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SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

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SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Table Of Contents

SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Contents

Prerequisites for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Restrictions for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Information About SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Overview of SSG

Interface Direction

Benefits of SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

How to Configure SSG Direction for Interfaces and Ranges

Setting the Direction for an Interface

Troubleshooting Tips

Setting the Direction for a PVC Range

Restrictions

Troubleshooting Tips

Configuration Examples for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Setting the Direction of an Interface: Example

Setting the Direction of a Range of PVCs: Example

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Command Reference

Obsolete and Replaced Commands

ssg bind direction

ssg direction


SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges


The SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges feature introduces the ssg direction command. The ssg direction command replaces the ssg bind direction command. This new command streamlines and simplifies Service Selection Gateway (SSG) configuration by allowing you to configure interface direction, either uplink or downlink, for a range of subinterfaces at once.

Feature Specifications for the SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Feature History
 
Release
Modification

12.2(16)B

This feature was introduced.

12.3(4)T

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(4)T.


Feature

Finding Support Information for Platforms and Cisco IOS Software Images

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS software image support. Access Cisco Feature Navigator at http://www.cisco.com/go/fn. You must have an account on Cisco.com. If you do not have an account or have forgotten your username or password, click Cancel at the login dialog box and follow the instructions that appear.

Contents

Prerequisites for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Restrictions for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Information About SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

How to Configure SSG Direction for Interfaces and Ranges

Configuration Examples for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Additional References

Command Reference

Prerequisites for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

SSG must be enabled on the router.

Restrictions for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

You cannot use this command on an individual subinterface that is part of a permanent virtual circuit (PVC) range because all members of a range must have the same direction. You can use the command on the entire range only.

An interface that does not exist will not be created as a result of the ssg direction command.

Before you can change a direction from uplink to downlink, or the opposite, you must use the no ssg direction command to clear the direction. If you do not, you will receive an error message similar to the following:

Changing direction from Downlink to Uplink is denied for interface interface
Please use `no ssg direction downlink' to clear the previous bind direction 

Information About SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Before you configure the ssg direction command, you should understand the following concepts:

Overview of SSG

Interface Direction

Benefits of SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Overview of SSG

SSG is a switching solution for service providers who offer intranet, extranet, and Internet connections to subscribers using broadband access technology such as xDSL, cable modems, or wireless to allow simultaneous access to network services. It is a combined hardware and software solution that helps service providers provide differentiated kinds of services to users connecting through different mediums. SSG also offers user authentication and accounting features.

Interface Direction

SSG implements Layer 3 service selection through selective routing of IP packets to destination networks on a per-subscriber basis. SSG introduces the idea of interface direction (uplink/downlink) and uses this direction to help determine the forwarding path of an incoming packet. An uplink interface is an interface to services; a downlink interface is an interface to subscribers. You can set the direction by using the ssg direction command.

The ssg direction command can be configured on most of the interfaces supported by the interface command, including

Async

Group Async

ATM

Extended Tag ATM (XTagATM)

Bridge Group Virtual (BVI)

CTunnel

Tunnel

Dialer

IEEE 802.3 Ethernet

IEEE 802.3 Fast Ethernet

IEEE 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet

Loopback

Multilink Frame Relay (MFR) bundle

Multilink group

Pragmatic General Multicast (PGM) Host (Vif)

Virtual Access

Virtual Template

Virtual Token Ring

You can use the ssg direction command to configure the direction of a single interface or subinterface or a range of subinterfaces (ATM PVCs). If you configure a range, all members of the range must have the same direction, and you cannot configure members of a range individually.

Benefits of SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

The new ssg direction command makes SSG configuration simpler and faster. For example, you can provision a large number of ATM routed bridge encapsulation (RBE) subscribers at once, instead of having to enter one command for each subscriber, which could mean entering thousands of commands. This feature enables streamlined provisioning and configuration, with decreased CPU load.

How to Configure SSG Direction for Interfaces and Ranges

This section contains the following procedures:

Setting the Direction for an Interface

Setting the Direction for a PVC Range

Setting the Direction for an Interface

Perform this task to configure an interface or subinterface as uplink or downlink. An uplink interface is an interface to services; a downlink interface is an interface to subscribers.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ssg enable

4. interface type number

5. ssg direction {downlink | uplink}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ssg enable

Example:

Router(config)# ssg enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4 

interface type number

Example:

Router(config)# interface FastEthernet 1/0

Specifies an interface and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 5 

ssg direction {downlink | uplink}

Example:

Router(config-if)# ssg direction downlink

Sets the direction of the interface.

An uplink interface is an interface to services; a downlink interface is an interface to subscribers.

Troubleshooting Tips

Use the show ssg interface command in privileged EXEC mode to find out the direction of the interface.

Setting the Direction for a PVC Range

Perform this task to configure a range of subinterfaces as uplink or downlink. An uplink interface is an interface to services; a downlink interface is an interface to subscribers.

Restrictions

All subinterfaces in a range must have the same direction.

If you try to specify the direction of an interface that is part of a PVC range, you receive an error similar to the following:

PVC Range: Configuring interface is not allowed.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. ssg enable

4. interface atm interface-number.subinterface-number {mpls | multipoint | point-to-point}

5. range [range-name] pvc start-vpi/start-vci end-vpi/end-vci

6. exit

7. ssg direction {downlink | uplink}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

ssg enable

Example:

Router(config)# ssg enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4 

interface atm interface-number.subinterface-number {mpls | multipoint | point-to-point}

Example:

Router(config)# interface ATM 1/0.1 point-to-point

Specifies a subinterface and enters subinterface configuration mode.

Step 5 

range [range-name] pvc start-vpi/start-vci end-vpi/end-vci

Example:

Router(config-subif)# range MyRange pvc 1/32 1/42

Defines a PVC range.

Use this command if a range was not already defined. You can also use this command after the ssg direction command, with the same effect.

Step 6 

exit

Example:

Router(config-if-atm-range)# exit

Returns to subinterface configuration mode.

Step 7 

ssg direction {downlink | uplink}

Example:

Router(config-subif)# ssg direction downlink

Sets the direction of the subinterfaces.

An uplink interface is an interface to services; a downlink interface is an interface to subscribers.

Troubleshooting Tips

Use the show ssg interface command in privileged EXEC mode to find out the direction of the interface.

Configuration Examples for SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges

Setting the Direction of an Interface: Example

Setting the Direction of a Range of PVCs: Example

Setting the Direction of an Interface: Example

The following example shows how to configure Fast Ethernet interface 1/0 as a downlink interface:

ssg enable
interface FastEthernet 1/0
 ssg direction downlink

Setting the Direction of a Range of PVCs: Example

The following example show how to create a range called "MyRange" and set the direction of all subinterfaces in the range to downlink:

ssg enable
interface ATM 1/0.1 point-to-point
 range MyRange pvc 1/32 1/42
  exit

 ssg direction downlink

Additional References

Consult the following references for information related to the SSG Direction Configuration for Interfaces and Ranges feature.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, Release 12.3(102)T

SSG configuration tasks and commands

Service Selection Gateway, 12.2(8)T new-feature document

Service Selection Gateway Accounting Update Interval per Service, 12.2(13)T new-feature document

SSG AutoDomain, 12.2(13)T new-feature document

Service Selection Gateway Hierarchical Policing, 12.2(13)T new-feature document

SSG TCP Redirect for Services, 12.2(13)T new-feature document

SSG Autologon Using Proxy Radius, 12.2(13)T new-feature document

SSG Autologoff, 12.2(13)T new-feature document

SSG Port-Bundle Host Key, 12.2(13)T new-feature document

SSG Open Garden, 12.2(13)T new-feature document

SSG Prepaid, 12.2(13)T new-feature document


Standards

Standards
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature. Support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


MIBs

MIBs
MIBs Link

No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature. Support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFCs
Title

No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature. Support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

Technical Assistance Center (TAC) home page, containing 30,000 pages of searchable technical content, including links to products, technologies, solutions, technical tips, and tools. Registered Cisco.com users can log in from this page to access even more content.

http://www.cisco.com/public/support/tac/home.shtml


Command Reference

This section documents the following new, modified, obsolete, and replaced commands. All other commands used with this feature are documented in the Cisco IOS Release 12.3 T command reference publications.

ssg bind direction

ssg direction

Obsolete and Replaced Commands

Table 1 lists those commands that have been replaced since Cisco IOS Release 12.2(16)B and Cisco IOS Release 12.3(4)T.

Table 1 Replaced SSG Commands 

Command in Cisco IOS Release 12.2(15)T
Replacement Command Since Cisco IOS Releases 12.2(16)B and 12.3(4)T

ssg bind direction {downlink | uplink} interface

ssg direction {downlink | uplink}


ssg bind direction


Note Effective with Cisco IOS Release 12.2(16)B, this command was replaced by the ssg direction command. The ssg bind direction command is still supported for backward compatibility, but support for this command will be removed in a future Cisco IOS release.


To specify an interface as a downlink or uplink interface, use the ssg bind direction command in global configuration mode. To disable the directional specification for the interface, use the no form of this command.

ssg bind direction {downlink | uplink} {ATM atm-interface | Async async-interface | BVI bvi-interface | Dialer dialer-interface | Ethernet ethernet-interface | FastEthernet fastethernet-interface | Group-Async group-async-interface | Lex lex-interface | Loopback loopback-interface | Multilink multilink-interface | Null null-interface | Port-channel port-channel-interface | Tunnel tunnel-interface | Virtual-Access virtual-access-interface | Virtual-Template virtual-template-interface | Virtual-TokenRing virtual-tokenring-interface}

no ssg bind direction {downlink | uplink} {ATM atm-interface | Async async-interface | BVI bvi-interface | Dialer dialer-interface | Ethernet ethernet-interface | FastEthernet fastethernet-interface | Group-Async group-async-interface | Lex lex-interface | Loopback loopback-interface | Multilink multilink-interface | Null null-interface | Port-channel port-channel-interface | Tunnel tunnel-interface | Virtual-Access virtual-access-interface | Virtual-Template virtual-template-interface | Virtual-TokenRing virtual-tokenring-interface}

Syntax Description

downlink

Specifies interface direction as downlink.

uplink

Specifies interface direction as uplink.

ATM

Indicates that the interface is ATM.

atm-interface

ATM interface.

Async

Indicates that the interface is asynchronous.

async-interface

Async interface.

BVI

Indicates that the interface is BVI.

bvi-interface

Bridge-Group Virtual Interface.

Dialer

Indicates that the interface is dialer.

dialer-interface

Dialer interface.

Ethernet

Indicates that the interface is IEEE 802.3 Ethernet.

ethernet-interface

Ethernet interface.

FastEthernet

Indicates that the interface is IEEE 802.3 Fast Ethernet.

fastethernet-interface

Fast Ethernet interface.

Group-Async

Indicates that the interface is group async.

group-async-interface

Group async interface.

Lex

Indicates that the interface is lex.

lex-interface

Lex interface.

Loopback

Indicates that the interface is loopback.

loopback-interface

Loopback interface.

Multilink

Indicates that the interface is multilink.

multilink-interface

Multilink interface.

Null

Indicates that the interface is null.

null-interface

Null interface.

Port-channel

Indicates that the interface is port channel.

port-channel-interface

Port channel interface.

Tunnel

Indicates that the interface is tunnel.

tunnel-interface

Tunnel interface.

Virtual-Access

Indicates that the interface is virtual access.

virtual-access-interface

Virtual access interface.

Virtual-Template

Indicates that the interface is virtual template.

virtual-template-interface

Virtual template interface.

Virtual-TokenRing

Indicates that the interface is virtual token ring.

virtual-tokenring-interface

Virtual token ring interface.


Defaults

All interfaces are configured as uplink interfaces by default.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(3)DC

This command was introduced on the Cisco 6400 node route processor.

12.2(4)B

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(4)B.

12.2(8)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(8)T.

12.2(16)B

This command was replaced by the ssg direction command.

12.3(4)T

This command was replaced by the ssg direction command.


Usage Guidelines

Use this command to specify an interface as downlink or uplink. An uplink interface is an interface to services; a downlink interface is an interface to subscribers.

Examples

The following example shows how to specify an ATM interface as a downlink interface:

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# ssg bind direction downlink ATM 0/0/0.10

Related Commands

Command
Description

show ssg binding

Displays service names that have been bound to interfaces and the interfaces to which they have been bound.


ssg direction

To configure an interface or range of subinterfaces as downlink or uplink, use the ssg direction command in interface configuration mode or subinterface configuration mode. To clear the directional specification, use the no form of this command.

ssg direction {downlink | uplink}

no ssg direction

Syntax Description

downlink

Specifies the interface direction as downlink. A downlink interface is an interface to subscribers.

uplink

Specifies the interface direction as uplink. An uplink interface is an interface to services.


Defaults

An interface is neither uplink nor downlink.

Command Modes

Interface configuration
Subinterface configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.2(16)B

This command was introduced.

12.3(4)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(4)T.


Usage Guidelines

Service Selection Gateway (SSG) includes the concept of an interface direction, either uplink or downlink. It uses this direction when determining the forwarding path of an incoming packet. The ssg direction command allows you to specify a direction for an interface or a range of subinterfaces.

The command operates on a variety of interfaces, including async, group async, ATM, extended tag ATM (XTagATM), bridge group virtual (BVI), CTunnel, tunnel, dialer, IEEE 802.3 Ethernet, IEEE 802.3 Fast Ethernet, IEEE 802.3z GigabitEthernet, loopback, multilink Frame Relay (MFR) bundle, multilink group, Pragmatic General Multicast (PGM) Host (Vif), virtual access, virtual template, and virtual Token Ring.

The ssg direction command allows you to configure the direction for a range of PVCs. All members of a range must have the same direction.

If you try to configure the direction of a subinterface that is part of a PVC range, you receive an error similar to the following:

PVC Range: Configuring interface is not allowed. 

Before you can change a direction from uplink to downlink, or the opposite, you must use the no ssg direction command to clear the direction.

The ssg direction command replaces the ssg bind direction command. If you reboot a router that uses an old configuration, the ssg bind direction commands will be converted to ssg direction commands until the ssg bind direction command is made obsolete. In a later release, the ssg bind direction command will no longer be supported.


Note An interface that does not exist will not be created as a result of the ssg direction command.


Examples

The following example sets the direction of a Fast Ethernet interface to downlink while in interface configuration mode:

ssg enable
interface FastEthernet 1/0
 ssg direction downlink 

The next example creates a range called "MyRange" and sets the direction of all subinterfaces in the range to downlink while in subinterface configuration mode:

ssg enable
interface ATM 1/0.1 point-to-point
 range MyRange pvc 1/32 1/42
 ssg direction downlink

Related Commands

Command
Description

range pvc

Defines a range of ATM PVCs.

show ssg direction

Displays the direction of all interfaces for which a direction has been specified.

show ssg interface

Displays SSG information about one or more interfaces.