IP Routing: ISIS Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 12.4T
Overview of IS-IS Fast Convergence
Overview of IS-IS Fast Convergence
Last Updated: January 30, 2012
This module provides information about the topics of Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) fast convergence. The tasks in the modules that follow this overview can help you improve convergence times for IS-IS networks.
Finding Feature Information
Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the Feature Information Table at the end of this document.
Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Prerequisites for IS-IS Fast Convergence
You should be familiar with the concepts described in the "Integrated IS-IS Routing Protocol Overview" module.
Information About IS-IS Fast Convergence
Convergence is the process of all routers coming to agreement on optimal routes in a network. When a network event causes routes to become available or unavailable, routers send routing update messages through the network that cause routing algorithms to recalculate optimal routes. Eventually all the routers agree on the routes as well as the network topology. Fast convergence benefits network performance. Routing algorithms that converge slowly may cause temporary routing loops or temporary network unavailability.
The process of network convergence can be divided into three separate stages:
An improvement in any one of these stages provides an improvement in overall convergence. In addition to a basic configuration task that is recommended as a first step in configuring an IS-IS router with best practice parameters for achieving fast convergence, several recommended configuration tasks are grouped according to the stage of network convergence they can improve. For more information, see the following modules:
Design Recommendations for Achieving Faster Network Convergence
A faster processor can provide better performance for network convergence.
On some Cisco routers such as the Cisco 12000, 10000, 7600 and 6500 series Internet routers, the control-plane and forwarding-plane are separated. Tasks associated with network convergence such as shortest path first (SPF) calculation, routing table updates, and server functions for information distribution to line cards are supported separately from packet forwarding tasks. By leveraging the separated control-plane CPU, network convergence tasks are handled more efficiently.
Where to Go Next
To configure features to improve IS-IS network convergence times, complete the optional tasks in one or more of the following modules:
To enhance IS-IS network security, see the "Enhancing Security in an IS-IS Network" module.
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Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.
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