IP Routing: EIGRP Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
EIGRP
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EIGRP

Contents

EIGRP

The Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) is an enhanced version of the Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP) developed by Cisco. The convergence properties and the operating efficiency of EIGRP have improved substantially over IGRP, and IGRP is now obsolete.

The convergence technology of EIGRP is based on an algorithm called the Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL). The algorithm guarantees loop-free operation at every instant throughout a route computation and allows all devices involved in a topology change to synchronize. Devices that are not affected by topology changes are not involved in recomputations.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About Configuring EIGRP

EIGRP Features

  • Increased network width--With IP Routing Information Protocol (RIP), the largest possible width of your network is 15 hops. When EIGRP is enabled, the largest possible width is increased to 100 hops, and the EIGRP metric is large enough to support thousands of hops.
  • Fast convergence--The DUAL algorithm allows routing information to converge as quickly as any currently available routing protocol.
  • Partial updates--EIGRP sends incremental updates when the state of a destination changes, instead of sending the entire contents of the routing table. This feature minimizes the bandwidth required for EIGRP packets.
  • Neighbor discovery mechanism--This simple protocol-independent hello mechanism is used to learn about neighboring devices.
  • Scaling--EIGRP scales to large networks.

EIGRP Autonomous System Configuration

Configuring the router eigrp command with the autonomous-system-number argument creates an EIGRP configuration called the EIGRP autonomous system configuration, or EIGRP classic mode. The EIGRP autonomous system configuration creates an EIGRP routing instance that can be used for exchanging routing information.

In EIGRP autonomous system configurations, EIGRP VPNs can be configured only under IPv4 address family configuration mode. A virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) instance and a route distinguisher must be defined before the address family session can be created.

When the address family is configured, we recommend that you configure an autonomous system number either by using the autonomous-system-number argument with the address-family command or by using the autonomous-system command.

EIGRP Named Configuration

Configuring the router eigrp command with the virtual-instance-name argument creates an EIGRP configuration referred to as the EIGRP named configuration or EIGRP named mode. An EIGRP named configuration does not create an EIGRP routing instance by itself; it is a base configuration that is required to define address-family configurations that are used for routing.

In EIGRP named configurations, EIGRP VPNs can be configured in IPv4 and IPv6 named configurations. A VRF instance and a route distinguisher must be defined before the address family session can be created.

A single EIGRP routing process can support multiple VRFs. The number of VRFs that can be configured is limited only by the available system resources on the device, which is determined by the number running processes and available memory. However, only a single VRF can be supported by each VPN, and redistribution between different VRFs is not supported.

EIGRP Neighbor Relationship Maintenance

Neighbor relationship maintenance is the process that devices use to dynamically learn of other devices on their directly attached networks. Devices must also discover when their neighbors become unreachable or inoperative. Neighbor relationship maintenance is achieved with low overhead by devices when they periodically send small hello packets to each other. As long as hello packets are received, the Cisco software can determine whether a neighbor is alive and functioning. After the status of the neighbor is determined, neighboring devices can exchange routing information.

The reliable transport protocol is responsible for the guaranteed, ordered delivery of Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) packets to all neighbors. The reliable transport protocol supports intermixed transmission of multicast and unicast packets. Some EIGRP packets (such as updates) must be sent reliably; this means that the packets require acknowledgment from the destination. For efficiency, reliability is provided only when necessary. For example, on a multiaccess network that has multicast capabilities, hello packets need not be sent reliably to all neighbors individually. Therefore, EIGRP sends a single multicast hello packet with an indication in the packet informing receivers that the packet need not be acknowledged. The reliable transport protocol can send multicast packets quickly when unacknowledged packets are pending, thereby ensuring that the convergence time remains low in the presence of varying speed links.

Some EIGRP remote unicast-listen (any neighbor that uses unicast to communicate) and remote multicast-group neighbors may peer with any device that sends a valid hello packet, thus causing security concerns. By authenticating the packets that are exchanged between neighbors, you can ensure that a device accepts packets only from devices that know the preshared authentication key.

Neighbor Authentication

The authentication of packets being sent between neighbors ensures that a device accepts packets only from devices that have the same preshared key. If this authentication is not configured, you can intentionally or accidentally add another device to the network or send packets with different or conflicting route information onto the network, resulting in topology corruption and denial of service (DoS).

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) authentication is configurable on a per-interface basis; packets exchanged between neighbors connected through an interface are authenticated. EIGRP supports message digest algorithm 5 (MD5) authentication to prevent the introduction of unauthorized information from unapproved sources. MD5 authentication is defined in RFC 1321.

DUAL Finite State Machine

The DUAL finite state machine embodies the decision process for all route computations. It tracks all routes advertised by all neighbors. DUAL uses the distance information (known as the metric) to select efficient, loop-free paths. DUAL selects routes to be inserted into a routing table based on feasible successors. A successor is a neighboring device (used for packet forwarding) that has the least-cost path to a destination that is guaranteed not to be part of a routing loop. When there are no feasible successors but only neighbors advertising the destination, a recomputation must occur to determine a new successor. The time required to recompute the route affects the convergence time. Recomputation is processor-intensive, and unnecessary recomputation must be avoided. When a topology change occurs, DUAL will test for feasible successors. If there are feasible successors, DUAL will use any feasible successors it finds to avoid unnecessary recomputation.

Protocol-Dependent Modules

Protocol-dependent modules are responsible for network-layer protocol-specific tasks. An example is the EIGRP module, which is responsible for sending and receiving EIGRP packets that are encapsulated in the IP. The EIGRP module is also responsible for parsing EIGRP packets and informing DUAL about the new information received. EIGRP asks DUAL to make routing decisions, but the results are stored in the IP routing table. Also, EIGRP is responsible for redistributing routes learned from other IP routing protocols.

Goodbye Message

The goodbye message is a feature designed to improve EIGRP network convergence. The goodbye message is broadcast when an EIGRP routing process is shut down to inform adjacent peers about an impending topology change. This feature allows supporting EIGRP peers to synchronize and recalculate neighbor relationships more efficiently than would occur if the peers discovered the topology change after the hold timer expired.

The following message is displayed by devices that run a supported release when a goodbye message is received:

 *Apr 26 13:48:42.523: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP(0) 1: Neighbor 10.1.1.1   (Ethernet0/0) is down: Interface Goodbye received

A Cisco device that runs a software release that does not support the goodbye message can misinterpret the message as a K-value mismatch and display the following error message:

 *Apr 26 13:48:41.811: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP(0) 1: Neighbor     10.1.1.1 (Ethernet0/0) is down: K-value mismatch

Note


The receipt of a goodbye message by a nonsupporting peer does not disrupt normal network operation. The nonsupporting peer terminates the session when the hold timer expires. The sending and receiving devices reconverge normally after the sender reloads.


EIGRP Metric Weights

You can use the metric weights command to adjust the default behavior of Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) routing and metric computations. EIGRP metric defaults (K values) have been carefully selected to provide optimal performance in most networks.


Note


Adjusting EIGRP metric weights can dramatically affect network performance. Because of the complexity of this task, we recommend that you do not change the default K values without guidance from an experienced network designer.


By default, the EIGRP composite cost metric is a 32-bit quantity that is the sum of segment delays and the lowest segment bandwidth (scaled and inverted) for a given route. The formula used to scale and invert the bandwidth value is 107/minimum bandwidth in kilobits per second. However, with the EIGRP Wide Metrics feature, the EIGRP composite cost metric is scaled to include 64-bit metric calculations for EIGRP named mode configurations.

For a network of homogeneous media, this metric reduces to a hop count. For a network of mixed media (FDDI, Gigabit Ethernet (GE), and serial lines running from 9600 bits per second to T1 rates), the route with the lowest metric reflects the most desirable path to a destination.

Mismatched K Values

EIGRP K values are the metrics that EIGRP uses to calculate routes. Mismatched K values can prevent neighbor relationships from being established and can negatively impact network convergence. The example given below explains this behavior between two EIGRP peers (Device-A and Device-B).

The following configuration is applied to Device-A. The K values are changed using the metric weights command. A value of 2 is entered for the k1 argument to adjust the bandwidth calculation. A value of 1 is entered for the k3 argument to adjust the delay calculation.

Device(config)# hostname Device-A
Device-A(config)# interface serial 0 
Device-A(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 
Device-A(config-if)# exit
Device-A(config)# router eigrp name1 
Device-A(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4533
Device-A(config-router-af)# network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 
Device-A(config-router-af)# metric weights 0 2 0 1 0 0 1

The following configuration is applied to Device-B, and the default K values are used. The default K values are 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, and 0.

Device(config)# hostname Device-B
Device-B(config)# interface serial 0
Device-B(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1.2 255.255.255.0
Device-B(config-if)# exit
Device-B(config)# router eigrp name1 
Device-B(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 4533
Device-B(config-router-af)# network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255
Device-B(config-router-af)# metric weights 0 1 0 1 0 0 0

The bandwidth calculation is set to 2 on Device-A and set to 1 (by default) on Device-B. This configuration prevents these peers from forming a neighbor relationship.

The following error message is displayed on the console of Device-B because the K values are mismatched:

*Apr 26 13:48:41.811: %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP(0) 1: Neighbor 10.1.1.1 (Ethernet0/0) is down: K-value mismatch

The following are two scenarios where the above error message can be displayed:

  • Two devices are connected on the same link and configured to establish a neighbor relationship. However, each device is configured with different K values.
  • One of two peers has transmitted a “peer-termination” message (a message that is broadcast when an EIGRP routing process is shut down), and the receiving device does not support this message. The receiving device will interpret this message as a K-value mismatch.

Routing Metric Offset Lists

An offset list is a mechanism for increasing incoming and outgoing metrics to routes learned via EIGRP. Optionally, you can limit the offset list with either an access list or an interface.


Note


Offset lists are available only in IPv4 configurations. IPv6 configurations do not support offset lists.


EIGRP Cost Metrics

When EIGRP receives dynamic raw radio link characteristics, it computes a composite EIGRP cost metric based on a proprietary formula. To avoid churn in the network as a result of a change in the link characteristics, a tunable dampening mechanism is used.

EIGRP uses metric weights along with a set of vector metrics to compute the composite metric for local RIB installation and route selections. The EIGRP composite cost metric is calculated using the formula:

EIGRP composite cost metric = 256*((K1*Bw) + (K2*Bw)/(256 – Load) + (K3*Delay)*(K5/(Reliability + K4)))

EIGRP uses one or more vector metrics to calculate the composite cost metric. The table below lists EIGRP vector metrics and their descriptions.

Table 1 EIGRP Vector Metrics

Vector Metric

Description

bandwidth

The minimum bandwidth of the route, in kilobits per second. It can be 0 or any positive integer. The bandwidth for the formula is scaled and inverted by the following formula:

(107/minimum bandwidth (Bw) in kilobits per second)

delay

Route delay, in tens of microseconds.

delay reliability

The likelihood of successful packet transmission, expressed as a number between 0 and 255, where 255 means 100 percent reliability and 0 means no reliability.

load

The effective load of the route, expressed as a number from 0 to 255 (255 is 100 percent loading).

mtu

The minimum maximum transmission unit (MTU) size of the route, in bytes. It can be 0 or any positive integer.

EIGRP monitors metric weights on an interface to allow the tuning of EIGRP metric calculations and indicate the type of service (ToS). The table below lists the K values and their defaults.

Table 2 EIGRP K-Value Defaults

Setting

Default Value

K1

1

K2

0

K3

1

K4

0

K5

0

Most configurations use the delay and bandwidth metrics, with bandwidth taking precedence. The default formula of 256*(Bw + Delay) is the EIGRP metric. The bandwidth for the formula is scaled and inverted by the following formula:

(107/minimum Bw in kilobits per second)


Note


You can change the weights, but these weights must be the same on all devices.


For example, look at a link whose bandwidth to a particular destination is 128 k and the delay is 84,000 microseconds.

By using a cut-down formula, you can simplify the EIGRP metric calculation to 256*(Bw + Delay), thus resulting in the following value:

Metric = 256*(107/128 + 84000/10) = 256*86525 = 22150400

To calculate route delay, divide the delay value by 10 to get the true value in tens of microseconds.

When EIGRP calculates the delay for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) and the delay is obtained from a device interface, the delay is always calculated in tens of microseconds. In most cases, when using MANET, you will not use the interface delay, but rather the delay that is advertised by the radio. The delay you will receive from the radio is in microseconds, so you must adjust the cut-down formula as follows:

Metric = (256*(107/128) + (84000*256)/10) = 20000000 + 2150400 = 22150400

Route Summarization

You can configure EIGRP to perform automatic summarization of subnet routes into network-level routes. For example, you can configure subnet 172.16.1.0 to be advertised as 172.16.0.0 over interfaces that have been configured with subnets of 192.168.7.0. Automatic summarization is performed when two or more network router configuration or address family configuration commands are configured for an EIGRP process. This feature is enabled by default.

Route summarization works in conjunction with the ip summary-address eigrp command available in interface configuration mode for autonomous system configurations and with the summary-address (EIGRP) command for named configurations. You can use these commands to perform additional summarization. If automatic summarization is in effect, there usually is no need to configure network-level summaries using the ip summary-address eigrp command.

Summary Aggregate Addresses

You can configure a summary aggregate address for a specified interface. If there are specific routes in the routing table, EIGRP will advertise the summary address of the interface with a metric equal to the minimum metric of the specific routes.

Floating Summary Routes

A floating summary route is created by applying a default route and an administrative distance at the interface level or address family interface level. You can use a floating summary route when configuring the ip summary-address eigrp command for autonomous system configurations or the summary-address command for named configurations. The following scenarios illustrate the behavior of floating summary routes.

The figure below shows a network with three devices, Router-A, Router-B, and Router-C. Router-A learns a default route from elsewhere in the network and then advertises this route to Router-B. Router-B is configured so that only a default summary route is advertised to Router-C. The default summary route is applied to serial interface 0/1 on Router-B with the following autonomous system configuration:

Router-B(config)# interface Serial 0/1
Router-B(config-if)# ip summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0

The default summary route is applied to serial interface 0/1 on Router-B with the following named configuration:

Router-B(config)# router eigrp 1
Router-B(config-router)# address-family ipv4 unicast vrf vrf1 autonomous-system 1
Router-B(config-router-af)# af-interface serial0/1
Router-B(config-router-af-interface)# summary-address 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0 95
Figure 1. Floating Summary Route Applied to Router-B

The configuration of the default summary route on Router-B sends a 0.0.0.0/0 summary route to Router-C and blocks all other routes, including the 10.1.1.0/24 route, from being advertised to Router-C. However, this configuration also generates a local discard route—a route for 0.0.0.0/0 on the null 0 interface with an administrative distance of 5—on Router-B. When this route is created, it overrides the EIGRP-learned default route. Router-B will no longer be able to reach destinations that it would normally reach through the 0.0.0.0/0 route.

This problem is resolved by applying a floating summary route to the interface on Router-B that connects to Router-C. The floating summary route is applied by configuring an administrative distance for the default summary route on the interface of Router-B with the following statement for an autonomous system configuration:

Router-B(config-if)# ip summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 250

The floating summary route is applied by configuring an administrative distance for the default summary route on the interface of Router-B with the following statement for a named configuration:

Router-B(config)# router eigrp 1
Router-B(config-router)# address-family ipv4 unicast vrf vrf1 autonomous-system 1
Router-B(config-router-af)# af-interface serial0/1
Router-B(config-router-af-interface)# summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 250

The administrative distance of 250, applied in the summary-address command, is now assigned to the discard route generated on Router-B. The 0.0.0.0/0, from Router-A, is learned through EIGRP and installed in the local routing table. Routing to Router-C is restored.

If Router-A loses the connection to Router-B, Router-B will continue to advertise a default route to Router-C, which allows traffic to continue to reach destinations attached to Router-B. However, traffic destined to networks connected to Router-A or behind Router-A will be dropped when the traffic reaches Router-B.

The figure below shows a network with two connections from the core, Router-A and Router-D. Both Router-B and Router-E have floating summary routes configured on the interfaces connected to Router-C. If the connection between Router-E and Router-C fails, the network will continue to operate normally. All traffic will flow from Router-C through Router-B to hosts attached to Router-A and Router-D.

Figure 2. Floating Summary Route Applied for Dual-Homed Remotes

However, if the link between Router-A and Router-B fails, the network may incorrectly direct traffic because Router-B will continue to advertise the default route (0.0.0.0/0) to Router-C. In this scenario, Router-C still forwards traffic to Router-B, but Router-B drops the traffic. To avoid this problem, you should configure the summary address with an administrative distance only on single-homed remote devices or areas that have only one exit point between two segments of the network. If two or more exit points exist (from one segment of the network to another), configuring the floating default route can result in the formation of a black hole route (a route that has quick packet dropping capabilities).

Hello Packets and the Hold-Time Intervals

You can adjust the interval between hello packets and the hold time. Hello packets and hold-time intervals are protocol-independent parameters that work for IP and Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX).

Routing devices periodically send hello packets to each other to dynamically learn of other devices on their directly attached networks. This information is used to discover neighbors and to learn when neighbors become unreachable or inoperative.

By default, hello packets are sent every 5 seconds. The exception is on low-speed, nonbroadcast multiaccess (NBMA) media, where the default hello interval is 60 seconds. Low speed is considered to be a rate of T1 or slower, as specified with the bandwidth interface configuration command. The default hello interval remains 5 seconds for high-speed NBMA networks. Note that for the purposes of EIGRP, Frame Relay and Switched Multimegabit Data Service (SMDS) networks may or may not be considered to be NBMA. These networks are considered NBMA only if the interface has not been configured to use physical multicasting.

You can configure the hold time on a specified interface for a particular EIGRP routing process designated by the autonomous system number. The hold time is advertised in hello packets and indicates to neighbors the length of time they should consider the sender valid. The default hold time is three times the hello interval or 15 seconds. For slow-speed NBMA networks, the default hold time is 180 seconds.

On very congested and large networks, the default hold time might not be sufficient for all devices to receive hello packets from their neighbors. In such cases, you may want to increase the hold time.


Note


Do not adjust the hold time without informing your technical support personnel.


Split Horizon

Split horizon controls the sending of EIGRP update and query packets. Split horizon is a protocol-independent parameter that works for IP and IPX. When split horizon is enabled on an interface, update and query packets are not sent to destinations for which this interface is the next hop. Controlling update and query packets in this manner reduces the possibility of routing loops.

By default, split horizon is enabled on all interfaces.

Split horizon blocks route information from being advertised by a device out of any interface from which that information originated. This behavior usually optimizes communications among multiple routing devices, particularly when links are broken. However, with nonbroadcast networks (such as Frame Relay and SMDS), situations can arise for which this behavior is less than ideal. In such situations and in networks that have EIGRP configured, you may want to disable split horizon.

EIGRP Dual DMVPN Domain Enhancement

The EIGRP Dual DMVPN Domain Enhancement feature supports the no next-hop self command on dual Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN) domains in both IPv4 and IPv6 configurations.

EIGRP, by default, sets the local outbound interface as the next-hop value while advertising a network to a peer, even when advertising routes out of the interface on which the routes were learned. This default setting can be disabled by using the no ip next-hop-self command in autonomous system configurations or the no next-hop-self command in named configurations. When the next-hop self command is disabled, EIGRP does not advertise the local outbound interface as the next hop if the route has been learned from the same interface. Instead, the received next-hop value is used to advertise learned routes. However, this functionality only evaluates the first entry in the EIGRP table. If the first entry shows that the route being advertised is learned on the same interface, then the received next hop is used to advertise the route. The no next-hop-self configuration ignores subsequent entries in the table, which may result in the no-next-hop-self configuration being dishonored on other interfaces.

The EIGRP Dual DMVPN Domain Enhancement feature introduces the no-ecmp-mode keyword, which is an enhancement to the no next-hop-self and no ip next-hop-self commands. When this keyword is used, all routes to a network in the EIGRP table are evaluated to check whether routes advertised from an interface were learned on the same interface. If a route advertised by an interface was learned on the same interface, the no next-hop-self configuration is honored and the received next hop is used to advertise this route.

Link Bandwidth Percentage

By default, EIGRP packets consume a maximum of 50 percent of the link bandwidth when configured with the bandwidth interface configuration command for autonomous system configurations and with the bandwidth-percent command for named configurations. You might want to change the bandwidth value if a different level of link utilization is required or if the configured bandwidth does not match the actual link bandwidth (which may have been configured to influence route metric calculations). This is a protocol-independent parameter that works for IP and IPX.

EIGRP vNETs

The EIGRP vNET feature uses Layer 3 routing techniques to provide limited fate sharing (the term fate sharing refers to the failure of interconnected systems; that is, different elements of a network are interconnected in such a way that they either fail together or not at all), traffic isolation, and access control with simple configurations. EIGRP virtual network (vNET) configurations are supported in both autonomous-system configurations and named configurations.

The vNET feature allows you to have multiple virtual networks by utilizing a single set of routers and links provided by the physical topology. Routers and links can be broken down into separate virtual networks using separate routing tables and routing processes by using vNETs and VRF configuration commands. The virtual networks facilitate traffic isolation and limited fate sharing. EIGRP's primary role in vNETs is to populate routing tables used by each vNET so that appropriate forwarding can take place. In the vNET model, each vNET effectively has its own complete set of EIGRP processes and resources, thus minimizing the possibility of actions within one vNET affecting another vNET.

The vNET feature supports command inheritance that allows commands entered in interface configuration mode to be inherited by every vNET configured on that interface. These inherited commands, including EIGRP interface commands, can be overridden by vNET-specific configurations in vNET submodes under the interface.

The following are some of the limitations of EIGRP vNETs:

  • EIGRP does not support Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) within a vNET.
  • vNET and VRF configurations are mutually exclusive on an interface. Both VRFs and vNETs can be configured on the router, but they cannot both be defined on the same interface. A VRF cannot be configured within a vNET and a vNET cannot be configured within a VRF.
  • Each vNET has its own routing table, and routes cannot be redistributed directly from one vNET into another. EIGRP uses the route replication functionality to meet the requirements of shared services and to copy routes from one vNET Routing Information Base (RIB) to other vNET RIBs.

EIGRP vNET Interface and Command Inheritance

A vNET router supports two types of interfaces: Edge interface and core (shared) interface.

An edge interface is an ingress point for vNET-unaware networks and is restricted to a single VRF. Use the vrf forwarding command to associate the edge interface with a VRF. The vrf forwarding command also allows entry into VRF submodes used to define interface settings on a per-VRF basis.

A vNET core interface is used to connect vNET-aware systems and can be shared by multiple vNETs. Use the vnet trunk command to enable a core interface.

When the vnet trunk command exists on an interface, with or without a VRF list, any EIGRP interface commands on that interface will be applied to the EIGRP instance for every vNET on that interface, including the instance running on the base or the global RIB. If the vnet trunk command is deleted from the interface, EIGRP interface commands will remain on and apply to only the global EIGRP instance. If an EIGRP interface command is removed from the main interface, the command will also be removed from every vNET on that interface.

End systems or routing protocol peers reached through an edge interface are unaware of vNETs and do not perform the vNET tagging done in the core of the vNET network.

EIGRP also supports the capability of setting per-vNET interface configurations, which allow you to define interface attributes that influence EIGRP behavior for a single vNET. In the configuration hierarchy, a specific vNET interface setting has precedence over settings applied to the entire interface and inherited by each vNET configured on that interface.

EIGRP provides interface commands to modify the EIGRP-specific attributes of an interface, and these interface commands can be entered directly on the interface for EIGRP autonomous system configurations, or in address family interface configuration mode for the EIGRP named mode configurations.

How to Configure EIGRP

Enabling EIGRP Autonomous System Configuration

Perform this task to enable EIGRP and create an EIGRP routing process. EIGRP sends updates to interfaces in specified networks. If you do not specify the network of an interface, the interface will not be advertised in any EIGRP update.

Configuring the router eigrp autonomous-system-number command creates an EIGRP autonomous system configuration that creates an EIGRP routing instance, which can be used for tagging routing information.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    router eigrp autonomous-system-number

    4.    network network-number

    5.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 router eigrp autonomous-system-number


    Example:
    Device(config)# router eigrp 1
     

    Configures an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

    • A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.
     
    Step 4 network network-number


    Example:
    Device(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 
     

    Associates a network with an EIGRP routing process.

     
    Step 5 end


    Example:
    Device(config-router)# end
     

    Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Enabling the EIGRP Named Configuration

    Perform this task to enable EIGRP and to create an EIGRP routing process. EIGRP sends updates to interfaces in specified networks. If you do not specify the network of an interface, the interface will not be advertised in any EIGRP update.

    Configuring the router eigrp virtual-instance-name command creates an EIGRP named configuration. The EIGRP named configuration does not create an EIGRP routing instance by itself. The EIGRP named configuration is the base configuration, which is required to define address family configurations used for routing.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    router eigrp virtual-instance-name

      4.    Enter one of the following:

      • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
      • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

      5.    network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

      6.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 router eigrp virtual-instance-name


      Example:
      Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
       

      Configures the EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

       
      Step 4Enter one of the following:
      • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
      • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


      Example:
      Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
      Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 45000
       

      Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

       
      Step 5 network ip-address [wildcard-mask]


      Example:
      Device(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0
       

      Specifies a network for the EIGRP routing process.

       
      Step 6 end


      Example:
      Device(config-router-af)# end
       

      Exits address family configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

       

      Configuring Optional EIGRP Parameters in an Autonomous System Configuration

      Perform this task to configure optional EIGRP parameters, which include applying offsets to routing metrics, adjusting EIGRP metrics, and disabling automatic summarization in an EIGRP autonomous system configuration.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    router eigrp autonomous-system

        4.    network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

        5.    passive-interface [default] [interface-type interface-number]

        6.    offset-list [access-list-number | access-list-name] {in | out} offset [interface-type interface-number]

        7.    metric weights tos k1 k2 k3 k4 k5

        8.    no auto-summary

        9.    end


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Device# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 router eigrp autonomous-system


        Example:
        Device(config)# router eigrp 1
         

        Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

        • A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.
         
        Step 4 network ip-address [wildcard-mask]


        Example:
        Device(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 
         

        Associates networks with an EIGRP routing process.

         
        Step 5 passive-interface [default] [interface-type interface-number]


        Example:
        Device(config-router)# passive-interface
         

        (Optional) Suppresses EIGRP hello packets and routing updates on interfaces while still including the interface addresses in the topology database.

         
        Step 6 offset-list [access-list-number | access-list-name] {in | out} offset [interface-type interface-number]


        Example:
        Device(config-router)# offset-list 21 in 10 gigabitethernet 0/0/1 
         

        (Optional) Applies an offset to routing metrics.

         
        Step 7 metric weights tos k1 k2 k3 k4 k5


        Example:
        Device(config-router)# metric weights 0 2 0 2 0 0
         

        (Optional) Adjusts the EIGRP metric or K value.

        • EIGRP uses the following formula to determine the total metric to the network:

        EIGRP Metric = 256*((K1*Bw) + (K2*Bw)/(256-Load) + (K3*Delay)*(K5/(Reliability + K4)))

        Note   

        If K5 is 0, then (K5/ (Reliability + K4)) is defined as 1.

         
        Step 8 no auto-summary


        Example:
        Device(config-router)# no auto-summary
         

        (Optional) Disables automatic summarization.

        Note   

        Automatic summarization is enabled by default.

         
        Step 9 end


        Example:
        Device(config-router)# end
         

        Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

         

        Configuring Optional EIGRP Parameters in a Named Configuration

        Perform this task to configure optional EIGRP named configuration parameters, which includes applying offsets to routing metrics, adjusting EIGRP metrics, setting the RIB-scaling factor, and disabling automatic summarization.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    enable

          2.    configure terminal

          3.    router eigrp virtual-instance-name

          4.    Enter one of the following:

          • address-family ipv4 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] [multicast] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
          • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

          5.    network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

          6.    metric weights tos k1 k2 k3 k4 k5 k6

          7.    af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

          8.    passive-interface

          9.    bandwidth-percent maximum-bandwidth-percentage

          10.    exit-af-interface

          11.    topology {base | topology-name tid number}

          12.    offset-list [access-list-number | access-list-name] {in | out} offset [interface-type interface-number]

          13.    no auto-summary

          14.    end


        DETAILED STEPS
           Command or ActionPurpose
          Step 1 enable


          Example:
          Device> enable
           

          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

          • Enter your password if prompted.
           
          Step 2 configure terminal


          Example:
          Device# configure terminal
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 router eigrp virtual-instance-name


          Example:
          Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
           

          Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

           
          Step 4Enter one of the following:
          • address-family ipv4 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] [multicast] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
          • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


          Example:
          Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
          
          Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 45000
           

          Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

           
          Step 5 network ip-address [wildcard-mask]


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0
           

          Specifies a network for the EIGRP routing process.

           
          Step 6 metric weights tos k1 k2 k3 k4 k5 k6


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af)# metric weights 0 2 0 2 0 0 0
           

          (Optional) Adjusts the EIGRP metric or K value.

          • EIGRP uses the following formula to determine the total 32-bit metric to the network: EIGRP Metric = 256*((K1*Bw) + (K2*Bw)/(256-Load) + (K3*Delay)*(K5/(Reliability + K4)))
          • EIGRP uses the following formula to determine the total 64-bit metric to the network: EIGRP Metric = 256*((K1*Throughput) + (K2*Throughput)/(256-Load) + (K3*Latency)+ (K6*Extended Attributes))*(K5/(Reliability + K4)))
          Note   

          If K5 is 0, then (K5/ (Reliability + K4)) is defined as 1.

           
          Step 7 af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
           

          Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

           
          Step 8 passive-interface


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af-interface)# passive-interface
           

          Suppresses EIGRP hello packets and routing updates on interfaces while still including the interface addresses in the topology database.

           
          Step 9 bandwidth-percent maximum-bandwidth-percentage


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af-interface)# bandwidth-percent 75
           

          Configures the percentage of bandwidth that may be used by an EIGRP address family on an interface.

           
          Step 10 exit-af-interface


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface
           

          Exits address family interface configuration mode.

           
          Step 11 topology {base | topology-name tid number}


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af)# topology base
           

          Configures an EIGRP process to route IP traffic under the specified topology instance and enters address family topology configuration mode.

           
          Step 12 offset-list [access-list-number | access-list-name] {in | out} offset [interface-type interface-number]


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af-topology)# offset-list 21 in 10 gigabitethernet 6/2
          
           

          (Optional) Applies an offset to routing metrics.

           
          Step 13 no auto-summary


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af-topology)# no auto-summary
           

          (Optional) Disables automatic summarization.

          Note   

          Automatic summarization is enabled by default.

           
          Step 14 end


          Example:
          Device(config-router-af-topology)# end
           

          Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

           

          Configuring the EIGRP Redistribution Autonomous System Configuration

          Perform this task to configure redistribution of non-EIGRP protocol metrics into EIGRP metrics and to configure the EIGRP administrative distance in an EIGRP autonomous system configuration.

          You must use a default metric to redistribute a protocol into EIGRP, unless you use the redistribute command.


          Note


          Metric defaults have been carefully set to work for a wide variety of networks. Take great care when changing these values.


          Default metrics are supported only when you are redistributing from EIGRP or static routes.

          An administrative distance is a rating of the trustworthiness of a routing information source, such as an individual router or a group of routers. Numerically, an administrative distance is an integer from 0 to 255. In general, the higher the value the lower the trust rating. An administrative distance of 255 means the routing information source cannot be trusted at all and should be ignored.

          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    enable

            2.    configure terminal

            3.    router eigrp autonomous-system

            4.    network ip-address [wildcard-mask]

            5.    redistribute protocol [process-id] {level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2} [autonomous-system-number] [metric {metric-value | transparent}] [metric-type type-value] [match {internal | external 1 | external 2}] [tag tag-value] [route-map map-tag] [subnets]

            6.    distance eigrp internal-distance external-distance

            7.    default-metric bandwidth delay reliability loading mtu

            8.    end


          DETAILED STEPS
             Command or ActionPurpose
            Step 1 enable


            Example:
            Device> enable
             

            Enables privileged EXEC mode.

            • Enter your password if prompted.
             
            Step 2 configure terminal


            Example:
            Device# configure terminal
             

            Enters global configuration mode.

             
            Step 3 router eigrp autonomous-system


            Example:
            Device(config)# router eigrp 1
             

            Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

            • A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.
             
            Step 4 network ip-address [wildcard-mask]


            Example:
            Device(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 
             

            Associates networks with an EIGRP routing process.

             
            Step 5 redistribute protocol [process-id] {level-1 | level-1-2 | level-2} [autonomous-system-number] [metric {metric-value | transparent}] [metric-type type-value] [match {internal | external 1 | external 2}] [tag tag-value] [route-map map-tag] [subnets]


            Example:
            Device(config-router)# redistribute rip level1
             

            Redistributes routes from one routing domain into another routing domain.

             
            Step 6 distance eigrp internal-distance external-distance


            Example:
            Device(config-router)# distance eigrp 80 130
             

            Allows the use of two administrative distances—internal and external.

             
            Step 7 default-metric bandwidth delay reliability loading mtu


            Example:
            Device(config-router)# default-metric 1000 100 250 100 1500
             

            Sets metrics for EIGRP.

             
            Step 8 end


            Example:
            Device(config-router)# end
             

            Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

             

            Configuring the EIGRP Route Summarization Autonomous System Configuration

            Perform this task to configure EIGRP to perform automatic summarization of subnet routes into network-level routes in an EIGRP autonomous system configuration.

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    enable

              2.    configure terminal

              3.    router eigrp autonomous-system

              4.    exit

              5.    interface type number

              6.    ip summary-address eigrp as-number ip-address mask [admin-distance] [leak-map name]

              7.    ip bandwidth-percent eigrp as-number percent

              8.    end


            DETAILED STEPS
               Command or ActionPurpose
              Step 1 enable


              Example:
              Device> enable
               

              Enables privileged EXEC mode.

              • Enter your password if prompted.
               
              Step 2 configure terminal


              Example:
              Device# configure terminal
               

              Enters global configuration mode.

               
              Step 3 router eigrp autonomous-system


              Example:
              Device(config)# router eigrp 101
               

              Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

              • A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.
               
              Step 4 exit


              Example:
              Device(config-router)# exit
               

              Exits router configuration mode.

               
              Step 5 interface type number


              Example:
              Device(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
               

              Enters interface configuration mode.

               
              Step 6 ip summary-address eigrp as-number ip-address mask [admin-distance] [leak-map name]


              Example:
              Device(config-if)# ip summary-address eigrp 100 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
               

              (Optional) Configures a summary aggregate address.

               
              Step 7 ip bandwidth-percent eigrp as-number percent


              Example:
              Device(config-if)# ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 209 75
               

              (Optional) Configures the percentage of bandwidth that may be used by EIGRP on an interface.

               
              Step 8 end


              Example:
              Device(config-if)# end
               

              Exits interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

               

              Configuring the EIGRP Route Summarization Named Configuration

              Perform this task to configure EIGRP to perform automatic summarization of subnet routes into network-level routes in an EIGRP named configuration.

              SUMMARY STEPS

                1.    enable

                2.    configure terminal

                3.    router eigrp virtual-instance-name

                4.    Enter one of the following:

                • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

                5.    af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

                6.    summary-address ip-address mask [administrative-distance [leak-map leak-map-name]]

                7.    exit-af-interface

                8.    topology {base | topology-name tid number}

                9.    summary-metric network-address subnet-mask bandwidth delay reliability load mtu

                10.    end


              DETAILED STEPS
                 Command or ActionPurpose
                Step 1 enable


                Example:
                Device> enable
                 

                Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                • Enter your password if prompted.
                 
                Step 2 configure terminal


                Example:
                Device# configure terminal
                 

                Enters global configuration mode.

                 
                Step 3 router eigrp virtual-instance-name


                Example:
                Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                 

                Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                 
                Step 4Enter one of the following:
                • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


                Example:
                Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 45000
                 

                Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

                 
                Step 5 af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}


                Example:
                Device(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
                 

                Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

                 
                Step 6 summary-address ip-address mask [administrative-distance [leak-map leak-map-name]]


                Example:
                Device(config-router-af-interface)# summary-address 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0
                 

                Configures a summary address for EIGRP.

                 
                Step 7 exit-af-interface


                Example:
                Device(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface 
                 

                Exits address family interface configuration mode.

                 
                Step 8 topology {base | topology-name tid number}


                Example:
                Device(config-router-af)# topology base
                 

                Configures an EIGRP process to route IP traffic under the specified topology instance and enters address family topology configuration mode.

                 
                Step 9 summary-metric network-address subnet-mask bandwidth delay reliability load mtu


                Example:
                Device(config-router-af-topology)# summary-metric 192.168.0.0/16 10000 10 255 1 1500
                 

                (Optional) Configures a fixed metric for an EIGRP summary aggregate address.

                 
                Step 10 end


                Example:
                Device(config-router-af-topology)# end
                 

                Exits address family topology configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                 

                Configuring the EIGRP Event Logging Autonomous System Configuration

                SUMMARY STEPS

                  1.    enable

                  2.    configure terminal

                  3.    router eigrp autonomous-system

                  4.    eigrp event-log-size size

                  5.    eigrp log-neighbor-changes

                  6.    eigrp log-neighbor-warnings [seconds]

                  7.    end


                DETAILED STEPS
                   Command or ActionPurpose
                  Step 1 enable


                  Example:
                  Device> enable
                   

                  Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                  • Enter your password if prompted.
                   
                  Step 2 configure terminal


                  Example:
                  Device# configure terminal
                   

                  Enters global configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 3 router eigrp autonomous-system


                  Example:
                  Device(config)# router eigrp 101
                   

                  Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                  • A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.
                   
                  Step 4 eigrp event-log-size size


                  Example:
                  Device(config-router)# eigrp event-log-size 5000010
                   

                  (Optional) Sets the size of the EIGRP event log.

                   
                  Step 5 eigrp log-neighbor-changes


                  Example:
                  Device(config-router)# eigrp log-neighbor-changes
                   

                  (Optional) Enables logging of EIGRP neighbor adjacency changes.

                  • By default, the system logs EIGRP neighbor adjacency changes to help you monitor the stability of the routing system and detect problems.
                   
                  Step 6 eigrp log-neighbor-warnings [seconds]


                  Example:
                  Device(config-router)# eigrp log-neighbor-warnings 300
                   

                  (Optional) Enables the logging of EIGRP neighbor warning messages.

                   
                  Step 7 end


                  Example:
                  Device(config-router)# end
                   

                  Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                   

                  Configuring the EIGRP Event Logging Named Configuration

                  SUMMARY STEPS

                    1.    enable

                    2.    configure terminal

                    3.    router eigrp virtual-instance-name

                    4.    Enter one of the following:

                    • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                    • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

                    5.    eigrp log-neighbor-warnings [seconds]

                    6.    eigrp log-neighbor-changes

                    7.    topology {base | topology-name tid number}

                    8.    eigrp event-log-size size

                    9.    end


                  DETAILED STEPS
                     Command or ActionPurpose
                    Step 1 enable


                    Example:
                    Device> enable
                     

                    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                    • Enter your password if prompted.
                     
                    Step 2 configure terminal


                    Example:
                    Device# configure terminal
                     

                    Enters global configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 3 router eigrp virtual-instance-name


                    Example:
                    Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                     

                    Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 4Enter one of the following:
                    • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                    • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


                    Example:
                    Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                    Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 45000
                     

                    Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

                     
                    Step 5 eigrp log-neighbor-warnings [seconds]


                    Example:
                    Device(config-router-af)# eigrp log-neighbor-warnings 300
                     

                    (Optional) Enables the logging of EIGRP neighbor warning messages.

                     
                    Step 6 eigrp log-neighbor-changes


                    Example:
                    Device(config-router-af)# eigrp log-neighbor-changes
                     

                    (Optional) Enables logging of EIGRP neighbor adjacency changes.

                    • By default, the system logs EIGRP neighbor adjacency changes to help you monitor the stability of the routing system and detect problems.
                     
                    Step 7 topology {base | topology-name tid number}


                    Example:
                    Device(config-router-af)# topology base
                     

                    Configures an EIGRP process to route IP traffic under the specified topology instance and enters address family topology configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 8 eigrp event-log-size size


                    Example:
                    Device(config-router-af-topology)# eigrp event-log-size 10000
                     

                    (Optional) Sets the size of the EIGRP event log.

                     
                    Step 9 end


                    Example:
                    Device(config-router-af-topology)# end
                     

                    Exits address family topology configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                     

                    Configuring Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing Autonomous System Configuration

                    SUMMARY STEPS

                      1.    enable

                      2.    configure terminal

                      3.    router eigrp autonomous-system

                      4.    traffic-share balanced

                      5.    maximum-paths number-of-paths

                      6.    variance multiplier

                      7.    end


                    DETAILED STEPS
                       Command or ActionPurpose
                      Step 1 enable


                      Example:
                      Device> enable
                       

                      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                      • Enter your password if prompted.
                       
                      Step 2 configure terminal


                      Example:
                      Device# configure terminal
                       

                      Enters global configuration mode.

                       
                      Step 3 router eigrp autonomous-system


                      Example:
                      Device(config)# router eigrp 101
                       

                      Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                      • A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.
                       
                      Step 4 traffic-share balanced


                      Example:
                      Device(config-router)# traffic-share balanced
                       

                      Controls how traffic is distributed among routes when multiple routes for the same destination network have different costs.

                       
                      Step 5 maximum-paths number-of-paths


                      Example:
                      Device(config-router)# maximum-paths 5
                       

                      Controls the maximum number of parallel routes that an IP routing protocol can support.

                       
                      Step 6 variance multiplier


                      Example:
                      Device(config-router)# variance 1
                       

                      Controls load balancing in an internetwork based on EIGRP.

                       
                      Step 7 end


                      Example:
                      Device(config-router)# end
                       

                      Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                       

                      Configuring Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing Named Configuration

                      SUMMARY STEPS

                        1.    enable

                        2.    configure terminal

                        3.    router eigrp virtual-instance-name

                        4.    Enter one of the following:

                        • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                        • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

                        5.    topology {base | topology-name tid number}

                        6.    traffic-share balanced

                        7.    maximum-paths number-of-paths

                        8.    variance multiplier

                        9.    end


                      DETAILED STEPS
                         Command or ActionPurpose
                        Step 1 enable


                        Example:
                        Device> enable
                         

                        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                        • Enter your password if prompted.
                         
                        Step 2 configure terminal


                        Example:
                        Device# configure terminal
                         

                        Enters global configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 3 router eigrp virtual-instance-name


                        Example:
                        Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                         

                        Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 4Enter one of the following:
                        • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                        • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


                        Example:
                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 45000
                         

                        Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

                         
                        Step 5 topology {base | topology-name tid number}


                        Example:
                        Device(config-router-af)# topology base
                         

                        Configures an EIGRP process to route IP traffic under the specified topology instance and enters address family topology configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 6 traffic-share balanced


                        Example:
                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# traffic-share balanced
                         

                        Controls how traffic is distributed among routes when multiple routes for the same destination network have different costs.

                         
                        Step 7 maximum-paths number-of-paths


                        Example:
                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# maximum-paths 5
                         

                        Controls the maximum number of parallel routes that an IP routing protocol can support.

                         
                        Step 8 variance multiplier


                        Example:
                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# variance 1
                         

                        Controls load balancing in an internetwork based on EIGRP.

                         
                        Step 9 end


                        Example:
                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# end
                         

                        Exits address family topology configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                         

                        Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time in an Autonomous System Configuration


                        Note


                        Cisco recommends not to adjust the hold time.


                        SUMMARY STEPS

                          1.    enable

                          2.    configure terminal

                          3.    router eigrp autonomous-system-number

                          4.    exit

                          5.    interface type number

                          6.    ip hello-interval eigrp autonomous-system-number seconds

                          7.    ip hold-time eigrp autonomous-system-number seconds

                          8.    end


                        DETAILED STEPS
                           Command or ActionPurpose
                          Step 1 enable


                          Example:
                          Device> enable
                           

                          Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                          • Enter your password if prompted.
                           
                          Step 2 configure terminal


                          Example:
                          Device# configure terminal
                           

                          Enters global configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 3 router eigrp autonomous-system-number


                          Example:
                          Device(config)# router eigrp 101
                           

                          Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                          • A maximum of 30 EIGRP routing processes can be configured.
                           
                          Step 4 exit


                          Example:
                          Device(config-router)# exit
                           

                          Exits to global configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 5 interface type number


                          Example:
                          Device(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1/1
                           

                          Enters interface configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 6 ip hello-interval eigrp autonomous-system-number seconds


                          Example:
                          Device(config-if)# ip hello-interval eigrp 109 10
                           

                          Configures the hello interval for an EIGRP routing process.

                           
                          Step 7 ip hold-time eigrp autonomous-system-number seconds


                          Example:
                          Device(config-if)# ip hold-time eigrp 109 40
                           

                          Configures the hold time for an EIGRP routing process.

                          Note   

                          Do not adjust the hold time without consulting your technical support personnel.

                           
                          Step 8 end


                          Example:
                          Device(config-if)# end
                           

                          Exits interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                           

                          Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time in a Named Configuration


                          Note


                          Do not adjust the hold time without consulting your technical support personnel.


                          SUMMARY STEPS

                            1.    enable

                            2.    configure terminal

                            3.    router eigrp virtual-instance-name

                            4.    Enter one of the following:

                            • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                            • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

                            5.    af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

                            6.    hello-interval seconds

                            7.    hold-time seconds

                            8.    end


                          DETAILED STEPS
                             Command or ActionPurpose
                            Step 1 enable


                            Example:
                            Device> enable
                             

                            Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                            • Enter your password if prompted.
                             
                            Step 2 configure terminal


                            Example:
                            Device# configure terminal
                             

                            Enters global configuration mode.

                             
                            Step 3 router eigrp virtual-instance-name


                            Example:
                            Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                             

                            Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                             
                            Step 4Enter one of the following:
                            • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                            • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


                            Example:
                            Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                            Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 45000
                             

                            Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

                             
                            Step 5 af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}


                            Example:
                            Device(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
                             

                            Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

                             
                            Step 6 hello-interval seconds


                            Example:
                            Device(config-router-af-interface)# hello-interval 10
                             

                            Configures the hello interval for an EIGRP address family named configuration.

                             
                            Step 7 hold-time seconds


                            Example:
                            Device(config-router-af-interface)# hold-time 50
                             

                            Configures the hold time for an EIGRP address family named configuration.

                             
                            Step 8 end


                            Example:
                            Device(config-router-af-interface)# end
                             

                            Exits address family interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                             

                            Disabling the Split Horizon Autonomous System Configuration

                            Split horizon controls the sending of EIGRP updates and query packets. When split horizon is enabled on an interface, updates and query packets are not sent for destinations for which this interface is the next hop. Controlling updates and query packets in this manner reduces the possibility of routing loops.

                            By default, split horizon is enabled on all interfaces.

                            SUMMARY STEPS

                              1.    enable

                              2.    configure terminal

                              3.    interface type number

                              4.    no ip split-horizon eigrp autonomous-system-number

                              5.    end


                            DETAILED STEPS
                               Command or ActionPurpose
                              Step 1 enable


                              Example:
                              Device> enable
                               

                              Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                              • Enter your password if prompted.
                               
                              Step 2 configure terminal


                              Example:
                              Device# configure terminal
                               

                              Enters global configuration mode.

                               
                              Step 3 interface type number


                              Example:
                              Device(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/1
                               

                              Configures an interface and enters interface configuration mode.

                               
                              Step 4 no ip split-horizon eigrp autonomous-system-number


                              Example:
                              Device(config-if)# no ip split-horizon eigrp 101
                               

                              Disables split horizon.

                               
                              Step 5 end


                              Example:
                              Device(config-if)# end
                               

                              Exits interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                               

                              Disabling the Split Horizon and Next-Hop-Self Named Configuration

                              EIGRP, by default, sets the next-hop value to the local outbound interface address for routes that it is advertising, even when advertising those routes back from the same interface from where they were learned. Perform this task to change this default setting and configure EIGRP to use the received next-hop value when advertising these routes. Disabling next-hop-self is primarily useful in DMVPN spoke-to-spoke topologies.

                              By default, split horizon is enabled on all interfaces.

                              SUMMARY STEPS

                                1.    enable

                                2.    configure terminal

                                3.    router eigrp virtual-instance-name

                                4.    Enter one of the following:

                                • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                                • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

                                5.    af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

                                6.    no split-horizon

                                7.    no next-hop-self [no-ecmp-mode]

                                8.    end


                              DETAILED STEPS
                                 Command or ActionPurpose
                                Step 1 enable


                                Example:
                                Device> enable
                                 

                                Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                                • Enter your password if prompted.
                                 
                                Step 2 configure terminal


                                Example:
                                Device# configure terminal
                                 

                                Enters global configuration mode.

                                 
                                Step 3 router eigrp virtual-instance-name


                                Example:
                                Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                                 

                                Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                                 
                                Step 4Enter one of the following:
                                • address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number
                                • address-family ipv6 [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


                                Example:
                                Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                                Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6 autonomous-system 45000
                                 

                                Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 or IPv6 routing instance.

                                 
                                Step 5 af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}


                                Example:
                                Device(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
                                 

                                Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

                                 
                                Step 6 no split-horizon


                                Example:
                                Device(config-router-af-interface)# no split-horizon
                                 

                                Disables EIGRP split horizon.

                                 
                                Step 7 no next-hop-self [no-ecmp-mode]


                                Example:
                                Device(config-router-af-interface)# no next-hop-self no-ecmp-mode
                                 

                                (Optional) Instructs an EIGRP router to use the received next hop rather than the local outbound interface address as the next hop.

                                • The no-ecmp-mode keyword is an enhancement to the no next-hop-self command. When this optional keyword is enabled, all paths to a network in the EIGRP table are evaluated to check whether routes advertised from an interface were learned on the same interface.
                                 
                                Step 8 end


                                Example:
                                Device(config-router-af-interface)# end
                                 

                                Exits address family interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                                 

                                Configuring vNET Commands in an EIGRP Autonomous System

                                Perform this task to configure a vNET trunk interface that connects routers to provide the core interface to transport traffic for multiple virtual networks. Traffic carried over a trunk interface is tagged. This task illustrates how to configure a trunk interface with a base VRF instance and two named VRFs, VRF vrf1 and VRF vrf2, and how to associate a VRF with an EIGRP process.

                                SUMMARY STEPS

                                  1.    enable

                                  2.    configure terminal

                                  3.    vrf definition vrf-name

                                  4.    vnet tag number

                                  5.    description string

                                  6.    address-family ipv4

                                  7.    exit-address-family

                                  8.    exit

                                  9.    vrf definition vrf-name

                                  10.    vnet tag number

                                  11.    description string

                                  12.    address-family ipv4

                                  13.    exit-address-family

                                  14.    exit

                                  15.    interface type number

                                  16.    ip address ip-address mask

                                  17.    vnet trunk [list vrf-list-name]

                                  18.    ip hello-interval eigrp as-number seconds

                                  19.    exit

                                  20.    router eigrp autonomous-system-number

                                  21.    address-family ipv4 [unicast] vrf vrf-name [autonomous-system autonomous-system-number]

                                  22.    exit-address-family

                                  23.    end


                                DETAILED STEPS
                                   Command or ActionPurpose
                                  Step 1 enable


                                  Example:
                                  Router> enable
                                   

                                  Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                                  • Enter your password if prompted.
                                   
                                  Step 2 configure terminal


                                  Example:
                                  Router# configure terminal
                                   

                                  Enters global configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 3 vrf definition vrf-name


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config)# vrf definition vrf1
                                   

                                  Configures a VRF routing table instance and enters VRF configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 4 vnet tag number


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf)# vnet tag 100
                                   

                                  Specifies the global, numeric tag for the VRF.

                                  • The same tag number must be configured for the same virtual network on each edge and trunk interface.
                                   
                                  Step 5 description string


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf)# description guest access
                                   

                                  (Optional) Describes a VRF to help the network administrator identify the configuration file.

                                   
                                  Step 6 address-family ipv4


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf)# address-family ipv4
                                   

                                  Enters VRF address family configuration mode to configure a routing session using standard IPv4 address prefixes.

                                   
                                  Step 7 exit-address-family


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf-af)# exit-address-family
                                   

                                  Exits VRF address family configuration mode and returns to VRF configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 8 exit


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf)# exit
                                   

                                  Exits VRF configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 9 vrf definition vrf-name


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config)# vrf definition vrf2
                                   

                                  Configures a VRF routing table instance and enters VRF configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 10 vnet tag number


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf)# vnet tag 200
                                   

                                  Specifies the global, numeric tag for the VRF.

                                  • The same tag number must be configured for the same VRF on each edge and trunk interface.
                                   
                                  Step 11 description string


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf)# description finance
                                   

                                  (Optional) Describes a VRF to help the network administrator identify the configuration file.

                                   
                                  Step 12 address-family ipv4


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf)# address-family ipv4
                                   

                                  Enters VRF address family configuration mode to configure a routing session using standard IPv4 address prefixes.

                                   
                                  Step 13 exit-address-family


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf-af)# exit-address-family
                                   

                                  Exits VRF address family configuration mode and returns to VRF configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 14 exit


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-vrf)# exit
                                   

                                  Exits VRF configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 15 interface type number


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0
                                   

                                  Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 16 ip address ip-address mask


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
                                   

                                  Sets a primary address for the interface.

                                   
                                  Step 17 vnet trunk [list vrf-list-name]


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-if)# vnet trunk
                                   

                                  Configures vNET on an interface and creates a vNET subinterface.

                                  • By default, all VRFs defined with the vrf definition command run on all trunk interfaces on the router. Therefore, VRF vrf1 and VRF vrf2 are now running on this interface.
                                  • Use the list vrf-list-name keyword-argument pair to restrict VRFs running on this trunk interface.
                                   
                                  Step 18 ip hello-interval eigrp as-number seconds


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-if)# ip hello-interval eigrp 1 121
                                   

                                  Configures an EIGRP IPv4 hello interval on the interface.

                                   
                                  Step 19 exit


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-if)# exit
                                   

                                  Exits interface configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 20 router eigrp autonomous-system-number


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config)# router eigrp 1
                                   

                                  Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                                  • A maximum of 30 EIGRP processes can be configured.
                                   
                                  Step 21 address-family ipv4 [unicast] vrf vrf-name [autonomous-system autonomous-system-number]


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 vrf vrf1 autonomous-system 1
                                   

                                  Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 routing instance.

                                   
                                  Step 22 exit-address-family


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-router-af)# exit-address-family
                                   

                                  Exits address family configuration mode and returns to router configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 23 end


                                  Example:
                                  Router(config-router)# end
                                   

                                  Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                                   

                                  Configuring vNET Commands in EIGRP Named Mode

                                  SUMMARY STEPS

                                    1.    enable

                                    2.    configure terminal

                                    3.    vrf definition vrf-name

                                    4.    vnet tag number

                                    5.    description string

                                    6.    address-family ipv4

                                    7.    exit-address-family

                                    8.    exit

                                    9.    vrf definition vrf-name

                                    10.    vnet tag number

                                    11.    description string

                                    12.    address-family ipv4

                                    13.    exit-address-family

                                    14.    exit

                                    15.    interface type number

                                    16.    ip address ip-address mask

                                    17.    vnet trunk [list vrf-list-name]

                                    18.    ip hello-interval eigrp as-number seconds

                                    19.    exit

                                    20.    router eigrp virtual-instance-name

                                    21.    address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number

                                    22.    af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}

                                    23.    hello-interval seconds

                                    24.    end


                                  DETAILED STEPS
                                     Command or ActionPurpose
                                    Step 1 enable


                                    Example:
                                    Router> enable
                                     

                                    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

                                    • Enter your password if prompted.
                                     
                                    Step 2 configure terminal


                                    Example:
                                    Router# configure terminal
                                     

                                    Enters global configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 3 vrf definition vrf-name


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config)# vrf definition vrf1
                                     

                                    Configures a VRF routing table instance and enters VRF configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 4 vnet tag number


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf)# vnet tag 100
                                     

                                    Specifies the global, numeric tag for the VRF.

                                    • The same tag number must be configured for the same virtual network on each edge and trunk interface.
                                     
                                    Step 5 description string


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf)# description guest access
                                     

                                    (Optional) Describes a VRF to help the network administrator identify the configuration file.

                                     
                                    Step 6 address-family ipv4


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf)# address-family ipv4
                                     

                                    Enters VRF address family configuration mode to configure a routing session using standard IPv4 address prefixes.

                                     
                                    Step 7 exit-address-family


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf-af)# exit-address-family
                                     

                                    Exits VRF address family configuration mode and returns to VRF configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 8 exit


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf)# exit
                                     

                                    Exits VRF configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 9 vrf definition vrf-name


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config)# vrf definition vrf2
                                     

                                    Configures a VRF routing table instance and enters VRF configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 10 vnet tag number


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf)# vnet tag 200
                                     

                                    Specifies the global, numeric tag for the VRF.

                                    • The same tag number must be configured for the same VRF on each edge and trunk interface.
                                     
                                    Step 11 description string


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf)# description finance
                                     

                                    (Optional) Describes a VRF to help the network administrator identify the configuration file.

                                     
                                    Step 12 address-family ipv4


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf)# address-family ipv4
                                     

                                    Enters VRF address family configuration mode to configure a routing session using standard IPv4 address prefixes.

                                     
                                    Step 13 exit-address-family


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf-af)# exit-address-family
                                     

                                    Exits VRF address family configuration mode and returns to VRF configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 14 exit


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-vrf)# exit
                                     

                                    Exits VRF configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 15 interface type number


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0
                                     

                                    Configures an interface type and enters interface configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 16 ip address ip-address mask


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1.1 255.0.0.0
                                     

                                    Sets a primary address for the interface.

                                     
                                    Step 17 vnet trunk [list vrf-list-name]


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-if)# vnet trunk
                                     

                                    Configures vNET on an interface and creates a vNET subinterface.

                                    • By default, all VRFs defined with the vrf definition command run on all trunk interfaces on the router. Therefore, VRF vrf1 and VRF vrf2 are now running on this interface.
                                    • Use the list vrf-list-name keyword-argument pair to restrict VRFs running on this trunk interface.
                                     
                                    Step 18 ip hello-interval eigrp as-number seconds


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-if)# ip hello-interval eigrp 1 121
                                     

                                    Configures an EIGRP IPv4 hello interval on the interface.

                                     
                                    Step 19 exit


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-if)# exit
                                     

                                    Exits interface configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 20 router eigrp virtual-instance-name


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config)# router eigrp vnet
                                     

                                    Enables an EIGRP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 21 address-family ipv4 [multicast] [unicast] [vrf vrf-name] autonomous-system autonomous-system-number


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-router)# address-family ipv4 unicast autonomous-system 1
                                     

                                    Enters address family configuration mode to configure an EIGRP IPv4 routing instance.

                                     
                                    Step 22 af-interface {default | interface-type interface-number}


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
                                     

                                    Enters address family interface configuration mode and configures interface-specific EIGRP commands.

                                     
                                    Step 23 hello-interval seconds


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-router-af-interface)# hello-interval 121
                                     

                                    Configures the hello interval for an EIGRP address family named configuration.

                                     
                                    Step 24 end


                                    Example:
                                    Router(config-router-af-interface)# end
                                     

                                    Exits address family interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                                     

                                    Monitoring and Maintaining the EIGRP Autonomous System Configuration

                                    This task is optional. Use the commands in any order desired to monitor and maintain EIGRP autonomous system configuration.

                                    SUMMARY STEPS

                                      1.    enable

                                      2.    show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] accounting

                                      3.    show ip eigrp events [starting-event-number ending-event-number] [type]

                                      4.    show ip eigrp interfaces [vrf {vrf-name| *}] [autonomous-system-number] [type number] [detail]

                                      5.    show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] topology [ip-address [mask]] | [name] [active | all-links | detail-links | pending | summary | zero-successors]

                                      6.    show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] topology [ip-address [mask]] | [name] [active | all-links | detail-links | pending | summary | zero-successors]

                                      7.    show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] traffic


                                    DETAILED STEPS
                                      Step 1   enable

                                      Enables privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted.



                                      Example:
                                      Device# enable
                                      Step 2   show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] accounting

                                      Displays prefix accounting information for EIGRP processes.



                                      Example:
                                      Device# show ip eigrp vrf VRF1 accounting 
                                      
                                      
                                      Step 3   show ip eigrp events [starting-event-number ending-event-number] [type]

                                      Displays information about interfaces that are configured for EIGRP.



                                      Example:
                                      Device# show ip eigrp events
                                      Step 4   show ip eigrp interfaces [vrf {vrf-name| *}] [autonomous-system-number] [type number] [detail]

                                      Displays neighbors discovered by EIGRP.



                                      Example:
                                      Device# show ip eigrp interfaces
                                      Step 5   show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] topology [ip-address [mask]] | [name] [active | all-links | detail-links | pending | summary | zero-successors]

                                      Displays neighbors discovered by EIGRP



                                      Example:
                                      Device# show ip eigrp neighbors
                                      Step 6   show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] topology [ip-address [mask]] | [name] [active | all-links | detail-links | pending | summary | zero-successors]

                                      Displays entries in the EIGRP topology table.



                                      Example:
                                      Device# show ip eigrp topology
                                      Step 7   show ip eigrp [vrf {vrf-name | *}] [autonomous-system-number] traffic

                                      Displays the number of EIGRP packets sent and received.



                                      Example:
                                      Device# show ip eigrp traffic

                                      Monitoring and Maintaining the EIGRP Named Configuration

                                      This task is optional. Use the commands in any order desired to monitor and maintain the EIGRP named configuration.

                                      SUMMARY STEPS

                                        1.    enable

                                        2.    show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] accounting

                                        3.    show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] events [starting-event-number ending-event-number] [errmsg [starting-event-number ending-event-number]] [sia [starting-event-number ending-event-number]] [type]

                                        4.    show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] interfaces [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

                                        5.    show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] neighbors [static] [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

                                        6.    show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] timers

                                        7.    show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] topology [topology-name] [ip-address] [active] [all-links] [detail-links] [pending] [summary] [zero-successors] [route-type {connected | external | internal | local | redistributed | summary | vpn}]

                                        8.    show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] traffic

                                        9.    show eigrp plugins [plugin-name] [detailed]

                                        10.    show eigrp protocols [vrf vrf-name]


                                      DETAILED STEPS
                                        Step 1   enable

                                        Enables privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# enable
                                        
                                        Step 2   show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] accounting

                                        Displays prefix accounting information for EIGRP processes.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 22 accounting 
                                        
                                        Step 3   show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] events [starting-event-number ending-event-number] [errmsg [starting-event-number ending-event-number]] [sia [starting-event-number ending-event-number]] [type]

                                        Displays information about EIGRP address-family events.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 3 events
                                        Step 4   show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] interfaces [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

                                        Displays information about interfaces that are configured for EIGRP.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 interfaces 
                                        Step 5   show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] neighbors [static] [detail] [interface-type interface-number]

                                        Displays the neighbors that are discovered by EIGRP.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 neighbors 
                                        
                                        Step 6   show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] timers

                                        Displays information about EIGRP timers and expiration times.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 timers
                                        Step 7   show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] topology [topology-name] [ip-address] [active] [all-links] [detail-links] [pending] [summary] [zero-successors] [route-type {connected | external | internal | local | redistributed | summary | vpn}]

                                        Displays entries in the EIGRP topology table.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 topology 
                                        
                                        Step 8   show eigrp address-family {ipv4 | ipv6} [vrf vrf-name] [autonomous-system-number] [multicast] traffic

                                        Displays the number of EIGRP packets that are sent and received.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 traffic
                                        
                                        Step 9   show eigrp plugins [plugin-name] [detailed]

                                        Displays general information, including the versions of the EIGRP protocol features that are currently running on the device.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp plugins
                                        Step 10   show eigrp protocols [vrf vrf-name]

                                        Displays further information about EIGRP protocols that are currently running on a device.



                                        Example:
                                        Device# show eigrp protocols

                                        Configuration Examples for EIGRP

                                        Example: Enabling EIGRP—Autonomous System Configuration

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp 1
                                        Device(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0
                                         

                                        Example: Enabling EIGRP—Named Configuration

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                                        Device(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0
                                        

                                        Example: EIGRP Parameters—Autonomous System Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure optional EIGRP autonomous system configuration parameters, including applying offsets to routing metrics, adjusting EIGRP metrics, and disabling automatic summarization:

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp 1
                                        Device(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 
                                        Device(config-router)# passive-interface
                                        Device(config-router)# offset-list 21 in 10 ethernet 0
                                        Device(config-router)# metric weights 0 2 0 2 0 0
                                        Device(config-router)# no auto-summary
                                        Device(config-router)# exit
                                        

                                        Example: EIGRP Parameters—Named Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure optional EIGRP named configuration parameters, including applying offsets to routing metrics, adjusting EIGRP metrics, setting RIB-scaling factor, and disabling automatic summarization.

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                                        Device(config-router-af)# network 172.16.0.0
                                        Device(config-router-af)# metric weights 0 2 0 2 0 0 0
                                        Device(config-router-af)# metric rib-scale 100
                                        Device(config-router-af)# af-interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# passive-interface
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# bandwidth-percent 75
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# topology base
                                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# offset-list 21 in 10 gigabitethernet 0/0/1
                                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# no auto-summary
                                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# exit-af-topology

                                        Example: EIGRP Redistribution—Autonomous System Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure redistribution of non-EIGRP protocol metrics into EIGRP metrics and configure the EIGRP administrative distance in an EIGRP autonomous system configuration:

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp 1
                                        Device(config-router)# network 172.16.0.0 
                                        Device(config-router)# redistribute rip
                                        Device(config-router)# distance eigrp 80 130
                                        Device(config-router)# default-metric 1000 100 250 100 1500
                                        

                                        Example: EIGRP Route Summarization—Autonomous System Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure route summarization on an interface and configure the automatic summary feature for an EIGRP autonomous system configuration. The following configuration causes EIGRP to summarize the network from Ethernet interface 0/0.

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp 101
                                        Device(config-router)# exit
                                        Device(config)# interface ethernet 0/0
                                        Device(config-if)# ip summary-address eigrp 100 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
                                        Device(config-if)# ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 209 75
                                        

                                        Note


                                        You should not use the ip summary-address eigrp summarization command to generate the default route (0.0.0.0) from an interface because this creates an EIGRP summary default route to the null 0 interface with an administrative distance of 5. The low administrative distance of this default route can cause this route to displace default routes learned from other neighbors through the routing table. If the default route learned from the neighbors is displaced by the summary default route, or if the summary route is the only default route present, all traffic destined for the default route will not leave the router; instead, traffic will be sent to the null 0 interface, where it is dropped. The recommended way to send only the default route out of a given interface is to use the distribute-list command. You can configure this command to filter all outbound route advertisements sent out from the interface with the exception of the default (0.0.0.0).


                                        Example: EIGRP Route Summarization—Named Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure route summarization on an interface and configure the automatic summary feature for an EIGRP named configuration. This configuration causes EIGRP to summarize network 192.168.0.0 only from Ethernet interface 0/0.

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                                        Device(config-router-af)# af-interface ethernet 0/0
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# summary-address 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# exit-af-interface 
                                        Device(config-router-af)# topology base
                                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# summary-metric 192.168.0.0/16 10000 10 255 1 1500
                                        

                                        Example: EIGRP Event Logging—Autonomous System Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure EIGRP event logging parameters, including setting the size of the EIGRP event log for an EIGRP autonomous system configuration:

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp 1
                                        Device(config-router)# eigrp event-log-size 5000
                                        Device(config-router)# eigrp log-neighbor-changes
                                        Device(config-router)# eigrp log-neighbor-warnings 300
                                        

                                        Example: EIGRP Event Logging—Named Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure EIGRP event logging parameters, including setting the size of the EIGRP event log for an EIGRP named configuration:

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                                        Device(config-router-af)# eigrp log-neighbor-warnings 300
                                        Device(config-router-af)# eigrp log-neighbor-changes
                                        Device(config-router-af)# topology base
                                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# eigrp event-log-size 10000
                                        

                                        Example: Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing—Autonomous System Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure traffic distribution among routes, the maximum number of parallel routes, and load balancing in an EIGRP named configuration network:

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp 1
                                        Device(config-router)# traffic-share balanced
                                        Device(config-router)# maximum-paths 5
                                        Device(config-router)# variance 1
                                        

                                        Example: Equal and Unequal Cost Load Balancing—Named Configuration

                                        The following example shows how to configure traffic distribution among routes, the maximum number of parallel routes, and load balancing in an EIGRP named configuration network:

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                                        Device(config-router-af)# topology base
                                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# traffic-share balanced
                                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# maximum-paths 5
                                        Device(config-router-af-topology)# variance 1
                                        

                                        Example: Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time— Autonomous System Configuration

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp 1
                                        Device(config-router)# exit
                                        Device(config)# interface Ethernet 0/1
                                        Device(config-if)# ip hello-interval eigrp 109 10
                                        Device(config-if)# ip hold-time eigrp 109 40
                                        

                                        Example: Adjusting the Interval Between Hello Packets and the Hold Time—Named Configuration

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                                        Device(config-router-af)# af-interface ethernet 0/0
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# hello-interval 10
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# hold-time 50
                                        

                                        Example: Disabling the Split Horizon—Autonomous System Configuration

                                        Split horizon is enabled on all interfaces by default. The following example shows how to disable split horizon for an EIGRP autonomous system configuration:

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp 1
                                        Device(config-router)# exit
                                        Device(config)# interface Ethernet 0/1
                                        Device(config-if)# no ip split-horizon eigrp 101
                                        

                                        Example: Disabling the Split Horizon and Next-Hop-Self—Named Configuration

                                        Split horizon is enabled on all interfaces by default. The following example shows how to disable split horizon in an EIGRP named configuration.

                                        EIGRP, by default, sets the next-hop value to the local outbound interface address for routes that it advertises, even when advertising those routes back out of the same interface from where they were learned. The following example shows how to change this default to instruct EIGRP to use the received next-hop value when advertising these routes in an EIGRP named configuration. Disabling the next-hop-self command is primarily useful in DMVPN spoke-to-spoke topologies.

                                        Device> enable
                                        Device# configure terminal
                                        Device(config)# router eigrp virtual-name1
                                        Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 autonomous-system 45000
                                        Device(config-router-af)# af-interface ethernet 0/0
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# no split-horizon
                                        Device(config-router-af-interface)# no next-hop-self no-ecmp-mode
                                        

                                        Example: Command Inheritance and Virtual Network Interface Mode Override in an EIGRP Environment

                                        Suppose a GigabitEthernet interface is configured with the following EIGRP commands:

                                        interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
                                         vnet trunk
                                         ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                         ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5
                                         ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 x
                                         ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 1 3
                                         ip dampening-change eigrp 1 30
                                         ip hello-interval eigrp 1 6
                                         ip hold-time eigrp 1 18
                                         no ip next-hop-self eigrp 1
                                         no ip split-horizon eigrp 1
                                         end
                                        

                                        Because a trunk is configured, a VRF subinterface is automatically created and the commands on the main interface are inherited by the VRF subinterface (g0/0/0.3, where the number 3 is the tag number from vnet tag 3.)

                                        Use the show derived-config command to display the hidden subinterface. The following sample output shows that all the commands entered on GigabitEthernet 0/0/0 have been inherited by GigabitEthernet 0/0/0.3:

                                        Router# show derived-config interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0.3
                                        
                                        Building configuration...
                                        Derived configuration : 478 bytes
                                        !
                                        interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0.3
                                         description Subinterface for VNET vrf1
                                         vrf forwarding vrf1
                                         encapsulation dot1Q 3
                                         ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                         ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5
                                         ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 x
                                         ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 1 3
                                         ip dampening-change eigrp 1 30
                                         ip hello-interval eigrp 1 6
                                         ip hold-time eigrp 1 18
                                         no ip next-hop-self eigrp 1
                                         no ip split-horizon eigrp 1
                                         end
                                        

                                        Use the virtual network interface mode to override the commands entered in interface configuration mode. For example:

                                        Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
                                        Router(config-if)# vnet name vrf1
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# no ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5 
                                        ! disable authen for e0/0.3 only
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 y   
                                        ! different key-chain
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# ip band eigrp 1 99                      
                                        ! higher bandwidth-percent
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# no ip dampening-change eigrp 1
                                        ! disable dampening-change
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# ip hello eigrp 1 7
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# ip hold eigrp 1 21
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# ip next-hop-self eigrp 1
                                        ! enable next-hop-self for e0/0.3
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# ip split-horizon eigrp 1
                                        ! enable split-horizon
                                        
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# do show running-config interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
                                        
                                        Building configuration...
                                        Current configuration : 731 bytes
                                        !
                                        interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
                                         vnet trunk
                                         ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                         ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5
                                         ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 x
                                         ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 1 3
                                         ip dampening-change eigrp 1 30
                                         ip hello-interval eigrp 1 6
                                         ip hold-time eigrp 1 18
                                         no ip next-hop-self eigrp 1
                                         no ip split-horizon eigrp 1
                                          vnet name vrf1
                                          ip split-horizon eigrp 1
                                          no ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5
                                          ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 y
                                          ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 1 99
                                          no ip dampening-change eigrp 1
                                          ip hello-interval eigrp 1 7
                                          ip hold-time eigrp 1 21
                                          !
                                        end
                                        

                                        Notice that g/0/0.3 is now using the override settings:

                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# do show derived-config interface gigabitethernet 0/0.3
                                        
                                        Building configuration...
                                        Derived configuration : 479 bytes
                                        !
                                        interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0.3
                                         description Subinterface for VNET vrf1
                                         vrf forwarding vrf1
                                         encapsulation dot1Q 3
                                         ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                         no ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5
                                         ip authentication key-chain eigrp 1 y
                                         ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 1 99
                                         no ip dampening-change eigrp 1
                                         ip hello-interval eigrp 1 7
                                         ip hold-time eigrp 1 21
                                         ip next-hop-self eigrp 1
                                         ip split-horizon eigrp 1
                                         end
                                        

                                        Commands entered in virtual network interface mode are sticky. That is, when you enter a command in this mode, the command will override the default value configured in interface configuration mode.

                                        The following example shows how to change the default hello interval value in vrf 1. The example also shows sample outputs of the current and derived configurations.

                                        Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
                                        Router(config-if)# ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                        Router(config-if)# vnet trunk
                                        Router(config-if)# ip hello eigrp 1 7
                                        Router(config-if)# do show run interface gigabitethernet 0/0/2
                                        
                                        Building configuration...
                                        Current configuration : 134 bytes
                                        !
                                        interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
                                         vnet trunk
                                         ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                         ip hello-interval eigrp 1 7
                                         ipv6 enable
                                        	vnet global
                                         !
                                         end
                                        
                                        Router(config-if)# do show derived interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0.3
                                        
                                        Building configuration...
                                        
                                        Derived configuration : 177 bytes
                                        !
                                        interface Ethernet0/0.3
                                         description Subinterface for VNET vrf1
                                         encapsulation dot1Q 3
                                         vrf forwarding vrf1
                                         ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                         ip hello-interval eigrp 1 7
                                        end
                                        
                                        Router(config-if)# vnet name vrf1
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# ip hello-interval eigrp 1 10
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# do show run interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
                                        
                                        Building configuration...
                                        Current configuration : 183 bytes
                                        !
                                        interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
                                         vnet trunk
                                         ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                         ip hello-interval eigrp 1 7
                                         ipv6 enable
                                         vnet name vrf1
                                          ip hello-interval eigrp 1 10
                                         !
                                         vnet global
                                         !
                                        end
                                        
                                        Router(config-if-vnet)# do show derived interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0.3
                                        
                                        Building configuration...
                                        
                                        Derived configuration : 178 bytes
                                        !
                                        interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0.3
                                         description Subinterface for VNET vrf1
                                         encapsulation dot1Q 3
                                         vrf forwarding vrf1
                                         ip address 192.0.2.1 255.255.255.0
                                         ip hello-interval eigrp 1 10
                                        end
                                        

                                        Because of this sticky factor, to remove a configuration entry in virtual network interface mode, use the default form of that command. Some commands can also be removed using the no form.

                                        R1(config-if-vnet)# default ip authentication mode eigrp 1 md5
                                        R1(config-if-vnet)# no ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 1
                                        R1(config-if-vnet)# no ip hello eigrp 1
                                         
                                        R1(config-if-vnet)# do show running-config interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
                                        
                                        Building configuration...
                                        Current configuration : 138 bytes
                                        !
                                        interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
                                         vnet trunk
                                         no ip address
                                         vnet name vrf1
                                         !
                                        end

                                        Example: Monitoring and Maintaining the EIGRP Autonomous System Configuration

                                        The show ip eigrp command displays prefix accounting information for EIGRP processes. The following is sample output from this command:

                                        Device# show ip eigrp vrf VRF1 accounting 
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 Accounting for AS(100)/ID(10.0.2.1) VRF(VRF1) 
                                        Total Prefix Count: 4  States: A-Adjacency, P-Pending, D-Down
                                        State Address/Source   Interface        Prefix   Restart  Restart/
                                                                                Count     Count   Reset(s)
                                         P    Redistributed     ----               0           3         211
                                         A    10.0.1.2          Gi0/0              2           0          84
                                         P    10.0.2.4          Se2/0              0           2         114
                                         D    10.0.1.3          Gi0/0              0           3           0
                                        

                                        The show ip eigrp events command displays the EIGRP event log. The following is sample output from this command:

                                        Device# show ip eigrp events
                                        
                                        1    02:37:58.171 NSF stale rt scan, peer: 10.0.0.0 
                                        2    02:37:58.167 Metric set: 10.0.0.1/24 284700416 
                                        3    02:37:58.167 FC sat rdbmet/succmet: 284700416 0 
                                        4    02:37:58.167 FC sat nh/ndbmet: 10.0.0.2 284700416 
                                        5    02:37:58.167 Find FS: 10.0.0.0/24 284700416 
                                        6    02:37:58.167 Rcv update met/succmet: 284956416 284700416 
                                        7    02:37:58.167 Rcv update dest/nh: 10.0.0.0/24 10.0.0.1 
                                        8    02:37:58.167 Peer nsf restarted: 10.0.0.1 Tunnel0 
                                        9    02:36:38.383 Metric set: 10.0.0.0/24 284700416 
                                        10   02:36:38.383 RDB delete: 10.0.0.0/24 10.0.0.1 
                                        11   02:36:38.383 FC sat rdbmet/succmet: 284700416 0 
                                        12   02:36:38.383 FC sat nh/ndbmet: 0.0.0.0 284700416
                                        

                                        The show ip eigrp interfaces command displays information about interfaces that are configured for EIGRP. The following is sample output from this command:

                                        Device# show ip eigrp interfaces
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 Interfaces for AS(60)
                                                            Xmit Queue    Mean   Pacing Time   Multicast   Pending
                                        Interface   Peers   Un/Reliable   SRTT   Un/Reliable   Flow Timer  Routes
                                        Gi0           0         0/0          0      11/434          0          0
                                        Gi0           1         0/0        337       0/10           0          0
                                        SE0:1.16      1         0/0         10       1/63         103          0
                                        Tu0           1         0/0        330       0/16           0          0
                                        

                                        The show ip eigrp neighbors command displays neighbors discovered by EIGRP. The following is sample output from this command:

                                        Device# show ip eigrp neighbors
                                        
                                        H   Address                 Interface       Hold Uptime   SRTT   RTO  Q  Seq
                                                                                    (sec)         (ms)       Cnt Num
                                        0   10.1.1.2                 Gi0/0           13 00:00:03  1996   5000  0  5
                                        2   10.1.1.9                 Gi0/0           14 00:02:24   206   5000  0  5
                                        1   10.1.2.3                 Gi0/1           11 00:20:39  2202   5000  0  5
                                        

                                        The show ip eigrp topology command displays entries in the EIGRP topology table. The following is sample output from this command:

                                        Device# show ip eigrp topology
                                        	
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 Topology Table for AS(1)/ID(10.0.0.1)
                                        Codes: P - Passive, A - Active, U - Update, Q - Query, R - Reply,
                                               r - Reply status, s - sia status
                                        P 10.0.0.0/8, 1 successors, FD is 409600
                                                via 10.0.0.1 (409600/128256), GigabirEthernet0/0
                                        P 172.16.1.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 409600
                                                via 10.0.0.1 (409600/128256), GigabitEthernet0/0
                                        P 10.0.0.0/8, 1 successors, FD is 281600
                                                via Summary (281600/0), Null0
                                        P 10.0.1.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 281600
                                                via Connected, GigabitEthernet0/0
                                        

                                        The show ip eigrp traffic command displays the number of EIGRP packets sent and received. The following is sample output from this command:

                                        Device# show ip eigrp traffic
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 Traffic Statistics for AS(60)
                                        Hellos sent/received: 21429/2809
                                        Updates sent/received: 22/17
                                        Queries sent/received: 0/0
                                        Replies sent/received: 0/0
                                        Acks sent/received: 16/13
                                        SIA-Queries sent/received: 0/0
                                        SIA-Replies sent/received: 0/0
                                        Hello Process ID: 204
                                        PDM Process ID: 203
                                        Socket Queue: 0/2000/2/0 (current/max/highest/drops)
                                        Input Queue: 0/2000/2/0 (current/max/highest/drops)
                                        

                                        Example: Monitoring and Maintaining the EIGRP Named Configuration

                                        In this example, the show eigrp address-family command displays prefix accounting information for EIGRP processes:

                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 22 accounting 
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 VR(saf) Accounting for AS(22)/ID(10.0.0.1) 
                                        Total Prefix Count: 3  States: A-Adjacency, P-Pending, D-Down 
                                        State Address/Source    Interface       Prefix   Restart  Restart/ 
                                                                                Count     Count   Reset(s) 
                                         A    10.0.0.2          Gi0/0               2         0        0
                                         P    10.0.2.4          Se2/0               0         2        114
                                         D    10.0.1.3          Gi0/0               0         3        0

                                        In this example, the show eigrp address-family command displays information about EIGRP address-family events:

                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 3 events
                                        
                                        Event information for AS 3:
                                        1 15:37:47.015 Change queue emptied, entries: 1 
                                        2 15:37:47.015 Metric set: 10.0.0.0/24 307200 
                                        3 15:37:47.015 Update reason, delay: new if 4294967295 
                                        4 15:37:47.015 Update sent, RD: 10.0.0.0/24 4294967295 
                                        5 15:37:47.015 Update reason, delay: metric chg 4294967295 
                                        6 15:37:47.015 Update sent, RD: 10.0.0.0/24 4294967295 
                                        7 15:37:47.015 Route installed: 10.0.0.0/24 10.0.1.2 
                                        8 15:37:47.015 Route installing: 10.0.0.0/24 10.0.1.2

                                        In this example, the show eigrp address-family command displays information about interfaces that are configured for EIGRP:

                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 interfaces 
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 VR(Virtual-name) Address-family Neighbors for AS(4453) 
                                        					Xmit Queue   Mean   Pacing Time   Multicast    Pending 
                                        Interface     Peers  Un/Reliable  SRTT   Un/Reliable   Flow Timer   Services 
                                        Se0           1          0/0        28      0/15          127           0 
                                        Se1           1          0/0        44      0/15          211           0

                                        In this example, the show eigrp address-family command displays information about the neighbors that are discovered by EIGRP:

                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 neighbors 
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 VR(Virtual-name) Address-family Neighbors for AS(4453) 
                                        Address 						Interface 			 Hold Uptime  SRTT  RTO    Q     Seq 
                                                                             (sec)         (ms)  (ms)   Cnt   Num 
                                        172.16.81.28            GigabitEthernet1/1/1     13   0:00:41  0      11   4     20
                                        172.16.80.28            GigabitEthernet0/0/1     14   0:02:01  0      10   12    24
                                        172.16.80.31            GigabitEthernet0/1/1     12   0:02:02  0      4    5

                                        In this example, the show eigrp address-family command displays information about EIGRP timers and expiration times:

                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 timers
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 VR(Virtual-name) Address-family Timers for AS(4453) 
                                        Hello Process 
                                        Expiration Type 
                                        | 1.022 (parent) 
                                        | 1.022 Hello (Et0/0) 
                                        Update Process 
                                        Expiration Type 
                                        | 14.984 (parent) 
                                        | 14.984 (parent) 
                                        | 14.984 Peer holding 
                                        SIA Process 
                                        Expiration Type for Topo(base) 
                                        | 0.000 (parent) 

                                        In this example, the show eigrp address-family command displays entries in the EIGRP topology table:

                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 topology 
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 VR(Virtual-name) Topology Table for AS(4453)/ID(10.0.0.1) 
                                        Codes: P - Passive, A - Active, U - Update, Q - Query, R - Reply, 
                                               r - Reply status, s - sia Status 
                                        P  10.17.17.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 409600 
                                                  via 10.10.10.2 (409600/128256), GigabitEthernet3/0/1 
                                        P  172.16.19.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 409600 
                                                  via 10.10.10.2 (409600/128256), GigabitEthernet3/0/1 
                                        P  192.168.10.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 281600 
                                                  via Connected, GigabitEthernet3/0/1 
                                        P  10.10.10.0/24, 1 successors, FD is 281600 
                                                  via Redistributed (281600/0) 

                                        In this example, the show eigrp address-family command displays information about the number of EIGRP packets that are sent and received:

                                        Device# show eigrp address-family ipv4 4453 traffic
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 VR(virtual-name) Address-family Traffic Statistics for AS(4453) 
                                          Hellos sent/received: 122/122 
                                          Updates sent/received: 3/1 
                                          Queries sent/received: 0/0 
                                          Replies sent/received: 0/0 
                                          Acks sent/received: 0/3 
                                          SIA-Queries sent/received: 0/0 
                                          SIA-Replies sent/received: 0/0 
                                          Hello Process ID: 128 
                                          PDM Process ID: 191 
                                          Socket Queue: 0/2000/1/0 (current/max/highest/drops) 
                                          Input Queue: 0/2000/1/0 (current/max/highest/drops

                                        In this example, the show eigrp plugins command displays general information, including the versions of the EIGRP protocol features that are currently running on the device:

                                        Device# show eigrp plugins
                                        
                                        EIGRP feature plugins:::
                                            eigrp-release      :   5.00.00 : Portable EIGRP Release                  
                                                               :  19.00.00 : Source Component Release(rel5)
                                            igrp2              :   3.00.00 : Reliable Transport/Dual Database        
                                            bfd                :   1.01.00 : BFD Platform Support                    
                                            mtr                :   1.00.01 : Multi-Topology Routing(MTR)             
                                            eigrp-pfr          :   1.00.01 : Performance Routing Support             
                                            ipv4-af            :   2.01.01 : Routing Protocol Support                
                                            ipv4-sf            :   1.01.00 : Service Distribution Support            
                                            external-client    :   1.02.00 : Service Distribution Client Support     
                                            ipv6-af            :   2.01.01 : Routing Protocol Support                
                                            ipv6-sf            :   1.01.00 : Service Distribution Support            
                                            snmp-agent         :   1.01.01 : SNMP/SNMPv2 Agent Support

                                        In this example, the show eigrp protocols command displays general information about EIGRP protocols that are currently running on a device:

                                        Device# show eigrp protocols
                                        
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 Protocol for AS(10) 
                                        Metric weight K1=1, K2=0, K3=1, K4=0, K5=0 
                                        NSF-aware route hold timer is 240 
                                        Router-ID: 10.0.1.1 
                                        Topology : 0 (base) 
                                        Active Timer: 3 min 
                                        Distance: internal 90 external 170 
                                        Maximum path: 4 
                                        Maximum hopcount 100 
                                        Maximum metric variance 1 
                                        EIGRP-IPv4 Protocol for AS(5) VRF(VRF1) 
                                        Metric weight K1=1, K2=0, K3=1, K4=0, K5=0 
                                        NSF-aware route hold timer is 240 
                                        Router-ID: 10.1.2.1 
                                        Topology : 0 (base) 
                                        Active Timer: 3 min 
                                        Distance: internal 90 external 170 
                                        Maximum path: 4 
                                        Maximum hopcount 100 
                                        Maximum metric variance 1 
                                        Total Prefix Count: 0 
                                        Total Redist Count: 0 

                                        Additional References

                                        Related Documents

                                        Related Topic

                                        Document Title

                                        Cisco IOS commands

                                        Master Commands List, All Releases

                                        EIGRP commands

                                        IP Routing: EIGRP Command Reference

                                        EIGRP FAQ

                                        EIGRP Frequently Asked Questions

                                        EIGRP L2/L3 API and Tunable Metric for Mobile Adhoc Networks feature

                                        “Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for Router-to-Radio Communications” module of the IP Mobility Configuration Guide

                                        EIGRP Technology Support

                                        Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

                                        EIGRP Technology White Papers

                                        Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

                                        IPv6 Routing EIGRP Support

                                        EIGRP Configuration Guide

                                        Protocol-independent features that work with EIGRP

                                        IP Routing: Protocol-Independent Configuration Guide

                                        Service Advertisement Framework

                                        Service Advertisement Framework Configuration Guide

                                        Service Advertisement Framework commands

                                        Service Advertisement Framework Command Reference

                                        Standards and RFCs

                                        Standard/RFC

                                        Title

                                        FIPS PUB 180-2

                                        SECURE HASH STANDARD (SHS)

                                        RFC 1321

                                        The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm

                                        RFC 2104

                                        HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication

                                        Technical Assistance

                                        Description

                                        Link

                                        The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

                                        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

                                        Feature Information for EIGRP

                                        The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

                                        Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

                                        Table 3 Feature Information for Configuring EIGRP

                                        Feature Name

                                        Releases

                                        Feature Information

                                        EIGRP

                                        EIGRP is an enhanced version of the IGRP developed by Cisco. EIGRP uses the same distance vector algorithm and distance information as IGRP. However, the convergence properties and the operating efficiency of EIGRP have improved substantially over IGRP.

                                        The following commands were introduced or modified:

                                        address-family (EIGRP), af-interface, autonomous-system (EIGRP), auto-summary (EIGRP), bandwidth percent, clear eigrp address-family neighbors, clear ip eigrp neighbors, debug eigrp address-family neighbor, debug eigrp address-family notifications, default-information, default-metric (EIGRP), distance (EIGRP), eigrp event-log-size, eigrp log-neighbor-changes, eigrp log-neighbor-warnings, eigrp router-id,exit-address-family, exit-af-interface, exit-af-topology, hello-interval, hold-time, ip bandwidth-percent eigrp, ip hello-interval eigrp, ip hold-time eigrp, ip, ip next-hop-self eigrp, ip split-horizon eigrp , ip summary-address eigrp, match extcommunity, metric maximum-hops, metric weights (EIGRP), neighbor (EIGRP), network (EIGRP), next-hop-self, offset-list (EIGRP) , passive-interface (EIGRP), router eigrp, set metric (EIGRP), show eigrp address-family accounting, show eigrp address-family events, show eigrp address-family interfaces, show eigrp address-family neighbors, show eigrp address-family timers, show eigrp address-family topology, show eigrp address-family traffic, show eigrp plugins, show eigrp protocols, show eigrp tech-support, show ip eigrp accounting, show ip eigrp events, show ip eigrp interfaces, show ip eigrp neighbors, show ip eigrp topology, show ip eigrp traffic, show ip eigrp vrf accounting, show ip eigrp vrf interfaces, show ip eigrp vrf neighbors, show ip eigrp vrf topology, show ip eigrp vrf traffic, shutdown (address-family), split-horizon (EIGRP), summary-address (EIGRP), summary-metric timers active-time, timers active-time, traffic-share balanced , variance (EIGRP).

                                        EIGRP Dual DMVPN Domain Enhancement

                                        The EIGRP Dual DMVPN Domain Enhancement feature supports the no next-hop-self functionality on dual DMVPN domains in both IPv4 and IPv6 configurations.

                                        In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S, support was added for the Cisco CSR 1000V routers.

                                        The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature: ip next-hop-self eigrp, ipv6 next-hop self eigrp,next-hop-self, show ip eigrp interfaces, show ipv6 eigrp interfaces, show ip eigrp topology, show ipv6 eigrp topology.

                                        Named Mode for EIGRP vNETS IPv4

                                        Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S

                                        Cisco IOS XE Release 3.3SG

                                        The EIGRP vNET feature allows the creation of multiple virtual networks by utilizing a single set of routers and links provided by the physical topology. EIGRP vNET configurations are supported in both classic and named modes. In Cisco IOS Release 15.1(1)SG, EIGRP vNET configurations are supported only in the classic mode.

                                        In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S, support was added for the Cisco CSR 1000V routers.

                                        The following command was modified: vnet.