IP Routing: BGP Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
BGP Policy Accounting Output Interface Accounting
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BGP Policy Accounting Output Interface Accounting

BGP Policy Accounting Output Interface Accounting

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) policy accounting (PA) measures and classifies IP traffic that is sent to, or received from, different peers. Policy accounting was previously available on an input interface only. The BGP Policy Accounting Output Interface Accounting feature introduces several extensions to enable BGP PA on an output interface and to include accounting based on a source address for both input and output traffic on an interface. Counters based on parameters such as community list, autonomous system number, or autonomous system path are assigned to identify the IP traffic.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for BGP PA Output Interface Accounting

Before using the BGP Policy Accounting Output Interface Accounting feature, you must enable BGP and Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed CEF on the router.

Information About BGP PA Output Interface Accounting

BGP PA Output Interface Accounting

Policy accounting using BGP measures and classifies IP traffic that is sent to, or received from, different peers. Originally, BGP PA was available on an input interface only. BGP PA output interface accounting introduces several extensions to enable BGP PA on an output interface and to include accounting based on a source address for both input and output traffic on an interface. Counters based on parameters such as community list, autonomous system number, or autonomous system path are assigned to identify the IP traffic.

Using the BGP table-map command, prefixes added to the routing table are classified by BGP attribute, autonomous system number, or autonomous system path. Packet and byte counters are incremented per input or output interface. A Cisco policy-based classifier maps the traffic into one of eight possible buckets that represent different traffic classes.

Using BGP PA, you can account for traffic according to its origin or the route it traverses. Service providers (SPs) can identify and account for all traffic by customer and can bill accordingly. In the figure below, BGP PA can be implemented in Router A to measure packet and byte volumes in autonomous system buckets. Customers are billed appropriately for traffic that is routed from a domestic, international, or satellite source.

Figure 1. Sample Topology for BGP Policy Accounting

BGP policy accounting using autonomous system numbers can be used to improve the design of network circuit peering and transit agreements between Internet service providers (ISPs).

Benefits of BGP PA Output Interface Accounting

Accounting for IP Traffic Differentially

BGP policy accounting classifies IP traffic by autonomous system number, autonomous system path, or community list string, and increments packet and byte counters. Policy accounting can also be based on the source address. Service providers can account for traffic and apply billing according to the origin of the traffic or the route that specific traffic traverses.

Efficient Network Circuit Peering and Transit Agreement Design

Implementing BGP policy accounting on an edge router can highlight potential design improvements for peering and transit agreements.

How to Configure BGP PA Output Interface Accounting

Specifying the Match Criteria for BGP PA

The first task in configuring BGP PA is to specify the criteria that must be matched. Community lists, autonomous system paths, or autonomous system numbers are examples of BGP attributes that can be specified and subsequently matched using a route map. Perform this task to specify the BGP attribute to use for BGP PA and to create the match criteria in a route map.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ip community-list {standard-list-number | expanded-list-number [regular-expression] | {standard | expanded} community-list-name} {permit | deny} {community-number | regular-expression}

    4.    route-map map-name [permit | deny] [sequence-number]

    5.    match community-list community-list-number [exact]

    6.    set traffic-index bucket-number

    7.    exit


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 ip community-list {standard-list-number | expanded-list-number [regular-expression] | {standard | expanded} community-list-name} {permit | deny} {community-number | regular-expression}


    Example:
    Device(config)# ip community-list 30 permit 100:190
     

    Creates a community list for BGP and controls access to it.

    • Repeat this step for each community to be specified.

     
    Step 4 route-map map-name [permit | deny] [sequence-number]


    Example:
    Device(config)# route-map set_bucket permit 10
     

    Enters route-map configuration mode and defines the conditions for policy routing.

    • The map-name argument identifies a route map.

    • The optional permit and deny keywords work with the match and set criteria to control how the packets are accounted for.

    • The optional sequence-number argument indicates the position that a new route map is to have in the list of route maps already configured with the same name.

     
    Step 5 match community-list community-list-number [exact]


    Example:
    Router(config-route-map)# match community-list 30
     

    Matches a BGP community.

     
    Step 6 set traffic-index bucket-number


    Example:
    Device(config-route-map)# set traffic-index 2
     

    Indicates where to output packets that pass a match clause of a route map for BGP policy accounting.

     
    Step 7 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-route-map)# exit
     

    Exits route-map configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

     

    Classifying the IP Traffic and Enabling BGP PA

    After a route map has been defined to specify match criteria, you must configure a way to classify the IP traffic before enabling BGP policy accounting.

    Using the table-map command, BGP classifies each prefix that it adds to the routing table according to the match criteria. When the bgp-policy accounting command is configured on an interface, BGP policy accounting is enabled.

    Perform this task to classify the IP traffic and enable BGP policy accounting.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    router bgp as-number

      4.    table-map route-map-name

      5.    network network-number [mask network-mask]

      6.    neighbor ip-address remote-as as-number

      7.    exit

      8.    interface type number

      9.    ip address ip-address mask

      10.    bgp-policy accounting [input | output] [source]

      11.    exit


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 router bgp as-number


      Example:
      Device(config)# router bgp 65000
       

      Configures a BGP routing process and enters router configuration mode for the specified routing process.

      • The as-number argument identifies a BGP autonomous system number.

       
      Step 4 table-map route-map-name


      Example:
      Device(config-router)# table-map set_bucket
       

      Classifies BGP prefixes entered in the routing table.

       
      Step 5 network network-number [mask network-mask]


      Example:
      Device(config-router)# network 10.15.1.0 mask 255.255.255.0
       

      Specifies a network to be advertised by the BGP routing process.

       
      Step 6 neighbor ip-address remote-as as-number


      Example:
      Device(config-router)# neighbor 10.14.1.1 remote-as 65100
       

      Specifies a BGP peer by adding an entry to the BGP routing table.

       
      Step 7 exit


      Example:
      Device(config-router)# exit
       

      Exits router configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

       
      Step 8 interface type number


      Example:
      Device(config)# interface POS 7/0
       

      Specifies the interface type and number and enters interface configuration mode.

      • The type argument identifies the type of interface.

      • The number argument identifies the slot and port numbers of the interface. The space between the interface type and number is optional.

       
      Step 9 ip address ip-address mask


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# ip-address 10.15.1.2 255.255.255.0
       

      Configures the interface with an IP address.

       
      Step 10 bgp-policy accounting [input | output] [source]


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# bgp-policy accounting input source
       

      Enables BGP policy accounting for the interface.

      • Use the optional input or output keyword to account for traffic either entering or leaving the router. By default, BGP policy accounting is based on traffic entering the router.

      • Use the optional source keyword to account for traffic based on source address.

       
      Step 11 exit


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# exit
       

      Exits interface configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

       

      Verifying BGP Policy Accounting

      Perform this task to verify that BGP policy accounting is operating.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    show ip cef [network [mask]] [detail]

        2.    show ip bgp [network] [network-mask] [longer-prefixes]

        3.    show cef interface [type number] policy-statistics [input | output]

        4.    show cef interface [type number] [statistics] [detail]


      DETAILED STEPS
        Step 1   show ip cef [network [mask]] [detail]

        Enter the show ip cef command with the detail keyword to learn which accounting bucket is assigned to a specified prefix.

        In this example, the output is displayed for the prefix 192.168.5.0. It shows that accounting bucket number 4 (traffic_index 4) is assigned to this prefix.



        Example:
        Device# show ip cef 192.168.5.0 detail
        
        192.168.5.0/24, version 21, cached adjacency to POS7/2
        0 packets, 0 bytes, traffic_index 4
          via 10.14.1.1, 0 dependencies, recursive
           next hop 10.14.1.1, POS7/2 via 10.14.1.0/30
           valid cached adjacency
        
        Step 2   show ip bgp [network] [network-mask] [longer-prefixes]

        Enter the show ip bgp command for the same prefix used in Step 1--192.168.5.0--to learn which community is assigned to this prefix.

        In this example, the output is displayed for the prefix 192.168.5.0. It shows that the community of 100:197 is assigned to this prefix.



        Example:
        Device# show ip bgp 192.168.5.0
        
        BGP routing table entry for 192.168.5.0/24, version 2
        Paths: (1 available, best #1)
          Not advertised to any peer
          100
            10.14.1.1 from 10.14.1.1 (32.32.32.32)
              Origin IGP, metric 0, localpref 100, valid, external, best
              Community: 100:197
        
        Step 3   show cef interface [type number] policy-statistics [input | output]

        Displays the per-interface traffic statistics.

        In this example, the output shows the number of packets and bytes that have been assigned to each accounting bucket:



        Example:
        Device# show cef interface policy-statistics input
        
        FastEthernet1/0/0 is up (if_number 6)
          Corresponding hwidb fast_if_number 6
          Corresponding hwidb firstsw->if_number 6
          BGP based Policy accounting on input is enabled
         Index         Packets           Bytes
             1            9999          999900
             2               0               0
             3               0               0
             4               0               0
             5               0               0
             6               0               0
             7               0               0
             8               0               0
             9               0               0
            10               0               0
            11               0               0
            12               0               0
            13               0               0
            14               0               0
            15               0               0
            16               0               0
            17               0               0
            18               0               0
            19               0               0
            20               0               0
            21               0               0
            22               0               0
            23               0               0
            24               0               0
            25               0               0
            26               0               0
            27               0               0
            28               0               0
            29               0               0
            30               0               0
            31               0               0
            32               0               0
            33               0               0
            34            1234          123400
            35               0               0
            36               0               0
            37               0               0
            38               0               0
            39               0               0
            40               0               0
            41               0               0
            42               0               0
            43               0               0
            44               0               0
            45            1000          100000
            46               0               0
            47               0               0
            48               0               0
            49               0               0
            50               0               0
            51               0               0
            52               0               0
            53               0               0
            54            5123         1198782
            55               0               0
            56               0               0
            57               0               0
            58               0               0
            59               0               0
            60               0               0
            61               0               0
            62               0               0
            63               0               0
            64               0               0
        
        Step 4   show cef interface [type number] [statistics] [detail]

        Displays the state of BGP policy accounting on a specified interface.

        In this example, the output shows that BGP policy accounting has been configured to be based on input traffic at Fast Ethernet interface 1/0/0:



        Example:
        Device# show cef interface Fast Ethernet 1/0/0 
        
        FastEthernet1/0/0 is up (if_number 6)
          Corresponding hwidb fast_if_number 6
          Corresponding hwidb firstsw->if_number 6
          Internet address is 10.1.1.1/24
          ICMP redirects are always sent
          Per packet load-sharing is disabled
          IP unicast RPF check is disabled
          Inbound access list is not set
          Outbound access list is not set
          IP policy routing is disabled
          BGP based policy accounting on input is enabled      
          BGP based policy accounting on output is disabled    
          Hardware idb is FastEthernet1/0/0 (6)
          Software idb is FastEthernet1/0/0 (6)
          Fast switching type 1, interface type 18
          IP Distributed CEF switching enabled
          IP Feature Fast switching turbo vector
          IP Feature CEF switching turbo vector
          Input fast flags 0x100, Output fast flags 0x0, Flags 0x0
          ifindex 7(7)
          Slot 1 Slot unit 0 VC -1
          Transmit limit accumulator 0xE8001A82 (0xE8001A82)
          IP MTU 1500

        Configuration Examples for BGP PA Output Interface Accounting

        Specifying the Match Criteria for BGP Policy Accounting Example

        In the following example, BGP communities are specified in community lists, and a route map named set_bucket is configured to match each of the community lists to a specific accounting bucket using the set traffic-index command:

        ip community-list 30 permit 100:190
        ip community-list 40 permit 100:198
        ip community-list 50 permit 100:197
        ip community-list 60 permit 100:296
        !
        route-map set_bucket permit 10
         match community-list 30
         set traffic-index 2
        !
        route-map set_bucket permit 20
         match community-list 40
         set traffic-index 3
        !
        route-map set_bucket permit 30
         match community-list 50
         set traffic-index 4
        !
        route-map set_bucket permit 40
         match community-list 60
         set traffic-index 5

        Classifying the IP Traffic and Enabling BGP Policy Accounting Example

        In the following example, BGP policy accounting is enabled on POS interface 2/0/0. The policy accounting criteria is based on the source address of the input traffic, and the table-map command is used to modify the bucket number when the IP routing table is updated with routes learned from BGP.

        router bgp 65000
         table-map set_bucket
         network 10.15.1.0 mask 255.255.255.0
         neighbor 10.14.1.1 remote-as 65100
        !
        ip classless
        ip bgp-community new-format 
        !
        interface POS2/0/0
         ip address 10.15.1.2 255.255.255.0
         bgp-policy accounting input source
         no keepalive
         crc 32
         clock source internal

        Additional References

        The following sections provide references related to the BGP policy accounting output interface accounting feature.

        Related Documents

        Related Topic

        Document Title

        BGP commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

        Cisco IOS IP Routing: BGP Command Reference

        Switching commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, usage guidelines, and examples

        Cisco IOS IP Switching Command Reference

        Cisco IOS master command list, all releases

        Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

        Standards

        Standards

        Title

        No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

        --

        MIBs

        MIBs

        MIBs Link

        CISCO-BGP-POLICY-ACCOUNTING-MIB

        To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS XE software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

        RFCs

        RFCs

        Title

        No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.

        --

        Technical Assistance

        Description

        Link

        The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

        To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

        Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​techsupport

        Feature Information for BGP Policy Accounting Output Interface Accounting

        The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

        Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

        Table 1 Feature Information for BGP Policy Accounting Output Interface Accounting

        Feature Name

        Releases

        Feature Information

        BGP Policy Accounting

        Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

        BGP policy accounting measures and classifies IP traffic that is sent to, or received from, different peers.

        This feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

        BGP Policy Accounting Output Interface Accounting

        Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

        This feature introduces several extensions to enable BGP PA on an output interface and to include accounting based on a source address for both input and output traffic on an interface.

        This feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

        The following commands were introduced or modified for this feature: bgp-policy, set traffic-index, show cef interface, show cef interface policy-statistics

        SNMP Support for BGP Policy Accounting

        Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

        The CISCO-BGP-POLICY-ACCOUNTING-MIB was introduced.

        This feature was introduced on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers.

        Glossary

        AS --autonomous system. An IP term to describe a routing domain that has its own independent routing policy and is administered by a single authority.

        BGP --Border Gateway Protocol. Interdomain routing protocol that exchanges reachability information with other BGP systems.

        CEF --Cisco Express Forwarding.

        dCEF --distributed Cisco Express Forwarding.