Configuration of SIP Trunking for PSTN Access (SIP-to-SIP) Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
Configuring SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE
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Configuring SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

Contents

Configuring SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

The Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE feature provides support for sending outbound registrations from Cisco Unified Border Element (UBE) based on incoming registrations. This feature enables direct registration of Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) endpoints with the SIP registrar in hosted unified communication (UC) deployments. This feature also provides various benefits for handling Cisco UBE deployments with no IP private branch exchange (PBX) support.

In certain Cisco UBE deployments, managed services are offered without an IPPBX installed locally at the branch office. A PBX located at the service provider (SP) offers managed services to IP phones. A Cisco UBE device located at the branch office provides address translation services. However, the registration back-to-back functionality is required to get the phone registered, so that calls can be routed to the branch or the phones.

In such deployment scenarios, enabling the Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE feature provides the following benefits:

  • Support for back-to-back user agent (B2BUA) functionality.
  • Options to configure rate-limiting values such as expiry time, fail-count value, and a list of registrars to be used for the registration.
  • Registration overload protection facility.
  • Option to route calls to the registering endpoint (user or phone).

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Registration Pass-Through Modes

Cisco UBE uses the following two modes for registration pass-through:

End-to-End Mode

In the end-to-end mode, Cisco UBE collects the registrar details from the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and passes the registration messages to the registrar. The registration information contains the expiry time for rate-limiting, the challenge information from the registrar, and the challenge response from the user.

Cisco UBE also passes the challenge to the user if the register request is challenged by the registrar. The registrar sends the 401 or 407 message to the user requesting for user credentials. This process is known as challenge.

Cisco UBE ignores the local registrar and authentication configuration in the end-to-end mode. It passes the authorization headers to the registrar without the header configuration.

End-to-End Mode--Call Flows

This section explains the following end-to-end pass-through mode call flows:

Register Success Scenario

The figure below shows an end-to-end registration pass-through scenario where the registration request is successful.

Figure 1. End-to-End Registration Pass-through Mode--Register Success Scenario

The register success scenario for the end-to end registration pass-through mode is as follows:

  1. The user sends the register request to Cisco UBE.
  2. Cisco UBE matches the request with a dial peer and forwards the request to the registrar.
  3. Cisco UBE receives a success response message (200 OK message) from the registrar and forwards the message to the endpoint (user).
  4. The registrar details and expiry value are passed to the user.

Registrar Challenging the Register Request Scenario

The figure below shows an end-to end registration pass-through scenario where the registrar challenges the register request.

Figure 2. End-to-End Registration Pass-through Mode--Registrar Challenging the Register Request Scenario

The following scenario explains how the registrar challenges the register request:

  1. The user sends the register request to Cisco UBE.
  2. Cisco UBE matches the register request with a dial peer and forwards it to the registrar.
  3. The registrar challenges the register request.
  4. Cisco UBE passes the registrar response and the challenge request, only if the registrar challenges the request to the user.
  5. The user sends the register request and the challenge response to the Cisco UBE.
  6. Cisco UBE forwards the response to the registrar.
  7. Cisco UBE receives success message (200 OK message) from the registrar and forwards it to the user.

Peer-to-Peer Mode

In the peer-to-peer registration pass-through mode, the outgoing register request uses the registrar details from the local Cisco UBE configuration. Cisco UBE answers the challenges received from the registrar using the configurable authentication information. Cisco UBE can also challenge the incoming register requests and authenticate the requests before forwarding them to the network.

In this mode, Cisco UBE sends a register request to the registrar and also handles register request challenges. That is, if the registration request is challenged by the registrar (registrar sends 401 or 407 message), Cisco UBE forwards the challenge to the user and then passes the challenge response sent by the user to the registrar. In the peer-to-peer mode, Cisco UBE can use the authentication command to calculate the authorization header and then challenge the user depending on the configuration.


Note


The registrar command must be configured in peer-to-peer mode. Otherwise, the register request is rejected with the 503 response message.


Peer-to-Peer Mode--Call Flows

This section explains the following peer-to-peer pass-through mode call flows:

Register Success Scenario

The figure below shows a peer-to-peer registration pass-through scenario where the registration request is successful.

Figure 3. Peer-to-Peer Registration Pass-through Mode--Register Success Scenario

The register success scenario for a peer-to-peer registration pass-through mode is as follows:

  1. The user sends the register request to Cisco UBE.
  2. Cisco UBE matches the register request with a dial peer and forwards the register request to the registrar.
  3. Cisco UBE receives a success message (200 OK message) from the registrar and forwards it to the endpoint (user). The following functions are performed:
    • Cisco UBE picks up the details about the registrar from the configuration.
    • Cisco UBE passes the registrar details and expiry value to the user.

Registrar Challenging the Register Request Scenario

The figure below shows a peer-to-peer registration pass-through scenario where the registration request is challenged by the registrar.

Figure 4. Peer-to-Peer Registration Pass-through Mode--Registrar Challenging the Register Request Scenario

The following scenario explains how the registrar challenges the register request:

  1. The user sends the register request to Cisco UBE.
  2. Cisco UBE matches the register request with a dial peer and forwards the register request to the registrar.
  3. The user responds to the challenge request.
  4. Cisco UBE validates the challenge response and forwards the register request to the registrar.
  5. Cisco UBE receives a success message from the registrar and forwards it to the endpoint (user).

Registration in Different Registrar Modes

This section explains SIP registration pass-through in the following registrar modes:

Primary-Secondary Mode

In the primary-secondary mode the register message is sent to both the primary and the secondary registrar servers simultaneously.

The register message is processed as follows:

  • The first successful response is passed to the phone as a SUCCESS message.
  • All challenges to the request are handled by Cisco UBE.
  • If the final response received from the primary and the secondary servers is an error response, the error response that arrives later from the primary or the secondary server is passed to the phone.
  • If only one registrar is configured, a direct mapping is performed between the primary and the secondary server.
  • If no registrar is configured, or if there is a Domain Name System (DNS) failure, the "503 service not available" message is sent to the phone.

DHCP Mode

In the DHCP mode the register message is sent to the registrar server using DHCP.

Multiple Register Mode

In the multiple register mode, you can configure a dial peer to select and enable the indexed registrars. Register messages must be sent only to the specified index registrars.

The response from the registrar is mapped the same way as in the primary-secondary mode. See the Registration in Different Registrar Modes.

Registration Overload Protection

The registration overload protection functionality enables Cisco UBE to reject the registration requests that exceed the configured threshold value.

To support the registration overload protection functionality, Cisco UBE maintains a global counter to count all the pending outgoing registrations and prevents the overload of the registration requests as follows:

  • The registration count is decremented if the registration transaction is terminated.
  • The outgoing registrations are rejected if the count goes beyond a configured threshold.
  • The incoming register request is rejected with the 503 response if the outgoing registration is activated by the incoming register request.
  • A retry timer set for a random value is used for attempting the registration again if the registrations are originated from Cisco UBE or a gateway.

The registration overload protection functionality protects the network from the following:

  • Avalanche Restart--All the devices in the network restart at the same time.
  • Component Failures--Sudden burst of load is routed through the device due to a device failure.

Registration Overload Protection--Call Flow

The figure below shows the call flow when the register overload protection functionality is configured on Cisco UBE:

Figure 5. Register Overload Protection

The following steps explain the register overload protection scenario:

  1. The user sends a register request to Cisco UBE.
  2. Cisco UBE matches the request with a dial peer and forwards the register request to the registrar.
  3. The registration is rejected with a random retry value when the registration threshold value is reached.

Note


The call flow for the DNS query on the Out Leg is the same for the end-to-end and peer-to-peer mode.


Registration Rate-limiting

The registration rate-limiting functionality enables you to configure different SIP registration pass-through rate-limiting options. The rate-limiting options include setting the expiry time and the fail count value for a Cisco UBE. You can configure the expiry time to reduce the load on the registrar and the network. Cisco UBE limits the reregistration rate by maintaining two different timers--in-registration timer and out-registration timer.

The initial registration is triggered based on the incoming register request. The expiry value for the outgoing register is selected based on the Cisco UBE configuration. On receiving the 200 OK message (response to the BYE message) from the registrar, a timer is started using the expiry value available in the 200 OK message. The timer value in the 200 OK message is called the out-registration timer. The success response is forwarded to the user. The expiry value is taken from the register request and the timer is started accordingly. This timer is called the in-registration timer. There must be a significant difference between the in-registration timer and the out-registration timer values for effective rate-limiting.

Registration Rate-limiting Success--Call Flow

The figure below shows the call flow when the rate-limiting functionality is successful:

Figure 6. Rate-limiting Success Scenario

The following steps explain a scenario where the rate-limiting functionality is successful:

  1. The user sends the register request to Cisco UBE.
  2. Cisco UBE matches the registration request with a dial peer and forwards it to the registrar. The outgoing register request contains the maximum expiry value if the rate-limiting functionality is configured.
  3. The registrar accepts the registration.
  4. Cisco UBE forwards the success response with the proposed expiry timer value.
  5. The user sends the reregistration requests based on the negotiated value. Cisco UBE resends the register requests until the out-leg expiry timer value is sent.
  6. Cisco UBE forwards the subsequent register request to the registrar, if the reregister request is received after the out-leg timer is reached.

Prerequisites for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

  • You must enable the local SIP registrar. See Enabling Local SIP Registrar.
  • You must configure dial peers manually for call routing and pattern matching

Cisco Unified Border Element

  • Cisco IOS Release 15.1(3)T or a later release must be installed and running on your Cisco Unified Border Element.

Cisco Unified Border Element (Enterprise)

  • Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S or a later release must be installed and running on your Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router.

Restrictions

  • IPv6 support is not provided.

Configuring Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

Enabling Local SIP Registrar

Perform this task to enable the local SIP registrar.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    voice service voip

    4.    sip

    5.    registrar server [expires [max value] [min value]]

    6.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 voice service voip


    Example:
    Device(config)# voice service voip 
     

    Enters voice-service configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 sip


    Example:
    Device(conf-voi-serv)# sip
     

    Enters service SIP configuration mode.

     
    Step 5 registrar server [expires [max value] [min value]]


    Example:
    Device(conf-serv-sip)# registrar server
     

    Enables the local SIP registrar.

    • Optionally you can configure the expiry time of the registrar using the following keywords:
      • expires--Configures the registration expiry time.
      • max--Configures the maximum registration expiry time.
      • min--Configures the minimum registration expiry time.
    Note   

    The registrar command must be configured in peer-to-peer mode. Otherwise, the register request is rejected with the 503 response message.

     
    Step 6 end


    Example:
    Device(conf-serv-sip)# end
     

    Exits service SIP configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Configuring SIP Registration at the Global Level

    Perform this task to configure the support for the SIP registration proxy on the Cisco UBE at the global level.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    voice service voip

      4.    sip

      5.    registration passthrough [static] [rate-limit [expires value] [fail-count value]] [registrar-index [index]]

      6.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 voice service voip


      Example:
      Device(config)# voice service voip 
       

      Enters voice-service configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 sip


      Example:
      Device(conf-voi-serv)# sip
       

      Enters service SIP configuration mode.

       
      Step 5 registration passthrough [static] [rate-limit [expires value] [fail-count value]] [registrar-index [index]]


      Example:
      Device(conf-serv-sip)# registration passthrough
       

      Configures the SIP registration pass-through options.

      • You can specify different SIP registration pass-through options using the following keywords:
        • rate-limit--Enables rate-limiting.
        • expires--Configures expiry value for rate-limiting.
        • fail-count--Configures fail count during rate-limiting.
        • registrar-index--Configures a list of registrars to be used for registration.
       
      Step 6 end


      Example:
      Device(conf-serv-sip)# end
       

      Exits service SIP configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

       

      Configuring SIP Registration at the Dial Peer Level

      Perform this task to configure SIP registration at the dial peer level.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    dial-peer voice tag {pots | voatm | vofr | voip}

        4.    voice-class sip registration passthrough static [rate-limit [expires value] [fail-count value] [registrar-index [index]] | registrar-index [index]]

        5.    exit


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Device# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 dial-peer voice tag {pots | voatm | vofr | voip}


        Example:
        Device(config)# dial-peer voice 444 voip
         

        Enters dial peer voice configuration mode.

         
        Step 4 voice-class sip registration passthrough static [rate-limit [expires value] [fail-count value] [registrar-index [index]] | registrar-index [index]]


        Example:
        Device(config-dial-peer)# voice-class sip registration passthrough static
         

        Configure SIP registration pass-through options on a dial peer on a dial peer.

        • You can specify different SIP registration pass-through options using the following keywords:
          • rate-limit--Enables rate-limiting.
          • expires--Configures expiry value for rate-limiting.
          • fail-count--Configures fail count during rate-limiting.
          • registrar-index--Configures a list of registrars to be used for registration.
         
        Step 5 exit


        Example:
        Device(config-dial-peer)# exit
         

        Exits dial peer voice configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

         

        Configuring Registration Overload Protection Functionality

        Perform this task to configure registration overload protection functionality on Cisco UBE.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    sip-ua

          4.    registration spike max-number

          5.    end


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Device> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.
           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Device# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 sip-ua


          Example:
          Device(config)# sip-ua
           

          Enters SIP user-agent configuration mode.

           
          Step 4 registration spike max-number


          Example:
          Device(config-sip-ua)# registration spike 100
           

          Configures registration overload protection functionality on Cisco UBE.

           
          Step 5 end


          Example:
          Device(config-sip-ua)# end
           

          Exits SIP user-agent configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

           

          Configuring Cisco UBE to Route a Call to the Registrar Endpoint

          Perform this task to configure Cisco UBE to route a call to the registrar endpoint.


          Note


          You must perform this configuration on a dial peer that is pointing towards the endpoint.


          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    enable

            2.    configure terminal

            3.    dial-peer voice tag {pots | voatm | vofr | voip}

            4.    session target registrar

            5.    exit


          DETAILED STEPS
             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1 enable


            Example:
            Device> enable
             

            Enables privileged EXEC mode.

            • Enter your password if prompted.
             
            Step 2 configure terminal


            Example:
            Device# configure terminal
             

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 3 dial-peer voice tag {pots | voatm | vofr | voip}


            Example:
            Device(config)# dial-peer voice 444 voip
             

            Enters dial peer voice configuration mode.

             
            Step 4 session target registrar


            Example:
            Device(config-dial-peer)# session target registrar
             

            Configures Cisco UBE to route the call to the registrar endpoint.

             
            Step 5 exit


            Example:
            Device(config-dial-peer)# exit
             

            Exits dial peer voice configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

             

            Verifying the SIP Registration on Cisco UBE

            Perform this task to verify the configuration for SIP registration on Cisco UBE. The show commands need not be entered in any specific order.

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    enable

              2.    show sip-ua registration passthrough status

              3.    show sip-ua registration passthrough status detail


            DETAILED STEPS
              Step 1   enable

              Enables privileged EXEC mode.



              Example:
              Device> enable
              
              Step 2   show sip-ua registration passthrough status

              Displays the SIP user agent (UA) registration pass-through status information.



              Example:
              Device# show sip-ua registration passthrough status
               
              CallId       Line         peer         mode In-Exp       reg-I Out-Exp       
              ============ ============ ============ ==== ============ ===== ============  
              771          5500550055   1             p2p  64           1     64          
              =============================================================================
              
              Step 3   show sip-ua registration passthrough status detail

              Displays the SIP UA registration pass-through status information in detail.



              Example:
              Device# show sip-ua registration passthrough status detail
              ============================================================
              Configured Reg Spike Value: 0
              Number of Pending Registrations: 0
              ============================================================
              Call-Id: 763
              Registering Number: 5500550055
              Dial-peer tag: 601
              Pass-through Mode: p2p
              Negotiated In-Expires: 64 Seconds
              Next In-Register Due in: 59 Seconds
              In-Register Contact: 9.45.36.5
              ----------------------------------------
               Registrar Index: 1
               Registrar URL: ipv4:9.45.36.4 
               Negotiated Out-Expires: 64 Seconds
               Next Out-Register After: 0 Seconds
              ============================================================

              The following section will be added to the "Examples" section of the SIP to SIP chapter.


              Example Configuring Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

              The following example shows how to configure support for the SIP registration proxy on the Cisco UBE.

              !
              !
              voice service voip 
              sip
                registrar server expires max 121 min 61  
                registration passthrough static challenge rate-limit expires 9000 fail-count 5 registrar-index 1 3 5 
              !
              dial-peer voice 1111 voip
               destination-pattern 1234
               voice-class sip pass-thru content unsupp
               session protocol sipv2
               session target registrar
              !
              dial-peer voice 1111 voip
               destination-pattern 1234
               voice-class sip pass-thru content unsupp
               voice-class sip registration passthrough static rate-limit expires 9000 fail-count 5 registrar-index 1 3 5
               authentication username 1234 password 7 075E731F1A realm cisco.com
               session protocol sipv2
               session target registrar
              !
              sip-ua
               registration spike 1000
              !
              !

              Feature Information for Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

              Table 1 Feature Information for Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

              Feature Name

              Releases

              Feature Information

              Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

              15.1(3)T

              The Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE feature provides support for sending outbound registrations from Cisco UBE based on incoming registrations. This feature enables direct registration of SIP endpoints with the SIP registrar in hosted UC deployments. This feature also provides various benefits for handling Cisco UBE deployments with no IPPBX support.

              The following commands were introduced or modified: authentication (dial peer), registrar server, registration passthrough, registration spike, show sip-ua registration passthrough status, voice-class sip registration passthrough static rate-limit.

              Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE

              Cisco IOS XE Release 3.7S

              The Support for SIP Registration Proxy on Cisco UBE feature provides support for sending outbound registrations from Cisco UBE based on incoming registrations. This feature enables direct registration of SIP endpoints with the SIP registrar in hosted UC deployments. This feature also provides various benefits for handling Cisco UBE deployments with no IPPBX support.

              The following commands were introduced or modified: authentication (dial peer), registrar server, registration passthrough, registration spike, show sip-ua registration passthrough status, voice-class sip registration passthrough static rate-limit.