IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 1000)
OSPF Nonstop Routing
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OSPF Nonstop Routing

OSPF Nonstop Routing

The OSPF Nonstop Routing feature allows a device with redundant Route Processors (RPs) to maintain its Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) state and adjacencies across planned and unplanned RP switchovers. The OSPF state is maintained by checkpointing the state information from OSPF on the active RP to the standby RP. After a switchover to the standby RP, OSPF uses the checkpointed information to continue operations without interruption.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for OSPF NSR

  • OSPF NSR is available for platforms with redundant RPs or Cisco IOS software redundancy running Cisco IOS Release XE 3.3S or later releases.

Restrictions for OSPF NSR

  • OSPF nonstop routing (NSR) can significantly increase the memory used by OSPF during certain phases of its operation. CPU usage also can be increased. You should be aware of router memory capacity and estimate the likely memory requirements of OSPF NSR. For more information see Configuring OSPF NSR. For routers where memory and CPU are constrained you might want to consider using OSPF NSF instead. For more information, see OSPF RFC 3623 Graceful Restart Helper Mode.
  • A switchover from the active to the standby RP can take several seconds, depending on the hardware platform, and during this time OSPF is unable to send Hello packets. As a result, configurations that use small OSPF dead intervals might not be able to maintain adjacencies across a switchover.

Information About OSPFv3 Authentication Trailer

OSPF NSR Functionality

Although OSPF Nonstop Routing (NSR) serves a similar function to OSPF Nonstop Forwarding (NSF), it works differently. With NSF, OSPF on the newly active standby RP initially has no state information. OSPF uses extensions to the OSPF protocol to recover its state from neighboring OSPF devices. For the recovery to work, the neighbors must support the NSF protocol extensions and be willing to act as “helpers” to the device that is restarting. The neighbors must also continue forwarding data traffic to the device that is restarting while protocol state recovery takes place.

With NSR, by contrast, the device that performs the switchover preserves its state internally, and in most cases the neighbors are unaware of the switchover. Because assistance is not needed from neighboring devices, NSR can be used in situations where NSF cannot be used; for example, in networks where not all neighbors implement the NSF protocol extensions, or where network topology changes during the recovery making NSF unreliable, use NSR instead of NSF.

How to Configure OSPF Nonstop Routing

Configuring OSPF NSR

Perform this task to configure OSPF NSR.

NSR adds a single new line, "nsr," to the OSPF router mode configuration. Routers that do not support NSR, for whatever reason, will not accept this command.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    router ospf process-id

    4.    nsr

    5.    end

    6.    show ip ospf [ process-id ] nsr [[ objects ]|[ statistics ]]


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 router ospf process-id


    Example:
    Router(config)# router ospf 109
     

    Places the router in router configuration mode and configures an OSPF routing process.

     
    Step 4 nsr


    Example:
    Router(config-router)# nsr
     

    Configures NSR.

     
    Step 5 end


    Example:
    Router(config-router)# end
     

    Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 6 show ip ospf [ process-id ] nsr [[ objects ]|[ statistics ]]


    Example:
    Router# show ip ospf 109 nsr
     

    Displays OSPF NSR status information.

     

    Troubleshooting Tips

    OSPF NSR can increase the amount of memory used by the OSPF device process. To determine how much memory OSPF is currently using without NSR, you can use the show processes and show processes memory commands:

    Device# show processes|include OSPF
    
     276 Mwe  133BE14         1900       1792    1060 8904/12000  0 OSPF-1 Router
     296 Mwe  133A824           10        971      10 8640/12000  0 OSPF-1 Hello
    

    Process 276 is the OSPF device process that is to be checked. Use the show processes memory command to display its current memory use:

    Device# show processes memory 276
    
    Process ID: 276
    Process Name: OSPF-1 Router
    Total Memory Held: 4454800 bytes 

    In the above example, OSPF is using 4,454,800 bytes, or approximately 4.5 megabytes (MB). Because OSPF NSR can consume double this memory for brief periods, ensure that the device has at least 5 MB of free memory before enabling OSPF NSR.

    Configuration Examples for OSPF Nonstop Routing

    Example: Configuring OSPF NSR

    The following example shows how to configure OSPF NSR:

    Device> enable
    Device# configure terminal
    Device(config)# router ospf 1
    Device(config-router)# nsr
    Device(config-router)# end
    Device# show ip ospf 1 nsr
    Standby RP
     Operating in duplex mode
     Redundancy state: STANDBY HOT
     Peer redundancy state: ACTIVE
     ISSU negotation complete
     ISSU versions compatible
    Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 10.1.1.100
     NSR configured
     Checkpoint message sequence number: 3290
     Standby synchronization state: synchronized
     Bulk sync operations:  1
     Last sync start time:  15:22:48.971 UTC Fri Jan 14 2011
     Last sync finish time: 15:22:48.971 UTC Fri Jan 14 2011
     Last sync lost time:   -
     Last sync reset time:  -
     LSA Count: 2, Checksum Sum 0x00008AB4
    

    The output shows that OSPF NSR is configured and that OSPF on the standby RP is fully synchronized and ready to continue operation should the active RP fail or if a manual switchover is performed.

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    OSPF commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, command history, usage guidelines, and examples

    Cisco IOS IP Routing: OSPF Command Reference

    Configuring OSPF

    “Configuring OSPF” in the IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide.

    OSPFv2 loop-free alternate fast reroute

    “OSPFv2 Loop-Free Alternate Fast Reroute” in the IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide

    Standards and RFCs

    Standard/RFC

    Title

    RFC 5286

    Basic Specification for IP Fast Reroute: Loop-Free Alternates

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for OSPF NSR

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for OSPF NSR

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    OSPF NSR

    XE 3.3S

    Cisco IOS Release 15.1(1)SY

    The OSPF NSR feature allows a router with redundant route processors to maintain its OSPF state and adjacencies across planned and unplanned RP switchovers.

    In Cisco IOS Release XE 3.3S, this feature was introduced.

    The following commands were introduced or modified: nsr, show ip ospf nsr.