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Cisco IOS Software Releases 12.0 S

OSPF Link-State Advertisement (LSA) Throttling

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OSPF Link-State Advertisement (LSA) Throttling

Table Of Contents

OSPF Link-State Advertisement (LSA) Throttling

Contents

Prerequisites for OSPF LSA Throttling

Information About OSPF LSA Throttling

Benefits of OSPF LSA Throttling

How OSPF LSA Throttling Works

How to Customize OSPF LSA Throttling

Customizing OSPF LSA Throttling

Configuration Examples for OSPF LSA Throttling

OSPF LSA Throttling: Example

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

MIBs

RFCs

Technical Assistance

Command Reference

debug ip ospf database-timer rate-limit

show ip ospf

show ip ospf timers rate-limit

timers lsa arrival

timers throttle lsa all


OSPF Link-State Advertisement (LSA) Throttling


The OSPF Link-State Advertisement (LSA) Throttling feature provides a dynamic mechanism to slow down link-state advertisement (LSA) updates in OSPF during times of network instability. It also allows faster Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) convergence by providing LSA rate limiting in milliseconds.

History for the OSPF LSA Throttling Feature

Release
Modification

12.0(25)S

This feature was introduced.

12.3(2)T

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(2)T.

12.2(18)S

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(18)S.

12.2(27)SBC

This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(27)SBC.


Finding Support Information for Platforms and Cisco IOS Software Images

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco IOS software image support. Access Cisco Feature Navigator at http://www.cisco.com/go/fn. You must have an account on Cisco.com. If you do not have an account or have forgotten your username or password, click Cancel at the login dialog box and follow the instructions that appear.

Contents

Prerequisites for OSPF LSA Throttling

Information About OSPF LSA Throttling

How to Customize OSPF LSA Throttling

Configuration Examples for OSPF LSA Throttling

Additional References

Command Reference

Prerequisites for OSPF LSA Throttling

It is presumed that you have OSPF configured in your network.

Information About OSPF LSA Throttling

Before you enable OSPF LSA Throttling, you should understand the following concepts:

Benefits of OSPF LSA Throttling

How OSPF LSA Throttling Works

Benefits of OSPF LSA Throttling

Prior to the OSPF LSA Throttling feature, LSA generation was rate-limited for 5 seconds. That meant that changes in an LSA could not be propagated in milliseconds, so the OSPF network could not achieve millisecond convergence.

The OSPF LSA Throttling feature is enabled by default and allows faster OSPF convergence (in milliseconds). This feature can be customized. One command controls the generation (sending) of LSAs and another command controls the receiving interval. This feature also provides a dynamic mechanism to slow down the frequency of LSA updates in OSPF during times of network instability.

How OSPF LSA Throttling Works

The timers throttle lsa all command controls the generation (sending) of LSAs. The first LSA is always generated immediately upon an OSPF topology change, and the next LSA generated is controlled by the minimum start interval. The subsequent LSAs generated for the same LSA are rate-limited until the maximum interval is reached. The "same LSA" is defined as an LSA instance that contains the same LSA ID number, LSA type, and advertising router ID.

The timers lsa arrival command controls the minimum interval for accepting the same LSA. If an instance of the same LSA arrives sooner than the interval that is set, the LSA is dropped. It is recommended that the arrival interval be less than or equal to the hold-time interval of the timers throttle lsa all command.

How to Customize OSPF LSA Throttling

This section contains the following optional procedure:

Customizing OSPF LSA Throttling (optional)

Customizing OSPF LSA Throttling

This task describes how to customize OSPF LSA throttling if you prefer to set values other than the defaults.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. enable

2. configure terminal

3. router ospf process-id

4. timers throttle lsa all start-interval hold-interval max-interval

5. timers lsa arrival milliseconds

6. end

7. show ip ospf timers rate-limit

8. show ip ospf

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command or Action
Purpose

Step 1 

enable

Example:

Router> enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

Enter your password if prompted.

Step 2 

configure terminal

Example:

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

router ospf process-id

Example:

Router(config)# router ospf 1

Configures an OSPF routing process.

Step 4 

timers throttle lsa all start-interval hold-interval max-interval

Example:

Router(config-router)# timers throttle lsa all 100 10000 45000

(Optional) Sets the rate-limiting values (in milliseconds) for LSA generation.

The default values are as follows:

start-interval is 0 milliseconds

hold-interval is 5000 milliseconds

max-interval is 5000 milliseconds

Step 5 

timers lsa arrival milliseconds

Example:

Router(config-router)# timers lsa arrival 2000

(Optional) Sets the minimum interval (in milliseconds) between instances of receiving the same LSA.

The default value is 1000 milliseconds.

We suggest you keep the milliseconds value of the LSA arrival timer less than or equal to the neighbors' hold-interval value of the timers throttle lsa all command.

Step 6 

end

Example:

Router(config-router)# end

Exits router configuration mode.

Step 7 

show ip ospf timers rate-limit

Example:

Router# show ip ospf timers rate-limit

LSAID: 10.1.1.1    Type: 1   Adv Rtr: 172.16.2.2 Due in: 00:00:00.028

LSAID: 192.168.4.1   Type: 3   Adv Rtr: 172.17.2.2 Due in: 00:00:00.028

(Optional) Displays a list of the LSAs in the rate limit queue (about to be generated).

The example shows two LSAs in the queue. Each LSA is identified by LSA ID number, Type (of LSA), Advertising router ID, and the time in hours:minutes:seconds (to the milliseconds) when the LSA is due to be generated.

Step 8 

show ip ospf

Example:

Router# show ip ospf

Routing Process "ospf 4" with ID 10.10.24.4
 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
 Supports opaque LSA
 Supports Link-local Signaling (LLS)
 Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs
 Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 
msecs
 Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 
msecs
 Incremental-SPF disabled
 Initial LSA throttle delay 100 msecs
 Minimum hold time for LSA throttle 10000 msecs
 Maximum wait time for LSA throttle 45000 msecs
Minimum LSA arrival 1000 msecs
 LSA group pacing timer 240 secs
 Interface flood pacing timer 33 msecs
 Retransmission pacing timer 66 msecs
 Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
 Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
 Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 
0 nssa
 External flood list length 0
    Area 24
        Number of interfaces in this area is 2
        Area has no authentication
        SPF algorithm last executed 04:28:18.396 ago
        SPF algorithm executed 8 times
        Area ranges are
        Number of LSA 4. Checksum Sum 0x23EB9 
        Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
        Number of DCbitless LSA 0
        Number of indication LSA 0
        Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
        Flood list length 0

(Optional) Displays information about OSPF.

The output lines shown in bold in the example indicate the LSA throttling values.

Configuration Examples for OSPF LSA Throttling

This section contains an example of customizing OSPF LSA throttling:

OSPF LSA Throttling: Example

OSPF LSA Throttling: Example

This example customizes OSPF LSA throttling so that the start interval is 200 milliseconds, the hold interval is 10,000 milliseconds, and the maximum interval is 45,000 milliseconds. The minimum interval between instances of receiving the same LSA is 2000 milliseconds.

router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 timers throttle lsa all 200 10000 45000
 timers lsa arrival 2000
 network 10.10.4.0 0.0.0.255 area 24
 network 10.10.24.0 0.0.0.255 area 24

Additional References

The following sections provide references related to OSPF LSA throttling.

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

OSPF commands

"OSPF Commands" chapter in the Network Protocols Command Reference, Part 1, Release 12.0

OSPF configuration tasks

"Configuring OSPF" chapter in the Network Protocols Configuration Guide, Part 1, Release 12.0


Standards

Standards
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


MIBs

MIBs
MIBs Link

None

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs


RFCs

RFCs
Title

No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.


Technical Assistance

Description
Link

The Cisco Technical Support website contains thousands of pages of searchable technical content, including links to products, technologies, solutions, technical tips, and tools. Registered Cisco.com users can log in from this page to access even more content.

http://www.cisco.com/techsupport


Command Reference

This section documents modified commands only.

debug ip ospf database-timer rate-limit

show ip ospf

show ip ospf timers rate-limit

timers lsa arrival

timers throttle lsa all

debug ip ospf database-timer rate-limit

To display when link-state advertisement (LSA) rate-limiting timers will expire, use the debug ip ospf database-timer rate-limit command in privileged EXEC mode.

debug ip ospf database-timer rate-limit [access-list-number]

Syntax Description

access-list-number

(Optional) Number of the standard or expanded IP access list to apply to the debug output. Standard IP access lists are in the range 1 to 99. Expanded IP access lists are in the range 1300 to 1999.


Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(25)S

This command was introduced.

12.2(27)SBC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(27)SBC.


Usage Guidelines

Use this command if you need to see when the timers will expire per LSA. Use an access list if you want to limit the output.

Examples

The following is sample output from the debug ip ospf database-timer rate-limit command for an example configuration that includes the timers throttle lsa all 100 10000 45000 command. Comments are inserted to explain the preceding output.

Router# debug ip ospf database-timer rate-limit

OSPF rate limit timer events debugging is on
*Mar 12 20:18:20.383:OSPF:Starting rate limit timer for 10.10.24.4
10.10.24.4 1 with 100ms delay

The interface is shut down, which causes OSPF to generate a new router LSA. The system starts a timer for 100 milliseconds.

*Mar 12 20:18:20.495:OSPF:Rate limit timer is expired for 10.10.24.4
10.10.24.4 1

The rate limit timer is expired after 100 milliseconds (a small delta is added to the timer).

*Mar 12 20:18:20.495:OSPF:For next LSA generation - wait :10000ms next:
20000ms
*Mar 12 20:18:20.495:OSPF:Build router LSA for area 24, router ID
10.10.24.4, seq 0x80000003

The system will generate update a router LSA after the timer expires.

show ip ospf

To display general information about Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing processes, use the show ip ospf command in EXEC mode.

show ip ospf [process-id]

Syntax Description

process-id

(Optional) Process ID. If this argument is included, only information for the specified routing process is included.


Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(4)T

This command was modified to show packet pacing timers in the displayed output.

12.2(15)T

This command was modified to show additional information if the OSPF Forwarding Address Suppression in Type-5 link-state advertisements (LSAs) feature is configured.

12.0(25)S

The output of this command was expanded to display LSA throttling timers.

12.3(2)T

The output of this command was expanded to display LSA throttling timers and the limit on redistributed routes.

12.2(27)SBC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(27)SBC.


Examples

The following is sample output from the show ip ospf command when entered without a specific OSPF process ID:

Router# show ip ospf 

  Routing Process "ospf 201" with ID 10.0.0.1 and Domain ID 10.20.0.1 
  Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes 
  Supports opaque LSA 
  SPF schedule delay 5 secs, Hold time between two SPFs 10 secs 
  Minimum LSA interval 5 secs. Minimum LSA arrival 1 secs 
  LSA group pacing timer 100 secs 
  Interface flood pacing timer 55 msecs 
  Retransmission pacing timer 100 msecs 
  Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0      
  Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0      
  Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0 
  Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0 
  Number of areas in this router is 2. 2 normal 0 stub 0 nssa 
  External flood list length 0 
     Area BACKBONE(0) 
         Number of interfaces in this area is 2 
         Area has message digest authentication 
         SPF algorithm executed 4 times 
         Area ranges are 
         Number of LSA 4. Checksum Sum 0x29BEB  
         Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0      
         Number of DCbitless LSA 3 
         Number of indication LSA 0 
         Number of DoNotAge LSA 0 
         Flood list length 0 
     Area 172.16.26.0 
         Number of interfaces in this area is 0 
         Area has no authentication 
         SPF algorithm executed 1 times 
         Area ranges are 
            192.168.0.0/16 Passive Advertise  
         Number of LSA 1. Checksum Sum 0x44FD   
         Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0      
         Number of DCbitless LSA 1 
         Number of indication LSA 1 
         Number of DoNotAge LSA 0 
         Flood list length 0

Table 1 describes the significant fields shown in the display.

Table 1 show ip ospf Field Descriptions 

Field
Description

Routing Process "ospf 201" with ID 10.0.0.1

Process ID and OSPF router ID.

Supports...

Number of types of service supported (Type 0 only).

SPF schedule delay

Delay time of SPF calculations.

Minimum LSA interval

Minimum interval between link-state advertisements.

LSA group pacing timer

Configured LSA group pacing timer (in seconds).

Interface flood pacing timer

Configured LSA flood pacing timer (in milliseconds).

Retransmission pacing timer

Configured LSA retransmission pacing timer (in milliseconds).

Number of...

Number and type of link-state advertisements that have been received.

Number of external LSA

Number of external link-state advertisements.

Number of opaque AS LSA

Number of opaque link-state advertisements.

Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA

Number of demand circuit external and opaque link-state advertisements.

Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA

Number of do not age external and opaque link-state advertisements.

Number of areas in this router is

Number of areas configured for the router.

External flood list length

External flood list length.


The following is an excerpt of output from the show ip ospf command when the OSPF Forwarding Address Suppression in Type-5 LSAs feature is configured:

Router# show ip ospf

.
.
.
Area 2
   Number of interfaces in this area is 4
   It is a NSSA area
   Perform type-7/type-5 LSA translation, suppress forwarding address
.
.
.
Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 192.168.0.1
 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
 Supports opaque LSA
 Supports Link-local Signaling (LLS)
 Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs
 Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
 Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
 Incremental-SPF disabled
 Minimum LSA interval 5 secs
 Minimum LSA arrival 1000 msecs
 LSA group pacing timer 240 secs
 Interface flood pacing timer 33 msecs
 Retransmission pacing timer 66 msecs
 Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
 Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
 Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of areas in this router is 0. 0 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
 External flood list length 0

Table 2 describes the significant fields shown in the display.

Table 2 show ip ospf Field Descriptions 

Field
Description

Area

OSPF area and tag.

Number of interfaces...

Number of interfaces configured in the area.

It is...

Possible types are internal, area border, or autonomous system boundary.

Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 192.168.0.1

Process ID and OSPF router ID.

Supports...

Number of types of service supported (Type 0 only).

Initial SPF schedule delay

Delay time of SPF calculations at startup.

Minimum hold time

Minimum hold time between consecutive SPF calculations.

Maximum wait time

Maximum wait time between consecutive SPF calculations.

Incremental-SPF

Status of incremental SPF calculations.

Minimum LSA...

Minimum time interval (in seconds) between link-state advertisements, and maximum arrival time (in milliseconds) of link-state advertisements,

LSA group pacing timer

Configured LSA group pacing timer (in seconds).

Interface flood pacing timer

Configured LSA flood pacing timer (in milliseconds).

Retransmission pacing timer

Configured LSA retransmission pacing timer (in milliseconds).

Number of...

Number and type of link-state advertisements that have been received.

Number of external LSA

Number of external link-state advertisements.

Number of opaque AS LSA

Number of opaque link-state advertisements.

Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA

Number of demand circuit external and opaque link-state advertisements.

Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA

Number of do not age external and opaque link-state advertisements.

Number of areas in this router is

Number of areas configured for the router listed by type.

External flood list length

External flood list length.


The following is sample output from the show ip ospf command. In this example, the user had configured the redistribution maximum-prefix command to set a limit of 2000 redistributed routes. Shortest Path First (SPF) throttling was configured with the timers throttle spf command.

Router# show ip ospf 1

 Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 10.0.0.1
 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
 Supports opaque LSA
 Supports Link-local Signaling (LLS)
 It is an autonomous system boundary router
 Redistributing External Routes from,
    static, includes subnets in redistribution
    Maximum limit of redistributed prefixes 2000
    Threshold for warning message 75%
Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs
 Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
 Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs

Table 3 describes the significant fields shown in the display.

Table 3 show ip ospf Field Descriptions 

Field
Description

Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 10.0.0.1

Process ID and OSPF router ID.

Supports ...

Number of Types of Service (TOS) supported.

It is ...

Possible types are internal, area border, or autonomous system boundary.

Redistributing External Routes from

Lists of redistributed routes, by protocol.

Maximum limit of redistributed prefixes

Value set in the redistribution maximum-prefix command to set a limit on the number of redistributed routes.

Threshold for warning message

Percentage set in the redistribution maximum-prefix command for the threshold number of redistributed routes needed to cause a warning message. The default is 75 percent of the maximum limit.

Initial SPF schedule delay

Delay (in milliseconds) before initial SPF schedule for SPF throttling. Configured with the timers throttle spf command.

Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs

Minimum hold time (in milliseconds) between two consecutive SPF calculations for SPF throttling. Configured with the timers throttle spf command.

Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs

Maximum wait time (in milliseconds) between two consecutive SPF calculations for SPF throttling. Configured with the timers throttle spf command.

Number of areas

Number of areas in router, area addresses, and so on.


The following is sample output from the show ip ospf command. In this example, the user had configured LSA throttling, and those lines of output are displayed in bold.

Router# show ip ospf 1

Routing Process "ospf 4" with ID 10.10.24.4
 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
 Supports opaque LSA
 Supports Link-local Signaling (LLS)
 Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs
 Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
 Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
 Incremental-SPF disabled
 Initial LSA throttle delay 100 msecs
 Minimum hold time for LSA throttle 10000 msecs
 Maximum wait time for LSA throttle 45000 msecs
Minimum LSA arrival 1000 msecs
 LSA group pacing timer 240 secs
 Interface flood pacing timer 33 msecs
 Retransmission pacing timer 66 msecs
 Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
 Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
 Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
 External flood list length 0
    Area 24
        Number of interfaces in this area is 2
        Area has no authentication
        SPF algorithm last executed 04:28:18.396 ago
        SPF algorithm executed 8 times
        Area ranges are
        Number of LSA 4. Checksum Sum 0x23EB9 
        Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
        Number of DCbitless LSA 0
        Number of indication LSA 0
        Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
        Flood list length 0

The following is sample output from the show ip ospf command. In this example, the user had configured the redistribution maximum-prefix command to set a limit of 2000 redistributed routes. Shortest Path First (SPF) throttling was configured with the timers throttle spf command.

Router# show ip ospf 1

 Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 10.0.0.1
 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
 Supports opaque LSA
 Supports Link-local Signaling (LLS)
 It is an autonomous system boundary router
 Redistributing External Routes from,
    static, includes subnets in redistribution
    Maximum limit of redistributed prefixes 2000
    Threshold for warning message 75%
Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs
 Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
 Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs

Table 4 describes significant fields shown in the display.

Table 4 show ip ospf Field Descriptions 

Field
Description

Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 10.0.0.1

Process ID and OSPF router ID.

Supports ...

Number of Types of service supported.

It is ...

Possible types are internal, area border, or autonomous system boundary.

Redistributing External Routes from

Lists of redistributed routes, by protocol.

Maximum limit of redistributed prefixes

Value set in the redistribution maximum-prefix command to set a limit on the number of redistributed routes.

Threshold for warning message

Percentage set in the redistribution maximum-prefix command for the threshold number of redistributed routes needed to cause a warning message. The default is 75 percent of the maximum limit.

Initial SPF schedule delay

Delay (in milliseconds) before the initial SPF schedule for SPF throttling. Configured with the timers throttle spf command.

Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs

Minimum hold time (in milliseconds) between two consecutive SPF calculations for SPF throttling. Configured with the timers throttle spf command.

Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs

Maximum wait time (in milliseconds) between two consecutive SPF calculations for SPF throttling. Configured with the timers throttle spf command.

Number of areas

Number of areas in router, area addresses, and so on.


The following is sample output from the show ip ospf command. In this example, the user had configured LSA throttling, and those lines of output are displayed in bold.

Router# show ip ospf 1

Routing Process "ospf 4" with ID 10.10.24.4
 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
 Supports opaque LSA
 Supports Link-local Signaling (LLS)
 Initial SPF schedule delay 5000 msecs
 Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
 Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 10000 msecs
 Incremental-SPF disabled
 Initial LSA throttle delay 100 msecs
 Minimum hold time for LSA throttle 10000 msecs
 Maximum wait time for LSA throttle 45000 msecs
Minimum LSA arrival 1000 msecs
 LSA group pacing timer 240 secs
 Interface flood pacing timer 33 msecs
 Retransmission pacing timer 66 msecs
 Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
 Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
 Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
 Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
 External flood list length 0
    Area 24
        Number of interfaces in this area is 2
        Area has no authentication
        SPF algorithm last executed 04:28:18.396 ago
        SPF algorithm executed 8 times
        Area ranges are
        Number of LSA 4. Checksum Sum 0x23EB9 
        Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0     
        Number of DCbitless LSA 0
        Number of indication LSA 0
        Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
        Flood list length 0

show ip ospf timers rate-limit

To display all of the link-state advertisements (LSAs) in the rate limit queue, use the show ip ospf timers rate-limit command in privileged EXEC mode.

show ip ospf timers rate-limit

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(25)S

This command was introduced.

12.2(27)SBC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(27)SBC.


Usage Guidelines

Use this command if you need to see when LSAs in the queue will be sent.

Examples

The following is sample output from the show ip ospf timers rate-limit command:

Router# show ip ospf timers rate-limit

LSAID: 10.1.1.1    Type: 1   Adv Rtr: 172.16.2.2 Due in: 00:00:00.028

LSAID: 172.16.4.1   Type: 3   Adv Rtr: 172.16.2.2 Due in: 00:00:00.028


Table 1 describes the significant fields shown in the display.

Table 5 show ip ospf timers rate-limit Field Descriptions 

Field
Description

LSAID

ID of the LSA.

Type

Type of LSA.

Adv Rtr

ID of advertising router.

Due in

When the LSA is scheduled to be sent (in hours:minutes:seconds).


timers lsa arrival

To set the minimum interval at which the software accepts the same link-state advertisement (LSA) from OSPF neighbors, use the timers lsa arrival command in router configuration mode. To restore the default value, use the no form of this command.

timers lsa arrival milliseconds

no timers lsa arrival

Syntax Description

milliseconds

Minimum delay in milliseconds that must pass between acceptance of the same LSA arriving from neighbors. The range is 0 to 600,000 milliseconds. The default is 1000 milliseconds.


Defaults

1000 milliseconds

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(25)S

This command was introduced.

12.2(27)SBC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(27)SBC.


Usage Guidelines

The timers lsa arrival command controls the minimum interval for accepting the same LSA. The "same LSA" is defined as an LSA instance that contains the same LSA ID number, LSA type, and advertising router ID. If an instance of the same LSA arrives sooner than the interval that is set, the LSA is dropped.

We suggest you keep the milliseconds value of the timers lsa arrival command less than or equal to the neighbors' hold-interval value of the timers throttle lsa all command.

Examples

The following example sets the minimum interval for accepting the same LSA at 2000 milliseconds:

router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 timers throttle lsa all 200 10000 45000
 timers lsa arrival 2000
 network 10.10.4.0 0.0.0.255 area 24
 network 10.10.24.0 0.0.0.255 area 24

Related Commands

Command
Description

show ip ospf timers rate-limit

Displays all of the LSAs in the rate limit queue.

timers throttle lsa all

Sets rate-limiting values for LSAs being generated.


timers throttle lsa all

To set rate-limiting values for Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) link-state advertisement (LSA) generation, use the timers throttle lsa all command in router configuration mode. To restore the default values, use the no form of this command.

timers throttle lsa all start-interval hold-interval max-interval

no timers throttle lsa all

Syntax Description

start-interval

Minimum delay in milliseconds for the generation of LSAs. The first instance of LSA is always generated immediately upon a local OSPF topology change. The generation of the next LSA is not before the start interval. The range is 0 to 600,000 milliseconds. The default is 0 milliseconds, which means no delay; the LSA is sent immediately.

hold-interval

Incremental time in milliseconds. This value is used to calculate the subsequent rate limiting times for LSA generation. The range is 1 to 600,000 milliseconds. The default value is 5000 milliseconds.

max-interval

Maximum wait time in milliseconds between generation of the same LSA. The range is 1 to 600,000 milliseconds. The default value is 5000 milliseconds.


Defaults

start-interval: 0 milliseconds
hold-interval: 5000 milliseconds
max-interval: 5000 milliseconds

Command Modes

Router configuration

Command History

Release
Modification

12.0(25)S

This command was introduced.

12.2(27)SBC

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(27)SBC.


Usage Guidelines

The "same LSA" is defined as an LSA instance that contains the same LSA ID number, LSA type, and advertising router ID. We suggest you keep the milliseconds value of the timers lsa arrival command less than or equal to the hold-interval value of the timers throttle lsa all command.

Examples

This example customizes OSPF LSA throttling so that the start interval is 200 milliseconds, the hold interval is 10,000 milliseconds, and the maximum interval is 45,000 milliseconds. The minimum interval between instances of receiving the same LSA is 2000 milliseconds.

router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 timers throttle lsa all 200 10000 45000
 timers lsa arrival 2000
 network 10.10.4.0 0.0.0.255 area 24
 network 10.10.24.0 0.0.0.255 area 24

Related Commands

Command
Description

show ip ospf

Displays information about OSPF routing processes.

timers lsa arrival

Sets the minimum interval at which the software accepts the same LSA from OSPF neighbors.