Cisco IOS Security Command Reference: Commands D to L, Cisco IOS XE Release 3SE (Catalyst 3850 Switches)
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enable password

To set a local password to control access to various privilege levels, use the enable password command in global configuration mode. To remove the password requirement, use the noform of this command.

enable password [ level level ] { password | [encryption-type] encrypted-password }

no enable password [ level level ]

Syntax Description

level level

(Optional) Level for which the password applies. You can specify up to 16 privilege levels, using numbers 0 through 15. Level 1 is normal EXEC-mode user privileges. If this argument is not specified in the command or the no form of the command, the privilege level defaults to 15 (traditional enable privileges).

password

Password users type to enter enable mode.

encryption-type

(Optional) Cisco-proprietary algorithm used to encrypt the password. Currently the only encryption type available is 5. If you specify encryption-type, the next argument you supply must be an encrypted password (a password already encrypted by a Cisco router).

encrypted-password

Encrypted password you enter, copied from another router configuration.

Command Default

No password is defined. The default is level 15.

Command Modes


Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS release 12.(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

Usage Guidelines


Caution


If neither the enable password command nor the enable secret command is configured, and if there is a line password configured for the console, the console line password will serve as the enable password for all VTY (Telnet and Secure Shell [SSH]) sessions.


Use this command with the level option to define a password for a specific privilege level. After you specify the level and the password, give the password to the users who need to access this level. Use the privilege level configuration command to specify commands accessible at various levels.

You will not ordinarily enter an encryption type. Typically you enter an encryption type only if you copy and paste into this command a password that has already been encrypted by a Cisco router.


Caution


If you specify an encryption type and then enter a clear text password, you will not be able to reenter enable mode. You cannot recover a lost password that has been encrypted by any method.


If the service password-encryption command is set, the encrypted form of the password you create with the enable password command is displayed when a more nvram:startup-configcommand is entered.

You can enable or disable password encryption with the service password-encryptioncommand.

An enable password is defined as follows:

  • Must contain from 1 to 25 uppercase and lowercase alphanumeric characters.
  • Can have leading spaces, but they are ignored. However, intermediate and trailing spaces are recognized.
  • Can contain the question mark (?) character if you precede the question mark with the key combination Crtl-v when you create the password; for example, to create the password abc?123, do the following:
    • Enter abc.
    • Type Crtl-v.
    • Enter ?123.

When the system prompts you to enter the enable password, you need not precede the question mark with the Ctrl-v; you can simply enter abc?123 at the password prompt.

Examples

The following example enables the password “ pswd2” for privilege level 2:

enable password level 2 pswd2

The following example sets the encrypted password “$1$i5Rkls3LoyxzS8t9”, which has been copied from a router configuration file, for privilege level 2 using encryption type 7:

enable password level 2 5 $1$i5Rkls3LoyxzS8t9

Related Commands

Command

Description

disable

Exits privileged EXEC mode and returns to user EXEC mode.

enable

Enters privileged EXEC mode.

enable secret

Specifies an additional layer of security over the enable password command.

privilege

Configures a new privilege level for users and associate commands with that privilege level.

service password-encryption

Encrypts passwords.

show privilege

Displays your current level of privilege.

enable secret

To specify an additional layer of security over the enable password command, use the enable secret command in global configuration mode. To turn off the enable secret function, use the no form of this command.

enable secret [ level level ] { [0] unencrypted-password | encryption-type encrypted-password }

no enable secret [ level level ] [ encryption-type encrypted-password ]

Syntax Description

level level

(Optional) Specifies the level for which the password applies. You can specify up to 15 privilege levels, using numerals 1 through 15. Level 1 is normal EXEC-mode user privileges. If the level argument is not specified in the command or in the no form of the command, the privilege level defaults to 15 (traditional enable privileges).

0

(Optional) Specifies an unencrypted clear-text password. The password is converted to a Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) 256 secret and gets stored in the router.

unencrypted-password

Password for users to enter enable mode. This password should be different from the password created with the enable password command.

encryption-type

Cisco-proprietary algorithm used to encrypt the password. The encryption types available for this command are 4 and 5.

  • 4 —Specifies an SHA-256 encrypted secret string. The SHA256 secret string is copied from the router configuration.
  • 5 —Specifies a message digest alogrithm 5 (MD5) encrypted secret.

encrypted-password

Encrypted password that is copied from another router configuration.

Command Default

No password is defined.

Command Modes


Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release

Modification

11.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2SX

This command is supported in the Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX train. Support in a specific 12.2SX release of this train depends on your feature set, platform, and platform hardware.

15.0(1)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)S. Support for the encryption type 4 was added.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 3.1S. Support for the encryption type 4 was added.

15.1(4)M

This command was modified. Support for the encryption type 4 was added.

Cisco IOS Release 3.3SG

This command was modified. Support for the encryption type 5 was removed.

15.1(1)SY

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 15.1(1)SY.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.8S

This command was modified. The warning message for removal of support for the encryption type 5 was modified.

Usage Guidelines


Caution


If neither the enable password command or the enable secret command is configured, and if a line password is configured for the console, the console line password will serve as the enable password for all vty (Telnet and Secure Shell [SSH]) sessions.


Use the enable secret command to provide an additional layer of security over the enable password. The enable secret command provides better security by storing the enable secret password using a nonreversible cryptographic function. The added layer of security encryption provides is useful in environments where the password crosses the network or is stored on a TFTP server.

Typically you enter an encryption type only when you paste an encrypted password that you copied from a router configuration file into this command.


Caution


If you specify an encryption type and then enter a clear-text password, you will not be able to reenter enable mode. You cannot recover a lost password that has been encrypted by any method.


If you use the same password for the enable password and enable secret commands, you receive an error message warning that this practice is not recommended, but the password will be accepted. By using the same password, however, you undermine the additional security the enable secret command provides.


Note


After you set a password using the enable secret command, a password set using the enable password command works only if the enable secret is disabled or an older version of Cisco IOS software is being used, such as when running an older rxboot image. Additionally, you cannot recover a lost password that has been encrypted by any method.


If the service password-encryption command is set, the encrypted form of the password you create is displayed when the more nvram:startup-config command is entered.

You can enable or disable password encryption with the service password-encryption command.

An enable password is defined as follows:

  • Must contain 1 to 25 alphanumeric characters, both uppercase and lowercase.
  • Can have leading spaces, but they are ignored. However, intermediate and trailing spaces are recognized.
  • Can contain the question mark (?) character if you precede the question mark with the key combination Crtl-v when you create the password; for example, to create the password abc?123, do the following:
    • Enter abc.
    • Press Crtl-v.
    • Enter ?123.

When the system prompts you to enter the enable password, you need not precede the question mark with the Ctrl-v; you can enter abc?123 at the password prompt.


Note


During a downgrade from Cisco IOS XE Release 3.3SG to Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2SG, if a SHA256-encrypted enable password is configured, then the SHA256-encrypted password will be lost without any warning, and the secret password will have to be reconfigured.


Examples

The following example shows how to specify the password with the enable secret command:

Device> enable
Device# configure terminal
Device(config)# enable secret password

After specifying a password with the enable secret command, users must enter this password to gain access. Any passwords set through enable password command will no longer work.

Password: password

The following example shows how to enable the encrypted password “$1$FaD0$Xyti5Rkls3LoyxzS8”, which has been copied from a router configuration file, for privilege level 2 using the encryption type 4:

Device> enable
Device# configure terminal
Device(config)# enable password level 2 4 $1$FaD0$Xyti5Rkls3LoyxzS8

The following example is a sample warning message that is displayed when a user enters the enable secret 5 encrypted-password command:

Device(config)# enable secret 5 $1$FaD0$Xyti5Rkls3LoyxzS8

Warning: The CLI will be deprecated soon
'enable secret 5 <password>'
Please move to 'enable secret <password>' CLI

Related Commands

Command

Description

enable

Enters privileged EXEC mode.

enable password

Sets a local password to control access to various privilege levels.

more nvram:startup-config

Displays the startup configuration file contained in NVRAM or specified by the CONFIG_FILE environment variable.

service password-encryption

Encrypt passwords.

enrollment http-proxy

To access the certification authority (CA) by HTTP through the proxy server, use the enrollment http-proxy command in ca-trustpoint configuration mode.

enrollment http-proxy host-name port-num

Syntax Description

host-name

Defines the proxy server used to get the CA.

port-num

Specifies the port number used to access the CA.

Command Default

If this command is not enabled, the CA will not be accessed via HTTP.

Command Modes


Ca-trustpoint configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(8)T

This command was introduced.

12.2(18)SXD

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(18)SXD.

Usage Guidelines

The enrollment http-proxy command must be used in conjunction with the enrollment command, which specifies the enrollment parameters for the CA.

Examples

The following example shows how to access the CA named “ka” by HTTP through the bomborra proxy server:

crypto ca trustpoint ka
 enrollment url http://kahului
 enrollment http-proxy bomborra 8080
 crl optional

Related Commands

Command

Description

crypto ca trustpoint

Declares the CA that your router should use.

enrollment

Specifies the enrollment parameters of your CA.

enrollment url (ca-profile-enroll)

To specify the URL of the certification authority (CA) server to which to send enrollment requests, use the enrollment urlcommand in ca-profile-enroll configuration mode. To delete the enrollment URL from your enrollment profile, use the no form of this command.

enrollment url url

no enrollment url url

Syntax Description

url

URL of the CA server to which your router should send certificate requests.

If you are using Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP) for enrollment, the url argument must be in the form http://CA_name, where CA_name is the host Domain Name System (DNS) name or IP address of the CA.

If you are using TFTP for enrollment, the url argument must be in the form tftp://certserver/file_specification. (If the URL does not include a file specification, the fully qualified domain name [FQDN] of the router will be used.)

Command Default

Your router does not recognize the CA URL until you specify it using this command.

Command Modes


Ca-profile-enroll configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(13)ZH

This command was introduced.

12.3(4)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(4)T.

Usage Guidelines

This command allows the user to specify a different URL or a different method for authenticating a certificate and enrolling a certificate; for example, manual authentication and TFTP enrollment.

Examples

The following example shows how to enable certificate enrollment via HTTP for the profile name “E” :

crypto pki trustpoint Entrust
  enrollment profile E
  serial
crypto pki profile enrollment E
 authentication url  http://entrust:81
 authentication command  GET /certs/cacert.der
 enrollment url  http://entrust:81/cda-cgi/clientcgi.exe
 enrollment command  POST reference_number=$P2&authcode=$P1
&retrievedAs=rawDER&action=getServerCert&pkcs10Request=$REQ
 parameter 1 value aaaa-bbbb-cccc
 parameter 2 value 5001

Related Commands

Command

Description

crypto pki profile enrollment

Defines an enrollment profile.