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Any Transport over MPLS

Table Of Contents

Any Transport over MPLS

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Prerequisites for Any Transport over MPLS

Restrictions for Any Transport over MPLS

General Restrictions

ATM AAL5 over MPLS Restrictions

ATM Cell Relay over MPLS Restrictions

Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) Restrictions

Per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS Restrictions

Frame Relay over MPLS Restrictions

HDLC over MPLS Restrictions

PPP over MPLS Restrictions

Tunnel Selection Restrictions

Experimental Bits with AToM Restrictions

Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown Restrictions

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

How AToM Transports Layer 2 Packets

Benefits of AToM

MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute

Maximum Transmission Unit Guidelines for Estimating Packet Size

Estimating Packet Size: Example

Per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

Frame Relay over MPLS and DTE, DCE, and NNI Connections

Local Management Interface and Frame Relay over MPLS

QoS Features Supported with AToM

OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS

OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

AToM Load Balancing with Single PW

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

Configuring the Pseudowire Class

Changing the Encapsulation Type and Removing a Pseudowire

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS on PVCs

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS on PVCs

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in VC Mode

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in VC Mode Using VC Class Configuration Mode

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in PVP Mode

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS in VLAN Mode to Connect Two VLAN Networks That Are in Different Locations.

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS in Port Mode

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS with VLAN ID Rewrite

Configuring per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS with DLCI-to-DLCI Connections

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS with Port-to-Port Connections

Configuring HDLC or PPP over MPLS

Configuring Tunnel Selection

Examples

Troubleshooting Tips

Setting Experimental Bits with AToM

Enabling the Control Word

Configuring MPLS AToM Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

Configuring AToM Load Balancing with Single PW

Configuration Examples for Any Transport over MPLS

Example: ATM over MPLS

Example: Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

Example: Ethernet over MPLS with MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute

Example: Configuring OAM Cell Emulation

Example: Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS

Example: Configuring per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

Configuring Tunnel Selection

Example: Configuring MTU Values in xconnect Configuration Mode for L2VPN Interworking

Examples: Configuring Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for Any Transport over MPLS


Any Transport over MPLS


First Published: January 1, 2001
Last Updated: July 15, 2011

This module describes how to configure Any Transport over MPLS (AToM) transports data link layer (Layer 2) packets over a Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) backbone. AToM enables service providers to connect customer sites with existing Layer 2 networks by using a single, integrated, packet-based network infrastructure—a Cisco MPLS network. Instead of using separate networks with network management environments, service providers can deliver Layer 2 connections over an MPLS backbone. AToM provides a common framework to encapsulate and transport supported Layer 2 traffic types over an MPLS network core.

AToM supports the following like-to-like transport types:

ATM Adaptation Layer Type-5 (AAL5) over MPLS

ATM Cell Relay over MPLS

Ethernet over MPLS (VLAN and port modes)

Frame Relay over MPLS

PPP over MPLS

High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC) over MPLS

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for Any Transport over MPLS" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Prerequisites for Any Transport over MPLS

Restrictions for Any Transport over MPLS

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

Configuration Examples for Any Transport over MPLS

Additional References

Feature Information for Any Transport over MPLS

Prerequisites for Any Transport over MPLS

IP routing must be configured in the core so that the provider edge (PE) routers can reach each other via IP.

MPLS must be configured in the core so that a label-switched path (LSP) exists between the PE routers.

Cisco Express Forwarding must be enabled before you configure any Layer 2 circuits.

A loopback interface must be configured for originating and terminating Layer 2 traffic. Ensure that the PE routers can access the other router's loopback interface. Note that the loopback interface is not needed in all cases. For example, tunnel selection does not need a loopback interface when AToM is directly mapped to a traffic engineering (TE) tunnel.

Before converting an interface with L2TPv3 xconnect to AToM xconnect, remove the L2TPv3 configuration from the interface and then configure AToM.

Before configuring Ethernet over MLS in VLAN mode, you must configure Ethernet over MPLS on the subinterfaces.

Restrictions for Any Transport over MPLS

General Restrictions

ATM AAL5 over MPLS Restrictions

ATM Cell Relay over MPLS Restrictions

Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) Restrictions

Per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS Restrictions

Frame Relay over MPLS Restrictions

HDLC over MPLS Restrictions

PPP over MPLS Restrictions

Tunnel Selection Restrictions

Experimental Bits with AToM Restrictions

Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown Restrictions

General Restrictions

Address format—Configure the Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) router ID on all PE routers to be a loopback address with a /32 mask. Otherwise, some configurations might not function properly.

Layer 2 virtual private networks (L2VPN) features (AToM and Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) are not supported on an ATM interface.

Some features may not work if AToM is configured and L2TPv3 configuration is not removed properly.

ATM AAL5 over MPLS Restrictions

AAL5 over MPLS is supported only in SDU mode.

ATM Cell Relay over MPLS Restrictions

If you have TE tunnels running between the PE routers, you must enable LDP on the tunnel interfaces.

The F4 end-to-end OAM cells are transparently transported along with the ATM cells. When a permanent virtual path (PVP) or permanent virtual circuit (PVC) is down on one PE router, the label associated with that PVP or PVC is withdrawn. Subsequently, the peer PE router detects the label withdrawal and sends an F4 AIS/RDI signal to its corresponding CE router. The PVP or PVC on the peer PE router remains in the up state.

VC class configuration mode is not supported in port mode.

The AToM control word is supported. However, if a peer PE does not support the control word, it is disabled.

For configuring ATM cell relay over MPLS in VP mode, the following restrictions apply:

If a VPI is configured for VP cell relay, you cannot configure a PVC using the same VPI.

VP trunking (mapping multiple VPs to one emulated VC label) is not supported. Each VP is mapped to one emulated VC.

VP mode and VC mode drop idle cells.

Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) Restrictions

The subinterfaces between the CE and PE routers that are running Ethernet over MPLS must be in the same subnet.

The subinterface on the adjoining CE router must be on the same VLAN as the PE router.

Ethernet over MPLS supports VLAN packets that conform to the IEEE 802.1Q standard. The 802.1Q specification establishes a standard method for inserting VLAN membership information into Ethernet frames. The Inter-Switch Link (ISL) protocol is not supported between the PE and CE routers.

The AToM control word is supported. However, if the peer PE does not support a control word, the control word is disabled.

Ethernet packets with hardware-level cyclic redundancy check (CRC) errors, framing errors, and runt packets are discarded on input.

Per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS Restrictions

The following features do not support MTU values in xconnect subinterface configuration mode:

Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3)

Virtual Private LAN services (VPLS)

L2VPN Pseudowire Switching

The MTU value can be configured in xconnect subinterface configuration mode only on the following interfaces and subinterfaces:

Fast Ethernet

Gigabit Ethernet

The router uses an MTU validation process for remote VCs established through LDP, which compares the MTU value configured in xconnect subinterface configuration mode to the MTU value of the remote customer interface. If an MTU value has not been configured in xconnect subinterface configuration mode, then the validation process compares the MTU value of the local customer interface to the MTU value of the remote xconnect, either explicitly configured or inherited from the underlying interface or subinterface.

When you configure the MTU value in xconnect subinterface configuration mode, the specified MTU value is not enforced by the dataplane. The dataplane enforces the MTU values of the interface (port mode) or subinterface (VLAN mode).

Ensure that the interface MTU is larger than the MTU value configured in xconnect subinterface configuration mode. If the MTU value of the customer-facing subinterface is larger than the MTU value of the core-facing interface, traffic may not be able to travel across the pseudowire.

Frame Relay over MPLS Restrictions

Frame Relay traffic shaping is not supported with AToM switched VCs.

HDLC over MPLS Restrictions

Asynchronous interfaces are not supported.

You must configure HDLC over MPLS on router interfaces only. You cannot configure HDLC over MPLS on subinterfaces.

PPP over MPLS Restrictions

Zero hops on one router is not supported. However, you can have back-to-back PE routers.

Asynchronous interfaces are not supported. The connections between the CE and PE routers on both ends of the backbone must have similar link layer characteristics. The connections between the CE and PE routers must both be synchronous.

Multilink PPP (MLP) is not supported.

You must configure PPP on router interfaces only. You cannot configure PPP on subinterfaces.

Tunnel Selection Restrictions

The selected path should be an LSP destined to the peer PE router.

The selected tunnel must be an MPLS TE tunnel.

If you select a tunnel, the tunnel tailend must be on the remote PE router.

If you specify an IP address, that address must be the IP address of the loopback interface on the remote PE router. The address must have a /32 mask. There must be an LSP destined to that selected address. The LSP need not be a TE tunnel.

Experimental Bits with AToM Restrictions

You must statically set the experimental (EXP) bits in both the VC label and the LSP tunnel label, because the LSP tunnel label might be removed at the penultimate router.

For EXP bits and ATM AAL5 over MPLS and for EXP bits and Frame Relay over MPLS, if you do not assign values to the experimental bits, the priority bits in the header's "tag control information" field are set to zero.

For EXP bits and ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in VC mode, if you do not assign values to the experimental bits, the priority bits in the header's "tag control information" field are set to zero.

For EXP bits and HDLC over MPLS and PPP over MPLS, if you do not assign values to the experimental bits, zeros are written into the experimental bit fields.

Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown Restrictions

This feature is not symmetrical if the remote PE router is running an older version image or is on another platform that does not support the EoMPLS remote Ethernet port shutdown feature and the local PE is running an image which supports this feature.

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

To configure AToM, you must understand the following concepts:

How AToM Transports Layer 2 Packets

Benefits of AToM

MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute

Maximum Transmission Unit Guidelines for Estimating Packet Size

Per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

Frame Relay over MPLS and DTE, DCE, and NNI Connections

QoS Features Supported with AToM

OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

AToM Load Balancing with Single PW

How AToM Transports Layer 2 Packets

AToM encapsulates Layer 2 frames at the ingress PE and sends them to a corresponding PE at the other end of a pseudowire, which is a connection between the two PE routers. The egress PE removes the encapsulation and sends out the Layer 2 frame.

The successful transmission of the Layer 2 frames between PE routers is due to the configuration of the PE routers. You set up the connection, called a pseudowire, between the routers. You specify the following information on each PE router:

The type of Layer 2 data that will be transported across the pseudowire, such as Ethernet, Frame Relay, or ATM

The IP address of the loopback interface of the peer PE router, which enables the PE routers to communicate

A unique combination of peer PE IP address and VC ID that identifies the pseudowire

The following example shows the basic configuration steps on a PE router that enable the transport of Layer 2 packets. Each transport type has slightly different steps.

Step 1 defines the interface or subinterface on the PE router:

Router# interface interface-type interface-number

Step 2 specifies the encapsulation type for the interface, such as dot1q:

Router(config-if)# encapsulation encapsulation-type

Step 3 does the following:

Makes a connection to the peer PE router by specifying the LDP router ID of the peer PE router.

Specifies a 32-bit unique identifier, called the VC ID, which is shared between the two PE routers.

The combination of the peer router ID and the VC ID must be unique on the router. Two circuits cannot use the same combination of peer router ID and VC ID.

Specifies the tunneling method used to encapsulate data in the pseudowire. AToM uses MPLS as the tunneling method.

Router(config-if)# xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

As an alternative, you can set up a pseudowire class to specify the tunneling method and other characteristics. For more information, see the "Configuring the Pseudowire Class" section.

Benefits of AToM

The following list explains some of the benefits of enabling Layer 2 packets to be sent in the MPLS network:

The AToM product set accommodates many types of Layer 2 packets, including Ethernet and Frame Relay, across multiple Cisco router platforms. This enables the service provider to transport all types of traffic over the backbone and accommodate all types of customers.

AToM adheres to the standards developed for transporting Layer 2 packets over MPLS. This benefits the service provider that wants to incorporate industry-standard methodologies in the network. Other Layer 2 solutions are proprietary, which can limit the service provider's ability to expand the network and can force the service provider to use only one vendor's equipment.

Upgrading to AToM is transparent to the customer. Because the service provider network is separate from the customer network, the service provider can upgrade to AToM without disruption of service to the customer. The customers assume that they are using a traditional Layer 2 backbone.

MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute

AToM can use MPLS traffic engineering (TE) tunnels with fast reroute (FRR) support. AToM VCs can be rerouted around a failed link or node at the same time as MPLS and IP prefixes.

Enabling fast reroute on AToM does not require any special commands; you can use standard fast reroute commands. At the ingress PE, an AToM tunnel is protected by fast reroute when it is routed to an FRR-protected TE tunnel. Both link and node protection are supported for AToM VCs at the ingress PE.

In the following example, the primary link is disabled, which causes the backup tunnel (Tunnel 1) to become the primary path. The output in boldface font shows the status of the tunnel:

Router# execute-on slot 3 debug mpls l2transport fast-reroute

========= Line Card (Slot 3) =========
AToM fast reroute debugging is on
SLOT 3:Sep 16 17:58:56.346: AToM SMGR: Processing TFIB FRR event for 10.4.0.1
SLOT 3:Sep 16 17:58:56.346: AToM SMGR: Finished processing TFIB FRR event for 10.4.0.1
SLOT 3:Sep 16 17:58:56.346: AToM SMGR: Processing TFIB FRR event for Tunnel41
SLOT 3:Sep 16 17:58:56.346: AToM SMGR: Finished processing TFIB FRR event for Tunnel41
Sep 16 17:58:58.342: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface POS0/0/0, changed state to down
Sep 16 17:58:58.342: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 10.0.0.1 on POS0/0 from FULL to DOWN, 
Neighbor Down: Interface down or detached
Sep 16 17:58:59.342: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface POS0/0/0, changed 
state to down

Maximum Transmission Unit Guidelines for Estimating Packet Size

The following calculation helps you determine the size of the packets traveling through the core network. You set the maximum transmission unit (MTU) on the core-facing interfaces of the P and PE routers to accommodate packets of this size. The MTU should be greater than or equal to the total bytes of the items in the following equation:

Core MTU >= (Edge MTU + Transport header + AToM header + (MPLS label stack * MPLS label 
size))

The following sections describe the variables used in the equation.

Edge MTU

The edge MTU is the MTU for the customer-facing interfaces.

Transport Header

The Transport header depends on the transport type. Table 1 lists the specific sizes of the headers.

Table 1 Header Size of Packets 

Transport Type
Packet Size

AAL5

0-32 bytes

Ethernet VLAN

18 bytes

Ethernet Port

14 bytes

Frame Relay DLCI

2 bytes for Cisco encapsulation, 8 bytes for Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) encapsulation

HDLC

4 bytes

PPP

4 bytes


AToM Header

The AToM header is 4 bytes (control word). The control word is optional for Ethernet, PPP, HDLC, and cell relay transport types. The control word is required for Frame Relay and ATM AAL5 transport types.

MPLS Label Stack

The MPLS label stack size depends on the configuration of the core MPLS network:

AToM uses one MPLS label to identify the AToM VCs (VC label). Therefore, the minimum MPLS label stack is one for directly connected AToM PEs, which are PE routers that do not have a P router between them.

If LDP is used in the MPLS network, the label stack size is two (the LDP label and the VC label).

If a TE tunnel instead of LDP is used between PE routers in the MPLS network, the label stack size is two (the TE label and the VC label).

If a TE tunnel and LDP are used in the MPLS network (for example, a TE tunnel between P routers or between P and PE routers, with LDP on the tunnel), the label stack is three (TE label, LDP label, VC label).

If you use MPLS fast reroute in the MPLS network, you add a label to the stack. The maximum MPLS label stack in this case is four (FRR label, TE label, LDP label, VC label).

If AToM is used by the customer carrier in an MPLS VPN Carrier Supporting Carrier environment, you add a label to the stack. The maximum MPLS label stack in the provider carrier network is five (FRR label, TE label, LDP label, VPN label, VC label).

If an AToM tunnel spans different service providers that exchange MPLS labels using IPv4 Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) (RFC 3107), you add a label to the stack. The maximum MPLS label stack is five (FRR label, TE label, Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) label, LDP label, VC label).

Other circumstances can increase the MPLS label stack size. Therefore, analyze the complete data path between the AToM tunnel endpoints and determine the maximum MPLS label stack size for your network. Then multiply the label stack size by the size of the MPLS label.

Estimating Packet Size: Example

The estimated packet size in the following example is 1526 bytes, based on the following assumptions:

The edge MTU is 1500 bytes.

The transport type is Ethernet VLAN, which designates 18 bytes for the transport header.

The AToM header is 0, because the control word is not used.

The MPLS label stack is 2, because LDP is used. The MPLS label is 4 bytes.

Edge MTU + Transport header + AToM header + (MPLS label stack * MPLS label) = Core MTU
1500     + 18                    + 0      + (2                * 4         ) = 1526

You must configure the P and PE routers in the core to accept packets of 1526 bytes.

Per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

Cisco IOS XE software includes the ability to specify MTU values in xconnect subinterface configuration mode. When you use xconnect subinterface configuration mode to set the MTU value, you establish a pseudowire connection for situations where the interfaces have different MTU values that cannot be changed.

If you specify an MTU value in xconnect subinterface configuration mode that is outside the range of supported MTU values (64 bytes to the maximum number of bytes supported by the interface), the command might be rejected. If you specify an MTU value that is out of range in xconnect subinterface configuration mode, the router enters the command in subinterface configuration mode.

For example, if you specify an MTU of 1501 in xconnect subinterface configuration mode, and that value is out of range, the router enters the command in subinterface configuration mode, where it is accepted:

Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/0/2.1
Router(config-subif)# xconnect 10.10.10.1 100 encapsulation mpls
Router(config-subif-xconn)# mtu ?
<64 - 1500> MTU size in bytes
Router(config-subif-xconn)# mtu 1501 <<================
Router(config-subif)# mtu ?
<64 - 17940> MTU size in bytes

If the MTU value is not accepted in either xconnect subinterface configuration mode or subinterface configuration mode, then the command is rejected.

Frame Relay over MPLS and DTE, DCE, and NNI Connections

You can configure an interface as a DTE device or a DCE switch, or as a switch connected to a switch with network-to-network interface (NNI) connections. Use the following command in interface configuration mode:

frame-relay intf-type [dce | dte | nni]

The keywords are explained in Table 2.

.

Table 2 frame-relay intf-type Command Keywords

Keyword
Description

dce

Enables the router or access server to function as a switch connected to a router.

dte

Enables the router or access server to function as a DTE device. DTE is the default.

nni

Enables the router or access server to function as a switch connected to a switch.


Local Management Interface and Frame Relay over MPLS

Local Management Interface (LMI) is a protocol that communicates status information about PVCs. When a PVC is added, deleted, or changed, the LMI notifies the endpoint of the status change. LMI also provides a polling mechanism that verifies that a link is up.

How LMI Works

To determine the PVC status, LMI checks that a PVC is available from the reporting device to the Frame Relay end-user device. If a PVC is available, LMI reports that the status is "Active," which means that all interfaces, line protocols, and core segments are operational between the reporting device and the Frame Relay end-user device. If any of those components is not available, the LMI reports a status of "Inactive."


Note Only the DCE and NNI interface types can report LMI status.


Figure 1 is a sample topology that helps illustrate how LMI works.

Figure 1 Sample Topology

In Figure 1, note the following:

CE1 and PE1 and PE2 and CE2 are Frame Relay LMI peers.

CE1 and CE2 can be Frame Relay switches or end-user devices.

Each Frame Relay PVC comprises multiple segments.

The DLCI value is local to each segment and is changed as traffic is switched from segment to segment. Two Frame Relay PVC segments exist in Figure 1; one is between PE1 and CE1 and the other is between PE2 and CE2.

The LMI protocol behavior depends on whether you have DLCI-to-DLCI or port-to-port connections.

DLCI-to-DLCI Connections

If you have DLCI-to-DLCI connections, LMI runs locally on the Frame Relay ports between the PE and CE devices:

CE1 sends an active status to PE1 if the PVC for CE1 is available. If CE1 is a switch, LMI checks that the PVC is available from CE1 to the user device attached to CE1.

PE1 sends an active status to CE1 if the following conditions are met:

A PVC for PE1 is available.

PE1 received an MPLS label from the remote PE router.

An MPLS tunnel label exists between PE1 and the remote PE.

For DTE or DCE configurations, the following LMI behavior exists: The Frame Relay device accessing the network (DTE) does not report PVC status. Only the network device (DCE) or NNI can report status. Therefore, if a problem exists on the DTE side, the DCE is not aware of the problem.

Port-to-Port Connections

If you have port-to-port connections, the PE routers do not participate in the LMI status-checking procedures. LMI operates between the CE routers only. The CE routers must be configured as DCE-DTE or NNI-NNI.

QoS Features Supported with AToM

The following tables list the QoS features supported by AToM:

Table 3, QoS Features Supported with Ethernet over MPLS

Table 4, QoS Features Supported with Frame Relay over MPLS

Table 5, QoS Features Supported with ATM Cell Relay and AAL5 over MPLS

Table 3 QoS Features Supported with Ethernet over MPLS  

QoS Feature
Ethernet over MPLS

Service policy

Can be applied to:

Interface (input and output)

Subinterface (input and output)

Classification

Supports the following commands:

match cos (on interfaces and subinterfaces)

match mpls experimental (on interfaces and subinterfaces)

match qos-group (on interfaces) (output policy)

Marking

Supports the following commands:

set cos (output policy)

set discard-class (input policy)

set mpls experimental (input policy) (on interfaces and subinterfaces)

set qos-group (input policy)

Policing

Supports the following:

Color-aware policing

Multiple-action policing

Single-rate policing

Two-rate policing

Queueing and shaping

Supports the following:

Byte-based WRED

Low Latency Queueing (LLQ)

Weighted Random Early Detection (WRED)


Table 4 QoS Features Supported with Frame Relay over MPLS 

QoS Feature
Frame Relay over MPLS

Service policy

Can be applied to:

Interface (input and output)

PVC (input and output)

Classification

Supports the following commands:

match fr-de (on interfaces and VCs)

match fr-dlci (on interfaces)

match qos-group

Marking

Supports the following commands:

frame-relay congestion management (output)

set discard-class

set fr-de (output policy)

set fr-fecn-becn (output)

set mpls experimental

set qos-group

threshold ecn (output)

Policing

Supports the following:

Color-aware policing

Multiple-action policing

Single-rate policing

Two-rate policing

Queueing and shaping

Supports the following:

Byte-based WRED

Class-based weighted fair queueing (CBWFQ)

LLQ

random-detect discard-class-based command

Traffic shaping

WRED


Table 5 QoS Features Supported with ATM Cell Relay and AAL5 over MPLS

QoS Feature
ATM Cell Relay and AAL5 over MPLS

Service policy

Can be applied to:

Interface (input and output)

PVC (input and output)

Subinterface (input and output)

Classification

Supports the following commands:

match mpls experimental (on VCs)

match qos-group (output)

Marking

Supports the following commands:

random-detect discard-class-based (input)

set clp (output) (on interfaces, subinterfaces, and VCs)

set discard-class (input)

set mpls experimental (input) (on interfaces, subinterfaces, and VCs)

set qos-group (input)

Policing

Supports the following:

Color-aware policing

Multiple-action policing

Single-rate policing

Two-rate policing

Queueing and shaping

Supports the following:

Byte-based WRED

CBWFQ

Class-based shaping support on ATM PVCs

LLQ

random-detect discard-class-based command

WRED


OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS

If a PE router does not support the transport of Operation, Administration, and Maintenance (OAM) cells across a label switched path (LSP), you can use OAM cell emulation to locally terminate or loop back the OAM cells. You configure OAM cell emulation on both PE routers, which emulates a VC by forming two unidirectional LSPs. You use Cisco software commands on both PE routers to enable OAM cell emulation.

After you enable OAM cell emulation on a router, you can configure and manage the ATM VC in the same manner as you would a terminated VC. A VC that has been configured with OAM cell emulation can send loopback cells at configured intervals toward the local CE router. The endpoint can be either of the following:

End-to-end loopback, which sends OAM cells to the local CE router.

Segment loopback, which responds to OAM cells to a device along the path between the PE and CE routers.

The OAM cells include the following cells:

Alarm indication signal (AIS)

Remote defect indication (RDI)

These cells identify and report defects along a VC. When a physical link or interface failure occurs, intermediate nodes insert OAM AIS cells into all the downstream devices affected by the failure. When a router receives an AIS cell, it marks the ATM VC down and sends an RDI cell to let the remote end know about the failure.

OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

You can configure OAM cell emulation as part of a VC class and then apply the VC class to an interface, a subinterface, or a VC. When you configure OAM cell emulation in VC class configuration mode and then apply the VC class to an interface, the settings in the VC class apply to all the VCs on the interface, unless you specify a different OAM cell emulation value at a lower level, such as the subinterface or VC level. For example, you can create a VC class that specifies OAM cell emulation and sets the rate of AIS cells to every 30 seconds. You can apply the VC class to an interface. Then, for one PVC, you can enable OAM cell emulation and set the rate of AIS cells to every 15 seconds. All the PVCs on the interface use the cell rate of 30 seconds, except for the one PVC that was set to 15 seconds.

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

This Cisco IOS XE feature allows a service provider edge (PE) router on the local end of an Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) pseudowire to detect a remote link failure and cause the shutdown of the Ethernet port on the local customer edge (CE) router. Because the Ethernet port on the local CE router is shut down, the router does not lose data by continuously sending traffic to the failed remote link. This is beneficial if the link is configured as a static IP route.

Figure 2 illustrates a condition in an EoMPLS WAN, with a down Layer 2 tunnel link between a CE router (Customer Edge 1) and the PE router (Provider Edge 1). A CE router on the far side of the Layer 2 tunnel (Customer Edge 2), continues to forward traffic to Customer Edge 1 through the L2 tunnel.

Figure 2 Remote Link Outage in EoMPLS WAN

Previous to this feature, the Provider Edge 2 router could not detect a failed remote link. Traffic forwarded from Customer Edge 2 to Customer Edge 1 would be lost until routing or spanning tree protocols detected the down remote link. If the link was configured with static routing, the remote link outage would be even more difficult to detect.

With this feature, the Provider Edge 2 router detects the remote link failure and causes a shutdown of the local Customer Edge 2 Ethernet port. When the remote L2 tunnel link is restored, the local interface is automatically restored as well. The possibility of data loss is thus diminished.

With reference to Figure 2, the Remote Ethernet Shutdown sequence is generally described as follows:

1. The remote link between Customer Edge 1 and Provider Edge 1 fails.

2. Provider Edge 2 detects the remote link failure and disables the transmit laser on the line card interface connected to Customer Edge 2.

3. An RX_LOS error alarm is received by Customer Edge 2 causing Customer Edge 2 to bring down the interface.

4. Provider Edge 2 maintains its interface with Customer Edge 2 in an up state.

5. When the remote link and EoMPLS connection is restored, the Provider Edge 2 router enables the transmit laser.

6. The Customer Edge 2 router brings up its downed interface.

This feature is enabled by default for Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS). You can also enable this feature by using the remote link failure notification command in xconnect configuration mode as shown in the following example:

pseudowire-class eompls
 encapsulation mpls
!
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
 xconnect 10.13.13.13 1 pw-class eompls
  remote link failure notification
!

This feature can be disabled using the no remote link failure notification command in xconnect configuration mode. Use the show ip interface brief privileged EXEC command to display the status of all remote L2 tunnel links. Use the show interface privileged EXEC command to show the status of the L2 tunnel on a specific interface.


Note The no remote link failure notification command will not give notification to clients for remote attachment circuit status down.


AToM Load Balancing with Single PW

Prior to Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4S, the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Router did not perform load balancing for packets within the same pseudowire (PW) at the Provide Edge (PE) even if Equal Cost Multiple Paths (ECMPs) were available between PEs in an MPLS cloud. Only one of the routing options from the table would be used, and the other paths would be left unused. The AToM Load Balancing with Single PW feature enables load balancing for packets within the same pseudowire by further classifying packets within the same pseudowire into different flows based on certain fields in the packet received on an attachment circuit. For example, for Ethernet this load balancing is based on the source MAC address in the incoming packets.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4S, this feature is available only for the Ethernet family of attachment circuits (ACs); so the flow-identification logic is based on source MAC address. All packets with the same source MAC address follow one path and are identified as flows.

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

This section explains how to perform a basic AToM configuration and includes the following procedures:

Configuring the Pseudowire Class (required)

Changing the Encapsulation Type and Removing a Pseudowire (optional)

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS (optional)

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS (optional)

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS (optional)

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS (optional)

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS (optional)

Configuring HDLC or PPP over MPLS (optional)

Configuring Tunnel Selection (optional)

Setting Experimental Bits with AToM (optional)

Enabling the Control Word (optional)

Configuring MPLS AToM Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown (optional)

Configuring AToM Load Balancing with Single PW (optional)

Configuring the Pseudowire Class


NoteIn simple configurations, this task is optional. You need not specify a pseudowire class if you specify the tunneling method as part of the xconnect command.

You must specify the encapsulation mpls command as part of the pseudowire class or as part of the xconnect command for the AToM VCs to work properly. If you omit the encapsulation mpls command as part of the xconnect command, you receive the following error:

% Incomplete command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. pseudowire-class name

4. encapsulation mpls

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

pseudowire-class name

Example:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class atom

Establishes a pseudowire class with a name that you specify and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-pw)# encapsulation mpls

Specifies the tunneling encapsulation.

Changing the Encapsulation Type and Removing a Pseudowire

Once you specify the encapsulation mpls command, you cannot remove it using the no encapsulation mpls command. Nor can you change the command's setting using the encapsulation l2tpv3 command. Those methods result in the following error message:

Encapsulation changes are not allowed on an existing pw-class.

To remove the encapsulation mpls command, you must delete the pseudowire with the no pseudowire-class command.

To change the type of encapsulation, remove the pseudowire using the no pseudowire-class command and reconfigure the pseudowire to specify the new encapsulation type.

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS on PVCs

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS on PVCs

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

5. encapsulation aal5

6. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

7. end

8. show mpls l2transport vc

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/0/0

Specifies the interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

Example:

Router(config-if)# pvc 1/200 l2transport

Creates or assigns a name to an ATM PVC and enters L2transport PVC configuration mode.

The l2transport keyword indicates that the PVC is a switched PVC instead of a terminated PVC.

Step 5 

encapsulation aal5

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# encapsulation aal5

Specifies ATM AAL5 encapsulation for the PVC. Make sure you specify the same encapsulation type on the PE and customer edge (CE) routers.

Step 6 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Step 7 

end

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 8 

show mpls l2transport vc

Example:

Router# show mpls l2transport vc

Displays output that shows ATM AAL5 over MPLS is configured on a PVC.

Examples

The following is sample output from the show mpls l2transport vc command that shows that ATM AAL5 over MPLS is configured on a PVC:

Router# show mpls l2transport vc

Local intf   Local circuit          Dest address      VC ID      Status
---------    -------------          ------------      -----      ------
ATM1/0       ATM AAL5 1/100         10.4.4.4           100        UP

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. vc-class atm vc-class-name

4. encapsulation layer-type

5. exit

6. interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

7. class-int vc-class-name

8. pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

9. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

10. end

11. show atm class-links

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

vc-class atm vc-class-name

Example:

Router(config)# vc-class atm aal5class

Creates a VC class and enters VC class configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation layer-type

Example:

Router(config-vc-class)# encapsulation aal5

Configures the AAL and encapsulation type.

Step 5 

exit

Example:

Router(config-vc-class)# exit

Exits VC class configuration mode.

Step 6 

interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/0/0

Specifies the interface type enters interface configuration mode.

Step 7 

class-int vc-class-name

Example:

Router(config-if)# class-int aal5class

Applies a VC class to the ATM main interface or subinterface.

Note You can also apply a VC class to a PVC.

Step 8 

pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

Example:

Router(config-if)# pvc 1/200 l2transport

Creates or assigns a name to an ATM PVC and enters L2transport PVC configuration mode.

The l2transport keyword indicates that the PVC is a switched PVC instead of a terminated PVC.

Step 9 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Step 10 

end

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 11 

show atm class-links

Example:

Router# show atm class-links

Displays the type of encapsulation and that the VC class was applied to an interface.

Examples

In the following example, the command output from the show atm class-links command verifies that ATM AAL5 over MPLS is configured as part of a VC class. The command output shows the type of encapsulation and that the VC class was applied to an interface.

Router# show atm class-links 1/100

Displaying vc-class inheritance for ATM1/0/0.0, vc 1/100:
no broadcast - Not configured - using default
encapsulation aal5 - VC-class configured on main interface

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS on PVCs

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS on PVCs

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS on PVCs

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

5. encapsulation aal5

6. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

7. oam-ac emulation-enable [ais-rate]

8. oam-pvc manage [frequency]

9. end

10. show atm pvc

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/0/0

Specifies the interface type enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

Example:

Router(config-if)# pvc 1/200 l2transport

Creates or assigns a name to an ATM PVC and enters L2transport PVC configuration mode.

The l2transport keyword indicates that the PVC is a switched PVC instead of a terminated PVC.

Step 5 

encapsulation aal5

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# encapsulation aal5

Specifies ATM AAL5 encapsulation for the PVC.

Specify the same encapsulation type on the PE and CE routers.

Step 6 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Step 7 

oam-ac emulation-enable [ais-rate]

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# oam-ac emulation-enable 30

Enables OAM cell emulation for AAL5 over MPLS. The ais-rate argument lets you specify the rate at which AIS cells are sent. The default is one cell every second. The range is 0 to 60 seconds.

Step 8 

oam-pvc manage [frequency]

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# oam-pvc manage

Enables the PVC to generate end-to-end OAM loopback cells that verify connectivity on the virtual circuit.

The optional frequency argument is the interval between transmission of loopback cells and ranges from 0 to 600 seconds. The default value is 10 seconds.

Step 9 

end

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 10 

show atm pvc

Example:

Router# show atm pvc

Displays output that shows OAM cell emulation is enabled on the ATM PVC.

Examples

The following output from the show atm pvc command shows that OAM cell emulation is enabled on the ATM PVC:

Router# show atm pvc 5/500

ATM4/1/0.200: VCD: 6, VPI: 5, VCI: 500                    
UBR, PeakRate: 1                                         
AAL5-LLC/SNAP, etype:0x0, Flags: 0x34000C20, VCmode: 0x0 
OAM Cell Emulation: enabled, F5 End2end AIS Xmit frequency: 1 second(s) 
OAM frequency: 0 second(s), OAM retry frequency: 1 second(s)
OAM up retry count: 3, OAM down retry count: 5
OAM Loopback status: OAM Disabled
OAM VC state: Not ManagedVerified
ILMI VC state: Not Managed
InPkts: 564, OutPkts: 560, InBytes: 19792, OutBytes: 19680
InPRoc: 0, OutPRoc: 0
InFast: 4, OutFast: 0, InAS: 560, OutAS: 560
InPktDrops: 0, OutPktDrops: 0
CrcErrors: 0, SarTimeOuts: 0, OverSizedSDUs: 0
Out CLP=1 Pkts: 0
OAM cells received: 26
F5 InEndloop: 0, F5 InSegloop: 0, F5 InAIS: 0, F5 InRDI: 26
OAM cells sent: 77
F5 OutEndloop: 0, F5 OutSegloop: 0, F5 OutAIS: 77, F5 OutRDI: 0 
OAM cell drops: 0
Status: UP

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. vc-class atm name

4. encapsulation layer-type

5. oam-ac emulation-enable [ais-rate]

6. oam-pvc manage [frequency]

7. exit

8. interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

9. class-int vc-class-name

10. pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

11. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

vc-class atm name

Example:

Router(config)# vc-class atm oamclass

Creates a VC class and enters VC class configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation layer-type

Example:

Router(config-vc-class)# encapsulation aal5

Configures the AAL and encapsulation type.

Step 5 

oam-ac emulation-enable [ais-rate]

Example:

Router(config-vc-class)# oam-ac emulation-enable 30

Enables OAM cell emulation for AAL5 over MPLS and specifies the rate at which AIS cells are sent.

Step 6 

oam-pvc manage [frequency]

Example:

Router(config-vc-class)# oam-pvc manage

Enables the PVC to generate end-to-end OAM loopback cells that verify connectivity on the virtual circuit.

Step 7 

exit

Example:

Router(config-vc-class)# exit

Exits VC class configuration mode.

Step 8 

interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/0/0

Specifies the interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 9 

class-int vc-class-name

Example:

Router(config-if)# class-int oamclass

Applies a VC class to the ATM main interface or subinterface.

Note You can also apply a VC class to a PVC.

Step 10 

pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

Example:

Router(config-if)# pvc 1/200 l2transport

Creates or assigns a name to an ATM PVC and enters L2transport PVC configuration mode.

The l2transport keyword indicates that the PVC is a switched PVC instead of a terminated PVC.

Step 11 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in VC Mode

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in VC Mode Using VC Class Configuration Mode

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in PVP Mode

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in VC Mode

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface atm slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. pvc vpi/vci l2transport

5. encapsulation aal0

6. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

7. end

8. show atm vc

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface atm slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/0/0

Specifies an ATM interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

pvc vpi/vci l2transport

Example:

Router(config-if)# pvc 0/100 l2transport

Assigns a virtual path identifier (VPI) and virtual circuit identifier (VCI) and enters L2transport VC configuration mode.

Step 5 

encapsulation aal0

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# encapsulation aal0

For ATM cell relay, specifies raw cell encapsulation for the interface.

Make sure you specify the same encapsulation type on the PE and CE routers.

Step 6 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Step 7 

end

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 8 

show atm vc

Example:

Router# show atm vc

Verifies that OAM cell emulation is enabled on the ATM VC.

Example

The following sample output from the show atm vc command shows that the interface is configured for VC mode cell relay:

Router# show atm vc 7

ATM3/0: VCD: 7, VPI: 23, VCI: 100
UBR, PeakRate: 149760
AAL0-Cell Relay, etype:0x10, Flags: 0x10000C2D, VCmode: 0x0
OAM Cell Emulation: not configured
InBytes: 0, OutBytes: 0
Status: UP

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in VC Mode Using VC Class Configuration Mode

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. vc-class atm name

4. encapsulation layer-type

5. exit

6. interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

7. class-int vc-class-name

8. pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

9. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

vc-class atm name

Example:

Router(config)# vc-class atm cellrelay

Creates a VC class and enters VC class configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation layer-type

Example:

Router(config-vc-class)# encapsulation aal0

Configures the AAL and encapsulation type.

Step 5 

exit

Example:

Router(config-vc-class)# exit

Exits VC class configuration mode.

Step 6 

interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/0/0

Specifies the interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 7 

class-int vc-class-name

Example:

Router(config-if)# class-int cellrelay

Applies a VC class to the ATM main interface or subinterface.

Note You can also apply a VC class to a PVC.

Step 8 

pvc [name] vpi/vci l2transport

Example:

Router(config-if)# pvc 1/200 l2transport

Creates or assigns a name to an ATM PVC and enters L2transport PVC configuration mode.

Step 9 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in PVP Mode

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface atm slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. atm pvp vpi l2transport

5. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

6. end

7. show atm vp

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface atm slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/0/0

Defines the interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

atm pvp vpi l2transport

Example:

Router(config-if)# atm pvp 1 l2transport

Specifies that the PVP is dedicated to transporting ATM cells and enters L2transport PVP configuration mode.

The l2transport keyword indicates that the PVP is for cell relay. This mode is for Layer 2 transport only; it is not for regular PVPs.

Step 5 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvp)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC. The syntax for this command is the same as for all other Layer 2 transports.

Step 6 

end

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-l2trans-pvp)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 7 

show atm vp

Example:

Router# show atm vp

Displays output that shows OAM cell emulation is enabled on the ATM VP.

Examples

The following output from the show atm vp command shows that the interface is configured for VP mode cell relay:

Router# show atm vp 1

ATM5/0  VPI: 1, Cell Relay, PeakRate: 149760, CesRate: 0, DataVCs: 1, CesVCs: 0, Status: 
ACTIVE

  VCD    VCI   Type   InPkts   OutPkts   AAL/Encap     Status
  6      3     PVC    0        0         F4 OAM        ACTIVE  
  7      4     PVC    0        0         F4 OAM        ACTIVE  

TotalInPkts: 0, TotalOutPkts: 0, TotalInFast: 0, TotalOutFast: 0,
TotalBroadcasts: 0 TotalInPktDrops: 0, TotalOutPktDrops: 0

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS in VLAN Mode to Connect Two VLAN Networks That Are in Different Locations.

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS in Port Mode

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS with VLAN ID Rewrite

Configuring per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS in VLAN Mode to Connect Two VLAN Networks That Are in Different Locations.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. encapsulation dot1q vlan-id

5. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet4/0/0.1

Specifies the Gigabit Ethernet subinterface and enters subinterface configuration mode.

Make sure the subinterface on the adjoining CE router is on the same VLAN as this PE router.

Step 4 

encapsulation dot1q vlan-id

Example:

Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 100

Enables the subinterface to accept 802.1Q VLAN packets.

Step 5 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-subif)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS in Port Mode

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

5. end

6. show mpls l2transport vc

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet4/0/0

Specifies the Gigabit Ethernet interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Make sure the interface on the adjoining CE router is on the same VLAN as this PE router.

Step 4 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Step 5 

end

Example:

Router(config-if)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 6 

show mpls l2transport vc

Example:

Router# show mpls l2transport vc

Displays information about Ethernet over MPLS port mode.

Examples

The sample output in the following example shows two VCs for Ethernet over MPLS:

VC 2 is in Ethernet VLAN mode.

VC 8 is in Ethernet port mode.

Router# show mpls l2transport vc 

Local intf     Local circuit        Dest address    VC ID      Status    
-------------  -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------
Gi4/0/0.1      Eth VLAN 2           10.1.1.1        2          UP        
Gi8/0/1        Ethernet             10.1.1.1        8          UP        

The sample output from the show mpls l2transport vc detail command displays the same information in a different format:

Router# show mpls l2transport vc detail

Local interface: Gi4/0/0.1 up, line protocol up, Eth VLAN 2 up
Destination address: 10.1.1.1, VC ID: 2, VC status: up
.
.
.
Local interface: Gi8/0/1 up, line protocol up, Ethernet up
  Destination address: 10.1.1.1, VC ID: 8, VC status: up

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS with VLAN ID Rewrite

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. encapsulation dot1q vlan-id

5. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

6. remote circuit id remote-vlan-id

7. end

8. show controllers eompls forwarding-table

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet4/0/0.1

Specifies the Gigabit Ethernet subinterface and enters subinterface configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation dot1q vlan-id

Example:

Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 100

Enables the subinterface to accept 802.1Q VLAN packets.

Step 5 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-subif)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC and enters xconnect configuration mode.

Step 6 

remote circuit id remote-vlan-id

Example:

Router(config-subif-xconn)# remote circuit id 101

(Optional) Enables you to use VLAN interfaces with different VLAN IDs at both ends of the tunnel.

Step 7 

end

Example:

Router(config-subif-xconn)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 8 

show controllers eompls forwarding-table

Example:

Router# show controllers eompls forwarding-table

Displays information about VLAN ID rewrite.

Examples

The following sample output from the show controllers eompls forwarding-table command shows VLAN ID rewrite configured on a router with an engine 2 3-port Gigabit Ethernet line card. In this example, the output in boldface font shows the VLAN ID rewrite information.

On PE1

Router# execute slot 0 show controllers eompls forwarding-table 0 2

Port # 0, VLAN-ID # 2, Table-index 2
EoMPLS configured: 1
tag_rew_ptr             = D001BB58
Leaf entry?     = 1
FCR index       = 20
           **tagrew_psa_addr    = 0006ED60
           **tagrew_vir_addr    = 7006ED60
           **tagrew_phy_addr    = F006ED60
        [0-7] loq 8800 mtu 4458  oq 4000 ai 3 oi 04019110 (encaps size 4)
        cw-size 4 vlanid-rew 3
        gather A30 (bufhdr size 32 EoMPLS (Control Word) Imposition profile 81)
        2 tag: 18 18
        counters 1182, 10 reported 1182, 10.
    Local OutputQ (Unicast):    Slot:2  Port:0  RED queue:0  COS queue:0
    Output Q (Unicast):         Port:0          RED queue:0  COS queue:0

On PE2

Router# execute slot 0 show controllers eompls forwarding-table 0 3 

Port # 0, VLAN-ID # 3, Table-index 3
EoMPLS configured: 1
tag_rew_ptr             = D0027B90
Leaf entry?     = 1
FCR index       = 20
           **tagrew_psa_addr    = 0009EE40
           **tagrew_vir_addr    = 7009EE40
           **tagrew_phy_addr    = F009EE40
        [0-7] loq 9400 mtu 4458  oq 4000 ai 8 oi 84000002 (encaps size 4)
        cw-size 4 vlanid-rew 2
        gather A30 (bufhdr size 32 EoMPLS (Control Word) Imposition profile 81)
        2 tag: 17 18
        counters 1182, 10 reported 1182, 10.
    Local OutputQ (Unicast):    Slot:5  Port:0  RED queue:0  COS queue:0
    Output Q (Unicast):         Port:0          RED queue:0  COS queue:0

Configuring per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. mtu mtu-value

5. interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

6. encapsulation dot1q vlan-id

7. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

8. mtu mtu-value

9. end

10. show mpls l2transport binding

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet4/0/0

Specifies the Gigabit Ethernet interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

mtu mtu-value

Example:

Router(config-if)# mtu 2000

Specifies the MTU value for the interface. The MTU value specified at the interface level can be inherited by a subinterface.

Step 5 

interface gigabitethernet slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config-if)# interface gigabitethernet4/0/0.1

Specifies the Gigabit Ethernet subinterface and enters subinterface configuration mode.

Make sure the subinterface on the adjoining CE router is on the same VLAN as this PE router.

Step 6 

encapsulation dot1q vlan-id

Example:

Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 100

Enables the subinterface to accept 802.1Q VLAN packets.

The subinterfaces between the CE and PE routers that are running Ethernet over MPLS must be in the same subnet. All other subinterfaces and backbone routers need not be.

Step 7 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-subif)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

The syntax for this command is the same as for all other Layer 2 transports. Enters xconnect subinterface configuration mode.

Step 8 

mtu mtu-value

Example:

Router(config-if-xconn)# mtu 1400

Specifies the MTU for the VC.

Step 9 

end

Example:

Router(config-if-xconn)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 10 

show mpls l2transport binding

Example:

Router# show mpls l2transport binding

Displays the MTU values assigned to the local and remote interfaces.

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS with DLCI-to-DLCI Connections

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS with Port-to-Port Connections

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS with DLCI-to-DLCI Connections

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. frame-relay switching

4. interface serial slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

5. encapsulation frame-relay [cisco | ietf]

6. frame-relay intf-type dce

7. exit

8. connect connection-name interface dlci l2transport

9. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

frame-relay switching

Example:

Router(config)# frame-relay switching

Enables PVC switching on a Frame Relay device.

Step 4 

interface serial slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface serial3/1/0

Specifies a serial interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 5 

encapsulation frame-relay [cisco | ietf]

Example:

Router(config-if)# encapsulation frame-relay ietf

Specifies Frame Relay encapsulation for the interface. You can specify different types of encapsulations. You can set one interface to Cisco encapsulation and the other interface to IETF encapsulation.

Step 6 

frame-relay intf-type dce

Example:

Router(config-if)# frame-relay intf-type dce

Specifies that the interface is a DCE switch. You can also specify the interface to support Network-to-Network Interface (NNI) and DTE connections.

Step 7 

exit

Example:

Router(config-if)# exit

Exits from interface configuration mode.

Step 8 

connect connection-name interface dlci l2transport

Example:

Router(config)# connect fr1 serial5/0 1000 l2transport

Defines connections between Frame Relay PVCs and enters connect configuration mode. Using the l2transport keyword specifies that the PVC will not be a locally switched PVC, but will be tunneled over the backbone network.

The connection-name argument is a text string that you provide.

The interface argument is the interface on which a PVC connection will be defined.

The dlci argument is the DLCI number of the PVC that will be connected.

Step 9 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-fr-pw-switching)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

Creates the VC to transport the Layer 2 packets. In a DLCI-to DLCI connection type, Frame Relay over MPLS uses the xconnect command in connect configuration mode.

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS with Port-to-Port Connections

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface serial slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. encapsulation hdlc

5. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface serial slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface serial5/0/0

Specifies a serial interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation hdlc

Example:

Router(config-if)# encapsulation hdlc

Specifies that Frame Relay PDUs will be encapsulated in HDLC packets.

Step 5 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

Creates the VC to transport the Layer 2 packets.

Configuring HDLC or PPP over MPLS

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface serial slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

4. encapsulation encapsulation-type

5. xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface serial slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface serial5/0/0

Specifies a serial interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation ppp

or

encapsulation hdlc

Example:

Router(config-if)# encapsulation ppp

or

Example:

Router(config-if)# encapsulation hdlc

Specifies HDLC or PPP encapsulation and enters connect configuration mode.

Step 5 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-fr-pw-switching)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

Creates the VC to transport the Layer 2 packets.

Configuring Tunnel Selection

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. pseudowire-class name

4. encapsulation mpls

5. preferred-path {interface tunnel tunnel-number | peer {ip-address | host-name}} [disable-fallback]

6. exit

7. interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

8. encapsulation encapsulation-type

9. xconnect peer-router-id vcid pw-class name

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

pseudowire-class name

Example:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ts1

Establishes a pseudowire class with a name that you specify and enters pseudowire configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-pw)# encapsulation mpls

Specifies the tunneling encapsulation. For AToM, the encapsulation type is mpls.

Step 5 

preferred-path {interface tunnel tunnel-number | peer {ip-address | host-name}} [disable-fallback]

Example:

Router(config-pw)# preferred path peer 10.18.18.18

Specifies the MPLS traffic engineering tunnel or IP address or hostname to be used as the preferred path.

Step 6 

exit

Example:

Router(config-pw)# exit

Exits from pseudowire configuration mode and enables the Tunnel Selection feature.

Step 7 

interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/1/0

Specifies an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 8 

encapsulation encapsulation-type

Example:

Router(config-if)# encapsulation aal5

Specifies the encapsulation for the interface.

Step 9 

xconnect peer-router-id vcid pw-class name

Example:

Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 pw-class ts1

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire VC.

Examples

In the following sample output from the show mpls l2transport vc command incudes the following information about the VCs:

VC 101 has been assigned a preferred path called Tunnel1. The default path is disabled, because the preferred path specified that the default path should not be used if the preferred path fails.

VC 150 has been assigned an IP address of a loopback address on PE2. The default path can be used if the preferred path fails.

Command output that is in boldface font shows the preferred path information.

Router# show mpls l2transport vc detail

Local interface: Gi0/0/0.1 up, line protocol up, Eth VLAN 222 up
  Destination address: 10.16.16.16, VC ID: 101, VC status: up
    Preferred path: Tunnel1,  active
    Default path: disabled
    Tunnel label: 3, next hop point2point
    Output interface: Tu1, imposed label stack {17 16}
  Create time: 00:27:31, last status change time: 00:27:31
  Signaling protocol: LDP, peer 10.16.16.16:0 up
    MPLS VC labels: local 25, remote 16
    Group ID: local 0, remote 6
    MTU: local 1500, remote 1500
    Remote interface description:
  Sequencing: receive disabled, send disabled
  VC statistics:
    packet totals: receive 10, send 10
    byte totals:   receive 1260, send 1300
    packet drops:  receive 0, send 0

Local interface: ATM1/0/0 up, line protocol up, ATM AAL5 0/50 up
  Destination address: 10.16.16.16, VC ID: 150, VC status: up
    Preferred path: 10.18.18.18, active
    Default path: ready
    Tunnel label: 3, next hop point2point
    Output interface: Tu2, imposed label stack {18 24}
  Create time: 00:15:08, last status change time: 00:07:37
  Signaling protocol: LDP, peer 10.16.16.16:0 up
    MPLS VC labels: local 26, remote 24
    Group ID: local 2, remote 0
    MTU: local 4470, remote 4470
    Remote interface description:
  Sequencing: receive disabled, send disabled
  VC statistics:
    packet totals: receive 0, send 0
    byte totals:   receive 0, send 0
    packet drops:  receive 0, send 0

Troubleshooting Tips

You can use the debug mpls l2transport vc event command to troubleshoot tunnel selection. For example, if the tunnel interface that is used for the preferred path is shut down, the default path is enabled.

Examples

Router# debug mpls l2transport vc event

AToM SMGR [10.2.2.2, 101]: Processing imposition update, vc_handle 62091860, update_action 
3, remote_vc_label 16 
AToM SMGR [10.2.2.2, 101]: selected route no parent rewrite: tunnel not up 
AToM SMGR [10.2.2.2, 101]: Imposition Programmed, Output Interface: Fe3/2/1

Setting Experimental Bits with AToM

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. class-map class-name

4. match any

5. policy-map policy-name

6. class class-name

7. set mpls experimental value

8. exit

9. exit

10. interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

11. service-policy input policy-name

12. end

13. show policy-map interface interface-name [vc [vpi/] vci] [dlci dlci] [input | output]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

class-map class-name

Example:

Router(config)# class-map class1

Specifies the user-defined name of the traffic class and enters class map configuration mode.

Step 4 

match any

Example:

Router(config-cmap)# match any

Specifies that all packets will be matched. Use only the any keyword. Other keywords might cause unexpected results.

Step 5 

policy-map policy-name

Example:

Router(config-cmap)# policy-map policy1

Specifies the name of the traffic policy to configure and enters policy-map configuration mode.

Step 6 

class class-name

Example:

Router(config-pmap)# class class1

Specifies the name of a predefined traffic class, which was configured with the class-map command, used to classify traffic to the traffic policy and enters policy-map class configuration mode.

Step 7 

set mpls experimental value

Example:

Router(config-pmap-c)# set mpls experimental 7

Designates the value to which the MPLS bits are set if the packets match the specified policy map.

Step 8 

exit

Example:

Router(config-pmap-c)# exit

Exits policy-map class configuration mode.

Step 9 

exit

Example:

Router(config-pmap)# exit

Exits policy-map configuration mode.

Step 10 

interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router(config)# interface atm1/0/0

Specifies the interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 11 

service-policy input policy-name

Example:

Router(config-if)# service-policy input policy1

Attaches a traffic policy to an interface.

Step 12 

end

Example:

Router(config-if)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 13 

show policy-map interface interface-name [vc [vpi/] vci] [dlci dlci] [input | output]

Example:

Router# show policy-map interface serial3/0/0

Displays the traffic policy attached to an interface.

Enabling the Control Word

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. pseudowire-class cw_enable

4. encapsulation mpls

5. control-word

6. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

pseudowire-class cw_enable

Example:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class cw_enable

Enters pseudowire class configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

Specifies the tunneling encapsulation.

For AToM, the encapsulation type is mpls.

Step 5 

control-word

Example:

Router(config-pw-class)# control-word

Enables the control word.

Step 6 

end

Example:

Router(config-pw-class)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Configuring MPLS AToM Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown


Note The Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown feature is automatically enabled by default when an image with the feature supported is loaded on the router.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. pseudowire-class [pw-class-name]

4. encapsulation mpls

5. exit

6. interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

7. xconnect peer-ip-address vc-id pw-class pw-class-name

8. no remote link failure notification

9. remote link failure notification

10. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

pseudowire-class [pw-class-name]

Example:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class eompls

Specifies the name of a Layer 2 pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-pw)# encapsulation mpls

Specifies that MPLS is used as the data encapsulation method for tunneling Layer 2 traffic over the pseudowire.

Step 5 

exit

Example:

Router(config-pw)# exit

Exits to global configuration mode.

Step 6 

interface type slot/subslot/port[.subinterface]

Example:

Router (config)# interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0

Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 7 

xconnect peer-ip-address vc-id pw-class pw-class-name

Example:

Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.1.1.1 1 pw-class eompls

Binds an attachment circuit to a pseudowire, and configures an Any Transport over MPLS (AToM) static pseudowire.

Step 8 

no remote link failure notification

Example:

Router(config-if-xconn)# remote link failure notification

Disables MPLS AToM remote link failure notification and shutdown.

Step 9 

remote link failure notification

Example:

Router(config-if-xconn)# remote link failure notification

Enables MPLS AToM remote link failure notification and shutdown.

Step 10 

end

Example:

Router(config-if-xconn)# end

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Configuring AToM Load Balancing with Single PW

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. pseudowire-class ecmp-class

4. encapsulation mpls

5. load-balance flow

6. xconnect url pw-class ecmp-class

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

pseudowire-class ecmp-class

Example:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ecmp-class

Establishes a pseudowire class with a name that you specify, and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.

Step 4 

encapsulation mpls

Example:

Router(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

Specifies the tunneling encapsulation.

For AToM, the encapsulation type is mpls.

Step 5 

load-balance flow

Example:

Router(config-pw-class)# load-balance flow

Enables the AToM Load Balancing with Single PW feature so that load balancing is done on a per-flow basis.

Step 6 

xconnect url pw-class ecmp-class

Example:

Router(config-pw-class)# xconnect 10.0.0.1 pw-class ecmp-class

Binds the attachment circuit to a pseudowire virtual circuit, and enters xconnect configuration mode.

The syntax for this command is the same as for all other Layer 2 transports.

Configuration Examples for Any Transport over MPLS

Example: ATM over MPLS

Example: Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

Example: Ethernet over MPLS with MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute

Example: Configuring OAM Cell Emulation

Example: Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS

Example: Configuring per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

Configuring Tunnel Selection

Example: Configuring MTU Values in xconnect Configuration Mode for L2VPN Interworking

Examples: Configuring Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

Example: ATM over MPLS

Example 1 shows the configuration of ATM over MPLS on two PE routers.

Example 1 ATM over MPLS Configuration Example

PE1
PE2

mpls label protocol ldp

mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force

!

interface Loopback0

ip address 10.16.12.12 255.255.255.255

!

interface ATM4/0/0

pvc 0/100 l2transport

encapsulation aal0

xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

!

interface ATM4/0/0.300 point-to-point

no ip directed-broadcast

no atm enable-ilmi-trap

pvc 0/300 l2transport

encapsulation aal0

xconnect 10.13.13.13 300 encapsulation mpls

mpls label protocol ldp

mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force

!

interface Loopback0

ip address 10.13.13.13 255.255.255.255

interface ATM4/0/0

pvc 0/100 l2transport

encapsulation aal0

xconnect 10.16.12.12 100 encapsulation mpls

!

interface ATM4/0/0.300 point-to-point

no ip directed-broadcast

no atm enable-ilmi-trap

pvc 0/300 l2transport

encapsulation aal0

xconnect 10.16.12.12 300 encapsulation mpls


Example: Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC Class Configuration Mode

The following example configures ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC class configuration mode. The VC class is then applied to an interface.

enable
configure terminal
vc-class atm aal5class
encapsulation aal5
interface atm1/0/0
class-int aal5class
pvc 1/200 l2transport
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

The following example configures ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC class configuration mode. The VC class is then applied to a PVC.

enable
configure terminal
vc-class atm aal5class
encapsulation aal5
interface atm1/0/0
pvc 1/200 l2transport
class-vc aal5class
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

Example: Ethernet over MPLS with MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute

The following configuration example and Figure 3 show the configuration of Ethernet over MPLS with fast reroute on AToM PE routers.

Routers PE1 and PE2 have the following characteristics:

A TE tunnel called Tunnel41 is configured between PE1and PE2, using an explicit path through a link called L1. AToM VCs are configured to travel through the FRR-protected tunnel Tunnel41.

The link L1 is protected by FRR, the backup tunnel is Tunnel1.

PE2 is configured to forward the AToM traffic back to PE1 through the L2 link.

Figure 3 Fast Reroute Configuration

PE1 Configuration
mpls label protocol ldp
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
mpls ldp router-id Loopback1 force
!
pseudowire-class T41
 encapsulation mpls
 preferred-path interface Tunnel41 disable-fallback
!
pseudowire-class IP1
 encapsulation mpls
 preferred-path peer 10.4.0.1 disable-fallback
!
interface Loopback1
 ip address 10.0.0.27 255.255.255.255
!
interface Tunnel1
 ip unnumbered Loopback1
 tunnel destination 10.0.0.1
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 1 1
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 10000
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 explicit name FRR
!
interface Tunnel41
 ip unnumbered Loopback1
 tunnel destination 10.0.0.4
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 1 1
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 1000
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 explicit name name-1
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng fast-reroute
!
interface POS0/0/0
 description pe1name POS8/0/0
 ip address 10.1.0.2 255.255.255.252
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls traffic-eng backup-path Tunnel1
 crc 16
 clock source internal
 pos ais-shut
 pos report lrdi
 ip rsvp bandwidth 155000 155000
!
interface POS0/3/0
 description pe1name POS10/1/0
 ip address 10.1.0.14 255.255.255.252
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 crc 16   
 clock source internal
 ip rsvp bandwidth 155000 155000
!
interface gigabitethernet3/0/0.1
 encapsulation dot1Q 203
 xconnect 10.0.0.4 2 pw-class IP1
!         
interface gigabitethernet3/0/0.2
 encapsulation dot1Q 204
 xconnect 10.0.0.4 4 pw-class T41
!
router ospf 1
 network 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 area 0
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback1
 mpls traffic-eng area 0
!
ip classless
ip route 10.4.0.1 255.255.255.255 Tunnel41
!
ip explicit-path name xxxx-1 enable
 next-address 10.4.1.2
 next-address 10.1.0.10

P Configuration

ip cef
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
!
interface Loopback1
 ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.255
!
interface FastEthernet1/0/0
 ip address 10.4.1.2 255.255.255.0
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 ip rsvp bandwidth 10000 10000
!
interface POS8/0/0
 description xxxx POS0/0
 ip address 10.1.0.1 255.255.255.252
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 pos ais-shut
 pos report lrdi
 ip rsvp bandwidth 155000 155000
!
interface POS10/1/0
 description xxxx POS0/3
 ip address 10.1.0.13 255.255.255.252
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 ip rsvp bandwidth 155000 155000
!
router ospf 1
 network 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 area 0
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback1
 mpls traffic-eng area 0

PE2 Configuration

ip cef
mpls label protocol ldp
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
mpls ldp router-id Loopback1 force
!
interface Loopback1
 ip address 10.0.0.4 255.255.255.255
!
interface loopback 2
ip address 10.4.0.1 255.255.255.255
!
interface Tunnel27
 ip unnumbered Loopback1
 tunnel destination 10.0.0.27
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 1 1
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 1000
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 explicit name xxxx-1
!
interface FastEthernet0/0/0.2
 encapsulation dot1Q 203
 xconnect 10.0.0.27 2 encapsulation mpls
!
interface FastEthernet0/0/0.3
 encapsulation dot1Q 204
 xconnect 10.0.0.27 4 encapsulation mpls 
!
interface FastEthernet1/1/0
 ip address 10.4.1.1 255.255.255.0
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 ip rsvp bandwidth 10000 10000
!
router ospf 1
 network 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 area 0
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback1
 mpls traffic-eng area 0
!
ip explicit-path name xxxx-1 enable
 next-address 10.4.1.2
 next-address 10.1.0.10

Example: Configuring OAM Cell Emulation

The following example shows how to enable OAM cell emulation on an ATM PVC:

interface ATM 1/0/0
pvc 1/200 l2transport
encapsulation aal5
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls 
oam-ac emulation-enable
oam-pvc manage
 

The following example shows how to set the rate at which an AIS cell is sent every 30 seconds:

interface ATM 1/0/0
pvc 1/200 l2transport
encapsulation aal5
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls 
oam-ac emulation-enable 30
oam-pvc manage
 

The following example shows how to configure OAM cell emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC class configuration mode. The VC class is then applied to an interface.

enable
configure terminal
vc-class atm oamclass
encapsulation aal5
oam-ac emulation-enable 30
oam-pvc manage
interface atm1/0/0
class-int oamclass
pvc 1/200 l2transport
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

The following example shows how to configure OAM cell emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC class configuration mode. The VC class is then applied to a PVC.

enable
configure terminal
vc-class atm oamclass
encapsulation aal5
oam-ac emulation-enable 30
oam-pvc manage
interface atm1/0/0
pvc 1/200 l2transport
class-vc oamclass
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

The following example shows how to configure OAM cell emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS in VC class configuration mode. The VC class is then applied to an interface. One PVC is configured with OAM cell emulation at an AIS rate of 10. That PVC uses the AIS rate of 10 instead of 30.

enable
configure terminal
vc-class atm oamclass
encapsulation aal5
oam-ac emulation-enable 30
oam-pvc manage
interface atm1/0/0
class-int oamclass
pvc 1/200 l2transport
oam-ac emulation-enable 10
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

Example: Configuring ATM Cell Relay over MPLS

The following example shows how to configure ATM cell relay over MPLS in VC class configuration mode. The VC class is then applied to an interface.

enable
configure terminal
vc-class atm cellrelay
encapsulation aal0
interface atm1/0/0
class-int cellrelay
pvc 1/200 l2transport
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

The following example shows how to configure ATM cell relay over MPLS in VC class configuration mode. The VC class is then applied to a PVC.

enable
configure terminal
vc-class atm cellrelay
encapsulation aal0
interface atm1/0/0
pvc 1/200 l2transport
class-vc cellrelay
xconnect 10.13.13.13 100 encapsulation mpls

The following example shows how to configure a pseudowire class to transport single ATM cells over a virtual path:

pseudowire-class vp-cell-relay
encapsulation mpls
interface atm 5/0 
atm pvp 1 l2transport 
xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 pw-class vp-cell-relay

Example: Configuring per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

Figure 4 shows a configuration that enables matching MTU values between VC endpoints.

As shown in Figure 4, PE1 is configured in xconnect subinterface configuration mode with an MTU value of 1500 bytes in order to establish an end-to-end VC with PE2, which also has an MTU value of 1500 bytes. If PE1 was not set with an MTU value of 1500 bytes, in xconnect subinterface configuration mode, the subinterface would inherit the MTU value of 2000 bytes set on the interface. This would cause a mismatch in MTU values between the VC endpoints, and the VC would not come up.

Figure 4 Configuring MTU Values in xconnect Subinterface Configuration Mode

The following examples show the router configurations in Figure 4:

CE1 Configuration

interface gigabitethernet0/0/0
 mtu 1500
 no ip address
!
interface gigabitethernet0/0/0.1
 encapsulation dot1Q 100
 ip address 10.181.182.1 255.255.255.0

PE1 Configuration

interface gigabitethernet0/0/0
 mtu 2000
 no ip address
!
interface gigabitethernet0/0/0.1
 encapsulation dot1Q 100
 xconnect 10.1.1.152 100 encapsulation mpls
  mtu 1500
!
interface gigabitethernet0/0/0.2
 encapsulation dot1Q 200
 ip address 10.151.100.1 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip

PE2 Configuration

interface gigabitethernet1/0/0
 mtu 2000
 no ip address
!
interface gigabitethernet1/0/0.2
 encapsulation dot1Q 200
 ip address 10.100.152.2 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
interface fastethernet0/0/0
 no ip address
!
interface fastethernet0/0/0.1
 description default MTU of 1500 for FastEthernet
 encapsulation dot1Q 100
 xconnect 10.1.1.151 100 encapsulation mpls

CE2 Configuration

interface fastethernet0/0/0
 no ip address
interface fastethernet0/0/0.1
 encapsulation dot1Q 100
 ip address 10.181.182.2 255.255.255.0

The show mpls l2transport binding command, issued from router PE1, shows a matching MTU value of 1500 bytes on both the local and remote routers:

Router# show mpls l2transport binding 

Destination Address: 10.1.1.152,  VC ID: 100
    Local Label: 100
        Cbit: 1,    VC Type: FastEthernet,    GroupID: 0
        MTU: 1500,   Interface Desc: n/a
        VCCV: CC Type: CW [1], RA [2]
              CV Type: LSPV [2]
    Remote Label: 202
        Cbit: 1,    VC Type: FastEthernet,    GroupID: 0
        MTU: 1500,   Interface Desc: n/a
        VCCV: CC Type: RA [2]
              CV Type: LSPV [2]
Router# show mpls l2transport vc detail

Local interface: Gi0/0/0.1 up, line protocol up, Eth VLAN 100 up
  Destination address: 10.1.1.152, VC ID: 100, VC status: up
    Output interface: Gi0/0/0.2, imposed label stack {202}
    Preferred path: not configured  
    Default path: active
    Next hop: 10.151.152.2
  Create time: 1d11h, last status change time: 1d11h
  Signaling protocol: LDP, peer 10.1.1.152:0 up
    Targeted Hello: 10.1.1.151(LDP Id) -> 10.1.1.152
    MPLS VC labels: local 100, remote 202 
    Group ID: local 0, remote 0
    MTU: local 1500, remote 1500
    Remote interface description: 
  Sequencing: receive disabled, send disabled
  VC statistics:
    packet totals: receive 41, send 39
    byte totals:   receive 4460, send 5346
    packet drops:  receive 0, send 0

Configuring Tunnel Selection

The following example shows how to set up two preferred paths for PE1. One preferred path specifies an MPLS traffic engineering tunnel. The other preferred path specifies an IP address of a loopback address on PE2. There is a static route configured on PE1 that uses a TE tunnel to reach the IP address on PE2.

PE1 Configuration

mpls label protocol ldp
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
tag-switching tdp router-id Loopback0
pseudowire-class pw1
 encapsulation mpls
 preferred-path interface Tunnel1 disable-fallback
!
pseudowire-class pw2
 encapsulation mpls
 preferred-path peer 10.18.18.18
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.2.2.2 255.255.255.255
 no ip directed-broadcast
 no ip mroute-cache
!
interface Tunnel1
 ip unnumbered Loopback0
 no ip directed-broadcast
 tunnel destination 10.16.16.16
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 1500
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 explicit name path-tu1
!
interface Tunnel2
 ip unnumbered Loopback0
 no ip directed-broadcast
 tunnel destination 10.16.16.16
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 1500
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 dynamic
!
interface gigabitethernet0/0/0
 no ip address
 no ip directed-broadcast
 no negotiation auto
!
interface gigabitethernet0/0/0.1
 encapsulation dot1Q 222
 no ip directed-broadcast
 xconnect 10.16.16.16 101 pw-class pw1
!
interface ATM1/0/0
 no ip address
 no ip directed-broadcast
 no atm enable-ilmi-trap
 no atm ilmi-keepalive
 pvc 0/50 l2transport
  encapsulation aal5
  xconnect 10.16.16.16 150 pw-class pw2
!
interface FastEthernet2/0/1
 ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
 no ip directed-broadcast
 tag-switching ip
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 ip rsvp bandwidth 15000 15000
!
router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 network 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 10.2.2.2 0.0.0.0 area 0
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
 mpls traffic-eng area 0
!
ip route 10.18.18.18 255.255.255.255 Tunnel2
!
ip explicit-path name path-tu1 enable
 next-address 10.0.0.1
 index 3 next-address 10.0.0.1

PE2 Configuration

mpls label protocol ldp
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0
interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.16.16.16 255.255.255.255
 no ip directed-broadcast
 no ip mroute-cache
!
interface Loopback2
 ip address 10.18.18.18 255.255.255.255
 no ip directed-broadcast
!
interface FastEthernet1/1/0
 ip address 10.0.0.2 255.255.255.0
 no ip directed-broadcast
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 no cdp enable
 ip rsvp bandwidth 15000 15000
!
interface FastEthernet1/1/1 
 no ip address 
 no ip directed-broadcast 
 no cdp enable 
! 
interface FastEthernet1/1/1.1 
 encapsulation dot1Q 222 
 no ip directed-broadcast 
 no cdp enable 
 mpls l2transport route 10.2.2.2 101 
! 
interface ATM5/0/0
 no ip address
 no ip directed-broadcast
 no atm enable-ilmi-trap
 no atm ilmi-keepalive
 pvc 0/50 l2transport
  encapsulation aal5
  xconnect 10.2.2.2 150 encapsulation mpls
!
router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 network 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 10.16.16.16 0.0.0.0 area 0
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
 mpls traffic-eng area 0

Example: Configuring MTU Values in xconnect Configuration Mode for L2VPN Interworking

The following example shows an L2VPN Interworking example. The PE1 router has a serial interface configured with an MTU value of 1492 bytes. The PE2 router uses xconnect configuration mode to set a matching MTU of 1492 bytes, which allows the two routers to form an interworking VC. If the PE2 router did not set the MTU value in xconnect configuration mode, the interface would be set to 1500 bytes by default and the VC would not come up.

PE1 Configuration

pseudowire-class atom-ipiw
 encapsulation mpls
 interworking ip 
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.1.1.151 255.255.255.255
!
interface Serial2/0/0
 mtu 1492 
 no ip address
 encapsulation ppp
 no fair-queue
 serial restart-delay 0
 xconnect 10.1.1.152 123 pw-class atom-ipiw
!
interface Serial4/0/0
 ip address 10.151.100.1 255.255.255.252
 encapsulation ppp
 mpls ip
 serial restart-delay 0
!
router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 network 10.1.1.151 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 10.151.100.0 0.0.0.3 area 0
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0

PE2 Configuration

pseudowire-class atom-ipiw
 encapsulation mpls
 interworking ip 
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 10.1.1.152 255.255.255.255
!
interface FastEthernet0/0/0 
 no ip address
 xconnect 10.1.1.151 123 pw-class atom-ipiw
  mtu 1492 
!
interface Serial4/0/0
 ip address 10.100.152.2 255.255.255.252
 encapsulation ppp
 mpls ip
 serial restart-delay 0
!
router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 network 10.1.1.152 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 10.100.152.0 0.0.0.3 area 0
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0

The show mpls l2transport binding command shows that the MTU value for the local and remote routers is 1492 bytes.

PE1

Router# show mpls l2transport binding 

Destination Address: 10.1.1.152,  VC ID: 123
    Local Label: 105
        Cbit: 1,    VC Type: PPP,    GroupID: 0
        MTU: 1492,   Interface Desc: n/a
        VCCV: CC Type: CW [1], RA [2]
              CV Type: LSPV [2]
    Remote Label: 205
        Cbit: 1,    VC Type: FastEthernet,    GroupID: 0
        MTU: 1492,   Interface Desc: n/a
        VCCV: CC Type: RA [2]
              CV Type: LSPV [2]

Router# show mpls l2transport vc detail

Local interface: Serial2/0/0 up, line protocol up, PPP up
  MPLS VC type is PPP, interworking type is IP 
  Destination address: 10.1.1.152, VC ID: 123, VC status: up
    Output interface: Serial4/0/0, imposed label stack {1003 205}
    Preferred path: not configured  
    Default path: active
    Next hop: point2point
  Create time: 00:25:29, last status change time: 00:24:54
  Signaling protocol: LDP, peer 10.1.1.152:0 up
    Targeted Hello: 10.1.1.151(LDP Id) -> 10.1.1.152
    Status TLV support (local/remote)   : enabled/supported
      Label/status state machine        : established, LruRru
      Last local dataplane   status rcvd: no fault
      Last local SSS circuit status rcvd: no fault
      Last local SSS circuit status sent: no fault
      Last local  LDP TLV    status sent: no fault
      Last remote LDP TLV    status rcvd: no fault
    MPLS VC labels: local 105, remote 205 
    Group ID: local n/a, remote 0
    MTU: local 1492, remote 1492
    Remote interface description: 
  Sequencing: receive disabled, send disabled
  VC statistics:
    packet totals: receive 30, send 29
    byte totals:   receive 2946, send 3364
    packet drops:  receive 0, send 0

PE2

Router# show mpls l2transport binding 

Destination Address: 10.1.1.151,  VC ID: 123
    Local Label: 205
        Cbit: 1,    VC Type: FastEthernet,    GroupID: 0
        MTU: 1492,   Interface Desc: n/a
        VCCV: CC Type: RA [2]
              CV Type: LSPV [2]
    Remote Label: 105
        Cbit: 1,    VC Type: FastEthernet,    GroupID: 0
        MTU: 1492,   Interface Desc: n/a
        VCCV: CC Type: CW [1], RA [2]
              CV Type: LSPV [2]

Router# show mpls l2transport vc detail

Local interface: Fe0/0/0 up, line protocol up, FastEthernet up
  MPLS VC type is FastEthernet, interworking type is IP
  Destination address: 10.1.1.151, VC ID: 123, VC status: up
    Output interface: Se4/0/0, imposed label stack {1002 105}
    Preferred path: not configured  
    Default path: active
    Next hop: point2point
  Create time: 00:25:19, last status change time: 00:25:19
  Signaling protocol: LDP, peer 10.1.1.151:0 up
    Targeted Hello: 10.1.1.152(LDP Id) -> 10.1.1.151
    Status TLV support (local/remote)   : enabled/supported
      Label/status state machine        : established, LruRru
      Last local dataplane   status rcvd: no fault
      Last local SSS circuit status rcvd: no fault
      Last local SSS circuit status sent: no fault
      Last local  LDP TLV    status sent: no fault
      Last remote LDP TLV    status rcvd: no fault
    MPLS VC labels: local 205, remote 105 
    Group ID: local n/a, remote 0
    MTU: local 1492, remote 1492 
    Remote interface description: 
  Sequencing: receive disabled, send disabled
  VC statistics:
    packet totals: receive 29, send 30
    byte totals:   receive 2900, send 3426
    packet drops:  receive 0, send 0

Examples: Configuring Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

The following example shows how to enable remote Ethernet port shutdown:

configure terminal
!
pseudowire-class eompls
 encapsulation mpls
!
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
 xconnect 10.1.1.1 1 pw-class eompls
  remote link failure notification

The following example shows how to disable remote Ethernet port shutdown:

configure terminal
!
pseudowire-class eompls
 encapsulation mpls
!
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0			
 xconnect 10.1.1.1 1 pw-class eompls
  no remote link failure notification

The related show command output reports operational status for all remote L2 Tunnels by interface.

Router# show interface G1/0/0

GigabitEthernet1/0/0 is L2 Tunnel remote down, line protocol is up
Hardware is GigMac 4 Port GigabitEthernet, address is 0003.ff4e.12a8 (bia 0003.ff4e.12a8)
  Internet address is 10.9.9.2/16
  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit, DLY 10 usec, rely 255/255, load 1/255

Router# show ip interface brief

Interface              IP-Address      OK? Method Status Protocol
GigabitEthernet2/0/0 unassigned      YES NVRAM  L2 Tunnel remote down up
GigabitEthernet2/1/0 unassigned      YES NVRAM  administratively down down

Additional References

Related Documents


Standards

Standard
Title

draft-martini-l2circuit-trans-mpls-08.txt

Transport of Layer 2 Frames Over MPLS

draft-martini-l2circuit-encap-mpls-04.txt

Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Layer 2 Frames Over MPLS


MIB
MIBs Link

ATM AAL5 over MPLS and ATM Cell Relay over MPLS:

MPLS LDP MIB (MPLS-LDP-MIB.my)

ATM MIB (ATM-MIB.my)

CISCO AAL5 MIB (CISCO-AAL5-MIB.my)

Cisco Enterprise ATM Extension MIB (CISCO-ATM-EXT-MIB.my)

Supplemental ATM Management Objects (CISCO-IETF-ATM2-PVCTRAP-MIB.my)

Interfaces MIB (IF-MIB.my)

Ethernet over MPLS

CISCO-ETHERLIKE-CAPABILITIES.my

Ethernet MIB (ETHERLIKE-MIB.my)

Interfaces MIB (IF-MIB.my)

MPLS LDP MIB (MPLS-LDP-MIB.my)

Frame Relay over MPLS

Cisco Frame Relay MIB (CISCO-FRAME-RELAY-MIB.my)

Interfaces MIB (IF-MIB.my)

MPLS LDP MIB (MPLS-LDP-MIB.my)

HDLC and PPP over MPLS

MPLS LDP MIB (MPLS-LDP-MIB.my)

Interface MIB (IF-MIB.my)

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


MIBs

RFCs

RFC
Title

RFC 3032

MPLS Label Stack Encoding

RFC 3036

LDP Specification


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html


Feature Information for Any Transport over MPLS

Table 6 lists the features in this module and provides links to specific configuration information.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 6 lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.


Table 6 Feature Information for Any Transport over MPLS  

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): ATM AAL5 over MPLS (AAL5oMPLS)

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following sections provides information about this feature:

Configuring ATM AAL5 over MPLS

This feature introduced no new or modified commands.

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): ATM OAM Emulation

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following section provides information about this feature:

Configuring OAM Cell Emulation for ATM AAL5 over MPLS

This feature introduced no new or modified commands.

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS)

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4

This feature allows you to transport Layer 2 Ethernet VLAN packets from various sources over an MPLS backbone. Ethernet over MPLS extends the usability of the MPLS backbone by enabling it to offer Layer 2 services in addition to already existing Layer 3 services. You can enable the MPLS backbone network to accept Layer 2 VLAN packets by configuring the PE routers at the both ends of the MPLS backbone.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Ethernet over MPLS: Port Mode (EoMPLS)

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4

Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) is the transport of Ethernet frames across an MPLS core. It transports all frames received on a particular Ethernet or virtual LAN (VLAN) segment, regardless of the destination Media Access Control (MAC) information. It does not perform MAC learning or MAC look up for forwarding packets from the Ethernet interface. Port mode allows a frame coming into an interface to be packed into an MPLS packet and transported over the MPLS backbone to an egress interface.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

Any Transport over MPLS-Ethernet over MPLS Enhancements: Fast Reroute

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4

AToM can use MPLS traffic engineering (TE) tunnels with fast reroute (FRR) support. This features enhances FRR functionality for Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS).

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Frame Relay over MPLS (FRoMPLS)

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2.1S

In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2.1S, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following section provides information about this feature:

Configuring Frame Relay over MPLS

This feature introduced no new or modified commands.

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): HDLC over MPLS (HDLCoMPLS)

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following section provides information about this feature:

Configuring HDLC or PPP over MPLS

This feature introduced no new or modified commands.

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Layer 2 Quality of Service (QoS)

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3

This feature provides support for quality of service (QoS) features such as traffic policing, traffic shaping, packet marking, and mapping of the packets.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following section provides information about this feature:

QoS Features Supported with AToM

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): PPP over MPLS (PPPoMPLS)

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following section provides information about this feature:

Configuring HDLC or PPP over MPLS

This feature introduced no new or modified commands.

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4

This feature allows a service provider edge (PE) router on the local end of an Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) pseudowire to detect a remote link failure and cause the shutdown of the Ethernet port on the local customer edge (CE) router. Because the Ethernet port on the local CE router is shut down, the router does not lose data by continuously sending traffic to the failed remote link. This is beneficial if the link is configured as a static IP route.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Any Transport over MPLS (AToM): Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

Configuring MPLS AToM Remote Ethernet Port Shutdown

ATM VC Class Support

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3

The ATM VC Class Support feature allows you to specify AAL5 and AAL0 encapsulations as part of a VC class.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

AToM Tunnel Selection

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3

The AToM Tunnel Selection feature allows you to specify the path that traffic uses. You can specify either an MPLS TE tunnel or destination IP address or domain name server (DNS) name.

You also have the option of specifying whether the VCs should use the default path (the path LDP uses for signaling) if the preferred path is unreachable. This option is enabled by default; you must explicitly disable it.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

AToM: ATM Cell Relay over MPLS: VP Mode

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3

The AToM: ATM Cell Relay over MPLS: VP Mode feature allows you to insert one ATM cell in each MPLS packet in VP mode.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

AToM: Single Cell Relay-VC Mode

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3

The AToM Single Cell Relay-VC Mode feature allows you to insert one ATM cell in each MPLS packet in VC mode.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.3, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

How to Configure Any Transport over MPLS

MPLS MTU Command for GRE Tunnels

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.6

This feature allows you to set the MPLS MTU size in GRE tunnels to the maximum size besides the current default size.

The following command was modified for this release: mpls mtu.

MPLS L2VPN Clear Xconnect Command

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1S

These features enable you to:

Reset a VC associated with an interface, a peer address, or on all the configured xconnect circuit attachments

Set the control word on dynamic pseudowires.

Enable ATM cell packing for static pseudowires.

The following commands were introduced or modified by these features: cell-packing, clear xconnect, control-word, encapsulation (Any Transport over MPLS), oam-ac emulation-enable.

Per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS)

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4

This feature provides you with the ability to specify maximum transmission unit (MTU) values in xconnect subinterface configuration mode. When you use xconnect subinterface configuration mode to set the MTU value, you establish a pseudowire connection for situations where the interfaces have different MTU values that cannot be changed.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following section provides information about this feature:

Configuring per-Subinterface MTU for Ethernet over MPLS

No commands were new or modified for this release.

VLAN ID Rewrite

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4

The VLAN ID rewrite feature enables you to use VLAN interfaces with different VLAN IDs at both ends of the tunnel.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Information About Any Transport over MPLS

Configuring Ethernet over MPLS with VLAN ID Rewrite

AToM Load Balancing with Single PW

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4S

The AToM Load Balancing with Single PW feature enables load balancing for packets within the same pseudowire by further classifying packets within the same pseudowire into different flows based on some field in the packet received on attachment circuit.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4S, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

AToM Load Balancing with Single PW

Configuring AToM Load Balancing with Single PW



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