Cisco Element Manager System Installation and Configuration Guide, 3.2 Service Pack 4
Using RME For Network Element Administration
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Administering RME in Cisco EMF

Table Of Contents

Administering RME in Cisco EMF

Checking the Version and Patch Level of RME

Deployment

Deploying an RME Server in the Physical View

Deploying an Object Under a Site or Region With an RME Server

Deploying an Object Under a Child Site With No RME Server

Self Management View

Changing the IP Address of the RME Server

Enabling RME Services

Disabling RME Services

Listing the SNMP Objects with RME Services Disabled

Accessing RME from Cisco EMF

Managing Objects

Inventory Integrity Check

Moving an Object From One RME Server to Another

Deleting Objects

Synchronization

Manual Synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME

Manual Synchronization from RME to Cisco EMF

Security Options


Administering RME in Cisco EMF


Cisco Element Managers include Resource Manager Essentials (RME) as the GUI tool for Network Element Administration - part of the Operations and Administration functions of OAM&P in Cisco Service Provider EMSs. This toolset, also available for Cisco's enterprise equipment product line, is complementary to existing Cisco EMS functionality in the following areas:

Alarm management & troubleshooting

Real time device inventory discovery

Flow through provisioning

OSS integration

The RME application set in Cisco Element Managers provides a range of GUI-based applications for the following network element administration tasks:

Cisco IOS Image Management

Cisco IOS Configuration Archiving

Inventory Reports

Bulk Configuration Updates

RME provides tools that you can use to rapidly and reliably deploy Cisco software images and view configurations of Cisco routers and switches. RME applications automate software maintenance to help you maintain and control your network.

RME connects multiple web based clients to a server on the network. Cisco EMF provides a bridge to that server so that a selected group of RME applications are available in Cisco EMF.

RME maintains a Sybase database of current network information. It can generate a variety of reports that can be used for troubleshooting and capacity planning. When objects are initially added to the RME inventory, you can schedule RME to periodically retrieve and update object information, such as hardware, software, and configuration files, to ensure that the most current network information is stored. In addition, RME automatically records any changes to network objects, making it easy to identify when changes are made and by whom. This database is additional to the Cisco EMF database. If an RME server is deleted from Cisco EMF the Sybase database is not affected, and RME could be used in a standalone mode.

RME applications provide the network monitoring and fault information you need for tracking objects that are critical to network uptime and application availability. It provides tools that you can use to rapidly and reliably deploy Cisco software images and view configurations of Cisco routers and switches. RME applications automate software maintenance to help you maintain and control your network.

For more information about RME, refer to User Guide for Resource Manager Essentials. This manual describes RME, gives an overview of the applications that make up RME, provides conceptual information about network management, and describes common tasks you can accomplish with RME. It also contains troubleshooting information and realistic scenarios that demonstrate how you can use RME to manage and troubleshoot your network.

For an up-to-date list of list of devices supported by RME, see http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/rtrmgmt/cw2000/cw2000e/e_3_x/3_4/dev_sup/e3_4.htm.

RME servers are created in the Self Management > RMEServers view when the Cisco EMF-RME package is installed. This view is used to display the relationship between an RME server and the managed objects. All the objects managed by an RME server are displayed in the RME view underneath the RME server object. The RME server is also shown in the Physical view, the relationship between the RME server and managed objects is not shown in this view.

See Installing an RME Server for installation instructions.

See Deinstalling the RME Add-on for detail sof how to deinstall the RME Add-on.

The following options are described in this chapter:

Deployment

Enabling RME Services

Disabling RME Services

Accessing RME from Cisco EMF

Managing Objects

Synchronization

Security Options

Checking the Version and Patch Level of RME

You must be logged in as the superuser (su) to check the version and patch level of RME.

If you need to check the version of the RME installation you are using, you can check the NMSROOT/setup/rme.info file.

If you need to check the patch level of the RME installation you are using, you can check the NMSROOT/setup/patch/patchname.info file.

You see a file similar to the following:

PRODUCT=rme
VERSION=3.4
BUGID=SNMS11_RME34_IDU
REVISION=1.0
DATE=08-07-2002 06:29:25

You can also choose Server Configuration > About the Server > Applications and Versions in the Resource Manager application.

Deployment

A Cisco EMF deployment template is provided to deploy an RME server in the Physical view under a bay, site or a region, and in the RME view. You can then deploy or auto discover SNMP devices under the bay, site or region which will then be managed by the RME server. RME services are automatically enabled for each new object under a site or region with an RME server.

You have two options to auto discover the SNMP devices that will be managed by the RME server. You can auto discover the SNMP devices and then deploy the RME server, or you can deploy the RME server and then auto discover the SNMP devices.

When an RME server is deployed, an automatic RME to Cisco EMF synchronization occurs. This imports inventory from the RME server to Cisco EMF, and compares the list of objects managed by Cisco EMF with those managed by the RME server.

An RME server is created in the Self Management > RMEServers view. This view is non propagating.

The IP address of the RME server also appears in the Network view.

For more information about deployment, refer to the Deployment Wizard chapter in the Cisco Element Management Framework User Guide.

This section includes:

Deploying an RME Server in the Physical View

Deploying an Object Under a Site or Region With an RME Server

Deploying an Object Under a Child Site With No RME Server

Self Management View

Changing the IP Address of the RME Server

Deploying an RME Server in the Physical View

An RME server can be deployed from the site or region in the Physical view where you intend to deploy the objects you want to manage using RME.


Note It is recommended that you deploy no more than one RME server under each site or region.


You need to know the following information before you start to deploy an RME server:

Name of RME server

IP address of RME server

To deploy an RME server from the Physical view, or from a region or site within the Physical view, proceed as follows:


Step 1 In the Map Viewer, right-click a region or site object within the Map Viewer, choose Deployment > RME Server.

Step 2 Enter the RME server name and the IP Address, then click Forward.


Note If you enter an incorrect IP Address, the RME server deployment continues, but you will see an error message when you attempt to access any services from that server.


Step 3 The View - Select Relationships window is displayed. Click Select...

Step 4 The Object Selector window is displayed. Choose the the RMEServer container object in the Self Management view.


Note Do not deploy the RME server directly into the Self Management view.


Step 5 Click Apply to proceed or Close to cancel.

The name of the chosen object is shown in the Physical field on the View - Select Relationship window.


Note You will not be able to proceed until a hierarchy position is selected.


Step 6 The Deployment Summary window provides details about the actual number of objects to be deployed and gives an approximate time for the task.

There are limits to the number of objects which can be selected for deployment. The summary window may advise the user to start again, or choose to deploy fewer objects.

Step 7 Click Finish.

Step 8 The created RME Server appears in the Physical view, the RME view and the Self Management > RMEServers view. Initially, an informational event is raised on the RME server. An automatic synchronization from RME to Cisco EMF will be invoked. When the synchronization is complete the informational event changes to reflect the severity of the most severe event on the RME server.


Note The time taken for synchronization from RME to Cisco EMF depends upon the number of devices and the auto discovery process required.



Deploying an Object Under a Site or Region With an RME Server

An RME server is deployed in the Physical view under a site or a region, and in the RME view. You can then deploy or auto discover SNMP devices under the site or region which will then be managed by the RME server.

You have two options to auto discover the SNMP devices that will be managed by the RME server. You can auto discover the SNMP devices and then deploy the RME server, or you can deploy the RME server and then auto discover the SNMP devices.

The SNMP object appears under the site or region, and also under the RME server in the RME view.

RME services are available by default on each deployed object however they will only invoke an RME dialog after the object has been associated to an RME Server.


Note If the RME server is down during deployment or auto discovery of the SNMP objects, the deployed objects will still appear under the RME server in the RME view. RME services will not be enabled for the new objects. Event information on the RME server will show that the RME server is down. You must resolve the problem with the RME server, and then manually synchronize the RME server and the object. (See Manual Synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME)


For more information about deployment, refer to the Deployment Wizard chapter in the Cisco Element Management Framework User Guide.

Deploying an Object Under a Child Site With No RME Server

In your network you may have a parent site (or region) with a child site deployed below it. You have set up your network so that the parent site is managed by an RME server. You have child sites deployed under the parent site.

In this situation, when you deploy an RME manageable object under the child site, the new object will be shown under the RME server in the parent Site.

Self Management View

When you deploy an RME server it is shown in the Self Management > RMEServers view. This view allows you to monitor network elements which are part of the Cisco EMF management system. The Self Management view is non-propagating, that is alarms on network elements are not propogated upwards to the RME server.

If connectivity is lost between Cisco EMF and the RME server a major event is raised on the RME server object.

Changing the IP Address of the RME Server

You can view or edit the RME server configuration, select the object in the Map Viewer, then choose Tools > Open Object Configuration. From the Object Configuration window, you can:

Change or set attributes of an object

View attributes of an object

Acknowledge value changes on an object

To change the IP Address of the RME server, select IP Manageable from the Object Types drop down list and change the IP Address attribute value.


Note Do not change the rmeServerIpAddress attribute value from the RMEServer Object Type.


If you change the ip address of an RME server in this way, then you are advised that you should also update the name of the object in the network view. Select the object in the Map Viewer, and choose View Manipulation > Rename Object.

Enabling RME Services

By default, RME services are enabled on objects when they are deployed under a site or region with an RME server.

When RME services are enabled on a class of objects you can monitor those objects using RME applications from Cisco EMF. When you enable RME services on one object of the specified class, RME services are enabled on all objects of that class. If you deploy another object of that class after you enable RME services, then RME services will be available on the new object.

When RME is enabled, RME services are displayed in the menu options available on each object of the specified object class.


Step 1 In the Map Viewer, right-click on the object you want to monitor with RME.

Step 2 Choose Administration > RME Utilities > Enable RME Services.

A message is displayed if RME services are already enabled. Click OK.

All the objects which are derived from the enabled class are moved to the RME view under the associated RME server objects.

Step 3 Right-click on the object, you will see the RME menu options.


Disabling RME Services

If you do not want to monitor objects with RME applications, you can disable RME services in Cisco EMF. When you disable RME services on one object of the specified class, RME services are disabled on all objects of that class.

When RME is disabled, RME services are removed for all objects of the specified object class.

Any object class for which RME support is disabled is removed from the RME view.


Step 1 In the Map Viewer, right-click on the object you do not want to monitor with RME.

Step 2 Choose Administration > RME Utilities > Disable RME Services.

A message is displayed to confirm that RME services are disabled. Click OK.

Step 3 Right-click on the object, you will only see the options Administration > RME Utilities > Enable RME Services and Administration > RME Utilities > Disable RME Services.


Listing the SNMP Objects with RME Services Disabled

You can find out if RME services are disabled for a class of SNMP objects, for example mib2 class objects or unixManagerAgent class objects.

To list the classes of SNMP objects which are RME disabled, proceed as follows:


Step 1 Login as the superuser (su).

Step 2 From the command line prompt, enter:

<CEMF_ROOT>/bin/cemf shell

Step 3 To list the snmpAgent derived classes which are RME disabled, enter:

<CEMF_ROOT>/bin/listRmeDisabledClasses.sh

where <CEMF_ROOT> is the directory in which Cisco EMF is installed.

You see a list of snmpAgent derived classes which are RME disabled.


Accessing RME from Cisco EMF

You can open RME and launch applications from the RME screens or you can launch key RME applications directly from Cisco EMF. You cannot launch Cisco EMF services from RME.

The supported RME services you can access from Cisco EMF include IOS image life cycle management services, configuration archival services, inventory reports, configuration reports and other basic administration services supported by RME for all Cisco EMF based EMS.


Caution The only Login Module that is supported by Cisco EMF 3.2 Patch 4 on the RME server is the default Cisco Works2000. Should any of the other modules be used then the intergration will not work.

When you access any RME application or screen for the first time, you must login with your RME username and password. The RME username and password is set up during RME installation, refer to Installation and Setup Guide for Resource Manager Essentials. After the initial successful login, you will not have to log in to RME again unless you exceed the browser timeout set in RME. If this happens, the next time you try to access RME you will have to log in again.

RME workflows and menu options are detailed in the Cisco EMF User Guide.

Managing Objects

You can manage objects which have RME services enabled on them as follows:

Inventory Integrity Check

Moving an Object From One RME Server to Another

Deleting Objects

Inventory Integrity Check

An inventory integrity check can be done for a single RME server. This check compares the list of objects managed by Cisco EMF with the objects managed by RME.

The result of the integrity check is displayed in a dialog box.

To perform an inventory data integrity check between the Cisco EMF server and a single RME server, proceed as follows:


Step 1 In the Map Viewer, right-click on the RME server you want to check.

Step 2 Choose Administration > RME Utilities > Integrity Check

Step 3 You see a message which informs you that the integrity check has started, click Ok to continue.

Integrity check started and Integrity check completed events are displayed on the RME server object in the Event Browser.

A window displays the following lists:

IP address of objects that are only in Cisco EMF

IP address of objects that are only in RME

IP address of objects that are managed by other RME servers


Note You can also view this window at other times, choose Administration > RME Utilities > Integrity Check Results.



Moving an Object From One RME Server to Another


Note This feature may not be available on your Element Manager.


You may want to move an object or several objects from one RME server to another. For example, you could do this if the RME server is down (loss of communications). Alternatively you may expand your network and add an additional RME server, requiring migration of network elements from the current (full) RME server to the new RME server.

Events are raised against the RME server if object deployment or deletion fails in RME, or if the RME server is down.

On reparenting, the object is removed from one RME server and added to another. Proceed as follows:


Step 1 In the Map Viewer, RME view, right-click the object you want to reparent.

Step 2 Choose View Manipulation > Reparent Object(s). The Select a Parent Window is displayed.

Step 3 Choose the new parent RME server from the RME view hierarchy

Step 4 Click Apply to proceed or Close to cancel.

Step 5 The position of the chosen object in the RME view is moved to the other RME server to reflect the change.


Note The new relationship between the object(s) and the selected RME server does not appear in the Physical view.


Step 6 If the reparent operation fails you must delete the device, then re-deploy the device.


Deleting Objects

You can delete an object managed by both Cisco EMF and one or more RME server. The object will be deleted from the Physical, Network and RME views.


Note You can multi-select more than one object to be deleted.


Any RME managed object can be removed from Cisco EMF as long as you have the correct user access. Cisco EMF gives two options to remove objects from the network hierarchy:

1. Delete Objects—this deletes all instances, or references to the selected object.

2. Remove Parent Relationships—this removes only the selected instance of the object.

The Delete Objects option deletes every instance of a selected object.

However, a selected object may have children which are visible in the Physical view. Delete Objects does not delete the children of the object, in this case the children will `orphaned'. This means that the children still exist in Cisco EMF but are not visible in the Map Viewer. An Event Browser could display events against the orphaned object, but no name will be shown.


Note If you want to remove one instance only of an object, choose View Manipulation > Remove Parent Relationship. Refer to the Cisco Element Management Framework User Guide.


To delete an object, proceed as follows


Step 1 In the Map Viewer, right-click on the object you want to delete.

You must decommission the object before it is deleted.

Step 2 Choose Deployment...> Delete Objects

You will see that the object you deleted no longer appears in the Physical view, the RME view or the Network view.


Synchronization

Synchronization between RME and Cisco EMF is at the chassis level and includes synchronization of certain object credentials including IP address, community strings, and object credentials. You can select a single RME server for synchronization. Events will be raised on the RME server object when any errors occur. Synchronization can be real time, automatic or manual.

Figure 19-1 shows an example of manual synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME.

Synchronization can be:

Real time synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME when a object is created in Cisco EMF. An event will be raised on the RME server object if the object creation fails or there is a loss of communication with RME.

Real time synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME when a object is deleted in Cisco EMF. An event will be raised on the RME server object if the object deletion fails or there is a loss of communication with RME.

Real time synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME when a object is modified in Cisco EMF, for example when object credentials like IP Address or SNMP community strings are modified


Note Real time synchronization from RME to Cisco EMF is not supported.


Automatic synchronization from RME to Cisco EMF when an RME server is deployed in Cisco EMF

Automatic synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME when an object is reparented from one RME server to another RME server

Manual synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME

Manual synchronization from RME to Cisco EMF

Figure 19-1 Synchronization example: Manual Synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME

Manual Synchronization from Cisco EMF to RME

Manual synchronization is described in this example where the Cisco EMF object list is different to the RME's object list and you want to synchronize both lists.


Step 1 In the Map Viewer, right-click on the RME server you want to synchronize with Cisco EMF.

Step 2 Choose Administration > RME Utilities > CEMF to RME Sync.

Step 3 You see a message which informs you that synchronization has started, click Ok to continue.

Synchronization started and Synchronization completed events are displayed on the RME server object in the Event Browser.

Step 4 A window displays the results of the Cisco EMF to RME synchronization, click Close.

You can also view this window at other times, choose Administration > RME Utilities > CEMF to RME Sync Results.


Manual Synchronization from RME to Cisco EMF

Manual synchronization is described in this example where the RME object list is different to the Cisco EMF object list and you want to synchronize both lists.


Step 1 In the Map Viewer, right-click on the RME server you want to synchronize with Cisco EMF.

Step 2 Choose Administration > RME Utilities > RME to CEMF Sync.

Step 3 You see a message which informs you that synchronization has started, click Ok to continue.

Synchronization started and Synchronization completed events are displayed on the RME server object in the Event Browser.

Step 4 A window displays the results of the RME to Cisco EMF synchronization, click Close.

You can also view this window at other times, choose Administration > RME Utilities > RME to CEMF Sync Results.


Security Options

Table 19-1 details the access specifications are available for the RME server with Cisco EMF. See "Access Control" for further details.

Table 19-1 Services available with RME Server Access Specifications 

Service
RMEAdmin
RMEUser
Access Specification

Deploy RME server

Yes

Yes

RMESPEC

Delete RME server

Yes

Yes

RMESPEC

Enable RME services

Yes

Yes

RMESPEC

Disable RME services

Yes

Yes

RMESPEC

Access Inventory Check

Yes

Yes

RMESPEC

Access RME Launchpad

Yes

Yes

RMESPEC

Access 24 Hour Report options

Yes

Yes

RME24ReportsSPEC

Access Change Audit options

Yes

Yes

RMEChangeAuditSPEC

Access Configuration Management options

Yes

Yes

RMEConfigMgmtSPEC

Access Inventory options

Yes

Yes

RMEInventorySPEC

Access Software Management options

Yes

Yes

RMESoftwareMgmtSPEC

Access Syslog Analysis options

Yes

Yes

RMESyslogSPEC

Access Administration options

Yes

Yes

RMEAdministrationSPEC