Cisco IOS Switching Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2
Configuring Routing Between VLANs with IEEE 802.10 Encapsulation
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Configuring Routing Between VLANs with IEEE 802.10 Encapsulation

Table Of Contents

Configuring Routing Between VLANs with IEEE 802.10 Encapsulation

Configuring AppleTalk Routing over IEEE 802.10

Enabling AppleTalk Routing

Configuring AppleTalk on the Subinterface

Defining the VLAN Encapsulation Format

Monitoring and Maintaining VLAN Subinterfaces

Routing AppleTalk over IEEE 802.10 Configuration Example


Configuring Routing Between VLANs with IEEE 802.10 Encapsulation


This chapter describes the required and optional tasks for configuring routing between VLANs with IEEE 802.10 encapsulation.

For a complete description of the commands in this chapter, refer to the the Cisco IOS Switching Services Command Reference. To locate documentation of other commands that appear in this chapter, use the command reference master index or search online.

To identify the hardware platform or software image information associated with a feature, use the Feature Navigator on Cisco.com to search for information about the feature or refer to the software release notes for a specific release. For more information, see the section "Identifying Supported Platforms" in the chapter "Using Cisco IOS Software."

The IEEE 802.10 standard provides a method for secure bridging of data across a shared backbone. It defines a single frame type known as the Secure Data Exchange (SDE), a MAC-layer frame with an IEEE 802.10 header inserted between the MAC header and the frame data. A well-known Logical Link Control Service Access Point notifies the switch of an incoming IEEE 802.10 frame. The VLAN ID is carried in the 4-byte security association identifier (SAID) field.

HDLC Serial links can be used as VLAN trunks in IEEE 802.10 VLANs to extend a virtual topology beyond a LAN backbone.

Configuring AppleTalk Routing over IEEE 802.10

AppleTalk can be routed over VLAN subinterfaces using the ISL or IEEE 802.10 VLANs feature that provides full-feature Cisco IOS software AppleTalk support on a per-VLAN basis, allowing standard AppleTalk capabilities to be configured on VLANs.

AppleTalk users can now configure consolidated VLAN routing over a single VLAN trunking interface. Prior to introduction of this feature, AppleTalk could be routed only on the main interface on a LAN port. If AppleTalk routing was disabled on the main interface or if the main interface was shut down, the entire physical interface would stop routing any AppleTalk packets. With this feature enabled, AppleTalk routing on subinterfaces will be unaffected by changes in the main interface with the main interface in the "no-shut" state.

To route AppleTalk over IEEE 802.10 between VLANs, create the environment in which it will be used by customizing the subinterface and perform the tasks described in the following sections in the order in which they appear:

Enabling AppleTalk Routing

Configuring AppleTalk on the Subinterface

Defining the VLAN Encapsulation Format

Monitoring and Maintaining VLAN Subinterfaces

Enabling AppleTalk Routing

To enable AppleTalk routing on IEEE 802.10 interfaces, use the following command in global configuration mode:

Command
Purpose

Router(config)# appletalk routing [eigrp router-number]

Enables AppleTalk routing globally.



Note For more information on configuring AppleTalk, see the "Configuring AppleTalk" chapter in the Cisco IOS AppleTalk and Novell IPX Configuration Guide.


Configuring AppleTalk on the Subinterface

After you enable AppleTalk globally and define the encapsulation format, you need to enable it on the subinterface by specifying the cable range and naming the AppleTalk zone for each interface. To enable the AppleTalk protocol on the subinterface, use the following commands in interface configuration mode:

Command
Purpose

Router(config-if)# appletalk cable-range cable-range [network.node]

Assigns the AppleTalk cable range and zone for the subinterface.

Router(config-if)# appletalk zone zone-name

Assigns the AppleTalk zone for the subinterface.


Defining the VLAN Encapsulation Format

To define the VLAN encapsulation format as either ISL or 802.10, use the following commands in interface configuration mode:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config-if)# interface type slot/port.subinterface-number

Specifies the subinterface the VLAN will use.

Step 2 

Router(config-if)# encapsulation sde said

Defines the encapsulation format as IEEE 802.10 (sde) and specifies the VLAN identifier or security association identifier, respectively.

Monitoring and Maintaining VLAN Subinterfaces

To indicate whether a VLAN is a native VLAN, use the following command in privileged EXEC mode:

Command
Purpose

Router# show vlans

Displays VLAN subinterfaces.


Routing AppleTalk over IEEE 802.10 Configuration Example

The configuration example shown in Figure 87 shows AppleTalk being routed between different ISL and IEEE 802.10 VLAN encapsulating subinterfaces.

Figure 87 Routing AppleTalk over VLAN encapsulations

As shown in Figure 87, AppleTalk traffic is routed to and from switched VLAN domains 3, 4, 100, and 200 to any other AppleTalk routing interface. This example shows a sample configuration file for the Cisco 7500 series router with the commands entered to configure the network shown in Figure 87.

Cisco 7500 Router Configuration

!
interface Fddi 1/0.100
 encapsulation sde 100
 appletalk cable-range 100-100 100.2
 appletalk zone 100
!
interface Fddi 1/0.200
 encapsulation sde 200
 appletalk cable-range 200-200 200.2
 appletalk zone 200
!
interface FastEthernet 2/0.3
 encapsulation isl 3
 appletalk cable-range 3-3 3.2
 appletalk zone 3
!
interface FastEthernet 2/0.4
 encapsulation isl 4
 appletalk cable-range 4-4 4.2
 appletalk zone 4
!