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Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

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Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Table Of Contents

Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Contents

Prerequisites for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Restrictions for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Supported Port Adapters for the Cisco 7200 and 7500 Series Routers

Supported Line Cards for the Cisco 10720 Internet Router

Supported Line Cards for the Cisco 12000 Series Internet Routers

General L2TPv3 Restrictions

Cisco 7500-Specific Restrictions

Cisco 10720-Specific Restrictions

Cisco 12000 Series-Specific Restrictions

Frame Relay-Specific Restrictions

VLAN-Specific Restrictions

ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Restrictions

Information About Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Migration from UTI to L2TPv3

L2TPv3 Operation

Benefits of Using L2TPv3

L2TPv3 Header Description

Session ID

Session Cookie

Pseudowire Control Encapsulation

L2TPv3 Features

Static L2TPv3 Sessions

Dynamic L2TPv3 Sessions

Sequencing

Local Switching

Distributed Switching

IP Packet Fragmentation

L2TPv3 Type of Service Marking

Keepalive

MTU Handling

L2TPv3 and UTI Feature Comparison

Supported L2TPv3 Payloads

Frame Relay

Ethernet

802.1q (VLAN)

HDLC

PPP

ATM

How to Configure Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Parameters

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Timing Parameters

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Authentication Parameters

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Maintenance Parameters

Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire

Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit

Manually Configuring L2TPv3 Session Parameters

Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit for ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3

Configuration Examples for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Configuring Frame Relay DLCI-to-DLCI Switching Example

Configuring Frame Relay Trunking Example

Configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 7500 Series Example

Configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 12000 Series Example

Configuring MLFR for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 12000 Series Example

Configuring a Static L2TPv3 Session for an Xconnect Ethernet Interface Example

Configuring a Negotiated L2TPv3 Session for an Xconnect VLAN Subinterface Example

Configuring a Negotiated L2TPv3 Session for Local HDLC Switching Example

Configuring a Pseudowire Class for Fragmentation of IP Packets Example

Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit for ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Example

Verifying an L2TPv3 Session Example

Verifying an L2TP Control Channel Example

Verifying ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Configuration

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Command Reference

atm pvp

authentication

debug acircuit

debug vpdn

debug xconnect

encapsulation l2tpv3

hello

hidden

hostname

ip dfbit set

ip local interface

ip pmtu

ip protocol

ip tos

ip ttl

l2tp-class

l2tp cookie local

l2tp cookie remote

l2tp hello

l2tp id

password

protocol

pseudowire-class

receive-window

retransmit

sequencing

show l2tun session

show l2tun tunnel

snmp-server enable traps l2tun session

timeout setup

xconnect

Glossary


Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3


The Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 feature expands on Cisco support of the Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3). L2TPv3 is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) l2tpext working group draft that provides several enhancements to L2TP for the capability to tunnel any Layer 2 payload over L2TP. Specifically, L2TPv3 defines the L2TP protocol for tunneling Layer 2 payloads over an IP core network using Layer 2 virtual private networks (VPNs). Benefits of this feature include the following:

L2TPv3 simplifies deployment of VPNs

L2TPv3 does not require Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)

L2TPv3 supports Layer 2 tunneling over IP for any payload

Feature Specifications for Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol Version 3

Feature History
 
Release
Modification

12.0(21)S

Initial data plane support for L2TPv3 was introduced on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, Cisco 10720, and Cisco 12000 series platforms.

12.0(23)S

L2TPv3 control plane support was introduced on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, Cisco 10720, and Cisco 12000 series platforms.

12.0(24)S

L2TPv3 was enhanced to support fragmentation of IP packets before entering the pseudowire on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, and Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.

12.0(25)S

Support was added for the ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 feature on the Cisco 7200 and Cisco 7500 series routers with ATM Deluxe PA-A3 interfaces.

12.0(23)S3
12.0(24)S1
12.0(25)S

L2TPv3 control plane support was introduced on the Cisco 12000 series One-Port Channelized OC-12(DS3) line card.

12.0(27)S

Support for the following features was added to Cisco 12000 series Two-Port Channelized OC-3/STM-1 (DS1/E1) and Six-Port Channelized T3 (T1) line cards:

QoS for Frame Relay attachment circuits

Binding L2TPv3 sessions to Multilink Frame Relay (MLFR) interfaces

Supported Platforms

Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, Cisco 10720 Internet router, Cisco 12000 series Internet routers



Note Software images for Cisco 12000 series Internet routers have been deferred to Cisco IOS Release 12.0(27)S1.


Finding Support Information for Platforms and Cisco IOS Software Images

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS software image support. Access Cisco Feature Navigator at http://www.cisco.com/go/fn. You must have an account on Cisco.com. If you do not have an account or have forgotten your username or password, click Cancel at the login dialog box and follow the instructions that appear.

Contents

Prerequisites for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Restrictions for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Information About Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

How to Configure Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Configuration Examples for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Additional References

Command Reference

Glossary

Prerequisites for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

Before you configure an Xconnect attachment circuit for a customer edge (CE) device (see the section "Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit"), the CEF feature must be enabled. To enable CEF on an interface, use the ip cef or ip cef distributed command.

You must configure a loopback interface on the router for originating and terminating the L2TPv3 traffic. The loopback interface must have an IP address that is reachable from the remote PE device at the other end of an L2TPv3 control channel.

To enable Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) notifications of L2TP session up and down events, enter the snmp-server enable traps l2tun session command before configuring L2TPv3.

Restrictions for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

The following subsections contain information on restrictions:

Supported Port Adapters for the Cisco 7200 and 7500 Series Routers

Supported Line Cards for the Cisco 10720 Internet Router

Supported Line Cards for the Cisco 12000 Series Internet Routers

General L2TPv3 Restrictions

Cisco 7500-Specific Restrictions

Cisco 10720-Specific Restrictions

Cisco 12000 Series-Specific Restrictions

Frame Relay-Specific Restrictions

VLAN-Specific Restrictions

ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Restrictions

Supported Port Adapters for the Cisco 7200 and 7500 Series Routers

L2TPv3 is supported on the following port adapters in the Cisco 7200 and 7500 series routers:

Single-port Fast Ethernet 100BASE-TX

Single-port Fast Ethernet 100BASE-FX

Dual-port Fast Ethernet 100BASE-TX

Dual-port Fast Ethernet 100BASE-FX

Gigabit Ethernet port adapter

12-port Ethernet/2-port FE adapter

4-port synchronous serial port adapter

Enhanced 4-port synchronous serial port adapter

8-port synchronous serial port adapter

Single-port HSSI adapter

Dual-port HSSI adapter

8-port multichannel E1 G.703/G.704 120-ohm interfaces

2-port multichannel E1 G.703/G.704 120-ohm interfaces

8-port multichannel T1 with integrated DSUs

8-port multichannel T1 with integrated CSUs and DSUs

4-port multichannel T1 with integrated CSUs and DSUs

2-port multichannel T1 with integrated CSUs and DSUs

8-port multichannel T1/E1

1-port multichannel T3 interface

1-port multichannel E3 interface

2-port enhanced multichannel T3 port adapter

Single-port T3 port adapter

Single-port E3 port adapter

2-port T3 port adapter

2-port T3 port adapter

Single-port PoS, single-mode, long reach

Single-port PoS, single-mode, intermediate reach

Single-port PoS, multimode

L2TPv3 is supported on the following port adapters for the Cisco 7200 series routers only:

8-port Ethernet adapter

4-port Ethernet adapter

Supported Line Cards for the Cisco 10720 Internet Router

L2TPv3 is supported on the following uplink and access cards in the Cisco 10720 Internet router:

24-port 10/100-Mbps Ethernet TX access card

24-port 100-Mbps Ethernet FX access card—multimode (MM)

24-port 100-Mbps Ethernet FX access card—single-mode (SM)

Gigabit Ethernet SFP module—short reach line card

Gigabit Ethernet SFP module—intermediate reach line card

Supported Line Cards for the Cisco 12000 Series Internet Routers

Table 1 shows the line cards that support L2TPv3 for the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.

Table 1

Line Card
Engine Type
Port Session
DLCI Session
VLAN Session

PoS

Engine 0

Supported

Supported

Unsupported

PoS

Engine 2

Supported

Supported

Unsupported

2-port Ch OC-3/STM-1(DS1/E1)

Engine 0

Supported

Supported

Unsupported

6-port Ch T3

Engine 0

Supported

Supported

Unsupported

3-port Gigabit Ethernet

Engine 2

Supported

Unsupported

Supported

1-port Gigabit Ethernet

Engine 1

Supported

Unsupported

Supported

8-port Fast Ethernet

Engine 1

Supported

Unsupported

Supported

6-port E3

Engine 0

Supported

Supported

Unsupported

12-port E3

Engine 0

Supported

Supported

Unsupported

6-port DS3

Engine 0

Supported

Supported

Unsupported

12-port DS3

Engine 0

Supported

Supported

Unsupported

1-Port Channelized OC-12(DS3) line card

Engine 0

Supported

Supported

Unsupported


Supported Line Cards for the Cisco 12000 Series Internet Routers

General L2TPv3 Restrictions

Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) must be enabled for the L2TPv3 feature to function. The Xconnect configuration mode is blocked until CEF is enabled. On distributed platforms, such as the Cisco 7500 and Cisco 12000 series, if CEF is disabled while a session is established, the session is torn down and remains down until CEF is reenabled. To enable CEF, use the ip cef or ip cef distributed command.

The IP local interface must be a loopback interface. Configuring any other interface with the ip local interface command will result in a nonoperational setting.

The number of sessions on a PPP, high-level data link control (HDLC), Ethernet, or 802.1q VLAN port is limited by the number of interface descriptor blocks (IDBs) that the router can support. For PPP, HDLC, Ethernet, and 802.1q VLAN circuit types, an IDB is required for each circuit.

When L2TPv3 is used to tunnel Frame Relay DLCIs, an IDB is not required for each circuit. As a result, the memory requirements are much lower. The scalability targets for the Engineering Field Test (EFT) program are 4000 L2TP sessions, which exceeds the IDB limitations for any Cisco platform in Release 12.0(24)S.

Frame Relay support includes only 10-bit DLCI addressing. The L2TPv3 feature does not support Frame Relay extended addressing.

The interface keepalive feature is automatically disabled on the interface to which Xconnect is applied, except for Frame Relay encapsulation, which is required for Local Management Interface (LMI).

Static L2TPv3 sessions do not support Frame Relay LMI interworking.

Static L2TPv3 sessions do not interoperate with Universal Tunnel Interface (UTI) using keepalives.

The ip pmtu command used to configure the pseudowire class (see the section "Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire") is not supported for static L2TPv3 sessions. As a result, IP packet fragmentation and Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) fragmentation through a static L2TPv3 session is not supported.

IP packet fragmentation is not supported when the CE router is running special Layer 2 (L2) options such as L2 sequencing, compression, or encryption. Examples of these options are Frame Relay compression and fragmentation or PPP compression. In these scenarios, the IP payload is not in a format that is compatible with IP fragmentation.

Cisco 7500-Specific Restrictions

Although L2TPv3 sequencing is supported on Cisco 7500 series routers, all L2TP packets that require sequence number processing will be sent to the Route Switch Processor (RSP) module.

Cisco 10720-Specific Restrictions

Variable cookie size, IP packet fragmentation, and L2TPv3 sequencing are not supported in Release 12.0(24)S.

The reassembly of fragmented L2TPv3 packets is performed on the Cisco 10720 Internet Router by the Route Processor (RP) at the process level, not in the Parallel eXpress Forwarding (PXF) forwarding path.

On the Cisco 10720 Internet router, the uti translation command is not migrated for Xconnect service and is not supported in Cisco IOS Release 12.0(24)S. Although the uti command is supported in L2TPv3 releases, the translation option is lost in the migration.

On the Cisco 10720 Internet Router, although it is not required, it is highly recommended that you configure a loopback interface as the IP local interface.

You can also configure a LAN interface as the IP local interface so that the tunnel control session is tied to an operational LAN (Gigabit Ethernet or Fast Ethernet) interface or subinterface. However, in this case, the tunnel control plane is used only as long as the Gigabit Ethernet or Fast Ethernet interface is operational.

Cisco 12000 Series-Specific Restrictions

IS-IS protocol packet fragmentation is supported only for dynamic L2TPv3 sessions.

The IP local interface must be a local loopback interface. Configuring any other interface as the IP local interface will result in nonoperational sessions.

The IP local interface must be dedicated for the use of L2TPv3 sessions. This interface must not be shared by any other routing or tunneling protocols.

Hairpinning is not supported for local-to-local switching. The start and end of an L2TPv3 session must terminate on different routers linked via an IP or MPLS backbone.

The aggregate performance is bound by the server card limit of 2.5 million packets per second (pps).

The dedicated tunnel server card 1-port OC-48c/STM-16c POS/SDH is required for L2TPv3 to function. The server card will not run any Engine 2 features.

The ip unnumbered command and IP address should be configured under the PoS interface of the server card prior to hardware-module configuration. This configuration makes the server card IP-aware for backbones requiring an Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) to be generated by the line card. The backbone types that require this configuration are Ethernet and spatial reuse protocol (SRP). This configuration is also a requirement for session keepalives. The interface port of the server card will automatically be set to loopback internal and no keepalives once the hw-module slot slot-number mode server command is configured.

Due to a framer problem, the server card interfaces accounting in (packets out) will not be accurate.

Only features found in the Vanilla uCode bundle are supported on Engine 2 line cards that are associated with an L2TPv3 session and on a different interface, DLCI, or VLAN of the same line card.

Configuring Engine 2 features not found in the Vanilla uCode bundle on any port of the Engine 2 line card that has a L2TPv3 session bound to one or more interfaces will cause the Vanilla uCode to be swapped out. This configuration will cause all traffic through the L2TPv3 session to stop on that Engine 2 line card. In this case, rebinding of the L2TPv3 session will be required when the Vanilla uCode bundle is restored.

Configuring output access control lists (ACLs) on any line card will swap out the running Engine 2 line card Vanilla uCode bundle in favor of the ACL uCode bundle. This configuration will cause all traffic through the L2TPv3 session to stop on those Engine 2 line cards. If output ACLs are essential on the router, it is advisable to originate all L2TPv3 sessions on Engine 0 line cards. Output ACLs will not swap out the server card uCode bundle due to the higher priority.

Engine 2 line cards do not support Frame Relay switching and Frame Relay L2TPv3 DLCI session on the same line card.

On Engine 2 line cards, the input Frame Relay permanent virtual circuit (PVC) counters will not be updated.

The 8-port Fast Ethernet line card should not be connected to a hub or switch when L2TPv3 is configured on the ingress side of one or more of its ports, or duplicate packets will be generated, causing the router to be flooded with packets. This restriction results from the requirement that CAM filtering is disabled when L2TPv3 is used.

On the 3-port Gigabyte Ethernet line card, performance degradation can occur if IP packets coming from a port are sent to the slow path for forwarding. This performance degradation will occur if both the following conditions are met:

The port has at least one 802.1q subinterface that is in an L2TPv3 session.

The IP packet comes from the port interface itself (not 802.1q encapsulated) or from an 802.1q subinterface that is under the port interface but has no L2TPv3 session bound to it.

On the 1-port OC-48c/STM-16c POS/SDH line card, the maximum performance of 2.5 million pps is achieved only if you use transmit buffer management (TBM) ASIC ID 60F1. Other ASIC ID versions can cause the performance to be reduced by half. To determine the ASIC value of the line card, use the execute-on slot slot-number show controller frfab bma reg | include asic command, where slot-number is the slot number of the server card.

The optics of the 1-port OC-48c/STM-16c POS/SDH line card should be covered due to possible interference or noise causing cyclic redundancy check (CRC) errors on the line card. These errors are caused by a framer problem in the line card.

Frame Relay-Specific Restrictions

Frame Relay per-DLCI forwarding and port-to-port trunking are mutually exclusive. L2TPv3 does not support the use of both on the same interface at the same time.

The xconnect command is not supported on Frame Relay interfaces directly. For Frame Relay, the Xconnect is applied under the connect command specifying the DLCI to be used.

Changing the encapsulation type on any interface removes any existing xconnect command applied to that interface.

The DE bit value does not influence the type of service (ToS) bits.

To use DCE or a Network-to-Network Interface (NNI) on a Frame Relay port, you must configure the frame-relay switching command.

Quality of Service (QoS) policies configured with the Modular Quality of Service command-line interface (MQC) are supported by L2TPv3 on Frame Relay interfaces as follows:

On the Cisco 7500 series with distributed CEF (dCEF), in a QoS policy applied to a Frame Relay interface configured for L2TPv3, only the MQC commands match fr-dlci in class-map configuration mode and bandwidth in policy-map configuration mode are supported. (See Configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 7500 Series Example.)

On the Cisco 12000 series, a QoS policy is supported by L2TPv3 only on the Frame Relay interfaces of a Two-Port Channelized OC-3/STM-1 (DS1/E1) and Six-Port Channelized T3 (T1) line card. (See Configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 12000 Series Example.)

The police command is supported as follows:

- Only the transmit keyword is supported with the conform-action action parameter.

- Only the set-frde-transmit value is supported with the exceed-action action parameter.

- Only the drop value is supported with the violate-action action parameter.

Backward explicit congestion notification (BECN) and forward explicit congestion notification (FECN) configuration are not supported.

The ToS byte must be configured in IP headers of tunneled Frame Relay packets when you configure the L2TPv3 pseudowire (see Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire).

All standard restrictions for configuring QoS on Cisco 12000 Series line cards apply to configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on Cisco 12000 Series 2-port Ch OC-3/STM-1 (DS1/E1) or 6-port Ch T3 line cards.

On the ingress side of a Cisco 12000 Series Frame Relay interface:

- Weighted random early detection (WRED) and modified deficit round robin (MDRR) configurations are not supported.

On the egress side of a Cisco 12000 Series Frame Relay interface:

- Modified Deficit Round Robin (MDRR) is the only queuing strategy supported.

- Weighted Random Early Detection (WRED) is the only packet drop strategy supported.

- MDRR is supported only in the following modes:

With both a low latency (priority) queue and class-default queue configured. (The low latency queue is only supported in combination with the class-default queue, and cannot be configured with normal distributed round robin (DRR) queues.)

Without a low latency queue configured. (In this case, only 6 queues are supported, including the class-default queue.)

- Egress queuing is determined according to the IP Precedence value(s) configured for classes of L2TPv3 Frame Relay traffic using the match ip precedence command, instead of on a per-DLCI basis.

The configuration of an L2TPv3 session on a Multilink Frame Relay (MLFR) bundle interface is supported only on Cisco 12000 Series Two-Port Channelized OC-3/STM-1 (DS1/E1) and Six-Port Channelized T3 (T1) line cards. (For more information, see Binding L2TPv3 Sessions to Multilink Frame Relay Interfaces.)

Frame Relay policing is nondistributed on the Cisco 7500 series. By configuring Frame Relay policing, you cause traffic on the affected PVCs to be sent to the RSP for processing. Frame Relay policing is not supported on the Cisco 12000 series Internet router.

Frame Relay support is for 10-bit DLCI addresses. Frame Relay Extended Addressing is not supported.

Multipoint DLCI is not supported.

The keepalive will automatically be disabled on interfaces that have an Xconnect applied to them, except for Frame Relay encapsulation, which is a requirement for LMI.

Static L2TPv3 sessions will not support Frame Relay LMI interworking.

VLAN-Specific Restrictions

A provider edge (PE) router is responsible only for static VLAN membership entries that are manually configured on the router. Dynamic VLAN membership entries, entry aging, and membership discovery are not supported.

Implicit tagging for VLAN membership operating on the other layers (such as at Layer 2, membership by MAC address or protocol type, at Layer 3, or membership by IP subnet) is not supported.

Point-to-multipoint and multipoint-to-point configurations are not supported. There is a 1:1 relationship between an attachment circuit and an L2TPv3 session.

ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Restrictions

The ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 feature is supported only on the Cisco 7200 and Cisco 7500 series routers with ATM Deluxe PA-A3 interfaces.

Once the ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay feature is configured for a virtual path connection (VPC), no other permanent virtual circuits (PVCs) will be allowed for the same virtual path identifier (VPI).

Information About Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

To configure the Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 feature, you must understand the following concepts:

Migration from UTI to L2TPv3

L2TPv3 Operation

Benefits of Using L2TPv3

L2TPv3 Header Description

L2TPv3 Features

L2TPv3 and UTI Feature Comparison

Supported L2TPv3 Payloads

Migration from UTI to L2TPv3

UTI is a Cisco proprietary protocol that offers a simple high-speed transparent Layer 2-to-Layer 2 service over an IP backbone. The UTI protocol lacks the signaling capability and standards support necessary for large-scale commercial service. To begin to answer the need for a standard way to provide large-scale VPN connectivity over an IP core network, limited migration from UTI to L2TPv3 was introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12.0(21)S. The L2TPv3 feature in Cisco IOS Release 12.0(23)S introduced a more robust version of L2TPv3 to replace UTI.

As described in the section "L2TPv3 Header Description," the UTI data header is identical to the L2TPv3 header but with no sequence numbers and an 8-byte cookie. By manually configuring an L2TPv3 session using an 8-byte cookie (see the section "Manually Configuring L2TPv3 Session Parameters") and by setting the IP protocol number of outgoing data packets to 120 (as described in the section "Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire"), you can ensure that a PE running L2TPv3 may interoperate with a peer PE running UTI. However, because UTI does not define a signaling plane, dynamically established L2TPv3 sessions cannot interoperate with UTI.

When a customer upgrades from a pre-L2TPv3 Cisco IOS release to a post-L2TPv3 release, an internal UTI-to-Xconnect command-line interface (CLI) migration utility will automatically convert the UTI commands to Xconnect and pseudowire class configuration commands without the need for any user intervention. After the CLI migration, the UTI commands that were replaced will not be available. The old-style UTI CLI will be hidden from the user.


Note The UTI keepalive feature will not be migrated. The UTI keepalive feature will no longer be supported in post-L2TPv3 releases. You should convert to using dynamic L2TPv3 sessions in order to preserve the functionality provided by the UTI keepalive.


L2TPv3 Operation

L2TPv3 provides similar and enhanced services to replace the current UTI implementation, including the following features:

Xconnect for Layer 2 tunneling via a pseudowire over an IP network

Layer 2 VPNs for PE-to-PE router service via Xconnect that support Ethernet, 802.1q (VLAN), Frame Relay, HDLC and PPP Layer 2 circuits, including both static (UTI-like) and dynamic (using the new L2TPv3 signaling) forwarded sessions

The initial Cisco IOS Release 12.0(23)S features supported only the following features:

Layer 2 tunneling (as used in an L2TP access concentrator, or LAC) to an attachment circuit, not Layer 3 tunneling

L2TPv3 data encapsulation directly over IP (IP protocol number 115), not using User Datagram Protocol (UDP)

Point-to-point sessions, not point-to-multipoint or multipoint-to-point sessions

Sessions between the same Layer 2 protocols; for example, Ethernet-to-Ethernet, VLAN-to-VLAN, but not VLAN-to-Ethernet or Frame Relay

The attachment circuit is the physical interface or subinterface attached to the pseudowire.

Figure 1 shows an example of how the L2TPv3 feature is used for setting up VPNs using Layer 2 tunneling over an IP network. All traffic between two customer network sites is encapsulated in IP packets carrying L2TP data messages and sent across an IP network. The backbone routers of the IP network treat the traffic as any other IP traffic and need not know anything about the customer networks.

Figure 1 L2TPv3 Operation

In Figure 1, the PE routers R1 and R2 provide L2TPv3 services. The R1 and R2 routers communicate with each other using a pseudowire over the IP backbone network through a path comprising the interfaces int1 and int2, the IP network, and interfaces int3 and int4.

In this example, the CE routers R3 and R4 communicate through a pair of Xconnect Ethernet or 802.1q VLAN interfaces using an L2TPv3 session. The L2TPv3 session tu1 is a pseudowire configured between interface int1 on R1 and interface int4 on R2. Any packet arriving on interface int1 on R1 is encapsulated and sent via the pseudowire control channel (tu1) to R2. R2 decapsulates the packet and sends it on interface int4 to R4. When R4 needs to send a packet to R3, the packet follows the same path in reverse.

Please note the following features regarding L2TPv3 operation:

All packets received on interface int1 will be forwarded to R4. R3 and R4 cannot detect the intervening network.

For Ethernet interfaces, any packet received from LAN1 by R1 on Ethernet interface e1 will be encapsulated directly in IP and sent via the pseudowire session tu2 to R2 interface e2, where it will be sent on LAN2.

]A VLAN on an Ethernet interface can be mapped to an L2TPv3 session.

For Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, the other LAN ports on the 8-port Fast Ethernet line card that are not being used for L2TPv3 must have a router connected to them: When content-addressable memory (CAM) assisted MAC filtering is turned OFF to allow L2TPv3 to work, it is turned OFF on all ports.

Benefits of Using L2TPv3

L2TPv3 Simplifies Deployment of VPNs

L2TPv3 is an industry-standard Layer 2 tunneling protocol that ensures interoperability among vendors, increasing customer flexibility and service availability.

L2TPv3 Does Not Require MPLS

With L2TPv3 service providers need not deploy MPLS in the core IP backbone to set up VPNs using L2TPv3 over the IP backbone, resulting in operational savings and increased revenue.

L2TPv3 Supports Layer 2 Tunneling over IP for Any Payload

L2TPv3 provides enhancements to L2TP to support Layer 2 tunneling of any payload over an IP core network. L2TPv3 defines the base L2TP protocol as being separate from the Layer 2 payload that is tunneled.

L2TPv3 Header Description

The migration from UTI to L2TPv3 also requires the standardization of the UTI header. As a result, the L2TPv3 header has the new format shown in Figure 2.

Each L2TPv3 packet contains an L2TPv3 header that includes a unique session ID representing one session and a variable cookie length. The L2TPv3 session ID and the Tunnel Cookie field length are assigned via the CLI. See the section "How to Configure Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3" for more information on the CLI commands for L2TPv3.

Figure 2 L2TPv3 Header Format

IP Delivery Header (20 bytes)
Protocol ID: 115

L2TPV3 Header consisting of:
Session ID (4 bytes)
Cookie (0, 4, or 8 bytes)
Pseudowire Control Encapsulation
(4 bytes by default)

Layer 2 Payload


Session ID

The L2TPv3 session ID is similar to the UTI session ID, and identifies the session context on the decapsulating system. For dynamic sessions, the value of the session ID is selected to optimize the context identification efficiency of the decapsulating system. A decapsulation implementation may therefore elect to support a smaller session ID bit field. In this L2TPv3 implementation, an upper value for the L2TPv3 session ID was set at 023. The L2TPv3 session ID value 0 is reserved for use by the protocol. For static sessions, the session ID is manually configured.


Note The local session ID must be unique on the decapsulating system and is restricted to the least significant ten bits.


Session Cookie

The L2TPv3 header contains a control channel cookie field that is similar to the UTI control channel key field. The control channel cookie field, however, has a variable length of 0, 4, or 8 bytes according to the cookie length supported by a given platform for packet decapsulation. The control channel cookie length can be manually configured for static sessions, or dynamically determined for dynamic sessions.

The variable cookie length does not present a problem when the same platform is at both ends of an L2TPv3 control channel. However, when different platforms interoperate across an L2TPv3 control channel, both platforms need to encapsulate packets with a 4-byte cookie length.

Pseudowire Control Encapsulation

The L2TPv3 pseudowire control encapsulation consists of 32 bits (4 bytes) and contains information used to sequence L2TP packets (see the section "Sequencing"). For the purposes of sequencing, only the first bit and bits 8 to 31 are relevant.

Bit 1 indicates whether the Sequence Number field, bits 8 to 31, contains a valid sequence number and is to be updated.

L2TPv3 Features

L2TPv3 provides Xconnect support for Ethernet, 802.1q (VLAN), Frame Relay, HDLC, and PPP, using the sessions described in the following sections:

Static L2TPv3 Sessions (nonnegotiated, PVC-like forwarded sessions)

Dynamic L2TPv3 Sessions (negotiated, forwarded sessions using the L2TPv3 control plane for session negotiation)

L2TPv3 also includes support for the features described in the following sections:

Sequencing

Local Switching

Distributed Switching

IP Packet Fragmentation

L2TPv3 Type of Service Marking

Keepalive

MTU Handling

Static L2TPv3 Sessions

Typically, the L2TP control plane is responsible for negotiating session parameters, such as the session ID or the cookie, in order to set up the session. However, some IP networks require sessions to be configured so that no signaling is required for session establishment. You can, therefore, set up static L2TPv3 sessions for a PE router by configuring fixed values for the fields in the L2TP data header. A static L2TPv3 session allows the PE to tunnel Layer 2 traffic as soon as the attachment circuit to which the session is bound comes up.


Note In an L2TPv3 static session, you can still run the L2TP control channel to perform peer authentication and dead-peer detection. If the L2TP control channel cannot be established or is torn down because of a hello failure, the static session is also torn down.


When you use a static L2TPv3 session, you cannot perform circuit interworking, such as LMI, because there is no facility to exchange control messages. To perform circuit interworking, you must use a dynamic session.

Dynamic L2TPv3 Sessions

A dynamic L2TP session is established through the exchange of control messages containing attribute-value pairs (AVPs). Each AVP contains information about the nature of the Layer 2 link being forwarded: the payload type, virtual circuit (VC) ID, and so on.

Multiple L2TP sessions (one for each forwarded Layer 2 circuit) can exist between a pair of PEs, and can be maintained by a single control channel. Session IDs and cookies are dynamically generated and exchanged as part of a dynamic session setup. Information such as sequencing configuration is also exchanged. Circuit state changes (UP/DOWN) are conveyed using the SLI message.

Sequencing

Although the correct sequence of received Layer 2 frames is guaranteed by some Layer 2 technologies (by the nature of the link, such as a serial line) or the protocol itself, forwarded Layer 2 frames may be lost, duplicated, or reordered when they traverse a network as IP packets. If the Layer 2 protocol does not provide an explicit sequencing mechanism, you can configure L2TP to sequence its data packets according to the data channel sequencing mechanism described in the L2TPv3 IETF l2tpext working group draft.

A receiver of L2TP data packets mandates sequencing through the Sequencing Required AVP when the session is being negotiated. A sender that receives this AVP (or that is manually configured to send sequenced packets) uses the Layer 2-specific pseudowire control encapsulation defined in L2TPv3.

Currently, you can configure L2TP only to drop out-of-order packets; you cannot configure L2TP to deliver the packets out-of-order. No reordering mechanism is available.

Local Switching

Local switching (from one port to another port in the same router) is supported for both static and dynamic sessions. You must configure separate IP addresses for each Xconnect statement.

See the section "Configuration Examples for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3" for an example of how to configure local port switching.

Distributed Switching

Distributed Cisco Express Forwarding (dCEF) switching is supported for L2TP on the Cisco 7500 series and Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.


Note For the Cisco 7500 series, sequencing is supported, but all L2TP packets that require sequence number processing are sent to the RSP. Sequencing is not supported for the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers in Release 12.0(24)S. On the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, sequencing will be supported in a future release with sequence number processing done by the server card fast path.


IP Packet Fragmentation

It is desirable to avoid fragmentation issues in the service provider network because reassembly is computationally expensive. The easiest way to avoid fragmentation issues is to configure the CE routers with an MTU value that is smaller than the pseudowire path MTU. However, in scenarios where this is not an option, fragmentation issues must be considered. Previously, L2TP supported only the following options for packet fragmentation when a packet is determined to exceed the L2TP path MTU:

Unconditionally drop the packet

Fragment the packet after L2TP/IP encapsulation

Drop the packet and send an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) unreachable message back to the CE router

Cisco IOS Release 12.0(24)S introduces the ability to allow IP traffic from the CE router to be fragmented before the data enters the pseudowire, forcing the computationally expensive reassembly to occur in the CE network rather than in the service provider network. The number of fragments that must be generated is determined based on the discovered pseudowire path MTU. The original L2 header is then copied to each of the generated fragments, the L2TP/IP encapsulation is added, and the frames are then forwarded. This feature will be implicitly enabled whenever the ip pmtu command is enabled in the pseudowire class. It will be applied to any packets received from the CE network that have a Don't Fragment (DF) bit set to 0 and that exceed the L2TP path MTU in size.

Fragmentation of IP packets before the data enters the pseudowire is supported on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, and Cisco 12000 Internet Routers in Cisco IOS Release 12.0(24)S.

L2TPv3 Type of Service Marking

When Layer 2 traffic is tunneled across an IP network, information contained in the ToS bits may be transferred to the L2TP-encapsulated IP packets in one of the following ways:

If the tunneled Layer 2 frames encapsulate IP packets themselves, it may be desirable to simply copy the ToS bytes of the inner IP packets to the outer IP packet headers. This action is known as "ToS byte reflection."

Static ToS byte configuration. You specify the ToS byte value used by all packets sent across the pseudowire.

On the Cisco 10720, ToS configuration can be done using MQC. If both static ToS byte configuration and MQC ToS byte configuration are implemented, the MQC configuration will take precedence.

See the section "Configuring a Negotiated L2TPv3 Session for Local HDLC Switching Example" for more information about how to configure ToS information.

Keepalive

The keepalive mechanism for L2TPv3 extends only to the endpoints of the tunneling protocol. L2TP has a reliable control message delivery mechanism that serves as the basis for the keepalive mechanism. The keepalive mechanism consists of an exchange of L2TP hello messages.

If a keepalive mechanism is required, the control plane is used, although it may not be used to bring up sessions. You can manually configure sessions.

In the case of static L2TPv3 sessions, a control channel between the two L2TP peers is negotiated through the exchange of start control channel request (SCCRQ), start control channel replay (SCCRP), and start control channel connected (SCCCN) control messages. The control channel is responsible only for maintaining the keepalive mechanism through the exchange of hello messages.

The interval between hello messages is configurable per control channel. If one peer detects that the other has gone down through the keepalive mechanism, it sends a StopCCN control message and then notifies all of the pseudowires to the peer about the event. This notification results in the teardown of both manually configured and dynamic sessions.

MTU Handling

It is important that you configure an MTU appropriate for a each L2TPv3 tunneled link. The configured MTU size ensures the following:

The lengths of the tunneled Layer 2 frames fall below the MTU of the destination attachment circuit

The tunneled packets are not fragmented, which forces the receiving PE to reassemble them

L2TPv3 handles the MTU as follows:

The default behavior is to fragment packets that are larger than the session MTU. The one exception is on Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, where fragmentation of tunneled packets is not allowed.

If you enable the ip dfbit set command in the pseudowire class, the default MTU behavior changes so that any packets that cannot fit within the tunnel MTU are dropped.

If you enable the ip pmtu command in the pseudowire class, the L2TPv3 control channel participates in the path MTU discovery. When you enable this feature, the following processing is performed:

ICMP unreachable messages sent back to the L2TPv3 router are deciphered and the tunnel MTU is updated accordingly. In order to receive ICMP unreachable messages for fragmentation errors, the DF bit in the tunnel header is set according to the DF bit value received from the CE, or statically if the ip dfbit set option is enabled. The tunnel MTU is periodically reset to the default value based on a periodic timer.

ICMP unreachable messages are sent back to the clients on the CE side. ICMP unreachable messages are sent to the CE whenever IP packets arrive on the CE-PE interface and have a packet size greater than the tunnel MTU. A Layer 2 header calculation is performed before the ICMP unreachable message is sent to the CE.

L2TPv3 and UTI Feature Comparison

Table 1 compares L2TPv3 and UTI support.

Table 2 Comparison of L2TPv3 and UTI Support 

Feature
L2TPv3
UTI

Maximum number of sessions

Cisco 7200 series:3000

Cisco 7500 series: 3000

Cisco 10720: 2000

Cisco 12000 series: 2000

Cisco 7200 series: 1000

Cisco 7500 series: 1000

Cisco 10720 series: 1000

Cisco 12000 series: 1000

Tunnel cookie length

0-, 4-, or 8-byte cookies are supported for the Cisco 7200 series and the Cisco 7500 series routers.

For the Cisco 10720 Internet router and the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, only 8-byte cookies can be received in Release 12.0(24)S; 0-, 4-, or 8-byte cookies can be sent.

8 bytes

Static sessions

Supported in Release 12.0(21)S.

Supported

Dynamic sessions

Supported in Release 12.0(23)S.

Not supported

Static ToS

Supported in Release 12.0(23)S.

Supported

MQC ToS

Supported in Release 12.0(23)S for the Cisco 10720 only.

Supported

Inner IP ToS mapping

Supported on the Cisco 7200 series routers, Cisco 7500 series routers, and the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.

To be supported in a future release for the Cisco 10720 Internet router.

Not supported

802.1p mapping

Supported in Release 12.0(23)S for the Cisco 10720 only.

Not supported

Keepalive

Supported in Release 12.0(23)S.

Supported on the Cisco 10720 only.

Path MTU discovery

Supported on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, and the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.

To be supported in a future release for the Cisco 10720 Internet router.

Not supported

ICMP unreachable

Supported on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, and Cisco 12000 Internet routers.

To be supported in a future release for the Cisco 10720 Internet router.

Not supported

VLAN rewrite

Supported on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, and the Cisco 10720 Internet router in Release 12.0(23)S.

To be supported in a future release for Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.

Supported

VLAN and non-VLAN translation

To be supported in a future release.

Supported on the Cisco 10720 only.

Port trunking

Supported in Release 12.0(23)S.

Supported

IS-IS packet fragmentation through an L2TPv3 session

Supported on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, and Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.

To be supported in a future release for the Cisco 10720 Internet router.

Not supported

IP packet fragmentation through an L2TPv3 session

Supported on the Cisco 7200 series, Cisco 7500 series, and Cisco 12000 Internet routers in Release 12.0(24)S.

To be supported in a future release for the Cisco 10720 Internet router.

Not supported

Payload sequence number checking

To be supported in a future release.

Not supported

MIB support

VPDN MIB for the pseudowire
IfTable MIB for the attachment circuit.

IfTable MIB for the session interface.


Supported L2TPv3 Payloads

L2TPv3 supports the following Layer 2 payloads that can be included in L2TPv3 packets tunneled over the pseudowire:

Frame Relay

Ethernet

802.1q (VLAN)

HDLC

PPP

ATM


Note Each L2TPv3 tunneled packet includes the entire Layer 2 frame of the payloads described in this section. If sequencing is required (see the section "Sequencing"), a Layer 2-specific sublayer (see the section "Pseudowire Control Encapsulation") is included in the L2TPv3 header to provide the Sequence Number field.


Frame Relay

L2TPv3 supports the Frame Relay functionality described in the following sections:

Port-to-Port Trunking

DLCI-to-DLCI Switching

PVC Status Signaling

Sequencing

ToS Marking

CIR Guarantees

Binding L2TPv3 Sessions to Multilink Frame Relay Interfaces

Port-to-Port Trunking

Port-to-port trunking is where two CE Frame Relay interfaces are connected as by a leased line (UTI "raw" mode). All traffic arriving on one interface is forwarded transparently across the pseudowire to the other interface.

For example, in Figure 1, if the two CE routers are connected by a virtual leased line, the PE routers transparently transport all packets between CE R3 and CE R4 over a pseudowire. PE R1 and PE R2 do not examine or change the DLCIs, and do not participate in the LMI protocol. The two CE routers are LMI peers. There is nothing Frame Relay-specific about this service as far as the PE routers are concerned. The CE routers should be able to use any encapsulation based on HDLC framing without needing to change the provider configuration.

DLCI-to-DLCI Switching

Frame Relay DLCI-to-DLCI switching is where individual Frame Relay DLCIs are connected to create an end-to-end Frame Relay PVC. Traffic arriving on a DLCI on one interface is forwarded across the pseudowire to another DLCI on the other interface.

For example, in Figure 1, CE R3 and PE R1 are Frame Relay LMI peers; CE R4 and PE R2 are also LMI peers. You can use a different type of LMI between CE R3 and PE R1 compared to what you use between CE R4 and PE R2.

The CE devices may be a Frame Relay switch or end-user device. Each Frame Relay PVC is composed of multiple segments. The DLCI value is local to each segment and is changed as traffic is switched from segment to segment. Note that, in Figure 1, two Frame Relay PVC segments are connected by a pseudowire. Frame Relay header flags (FECN, BECN, C/R, DE) are preserved across the pseudowire.

PVC Status Signaling

PVC status signaling is propagated toward Frame Relay end users by the LMI protocol. You can configure the LMI to operate in any of the following modes:

UNI DTE mode—PVC status is not reported, only received.

UNI DCE mode—PVC status is reported but not received.

NNI mode—PVC status is reported and received independently.

L2TPv3 supports all three modes.

The PVC status should be reported as ACTIVE only if the PVC is available from the reporting device to the Frame Relay end-user device. All interfaces, line protocols, and pseudowires must be operational between the reporting device and the Frame Relay end-user device.

Note that any keepalive functions on the session are independent of Frame Relay, but any state changes that are detected are fed into the PVC status reporting. For example, the L2TP control channel uses hello packets as a keepalive function. If the L2TPv3 keepalive fails, all L2TPv3 sessions are torn down. Loss of the session is notified to Frame Relay, which can then report PVCs INACTIVE to the CE devices.

For example, in Figure 1, CE R3 reports ACTIVE to PE R1 only if the PVC is available within CE R3. When CE R3 is a switch, it reports all the way to the user device in the customer network.

PE R1 reports ACTIVE to CE R3 only if the PVC is available within PE R1 and all the way to the end-user device (via PE R2 and CE R3) in the other customer VPN site.

The ACTIVE state is propagated hop-by-hop, independently in each direction, from one end of the Frame Relay network to the other end.

Sequencing

Frame Relay provides an ordered service in which packets sent to the Frame Relay network by one end-user device are delivered in order to the other end-user device. When switching is occurring over the pseudowire, packet ordering must be able to be preserved with a very high probability to closely emulate a traditional Frame Relay service. If the CE router is not using a protocol that can detect misordering itself, configuring sequence number processing may be important. For example, if the Layer 3 protocol is IP and Frame Relay is therefore used only for encapsulation, sequencing is not required. To detect misordering, you can configure sequence number processing separately for transmission or reception. For more information about how to configure sequencing, see the section "Configuring a Negotiated L2TPv3 Session for Local HDLC Switching Example."

ToS Marking

The ToS bytes in the IP header can be statically configured or reflected from the internal IP header. The Frame Relay DE bit does not influence the ToS bytes.

CIR Guarantees

In order to provide committed information rate (CIR) guarantees, you can configure a queueing policy that provides bandwidth to each DLCI to the interface facing the customer network on the egress PE.


Note In Cisco IOS Release 12.0(24)S, CIR guarantees are supported only on the Cisco 7500 series with dCEF. This support requires that the core has sufficient bandwidth to handle all CE traffic and that the congestion occurs only at the egress PE.


Binding L2TPv3 Sessions to Multilink Frame Relay Interfaces

The configuration of an L2TPv3 session on a Multilink Frame Relay (MLFR) bundle interface is supported only on Cisco 12000 Series Two-Port Channelized OC-3/STM-1 (DS1/E1) and Six-Port Channelized T3 (T1) line cards.

The Multilink Frame Relay feature introduces functionality based on the Frame Relay Forum Multilink Frame Relay UNI/NNI Implementation Agreement (FRF.16). This feature provides a cost-effective way to increase bandwidth for particular applications by enabling multiple serial links to be aggregated into a single bundle of bandwidth.

For an example of how to configure L2TPv3 tunneling on a multilink Frame Relay bundle interface, see Configuring MLFR for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 12000 Series Example.

For information about how configure and use the MLFR feature, refer to the Multilink Frame Relay (FRF.16) publication.

Ethernet

An Ethernet frame arriving at a PE router is simply encapsulated in its entirety with an L2TP data header. At the other end, a received L2TP data packet is stripped of its L2TP data header. The payload, an Ethernet frame, is then forwarded to the appropriate attachment circuit.

Because the L2TPv3 tunneling protocol serves essentially as a bridge, it need not examine any part of an Ethernet frame. Any Ethernet frame received on an interface is tunneled, and any L2TP-tunneled Ethernet frame is forwarded out the interface.


Note Due to the way in which L2TPv3 handles Ethernet frames, an Ethernet interface must be configured to promiscuous mode in order to capture all traffic received on the Ethernet segment attached to the router. All frames will be tunneled through the L2TP pseudowire.


802.1q (VLAN)

L2TPv3 supports VLAN membership in the following ways:

Port-based, in which undated Ethernet frames are received.

VLAN-based, in which tagged Ethernet frames are received.

In L2TPv3, Ethernet Xconnect supports port-based VLAN membership and the reception of tagged Ethernet frames. A tagged Ethernet frame contains a tag header (defined in 802.1Q), which is 4-bytes long and consists of a 2-byte tag protocol identifier (TPID) field and a 2-byte tag control information (TCI) field. The TPID indicates that a TCI follows. The TCI is further broken down into the following three fields:

User priority field

Canonical format indicator (CFI)

A 12-bit VLAN ID (VID)

For L2TPv3, an Ethernet subinterface configured to support VLAN switching may be bound to an Xconnect service so that all Ethernet traffic, tagged with a VID specified on the subinterface, is tunneled to another PE. The VLAN Ethernet frames are forwarded in their entirety. The receiving PE may rewrite the VID of the tunneled traffic to another value before forwarding the traffic onto an attachment circuit.

To successfully rewrite VLANs, it may be necessary to disable the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP). This can be done on a per-VLAN basis by using the no spanning-tree vlan command.


Note Due to the way in which L2TPv3 handles 802.1q VLAN packets, the Ethernet interface must be configured in promiscuous mode to capture all traffic received on the Ethernet segment attached to the router. All frames are tunneled through the L2TP pseudowire.


HDLC

L2TPv3 encapsulates an HDLC frame arriving at a PE in its entirety (including the Address, Control, and Protocol fields, but not the Flag fields and the frame check sequence) with an L2TP data header.

PPP

PEs that support L2TPv3 forward PPP traffic using a "transparent pass-through" model, in which the PEs play no role in the negotiation and maintenance of the PPP link. L2TPv3 encapsulates a PPP frame arriving at a PE in its entirety (including the HDLC Address and Control fields) with an L2TP data header.

ATM

L2TPv3 can connect two isolated ATM clouds over a packet-switched network while maintaining an end-to-end ATM Service Level Agreement (SLA). Cisco IOS Release 12.0(25)S supports virtual path (VP) single cell relay, with one ATM cell being forwarded per packet. All packets are transparently forwarded over the L2TPv3 pseudowire.

How to Configure Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

This section contains the following procedures:

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Parameters (optional)

Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire (required)

Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit (required)

Manually Configuring L2TPv3 Session Parameters (required)

Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit for ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 (optional)

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Parameters

The L2TP class configuration procedure creates a template of L2TP control channel parameters that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes. L2TP control channel parameters are used in control channel authentication, keepalive messages, and control channel negotiation. In an L2TPv3 session, the same L2TP class must be specified in the pseudowire configured on the PE router at each end of the control channel. Configuring L2TP control channel parameters is optional. However, the L2TP class must be configured before it is with associated a pseudowire class (see the section "Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire").

The three main groups of L2TP control channel parameters that you can configure in an L2TP class are described in the following sections:

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Timing Parameters

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Authentication Parameters

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Maintenance Parameters

After you enter L2TP class configuration mode, you can configure L2TP control channel parameters in any order. If you have multiple authentication requirements you can configure multiple sets of L2TP class control channel parameters with different L2TP class names. However, only one set of L2TP class control channel parameters can be applied to a connection between any pair of IP addresses.

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Timing Parameters

The following L2TP control channel timing parameters can be configured in L2TP class configuration mode:

Packet size of the receive window used for the control channel

Retransmission parameters used for control messages

Timeout parameters used for the control channel

This task configures a set of timing control channel parameters in an L2TP class. All of the timing control channel parameter configurations are optional and may be configured in any order. If these parameters are not configured, the default values are applied.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. l2tp-class [l2tp-class-name]

4. receive-window size

5. retransmit {initial retries initial-retries | retries retries | timeout {max | min} timeout}

6. timeout setup seconds

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

l2tp-class [l2tp-class-name]

Example:

Router(config)# l2tp-class class1

Specifies the L2TP class name and enters L2TP class configuration mode.

The l2tp-class-name argument is optional. However, if you want to configure multiple L2TP classes you must specify a unique l2tp-class-name for each one.

Step 4 

receive-window size

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# receive-window 30

(Optional) Configures the number of packets that can be received by the remote peer before backoff queueing occurs.

The valid values range from 1 to the upper limit the peer has for receiving packets. The default value is the upper limit.

Step 5 

retransmit {initial retries initial-retries | retries retries | timeout {max | min} timeout}

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# retransmit retries 10

(Optional) Configures parameters that affect the retransmission of control packets:

initial retries—specifies how many SCCRQs are re-sent before giving up on the session. Valid values for the initial-retries argument range from 1 to 1000. The default value is 2.

retries—specifies how many retransmission cycles occur before determining that the peer PE router does not respond. Valid values for the retries argument range from 1 to 1000. The default value is 15.

timeout {max | min}—specifies maximum and minimum retransmission intervals (in seconds) for resending control packets. Valid values for the timeout argument range from 1 to 8. The default maximum interval is 8; the default minimum interval is 1.

Step 6 

timeout setup seconds

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# timeout setup 400

(Optional) Configures the amount of time, in seconds, allowed to set up a control channel.

Valid values for the seconds argument range from 60 to 6000. The default value is 300.

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Authentication Parameters

The following L2TP control channel authentication parameters can be configured in L2TP class configuration mode:

Authentication for the L2TP control channel

Local host name used for authenticating the control channel

Hiding the AVPs in outgoing control messages

Password used for control channel authentication and AVP hiding

This task configures a set of authentication control channel parameters in an L2TP class. All of the authentication control channel parameter configurations are optional and may be configured in any order. If these parameters are not configured, the default values will be applied.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. l2tp-class [l2tp-class-name]

4. authentication

5. hostname name

6. hidden

7. password [encryption-type] password

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

l2tp-class [l2tp-class-name]

Example:

Router(config)# l2tp-class class1

Specifies the L2TP class name and enters L2TP class configuration mode.

The l2tp-class-name argument is optional. However, if you want to configure multiple L2TP classes you must specify a unique l2tp-class-name for each one.

Step 4 

authentication

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# authentication

(Optional) Enables authentication for the control channel between PE routers.

Step 5 

hostname name

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# hostname yb2

(Optional) Specifies a host name used to identify the router during L2TP control channel authentication.

If you do not use this command, the default host name of the router is used.

Step 6 

hidden

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# hidden

(Optional) Hides the AVPs in control messages.

AVP hiding is not hidden by default.

Step 7 

password [encryption-type] password

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# password tunnel2

(Optional) Configures the password used for control channel authentication.

The valid values for the optional encryption type range from 0 to 7. If you do not use this command to specify a password, the password associated with the remote peer PE is taken from the value entered with the username password value global configuration command.

Configuring L2TP Control Channel Maintenance Parameters

The L2TP hello packet keepalive interval control channel maintenance parameter can be configured in L2TP class configuration mode.

This task configures the interval used for hello messages in an L2TP class. This control channel parameter configuration is optional. If this parameter is not configured, the default value will be applied.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. l2tp-class [l2tp-class-name]

4. hello interval

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

l2tp-class [l2tp-class-name]

Example:

Router(config)# l2tp-class class1

Specifies the L2TP class name and enters L2TP class configuration mode.

The l2tp-class-name argument is optional. However, if you want to configure multiple L2TP classes you must specify a unique l2tp-class-name for each one.

Step 4 

hello interval

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# hello 100

(Optional) Specifies the exchange interval (in seconds) used between L2TP hello packets.

Valid values for the interval argument range from 0 to 1000. The default value is 60.

Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire

The pseudowire class configuration procedure creates a configuration template for the pseudowire. You use this template, or class, to configure session-level parameters for L2TPv3 sessions that will be used to transport attachment circuit traffic over the pseudowire.

The pseudowire configuration specifies the characteristics of the L2TPv3 signaling mechanism, including the data encapsulation type, the control protocol, sequencing, fragmentation, payload-specific options, and IP properties. The setting that determines if signaling is used to set up the pseudowire is also included.

For simple L2TPv3 signaling configurations on most platforms, pseudowire class configuration is optional. However, specifying a source IP address to configure a loopback interface is highly recommended. If you do not configure a loopback interface, the router will choose the best available local address, which could be any IP address configured on a core-facing interface. This configuration could prevent a control channel from being established. On the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, specifying a source IP address is mandatory, and you should configure a loopback interface that is dedicated for the use of L2TPv3 sessions exclusively. If you do not configure other pseudowire class configuration commands, the default values are used.

Once you specify the encapsulation l2tpv3 command, you cannot remove it using the no encapsulation l2tpv3 command. Nor can you change the command's setting using the encapsulation mpls command. Those methods result in the following error message:

Encapsulation changes are not allowed on an existing pw-class.

To remove the command, you must delete the pseudowire with the no pseudowire-class command. To change the type of encapsulation, remove the pseudowire with the no pseudowire-class command and re-establish the pseudowire and specify the new encapsulation type.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. pseudowire-class [pw-class-name]

4. encapsulation l2tpv3

5. protocol {l2tpv3 | none} [l2tp-class-name]

6. ip local interface interface-name

7. ip pmtu

8. ip tos {value value | reflect}

9. ip dfbit set

10. ip ttl value

11. ip protocol {l2tp | uti | protocol-number}

12. sequencing {transmit | receive | both}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

pseudowire-class [pw-class-name]

Example:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class etherpw

Enters pseudowire class configuration mode and optionally specifies the name of the L2TP pseudowire class.

Step 4 

encapsulation l2tpv3

Example:

Router(config-pw)# encapsulation l2tpv3

Specifies that L2TPv3 is used as the data encapsulation method to tunnel IP traffic.

Step 5 

protocol {l2tpv3 | none}[l2tp-class-name]

Example:

Router(config-pw)# protocol l2tpv3 class1

(Optional) Specifies the L2TPv3 signaling protocol to be used to manage the pseudowires created with the control channel parameters in the specified L2TP class (see the section "Configuring L2TP Control Channel Parameters").

If the l2tp-class-name argument is not specified, the default values for L2TP control channel parameters will be used. The default protocol option is l2tpv3.

If you do not want to use signaling in the L2TPv3 sessions created with this pseudowire class, enter protocol none. (The protocol none configuration is necessary when configuring interoperability with a remote peer that runs UTI.)

Step 6 

ip local interface interface-name

Example:

Router(config-pw)# ip local interface e0/0

Specifies the PE router interface whose IP address is to be used as the source IP address for sending tunneled packets.

Use the same local interface name for all pseudowire classes configured between a pair of PE routers.


Note This command must be configured for pseudowire-class configurations using L2TPv3 as the data encapsulation method.


Step 7 

ip pmtu

Example:

Router(config-pw)# ip pmtu

(Optional) Enables the discovery of the path MTU for tunneled traffic.

This command enables the processing of ICMP unreachable messages that indicate fragmentation errors in the backbone network that carries L2TPv3 session traffic. Also, this command enables MTU checking for IP packets sent into the session and that have the DF bit set. Any IP packet larger than the MTU is dropped and an ICMP unreachable message is sent. MTU discovery is disabled by default.


Note The ip pmtu command is not supported if you disabled signaling with the protocol none command in Step 5.


This command must be enabled in the pseudowire class configuration for fragmentation of IP packets before the data enters the pseudowire to occur.


Note For fragmentation of IP packets before the data enters the pseudowire, it is recommended that the ip dfbit set command is also enabled in the pseudowire class configuration. This allows the PMTU to be obtained more rapidly.


Step 8 

ip tos {value value | reflect}

Example:

Router(config-pw)# ip tos reflect

(Optional) Configures the value of the ToS byte in IP headers of tunneled packets, or reflects the ToS byte value from the inner IP header.

Valid values for the value argument range from 0 to 255. The default ToS byte value is 0.

Step 9 

ip dfbit set

Example:

Router(config-pw)# ip dfbit set


(Optional) Configures the value of the DF bit in the outer headers of tunneled packets.

Use this command if (for performance reasons) you do not want reassembly of tunneled packets to be performed on the peer PE router. This command is disabled by default.

Step 10 

ip ttl value

Example:

Router(config-pw)# ip ttl 100

(Optional) Configures the value of the time to live (TTL) byte in the IP headers of tunneled packets.

Valid values for the value argument range from 1 to 255. The default TTL byte value is 255.

Step 11 

ip protocol {l2tp | uti | protocol-number}

Example:

Router(config-pw)# ip protocol uti

(Optional) Configures the IP protocol to be used for tunneling packets.

For backward compatibility with UTI, enter uti or 120, the UTI protocol number. The default IP protocol value is l2tp or 115, the L2TP protocol number.

Step 12 

sequencing {transmit | receive | both}

Example:

Router(config-pw)# sequencing both

(Optional) Specifies the direction in which sequencing of data packets in a pseudowire is enabled:

transmit—Updates the Sequence Number field in the headers of data packets sent over the pseudowire according to the data encapsulation method that is used.

receive—Keeps the Sequence Number field in the headers of data packets received over the pseudowire. Out-of-order packets are dropped.

both—Enables both the transmit and receive options.

Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit

This configuration procedure binds an Ethernet, 802.1q VLAN, or Frame Relay attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service. The virtual circuit identifier that you configure creates the binding between a pseudowire configured on a PE router and an attachment circuit in a CE device. The virtual circuit identifier configured on the PE router at one end of the L2TPv3 control channel must also be configured on the peer PE router at the other end.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type slot/port

4. xconnect peer-ip-address vcid pseudowire-parameters [sequencing {transmit | receive | both}]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type slot/port

Example:

Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0

Specifies the interface by type (for example, Ethernet) and slot and port number, and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

xconnect peer-ip-address vcid pseudowire-parameters [sequencing {transmit | receive | both}]

Example:

Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 pw-class vlan-xconnect

Specifies the IP address of the peer PE router and the 32-bit virtual circuit identifier shared between the PE at each end of the control channel.

The peer router ID (IP address) and virtual circuit ID must be a unique combination on the router.

At least one of the following pseudowire class parameters must be configured for the pseudowire-parameters argument:

encapsulation {l2tpv3 [manual] | mpls}—Specifies the tunneling method used to encapsulate data in the pseudowire:

l2tpv3—L2TPv3 is the tunneling method to be used.

manual—(Optional) No signaling is to be used in the L2TPv3 control channel. This command places the router in xconnect configuration mode for manual configuration of L2TPv3 parameters for the attachment circuit.

mpls—MPLS is the tunneling method to be used.

pw-class {pw-class-name}—The pseudowire class configuration from which the data encapsulation type (L2TPv3) will be taken.

The optional encapsulation parameter specifies the method of pseudowire tunneling used: L2TPv3 or MPLS. Enter manual if you do not want signaling used in the L2TPv3 control channel. The encapsulation l2tpv3 manual keyword combination enters xconnect configuration submode. See the section "Manually Configuring L2TPv3 Session Parameters" for the other L2TPv3 commands that you must enter to complete the configuration of the L2TPv3 control channel. If you do not enter an encapsulation value, the encapsulation method entered with the password command in the section "Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit" is used.

The optional pw-class parameter binds the Xconnect statement to a specific pseudowire class. The pseudowire class then serves as the template configuration for all attachment circuits bound to it. Specify the pseudowire-class option if you need to configure more advanced options.


Note You must configure either the encapsulation or the pw-class option. You may configure both options.



Note If you select L2TPv3 as your data encapsulation method, you must specify the pw-class keyword.


The optional sequencing parameter specifies whether sequencing is required for packets that are received, sent, or both received and sent.

Manually Configuring L2TPv3 Session Parameters

When you bind an attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service using the xconnect l2tpv3 manual command (see the section "Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit") because you do not want signaling, you must then configure L2TP-specific parameters to complete the L2TPv3 control channel configuration.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type slot/port

4. xconnect peer-ip-address vc-id encapsulation l2tpv3 manual pw-class pw-class-name

5. l2tp id local-session-id remote-session-id

6. l2tp cookie local size low-value [high-value]

7. l2tp cookie remote size low-value [high-value]

8. l2tp hello l2tp-class-name

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type slot/port

Example:

Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0

Specifies the interface by type (for example, Ethernet) and slot and port number, and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

xconnect peer-ip-address vc-id encapsulation l2tpv3 manual pw-class pw-class-name

Example:

Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 encapsulation l2tpv3 manual pw-class vlan-xconnect

Specifies the IP address of the peer PE router and the 32-bit virtual circuit identifier shared between the PE at each end of the control channel.

The peer router ID (IP address) and virtual circuit ID must be a unique combination on the router.

The encapsulation l2tpv3 manual parameter specifies that L2TPv3 is to be used as the pseudowire tunneling method, and enters xconnect configuration mode.

The mandatory pw-class pw-class-name keyword and argument combination specifies the pseudowire class configuration from which the data encapsulation type (L2TPv3) will be taken.

Step 5 

l2tp id local-session-id remote-session-id

Example:

Router(config-if-xconn)# l2tp id 222 111

Configures the identifiers for the local L2TPv3 session and for the remote L2TPv3 session on the peer PE router.

This command is required to complete the attachment circuit configuration and for a static L2TPv3 session configuration.

Step 6 

l2tp cookie local size low-value [high-value]

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# l2tp cookie local 4 54321

(Optional) Specifies the value that the peer PE must include in the cookie field of incoming (received) L2TP packets.

The size of the cookie field can be 4 or 8 bytes. If you do not enter this command, no cookie value is included in the header of L2TP packets.

If you configure the cookie length in incoming packets as 8 bytes, you must specify a 4-byte high value and a 4-byte low value.


Note This command must be configured on the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.


Step 7 

l2tp cookie remote size low-value [high-value]

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# l2tp cookie remote 4 12345

(Optional) Specifies the value that the router includes in the cookie field of outgoing (sent) L2TP packets.

The size of the cookie field can be 4 or 8 bytes. If you do not enter this command, no cookie value is included in the header of L2TP packets.

If you configure the cookie length in outgoing packets as 8 bytes, you must specify a 4-byte high value and a 4-byte low value.


Note This command must be configured on the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.


Step 8 

l2tp hello l2tp-class-name

Example:

Router(config-l2tp-class)# l2tp hello l2tp-defaults

(Optional) Specifies the L2TP class name to use (see the section "Configuring L2TP Control Channel Parameters") for control channel configuration parameters, including the interval to use between hello keepalive messages.


Note This command assumes that there is no control plane to negotiate control channel parameters and that a control channel is to be used to provide keepalive support through an exchange of L2TP hello messages. By default, no hello messages are sent.


Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit for ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3

The ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 feature allows cells coming into a predefined permanent virtual path (PVP) on the ATM interface to be transported over an L2TPv3 pseudowire to a predefined PVP on the egress ATM interface. This task binds a permanent virtual path (PVP) to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. interface type slot/port

4. atm pvp vpi [l2transport]

5. xconnect peer-ip-address vcid pw-class pw-class-name

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

interface type slot/port

Example:

Router(config)# interface ATM 4/1/0

Specifies the interface by type, slot, and port number, and enters interface configuration mode.

Step 4 

atm pvp vpi [l2transport]

Example:

Router(config-if)# atm pvp 5 l2transport

Specifies that the PVP is dedicated to transporting ATM cells.

The l2transport keyword indicates that the PVP is for cell relay. Once you enter this command, you enter l2transport PVP configuration mode. This configuration mode is for Layer 2 transport only; it is not for terminated PVPs.

Step 5 

xconnect peer-ip-address vcid pw-class pw-class-name

Example:

Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 888 pw-class atm-xconnect

Specifies the IP address of the peer PE router and the 32-bit virtual circuit identifier shared between the PE at each end of the control channel.

The peer router ID (IP address) and virtual circuit ID must be a unique combination on the router.

pw-class pw-class-name—The pseudowire class configuration from which the data encapsulation type (L2TPv3) will be taken. The pw-class parameter binds the Xconnect statement to a specific pseudowire class. The pseudowire class then serves as the template configuration for all attachment circuits bound to it.

Configuration Examples for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3

This section provides the following configuration examples:

Configuring Frame Relay DLCI-to-DLCI Switching Example

Configuring Frame Relay Trunking Example

Configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 7500 Series Example

Configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 12000 Series Example

Configuring MLFR for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 12000 Series Example

Configuring a Static L2TPv3 Session for an Xconnect Ethernet Interface Example

Configuring a Negotiated L2TPv3 Session for an Xconnect VLAN Subinterface Example

Configuring a Negotiated L2TPv3 Session for Local HDLC Switching Example

Configuring a Pseudowire Class for Fragmentation of IP Packets Example

Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit for ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Example

Verifying an L2TPv3 Session Example

Verifying an L2TP Control Channel Example

Verifying ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Configuration

Configuring Frame Relay DLCI-to-DLCI Switching Example

The following is a sample configuration for switching a Frame Relay DLCI over a pseudowire:

pseudowire-class fr-xconnect
 encapsulation l2tpv3
 protocol l2tpv3
 ip local interface Loopback0
 sequencing both

interface Serial0/0
 encapsulation frame-relay
 frame-relay intf-type dce

connect one Serial0/0 100 l2transport
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 555 pw-class fr-xconnect

connect two Serial0/0 200 l2transport
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 666 pw-class fr-xconnect

Configuring Frame Relay Trunking Example

The following is a sample configuration for setting up a trunk connection for an entire serial interface over a pseudowire. All incoming packets are switched to the pseudowire regardless of content.

Note that when you configure trunking for a serial interface, the trunk connection does not require an encapsulation method. You do not, therefore, need to enter the encapsulation frame-relay command. Reconfiguring the default encapsulation removes all Xconnect configuration settings from the interface.

interface Serial0/0
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 555 pw-class serial-xconnect

Configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 7500 Series Example

The following example shows the MQC commands used on a Cisco 7500 Series router to configure a CIR guarantee of 256 kbps on DLCI 100 and 512 kbps for DLCI 200 on the egress side of a Frame Relay interface that is also configured for L2TPv3 tunneling:

ip cef distributed
 class-map dlci100
 match fr-dlci 100
 class-map dlci200
 match fr-dlci 200

policy-map dlci
 class dlci100
 bandwidth 256
 class dlci200
 bandwidth 512

interface Serial0/0
 encapsulation frame-relay
 frame-relay interface-type dce
 service-policy output dlci

connect one Serial0/0 100 l2transport
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 555 encapsulation l2tpv3 pw-class mqc

connect two Serial0/0 200 l2transport
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 666 encapsulation l2tpv3 pw-class mqc

Configuring QoS for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 12000 Series Example

To apply a QoS policy for L2TPv3 to a Frame Relay interface on a Cisco 12000 Series 2-port Ch OC-3/STM-1 (DS1/E1) or 6-port Ch T3 line card, you must:

Use the map-class frame-relay class-name command in global configuration mode to apply a QoS policy to a Frame Relay class of traffic.

Use the frame-relay interface-dcli dcli-number switched command (in interface configuration mode) to enter Frame Relay DLCI interface configuration mode and then the class command to configure a QoS policy for a Frame Relay class of traffic on the specified DLCI. You must enter a separate series of these configuration commands to configure QoS for each Frame Relay DLCI on the interface.

As shown in the following example, when you configure QoS for L2TPv3 on the ingress side of a Cisco 12000 Series Frame Relay interface, you must also configure the value of the ToS byte used in IP headers of tunneled packets when you configure the L2TPv3 pseudowire (see Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire).

The following example shows the MQC commands and ToS byte configuration used on a Cisco 12000 Series router to apply a QoS policy for DLCI 100 on the ingress side of a Frame Relay interface configured for L2TPv3 tunneling:

policy-map frtp-policy
 class class-default
 police cir 8000 bc 6000 pir 32000 be 4000 conform-action transmit exceed-action 
set-frde-transmit violate-action drop

map-class frame-relay fr-map
 service-policy input frtp-policy

interface Serial0/1/1:0
 encapsulation frame-relay
 frame-relay interface-dlci 100 switched
   class fr-map
 connect frol2tp1 Serial0/1/1:0 100 l2transport
   xconnect 10.0.3.201 666 encapsulation l2tpv3 pw-class aaa

pseudowire-class aaa
encapsulation l2tpv3
 ip tos value 96

To apply a QoS policy for L2TPv3 to the egress side of a Frame Relay interface on a Cisco 12000 Series 2-port Ch OC-3/STM-1 (DS1/E1) or 6-port Ch T3 line card, you must:

Use the match ip precedence command in class-map configuration mode to configure the IP precedence value used to determine the egress queue for each L2TPv3 packet with a Frame Relay payload.

Use the random-detect command in policy-map class configuration mode to enable a weighted random early detection (WRED) drop policy for a Frame Relay traffic class that has a bandwidth guarantee. Use the random-detect precedence command to configure the WRED and modified deficit round robin (MDRR) parameters for particular IP Precedence values.

The next example shows the MQC commands used on a Cisco 12000 Series Internet Router to apply a QoS policy with WRED/MDRR settings for specified IP Precedence values to DLCI 100 on the egress side of a Frame Relay interface configured for L2TPv3:

class-map match-all d2
 match ip precedence 2 
class-map match-all d3
 match ip precedence 3 

policy-map o
 class d2
   bandwidth percent 10
   random-detect
   random-detect precedence 1 200 packets 500 packets 1
 class d3
   bandwidth percent 10
   random-detect
   random-detect precedence 1 1 packets 2 packets 1

map-class frame-relay fr-map
 service-policy output o

interface Serial0/1/1:0
 encapsulation frame-relay
 frame-relay interface-dlci 100 switched
 class fr-map
connect frol2tp1 Serial0/1/1:0 100 l2transport
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 666 encapsulation l2tpv3 pw-class aaa

Configuring MLFR for L2TPv3 on the Cisco 12000 Series Example

The following example shows how to configure L2TPv3 tunneling on a multilink Frame Relay bundle interface on a Cisco 12000 Series 2-port Ch OC-3/STM-1 (DS1/E1) or 6-port Ch T3 line card:

frame-relay switching

pseudowire-class mfr
 encapsulation l2tpv3
 ip local interface Loopback0

interface mfr0
 frame-relay intf-type dce

interface Serial0/0.1/1:11
 encapsulation frame-relay MFR0

interface Serial0/0.1/1:12
 encapsulation frame-relay MFR0

connect L2TPoMFR MFR0 100 l2transport
 xconnect 10.10.10.10 3 pw-class mfr

Configuring a Static L2TPv3 Session for an Xconnect Ethernet Interface Example

L2TPv3 is the only encapsulation method that supports a manually provisioned session setup. This example shows how to configure a static session configuration in which all control channel parameters are set up in advance. There is no control plane used and no negotiation phase to set up the control channel. The PE router starts sending tunneled traffic as soon as the Ethernet interface (int e0/0) comes up. The virtual circuit identifier, 123, is not used. The PE sends L2TP data packets with session ID 111 and cookie 12345. In turn, the PE expects to receive L2TP data packets with session ID 222 and cookie 54321.

l2tp-class l2tp-defaults
 retransmit initial retries 30
 cookie-size 8

pseudowire-class ether-pw
 encapsulation l2tpv3
 protocol none
 ip local interface Loopback0

interface Ethernet 0/0
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 encapsulation l2tpv3 manual pw-class ether-pw
 l2tp id 222 111
 l2tp cookie local 4 54321
 l2tp cookie remote 4 12345
 l2tp hello l2tp-defaults

Configuring a Negotiated L2TPv3 Session for an Xconnect VLAN Subinterface Example

The following is a sample configuration of a dynamic L2TPv3 session for a VLAN Xconnect interface. In this example, only VLAN traffic with a VLAN ID of 5 is tunneled. In the other direction, the L2TPv3 session identified by a virtual circuit identifier of 123 receives forwarded frames whose VLAN ID fields are rewritten to contain the value 5. L2TPv3 is used as both the control plane protocol and the data encapsulation.

l2tp-class class1
 authentication
 password secret

pseudowire-class vlan-xconnect
 encapsulation l2tpv3
 protocol l2tpv3 class1
 ip local interface Loopback0

interface Ethernet0/0.1
 encapsulation dot1Q 5
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 pw-class vlan-xconnect

Configuring a Negotiated L2TPv3 Session for Local HDLC Switching Example

The following is a sample configuration of a dynamic L2TPv3 session for local HDLC switching. In this example, note that it is necessary to configure two different IP addresses at the endpoints of the L2TPv3 pseudowire because the virtual circuit identifier must be unique for a given IP address.

interface loopback 1
 ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.255

interface loopback 2
 ip address 10.0.0.2 255.255.255.255

pseudowire-class loopback1
 encapsulation l2tpv3
 ip local interface loopback1

pseudowire-class loopback2
 encapsulation l2tpv3
 ip local interface loopback2

interface s0/0
 encapsulation hdlc
 xconnect 10.0.0.1 100 pw-class loopback2

interface s0/1
 encapsulation hdlc
 xconnect 10.0.0.2 100 pw-class loopback1

Configuring a Pseudowire Class for Fragmentation of IP Packets Example

The following is a sample configuration of a pseudowire class that will allow IP traffic generated from the CE router to be fragmented before entering the pseudowire:

pseudowire class class1
 encapsulation l2tpv3
 ip local interface Loopback0
 ip pmtu
 ip dfbit set

Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit for ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Example

The following configuration binds a PVP to an Xconnect attachment circuit to forward ATM cells over an established L2TPv3 pseudowire:

pw-class atm-xconnect
 encapsulation l2tpv3

interface ATM 4/1/0
 atm pvp 5 l2transport
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 888 pw-class atm-xconnect

Verifying an L2TPv3 Session Example

To display detailed information about current L2TPv3 sessions on a router, use the show l2tun session all command:

Router# show l2tunnel session all

Session Information Total tunnels 0 sessions 1

Session id 111 is up, tunnel id 0
Call serial number is 0
Remote tunnel name is 
  Internet address is 2.0.0.1
  Session is manually signalled
  Session state is established, time since change 00:06:05
    0 Packets sent, 0 received
    0 Bytes sent, 0 received
    Receive packets dropped:
      out-of-order:             0
      total:                    0
    Send packets dropped:
      exceeded session MTU:     0
      total:                    0
  Session vcid is 123
  Session Layer 2 circuit, type is ATM VPC CELL, name is ATM3/0/0:1000007
  Circuit state is UP
    Remote session id is 222, remote tunnel id 0
  DF bit off, ToS reflect disabled, ToS value 0, TTL value 255
  Session cookie information:
    local cookie, size 8 bytes, value 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 64 
    remote cookie, size 8 bytes, value 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 C8 
  SSS switching enabled
  Sequencing is off

Verifying an L2TP Control Channel Example

To display detailed information the L2TP control channels that are set up to other L2TP-enabled devices for all L2TP sessions on the router, use the show l2tun tunnel all command. The L2TP control channel is used to negotiate capabilities, monitor the health of the peer PE router, and set up various components of an L2TPv3 session.

Router# show l2tun session all 

Session Information Total tunnels 0 sessions 1

Session id 111 is up, tunnel id 0
Call serial number is 0
Remote tunnel name is 
  Internet address is 2.0.0.1
  Session is manually signalled
  Session state is established, time since change 00:06:05
    0 Packets sent, 0 received
    0 Bytes sent, 0 received
    Receive packets dropped:
      out-of-order:             0
      total:                    0
    Send packets dropped:
      exceeded session MTU:     0
      total:                    0
  Session vcid is 123
  Session Layer 2 circuit, type is ATM VPC CELL, name is ATM3/0/0:1000007
  Circuit state is UP
    Remote session id is 222, remote tunnel id 0
  DF bit off, ToS reflect disabled, ToS value 0, TTL value 255
  Session cookie information:
    local cookie, size 8 bytes, value 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 64 
    remote cookie, size 8 bytes, value 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 C8 
  SSS switching enabled
  Sequencing is off

Verifying ATM VP Mode Single Cell Relay over L2TPv3 Configuration

To verify the configuration of a PVP, use the show atm vp command in EXEC mode.

Router# show atm vp 5

ATM4/1/0  VPI: 5, Cell-Relay, PeakRate: 155000, CesRate: 0, DataVCs: 0,
CesVCs: 0, Status: ACTIVE

  VCD    VCI Type     InPkts  OutPkts  AAL/Encap     Status
    8      3 PVC           0        0  F4 OAM        ACTIVE  
    9      4 PVC           0        0  F4 OAM        ACTIVE  

TotalInPkts: 0, TotalOutPkts: 0, TotalInFast: 0, TotalOutFast: 0, 
TotalBroadcasts: 0

Additional References

For additional information related to L2TPv3, refer to the following references:

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Further information about L2TPv3

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol Version 3 Technical Overview

Information about L2TP

Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol: A Feature in Cisco IOS Software

Configuring the CEF feature

"Cisco Express Forwarding" chapter in the Cisco IOS Switching Configuration Guide, Release 12.0

Further information about MTU discovery and packet fragmentation

MTU Tuning for L2TP

Additional VPN commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, usage guidelines and examples.

Cisco IOS Release 12.0 Dial Solutions Command Reference

Additional Frame Relay commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, usage guidelines and examples.

Cisco IOS Release 12.0 Wide-Area Networking Command Reference

Information about UTI

Universal Transport Interface (UTI)


Standards

Standards
Title

draft-ietf-l2tpext-l2tp-base-03.txt

Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (Version 3)'L2TPv3'


MIBs

MIBs
MIBs Link

VPDN MIB—MIB support for L2TPv3 is based on the VPDN MIB

To obtain lists of supported MIBs by platform and Cisco IOS release, and to download MIB modules, go to the Cisco MIB website on Cisco.com at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/netmgmt/cmtk/mibs.shtml


To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://tools.cisco.com/ITDIT/MIBS/servlet/index

If Cisco  MIB Locator does not support the MIB information that you need, you can also obtain a list of supported MIBs and download MIBs from the Cisco  MIBs page at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/netmgmt/cmtk/mibs.shtml

To access Cisco MIB Locator, you must have an account on Cisco.com. If you have forgotten or lost your account information, send a blank e-mail to cco-locksmith@cisco.com. An automatic check will verify that your e-mail address is registered with Cisco.com. If the check is successful, account details with a new random password will be e-mailed to you. Qualified users can establish an account on Cisco.com by following the directions found at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/register

RFCs

RFCs 1
Title

RFC 2661

Layer Two Tunneling Protocol "L2TP"

1 Not all supported RFCs are listed.


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

Technical Assistance Center (TAC) home page, containing 30,000 pages of searchable technical content, including links to products, technologies, solutions, technical tips, tools, and lots more. Registered Cisco.com users can log in from this page to access even more content.

http://www.cisco.com/public/support/tac/home.shtml


Command Reference

This section documents new and modified commands. All other commands used with this feature are documented in the Cisco IOS Release 12.0 command reference publications.

atm pvp

authentication

debug acircuit

debug vpdn

debug xconnect

encapsulation l2tpv3

hello

hidden

hostname

ip dfbit set

ip local interface

ip pmtu

ip protocol

ip tos

ip ttl

l2tp-class

l2tp cookie local

l2tp cookie remote

l2tp hello

l2tp id

password

protocol

pseudowire-class

receive-window

retransmit

sequencing

show l2tun session

show l2tun tunnel

snmp-server enable traps l2tun session

timeout setup

xconnect

atm pvp

To create a permanent virtual path (PVP) used to multiplex (or bundle) one or more virtual circuits (VCs), use the atm pvp command in interface configuration mode. To remove a PVP, use the no form of this command.

atm pvp vpi [peak-rate] [l2transport]

no atm pvp vpi

Syntax Description

vpi

ATM network virtual path identifier (VPI) of the VC to multiplex on the permanent virtual path. The range is from 0 to 255. The VPI is an 8-bit field in the header of the ATM cell. The VPI value is unique only on a single link, not throughout the ATM network because it has local significance only. The VPI value must match that of the switch.

The number specified for the vpi argument must not already exist. If the number specified for the vpi argument is already being used by an existing VC, this command is rejected.

peak-rate

(Optional) Maximum rate in kbps at which the PVP can send data. The range is 84 kbps to line rate. The default is the line rate.

l2transport

(Optional) Specifies that the PVP is for the Any Transport over MPLS (AToM) ATM cell relay feature or the ATM Cell Relay over L2TPv3 feature.


Defaults

PVP is not configured.

The default peak rate is the line rate.

Command Modes

Interface configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

11.1

This command was introduced.

12.0(25)S

This command was updated to include the l2transport keyword.


Usage Guidelines

This command is commonly used to create a PVP that is used in multiplex circuit emulation service (CES) and data VCs.

The ATM-CES port adapter supports multiplexing of one or more VCs over a virtual path that is shaped at a constant bandwidth. For example, you can buy a virtual path service from an ATM service provider and multiplex both the CES and data traffic over the virtual path.

All subsequently created VCs with a vpi argument matching the vpi value specified with the atm pvp command are multiplexed onto this PVP. This PVP connection is an ATM connection where switching is performed on the VPI field of the cell only. A PVP is created and left up indefinitely. All VCs that are multiplexed over a PVP share and are controlled by the traffic parameters associated with the PVP.

Changing the peak-rate argument causes the ATM-CES port adapter to go down and then back up.

When you create a PVP, two VCs are created (VCI 3 and 4) by default. These VCs are created for VP end-to-end loopback and segment loopback operation, administration, and maintenance (OAM) support.

When you use the l2transport keyword with the atm pvp command, the command mode becomes the l2transport PVP submode. You must issue the l2transport keyword to configure the ATM cell relay over MPLS feature in port mode or to configure the ATM cell relay over L2TPv3 feature.

To verify the configuration of a PVP, use the show atm vp command in EXEC mode.

Examples

The following example creates a permanent virtual path with a peak rate of 2000 kbps. The subsequent VCs created are multiplexed onto this virtual path.

interface atm 6/0
 atm pvp 1 2000
 atm pvc 13 1 13 aal5snap
 exit
interface cbr 6/1
 ces circuit 0
 ces pvc 9 interface atm6/0 vpi 1 vci 100
 exit

The following example configures ATM Cell Relay over MPLS in port mode:

interface atm5/0
 atm pvp 1 l2transport
 xconnect 10.0.0.1 123 encapsulation mpls

The following example configures ATM Cell Relay over L2TPv3:

pw-class atm-xconnect
 encapsulation l2tpv3

interface atm 4/1/0
 atm pvp 5 l2transport
 xconnect 10.0.3.201 888 pw-class atm-xconnect

Related Commands

Command
Description

show atm vp

Displays the statistics for all VPs on an interface or for a specific VP.


authentication

To enable Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) authentication, use the authentication command in L2TP class configuration mode. To disable L2TPv3 authentication, use the no form of this command.

authentication

no authentication

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

L2TPv3 authentication is disabled.

Command Modes

L2TP class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use the authentication command to enable L2TPv3 authentication.

Examples

The following example enables authentication in L2TPv3 pseudowires configured using the L2TP class configuration named l2tp class1:

Router(config)# l2tp-class l2tp-class1
Router(config-l2tp-class)# authentication 

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.

password

Configures the password used by a PE router for L2TPv3 authentication.


debug acircuit

To troubleshoot events and failures related to an attachment circuit, use the debug acircuit command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable the debug acircuit command, use the no form of this command.

debug acircuit {error | event}

no debug acircuit {error | event}

Syntax Description

error

Displays errors that occur in attachment circuits.

event

Displays events that occur in attachment circuits.


Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use the debug acircuit command to identify provisioning events, setup failures, circuit up and down 
events, and configuration failures.

Examples

The following example shows output from the debug acircuit command for an Xconnect session on an Ethernet interface:

Router# debug acircuit

23:28:35: ACLIB [10.0.3.201, 5]: SW AC interface UP for Ethernet interface Et2/1 
23:28:35: ACLIB [10.0.3.201, 5]: pthru_intf_handle_circuit_up() calling acmgr_circuit_up 
23:28:35: ACLIB [10.0.3.201, 5]: Setting new AC state to Ac-Connecting 
23:28:35: ACLIB [10.0.3.201, 5]: SW AC interface UP for Ethernet interface Et2/1 
23:28:35: ACLIB [10.0.3.201, 5]: pthru_intf_handle_circuit_up() ignoring up event. Already 
connected or connecting. 
23:28:35: ACMGR: Receive <Circuit Up> msg 
23:28:35: Et2/1 ACMGR: circuit up event, SIP state chg down to connecting, action is 
service request 
23:28:35: Et2/1 ACMGR: Sent a sip service request 
23:28:37: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Ethernet2/1, changed state to up 
23:28:38: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Ethernet2/1, changed state to up 
23:28:53: Et2/1 ACMGR: Rcv SIP msg: resp connect forwarded, hdl D6000002, sss_hdl 9E00000F 
23:28:53: Et2/1 ACMGR: service connected event, SIP state chg connecting to connected, 
action is respond forwarded 
23:28:53: ACLIB: pthru_intf_response hdl is D6000002, response is 1 
23:28:53: ACLIB [10.0.3.201, 5]: Setting new AC state to Ac-Connected

Related Commands

Command
Description

debug vpdn

Displays errors and events relating to L2TP configuration and the surrounding Layer 2 tunneling infrastructure.

debug xconnect

Displays errors and events related to an Xconnect configuration.


debug vpdn

To troubleshoot Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) and the surrounding Layer 2 tunneling infrastructure, use the debug vpdn command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable the debug vpdn command, use the no form of this command.

debug vpdn {error | event | l2x-errors | l2x-events | l2x-packets | packet | packet detail | packet errors}

no debug vpdn {error | event | l2x-errors | l2x-events | l2x-packets | packet | packet detail | packet errors}

Syntax Description

error

Displays errors that occur in protocol-independent conditions.

event

Displays events resulting from protocol-independent conditions.

l2x-errors

Displays errors that occur in protocol-specific conditions.

l2x-events

Displays events resulting from protocol-specific conditions.

l2x-packets

Displays detailed information about control packets in protocol-specific conditions.

packet

Displays information about high-level Layer 2 control packets.

packet detail

Displays detailed packet information, including packet dumps.

packet errors

Displays errors that occur in packet processing.


Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Note that the debug vpdn packet and debug vpdn packet detail commands generate several debug operations per packet. Depending on the L2TP traffic pattern, these commands may cause the CPU load to increase to a high level that impacts performance.

Examples

The following example shows output from the debug vpdn command for an Xconnect session on an Ethernet interface:

Router# debug vpdn

23:31:18: L2X: l2tun session [1669204400], event [client request], old state [open], new 
state [open] 
 23:31:18: L2X: L2TP: Received L2TUN message <Connect> 
 23:31:18: Tnl/Sn58458/28568 L2TP: Session state change from idle to wait-for-tunnel 
 23:31:18: Tnl/Sn58458/28568 L2TP: Create session 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: SM State idle 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: O SCCRQ 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: Control channel retransmit delay set to 1 seconds 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: Tunnel state change from idle to wait-ctl-reply 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: SM State wait-ctl-reply 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: I SCCRP from router
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: Tunnel state change from wait-ctl-reply to established 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: O SCCCN to router tnlid 8012 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: Control channel retransmit delay set to 1 seconds 
 23:31:18: Tnl58458 L2TP: SM State established 
 23:31:18: Tnl/Sn58458/28568 L2TP: O ICRQ to router 8012/0 
 23:31:18: Tnl/Sn58458/28568 L2TP: Session state change from wait-for-tunnel to wait-reply 
 23:31:19: Tnl58458 L2TP: Control channel retransmit delay set to 1 seconds 
 23:31:20: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Ethernet2/1, changed state to up 
 23:31:21: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Ethernet2/1, changed state to 
up 
 23:31:25: L2X: Sending L2TUN message <Connect OK> 
 23:31:25: Tnl/Sn58458/28568 L2TP: O ICCN to router 8012/35149 
 23:31:25: Tnl58458 L2TP: Control channel retransmit delay set to 1 seconds 
 23:31:25: Tnl/Sn58458/28568 L2TP: Session state change from wait-reply to established 
 23:31:25: L2X: l2tun session [1669204400], event [server response], old state [open], new 
state [open] 
 23:31:26: Tnl58458 L2TP: Control channel retransmit delay set to 1 seconds 

Related Commands

Command
Description

debug acircuit

Displays events and failures related to attachment circuits.

debug xconnect

Displays errors and events related to an Xconnect configuration.


debug xconnect

To debug a problem related to the Xconnect configuration, use the debug xconnect command in privileged EXEC mode. To disable the debug xconnect command, use the no form of this command.

debug xconnect {error | event}

no debug xconnect {error | event}

Syntax Description

error

Displays errors related to an Xconnect configuration.

event

Displays events related to an Xconnect configuration processing.


Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use this command to display debugging information about Xconnect sessions.

Examples

The following example shows output from the debug xconnect command for a Xconnect session on an Ethernet interface:

Router# debug xconnect

00:01:16: XC AUTH [Et2/1, 5]: Event: start xconnect authorization, state changed from IDLE 
to AUTHORIZING 
00:01:16: XC AUTH [Et2/1, 5]: Event: found xconnect authorization, state changed from 
AUTHORIZING to DONE 
00:01:16: XC AUTH [Et2/1, 5]: Event: free xconnect authorization request, state changed 
from DONE to END

Related Commands

Command
Description

debug acircuit

Displays events and failures related to attachment circuits.

debug vpdn

Displays errors and events relating to L2TP configuration and the surrounding Layer 2 tunneling infrastructure.


encapsulation l2tpv3

To specify that Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) is used as the data encapsulation method for tunneling IP traffic over the pseudowire, use the encapsulation l2tpv3 command in pseudowire class or VC class configuration mode. To remove L2TPv3 as the encapsulation method, use the no pseudowire-class command (see the Usage Guidelines for more information).

encapsulation l2tpv3

no pseudowire-class

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

No encapsulation method is specified.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration
VC class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.

12.3(2)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(2)T.

12.2(25)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S.

12.2(27)SBC

Support for this command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(27)SBC.


Usage Guidelines

This command must be configured if the pseudowire class will be referenced from an Xconnect configured to forward L2TPv3 traffic.

Once you specify the encapsulation l2tpv3 command, you cannot remove it using the no encapsulation l2tpv3 command. Nor can you change the command's setting using the encapsulation mpls command. Those methods result in the following error message:

Encapsulation changes are not allowed on an existing pw-class.  

To remove the command, you must delete the pseudowire with the no pseudowire-class command. To change the type of encapsulation, remove the pseudowire with the no pseudowire-class command and re-establish the pseudowire and specify the new encapsulation type.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure L2TPv3 as the data encapsulation method for the pseudowire class named ether-pw:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
Router(config-pw)# encapsulation l2tpv3

The following example configures ATM AAL5 over L2TPv3 in VC class configuration mode:

vc-class atm aal5class
 encapsulation aal5

Related Commands

Command
Description

encapsulation mpls

Configures MPLS as the data encapsulation method over AToM-enabled IP/MPLS networks.

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.


hello

To configure the interval used to exchange hello keepalive packets in a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) control channel, use the hello command in L2TP class configuration mode. To disable the sending of hello keepalive packets, use the no form of this command.

hello interval

no hello interval

Syntax Description

interval

Number of seconds a provider edge (PE) router at one end of an L2TPv3 control channel waits before sending a hello keepalive packet to its peer PE router. The valid values range from 0 to 1000 seconds. The default value is 60 seconds.


Defaults

60 seconds

Command Modes

L2TP class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

You can configure different values with the hello command on the PE router at each end of an L2TPv3 control channel.

Examples

The following example sets an interval of 120 seconds between the sending of hello keepalive messages in L2TPv3 pseudowires configured using the L2TP class configuration named l2tp class1:

Router(config)# l2tp-class l2tp-class1
Router(config-l2tp-class)# hello 120

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.


hidden

To hide the attribute-value pair (AVP) values in Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) control messages, use the hidden command in L2TP class configuration mode. To unhide AVPs, use the no form of this command.

hidden

no hidden

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

L2TP AVP hiding is disabled.

Command Modes

L2TP class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use the hidden command to provide additional security for the exchange of control messages between provider edge routers in a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) control channel. Because username and password information is exchanged between devices in clear text, it is useful to encrypt L2TP AVP values with the hidden command.

Examples

The following example enables AVP hiding and encrypts AVPs in control messages in L2TPv3 pseudowires configured using the L2TP class configuration named l2tp class1:

Router(config)# l2tp-class l2tp-class1
Router(config-l2tp-class)# hidden

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.


hostname

To configure the host name that the router will use to identify itself during Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) authentication, use the hostname command in L2TP class configuration mode. To remove the host name, use the no form of this command.

hostname name

no hostname name

Syntax Description

name

Name used to identify the router during authentication.


Defaults

No host name is specified for L2TPv3 authentication.

Command Modes

L2TP class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

If you do not use the hostname command, the host name of the router is used for L2TPv3 authentication.

Examples

The following example configures the host name yb2 for a provider edge router used at one end of an L2TPv3 control channel in an L2TPv3 pseudowire configured using the L2TP class configuration named l2tp class1:

Router(config)# l2tp-class l2tp-class1
Router(config-l2tp-class)# hostname yb2

Related Commands

Command
Description

ip local interface

Configures the IP address of the PE router interface to be used as the source IP address for sending tunneled packets.

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.


ip dfbit set

To enable the Don't Fragment (DF) bit in the outer Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) header, use the ip dfbit set command in pseudowire class configuration mode. To disable the DF bit setting, use the no form of this command.

ip dfbit set

no ip dfbit set

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

The default value is DF bit off, except for Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, which have this command enabled by default.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use this command to set the DF bit on if, for performance reasons, you do not want tunneled packet reassembly to be performed on the router.


Note On Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, the no ip dfbit set command is only supported in IOS Release 12.0(24)S and later releases.


Examples

The following example shows how to enable the DF bit in the outer L2TPv3 header in pseudowires created from the pseudowire class named ether-pw:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
Router(config-pw)# ip dfbit set

Related Commands

Command
Description

ip pmtu

Enables the discovery of a PMTU for L2TPv3 traffic.

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.



ip local interface

To configure the IP address of the provider edge router interface to be used as the source IP address for sending tunneled packets, use the ip local interface command in pseudowire class configuration mode. To remove the IP address, use the no form of this command.

ip local interface interface-name

no ip local interface interface-name

Syntax Description

interface-name

Name of the PE interface whose IP address is used as the source IP address for sending tunneled packets over an Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) pseudowire.


Defaults

No ip address is configured.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use the same local interface name for all pseudowire classes configured between a pair of PE routers. It is highly recommended that a loopback interface is configured with this command. If you do not configure a loopback interface, the router will choose the "best available local address," which could be any IP address configured on a core-facing interface. This configuration could prevent a control channel from being established.

The ip local interface command must be configured for pseudo-wire class configurations using L2TPv3 as the data encapsulation method.


Note On Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, the interface configured with the ip local interface command must be a loopback interface.

On the Cisco 10720 Internet Router, it is highly recommended that you configure a loopback interface as the IP local interface. A LAN interface is also supported as the IP local interface. Multiple L2TPv3 tunnel sessions can exist between Cisco 10720 Internet routers on different IP LANs.


Examples

The following example shows how to configure the IP address of the local Ethernet interface named e0/0 as the source IP address for sending Ethernet packets through an L2TPv3 session:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
Router(config-pw)# ip local interface e0/0

Related Commands

Command
Description

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.


ip pmtu

To enable the discovery of a path maximum transmission unit (PMTU) for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) traffic, use the ip pmtu command in pseudowire class configuration mode. To disable PMTU discovery, use the no form of this command.

ip pmtu

no pmtu

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

Path MTU discovery is disabled.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The ip pmtu command enables the processing of Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) unreachable messages that indicate fragmentation errors in the IP backbone network carrying the tunneled traffic. The MTU of the L2TPv3 session is updated according to the MTU information contained in the ICMP unreachable message.

The ip pmtu command also enables MTU checking for IP packets that are sent into an L2TPv3 session with the Don't Fragment (DF) bit set. If an IP packet is larger than the MTU of the tunnel, the packet is dropped and an ICMP unreachable message is sent. If an IP packet is smaller than the MTU of the tunnel, the DF bit in the packet header is reflected from the inner IP header to the tunnel header.

Examples

The following example shows how to enable the discovery of the path MTU for pseudowires created from the pseudowire class named ether-pw:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
Router(config-pw)# ip pmtu

Related Commands

Command
Description

ip dfbit set

Enables the DF bit in the outer L2TPv3 tunnel header.

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.


ip protocol

To configure the Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol (L2TP) or Universal Tunnel Interface (UTI) as the IP protocol used for tunneling packets in an L2TP Version 3 (L2TPv3) pseudowire, use the ip protocol command in pseudowire class configuration mode. To remove the IP protocol configuration, use the no form of this command.

ip protocol {l2tp | uti | protocol-number}

no ip protocol {l2tp | uti | protocol-number}

Syntax Description

l2tp

Configures L2TP as the IP protocol used to tunnel packets in an L2TPv3 pseudowire.

uti

Configures UTI as the IP protocol used to tunnel packets in an L2TPv3 pseudowire, and allows a router running L2TPv3 to interoperate with a peer running UTI.

protocol-number

The protocol number of the desired IP protocol. The protocol number for L2TPv3 is 115. The protocol number for UTI is 120.


Defaults

The default IP protocol is L2TP.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use the ip protocol command to ensure backward compatibility with routers running UTI. This command allows you to configure an L2TPv3 pseudowire between a router running L2TPv3 and a peer router running UTI.


Note You can use the ip protocol command only if you have already entered the encapsulation l2tpv3 command.


To configure L2TP as the IP protocol used to tunnel packets in an L2TPv3 pseudowire, you may enter 115, the IP protocol number assigned to L2TPv3, instead of l2tp in the ip protocol command.

To configure UTI as the IP protocol used to tunnel packets in an L2TPv3 pseudowire, you may enter 120, the IP protocol number assigned to UTI, instead of uti in the ip protocol command.


Note Interoperability in an L2TPv3 control channel between a router running UTI and a router configured for L2TPv3 encapsulation is supported only if you disable signaling using the protocol none command.


Examples

The following example shows how to configure UTI as the IP protocol used to tunnel packets in an L2TPv3 pseudowire created from the pseudowire class named ether-pw:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
Router(config-pw)# encapsulation l2tpv3
Router(config-pw)# ip protocol uti

Related Commands

Command
Description

encapsulation l2tpv3

Configures L2TPv3 as the data encapsulation method used to tunnel IP traffic.

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.


ip tos

To configure the Type of Service (ToS) byte in the header of Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) tunneled packets, use the ip tos command in pseudowire class configuration mode. To disable a configured ToS value or IP ToS reflection, use the no form of this command.

ip tos {value value | reflect}

no tos {value value | reflect}

Syntax Description

value value

Sets the value of the ToS byte for IP packets in an L2TPv3 session. Valid values range from 0 to 255. The default value is 0.

reflect

Sets the value of the ToS byte for IP packets in an L2TPv3 session to be reflected from the inner IP header.


Defaults

The default ToS value is 0.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The ip tos command allows you to manually configure the value of the ToS byte used in the headers of L2TPv3 tunneled packets or to have the ToS value reflected from the IP header of the encapsulated packet.


Note The reflect option is not supported on the Cisco 10720 and Cisco 12000 series Internet routers.



Note IP ToS byte reflection functions only if traffic in an L2TPv3 session carries IP packets as its payload.


In addition, you can configure both IP ToS reflection and a ToS priority level (from 0 to 255) for a pseudowire class. In this case, the ToS value in the tunnel header defaults to the value you specify with the ip tos value value command. IP packets received on the Layer 2 interface and encapsulated into the L2TPv3 session have their ToS byte reflected into the outer IP session, overriding the default value configured with the ip tos value value command.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the ToS byte in the headers of tunneled packets in L2TPv3 tunnels created from the pseudowire class named ether-pw to be reflected from the ToS value in the header of each encapsulated IP packet:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
Router(config-pw)# ip tos reflect

Related Commands

Command
Description

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.



ip ttl

To configure the time-to-live (TTL) byte in the IP headers of Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) tunneled packets, use the ip ttl command in pseudowire class configuration mode. To remove the configured TTL value, use the no form of this command.

ip ttl value

no ip ttl value

Syntax Description

value

Value of the TTL byte in the IP headers of L2TPv3 tunneled packets. The valid values range from 1 to 255. The default value is 255.


Defaults

The default value of the TTL byte is 255.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use this command to set the Don't Fragment (DF) bit on if, for performance reasons, you do not want tunneled packet reassembly to be performed on the router.

Examples

The following example shows how to set the TTL byte to 100 in the IP header of L2TPv3 tunneled packets in pseudowires created from the pseudowire class named ether-pw:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
Router(config-pw)# ip ttl 100

Related Commands

Command
Description

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.


l2tp-class

To create a template of Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol (L2TP) control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and to enter L2TP class configuration mode, use the l2tp-class command in global configuration mode.

l2tp-class [l2tp-class-name]

Syntax Description

l2tp-class-name

(Optional) Name of the L2TP class. The l2tp-class-name argument must be specified if you want to configure multiple sets of L2TP control parameters.


Defaults

No L2TP classes are defined.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The l2tp-class l2tp-class-name command allows you to configure an L2TP class template that consists of configuration settings used by different pseudowire classes. An L2TP class includes the following configuration settings:

Host name of local router used during L2TPv3 authentication

Authentication enabled

Time interval used to exchange hello packets

Password used for control channel authentication

Packet size of receive window

Retransmission settings for control packets

Time allowed to set up a control channel

The l2tp-class command enters L2TP class configuration mode, where L2TP control plane parameters are configured.

You must use the same L2TP class in the pseudowire configuration at both ends of an L2TPv3 control channel.

Examples

The following example shows how to enter L2TP class configuration mode to create an L2TP class configuration template for the class named ether-pw:

Router(config)# l2tp-class ether-pw

Related Commands

Command
Description

protocol l2tpv3

Specifies that L2TPv3 is the signaling protocol to be used to manage the pseudowires created from a pseudowire class for a dynamic L2TPv3 session, and that control plane configuration settings are to be taken from the specified L2TP class

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.

xconnect

Binds an attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service and enters xconnect configuration mode.


l2tp cookie local

To configure the size of the cookie field used in the Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) headers of incoming packets received from the remote provider edge (PE) peer router, use the l2tp cookie local command in xconnect configuration mode. To remove the configured cookie field parameters, use the no form of this command.

l2tp cookie local size low-value [high-value]

no l2tp cookie local size low-value [high-value]

Syntax Description

size

The size of the cookie field in L2TPv3 headers. The valid values are 0, 4, and 8.

low-value

The value of the lower 4 bytes of the cookie field.

high-value

(Optional) The value of the upper 4 bytes of the cookie field. For 8-byte cookie fields, you must enter the value for the upper 4 bytes of the cookie field.


Defaults

No cookie value is included in the header of L2TP packets.

Command Modes

Xconnect configuration mode

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The l2tp cookie local command specifies the values that the peer PE router includes in the cookie field in L2TPv3 headers of the packets it sends to the local PE router through an L2TPv3 session. These values are required in a static L2TPv3 session.

The cookie field is an optional part of an L2TPv3 header with a length of either 4 or 8 bytes. If you specify an 8-byte length, you must also enter a value for the high-value argument.


Note For the Cisco 10720 and Cisco 12000 series Internet routers, an 8-byte cookie must be configured with this command.


Examples

The following example shows how to configure the cookie field of 4 bytes starting at 54321 for the L2TPv3 headers in incoming tunneled packets sent from the remote PE peer:

Router(config)# interface Ethernet 0/0
Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 encapsulation l2tpv3 manual pw-class ether-pw
Router(config-if-xconn)# l2tp cookie local 4 54321

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp cookie remote

Configures the size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of outgoing (sent) packets from the remote PE peer router.

l2tp hello

Configures the interval used between sending hello keepalive messages.

l2tp id

Configures the IDs used by the local and remote PE routers at each end of an L2TPv3 session.

xconnect

Binds an attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service and enters xconnect configuration mode.



l2tp cookie remote

To configure the size of the cookie field used in the Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) headers of outgoing packets sent from the local provider edge (PE) peer router, use the l2tp cookie remote command in xconnect configuration mode. To remove the configured cookie field parameters, use the no form of this command.

l2tp cookie remote size low-value [high-value]

no l2tp cookie remote size low-value [high-value]

Syntax Description

size

The size of the cookie field in L2TPv3 headers. The valid values are 0, 4, and 8.

low-value

The value of the lower 4 bytes of the cookie field.

high-value

(Optional) The value of the upper 4 bytes of the cookie field. For 8-byte cookie fields, you must enter the value for the upper 4 bytes of the cookie field.


Defaults

No cookie value is included in the header of L2TP packets.

Command Modes

Xconnect configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The l2tp cookie local command specifies the values that the local PE router includes in the cookie field in L2TPv3 headers of the packets it sends to the remote PE router through an L2TPv3 session. These values are required in a static L2TPv3 session.

The cookie field is an optional part of an L2TPv3 header with a length of either 4 or 8 bytes. If you specify an 8-byte length, you must also enter a value for the high-value argument.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the cookie field of 4 bytes starting at 12345 for the L2TPv3 headers in outgoing tunneled packets sent to the remote PE peer:

Router(config)# interface Ethernet 0/0
Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 encapsulation l2tpv3 manual pw-class ether-pw
Router(config-if-xconn)# l2tp cookie remote 4 12345

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp cookie local

Configures the size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of incoming (received) packets from the remote PE peer router.

l2tp hello

Configures the interval used between sending hello keepalive messages.

l2tp id

Configures the IDs used by the local and remote PE routers at each end of an L2TPv3 session.

xconnect

Binds an attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service and enters xconnect configuration mode.


l2tp hello

To specify the use of a hello keepalive setting contained in a specified Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol class configuration for a static Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) session, use the l2tp hello command in xconnect configuration mode. To disable the sending of hello keepalive messages, use the no form of this command.

l2tp hello l2tp-class-name

no l2tp hello l2tp-class-name

Syntax Description

l2tp-class-name

Specifies the L2TP class configuration in which the hello keepalive interval to be used for the L2TPv3 session is stored.


Defaults

No hello keepalive messages are sent.

Command Modes

Xconnect configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Because a static L2TPv3 session does not use a control plane to dynamically negotiate control channel parameters, you must use the l2tp hello command to specify an L2TP class configuration that contains the interval for sending hello keepalive messages.

The following example shows how to configure the time interval for hello keepalive messages stored in the L2TP class configuration named l2tp-defaults for an Ethernet interface using the configuration settings stored in the pseudowire class named ether-pw:

Router(config)# interface Ethernet 0/0
Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 encapsulation l2tpv3 manual pw-class ether-pw
Router(config-if-xconn)# l2tp hello lt2p-defaults

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp cookie local

Configures the size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of incoming (received) packets from the remote PE peer router.

l2tp cookie remote

Configures the size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of outgoing (transmitted) packets from the remote PE peer router.

l2tp id

Configures the IDs used by the local and remote PE routers at each end of an L2TPv3 session.

xconnect

Binds an attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service and enters xconnect configuration mode.


l2tp id

To configure the identifiers used by the local and remote provider edge routers at each end of a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) session, use the l2tp id command in Xconnect configuration mode. To remove the configured identifiers for local and remote sessions, use the no form of this command.

l2tp id local-session-ID remote-session-ID

no l2tp id local-session-ID remote-session-ID

Syntax Description

local-session-ID

The identifier used by the local PE router for as its local session identifier.

remote-session-ID

The identifier used by the remote PE router as its local session identifier.


Defaults

No session identifiers are configured.

Command Modes

Xconnect configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The Xconnect configuration that binds an attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire is not complete without configured values for the local-session-ID and remote-session-ID arguments.

Examples

The following example shows how to configure the identifiers named 222 for the local PE router and 111 for the remote peer in an L2TPv3 session bound to an Ethernet circuit using the L2TPv3 configuration settings stored in the pseudowire class named ether-pw:

Router(config)# interface Ethernet 0/0
Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 encapsulation l2tpv3 manual pw-class ether-pw
Router(config-if-xconn)# l2tp id 222 111

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp cookie local

Configures the size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of incoming (received) packets from the remote PE peer router.

l2tp cookie remote

Configures the size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of outgoing (transmitted) packets from the remote PE peer router.

l2tp hello

Configures the interval used between sending hello keepalive messages.

xconnect

Binds an attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service and enters xconnect configuration mode.


password

To configure the password used by a provider edge (PE) router for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) authentication, use the password command in L2TP class configuration mode. To disable a configured password, use the no form of this command.

password [encryption-type] password

no password [encryption-type] password

Syntax Description

encryption-type

(Optional) Specifies the type of encryption to use. The valid values are from 0 to 7. Currently defined encryption types are 0 (no encryption) and 7 (text is encrypted using an algorithm defined by Cisco).

password

Specifies the password used for L2TPv3 authentication.


Defaults

If a password is not configured for the L2TP class with the password command, the password configured with the username password command in global configuration mode is used.

Command Modes

L2TP class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The password that you define with the password command is also used for attribute-value pair (AVP) hiding.

The password hierarchy sequence used for a local and remote peer PE for L2TPv3 authentication is as follows:

The L2TPv3 password (configured with the password command) is used first.

If no L2TPv3 password exists, the globally configured password (configured with the username password command) for the router is used.

Examples

The following example sets the password named tunnel2 to be used to authenticate an L2TPv3 session between the local and remote peers in L2TPv3 pseudowires configured with the L2TP class configuration named l2tp class1:

Router(config)# l2tp-class l2tp-class1
Router(config-l2tp-class)# password tunnel2

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.


protocol

To specify the signaling protocol to be used to manage the pseudowires created from a pseudowire class for a dynamic Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) session, and that control plane configuration settings are to be taken from a specified L2TP class, use the protocol command in pseudowire class configuration mode. To remove the signaling protocol (and the control plane configuration to be used) for a pseudowire class, use the no form of this command.

protocol {l2tpv3 | none} [l2tp-class-name]

no protocol {l2tpv3 | none} [l2tp-class-name]

Syntax Description

l2tpv3

Specifies that L2TPv3 signaling protocol will be used in L2TPv3 sessions.

none

Specifies that no signaling protocol will be used in L2TPv3 sessions.

l2tp-class-name

(Optional) The name of the L2TP class whose control plane configuration is to be used for pseudowires in dynamic L2TPv3 sessions set up from a specified pseudowire class.


Defaults

The default protocol option is l2tpv3.

If you do not enter a value for the l2tp-class-name argument, the default control plane configuration settings in the L2TP signaling protocol are used.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use the protocol l2tpv3 command to configure L2TPv3 as the signaling protocol to use in dynamic L2TPv3 sessions created from the specified pseudowire class. In addition, you can use this command to specify the L2TP class (see the section "Configuring the Xconnect Attachment Circuit") from which the control plane configuration settings are to be taken for use in a dynamic L2TPv3 session.

Use the protocol none command to specify that no signaling will be used in L2TPv3 sessions created from the specified pseudowire class. This configuration is required for interoperability with a remote peer running the Universal Tunnel Interface (UTI).

Do not use the command if you want to configure a pseudowire class used to create manual L2TPv3 sessions (see the section "Static L2TPv3 Sessions").

Examples

The following example shows how to enter pseudowire configuration mode, and how to configure L2TPv3 as the signaling protocol. The control plane configuration used in the L2TP class named class1 will be used to create dynamic L2TPv3 sessions for a VLAN Xconnect interface:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class vlan-xconnect
Router(config-pw)# protocol l2tpv3 class1

Related Commands

Command
Description

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.


pseudowire-class

To specify the name of a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) pseudowire class and enter pseudowire class configuration mode, use the pseudowire-class command in global configuration mode.

pseudowire-class [pw-class-name]

Syntax Description

pw-class-name

(Optional) The name of a L2TP pseudowire class. If you want to configure more than one pseudowire class, you must enter a value for the pw-class-name argument.


Defaults

No pseudowire class is defined.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The pseudowire-class command allows you to configure a pseudowire class template that consists of configuration settings used by all attachment circuits bound to the class. A pseudowire class includes the following configuration settings:

Data encapsulation type

Control protocol

Sequencing

IP address of the local L2TPv3 interface

Type of Service (ToS) value in IP headers

After you enter the pseudowire-class command, you switch to pseudowire class configuration mode, where pseudowire settings may be configured.

Examples

The following example shows how to enter pseudowire class configuration mode to configure a pseudowire configuration template named ether-pw:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.

xconnect

Binds an attachment circuit to an L2TPv3 pseudowire for Xconnect service and enters xconnect configuration mode.


receive-window

To configure the packet size of the receive window on the remote provider edge router at the other end of a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) control channel, use the receive-window command in L2TP class configuration mode. To disable the configured value, use the no form of this command.

receive-window size

no receive-window size

Syntax Description

size

The number of packets that can be received by the remote peer before backoff queueing occurs. The valid values range from 1 to the upper limit the peer has for receiving packets. The default value is the upper limit.


Defaults

The default value is the upper limit the remote peer has for receiving packets.

Command Modes

L2TP class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

To determine the upper limit for the size argument, refer to the platform-specific documentation for the peer router.

Examples

The following example sets a receive window of 30 packets to the remote peer in L2TPv3 pseudowires configured with the L2TP class named l2tp class1:

Router(config)# l2tp-class l2tp-class1
Router(config-l2tp-class)# receive-window 30

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.


retransmit

To configure the retransmission settings of control packets, use the retransmit command in L2TP class configuration mode. To disable the configured values, use the no form of this command.

retransmit {initial retries initial-retries | retries retries | timeout {max | min} timeout}

no retransmit {initial retries initial-retries | retries retries | timeout {max | min} timeout}

Syntax Description

initial retries initial-retries

Specifies how many start control channel requests (SCCRQs) are re-sent before giving up on the session. Valid values for the initial-retries argument range from 1 to 1000. The default value is 2

retries retries

Specifies how many retransmission cycles occur before determining that the peer provider edge (PE) router does not respond. Valid values for the retries argument range from 1 to 1000. The default value is 15.

timeout {max | min} timeout

Specifies maximum and minimum retransmission intervals (in seconds) for resending control packets. Valid values for the timeout argument range from 1 to 8. The default maximum interval is 8; the default minimum interval is 1.


Defaults

Initial retries: 2
Retries: 15
Maximum timeout interval: 8 seconds
Minimum timeout interval: 1 second

Command Modes

L2TP class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use this command to configure the amount of time spent trying to establish or maintain a control channel.

Examples

The following example configures ten retries for sending Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) tunneled packets to a remote peer in L2TPv3 pseudowires configured with the L2TP class named l2tp class1:

Router(config)# l2tp-class l2tp-class1
Router(config-l2tp-class)# retransmit retries 10

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.


sequencing

To configure the direction in which sequencing is enabled for data packets in an a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) pseudowire, use the sequencing command in pseudowire class configuration mode. To remove the sequencing configuration from the pseudowire class, use the no form of this command.

sequencing {transmit | receive | both}

no sequencing {transmit | receive | both}

Syntax Description

transmit

Updates the Sequence Number field in the headers of data packets sent over the pseudowire according to the data encapsulation method that is used.

receive

Keeps the value in the Sequence Number field in the headers of data packets received over the pseudowire. Out-of-order packets are dropped.

both

Enables both the transmit and receive options.


Defaults

Sequencing is off.

Command Modes

Pseudowire class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

When you enable sequencing using any of the available options, L2TPv3 automatically enables the sending of sequence numbers and requests the remote provider edge (PE) peer to send sequence numbers. Out-of-order packets received on the pseudowire are dropped only if you use the sequencing receive or sequencing both command.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.0(23)S, sequencing is not supported on the Cisco 10720 Internet router and the Cisco 12000 series Internet routers. If the L2TPv3 peer router requests sequence numbers for an L2TPv3 session configured on a Cisco 10720 Internet router or Cisco 12000 series Internet router, the request to establish the session is denied.

If sequencing is enabled for L2TPv3 pseudowires on the Cisco 7500 series, all traffic on the pseudowires is switched through the Route Switch Processor (RSP) regardless of the setting configured with the ip cef distributed command.

Examples

The following example shows how to enable sequencing in data packets in L2TPv3 pseudowires created from the pseudowire class named ether-pw so that Sequence Number field is updated in tunneled packet headers for data packets both sent and received over the pseudowire:

Router(config)# pseudowire-class ether-pw
Router(config-pw)# sequencing both

Related Commands

Command
Description

pseudowire-class

Specifies the name of an L2TP pseudowire class and enters pseudowire class configuration mode.


show l2tun session

To display the current state of a Layer 2 session and display protocol information about a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) control channel, use the show l2tun session command in EXEC mode.

show l2tun session [all [ip-addr ip-address [vcid number] | vcid number] | brief [ip-addr ip-address [vcid number] | vcid number] | circuit [ip-addr ip-address [vcid number] | vcid number] | l2tp [ip-addr ip-address [vcid number] | vcid number] | packets [ip-addr ip-address [vcid number] | vcid number] | sequence [ip-addr ip-address [vcid number] | vcid number] | state [ip-addr ip-address [vcid number] | vcid number]]

Syntax Description

all

(Optional) Displays information about all current L2TPv3 sessions on the router.

ip-addr ip-address

(Optional) IP address of interface of the peer provider edge (PE) router on which one or more L2TPv3 sessions have been configured.

Specifies the IP address of the peer PE router and the 32-bit virtual circuit identifier shared between the PE at each end of the control channel. The peer router ID (IP address) and virtual circuit identifier must be a unique combination on the router.

vcid number

(Optional) 32-bit virtual circuit identifier shared between the peer PE and the local router at each end of the control channel.

brief

(Optional) Displays information about all current L2TPv3 sessions, including peer ID address and circuit status of the L2TPv3 sessions.

circuit

(Optional) Displays information about all current L2TPv3 sessions, including circuit status (up or down).

l2tp

(Optional) Displays information about L2TP for all current L2TPv3 sessions.

packets

(Optional) Displays information about the packet counters (in and out) associated with current L2TPv3 sessions.

sequence

(Optional) Displays sequencing information about each L2TPv3 session, including number of out-of-order and returned packets.

state

(Optional) Displays information about all current L2TPv3 sessions and their protocol state, including remote virtual circuit identifiers.


Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

When you use the show l2tun session command to display information about current L2TPv3 sessions on the router, you can filter the output as follows:

To filter the output to include only L2TPv3 sessions set up for a specific IP address, enter ip-addr ip-address in the command.

To filter the output to include only the L2TPv3 session that matches the specified remote IP address and virtual circuit identifier, enter ip-addr ip-address vcid number in the command.

To filter the output to include only L2TPv3 sessions set up for a specific IP address, enter vcid number in the command.

Examples

The following example shows how to display detailed information about all current L2TPv3 sessions:

Router# show l2tun session all 

Session Information Total tunnels 0 sessions 1

Session id 111 is up, tunnel id 0
Call serial number is 0
Remote tunnel name is 
  Internet address is 2.0.0.1
  Session is manually signalled
  Session state is established, time since change 00:06:05
    0 Packets sent, 0 received
    0 Bytes sent, 0 received
    Receive packets dropped:
      out-of-order:             0
      total:                    0
    Send packets dropped:
      exceeded session MTU:     0
      total:                    0
  Session vcid is 123
  Session Layer 2 circuit, type is ATM VPC CELL, name is ATM3/0/0:1000007
  Circuit state is UP
    Remote session id is 222, remote tunnel id 0
  DF bit off, ToS reflect disabled, ToS value 0, TTL value 255
  Session cookie information:
    local cookie, size 8 bytes, value 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 64 
    remote cookie, size 8 bytes, value 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 C8 
  SSS switching enabled
  Sequencing is off

The following example shows how to display information only about the L2TPv3 session set up on a peer PE router with an IP address of 172.18.184.142 and a virtual circuit identifier of 300:

Router# show l2tun session all ip-addr 172.18.184.142 vcid 300

L2TP Session

Session id 32518 is up, tunnel id 35217
Call serial number is 2074900020
Remote tunnel name is tun1
  Internet address is 172.18.184.142

  Session is L2TP signalled
  Session state is established, time since change 03:06:39
    9932 Packets sent, 9932 received
    1171954 Bytes sent, 1171918 received
  Session vcid is 300
  Session Layer 2 circuit, type is Ethernet Vlan, name is FastEthernet0/1/0.3:3
  Circuit state is UP
    Remote session id is 18819, remote tunnel id 37340
  Set DF bit to 0
  Session cookie information:
    local cookie, size 4 bytes, value CF DC 5B F3 
    remote cookie, size 4 bytes, value FE 33 56 C4 
  SSS switching enabled
  Sequencing is on
    Ns 9932, Nr 10001, 0 out of order packets discarded

The following example shows how to display information about the circuit status of L2TPv3 sessions on a router:

Router# show l2tun session circuit

Session Information Total tunnels 3 sessions 3

LocID      TunID      Peer-address    Type Stat Username, Intf/                 
                                                Vcid, Circuit                   
32517      26515      172.18.184.142  VLAN UP   100, Fa0/1/0.1:1                
32519      30866      172.18.184.142  VLAN UP   200, Fa0/1/0.2:2                
32518      35217      172.18.184.142  VLAN UP   300, Fa0/1/0.3:3                

Related Commands

Command
Description

show l2tun tunnel

Displays the current state of an L2TPv3 session and display information about currently configured sessions, including local and remote L2TP host names, aggregate packet counts, and L2TP control channels.


show l2tun tunnel

To display the current state of a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) session and display information about currently configured sessions, including local and remote L2TP host names, aggregate packet counts, and L2TP control channels, use the show l2tun tunnel command in EXEC mode.

show l2tun tunnel [all [id identifier | local-name local-name remote-name | remote-name remote-name local-name] | packets [id identifier | local-name local-name remote-name | remote-name remote-name local-name] | state [id identifier | local-name local-name remote-name | remote-name remote-name local-name] | summary [id identifier | local-name local-name remote-name | remote-name remote-name local-name] | transport [id identifier | local-name local-name remote-name | remote-name remote-name local-name]]

Syntax Description

all

(Optional) Displays information about all current L2TP sessions configured on the router.

id identifier

(Optional) Specifies the local tunnel ID number.

local-name local-name remote-name

(Optional) Specifies the local and remote names used in the L2TPv3 session.

remote-name remote-name local-name

(Optional) Specifies the remote and local names used in the L2TPv3 session.

packets

(Optional) Displays aggregate packet counts for all negotiated L2TPv3 sessions.

state

(Optional) Displays information about the current state of L2TPv3 sessions, including the local and remote host names for each control channel.

summary

(Optional) Displays a summary of L2TP sessions on the router and their current state, including the number of virtual private dialup network (VPDN) sessions associated with each control channel.

transport

(Optional) Displays information about the L2TP control channels used in each session and the local and remote IP addresses at each end of the control channel.


Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

When you use the show l2tun tunnel command to display information about configured L2TP sessions on the router, you can filter the output as follows:

To filter the output to include only L2TP sessions set up using the local tunnel ID, enter id identifier in the command.

To filter the output to include only the L2TP session that matches the specified local IP name and remote name, enter either local-name local-name remote-name or remote-name remote-name local-name in the command.

Examples

The following example shows how to display detailed information about all currently configured L2TP sessions:

Router# show l2tun tunnel all

 Session Information Total tunnels 1 sessions 1

Tunnel Information Total tunnels 1 sessions 1

Tunnel id 26515 is up, remote id is 41814, 1 active sessions
  Tunnel state is established, time since change 03:11:50
  Tunnel transport is IP (115)
  Remote tunnel name is tun1
    Internet Address 172.18.184.142, port 0
  Local tunnel name is Router
    Internet Address 172.18.184.116, port 0
  Tunnel domain is 
  VPDN group for tunnel is 
  0 packets sent, 0 received
  0 bytes sent, 0 received
  Control Ns 11507, Nr 11506
  Local RWS 2048 (default), Remote RWS 800
  Tunnel PMTU checking disabled
  Retransmission time 1, max 1 seconds
  Unsent queuesize 0, max 0
  Resend queuesize 1, max 1
  Total resends 0, ZLB ACKs sent 11505
  Current nosession queue check 0 of 5
  Retransmit time distribution: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 
  Sessions disconnected due to lack of resources 0

The following example shows how to filter information to display L2TP control channel details only for the sessions configured with the local name Router and the remote name tun1:

Router# show l2tun tunnel transport local-name Router tun1

Tunnel Information Total tunnels 3 sessions 3

LocID Type Prot  Local Address   Port  Remote Address  Port
26515 IP   115   172.18.184.116  0     172.18.184.142  0    
30866 IP   115   172.18.184.116  0     172.18.184.142  0    
35217 IP   115   172.18.184.116  0     172.18.184.142  0    

The following example shows how to display information about the current state of L2TP sessions with the local and remote host names of each session:

Router# show l2tun tunnel state

LocID  RemID 				Local Name Remote Name  State  Last-Chg
26515  41814 				Router 			tun1			est     03:13:15
30866  6809				Router 			tun1			est     03:13:15
35217  37340 				Router 			tun1			est     03:13:15

Related Commands

Command
Description

show l2tun session

Displays the current state of a Layer 2 session and displays protocol information about an L2TPv3 control channel.


snmp-server enable traps l2tun session

To enable Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) notifications (traps or inform requests) for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) sessions, use the snmp-server enable traps l2tun session command in global configuration mode. To disable SNMP notifications, use the no form of this command.

snmp-server enable traps l2tun session

no snmp-server enable traps l2tun session

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Defaults

This command is disabled by default.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

SNMP notifications can be sent as traps or inform requests. This command enables both traps and inform requests for L2TP sessions. To specify whether the notifications should be sent as traps or informs, use the snmp-server host [traps | informs] command.

If you do not enter the snmp-server enable traps l2tun session command, no notifications are sent.

The snmp-server enable traps l2tun session command is used in conjunction with the snmp-server host command. Use the snmp-server host command to specify which host or hosts receive SNMP notifications.

Examples

The following example enables the router to send L2TP session traps to the host specified by the name myhost.cisco.com, using the community string defined as public:

Router(config)# snmp-server enable traps l2tun session
Router(config)# snmp-server host myhost.cisco.com public

Related Commands

Command
Description

snmp-server host

Specifies whether you want the SNMP notifications sent as traps or informs, the version of SNMP to use, the security level of the notifications (for SNMPv3), and the recipient (host) of the notifications.


timeout setup

To configure the amount of time allowed to set up a control channel with a remote provider edge (PE) router at the other end of a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) pseudowire, use the timeout setup command in L2TP class configuration mode. To disable the configured value, use the no form of this command.

timeout setup seconds

no timeout setup seconds

Syntax Description

seconds

The number of seconds allowed to set up an L2TPv3 control channel. The valid values range from 60 to 6000. The default value is 300 seconds.


Defaults

300 seconds

Command Modes

L2TP class configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

Use this command to configure the amount of time spent attempting to establish a control channel.

Examples

The following example sets a timeout period of 200 seconds to establish a control channel with a remote peer in L2TPv3 pseudowires configured with the L2TP class named l2tp class1:

Router(config)# l2tp-class l2tp-class1
Router(config-l2tp-class)# timeout setup 200

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Creates a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes and enters L2TP class configuration mode.


xconnect

To bind an Ethernet, 802.1q VLAN, or Frame Relay attachment circuit to a Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3) pseudowire for Xconnect service and enter xconnect configuration mode, use the xconnect command in interface configuration mode or l2transport PVP configuration mode.

xconnect peer-ip-address vcid pseudowire-parameters [sequencing {transmit | receive | both}]

Syntax Description

peer-ip-address

The IP address of the remote provider edge (PE) peer.

vcid

The 32-bit identifier of the virtual circuit between the routers at each end of the L2TPv3 control channel.

pseudowire-parameters

The encapsulation and pseudowire class parameters to be used for the L2TPv3 control channel. At least one of the following pseudowire parameters must be configured:

encapsulation {l2tpv3 [manual] | mpls}—The encapsulation pseudowire class parameter specifies the tunneling method used to encapsulate data in the pseudowire:

l2tpv3—L2TPv3 is the tunneling method to be used.

manual—(Optional) No signaling is to be used in the L2TPv3 control channel. This command places the router in xconnect configuration mode for manual configuration of L2TPv3 parameters for the attachment circuit.

mpls—Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is the tunneling method to be used.

pw-class pw-class-name—The pseudowire class configuration from which the data encapsulation type (L2TPv3) will be taken. This option is mandatory if you select L2TPv3 as your data encapsulation method.

sequencing {transmit | receive | both}

(Optional) Sets the sequencing method to be used for packets received or sent in L2TP sessions:

transmit—Sequencing of L2TP data packets received from the L2TPv3 session.

receive—Sequencing of L2TP data packets sent into the L2TPv3 session.

both—Sequencing of L2TP data packets that are both sent and received from the L2TPv3 session.


Defaults

The default behavior is to use L2TPv3 as the data encapsulation method with sequencing off.

Command Modes

Interface configuration
l2transport PVP configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(23)S

This command was introduced.


Usage Guidelines

The combination of the peer-ip-address and vcid must be unique on the router. Each Xconnect configuration must have a unique combination of peer-ip-address and vcid configuration.


Note If the remote router is a Cisco 12000 series Internet router, the peer-ip-address argument must specify a loopback address on that router.


The same vcid value that identifies the attachment circuit must be configured using the xconnect command on the local and remote PE router at each end of an L2TPv3 session. The virtual circuit identifier creates the binding between a pseudowire and an attachment circuit.

To manually configure the L2TP settings used in the attachment circuit, enter encapsulation l2tpv3 manual in the xconnect command. This configuration is called a static L2TPv3 session. The router is placed in xconnect configuration mode and you can then configure the following options:

Local and remote session identifiers (using the l2tp id command) for local and remote PE routers at each end of the session.

Size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of incoming (sent) packets from the remote PE peer router (using the l2tp cookie local command).

Size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of outgoing (received) L2TP data packets (using the l2tp cookie remote command).

Interval used between sending hello keepalive messages (using the l2tp hello command).

For more information about configuring a static L2TPv3 sessions, see the section "Manually Configuring L2TPv3 Session Parameters."

If you do not enter encapsulation l2tpv3 manual in the xconnect command, the data encapsulation type for the L2TPv3 session is taken from the encapsulation type configured for the pseudowire class specified with the pw-class pw-class-name command (see the section "Configuring the L2TPv3 Pseudowire").

The pw-class pw-class-name value binds the Xconnect configuration of an attachment circuit to a specific pseudowire class. In this way, the pseudowire class configuration serves as a template that contains settings used by all attachment circuits bound to it with the xconnect command.


Note If you specify the encapsulation l2tpv3 keyword, you must specify the pw-class keyword.


Examples

The following example shows how to configure Xconnect service for an Ethernet interface by binding the Ethernet circuit to the L2TPv3 pseudowire named 123 with a remote peer 10.0.3.201, and by using the L2TP configuration settings in the pseudowire class named vlan-xconnect:

Router(config)# interface Ethernet0/0.1
Router(config-if)# xconnect 10.0.3.201 123 pw-class vlan-xconnect 

Related Commands

Command
Description

l2tp-class

Configures a template of L2TP control plane configuration settings that can be inherited by different pseudowire classes.

l2tp-cookie local

.Configures the size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of incoming packets received from the remote PE peer router.

l2tp cookie remote

Configures the size of the cookie field used in the L2TPv3 headers of outgoing packets sent from the local PE peer router.

l2tp hello

Specifies the use of a hello keepalive setting contained in a specified L2TP class configuration for a static L2TPv3 session.

l2tp id

Configures the identifiers used by the local and remote provider edge routers at each end of an L2TPv3 session.

pseudowire-class

Configures a template of pseudowire configuration settings used by the attachment circuits transported over a pseudowire.


Glossary

AVPsattribute-value pairs.

BECN—backward explicit congestion notification. Bit set by a Frame Relay network in frames traveling in the opposite direction of frames encountering a congested path. DTE receiving frames with the BECN bit set can request that higher-level protocols take flow control action as appropriate.

CE—customer edge (Frame Relay switch or user device).

CIR—committed information rate. Rate at which a Frame Relay network agrees to transfer information under normal conditions, averaged over a minimum increment of time. CIR, measured in bits per second, is one of the key negotiated tariff metrics.

data-link control layer—Layer 2 in the SNA architectural model. Responsible for the transmission of data over a particular physical link. Corresponds approximately to the data link layer of the OSI model.

DCE—data circuit-terminating equipment (ITU-T expansion). Devices and connections of a communications network that comprise the network end of the user-to-network interface.

dCEF—distributed Cisco Express Forwarding.

DLCI—data-link connection identifier. A unique number assigned to a PVC endpoint in a Frame Relay network. Identifies a particular PVC endpoint within an access channel in a Frame Relay network and has local significance only to that channel.

DTE—data terminal equipment. Device at the user end of a user-network interface that serves as a data source, destination, or both.

FECN—forward explicit congestion notification. Bit set by a Frame Relay network to inform DTE receiving the frame that congestion was experienced in the path from source to destination. DTE receiving frames with the FECN bit set can request that higher-level protocols take flow-control action as appropriate.

HDLC—High-Level Data Link Control. A generic link-level communications protocol developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). HDLC manages synchronous, code-transparent, serial information transfer over a link connection.

ICMP—Internet Control Message Protocol. A network protocol that handles network errors and error messages.

IDBinterface descriptor block.

IS-IS—Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System. OSI link-state hierarchical routing protocol based on DECnet Phase V routing, whereby ISs (routers) exchange routing information based on a single metric to determine network topology.

L2TP—An extension to PPP merging features of two tunneling protocols: Layer 2 Forwarding (L2F) from Cisco Systems and Point-to-Point Tunneling (PPTP) from Microsoft. L2TP is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard endorsed by Cisco Systems, and other networking industry leaders.

L2TPv3Draft version of L2TP that enhances functionality in RFC 2661 (L2TP).

LMI—Local Management Interface.

MPLS—Multiprotocol Label Switching. Switching method that forwards IP traffic using a label. This label instructs the routers and the switches in the network where to forward the packets based on preestablished IP routing information.

MQCmodular quality of service command-line interface.

MTUmaximum transmission unit. Maximum packet size, in bytes, that a particular interface can handle.

NNINetwork-to-Network Interface. ATM Forum standard that defines the interface between two ATM switches that are both located in a private network or are both located in a public network. The UNI standard defines the interface between a public switch and a private one. Also, the standard interface between two Frame Relay switches meeting the same criteria.

PE—Provider edge router providing Frame Relay over L2TPv3 functionality.

PPP—Point-to-Point Protocol. A link-layer encapsulation method for dialup or dedicated circuits. A successor to Serial Line IP (SLIP), PPP provides router-to-router and host-to-network connections over synchronous and asynchronous circuits.

PVCpermanent virtual circuit. A virtual circuit that is permanently established. A Frame Relay logical link, whose endpoints and class of service are defined by network management. Analogous to an X.25 permanent virtual circuit, a PVC consists of the originating Frame Relay network element address, originating data-link control identifier, terminating Frame Relay network element address, and termination data-link control identifier. Originating refers to the access interface from which the PVC is initiated. Terminating refers to the access interface at which the PVC stops. Many data network customers require a PVC between two points. PVCs save bandwidth associated with circuit establishment and tear down in situations where certain virtual circuits must exist all the time. Data terminating equipment with a need for continuous communication uses PVCs.

PW—pseudowire.

SNMP—Simple Network Management Protocol. Network management protocol used almost exclusively in TCP/IP networks. SNMP provides a means to monitor and control network devices, and to manage configurations, statistics collection, performance, and security.

tunneling—Architecture that is designed to provide the services necessary to implement any standard point-to-point encapsulation scheme.

UNI—User-Network Interface.

UTI—Universal Transport Interface.

VPDN—virtual private dialup network. A network that allows separate and autonomous protocol domains to share common access infrastructure, including modems, access servers, and ISDN routers. A VPDN enables users to configure secure networks that take advantage of ISPs that tunnel remote access traffic through the ISP cloud.

WAN—wide-area network. Data communications network that serves users across a broad geographic area and often uses transmission devices provided by common carriers. Frame Relay, SMDS, and X.25 are examples of WANs.


Note Refer to the Internetworking Terms and Acronyms for terms not included in this glossary.


Copyright © 2004 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.