MPLS Label Distribution Protocol Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 1000)
MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering
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MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) supports inbound label binding filtering. You can use the MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering feature to configure access control lists (ACLs) for controlling the label bindings a label switch router (LSR) accepts from its peer LSRs.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Restrictions for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Inbound label binding filtering does not support extended access control lists (ACLs); it only supports standard ACLs.

Information about MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Overview of MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

The MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering feature can be used to control the amount of memory used to store Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) label bindings advertised by other devices. For example, in a simple Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Virtual Private Network (VPN) environment, the VPN provider edge (PE) devices might require label switched paths (LSPs) only to their peer PE devices (that is, they do not need LSPs to core devices). Inbound label binding filtering enables a PE device to accept labels only from other PE devices.

How to Configure MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Configuring MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

Perform this task to configure a device for inbound label filtering. The following configuration allows the device to accept only the label for prefix 25.0.0.2 from the Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) neighbor device 10.12.12.12.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip access-list standard access-list-number

    4.    permit {source [source-wildcard] | any} [log]

    5.    exit

    6.    mpls ldp neighbor [vrf vpn-name] nbr-address labels accept acl

    7.    end


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ip access-list standard access-list-number


    Example:
    Device(config)# ip access-list standard 1
     

    Defines a standard IP access list with a number.

     
    Step 4 permit {source [source-wildcard] | any} [log]


    Example:
    Device(config-std-nacl)# permit 10.0.0.0
     

    Specifies one or more prefixes permitted by the access list.

     
    Step 5 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-std-nacl)# exit
     

    Returns to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 6 mpls ldp neighbor [vrf vpn-name] nbr-address labels accept acl


    Example:
    Device(config)# mpls ldp neighbor 10.12.12.12 labels accept 1 
     

    Specifies the access control list (ACL) to be used to filter label bindings for the specified LDP neighbor.

     
    Step 7 end


    Example:
    Device(config)# end
     

    Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Verifying that MPLS LDP Inbound Label Bindings are Filtered

    If inbound filtering is enabled, perform the following tasks to verify that inbound label bindings are filtered.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    show mpls ldp neighbor [vrf vpn-name] [address | interface] [detail]

      3.    show ip access-list [access-list-number | access-list-name]

      4.    show mpls ldp bindings

      5.    exit


    DETAILED STEPS
      Step 1   enable

      Enables privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted.



      Example:
      Device> enable
      Device#
      
      Step 2   show mpls ldp neighbor [vrf vpn-name] [address | interface] [detail]

      Shows the status of the Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) session, including the name or number of the access control list (ACL) configured for inbound filtering.

      Note   

      To display information about inbound label binding filtering, you must enter the detail keyword.



      Example:
      Device# show mpls ldp neighbor 10.12.12.12 detail
       Peer LDP Ident: 10.12.12.12:0; Local LDP Ident 10.13.13.13:0
         TCP connection: 10.12.12.12.646 - 10.13.13.13.12592
         State: Oper; Msgs sent/rcvd: 49/45; Downstream; Last TIB rev sent 1257
         Up time: 00:32:41; UID: 1015; Peer Id 0;
         LDP discovery sources:
          Serial1/0/0; Src IP addr: 192.168.1.1 
           holdtime: 15000 ms, hello interval: 5000 ms
         Addresses bound to peer LDP Ident:
          10.0.0.129       10.12.12.12     192.168.1.1 
         Peer holdtime: 180000 ms; KA interval: 60000 ms; Peer state: estab
         LDP inbound filtering accept acl: 1
      
      Step 3   show ip access-list [access-list-number | access-list-name]

      Displays the contents of all current IP access lists or of a specified access list.

      Note   

      It is important that you enter this command to see how the access list is defined; otherwise, you cannot verify inbound label binding filtering.

      The following command output shows the contents of IP access list 1:



      Example:
      Device# show ip access 1
      Standard IP access list 1
        permit 10.0.0.0, wildcard bits 0.0.0.255 (1 match)
      
      Step 4   show mpls ldp bindings

      Verifies that the label switch router (LSR) has remote bindings only from a specified peer for prefixes permitted by the access list.



      Example:
      Device# show mpls ldp bindings
       tib entry: 10.0.0.0/8, rev 4
           local binding:  tag: imp-null
       tib entry: 10.2.0.0/16, rev 1137
           local binding:  tag: 16
       tib entry: 10.2.0.0/16, rev 1139
           local binding:  tag: 17
       tib entry: 10.12.12.12/32, rev 1257
           local binding:  tag: 18
       tib entry: 10.13.13.13/32, rev 14
           local binding:  tag: imp-null
       tib entry: 10.10.0.0/16, rev 711
           local binding:  tag: imp-null
       tib entry: 10.0.0.0/8, rev 1135
           local binding:  tag: imp-null
           remote binding: tsr: 10.12.12.12:0, tag: imp-null
       tib entry: 10.0.0.0/8, rev 8
           local binding:  tag: imp-null
      
      Step 5   exit

      Returns to user EXEC mode.



      Example:
      Device# exit
      Device>
      

      Configuration Examples for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

      Examples: MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering Configuration

      In the following example, the mpls ldp neighbor labels accept command is configured with an access control list to filter label bindings received on sessions with the neighbor 10.110.0.10.

      Label bindings for prefixes that match 10.b.c.d are accepted, where b is less than or equal to 63, and c and d can be any integer between 0 and 128. Other label bindings received from 10.110.0.10 are rejected.

      Device# configure terminal
      Device(config)# access-list 1 permit 10.63.0.0 0.63.255.255 
      Device(config)# mpls ldp neighbor 10.110.0.10 labels accept 1 
      Device(config)# end
      

      In the following example, the show mpls ldp bindings neighbor command displays label bindings that were learned from 10.110.0.10. This example verifies that the LIB does not contain label bindings for prefixes that have been excluded.

      Device# show mpls ldp bindings neighbor 10.110.0.10
      
      tib entry: 10.2.0.0/16, rev 4
          remote binding: tsr: 10.110.0.10:0, tag: imp-null
      tib entry: 10.43.0.0/16, rev 6
          remote binding: tsr: 10.110.0.10:0, tag: 16
      tib entry: 10.52.0.0/16, rev 8
          remote binding: tsr: 10.110.0.10:0, tag: imp-null
      

      Additional References

      Related Documents

      Related Topic

      Document Title

      Cisco IOS commands

      Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

      MPLS commands

      Cisco IOS Multiprotocol Label Switching Command Reference

      MPLS Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)

      “MPLS Label Distribution Protocol” module in the MPLS Label Distribution Protocol Configuration Guide

      MIBs

      MIB

      MIBs Link

      LDP Specification, draft-ietf-mpls-ldp-08.txt

      To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mib

      RFCs

      RFC

      Title

      RFC 3036

      LDP Specification

      RFC 3037

      LDP Applicability

      Technical Assistance

      Description

      Link

      The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

      Feature Information for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

      The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

      Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

      Table 1 Feature Information for MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

      Feature Name

      Releases

      Feature Information

      MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering

      12.0(26)S

      12.2(25)S

      12.3(14)T

      12.2(18)SXE

      Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

      You can use the MPLS LDP Inbound Label Binding Filtering feature to configure access control lists (ACLs) for controlling the label bindings a label switch router (LSR) accepts from its peer LSRs.

      In Cisco IOS Release 12.0(26)S, this feature was introduced on the Cisco 7200.

      This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S for the Cisco 7500 series router.

      This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(14)T.

      This feature was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(18)SXE for the Cisco 7600 series router.

      In Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1, support was added for the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers

      The following commands were introduced or modified:

      clear mpls ldp neighbor , mpls ldp neighbor labels accept , show mpls ldp neighbor

      Glossary

      carrier supporting carrier—A situation where one service provider allows another service provider to use a segment of its backbone network. The service provider that provides the segment of the backbone network to the other provider is called the backbone carrier. The service provider that uses the segment of the backbone network is called the customer carrier.

      CE device—customer edge device. A device that is part of a customer network and that interfaces to a provider edge (PE) device.

      inbound label binding filtering—Allows label switch routers (LSRs) to control which label bindings it will accept from its neighboring LSRs. Consequently, an LSR does not accept or store some label bindings that its neighbors advertise.

      label—A short fixed-length identifier that tells switching nodes how to forward data (packets or cells).

      label binding—An association between a destination prefix and a label.