IP SLAs Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 12.4T
Configuring HTTP Operations
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Configuring IP SLAs HTTP Operations

Contents

Configuring IP SLAs HTTP Operations

Last Updated: March 22, 2011

This module describes how to configure an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) HTTP operation to monitor the response time between a Cisco device and an HTTP server to retrieve a web page. The IP SLAs HTTP operation supports both the normal GET requests and customer RAW requests. This module also demonstrates how the results of the HTTP operation can be displayed and analyzed to determine how an HTTP server is performing.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the Feature Information Table at the end of this document.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Restrictions for IP SLAs HTTP Operations

  • IP SLAs HTTP operations support only HTTP/1.0.
  • HTTP/1.1 is not supported for any IP SLAs HTTP operation, including HTTP RAW requests.

Information About IP SLAs HTTP Operations

HTTP Operation

The HTTP operation measures the round-trip time (RTT) between a Cisco device and an HTTP server to retrieve a web page. The HTTP server response time measurements consist of three types:

  • DNS lookup--RTT taken to perform domain name lookup.
  • TCP Connect--RTT taken to perform a TCP connection to the HTTP server.
  • HTTP transaction time--RTT taken to send a request and get a response from the HTTP server. The operation retrieves only the home HTML page.

The DNS operation is performed first and the DNS RTT is measured. Once the domain name is found, a TCP Connect operation to the appropriate HTTP server is performed and the RTT for this operation is measured. The final operation is an HTTP request and the RTT to retrieve the home HTML page from the HTTP server is measured. One other measurement is made and called the time to first byte which measures the time from the start of the TCP Connect operation to the first HTML byte retrieved by the HTTP operation. The total HTTP RTT is a sum of the DNS RTT, the TCP Connect RTT, and the HTTP RTT.

For GET requests, IP SLAs will format the request based on the specified URL. For RAW requests, IP SLAs requires the entire content of the HTTP request. When a RAW request is configured, the raw commands are specified in HTTP RAW configuration mode. A RAW request is flexible and allows you to control fields such as authentication. An HTTP request can be made through a proxy server.

The results of an HTTP operation can be useful in monitoring your web server performance levels by determining the RTT taken to retrieve a web page.

How to Configure IP SLAs HTTP Operations

Configuring an HTTP GET Operation on the Source Device


Note


This operation does not require an IP SLAs Responder on the destination device.

Perform only one of the following tasks:

Configuring a Basic HTTP GET Operation on the Source Device

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    ip sla operation-number

4.    http {get | raw} url [name-server ip-address] [version version-number] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port port-number] [cache {enable | disable}] [proxy proxy-url]

5.    frequency seconds

6.    end


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable


Example:
Router> enable
 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2 configure terminal


Example:
Router# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3 ip sla operation-number


Example:
Router(config)# ip sla 10
 

Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

 
Step 4 http {get | raw} url [name-server ip-address] [version version-number] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port port-number] [cache {enable | disable}] [proxy proxy-url]


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla)# http get http://198.133.219.25
 

Defines an HTTP operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

 
Step 5 frequency seconds


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# frequency 90
 

(Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs HTTP operation repeats. The default and minimum frequency value for an IP SLAs HTTP operation is 60 seconds.

 
Step 6 end


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# end
 

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Configuring an HTTP GET Operation with Optional Parameters on the Source Device

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    ip sla operation-number

4.    http {get | raw} url [name-server ip-address] [version version-number] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port port-number] [cache {enable | disable}] [proxy proxy-url]

5.    history buckets-kept size

6.    history distributions-of-statistics-kept size

7.    history enhanced [interval seconds] [buckets number-of-buckets]

8.    history filter {none | all | overThreshold | failures}

9.    frequency seconds

10.    history hours-of-statistics-kept hours

11.    http-raw-request

12.    history lives-kept lives

13.    owner owner-id

14.    history statistics-distribution-interval milliseconds

15.    tag text

16.    threshold milliseconds

17.    timeout milliseconds

18.    tos number

19.    end


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable


Example:
Router> enable
 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2 configure terminal


Example:
Router# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3 ip sla operation-number


Example:
Router(config)# ip sla 10
 

Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

 
Step 4 http {get | raw} url [name-server ip-address] [version version-number] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port port-number] [cache {enable | disable}] [proxy proxy-url]


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla)# http get http://198.133.219.25
 

Defines an HTTP operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

 
Step 5 history buckets-kept size


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# history buckets-kept 25
 

(Optional) Sets the number of history buckets that are kept during the lifetime of an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 6 history distributions-of-statistics-kept size


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# history distributions-of-statistics-kept 5
 

(Optional) Sets the number of statistics distributions kept per hop during an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 7 history enhanced [interval seconds] [buckets number-of-buckets]


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# history enhanced interval 900 buckets 100
 

(Optional) Enables enhanced history gathering for an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 8 history filter {none | all | overThreshold | failures}


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# history filter failures
 

(Optional) Defines the type of information kept in the history table for an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 9 frequency seconds


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# frequency 90
 

(Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs HTTP operation repeats. The default and minimum frequency value for an IP SLAs HTTP operation is 60 seconds.

 
Step 10 history hours-of-statistics-kept hours


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# history hours-of-statistics-kept 4
 

(Optional) Sets the number of hours for which statistics are maintained for an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 11 http-raw-request


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# http-raw-request
 

(Optional) Explicitly specifies the options for a GET request for an IP SLAs HTTP operation.

 
Step 12 history lives-kept lives


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# history lives-kept 5
 

(Optional) Sets the number of lives maintained in the history table for an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 13 owner owner-id


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# owner admin 
 

(Optional) Configures the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) owner of an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 14 history statistics-distribution-interval milliseconds


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# history statistics-distribution-interval 10
 

(Optional) Sets the time interval for each statistics distribution kept for an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 15 tag text


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# tag TelnetPollServer1 
 

(Optional) Creates a user-specified identifier for an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 16 threshold milliseconds


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# threshold 10000
 

(Optional) Sets the upper threshold value for calculating network monitoring statistics created by an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 17 timeout milliseconds


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# timeout 10000 
 

(Optional) Sets the amount of time an IP SLAs operation waits for a response from its request packet.

 
Step 18 tos number


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# tos 160 
 

(Optional) Defines a type of service (ToS) byte in the IP header of an IP SLAs operation.

 
Step 19 end


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# end
 

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Configuring an HTTP RAW Operation on the Source Device


Note


This operation does not require an IP SLAs Responder on the destination device.
SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    ip sla operation-number

4.    http {get | raw} url [name-server ip-address] [version version-number] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port port-number] [cache {enable | disable}] [proxy proxy-url]

5.    http-raw-request

6.    Enter the required HTTP 1.0 command syntax.

7.    end


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable


Example:
Router> enable
 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2 configure terminal


Example:
Router# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3 ip sla operation-number


Example:
Router(config)# ip sla 10
 

Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

 
Step 4 http {get | raw} url [name-server ip-address] [version version-number] [source-ip {ip-address | hostname}] [source-port port-number] [cache {enable | disable}] [proxy proxy-url]


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla)# http raw http://198.133.219.25
 

Defines an HTTP operation.

 
Step 5 http-raw-request


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla)# http-raw-request
 

Enters HTTP RAW configuration mode.

 
Step 6 Enter the required HTTP 1.0 command syntax.

Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# GET /en/US/hmpgs/index.html HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n
 

Specifies all the required HTTP 1.0 commands.

 
Step 7 end


Example:
Router(config-ip-sla-http)# end 
 

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Scheduling IP SLAs Operations


Note


  • All IP SLAs operations to be scheduled must be already configured.
  • The frequency of all operations scheduled in a multioperation group must be the same.
  • List of one or more operation ID numbers to be added to a multioperation group is limited to a maximum of 125 characters, including commas (,).

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    Do one of the following:

  • ip sla schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh : mm[: ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh : mm : ss}] [ageout seconds] [recurring]
  • ip sla group schedule group-operation-number operation-id-numbers schedule-period schedule-period-range [ageout seconds] [frequency group-operation-frequency] [life{forever | seconds}] [start-time{hh:mm[:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}]

4.    exit

5.    show ip sla group schedule

6.    show ip sla configuration


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1 enable


Example:
Router> enable
 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2 configure terminal


Example:
Router# configure terminal
 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3 Do one of the following:
  • ip sla schedule operation-number [life {forever | seconds}] [start-time {hh : mm[: ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh : mm : ss}] [ageout seconds] [recurring]
  • ip sla group schedule group-operation-number operation-id-numbers schedule-period schedule-period-range [ageout seconds] [frequency group-operation-frequency] [life{forever | seconds}] [start-time{hh:mm[:ss] [month day | day month] | pending | now | after hh:mm:ss}]


Example:
Router(config)# ip sla schedule 10 start-time now life forever


Example:
Router(config)# ip sla group schedule 1 3,4,6-9 
 

For individual IP SLAs operations only:

Configures the scheduling parameters for an individual IP SLAs operation.

or

For multioperation scheduler only:

Specifies an IP SLAs operation group number and the range of operation numbers to be scheduled in global configuration mode.

 
Step 4 exit


Example:
Router(config)# exit
 

Exits to privileged EXEC mode.

 
Step 5 show ip sla group schedule


Example:
Router# show ip sla group schedule
 

(Optional) Displays the IP SLAs group schedule details.

 
Step 6 show ip sla configuration


Example:
Router# show ip sla configuration
 

(Optional) Displays the IP SLAs configuration details.

 

Troubleshooting Tips

  • If the IP SLAs operation is not running and generating statistics, add the verify-data command to the configuration of the operation (while configuring in IP SLA configuration mode) to enable data verification. When enabled, each operation response is checked for corruption. Use the verify-data command with caution during normal operations because it generates unnecessary overhead.
  • Use the debugipsla trace and debug ip sla error commands to help troubleshoot issues with an IP SLAs operation.

What to Do Next

To add proactive threshold conditions and reactive triggering for generating traps, or for starting another operation, to an IP SLAs operation, see the "Configuring Proactive Threshold Monitoring" section.

To view and interpret the results of an IP SLAs operation use the show ip sla statistics command. Checking the output for fields that correspond to criteria in your service level agreement will help you determine whether the service metrics are acceptable.

Configuration Examples for IP SLAs HTTP Operations

Example Configuring an HTTP GET Operation

The following example show how to create and configure operation number 8 as an HTTP GET operation. The destination URL IP address represents the www.cisco.com website. The following figure depicts the HTTP GET operation.

Figure 1. HTTP Operation

Router B Configuration

ip sla 8
 http get url http://198.133.219.25
!
ip sla schedule 8 start-time now

Example Configuring an HTTP RAW Operation

The following example shows how to configure an HTTP RAW operation. To use the RAW commands, enter HTTP RAW configuration mode by using the http-raw-request command in IP SLA configuration mode. The IP SLA HTTP RAW configuration mode is indicated by the (config-ip-sla-http) router prompt.

ip sla 8
 http raw url http://198.133.219.25
 http-raw-request
 GET /en/US/hmpgs/index.html HTTP/1.0\r\n
 \r\n
 end
ip sla schedule 8 life forever start-time now

Example Configuring an HTTP RAW Operation Through a Proxy Server

The following example shows how to configure an HTTP RAW operation through a proxy server. The proxy server is www.proxy.cisco.com and the HTTP server is www.yahoo.com.

ip sla 8
 http raw url http://www.proxy.cisco.com
 http-raw-request
 GET http://www.yahoo.com HTTP/1.0\r\n
 \r\n
 end
ip sla schedule 8 life forever start-time now
 

Example Configuring an HTTP RAW Operation with Authentication

The following example shows how to configure an HTTP RAW operation with authentication.

ip sla 8
 http raw url http://site-test.cisco.com
 http-raw-request
 GET /lab/index.html HTTP/1.0\r\n
 Authorization: Basic btNpdGT4biNvoZe=\r\n
 \r\n
 end
ip sla schedule 8 life forever start-time now
 

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic

Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

Cisco IOS IP SLAs commands

Cisco IOS IP SLAs Command Reference

Cisco IOS IP SLAs: general information

Cisco IOS IP SLAs Overview chapter of the Cisco IOS IP SLAs Configuration Guide.

Standards

Standards

Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

--

MIBs

MIBs

MIBs Link

CISCO-RTTMON-MIB

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs

RFCs

RFCs

Title

No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.

--

Technical Assistance

Description

Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html

Feature Information for IP SLAs HTTP Operations

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Table 1 Feature Information for IP SLAs HTTP Operations

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

IP SLAs HTTP Operation

12.2(31)SB2 12.2(33)SRB1 12.2(33)SXH 12.3(14)T 15.0(1)S Cisco IOS XE 3.1.0SG

The Cisco IOS IP SLAs Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) operation allows you to measure the network response time between a Cisco device and an HTTP server to retrieve a web page.

Cisco and the Cisco Logo are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. A listing of Cisco's trademarks can be found at www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1005R)

Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.