IPv6 Addressing and Basic Connectivity Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 1000)
IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting
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IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

The IPv6 ICMP rate limiting feature implements a token bucket algorithm for limiting the rate at which IPv6 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) error messages are sent out on the network.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the Feature Information Table at the end of this document.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

ICMP for IPv6

Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) in IPv6 functions the same as ICMP in IPv4. ICMP generates error messages, such as ICMP destination unreachable messages, and informational messages, such as ICMP echo request and reply messages. Additionally, ICMP packets in IPv6 are used in the IPv6 neighbor discovery process, path MTU discovery, and the Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) protocol for IPv6. MLD is used by IPv6 devices to discover multicast listeners (nodes that want to receive multicast packets destined for specific multicast addresses) on directly attached links. MLD is based on version 2 of the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) for IPv4.

A value of 58 in the Next Header field of the basic IPv6 packet header identifies an IPv6 ICMP packet. ICMP packets in IPv6 are like a transport-layer packet in the sense that the ICMP packet follows all the extension headers and is the last piece of information in the IPv6 packet. Within IPv6 ICMP packets, the ICMPv6 Type and ICMPv6 Code fields identify IPv6 ICMP packet specifics, such as the ICMP message type. The value in the Checksum field is derived (computed by the sender and checked by the receiver) from the fields in the IPv6 ICMP packet and the IPv6 pseudoheader. The ICMPv6 Data field contains error or diagnostic information relevant to IP packet processing. The figure below shows the IPv6 ICMP packet header format.

Figure 1. IPv6 ICMP Packet Header Format

IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

The IPv6 ICMP rate limiting feature implements a token bucket algorithm for limiting the rate at which IPv6 ICMP error messages are sent out on the network. The initial implementation of IPv6 ICMP rate limiting defined a fixed interval between error messages, but some applications such as traceroute often require replies to a group of requests sent in rapid succession. The fixed interval between error messages is not flexible enough to work with applications such as traceroute and can cause the application to fail.

Implementing a token bucket scheme allows a number of tokens--representing the ability to send one error message each--to be stored in a virtual bucket. The maximum number of tokens allowed in the bucket can be specified, and for every error message to be sent, one token is removed from the bucket. If a series of error messages is generated, error messages can be sent until the bucket is empty. When the bucket is empty of tokens, no IPv6 ICMP error messages are sent until a new token is placed in the bucket. The token bucket algorithm does not increase the average rate limiting time interval, and it is more flexible than the fixed time interval scheme.

How to Configure IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

Customizing IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ipv6 icmp error-interval milliseconds [bucketsize]


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ipv6 icmp error-interval milliseconds [bucketsize]


    Example:
    Device(config)# ipv6 icmp error-interval 50 20
     

    Customizes the interval and bucket size for IPv6 ICMP error messages.

     

    Configuration Examples for IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

    Example: IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting Configuration

    The following example shows an interval of 50 milliseconds and a bucket size of 20 tokens being configured for IPv6 ICMP error messages:

    ipv6 icmp error-interval 50 20

    Example: Displaying Information About ICMP Rate-Limited Counters

    In the following example, information about ICMP rate-limited counters is displayed:

    Device# show ipv6 traffic
    
    ICMP statistics:
      Rcvd: 188 input, 0 checksum errors, 0 too short
            0 unknown info type, 0 unknown error type
            unreach: 0 routing, 0 admin, 0 neighbor, 0 address, 0 port
            parameter: 0 error, 0 header, 0 option
            0 hopcount expired, 0 reassembly timeout,0 too big
            0 echo request, 0 echo reply
            0 group query, 0 group report, 0 group reduce
            1 router solicit, 175 router advert, 0 redirects
            0 neighbor solicit, 12 neighbor advert
      Sent: 7376 output, 56 rate-limited
            unreach: 0 routing, 15 admin, 0 neighbor, 0 address, 0 port
            parameter: 0 error, 0 header, 0 option
            0 hopcount expired, 0 reassembly timeout,0 too big
            15 echo request, 0 echo reply
            0 group query, 0 group report, 0 group reduce
            0 router solicit, 7326 router advert, 0 redirects
            2 neighbor solicit, 22 neighbor advert

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    IPv6 addressing and connectivity

    IPv6 Configuration Guide

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    IPv6 commands

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

    Cisco IOS IPv6 features

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

    Standards and RFCs

    Standard/RFC

    Title

    RFCs for IPv6

    IPv6 RFCs

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting

    12.2(8)T

    15.3(1)S

    Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

    The IPv6 ICMP Rate Limiting feature implements a token bucket algorithm for limiting the rate at which IPv6 ICMP error messages are sent out on the network.

    The following commands were introduced or modified: ipv6 icmp error-interval.