Defined by 1000BASE-SX standard, IEEE 802.3

850 nm

62.5 micron MMF

902 feet (275 m)

50 micron MMF

1804 feet (550 m)

WS-G5486=
SC connector

Longwave (single-mode longhaul)

Compliant with 1000BASE-LX standard, IEEE 802.3

1310 nm

10/9 micron SMF

6.2 miles (10 km)

WS-G5487=
SC connector

Extended distance (single-mode)

1550 nm

10/9 micron SMF

43.5 miles (70 km)

8 micron SMF2

62 miles (100 km)

CWDM-GBIC-xxxx=3

Longwave (single-mode)

1470-1610 nm4

SMF 10/9 micron

62 miles (100 km)

1 These distances represent best case conditions, depending on fiber quality, dispersion, and losses due to connectors, nodes, or splices. In the case of the CWDM GBICs, CWDM OADM modules or mux/demux modules are needed for these GBICs to work in any topology other than a point-to-point topology within one building, so the maximum distance is determined by an optical power budget calculation that takes into consideration all sources of loss, including the insertion loss due to the CWDM OADM and mux/demux modules, and might be different from the distance shown in the table. For optical parameter information associated with the CWDM OADM and mux/demux modules, see the "Related CWDM Documentation" section.

2 Dispersion-shifted single-mode fiber-optic cable required for 100,000-meter distance.

3 Supported by 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet modules

4 The wavelengths of the CWDM GBICs are based on a 20-nanometer (nm) wavelength grid and are available in eight wavelengths: 1470, 1490, 1510, 1530, 1550, 1570, 1590, and 1610 nm.



Note 1000BASE-SX and 1000BASE-LX (LH) were originally part of the IEEE 802.3z standard, which has been incorporated into the IEEE 802.3 standard.



Note Use only GBIC modules supplied by Cisco with your Ethernet line card. They have been tested by Cisco Engineering and, in some cases, a Cisco-supplied GBIC might contain an internal erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM) that identifies the GBIC to the Cisco IOS software. To verify the version of the installed GBIC module, refer to "Verifying the GBIC Version" section.


The maximum distance for any fiber span in an optical network is determined by the fiber type and quality, as well as the span length, number of splices, and number of optical nodes in the path. If your network design requires the signal to travel close to the theoretical maximum distance (as listed in Table 15), you must calculate the optical power budget and receive (RX) sensitivity for the entire network topology to ensure it is within the specifications of the GBIC option in use.


Note Actual power budget calculations involve a number of variables specific to network topology and design, and are therefore outside the scope of this publication.


Table 15 Optical Parameter Values for Calculating Link Power Budget  

GBIC
Transmit
Power
Receive
Power
Receive
Sensitivity
Link
Budget
Maximum Distance 1

WS-G5484=

-9.5dBm to 0 dBm2

-17 to 0 dBm

-17 dBm

7.5 dB

1,804 feet (550 m)

WS-G5486=

-11 to -3 dBm

-19 to -3 dBm

-19 dBm

8 dB

6.2 miles (10 km)

WS-G5487=

0 to +5 dBm

-23 to 0 dBm

-23 dBm

23 dB

43.5 to 62 miles (70 to 100 km3 )

CWDM-GBIC-xxxx=

+1 to +5 dBm

-31 to -7 dBm

-31 dBm

32 dB

62 miles (100 km)4

1 These distances represent best case conditions, depending on fiber quality, dispersion, and losses due to connectors, nodes, or splices.

2 dBm = decibels referenced to 1 milliwatt.

3 Dispersion-shifted single-mode fiber-optic cable required for 100-km distance.

4 This distance represents best case conditions, depending on fiber quality, dispersion, and losses due to connectors, nodes, or splices. In the case of the CWDM GBICs, CWDM OADM modules or mux/demux modules are needed for these GBICs to work in any topology other than a point-to-point topology within one building, so the maximum distance is determined by an optical power budget calculation that takes into consideration all sources of loss, including the insertion loss due to the CWDM OADM and mux/demux modules, and might be different from the distance shown in the table. For optical parameter information associated with the CWDM OADM and mux/demux modules, see the "Related CWDM Documentation" section.


Using CWDM GBICs with the 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet Line Card

The 3-Port Gigabit Ethernet line card supports CWDM GBICs. The eight CWDM GBICs available for use with an Ethernet line card are active components that plug into standard GBIC receptacles in the line card. They convert Gigabit Ethernet electrical signals into an optical single-mode fiber (SMF) interface that feeds into a CWDM network through a Cisco optical add/drop multiplexing (OADM) plug-in module or multiplexing/demultiplexing (mux/demux) plug-in module. Figure 39 shows the physical appearance of a CWDM GBIC with one optical port dust plug removed.

Figure 39 CWDM GBIC (Yellow-Coded CWDM-GBIC-1550= Shown)

1

Color band on label

4

Transmit optical bore

6

Receive optical bore

2

Alignment groove

5

Optical bore dust plug

7

Color dot

3

Spring clip

       

The eight CWDM GBICs available for use with a Gigabit Ethernet line card come in eight wavelengths in a range from 1470 nm to 1610 nm. The color dot between the receive and transmit ports and the color band on the label of the Cisco CWDM GBIC identify the wavelength of the GBIC. Table 16 lists the CWDM GBICs and their associated color codes.

Table 16 Gigabit Ethernet CWDM GBIC Laser Optic Parameters  

GBIC Product Number
CWDM GBIC Wavelength
Color Identifier

CWDM-GBIC-1470=

Longwave 1470 nm laser single-mode

Gray

CWDM-GBIC-1490=

Longwave 1490 nm laser single-mode

Violet

CWDM-GBIC-1510=

Longwave 1510 nm laser single-mode

Blue

CWDM-GBIC-1530=

Longwave 1530 nm laser single-mode

Green

CWDM-GBIC-1550=

Longwave 1550 nm laser single-mode

Yellow

CWDM-GBIC-1570=

Longwave 1570 nm laser single-mode

Orange

CWDM-GBIC-1590=

Longwave 1590 nm laser single-mode

Red

CWDM-GBIC-1610=

Longwave 1610 nm laser single-mode

Brown


General CWDM GBIC Installation and Usage Guidelines

The Cisco CWDM GBIC solution has two main components: the Cisco CWDM GBICs and the Cisco OADM plug-in modules or mux/demux plug-in modules, which are rack mounted in a Cisco CWDM OADM chassis external to the Cisco 12000 Series Router that contains the Ethernet line card.

The CWDM OADM plug-in modules and mux/demux plug-in modules are passive optical components that multiplex together multiple wavelengths from multiple SMF fiber pairs into one SMF fiber pair. Up to two CWDM plug-in modules can be rack-mounted by using the single-rack-unit CWDM chassis.

The CWDM GBICs plug into the standard GBIC receptacles on the faceplate of the Ethernet line card and are connected to the CWDM OADM or mux/demux plug-in modules in the external CWDM chassis using SMF jumper cables with SC-type connectors.

A Cisco 12000 Series Router equipped with an Ethernet line card and CWDM GBICs can be connected into a CWDM network through external CWDM plug-in modules in the following deployment scenarios:

Point-to-point—Two endpoints are directly connected via a fiber link. You can add or drop up to eight Gigabit Ethernet channels into a pair of single-mode fibers.

Hub-and-spoke (ring)—Multiple nodes (spokes) are connected with a hub location through a ring of single-mode fiber. Each hub/node connection can consist of one or more wavelengths, each carrying a full Gigabit Ethernet channel.

Mesh (ring)—Combines the hub-and-spoke and point-to-point (or even multiple point-to-point) connections in parallel on the same CWDM optic link. The maximum of eight GBIC wavelengths allows different combinations of these scenarios.

Related CWDM Documentation

For more information about CWDM GBIC solution deployment, including the optical parameters (insertion loss and isolation values) for the CWDM OADM and mux/demux plug-in modules, see the following related documentation:

Cisco CWDM GBIC Solution, Data Sheet

Cisco CWDM GBIC Solution, Q & A

Installation Note for the CWDM Passive Optical System

General Connection Rules for CWDM GBICs

Observe the following connection rules for CWDM GBICs:

Always match the CWDM GBIC color with the equipment port of the same color on the CWDM passive optical system plug-in module.

Use the CWDM passive optical system connector color codes shown in Table 16 to help you connect your router to the CWDM passive optical system.

Always connect from transmit (TX) to receive (RX) when connecting GBICs to other equipment:

Connect GBIC TX to equipment RX

Connect GBIC RX to equipment TX

Optical transceivers—such as the Cisco CWDM GBICs—have a maximum optical receive power, above which damage might occur to the receive diode. The incoming power level might be too high if the fiber lacks sufficient attenuation, which might occur in a short run of fiber (less than approximately 25 km). Attenuators are used to lower the incoming optical signal below the maximum optical receive power of the Cisco CWDM GBIC (-7 dB).

When the length of the fiber-optic link is less than 15.5 miles (25 km), you must insert a 10-dB inline optical attenuator (Cisco product number AT-10DB-SC=) between the fiber-optic network and the receiving port on the Cisco CWDM GBIC at each end of the link to ensure that the maximum receive power is always less than -7 dBm.

Gigabit Ethernet SFP Modules

The Gigabit Ethernet laser optical transceiver module is a field-replaceable small form-factor pluggable (SFP) module that plugs into the receptacle on the Ethernet port adapter (EPA) located on the Modular Ethernet line card and provides the Gigabit Ethernet optical interface. (See Figure 40.) The module has two optical interfaces—laser transmit (TX) and laser receive (RX)—and an electrical interface (to the line card). The 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE, 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet, and Modular Gigabit Ethernet line cards use SFP modules.

Figure 40 SFP Module and Fiber-Optic Cable

1

Component side of line card

3

Card carrier side of line card

2

Top surface of SFP module

   

The following SFP module options are available for a Gigabit Ethernet line card:

GLC-SX-MM—Short wavelength SFP module (850 nm nominal), for use in 1000BASE-SX links.

GLC-LH-SM—Long-haul or long-wavelength SFP module (1310 nm nominal), for use in 1000BASE-LX links.

GLC-LX-SM—Single-mode, long-reach

GLC-ZX-SM=—Single-mode, extended-reach (supported by 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card only)

The SFP modules have LC connectors. Different SFP module options allow you to customize the physical interfaces on the line card by using both types of modules on the same line card. The only restriction is that each port must match the specifications on the other end of the cable (short or long wavelength), and must not exceed the recommended cable length for reliable communication.

Fiber-optic transmission specifications identify two types of fiber: single-mode and multimode. The maximum distance for single-mode installations is determined by the amount of light loss in the fiber path. If your environment requires the light to travel close to the typical maximum distance, you should use an optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR) to measure the power loss.

Table 17 describes the operating parameters for the supported SFP modules.

Table 17 Gigabit Ethernet SFP Module Power Budget and Signal Requirements 

SFP
Transceiver
Power Budget
Transmit
Power
Receive
Power
Receive Sensitivity
Typical Maximum Distance

GLC-SX-MM

Short wavelength

Multimode,
short haul

7.5 dB

-9.5 to -4 dBm1
at 850 nm2

-17 to 0 dBm

-17 dBm

984 feet (300 meters)

GLC-LH-SM3

Long wavelength

Single-mode,
long haul

8.0 dB

-9.5 to -3 dBm
at 1310 nm

-19 to -3 dBm

 

32,808 feet (10,000 meters)

GLC-LX-SM4

Single-mode,
long-reach

8 dB

-11 to -3 dBm
at 1310 nm

-19 to -3 dBm

-19 dBm

 

GLC-ZX-SM5

Single-mode,
extended-reach

23 dB

0 to +5 dBm
at 1550 nm

-23 to 0 dBm

-23 dBm

 

1 dBm = decibels referenced to 1 milliwatt

2 nm = nanometer

3 Not valid for 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card

4 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card only

5 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card only


Table 18 Gigabit Ethernet Laser Optical Transceiver (SFP) Module Operating Parameters  

SFP Module
Type
Wavelength
Cable
Distance

GLC-SX-MM

Short wavelength (multimode short haul)

850 nm

MMF 62.5/125 micron

722 feet (220 m)

MMF 50/125 micron

1640 feet (500 m)

GLC-LH-SM

Long wavelength (single-mode long haul)

1310 nm

SMF 9/125 micron

32,808 feet (10,000 m)



Note Use only the SFP modules supplied by Cisco with your Gigabit Ethernet line card. Each SFP module contains an internal serial EEPROM that is security-programmed by the SFP manufacturer with information that provides a way for Cisco (through the Cisco IOS software) to identify and validate the SFP module as a module type that was tested and qualified by Cisco to operate properly with Cisco Gigabit Ethernet line cards. Unapproved SFP modules (those not purchased directly from Cisco) will not work on the Gigabit Ethernet line card. To verify the version of the installed SFP module, refer to "Verifying the SFP Version" section.


10-Gigabit Ethernet

The 1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet line card uses single-mode fiber-optic cable. The maximum distance for single-mode installations is determined by the amount of light loss in the fiber path. If your environment requires the light to travel close to the typical maximum distance (as listed in Table 20), you should use an optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR) to measure the power loss.

The Ethernet line card is offered in two transceiver options:

Long haul or long wavelength, 1310 nanometers (nm) nominal, used for 1000BASE-LR links.

Long haul or long wavelength, 1550 nm nominal, used for 1000BASE-ER links.

Table 19 describes the operating parameters for the transceiver options.

Table 19 10-Gigabit Ethernet Laser Optical Transceiver Operating Parameters  

Transceiver Option
Type
Wavelength
Cable
Distance

LR

Long wavelength
(single-mode long haul)

1310 nm

SMF 9/125 micron

6.2 miles (10 km)

ER

Long wavelength
(single-mode long haul)

1550 nm

SMF 9/125 micron

24.9 miles (40 km)


Table 20 lists the power ratings and maximum distances of both models of the Ethernet line cards. The actual distance in any given case depends on the quality of the fiber connected to the transceiver.

Table 20 Transceiver Module Power Budget and Signal Requirements 

Transceiver Option
Power
Budget
Transmit
Power
Receive
Power
Typical Maximum Distance

LR

6.2 dB

-8.2 to +0.5 dBm at 1310 nm

-14.4 to +0.5 dBm

6.2 miles (10 km)

ER

11.1 dB

-4.7 to +4 dBm at 1550 nm

-15.8 to -1 dBm

24.9 miles (40 km)


Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

Depending on the line card (refer to Table 4), use a single-mode or multimode fiber-optic interface cable with LC-type or SC-type connectors to connect an Ethernet interface on the Ethernet line card in your Cisco 12000 Series Router to another Ethernet interface, router, or switch.


Note Fiber optic cables are not available from Cisco Systems. They can be purchased from cable vendors.


The following types of cables are used with Ethernet line cards to connect your router to another router or switch:

Single-mode—Generally yellow in color.

Multimode—Generally gray or orange in color. Multimode cables are multifiber cables that carry 12 channels of fiber data.


Note For network applications using CWDM GBICs in Ethernet line cards, the CWDM GBICs use SMF patch cords only. Verify that all your patch cords are yellow (SMF), rather than orange (MMF).


The following types of cable connectors are used with Ethernet line cards:

Subscriber connector (SC)—See Figure 41 and Figure 42

Lucent connector (LC)— See Figure 43 and Figure 44

You can use two cables with simplex connectors, or one cable with dual, keyed connectors.


Warning Invisible laser radiation can be emitted from the aperture of the port when no cable is connected. Avoid exposure to laser radiation and do not stare into open apertures.


Figure 41 Simplex SC Cable Connector (Single-mode)

1

SC cable connector

2

Spring-action disconnect latch


Figure 42 Duplex SC Cable Connector

Figure 43 Simplex LC Cable Connector

1

LC connector

2

Spring-action disconnect latch


Figure 44 Duplex LC Cable Connector


Note Connectors on the fiber-optic cables must be free of dust, oil, or other contaminants. Before connecting the cable to the line card, carefully clean the fiber-optic connectors using an alcohol wipe or other suitable cleanser. Refer to the "Cleaning Fiber-Optic Connectors" section for more information.

The connector on the cable might be supplied with a dust cover. If it is, remove the dust cover before trying to connect the cable to the line card port.


Removing and Installing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

This section contains information on removing and installing fiber-optic interface cables to connect your router to another router or switch.


Note The procedures in the following sections use illustrations of an Ethernet line card to support the descriptions of removing and installing interface cables. Although the line cards differ, the process of removing and installing interface cables is basically the same. Therefore, separate procedures and illustrations are not included in this publication.


Removing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

To remove line card interface cables, refer to Figure 45 (showing one possible arrangement) and follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap to your wrist and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Press on the spring-action disconnect latch to disconnect the interface cable connectors from the line card interface ports.


Warning Invisible laser radiation can be emitted from the aperture of the port when no cable is connected. Avoid exposure to laser radiation and do not stare into open apertures.



Note You do not have to remove the interface cables from the line card cable-management bracket.


Step 3 Insert a dust plug into the optical port openings of each port that is not being used.

Step 4 Use a screwdriver to loosen the captive installation screws at the ends of the line card cable-management bracket.

Step 5 Detach the line card cable-management bracket and optical fiber cable bundle from the line card and place it carefully out of the way. (See Figure 45B.)


Figure 45 Disconnecting Line Card Interface Cables

1

Fiber cable

3

Cable-management bracket

5

SFP module

2

Velcro strap

4

Dust plug

   

Installing Fiber-Optic Interface Cables

Use two simplex SC or LC connectors or one duplex SC or LC connector (refer to Figure 46 and Figure 47).


Note Optical fiber cables are available from cable vendors. These cables are not available from Cisco Systems.



Warning Invisible radiation may be emitted from the aperture of the port when no fiber cable is connected, so avoid exposure to radiation and do not stare into open apertures.



Warning Class 1 laser product.



Warning Class 1 LED product (multimode).



Note Connectors on the fiber-optic cables must be free of dust, oil, or other contaminants. Before connecting the cable to the line card, carefully clean the fiber-optic connectors using an alcohol wipe or other suitable cleanser. Refer to the "Cleaning Fiber-Optic Connectors" section for more information.


To install a cable, follow these steps:


Step 1 Remove the connector dust cover if one is present.

Step 2 Align the connector end of the cable to the appropriate port. Observe the receive (RX) and transmit (TX) cable relationship on the cables, as shown in Figure 46 and Figure 47.

Step 3 Attach fiber cable between the port in the line card and the device to which the line card is connected.

Step 4 Insert the fiber cable connector until it clicks and locks into place.

Step 5 Repeat these steps until all cabling is complete.


Figure 46 Attaching Simplex or Duplex Fiber Cables (SFP Module)

1

TX connector

3

Simplex cables

2

RX connector

4

Duplex cable


Figure 47 Attaching Simplex or Duplex Fiber Cables (Line Card Port or GBIC)


Note The fiber-optic connectors must be free of dust, oil, or other contaminants. Carefully clean the fiber- optic connectors using an alcohol wipe or other suitable cleanser.


Cleaning Fiber-Optic Connectors

Fiber-optic connectors are used to connect two fibers together. When these connectors are used in a communication system, proper connection becomes a critical factor. They can be damaged by improper cleaning and connection procedures. Dirty or damaged fiber-optic connectors can result in communication that is inaccurate or not repeatable.

Fiber-optic connectors differ from electrical or microwave connectors. In a fiber-optic system, light is transmitted through an extremely small fiber core. Because fiber cores are often 62.5 microns or less in diameter, and dust particles range from a tenth of a micron to several microns in diameter, dust and any other contamination at the end of the fiber core can degrade the performance of the connector interface where the two cores meet. Therefore, the connector must be precisely aligned and the connector interface must be absolutely free of foreign material.

Connector loss, or insertion loss, is a critical performance characteristic of a fiber-optic connector. Return loss is also an important factor. Return loss specifies the amount of reflected light: the lower the reflection, the better the connection. The best physical contact connectors have return losses of better than -40 dB, but -20 to -30 dB is more common.

The connection quality depends on two factors: the type of connector and the proper cleaning and connection techniques. Dirty fiber connectors are a common source of light loss. Keep the connectors clean at all times, and keep the dust plugs or covers installed when the connectors are not in use.

Before installing any type of cable or connector, use a lint-free alcohol pad from a cleaning kit to clean the ferrule, the protective tube or cone that surrounds the fiber core, and the end-face surface of the fiber core.

As a general rule, any time you detect a significant, unexplained loss of light, clean the connectors. To clean the optical connectors, use a CLETOP fiber optic cleaning cassette (Type A for SC connectors) and follow the manufacturer's usage instructions.

If a CLETOP cleaning cassette is not available, follow these steps:


Step 1 Use a lint-free tissue soaked in 99 percent pure isopropyl alcohol and gently wipe the end-face of the fiber core. Wait 5 seconds for the surfaces to dry and wipe the surfaces a second time.

Step 2 Use clean, dry, oil-free compressed air to remove any residual dust from the connector.


Warning Invisible laser radiation can be emitted from the aperture of the port when no cable is connected. Avoid exposure to laser radiation and do not stare into open apertures.


Step 3 Use a magnifying glass or inspection microscope to inspect the ferrule at angle. Do not look directly into the aperture. If you detect any contamination, repeat Step 1 and Step 2.


Type RJ-45 100BASE-T Copper Cables

For an 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card with RJ-45 ports, use an EIA/TIA-568-compliant cable with MDI wiring and RJ-45 connectors to connect your Cisco 12000 Series Router to another router or switch. Figure 48 shows a typical RJ-45 connector.


Note EIA/TIA-568-compliant cable with MDI wiring and RJ-45 connectors are available from a wide variety of sources. These cables are not available from Cisco Systems.


Figure 48 RJ-45 Cable Connector

Removing and Installing RJ-45 100BASE-T Copper Cable

This section contains information on removing and installing RJ-45 copper cables to connect your router to another router or switch.

Removing RJ-45 Cables

To remove line card cables, follow these steps (refer to Figure 49):


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap to your wrist and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Disconnect the interface cable connectors from the line card interface ports.


Note You do not have to remove the interface cables from the line card cable-management bracket.


Step 3 Use a screwdriver to loosen the captive installation screws at the ends of the line card cable-management bracket.

Step 4 Detach the line card cable-management bracket and optical fiber cable bundle from the line card and place it carefully out of the way.


Installing RJ-45 Cables

Insert the RJ-45 connector into an open port until the connector clicks and locks into place. Attach one cable between each line card interface and the device to which the line card is connected. Figure 49 shows the relationship between the RJ-45 interface on the line card and the cable connector.

Figure 49 Attaching RJ-45 Copper Cables

Verifying and Troubleshooting the Installation

After installing the hardware, you need to look at the LEDs to verify that the Ethernet line card was installed correctly. If it was not, you need to troubleshoot to find the problem. The following sections provide information about how to verify and troubleshoot line card installations:

Initial Boot Process

Status LEDs

Alphanumeric LEDs

Troubleshooting the Installation

Troubleshooting using Cisco IOS commands is described the "Configuring and Troubleshooting Line Card Interfaces" section.

Initial Boot Process


Note Many new line cards are designated as administratively down by default. Status LEDs are off until you configure the interfaces and use the no shutdown command.


During a typical line card boot process, the following events occur:

1. The line card maintenance bus (MBus) module receives power and begins executing the MBus software.

2. The line card MBus module determines the type of card on which it resides, performs internal checks, and prepares to accept the Cisco IOS software from the RP.

3. The RP powers up the line card and loads the line card with its Cisco IOS software.

To verify that the line card is working properly, perform the following operational checks:

During the line card boot process, observe the line card alphanumeric LEDs to ensure that the card is running the typical initialization sequence. The sequence should end with IOS RUN.

Observe the line card status LEDs to verify that the Active LED (Link LED or status LED for line cards with no Active LED) is on. If an Active LED is not on, verify that the associated interface is not shut down.

If one of these conditions is not met, refer to the "Advanced Line Card Troubleshooting" section to identify any possible problems.

Status LEDs

The Gigabit Ethernet line cards and the 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card have different status LEDs.

Gigabit Ethernet Status LEDs

After installing the line card and connecting the interface cables, verify that the line card is working properly by observing the LEDs on the faceplate. For the locations of the LEDs, refer to the figures in the "Product Overviews" section.

Status LEDs show the status of each fiber-optic connector:

LINK—When lit, indicates that the Gigabit Ethernet (GE) MAC layer is receiving comma characters from a connected GE device.

ACTIVE—When lit, indicates that the interface is active.

RX FRAME—When lit, indicates that the interface has received a packet.

Alphanumeric LEDs explain the state of the line card and are made up of two, four-digit alphanumeric LED displays. (See the "Alphanumeric LEDs" section.)

The status LEDs might not go on until after you have configured the line card interfaces (or turned them on, if they were shut down). In order to verify correct operation of each interface, complete the configuration procedures for the line card. (See the "Configuring and Troubleshooting Line Card Interfaces" section.)

The different operating states of the status LEDs on the Gigabit Ethernet line card are shown in Table 21.

Table 21 Status LED Descriptions 

LED
Color/Activity
Description
LINK

Green

 · A signal is detected.
 · There is RX synchronization.
 · The GBIC or SFP module is inserted and has no fault conditions.
 · The line card is connected to another functioning Gigabit Ethernet interface and has received comma-detect characters.
 

Off

 · Loss of signal (LOS). Occurs when the signal is lost at the optical input. For example, removing a GBIC or SFP or removing a cable causes both an LOS and a loss of synchronization.
 · Loss of RX synchronization. Occurs when the receiver cannot detect commas. For example, removing the local RX cable or the remote TX cable will cause loss of synchronization.
 · Invalid word received. To maintain receiver alignment and synchronization, the receiver looks for a unique detectable code-bit pattern. An invalid word condition occurs because the receiver detects an incorrect or unsupported character or sequence of characters, resulting in a loss of synchronization and a link down condition.
ACTIVE

Green

 · When the line protocol is up. For example, you enter a no shutdown command as part of the interface configuration.
 · During the line card hardware initialization sequence.
 

Off

 · The line is down because of a link failure or problem with the GBIC or SFP module.
 · Hardware initialization fails.
 · The line card interface is shut down, because a GBIC or SFP module was removed and replaced or was administratively shut down. Note that a newly inserted line card is designated administratively down, so the Active LED for the interface remains off until the interface is configured. The Active LED on the line card does not go on until you configure the line card interface (or turn the interface on if it was shut down). As an operational check, you can verify that the card is receiving power by looking at the alphanumeric display LEDs, which go on when a line card is inserted correctly into the chassis and is powered on.
RX FRAME

Green

Packets are being received on this interface.

 

Off

Packets are not being received on this interface.


8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card LEDs

Refer to the figures in the "8-Port Fast Ethernet Line Card" section for the locations of the Link LED and the receive and transmit status LEDs. The Link LED is located on the front panel of the line card. The receive and transmit LEDs are located on the side of the line card and are not visible when a line card is fully installed in the Cisco 12000 Series Router. These LEDs signal the status of the port, as explained in Table 22.

s

Table 22 Explanation of Status LEDs

LED State
Explanation
Receive (onboard)
Transmit (onboard)
Link
(front panel)
 

Off

Off

Off

Port is off.

Off

Off

On

Port is on.

Off

On

On

Port is transmitting data.

On

Off

On

Port is receiving data.

On

On

On

Port is transmitting and receiving data.


The Link LED is on under the following conditions:

When the line protocol is up. For example, when you enter a no shutdown command as part of the interface configuration.

During the 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card hardware initialization.

The Link LED is off under the following conditions:

The line is down due to a link failure or problem.

Hardware initialization fails.

The line card interface is shut down, for example, when you enter a shutdown command as part of the interface configuration.

The status LEDs on the line card do not go on until you have configured the line card interfaces (or turned them on if they were shut down). The alphanumeric display does come on when a line card is inserted correctly into the chassis and is powered on.

To verify correct operation of each interface, complete the configuration procedures for the line card (see the "Configuring and Troubleshooting Line Card Interfaces" section).

Alphanumeric LEDs

Ethernet line cards have two four-digit alphanumeric LED displays at one end of the faceplate, near the ejector lever, that display a sequence of messages indicating the state of the card. In general, the LEDs do not turn on until the RP recognizes and powers up the card. As it boots, the line card displays a sequence of messages similar to those in Table 23.


Note It is normal for some displayed messages to appear too briefly to be read. Also, some messages listed in Table 23 and Table 24 may not appear on your line card.


Table 23 Alphanumeric LED Messages During a Typical Initialization Sequence 

LED Display 1
Meaning
Source

MROM
nnnn

MBus microcode execute; nnnn is the microcode version number.

MBus controller

LMEM
TEST

Low memory on the line card is being tested.

Line card ROM monitor

LROM
RUN

Low memory test has been completed.

Line card ROM monitor

BSS
INIT

Main memory is being initialized.

Line card ROM monitor

RST
SAVE

Contents of the reset reason register are being saved.

Line card ROM monitor

IO
RST

Reset I/O register is being accessed.

Line card ROM monitor

EXPT
INIT

Interrupt handlers are being initialized.

Line card ROM monitor

TLB
INIT

TLB is being initialized.

Line card ROM monitor

CACH
INIT

CPU data and instruction cache is being initialized.

Line card ROM monitor

MEM
INIT

Size of the main memory on the line card is being discovered.

Line card ROM monitor

LROM
RDY

ROM is ready for the download attempt.

Line card ROM monitor

ROMI
GET

ROM image is being loaded into line card memory.

RP IOS software

ROM
VGET2

ROM image is receiving a response.

RP IOS software

FABI
WAIT

Line card is waiting for the fabric downloader to load.3

RP IOS software

FABM
WAIT2

Line card is waiting for the fabric manager to report that the fabric is usable.

RP IOS software

FABL
DNLD

Fabric downloader is being loaded into line card memory.

RP IOS software

FABL
STRT

Fabric downloader is being launched.

RP IOS software

FABL
RUN

Fabric downloader has been launched and is running.

RP IOS software

IOS
DNLD

Cisco IOS software is being downloaded into line card memory.

RP IOS software

IOS
FABW2

Cisco IOS software is waiting for the fabric to be ready.

RP IOS software

IOS
VGET2

Line card is obtaining the Cisco IOS version.

RP IOS software

IOS
RUN

Line card is enabled and ready for use.

RP IOS software

IOS
STRT

Cisco IOS software is being launched.

RP IOS software

IOS
TRAN

Cisco IOS software is transitioning to active.

RP IOS software

IOS
UP

Cisco IOS software is running.

RP IOS software

1 The entire LED sequence shown in Table 23 might occur too quickly for you to read; therefore, this sequence is provided in this tabular form as a baseline for how a line card should function at startup.

2 This LED sequence only appears in Cisco IOS release 12.0(24)S or later.

3 The fabric downloader loads the Cisco IOS software image onto the line card.


Table 24 lists other messages displayed on the line card alphanumeric LED displays.

Table 24 Other Alphanumeric LED Messages 

LED Display
Meaning
Source

MAL
FUNC

Line card malfunction reported by field diagnostics.

RP

MISM
ATCH1

Line card type mismatch in paired slots.

RP

PWR
STRT1

Line card has been newly powered on.

RP

PWR
ON

Line card is powered on.

RP

IN
RSET

In reset.

RP

RSET
DONE

Reset complete.

RP

MBUS
DNLD

MBus agent downloading.

RP

MBUS
DONE

MBus agent download complete.

RP

ROMI
DONE

Acquisition of ROM image complete.

RP

MSTR
WAIT

Waiting for mastership determination.

RP

CLOK
WAIT

Waiting for slot clock configuration.

RP

CLOK
DONE

Slot clock configuration done.

RP

FABL
LOAD

Loading fabric downloader2 complete.

RP

IOS
LOAD

Downloading of Cisco IOS software is complete.

RP

BMA
ERR

Cisco IOS software BMA error.

RP

FIA
ERR

Cisco IOS fabric interface ASIC configuration error.

RP

CARV
ERR

Buffer carving failure.

RP

DUMP
REQ

Line card requesting a core dump.

RP

DUMP
RUN

Line card dumping core.

RP

DUMP
DONE

Line card core dump complete.

RP

DIAG
MODE

Diagnostic mode.

RP

DIAG
LOAD

Downloading field diagnostics over the MBus.

RP

DIAG
F_LD

Downloading field diagnostics over the fabric.

RP

DIAG
STRT

Launching field diagnostics.

RP

DIAG
HALT

Cancel field diagnostics.

RP

DIAG
TEST

Running field diagnostics tests.

RP

DIAG
PASS1

Field diagnostics were completed successfully.

RP

POST
STRT

Launching power-on self-test (POST).

RP

UNKN
STAT

Unknown state.

RP

ADMN
DOWN

Line card is administratively down.

RP

SCFG
PRES1

Incorrect hw-module slot srp command entered.

RP

SCFG1
REDQ

Required hw-module slot srp command not entered.

RP

1 This LED sequence only appears in Cisco IOS release 12.0(24)S or later.

2 The fabric downloader loads the Cisco IOS software image onto the line card.


Troubleshooting the Installation


Note Many new line cards are designated as administratively down by default. Status LEDs are off until you configure the interfaces and use the no shutdown command.


If the Active LED (Link LED or status LED for line cards with no Active LED) or the alphanumeric display LEDs on a line card do not go on, there is either a problem with the line card installation or a hardware failure. To verify that the line card is installed correctly, follow these steps:


Step 1 If the Active LED fails to go on, but the alphanumeric display LEDs on the line card indicate activity, verify that the initialization sequence ends with IOS RUN. If this is the case, verify that the interface is not shut down. If it is not, suspect a circuitry problem with the Active LED and contact a service representative for further assistance.

Step 2 If the Active LED on the line card fails to go on or the alphanumeric display LEDs do not indicate IOS RUN, check the router connections as follows:

a. Verify that the line card board connector is fully seated in the backplane. Loosen the captive installation screws and firmly pivot the ejector levers toward each other until both are perpendicular to the line card faceplate. Tighten the captive installation screws.

b. Verify that all power cords and data cables are firmly connected at both ends.

c. Verify that all memory modules on the card are fully seated and secured to their sockets.

After the line card reinitializes, the Active LED on the line card should go on. If the Active LED goes on, the installation is complete; if the Active LED does not go on, proceed to the next step.

Step 3 If the Active LED still fails to go on, remove the Ethernet line card and try installing it in another available line card slot.

If the Active LED goes on when the line card is installed in the new slot, suspect a failed backplane port in the original line card slot.

If the Active LED and alphanumeric display LEDs still do not go on, halt the installation. Contact a service representative to report the faulty equipment and obtain further instructions.

Step 4 If an error message displays on the console terminal during the line card initialization, see the appropriate reference publication for error message definitions. If you experience other problems that you cannot solve, contact a service representative for assistance.

For more information on troubleshooting and diagnostics, refer to the installation and configuration guide that came with your Cisco 12000 Series Router.


Step 5


Note If you perform online insertion or removal of the GBIC or SFP without shutting down the interface, a warning message is displayed on the console device.


Configuring and Troubleshooting Line Card Interfaces

After the person who installed the hardware verifies that the new Ethernet line card is installed correctly by examining the LEDs, the network administrator can configure the new interface. The following sections provide information on configuring and troubleshooting the Ethernet line cards:

Using Configuration Commands

Configuring Ethernet Line Cards

Configuring 802.1Q VLAN Counters

Verifying the GBIC Version

Verifying the SFP Version

Configuration File Examples

Advanced Line Card Troubleshooting

FPGA Error Messages

Line Card Diagnostics Using Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0(22)S and Later

Line Card Diagnostics Using Cisco IOS Software Releases Prior to 12.0(22)S

Using Configuration Commands

To configure a line card, you enter the correct mode and then enter the commands you need.

First, enter the privileged level of the EXEC command interpreter (privileged EXEC mode) by using the enable command. The system will prompt you for a password if one is set. Next, use the configure command to access configuration mode. If you want to change the default configuration values on the line card, use the configure terminal command to enter global configuration mode. Then, use the interface command to specify the interface and enter interface configuration mode, where you can configure the new interface. Be prepared with the information you will need, such as the interface IP address.

Table 25 lists some configuration commands you may want to use and the default values. Refer to Cisco IOS documentation for complete information about these commands.

Table 25 Ethernet Line Card Configuration Default Values 

Parameter
Configuration Command
Default Value

IP address

ip address

None

Translation of directed broadcast to physical broadcasts

ip directed-broadcast

Disabled

Shutdown

shutdown

Interface disabled

Auto-negotiation

negotiation auto

Negotiation auto

Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)

cdp enable

Disabled

Maximum transmission unit (MTU)

mtu bytes

1500

Protocol

protocol ip

IP (the only valid value)


A Cisco 12000 Series Router identifies an interface address by its line card slot number and port number, in the format slot/port. The ports on the Ethernet line card are numbered 0, 1, 2, and so on. For example, the slot/port address of the top port on an interface on an Ethernet line card installed in line card slot 1 is 1/0. Even if the line card contains only one port, you must use the slot/port notation.

The Modular Gigabit Ethernet line card identifies an interface address by its line card slot number, EPA number, and port number, in the format slot/EPA_number/port. Table 26 describes the assigned EPA and Gigabit Ethernet port numbers, and how you address a port using Cisco IOS.

Table 26 Gigabit Ethernet EPA and Port Addressing

EPA Number
GE Port Numbers Assigned
Cisco IOS Port Address

PA 0

Ports 0 - 2

slot/0/0 through slot/0/2

PA 1

Ports 3 - 5

slot/1/0 through slot/1/2

PA 2

Ports 6 - 8

slot/2/0 through slot/2/2

PA 3

Port 9

slot/3/0


For example, to configure gig3, the fourth port on the line card (the first port in the second EPA), you would address slot/1/0. To configure port 9, you would address slot/3/0.

Configuring Ethernet Line Cards

The following procedure is for creating a basic configuration—enabling an interface and specifying IP routing. You might also need to enter other configuration subcommands, depending on the requirements for your system configuration.

To configure an Ethernet line card, you can follow steps like the following:


Step 1 Enter privileged EXEC mode:

Router> enable

If the system prompts you for a password, enter it.

Step 2 Confirm that the system recognizes the card by entering the show version command:

Router# show version

Step 3 Check the status of each port by entering the show interface command:

Router# show interface

Step 4 Enter global configuration mode and specify that the console terminal will be the source of the configuration commands:

Router# configure terminal 

Step 5 At the prompt, specify the new interface to configure by entering the interface command, followed by the type (for example, gigabitethernet or fastethernet) and slot/port (line card slot number/port number). For example, to configure port 0 on a 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line card in line card slot 1:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/0

You are now in interface configuration mode.

Step 6 Assign an IP address and subnet mask to the interface with the ip address configuration subcommand, as in the following example:

Router(config-if)# ip address 10.1.2.3 255.255.255.0 

Step 7 Change the shutdown state to up and enable the interface:

Router(config-if)# no shutdown

The no shutdown command passes an enable command to the Ethernet line card. It also causes the line card to configure itself based on the most recent configuration commands received by the line card.

Step 8 If you want to disable the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP), which is not required, use this command:

Router(config-if)# no cdp enable

Step 9 Add any other configuration subcommands required to enable routing protocols and adjust the interface characteristics.

Step 10 When you have included all the configuration subcommands to complete the configuration, enter Ctrl-Z (hold down the Control key while you press Z) to exit configuration mode.

Step 11 Write the new configuration to memory:

Router# copy running-config startup-config

The system displays an OK message when the configuration has been stored.


After you have completed your configuration, you can check it using show commands, as described in the following sections.

Configuring 802.1Q VLAN Counters

On Cisco 12000 Series Gigabit Ethernet and Fast Ethernet line cards, you can configure 802.1Q VLAN subinterfaces to count VLAN traffic by bytes or packets. By default, VLAN traffic statistics are counted in packets. You cannot enable both byte and packet counters.

To configure the way in which 802.1Q VLAN traffic is counted on an Ethernet subinterface, follow these steps:


Step 1 Enter privileged EXEC mode:

Router> enable

If the system prompts you for a password, enter it.

Step 2 Enter global configuration mode.

Router# configure terminal 

Step 3 Enters subinterface configuration mode to configure the Ethernet subinterface:

Router# interface type slot/port.subinterface-number 

Step 4 Specify the type of counter to be used for 802.1Q VLAN traffic statistics on the subinterface.

Router# counter-type {byte | packet} 


To display the statistics recorded for 802.1Q VLAN traffic on an Ethernet subinterface, enter the show vlan command in privileged EXEC mode.

Verifying the GBIC Version

You can use the exec slot n show controller gigabitethernet gbic EXEC command to display the GBIC type currently installed in the line card, as shown in the following example:

router# exec slot 4 show controller gigabitethernet 1 gbic
========= Line Card (Slot 4) =======
** GBIC serial EEPROM
   identifier           0x01 (GBIC)
   connector            0x01 (FibreChannel SC)
   gbic transceiver_code0x01      1000BASE-SX 
   encoding             0x01 (8B10B)
   br_nominal (units of 100MHz)   13
   length_9u (units of 100m)      0
   length_50u (units of 100m)     50
   length_62_5u (units of 100m)   22
   length_cu (unit of 10m)        0
   vendor_name          HEWLETT-PACKARD
   vendor_oui           0x00 00 00
   vendor_pn            0x48464252 2D353630 31202020 20202020
   vendor_rev           0x30303030 0000
   cc_base              0x74
   options[0]           0x1A      LOS (Loss of Signal) TX Fault TX Disable
   br_max (upper baud rate margin, units of %)
                      0
   br_min (upper baud rate margin, units of %)
                      0
   vendor_sn            0x39383037 31303037 34383539 36363933
   date_code            98071000 (yymmddvv, v=vendor specific)

Verifying the SFP Version

Use the show interfaces gigabitethernet command to display the SFP module type currently installed in a port on the line card. For example:

Router# show interfaces gigabitethernet 1/0/0

GigabitEthernet1/0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down
  Hardware is GigMac 10 Port GigabitEthernet, address is 0005.5f1a.c8aa (bia
0005.5f1a.c8aa)
  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit, DLY 10 usec, rely 255/255, load 1/255
  Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
  Keepalive set (10 sec)
  Full-duplex mode, link type is autonegotiation, media type is SX
  output flow-control is unsupported, input flow-control is unsupported
  ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
  Last input never, output never, output hang never
  Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
  Queueing strategy: fifo
  Output queue 0/40, 0 drops; input queue 0/75, 0 drops
  5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
  5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
     0 packets input, 0 bytes, 0 no buffer
     Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
     0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored
     0 watchdog, 0 multicast, 0 pause input
     0 packets output, 0 bytes, 0 underruns
     0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets
     0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
     0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier, 0 pause output
     0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out 
Router#

Configuration File Examples

This section contains the following examples:

Fast Ethernet Example

Gigabit Ethernet Example

IP and VLAN Configuration for Gigabit Ethernet Example

Fast Ethernet Example

The following example shows the configuration file commands for an 8-Port Fast Ethernet line card.

!
interface FastEthernet10/0
 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.25x.2x5.0
 arp timeout 100000
 no logging event subif-link-status
 no keepalive
 no cdp enable
!
interface FastEthernet10/1
 ip address 10.1.2.1 255.25x.2x5.0
 no logging event subif-link-status
 loopback external
 no keepalive
 shutdown
 no cdp enable
!
interface FastEthernet10/2
 ip address 10.1.3.1 255.25x.2x5.0
 no logging event subif-link-status
 loopback external
 no keepalive
 shutdown
 no cdp enable
!
interface FastEthernet10/3
 ip address 10.1.4.1 255.25x.2x5.0
 no logging event subif-link-status
 loopback external
 no keepalive
 shutdown
 no cdp enable
!
interface FastEthernet10/4
ip address 10.1.5.1255.25x.2x55.0
 no logging event subif-link-status
 loopback external
 no keepalive
 shutdown
 no cdp enable
!
interface FastEthernet10/5
 ip address 10.1.6.1 255.25x.2x5.0
 no logging event subif-link-status
 loopback external
 no keepalive
 no cdp enable
!
interface FastEthernet10/6
 ip address 10.1.7.1 255.25x.2x5.0
 no logging event subif-link-status
 loopback external
 no keepalive
 no cdp enable
!
interface FastEthernet10/7
 ip address 10.1.7.1 255.25x.2x5.0
 no logging event subif-link-status
 loopback external
 no keepalive
 no cdp enable
!
no ip classless
ip route 2x3.2x5.25x.253 25x.25x.2xx.255 Ethernet0
ip route 2x3.2x5.25x.253 25x.25x.2xx.255 Ethernet0
logging buffered 524288 debugging
logging history size 500
logging trap debugging
!
line con 0
 exec-timeout 0 0
 length 33
 history size 50
line aux 0
 exec-timeout 0 0
 length 36
 history size 50
line vty 0 4
 password xyzzy
 login
!
no scheduler max-task-time
end

Gigabit Ethernet Example

Following are examples of configuration file commands for a Gigabit Ethernet line card used in the scenario shown in Figure 50. A primary and a standby Cisco 12000 Series Router sit between two Cisco Catalyst 5000 series switches. The configuration supports HSRP using ISIS.

Figure 50 HSRP over ISIS using Two Cisco 12000 Series Routers (Topology)

Primary Router Configuration (GE MFR2)

The configuration for the primary router, shown in Figure 50, is as follows:

ip routing
no cdp run
!
no ip domain-lookup
line 0
history size 30
!
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
!
router isis area2
! NSAP consists of area/ system ID /n-selector
! NSAP could be 20 Bytes in length
! n-selector is always 1 Byte
! if n-selector is zero then NSAP becomes NET
! the NSAP is for area 2/system ID 1/n-selector 0
net 02.1111.1111.1111.00
#NET - Stands for Network Entity Title
is-type level-2-only
redistribute static 
!
interface Ethernet 0
ip address 20.13.5.13 255.255.0.0
ip helper-address 223.255.254.254
shut
!
!
interface G4/0
ip address 23.0.0.2 255.0.0.0
mac-addr 0010.1234.2302
ip router isis area2
no keepalive
no shutdown
!
!HSRP CONFIGURATION
no ip redirects
standby 1 priority 200
standby 1 ip 23.0.0.4
!
!This allows the router to become active when its
!priority is higher than the others in the same group standby 1 preempt
!sets interval between hellos and the hold time for
!the standby router to become active
standby 1 timers 3 4
!
interface G6/0
mac-addr 0010.1234.1002
ip address 10.0.0.2 255.0.0.0
ip router isis area2
no keepalive
no shutdown
!HSRP CONFIGURATION
no ip redirects
standby 2 priority 200
standby 2 preempt
standby 2 ip 10.0.0.4
!This allows the router to become active when its
!priority is higher than the others in the same group standby 2 preempt
!sets interval between hellos and the hold time for
!the standby router to become active
standby 2 timers 3 4

Standby Router Configuration (GE MFR1)

The configuration for the standby router, shown in Figure 50, is as follows:

hostname gemfr1
ip routing
no ip domain-lookup
line 0
history size 30
!
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
!
ip host abrick 223.255.254.254
router isis area2
! NSAP consists of area/ system ID /n-selector
! NSAP could be 20 Bytes in length
! n-selector is always 1 Byte
! if n-selector is zero then NSAP becomes NET
! the NSAP is for area2/system ID 2/n-selector 0
net 02.2222.2222.2222.00
#NET - Stands for Network Entity Title
is-type level-2-only
redistribute static
net 02.2222.2222.2222.00
is-type level-2-only
!
interface Ethernet0
ip address 20.13.5.12 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 223.255.254.254
no keepalive
shutdown
!
!
interface G4/0
ip address 23.0.0.1 255.0.0.0
mac-address 0010.1234.2301
ip router isis area2
no keep
no shutdown
!
!HSRP standby configuration
no ip redirects
standby 1 priority 101
standby 1 ip 23.0.0.4
!This allows the router to become active when its
!priority is higher than the others in the same group standby 1 preempt
!sets interval between hellos and the hold time for
!the standby router to become active
standby 1 timers 3 4
!
!
interface G6/0
ip address 10.0.0.1 255.0.0.0
mac-address 0010.1234.1001
ip router isis area2
no keep
no shutdown
!
!HSRP standby configuration
no ip redirects
standby 2 priority 101
standby 2 ip 10.0.0.4
!This allows the router to become active when its
!priority is higher than the others in the same group standby 2 preempt
!sets interval between hellos and the hold time for
!the standby router to become active
standby 2 timers 3 4
!

IP and VLAN Configuration for Gigabit Ethernet Example

The following examples show different port configuration file commands for a 10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet line card in slot 3 of a system:

IP routing

VLANs

VLAN counters

IP with source/destination MAC accounting

IP with input ACLs

IP with output ACLs

IP routing

interface gigabitethernet 3/9
 ip address 172.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 mtu 9180

VLANs

interface gigabitethernet 3/1.1
 encapsulation dot1q 10
 ip address 172.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

VLAN counters

interface gigabitethernet 3/1.1
 counter-type packet

IP with source/destination MAC accounting

interface gigabitethernet 3/9
 ip address 172.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 mtu 9180
 ip accounting mac-address input
 ip accounting mac-address output

IP with input ACLs

access-list 100 permit ip any any
interface gigabitethernet 3/9
 ip address 172.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 ip access-group 100 in

IP with output ACLs

Extended IP access list 191 permit ip any any
interface GigabitEthernet1/0
 ip address 10.10.10.1 255.255.255.0
 ip access-group 191 out
 no ip unreachables
 no ip directed-broadcast
 negotiation auto

Advanced Line Card Troubleshooting

This section provides advanced troubleshooting information in the event of a line card failure. It also provides pointers for identifying whether or not the failure is hardware related. This section does not include any software-related failures, except for those that are often mistaken for hardware failures.


Note This section assumes that you possess basic proficiency in the use of Cisco IOS software commands.


By reading this section and by following the troubleshooting steps, you should be able to determine the nature of the problems you are having with your line card. The first step is to identify the cause of the line card failure or console errors that you are seeing. To discover which card may be at fault, it is essential to collect the output from the following commands:

show context summary

show logging

show logging summary

show diag slot

show context slot slot

Along with these show commands, you should also gather the following information:

Console Logs and Syslog Information—This information is crucial if multiple symptoms are occurring. If the router is configured to send logs to a Syslog server, you may see some information on what has occurred. For console logs, it is best to be directly connected to the router on the console port with logging enabled.

Additional Data—The show tech-support command is a compilation of many different commands, including show version, show running-config, and show stacks. This information is required when working on issues with the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC).


Note It is important to collect the show tech-support data before doing a reload or power cycle. Failure to do so can cause all information about the problem to be lost.



Note Output from these commands will vary slightly depending on which line card you are using, but the basic information will be the same.


Output Examples

The following are examples of system output that you may see if your Cisco 12000 Series Router line card fails. Key data in the output is underlined.

show context summary Output

show logging Output

show diag slot Output

show context slot Output

show context summary Output

Router# show context summary
CRASH INFO SUMMARY
Slot 0 : 0 crashes
Slot 1 : 1 crashes
1 . crash at 10:36:20 UTC Wed Dec 19 2001
Slot 2 : 0 crashes
Slot 3 : 0 crashes
Slot 4 : 0 crashes
Slot 5 : 0 crashes
Slot 6 : 0 crashes
(remainder of output omitted)

show logging Output

Router# show logging
Syslog logging: enabled (2 messages dropped, 0 messages rate.limited, 0 flushes,
0 overruns)
Console logging: level debugging, 24112 messages logged
Monitor logging: level debugging, 0 messages logged
Buffer logging: level debugging, 24411 messages logged
Logging Exception size (4096 bytes)
Trap logging: level informational, 24452 message lines logged
5d16h: %LCINFO.3.CRASH: Line card in slot 1 crashed
5d16h: %GRP.4.RSTSLOT: Resetting the card in the slot: 1,Event: 38
5d16h: %IPCGRP.3.CMDOP: IPC command 3
5d16h: %CLNS.5.ADJCHANGE: ISIS: Adjacency to malachim2 (GigabitEthernet1/0) Up,
n8 (slot1/0): linecard is disabled
.Traceback= 602ABCA8 602AD8B8 602B350C 602B3998 6034312C 60342290 601A2BC4 601A2BB0
5d16h: %LINK.5.CHANGED: Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to
administratively down
5d16h: %LINEPROTO.5.UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet1/0,
changed state to down
5d16h: %GRP.3.CARVE_INFO: Setting mtu above 8192 may reduce available buffers
on Slot: 1.
SLOT 1:00:00:09: %SYS.5.RESTART: System restarted ..
(remainder of output omitted)

show diag slot Output

Router# show diag 1
SLOT 1 (RP/LC 1 ): 3 Port Gigabit Ethernet
MAIN: type 68, 800.6376.01 rev E0 dev 0
HW config: 0x00 SW key: 00.00.00
PCA: 73.4775.02 rev E0 ver 2
HW version 2.0 S/N CAB0450G8FX
MBUS: Embedded Agent
Test hist: 0x00 RMA#: 00.00.00 RMA hist: 0x00
DIAG: Test count: 0x00000001 Test results: 0x00000000
FRU: Linecard/Module: 3GE.GBIC.SC=
Route Memory: MEM.GRP/LC.64=
Packet Memory: MEM.LC1.PKT.256=
L3 Engine: 2 . Backbone OC48 (2.5 Gbps)
MBUS Agent Software version 01.46 (RAM) (ROM version is 02.10)
Using CAN Bus A
ROM Monitor version 10.06
Fabric Downloader version used 05.01 (ROM version is 05.01)
Primary clock is CSC 0 Board is analyzed
Board State is Line Card Enabled (IOS RUN )
Insertion time: 00:00:10 (5d16h ago)
DRAM size: 67108864 bytes
FrFab SDRAM size: 134217728 bytes, SDRAM pagesize: 8192 bytes
ToFab SDRAM size: 134217728 bytes, SDRAM pagesize: 8192 bytes
1 crash since restart

show context slot Output

Router# show context slot 2
CRASH INFO: Slot 2, Index 1, Crash at 12:24:22 MET Wed Nov 28 2001
VERSION:
GS Software (GLC1.LC.M), Version 12.0(18)S1, EARLY DEPLOYMENT RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
TAC Support: http://www.cisco.com/tac
Compiled Fri 07.Sep.01 20:13 by nmasa
Card Type: 3 Port Gigabit Ethernet, S/N
System exception: SIG=23, code=0x24, context=0x4103FE84
System restarted by a Software forced crash
STACK TRACE:
.Traceback= 400BEB08 40599554 4004FB64 4005B814 400A1694 400A1680
CONTEXT:
$0 : 00000000, AT : 41040000, v0 : 00000032, v1 : 4103FC00
a0 : 4005B0A4, a1 : 41400A20, a2 : 00000000, a3 : 00000000
t0 : 41D75220, t1 : 8000D510, t2 : 00000001, t3 : FFFF00FF
t4 : 400C2670, t5 : 00040000, t6 : 00000000, t7 : 4150A398
s0 : 0000003C, s1 : 00000036, s2 : 4103C4D0, s3 : 41D7EC60
s4 : 00000000, s5 : 00000001, s6 : 41027040, s7 : 00000000
t8 : 41A767B8, t9 : 00000000, k0 : 415ACE20, k1 : 400C4260
GP : 40F0DD00, SP : 41D7EC48, s8 : 4102D120, ra : 40599554
EPC : 0x400BEB08, SREG : 0x3400BF03, Cause : 0x00000024
ErrorEPC : 0x400C6698, BadVaddr : 0xFFBFFFFB
.Process Traceback= No Extra Traceback
SLOT 2:00:00:09: %SYS.5.RESTART: System restarted ..
(remainder of output omitted)

The type of failure that has occurred in the show context slot 2 example is identified by the underlined SIG= value. The three most common types of line card failures are:

Software Forced Crash (SIG=23)

Bus Error (SIG=10)

Cache Parity Exception (SIG=20)

In the example above, the line card has failed and has caused a reload because of a software forced crash exception. Once you have determined the cause and collected the necessary output, you can check for any caveats in your Cisco IOS software release using the Bug Toolkit (available to registered Cisco.com users only).

Checking the Current Status of the Line Card

Once you have determined if the problems are caused by system errors in the log or an actual crash, it is important to check the current status of the line card to see if it has recovered from the failure. The status of individual line cards can be identified either by examining the alphanumeric LEDs located on the front of the line card, or by issuing the show led command.

show led Output

Router# show led
SLOT 1 : RUN IOS
SLOT 6 : DNLD FABL
SLOT 7 : RP ACTV
SLOT 10 : RUN IOS
SLOT 11 : RUN IOS
SLOT 13 : RUN IOS
SLOT 14 : RUN IOS


Note It is possible for the value of an alphanumeric LED to be reversed. For example, IOS RUN may be displayed as RUN IOS.


If the alphanumeric LEDs on the line card display anything other than IOS RUN, or the RP is neither the active Master/Primary nor the Slave/Secondary, there is a problem and the line card has not fully loaded correctly. Before replacing the line card, try fixing the problem by following these steps:


Step 1 Reload the microcode using the global configuration microcode reload slot command.

Step 2 Reload the line card using the hw-module slot reload command. This causes the line card to reset and download the MBus and fabric downloader software modules before attempting to download the Cisco IOS software.

or

Step 3 Reset the line card manually. This may rule out any problems that are caused by a bad connection to the MBus or switching fabric.


Fabric Ping Failure

Fabric ping failures occur when either a line card or the secondary RP fails to respond to a fabric ping request from the primary RP over the switch fabric. Such failures are a problem symptom that should be investigated. They are indicated by the following error messages:

%GRP-3-FABRIC_UNI: Unicast send timed out (1)
%GRP-3-COREDUMP: Core dump incident on slot 1, error: Fabric ping failure
%LCINFO-3-CRASH: Line card in slot 1 crashed

You can find more information about this issue on Cisco.com in the Troubleshooting Fabric Ping Timeouts and Failures on the Cisco 12000 Series Internet Router publication.

Error Messages

If you receive any error message related to a line card, you can use the Error Message Decoder Tool (on Cisco.com) to find the meaning of this error message. Some errors point to a hardware issue, while others indicate a Cisco IOS software caveat or a hardware issue on another part of the router. This publication does not cover all these messages.


Note Some messages related to Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) and Inter Process-Communication (IPC) are explained on Cisco.com in the Troubleshooting CEF-Related Error Messages publication.


Troubleshooting GBIC Issues

Use the following commands to view the GBIC status on GSR line cards:

LC-Slot2# show controller gigabitethernet 0 gbic 
Optics disabled or link problems (0x8)

*** SFP Serial EEPROM contents
   identifier           0x03 (Reserved)
   connector            0x07 (Reserved)
   gbic_transceiver_code 0x01 (1000BASE-SX)
   encoding             0x01 (8B10B)
   br_nominal (units of 100MHz)
                        12
   length_9u (units of 100m)
                        0
   length_50u (units of 100m)
                        55
   length_62_5u (units of 100m)
                        27
   length_cu (unit of 10m)
                        0
   vendor_name          CISCO-AGILENT
   vendor_oui           0x00 30 D3
   vendor_pn            0x51464252 2D353739 384C2020 20202020
   vendor_rev           0x20202020
   cc_base              0xA0
   options[0]           0x00
   br_max (upper baud rate margin, units of %)
                        0
   br_min (upper baud rate margin, units of %)
                        0
   vendor_sn            0x41353031 31373633 38202020 20202020
   date_code            030911   (yymmddvv, v=vendor specific)
   cc_ext               0x48


Note If you attempt to use GBICs that are not manufactured by Cisco, you will get the error message:
Optics disabled or link problems.


Troubleshooting SFP Issues

Use the following steps when troubleshooting an SFP issue:


Step 1 Connect to the card with the problematic SFP using the execute-on command:

Router# execute-on 1 show tech

Step 2 Use the test sfp command to display information about the problematic SFP on line card slot 1, port 0.

# test interfaces gigabitEthernet 1/0

Step 3 Use the debug commands to provide additional information. Use the following command to debug all interfaces:

# debug ethernet-interface

Use the following command to debug a specific interface in slot 1, port 0:

# debug interface gigabitEthernet 1/0

Step 4 Use the show controller command to view additional information:

LC-Slot3# show controller gigabitethernet 2 1 sfp 
SFP disabled or link problems (0x32) 

FPGA Error Messages

If the line card does not boot and you receive an error message indicating that there is a problem with the Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) image (or if the line card alphanumeric LED display remains frozen in IOS STRT state), you need to upgrade the FPGA image using the update-fpga option in the diag command.


Note The diag command and the update-fpga option are documented in the Field Diagnostics for the Cisco 12000 Series Internet Router publication.

When the Cisco IOS image boots, it verifies that a compatible FPGA image is running on the router. The major version number of the FPGA image must be the same as that expected by the Cisco IOS image; the minor version number on the FPGA image must be the same as or greater than the minor version number expected by the Cisco IOS image. For example, if the Cisco IOS image expects a minimum FPGA image of 03.02, the software will verify that the actual major version number of the FPGA image in the line card bootflash is 03, and that the minor version number is 02 or above.


Example error messages indicating an FPGA problem appear as follows:

Error Message    No FPGA image available for slot0. Please run field diagnostics image 
on slot0 to upgrade the FPGA image.

Explanation    There is currently no valid FPGA image in the bootflash of the line card. You must load a valid FPGA image to the line card bootflash.

Error Message    FPGA image not appropriate or corrupted for slot0. Please run field 
diagnostics on slot0 to upgrade the FPGA image.

Explanation    The FPGA image currently loaded in the line card bootflash is not compatible with the Cisco IOS software release currently running on the router or is corrupted. Upgrade the FPGA image to the correct version.


Note Do not confuse the line card bootflash with the route processor (RP) bootflash. FPGA images are loaded only to the line card bootflash.



Note FPGA error messages are only applicable to 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE line cards.


Line Card Diagnostics Using Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0(22)S and Later


Note Output from this procedure will vary slightly depending on which line card you are using, but the basic information will be the same.


Line card field diagnostic software is designed to identify any faulty line card within a Cisco 12000 Series Router. Before Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0(22)S, the field diagnostic software was imbedded within the Cisco IOS software. Starting with Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0(22)S, this software is unbundled from the main image and must be downloaded from Cisco.com using the IOS Upgrade Planner.

Cisco initiated this change to accommodate users with 20-MB Flash memory cards. Field diagnostics are now stored and maintained as a separate image under the following name:

c12k-fdiagsbflc-mz-xxx-xx.s (where xxx-xx is the version number)

This image must be available on a separate Flash memory card, Flash disk, or TFTP boot server in order to load line card field diagnostics. The latest version is always available on Cisco.com. RP and fabric tests remain embedded within the main Cisco IOS software image.

While the diagnostic test is running, the line card does not function normally and cannot pass any traffic for the duration of the testing (5 to 20 minutes depending upon the complexity of the line card). Without the verbose keyword, the command provides a truncated output message. When communicating with the Cisco TAC, the verbose mode is helpful in identifying specific problems. The output of the diagnostic test without the verbose command appears like the following example:

Router# diag 7 tftp://223.255.254.254/diagnostic/award/c12k.fdiagsbflc.mz.120-25.s
Running DIAG config check
Fabric Download for Field Diags chosen: If timeout occurs, try 'mbus' option.
Runnning Diags will halt ALL activity on the requested slot. [confirm]
Launching a Field Diagnostic for slot 7
Downloading diagnostic tests to slot 7 via fabric (timeout set to 300 sec.)
5d20h: %GRP.4.RSTSLOT: Resetting the card in the slot: 7,Event:
EV_ADMIN_FDIAGLoading diagnostic/award/c12k.fdiagsbflc.mz.120-25.s from 223.255.254.254
(via Ethernet0): !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
5d20h: Downloading diags from tftp file tftp://223.255.254.254/diagnostic/award/
c12k.fdiagsbflc.mz.120-25.s
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
[OK . 13976524 bytes]
FD 7> *****************************************************
FD 7> GSR Field Diagnostics V6.05
FD 7> Compiled by award on Tue Jul 30 13:00:41 PDT 2002
FD 7> view: award.conn_isp.FieldDiagRelease
FD 7> *****************************************************
Executing all diagnostic tests in slot 7
(total/indiv. timeout set to 2000/600 sec.)
FD 7> BFR_CARD_TYPE_OC12_4P_POS testing...
FD 7> Available test types 2
FD 7> 1
FD 7> Completed f_diags_board_discovery() (0x1)
FD 7> Test list selection received: Test ID 1, Device 0
FD 7> running in slot 7 (30 tests from test list ID 1)
FD 7> Skipping MBUS_FDIAG command from slot 2
FD 7> Just into idle state
Field Diagnostic ****PASSED**** for slot 7
Shutting down diags in slot 7
Board will reload
(remainder of output omitted)

The line card reloads automatically only after passing the test. If the line card fails the test, it will not reload automatically. You can manually reload the line card by using the hw-module slot slot reload command.

Field diagnostic results are stored in an electrically erasable programmable read-only memory (EEPROM) on the line card. It is possible to view the results of the last diagnostic test performed on the line card by executing the diag slot previous command.

There are some caveats that exist that cause diagnostic tests to fail, even though the line card is not faulty. As a precaution, if the line card fails and had been replaced previously, you should review this output with the Cisco TAC.

Line Card Diagnostics Using Cisco IOS Software Releases Prior to 12.0(22)S


Note Output from this procedure will vary slightly depending on which line card you are using, but the basic information will be the same.


Line card field diagnostic software is bundled with the main Cisco IOS software to enable you to test whether a suspect line card is faulty. To use this feature, you must be in privileged enable mode, and issue the diag slot [verbose] command.

While the diagnostic test is running, the line card does not function normally and cannot pass any traffic for the duration of the testing. Without the verbose keyword, the command provides a truncated output message. When communicating with the Cisco TAC, the verbose mode is helpful in identifying specific problems. The output of the diagnostic test without the verbose command appears like the following example:

Router#diag 3 
Running DIAG config check
Running Diags will halt ALL activity on the requested slot
[confirm]
Router#
Launching a Field Diagnostic for slot 3
Downloading diagnostic tests to slot 3 (timeout set to 600 sec.)
*Nov 18 22:20:40.237: %LINK.5.CHANGED: Interface GigabitEthernet3/0,
changed state to administratively down
Field Diag download COMPLETE for slot 3
FD 3> *****************************************************
FD 3> GSR Field Diagnostics V4.0
FD 3> Compiled by award on Thu May 18 13:43:04 PDT 2000
FD 3> view: award.conn_isp.FieldDiagRelease
FD 3> *****************************************************
FD 3> BFR_CARD_TYPE_1P_GE testing...
FD 3> running in slot 3 (83 tests)
Executing all diagnostic tests in slot 3
(total/indiv. timeout set to 600/200 sec.)
Field Diagnostic: ****TEST FAILURE**** slot 3: last test run 51,
Fabric Packet Loopback, error 3
Shutting down diags in slot 3
slot 3 done, will not reload automatically

The line card reloads automatically only after passing the test. In the example above, the line card failed the test and did not reload automatically. You can manually reload the line card by using the hw-module slot slot reload command.

Field diagnostic results are stored in an EEPROM on the line card. It is possible to view the results of the last diagnostic test performed on the line card by executing the diag slot previous command.

There are some caveats that exist that cause diagnostic tests to fail, even though the line card is not faulty. As a precaution, if the line card fails and had been replaced previously, you should review this output with the Cisco TAC.

Line Card Memory

This section contains information about the following:

Line Card Memory Locations

Removing and Installing Line Card Memory

You can replace the route memory on Ethernet line cards. Route memory modules are installed into 144-pin small-outline DIMM (SODIMM) sockets. Route memory runs the Cisco IOS software image and stores the updated network routing tables downloaded from the route processor.

Table 27 provides information about the various hardware engines available with the Ethernet line cards. The engine determines where the memory is placed.

Table 27 Ethernet Line Card Engines 

Ethernet Line Card
Hardware Engine

8-Port Fast Ethernet

Engine 1

Gigabit Ethernet

3-Port Gigabit Ethernet

Engine 2

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE

Engine 3, Internet Services Engine (ISE)

10-Port 1-Gigabit Ethernet

Engine 4+ Enhanced Services (ES)

1-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet

Modular Gigabit Ethernet


Line Card Memory Locations

The following sections contain general line card memory information for each Ethernet line card:

Engine 0 and Engine 1 Line Card Memory Locations

Engine 2 Line Card Memory Locations

ISE Line Card Memory Locations

Engine 4 Line Card Memory Locations

Ethernet Line Card Route Memory Options

Ethernet Line Card Packet Memory Options

Memory removal and installation instructions are found in the "Removing and Installing Line Card Memory" section.

Engine 0 and Engine 1 Line Card Memory Locations

Figure 51 shows the dual in-line memory module (DIMM) socket locations on an Engine 0 or Engine 1 line card. This line card is equipped with six DIMM sockets:

Two route memory DIMM sockets

Two pairs of packet memory DIMM sockets (RX and TX pairs)

Figure 51 Engine 0 and Engine 1 Line Card Memory Locations

1

Route memory DIMM0

4

Packet memory RX DIMM1

2

Route memory DIMM1

5

Packet memory TX DIMM0

3

Packet memory RX DIMM0

6

Packet memory TX DIMM1


Engine 2 Line Card Memory Locations

Figure 52 shows the DIMM socket locations on an Engine 2 line card. This line card is equipped with eight DIMM sockets:

Two route memory DIMM sockets

Two pairs of packet memory DIMM sockets (RX and TX pairs)

One pointer look-up (PLU) memory DIMM socket (not user serviceable)

One table look-up (TLU) memory DIMM socket (not user serviceable)

Figure 52 Engine 2 Line Card Memory Locations

1

Route memory DIMM0

5

Packet memory RX DIMM0

2

Route memory DIMM1

6

Packet memory RX DIMM1

3

Packet memory TX DIMM0

7

PLU DIMM (not user serviceable)

4

Packet memory TX DIMM1

8

TLU DIMM (not user serviceable)


ISE Line Card Memory Locations

Figure 53 shows the small outline DIMM (SODIMM) socket locations on an ISE line card. This line card is equipped with 10 SODIMM sockets:

Two route memory SODIMM sockets

Four packet memory sockets (not user serviceable)

Four TLU/PLU memory sockets (not user serviceable)

Figure 53 ISE Line Card Memory Locations

1

Route memory SODIMM0

3

Four packet memory SODIMM sockets (not field serviceable)

2

Route memory SODIMM1

4

Four TLU/PLU memory SODIMM sockets (not field serviceable)


There are two route memory sockets on ISE (Engine 3) line cards that support the addition of route memory modules. Table 28 describes the various memory upgrade options.

Table 28 ISE/Engine 3 Line Card Memory Upgrade Options

Line Card
Current Configuration
Memory Upgrade 1

4-Port Gigabit Ethernet

Two 128 MB memory modules



Two 256 MB memory modules

One 512 MB memory module

Upgrade to 512 MB by installing two 256 MB memory modules.2

Upgrade to 512 MB by installing one 512 MB memory module.3

Upgrade to 1 GB by installing two 512 MB memory modules.2,3

Upgrade to 1 GB by installing a second 512 MB memory module.2, 3

1 If you need to upgrade beyond 2 x 512 MB modules you must contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) for instructions.

2 Do not mix memory sizes. Both DIMMs must be the same size memory.

3 Requires Cisco IOS Release 12.0(31)S or later, and you must upgrade the route processor ROMMON code to Version 1.13 or later before installing the upgraded memory.


Engine 4 Line Card Memory Locations

Figure 54 shows the DIMM socket locations on an Engine 4 line card. These line cards are equipped with five DIMM sockets:

One route memory small-outline DIMM (SODIMM) socket

Two pairs of packet memory DIMM sockets (not user serviceable)

The route memory module is installed to a 144-pin SODIMM socket. Route memory runs the Cisco IOS software image and stores the updated network routing tables downloaded from the route processor.

Figure 54 Engine 4 Line Card Memory Locations

1

Route memory SODIMM

2

Packet memory DIMMs (not user serviceable)


Ethernet Line Card Route Memory Options

Route memory runs the Cisco IOS software image and stores updated network routing tables downloaded from the route processor (RP). Line card route memory ranges from 128 MB to 256 MB. Table 29 lists the available route memory configurations and associated product numbers of the memory modules used for upgrading route memory on Ethernet line cards.

Table 29 Route Memory Configurations for Ethernet Line Cards 

Total Route Memory
Cisco Product Number
DIMM Module
Route Memory DIMM Sockets

64 MB

MEM-GRP/LC-64=1

1 64-MB DIMM

DIMM0 or DIMM1

128 MB

MEM-DFT-GRP/LC-128

1 128-MB DIMM

DIMM0 or DIMM1

128 MB

MEM-GRP/LC-128=

1 128-MB DIMM

DIMM0 or DIMM1

256 MB

MEM-GRP/LC-256=

2 128-MB DIMMs

DIMM0 and DIMM1

256 MB

MEM-LC4-256=2

1 256-MB SODIMM

Varies

1 This option adds a second 64-MB DIMM for a total of 128 MB for line cards that are equipped with 64 MB.

2 This option is only compatible with the 4-Port Ethernet line cards and is for replacement only.


If you are upgrading or replacing line card route and packet memory, refer to the Cisco 12000 Series Router Memory Replacement Instructions publication for installation procedures and the most up-to-date memory options.

Ethernet Line Card Packet Memory Options

Line card packet memory temporarily stores data packets awaiting switching decisions by the line card processor. Once the line card processor makes the switching decisions, the packets are propagated into the router switch fabric for transmission to the appropriate line card.

Table 30 lists the packet memory options for Ethernet line cards.

Table 30 Ethernet Line Card Packet Memory Options

Total Packet Memory 1
Cisco Product Number
DIMM Modules
DIMM Sockets

256 MB

MEM-LC1-PKT-256=

2 RX 64-MB DIMMs
2 TX 64-MB DIMMs

RX DIMM0 and RX DIMM1

TX DIMM0 and TX DIMM1

512 MB (upgrade)

MEM-PKT-512-UPG=

2 RX 128-MB DIMMs
2 TX 128-MB DIMMs

RX DIMM0 and RX DIMM1

TX DIMM0 and TX DIMM1

1 The SDRAM DIMMs installed in a given buffer (either receive or transmit) must be the same type and size, but the individual receive and transmit buffers can operate with different memory capacities.


Removing and Installing Line Card Memory

Before beginning the memory replacement procedures in this section, ensure that you have the proper tools and equipment at hand, and that you are using appropriate ESD-prevention equipment and techniques. Before removing or installing memory, observe the following guidelines:

Route memory DIMMs

Route memory DIMM0 socket must always be populated.

For certain memory configurations, the route memory DIMM1 socket can remain empty.

DIMMs must be 3.3V devices.

Packet memory DIMMs

All four DIMM sockets for SDRAM buffer memory must be populated.

Both DIMM sockets for a given buffer pair (either those for the transmit buffer or those for the receive buffer) must be populated with SDRAM DIMMs of the same type and size.

Size of the DIMMs in the transmit buffer need not match the size of the SDRAM DIMMs in the receive buffer.

DIMMs must be 3.3V devices.

Instructions are in the following sections:

Removing a DIMM

Installing a DIMM

Removing a SODIMM

Installing a SODIMM

Checking the Installation of Line Card Memory

Removing a DIMM

To remove a DIMM from a line card, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Place the line card on an antistatic mat so that the faceplate is nearest to you.

Step 3 Locate the DIMM sockets on the line card.


Note Some line cards use DIMM sockets equipped with dual release levers, as shown in Figure 55; other line cards use DIMM sockets equipped with a single release lever, as shown in Figure 56. Both DIMM sockets operate in the same general way.


Figure 55 DIMM Socket with Dual Release Levers

Figure 56 DIMM Socket with Single Release Lever

Step 4 Use the socket release levers to eject the DIMM.

For a socket with dual release levers (see Figure 55), pull down both levers at the same time to eject the DIMM.

or

For a socket with a single release lever (see Figure 56), pull the lever to eject the DIMM.


Caution Handle the edges of the DIMM only. Do not touch the integrated circuit devices on the DIMM, the metal traces, or fingers, along the edge of the DIMM, or the pins in the DIMM socket.

Step 5 As one end of the DIMM is released, grasp the top corners of the DIMM with the thumb and forefinger of each hand and pull the DIMM completely out of its socket.

Step 6 Immediately place the DIMM in an antistatic bag to protect it from ESD damage.

Step 7 Repeat Step 4 through Step 6 for any remaining DIMMs that you want to remove.


Installing a DIMM

This section contains instructions for installing DIMM memory into a line card.


Note If you are upgrading packet memory, both DIMM sockets of a given pair (either the transmit buffer or the receive buffer) must be populated with a DIMM of the same type and size.


To install DIMMs in a line card, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Place the line card on an antistatic mat so that the faceplate is nearest to you.


Caution To prevent router and memory problems, all DIMMs installed in the line card must be 3.3V devices.

Step 3 Remove the new DIMM from its protective antistatic bag.

Step 4 Grasp the edges of the DIMM only. Do not touch the integrated circuit devices on the DIMM, the metal traces, or fingers, along the edge of the DIMM, or the pins in the DIMM socket. (See Figure 57.)

Step 5 To position the DIMM for insertion, orient it at the same angle as the DIMM socket. The two notches (keys) on the bottom edge of the module ensure that the DIMM edge connector is registered properly in the socket. (See Figure 57.)

If necessary, rock the DIMM back and forth gently to align it in the socket.

Figure 57 Handling a DIMM


Caution When inserting DIMMs into a socket, apply firm, but not excessive, pressure. If you damage a DIMM socket, you must return the line card for repair.

Step 6 Gently insert the DIMM into the socket and push until the DIMM snaps into place and the release lever is flush against the side of the socket.

Step 7 Verify that the release lever is flush against the side of the socket. If it is not, the DIMM might not be seated properly. On a socket with dual release levers, both levers should be flush against the sides of the DIMM.

If the module appears misaligned, carefully remove it and reseat it, ensuring that the release lever is flush against the side of the DIMM socket.

Step 8 Repeat Step 3 through Step 7 to install any remaining DIMMs for your memory configuration.


Removing a SODIMM

To remove a SODIMM, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Place the line card on an antistatic mat so that the faceplate is nearest to you.

Step 3 Locate the route memory socket on the line card.

Step 4 If present, remove the SODIMM retaining clip from the memory module socket. Grasp the latch arm intersection located on each side of the clip and gently slide the clip out. (See Figure 58.) Save the retaining clip.


Note Some line cards do not require a retaining clip.



Caution If the retaining clip is bent or damaged, do not attempt to fix or reuse it. This can cause serious damage to the line card. Each SODIMM replacement ships with a spare retaining clip, in case there is any damage to the existing clip.

Figure 58 Remove Retaining Clip from Memory Module Socket

Step 5 Remove the SODIMM by gently moving the plastic latches in an outward direction, parallel to and away from the memory module, until it releases and rotates to a 45-degree angle. (See Figure 59 and Figure 60a.)


Caution The plastic latch on the SODIMM socket is enclosed by the metal strain-relief latch. The plastic latch should never be moved past the metal strain-relief latch.


Caution Handle the edges of the SODIMM only. Do not touch the integrated circuit devices on the SODIMM, the metal traces, or fingers, along the edge of the SODIMM, or the pins in the SODIMM socket.

Figure 59 Moving the Plastic Latch Away from the SODIMM

Step 6 As the SODIMM is released, it positions itself at a 45-degree angle. Gently pull the SODIMM module out of the socket. Continue to keep the module at a 45-degree angle until it is completely removed from the socket guides. (See Figure 60b.)

Figure 60 Removing a 144-pin SODIMM Module

Step 7 Immediately place the SODIMM in an antistatic bag to protect it from ESD damage.


Installing a SODIMM

To install a SODIMM module, follow these steps:


Step 1 Attach an ESD-preventive wrist or ankle strap and follow its instructions for use.

Step 2 Place the line card on an antistatic mat so that the faceplate is nearest to you.

Step 3 If there is a retaining clip, check to make sure that it has not been damaged or bent. (See Figure 61.)


Note Some line cards do not require a retaining clip.


Figure 61 SODIMM Socket Retaining Clip


Caution If the retaining clip is damaged, do not use it. This can damage the SODIMM socket.

Step 4 Locate the route memory socket on the line card.

Step 5 Remove the new SODIMM from its protective antistatic bag.


Caution Grasp the edges of the SODIMM only. Do not touch the integrated circuit devices on the SODIMM, the metal traces, or fingers, along the edge of the SODIMM, or the pins in the SODIMM socket.

Step 6 Line up the SODIMM key with the key in the board socket. (See Figure 62.)

Figure 62 SODIMM with Key in Face-Up Position

Step 7 The SODIMM must be lined up at a 45-degree angle. (See Figure 63a.)


Note When the key is in the face-up position, the metal traces on the left side of the key measure 0.9 inch (23.20 mm). The metal traces on the right side of the key measure 1.29 inches (32.80 mm). The SODIMM can not be inserted until the keys are lined up properly.


Step 8 Place both thumbs at the end of the socket and use your index fingers to guide the module into the socket until it is fully seated.

Be sure your index fingers are located on the outer corners of the SODIMM to maintain even pressure when the module is being seated in the socket.

Figure 63 Inserting a 144-pin SODIMM Module

Step 9 Gently press the SODIMM down using your index fingers, distributing even pressure across the module until it locks into the tabs. (See Figure 63b.)


Caution Excessive pressure can damage a SODIMM socket.

Step 10 Verify that the release levers are flush against the side of the socket. If they are not, the SODIMM might not be seated properly.

Step 11 If the module appears misaligned, carefully remove it and reseat it, ensuring that the release lever is flush against the side of the SODIMM socket.

Step 12 If there is a retaining clip, insert it by sliding the clip between the metal strain relief and the plastic latch.
(See Figure 64.)

Figure 64 Inserting the Retaining Clip

The clip is properly installed when the clip detente protrudes below the strain relief and plastic latch. (See Figure 65.)

Figure 65 Retaining Clip Completely Installed into Module Latch


Checking the Installation of Line Card Memory

After you install line card memory and reinstall the line card in the router, the router reinitializes the line card and detects the memory change as part of the reinitialization cycle. The time required for the router to initialize can vary with different router configurations and memory configurations.

If the line card does not reinitialize properly after you upgrade memory, or if the console terminal displays a checksum or memory error, verify that you installed the correct DIMMs and that they are installed correctly on the line card.

To check the installation of line card memory, follow these steps:


Step 1 Check the packet memory DIMMs to verify that both DIMMs are the same type, size, and speed. DIMMs must operate at 60 ns or faster. The speed of the DIMM is printed along one of its edges.

Step 2 Check the alignment of the DIMMs by looking at them across the horizontal plane of the card. The DIMMs should be aligned at the same angle and be fully inserted into their respective sockets. If a DIMM is not correctly aligned, remove it and reinsert it.

Step 3 Reinstall the line card and perform another installation check.


If the router fails to restart properly after several attempts and you are unable to resolve the problem, access Cisco.com or contact your Cisco service representative for assistance. Before calling, however, make note of any console error messages, unusual LED states, or other router indications or behaviors that might help to resolve the problem.

Regulatory, Compliance, and Safety Information

This section includes regulatory, compliance, and safety information in the following sections:

Translated Safety Warnings and Agency Approvals

Electromagnetic Compatibility Regulatory Statements

Laser Safety

Translated Safety Warnings and Agency Approvals

The complete list of translated safety warnings and agency approvals is available in the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for Cisco 12000 Series Internet Routers publication.
(Document Number 78-4347-xx.)

Electromagnetic Compatibility Regulatory Statements

This section contains the following information:

FCC Class A Compliance

CISPR 22

Canada

Europe (EU)

Class A Notice for Hungary

Class A Notice for Taiwan and Other Traditional Chinese Markets

VCCI Class A Notice for Japan

Class A Notice for Korea

FCC Class A Compliance

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case users will be required to correct the interference at their own expense.

Modifying the equipment without Cisco's authorization may result in the equipment no longer complying with FCC requirements for Class A digital devices. In that event, your right to use the equipment may be limited by FCC regulation and you may be required to correct any interference to radio or television communication at your own expense.

You can determine whether your equipment is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the Cisco equipment or one of its peripheral devices. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures:

Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.

Move the equipment to one side or the other of the television or radio.

Move the equipment farther away from the television or radio.

Plug the equipment into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the equipment and the television or radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.)

CISPR 22

This apparatus complies with CISPR 22/EN55022 Class B radiated and conducted emissions requirements.

Canada

English Statement of Compliance

This class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

French Statement of Compliance

Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

Europe (EU)

This apparatus complies with EN55022 Class B and EN55024 standards when used as ITE/TTE equipment, and EN300386 for Telecommunications Network Equipment (TNE) in both installation environments, telecommunication centers and other indoor locations.

Class A Notice for Hungary

Warning


This equipment is a class A product and should be used and installed properly according to the Hungarian EMC Class A requirements (MSZEN55022). Class A equipment is designed for typical commercial establishments for which special conditions of installation and protection distance are used.


Class A Notice for Taiwan and Other Traditional Chinese Markets

Warning


This is a Class A Information Product, when used in residential environment, it may cause radio frequency interference, under such circumstances, the user may be requested to take appropriate countermeasures. Statement 257


VCCI Class A Notice for Japan

Warning


This is a Class A product based on the standard of the Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Information Technology Equipment (VCCI). If this equipment is used in a domestic environment, radio disturbance may arise. When such trouble occurs, the user may be required to take corrective actions. Statement 191


Class A Notice for Korea

Warning


This is a Class A Device and is registered for EMC requirements for industrial use. The seller or buyer should be aware of this. If this type was sold or purchased by mistake, it should be replaced with a residential-use type. Statement 294


Laser Safety

Single-mode Ethernet line cards (all of the line cards except 8-Port Fast Ethernet) are equipped with a Class 1 laser. Multimode Ethernet line cards (Gigabit Ethernet and 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet ISE) are equipped with a Class 1 LED. These devices emit invisible radiation. Do not stare into operational line card ports. The following laser warnings apply to the Ethernet line cards:

Class 1 Laser Product Warning (Single-mode)

Class 1 LED Product Warning (Multimode)

General Laser Warning

Class 1 Laser Product Warning (Single-mode)


Warning Class 1 laser product.


Class 1 LED Product Warning (Multimode)


Warning Class 1 LED product.


General Laser Warning


Warning Invisible laser radiation can be emitted from the aperture of the port when no cable is connected. Avoid exposure to laser radiation and do not stare into open apertures.


For translated safety warnings, refer to the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for
Cisco 12000 Series Internet Routers
publication (Document Number 78-4347-xx).

Obtaining Documentation

Cisco documentation and additional literature are available on Cisco.com. Cisco also provides several ways to obtain technical assistance and other technical resources. These sections explain how to obtain technical information from Cisco Systems.

Cisco.com

You can access the most current Cisco documentation on the World Wide Web at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/univercd/home/home.htm

You can access the Cisco website at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com

International Cisco websites can be accessed from this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/public/countries_languages.shtml

Ordering Documentation

You can find instructions for ordering documentation at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/es_inpck/pdi.htm

You can order Cisco documentation in these ways:

Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order Cisco product documentation from the Networking Products MarketPlace:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/ordering/index.shtml

Nonregistered Cisco.com users can order documentation through a local account representative by calling Cisco Systems Corporate Headquarters (California, USA) at 408 526-7208 or, elsewhere in North America, by calling 800 553-NETS (6387).

Documentation Feedback

You can submit e-mail comments about technical documentation to bug-doc@cisco.com.

You can submit comments by using the response card (if present) behind the front cover of your document or by writing to the following address:

Cisco Systems
Attn: Customer Document Ordering
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-9883

We appreciate your comments.

Obtaining Technical Assistance

For all customers, partners, resellers, and distributors who hold valid Cisco service contracts, the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) provides 24-hour-a-day, award-winning technical support services, online and over the phone. Cisco.com features the Cisco TAC website as an online starting point for technical assistance. If you do not hold a valid Cisco service contract, please contact your reseller.

Cisco TAC Website

The Cisco TAC website provides online documents and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. The Cisco TAC website is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The Cisco TAC website is located at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/tac

Accessing all the tools on the Cisco TAC website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password. If you have a valid service contract but do not have a login ID or password, register at this URL:

http://tools.cisco.com/RPF/register/register.do

Opening a TAC Case

Using the online TAC Case Open Tool is the fastest way to open P3 and P4 cases. (P3 and P4 cases are those in which your network is minimally impaired or for which you require product information.) After you describe your situation, the TAC Case Open Tool automatically recommends resources for an immediate solution. If your issue is not resolved using the recommended resources, your case will be assigned to a Cisco TAC engineer. The online TAC Case Open Tool is located at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/tac/caseopen

For P1 or P2 cases (P1 and P2 cases are those in which your production network is down or severely degraded) or if you do not have Internet access, contact Cisco TAC by telephone. Cisco TAC engineers are assigned immediately to P1 and P2 cases to help keep your business operations running smoothly.

To open a case by telephone, use one of the following numbers:

Asia-Pacific: +61 2 8446 7411 (Australia: 1 800 805 227)
EMEA: +32 2 704 55 55
USA: 1 800 553-2447

For a complete listing of Cisco TAC contacts, go to this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml

TAC Case Priority Definitions

To ensure that all cases are reported in a standard format, Cisco has established case priority definitions.

Priority 1 (P1)—Your network is "down" or there is a critical impact to your business operations. You and Cisco will commit all necessary resources around the clock to resolve the situation.

Priority 2 (P2)—Operation of an existing network is severely degraded, or significant aspects of your business operation are negatively affected by inadequate performance of Cisco products. You and Cisco will commit full-time resources during normal business hours to resolve the situation.

Priority 3 (P3)—Operational performance of your network is impaired, but most business operations remain functional. You and Cisco will commit resources during normal business hours to restore service to satisfactory levels.

Priority 4 (P4)—You require information or assistance with Cisco product capabilities, installation, or configuration. There is little or no effect on your business operations.

Obtaining Additional Publications and Information

Information about Cisco products, technologies, and network solutions is available from various online and printed sources.

Cisco Marketplace provides a variety of Cisco books, reference guides, and logo merchandise. Go to this URL to visit the company store:

http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/

The Cisco Product Catalog describes the networking products offered by Cisco Systems, as well as ordering and customer support services. Access the Cisco Product Catalog at this URL:

http://cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/pcat/

Cisco Press publishes a wide range of general networking, training and certification titles. Both new and experienced users will benefit from these publications. For current Cisco Press titles and other information, go to Cisco Press online at this URL:

http://www.ciscopress.com

Packet magazine is the Cisco quarterly publication that provides the latest networking trends, technology breakthroughs, and Cisco products and solutions to help industry professionals get the most from their networking investment. Included are networking deployment and troubleshooting tips, configuration examples, customer case studies, tutorials and training, certification information, and links to numerous in-depth online resources. You can access Packet magazine at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/packet

iQ Magazine is the Cisco bimonthly publication that delivers the latest information about Internet business strategies for executives. You can access iQ Magazine at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/iqmagazine

Internet Protocol Journal is a quarterly journal published by Cisco Systems for engineering professionals involved in designing, developing, and operating public and private internets and intranets. You can access the Internet Protocol Journal at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/ipj

Training—Cisco offers world-class networking training. Current offerings in network training are listed at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/learning/index.html