IP Routing: RIP Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
IPv6 Routing: RIP for IPv6
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IPv6 Routing: RIP for IPv6

IPv6 Routing: RIP for IPv6

IPv6 Routing Information Protocol (RIP) functions the same and offers the same benefits as IPv4 RIP. RIP enhancements for IPv6, detailed in RFC 2080, include support for IPv6 addresses and prefixes and the use of the all-RIP-devices multicast group address, FF02::9, as the destination address for RIP update messages.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About RIP for IPv6

RIP for IPv6

IPv6 RIP functions the same and offers the same benefits as RIP in IPv4. RIP enhancements for IPv6, detailed in RFC 2080, include support for IPv6 addresses and prefixes, and the use of the all-RIP-devices multicast group address FF02::9 as the destination address for RIP update messages.

In the Cisco software implementation of IPv6 RIP, each IPv6 RIP process maintains a local routing table, referred to as a Routing Information Database (RIB). The IPv6 RIP RIB contains a set of best-cost IPv6 RIP routes learned from all its neighboring networking devices. If IPv6 RIP learns the same route from two different neighbors, but with different costs, it will store only the lowest cost route in the local RIB. The RIB also stores any expired routes that the RIP process is advertising to its neighbors running RIP. IPv6 RIP will try to insert every non-expired route from its local RIB into the master IPv6 RIB. If the same route has been learned from a different routing protocol with a better administrative distance than IPv6 RIP, the RIP route will not be added to the IPv6 RIB but the RIP route will still exist in the IPv6 RIP RIB.

Nonstop Forwarding for IPv6 RIP

Cisco nonstop forwarding (NSF) continues forwarding packets while routing protocols converge, therefore avoiding a route flap on switchover. When an RP failover occurs, the Forwarding Information Base (FIB) marks installed paths as stale by setting a new epoch. Subsequently, the routing protocols reconverge and populate the RIB and FIB. Once all NSF routing protocols converge, any stale routes held in the FIB are removed. A failsafe timer is required to delete stale routes, in case of routing protocol failure to repopulate the RIB and FIB.

RIP registers as an IPv6 NSF client. Doing so has the benefit of using RIP routes installed in the Cisco Express Forwarding table until RIP has converged on the standby.

How to Configure RIP for IPv6

Enabling the IPv6 RIP Process

Before You Begin

Before configuring the device to run IPv6 RIP, globally enable IPv6 using the ipv6 unicast-routing command in global configuration mode, and enable IPv6 on any interfaces on which IPv6 RIP is to be enabled.

If you want to set or change a global value, follow steps 1 and 2, and then use the optional ipv6 router ripcommand in global configuration mode.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ipv6 unicast-routing

    4.    interface type number

    5.    ipv6 enable

    6.    ipv6 rip name enable


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ipv6 unicast-routing


    Example:
    Device(config)# ipv6 unicast-routing 
     

    Enables the forwarding of IPv6 unicast datagrams.

     
    Step 4 interface type number


    Example:
    Device(config)# interface Ethernet 0/0
     

    Specifies the interface type and number, and enters interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 5ipv6 enable


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# ipv6 enable
     

    Enables IPv6 processing on an interface that has not been configured with an explicit IPv6 address.

     
    Step 6 ipv6 rip name enable


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# ipv6 rip process1 enable
     

    Enables the specified IPv6 RIP routing process on an interface.

     

    Customizing IPv6 RIP

    Perform this optional task to customize IPv6 RIP by configuring the maximum numbers of equal-cost paths that IPv6 RIP will support, adjusting the IPv6 RIP timers, and originating a default IPv6 route.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    ipv6 router rip word

      4.    maximum-paths number-paths

      5.    exit

      6.    interface type number

      7.    ipv6 rip name default-information {only | originate} [metric metric-value]


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 ipv6 router rip word


      Example:
      Device(config)# ipv6 router rip process1
       

      Configures an IPv6 RIP routing process and enters router configuration mode for the IPv6 RIP routing process.

      • Use the wordargument to identify a specific IPv6 RIP routing process.

       
      Step 4 maximum-paths number-paths


      Example:
      Device(config-router)# maximum-paths 1
       

      (Optional) Defines the maximum number of equal-cost routes that IPv6 RIP can support.

      • The number-paths argument is an integer from 1 to 64. The default for RIP is four paths.

       
      Step 5 exit


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# exit
       

      Exits interface configuration mode and enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 6 interface type number


      Example:
      Device(config)# interface Ethernet 0/0
       

      Specifies the interface type and number, and enters interface configuration mode.

       
      Step 7 ipv6 rip name default-information {only | originate} [metric metric-value]


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# ipv6 rip process1 default-information originate
       

      (Optional) Originates the IPv6 default route (::/0) into the specified RIP routing process updates sent out of the specified interface.

      Note   

      To avoid routing loops after the IPv6 default route (::/0) is originated out of any interface, the routing process ignores all default routes received on any interface.

      • Specifying the only keyword originates the default route (::/0) but suppresses all other routes in the updates sent on this interface.

      • Specifying the originate keyword originates the default route (::/0) in addition to all other routes in the updates sent on this interface.

       

      Verifying IPv6 RIP Configuration and Operation

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    show ipv6 rip [name][database| next-hops]

        2.    show ipv6 route [ipv6-address| ipv6-prefix/prefix-length| protocol | interface-type interface-number]

        3.    enable

        4.    debug ipv6 rip [interface-type interface-number]


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 show ipv6 rip [name][database| next-hops]


        Example:
        Device> show ipv6 rip process1 database
         

        (Optional) Displays information about current IPv6 RIP processes.

        • In this example, IPv6 RIP process database information is displayed for the specified IPv6 RIP process.

         
        Step 2 show ipv6 route [ipv6-address| ipv6-prefix/prefix-length| protocol | interface-type interface-number]


        Example:
        Device> show ipv6 route rip
         

        (Optional) Displays the current contents of the IPv6 routing table.

        • In this example, only IPv6 RIP routes are displayed.

         
        Step 3 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         

        Enables higher privilege levels, such as privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.

         
        Step 4 debug ipv6 rip [interface-type interface-number]


        Example:
        Device# debug ipv6 rip
         

        (Optional) Displays debugging messages for IPv6 RIP routing transactions.

         

        Configuration Examples for RIP for IPv6

        Example: Enabling the RIP for IPv6 Process

        In the following example, the IPv6 RIP process named process1 is enabled on the device and on Ethernet interface 0/0. The IPv6 default route (::/0) is advertised in addition to all other routes in device updates sent on Ethernet interface 0/0. Additionally, BGP routes are redistributed into the RIP process named process1 according to a route map where routes that match a prefix list are also tagged. The number of parallel paths is set to one to allow the route tagging, and the IPv6 RIP timers are adjusted. A prefix list named eth0/0-in-flt filters inbound routing updates on Ethernet interface 0/0.

        ipv6 router rip process1
         maximum-paths 1
         redistribute bgp 65001 route-map bgp-to-rip
         distribute-list prefix-list eth0/0-in-flt in Ethernet0/0
        !
        interface Ethernet0/0
         ipv6 address 2001:DB8::/64 eui-64
         ipv6 rip process1 enable
         ipv6 rip process1 default-information originate
        !
        ipv6 prefix-list bgp-to-rip-flt seq 10 deny 2001:DB8:3::/16 le 128
        ipv6 prefix-list bgp-to-rip-flt seq 20 permit 2001:DB8:1::/8 le 128
        !
        ipv6 prefix-list eth0/0-in-flt seq 10 deny ::/0
        ipv6 prefix-list eth0/0-in-flt seq 15 permit ::/0 le 128
        !
        route-map bgp-to-rip permit 10
         match ipv6 address prefix-list bgp-to-rip-flt
         set tag 4

        In the following example, output information about all current IPv6 RIP processes is displayed using the show ipv6 rip command:

        Device> show ipv6 rip
        
        RIP process "process1", port 521, multicast-group FF02::9, pid 62
             Administrative distance is 120. Maximum paths is 1
             Updates every 5 seconds, expire after 15
             Holddown lasts 10 seconds, garbage collect after 30
             Split horizon is on; poison reverse is off
             Default routes are generated
             Periodic updates 223, trigger updates 1
          Interfaces:
            Ethernet0/0
          Redistribution:
            Redistributing protocol bgp 65001 route-map bgp-to-rip

        In the following example, output information about a specified IPv6 RIP process database is displayed using the show ipv6 rip command with the name argument and the database keyword. In the following output for the IPv6 RIP process named process1, timer information is displayed, and route 2001:DB8::16/64 has a route tag set:

        Device> show ipv6 rip process1 database
        
        RIP process "process1", local RIB
         2001:DB8::/64, metric 2
             Ethernet0/0/FE80::A8BB:CCFF:FE00:B00, expires in 13 secs
         2001:DB8::/16, metric 2 tag 4, installed
             Ethernet0/0/FE80::A8BB:CCFF:FE00:B00, expires in 13 secs
         2001:DB8:1::/16, metric 2 tag 4, installed
             Ethernet0/0/FE80::A8BB:CCFF:FE00:B00, expires in 13 secs
         2001:DB8:2::/16, metric 2 tag 4, installed
             Ethernet0/0/FE80::A8BB:CCFF:FE00:B00, expires in 13 secs
         ::/0, metric 2, installed
             Ethernet0/0/FE80::A8BB:CCFF:FE00:B00, expires in 13 secs

        In the following example, output information for a specified IPv6 RIP process is displayed using the show ipv6 rip command with the name argument and the next-hops keyword:

        Device> show ipv6 rip process1 next-hops
        
        RIP process "process1", Next Hops
          FE80::A8BB:CCFF:FE00:A00/Ethernet0/0 [4 paths]

        Additional References

        Related Documents

        Related Topic

        Document Title

        IPv6 addressing and connectivity

        IPv6 Configuration Guide

        Configuring Routing Information Protocol

        Cisco IOS IP Routing: RIP Configuration Guide

        Cisco IOS commands

        Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

        IPv6 commands

        Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

        Cisco IOS IPv6 features

        Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

        Standards and RFCs

        Standard/RFC

        Title

        RFCs for IPv6

        IPv6 RFCs

        MIBs

        MIB

        MIBs Link

        To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

        Technical Assistance

        Description

        Link

        The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

        Feature Information for RIP for IPv6

        The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

        Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

        Table 1 Feature Information for RIP for IPv6

        Feature Name

        Releases

        Feature Information

        IPv6 Routing: RIP for IPv6 (RIPng)

        12.2(2)T

        12.2(17a)SX1

        12.2(25)SEA

        12.2(25)SG

        12.2(33)SRA

        12.3

        15.0(2)SG

        Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

        Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2.0SG

        RIP enhancements for IPv6 include support for IPv6 addresses and prefixes, and the use of the all-RIP-devices multicast group address FF02::9 as the destination address for RIP update messages.

        The following commands were introduced or modified: debug ipv6 rip, ipv6 rip default-information, ipv6 rip enable, ipv6 router rip, ipv6 unicast-routing, maximum-paths, show ipv6 rip, show ipv6 route.

        IPv6: RIPng Nonstop Forwarding

        12.2(33)SRE

        15.0(1)S

        15.0(1)SY

        Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

        The IPv6 RIPng nonstop forwarding feature is supported.