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Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Table Of Contents

Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Prerequisites for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Restrictions for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Information About Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Address Assignment for IPv6

Stateless Address Autoconfiguration

Prefix Delegation

AAA over IPv6

RADIUS over IPv6

TACACS+ Over an IPv6 Transport

IPv6 Prefix Pools

Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at LNS

How to Configure ADSL in IPv6

Configuring the NAS

What to Do Next

Enabling the Sending of Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Forcing Release of Prefix Bindings

Configuring DHCP for IPv6 AAA Options

Configuring PPP IPv6 Accounting Delay Enhancements

Configuring TACACS+ over IPv6

Configuring the TACACS+ Server over IPv6

Specifying the Source Address in TACACS+ Packets

Configuring TACACS+ Server Group Options

Verifying Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at the LNS

Configuration Examples for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Example: NAS Configuration

Example: RADIUS Configuration

Examples: Verifying Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at the LNS

Example: show l2tp session Command

Example: show l2tp tunnel Command

Example: show l2tun session Command

Example: show vpdn session Command

Example: show vpdn tunnel Command

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for Implementing ADSL for IPv6


Implementing ADSL for IPv6


First Published: November 25, 2009
Last Updated: March 30, 2011

This module describes the implementation of prefix pools, the authorization, authentication, and accounting (AAA) server, and per-user Remote Access Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) attributes in IPv6. It also describes the deployment of IPv6 in Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) and dial-access environments. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) provides the extensions that make large-scale access possible for IPv6 environments, including IPv6 RADIUS attributes, stateless address configuration on Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) links, per-user static routes, and access control lists (ACLs).

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for Implementing ADSL for IPv6" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Prerequisites for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Restrictions for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Information About Implementing ADSL for IPv6

How to Configure ADSL in IPv6

Configuration Examples for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Additional References

Feature Information for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Prerequisites for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

This document assumes that you are familiar with IPv4. Refer to the publications referenced in the "Additional References" section for IPv4 configuration and command reference information.

Restrictions for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

ADSL deployment is available for interfaces with PPP encapsulation enabled, including PPP over ATM (PPPoA), PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE, PPPoEoVLAN, PPPoEoQinQ) and PPPoEoA.

Information About Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Address Assignment for IPv6

AAA over IPv6

Address Assignment for IPv6

A Cisco router configured with IPv6 will advertise its IPv6 prefixes on one or more interfaces, allowing IPv6 clients to automatically configure their addresses. In IPv6, address assignment is performed at the network layer, in contrast to IPv4 where a number of functions are handled in the PPP layer. The only function handled in IPv6 Control Protocol is the negotiation of a unique interface identifier. Everything else, including DNS server discovery, is done within the IPv6 protocol itself.

In IPv6, ISPs assign long-lived prefixes to users, which has some impact on the routing system. In typical IPv4 environments, each network access server (NAS) has a pool of 24-bit addresses and users get addresses from this pool when dialing in. If a user dials another POP or is connected to another NAS at the same POP, a different IPv4 address is assigned.

Addresses for IPv6 are assigned by the following methods.

Stateless Address Autoconfiguration

Prefix Delegation

Stateless Address Autoconfiguration

Assigning addresses using the stateless address autoconfiguration method can only be used to assign 64-bit prefixes. Each user is assigned a 64-bit prefix, which is advertised to the user in a router advertisement (RA). All addresses are automatically configured based on the assigned prefix.

A typical scenario is to assign a separate 64-bit prefix per user; however, users can also be assigned a prefix from a shared pool of addresses. Using the shared limits addresses to only one address per user.

This solution works best for the cases where the customer provider edge router (CPE) is a single PC or is limited to only one subnet. If the user has multiple subnets, Layer 2 (L2) bridging, multilink subnets or proxy RA can be used. The prefix advertised in the RA can come from an authorization, authentication, and accounting (AAA) server, which also provides the prefix attribute, can be manually configured, or can be allocated from a prefix pool.

The Framed-Interface-Id AAA attribute influences the choice of interface identifier for peers and, in combination with the prefix, the complete IPv6 address can be determined.

Prefix Delegation

Prefix delegation uses Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). When the user requests a prefix from the prefix delegator, typically the NAS, the prefix is allocated as described in the "Stateless Address Autoconfiguration" section.

An IPv6 prefix delegating router selects IPv6 prefixes to be assigned to a requesting router upon receiving a request from the client. The delegating router might select prefixes for a requesting router in the following ways:

Static assignment based on subscription to an ISP

Dynamic assignment from a pool of available prefixes

Selection based on an external authority such as a RADIUS server using the Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute (see the "Delegated-IPv6-Prefix" section).

Contrary to IPv4 address assignment, an IPv6 user will be assigned a prefix, not a single address. Typically the Internet service provider (ISP) assigns a 64- or 48-bit prefix.

Accounting Start and Stop Messages

PPP calls a registry to allow DHCPv6 to append the delegated prefix information to accounting start and stop messages.

Forced Release of a Binding

The DHCPv6 server maintains an automatic binding table in memory to track the assignment of some configuration parameters, such as prefixes between the server and its clients. The automatic bindings can be stored permanently in the database agent, which can be, for example, a remote TFTP server or local NVRAM file system.

DHCPv6 invokes a routine when the virtual interface used by PPP terminates. This routine automatically releases any delegated prefix bindings associated with the PPP virtual interface that is being terminated.

When a PPP virtual interface terminates, the routine runs through the full table of DHCPv6 bindings checking for the matching interface. Because PPP uses a virtual interface, this subroutine clears any related lease information when the PPP connection terminates.

For further information about DHCPv6 bindings, see "Implementing DHCP for IPv6" in the Cisco IOS XE IPv6 Configuration Guide.

DHCP SIP Server Options

Two DHCP for IPv6 Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) server options describe a local outbound SIP proxy: one carries a list of domain names, the other a list of IPv6 addresses. These two options can be configured in a DHCPv6 configuration pool.

AAA over IPv6

Vendor-specific attributes (VSAs) have been developed to support AAA for IPv6. The Cisco VSAs are inacl, outacl, route, and prefix.

Prefix pools and pool names are configurable through AAA. Customers can deploy IPv6 RADIUS or the TACACS+ server to communicate with Cisco IOS routers.

AAA over IPv6 is described in the following sections:

RADIUS over IPv6

TACACS+ Over an IPv6 Transport

IPv6 Prefix Pools

RADIUS over IPv6

The following RADIUS attributes as described in RFC 3162 are supported for IPv6:

Framed-Interface-Id

Framed-IPv6-Prefix

Login-IPv6-Host

Framed-IPv6-Route

Framed-IPv6-Pool

These attributes can be configured on a RADIUS server and downloaded to access servers where they can be applied to access connections.

Prerequisites for Using AAA Attributes for IPv6

The AAA attributes for IPv6 are compliant with RFC 3162 and require a RADIUS server capable of supporting RFC 3162.

RADIUS Per-User Attributes for Virtual Access in IPv6 Environments

The following IPv6 attributes for RADIUS attribute-value (AV) pairs are supported for virtual access:

Delegated-IPv6-Prefix

Framed-Interface-Id

Framed-IPv6-Prefix

Login-IPv6-Host

Framed-IPv6-Route

Framed-IPv6-Pool

IPv6 Route

IPv6 ACL

IPv6 Prefix#

IPv6 Pool

Delegated-IPv6-Prefix

The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute calls DHCPv6 to parse and store AAA attribute information. PPP sends the accounting start and stop messages for PPP sessions.

The following is an example of a Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute:

cisco-avpair = ipv6:delegated-prefix=2001:DB8::/64


Note For Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute, Cisco VSA format is not supported. If you try add this attribute in the cisco-vsa format in the profile, the RADIUS server response fails. Use only the IETF attribute for Delegated-IPv6-Prefix.


Framed-Interface-Id

The Framed-Interface-Id attribute indicates the IPv6 interface identifier to be configured. This per-user attribute is used during the IPv6CP negotiations and may be used in access-accept packets. If the Interface-Identifier IPv6CP option has been successfully negotiated, this attribute must be included in an Acc-0Request packet as a hint by the NAS to the server that it would prefer that value.

Framed-IPv6-Prefix

The Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute performs the same function as the Cisco VSA: It is used for virtual access only and indicates an IPv6 prefix (and corresponding route) to be configured. This attribute is a per-user attribute and lets the user specify which prefixes to advertise in Neighbor Discovery Router Advertisement messages. The Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute may be used in access-accept packets and can appear multiple times. The NAS will create a corresponding route for the prefix.

To use this attribute for DHCP for IPv6 prefix delegation, create a profile for the same user on the RADIUS server. The user name associated with the second profile has the suffix "-dhcpv6."

The Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute in the two profiles is treated differently. If a NAS needs both to send a prefix in router advertisements (RAs) and delegate a prefix to a remote user's network, the prefix for RA is placed in the Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute in the user's regular profile, and the prefix used for prefix delegation is placed in the attribute in the user's separate profile.


Note For Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute, RADIUS IETF attribute and RADIUS Cisco VSA format are supported.


Login-IPv6-Host

The Login-IPv6-Host attribute is a per-user attribute that indicates the IPv6 system with which to connect the user when the Login-Service attribute is included.

Framed-IPv6-Route

The Framed-IPv6-Route attribute performs the same function as the Cisco VSA: It is a per-user attribute that provides routing information to be configured for the user on the NAS. This attribute is a string attribute and is specified using the ipv6 route command.

Framed-IPv6-Pool

The Framed-IPv6-Pool attribute is a per-user attribute that contains the name of an assigned pool that should be used to assign an IPv6 prefix for the user. This pool should either be defined locally on the router or defined on a RADIUS server from which pools can be downloaded.

IPv6_DNS_Servers

The IPv6_DNS_Servers attribute saves one or two DNS server addresses in the interface DHCPv6 subblock, and this information is returned to the DHCPv6 if it was made available in the AAA attribute information. Any information provided in this way will override anything configured in the DHCPv6 pool. This attribute will also be included into the returned attributes for AAA start and stop notifications.

IPv6 Route

The IPv6 route attribute allows you to specify a per-user static route. A static route is appropriate when the Cisco IOS XE software cannot dynamically build a route to the destination. See the description of the ipv6 route command for more information about building static routes.

The following example shows the IPv6 route attribute used to define a static route:

cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route#1=2001:DB8:cc00:1::/48",
cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route#2=2001:DB8:cc00:2::/48",

IPv6 ACL

You can specify a complete IPv6 access list. The unique name of the access list is generated automatically. The access list is removed when its user logs out. The previous access list on the interface is reapplied.

The inacl and outacl attributes allow you to a specific existing access list configured on the router. The following example shows ACL number 1 specified as the access list:

cisco-avpair = "ipv6:inacl#1=permit 2001:DB8:cc00:1::/48",
cisco-avpair = "ipv6:outacl#1=deny 2001:DB8::/10",

IPv6 Prefix#

The IPv6 prefix# attribute lets you indicate which prefixes to advertise in Neighbor Discovery Router Advertisement messages. When the prefix# attribute is used, a corresponding route (marked as a per-user static route) is installed in the routing information base (RIB) tables for the given prefix.

cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix#1=2001:DB8::/64",
cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix#2=2001:DB8::/64",

IPv6 Pool

For RADIUS authentication, the IPv6 pool attribute extends the IPv4 address pool attributed to support the IPv6 protocol. It specifies the name of a local pool on the NAS from which to get the prefix and is used whenever the service is configured as PPP and whenever the protocol is specified as IPv6. Note that the address pool works in conjunction with local pooling. It specifies the name of the local pool that has been preconfigured on the NAS.

PPP IPv6 Accounting Delay Enhancements

This feature enhances accounting records for dual-stack networks. It ensures that a unique IPv6 address is assigned to PPP IPv6 and IPv4 sessions for IP addresses that are received from RADIUS.

When this feature is enabled, it automatically creates a database to hold new incoming access-accept responses from RADIUS. The access-accept responses in this database are then checked for duplicates of a specific set of attributes. If the attributes are already present in the database, then the RADIUS server has already offered them to an existing session; therefore, the new session is immediately removed and a stop-record message sent. If none of the specific set of attributes are in the database, they are immediately added to the database, and the session proceeds normally. When the session is removed, the entries in the database are also removed.

The following RADIUS attributes are tracked in the database and checked at access-accept time:

Framed-IPv6-Prefix

Delegated-IPv6-Prefix

The attributes are available as standard RFC-defined binary format, or as Cisco VSAs. (The Delegated-IPv6-Prefix attribute currently does not have a VSA definition in AAA.)

TACACS+ Over an IPv6 Transport

An IPv6 server can be configured to use TACACS+. Both IPv6 and IPv4 servers can be configured to use TACACS+ using a name instead of an IPv4 or IPv6 address.

IPv6 Prefix Pools

The function of prefix pools in IPv6 is similar to that of address pools in IPv4. The main difference is that IPv6 assigns prefixes rather than single addresses.

As for IPv4, a pool or a pool definition can be configured locally or it can be retrieved from an AAA server. Overlapping membership between pools is not permitted.

Once a pool is configured, it cannot be changed. If you change the configuration, the pool will be removed and re-created. All prefixes previously allocated will be freed.

Prefix pools can be defined so that each user is allocated a 64-bit prefix or so that a single prefix is shared among several users. In a shared prefix pool, each user may receive only one address from the pool.

Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at LNS

This feature provides support for broadband PPP IPv6 sessions at the layer 2 tunneling protocol (L2TP) network server (LNS). The sessions are forwarded by L2TP access concentrator (LAC) using layer 2 tunneling protocol L2TP over IPv6.

This feature is enabled automatically when the user configures LNS and enables IPv6.

How to Configure ADSL in IPv6

Configuring the NAS

Enabling the Sending of Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Forcing Release of Prefix Bindings

Configuring DHCP for IPv6 AAA Options

Configuring PPP IPv6 Accounting Delay Enhancements

Configuring TACACS+ over IPv6

Verifying Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at the LNS

Configuring the NAS

Perform this task to configure the NAS to implement ADSL for IPv6 environments.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. hostname name

4. aaa new-model

5. aaa authentication ppp {default | list-name} method1 [method2...]

6. aaa authorization {auth-proxy | cache | commands level | config-commands | configuration | console | exec | ipmobile | multicast | network | policy-if | prepaid | radius-prox | reverse-access | subscriber-service | template} {default | list-name} [method1 [method2...]]

7. aaa accounting {auth-proxy | system | network | exec | connection | commands level | dot1x} {default | list-name | guarantee-first} [vrf vrf-name] {start-stop | stop-only | none} [broadcast] {radius | group group-name}

8. aaa accounting send counters ipv6

9. interface virtual-template number [type virtual-template-type]

10. ip unnumbered type number

11. ipv6 address autoconfig [default]

12. no ipv6 nd ra suppress

13. ppp authentication {protocol1 [protocol2...]} [if-needed] [list-name | default] [callin] [one-time] [optional]

14. ppp accounting {default | listname}

15. no snmp trap link-status [permit duplicates]

16. no logging event link-status

17. exit

18. aaa group server radius group-name

19. server-private ip-address [auth-port port-number | acct-port port-number] [non-standard] [timeout seconds] [retransmit retries] [key string]

20. radius-server host {hostname | ip-address} [test username user-name] [auth-port port-number] [ignore-auth-port] [acct-port port-number] [ignore-acct-port] [timeout seconds] [retransmit retries] [key string] [alias {hostname | ip-address}] [idle-time minutes] [backoff exponential {backoff-retry number-of-retransmits | max-delay minutes}] [key encryption-key]

21. radius-server vsa send [accounting [3gpp2] | authentication [3gpp2] | cisco-nas-port [3gpp2]]

22. radius-server vsa send [accounting [3gpp2] | authentication [3gpp2] | cisco-nas-port [3gpp2]]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

hostname name

Example:

Router(config)# hostname hostname1

Specifies the host name for the network server.

Step 4 

aaa new-model

Example:

Router(config)# aaa new-model

Enables the AAA server.

Step 5 

aaa authentication ppp {default | list-name} method1 [method2...]

Example:

Router(config)# aaa authentication ppp default if-needed group radius

Specifies one or more AAA authentication methods for use on serial interfaces that are running PPP.

Step 6 

aaa authorization {auth-proxy | cache | commands level | config-commands | configuration | console | exec | ipmobile | multicast | network | policy-if | prepaid | radius-proxy | reverse-access | subscriber-service | template} {default | list-name} [method1 [method2...]]

Example:

Router(config)# aaa authorization network {default | list-name} [method1 [method2...]]

Sets parameters that restrict user access to a network.

Step 7 

aaa accounting {auth-proxy | system | network | exec | connection | commands level | dot1x} {default | list-name | guarantee-first} [vrf vrf-name] {start-stop | stop-only | none} [broadcast] {radius | group group-name}

Example:

Router(config)# aaa accounting network {default | list-name} start-stop group {radius | group group-name}

Enables AAA accounting of requested services for billing or security purposes when you use RADIUS.

Step 8 

aaa accounting send counters ipv6

Example:

Router(config)# aaa accounting send counters ipv6

Sends IPv6 counters in the stop record to the accounting server.

Step 9 

interface virtual-template number [type virtual-template-type]

Example:

Router(config)# interface virtual-template 1

Creates a virtual template interface that can be configured and applied dynamically in creating virtual access interfaces.

Step 10 

ip unnumbered type number

Example:

Router(config-if)# ip unnumbered loopback interface1

Enables IP processing on an interface without assigning an explicit IP address to the interface.

Step 11 

ipv6 address autoconfig [default]

Example:

Router(config-if)# ipv6 address autoconfig

Enables automatic configuration of IPv6 addresses using stateless autoconfiguration on an interface and enable IPv6 processing on the interface.

Step 12 

no ipv6 nd ra suppress

Example:

Router(config-if)# no ipv6 nd ra suppress

Allows IPv6 router advertisement transmissions on a LAN interface.

Step 13 

ppp authentication {protocol1 [protocol2...]} [if-needed] [list-name | default] [callin] [one-time] [optional]

Example:

Router(config-if)# ppp authentication chap

Enables at least one PPP authentication protocol and to specify the order in which the protocols are selected on the interface.

Step 14 

ppp accounting {default | listname}

Example:

Router(config-if)# ppp accounting list1

Enables AAA services on the selected interface.

Step 15 

no snmp trap link-status [permit duplicates]

Example:

Router(config-if)# no snmp trap link-status

Disables SNMP link traps.

Step 16 

no logging event link-status

Example:

Router(config-if)# no logging event link-status

Disables link-status event messaging.

Step 17 

exit

Example:

Router(config-if)# exit

Exits interface configuration mode, and places the router into global configuration mode.

Step 18 

aaa group server radius group-name

Example:

Router(config)# aaa group service radius group1

Groups different RADIUS server hosts into distinct lists and distinct methods.

Step 19 

server-private ip-address [auth-port port-number | acct-port port-number] [non-standard] [timeout seconds] [retransmit retries] [key string]

Example:

Router(config)# server-private 10.1.1.1 timeout 5 retransmit 3 key xyz

Configures the IP address of the private RADIUS server for the group server.

Step 20 

radius-server host {hostname | ip-address} [test username user-name] [auth-port port-number] [ignore-auth-port] [acct-port port-number] [ignore-acct-port] [timeout seconds] [retransmit retries] [key string] [alias {hostname | ip-address}] [idle-time minutes] [backoff exponential {backoff-retry number-of-retransmits | max-delay minutes}] [key encryption-key]

Example:

Router(config)# radius-server host 192.0.2.176 test username test1 auth-port 1645 acct-port 1646

Specifies a RADIUS server host.

Step 21 

radius-server vsa send [accounting [3gpp2] | authentication [3gpp2] | cisco-nas-port [3gpp2]]

Example:

Router(config)# radius-server vsa send accounting

Configures the NAS to recognize and use VSAs such as accounting.

Step 22 

radius-server vsa send [accounting [3gpp2] | authentication [3gpp2] | cisco-nas-port [3gpp2]]

Example:

Router(config)# radius-server vsa send authentication

Configures the NAS to recognize and use VSAs such as authentication.


What to Do Next

Once you have configured the NAS router, configure RADIUS to establish the AV pairs for callback. Callback allows remote network users to dial in to the NAS without being charged. When callback is required, the NAS hangs up the current call and dials the caller back. When the NAS performs the callback, only information for the outgoing connection is applied. The rest of the attributes from the preauthentication access-accept message are discarded.

The following example shows a RADIUS profile configuration for a local campus:

campus1 Auth-Type = Local, Password = "mypassword"
                User-Service-Type = Framed-User,
                Framed-Protocol = PPP,
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:inacl#1=permit dead::/64 any",
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route=dead::/64",
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route=cafe::/64",
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix=dead::/64 0 0 onlink autoconfig",
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix=cafe::/64 0 0 onlink autoconfig",
                cisco-avpair = "ip:route=10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0",

The RADIUS AV pairs for IPv6 are described in RADIUS Per-User Attributes for Virtual Access in IPv6 Environments.

Enabling the Sending of Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Perform this task to allow the router to send accounting start and stop messages.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ipv6 dhcp pool poolname

4. accounting mlist

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ipv6 dhcp pool poolname

Example:
Router(config)# ipv6 dhcp pool pool1

Configures a DHCP for IPv6 configuration information pool and enters DHCP for IPv6 pool configuration mode.

Step 4 

accounting mlist

Example:

Router(config-dhcp)# accounting list1

Enables accounting start and stop messages to be sent.


Forcing Release of Prefix Bindings

Perform this task to release any delegated prefix bindings associated with the PPP virtual interface that is being terminated.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type number

4. ipv6 dhcp bindings track ppp

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type number

Example:

Router(config)# interface VirtualAccess2.2

Specifies an interface type and number, and places the router in interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

ipv6 dhcp bindings track ppp

Example:

Router(config-if)# ipv6 dhcp bindings track ppp

Releases any delegated prefix leases associated with the PPP virtual interface that is being terminated.


Configuring DHCP for IPv6 AAA Options

Perform this task for configure DHCPv6 AAA options.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ipv6 dhcp pool poolname

4. prefix-delegation aaa [method-list method-list] [lifetime]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ipv6 dhcp pool poolname

Example:
Router(config)# ipv6 dhcp pool pool1

Configures a DHCP for IPv6 configuration information pool and enters DHCP for IPv6 pool configuration mode.

Step 4 

prefix-delegation aaa [method-list method-list] [lifetime]

Example:
Router(config-dhcp)# prefix-delegation aaa 
method-list list1

Specifies that prefixes are to be acquired from AAA servers.


Configuring PPP IPv6 Accounting Delay Enhancements

Perform this task to configure PPP IPv6 accounting delay enhancements.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ppp unique address access-accept

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ppp unique address access-accept

Example:

Router(config)# ppp unique address access-accept

Tracks duplicate addresses received from RADIUS and creates a standalone database.


Configuring TACACS+ over IPv6

Perform these tasks to configure TACACS+ over IPv6:

Configuring the TACACS+ Server over IPv6

Specifying the Source Address in TACACS+ Packets

Configuring TACACS+ Server Group Options

Configuring the TACACS+ Server over IPv6

Perform this task to configure to TACACS+ server over IPv6.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. tacacs server name

4. address ipv6 ipv6-address

5. key [0 | 7] key-string

6. port [number]

7. send-nat-address

8. single-connection

9. timeout seconds

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

tacacs server name

Example:
Router(config)# tacacs server server1

Configures the TACACS+ server for IPv6 or IPv4 and enter TACACS+ server configuration mode.

Step 4 

address ipv6 ipv6-address

Example:

Router(config-server-tacacs)# address ipv6 2001:DB8:3333:4::5

Configures the IPv6 address of the TACACS+ server.

Step 5 

key [0 | 7] key-string

Example:
Router(config-server-tacacs)# key 0 key1

Configures the per-server encryption key on the TACACS+ server.

Step 6 

port [number]

Example:
Router(config-server-tacacs)# port 12

Specifies the TCP port to be used for TACACS+ connections.

Step 7 

send-nat-address

Example:
Router(config-server-tacacs)# send-nat-address

Sends a client's post-NAT address to the TACACS+ server.

Step 8 

single-connection

Example:
Router(config-server-tacacs)# single-connection

Enables all TACACS packets to be sent to the same server using a single TCP connection.

Step 9 

timeout seconds

Example:
Router(config-server-tacacs)# timeout 10

Configures the time to wait for a reply from the specified TACACS server.


Specifying the Source Address in TACACS+ Packets

Perform this task to specify the source address in TACACS+ packets.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ipv6 tacacs source-interface interface

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ipv6 tacacs source-interface interface

Example:

Router(config)# ipv6 tacacs source-interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0

Specifies an interface to use for the source address in TACACS packets.


Configuring TACACS+ Server Group Options

Perform this task to configure TACACS+ server group options.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. aaa group server tacacs+ group-name

4. server name server-name

5. server-private {ip-address | name | ipv6-address} [nat] [single-connection] [port port-number] [timeout seconds] [key [0 | 7] string]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

aaa group server tacacs+ group-name

Example:

Router(config)# aaa group server tacacs+ group1

Groups different TACACS+ server hosts into distinct lists and distinct methods.

Step 4 

server name server-name

Example:
Router(config-sg-tacacs+)# server name server1

Specifies an IPv6 TACACS+ server.

Step 5 

server-private {ip-address | name | ipv6-address} [nat] [single-connection] [port port-number] [timeout seconds] [key [0 | 7] string]

Example:

Router(config-sg-tacacs+)# server-private 2001:DB8:3333:4::5 port 19 key key1

Configures the IPv6 address of the private TACACS+ server for the group server.


Verifying Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at the LNS

This feature is enabled automatically when the user configures LNS and enables IPv6. To verify information about this feature, you can use any or all of the following optional commands as needed.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show l2tp session [all | packets [ipv6] | sequence | state | [brief | circuit | interworking] [hostname]] [ip-addr ip-addr [vcid vcid] | tunnel {id local-tunnel-id local-session-id | remote-name remote-tunnel-name local-tunnel-name} | username username | vcid vcid]

3. show l2tp tunnel [all | packets [ipv6] | state | summary | transport] [id local-tunnel-id | local-name local-tunnel-name remote-tunnel-name | remote-name remote-tunnel-name local-tunnel-name]

4. show l2tun session [l2tp | pptp] [all [filter] | brief [filter] [hostname] | circuit [filter] [hostname] | interworking [filter] [hostname] | packets [ipv6] [filter] | sequence [filter] | state [filter]]

5. show vpdn session [l2f | l2tp | pptp] [all | packets [ipv6] | sequence | state [filter]]

6. show vpdn tunnel [l2f | l2tp | pptp] [all [filter] | packets [ipv6] [filter] | state [filter] | summary [filter] | transport [filter]]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

show l2tp session [all | packets [ipv6] | sequence | state | [brief | circuit | interworking] [hostname]] [ip-addr ip-addr [vcid vcid] | tunnel {id local-tunnel-id local-session-id | remote-name remote-tunnel-name local-tunnel-name} | username username | vcid vcid]

Example:

Router# show l2tp session packets ipv6

Displays information about L2TP sessions.

Step 3 

show l2tp tunnel [all | packets [ipv6] | state | summary | transport] [id local-tunnel-id | local-name local-tunnel-name remote-tunnel-name | remote-name remote-tunnel-name local-tunnel-name]

Example:

Router# show l2tp tunnel packets ipv6

Displays details about L2TP tunnels.

Step 4 

show l2tun session [l2tp | pptp] [all [filter] | brief [filter] [hostname] | circuit [filter] [hostname] | interworking [filter] [hostname] | packets [ipv6] [filter] | sequence [filter] | state [filter]]

Example:

Router# show l2tun session packets ipv6

Displays the current state of Layer 2 sessions and protocol information about L2TP control channels.

Step 5 

show vpdn session [l2f | l2tp | pptp] [all | packets [ipv6] | sequence | state [filter]]

Example:

Router# show vpdn session packets ipv6

Displays session information about active Layer 2 sessions for a virtual private dialup network (VPDN).

Step 6 

show vpdn tunnel [l2f | l2tp | pptp] [all [filter] | packets [ipv6] [filter] | state [filter] | summary [filter] | transport [filter]]

Example:

Router# show vpdn tunnel packets ipv6

Displays information about active Layer 2 tunnels for a VPDN.


Configuration Examples for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Example: NAS Configuration

Example: RADIUS Configuration

Examples: Verifying Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at the LNS

Example: NAS Configuration

This configuration for the ISP NAS shows the configuration that supports access from the remote CE router.

hostname hostname1 
  aaa new-model 
  aaa authentication ppp default if-needed group radius
  aaa authorization network default

  aaa accounting network default start-stop group radius

  aaa accounting send counters ipv6

  interface virtual-template 1

  ip unnumbered loopback interface1

  ipv6 address autoconfig

  no ipv6 nd ra suppress
  ppp authentication chap

  ppp accounting list1

  no snmp trap link-status

  no logging event link-status

  exit 

  aaa group service radius group1

  server-private 10.1.1.1 timeout 5 retransmit 3 key xyz

  radius-server host 192.0.2.176 test username test1 auth-port 1645 acct-port 1646

  radius-server vsa send accounting

  radius-server vsa send authentication

Example: RADIUS Configuration

This RADIUS configuration shows the definition of AV pairs to establish the static routes.

  campus1 Auth-Type = Local, Password = "mypassword"
                User-Service-Type = Framed-User,
                Framed-Protocol = PPP,
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:inacl#1=permit dead::/64 any",
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route=library::/64",
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route=cafe::/64",
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix=library::/64 0 0 onlink autoconfig",
                cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix=cafe::/64 0 0 onlink autoconfig",
                cisco-avpair = "ip:route=10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0",

Examples: Verifying Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at the LNS

Example: show l2tp session Command

Example: show l2tp tunnel Command

Example: show l2tun session Command

Example: show vpdn session Command

Example: show vpdn tunnel Command

Example: show l2tp session Command

The show l2tp session command used with the packets and ipv6 keywords displays information about IPv6 packets and byte counts in an L2TP session.

Router# show l2tp session packets ipv6


L2TP Session Information Total tunnels 1 sessions 1


LocID RemID TunID Pkts-In Pkts-Out Bytes-In Bytes-Out

16791 53352 27723 30301740 30301742 20159754280 20523375360

Example: show l2tp tunnel Command

The show l2tp tunnel command used with the packets and ipv6 keywords displays information about IPv6 packet statistics and byte counts in L2TP tunnels.

Router# show l2tp tunnel packets ipv6

L2TP Tunnel Information Total tunnels 1 sessions 1

LocTunID   Pkts-In    Pkts-Out   Bytes-In   Bytes-Out
27723      63060379   63060383   39400320490 40157045438

Example: show l2tun session Command

The show l2tun session command used with the packets and ipv6 keywords displays information about IPv6 packet statistics and byte counts in an L2TUN session.

Router# show l2tun session packets ipv6

L2TP Session Information Total tunnels 1 sessions 1

LocID      RemID      TunID      Pkts-In    Pkts-Out   Bytes-In   Bytes-Out
16791      53352      27723      31120707   31120708   21285014938 21658462236

Example: show vpdn session Command

The show vpdn session command used with the l2tp, packets, and ipv6 keywords displays session information about IPv6 packet statistics and byte counts in an active layer 2 session for a VPDN.

Router# show vpdn session l2tp packets ipv6

L2TP Session Information Total tunnels 1 sessions 1

LocID      RemID      TunID      Pkts-In    Pkts-Out   Bytes-In   Bytes-Out
16791      53352      27723      35215536   35215538   22616342688 23038929320

Example: show vpdn tunnel Command

The show vpdn tunnel command used with the l2tp, packets, and ipv6 keywords displays session information about IPv6 packet statistics and byte counts in an active layer 2 tunnel for a VPDN.

Router# show vpdn tunnel l2tp packets ipv6

L2TP Tunnel Information Total tunnels 1 sessions 1

LocTunID   Pkts-In    Pkts-Out   Bytes-In   Bytes-Out
27723      61422447   61422451   37149801922 37886871686

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

IPv6 supported feature list

"Start Here: Cisco IOS XE Software Release Specifics for IPv6 Features," Cisco IOS XE IPv6 Configuration Guide

IPv6 basic connectivity

"Implementing IPv6 Addressing and Basic Connectivity," Cisco IOS XE IPv6 Configuration Guide

DHCP for IPv6

"Implementing DHCP for IPv6," Cisco IOS XE IPv6 Configuration Guide

IPv6 commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference


Standards

Standards
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


MIBs

MIBs
MIBs Link

None

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFCs
Title

RFC 3162

RADIUS and IPv6

RFC 3177

IAB/IESG Recommendations on IPv6 Address

RFC 3319

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv6) Options for Session Initiated Protocol (SIP) Servers


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html


Feature Information for Implementing ADSL for IPv6

Table 15 lists the features in this module and provides links to specific configuration information.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 15 lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.


Table 15 Feature Information for Implementing ADSL for IPv6 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

Enhanced IPv6 Features for ADSL and Dial Deployment

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

Several features were enhanced to enable IPv6 to use ADSL and dial deployment.

The following sections provide information about these features:

Address Assignment for IPv6

Stateless Address Autoconfiguration

Configuring the NAS

AAA Support for Cisco VSA IPv6 Attributes

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

Vendor-specific attributes (VSAs) were developed to support AAA for IPv6.

The following section provides information about this feature:

AAA over IPv6

IPv6 Access Services: PPPoE

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

ADSL and dial deployment is available for interfaces with PPP encapsulation enabled, including PPPoE.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Address Assignment for IPv6

Configuring the NAS

AAA Support for RFC 3162 IPv6 RADIUS Attributes

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

The AAA attributes for IPv6 are compliant with RFC 3162 and require a RADIUS server capable of supporting RFC 3162.

The following sections provide information about these features:

AAA over IPv6

Prerequisites for Using AAA Attributes for IPv6

RADIUS Per-User Attributes for Virtual Access in IPv6 Environments

Configuring DHCP for IPv6 AAA Options

The following commands were modified by this feature: ipv6 dhcp pool, prefix-delegation aaa

DHCP - DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation RADIUS VSA

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

When the user requests a prefix from the prefix delegator, typically the NAS, the prefix is allocated using DHCPv6.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

Prefix Delegation

PPP Enhancement for Broadband IPv6

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

The following sections provide information about this feature.

Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Forced Release of a Binding

Delegated-IPv6-Prefix

Enabling the Sending of Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Forcing Release of Prefix Bindings

AAA Improvements for Broadband IPv6

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

The following sections provide information about this feature.

Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Forced Release of a Binding

Delegated-IPv6-Prefix

Enabling the Sending of Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Forcing Release of Prefix Bindings

DHCP Enhancements to Support IPv6 Broadband Deployments

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

The following sections provide information about this feature.

Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Forced Release of a Binding

Delegated-IPv6-Prefix

Enabling the Sending of Accounting Start and Stop Messages

Forcing Release of Prefix Bindings

PPPoA

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.3S

ADSL and dial deployment is available for interfaces with PPP encapsulation enabled, including PPPoA.

SSO - PPPoE IPv6

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

This feature is supported in Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5.

Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at LNS

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.6

This feature provides support for broadband PPP IPv6 sessions at the L2TP LNS. The sessions are forwarded by LAC using layer 2 tunneling protocol L2TP over IPv4.

The following sections provide information about this feature.

Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at LNS

Verifying Broadband IPv6 Counter Support at the LNS

The following commands were modified by this feature: show l2tp session, show l2tp tunnel, show l2tun session, show vpdn session, show vpdn tunnel.

PPP IPv6 Accounting Delay Enhancements

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

This feature enhances accounting records for dual-stack networks. It ensures that a unique IPv6 address is assigned to PPP IPv6 and IPv4 sessions for IP addresses that are received from RADIUS.

The following sections provide information about this feature.

PPP IPv6 Accounting Delay Enhancements

Configuring PPP IPv6 Accounting Delay Enhancements

The following command was introduced by this feature: debug ppp unique address, ppp unique address access-accept

RADIUS over IPv6

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

RADIUS over IPv6 is supported.

The following section provides information about this feature.

RADIUS over IPv6

TACACS+ over IPv6

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

TACACS+ over IPv6 is supported.

The following section provides information about this feature.

TACACS+ Over an IPv6 Transport

Configuring TACACS+ over IPv6

The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature: aaa group server tacacs+, address ipv6 (TACACS+), ipv6 tacacs source-interface, key (TACACS+), port (TACACS+), send-nat-address, server name (IPv6 TACACS+), server-private (TACACS+), single-connection, tacacs server, timeout (TACACS+).