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Configuring EIGRP

Table Of Contents

Configuring EIGRP

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Information About EIGRP

EIGRP Features

EIGRP Autonomous System Configuration

EIGRP Named Configuration

EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite

EIGRP Neighbor Relationship Maintenance

DUAL Finite State Machine

Protocol-Dependent Modules

EIGRP Metric Weights

Mismatched K Values

Goodbye Message

Routing Metric Offset Lists

EIGRP Cost Metrics

Route Summarization

Summary Aggregate Addresses

Floating Summary Routes

EIGRP Route Authentication

Hello Packets and the Hold-Time Intervals

Split Horizon

Link Bandwidth Percentage

EIGRP Stub Routing

Dual-Homed Remote Topology

EIGRP Stub Routing Leak Map Support

How to Configure EIGRP

Enabling EIGRP: Autonomous System Configuration

Enabling EIGRP: Named Configuration

Enabling EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite: Named Configuration

Configuring Optional EIGRP Parameters: Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring Optional EIGRP Parameters: Named Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Redistribution: Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Route Summarization: Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Route Summarization: Named Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Event Logging: Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Event Logging: Named Configuration

Configuring Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing: Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing: Named Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Route Authentication: Autonomous System Configuration

Prerequisites

Configuring EIGRP Route Authentication: Named Configuration

Prerequisites

Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time: Autonomous System Configuration

Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time: Named Configuration

Disabling Split Horizon: Autonomous System Configuration

Disabling Split Horizon and Next-Hop-Self: Named Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Stub Routing: Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Stub Routing: Named Configuration

Monitoring and Maintaining EIGRP: Autonomous System Configuration

Monitoring and Maintaining EIGRP: Named Configuration

Configuration Examples for EIGRP

Example: Enabling EIGRP—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: Enabling EIGRP—Named Configuration

Example: Enabling EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Parameters—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Parameters—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Redistribution—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Summarization—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Summarization—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Event Logging—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Event Logging—Named Configuration

Example: Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Named Configuration

Example: Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time—Named Configuration

Example: Disabling Split Horizon—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: Disabling Split Horizon and Next-Hop-Self—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Stub Routing—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Stub Routing—Named Configuration

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for EIGRP


Configuring EIGRP


First Published: May 4, 2009
Last Updated: November 24, 2010

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) is an enhanced version of the IGRP developed by Cisco. The convergence properties and the operating efficiency of EIGRP have improved substantially over IGRP, and IGRP is now obsolete.

The convergence technology is based on research conducted at SRI International and employs an algorithm referred to as the Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL). This algorithm guarantees loop-free operation at every instant throughout a route computation and allows all devices involved in a topology change to synchronize at the same time. Routers that are not affected by topology changes are not involved in recomputations.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for EIGRP" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Information About EIGRP

How to Configure EIGRP

Configuration Examples for EIGRP

Additional References

Feature Information for EIGRP

Information About EIGRP

EIGRP Features

EIGRP Autonomous System Configuration

EIGRP Named Configuration

EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite

EIGRP Neighbor Relationship Maintenance

DUAL Finite State Machine

Protocol-Dependent Modules

EIGRP Metric Weights

Goodbye Message

Routing Metric Offset Lists

EIGRP Cost Metrics

Route Summarization

Summary Aggregate Addresses

Floating Summary Routes

EIGRP Route Authentication

Hello Packets and the Hold-Time Intervals

Split Horizon

Link Bandwidth Percentage

EIGRP Stub Routing

EIGRP Stub Routing Leak Map Support

EIGRP Features

EIGRP provides the following features:

Increased network width—With IP Routing Information Protocol (RIP), the largest possible width of your network is 15 hops. When EIGRP is enabled, the largest possible width is increased to 100 hops, and the EIGRP metric is large enough to support thousands of hops.

Fast convergence—The DUAL algorithm allows routing information to converge as quickly as any currently available routing protocol.

Partial updates—EIGRP sends incremental updates when the state of a destination changes, instead of sending the entire contents of the routing table. This feature minimizes the bandwidth required for EIGRP packets.

Neighbor discovery mechanism—This is a simple hello mechanism used to learn about neighboring routers. It is protocol-independent.

Variable-length subnet masks (VLSMs).

Arbitrary route summarization.

Scaling—EIGRP scales to large networks.

EIGRP Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring the router eigrp command with the autonomous-system-number argument creates an EIGRP configuration referred to as an autonomous system configuration. EIGRP autonomous system configuration creates an EIGRP routing instance that can be used for exchanging routing information.

In EIGRP autonomous system configuration, EIGRP Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) can be configured only under IPv4 address family configuration mode. A virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) instance and route distinguisher must be defined before the address family session can be created.

It is recommended that you configure an autonomous system number when the address family is configured, either by entering the autonomous-system-number argument with the address-family command or separately using the autonomous-system command.

EIGRP Named Configuration

Configuring the router eigrp command with the virtual-instance-name argument creates an EIGRP configuration referred to as an EIGRP named configuration. An EIGRP named configuration does not create an EIGRP routing instance by itself. EIGRP named configuration is a base configuration that is required to define address-family configurations under it that are used for routing.

In EIGRP named configuration, EIGRP VPNs can be configured in IPv4 and IPv6 named configurations. A virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) instance and a route distinguisher may or may not be used to create the address family.


Note The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature is available only in EIGRP named configurations.


EIGRP VPNs can be configured under EIGRP named configurations. A VRF and route distinguisher must be defined before the address family session can be created.

A single EIGRP routing process can support multiple VRFs. The number of VRFs that can be configured is limited only by available system resources on the router, which is determined by the number of VRFs, running processes, and available memory. However, only a single VRF can be supported by each VPN, and redistribution between different VRFs is not supported.

EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite

The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature provides EIGRP IPv6 support for multiple VRFs. EIGRP for IPv6 can operate in the context of a VRF. The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature provides separation between routing and forwarding, providing an additional level of security because no communication between devices belonging to different VRFs is allowed unless it is explicitly configured. The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature simplifies the management and troubleshooting of traffic belonging to a specific VRF.

The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature is only available in EIGRP named configurations.

EIGRP Neighbor Relationship Maintenance

Neighbor relationship maintenance is the process that routers use to dynamically learn of other routers on their directly attached networks. Routers must also discover when their neighbors become unreachable or inoperative. Neighbor relationship maintenance is achieved with low overhead by routers periodically sending small hello packets. As long as hello packets are received, the Cisco IOS XE software can determine that a neighbor is alive and functioning. When this status is determined, the neighboring routers can exchange routing information.

The reliable transport protocol is responsible for guaranteed, ordered delivery of EIGRP packets to all neighbors. It supports intermixed transmission of multicast and unicast packets. Some EIGRP packets must be sent reliably and others need not be. For efficiency, reliability is provided only when necessary. For example, on a multiaccess network that has multicast capabilities (such as Gigabit Ethernet) it is not necessary to send hello packets reliably to all neighbors individually. Therefore, EIGRP sends a single multicast hello with an indication in the packet informing the receivers that the packet need not be acknowledged. Other types of packets (such as updates) require acknowledgment, which is indicated in the packet. The reliable transport has a provision to send multicast packets quickly when unacknowledged packets are pending. This provision helps to ensure that convergence time remains low in the presence of varying speed links.

DUAL Finite State Machine

The DUAL finite state machine embodies the decision process for all route computations. It tracks all routes advertised by all neighbors. DUAL uses the distance information (known as a metric) to select efficient, loop-free paths. DUAL selects routes to be inserted into a routing table based on feasible successors. A successor is a neighboring router used for packet forwarding that has a least-cost path to a destination that is guaranteed not to be part of a routing loop. When there are no feasible successors but there are neighbors advertising the destination, a recomputation must occur. This process determines a new successor. The amount of time required to recompute the route affects the convergence time. Recomputation is processor-intensive; it is advantageous to avoid unneeded recomputation. When a topology change occurs, DUAL will test for feasible successors. If there are feasible successors, DUAL will use any feasible successors it finds in order to avoid unnecessary recomputation.

Protocol-Dependent Modules

The protocol-dependent modules are responsible for network-layer protocol-specific tasks. An example is the EIGRP module, which is responsible for sending and receiving EIGRP packets that are encapsulated in IP. It is also responsible for parsing EIGRP packets and informing DUAL of the new information received. EIGRP asks DUAL to make routing decisions, but the results are stored in the IP routing table. Also, EIGRP is responsible for redistributing routes learned by other IP routing protocols.

EIGRP Metric Weights

EIGRP uses the minimum bandwidth on the path to a destination network and the total delay to compute routing metrics. You can use the metric weights (EIGRP) command to adjust the default behavior of EIGRP routing and metric computations. For example, this adjustment allows you to tune system behavior to allow for satellite transmission. EIGRP metric defaults have been carefully selected to provide optimal performance in most networks.


Note Adjusting EIGRP metric weights can dramatically affect network performance. Because of the complexity of this task, we recommend that you do not change the default values without guidance from an experienced network designer.


By default, the EIGRP composite metric is a 32-bit quantity that is a sum of the segment delays and the lowest segment bandwidth (scaled and inverted) for a given route. The formula used to scale and invert the bandwidth value is 10^7/minimum Bw in kilobits per second.

For a network of homogeneous media, this metric reduces to a hop count. For a network of mixed media (FDDI, Gigabit Ethernet, and serial lines running from 9600 bits per second to T1 rates), the route with the lowest metric reflects the most desirable path to a destination.

Mismatched K Values

EIGRP K values are the metrics that EIGRP uses to calculate routes. Mismatched K values (EIGRP metrics) can prevent neighbor relationships from being established and can negatively impact network convergence. The following example explains this behavior between two EIGRP peers (ROUTER-A and ROUTER-B).

The following configuration is applied to ROUTER-A. The K values are changed with the metric weights command. A value of 2 is entered for the k1 argument to adjust the bandwidth calculation. The value of 1 is entered for the k3 argument to adjust the delay calculation.

Router(config)# hostname ROUTER-A
RouterA(config)# interface serial 0 
RouterA(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 
RouterA(config-if)# exit
RouterA(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1 
RouterA(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4533
RouterA(config-router-af)# network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 
RouterA(config-router-af)# metric weights 0 2 0 1 0 0

The following configuration is applied to ROUTER-B. However, the metric weights command is not applied and the default K values are used. The default K values are 1, 0, 1, 0, and 0.

Router(config)# hostname ROUTER-B
RouterB(config)#interface serial 0
RouterB(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1.2 255.255.255.0
RouterB(config-if)# exit
RouterB(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1 
RouterB(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4533
RouterB(config-router-af)# network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255

The bandwidth calculation is set to 2 on ROUTER-A and set to 1 (by default) on ROUTER-B. This configuration prevents these peers from forming a neighbor relationship.

The following error message is displayed in the console of ROUTER-B because the K values are mismatched:

*Apr 26 13:48:41.811: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP(0) 1: Neighbor 10.1.1.1 
(gigabitethernet0/0/1) is down: K-value mismatch

There are two scenarios where this error message can be displayed:

The two routers are connected on the same link and configured to establish a neighbor relationship. However, each router is configured with different K values.

The K-value mismatch error message can also be displayed if one of the two peers has transmitted a "goodbye" message, and the receiving router does not support this message. In this case, the receiving router will interpret this message as a K-value mismatch.

Goodbye Message

The goodbye message is a feature designed to improve EIGRP network convergence. The goodbye message is broadcast when an EIGRP routing process is shut down to inform adjacent peers about the impending topology change. This feature allows supporting EIGRP peers to synchronize and recalculate neighbor relationships more efficiently than would occur if the peers discovered the topology change after the hold timer expired.

The following message is displayed by routers that run a supported release when a goodbye message is received:

 *Apr 26 13:48:42.523: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP(0) 1: Neighbor 10.1.1.1   
(gigabitethernet0/0/1) is down: Interface Goodbye received

A Cisco router that runs a software release that does not support the goodbye message can misinterpret the message as a K-value mismatch and display the following message:

 *Apr 26 13:48:41.811: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP(0) 1: Neighbor     10.1.1.1 
(Gigabitethernet0/0/1) is down: K-value mismatch

Note The receipt of a goodbye message by a nonsupporting peer does not disrupt normal network operation. The nonsupporting peer will terminate the session when the hold timer expires. The sending and receiving routers will reconverge normally after the sender reloads.


Routing Metric Offset Lists

An offset list is the mechanism for increasing incoming and outgoing metrics to routes learned via EIGRP. An offset list provides a local mechanism for increasing the value of routing metrics. Optionally, you can limit the offset list with either an access list or an interface.


Note Offset lists are available only in IPv4 configurations. IPv6 configurations do not support offset lists.


EIGRP Cost Metrics

EIGRP receives dynamic raw radio link characteristics and computes a composite EIGRP cost metric based on a proprietary formula. To avoid churn in the network as a result of the change in the link characteristics, a tunable dampening mechanism is used.

EIGRP uses the metric weights along with a set of vector metrics to compute the composite metric for local RIB installation and route selections. The EIGRP composite metric is calculated using the formula:

EIGRP Metric = 256*((K1*Bw) + (K2*Bw)/(256-Load) + (K3*Delay)*(K5/(Reliability + K4)))

Table 1 lists the EIGRP vector metrics and their descriptions.

Table 1 EIGRP Vector Metrics 

Vector Metric
Description

bandwidth

Minimum bandwidth of the route in kilobits per second. It can be 0 or any positive integer. The bandwidth for the formula is scaled and inverted by the following formula:

(10^7/minimum Bw in kilobits per second)

delay

Route delay in tens of microseconds.

delay reliability

Likelihood of successful packet transmission expressed as a number between 0 and 255. The value 255 means 100 percent reliability; 0 means no reliability.

load

Effective load of the route expressed as a number from 0 to 255 (255 is 100 percent loading).

mtu

Minimum maximum transmission unit (MTU) size of the route in bytes. It can be 0 or any positive integer.


EIGRP monitors metric weights on an interface to allow for the tuning of EIGRP metric calculations and indicate type of service (ToS). Table 2 lists the K values and their default.

Table 2 EIGRP K-Value Defaults 

Setting
Default Value

K1

1

K2

0

K3

1

K4

0

K5

0


Most configurations use the delay and bandwidth metrics, with bandwidth taking precedence. The default formula of 256*(Bw + Delay) is the EIGRP metric. The bandwidth for the formula is scaled and inverted by the following formula:

(10^7/minimum Bw in kilobits per second)


Note You can change the weights, but these weights must be the same on all the routers.


For example, look at a link whose bandwidth to a particular destination is 128k and the delay is 84,000 microseconds.

Using the cut-down formula, the EIGRP metric calculation would simplify to 256*(Bw + Delay), resulting in the following value:

Metric = 256*(10^7/128 + 84000/10)= 256*86525 = 22150400

To calculate route delay, divide the delay value by 10 to get the true value in tenths of microseconds.

When EIGRP calculates the delay for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) and the delay is obtained from a router interface, the delay is always calculated in tens of microseconds. In most cases, when using MANET, you will not use the interface delay, but rather the delay that is advertised by the radio. The delay you will receive from the radio is in microseconds, so you must adjust the cut-down formula as follows:

Metric = (256*(10^7/128) + (84000*256)/10) = 20000000 + 2150400 = 22150400

Route Summarization

You can configure EIGRP to perform automatic summarization of subnet routes into network-level routes. For example, you can configure subnet 172.16.1.0 to be advertised as 172.16.0.0 over interfaces that have subnets of 192.168.7.0 configured. Automatic summarization is performed when two or more network (EIGRP) router configuration or address family configuration commands are configured for the EIGRP process. By default, this feature is enabled.

Route summarization works with the ip summary-address eigrp command available in interface configuration mode for autonomous system configurations and with the summary-address (EIGRP) command for named configurations in which additional summarization can be performed. If automatic summarization is in effect, there usually is no need to configure network level summaries using the ip summary-address eigrp command.

Summary Aggregate Addresses

You can configure a summary aggregate address for a specified interface. If any more specific routes are in the routing table, EIGRP will advertise the summary address out the interface with a metric equal to the minimum of all more specific routes.

Floating Summary Routes

You can use a floating summary route when configuring the ip summary-address eigrp command for autonomous system configurations or the summary-address (EIGRP) command for named configurations. The floating summary route is created by applying a default route and administrative distance at the interface level, or address family interface level. The following scenarios illustrate the behavior of floating summary routes.

Figure 1 shows a network with three routers, Router-A, Router-B, and Router-C. Router-A learns a default route from elsewhere in the network and then advertises this route to Router-B. Router-B is configured so that only a default summary route is advertised to Router-C. The default summary route is applied to serial interface 0/1 on Router-B with the following configuration for an autonomous system configuration:

Router(config)# interface Serial 0/1  
Router(config-if)# ip summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0

The default summary route is applied to serial interface 0/1 on Router-B with the following configuration for a named configuration:

Router(config-router-af)# af-interface serial0/1
Router(config-router-af-interface)# summary-address 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0 95

Figure 1 Floating Summary Route Applied to Router-B

The configuration of the default summary route on Router-B sends a 0.0.0.0/0 summary route to Router-C and blocks all other routes, including the 10.1.1.0/24 route, from being advertised to Router-C. However, this configuration also generates a local discard route on Router-B, a route for 0.0.0.0/0 to the null 0 interface with an administrative distance of 5. When this route is created, it overrides the EIGRP learned default route. Router-B will no longer be able to reach destinations that it would normally reach through the 0.0.0.0.0/0 route.

This problem is resolved by applying a floating summary route to the interface on Router-B that connects to Router-C. The floating summary route is applied by configuring an administrative distance for the default summary route on the interface of Router-B with the following statement for an autonomous system configuration:

Router(config-if)# ip summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 250

The floating summary route is applied by configuring an administrative distance for the default summary route on the interface of Router-B with the following statement for a named configuration:

Router(config-router-af-interface)# summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 250

The administrative distance of 250, applied in this command, is now assigned to the discard route generated on Router-B. The 0.0.0.0/0, from Router-A, is learned through EIGRP and installed in the local routing table. Routing to Router-C is restored.

If Router-A loses the connection to Router-B, Router-B will continue to advertise a default route to Router-C, which allows traffic to continue to reach destinations attached to Router-B. However, traffic destined to networks to Router-A or behind Router-A will be dropped when it reaches Router-B.

Figure 2 shows a network with two connections from the core, Router-A and Router-D. Both Router-B and Router-E have floating summary routes configured on the interfaces connected to Router-C. If the connection between Router-E and Router-C fails, the network will continue to operate normally. All traffic will flow from Router-C through Router-B to the hosts attached to Router-A and Router-D.

Figure 2 Floating Summary Route Applied for Dual-Homed Remotes

However, if the link between Router-A and Router-B fails, the network may incorrectly direct traffic because Router-B will continue to advertise the default route (0.0.0.0/0) to Router-C. In this scenario, Router-C still forwards traffic to Router-B, but Router-B drops the traffic. To avoid this problem, you should configure the summary address with an administrative distance on only single-homed remote routers or areas where there is only one exit point between two segments of the network. If two or more exit points exist (from one segment of the network to another), configuring the floating default route can cause a black hole to be formed.

EIGRP Route Authentication

EIGRP route authentication provides message digest algorithm 5 (MD5) authentication of routing updates from the EIGRP routing protocol. The MD5 keyed digest in each EIGRP packet prevents the introduction of unauthorized or false routing messages from unapproved sources.

Each key has its own key identifier (specified with the key number key chain configuration command), which is stored locally. The combination of the key identifier and the interface associated with the message uniquely identifies the authentication algorithm and MD5 authentication key in use.

You can configure multiple keys with lifetimes. Only one authentication packet is sent, regardless of how many valid keys exist. The software examines the key numbers in order from lowest to highest, and uses the first valid key it encounters. Note that the router needs to know the time to configure keys with lifetimes. Refer to the Network Time Protocol (NTP) and calendar commands in the "Performing Basic System Management" module of the Cisco IOS XE Network Management Configuration Guide, Release 2.

For autonomous system and named configuration examples of route authentication, see the "Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Autonomous System Configuration" section and the "Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Named Configuration" section.

Hello Packets and the Hold-Time Intervals

You can adjust the interval between hello packets and the hold time. Hello packets and hold-time intervals are protocol-independent parameters that work for IP and IPX.

Routing devices periodically send hello packets to each other to dynamically learn of other routers on their directly attached networks. This information is used to discover neighbors and to learn when neighbors become unreachable or inoperative.

By default, hello packets are sent every 5 seconds. The exception is on low-speed, nonbroadcast multiaccess (NBMA) media, where the default hello interval is 60 seconds. Low speed is considered to be a rate of T1 or slower, as specified with the bandwidth interface configuration command. The default hello interval remains 5 seconds for high-speed NBMA networks. Note that for the purposes of EIGRP, Frame Relay and Switched Multimegabit Data Service (SMDS) networks may or may not be considered to be NBMA. These networks are considered NBMA only if the interface has not been configured to use physical multicasting.

You can configure the hold time on a specified interface for a particular EIGRP routing process designated by the autonomous system number. The hold time is advertised in hello packets and indicates to neighbors the length of time they should consider the sender valid. The default hold time is three times the hello interval, or 15 seconds. For slow-speed NBMA networks, the default hold time is 180 seconds.

On very congested and large networks, the default hold time might not be sufficient for all routers to receive hello packets from their neighbors. In this case, you may want to increase the hold time.


Note Do not adjust the hold time without advising your technical support personnel.


Split Horizon

Split horizon controls the sending of EIGRP update and query packets. Split horizon is a protocol-independent parameter that works for IP and IPX. When split horizon is enabled on an interface, update and query packets are not sent for destinations for which this interface is the next hop. Controlling update and query packets in this manner reduces the possibility of routing loops.

By default, split horizon is enabled on all interfaces.

Split horizon blocks route information from being advertised by a router out of any interface from which that information originated. This behavior usually optimizes communications among multiple routing devices, particularly when links are broken. However, with nonbroadcast networks (such as Frame Relay and SMDS), situations can arise for which this behavior is less than ideal. For these situations, including networks in which you have EIGRP configured, you may want to disable split horizon.

Link Bandwidth Percentage

By default, EIGRP packets consume a maximum of 50 percent of the link bandwidth, as configured with the bandwidth interface configuration command for autonomous system configurations, and with the bandwidth-percent command for named configurations. You might want to change that value if a different level of link utilization is required or if the configured bandwidth does not match the actual link bandwidth (it may have been configured to influence route metric calculations). This is a protocol-independent parameter that works for IP and IPX.

EIGRP Stub Routing

The EIGRP Stub Routing feature improves network stability, reduces resource utilization, and simplifies stub router configuration.

Stub routing is commonly used in a hub-and-spoke network topology. In a hub-and-spoke network, one or more end (stub) networks are connected to a remote router (the spoke) that is connected to one or more distribution routers (the hub). The remote router is adjacent only to one or more distribution routers. The only route for IP traffic to follow into the remote router is through a distribution router. This type of configuration is commonly used in WAN topologies where the distribution router is directly connected to a WAN. The distribution router can be connected to many more remote routers. Often, the distribution router will be connected to many remote routers. In a hub-and-spoke topology, the remote router must forward all nonlocal traffic to a distribution router, so it becomes unnecessary for the remote router to hold a complete routing table. Generally, the distribution router need not send anything more than a default route to the remote router.

When using the EIGRP Stub Routing feature, you need to configure the distribution and remote routers to use EIGRP, and to configure only the remote router as a stub. Only specified routes are propagated from the remote (stub) router. The stub router responds to all queries for summaries, connected routes, redistributed static routes, external routes, and internal routes with the message "inaccessible." A router that is configured as a stub will send a special peer information packet to all neighboring routers to report its status as a stub router.

Any neighbor that receives a packet informing it of the stub status will not query the stub router for any routes, and a router that has a stub peer will not query that peer. The stub router will depend on the distribution router to send the proper updates to all peers.

Figure 3 shows a simple hub-and-spoke configuration.

Figure 3 Simple Hub-and-Spoke Network

The stub routing feature by itself does not prevent routes from being advertised to the remote router. In the example in Figure 3, the remote router can access the corporate network and the Internet through the distribution router only. Having a complete route table on the remote router, in this example, would serve no functional purpose because the path to the corporate network and the Internet would always be through the distribution router. The larger route table would only reduce the amount of memory required by the remote router. Bandwidth and memory can be conserved by summarizing and filtering routes in the distribution router. The remote router need not receive routes that have been learned from other networks because the remote router must send all nonlocal traffic, regardless of destination, to the distribution router. If a true stub network is desired, the distribution router should be configured to send only a default route to the remote router. The EIGRP Stub Routing feature does not automatically enable summarization on the distribution router. In most cases, the network administrator will need to configure summarization on the distribution routers.


Note When configuring the distribution router to send only a default route to the remote router, you must use the ip classless command on the remote router. By default, the ip classless command is enabled in all Cisco IOS XE images that support the EIGRP Stub Routing feature.


Without the stub feature, even after the routes that are sent from the distribution router to the remote router have been filtered or summarized, a problem might occur. If a route is lost somewhere in the corporate network, EIGRP could send a query to the distribution router, which in turn would send a query to the remote router even if routes are being summarized. If there is a problem communicating over the WAN link between the distribution router and the remote router, an EIGRP stuck in active (SIA) condition could occur and cause instability elsewhere in the network. The EIGRP Stub Routing feature allows a network administrator to prevent queries from being sent to the remote router.

Dual-Homed Remote Topology

In addition to a simple hub-and-spoke network where a remote router is connected to a single distribution router, the remote router can be dual-homed to two or more distribution routers. This configuration adds redundancy and introduces unique issues, and the stub feature helps to address some of these issues.

A dual-homed remote router will have two or more distribution (hub) routers. However, the principles of stub routing are the same as they are with a hub-and-spoke topology. Figure 4 shows a common dual-homed remote topology with one remote router, but 100 or more routers could be connected on the same interfaces on distribution router 1 and distribution router 2. The remote router will use the best route to reach its destination. If distribution router 1 experiences a failure, the remote router can still use distribution router 2 to reach the corporate network.

Figure 4 Simple Dual-Homed Remote Topology

Figure 4 shows a simple dual-homed remote with one remote router and two distribution routers. Both distribution routers maintain routes to the corporate network and stub network 10.1.1.0/24.

Dual-homed routing can introduce instability into an EIGRP network. In Figure 5, distribution router 1 is directly connected to network 10.3.1.0/24. If summarization or filtering is applied on distribution router 1, the router will advertise network 10.3.1.0/24 to all of its directly connected EIGRP neighbors (distribution router 2 and the remote router).

Figure 5 Dual-Homed Remote Topology with Distribution Router 1 Connected to Two Networks

Figure 5 shows a simple dual-homed remote router where distribution router 1 is connected to both network 10.3.1.0/24 and network 10.2.1.0/24.

If the 10.2.1.0/24 link between distribution router 1 and distribution router 2 has failed, the lowest cost path to network 10.3.1.0/24 from distribution router 2 is through the remote router (see Figure 6). This route is not desirable because the traffic that was previously traveling across the corporate network 10.2.1.0/24 would now be sent across a much lower bandwidth connection. The over utilization of the lower bandwidth WAN connection can cause a number of problems that might affect the entire corporate network. The use of the lower bandwidth route that passes through the remote router might cause WAN EIGRP distribution routers to be dropped. Serial lines on distribution and remote routers could also be dropped, and EIGRP SIA errors on the distribution and core routers could occur.

Figure 6 Dual-Homed Remote Topology with a Failed Route to a Distribution Router

It is not desirable for traffic from distribution router 2 to travel through any remote router in order to reach network 10.3.1.0/24. If the links are sized to manage the load, it would be acceptable to use one of the backup routes. However, most networks of this type have remote routers located at remote offices with relatively slow links. This problem can be prevented if proper summarization is configured on the distribution router and remote router.

It is typically undesirable for traffic from a distribution router to use a remote router as a transit path. A typical connection from a distribution router to a remote router would have much less bandwidth than a connection at the network core. Attempting to use a remote router with a limited bandwidth connection as a transit path would generally produce excessive congestion to the remote router. The EIGRP Stub Routing feature can prevent this problem by preventing the remote router from advertising core routes back to distribution routers. Routes learned by the remote router from distribution router 1 will not be advertised to distribution router 2. Because the remote router will not advertise core routes to distribution router 2, the distribution router will not use the remote router as a transit for traffic destined for the network core.

The EIGRP Stub Routing feature can help to provide greater network stability. If the network is not stable, this feature prevents EIGRP queries from being sent over limited bandwidth links to nontransit routers. Instead, distribution routers to which the stub router is connected answer the query on behalf of the stub router. This feature greatly reduces the chance of further network instability due to congested or problematic WAN links. The EIGRP Stub Routing feature also simplifies the configuration and maintenance of hub-and-spoke networks. When stub routing is enabled in dual-homed remote configurations, it is no longer necessary to configure filtering on remote routers to prevent those remote routers from appearing as transit paths to the hub routers.


Caution The EIGRP Stub Routing feature should be used only on stub routers. A stub router is defined as a router connected to the network core or distribution layer through which core transit traffic should not flow. A stub router should not have any EIGRP neighbors other than distribution routers. Ignoring this restriction will cause undesirable behavior.


Note Multiaccess interfaces such as ATM, Gigabit Ethernet, Frame Relay, ISDN PRI, and X.25 are supported by the EIGRP Stub Routing feature only when all routers on that interface, except the hub, are configured as stub routers.


EIGRP Stub Routing Leak Map Support

In EIGRP stub routing configurations where there is a remote site with more than one router, only one of the remote routers can be configured as the stub router. If you have two distribution layer routers, and two routers at a remote site, there is no way to declare both remote routers as stub routers. If one remote router is configured as a stub router, the other remote router cannot learn routes toward the network core if the link between the stub router and the distribution layer router fails and cannot route around the failed link.

The stub router cannot readvertise routes it has learned from any neighboring EIGRP router. To resolve this issue, a leak map configuration can be added to the EIGRP stub routing feature that allows a selected set of learned routes to be readvertised to other peers. The set of routes allowed through the stub router are specified using a standard route map, so that routes can be matched based on tags, prefixes, or interfaces. These routes are marked using the site of origin code mechanism, which prevents the routes permitted through the stub from being readvertised into the core of the network.

Configure the eigrp stub command with the leak-map keyword to configure the EIGRP stub routing feature to reference a leak map that identifies routes that are allowed to be advertised on an EIGRP stub router that would normally have been suppressed.

How to Configure EIGRP

Enabling EIGRP: Autonomous System Configuration (required)

Enabling EIGRP: Named Configuration (required)

Enabling EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite: Named Configuration (optional)

Configuring Optional EIGRP Parameters: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Configuring Optional EIGRP Parameters: Named Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Redistribution: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Route Summarization: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Route Summarization: Named Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Event Logging: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Event Logging: Named Configuration (optional)

Configuring Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Configuring Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing: Named Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Route Authentication: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Route Authentication: Named Configuration (optional)

Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time: Named Configuration (optional)

Disabling Split Horizon: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Disabling Split Horizon and Next-Hop-Self: Named Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Stub Routing: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Configuring EIGRP Stub Routing: Named Configuration (optional)

Monitoring and Maintaining EIGRP: Autonomous System Configuration (optional)

Monitoring and Maintaining EIGRP: Named Configuration (optional)

Enabling EIGRP: Autonomous System Configuration

Perform this task to enable EIGRP and create an EIGRP routing process. EIGRP sends updates to the interfaces in the specified networks. If you do not specify the network of an interface, the interface will not be advertised in any EIGRP update.

Configuring the router eigrp command with the autonomous-system-number argument creates an EIGRP configuration referred to as an autonomous system configuration. EIGRP autonomous system configuration creates an EIGRP routing instance that can be used for tagging routing information.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp autonomous-system-number

4. network network-number

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp 1

Configures an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.

Step 4 

network network-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0

Associates networks with an EIGRP routing process.

Enabling EIGRP: Named Configuration

Perform this task to enable EIGRP and to create an EIGRP routing process. EIGRP sends updates to the interfaces in the specified networks. If you do not specify the network of an interface, the interface will not be advertised in any EIGRP update.

Configuring the router eigrp command with the virtual-instance-name argument creates an EIGRP configuration referred to as an EIGRP named configuration. EIGRP named configuration does not create an EIGRP routing instance by itself. An EIGRP named configuration is a base configuration that is required to define address family configurations under it that are used for routing.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Configures the EIGRP routing process.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0

Specifies a network for the EIGRP routing process.

Enabling EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite: Named Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv6 vrf vrf-name autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Configures the EIGRP routing process.

Step 4 

address-family ipv6 vrf vrf-name autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv6 vrf vrf1 autonomous-system 45000

Enables EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite.

Configuring Optional EIGRP Parameters: Autonomous System Configuration

Perform this task to configure optional EIGRP parameters including applying offsets to routing metrics, adjusting EIGRP metrics, and disabling automatic summarization in an EIGRP autonomous system configuration.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp autonomous-system

4. network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

5. passive-interface [default] [interface-type interface-number]

6. offset-list [access-list-number | access-list-name] {in | out} offset [interface-type interface-number]

7. metric weights tos k1 k2 k3 k4 k5

8. no auto-summary

9. exit

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp autonomous-system

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp 1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.

Step 4 

network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

Example:

Router(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0

Associates networks with an EIGRP routing process.

Step 5 

passive-interface [default] [interface-type interface-number]

Example:

Router(config-router)# passive-interface

(Optional) Suppresses EIGRP hello packets and routing updates on interfaces while still including the interface addresses in the topology database.

Step 6 

offset-list [access-list-number | access-list-name] {in | out} offset [interface-type interface-number]

Example:

Router(config-router)# offset-list 21 in 10 gigabitethernet0/0/1

(Optional) Applies an offset to routing metrics.

Step 7 

metric weights tos k1 k2 k3 k4 k5

Example:

Router(config-router)# metric weights 0 2 0 2 0 0

(Optional) Adjusts the EIGRP metric or K value.

EIGRP uses the following formula to determine the total metric to the network:

EIGRP Metric = 256*((K1*Bw) + (K2*Bw)/(256-Load) + (K3*Delay)*(K5/(Reliability + K4)))

Note If K5 is 0, then (K5/ (Reliability + K4)) is defined as 1.

Step 8 

no auto-summary

Example:

Router(config-router)# no auto-summary

(Optional) Disables automatic summarization.

Note Automatic summarization is enabled by default.

Step 9 

exit

Example:

Router(config-router)# exit

Exits router configuration mode.

Configuring Optional EIGRP Parameters: Named Configuration

Perform this task to configure optional EIGRP named configuration parameters including applying offsets to routing metrics, adjusting EIGRP metrics, and disabling automatic summarization.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

6. metric weights tos k1 k2 k3 k4 k5

7. af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

8. passive-interface [default] [interface-type interface-number]

9. bandwidth-percent maximum-bandwidth-percentage

10. exit-af-interface

11. topology {base | topology-name tid number}

12. offset-list [access-list-number | access-list-name] {in | out} offset [interface-type interface-number]

13. no auto-summary

14. exit-af-topology

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0

Specifies a network for the EIGRP routing process.

Step 6 

metric weights tos k1 k2 k3 k4 k5

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# metric weights 0 2 0 2 0 0

(Optional) Adjusts the EIGRP metric or K value.

EIGRP uses the following formula to determine the total metric to the network:

EIGRP Metric = 256*((K1*Bw) + (K2*Bw)/(256-Load) + (K3*Delay)*(K5/(Reliability + K4)))

Note If K5 is 0, then (K5/ (Reliability + K4)) is defined as 1.

Step 7 

af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

Example:
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface 
gigabitethernet 0/0/1

Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

Step 8 

passive-interface [default] [interface-type interface-number]

Example:
Router(config-router-af-interface)# 
passive-interface

Suppresses EIGRP hello packets and routing updates on interfaces while still including the interface addresses in the topology database.

Step 9 

bandwidth-percent maximum-bandwidth-percentage

Example:
Router(config-router-af-interface)# 
bandwidth-percent 75

Configures the percentage of bandwidth that may be used by an EIGRP address family on an interface.

Step 10 

exit-af-interface

Example:

Router(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface

Exits address family interface configuration mode.

Step 11 

topology {base | topology-name tid number}

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# topology base

Configures an EIGRP process to route IP traffic under the specified topology instance and enters address family topology configuration mode.

Step 12 

offset-list [access-list-number | access-list-name] {in | out} offset [interface-type interface-number]

Example:

Router(config-router-af-topology)# offset-list 21 in 10 gigabitethernet0/1/1

(Optional) Applies an offset to routing metrics.

Step 13 

no auto-summary

Example:

Router(config-router-af-topology)# no auto-summary

(Optional) Disables automatic summarization.

Note Automatic summarization is enabled by default.

Step 14 

exit-af-topology

Example:

Router(config-router-af-topology)# exit-af-topology

Exits address family topology configuration mode.

Configuring EIGRP Redistribution: Autonomous System Configuration

Perform this task to configure redistribution of non-EIGRP protocol metrics into EIGRP metrics and to configure the EIGRP administrative distance in an EIGRP autonomous system configuration.

You must use a default metric to redistribute a protocol into EIGRP, unless you use the redistribute command.

Metric defaults have been carefully set to work for a wide variety of networks. Take great care when changing these values.

Default metrics are supported only when you are redistributing from EIGRP or static routes.

An administrative distance is a rating of the trustworthiness of a routing information source, such as an individual router or a group of routers. Numerically, an administrative distance is an integer from 0 to 255. In general, the higher the value, the lower the trust rating. An administrative distance of 255 means the routing information source cannot be trusted at all and should be ignored.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp autonomous-system

4. network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

5. redistribute protocol [process-id] {level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2} [autonomous-system-number] [metric {metric-value | transparent}] [metric-type type-value]
[match {internal | external 1 | external 2}] [tag tag-value] [route-map map-tag] [subnets]

6. distance eigrp internal-distance external-distance

7. default-metric bandwidth delay reliability loading mtu

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp autonomous-system

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp 1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.

Step 4 

network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

Example:

Router(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0

Associates networks with an EIGRP routing process.

Step 5 

redistribute protocol [process-id] {level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2} [autonomous-system-number] [metric {metric-value | transparent}] [metric-type type-value]
[match {internal | external 1 | external 2}] [tag tag-value] [route-map map-tag] [subnets]

Example:

Router(config-router)# redistribute rip

Redistributes routes from one routing domain into another routing domain.

Step 6 

distance eigrp internal-distance external-distance

Example:
Router(config-router)# distance eigrp 80 130

Allows the use of two administrative distances—internal and external—that could be a better route to a node.

Step 7 

default-metric bandwidth delay reliability loading mtu

Example:
Router(config-router)# default-metric 1000 100 
250 100 1500

Sets metrics for EIGRP.

Configuring EIGRP Route Summarization: Autonomous System Configuration

Perform this task to configure EIGRP to perform automatic summarization of subnet routes into network-level routes in an EIGRP autonomous system configuration.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp autonomous-system

4. exit

5. interface type/number

6. ip summary-address eigrp as-number ip-address mask [admin-distance] [leak-map name]

7. ip bandwidth-percent eigrp as-number percent

DETAILED STEPS

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp autonomous-system

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp 101

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.

Step 4 

exit

Example:

Router(config-router)# exit

Exits router configuration mode.

Step 5 

interface type/number

Example:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/0/1

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 6 

ip summary-address eigrp as-number ip-address mask [admin-distance] [leak-map name]

Example:

Router(config-if)# ip summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0

(Optional) Configures a summary aggregate address.

Step 7 

ip bandwidth-percent eigrp as-number percent

Example:

Router(config-if)# ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 209 75

(Optional) Configures the percentage of bandwidth that may be used by EIGRP on an interface.

Configuring EIGRP Route Summarization: Named Configuration

Perform this task to configure EIGRP to perform automatic summarization of subnet routes into network-level routes in an EIGRP named configuration.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. af-interface interface-type interface-number

6. summary-address ip-address mask [administrative-distance [leak-map leak-map-name]]

7. exit-af-interface

8. topology {base | topology-name tid number}

9. summary-metric network-address subnet-mask bandwidth delay reliability load mtu

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

af-interface interface-type interface-number

Example:
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface 
gigabitethernet0/0/1

Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

Step 6 

summary-address ip-address mask [administrative-distance [leak-map leak-map-name]]

Example:
Router(config-router-af-interface)# 
summary-address 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0

Configures a summary address for EIGRP.

Step 7 

exit-af-interface

Example:

Router(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface

Exits address family interface configuration mode.

Step 8 

topology {base | topology-name tid number}

Example:

Router (config-router-af)# topology base

Configures an EIGRP process to route IP traffic under the specified topology instance and enters address-family topology configuration mode.

Step 9 

summary-metric network-address subnet-mask bandwidth delay reliability load mtu

Example:

Router(config-router-af-topology)# summary-metric 192.168.0.0/16 10000 10 255 1 1500

(Optional) Configures a fixed metric for an EIGRP summary aggregate address.

Configuring EIGRP Event Logging: Autonomous System Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp autonomous-system

4. eigrp event-log-size size

5. eigrp log-neighbor-changes

6. eigrp log-neighbor-warnings [seconds]

DETAILED STEPS

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp autonomous-system

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp 101

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.

Step 4 

eigrp event-log-size size

Example:
Router(config-router)# eigrp event-log-size 
5000010

(Optional) Sets the size of the EIGRP event log.

Step 5 

eigrp log-neighbor-changes

Example:

Router(config-router)# eigrp log-neighbor-changes

(Optional) Enables logging of EIGRP neighbor adjacency changes.

By default, the system logs EIGRP neighbor adjacency changes to help you monitor the stability of the routing system and detect problems.

Step 6 

eigrp log-neighbor-warnings [seconds]

Example:
Router(config-router)# eigrp 
log-neighbor-warnings 300

(Optional) Enables the logging of EIGRP neighbor warning messages.

Configuring EIGRP Event Logging: Named Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. eigrp log-neighbor-warnings [seconds]

6. eigrp log-neighbor-changes

7. topology {base | topology-name tid number}

8. eigrp event-log-size size

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

eigrp log-neighbor-warnings [seconds]

Example:
Router(config-router-af)# eigrp 
log-neighbor-warnings 300

(Optional) Enables the logging of EIGRP neighbor warning messages.

Step 6 

eigrp log-neighbor-changes

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# eigrp log-neighbor-changes

(Optional) Enables logging of EIGRP neighbor adjacency changes.

By default, the system logs EIGRP neighbor adjacency changes to help you monitor the stability of the routing system and detect problems.

Step 7 

topology {base | topology-name tid number}

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# topology base

Configures an EIGRP process to route IP traffic under the specified topology instance and enters address family topology configuration mode.

Step 8 

eigrp event-log-size size

Example:
Router(config-router-af-topology)# eigrp 
event-log-size 10000

(Optional) Sets the size of the EIGRP event log.

Configuring Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing: Autonomous System Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp autonomous-system

4. traffic-share balanced

5. maximum-paths number-of-paths

6. variance multiplier

DETAILED STEPS

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp autonomous-system

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp 101

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.

Step 4 

traffic-share balanced

Example:
Router(config-router)# traffic-share balanced

Controls how traffic is distributed among routes when multiple routes for the same destination network have different costs.

Step 5 

maximum-paths number-of-paths

Example:

Router(config-router)# maximum-paths 5

Controls the maximum number of parallel routes that an IP routing protocol can support.

Step 6 

variance multiplier

Example:

Router(config-router)# variance 1

Controls load balancing in an internetwork based on EIGRP.

Configuring Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing: Named Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. topology {base | topology-name tid number}

6. traffic-share balanced

7. maximum-paths number-of-paths

8. variance multiplier

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

topology {base | topology-name tid number}

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# topology base

Configures an EIGRP process to route IP traffic under the specified topology instance and enters address family topology configuration mode.

Step 6 

traffic-share balanced

Example:

Router(config-router-af-topology)# traffic- share balanced

Controls how traffic is distributed among routes when multiple routes for the same destination network have different costs.

Step 7 

maximum-paths number-of-paths

Example:

Router(config-router-af-topology)# maximum-paths 5

Controls the maximum number of parallel routes that an IP routing protocol can support.

Step 8 

variance multiplier

Example:

Router(config-router-af-topology)# variance 1

Controls load balancing in an internetwork based on EIGRP.

Configuring EIGRP Route Authentication: Autonomous System Configuration

Prerequisites

Before you can configure EIGRP route authentication, you must enable EIGRP.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type slot

4. ip authentication mode eigrp autonomous-system md5

5. ip authentication key-chain eigrp autonomous-system key-chain

6. exit

7. key chain name-of-chain

8. key key-id

9. key-string text

10. accept-lifetime start-time {infinite | end-time | duration seconds}

11. send-lifetime start-time {infinite | end-time | duration seconds}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type slot

Example:
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1/1

Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

ip authentication mode eigrp autonomous-system md5

Example:
Router(config-if) ip authentication mode eigrp 
1 md5

Enables MD5 authentication in EIGRP packets.

Step 5 

ip authentication key-chain eigrp autonomous-system key-chain

Example:

Router(config-if)# ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 keychain1

Enables authentication of EIGRP packets.

Step 6 

exit

Example:

Router(config-if)# exit

Exits to global configuration mode.

Step 7 

key chain name-of-chain

Example:

Router(config)# key chain keychain1

Identifies a key chain and enters key chain configuration mode.

Step 8 

key key-id

Example:

Router(config-keychain)# key 1

Identifies the key number and enters key chain key configuration mode.

Step 9 

key-string text

Example:

Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 0987654321

Identifies the key string.

Step 10 

accept-lifetime start-time {infinite | end-time | duration seconds}

Example:

Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite

(Optional) Specifies the time period during which the key can be received.

Step 11 

send-lifetime start-time {infinite | end-time | duration seconds}

Example:

Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 infinite

(Optional) Specifies the time period during which the key can be sent.

Configuring EIGRP Route Authentication: Named Configuration

Prerequisites

Before you can configure EIGRP route authentication, you must enable EIGRP.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

6. af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

7. authentication key-chain name-of-chain

8. authentication mode md5

9. exit-af-interface

10. exit-address-family

11. exit

12. key chain name-of-chain

13. key key-id

14. key-string text

15. accept-lifetime start-time {infinite | end-time | duration seconds}

16. send-lifetime start-time {infinite | end-time | duration seconds}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0

Associates networks with an EIGRP routing process.

Step 6 

af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

Example:
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface 
gigabitethernet0/0/1

Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

Step 7 

authentication key-chain name-of-chain

Example:
Router(config-router-af-interface)# 
authentication key-chain SITE1

Specifies an authentication key chain for EIGRP.

Step 8 

authentication mode md5

Example:
Router(config-router-af-interface)# 
authentication mode md5

Specifies the type of authentication used in an EIGRP address family for the EIGRP instance.

Step 9 

exit-af-interface

Example:

Router(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af- interface

Exits address family interface configuration mode.

Step 10 

exit-address-family

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# exit-address-family

Exits address family configuration mode.

Step 11 

exit

Example:

Router(config-router)# exit

Exits to global configuration mode.

Step 12 

key chain name-of-chain

Example:

Router(config)# key chain keychain1

Identifies a key chain and enters key chain configuration mode.

Step 13 

key key-id

Example:

Router(config-keychain)# key 1

Identifies the key number and enters key chain key configuration mode.

Step 14 

key-string text

Example:

Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 0987654321

Identifies the key string.

Step 15 

accept-lifetime start-time {infinite | end-time | duration seconds}

Example:

Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite

(Optional) Specifies the time period during which the key can be received.

Step 16 

send-lifetime start-time {infinite | end-time | duration seconds}

Example:

Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 infinite

(Optional) Specifies the time period during which the key can be sent.

Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time: Autonomous System Configuration


Note Do not adjust the hold time without advising your technical support personnel.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp autonomous-system-number

4. exit

5. interface slot/port

6. ip hello-interval eigrp autonomous-system-number seconds

7. ip hold-time eigrp autonomous-system-number seconds

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp 101

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.

Step 4 

exit

Example:

Router(config-router)# exit

Exits to global configuration mode.

Step 5 

interface slot/port

Example:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1/1

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 6 

ip hello-interval eigrp autonomous-system-number seconds

Example:

Router(config-if)# ip hello-interval eigrp 109 10

Configures the hello interval for an EIGRP routing process.

Step 7 

ip hold-time eigrp autonomous-system-number seconds

Example:

Router(config-if)# ip hold-time eigrp 109 40

Configures the hold time for an EIGRP routing process.

Note Do not adjust the hold time without advising your technical support personnel.

Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time: Named Configuration


Note Do not adjust the hold time without advising your technical support personnel.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

6. hello-interval seconds

7. hold-time seconds

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

Example:
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface 
gigabitethernet0/0/1

Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

Step 6 

hello-interval seconds

Example:
Router(config-router-af-interface)# 
hello-interval 10

Configures the hello interval for an EIGRP address family named configuration.

Step 7 

hold-time seconds

Example:
Router(config-router-af-interface)# hold-time 
50

Configures the hold time for an EIGRP address family named configuration.

Disabling Split Horizon: Autonomous System Configuration

Split horizon controls the sending of EIGRP update and query packets. When split horizon is enabled on an interface, update and query packets are not sent for destinations for which this interface is the next hop. Controlling update and query packets in this manner reduces the possibility of routing loops.

By default, split horizon is enabled on all interfaces.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface slot/port

4. no ip split-horizon eigrp autonomous-system-number

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface slot/port

Example:

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1/1

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

no ip split-horizon eigrp autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-if)# no ip split-horizon eigrp 101

Disables split horizon.

Disabling Split Horizon and Next-Hop-Self: Named Configuration

EIGRP will, by default, set the next-hop value to the local outbound interface address for routes that it is advertising, even when advertising those routes back out the same interface where it learned them. Perform this task to change this default to instruct EIGRP to use the received next hop value when advertising these routes. Disabling next-hop-self is primarily useful in Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN) spoke-to-spoke topologies.

By default, split horizon is enabled on all interfaces.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

6. no split-horizon

7. no next-hop-self

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1

Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

Example:
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface 
gigabitethernet0/0/1

Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

Step 6 

no split-horizon

Example:
Router(config-router-af-interface)# no 
split-horizon

Disables EIGRP split horizon.

Step 7 

no next-hop-self

Example:

Router(config-router-af-interface)# no next-hop-self

(Optional) Instructs an EIGRP router to use the received next hop rather than the local outbound interface address as the next hop.

Configuring EIGRP Stub Routing: Autonomous System Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp autonomous-system-number

4. network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

5. eigrp stub [receive-only] [leak-map name] [connected] [static] [summary] [redistributed]

6. exit

7. exit

8. show ip eigrp neighbors [interface-type | as-number | static | detail]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp 1

Configures a remote or distribution router to run an EIGRP process and enters router configuration mode.

Step 4 

network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

Example:

Router(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0

Specifies the network address of the EIGRP distribution router.

Step 5 

eigrp stub [receive-only] [leak-map name] [connected] [static] [summary] [redistributed]

Example:

Router(config-router)# eigrp stub connected static

Configures a remote router as an EIGRP stub router.

Step 6 

exit

Example:

Router(config-router)# exit

Exits router configuration mode.

Step 7 

exit

Example:

Router(config)# exit

Exits global configuration mode.

Step 8 

show ip eigrp neighbors [interface-type | as-number | static | detail]

Example:
Router# show ip eigrp neighbors detail

(Optional) Verifies that a remote router has been configured as a stub router with EIGRP.

Enter this command from the distribution router. The last line of the output displays the stub status of the remote or spoke router.

Configuring EIGRP Stub Routing: Named Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router eigrp virtual-instance-name

4. address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

or

address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

5. network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

6. eigrp stub [receive-only] [leak-map name] [connected] [static] [summary] [redistributed]

7. exit-address-family

8. exit

9. exit

10. show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] neighbors [static] [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router eigrp virtual-instance-name

Example:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name

Enables an EIGRP routing process in global configuration mode and enters router configuration mode.

Step 4 

address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


or


address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

Example:

Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000

Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

Step 5 

network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0

Specifies the network address of the EIGRP distribution router.

Step 6 

eigrp stub [receive-only] [leak-map name] [connected] [static] [summary] [redistributed]

Example:
Router(config-router-af) eigrp stub leak-map 
map1

Configures a router as a stub using EIGRP.

Step 7 

exit-address-family

Example:

Router(config-router-af)# exit-address-family

Exits address family configuration mode.

Step 8 

exit

Example:

Router(config-router)# exit

Exits to global configuration mode.

Step 9 

exit

Example:

Router(config-router)# exit

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 10 

show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] neighbors [static] [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

Example:
Router# show eigrp address-family ipv4 
neighbors detail 

(Optional) Displays the neighbors that are discovered by EIGRP.

Monitoring and Maintaining EIGRP: Autonomous System Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] accounting

3. show ip eigrp events [starting-event-number ending-event-number] [type]

4. show ip eigrp interfaces [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] [type number] [detail]

5. show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] neighbors [interface-type | static | detail]

6. show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] topology [ip-address [mask]] | [name] [active | all-links | detail-links | pending | summary | zero-successors]

7. show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] traffic

DETAILED STEPS


Step 1 enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted.

Router# enable

Step 2 show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] accounting

This command displays prefix accounting information for EIGRP processes. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show ip eigrp vrf VRF1 accounting 
EIGRP-IPv4 Accounting for AS(100)/ID(10.0.2.1) VRF(VRF1) 
Total Prefix Count: 4  States: A-Adjacency, P-Pending, D-Down
State Address/Source   Interface        Prefix   Restart  Restart/
                                        Count     Count   Reset(s)
 P    Redistributed     ----               0           3         211
 A    10.0.1.2          Et0/0              2           0          84
 P    10.0.2.4          Se2/0              0           2         114
 D    10.0.1.3          Et0/0              0           3           0

Step 3 show ip eigrp events [starting-event-number ending-event-number] [type]

This command displays the EIGRP event log. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show ip eigrp events

1    02:37:58.171 NSF stale rt scan, peer: 10.0.0.0 
2    02:37:58.167 Metric set: 10.0.0.1/24 284700416 
3    02:37:58.167 FC sat rdbmet/succmet: 284700416 0 
4    02:37:58.167 FC sat nh/ndbmet: 10.0.0.2 284700416 
5    02:37:58.167 Find FS: 10.0.0.0/24 284700416 
6    02:37:58.167 Rcv update met/succmet: 284956416 284700416 
7    02:37:58.167 Rcv update dest/nh: 10.0.0.0/24 10.0.0.1 
8    02:37:58.167 Peer nsf restarted: 10.0.0.1 Tunnel0 
9    02:36:38.383 Metric set: 10.0.0.0/24 284700416 
10   02:36:38.383 RDB delete: 10.0.0.0/24 10.0.0.1 
11   02:36:38.383 FC sat rdbmet/succmet: 284700416 0 
12   02:36:38.383 FC sat nh/ndbmet: 0.0.0.0 284700416

Step 4 show ip eigrp interfaces [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] [type number] [detail]

This command displays information about interfaces that are configured for EIGRP. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show ip eigrp interfaces

EIGRP-IPv4 Interfaces for AS(60)

                    Xmit Queue    Mean   Pacing Time   Multicast   Pending
Interface   Peers   Un/Reliable   SRTT   Un/Reliable   Flow Timer  Routes
Di0           0         0/0          0      11/434          0          0
Et0           1         0/0        337       0/10           0          0
SE0:1.16      1         0/0         10       1/63         103          0
Tu0           1         0/0        330       0/16           0          0

Step 5 show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] neighbors [interface-type | static | detail]

This command displays neighbors discovered by EIGRP. The following is sample output from this command:

Router# show ip eigrp neighbors

H   Address                 Interface       Hold Uptime   SRTT   RTO  Q  Seq
                                            (sec)         (ms)       Cnt Num
0   10.1.1.2                 Et0/0             13 00:00:03 1996  5000  0  5
2   10.1.1.9                 Et0/0             14 00:02:24   206  5000  0  5
1   10.1.2.3                 Et0/1             11 00:20:39   2202  5000  0  5

Step 6 show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] topology [ip-address [mask]] | [name] [active | all-links | detail-links | pending | summary | zero-successors]

This command displays entries in the EIGRP topology table. The following is sample output from this command:

Router# show ip eigrp topology

EIGRP-IPv4 Topology Table for AS(1)/ID(10.0.0.1)

Codes: P - Passive, A - Active, U - Update, Q - Query, R - Reply,
       r - Reply status, s - sia status
P 10.0.0.0/8, 1 successors, FD is 409600
        via 1.1.1.2 (409600/128256), GigabitEthernet0/0/1
P 172.16.1.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 409600
        via 1.1.1.2 (409600/128256), GigabitEthernet0/0/0
P 10.0.0.0/8, 1 successors, FD is 281600
        via Summary (281600/0), Null0
P 10.0.1.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 281600
        via Connected, GigabitEthernet0/0/1

Step 7 show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] traffic

This command displays the number of EIGRP packets sent and received. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show ip eigrp traffic

EIGRP-IPv4 Traffic Statistics for AS(60)
Hellos sent/received: 21429/2809
Updates sent/received: 22/17
Queries sent/received: 0/0
Replies sent/received: 0/0
Acks sent/received: 16/13
SIA-Queries sent/received: 0/0
SIA-Replies sent/received: 0/0
Hello Process ID: 204
PDM Process ID: 203
Socket Queue: 0/2000/2/0 (current/max/highest/drops)
Input Queue: 0/2000/2/0 (current/max/highest/drops)


Monitoring and Maintaining EIGRP: Named Configuration

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] accounting

3. show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] events [starting-event-number ending-event-number] [errmsg [starting-event-number ending-event-number]] [sia [starting-event-number ending-event-number]] [type]

4. show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] interfaces [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

5. show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] neighbors [static] [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

6. show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] timers

7. show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] topology [topology-name] [ip-address] [active] [all-links] [detail-links] [pending] [summary] [zero-successors] [route-type {connected | external | internal | local | redistributed | summary | vpn}]

8. show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] traffic

9. show eigrp plugins [plugin-name] [detailed]

10. show eigrp protocols [vrf vrf-name]

DETAILED STEPS


Step 1 enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted.

Router# enable

Step 2 show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] accounting

This command displays prefix accounting information for EIGRP processes. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp address-family ipv4 22 accounting 

EIGRP-IPv4 VR(saf) Accounting for AS(22)/ID(10.0.0.1) 
Total Prefix Count: 3  States: A-Adjacency, P-Pending, D-Down 
State Address/Source    Interface       Prefix   Restart  Restart/ 
                                        Count     Count   Reset(s) 
 A    10.0.0.2          Et0/0               2         0        0
 P    10.0.2.4          Se2/0               0         2        114
 D    10.0.1.3          Et0/0               0         3        0 

Step 3 show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] events [starting-event-number ending-event-number] [errmsg [starting-event-number ending-event-number]] [sia [starting-event-number ending-event-number]] [type]

This command displays information about EIGRP address-family events. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp address-family ipv4 3 events

Event information for AS 3:
1 15:37:47.015 Change queue emptied, entries: 1 
2 15:37:47.015 Metric set: 10.0.0.0/24 307200 
3 15:37:47.015 Update reason, delay: new if 4294967295 
4 15:37:47.015 Update sent, RD: 10.0.0.0/24 4294967295 
5 15:37:47.015 Update reason, delay: metric chg 4294967295 
6 15:37:47.015 Update sent, RD: 10.0.0.0/24 4294967295 
7 15:37:47.015 Route installed: 10.0.0.0/24 1.1.1.2 
8 15:37:47.015 Route installing: 10.0.0.0/24 10.0.1.2  

Step 4 show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] interfaces [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

This command displays information about interfaces that are configured for EIGRP. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 interfaces 

EIGRP-IPv4 VR(Virtual-name) Address-family Neighbors for AS(4453) 
					Xmit Queue   Mean   Pacing Time   Multicast    Pending 
Interface     Peers  Un/Reliable  SRTT   Un/Reliable   Flow Timer   Services 
Se0           1          0/0        28      0/15          127           0 
Se1           1          0/0        44      0/15          211           0 

Step 5 show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] neighbors [static] [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

This command displays the neighbors that are discovered by EIGRP. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 neighbors 

EIGRP-IPv4 VR(Virtual-name) Address-family Neighbors for AS(4453) 
Address 						Interface 			 Hold Uptime  SRTT  RTO    Q     Seq 
                                     (sec)         (ms)  (ms)   Cnt   Num 
172.16.81.28            GigabitEthernet1/0/0 13   0:00:41  0      11   4     20
172.16.80.28            GigabitEthernet0/1/1 14   0:02:01  0      10   12    24
172.16.80.31            GigabitEthernet0/1/2 12   0:02:02  0      4    5     20 

Step 6 show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] timers

This command displays information about EIGRP timers and expiration times. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 timers

EIGRP-IPv4 VR(Virtual-name) Address-family Timers for AS(4453) 
Hello Process 
Expiration Type 
| 1.022 (parent) 
| 1.022 Hello (Et0/0) 

Update Process 
Expiration Type 
| 14.984 (parent) 
| 14.984 (parent) 
| 14.984 Peer holding 

SIA Process 
Expiration Type for Topo(base) 
| 0.000 (parent) 

Step 7 show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] topology [topology-name] [ip-address] [active] [all-links] [detail-links] [pending] [summary] [zero-successors] [route-type {connected | external | internal | local | redistributed | summary | vpn}]

This command displays entries in the EIGRP topology table. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 topology 

EIGRP-IPv4 VR(Virtual-name) Topology Table for AS(4453)/ID(10.0.0.1) 
Codes: P - Passive, A - Active, U - Update, Q - Query, R - Reply, 
       r - Reply status, s - sia Status 
P  10.17.17.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 409600 
          via 10.10.10.2 (409600/128256), GigabitEthernet3/0/0 
P  172.16.19.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 409600 
          via 10.10.10.2 (409600/128256), GigabitEthernet3/0/0 
P  192.168.10.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 281600 
          via Connected, GigabitEthernet3/0/0 
P  10.10.10.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 281600 
          via Redistributed (281600/0) 

Step 8 show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] traffic

This command displays the number of EIGRP packets that are sent and received. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 traffic

EIGRP-IPv4 VR(virtual-name) Address-family Traffic Statistics for AS(4453) 
  Hellos sent/received: 122/122 
  Updates sent/received: 3/1 
  Queries sent/received: 0/0 
  Replies sent/received: 0/0 
  Acks sent/received: 0/3 
  SIA-Queries sent/received: 0/0 
  SIA-Replies sent/received: 0/0 
  Hello Process ID: 128 
  PDM Process ID: 191 
  Socket Queue: 0/2000/1/0 (current/max/highest/drops) 
  Input Queue: 0/2000/1/0 (current/max/highest/drops

Step 9 show eigrp plugins [plugin-name] [detailed]

This command displays general information including the versions of the EIGRP protocol features that are currently running. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp plugins

EIGRP feature plugins:::
    eigrp-release      :   5.00.00 : Portable EIGRP Release                  
                       :  19.00.00 : Source Component Release(rel5)
    igrp2              :   3.00.00 : Reliable Transport/Dual Database        
    bfd                :   1.01.00 : BFD Platform Support                    
    mtr                :   1.00.01 : Multi-Topology Routing(MTR)             
    eigrp-pfr          :   1.00.01 : Performance Routing Support             
    ipv4-af            :   2.01.01 : Routing Protocol Support                
    ipv4-sf            :   1.01.00 : Service Distribution Support            
    external-client    :   1.02.00 : Service Distribution Client Support     
    ipv6-af            :   2.01.01 : Routing Protocol Support                
    ipv6-sf            :   1.01.00 : Service Distribution Support            
    snmp-agent         :   1.01.01 : SNMP/SNMPv2 Agent Support

Step 10 show eigrp protocols [vrf vrf-name]

This command displays general information about EIGRP protocols that are currently running. The following is sample output from the command:

Router# show eigrp protocols

EIGRP-IPv4 Protocol for AS(10) 
Metric weight K1=1, K2=0, K3=1, K4=0, K5=0 
NSF-aware route hold timer is 240 
Router-ID: 1.1.1.1 
Topology : 0 (base) 
Active Timer: 3 min 
Distance: internal 90 external 170 
Maximum path: 4 
Maximum hopcount 100 
Maximum metric variance 1 
EIGRP-IPv4 Protocol for AS(5) VRF(VRF1) 
Metric weight K1=1, K2=0, K3=1, K4=0, K5=0 
NSF-aware route hold timer is 240 
Router-ID: 1.1.1.1 
Topology : 0 (base) 
Active Timer: 3 min 
Distance: internal 90 external 170 
Maximum path: 4 
Maximum hopcount 100 
Maximum metric variance 1 
Total Prefix Count: 0 
Total Redist Count: 0 


Configuration Examples for EIGRP

Example: Enabling EIGRP—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: Enabling EIGRP—Named Configuration

Example: Enabling EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Parameters—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Parameters—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Redistribution—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Summarization—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Summarization—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Event Logging—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Event Logging—Named Configuration

Example: Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Named Configuration

Example: Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time—Named Configuration

Example: Disabling Split Horizon—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: Disabling Split Horizon and Next-Hop-Self—Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Stub Routing—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Stub Routing—Named Configuration

Example: Enabling EIGRP—Autonomous System Configuration

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 

Example: Enabling EIGRP—Named Configuration

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0

Example: Enabling EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite—Named Configuration

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# vrf definition vrf1
Router(config-vrf)# rd 100:1
Router(config-vrf)# address-family ipv6
Router(config-vrf-af)# exit
Router(config-vrf)# exit
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv6 vrf vrf1 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)#

Example: EIGRP Parameters—Autonomous System Configuration

The following example shows how to configure optional EIGRP autonomous system configuration parameters including applying offsets to routing metrics, adjusting EIGRP metrics, and disabling automatic summarization:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 
Router(config-router)# passive-interface
Router(config-router)# offset-list 21 in 10 gigabitethernet0/1/0 
Router(config-router)# metric weights 0 2 0 2 0 0
Router(config-router)# no auto-summary
Router(config-router)# exit

Example: EIGRP Parameters—Named Configuration

The following example shows how to configure optional EIGRP named configuration parameters including applying offsets to routing metrics, adjusting EIGRP metrics, and disabling automatic summarization.

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0
Router(config-router-af)# metric weights 0 2 0 2 0 0
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet0/0/1
Router(config-router-af-interface)# passive-interface
Router(config-router-af-interface)# bandwidth-percent 75
Router(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface
Router(config-router-af-interface)# topology base
Router(config-router-af-topology)# offset-list 21 in 10 gigabitethernet0/0/1 
Router(config-router-af-topology)# no auto-summary
Router(config-router-af-topology)# exit-af-topology

Example: EIGRP Redistribution—Autonomous System Configuration

The following example shows how to configure redistribution of non-EIGRP protocol metrics into EIGRP metrics and to configure the EIGRP administrative distance in an EIGRP autonomous system configuration:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 
Router(config-router)# redistribute rip
Router(config-router)# distance eigrp 80 130
Router(config-router)# default-metric 1000 100 250 100 1500

Example: EIGRP Route Summarization—Autonomous System Configuration

The following example shows how to configure route summarization on an interface and also configures the automatic summary feature for an EIGRP autonomous system configuration. This configuration causes EIGRP to summarize network 10.0.0.0 out Gigabit Ethernet interface 0/0/1 only.

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 101
Router(config-router)# exit
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/0/1
Router(config-if)# ip summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
Router(config-if)# ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 209 75


Note You should not use the ip summary-address eigrp summarization command to generate the default route (0.0.0.0) from an interface. This causes the creation of an EIGRP summary default route to the null 0 interface with an administrative distance of 5. The low administrative distance of this default route can cause this route to displace default routes learned from other neighbors from the routing table. If the default route learned from the neighbors is displaced by the summary default route, or if the summary route is the only default route present, all traffic destined for the default route will not leave the router, instead, this traffic will be sent to the null 0 interface, where it is dropped.

The recommended way to send only the default route out a given interface is to use a distribute-list command. You can configure this command to filter all outbound route advertisements sent out the interface with the exception of the default (0.0.0.0).


Example: EIGRP Route Summarization—Named Configuration

The following example shows how to configure route summarization on an interface and also configures the automatic summary feature for an EIGRP named configuration. This configuration causes EIGRP to summarize network 192.168.0.0 out Gigabit Ethernet interface 0/0/1 only.

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
Router(config-router-af-interface)# summary-address 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0
Router(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface
Router(config-router-af)# topology base
Router(config-router-af-topology)# summary-metric 192.168.0.0/16 10000 10 255 1 1500

Example: EIGRP Event Logging—Autonomous System Configuration

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# eigrp event-log-size 5000
Router(config-router)# eigrp log-neighbor-changes
Router(config-router)# eigrp log-neighbor-warnings 300

Example: EIGRP Event Logging—Named Configuration

The following example shows how to configure EIGRP event logging parameters, including setting the size of the EIGRP event log, for an EIGRP named configuration:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# eigrp log-neighbor-warnings 300
Router(config-router-af)# eigrp log-neighbor-changes
Router(config-router-af)# topology base
Router(config-router-af-topology)# eigrp event-log-size 10000

Example: Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing—Autonomous System Configuration

The following example shows how to configure traffic distribution among routes, the maximum number of parallel routes, and load balancing in an EIGRP named configuration network:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# traffic-share balanced
Router(config-router)# maximum-paths 5
Router(config-router)# variance 1

Example: Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing—Named Configuration

The following example shows how to configure traffic distribution among routes, the maximum number of parallel routes, and load balancing in an EIGRP named configuration network:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# topology base
Router(config-router-af-topology)# traffic-share balanced
Router(config-router-af-topology)# maximum-paths 5
Router(config-router-af-topology)# variance 1

Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Autonomous System Configuration

The following example shows how to enable MD5 authentication on EIGRP packets in autonomous system 1.

Router A will accept and attempt to verify the MD5 digest of any EIGRP packet with a key equal to 1. It will also accept a packet with a key equal to 2. All other MD5 packets will be dropped. Router A will send all EIGRP packets with key 2.

Router B will accept key 1 or key 2, and will use key 1 to send MD5 authentication, because key 1 is the first valid key off the key chain. Key 1 will no longer be valid to be used for sending after December 4, 2006. After this date, key 2 would be used to send MD5 authentication, because it is valid until January 4, 2007.

Figure 7 shows the scenario.

Figure 7 EIGRP Route Authentication Scenario

Router A Configuration

Router> enable
Router(config)# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# exit
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet1/0/0 
Router(config-if)# ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5
Router(config-if)# ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 key1
Router(config-if)# exit
Router(config)# key chain key1
Router(config-keychain)# key 1
Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 0987654321
Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 04:48:00 Dec 4 1996
Router(config-keychain-key)# exit
Router(config-keychain)# key 2
Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 1234567890
Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:45:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite

Router B Configuration

Router> enable
Router(config)# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# exit
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/0/1 
Router(config-if)# ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5
Router(config-if)# ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 key2
Router(config-if)# exit
Router(config)# key chain key2
Router(config-keychain)# key 1
Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 0987654321
Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# exit
Router(config-keychain)# key 2
Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 1234567890
Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:45:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite

Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Named Configuration

The following example shows how to enable MD5 authentication on EIGRP packets in a named configuration.

Router A will accept and attempt to verify the MD5 digest of any EIGRP packet with a key equal to 1. It will also accept a packet with a key equal to 2. All other MD5 packets will be dropped. Router A will send all EIGRP packets with key 2.

Router B will accept key 1 or key 2, and will use key 1 to send MD5 authentication, because key 1 is the first valid key off the key chain. Key 1 will no longer be valid to be used for sending after December 4, 2006. After this date key 2 would be used to send MD5 authentication, because it is valid until January 4, 2007.

Figure 7 shows the scenario.

Router A Configuration

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet0/0/1
Router(config-router-af-interface)# authentication key-chain SITE1
Router(config-router-af-interface)# authentication mode md5
Router(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface
Router(config-router-af)# exit-address-family
Router(config-router)# exit
Router(config)# key chain SITE1
Router(config-keychain)# key 1
Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 0987654321
Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# exit
Router(config-keychain)# key 2
Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 1234567890
Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:45:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite

Router B Configuration

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name2
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet0/0/1
Router(config-router-af-interface)# authentication key-chain SITE2
Router(config-router-af-interface)# authentication mode md5
Router(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface
Router(config-router-af)# exit-address-family
Router(config-router)# exit
Router(config)# key chain SITE2
Router(config-keychain)# key 1
Router(config-keychain-key)# key-string 0987654321
Router(config-keychain-key)# accept-lifetime 04:00:00 Jan 4 2007 infinite
Router(config-keychain-key)# send-lifetime 04:00:00 Dec 4 2006 infinite

Example: Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time—Autonomous System Configuration

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# exit
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1/1
Router(config-if)# ip hello-interval eigrp 109 10
Router(config-if)# ip hold-time eigrp 109 40

Example: Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time—Named Configuration

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet0/0/1
Router(config-router-af-interface)# hello-interval 10
Router(config-router-af-interface)# hold-time 50

Example: Disabling Split Horizon—Autonomous System Configuration

Split horizon is enabled on all interfaces by default. The following example shows how to disable split horizon for an EIGRP autonomous system configuration:

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# exit
Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet0/1/1
Router(config-if)# no ip split-horizon eigrp 101

Example: Disabling Split Horizon and Next-Hop-Self—Named Configuration

Split horizon is enabled on all interfaces by default. The following example shows how to disable split horizon in an EIGRP named configuration.

EIGRP will, by default, set the next-hop value to the local outbound interface address for routes that it is advertising, even when advertising those routes back out the same interface where it learned them. The following example shows how to change this default to instruct EIGRP to use the received next hop value when advertising these routes in an EIGRP named configuration. Disabling next-hop-self is primarily useful in Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN) spoke-to-spoke topologies.

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
Router(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet0/0/1
Router(config-router-af-interface)# no split-horizon
Router(config-router-af-interface)# no next-hop-self

Example: EIGRP Stub Routing—Autonomous System Configuration

A router that is configured as a stub with the eigrp stub command shares connected and summary routing information with all neighbor routers by default. Six keywords can be used with the eigrp stub command to modify this behavior:

connected

leak-map

receive-only

redistributed

static

summary

This section provides configuration examples for all forms of the eigrp stub command for an EIGRP autonomous system configuration.

eigrp stub Command: Example

In the following example, the eigrp stub command is used to configure the router as a stub that advertises connected and summary routes:

Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router)# eigrp stub

eigrp stub connected static Command: Example

In the following example, the eigrp stub command is issued with the connected and static keywords to configure the router as a stub that advertises connected and static routes (sending summary routes will not be permitted):

Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router)# eigrp stub connected static

eigrp stub leak-map Command: Example

In the following example, the eigrp stub command is issued with the leak-map name keyword and argument pair to configure the router to reference a leak map that identifies routes that would have been suppressed:

Router(config)# router eigrp 
Router(config-router)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router) eigrp stub leak-map map1

eigrp stub receive-only Command: Example

In the following example, the eigrp stub command is issued with the receive-only keyword to configure the router as a receive-only neighbor (connected, summary, and static routes will not be sent):

Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router)# eigrp stub receive-only

eigrp stub redistributed Command: Example

In the following example, the eigrp stub command is issued with the redistributed keyword to configure the router to advertise other protocols and autonomous systems:

Router(config)# router eigrp 1
Router(config-router)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router)# eigrp stub redistributed

Example: EIGRP Stub Routing—Named Configuration

A router that is configured as a stub with the eigrp stub command shares connected and summary routing information with all neighbor routers by default. Six keywords can be used with the eigrp stub command to modify this behavior:

connected

leak-map

receive-only

redistributed

static

summary

This section provides configuration examples for all forms of the eigrp stub command for an EIGRP named configuration.

eigrp stub Command: Example

In the following example, the eigrp stub command is used to configure the router as a stub that advertises connected and summary routes:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4453
Router(config-router-af)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router-af) eigrp stub

eigrp stub connected static Command: Example

In the following named configuration example, the eigrp stub command is issued with the connected and static keywords to configure the router as a stub that advertises connected and static routes (sending summary routes will not be permitted):

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4453
Router(config-router-af)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router-af)# eigrp stub connected static

eigrp stub leak-map Command: Example

In the following named configuration example, the eigrp stub command is issued with the leak-map name keyword and argument pair to configure the router to reference a leak map that identifies routes that would normally have been suppressed:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4453
Router(config-router-af)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router-af) eigrp stub leak-map map1

eigrp stub receive-only Command: Example

In the following named configuration example, the eigrp stub command is issued with the receive-only keyword to configure the router as a receive-only neighbor (connected, summary, and static routes will not be sent):

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4453
Router(config-router-af)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router-af)# eigrp stub receive-only

eigrp stub redistributed Command: Example

In the following named configuration example, the eigrp stub command is issued with the redistributed keyword to configure the router to advertise other protocols and autonomous systems:

Router(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4453
Router(config-router-af)# network 10.0.0.0
Router(config-router-af) eigrp stub redistributed

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

EIGRP commands

Cisco IOS IP Routing: EIGRP Command Reference

Protocol-independent features that work with EIGRP

Cisco IOS XE IP Routing: Protocol-Independent Configuration Guide, Release 2

Service Advertisement Framework

Service Advertisement Framework Configuration Guide

Service Advertisement Framework commands

Cisco IOS Service Advertisement Framework Command Reference

VNET EIGRP

Overview of Virtual IP Networks

Configuring Virtual IP Networks

VNET EIGRP commands

VNET Command Reference


Standards

Standard
Title

No new or modified standards are supported, and support for existing standards has not been modified.


MIBs

MIB
MIBs Link

No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFC
Title

No new or modified RFCs are supported, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified.


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html


Feature Information for EIGRP

Table 3 lists the features in this module and provides links to specific configuration information.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 3 lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.


Table 3 Feature Information for Configuring EIGRP 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature provides EIGRP IPv6 support for multiple VRFs. EIGRP for IPv6 can operate in the context of a VRF. The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature provides separation between routing and forwarding, providing an additional level of security because no communication between devices belonging to different VRFs is allowed unless it is explicitly configured. The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature simplifies the management and troubleshooting of traffic belonging to a specific VRF.

The EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite feature is available only in EIGRP named configurations.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite

Enabling EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite: Named Configuration

Example: Enabling EIGRP IPv6 VRF-Lite—Named Configuration

There are no new or modified commands for this feature.

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

EIGRP is an enhanced version of the IGRP developed by Cisco. EIGRP uses the same distance vector algorithm and distance information as IGRP. However, the convergence properties and the operating efficiency of EIGRP have improved substantially over IGRP, and IGRP is obsolete.

The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature:

auto-summary (EIGRP), clear ip eigrp neighbors, default-information, default-metric (EIGRP), distance (EIGRP), eigrp log-neighbor-changes, eigrp log-neighbor-warnings, eigrp router-id, ip bandwidth-percent eigrp, ip hello-interval eigrp, ip hold-time eigrp, ip next-hop-self eigrp, ip split-horizon eigrp, ip summary-address eigrp, metric maximum-hops, metric weights (EIGRP), neighbor (EIGRP), network (EIGRP), offset-list (EIGRP), redistribute maximum-prefix (EIGRP), router eigrp, set metric (EIGRP), show ip eigrp accounting, show ip eigrp interfaces, show ip eigrp neighbors, show ip eigrp topology, show ip eigrp traffic, show ip eigrp vrf accounting, show ip eigrp vrf interfaces, show ip eigrp vrf neighbors, show ip eigrp vrf topology, show ip eigrp vrf traffic, summary-metric, timers active-time, traffic-share balanced, variance (EIGRP).

   

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5, the following commands were introduced or modified: address-family (EIGRP), af-interface, autonomous-system (EIGRP), auto-summary (EIGRP), bandwidth percent, clear eigrp address-family neighbors, clear ip eigrp neighbors, debug eigrp address-family neighbor, debug eigrp address-family notifications, default-information, default-metric (EIGRP), distance (EIGRP), eigrp event-log-size, eigrp log-neighbor- changes, eigrp log-neighbor-warnings, eigrp router-id, exit-address-family, exit-af-interface, exit-af-topology, hello-interval, hold-time, match extcommunity, metric maximum-hops, metric weights, next-hop-self, offset-list (EIGRP), passive-interface (EIGRP), router eigrp, show eigrp address-family accounting, show eigrp address-family events, show eigrp address-family interfaces, show eigrp address-family neighbors, show eigrp address-family timers, show eigrp address-family topology, show eigrp address-family traffic, show eigrp plugins, show eigrp protocols, show eigrp tech-support, show ip eigrp accounting, show ip eigrp events, show ip eigrp interfaces, show ip eigrp neighbors, show ip eigrp topology, show ip eigrp traffic, shutdown (address-family), split-horizon (EIGRP), summary-address (EIGRP), timers active-time, traffic-share balanced, variance (EIGRP).

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5, the following commands were replaced: clear ip eigrp vrf neighbors, eigrp interface, log-neighbor-warnings, show ip eigrp vrf accounting, show ip eigrp vrf interfaces, show ip eigrp vrf neighbors, show ip eigrp vrf topology, show ip eigrp vrf traffic.

EIGRP Stub Routing

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

The EIGRP Stub Routing feature improves network stability, reduces resource utilization, and simplifies stub router configuration. Stub routing is commonly used in a hub-and-spoke network topology. In a hub-and-spoke network, one or more end (stub) networks are connected to a remote router (the spoke) that is connected to one or more distribution routers (the hub). The remote router is adjacent only to one or more distribution routers.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregations Services Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

EIGRP Stub Routing

EIGRP Stub Routing Leak Map Support

Configuring EIGRP Stub Routing: Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Stub Routing: Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Stub Routing—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Stub Routing—Named Configuration

The following commands were introduced by this feature: debug eigrp packet stub, eigrp stub and show ip eigrp neighbors.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5, the following commands were introduced or modified: eigrp stub, show eigrp address-family neighbors

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5, the following command was replaced: show ip eigrp neighbors.

IP Enhanced IGRP Route Authentication

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

The IP Enhanced IGRP route authentication feature provides MD5 authentication of routing updates from the EIGRP routing protocol.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1, this feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

EIGRP Route Authentication

Configuring EIGRP Route Authentication: Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring EIGRP Route Authentication: Named Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Autonomous System Configuration

Example: EIGRP Route Authentication—Named Configuration

The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature: accept-lifetime, ip authentication key-chain eigrp, ip authentication mode eigrp, key chain, key, key-string, send-lifetime.

In Cisco IOS Release XE Release 2.5, the following commands were introduced or modified: authentication mode (EIGRP), authentication key-chain (EIGRP).