IP Routing: ISIS Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 1000)
Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence
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Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

Last Updated: December 4, 2012

This module describes how to configure an IS-IS router with parameters that are recommended as a basic step to improve network convergence.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

  • It is assumed that you already have IS-IS running on your network.
  • Before performing the tasks in this module, you should be familiar with the concepts described in the "Overview of IS-IS Fast Convergence" module.

Information About Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

General Steps for Improving Convergence Time in the IS-IS Network

The process described in this module consists of configuration commands that are recommended as general first steps for improving convergence time in any IS-IS network. Performing the steps in the following process can help you save network resources and speed up network convergence.

To minimize the number of adjacencies, LSDBs, and related SPF and PRC computations that are performed, it is recommended that you have configured all Level 1 routers as Level 1 by using the is-type command. We recommend that you use the metric-style wide command because some features, such as setting prefix tags and MPLS traffic engineering, require that routers that are running IS-IS generate the new-style TLVs that have wider metric fields. If you use the default narrow metric style for IS-IS, the router generates and accepts old-style type, length, and value objects (TLVs). For more information on setting prefix tags, see the "Reducing Alternate-Path Calculation Times in IS-IS Networks" module.

How to Set Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    router isis [area- tag]

4.    is-type [level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2-only]

5.    metric-style wide [transition] [level-1 | level-2 | level-1-2]

6.    set-overload-bit [on-startup {seconds | wait-for-bgp}] [suppress {interlevel| external}]

7.    no hello padding

8.    end


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Router> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Router# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
router isis [area- tag]


Example:

Router(config)# router isis

 

Enables IS-IS as an IP routing protocol and assigns a tag to a process, if required.

  • Enters router configuration mode.
 
Step 4
is-type [level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2-only]


Example:

Router(config-router)# is-type level-1

 

Configures the routing level for an instance of the IS-IS routing process.

  • It is recommended that IS-IS nodes that operate at a single level be configured as Level 1 to minimize the number of adjacencies, LDSBs, and related SPF and PRC calculations.
Note    You can also set the IS-IS level type on the interface by entering the isis circuit-type command.
 
Step 5
metric-style wide [transition] [level-1 | level-2 | level-1-2]


Example:

Router(config-router)# metric-style wide

 

Globally changes the metric value for all IS-IS interfaces.

  • Wide style metrics are required for prefix tagging.
 
Step 6
set-overload-bit [on-startup {seconds | wait-for-bgp}] [suppress {interlevel| external}]


Example:

Router(config-router)# set-overload-bit on-startup 360

 

Configures the router to signal other routers not to use it as an intermediate hop in their shortest path first (SPF) calculations.

  • Setting the overload bit gives the router enough time to build its BGP and CEF tables prior to the router being used as a transit node.
 
Step 7
no hello padding


Example:

Router(config-router)# no hello padding

 

Disables IS-IS hello padding at the router level.

  • By default the IS-IS Hello PDUs are padded to the full MTU size, possibly having a negative impact on time-sensitive application traffic that travels across low-bandwidth interfaces or on interface buffer resources when frequent hellos are configured. It is recommended to globally disable hello padding.
 
Step 8
end


Example:

Router(config-router)# end

 

Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Configuration Examples for Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

Example Enabling IS-IS on a Router and Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

The following example enables the IS-IS routing protocol on the interfaces for Router A, enables IS-IS on Router A, and configures Router A with the basic commands recommended to optimize IS-IS network convergence.

Router A

!
clns routing
process-max-time 50
ip routing protocol purge interface
router isis 
 passive-interface Loopback0
 net 49.1962.XXXX.XXXX.XXXX.00
 is-type level-2-only
 ispf level-2
 log-adjacency-changes
 ignore-lsp-errors
 metric-style wide level-2
 external overload signalling !Configure on Cisco 12000 series Internet routers
 set-overload-bit on-startup 180
 max-lsp-lifetime 65535
 lsp-refresh-interval 65000
 spf-interval 5 1 50
 prc-interval 5 1 50
 lsp-gen-interval 5 1 50
 no hello padding
 authentication mode md5 level-2
 authentication key-chain ON
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0 
 mpls traffic-eng level-2			
!
interface GigabitEthernet x/x/x
 negotiation auto
 ip router isis
 mtu 4470
 isis network point-to-point
 isis metric <metric> level-2
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 isis authentication mode md5 level-2
 isis authentication key-chain ON
 carrier-delay ms 0
 dampening
interface POSx/y/x
 carrier-delay msec 0
 dampening
 ip router isis
 no peer neighbor-route
 isis metric 1 level-2
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 isis authentication mode md5 level-2
 isis authentication key-chain ON
 pos ais-shut
 pos report lais
 pos report lrdi
 pos report pais
 pos report prdi
 pos report slos
 pos report slof
!
key chain ON
 key 1
  key-string mypassword

Where to Go Next

To configure features to improve IS-IS network convergence times, complete the optional tasks in one or more of the following modules:

  • "Reducing Failure Detection Times in IS-IS Networks"
  • "Reducing Alternate-Path Calculation Times in IS-IS Networks"

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic

Document Title

IS-IS commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, command history, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS IP Routing: ISIS Command Reference

Overview of Cisco IS-IS conceptual information

"Overview of IS-IS Fast Convergence"

Cisco IOS master command list, all releases

Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

Standards

Standard

Title

No new or modified standards are supported, and support for existing standards has not been modified.

--

MIBs

MIB

MIBs Link

No new or modified MIBs are supported by this feature, and support for existing MIBs has not been modified by this feature.

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS XE software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs

RFCs

RFC

Title

No new or modified RFCs are supported, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified.

--

Technical Assistance

Description

Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html

Feature Information for Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Table 1 Feature Information for Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

Setting Best Practice Parameters for IS-IS Fast Convergence

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

This feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)

Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

© 2012 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.