IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 1000)
OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option
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OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

The Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3) external path preference option feature provides a way to calculate external path preferences per RFC 5340.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

Per RFC 5340, the following rules indicate which paths are preferred when multiple intra-AS paths are available to ASBRs or forwarding addresses:

  • Intra-area paths using nonbackbone areas are always the most preferred.
  • The other paths, intraarea backbone paths and interarea paths, are of equal preference.

These rules apply when the same ASBR is reachable through multiple areas, or when trying to decide which of several AS-external-LSAs should be preferred. In the former case the paths all terminate at the same ASBR, and in the latter the paths terminate at separate ASBRs or forwarding addresses. In either case, each path is represented by a separate routing table entry. This feature applies only when RFC 1583 compatibility is set to disabled using the no compatibility rfc1583 command (RFC 5340 provides an update to RFC 1583).


Caution


To minimize the chance of routing loops, set identical RFC compatibility for all OSPF routers in an OSPF routing domain.


How to Calculate OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

Calculating OSPFv3 External Path Preferences per RFC 5340

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    router ospfv3 [process-id]

    4.    no compatible rfc1583


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 router ospfv3 [process-id]


    Example:
    Device(config)# router ospfv3 1
     

    Enables OSPFv3 router configuration mode for the IPv4 or IPv6 address family.

     
    Step 4 no compatible rfc1583


    Example:
    Device(config-router)# no compatible rfc1583
     

    Changes the method used to calculate external path preferences per RFC 5340.

     

    Configuration Examples for OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

    Example: Calculating OSPFv3 External Path Preferences per RFC 5340

    show ospfv3
    
    Routing Process "ospfv3 1" with ID 10.1.1.1
     SPF schedule delay 5 secs, Hold time between two SPFs 10 secs
     Minimum LSA interval 5 secs. Minimum LSA arrival 1 secs
     LSA group pacing timer 240 secs
     Interface flood pacing timer 33 msecs
     Retransmission pacing timer 66 msecs
     Number of external LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x000000
     Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
     Reference bandwidth unit is 100 mbps
     RFC 1583 compatibility disabled
        Area BACKBONE(0) (Inactive)
            Number of interfaces in this area is 1
            SPF algorithm executed 1 times
            Number of LSA 1. Checksum Sum 0x00D03D
            Number of DCbitless LSA 0
            Number of indication LSA 0
            Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
            Flood list length 0
    

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    IPv6 addressing and connectivity

    IPv6 Configuration Guide

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    IPv6 commands

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

    Cisco IOS IPv6 features

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

    OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

    Configuring OSPF ” module

    Standards and RFCs

    Standard/RFC

    Title

    RFCs for IPv6

    IPv6 RFCs

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    OSPFv3 External Path Preference Option

    Cisco IOS XE Release 3.4S

    This feature provides a way to calculate external path preferences per RFC 5340.

    The following commands were introduced or modified: compatible rfc1583, show ospfv3.