IPv6 Addressing and Basic Connectivity Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration
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IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

The IPv6 stateless autoconfiguration feature can be used to manage link, subnet, and site addressing changes.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the Feature Information Table at the end of this document.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

All interfaces on IPv6 nodes must have a link-local address, which is usually automatically configured from the identifier for an interface and the link-local prefix FE80::/10. A link-local address enables a node to communicate with other nodes on the link and can be used to further configure the node.

Nodes can connect to a network and automatically generate global IPv6 addresses without the need for manual configuration or help of a server, such as a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server. With IPv6, a device on the link advertises any global prefixes in Router Advertisement (RA) messages, as well as its willingness to function as a default device for the link. RA messages are sent periodically and in response to device solicitation messages, which are sent by hosts at system startup.

A node on the link can automatically configure global IPv6 addresses by appending its interface identifier (64 bits) to the prefixes (64 bits) included in the RA messages. The resulting 128-bit IPv6 addresses configured by the node are then subjected to duplicate address detection to ensure their uniqueness on the link. If the prefixes advertised in the RA messages are globally unique, then the IPv6 addresses configured by the node are also guaranteed to be globally unique. Device solicitation messages, which have a value of 133 in the Type field of the ICMP packet header, are sent by hosts at system startup so that the host can immediately autoconfigure without needing to wait for the next scheduled RA message.

Simplified Network Renumbering for IPv6 Hosts

The strict aggregation of the global routing table requires that networks be renumbered when the service provider for the network is changed. When the stateless autoconfiguration functionality in IPv6 is used to renumber a network, the prefix from a new service provider is added to RA messages that are sent on the link. (The RA messages contain both the prefix from the old service provider and the prefix from the new service provider.) Nodes on the link automatically configure additional addresses by using the prefix from the new service provider. The nodes can then use the addresses created from the new prefix and the existing addresses created from the old prefix on the link. Configuration of the lifetime parameters associated with the old and new prefixes means that nodes on the link can make the transition to using only addresses created from the new prefix. During a transition period, the old prefix is removed from RA messages and only addresses that contain the new prefix are used on the link (the renumbering is complete) (see the figure below).

Figure 1. IPv6 Network Renumbering for Hosts Using Stateless Autoconfiguration

How to Configure IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

Enabling IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface type number

    4.    ipv6 address autoconfig


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable 
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface type number


    Example:
    Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
     

    Specifies an interface type and number, and places the device in interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 ipv6 address autoconfig


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# ipv6 address autoconfig
     

    Enables automatic configuration of IPv6 addresses using stateless autoconfiguration on an interface and enables IPv6 processing on the interface.

     

    Configuration Examples for IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

    Example: Displaying IPv6 Interface Statistics

    In the following example, the show ipv6 interface command is used to verify that IPv6 addresses are configured correctly for GigabitEthernet interface 0/0/0. Information is also displayed about the status of IPv6 neighbor redirect messages, IPv6 neighbor discovery messages, and stateless autoconfiguration.

    Device# show ipv6 interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
    
    GigabitEthernet0/0/0 is up, line protocol is up
      IPv6 is stalled, link-local address is FE80::1 
      Global unicast address(es):
        2001:DB8:2000::1, subnet is 2001:DB8:2000::/64
        2001:DB8:3000::1, subnet is 2001:DB8:3000::/64
      Joined group address(es):
        FF02::1
        FF02::2
        FF02::1:FF00:1
      MTU is 1500 bytes
      ICMP error messages limited to one every 100 milliseconds
      ICMP redirects are enabled
      ND DAD is enabled, number of DAD attempts: 1
      ND reachable time is 30000 milliseconds
      ND advertised reachable time is 0 milliseconds
      ND advertised retransmit interval is 0 milliseconds
      ND router advertisements are sent every 200 seconds
      ND router advertisements live for 1800 seconds
      Hosts use stateless autoconfig for addresses.

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    IPv6 addressing and connectivity

    IPv6 Configuration Guide

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    IPv6 commands

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

    Cisco IOS IPv6 features

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

    Standards and RFCs

    Standard/RFC

    Title

    RFCs for IPv6

    IPv6 RFCs

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    IPv6 Stateless Autoconfiguration

    12.2(2)T

    12.2(17a)SX1

    12.2(25)SEA

    12.2(33)SRA

    12.2(25)SG

    15.0(2)SG

    15.3(1)S

    Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

    3.2.0SG

    The IPv6 stateless autoconfiguration feature can be used to manage link, subnet, and site addressing changes.

    The following command was introduced or modified: ipv6 address autoconfig.