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Configuring Priority Queueing
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Configuring Priority Queueing

Table Of Contents

Configuring Priority Queueing

Priority Queueing Configuration

Defining the Priority List

Assigning Packets to Priority Queues

Specifying the Maximum Size of the Priority Queues

Assigning the Priority List to an Interface

Monitoring Priority Queueing Lists

Priority Queueing Configuration Examples

Example: Priority Queueing Based on Protocol Type

Example: Priority Queueing Based on Interface

Example: Maximum Specified Size of the Priority Queue

Example: Priority List Assigned to an Interface

Example: Priority Queueing Using Multiple Rules


Configuring Priority Queueing


Feature History

Release
Modification

Cisco IOS

For information about feature support in Cisco IOS software, use Cisco Feature Navigator.


This module describes the tasks for configuring priority queueing (PQ) on a router.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Priority Queueing Configuration

A priority list contains the definitions for a set of priority queues. The priority list specifies which queue a packet will be placed in and, optionally, the maximum length of the different queues.

In order to perform queueing using a priority list, you must assign the list to an interface. The same priority list can be applied to multiple interfaces. Alternatively, you can create many different priority policies to apply to different interfaces.

Assign packets to priority queues based on the following qualities:

Protocol type

Interface where the packets enter the router

You can specify multiple assignment rules. The priority-list commands are read in order of appearance until a matching protocol or interface type is found. When a match is found, the packet is assigned to the appropriate queue and the search ends. Packets that do not match other assignment rules are assigned to the default queue.

Defining the Priority List

Assigning Packets to Priority Queues

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# priority-list list-number protocol protocol-name {high | medium | normal | low} queue-keyword keyword-value

Establishes queueing priorities based on the protocol type.

Note All protocols supported by Cisco are allowed. The queue-keyword argument provides additional options including byte count, TCP service and port number assignments, and AppleTalk, IP, IPX, VINES, or XNS access list assignments. Refer to the priority-list protocol command syntax description in the Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Command Reference.

Step 2 

Router(config)# priority-list list-number interface interface-type interface-number {high | medium | normal | low}

Establishes queueing priorities for packets entering from a given interface.

Step 3 

Router(config)# priority-list list-number default {high | medium | normal | low}

Assigns a priority queue for those packets that do not match any other rule in the priority list.

Specifying the Maximum Size of the Priority Queues

Command
Purpose

Router(config)# priority-list list-number queue-limit [high-limit [medium-limit [normal-limit [low-limit]]]

Specifies the maximum number of packets allowed in each of the priority queues:

high-limit—20

medium-limit—40

normal-limit—60

low-limit—80


Assigning the Priority List to an Interface

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# interface interface-type interface-number

Specifies the interface, and then enters interface configuration mode.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# priority-group list-number

Assigns a priority list number to the interface.

Monitoring Priority Queueing Lists

Command
Purpose

Router# show queue interface-type interface-number

Displays the contents of packets inside a queue for a particular interface or VC.

Router# show queueing priority

Displays the status of the priority queueing lists.


Priority Queueing Configuration Examples

Example: Priority Queueing Based on Protocol Type

The following example establishes queueing based on protocol type. The example assigns 1 as the arbitrary priority list number, specifies IP as the protocol type, and assigns a high priority level to traffic that matches IP access list 10.

access-list 10 permit 239.1.1.0 0.0.0.255
priority-list 1 protocol ip high list 10

Example: Priority Queueing Based on Interface

The following example establishes queueing based on interface. The example sets any packet type entering on Ethernet interface 0 to a medium priority.

priority-list 3 interface ethernet 0 medium

Example: Maximum Specified Size of the Priority Queue

The following example changes the maximum number of packets in the high priority queue to 10. The medium-limit, normal, and low-limit queue sizes remain at their default 40-, 60-, and 80-packet limits.

priority-list 4 queue-limit 10 40 60 80

Example: Priority List Assigned to an Interface

The following example assigns priority group list 4 to serial interface 0:

interface serial 0
  priority-group 4

Note The priority-group list-number command is not available on ATM interfaces that do not support fancy queueing.


Example: Priority Queueing Using Multiple Rules

When classifying a packet, the system searches the list of rules specified by priority-list commands for a matching protocol type. The following example specifies four rules:

DECnet packets with a byte count less than 200 are assigned a medium priority queue level.

IP packets originating or destined to TCP port 23 are assigned a medium priority queue level.

IP packets originating or destined to User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port 53 are assigned a medium priority queue level.

All IP packets are assigned a high priority queue level.

Remember that when using multiple rules for a single protocol, the system reads the priority settings in the order of appearance.

priority-list 4 protocol decnet medium lt 200
priority-list 4 protocol ip medium tcp 23
priority-list 4 protocol ip medium udp 53
priority-list 4 protocol ip high