After IPX MLS is implemented, when the source host NC1 (on VLAN 10) sends traffic destined for destination server NS2 (on VLAN 30), Switch B forwards the traffic (based on the Layer 2 forwarding table) to Switch A (the MLS-SE) over the ISL trunk link. When the first packet enters Switch A, a candidate flow entry is established in the MLS cache. Switch A forwards the packet to the MLS-RP over the ISL trunk link.
The MLS-RP receives the packet on the VLAN 10 subinterface, checks the destination IPX address, and routes the packet to the VLAN 30 subinterface. Switch A receives the routed packet (the enabler packet) and completes the flow entry in the MLS cache for the destination IPX address of NS2. Switch A forwards the packet to Switch C, where it is forwarded to destination server NS2.
Subsequent packets destined for the IPX address of NS2 are multilayer switched by the MLS-SE based on the flow entry in the MLS cache. For example, subsequent packets in the flow from source host NC1 are forwarded by Switch B to Switch A (the MLS-SE). The MLS-SE determines that the packets are part of the established flow, rewrites the packet headers, and switches the packets directly to Switch C, bypassing the router.