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MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering
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MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Table Of Contents

MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Restrictions for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Information about MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering Benefit

How to Configure MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Configuring MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Verifying that MPLS LDP Inbound Label Bindings are Filtered

Configuration Examples for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Configuring MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering: Example

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Glossary


MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering


First Published: August 26, 2003
Last Updated: May 4, 2009

The MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering feature supports inbound label binding filtering. You can use the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) feature to configure access control lists (ACLs) for controlling the label bindings a label switch router (LSR) accepts from its peer LSRs.

Finding Feature Information

For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS XE software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Restrictions for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Information about MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

How to Configure MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Configuration Examples for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Additional References

Feature Information for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Glossary

Restrictions for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Inbound label binding filtering does not support extended ACLs; it only supports standard ACLs.

Information about MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Before you configure this feature, you should understand the following concept:

MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering Benefit

MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering Benefit

The MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering feature may be used to control the amount of memory used to store LDP label bindings advertised by other routers. For example, in a simple MPLS Virtual Private Network (VPN) environment, the VPN provider edge (PE) routers may require LSPs only to their peer PE routers (that is, they do not need LSPs to core routers). Inbound label binding filtering enables a PE router to accept labels only from other PE routers.

How to Configure MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

This section includes the following tasks:

Configuring MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering (Required)

Verifying that MPLS LDP Inbound Label Bindings are Filtered (Optional)

Configuring MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Perform this task to configure a router for inbound label filtering.

The following configuration allows the router to accept only the label for prefix 192.168.1.1 from LDP neighbor router 10.12.12.12.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ip access-list standard access-list-number

4. permit {source [source-wildcard] | any} [log]

5. exit

6. mpls ldp neighbor [vrf vpn-name] nbr-address labels accept acl

7. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ip access-list standard access-list-number

Example:

Router(config)# ip access-list standard 1

Defines a standard IP access list with a number.

Step 4 

permit {source [source-wildcard] | any} [log]

Example:

Router(config-std-nacl)# permit 10.0.0.0

Specifies one or more prefixes permitted by the access list.

Step 5 

exit

Example:

Router(config-std-nacl)# exit

Exits the current mode and goes to the next higher level.

Step 6 

mpls ldp neighbor [vrf vpn-name] nbr-address labels accept acl

Example:

Router(config)# mpls ldp neighbor 10.12.12.12 labels accept 1

Specifies the ACL to be used to filter label bindings for the specified LDP neighbor.

Step 7 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

Exits the current mode and enters privileged Exec mode.

Verifying that MPLS LDP Inbound Label Bindings are Filtered

If inbound filtering is enabled, perform the following tasks to verify that inbound label bindings are filtered.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show mpls ldp neighbor [vrf vpn-name] [address | interface] [detail]

3. show ip access-list [access-list-number | access-list-name]

4. show mpls ldp bindings

5. end

DETAILED STEPS


Step 1 enable

Use this command to enable privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted. For example:

Router> enable
Router#

Step 2 show mpls ldp neighbor [vrf vpn-name] [address | interface] [detail]

Enter the show mpls ldp neighbor command to show the status of the LDP session, including the name or number of the ACL configured for inbound filtering.


Note To display information about inbound label binding filtering, you must enter the detail keyword.


Router# show mpls ldp neighbor 10.12.12.12 detail

 Peer LDP Ident: 10.12.12.12:0; Local LDP Ident 10.13.13.13:0
   TCP connection: 10.12.12.12.646 - 10.13.13.13.12592
   State: Oper; Msgs sent/rcvd: 49/45; Downstream; Last TIB rev sent 1257
   Up time: 00:32:41; UID: 1015; Peer Id 0;
   LDP discovery sources:
    Serial1/0/0; Src IP addr: 192.168.1.1 
     holdtime: 15000 ms, hello interval: 5000 ms
   Addresses bound to peer LDP Ident:
    10.0.0.129       10.12.12.12     192.168.1.1 
   Peer holdtime: 180000 ms; KA interval: 60000 ms; Peer state: estab
   LDP inbound filtering accept acl: 1

Step 3 show ip access-list [access-list-number | access-list-name]

Enter the show ip access-list command to display the contents of all current IP access lists or of a specified access list.


Note It is important that you enter this command to see how the access list is defined; otherwise, you cannot verify inbound label binding filtering.


The following command output shows the contents of IP access list 1:

Router# show ip access 1

Standard IP access list 1
  permit 10.0.0.0, wildcard bits 0.0.0.255 (1 match)

Step 4 show mpls ldp bindings

Enter the show mpls ldp bindings command to verify that the LSR has remote bindings only from a specified peer for prefixes permitted by the access list.

Router# show mpls ldp bindings

 tib entry: 10.0.0.0/8, rev 4
     local binding:  tag: imp-null
 tib entry: 10.2.0.0/16, rev 1137
     local binding:  tag: 16
 tib entry: 10.2.0.0/16, rev 1139
     local binding:  tag: 17
 tib entry: 10.12.12.12/32, rev 1257
     local binding:  tag: 18
 tib entry: 10.13.13.13/32, rev 14
     local binding:  tag: imp-null
 tib entry: 10.10.0.0/16, rev 711
     local binding:  tag: imp-null
 tib entry: 10.0.0.0/8, rev 1135
     local binding:  tag: imp-null
     remote binding: tsr: 10.12.12.12:0, tag: imp-null
 tib entry: 10.0.0.0/8, rev 8
     local binding:  tag: imp-null

Step 5 exit

Use this command to exit to user EXEC mode. For example:

Router# exit
Router>


Configuration Examples for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

This section contains the following configuration example for MPLS LDP inbound label binding filtering:

Configuring MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering: Example

Configuring MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering: Example

In the following example, the mpls ldp neighbor labels accept command is configured with an access control list to filter label bindings received on sessions with the neighbor 10.110.0.10.

Label bindings for prefixes that match 10.b.c.d are accepted, where b is less than or equal to 63, and c and d can be any integer between 0 and 128. Other label bindings received from 10.110.0.10 are rejected.

Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# access-list 1 permit 10.63.0.0 0.63.255.255     
Router(config)# mpls ldp neighbor 10.110.0.10 labels accept 1       
Router(config)# end

In the following example, the show mpls ldp bindings neighbor command displays label bindings that were learned from 10.110.0.10. This example verifies that the LIB does not contain label bindings for prefixes that have been excluded.

Router# show mpls ldp bindings neighbor 10.110.0.10

tib entry: 10.2.0.0/16, rev 4
    remote binding: tsr: 10.110.0.10:0, tag: imp-null
tib entry: 10.43.0.0/16, rev 6
    remote binding: tsr: 10.110.0.10:0, tag: 16
tib entry: 10.52.0.0/16, rev 8
    remote binding: tsr: 10.110.0.10:0, tag: imp-null

Additional References

The following sections provide additional references related to MPLS LDP inbound label binding filters.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Configuration information for MPLS LDP

"MPLS Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)" chapter in the Cisco IOS XE Multiprotocol Label Switching Configuration Guide

MPLS LDP commands

Cisco IOS Multiprotocol Label Switching Command Reference


Standards

Standard
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


MIBs

MIB
MIBs Link

MPLS Label Distribution Protocol MIB (draft-ietf-mpls-ldp-08.txt)

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS XE software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFC
Title

RFC 3036

LDP Specification

RFC 3037

LDP Applicability


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/techsupport


Feature Information for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Table 1 lists the features in this module and provides links to specific configuration information.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which Cisco IOS XE software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 1 lists only the Cisco IOS XE software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given Cisco IOS XE software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that Cisco IOS XE software release train also support that feature.


Table 1 Feature Information for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Bonding Filtering 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

The MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering feature supports inbound label binding filtering. You can use the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) feature to configure access control lists (ACLs) for controlling the label bindings a label switch router (LSR) accepts from its peer LSRs.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1, support was added for the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering Benefit

Configuring MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Verifying that MPLS LDP Inbound Label Bindings are Filtered

The following commands were introduced or modified: clear mpls ldp neighbor, mpls ldp neighbor labels accept, show mpls ldp neighbor.


Glossary

CE router—customer edge router. A router that is part of a customer network and that interfaces to a provider edge (PE) router.

inbound label binding filtering—Allows LSRs to control which label bindings it will accept from its neighboring LSRs. Consequently, an LSR does not accept or store some label bindings that its neighbors advertise.

label—A short fixed-length identifier that tells switching nodes how to forward data (packets or cells).

label binding—An association between a destination prefix and a label.


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