Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
AAA Support for IPv6
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AAA Support for IPv6

AAA Support for IPv6

Authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) support for IPv6 is in compliance with RFC 3162. This module provides information about how to configure AAA options for IPv6.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About AAA Support for IPv6

AAA over IPv6

Vendor-specific attributes (VSAs) are used to support Authentication, Authorization and Accounting(AAA) over IPv6. Cisco VSAs are inacl, outacl, prefix, and route.

You can configure prefix pools and pool names by using the AAA protocol. Customers can deploy an IPv6 RADIUS server or a TACACS+ server to communicate with Cisco devices.

RADIUS over IPv6

The following RADIUS attributes, as described in RFC 3162, are supported for IPv6:

  • Framed-Interface-Id
  • Framed-IPv6-Pool
  • Framed-IPv6-Prefix
  • Framed-IPv6-Route
  • Login-IPv6-Host

The following RADIUS attributes are also supported for IPv6:

  • Delegated-IPv6-Prefix (RFC 4818)
  • Delegated-IPv6-Prefix-Pool
  • DNS-Server-IPv6-Address
  • IPv6 ACL
  • IPv6_DNS_Servers
  • IPv6 Pool
  • IPv6 Prefix#
  • IPv6 Route

The attributes listed above can be configured on a RADIUS server and downloaded to access servers, where they can be applied to access connections.

Prerequisites for Using AAA Attributes for IPv6

AAA attributes for IPv6 are compliant with RFC 3162 and require a RADIUS server capable of supporting RFC 3162.

RADIUS Per-User Attributes for Virtual Access in IPv6 Environments

The following IPv6 attributes for RADIUS attribute-value (AV) pairs are supported for virtual access:

Framed-Interface-Id

The Framed-Interface-Id attribute indicates the IPv6 interface identifier to be configured. This per-user attribute is used during the IPv6CP negotiations and may be used in access-accept packets. If the Interface-Identifier IPv6CP option has been successfully negotiated, this attribute must be included in an Acc-0Request packet as a hint by the NAS to the server that it would prefer that value.

Framed-IPv6-Pool

The Framed-IPv6-Pool attribute is a per-user attribute that contains the name of an assigned pool that should be used to assign an IPv6 prefix for the user. This pool should either be defined locally on the router or defined on a RADIUS server from which pools can be downloaded.

Framed-IPv6-Prefix

The Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute performs the same function as the Cisco VSA--it is used for virtual access only and indicates an IPv6 prefix (and corresponding route) to be configured. This attribute is a per-user attribute and lets the user specify which prefixes to advertise in Neighbor Discovery Router Advertisement messages. The Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute may be used in access-accept packets and can appear multiple times. The NAS will create a corresponding route for the prefix.

To use this attribute for DHCP for IPv6 prefix delegation, create a profile for the same user on the RADIUS server. The username associated with the second profile has the suffix "-dhcpv6."

The Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute in the two profiles is treated differently. If a NAS needs both to send a prefix in router advertisements (RAs) and delegate a prefix to a remote user’s network, the prefix for RA is placed in the Framed-IPv6-Prefix attribute in the user’s regular profile, and the prefix used for prefix delegation is placed in the attribute in the user’s separate profile.

Framed-IPv6-Route

The Framed-IPv6-Route attribute performs the same function as the Cisco VSA: It is a per-user attribute that provides routing information to be configured for the user on the NAS. This attribute is a string attribute and is specified using the ipv6 route command.

IPv6 ACL

You can specify a complete IPv6 access list. The unique name of the access list is generated automatically. The access list is removed when its user logs out. The previous access list on the interface is reapplied.

The inacl and outacl attributes allow you to a specific existing access list configured on the router. The following example shows ACL number 1 specified as the access list:

cisco-avpair = "ipv6:inacl#1=permit 2001:DB8:cc00:1::/48",
cisco-avpair = "ipv6:outacl#1=deny 2001:DB8::/10",
IPv6 Pool

For RADIUS authentication, the IPv6 Pool attribute extends the IPv4 address pool attributed to support the IPv6 protocol. It specifies the name of a local pool on the NAS from which to get the prefix and is used whenever the service is configured as PPP and whenever the protocol is specified as IPv6. Note that the address pool works in conjunction with local pooling. It specifies the name of the local pool that has been preconfigured on the NAS.

IPv6 Prefix

The IPv6 Prefix# attribute lets you indicate which prefixes to advertise in Neighbor Discovery Router Advertisement messages. When the IPv6 Prefix# attribute is used, a corresponding route (marked as a per-user static route) is installed in the routing information base (RIB) tables for the given prefix.

cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix#1=2001:DB8::/64",
cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix#2=2001:DB8::/64",
IPv6 Route

The IPv6 route attribute allows you to specify a per-user static route. A static route is appropriate when the Cisco IOS software cannot dynamically build a route to the destination. See the description of the ipv6 route command for more information about building static routes.

The following example shows the IPv6 route attribute used to define a static route:

cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route#1=2001:DB8:cc00:1::/48",
cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route#2=2001:DB8:cc00:2::/48",
Login-IPv6-Host

The Login-IPv6-Host attribute is a per-user attribute that indicates the IPv6 system with which to connect the user when the Login-Service attribute is included.

IPv6 Prefix Pools

The function of prefix pools in IPv6 is similar to that of address pools in IPv4. The main difference is that IPv6 assigns prefixes rather than single addresses.

As in IPv4, a pool or a pool definition in IPv6 can be configured locally or it can be retrieved from an AAA server. Overlapping membership between pools is not permitted.

Once a pool is configured, it cannot be changed. If you change the configuration, the pool will be removed and re-created. All prefixes previously allocated will be freed.

Prefix pools can be defined so that each user is allocated a 64-bit prefix or so that a single prefix is shared among several users. In a shared prefix pool, each user may receive only one address from the pool.

How to Configure AAA Support for IPv6

Configuring the DHCPv6 Server to Obtain Prefixes from RADIUS Servers

Before You Begin

Before you perform this task, you must configure the AAA client and PPP on the router.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface type number

    4.    ipv6 nd prefix framed-ipv6-prefix


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface type number


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0
     

    Specifies an interface type and number, and places the router in interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 ipv6 nd prefix framed-ipv6-prefix


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# ipv6 nd prefix framed-ipv6-prefix
     

    Adds the prefix in a received RADIUS framed IPv6 prefix attribute to the interface’s neighbor discovery prefix queue.

     

    Configuration Examples for AAA Support for IPv6

    Example: RADIUS Configuration

    The following sample RADIUS configuration shows the definition of AV pairs to establish static routes:

    campus1 Auth-Type = Local, Password = "mypassword"
                    User-Service-Type = Framed-User,
                    Framed-Protocol = PPP,
                    cisco-avpair = "ipv6:inacl#1=permit 2001:DB8:1::/64 any",
                    cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route=2001:DB8:2::/64",
                    cisco-avpair = "ipv6:route=2001:DB8:3::/64",
                    cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix=2001:DB8:2::/64 0 0 onlink autoconfig",
                    cisco-avpair = "ipv6:prefix=2001:DB8:3::/64 0 0 onlink autoconfig",
                    cisco-avpair = "ip:route=10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0",

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    IPv6 addressing and connectivity

    IPv6 Configuration Guide

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    IPv6 commands

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

    Cisco IOS IPv6 features

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

    Standards and RFCs

    Standard/RFC

    Title

    RFCs for IPv6

    IPv6 RFCs

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for AAA Support for IPv6

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for AAA Support for IPv6

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    AAA Support for Cisco VSA IPv6 Attributes

    12.2(33)SRC

    12.2(13)T

    12.3

    12.3(2)T

    12.4

    12.4(2)T

    VSAs were developed to support AAA for IPv6.

    IPv6 Access Services: AAA Support for RFC 3162 IPv6 RADIUS Attributes

    12.3(4)T

    12.4

    12.2(58)SE

    12.2(33)SRC

    The AAA attributes for IPv6 are compliant with RFC 3162 and require a RADIUS server capable of supporting RFC 3162.

    The following commands were introduced or modified: ipv6 nd prefix framed-ipv6-prefix.

    IPv6 Access Services: Prefix Pools

    12.2(13)T

    This feature is supported.

    RADIUS over IPv6

    15.2(1)T

    12.2(58)SE

    15.1(1)SY

    Authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) support for IPv6 is in compliance with RFC 3162. This feature provides information about how to configure AAA options for IPv6.