Cisco IOS DECnet Command Reference
access-list (connect initiate) through show decnet
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Cisco IOS DECnet Commands

Table Of Contents

Cisco IOS DECnet Commands

access-list (connect initiate)

access-list (DECnet extended)

access-list (DECnet standard)

clear decnet accounting

clear decnet counters

decnet access-group

decnet accounting list

decnet accounting threshold

decnet accounting transits

decnet accounting

decnet advertise

decnet area-max-cost

decnet area-max-hops

decnet cluster-alias update

decnet cluster-holdtime

decnet congestion-threshold

decnet conversion

decnet cost

decnet encapsulation

decnet hello-timer

decnet host

decnet in-routing-filter

decnet map

decnet max-address

decnet max-area

decnet max-cost

decnet max-hops

decnet max-paths

decnet max-visits

decnet multicast-map

decnet node-type

decnet out-routing-filter

decnet path-split-mode

decnet propagate static

decnet route (interface static route)

decnet route (specific static route)

decnet route default (interface default route)

decnet route default (specific default route)

decnet route-cache

decnet router-priority

decnet routing

decnet routing-timer

decnet split-horizon

lat host-delay

lat service autocommand

mop enabled

show decnet accounting

show decnet interface

show decnet map

show decnet neighbors

show decnet route

show decnet static

show decnet traffic

show decnet


Cisco IOS DECnet Commands


Digital Equipment Corporation developed the DECnet protocol to provide a way for its computers to communicate with one another. Currently in its fifth major product release, DECnet Phase V is a superset of the Open System Interconnection (OSI) protocol suite, it supports all OSI protocols, and it is compatible with the previous release (Phase IV). DECnet Phase IV Prime supports inherent MAC addresses, which allow DECnet nodes to coexist with systems that run other protocols that have MAC address restrictions. DECnet support on Cisco routers includes local-area and wide-area DECnet Phase IV routing over Ethernet, Token Ring, FDDI, and serial lines such as X.25, Frame Relay, and Switched Multimegabit Data Service (SMDS).

Use the commands in this book to configure and monitor DECnet networks. For DECnet configuration information and examples, see the Cisco IOS Apollo Domain, Banyan VINES, DECnet, ISO CLNS, and XNS Configuration Guide, Release 12.2.


Note Not all Cisco access servers support DECnet. For more information, refer to the release notes for the current Cisco IOS release.


access-list (connect initiate)


Note The access-list (connect initiate) command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To create an access list that filters connect initiate packets, use this version of the access-list command in global configuration mode. To disable the access list, use the no form of this command.

access-list access-list-number {permit | deny} source source-mask [destination destination-mask] {eq neq} [[source-object] [destination-object] [identification] any]

no access-list

The optional argument source-object consists of the following string:

src [{eq | neq | gt | lt} object-number] [exp regular-expression] [uic [group, user]]

The optional argument destination-object consists of the following string:

dst [{eq | neq | gt | lt} object-number] [exp regular-expression] [uic [group, user]]

The optional argument identification consists of the following string:

[id regular-expression] [password regular-expression] [account regular-expression]

Syntax Description

access-list-number

Integer you choose between 300 and 399 that uniquely identifies the access list.

permit

Permits access when there is an address match.

deny

Denies access when there is an address match.

source

Source address. DECnet addresses are written in the form area.node. For example, 50.4 is node 4 in area 50. All addresses are in decimal.

source-mask

Mask to be applied to the address of the source node. All masks are in decimal.

destination

(Optional) Destination node's DECnet address in decimal format. DECnet addresses are written in the form area.node. For example, 50.4 is node 4 in area 50. All addresses are in decimal.

destination-mask

(Optional) Destination mask. DECnet addresses are written in the form area.node. For example, 50.4 is node 4 in area 50. All masks are in decimal.

eq | neq

Use either of these keywords:

eq—Item matches the packet if all the specified parts of source-object, destination-object, and identification match data in the packet.

neq—Item matches the packet if any of the specified parts do not match the corresponding entry in the packet.

source-object

(Optional) Contains the mandatory keyword src and one of the following optional keywords:

eq | neq | lt | gt—Equal to, not equal to, less than, or greater than. These keywords must be followed by the argument object-number, a numeric DECnet object number.

exp—Stands for expression; followed by a regular-expression that matches a string. See the "Regular Expressions" appendix in the Cisco IOS Dial Technologies Command Reference for a description of regular expressions.

uic—Stands for user identification code; followed by a numeric user ID (UID) expression. The argument [group, user] is a numeric UID expression. In this case, the bracket symbols are literal; they must be entered. The group and user parts can either be specified in decimal, in octal by prefixing the number with a 0, or in hex by prefixing the number with 0x. The uic expression displays as an octal number.

destination-object

(Optional) Contains the mandatory keyword dst and one of the following optional keywords:

eq | neq | lt | gt—Equal to, not equal to, less than, or greater than. These keywords must be followed by the argument object-number, a numeric DECnet object number.

exp—Stands for expression; followed by a regular-expression that matches a string. See the "Regular Expressions" appendix in the Cisco IOS Dial Technologies Command Reference for a description of regular expressions.

uic—Stands for user identification code; followed by a numeric user ID (UID) expression. In this case, the bracket symbols are literal; they must be entered. The group and user parts can either be specified in decimal, in octal by prefixing the number with a 0, or in hex by prefixing the number with 0x. The uic expression displays as an octal number.

identification

(Optional) Uses any of the following three keywords:

id—Regular expression; refers to user ID.

password—Regular expression; the password to the account.

account—Regular expression; the account string.

any

(Optional) Item matches if any of the specified parts do match the corresponding entries for source-object, destination-object, or identification.


Defaults

No access list is defined.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Depending upon the arguments you use, you can define access lists in three ways:

Restrict access based on source addresses

Use the source and source-mask arguments only.

Restrict access based on destination addresses

Use the source, source-mask, destination, and destination-mask arguments.

Add filters to further narrow access

Use the source, source-mask, destination, and destination-mask arguments, the eq, neq, or any keywords, and any or all of the following arguments: source-object, destination-object, and
identification.

Table 1 lists the DECnet object numbers.

Table 1 Common DECnet Object Numbers 

Name
Number
Description

FAL

17

File Access Listener

HLD

18

Host Loader

NML

19

Network Monitor Link/NICE

MIRROR

25

Loopback mirror

EVL

26

Event logger

MAIL

27

Mail

PHONE

29

Phone

NOTES

33

VAX Notes

CTERM

42

Terminal sessions

DTR

63

DECnet Test Sender/Receiver


Examples

The following example illustrates an access list for matching all connect packets for object number 27:

access-list 300 permit 0.0 63.1023 eq dst eq 27 

The following example illustrates an access list for matching all connect packets except for the object number 17:

access-list 300 permit 0.0 63.1023 neq dst eq 17 

The following example illustrates an access list for matching all connect packets where the access identification was SYSTEM:

access-list 300 permit 0.0 63.1023 eq id ^SYSTEM$
 
   

The following example illustrates an access list for matching all connect packets from area 1 to object number 27(27 = VAX/VMS Personal Utility or MAIL) where SYSTEM is the originating user:

access-list 300 permit 1.0 0.1023 eq src exp ^SYSTEM$ dst eq 27
 
   

The following example illustrates an access list for matching any connect packet and can be used at the end of a list to permit any packets not already matched:

access-list 300 permit 0.0 63.1023 eq any

Related Commands

Command
Description

access-list (DECnet extended)

Creates an extended access list.

access-list (DECnet standard)

Creates a standard access list.

decnet access-group

Creates a DECnet access group.

decnet in-routing-filter

Provides access control to hello messages or routing information received on an interface.

decnet out-routing-filter

Provides access control to routing information being sent out on an interface.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


access-list (DECnet extended)


Note The access-list (DECnet extended) command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To create an extended access list, use the access-list command in global configuration mode. To delete the entire access list, use the no form of this command.

access-list access-list-number {permit | deny} source source-mask [destination destination-mask]

no access-list

Syntax Description

access-list-number

Integer you choose between 300 and 399 that uniquely identifies the access list.

permit

Permits access when there is an address match.

deny

Denies access when there is an address match.

source

Source address. DECnet addresses are written in the form area.node. For example, 50.4 is node 4 in area 50. All addresses are in decimal.

source-mask

Mask to be applied to the address of the source node. All masks are in decimal.

destination

(Optional) Destination node's DECnet address in decimal format. DECnet addresses are written in the form area.node. For example, 50.4 is node 4 in area 50.

destination-mask

(Optional) Destination mask. DECnet addresses are written in the form area.node. For example, 50.4 is node 4 in area 50. All masks are in decimal.


Defaults

No access list is defined.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following example configures access list 301 to allow traffic from any host in networks 1 and 3. It implies no other traffic is permitted. (The end of a list contains an implicit "deny all else" statement.)

access-list 301 permit 1.0 0.1023 0.0 63.1023
access-list 301 permit 3.0 0.1023 0.0 63.1023

Related Commands

Command
Description

access-list (connect initiate)

Creates an access list that filters connect initiate packets.

access-list (DECnet standard)

Creates a standard access list.

decnet access-group

Creates a DECnet access group.

decnet in-routing-filter

Provides access control to hello messages or routing information received on an interface.

decnet out-routing-filter

Provides access control to routing information being sent out on an interface.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


access-list (DECnet standard)


Note The access-list (DECnet standard) command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To create a standard access list, use the standard version of the access-list command in global configuration mode. To delete the entire access list, use the no form of this command.

access-list access-list-number {permit | deny} source source-mask

no access-list

Syntax Description

access-list-number

Integer you choose between 300 and 399 that uniquely identifies the access list.

permit

Permits access when there is an address match.

deny

Denies access when there is an address match.

source

Source address. DECnet addresses are written in the form area.node. For example, 50.4 is node 4 in area 50. All addresses are in decimal.

source-mask

Mask to be applied to the address of the source node. Bits are set wherever the corresponding bits in the address should be ignored. All masks are in decimal.


Defaults

No access list is defined.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.3

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

In contrast with IP masks, a DECnet mask specification of "all ones" is entered as the decimal value 1023. In IP, the equivalent is 255.

Examples

The following example sets up access list 300 to deny packets coming from node 4.51 and to permit packets coming from node 2.31:

access-list 300 deny 4.51 0.0 
access-list 300 permit 2.31 0.0

Related Commands

Command
Description

access-list (connect initiate)

Creates an access list that filters connect initiate packets.

access-list (DECnet extended)

Creates an extended access list.

decnet access-group

Creates a DECnet access group.

decnet in-routing-filter

Provides access control to hello messages or routing information received on an interface.

decnet out-routing-filter

Provides access control to routing information being sent out on an interface.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


clear decnet accounting


Note The clear decnet accounting command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To delete all entries in the accounting database when DECnet accounting is enabled, use the clear decnet accounting command in EXEC mode.

clear decnet accounting [checkpoint]

Syntax Description

checkpoint

(Optional) Clears the checkpoint database.


Command Modes

EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.2

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Specifying the clear decnet accounting command without the checkpoint keyword copies the active database to the checkpoint database and clears the active database.

The active data set is copied to the checkpoint database; the active database entry values are reset to zero. If there are entries in the database that were found dynamically, they are deleted. If there are entries that were entered statically, such as decnet accounting list 5.3.17.26, they are not removed. Their values are reset to zero.

Any traffic that traverses the router after the clear decnet accounting command has been issued is saved in the active database. Accounting information in the checkpoint database at that time reflects traffic prior to the most recent clear decnet accounting command.

You can also delete all entries in both the active and the checkpoint databases by issuing the clear decnet accounting command twice in succession.

Examples

In the following example, the first display from the show decnet accounting command shows the active database before a clear command is issued. The clear decnet accounting command is issued, and a second show display shows no accounting information in the active database. The display from the show decnet accounting checkpoint command shows the data collected in the active database prior to the clear decnet accounting command.

Router# show decnet accounting
 
   
Source  Destination	Bytes	Packets
2.329	37.4	153	6
5.7	7.8	326	4
27.100	27.107	145	5
7.8	5.7	152	12
27.107	27.100	500	5
37.4	2.329	78	4
 
   
Accounting data age is 12.41
 
   
Router# clear decnet accounting 
Router# show decnet accounting 
 
   
Source  Destination	Bytes	Packets
 
   
Accounting data age is 0
 
   
Router# show decnet accounting checkpoint
 
   
Source  Destination	Bytes	Packets
2.329	37.4	153	6
5.7	7.8	326	4
27.100	27.107	145	5
7.8	5.7	152	12
27.107	27.100	500	5
37.4	2.329	78	4
 
   
Accounting data age is 12.41

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet accounting

Enables DECnet accounting.

decnet accounting list

Specifies the source and destination address pairs for which DECnet accounting information is kept.

decnet accounting threshold

Sets the maximum number of accounting database entries.

decnet accounting transits

Sets the maximum number of transit entries that will be stored in the DECnet accounting database.

show decnet accounting

Displays the active accounting or checkpointed database.


clear decnet counters


Note The clear decnet counters command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To clear DECnet counters that are shown in the output of the show decnet traffic EXEC command, use the clear decnet counters command in EXEC mode.

clear decnet counters

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following example zeros all DECnet counters:

clear decnet counters

Related Commands

Command
Description

show decnet traffic

Shows the DECnet traffic statistics (including datagrams sent, received, and forwarded).


decnet access-group


Note The decnet access-group command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To create a DECnet access group, use the decnet access-group command in interface configuration mode. To delete a DECnet access-group, use the no form of this command.

decnet access-group access-list-number

no decnet access-group

Syntax Description

access-list-number

Either a standard or an extended DECnet access list. A standard DECnet access list applies to source addresses. The value (or values in the case of extended lists) can be in the range 300 to 399.


Defaults

No access group is defined.

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following example applies access list 389 to Ethernet interface 1:

interface ethernet 1
 decnet access-group 389

Related Commands

Command
Description

access-list (DECnet standard)

Creates a standard access list.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet accounting list


Note The decnet accounting list command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To specify the source and destination address pairs for which DECnet accounting information is kept, use the decnet accounting list command in global configuration mode. DECnet accounting tracks all traffic that traverses the router between the source and destination address pairs specified with this command. To remove the accounting filter, use the no form of this command.

decnet accounting list src-dec-address dest-dec-address

no decnet accounting list {src-dec-address dest-dec-address | all}

Syntax Description

src-dec-address

DECnet address for the source. The address is in the form area.node, for example, 5.3.

dest-dec-address

DECnet address for the destination. The address is in the form area.node, for example, 5.3.

all

Disables DECnet accounting for all source and destination address pairs specified previously with the decnet accounting list command.


Defaults

No filters are predefined.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.2 F

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

The source and destination addresses of each DECnet packet are paired to create an entry in the database. When DECnet traffic traverses the router and a match is found, accounting information about the DECnet packet is entered into the accounting database. If DECnet accounting is enabled on an interface, but no accounting list is specified, the transit parameter does not come into play. DECnet accounting will track all traffic through the interface, up to the accounting threshold limit. All traffic up to the threshold limit is collected and added to the aggregate value for all DECnet traffic passing through the router.

Use the no decnet accounting list all to delete the entire entry list.

Examples

The following example adds DECnet host pair 5.37 and 6.126 to the list of networks for which accounting information is kept:

decnet accounting list 5.37 6.126

Related Commands

Command
Description

clear decnet accounting

Deletes all entries in the accounting database when DECnet accounting is enabled.

decnet accounting

Enables DECnet accounting.

decnet accounting threshold

Sets the maximum number of accounting database entries.

decnet accounting transits

Sets the maximum number of transit entries that will be stored in the DECnet accounting database.

show decnet accounting

Displays the active accounting or checkpointed database.


decnet accounting threshold


Note The decnet accounting threshold command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the maximum number of accounting database entries, use the decnet accounting threshold command in global configuration mode. To restore the default, use the no form of this command.

decnet accounting threshold threshold

no decnet accounting threshold threshold

Syntax Description

threshold

Maximum number of entries (source and destination address pairs) that Cisco IOS software can accumulate.


Defaults

512 entries

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.2 F

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

The accounting threshold defines the maximum number of entries (source and destination address pairs) that the software accumulates. The threshold is designed to prevent DECnet accounting from consuming all available free memory. This level of memory consumption could occur in a router that is switching traffic for many hosts. To determine whether overflows have occurred, use the show decnet accounting EXEC command.

Examples

The following example sets the DECnet accounting database threshold to 256 entries:

decnet accounting threshold 256

Related Commands

Command
Description

clear decnet accounting

Deletes all entries in the accounting database when DECnet accounting is enabled.

decnet accounting

Enables DECnet accounting.

decnet accounting list

Specifies the source and destination address pairs for which DECnet accounting information is kept.

decnet accounting transits

Sets the maximum number of transit entries that will be stored in the DECnet accounting database.

show decnet accounting

Displays the active accounting or checkpointed database.


decnet accounting transits


Note The decnet accounting transits command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the maximum number of transit entries that will be stored in the DECnet accounting database, use the decnet accounting transits command in global configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.

decnet accounting transits count

no decnet accounting transits

Syntax Description

count

Number of transit entries that will be stored in the DECnet accounting database.


Defaults

0 entries

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.2 F

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Transit entries are those that do not match any of the source and destination address pair filters specified by decnet accounting list global configuration commands. If an accounting list is not defined, DECnet accounting will track all traffic through the interface (all transit entries) up to the accounting threshold limit.

To maintain accurate accounting totals, Cisco IOS software maintains two accounting databases: an active database and a checkpoint database.

Examples

The following example specifies a maximum of 100 transit records to be stored in the DECnet accounting database:

decnet accounting transits 100
 
   

Related Commands

Command
Description

clear decnet accounting

Deletes all entries in the accounting database when DECnet accounting is enabled.

decnet accounting list

Specifies the source and destination address pairs for which DECnet accounting information is kept.

decnet accounting threshold

Sets the maximum number of accounting database entries.

show decnet accounting

Displays the active accounting or checkpointed database.


decnet accounting


Note The decnet accounting command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To enable DECnet accounting, use the decnet accounting command in interface configuration mode. To disable DECnet accounting, use the no form of this command.

decnet accounting

no decnet accounting

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

Disabled

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.2 F

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

The Cisco IOS software maintains two accounting databases: an active database and a checkpoint database. The active database contains accounting data tracked until the database is cleared. When the active database is cleared, its contents are copied to the checkpoint database. Using these two databases together allows you to monitor both current traffic and traffic that has previously traversed the router.

DECnet accounting statistics will be accurate, even if DECnet fast switching is enabled, or if DECnet access lists are being used.

Enabling DECnet accounting significantly decreases the performance of a fast-switched interface.

DECnet accounting is disabled if autonomous or SSE switching is enabled.

Examples

This example shows DECnet accounting enabled on serial interface 0:

interface serial 0
 decnet accounting

Related Commands

Command
Description

clear decnet accounting

Deletes all entries in the accounting database when DECnet accounting is enabled.

decnet accounting list

Specifies the source and destination address pairs for which DECnet accounting information is kept.

decnet accounting threshold

Sets the maximum number of accounting database entries.

decnet accounting transits

Sets the maximum number of transit entries that will be stored in the DECnet accounting database.

show decnet accounting

Displays the active accounting or checkpointed database.


decnet advertise


Note The decnet advertise command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To configure border routers to propagate Phase IV areas through an OSI backbone, use the decnet advertise command in global configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.

decnet advertise [decnet-area] hops cost

no decnet advertise [decnet-area]

Syntax Description

decnet-area

(Optional) Phase IV area that you want propagated.

hops

Hop count to be associated with the route being advertised. Default is 0.

cost

Cost to be associated with the route being advertised. Default is 0.


Defaults

Disabled

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

The output from the show decnet route EXEC command shows the cost and hop count for routes.

The decnet advertise command is used by border routers for propagating Phase IV areas through an OSI backbone.

The decnet advertise command and the clns route nsap-prefix discard command work together. When a router has DECnet Phase IV/V conversion enabled, any packet with the specified Connectionless Network Service (CLNS) Network Service Access Point (NSAP) prefix will cause CLNS to behave as if no route were found. That router then looks up the route to the border router that is advertising the Phase IV route. In turn, the router that is advertising the DECnet Phase IV route converts the packet to Phase V and sends it through the OSI cloud to the border router that is advertising the CLNS discard static route. After the packet gets to the border router, it is converted back to Phase IV.

The CLNS discard routes are created dynamically when the advertised adjacencies are propagated through the CLNS cloud. When a DECnet interface is disabled, the adjacencies are lost and the CLNS discard route is deleted. The DECnet area routing states are displayed in the output from the show decnet route EXEC command.

Examples

The following example shows a partial use of the decnet advertise command:

decnet conversion 49
decnet advertise 4
clns route 49.0001 discard

Related Commands

Command
Description

clns route discard

Explicitly tells a router to discard packets with NSAP addresses that match the specified nsap-prefix.

show decnet route

Displays the DECnet routing table.


decnet area-max-cost


Note The decnet area-max-cost command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the maximum cost specification value for interarea routing, use the decnet area-max-cost command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] area-max-cost value

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number from 0 to 3. Specified when using Address Translation Gateway (ATG). If not specified, the default is network 0.

value

Maximum cost for a route to a distant area that Cisco IOS software may consider usable; the software treats as unreachable any route with a cost greater than the value you specify. A valid range for cost is 1 to 1022. This parameter is only valid for area routers. The default is 1022.


Defaults

network-number: 0

value: 1022

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Be sure that you have used the decnet node-type area global configuration command before using this command.

Examples

The following example specifies the node type as area and sets the maximum cost to 500. Any route with a cost exceeding 500 is considered unreachable by this router.

decnet node-type area
decnet area-max-cost 500

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet cluster-alias update

Sets the maximum hop count value for interarea routing.

decnet node-type

Specifies the node type.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet area-max-hops


Note The decnet area-max-hops command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the maximum hop count value for interarea routing, use the decnet area-max-hops command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] area-max-hops value

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG. If not specified, the default is network 0.

value

Maximum number of hops for a usable route to a distant area. The Cisco IOS software treats as unreachable any route with a count greater than the value you specify. A valid range for the hop count is 1 to 30.


Defaults

network-number: 0

hops: 30

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

This command is only valid for area routers. Be sure that you have issued the decnet node-type area global configuration command before using this command.

Examples

The following example sets the router to be a Level 2 router and then sets a maximum hop count of 21:

decnet node-type area
decnet area-max-hops 21

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet area-max-cost

Sets the maximum cost specification value for interarea routing.

decnet node-type

Specifies the node type.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet cluster-alias update


Note The decnet cluster-alias update command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To allow all cluster aliases to be propagated, use the decnet cluster-alias update command in interface configuration mode. To prevent cluster aliases from being propagated, use the no form of this command.

decnet cluster-alias update

no decnet cluster-alias update

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

Disabled

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

12.1(4)T

This command was introduced.

12.1(5)T

This command was modified to have cluster alias updates disabled by default.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

By default, cluster aliases updates are disabled because they can cause loops in topologies in which DECnet Phase IV is running and where there is a VAX cluster with multiple LAN links between them. If you want to propagate the cluster aliases updates, you can use the decnet cluster-alias update interface configuration command.

Examples

The following example enables the cluster alias updates:

decnet cluster-alias update

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet cluster holdtime

Sets a holdtime for a cluster alias adjacency.

decnet cost

Assigns a cost to an interface.


decnet cluster-holdtime


Note The decnet cluster-holdtime command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set a holdtime for a cluster alias adjacency, use the decnet cluster-holdtime command in interface configuration mode. To restore the default, use the no form of this command.

decnet cluster-holdtime seconds

no decnet cluster-holdtime

Syntax Description

seconds

Amount of time, in seconds, before the cluster alias adjacency times out.


Defaults

300 seconds

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(7)T

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

When you have Phase IV VAX clusters and have enabled cluster aliases, you must ensure that the Phase IV VAX clusters are reachable by remote end systems. The Phase IV router will look for the L1 routing updates from the VAX machine that is acting as the gratuitous router for the VAX cluster, extracting the cluster alias from the update and injecting it into the Phase V cloud, thus allowing reachability to remote end systems. In order for updates to be accepted, the DECnet cluster holdtime must be set to a greater time than the VAX broadcast routing timer. Using the decnet cluster-holdtime command will allow you to ensure that the holdtime has been set to a time period greater than the VAX broadcast timer. The VAX broadcast timer will determine the rate at which entries are refreshed. To see the current setting of the decnet cluster-holdtime command, enter the show decnet interface command.

Examples

The following example sets a cost of 1 for the Ethernet interface 1/0 and a cluster time of 200 seconds:

decnet routing 21.456
interface ethernet 1/0
 decnet cost 1
 decnet cluster-holdtime 200

Related Commands

Command
Description

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet congestion-threshold


Note The decnet congestion-threshold command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the congestion-experienced bit if the output queue has more than the specified number of packets in it, use the decnet congestion-threshold command in interface configuration mode. To remove the parameter setting and set it to 0, use the no form of this command.

decnet congestion-threshold number

no decnet congestion-threshold

Syntax Description

number

Number of packets that are allowed in the output queue before the system sets the congestion experience bit. This value is an integer between 0 and 0x7fff. The value zero prevents this bit from being set. Only relatively small integers are reasonable. The default is 1 packet.


Defaults

1 packet

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

If a router configured for DECnet experiences congestion, it sets the congestion-experienced bit. A number value of zero or the no form of the command prevents this bit from being set.

Examples

The following example sets the congestion threshold to 10:

interface ethernet 0
 decnet congestion-threshold 10

decnet conversion


Note The decnet conversion command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To allow Phase IV routers (running Cisco Release 9.1 or higher) to run in a Phase V network and vice versa, enable conversion with the decnet conversion command in global configuration mode. To disable conversion, use the no form of this command.

decnet conversion nsap-prefix

no decnet conversion nsap-prefix

Syntax Description

nsap-prefix

Value used for the IDP field when constructing NSAPs from a Phase IV address.


Defaults

Disabled

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

To enable DECnet conversion, you must configure both DECnet and ISO CLNS on your router.

DECnet Phase V is OSI-compatible and conforms to the ISO 8473 (CLNP/CLNS) and
ISO 9542 (ES-IS) standards. Digital has defined algorithms for mapping a subset of the Phase V address space onto the Phase IV address space and for converting Phase IV and Phase V packets back and forth. This allows a network administrator to support both Phase IV hosts in Phase V networks and Phase V hosts in Phase IV networks.

Cisco's implementation differs from Digital's in how reachability information is advertised. Cisco's implementation allows you to add Phase V support without modifying your existing Phase IV support. It also delays converting packets from Phase IV to Phase V, while Digital's implementation converts as soon as possible.

It is essential that the area you specify in the decnet routing global configuration command is the same as the local area you specified with the net router configuration command for the CLNS network.

Be sure that the area you specify in the decnet conversion command is the same as the area you specified for the CLNS network. Also note that the DECnet area is specified in decimal, and the CLNS area is specified in hexadecimal.

The decnet routing command is specified with a decimal address, while the net command address is specified in hexadecimal. In addition, the nsap-prefix specified on the decnet conversion command must match one of the NETs for this router.

The following guidelines apply:

Host connectivity across multiple areas is only possible if a Level 2 path exists for which every Level 2 router in the path supports a common protocol: Phase IV or Phase V. If not all routers support both protocols, those routers that do must have conversion enabled.

Host connectivity across a single area is only possible if a Level 1 path exists for which every Level 1 router in the path supports a common protocol: Phase IV or Phase V. If not all routers support both protocols, those routers that do must have conversion enabled.

The Level 2 backbone must have conversion enabled in all Level 2 routers that support an area that needs conversion.

Examples

The following example enables DECnet conversion on a router with the area tag xy and Phase IV address 20.401 using an ISO IGRP router:

clns routing
decnet routing 20.401
decnet max-address 600
!
router iso-igrp xy
 net 47.0004.004d.0014.aa00.0400.9151.00
!
decnet conversion 47.0004.004d
!
interface ethernet 0
 decnet cost 4
 clns router iso-igrp xy

Related Commands

Command
Description

net

Configures an IS-IS NET for the routing process.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.

show decnet route

Displays the DECnet routing table.


decnet cost


Note The decnet cost command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set a cost value for an interface, use the decnet cost command in interface configuration mode. To disable DECnet routing for an interface, use the no form of this command.

decnet cost cost-value

no decnet cost

Syntax Description

cost-value

Integer from 1 to 63. There is no default cost for an interface, although a suggested cost for FDDI is 1, for Ethernet is 4, and for serial links is greater than 10.


Defaults

Disabled

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

The decnet cost command is required for all interfaces on which DECnet routing is configured.

After DECnet routing has been enabled, you must assign a cost to each interface over which you want DECnet to run. Assigning a cost in effect enables DECnet routing for an interface. Most DECnet installations have an individualized routing strategy for using costs. Therefore, check the routing strategy used at your installation to ensure that costs you specify are consistent with those set for other hosts on the network.

Examples

The following example establishes a DECnet routing process for a router and sets the router's DECnet address to 21.456, and then sets a cost of 4 for the Ethernet interface 0:

decnet routing 21.456
interface ethernet 0
 decnet cost 4

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet encapsulation

Provides DECnet encapsulation over Token Ring.

decnet node-type

Specifies the node type.

decnet routing

Enables DECnet routing.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.

show decnet route

Displays the DECnet routing table.


decnet encapsulation


Note The decnet encapsulation command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To provide DECnet encapsulation over Token Ring, use the decnet encapsulation command in interface configuration mode.

decnet encapsulation {pre-dec | dec}

Syntax Description

pre-dec

Configures routers for operation on the same Token Ring with routers running software versions prior to Cisco IOS Release 9.1. In this mode, Cisco routers cannot communicate with non-Cisco equipment. Referred to as Cisco-style encapsulation.

dec

Provides encapsulation that is compatible with other Digital equipment. All Cisco routers must be running Cisco IOS Release 9.1 or later.


Defaults

Encapsulation is compatible with other Digital equipment.

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

If you have both Release 9.0 and 9.1 routers in the same network, you must use the pre-dec encapsulation type on the 9.1 routers.


Note You must first enable DECnet routing on the selected Token Ring interface before you can configure the DECnet encapsulation mode.


Examples

The following example sets Cisco-style encapsulation for DECnet routing, which means that Cisco and Digital equipment will not interoperate over Token Ring:

interface tokenring 0
 decnet encapsulation pre-dec
 decnet cost 4

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet cost

Sets a cost value for an interface.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet hello-timer


Note The decnet hello-timer command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To change the interval for sending broadcast hello messages, use the decnet hello-timer command in interface configuration mode. To restore the default value, use the no form of this command.

decnet hello-timer seconds

no decnet hello-timer

Syntax Description

seconds

Interval at which Cisco IOS software sends hello messages. It can be a decimal number in the range 1 to 8191 seconds. The default is 15 seconds.


Defaults

15 seconds

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Cisco IOS software broadcasts hello messages on all interfaces with DECnet enabled. Other hosts on the network use the hello messages to identify the hosts with which they can communicate directly. On extremely slow serial lines, you may want to increase the default value to reduce overhead on the line.

Examples

The following example increases the hello interval to 2 minutes (120 seconds) on serial interface 1:

interface serial 1
 decnet hello-timer 120

Related Commands

Command
Description

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet host


Note The decnet host command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To associate a name-to-DECnet address mapping, use the decnet host command in global configuration mode. To disable name mapping, use the no form of this command.

decnet host name decnet-address

no decnet host name

Syntax Description

name

A name you choose that uniquely identifies this DECnet address.

decnet-address

Source address. DECnet addresses are written in the form area.node. For example, 50.4 is node 4 in area 50. All addresses are in decimal.


Defaults

No name is defined.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.3

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

The assigned name is displayed, where applicable, in show decnet route and show hosts EXEC command output.

The name can also be used with the ping decnet command.

Examples

The following example defines name-to-DECnet address mapping:

decnet host cisco1 3.33

Related Commands

Command
Description

show decnet

Displays the global DECnet parameters.

show decnet route

Displays the DECnet routing table.

show hosts

Displays the default domain name, the style of name lookup service, a list of name server hosts, and the cached list of host names and addresses.


decnet in-routing-filter


Note The decnet in-routing-filter command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To provide access control to hello messages or routing information received on an interface, use the decnet in-routing-filter command in interface configuration mode. To remove access control, use the no form of this command.

decnet in-routing-filter access-list-number

no decnet in-routing-filter

Syntax Description

access-list-number

Standard DECnet access list. This list applies to source addresses. The value can be in the range 300 to 399.


Defaults

No access control is defined.

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following example sets up Ethernet interface 0 with a DECnet in-routing filter of 321, which means that any hello messages sent from addresses that are denied in list 321 are ignored. Additionally, all node addresses listed in received routing messages on this interface are checked against the access list, and only routes passing the filter are considered usable.

interface ethernet 0
 decnet in-routing-filter 321

Related Commands

Command
Description

access-list (DECnet standard)

Creates a standard access list.

decnet out-routing-filter

Provides access control to routing information being sent out on an interface.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet map


Note The decnet map command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To establish an address translation for selected nodes, use the decnet map command in global configuration mode.

decnet first-network map virtual-address second-network real-address

Syntax Description

first-network

DECnet network numbers in the range 0 to 3.

virtual-address

Numeric DECnet address (10.5, for example).

second-network

DECnet network number you map to; DECnet numbers range 0 to 3.

real-address

Numeric DECnet address (10.5, for example).


Defaults

No address translation is defined.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Keep the following limitations in mind when configuring the address translation gateway (ATG):

Both nodes that want to communicate across the ATG must exist in the translation map. Other nodes outside of the map will see route advertisements for the mapped address, but will be unable to communicate with them. An unmapped node trying to communicate with a mapped node will always get the message, "Node unreachable." This can be confusing if another nearby node can communicate with mapped nodes because it is also a mapped node.

Third-party DECnet applications could fail if they pass node number information in a data stream (most likely a sign of a poorly designed application).

Routing information for mapped addresses is static and does not reflect the reachability of the actual node in the destination network.

As an additional feature and security caution, DECnet "Poor Man's Routing" can be used between nodes outside of the translation map as long as those nodes have access to nodes that are in the map, so that a user on node B could issue the following VMS command:

$ dir A::D::E::
 
   

When a Poor Man's Routing connection is made between two networks, only the two adjacent nodes between the networks will have any direct knowledge about the other network. Application-level network access may then be specified to route through the connection.


Note Cisco does not support "Poor Man's Routing" directly; the intermediate nodes must be VMS systems with "Poor Man's Routing" enabled in file-access language.


Examples

In the following example, packets in network 0 sent to address 19.5 will be routed to network 1, and the destination address will be translated to 50.1. Packets sent to address 47.1 in network 1 will be routed to network 0 as 19.1.

decnet 0 map 19.5 1 50.1
decnet 1 map 47.1 0 19.1

Related Commands

Command
Description

show decnet map

Displays the address mapping information used by the DECnet Address Translation Gateway.


decnet max-address


Note The decnet max-addressers command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To configure Cisco IOS software with a maximum number of node addresses, use the decnet max-address command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] max-address value

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG.

value

A number less than or equal to 1023 that represents the maximum address possible on the network. In general, all routers on the network should use the same value for this argument. The default is 1023.


Defaults

network-number: 0

1023 node addresses

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

DECnet routers do not have the concept of aging out a route. Therefore, all possible areas or nodes must be advertised as unreachable if they cannot be reached. Since it is best to keep routing updates small, you must indicate the default maximum possible node and area numbers that can exist in the network.

Examples

The following example configures a small network to a maximum address value of 300:

decnet max-address 300

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet max-area

Sets the largest number of areas that Cisco IOS software can handle in its routing table.


decnet max-area


Note The decnet max-area command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the largest number of areas that Cisco IOS software can handle in its routing table, use the decnet max-area command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] max-area area-number

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG.

area-number

Area number from 1 to 63. Like the decnet max-address global configuration command value, this argument controls the sizes of internal routing tables and of messages sent to other nodes. All routers on the network should use the same maximum address value. The default is 63.


Defaults

network-number: 0

63 areas

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

In the following example, the largest area to be stored in the routing table is 45:

decnet max-area 45

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet max-address

Configures Cisco IOS software with a maximum number of node addresses.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet max-cost


Note The decnet max-cost command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the maximum cost specification for intra-area routing, use the decnet max-cost command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] max-cost cost

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG.

cost

Cost from 1 to 1022. The default is 1022.


Defaults

network-number: 0

cost: 1022

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Cisco IOS software ignores routes within its local area that have a cost greater than the value you specify.

Examples

The following example specifies the node type as a Level 1 router and sets the maximum cost to 335. Any route whose cost exceeds 335 is considered unreachable by this router.

decnet node-type routing-iv
decnet max-cost 335

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet max-hops

Sets the maximum hop count specification value for intra-area routing.

decnet max-paths

Defines the maximum number of equal-cost paths to a destination that Cisco IOS software keeps in its routing table.

decnet node-type

Specifies the node type.

decnet path-split-mode

Specifies how Cisco IOS software splits the routable packets between equal-cost paths.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet max-hops


Note The decnet max-hops command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the maximum hop count specification value for intra-area routing, use the decnet max-hops command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] max-hops hop-count

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG.

hop-count

Hop count from 1 to 30. Cisco IOS software ignores routes that have a hop count greater than the corresponding value of this parameter. The default is 30 hops.


Defaults

network-number: 0

30 hops

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following example sets the router to be a Level 1 router and then sets a maximum hop count of 2:

decnet node-type routing-iv
decnet max-hops 2

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet max-cost

Sets the maximum cost specification for intra-area routing.

decnet max-paths

Defines the maximum number of equal-cost paths to a destination that Cisco IOS software keeps in its routing table.

decnet node-type

Specifies the node type.


decnet max-paths


Note The decnet max-paths command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To define the maximum number of equal-cost paths to a destination that Cisco IOS software keeps in its routing table, use the decnet max-paths command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] max-paths value

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG.

value

Decimal number equal to the maximum number of equal-cost paths the software will save. The valid range is 1 to 31. The default is 1.


Defaults

network-number: 0

1 equal-cost path

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Limiting the number of equal-cost paths can save memory on routers with limited memory or very large configurations. Additionally, in networks with a large number of multiple paths and end-systems with limited ability to cache out-of-sequence packets, performance may suffer when traffic is split between many paths.

Limiting the size of the routing table does not affect the ability of your routers to recover from network failures transparently, provided that you do not make the maximum number of paths too small. If more than the specified number of equal-cost paths exist, and one of those paths suddenly becomes unusable, the software will discover an additional path from the paths it has been ignoring.

Examples

In the following example, the software will save no more than three equal-cost paths:

decnet max-paths 3

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet max-cost

Sets the maximum cost specification for intra-area routing.

decnet max-hops

Sets the maximum hop count specification value for intra-area routing.

decnet path-split-mode

Specifies how Cisco IOS software splits the routable packets between equal-cost paths.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.

show decnet route

Displays the DECnet routing table.


decnet max-visits


Note The decnet max-visits command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the limit on the number of times a packet can pass through a router, use the decnet max-visits command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] max-visits value

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG.

value

Number of times a packet can pass through a router. It can be a decimal number in the range 1 to 63. If a packet exceeds value, Cisco IOS software discards the packet. Digital recommends that the value of the max-visits parameter be at least twice that of the max-hops parameter, to allow packets to still reach their destinations when routes are changing. The default is 63 times.


Defaults

network-number: 0

63 times

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following example of intra-area routing configuration specifies Level 1 routing, a maximum hop count of 28, and a maximum number of visits of 62 (which is more than twice 28):

decnet node-type routing-iv
decnet max-hops 28
decnet max-visits 62

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet max-hops

Sets the maximum hop count specification value for intra-area routing.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.

show decnet traffic

Shows the DECnet traffic statistics (including datagrams sent, received, and forwarded).


decnet multicast-map


Note The decnet multicast-map command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To specify a mapping between DECnet multicast addresses and Token Ring functional addresses, other than the default mapping, use the decnet multicast-map command in interface configuration mode. To delete the specified information, use the no form of this command.

decnet multicast-map multicast-address-type functional-address

no decnet multicast-map multicast-address-type functional-address

Syntax Description

multicast-address-type

Type of multicast address that is used. The following are valid values for the argument:

iv-all-routers (all Phase-IV routers)

iv-all-endnodes (all Phase-IV end nodes)

iv-prime-all-routers (all Phase IV Prime routers)

functional-address

Functional MAC address to which this multicast ID maps; in the form of "c000.xxxx.yyyy."


Defaults

Enabled, with the default mapping listed in Table 2.

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

This command is valid for Token Ring interfaces only. The command will reject a functional address that does not start with "C000" or "c000."

Routing multicasts and end node multicasts must be on different functional addresses. Table 2 shows the default mapping of DECnet multicast address types to Token Ring functional addresses.

Table 2 Default Mapping of DECnet Multicast Address Types and Token Ring Functional Addresses

DECnet Multicast Address Type
Token Ring Functional Address

L1 router
L2 router

C000.1000.0000

End node

C000.0800.0000

DECnet Phase IV-Prime router

C000.1000.0000


Examples

The following example configures Token Ring interface 1 for multicasts of all Phase IV end nodes and the multicast ID is configured to map to MAC address c000.2222.3333:

interface tokenring 1
 decnet multicast-map iv-all-endnodes c000.2222.3333

decnet node-type


Note The decnet node-type command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To specify the node type, use the decnet node-type command in global configuration mode.

decnet [network-number] node-type {area | routing-iv}

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG. If not specified, the default is network 0.

area

Router participates in the DECnet routing protocol with other area routers, as described in the Digital documentation, and routes packets from and to routers in other areas. This is sometimes referred to as Level 2 (or interarea) routing. An area router does not just handle interarea routing, it also acts as an intra-area or Level 1 router in its own area.

routing-iv

Router acts as an intra-area (standard DECnet Phase IV, Level 1 router) and ignores Level 2 routing packets. In this mode, it routes packets destined for other areas to a designated interarea router, exchanging packets with other end nodes and routers in the same area.


Defaults

No node type is specified.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

In the following example, the router node type is specified as area, or Level 2:

decnet node-type area

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet cost

Sets a cost value for an interface.

decnet routing

Enables DECnet routing.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet out-routing-filter


Note The decnet out-routing-filter command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To provide access control to routing information being sent out on an interface, use the decnet out-routing-filter command in interface configuration mode. To remove access control, use the no form of this command.

decnet out-routing-filter access-list-number

no decnet out-routing-filter

Syntax Description

access-list-number

Standard DECnet access list applying to source addresses. The value can be in the range 300 to 399.


Defaults

No access control to routing information is defined.

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Addresses that fail this test are shown in the update message as unreachable.

Examples

The following example sets up Ethernet interface 1 with a DECnet out-routing filter of 351. This filter is applied to addresses in the transmitted routing updates. Transmitted hello messages are not filtered.

interface ethernet 1
 decnet out-routing-filter 351

Related Commands

Command
Description

access-list (DECnet standard)

Creates a standard access list.

decnet in-routing-filter

Provides access control to hello messages or routing information received on an interface.

show decnet interface

Displays the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces.


decnet path-split-mode


Note The decnet path-split-mode command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To specify how Cisco IOS software splits the routable packets between equal-cost paths, use the decnet path-split-mode command in global configuration mode.

decnet path-split-mode {normal | interim}

Syntax Description

normal

Normal mode, where equal-cost paths are selected on a round-robin basis. This is the default.

interim

Traffic for any particular (higher-layer) session is always routed over the same path. This mode supports older implementations of DECnet (VMS Versions 4.5 and earlier) that do not support out-of-order packet caching. Other sessions may take another path, thus using equal-cost paths that a router may have for a particular destination.


Defaults

Normal mode

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

In the following example, a router will split routable packets between equal-cost paths using the round-robin (or first-come, first-served) basis:

decnet path-split-mode normal

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet max-cost

Sets the maximum cost specification for intra-area routing.

decnet max-paths

Defines the maximum number of equal-cost paths to a destination that Cisco IOS software keeps in its routing table.


decnet propagate static


Note The decnet propagate static command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To enable static route propagation, use the decnet propagate static command in global configuration mode. To disable propagation, use the no form of this command.

decnet propagate static

no decnet propagate static

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

No default routes are propagated.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

By default, DECnet static routes are not propagated to other routers. Use the decnet propagate static command to enable static route propagation. A default route is used only after DECnet conversion is checked.

Examples

The following example enables static route propagation for the specified static and default routes:

decnet propagate static
!
decnet route 3.0 ethernet 0 aa00.0400.0404
decnet route 5.0 serial 0
decnet route 5.100 serial 2
decnet route default 2.100
decnet route 6.0 2.3 4 5

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet route (interface static route)

Creates an interface static route.

decnet route (specific static route)

Enters a specific static route.

show decnet

Displays the global DECnet parameters.

show decnet static

Displays all statically configured DECnet routes.


decnet route (interface static route)


Note The decnet route (interface static route) command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To create an interface static route, use this version of the decnet route command in global configuration mode. To remove this route, use the no form of this command.

decnet route decnet-address next-hop-type number [snpa-address] [hops [cost]]

no decnet route decnet-address next-hop-type number

Syntax Description

decnet-address

DECnet address. This value is entered into a static routing table and used to match a destination DECnet address. Use a node address value of 0 to specify an area static route.

next-hop-type

Interface type.

number

Interface number.

snpa-address

(Optional) Optional for serial links; required for multiaccess networks.

hops

(Optional) Hop count to be associated with the route being advertised.

cost

(Optional) Cost to be associated with the route being advertised.


Defaults

hops: 0

cost: 0

No interface static routes are created.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.3

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

If you do not specify a Subnetwork Point of Attachment (SNPA) address when you have a multiaccess network, you receive an error message indicating a bad SNPA. By default, DECnet static routes are not propagated to other routers. Use the decnet propagate static command to enable propagation.

Examples

The following example creates a static route for a serial interface. No SNPA need be specified for point-to-point interfaces.

decnet route 3.1 serial 1
 
   

The following example creates a static route for an Ethernet interface. The SNPA must be specified for an interface that is not point-to-point.

decnet route 3.2 ethernet 1 aa00.0400.0104 

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet propagate static

Enables static route propagation.

decnet route (specific static route)

Enters a specific static route.

decnet route default (interface default route)

Creates an interface default route.

decnet route default (specific default route)

Enters a specific default route.

show decnet static

Displays all statically configured DECnet routes.


decnet route (specific static route)


Note The decnet route (specific static route) command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To enter a specific static route, use this version of the decnet route command in global configuration mode. DECnet addresses that match are forwarded to the next-hop-address. To remove this route, use the no form of this command.

decnet route decnet-address next-hop-address [hops [cost]]

no decnet route decnet-address next-hop-address

Syntax Description

decnet-address

DECnet address. This value is entered into a static routing table and used to match a destination DECnet address. Use a node address value of 0 to specify an area static route.

next-hop-address

This value is used to establish the next hop of the route for forwarding packets.

hops

(Optional) Hop count to be associated with the route being advertised. Default is 0.

cost

(Optional) Cost to be associated with the route being advertised. Default is 0.


Defaults

No interface static routes are created.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.3

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Area static routes can be configured by specifying a DECnet node address of 0. By default, DECnet static routes are not propagated to other routers. Use the decnet propagate static command to enable propagation.

Examples

The following example creates a static route for 1.1 that points to 1.9 and uses default values of 0 for the hops and cost arguments:

decnet route 1.1 1.9
 
   

The following example creates a static route for 3.100 that points to 3.4 and specifies values for the hops and cost:

decnet route 3.100 3.4 9 8
 
   

The following example creates a static route for area 1 that points to 2.999:

decnet route 1.0 2.999 

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet propagate static

Enables static route propagation.

decnet route (interface static route)

Creates an interface static route.

decnet route default (interface default route)

Creates an interface default route.

decnet route default (specific default route)

Enters a specific default route.

show decnet static

Displays all statically configured DECnet routes.


decnet route default (interface default route)


Note The decnet route default (interface default route) command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To create an interface default route, use this version of the decnet route default command in global configuration mode. To remove this route, use the no form of this command.

decnet route default next-hop-type number [snpa-address] [hops [cost]]

no decnet route default next-hop-type number

Syntax Description

next-hop-type

Interface type.

number

Interface number.

snpa-address

(Optional) Optional for serial links; required for multiaccess networks.

hops

(Optional) Hop count to be associated with the route being advertised. Default is 0.

cost

(Optional) Cost to be associated with the route being advertised. Default is 0.


Defaults

No interface default routes are created.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

If you do not specify an SNPA address when you have a multiaccess network, you receive an error message indicating a bad SNPA.

A default route is used only after DECnet conversion is checked. DECnet default routes are not propagated to other routers.

Examples

The following example creates a default route for a serial interface. No SNPA need be specified for point-to-point interfaces.

decnet route default serial 1
 
   

The following example creates a default route for an Ethernet interface. The SNPA must be specified for an interface that is not point-to-point.

decnet route default ethernet 1 aa00.0400.0104 

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet propagate static

Enables static route propagation.

decnet route (interface static route)

Creates an interface static route.

decnet route default (interface default route)

Creates an interface default route.

decnet route default (specific default route)

Enters a specific default route.

show decnet static

Displays all statically configured DECnet routes.


decnet route default (specific default route)


Note The decnet route default (specific default route) command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To enter a specific default route, use this version of the decnet route default command in global configuration mode. To remove this route, use the no form of this command.

decnet route default next-hop-address [hops [cost]]

no decnet route default next-hop-address

Syntax Description

next-hop-address

This value is used to establish the next hop of the route for forwarding packets.

hops

(Optional) Hop count to be associated with the route being advertised. Default is 0.

cost

(Optional) Cost to be associated with the route being advertised. Default is 0.


Defaults

hops: 0

cost: 0

No interface default routes are created.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.3

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

A default route is used only after DECnet conversion is checked. By default, DECnet static routes are not propagated to other routers. Use the decnet propagate static command to enable propagation.

DECnet packets not for the current area are forwarded to the next-hop-address.

Examples

The following example creates a default route for 1.3, which uses default values of 0 for hops and cost:

decnet route default 1.3

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet propagate static

Enables static route propagation.

decnet route (interface static route)

Creates an interface static route.

decnet route (specific static route)

Enters a specific static route.

decnet route default (interface default route)

Creates an interface default route.

show decnet static

Displays all statically configured DECnet routes.


decnet route-cache


Note The decnet route-cache command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To enable fast switching, use the decnet route-cache command in interface configuration mode. To disable fast switching, use the no form of this command.

decnet route-cache

no decnet route-cache

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

Enabled

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SX

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

By default, Cisco's DECnet routing software implements fast switching of DECnet datagrams. There are times when it makes sense to disable fast switching. This is especially important when using rates slower than T1.

Fast switching uses memory space on interface cards. In situations where a high-bandwidth interface is writing large amounts of information to a low-bandwidth interface, additional memory could help avoid congestion on the slow interface.

On a Cisco router that has DECnet traffic passing through a GRE tunnel interface and the decnet route-cache command enabled, loss of connectivity over the tunnel may occur after a tunnel key is configured on the tunnel interface. If this occurs, enter the no decnet route-cache command on the tunnel interface, followed by the decnet route-cache command to clear the problem.

Examples

The following example disables fast switching on Ethernet interface 0:

interface ethernet 0
 no decnet route-cache

decnet router-priority


Note The decnet router-priority command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To elect a designated router to which packets are sent when no destination is specified, use the decnet router-priority command in interface configuration mode.

decnet router-priority value

Syntax Description

value

Priority of the router. This can be a number in the range 0 to 127. The larger the number the higher the priority.


Defaults

64

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

The designated router is the router to which all end nodes on an Ethernet communicate if they do not know where else to send a packet. The designated router is chosen through an election process in which the router with the highest priority gets the job. When two or more routers on a single Ethernet in a single area share the same highest priority, the unit with the highest node number is elected. You can reset a router's priority to help ensure that it is elected designated router in its area.

On a LAN with both DECnet IV and DECnet IV Prime hosts, make sure that a bilingual router always becomes the designated router.

DECnet end systems use the designated router only when they have no other information about how to reach a particular system. The end systems maintain a cache of how to reach other systems on the network. The cache contains the following information:

<remote system DECnet address>  <next hop DECnet address>
 
   

When an end system receives a packet, it examines three pieces of information: the intra-LAN bit, the source address, and the previous hop. If the intra-LAN bit is set, indicating that the packet has never left this wire (and, thus, the remote system is reachable without a router), a cache entry is created as follows:

<remote system DECnet address> = <source address>
<next hop DECnet address> = <source address>
 
   

If the intra-LAN bit is not set, indicating that the packet has come from another network, the cache entry is created as follows:

<remote system DECnet address> = <source address>
<next hop DECnet address> = <previous hop>
 
   

If there is no cache entry, then the designated router is used. This means that when starting a session, the designated router is used, but the reverse traffic will populate a cache entry so that the router can later communicate directly.

A DECnet IV Prime end node sends a packet to the Unknown Destination multicast if it has no cache entry for the destination and has no designated router.

Examples

The following example sets DECnet priority for this router to 110 on Ethernet interface 1:

interface ethernet 1
 decnet router-priority 110

decnet routing


Note The decnet routing command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To enable DECnet routing, use the decnet routing command in global configuration mode. To disable DECnet routing, use the no form of this command.

decnet [network-number] routing [iv-prime] decnet-address

no decnet routing

Syntax Description

network-number

(Optional) Network number in the range 0 to 3. Specified when using ATG. If not specified, the default is network 0.

iv-prime

(Optional) Enables DECnet Phase IV Prime routing.

decnet-address

Address in DECnet format X.Y, where X is the area number and Y is the node number.


Defaults

Disabled

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Enabling DECnet changes the MAC addresses of the router's interfaces. This is not a problem on routers equipped with nonvolatile memory. On systems that attempt to get their IP network addresses from network servers rather than from nonvolatile memory, there may be a problem as with the hardware addresses changing and confusing other IP-speaking hosts. This potential problem can be avoided by configuring and enabling DECnet before enabling other protocols.


Note You can configure up to four DECnet networks (numbered 0 to 3). To set up multiple DECnet networks, use the decnet global configuration commands with the appropriate network number and keywords. If the network number is omitted from the commands, network 0 is configured for DECnet routing.


DECnet Phase IV Prime eliminates the DEC addressing restrictions so that DECnet nodes can coexist with systems running other protocols that have other MAC address restrictions. If iv-prime is not specified, only Phase IV is enabled; configuring the MAC address will then make DECnet inoperable. The standard "AA-00-04-00" form will be set as the address of the interface on which DECnet is enabled. If Phase IV Prime was already running and this command is reissued without the iv-prime keyword (that is, going from Phase IV Prime to Phase IV), the command returns an error if any of the interfaces that have DECnet enabled have MAC addresses that are not compliant with DECnet Phase IV, requiring the user to evaluate conflicting interface commands.

The no form of this command disables Phase IV and Phase IV Prime routing.

Examples

The following example enables DECnet routing for the router in area 21 with node number 456:

decnet routing 21.456

Related Commands

Command
Description

decnet cost

Sets a cost value for an interface.

decnet node-type

Specifies the node type.


decnet routing-timer


Note The decnet routing-timer command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To specify how often Cisco IOS software sends routing updates that list the hosts that the router can reach, use the decnet routing-timer command in interface configuration mode. To disable the routing update timer, use the no form of this command.

decnet routing-timer seconds

no decnet routing-timer

Syntax Description

seconds

Time, in seconds, from 1 to 65,535. The default is 40 seconds.


Defaults

40 seconds

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

Other routers use this information to construct local routing tables. In a network where changes occur infrequently or do not need to be responded to immediately (it is small and uncomplicated, applications are not particularly sensitive to delays or occasional packet loss, slow serial links, and so on), increasing the time between routing updates reduces the amount of unnecessary network traffic. Digital calls this argument the broadcast routing timer because they use a different timer for serial lines; Cisco's DECnet implementation does not make this distinction.

Examples

The following example sets a serial interface to broadcast routing updates every 2 minutes (120 seconds):

interface serial 0
 decnet routing-timer 120

decnet split-horizon


Note The decnet split-horizon command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To use split horizon when sending routing updates, use the decnet split-horizon command in interface configuration mode. To disable split horizon, use the no form of this command.

decnet split-horizon

no decnet split-horizon

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

Enabled

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.2

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

The decnet split-horizon command also affects whether broadcast packets received on an interface are resent on the same interface.

The decnet split-horizon command determines how much information is included in routing updates sent out an interface. It also determines whether received broadcasts are retransmitted on the same interface. When you enable split horizon, routing updates sent out on a given interface will not include any information that was originally learned from that interface, and broadcasts will not be retransmitted on the receiving interface. This is because split horizon is designed for networks that are either broadcast networks, or are fully connected mesh networks. In these types of networks, resending this information is a waste of network bandwidth because all other stations on that network have already heard the information. Disabling split horizon causes Cisco IOS software to include all information in routing updates, and to resend broadcast packets on the network from which they were received.

You can use this command on any interface, but generally it makes sense to use it only for X.25 and Frame Relay interfaces. You should disable split horizon on X.25 and Frame Relay networks that are not fully connected mesh topologies.

Examples

The following example disables split horizon on an X.25 network:

interface serial 0
 no decnet split-horizon
 
   

lat host-delay


Note The lat host-delay command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To set the delayed acknowledgment for incoming local-area transport (LAT) slave connections, use the lat host-delay command in global configuration mode. To restore the default, use the no form of this command.

lat host-delay number

no host-delay

Syntax Description

number

Delay, in milliseconds.


Defaults

Disabled

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.3

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following example sets the acknowledgment for incoming LAT slave connections to 100 milliseconds:

lat host-delay 100

lat service autocommand


Note The lat service autocommand command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To associate a command with a service, use the lat service autocommand command in global configuration mode. To remove the specified autocommand, use the no form of this command.

lat service service-name autocommand command

no lat service service-name autocommand command

Syntax Description

service-name

Name of the service.

command

Command to be associated with the service.


Defaults

No commands are automatically associated with a service.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

When an inbound connection is received for the specified service, the command associated with the service is automatically executed instead of the user receiving a virtual terminal session.

Authentication is bypassed for these services; only the LAT password is checked.


Note Do not use this option with the rotary keyword.


Examples

The following example associates the command telnet ramana to the service RAMANA:

lat service RAMANA autocommand telnet ramana
 
   

mop enabled

To enable an interface to support the Maintenance Operation Protocol (MOP), use the mop enabled command in interface configuration mode. To disable MOP on an interface, use the no form of this command.

mop enabled

no mop enabled

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

Enabled on Ethernet interfaces and disabled on all other interfaces.

Command Modes

Interface configuration (config-if)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.


Examples

The following example enables MOP for serial interface 0:

Router(config)# interface serial 0
Router(config-if)# mop enabled

Usage Guidelines

To disable MOP packets on member links, disable MOP on the port-channel interface by using the no mop enabled command.

Related Commands

Command
Description

mop retransmit-timer

Configures the length of time that the Cisco IOS software waits before sending boot requests again to a MOP server.

mop retries

Configures the number of times the Cisco IOS software will send boot requests again to a MOP server.

mop sysid

Enables an interface to send out periodic MOP system identification messages.


show decnet accounting


Note The show decnet accounting command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To display the active accounting or checkpointed database, use the show decnet accounting command in EXEC mode.

show decnet accounting [checkpoint]

Syntax Description

checkpoint

(Optional) Displays entries in the checkpoint database.


Command Modes

EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.2 F

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

This sample output from the show decnet accounting command shows accounting data collected for traffic passing between the DECnet address pair 27.100 and 27.107:

Router# show decnet accounting
 
   
Source  Destination  Bytes  Packets
27.100  27.107       145    5
27.107  27.100       500    5
 
   
Accounting data age is 5
 
   

Table 3 describes the fields shown in the display.

Table 3 show decnet accounting Field Descriptions

Field
Description

Source

Source address of the packet.

Destination

Destination address of the packet.

Bytes

Number of bytes transmitted from the source address to the destination address.

Packets

Number of packets transmitted from the source address to the destination address.

Accounting data age is ...

Time reported since the accounting database has been cleared. It can be in one of the following formats: mm, hh:mm, dd:hh, and ww:dd, where m is minutes, h is hours, d is days, and w is weeks.


Related Commands

Command
Description

clear decnet accounting

Deletes all entries in the accounting database when DECnet accounting is enabled.

decnet accounting

Enables DECnet accounting.

decnet accounting list

Specifies the source and destination address pairs for which DECnet accounting information is kept.

decnet accounting threshold

Sets the maximum number of accounting database entries.

decnet accounting transits

Sets the maximum number of transit entries that will be stored in the DECnet accounting database.


show decnet interface


Note The show decnet interface command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To display the global DECnet status and configuration for all interfaces, or the status and configuration for a specified interface, use the show decnet interface command in EXEC mode.

show decnet interface [type number]

Syntax Description

type

(Optional) Interface type.

number

(Optional) Interface number.


Command Modes

EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following is sample output from the show decnet interface command:

Router# show decnet interface
 
   
Global DECnet parameters for network 0:
  Local address is 19.15, node type is area
  Maximum node is 350, maximum area is 63, maximum visits is 63
  Maximum paths is 1, path split mode is normal
  Local maximum cost is 1022, maximum hops is 30
  Area maximum cost is 1022, maximum hops is 30
Ethernet 1 is up, line protocol is up, encapsulation is ARPA
  Interface cost is 4, priority is 64, DECnet network: 0
  The designated router is 1.9
  Sending HELLOs every 15 seconds, routing updates 40 seconds
  Smallest router blocksize seen is 1498 bytes
  Routing input list is not set, output list is not set
  Access list is not set
  DECnet fast switching is enabled
  Number of L1 router adjacencies is: 3
  Number of non-PhaseIV+ router adjacencies is: 3
  Number of PhaseIV+ router adjacencies is: 0
  Router is bilingual
 
   

Table 4 describes significant fields shown in the display.

Table 4 show decnet interface Field Descriptions—Unspecified Interface 

Field
Description

Global DECnet parameters for network 0:

Indicates the DECnet network number of the network being described.

Local address is 19.15

DECnet address of the router.

node type is area

Indicates the DECnet node type with which the interface has been configured. Possible values include area (area router) or routing-iv (intra-area router).

Maximum node is 350

Highest node number that the router will recognize.

maximum area is 63

Indicates the maximum DECnet area number, which is used to control the size of internal routing tables and messages sent to other routers. Range: 1 to 63. Default: 63.

maximum visits is 63

Indicates the maximum number of times (visits) a packet can pass through a router. Range: 1 to 63. Default: 63.

Maximum paths is 1

Indicates the maximum number of equal-cost paths the router will save. Range: 1 to 31. Default: 1.

path split mode is normal

Indicates how the router splits the routable packets among equal-cost paths. Possible values: normal (default) or interim.

Local maximum cost is 1022

For intra-area routes. Router ignores routes in its area that have a cost greater than this value.

maximum hops is 30

Indicates the maximum number of hops for a usable route within the local area. The router ignores routes within the local area that use more than this number of hops.

Area maximum cost is 1022

Indicates the maximum cost specification for interarea routing. The router ignores routes to other areas that have a cost greater than this value. Range: 1 to 1022: Default: 1022.

maximum hops is 30

Indicates the maximum number of hops for a usable route to other areas. The router ignores routes to other areas that use more than this number of hops.

Ethernet 0 is up

Indicates whether the interface hardware is currently active and if it has been taken down by an administrator.

line protocol is up

Indicates whether the software processes that handle the line protocol believe the interface is usable (that is, whether keepalives are successful).

encapsulation is ARPA

Indicates the encapsulation type.

Interface cost is 4

Indicates the cost that has been assigned to this interface using the decnet cost interface configuration command.

priority is 64

Indicates the priority that has been assigned to this router on this interface. End systems select the router with the highest priority as their designated router.

DECnet network: 0

Indicates that this interface is on DECnet network 0. This fact is significant only if ATG is turned on.

The designated router is 1.3

Indicates the designated router on this particular LAN.

Sending HELLOs every 15 seconds

Indicates the frequency of hello packets.

routing updates 40 seconds

Indicates the frequency of routing updates.

Smallest router blocksize seen is 1498 bytes

Indicates the largest size of packets being sent on all routers on the LAN.

Routing input list is not set, output list is not set

Indicates that no access restrictions on incoming (or outgoing) router update or hello messages have been set for this interface.

Access list is not set

Indicates that no access lists have been configured for the interface.

DECnet fast switching is enabled

Indicates that fast switching is enabled.

Number of L1 router adjacencies is : 3

Indicates how many Level 1 adjacencies the router has on this interface.

Number of non-PhaseIV+ router adjacencies is: 3

Number of L1 and L2 routers on this interface that are not running Phase IV+.

Number of PhaseIV+ router adjacencies is: 0

Number of L2 routers on this interface that are running Phase IV+.

Router is bilingual

The router's MAC address on this interface is Phase IV-compatible (that is, it takes the form AA-00-04-00-xx-yy or 55-00-20-00-aa-bb on interfaces where the address is bit swapped). This means that the router behaves as both a Phase IV and a Phase IV Prime router.


The following is sample output from the show decnet interface command when you specify an interface:

Router# show decnet interface ethernet 0
 
   
Ethernet0 is up, line protocol is up, encapsulation is ARPA
  Interface cost is 4, priority is 64, DECnet network: 0
  The designated router is 1.3
  Sending HELLOs every 15 seconds, routing updates 40 seconds
  Smallest router blocksize seen is 1498 bytes
  Routing input list is not set, output list is not set
  Access list is not set
  DECnet fast switching is enabled
  Number of L1 router adjacencies is: 1
  Number of non-PhaseIV+ router adjacencies is: 3
  Number of PhaseIV+ router adjacencies is: 0
  Router is bilingual
 
   

Table 5 describes significant fields shown in the display.

Table 5 show decnet interface Field Descriptions—Specified Interface 

Field
Description

Ethernet 0 is up

Indicates whether the interface hardware is currently active and if it has been taken down by an administrator.

line protocol is up

Indicates whether the software processes that handle the line protocol believe the interface is usable (that is, whether keepalives are successful).

encapsulation is ARPA

Indicates the encapsulation type.

Interface cost is 4

Indicates the cost that has been assigned to this interface using the decnet cost interface configuration command.

priority is 64

Indicates the priority that has been assigned to this router on this interface. End systems select the router with the highest priority as their designated router.

DECnet network: 0

Indicates that this interface is on DECnet network 0. This fact is significant only if ATG is turned on.

The designated router is 1.3

Indicates the designated router on this particular LAN.

Sending HELLOs every 15 seconds

Indicates the frequency of hello packets.

routing updates 40 seconds

Indicates the frequency of routing updates.

Smallest router blocksize seen is 1498 bytes

Indicates the largest size of packets being sent on all routers on the LAN.

Routing input list is not set, output list is not set

Indicates that no access restrictions on incoming (or outgoing) router update or hello messages have been set for this interface.

Access list is not set

Indicates that no access lists have been configured for the interface.

DECnet fast switching is enabled

Indicates that fast switching is enabled.

Number of L1 router adjacencies is : 1

Indicates how many Level 1 adjacencies the router has on this interface.

Number of non-PhaseIV+ router adjacencies is: 3

Number of L1 and L2 routers on this interface that are not running Phase IV+.

Number of PhaseIV+ router adjacencies is: 0

Number of L2 routers on this interface that are running Phase IV+.

Router is bilingual

The router's MAC address on this interface is Phase IV-compatible (that is, it takes the form AA-00-04-00-xx-yy or 55-00-20-00-aa-bb on interfaces where the address is bit swapped). This means that the router behaves as both a Phase IV and a Phase IV Prime router.


show decnet map


Note The show decnet map command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To display the address mapping information used by the DECnet Address Translation Gateway, use the show decnet map command in EXEC mode.

show decnet map

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following is sample output from the show decnet map command:

Router# show decnet map
 
   
Net Node   -> Net Node    Uses     Cost Hops
  0 1.100       1 2.100   0
 
   

Table 6 describes significant fields shown in the display.

Table 6 show decnet map Field Descriptions

Field
Description

Net Node -> Net Node

Network number and node address.

Uses

Number of times this map was used.

Cost

Cost associated with the route.

Hops

Number of hops to destination mode.


show decnet neighbors


Note The show decnet neighbors command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later  Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To display all Phase IV and Phase IV Prime adjacencies and the MAC address associated with each neighbor, use the show decnet neighbors command in privileged EXEC mode.

show decnet neighbors

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following is sample output from the show decnet neighbors command:

Router# show decnet neighbors
 
   
Net Node     Interface      MAC address     Flags
0   3.11     Ethernet0    aa00.0400.0b0c  A
0   1.1      Ethernet0    aa00.0400.0104  V
0   1.3      Ethernet1    aa00.0400.0304  V
0   1.6      Ethernet1    aa00.0400.0604  V
0   2.2      TokenRing    5500.2000.4020  V IV-PRIME
 
   

Table 7 describes the fields shown in the display.

Table 7 show decnet neighbors Field Descriptions

Field
Description

Net

Number of the DECnet network this adjacency is in.

Node

DECnet address of the adjacency.

Interface

Interface over which this adjacency was heard.

MAC address

MAC address that this adjacency is using on this interface.

Flags

A: L2 adjacency.
V: L1 adjacency.
IV-PRIME: DECnet Phase IV Prime adjacency.


show decnet route


Note The show decnet route command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To display the DECnet routing table, use the show decnet route command in EXEC mode.

show decnet route [decnet-address]

Syntax Description

decnet-address

(Optional) Displays the DECnet address and, when specified, the first hop route to that address.


Command Modes

EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following is sample output from the show decnet route command when a DECnet address name is not specified, so the entire routing table is displayed:

Router# show decnet route
 
   
  Area       Cost  Hops   Next Hop to Node       Expires  Prio
 
   
 1             4     1   Ethernet1 -> 1.300         26     64    A
*1             4     1   Ethernet1 -> 1.400         37     64    A
*2             8     2   Ethernet1 -> 1.400
*5             0     0     (Local) -> 5.5
*10            4     1   Ethernet2 -> 10.1          36     64    A
*13           11     3   Ethernet1 -> 1.400
*44           22     6   Ethernet1 -> 1.400
*51           18     4   Ethernet1 -> 1.400
*61            1     1       (OSI) -> 5.5
*62            1     1       (OSI) -> 5.5
*3             0     0    (STATIC)   Ethernet0, snpa aa00.0400.0404
*4             0     0    (STATIC)   Serial0
*6             5     4    (STATIC)   forwarding to 2.3
 
   
  Node       Cost  Hops   Next Hop to Node       Expires  Prio
 
   
*(Area)        0     0     (Local) -> 5.5
*5.5           0     0     (Local) -> 5.5          32     64     A+
 
   
*DEFAULT*:    0     0     using next hop address of 2.100
 
   

As the display shows, the show decnet route command can display more than one route for a destination when equal-cost paths have been set with the decnet max-paths global configuration command and when there is more than one equal-cost path to a destination. The display also shows that this node is an area router.

Table 8 describes significant fields shown in the display.

Table 8 show decnet route Field Descriptions 

Field
Description

*

Currently selected route for a particular destination. In interim mode, the selected route will never appear to change.

Node

DECnet address of this (reachable) destination.

(Area)

All Level 1 routes are displayed in this section except for this the first entry, which points to the nearest Level 2 router.

Cost

Assigned cost for the interface, based on a recommended value for the underlying media. Range: 1 to 63. No default.

Hops

Number of hops to this node from the router being monitored.

Next Hop to Node

DECnet address of the next hop a packet will take to get to the final destination as well as the interface.

(Local)

The address that the router is configured with.

(OSI)

Indicates that this route is an OSI injected route - that is it comes from CLNS due to DECnet phase IV/DECnet phase V conversion.

(STATIC)

Indicates that this entry was created by the decnet route command.

Expires

Displays how many seconds from now this entry expires.

Prio

Router priority of this node.

  V

Adjacent Level 1 router.

  A+

Adjacent Level 2 (area) router. A indicates that this is an adjacency created from a Phase IV hello, and A+ indicates that this is an adjacency created from a Phase IV+ hello.


show decnet static


Note The show decnet static command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To display all statically configured DECnet routes, use the show decnet static command in privileged EXEC mode.

show decnet static

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

11.1

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Usage Guidelines

All static routes are stored in a static route queue, which allows static routes to be reinstated when DECnet routing is turned off then on again.

Not all routes in the static route queue will show up in the routing table. This happens under the following conditions:

The router is a Level 1 router and any of the following apply. Assume the router DECnet address is 1.1:

A Level 2 area static route is configured.

decnet route 2.0 1.2
 
   

A static route is configured not in the same area as the router.

decnet route 3.10 1.200
 
   

A static route is configured for the same address as the router.

decnet route 1.1 1.200
 
   

The router is a Level 2 router and any of the following apply. Assume the router DECnet address is 2.1:

A Level 1 static router is not in the same area as the router.

decnet route 4.1 10.200
 
   

A static route appears because a Level 2 route is installed to area 4.

decnet route 4.0 10.200
 
   

A Level 2 static route is configured for the router's own area.

decnet route 2.0 10.200
 
   

A static route is configured for the same address as the router.

decnet route 2.1 5.4

Examples

The following is sample output from the show decnet static command:

Router# show decnet static
 
   
Address      Cost     Hops    Next hop          SNPA
 
   
 3             0       0      Ethernet0  aa00.0400.0404
 5             0       0      Serial0
 5.100         0       0      Serial2
 DEFAULT       0       0        2.100
 6             5       4        2.3
 
   

Note that this router is a Level 2 router with a DECnet address of 1.2, so a static route configured for 5.100 is not relevant here. This route appears in the show decnet static command display, but not in the routing table.

show decnet traffic


Note The show decnet traffic command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To show the DECnet traffic statistics (including datagrams sent, received, and forwarded), use the show decnet traffic command in EXEC mode.

show decnet traffic

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following is sample output from the show decnet traffic command:

Router# show decnet traffic
 
   
Total: 42 received, 0 format errors, 0 unimplemented
0 not a gateway, 0 no memory, 0 no routing vector
0 congestion encountered
Hellos: 21 received, 0 bad, 0 other area, 16 sent
Level 1 routing: 14 received, 0 bad, 0 other area, 16 sent
Level 2 routing: 7 received, 0 not primary router, 8 sent
Data: 0 received, 0 not long format, 0 too many visits
0 forwarded, 0 returned, 0 converted, 0 local destination
0 access control failed, 0 no route, 0 encapsulation failed
0 inactive network, 0 incomplete map
 
   

Table 9 describes the fields shown in the display.

Table 9 show decnet traffic Field Descriptions 

Field
Description

Total:

Displays the totals of packet types received.

    received

Total of all types of DECnet packets received.

    format errors

Lists the number of packets that appeared to be DECnet, but were formatted incorrectly. The number in the received field includes these packets.

    0 unimplemented

Reports the number of incoming packets that are DECnet control packets, and how many specify a service that the router does not implement. This includes services implemented to forward Level 1 and Level 2 routing information, and router and end-system hello packets.

    0 not a gateway

Reports the total number of packets received while not routing DECnet.

    0 no memory

Records transaction attempts when the system has run out of memory.

    0 no routing vector

Indicates that either a routing update came in from another router when the router did not have an adjacency for it, or it had no routing vector for the type of routing update. Use the debug decnet-routing EXEC command for more information.

    0 congestion     encountered

Number of times the DECnet output process encounters a nonempty interface output queue.

HELLOs:

Displays the number of hello messages received and sent.

    received

Displays the total number of hello messages received. All protocol types are included.

    bad

Displays the total number of "bad" hello messages received. Invoke the EXEC command debug decnet to display more information about why the hello message was judged as bad.

    other area

Displays the total number of hello messages received from nodes on other areas when the router is a Level 1 router only.

    sent

Displays the total number of hello messages sent.

Level 1 routing:

Displays the Level 1 routing updates received and sent.

    received

Displays the total number of Level 1 routing updates received.

    bad

Displays the total number of Level 1 updates received that were judged to be bad.

    other area

Displays the total number of Level 1 updates from nodes in other areas.

    sent

Displays the total number of Level 1 updates sent.

Level 2 routing:

Displays the Level 2 routing updates received and sent.

    received

Displays the total number of Level 2 updates received.

    not primary router

Should always be zero.

    sent

Displays the total number of Level 2 updates sent.

Data:

Displays the number of data packets received and sent.

    received

Displays the total number of noncontrol (data) packets received.

    not long format

Displays the number of packets received which are not in the long DECnet format. This number should always be zero. If it is not, investigate the source of the improperly formatted packets.

    too many visits

Lists the number of packets received which have visited too many routers and have been flushed.

    forwarded

Lists the total number of packets forwarded.

    returned

Lists the total number of packets returned to the sender at the senders' request.

    converted

Displays the number of Phase IV packets converted to Phase V packets.

    local destination

Packets received that are destined for this router.

    access control failed

Lists the packets dropped because access control required it.

    no route

Lists the total packets dropped because the router did not know where to forward them.

    encapsulation failed

Lists the number of packets that could not be encapsulated. This usually happens where there are entries missing in a map for a public data network, such as X.25 or Frame Relay. This can also occur if an interface is set for an encapsulation for which there is no defined DECnet encapsulation, such as Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) on serial interfaces.

    inactive network

Displays the number of packets that appear to come from a known interface, or that ATG returned because they did not make sense.

    incomplete map

Counts the number of packets that failed address translation. This usually means a node that is not in the ATG map is trying to access a node in another network advertised by the ATG.


show decnet


Note The show decnet command is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


To display the global DECnet parameters, use the show decnet command in privileged EXEC mode.

show decnet

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was removed. It is not available in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH and later Cisco IOS 12.2SX releases.


Examples

The following is sample output from the show decnet command:

Router# show decnet
 
   
Global DECnet parameters for network 0:
   Local address is 19.15, node type is area (Phase-IV Prime)
   Level-2 `Attached' flag is FALSE, nearest level-2 router is 19.5
   Maximum node is 350, maximum area is 63, maximum visits is 63
   Maximum paths is 1, path split mode is normal
   Local maximum cost is 1022, maximum hops is 30
   Area maximum cost is 1022, maximum hops is 30
   Static routes *NOT* being sent in routing updates
   Default route configured; next hop address of 2.100
 
   

Table 10 describes significant fields shown in the display.

Table 10 show decnet Field Descriptions 

Field
Description

Global DECnet parameters for network 0:

Indicates the DECnet network number of the network being described.

Local address is 19.15

DECnet address.

node type is area

Indicates the DECnet node type with which the interface has been configured. Possible values include area (area router) or routing-iv (intra-area router).

Level-2 `Attached' flag is FALSE

(DECnet Level-2 routers only) Indicates that this Level-2 router is not "attached" (can not reach other DECnet Phase IV areas). If the `"Attached" flag is TRUE, the router has reachability to other areas.

If the "Attached" flag is FALSE, other displays on this line are the following:

Nearest Level-2 router is NONE—(DECnet Level-1 routers only) Indicates that this Level-1 router has not heard from any eligible Level-2 router (to send out-of-area packets to).

Nearest Level-2 router is 1.200—(DECnet Level-1 routers only) Indicates that this router's nearest Level-2 router is 1.200. Any packets received by this router destined for other areas are sent to 1.200.

(Phase-IV Prime)

Indicates that the router is running DECnet Phase IV Prime routing.

Maximum node is 350

Highest node number that the router will recognize.

maximum area is 63

Indicates the maximum DECnet area number, which is used to control the size of internal routing tables and messages sent to other routers. Range: 1 to 63. Default: 63.

maximum visits is 63

Indicates the maximum number of times (visits) a packet can pass through a router. Range: 1 to 63. Default: 63.

Maximum paths is 1

Indicates the maximum number of equal-cost paths the router will save. Range: 1 to 31. Default: 1.

path split mode is normal

Indicates how the router splits the routable packets among equal-cost paths. Possible values: normal (default) or interim.

Local maximum cost is 1022

For intra-area routes. Router ignores routes in its area that have a cost greater than this value.

maximum hops is 30

Indicates the maximum number of hops for a usable route within the local area. The router ignores routes within the local area that use more than this number of hops.

Area maximum cost is 1022

Indicates the maximum cost specification for interarea routing. The router ignores routes to other areas that have a cost greater than this value. Range: 1 to 1022: Default: 1022.

maximum hops is 30

Indicates the maximum number of hops for a usable route to other areas. The router ignores routes to other areas that use more than this number of hops.

Static routes *NOT* being sent in routing updates

Indicates static routes are not included in routing updates.

Default route configured; next hop address of 2.100

Indicates a default route is configured on this router and shows the next hop address.