After IP multicast MLS is implemented, when Server A sends traffic destined for multicast group G1, Switch B forwards the traffic (based on the Layer 2 multicast forwarding table entry) to Host A on VLAN 10 and to Switch A.
Switch A checks its Layer 3 multicast MLS cache and recognizes that the traffic belongs to a multicast MLS flow. Switch A does not forward the traffic to the router subinterfaces in VLAN 10 (assuming a completely switched flow). Instead, Switch A replicates the traffic on the appropriate outgoing interfaces (VLANs 20 and 30).
VLAN 20 traffic is forwarded to Host C and VLAN 30 traffic is forwarded to Switch C (based on the contents of the Layer 2 multicast forwarding table). The switch performs a packet rewrite for the replicated traffic so that the packets appear to have been routed by the appropriate router subinterface.
Switch C receives the VLAN 30 traffic and forwards it to the appropriate switch ports (in this case, Hosts D and E) using the multicast forwarding table.
If not all the router subinterfaces are eligible to participate in IP multicast MLS, the switch must forward the multicast traffic to the router subinterfaces in the source VLAN (in this case, VLAN 10). In this situation, on those subinterfaces that are ineligible, the routers perform multicast forwarding and replication in software in the usual manner. On those subinterfaces that are eligible, the switch performs multilayer switching.
On both MMLS-RPs, no user-configured IP multicast MLS management interface is specified. Therefore, the VLAN 1 subinterface is used by default.