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Configuring First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Table Of Contents

Configuring First Hop Redundancy Protocols
in IPv6

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Prerequisites for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Information About First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

HSRP for IPv6

HSRP for IPv6 Overview

HSRP IPv6 Virtual MAC Address Range

HSRP IPv6 UDP Port Number

NSF and SSO-HSRP for IPv6 on VRF Interfaces

How to Configure First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Enabling an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

Prerequisites

Enabling HSRP Version 2

Enabling and Verifying an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

Configuration Examples for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Example: Enabling and Verifying an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6


Configuring First Hop Redundancy Protocols
in IPv6


First Published: July 30, 2010
Last Updated: April 22, 2011

IPv6 routing protocols ensure router-to-router resilience and failover. However, in situations in which the path between a host and the first-hop router fails, or the first-hop router itself fails, first hop redundancy protocols (FHRPs) ensure host-to-router resilience and failover.

The Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) protects data traffic in case of a gateway failure.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Finding Feature Information

Prerequisites for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Information About First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

How to Configure First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Configuration Examples for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Additional References

Feature Information for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Prerequisites for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

HSRP version 2 must be enabled on an interface before HSRP IPv6 can be configured.

Information About First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

HSRP for IPv6

HSRP for IPv6

This section provides the following information about HSRP for IPv6:

HSRP for IPv6 Overview

HSRP IPv6 Virtual MAC Address Range

HSRP IPv6 UDP Port Number

HSRP for IPv6 Overview

The HSRP is an FHRP designed to allow for transparent failover of the first-hop IP router. HSRP provides high network availability by providing first-hop routing redundancy for IP hosts on GigabitEthernet configured with a default gateway IP address. HSRP is used in a group of routers for selecting an active router and a standby router. In a group of router interfaces, the active router is the router of choice for routing packets; the standby router is the router that takes over when the active router fails or when preset conditions are met.

IPv6 hosts learn of available IPv6 routers through IPv6 neighbor discovery RA messages. These are multicast periodically, or may be solicited by hosts. HSRP is designed to provide only a virtual first hop for IPv6 hosts.

An HSRP IPv6 group has a virtual MAC address that is derived from the HSRP group number, and a virtual IPv6 link-local address that is, by default, derived from the HSRP virtual MAC address. Periodic RAs are sent for the HSRP virtual IPv6 link-local address when the HSRP group is active. These RAs stop after a final RA is sent when the group leaves the active state.

Periodic RAs for the interface link-local address stop after a final RA is sent while at least one virtual IPv6 link-local address is configured on the interface. No restrictions occur for the interface IPv6 link-local address other than that mentioned for the RAs. Other protocols continue to receive and send packets to this address.

HSRP uses a priority mechanism to determine which HSRP configured router is to be the default active router. To configure a router as the active router, you assign it a priority that is higher than the priority of all the other HSRP-configured routers. The default priority is 100, so if you configure just one router to have a higher priority, that router will be the default active router.

HSRP IPv6 Virtual MAC Address Range

HSRP IPv6 uses a different virtual MAC address block than does HSRP for IP:

0005.73A0.0000 through 0005.73A0.0FFF (4096 addresses)

HSRP IPv6 UDP Port Number

Port number 2029 has been assigned to HSRP IPv6.

NSF and SSO-HSRP for IPv6 on VRF Interfaces

Cisco Nonstop Forwarding (NSF) and stateful switchover (SSO) are supported on HSRP for IPv6 on VRF interfaces, which makes HSRP for IPv6 VRF-aware.

For further information about SSO and NSF, see "Stateful Switchover" and "Cisco Nonstop Forwarding" in the Cisco IOS XE High Availability Configuration Guide.

How to Configure First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Enabling an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

Enabling an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

If an IPv6 address is entered, it must be link local. There are no HSRP IPv6 secondary addresses.

Prerequisites

HSRP version 2 must be enabled on an interface before HSRP IPv6 can be configured.

Enabling HSRP Version 2

Enabling and Verifying an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

Enabling HSRP Version 2

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type number

4. standby version {1 | 2}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type number

Example:

Router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

Specifies an interface type and number, and places the router in interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

standby version {1 | 2}

Example:
Router(config-if)# standby version 2

Changes the version of the HSRP.

Version 1 is the default.


Enabling and Verifying an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

In this task, when you enter the standby ipv6 command, a link-local address is generated from the link-local prefix, and a modified EUI-64 format interface identifier is generated in which the EUI-64 interface identifier is created from the relevant HSRP virtual MAC address.

A link-local address is an IPv6 unicast address that can be automatically configured on any interface using the link-local prefix FE80::/10 (1111 1110 10) and the interface identifier in the modified EUI-64 format. Link-local addresses are used in the stateless autoconfiguration process. Nodes on a local link can use link-local addresses to communicate; the nodes do not need site-local or globally unique addresses to communicate.

In IPv6, a router on the link advertises in RA messages any site-local and global prefixes, and its willingness to function as a default router for the link. RA messages are sent periodically and in response to router solicitation messages, which are sent by hosts at system startup.

A node on the link can automatically configure site-local and global IPv6 addresses by appending its interface identifier (64 bits) to the prefixes (64 bits) included in the RA messages. The resulting 128-bit IPv6 addresses configured by the node are then subjected to duplicate address detection to ensure their uniqueness on the link. If the prefixes advertised in the RA messages are globally unique, then the IPv6 addresses configured by the node are also guaranteed to be globally unique. Router solicitation messages, which have a value of 133 in the Type field of the ICMP packet header, are sent by hosts at system startup so that the host can immediately autoconfigure without needing to wait for the next scheduled RA message.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ipv6 unicast-routing

4. interface type number

5. standby [group-number] ipv6 {link-local-address | autoconfig}

6. standby [group-number] preempt [delay {minimum seconds | reload seconds | sync seconds}]

7. standby [group-number] priority priority

8. exit

9. show standby [type number [group]] [all | brief]

10. show ipv6 interface [brief] [interface-type interface-number] [prefix]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ipv6 unicast-routing
Example:

Router(config)# ipv6 unicast-routing

Enables the forwarding of IPv6 unicast datagrams.

The ipv6 unicast-routing command must be enabled for HSRP for IPv6 to work.

Step 4 

interface type number

Example:

Router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

Specifies an interface type and number, and places the router in interface configuration mode.

Step 5 

standby [group-number] ipv6 {link-local-address | autoconfig}

Example:
Router(config-if)# standby 1 ipv6 autoconfig

Activates the HSRP in IPv6.

Step 6 

standby [group-number] preempt [delay {minimum seconds | reload seconds | sync seconds}]

Example:

Router(config-if)# standby 1 preempt

Configures HSRP preemption and preemption delay.

Step 7 

standby [group-number] priority priority

Example:
Router(config-if)# standby 1 priority 110

Configures HSRP priority.

Step 8 

exit

Example:

Router(config-if)# exit

Returns the router to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 9 

show standby [type number [group]] [all | brief]

Example:
Router# show standby

Displays HSRP information.

Step 10 

show ipv6 interface [brief] [interface-type interface-number] [prefix]

Example:
Router# show ipv6 interface GigabitEthernet 
0/0/0

Displays the usability status of interfaces configured for IPv6.


Configuration Examples for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Example: Enabling and Verifying an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

Example: Enabling and Verifying an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

The following example shows configuration verification for an HSRP group for IPv6 that consists of Router1 and Router2. The show standby command is issued for each router to verify the router's configuration.

Router 1 Configuration

interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
description DATA VLAN for PCs 
encapsulation dot1Q 100 
ipv6 address 2001:DB8:CAFE:2100::BAD1:1010/64 
standby version 2 
standby 101 priority 120 
standby 101 preempt delay minimum 30 
standby 101 authentication ese 
standby 101 track Serial0/1/0.17 90 
standby 201 ipv6 autoconfig 
standby 201 priority 120 
standby 201 preempt delay minimum 30 
standby 201 authentication ese 
standby 201 track Serial0/1/0.17 90 

Router1# show standby

GigabitFastEthernet0/0/0 - Group 101 (version 2) 
State is Active 
2 state changes, last state change 5w5d 
Active virtual MAC address is 0000.0c9f.f065 
Local virtual MAC address is 0000.0c9f.f065 (v2 default) 
Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec 
Next hello sent in 2.296 secs 
Authentication text "ese"
Preemption enabled, delay min 30 secs 
Active router is local 
Priority 120 (configured 120)
Track interface Serial0/1/0.17 state Up decrement 90 
IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Fa0/0.100-101" (default) 
GigabitEthernet0/0/0 - Group 201 (version 2) 
State is Active 
2 state changes, last state change 5w5d 
Virtual IP address is FE80::5:73FF:FEA0:C9 
Active virtual MAC address is 0005.73a0.00c9 
Local virtual MAC address is 0005.73a0.00c9 (v2 IPv6 default) 
Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec 
Next hello sent in 2.428 secs 
Authentication text "ese" 
Preemption enabled, delay min 30 secs 
Active router is local 
Standby router is FE80::20F:8FFF:FE37:3B70, priority 100 (expires in 7.856 sec) 
Priority 120 (configured 120) 
Track interface Serial0/1/0.17 state Up decrement 90 
IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Fa0/0.100-201" (default) 

Router 2 Configuration

interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
description DATA VLAN for Computers 
encapsulation dot1Q 100
ipv6 address 2001:DB8:CAFE:2100::BAD1:1020/64 
standby version 2 
standby 101 preempt 
standby 101 authentication ese 
standby 201 ipv6 autoconfig 
standby 201 preempt 
standby 201 authentication ese

Router2# show standby

GigabitEthernet0/0/0 - Group 101 (version 2) 
State is Standby 
7 state changes, last state change 5w5d 
Active virtual MAC address is 0000.0c9f.f065 
Local virtual MAC address is 0000.0c9f.f065 (v2 default) 
Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec 
Next hello sent in 0.936 secs 
Authentication text "ese" 
Preemption enabled 
MAC address is 0012.7fc6.8f0c 
Standby router is local 
Priority 100 (default 100) 
IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Fa0/0.100-101" (default) 
GigabitEthernet0/0/0 - Group 201 (version 2) 
State is Standby 
7 state changes, last state change 5w5d
Virtual IP address is FE80::5:73FF:FEA0:C9
Active virtual MAC address is 0005.73a0.00c9 
Local virtual MAC address is 0005.73a0.00c9 (v2 IPv6 default)
Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec
Next hello sent in 0.936 secs 
Authentication text "ese" 
Preemption enabled 
Active router is FE80::212:7FFF:FEC6:8F0C, priority 120 (expires in 7.548 sec) 
MAC address is 0012.7fc6.8f0c 
Standby router is local 
Priority 100 (default 100) 
IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Fa0/0.100-201" (default) 

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

IPv6 link-local addresses and stateless autoconfiguration

"Implementing IPv6 Addressing and Basic Connectivity," Cisco IOS XE IPv6 Configuration Guide

SSO and NSF

"Stateful Switchover" and "Cisco Nonstop Forwarding," Cisco IOS XE High Availability Configuration Guide.

IPv6 supported feature list

"Start Here: Cisco IOS XE Software Release Specifics for IPv6 Features," Cisco IOS XE IPv6 Configuration Guide

IPv6 commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

Cisco IOS master command list, all  releases

Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases


Standards

Standard
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


MIBs

MIB
MIBs Link

None

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFC
Title

RFC 2281

Cisco Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP)


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html


Feature Information for First Hop Redundancy Protocols in IPv6

Table 1 lists the features in this module and provides links to specific configuration information.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 1 lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.


Table 1 Feature Information for First Hop Redundancy Protocols for IPv6 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Configuration Information

IPv6 services: HSRP for IPv6

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1S

The HSRP is an FHRP designed to allow for transparent failover of the first-hop IPv6 router.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

HSRP for IPv6

Enabling an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

The following commands were modified for this release: show ipv6 interface, show standby, standby ipv6, standby preempt, standby priority, standby version.

NSF/SSO - HSRPv6 on VRF interfaces

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1S

The NSF/SSO - HSRPv6 on VRF interfaces feature is supported in Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1S.

ISSU - HSRPv6 on VRF interfaces

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1S

The ISSU - HSRPv6 on VRF interfaces feature is supported in Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1S.