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Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records
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Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Table Of Contents

Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Information About Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Benefits of the Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records Feature

Throttling Access Requests and Accounting Records

How to Configure Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Globally

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Per Server Group

Configuration Examples for Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Globally: Example

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Per Server Group: Example

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records


Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records


First Published: December 3, 2007
Last Updated: July 31, 2009

The Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records feature supports throttling of access (authentication and authorization) and accounting records that are sent to the RADIUS server. This feature allows a user to configure the appropriate throttling rate to avoid network congestion and instability; such as when there is insufficient bandwidth to accommodate a sudden burst of records generated from the Cisco IOS XE router to the RADIUS server.

Finding Feature Information

For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS XE software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://tools.cisco.com/ITDIT/CFN/jsp/index.jsp. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Information About Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

How to Configure Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Configuration Examples for Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Additional References

Feature Information for Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Information About Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

To configure the Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records feature, you should understand the following concepts:

Benefits of the Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records Feature

Throttling Access Requests and Accounting Records

Benefits of the Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records Feature

A Network Access Server (NAS), acting as RADIUS client, can generate a burst of accounting or access requests, causing severe network congestion or causing the RADIUS server to become overloaded with a burst of RADIUS traffic. This problem could be compounded when multiple NASs interact with the RADIUS servers.

The following conditions can trigger a sudden burst of RADIUS traffic:

An interface flap, which in turn brings down all the subscriber sessions and generates accounting requests for each subscriber.

The Cisco IOS XE High Availability (HA) program generating a START record for every session that survived a switchover, such as the scenario described the preceding bullet.

A large number of generated requests can make the network unstable if there is insufficient bandwidth or if the RADIUS server is slow to respond. Neither the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) transport layer nor the RADIUS protocol has a flow control mechanism. The throttling mechanism provided by this feature provides a solution for these issues.

Throttling Access Requests and Accounting Records

The Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records feature introduces a mechanism to control packets (flow control) at the NAS level, which improves the RADIUS server performance.

Because of their specific uses, access requests and accounting records must be treated separately. Access request packets are time sensitive, while accounting record packets are not.

If a response to an access request is not returned to the client in a timely manner, the protocol or the user will time out, impacting the device transmission rates.

Accounting records packets are not real-time critical.

When configuring threshold values on the same server, it is important to prioritize threshold values for the handling of the time-sensitive access request packets and to place a lesser threshold value on the accounting records packets.

In some cases, when an Internet Service Provider (ISP) is using separate RADIUS servers for access requests and accounting records, only accounting records throttling may be required.

Summary

The Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records is disabled, by default.

Throttling functionality can be configured globally or at server group level.

How to Configure Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

This section describes how to configure throttling of access (authentication and authorization) and accounting records that are sent to the RADIUS server for both, global and server groups.

Server-group configurations are used to enable or disable throttling for a particular server group and to specify the threshold value for that server group.


Note Server-group configurations override any configured global configurations.


This section includes the following tasks.

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Globally

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Per Server Group

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Globally

To globally configure the throttling of accounting and access request packets, perform the following task.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. radius-server throttle {[accounting threshold] [access threshold [access-timeout number-of-timeouts]]}

4. exit

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

radius-server throttle {[accounting threshold] [access threshold [access-timeout number-of-timeouts]]}

Example:

Router(config)# radius-server throttle accounting 100 access 200 access-timeout 2

Configures global throttling for accounting and access request packets.

For this example:

The accounting threshold value (the range is 0-65536) is set to 100, and the access threshold value is set to 200.

Note The default threshold value is 0 (throttling disabled).

The number of timeouts per transaction value (the range is 1-10) is set to 2.

Step 4 

exit

Example:

Router(config)# exit

Exits global configuration mode.

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Per Server Group

The following server-group configuration can be used to enable or disable throttling for a specified server group and to specify the threshold value for that server group.

To configure throttling of server-group accounting and access request packets, perform the following task.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. aaa group server radius server-group-name

4. throttle {[accounting threshold] [access threshold [access-timeout number-of-timeouts]]}

5. exit

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

aaa group server radius server-group-name

Example:

Router(config)# aaa group server radius myservergroup

Enters server-group configuration mode.

Step 4 

throttle {[accounting threshold] [access threshold [access-timeout number-of-timeouts]]}

Example:

Router(config-sg-radius)# throttle accounting 100 access 200 access-timeout 2

Configures the specified server-group throttling values for accounting and access request packets.

For this example:

The accounting threshold value (the range is 0-65536) is set to 100, and the access threshold value is set to 200.

Note The default threshold value is 0 (throttling disabled).

The number of time-outs per transaction value (the range is 1-10) is set to 2.

Step 5 

exit

Example:

Router(config-sg-radius)# exit

Exits server-group configuration mode.

Configuration Examples for Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

This section provides the following configuration examples:

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Globally: Example

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Per Server Group: Example

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Globally: Example

The following example shows how to limit the number of accounting requests sent to a server to 100:

enable
configure terminal
radius-server throttle accounting 100

The following example shows how to limit the number of access requests packets sent to a server to 200 and sets the number of time-outs allowed per transactions to 2:

enable
configure terminal
radius-server throttle access 200
radius-server throttle access 200 access-timeout 2

The following example shows how to throttle both accounting and access request packets:

enable
configure terminal
radius-server throttle accounting 100 access 200

Throttling Accounting and Access Request Packets Per Server Group: Example

The following example shows how to limit the number of accounting requests sent to server-group-A to 100:

enable
configure terminal
aaa group server radius server-group-A
throttle accounting 100

The following example shows how to limit the number of access requests packets sent to server-group-A to 200 and sets the number of time-outs allowed per transactions to 2:

enable
configure terminal
aaa group server radius server-group-A
throttle access 200 access-timeout 2

The following example shows how to throttle both accounting and access request packets for server-group-A:

enable
configure terminal
aaa group server radius server-group-A
throttle accounting 100 access 200

Additional References

The following sections provide references related to the Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records feature.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Security features

Cisco IOS XE Security Configuration Guide: Securing User Services, Release 2

Security commands

Cisco IOS Security Command Reference


Standards

Standard
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


MIBs

MIB
MIBs Link

No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS XE software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFC
Title

No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/techsupport


Feature Information for Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Table 1 lists the release history for this feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which Cisco IOS XE software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://tools.cisco.com/ITDIT/CFN/jsp/index.jsp. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 1 lists only the Cisco IOS XE software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given Cisco IOS XE software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that Cisco IOS XE software release train also support that feature.


Table 1 Feature Information for Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

The Throttling of AAA (RADIUS) Records feature supports throttling of access (authentication and authorization) and accounting records that are sent to the RADIUS server. This feature allows a user to configure the appropriate throttling rate to avoid network congestion and instability; such as when there is insufficient bandwidth to accommodate a sudden burst of records generated from the Cisco IOS XE router to the RADIUS server.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1, this feature was introduced on Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature: radius-server throttle, throttle



Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

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