Autonomous system--A collection of networks under a common administration sharing a common routing strategy. Autonomous systems are subdivided by areas. An autonomous system must be assigned a unique 16-bit number by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).
Cisco Express Forwarding--A layer 3 IP switching technology that optimizes network performance and scalability for networks with large and dynamic traffic patterns.
BGP --Border Gateway Protocol. An interdomain routing protocol that replaces Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP). A BGP system exchanges reachability information with other BGP systems. BGP is defined by RFC 1163.
BGP next hop --IP address of the next hop to be used by a router to reach a certain destination.
distributed Cisco Express Forwarding--A type of Cisco Express Forwarding switching in which line cards (such as Versatile Interface Processor (VIP) line cards) maintain identical copies of the Forwarding Information Base (FIB) and adjacency tables. The line cards perform the express forwarding between port adapters; this relieves the Route Switch Processor of involvement in the switching operation.
export packet --Type of packet built by a NetFlow-services-enabled device (for example, a router) that is addressed to another device (for example, the NetFlow Collection Engine). The packet contains NetFlow statistics. The other device processes (parses, aggregates, and stores information on IP flows) the packet.
fast switching --A Cisco feature in which a route cache is used to expedite packet switching through a router.
flow --A set of packets with the same source IP address, destination IP address, protocol, source/destination ports, and type of service, and with the same interface on which the flow is monitored. Ingress flows are associated with the input interface, and egress flows are associated with the output interface.
MPLS --Multiprotocol Label Switching. An industry standard for the forwarding of packets along a normally routed path (sometimes called MPLS hop-by-hop forwarding).
NetFlow --A Cisco IOS application that provides statistics on packets flowing through the router. It is a primary network accounting and security technology.
NetFlow Aggregation --A NetFlow feature that lets you summarize NetFlow export data on a Cisco IOS router before the data is exported to a NetFlow data collection system such as the NetFlow Collection Engine. This feature lowers bandwidth requirements for NetFlow export data and reduces platform requirements for NetFlow data collection devices.
NetFlow Collection Engine (formerly NetFlow FlowCollector)--Cisco application that is used with NetFlow on Cisco routers and Catalyst series switches. The NetFlow Collection Engine collects packets from the router that is running NetFlow and decodes, aggregates, and stores them. You can generate reports on various aggregations that can be set up on the NetFlow Collection Engine.
NetFlow v9 --NetFlow export format Version 9. A flexible and extensible means for carrying NetFlow records from a network node to a collector. NetFlow Version 9 has definable record types and is self-describing for easier NetFlow Collection Engine configuration.
RP --Route Processor. A processor module in the Cisco 7000 series routers that contains the CPU, system software, and most of the memory components that are used in the router. It is sometimes called a Supervisory Processor.