Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Configuration Guide, Release 12.4T
Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS
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Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS

Table Of Contents

Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS

Finding Feature Information

Contents

Prerequisites for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

Restrictions for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

Information About File Transfers Using HTTP or HTTPs

How to Transfer Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

Configuring HTTP Connection Characteristics for File Transfers

Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs

Troubleshooting Tips

Uploading a File to a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPS

Troubleshooting Tips

Maintaining and Monitoring File Transfers Using HTTP

Configuration Examples for the File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPs

Configuring HTTP Connection Characteristics for File Transfers: Example

Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs: Example

Uploading a File from Flash to the Remote HTTP Server: Example

Downloading a File from the Remote HTTP Server to Flash Memory: Example

Uploading a File to a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Feature Information for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS


Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS


First Published: May 5, 2005
Last Updated: May 14, 2009

Cisco IOS Release 12.4 provides the ability to transfer files between your Cisco IOS software-based device and a remote HTTP server using the HTTP or HTTP Secure (HTTPS) protocol. HTTP and HTTPS can now be specified as the targets and source locations in Cisco IOS command-line interface (CLI) commands that use file system prefixes such as the copy command.

Finding Feature Information

For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the "Feature Information for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS" section.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS, and Catalyst OS software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Contents

Prerequisites for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

Restrictions for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

Information About File Transfers Using HTTP or HTTPs

How to Transfer Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

Configuration Examples for the File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPs

Additional References

Feature Information for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS

Prerequisites for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

To copy files to or from a remote HTTP server, your system must support the HTTP client feature, which is integrated in most Cisco IOS software images. The HTTP client is enabled by default. To determine if the HTTP client is supported on your system, issue the show ip http client all command. If you are able to execute the command, the HTTP client is supported.

Commands exist for the optional configuration of the embedded HTTP client and for the HTTPS client, but the default configuration is sufficient for using the File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPS feature. For information on configuring optional HTTP or HTTPS client characteristics, see the "Related Documents" section.

Restrictions for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

Existing limitations to the copy command, such as no network-to-network copies, are in effect for the File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPS feature.


Note The copy command in Cisco IOS Release 12.4T does not work in conjunction with older versions of the Apache server software. The Apache server software must be upgraded to version 2.0.49 or later in order to use the copy command.


Information About File Transfers Using HTTP or HTTPs

To transfer files using HTTP or HTTPS, you should understand the following concept:

The File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPs feature provides the capability to copy files, such as Cisco IOS image files, core files, configuration files, log files, scripts, and so on, to and from a remote server and your local routing device using the Cisco IOS copy command and command-line interface. The HTTP copy operation works in the same way as copying from other remote file systems, such as FTP or TFTP.

The HTTP copy operation can use the embedded HTTPS client for HTTP Secure transfers, providing secure and authenticated file transfers within the context of a public key infrastructure (PKI).

How to Transfer Files Using HTTP or HTTPs

This section contains the following procedures:

Configuring HTTP Connection Characteristics for File Transfers (as required)

Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs (required)

Uploading a File to a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPS (required)

Maintaining and Monitoring File Transfers Using HTTP (optional)


Note To use the File Transfer Using HTTP feature, you may need to specify a username and password for the HTTP connections for those servers that require a username and password to connect. Commands are also available to specify custom connection characteristics, although default settings can be used. The feature also offers commands to monitor and maintain connections and files.


Configuring HTTP Connection Characteristics for File Transfers

Default values are provided for HTTP File transfers. The following task is used to customize the connection characteristics for your network to specify a username and password, connection preferences, a remote proxy server, and the source interface to be used.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ip http client connection {forceclose | idle timeout seconds | timeout seconds}

4. ip http client username username

5. ip http client password password

6. ip http client proxy-server {proxy-name | ip-address} [proxy-port port-number]

7. ip http client source-interface interface-id

8. do copy running-config startup-config

9. end

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ip http client connection {forceclose | idle timeout seconds | timeout seconds}

Example:

Router(config)# ip http client connection timeout 15

Configures characteristics for HTTP client connections to a remote HTTP server for all file transfers:

forceclose—Disables the default persistent connection.

idle timeout seconds—Sets the period of time allowed for an idle connection, in a range from 1 to 60 seconds. Default timeout is 30 seconds.

timeout seconds—Sets the maximum time the HTTP client waits for a connection, in a range from 1 to 60 seconds. Default is 10 seconds.

Step 4 

ip http client username username

Example:

Router(config)# ip http client username user1

Specifies the username to be used for HTTP client connections that require user authentication.

Note You can also specify the username on the CLI when you issue the copy command, in which case the username entered overrides the username entered with this command. See the "Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs: Example" section for an example.

Step 5 

ip http client password password

Example:

Router(config)# ip http client password letmein

Specifies the password to be used for HTTP client connections that require user authentication.

Note You can also specify the password on the CLI when you issue the copy command, in which case the password entered overrides the password entered with this command. See the "Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs: Example" section for an example.

Step 6 

ip http client proxy-server {proxy-name | ip-address} [proxy-port port-number]

Example:

Router(config)# ip http client proxy-server edge2 proxy-port 29

Configures the HTTP client to connect to a remote proxy server for HTTP file system client connections.

The optional proxy-port port-number keyword and argument specify the proxy port number on the remote proxy server.

Step 7 

ip http client source-interface interface-id

Example:

Router(config)# ip http client source-interface Ethernet 0/1

Specifies the interface for the source address in all HTTP client connections.

Step 8 

do copy running-config startup-config

Example:

Router(config)# do copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves the running configuration as the startup configuration file.

The do command allows you to execute privileged EXEC mode commands from global configuration mode.

Step 9 

end

Example:

Router(config)# end

Router#

Ends your configuration session and returns the CLI to user EXEC mode.

Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs

Perform this task to download a file from a remote HTTP server using HTTP or HTTPs. The copy command helps you to copy any file from a source to a destination.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. copy [/erase] [/noverify] http://remote-source-url  local-destination-url

or

copy https://remote-source-url  local-destination-url

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

copy [/erase] [/noverify] http://remote-source-url local-destination-url

or

copy https://remote-source-url local-destination-url

Example:

Router# copy http://user1:mypassword@209.165.202.129:808 0/image_files/c7200-i-mx flash:c7200-i-mx

Example:

Router# copy

copy https://user1:mypassword@209.165.202.129:80 80/image_files/c7200-i-mx flash:c7200-i-mx

Copies a file from a remote web server to a local file system using HTTP or HTTPS.

/erase—Erases the local destination file system before copying. This option is provided on Class B file system platforms with limited memory to allow an easy way to clear local flash memory space.

/noverify—If the file being copied is an image file, this keyword disables the automatic image verification that occurs after an image is copied.

The remote-source-url argument is the location URL (or alias) from which to get the file to be copied, in standard Cisco IOS file system HTTP syntax as follows:

http://[[username:password]@] {hostname | host-ip}[/filepath]/filename

Note The optional username and password arguments can be used to log in to an HTTP server that requires user authentication, in place of configuring the ip http client username and ip http client password global configuration commands to specify these authentication strings.

The local-destination-url is the location URL (or alias) to put the copied file, in standard Cisco IOS file system syntax as follows:

filesystem:[/filepath][/filename]

Note For more information on URL syntax when you use the copy command, see the "Additional References" section.

Troubleshooting Tips

If file transfers from a remote web server fail, verify the following:

Your router has an active connection to the Internet.

The correct path and filename have been specified.

The remote server requires a username and password.

The remote server has a nonstandard communications port configured. (The default port for HTTP is 80; the default port for HTTPS is 443.)

The CLI returns error messages to help you determine the cause of a failed copy request. Additional information on the copy process can be displayed with the debug ip http client all command.

Uploading a File to a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPS

Perform this task to upload a file to a remote HTTP server using HTTP or HTTPS.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. copy [/erase] [/noverify] local-source-url  http://remote-destination-url

or

copy local-source-url  https://remote-destination-url

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

copy [/erase] [/noverify] local-source-url http://remote-destination-url

or

copy local-source-url https://remote-destination-url

Example:

Router# http://user1:mypassword@209.165. 202.129:8080/image_files/c7200-i-mx_backup

Example:

Router# copy flash:c7200-i-mx http://user1:mypassword@209.165. 202.129:8080/image_files/c7200-i-mx_backup

Copies a file from a local file system to a remote web server using HTTP or HTTPS.

/erase—Erases the local destination file system before copying. This option is provided on Class B file system platforms with limited memory to allow an easy way to clear local flash memory space.

/noverify—If the file being copied is an image file, this keyword disables the automatic image verification that occurs after an image is copied.

The local-source-url argument is the location URL (or alias) from which to get the file to be copied, in standard Cisco IOS file system syntax as follows:

http://[[username:password]@] {hostname | host-ip}[/filepath]/filename

Note The optional username and password arguments can be used to log in to an HTTP server that requires user authentication, in place of configuring the ip http client username and ip http client password global configuration commands to specify these authentication strings.

The remote-destination-url is the URL (or alias) to put the copied file, in standard Cisco IOS file system syntax, as follows:

filesystem:[/filepath][/filename]

Note For more information on URL syntax when you use the copy command, see the "Additional References" section.

Troubleshooting Tips

If file transfers from a remote web server fail, verify the following:

Your router has an active connection to the Internet.

The correct path and filename have been specified.

The remote server requires a username and password.

The remote server has a nonstandard communications port configured. (The default port for HTTP is 80; the default port for HTTPS is 443.)

The CLI returns error messages to help you determine the cause of a failed copy request. Additional information on the copy process can be displayed with the debug ip http client all command.

Maintaining and Monitoring File Transfers Using HTTP

Perform this task to maintain and monitor HTTP connections. Steps 2 through 4 can be performed in any order.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. show ip http client connection

3. show ip http client history

4. show ip http client session-module

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

show ip http client connection

Example:

Router# show ip http client connection

Displays details about active HTTP client connections.

Step 3 

show ip http client history

Example:

Router# show ip http client history

Displays the last 20 URLs accessed by the HTTP client.

Step 4 

show ip http client session-module

Example:
Router# show ip http client session-module

Displays details about about sessions (applications) that have registered with the HTTP client.

Configuration Examples for the File Transfer Using HTTP or HTTPs

This section provides the following configuration examples:

Configuring HTTP Connection Characteristics for File Transfers: Example

Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs: Example

Uploading a File from Flash to the Remote HTTP Server: Example

Uploading a File from Flash to the Remote HTTP Server: Example

Downloading a File from the Remote HTTP Server to Flash Memory: Example

Configuring HTTP Connection Characteristics for File Transfers: Example

The following example shows how to configure the HTTP password and username for connection to a remote server that authenticates all users. The example also shows how to configure the connection for a 20-second idle connection period. The maximum time the HTTP client waits for a connection remains at the default 10 seconds.

Router(config)# ip http client connection idle timeout 20
Router(config)# ip http client password Secret
Router(config)# ip http client username User1
Router(config)# do show running-config | include ip http client

Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs: Example

The following example shows how to configure the file c7200-i-mx is copied from a remote server to flash memory using HTTP. This example also shows how to enter a username and password from the command line for an HTTP server that authenticates users.

Router# copy http://user1:mypassword@209.165.202.129:8080/image_files/c7200-i-mx 
flash:c7200-i-mx

Uploading a File from Flash to the Remote HTTP Server: Example

The following example shows how to copy a file from flash memory to the remote HTTP server. The example shows the prompts and displays that can be expected from transferring a file using the copy privileged EXEC command.

Router# copy flash:c7200-js-mz.ELL2 http://172.19.209.190/user1/c7200-js-mz.ELL2
 
   
Address or name of remote host [172.19.209.190]?
Destination filename [user1/c7200-js-mz.ELL2]?
Storing http://172.19.209.190/user1/c7200-js-mz.ELL2 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
17571956 bytes copied in 57.144 secs (307503 bytes/sec)
 
   

Downloading a File from the Remote HTTP Server to Flash Memory: Example

The following example shows how to copy a file from the remote HTTP server to the flash memory. The example shows the prompts and displays that can be expected from transferring a file using the copy privileged EXEC command.

Router# copy http://172.19.209.190/user1/c7200-i-mz.test  flash:c7200-i-mz.test
 
   
Destination filename [c7200-i-mz.test]?
Loading http://172.19.209.190/user1/c7200-i-mz.test 
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!
.
.
.

11272788 bytes copied in 527.104 secs (21386 bytes/sec)

 
   

Uploading a File to a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs

The following example shows how to copy a file to the remote server using HTTP or HTTPs.

router#copy flash: http:
Source filename []? running-config
Address or name of remote host []? 10.1.102.1 Destination filename [pilot-confg]?file1 ...

Additional References

The following sections provide information related to transferring files using HTTP or HTTPS.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Secure HTTP communications

HTTPS —HTTP Server and Client with SSL 3.0

Cisco IOS embedded web server

HTTP 1.1 Web Server and Client

Cisco IOS embedded web client

HTTP 1.1 Client

Network Management Commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS Network Management Command Reference

Configuration Fundamentals Commands: complete command syntax, command mode, command history, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference


Standards

Standards
Title

No new of modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


MIBs

MIBs
MIBs Link

None

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL: http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFCs
Title

RFC 2616

Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1, R. Fielding, et al.

RFC 2617

HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication, J. Franks, et al.


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/techsupport


Feature Information for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS

Table 1 lists the features in this module and provides links to specific configuration information. Only features that were introduced or modified in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(1) or later appear in the table.

Not all commands may be available in your Cisco IOS software release. For details on when support for specific commands was introduced, see the command reference documents.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. Cisco Feature Navigator enables you to determine which Cisco IOS and Catalyst OS software images support a specific software release, feature set, or platform. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/fn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.


Note Table 1 lists only the Cisco IOS software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given Cisco IOS software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that Cisco IOS software release train also support that feature.


Table 1 Feature Information for Transferring Files Using HTTP or HTTPS 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

File Download Using HTTP

12.3(2)T

The File Download Using HTTP feature allows you to copy files from an HTTP server to a Cisco IOS software-based platform.

The following section provides information about this feature:

Downloading a File from a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPs

File Upload Using HTTP

12.3(7)T

The following section provides information about this feature:

"Uploading a File to a Remote Server Using HTTP or HTTPS" section

File Transfer Using HTTP

12.3(7)T

The File Transfer Using HTTP feature provides the capability to copy files, such as Cisco IOS image files, core files, configuration files, log files, and scripts to and from a remote server and your local routing device using the Cisco IOS copy command and command-line interface. The HTTP copy operation works in the same way as copying from other remote file systems, such as FTP or TFTP.

This feature provides support for copying files from a Cisco IOS software-based platform to an HTTP server, using either HTTP or HTTPs.

The following sections provide information about this feature:

"Information About File Transfers Using HTTP or HTTPs" section

"How to Transfer Files Using HTTP or HTTPs" section